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manaku teliyani mana tyAgarAju – 4

I rathOtsava saMdarbhaMlOnE oka kathuMdi. idi tyAgarAjuni advitIyamaina bhaktunigA chitrIkariMchaDAniki bhaktulaki bAgA upayOgapaDiMdi. I UrEgiMpu samayaMlO rathaM mIdunna raMganAdha svAmini darSiMchukOvAlani tyAgarAju ASiMchADu. kAnI aMta janaMlO muMduku veLLalEka akkaDE uMDipOyADu. IlOgA vIdhi malupu tirugutU raMganAdhuni rathaM AgipOyiMdi. eMtamaMdi lAginA kadallEdu. dEmuDiki evaridO dishTi tagiliMdani dEvAlaya peddalu viruguDugA akkaDunna dEvadAsiliddarni nRtyaM chEyamani AdESiMchAru. iMtalO O bhaktuDiki pUnakaM vachchi, dUraMgA unna tyAgarAjuni chUpistU, Ayanaki daiva darSanaM istE kAnI rathaM kadaladanI cheppADu. adi telisi tyAgarAju SrIraMganAdhuni darSiMchi, rathaM mIda chEyEstE, appuDadi kadiliMdanI katha. I saMdarbhAnni vivaristU dEvagAMdhAri rAgaMlO ‘vinarAdA nA manavi’ anE kRtini pADADani chebutAru. I kRti lO charaNAllO dEvadAsIlu nRtyaM vishayaM kanipistuMdi.

pallavi. – vina rAdA nA manavi
charaNaM1. – kanakAMga kAvETi raMga SrI
#                          #;kAMta kAMtalella kAmiMchi pilichitE (vina)
charaNaM2. – tEjinekki bAga teruvuna rAka
#                          #;rAja satulu jUchi rammani pilichitE (vina)
charaNaM3. – bhAgadhEya vaibhOga raMga SrI
#                          #;tyAgarAja nuta taruNulu pilichitE (vina)

ArOju sAyaMtraM raMganAtha svAmiki mutyAla hArAlatO aMdaMgA alaMkaristE adi chUsi ‘O raMgaSAyI’ kRtini ASuvugA svara parichADanI chebutAru. I katha eMtO vipulaMgA sAMbamUrti ‘di grET kaMpOjars’ lO mAtramE kanipistuMdi. veMkaTa ramaNa bhAgavatAr, Ayana koDukU, manavaDU kRshNa, rAmasvAmi bhAgavatArlu rAsina charitrallO ekkaDA kanipiMchadu. sAMbamUrti gAri kadhanAniki AdhArAlekkaDivO telIdu. I katha 1960 dATina taruvAtochchina konni pustakAllOnE kanipiMchiMdi. Ti. suMdarESa Sarma gAri “tyAgarAja charitraM” lO SrIraMgaM guriMchi okE okasAri chinnagA prastAvanuMdi. paina cheppina kathakAnI, kRtulu pADina saMdarbhaM kAnI lEdu. EdaitEnEM tyAgarAju rAmabhaktinI katha iMkO meTTu painuMchutuMdi. ilAMTi kathalakatItuDu tyAgarAjani nA viSvAsaM.

kAMchIpuraM

tyAgarAjU, SishyulU SrI raMgaM nuMDi sarAsari kAMchIpuraM vachchAru. A samayaMlO kAMchIpuraM varadarAjasvAmi garuDOtsavAnni tyAgarAju kanulArA tilakiMchADu. A AnaMdaMlO svara bhUshaNi rAgaMlO ‘varada rAja ninu kOri vachchiti mrokkErA’ anna kRtinI, rAgapaMjara rAgaMlO ‘varadA navanItASa pAhi’ kRtinI rachiMchADu. kaMchilOnunna kAmAkshI ammavArini darSiMchi, ‘vinAyakuni valenu brOvavE ninu’ anE kRtini madhyamAvati rAgaMlOnU kaTTADu. tyAgarAju saMgIta pratibha chUsi upanishad brahmaM eMtagAnO poMgipOyADu. dAdApu reMDu vArAla taruvAta tirupatiki bayaldErAru. suMdarESa modiliyAr abhimAnAnnI, SraddhanI chUsi tyAgarAju eMtO saMtOshiMchADu. tana iMTiki madrAsu rammanamani modiliyAru kOritE tyAgarAju tirupati darSanaM muguMchukoni vastAnani cheppADu.

kAMchIpuraM nuMDi priya SishyuDu vAlAjapETa veMkaTa ramaNa bhAgavatAr iMTiki tyAgarAju veLLADu. A vUrilOvunna bhajana maMdirAnni darSiMchina saMdarbhaMlO maisUru AsthAna vidvAMsuDaina maisUru sadASivarAvu tODi rAgaMlO ‘tyAgarAju veDalina’ anE kRtini svaraparichi pADADani cheppAru. I vAsudEvarAvu veMkaTaramaNa bhAgavatAr SishyuDu. kAnI A kRti aMdubATulO lEdu.

