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vishaya sUchika: navaMbar 2016

muMdumATa

ImATa navaMbar 2016 saMchikaku svAgataM!

🔸 amerikan phOk saMgIta prapaMchapu diggajaM, vAggEyakAruDu ayina bAb Dilan svatahAgA vivAdAspaduDu kUDA. A pATakuDini I EDAdi sAhitya vibhAgapu nObel bahumatiki eMchukOvaDaM kUDA alAgE vivAdAlaku dAri tIsiMdi. bAb Dilan kEvalaM gAyakuDEnA? kavi avunA, kAdA? anE praSna maLLI kottagA terapaiki vachchiMdi. Dilan eMduku kEvalaM pATakADu kAdO tana abhiprAyaM cheptunnAru I vyAsaMlO vElUri vEMkaTESvararAvu.

🔸 atyaMta laghukAvyamainA amarukAdi SRMgAra kAvyAlatO samaMgA prasiddhamaina pushpabANavilAsa kAvyAnni TIkA tAtparyAdi sahitaMgA telugu chEsi aMdistunnAru tirumala kRshNadESikAchAryulu.

🔸 I saMchika nuMDi sAdhAraNa kathAvyAsAdi lakshaNAlatO posaganivigA anipiMchE rachanalaku chOTu kalpistU svagataM anE oka kotta kETagirI modalu peDutunnAM pUDUri rAjireDDi rachanatO. I kotta vibhAgaM ImATa rachayitalaku tama AlOchanalu, Uhalu, abhiprAyAlu, myUjiMgs vaMTivi prachuriMchukunEMduku oka kotta vesulubATu nistuMdi. rachayitalu viniyOgaparachukuni prOtsahistArani ASistunnAM.

🔸 modaTi gaDi-nuDini utsAhaMgA prayatniMchi prOtsahiMchina pAThakulaMdarikI mA kRtaj~natalu. I nela gaDinuMchI niyamAlu koddigA mArAyi. dayachEsi gamaniMchagalaru. vIlainaMta tvaralO ImATalO koMta kotta oravaDi tEvaDAniki prayatnistunnAM. mI AdaraNa, prOtsAhaM ImATaku ellappuDU uMTAyanI uMDAlanI kOrukuMTunnAM.


I saMchikalO:

  • kathalu: tana mATa kOsaM – busirAju lakshmIdEvi dESAy; teguluku Siksha – Ar Sarma daMturti.
  • kavitalu: Aku – avinEni bhAskar; AMDrAyiD manishi – vijay kOgaMTi; reMDu kavitalu – pAlaparti iMdrANi; phrAgmeMTs – bollOju bAbA; iMka pOtAranagAnu – kanakaprasAd.
  • svagataM: nA TEsTulEnitanaM – pUDUri rAjireDDi.
  • vyAsAlu: #Yippie! I’m a poet and I know it –# vElUri vEMkaTESvara rAvu; veNbA (dhavaLagIti) – jejjAla kRshNa mOhana rAvu; SrInAthuni AMdhrIkaraNasUtraM: arthapariSIlana – ElchUri muraLIdhararAvu.
  • padyasAhityaM: samUlAMdhrapushpabANavilAsamu – tirumala kRshNadESikAchAryulu; nAku nachchina padyaM: – bhairavabhaTla kAmESvararAvu.
  • SabdataraMgAlu: dIpAla pichchaya SAstrigAri prasaMgaM – SrInivAs paruchUri; hRdayakamalamulanu – kanakaprasAd, vasuMdhara ayyaMgAr.
pUrtigA #»

