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kavitvaMlO SrISrI prasthAnaM, pariNAmaM

#[#nyU jersI telugu kaLA samiti dIpAvaLi vEDukallO bhAgaMgA 20 navaMbar 2010na nirvahiMchina SrISrI SatajayaMti pratyEka sAhitI samAvESaMlO ichchina prasaMgapu vyAsarUpaM.#]


#SrI SrI 1930-1940 madhyakAlaMlO vrAsina ‘mahAprasthAnaM’ lOni kavitalu oka balIyamaina nirasana lOMchi vachchinavi. I nirasana oka sAMdramaina DIplI phelT emOshan. oka tAtvikachiMtana nanusariMchi vachchina nirasana kAdu. aMtakritaM varaku vachchina, vastunna kavitvaM samAjaMlO tADitula, pIDitula vEdanalaku spaMdiMchakuMDA vuMDaTaMpai vachchina nirasana. idi mahASaktimaMtaMgA velluvalA, jvAlalA vachchiMdi. Ayana kavitvaMlO kUDA aMta balIyaMgAnU velluvayiMdi. aMchEtanE chalaM gArannaTlu I saMkalanaM lOni kavitalu kattulugA, ITelugA, maMTalugA, bAdhalugA tirugubATlugA, yuddhAlugA bahirgatamayyAyi. tanaku, pAThakuniki madhya aksharAlu aDDugA nilavakuMDA Ayana guMDelOni AvESAlu, AkraMdanalu, AkAMkshalu pAThakula guMDellOki mahA vEgaMgA chIlchukuMTU dUsukapOtavi. ‘mahAprasthAnaM’ lOni atyadhikamaina kavitalu I vEgaM, I Upu kaligi vuMTavi. venukachUpu lEnE lEkuMDA “padaMDi muMduku, padaMDi muMduku” aMTU piDikili bigiMchi kadanu trokkutU viruchukapaDutuMTE, aDDaMkulannI bEjAretti paTApaMchalai pAripOtavi. pAThakulani jvaliMchE mUrtulugA prabhAvitaM chEstavi.

iMtaTi Sakti A kavitalakuMDaTAniki kAraNaM kavi AvESasphUrti, SabdaSakti, anubhUtula nijatatva nirUpaNaku vyaktIkaraNa mAdhyamAlugA vADina padachitrAlu. SrISrI tana AvESAvishkaraNaku mAdhyamAlugA vADE padachitrAlu, pAThakulni kadiliMchi UgiMchE balaM kalavi. sajesTiv pavar galavi. mahAprasthAnaM kAvyaMlO adE pEru gala modaTi khaMDika yokka bhAvavEgaM, SabdasaushTavaM, padachitrAla nirmANa prauDhima, adi sAdhiMchina manOharamaina laya kAvyAnikE talamAnikaMgA nilabaDutavi. allaMta dUraMlO unna dOpiDI lEni prapaMchaM lOni prEma, snEhaM, samata, saubhrAtRtva punAdula mIda lEchina samAjaM chEraDAniki pilupu, mElkolupu I mahAprasthAnaM. I prasthAnaM sulabhaM kAdu. aMdukE kRtaniSchayaMtO sarvatyAgAlaku siddhapaDi avasaramaitE guMDe netturula tarpaNa chEstU bATalu, pETalu, kOTalu, nadulu, koMDalanniTinI atikramiMchi gamyaM chEraTAniki goMtetti pilichE ‘klAriyan kAl’ I gItaM. ASayasiddhi kOsaM purOgamiMchE pOrATayOdhula achaMchala viSvAsaM ‘kadaM tokkutU padaM pADutU’ anaDaM lOnE AyudhAlu chEpaTTi vIrAvESaMtO muMduku sAgE janasaMdOhaM dRSyamAnamavutuMdi. miliTarI bAMD saMgItAnni sphuriMpajEsE layatO charaNAlu kadaM trokkutavi.