tirupati

tyAgarAju SrI vEMkaTESvaruNNi darSiddAmani veLLina samayaMlO svAmi vAri garbhaguDilO tera vEsEsAru. akkaDunna archakulu tyAgarAjuni lOpala pravESiMchaDAniki anumativvalEdu. idi chUsi uMDabaTTalEka appaTikappuDu ‘teratIyaga rAdA? anE kRtini gauLipaMtu rAgaMlO pADADu. tyAgarAju pATaki akkaDunna tera dAnaMtaTadE paiki lEchiMdanI, appuDu tyAgarAju eMtO saMtOshiMchi, madhyamAvati rAgaMlO ‘vEMkaTESa ninu sEviMpa’ anE kRtini pADADani chebutAru. I tera lEchE sannivESAnni tilakiMchina archakulu tyAgarAjuni pratyEka atidhigA satkariMchAranI chebutAru. I kathaki bahuLa prAchuryamuMdi. saMgItaMlO pratI rAgAnikI samayaM kUDA chAlA mukhya pAtra vahistuMdi. paina cheppina kRtula rAgAlu, madhyamAvatI, gauLipaMtU madhyAhna rAgAlu. samayAniki tagina rAgaMlO ASuvugA svaraparachaDaM tyAgarAju saMgIta pratibhaki nidarSanaM.

tirumalalO jarigiMdani cheppabaDutunna tera tIyagarAdA sannivESaM kUDA tyAgarAjuni rAma bhaktunigA marO meTTu paina kUrchObeTTE vidhaMgAnE vuMTuMdi. tyAgarAju tirupatini saMdarSiMchina mATa vAstavaM. kAnI I katha jarigiMdani cheppaDAniki AdhArAlu lEvu. moTTamodaTa tyAgarAju jIvita charitra rAsina veMkaTa ramaNa bhAgavatAr kAnI, kRshNa svAmi bhAgavatAr kAnI tyAgarAjuki mahimalu ApAdistU kathalu cheppalEdu. kAnI 1908 kAlaMlO ‘sadguru tyAgarAja svAmi kIrtanalu’ pErutO tillaisthAnaM Sishya paraMparaki cheMdina narasiMha bhAgavatAr rAsina pustakaM lO I saMghaTanuMdi. A taruvAtochchina aMTE 1937 lO prachuriMpabaDina Ti.suMdarESa bhAgavatAr ‘tyAgarAja charitraM’ lO I tirupati saMghaTanE kanipiMchadu. ilAMTi saMghaTalni koMtamaMdi cheppI, koMtamaMdi cheppakapOtE anumAnAspadaMgA tayAravutAyi.

alAgE I tirupati yAtralO bhAgaMgA puttUru grAmaMlO chanipOyina manishini bratikiMchina saMghaTanapai iMkO kathokaTuMdi. tirupati yAtra mugiMchukuni tyAgarAju pottUru vachchADu. akkaDa guDi daggara O vyakti SavaM muMdu okAme rOdistU kanipiMchiMdi. kritaM rAtri A guDilO taladAchukuMdAmanukoni A vyakti guDi gODa dATi vachchE prayatnaMlO akkaDunna bAvilO paDi maraNiMchADu. I vishayaM telisi tyAgarAju ‘nA jIvanAdhAra’ kRtini pADi A SavaM pai tulasi tIrthaM jallagAnE, prANaM pOyinatanu bratikinaTlugA I katha kUDA prAchuryaMlOnE uMdi. ayitE, ilAMTi kathalu tyAgarAjuki rAma bhaktunigA mahimalu ApAdiMchaDAni kupayOgistAyE tappa charitralO vAstavAnni dhRvIkariMchavu.

tirupati nuMDi madrAsu tirugu prayANaMlO SrI kALahastini darSiMchADu. akkaDunna svarNamukhI nadini chUsi AnaMdaMtO bilahari rAgaMlO ‘nIvE kAni nannevaru kAtururA nIraja daLa nayana’ kRtini svaraparichADani chebutAru. I kIrtana Akhari charaNaMlO svarNamukhI nadi guriMchuMdi.

sAgara Sayana nadulalO mElaina
svarNadI snAnaMbuna kalgu phalamu
tyAgarAju varamani brahmAdulaku
satyamu jEsi palkina tArakamu