kathalu

tana mATa kOsaM

pedda pedda nagarAllO jaTkAbaMDi vALLa koraDA vaMTi nAlukatO evari vIpulu chIripOyAyO, chevulu pagilipOyAyO, vAriki – amRt sar jaTkAbaMDi vALLa palukulu challaTi lEpanamE naMTE nammaMDi. adEMTO, pedda nagarAllO aMtaMta veDalpATi rahadArullOnU, gu~r~rAla vIpulU chiTlagoDutuMTAru, vATi tAtammalatO tamakunna yauvanasaMbaMdhAlanU gurtu chEsukuMTuMTAru, paSuvaidyulaku kUDA teliyani vATi guptAMgAla vivarAlanu tETatellaM chEstuMTAru! aMtEnA, bATasArula kALLaku kaLLu lEvani jAli chUputuMTAru, vAri pAdAlapai baMDi alavOkagA jArchEyaDamE kAka prapaMchaMlOni kashTAlannI tamakEnannaTTu Ekaruvu peDutuMTAru, tirigi chUDakuMDA veLLipOtAru.

adE amRt sar jaTkAbaMDi kuTuMbIkula mATa tIrE vEru. vAru dArikaDDochchina pratIvADi tOnU koMDaMta OpikatO, jAgratta khAlsAjI, tappukO annA, kAstAgu tammuDU, dArivvavayyA, jarugu bAbU aMTU tOpuDu baMDlu, cheraku baMDlu, bAtulu, gADidalu iMkennO vachchi veLLE irukudArullOnE dAri chEsukuMTU veLtuMTAru. jI, sAheb anakuMDA okkarinainA dArimmanaDamE? iMkA nayaM. alA ani vALLu kaThinaMgA mATlADalEni vALLEM kAdu, mettagA mATlADutUnE padunaina rItilO debba koDatAru. E musalammayinA vAriki mATimATikI aDDochchiMdaMTE, tappukO tappukO peddammA, nI pillalaku nIvaMTE chAlA ishTaM, vALLakOsamannA nAlugurOjuluMDavA? nIvu chAlA adRshTavaMturAlivi, iMkA AyushshuMdammA, nA baMDi chakrAlakiMdi keMdukostAvammOy! ilA aMTuMTAru.

ilAMTi baMDlanu tappukuMTU oka abbAyi, oka ammAyi oka kUDalilO unna koTlO kaliSAru. abbAyi poDugATi juTTu, ammAyi vadulu paijamA chUstE vALLu sikkulani telustUnE uMdi. atagADu vALLa mAma talaMTukODAniki perugu kOsaM vastE, Ame vaMTaku vaDiyAla kOsaM koTTuku vachchiMdi. koTTuvADu evarO kottavALLaku sErlakoddI appaDAlu ammaDaMlO munigi tElutunnADu.

“mI illu ekkaDa?”

“magar^lO. mari mIdi?”

“mAMjhE. ikkaDa ekkaDa uMTunnAvu?”

“atar siMg blAk^lO. akkaDa mA mAma vALLiMTikochchAnu.”

“nEnU mA mAma vALLiMTiki vachchAnu. vALLillu gurubAjArlO uMdi.” (navvu.)

iMtalO koTTuvADu vILLa sAmAnlu ichchADu. tIsukoni iddarU kalisi naDavasAgAru. kAssEpAgi A abbAyi musimusigA navvutU – nIku peLLi kudiriMdA? anaDigADu. ammAyi mukhaM chiTliMchi, phO! anEsi pAripOyiMdi. abbAyi chUstU uMDipOyADu.

taruvAta kUDA kUralabaMDi daggarA, pAlakEMdraM daggarA reMDu mUDu sArlu anukOkuMDA kaliSAriddarU. nela rOjulapATU idE prahasanaM jarigiMdi. mUDunAlugusArlu abbAyi peLLi kudiriMdA anaDagaDamU, ammAyi phO! aMTU pAripOvaDamU.

okasAri alAnE EDipiMchaDAniki abbAyi peLLi kudiriMdA anaDigitE, ammAyi, A@M, kudiriMdi aniMdi mellagA. abbAyi khaMgu tinnADu. eppuDannADu. ninnanE! chUDidigO, I allika pani unna dupaTTA! vALlichchiMdE, ani chUpiMchi veLLipOyiMdi. iMTikelA chErukunnADO atagAniki teliyalEdu, dAri poDugunA — oka pApanu tOsEsinadI, oka vyApAri chillaraMtA kiMda paDEsinadI, kukkapai rAyi visarinadI, pAlu pArabOsukunnadI, oka maDi bAmmaku DhIkoTTi guDDivADanE birudu saMpAyiMchukunnadI EmI gurtulEdataniki.