“marO prapaMchaM
marO prapaMchaM
marOprapaMchaM pilichiMdi.
padaMDi muMduku
paDaMDi trOsuku
pOdAM pOdAM paipaiki!
….dAri poDavunA guMDe netturulu
tarpaNa chEstU padaMDi muMduku
bATalu naDachI
pETalu kaDachI
kOTalanniTini dATaMDi.
nadInadAlu,
aDavulu,koMDalu
eDArulA manakaDDaMki?

‘eDArulA manakaDDaMki’ anaDaMtOnE aDDaMkulEvI lEvani nirlakshyaMgA sphuriMpajEyaDaM maMchi dhvaniprAyaMgA jarugutuMdi. ‘prabhaMjanaM vale hOrettaMDI/ bhAvavEgamuna prasariMchaMDI’ anE udbOdhaku taginaMta vEgaMtO apratihataMgA gItaM muMduku sAgutuMdi. A mumeMTaMku ‘trAchulavalenU rEchulavalenU dhanuMjayunilA sAgaMDi’ lAMTi padachitrAlatO oka apUrvamaina iMTensiTI perugutuMdi. I saMkalanAniki dhyEya, diSAnirdESaM jEstuMdi I prAraMbha kavita. alAgE ‘jayabhEri’lO chakkani chikkani, urrUtalUgiMchE kavitA prasthAnaM sAgutuMdi.

nEnu saitaM/ prapaMchAgniki/ samidhanokkaTi/ AhutichchAnu
nEnusaitaM/ prapaMchAbjapu/ tellarEkai pallavistAnu
nEnu saitaM/ bhuvanabhavanapu/ bAvuTAnai/ paikilEstAnu

alAgE gaMTalu, amUrtaM, bhikshuvarshIyasi, abhyudayaM, midhyAvAdi, pratij~na (mukhyaMgA kAlchE Akali kUlchE vEdana/ bATalu tIstU pATalu vrAstU/ Sramaika jIvana sauMdaryAniki samAnamainadi lEnE lEdani), kavitA O kavitA, navakavita, kEka, garjiMchu rashyA, nijaMgAnE (bAnisala saMkeLLu bigisE/ pADu kAlaM layistuMdA? sAmarasyapu, sOdaratvapu/ sAdhutatvaM jayistuMdA), nIDalu, jagannAdhuni radhachakrAl (drOhAlani kUlagoTTi/ dOshAlanu tuDichipeTTi/ svAtaMtryaM/ samabhAvaM/ saubhrAtraM,sauhArdaM/ punAdulai iLLu lEchi/ janAvaLiki SubhaM pUchi); I kavitalannI goppa kavitalu. urrUtalUgiMchE kavitalu. alajaDini, AkrOSAnni, AMdOLananI, kaligiMchi guMDelanu maMDiMchE kavitalu. rasAnaMdAnni kaligiMchE kavitalu.

mahAprasthAnaM, laMDan prachuraNaku ‘nA mATa’ SrISrI vrAstU aMTAru: “I vAstavAlanniMTikI nEnu spaMdiMchinA, ilAMTi rachanalanu ‘sAmAjika vAstavikata’ aMTAranI dIniki venuka dannugA ‘mArksijaM’ anE dArSanikata okaTi uMdanI appaTiki nAku teliyadu.

‘nA mATa’ mugistU SrISrI ilA aMTAru: “mahAprasthAnaMlO abhyudayakavitvamu, viplava bIjAlu unnAyi.viplavasAhityaM lEdu” ani.