A taruvAta SrI kALahasti nuMDi shOliMgar lO unna narasiMha svAmini darSiMchukunnADu. I vUru arakkONaM daggaralO vuMdi. akkaDunna daivAnni stutistU bilahari rAgaMlO ‘narasiMha nannu brOvavE SrIlakshmI’ kRtinI, phalaraMjani rAgaMlO ‘SrI nArasiMha mAM pAhi’ kRtinI rachiMchADu. akkaDE unna AMjanEya vigrahAnni chUsi, ‘pAhi rAma dUta’ kRtini vasaMta varALi rAgaMlOnU svaraparichADu. akkaDO nAlugu rOjuluMDi madrAsu prayANamayyAru.

madrAsu

madrAsulO suMdarESa modiliyAr gRhaMlO viDidi chEsAru. I illu baMdaru vIdhilO uMDEdi. dInni 1870 lO vErokariki ammEyaDaMtO A illu anEka mArpulaku gurayyiMdi. suMdarESa modiliyAr eMtO bhakti, SraddhalatO tyAgarAjuki AtidhyaM ichchADu. I suMdarESa modiliyAr di kOvUru. tyAgarAjuni tIsukoni atanu kOvUru lO unna suMdarESa svAmi AlayAnikeLLADu. akkaDE tyAgarAju kOvUru paMcharatnAlu rachiMchADu. paMtuvarALilO ‘SaMbhO mahAdEva’, sahAna rAgaMlO ‘I vasudha nIvaMTi’, kharaharapriyalO ‘kOri sEviMpa rArE’, kaLyANi rAgaMlO ‘nammi vachchina’, SaMkarAbharaNaMlO ‘suMdarESvaruni’ kRtulI kOvuru paMcharatnAllOki vastAyi. vITillO ‘SaMbhO mahAdEva’ kRtokkaTE saMskRtaMlO uMTuMdi. tyAgarAju madrAsulO vAraM rOjulunnADu. pratI sAyaMtramU saMgIta priyula samakshaMlO dEvagAMdhAri rAgAnni vistRtaMgA pADADanI Ayana Sishyula dvArA telisiMdi.

tiruvaTTiyUr

vINa kuppayyar pUrvIkula soMtUru tiruvaTTiyUr. kuppayyar ikkaDE puTTADu. ikkaDa prasiddhi cheMdina tripura suMdari guDuMdi. I guDini Adi SaMkarAchArya darSiMchADanI chebutAru. tyAgarAju kuppayyar iMTlO viDidi chEsi ammavAri mIda ayidu paMcharatna kIrtanalu kaTTADu. ivi – kaLyANi rAgaMlO ‘suMdari nI divya rUpamunu’, bEgaDa rAgaMlO ‘suMdari nanniMdarilO’, Suddha sAvErilO ‘dArini telusukoMTi’ mariyu sAvEri lO ‘kanna talli nApAla kaluga’ kRtulu. vITilO tripura suMdari mahimA, puNya kshEtra mahatyamU viSEshaMgA kanipistAyi. I ayidiMTlOnU “dArini telusukoMTi” lO chAlA saMgatula prayOgaM kanipistuMdi. kEvalaM pallavilOnE padahAru saMgatulunnAyi. alAgE anupallavI, charaNAlakokkiMTikI enimidEsi saMgatuluMTAyi. kuppayyar iMTilOni SrI kRshNuni vigrahaM chUsi tanmayatvaM cheMdI, kEdAra gauLa rAgaMlO ‘vENu gAna lOluni kana vEyi kannulu kAvalenE’ kRtini rachiMchADu.

lAlguDi

tirugu prayANaMlO nAgapaTTaNaM veLLAru. akkaDa kAyArOhaNa svAmI, nilayatAkshila dEvAlayAnni saMdarSiMchAru. ammavAri mIda – tODi rAgaMlO ‘evaru teliya poyyEru nI mahimalu’ kRtinI, sAvEri rAgaMlO ‘karmamE balavaMtamAyA talli’ kRtinI rachiMchADu. akkaDanuMDi sarAsari lAlguDi tyAgarAju priya SishyullO okaDaina lAlguDi rAmayya kOrikapainE veLLAru. A vULLO sapta RshISvara svAmi dEvAlayamuMdi. akkaDE A dEvuDi samakshaMlO marO paMcharatna kRtulnI rachiMchADu. vITinE lAlguDi paMcharatnAlaMTAru. avi – tODi rAgaMlO ‘gati nIvani nE kOri vachchiti talli parAkA’, bhairavi lO ‘lalita SrI pravardhE’, kAMbhOji lO ‘mahita pravRddha SrImati’, madhyamAvatilO ‘dEva SrI tapastIrtha pura nivAsa’, kaLyANi rAgaMlO ‘ISA pAhimAM’. lAlguDi nuMDi tinnagA tiruvayyAru iMTiki chErukunnAru.

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