2.

“idEM yuddhaMrA bAbU, kharma! pagalU rAtri I kaMdakAllO kUrchoni kUrchoni emukalu paTTESAyi. ludhiyAnA kaMTE padireTlu chali, vAna, painuMchi maMchu paDaDaM! mOkALLavarakU buradalO kUrukupOtunnAmu. gelupu mATa aTuMchu. ikkaDa paristhiti chUDu! gaMTagaMTakU chevulu pagilElA pEluLLatO I kaMdakAlu kadilipOtuMTAyi. bhUmi vaMda gajAla varakU daddarillutuMdi. I kaMdakAllOMchi bayaTaku pOtE kadA yuddhaM chEsEdi? nAgar^kOT^lO bhUkaMpAlu vinnAmu. ikkaDa rOjuku yAbhai aravai avutuMTAyi. kaMdakaM bayaTa koMcheM alikiDi ayinA Takkuna tupAki pElutuMdi. I vedhavalu E maTTilO dAkkonuMTArO, E gaDDikiMda paDukoni uMTArO evariki telusu?”

“lahanAsiMg! iMkA mUDu rOjuluMdi. nAlugu rOjulu I kaMdakaMlOnE gaDipESAmu. elluMDi rilIph ArDhar vachchEstuMdi. vAraM rOjulu selavUnu. mana kishTamainaTTu hAyigA kaDupuniMDA tini darjAgA paDukOvachchu A phreMch Ame tOTalO velveT lAMTi mettani pachchikabayaluMdi kadA. paMDlu, pAlu kAvalasinanni techchistuMdi. eMta cheppinA Dabbu tIsukOdu. vaddu, nA dESAnni kApADaDAniki vachchina rAjuvi nIvu aMTuMdi.”

“nAlugu rOjulniMchI kaMTimIda kunuku lEdu. pAralEka gu~r~ramU, pOru lEka sipAyI paniki rAkuMDA pOtAru. I tupAkI paTTukuni mArch chEyamani kamAMD okkaTi vastE chAlu, kanIsaM EDuguru jarmanlanainA okkaNNE chaMpi rAkapOtE nAku darbAr sAheb gaDapa mIda sAshTAMgapaDE adRshTaM rAkuMDugAka! I gu~r~rAnnI I tupAkulanU chUsi, A tuchChula mogAlu velavela bOtAyi, kALLa bErAnikostAru. chIkaTlO ayitE mUDu mUDu maNugula guMDlu visurutAru! ArOju dADi chESAnA, nAlugumaiLLa varakU oka jarman^nu kUDA vadilipeTTalEdu. venakanuMchi janaral sAheb vachchEyamannADu, lEkapOtEnA…!’

“aunaunu. nErugA berlin^kE veLLipOyEvADivi! kadA!” subEdAr hajArAsiMg chinnagA navvADu. “yuddhAlu jamAdArO, sOljarO cheppinaTTu jaragavaMdukE. pedda AphIsarlu dUradRshTitO AlOchiMchi nirNayistAru. mUDu vaMdala maiLLa dAri! muMdukE veLLipOtuMTE elA?”

“subEdAr, nijamE cheppAru. kAnI EM chEstAM cheppaMDi. kadalakuMDA uMTE emukalu paTTEstunnAyi chaliki. sUryuDi jADE lEdu. I goyyiki aTU iTU pichchi paTTinaTTugA astamAnaM dumikE jalapAtAlu! okka dADi chEsinAmaMTE vEDi puTTadU!”