viplavasAhityaM aMTE EMTi? sAmAnyaprajAnIkAnni viplavAcharaNakudyuktulani jEsE vidhaMgA sAgEdE! mahAprasthAnaM vrAsE rOjullO sAmAjika vAstavikata guriMchI, mArksijaM guriMchI SrISrIki teliyakapOvaTamE maMchidayiMdi. tana chuTTU unna samAja sthitigatulaku chittaSuddhitO, Ardramaina hRdayaMtO spaMdiMchi vrAyabaTTE tana bhAvukataku tODugA goppa SabdaSakti, anubhUti nijatatva nirUpaNa, vyaktIkaraNa mAdhyamAlugA SaktivaMtamaina padachitrAlanu vADabaTTE, goppa layanu rachanalO sAdhiMchabaTTE Ayana goppa kavitvaM, ennaTikI maruvalEni kavitvaM vrAyagaligAru. mArksijAniki, viplavasAhitya alaMkArika kaTTubATlaku Ayana lOnaina tarvAta kavigA Ayana svataMtraM kOlpOyAru. siddhAMta pravachanaM tana kartavyaMgA svIkariMchi, tana kavitA vyAsaMgaMpai mArksisT siddhAMtAniki pettanaM appajeppAru. Ayana dRkpadhaMlO sAhityaprayOjanAniki, sAhityamArgAniki saMbaMdhiMchi I mArpu vachchina tarvAta kavitvarachanalO SilpaM yokka prAdhAnyatanu dAdApu tyajiMchinaTlugA bhAviMchavachchu. ‘SrISrI sAhitya vimarSa dRkpadhaM’pai jUn 10, 2010 prajAsAhiti saMchikalO kAtyAyanI vidmahE aMTAru: ” ‘kAdEdI kavitakanarhaM,avunavunu SilpamanarghaM’. sAhityavastuvu EdainA kAvachchu. sAhityaMgA dAnini nirmiMchE tIruku prAdhAnyata uMTuMdi. prAraMbhaMlO SrISrI SilpavAdi. cheppaTaMlOni chamatkAraM mIdanE dRshTi. saMvidhAnamE samastamU anukunE daSalO elA chebutunnAnanE dAniki prAdhAnyatanichchAru. kaLa kaLa kOsamE anEvAri daMtaprAkAraMlO jIvistU aMdulOMchi bayaTapaDi prajalakOsamE kaLa anE niSchayAniki prayatnapUrvakaMgA vachchinavAru SrISrI.”

kaLa kaLa kOsamE anE mahAsUktini eMdukO mahA mEdhAvulu kUDA sarigA ardhaM chEsukOlEdanipistuMdi. kaLa kaLa kOsamE anaDaM kaLa prajala kOsamE anEdAniki vyatirEkaM kAdu. jAgrattagA gamanistE prajala kOsamE kaLa. aMTE modaTa dEninaitE manaM kaLa ani pilavadalachukunnAmO adi kaLa kAvAli kadA. kavitvaM dvArA gAnI, lEdA itara sAhitya rUpAla dvArA kAnI cheppadalachukunna vastuvu lEdA vishayaM kaLagA mArAli kadA! adi kaLagA mArAli aMTE adi konni nirdushTamaina vishaya niyamAlakU, vidhAnAlakU anuguNaMgA SilpasauMdaryAtmakamaina, guNAtmakamaina mArpulaku lOnai tIrAli. lEkapOtE adi kaLa kAdu. kaLa kAni dAnini kaLa ani pilichi idi prajala kOsaM anaDaM asaMbaddhamayina vishayaM. kaLa kaLa kOsaM kAnidi prajala kOsaM kAnEradu. kAraNaM kaLa kaLa kOsaM kAnappuDu adi kaLE kAkuMDA pOtuMdi. prajalanu chaitanyavaMtulanE chEyaTaM dhyEyamaitE dAniki kavitvamE upayOgiMchakkaralEdu. vArikardhamayyE bhAshalO, saraLamaina rItilO karapatrAlu rachiMchi, vAru niraksharAsyulaitE vArini chinna chinna kUTamulugA chErchi saraLamaina bhAshalO sUTigA mATlADi chaitanyavaMtulanu chEyavachchu. chakkagA ardhamayyE bhAshalO cheppavachchu. kavitvaM dvArA prajalanu chaitanyavaMtulanu chEyAlaMTE vArinadi AkaTTukOvAli. aMTE vinETlu lEdA chadivETlu chEyAli. dAnilO oka AkarshaNa, aMdaM aMtarlInaMgA vuMDi tIrAli. kavitvaM kAni aksharAlu kavitvaMgA nishprayOjanaM.