“sarEnayyA yOdhuDA! lE. A chali kAchukunE baTTI chUDu, boggulu iMkonni techchivEyi. vajIrA! mIru nalugurU chEda tIsukoni gOtilO nILLannI ettipOyaMDi. mahAsiMg! sAyaMtramaiMdi, I gOtiki kApalA vALLanu mArchu.” AdESAlistU subEdAru kaMdakaM aMtA kaliyatirugutunnADu.

vajIrAsiMg A bRMdAnikE vidUshakuDu. bAlTItO nILLettipOstU, “idigO nEnu paMtulni. jarmanlaku tarpaNaM vadultunnA!” anagAnE kaMdakaM aMtaTA galagalA navvulu! udAsInata dUdipiMjelA egiri eTupOyiMdO! lahanAsiMg iMkO bAlTItO nILLu tODi aMdistU, “idO, nI tOTalO karabUja mokkalaku nILLu peTTu. ikkaDunna nILLu paMjAb aMtaTA kUDA dorakavu,” annADu.

AhA@M! mana dESamE svargaM. nEnaitE I yuddhaM tarvAta sarkAr E padi seMTla bhUmO istE paMDlatOTa peMchukuMTA!”

“peMDlAnni pilipiMchukuMTAvA lEka A pAlu pOsE phreMch dorasAnitO…”

“Cha Cha, ApavOy. ikkaDivALLaku siggU SaraM uMDavu.”

“dESAniki taginaTTu alavATlu. I rOju varakU sikkulu poga tAgaranE vishayAnni vALLu nammanE nammaru. A phreMch Ame sigareT tIsukommaMTuMdi. tAnE nOTlO peDatAnaMTuMdi. nEnu vaddani tappukuMTE rAju kkOpaM vachchiMdA, iMka nA dESaM kOsaM yuddhaM chEyaDaM mAnEstAvA aMTuMdi.”

“aunU, bOdhAsiMg keTluMdi ippuDu?”

“bAguMdi.”

“A@M, nAku telIdU, rAtraMtA nI reMDu kaMbaLLU vADikE kappAvu. nIvA baTTI daggarE kAlaM gaDipAvu. vADi DyUTI kUDA nIvE chESAvu. nIvu bAgA eMDa beTTukunna chekkamaMchaM mIdA vADini paDukObeTTAvu. nIvI buradalOnE tirugutunnAvu. jAgratta, nIvu jabbu paDEvu! ikkaDi chaliki nyumOniyA gAni vastE chAvAlsiMdE. chastunnA murabbA kUDA dorakadu.”

“nA guriMchi beMgeMduku? nEnu bulElakI kAlva oDDunE chachchEdi. kIrat^siMg oLLO tala peTTukoni uMTAnu, nA chEtultO nATina mA peraTi mAmiDi cheTTu nIDalO. telusA?”

vajIrA siMg kanubomalu muDEsi tIkshaNaMgA “eMdukI chAvu mATalu! A chAvEdO Satruvulaina jarman turakalaku rAnI! A@M, bhayyA, EMTadI,” aMTU pATa ettukunnADu.

“OhO dillI keLLE pillAdAnA!
nagalU naTrA mAtraM kAdu,
lavaMgAlu gaTrA koni tEvAlE,
vagalamArI! gummaDi kUrA
ruchigA vaMDi tinipiMchAvA,
loTTalu vEstU tinipeDatAnE.”

evaranukuMTAru I gaDDAlavALLu, saMsArapakshaM vALLu iTuvaMTi oka allarichillara pATa pADatArani! kAnI kaMdakaMlO I pATa maLLI maLLI palikiMdi. sipAyilaMdarU eMta hAyinanubhaviMchArO! nAlugu rOjulanuMchI vALLu selavullO majA chEstUnnArEmO annaMtagA tErukunnAru.

3.

artharAtri kAvastOMdi. aMtA chIkaTi. stabdhaMgA uMdi. bOdhAsiMg khALI biskaTla DabbAlu mUDu parachukoni vATi mIda tana reMDu kaMbaLLanU parachukoni paina lahanAsiMg ichchina reMDu kaMbaLLanU, Ovar kOT^nU kappukoni nidrapOtunnADu. lahanAsiMg kaMdakAniki kApalA DyUTIlO unnADu. oka kaMTa kaMdakapu pravESadvArAnnI, iMkO kaMTa bOdhAsiMg bakkachikkina dEhAnnI chUstunnADu. bOdhAsiMg gaTTigA aravaDaM vinnADu.

“EMTi bOdhAsiMg, EmayiMdi?”

“kAsini nILLu istAvA?”

lahanAsiMg lOTAtO nILLu techchi tAgistU, “elA uMdi ippuDu?” ani aDigADu.

nILLu trAgi bOdhA, “vaNuku taggiMdi. kAnI vaLLaMtA chali pAkutunnaTTuMdi. nOTlO paMDlu iMkA TakaTaka koTTukuMTunnAyi.” annADu.

“ayyO avunA! sarE, nA jersI kUDA kappukO.”

“mari nIvu?”

“nEnu baTTI daggarE uMTAnu kadA, vEDigA anipiMchi chemaTalu pOstunnAyi nAku.”

“vaddoddu. nEnu tIsukOnu. nAlugurOjulniMchI nIvannI nAkE…”

“A@M! annaTTu gurtochchiMdi. nA daggara iMkoka jersI kUDA uMdi. IrOjE vachchiMdi. vidESAlanuMchI evarO alli paMputunnAraMTa aMdarikI. dEvuni dayavalla vALLu bAguMDAli.” aMTU tana kOTu, jersI vippasAgADu.

“nijamEnA?”

“mari! abaddhamanukuMTunnAvA?” aMTU bOdhA vaddaMTunnA jersI kappi maLLI tana khAkI kOTu, chokkA toDukkoni kApalA kAyaDAniki tirigi vachchADu. vidESAlanuMchi evarO jersIlu alli paMpaDaM aMtA kathE.

pUrtigA #»

teguluki Siksha

SukravAraM sAyaMkAlaM yamadharmarAju AphIsu kaTTEsi iMTikeLLipOtUMTE chitraguptuDu aDigEDu.

“rAjA, I AdivAraM mIru AphIsuki rAvaDaM kudurutuMdA?”

“adEmiTi? maLLI EdainA sunAmI kAnI aTuvaMTi upadravaM kAnI vastOMdA, alA vArAMtaM AphIsuki rammaMTunnAru?” yamuDu chirAggA chUstU annADu.

“aTuvaMTidE kAnI kAsta chinna saijudi. I sAri idi telugu bhAshaki saMbaMdhiMchina vishayaM. aMdukE…”

“EdO bhAshaki saMbaMdhiMchina vishayamaitE nEneMduku AphIsulO?”

“bhAsha okkaTE kAdaMDi. A bhAsha rAsE janAlu mUkummaDigA koTTuku ChastU okkasAri mana daggiraki rAbOtunnAru. iddaru teluguvALLu ekkaDunnA debbalADukOvaDaM anEdi sarvasAdhAraNaM kanaka, vALLu vachchAka ikkaDa kUDA koTTukuMTE nEnokkaNNE adupu chEyalEnu. mI sahAyaM uMTE bAvuMTuMdanI…”

“vark phram hOm kudaradA?”

“cheppAnu kadaMDi. mIru vastE mimmalnI mI vAhanAnnI, yamapASAnnI chUsi kAsta koTTukOvaDaM taggavachchu ani aDugutunnAnu tappitE marOTi kAdu. rimOT^gA panichEyaDaM kudirEdi ayitE mimmalni alA vIlu chEsukuni ikkaDaki rammani aDigEvADinA? aMtEkAkuMDA, mIku rAvaDaM kudarakapOtE…”

“A@M! kudarakapOtE?”