mATlADinapuDu kUDA kaLa yokka prabhAvaM nibiDIkRtamai uMdi. kaLaku prabhAvaM lEkuMDA chEyaTaM asaMbhavaM. E rakamaina kamyUnikEshan vidhAnaMlOnainA rItiki prAdhAnyata uMTuMdi. dAninevvarU vichChinnaM chEyalEru. rItini vismaristE nirjIvamaina kavitvaM, nirjIvamaina itara sAhitI rUpAlu, nirjIvamaina prasaMgAlu mAtramE uMTavi. iLLu prajala kOsamE. kAnI iLLu kaTTE rItilO niyamabhaMgaM kAni rIti okaTi uMDAli kadA! lEkapOtE adi kuppakUli pOtuMdi. kaLa kUDA aMtE. aMchEta mAnavasamAjAniki nIti eMta mukhyamO, rachanaku mukhyaMgA sRjanAtmaka rachanaku rIti aMta mukhyaM.

painudahariMchina vyAsaMlOnE kAtyAyanI vidmahE aMTAru: “kavitvaM jIvitAniki vyAkhyAnaMgA uMDAlani bhAviMchE SrI SrI kavitvAnni sauMdaryaMtO muDipeTTi chUsE dRshTini vimarSaku peTTAru. asauMdaryaM oka jIvita vAstavaM. adi asalu lEdanukOvaDaM bhrama ayinA kAvAli; AtmavaMchana/ palAyanavAdaM ayinA kAvAli. sauMdaryArAdhakula asauMdarya vyatirEkatanu SrISrI nirasiMchADu. asauMdaryAnni sAhitya vastuvugA chEsukuni dAni paTla asahyaM kaligiMchETlu vrAstE – dAni nirmUlanaku prEraNalu samakUDi satyasuMdarAtmaka prapaMchanirmANAniki mArgaM sugamaM avutuMdi kanuka adi goppa sAhityaM avutuMdani…” pErkonnAru. asauMdaryaM jIvita vAstavikata ayitE asauMdaryavyatirEkata kUDA jIvita vAstavamE. SrISrI dRshTilO dhyEyaM ‘satyasuMdarAtmaka prapaMchanirmANa’mani rUDhigAnE cheppinaTlayiMdi. I nirmANAniki mArgaMgA ‘asauMdaryAnni sAhityavastuvu’gA chEsikonaDaM bAgAnE uMdi. ‘dAnipaTla asahyaM kaligiMchETlu vrAyAlanE saMkalpaM’ kUDA bAgAnE uMdi.kAnI, asauMdaryaM yaDala asahyatanu kaligiMchE vidhaMgA vrAyaDamaMTE asahyaMgA vrAyaDaM kAdu. dAnilOni asauMdaryatanu adi asahyiMchukOvalasinadigA sthiramudra pAThakuni manasupai vEsETaTlu vrAyaDaM. aMTE vinasoMpugAnE rAyAli. apuDE adi asahyatanu chUpiMchagalugutuMdi.

evarainA ardhaM lEkuMDA mATlADArani manaM nirUpiMchadalachukuMTE manaM ardhaM lEkuMDA mATlADi nirUpiMchalEM. manaM nirUpiMchadalachukunna ardharAhityAnni padimaMdi nirasiMchElA chEyAlaMTE manaM chAlA ardhavaMtaMgA mATlADi mAtramE chEyagalaM. ‘satyasuMdarAtmaka prapaMchanirmANaM’ SrISrI kOrukuMTunnAraMTE Ayana asauMdarya vyatirEkatanu nirasiMchinaTlu elA avutuMdi? Ayana bhAvanalO gaMdaragOLaM uMdi. rachanA rItilO vairudhyAlu unnAyi.

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