“…brahmagAri talavrAtalu tappu avutAyi. dAnni baTTi tarvAta Ayanaki kOpaM, A mIda vishNu mahESvarulaki mana mIda phiryAdulU veLtAyi. iMka A tarvAta mana pani korivitO tala gOkkunnaTTE kadA.”

vishNumahESvarula pErlu vinEsariki yamuDu kAsta taDabaDDADu. A madhya guruputruNNi venakki ivvamani aDagaDAniki vachchina kRshNuDU atani anna balarAmuDU gurtochchAru. mArkaMDEyuNNi tIsukurAvaDAniki tAnu svaMtaMgA veLtE – vakshastADana SaMkayA vichalitO vaivasvatO nirjarA@h – tana vakshaM mIda tagilina SrIkaMThuDi pAda tADanaM tAneragaMdi kAdu. kaMgArugA aDigEDu.

“podduTE vachchi madhyAhnAniki bhOjanAniki iMTikeLLipOvachchA?”

“tappakuMDA prayatniddAM.”

“sarE!” kAsta visugu mohaMtO yamuDu mahisha vAhanaM mIdekki cheppEDu dAnitO, “veLdAM pada.” mahishaM rAbOyE upadravAnni sUchistunnaTTu ghaMThikalu bhIkaraMgA mrOgistU yamuDi bhavanaMkEsi kadilipOyiMdi.

chitraguptuDu ‘hammayyA’ anukuMTU Upiri pIlchukunnADu.


SanivAraM sAyaMtraM ayidiMTiki sattibAbu vIdhi-arugu.kAm anE veb saiTu teravabOyEDu. panichEyalEdu. gUgullOki veLLi “vIdhi-arugu” ani vetakamannADu. EvO rODDulanI, haivElanI, marOTanI vachchAyi kAnI telugu agrigETarlU EvI tElalEdu paina. sarE pOnI guChChaM.kAm anEdi vetikADu. okaTipOtE marOTainA uMTuMdanE ASa. serch iMjanu lOMchi bayaTakochchina rijalTullO modaTi saiTu A telugu agrigETarE. aMdulO modaTi pOsTu sattibAbu kanubomalu AScharyaMtO paikettElA chEsiMdi.

“guChChaM agrigETaru I rOju rAtri panneMDu gaMTalnuMDI panichEyadu. I mArpu eMdukaMTE mana telugu blAgarlu, blAgariNulaMdarU koTTuku ChastU okarimIda okaru tiTlE kAmeMTlugA rAstunnAru kanaka. idi mUsESAka teluguvALLaMdarU ekkaDa koTTuku ChastArO mAkanavasaraM. asalu I agrigETaru prAraMbhiMchinaMdukU, iMtakAlaM dInni terichi uMchinaMdukU mammalni mEmu tiTTukOni rOjE lEdu. idaMtA sAdhyamayyElA chEsina teluguvALLaMdarikI okE oka salahA – tAMbUlAlichchESAM. (ekkaDa kudiritE akkaDa) tannuku chAvaMDi.”

gata aidAru nelalugA jariginadEmiTO teliyani sattibAbu EmaiMdA anukuMTU migatA pOsTulannI chadavaDaM modalupeTTADu. kanipiMchE pEjIlO mottaM blAgulannI chadavakuMDAnE vishayaM ardhamaiMdi. ‘hammayyA pOtE pOnI daridraM vadiliMdi,’ anukuMTU kaMpyUTar kaTTEsi lEchADu.

A rOju rAtrE anni agrigrETarlU mUsEyabaDDAyi. panilOpanigA blAgulu uchitaMgA rAsukOmani ichchE kaMpenIlannI blAgulu mUsESAyi. dAnitObATU AyA kaMpenIlu nirvahiMchE veb mAgajainlU, telugu veb saiTlU alA anEkAnEka telugu bhAshaki saMbaMdhiMchinavannI okkasAri mUtabaDDAyi. sunAmI vachchinappuDu mUkummaDigA janaM pedda ettulO koTTukupOyinaTTu motta telugu bhAsha, blAgarlu, kApI pEsTu ArTisTulu, kAmeMTarlu aMdarU iMTarneTTu mIda tanuvulu chAliMchAru. aMtarjAlaM mIda telugu okkasAri mUgabOyiMdi. dAnitO chitraguptulavAru cheppinaTTU SanivAraM rAtri nuMchi chachchipOyina blAgulU, blAgu rachayita(tru)lU, eDiTarlu, kAmeMTarlu taditarulaMdarU chEsukunna pApAlni kUDagaTTukuni narakaM mukhadvAraM vadda chAMtADaMta kyU kaTTAru. akkaDitO AgitEnA? AdivAraM poddunna yamadharmarAju AphIsuki vachchEvarakU kyU hanumaMtuDi tOkalA alA perugutUnE uMdi.


AdivAraM shApiMguku tIsikeLLakuMDA AphIsuku pOtunnaMduku rusarusalADutU yami, migilipOyina iDlIpiMDitO chEsi peTTina minaparoTTe tini yamuDu chEtilO kAphI maggutO koMcheM AlaSyaMgA AphIsu kochchEsariki appaTikE prANulni lainlO niMchOpeTTaDAniki bhaTulU chitraguptuDU nAnA avastha paDutunnAru. nEnu muMdu, aMTE nEnu muMdu, ani kEkalu vinipistunnAyi. yamuNNi chUstUnE chitraguptuDu cheppEDu.

“chUDaMDi, vILLu okkokkarU vachchi nA Desku chuTTU gumikUDaDaM, nEnu chiTTA tIsi chUsElOpula marokaDu vachchi’muMdu nAdi chUDavOy’ anaDaM. TOken tIsukuni lainlO nuMchOMDayyA aMTE kudaraduTa. ‘nEnu tirupati, annavaraM lAMTi chOTE lainlO nuMchOnu ikkaDEM nuMchuMTA?’ ani kasurutunnAru.”

“tirupatilO lainlO nuMchOkuMDA elAgayyA darSanaM?” yamuDu kutUhalaMgA aDigEDu prANulnI, chitraguptuNNI mArchi mArchi chUstU. aMdarikaMTE kAsta baruvugA unna prANaM muMdukochchi cheppiMdi samAdhAnaM.

“Ay, akkaDO speshal TikeTTu koni, laMchamistE muMdu varasalOki pOvachchaMDi.”

“alAgA, speshal TikeT mari aMdarikI dorakoddU? adi pramukhulakE kadA?”

yamuNNi O verribAgulavADilA chUsi chirunavvutO cheppiMdi baruvu prANi. “mIru marI sattekAlapu satteyya lAgunnAru yamarAju gArU, A speshal TikeT konaDAniki marO laMchaM istE chAlu, lEkapOtE kAkA paTTE janaM uMTE vALLani kAkA paTTinA panaipOtuMdi. avannI manakeMduggAnI muMdu nA saMgati chUseyyakUDadsAr? I lainlO nuMchuMTE eMtakAlaM paDutuMdO?”

yamuDiki okkasAri ardhamaiMdi kAkA paTTaDaM aMTE EmiTO. speshal TikeT elAgayyA ani aDigitE I prANi tanani maMchi chEsukuni muMdu lOpalaki pOdAmani prayatnaM. Akhariki narakaM lOki veLLaDAnikkUDA kaMgArE? okkasAri mohaMlO kOpaM chUpistU daMDaM vidilchi cheppEDu karuggA, “pOyi lainlO nuMchO. bhUmmIda rUls ikkaDa panicheyyav. chitraguptulavAru okkokkarnI pilustAru, phO!”

yamuDi ArDar vinagAnE EdO ardhamainaTTU mahishaM vikRtaMgA bhIkaramaina okka arupu arichiMdi. nuMchunna aMdari naDumula mIdA bhaTulu vEstOnna vAtalu tElAyi. veMTanE aMdarU sardukuMTU lainlO nuMchunnAru. aMtA niSSabdaM. chitraguptuDu pilichEDu.

“prANi naMbar 1. blAgaru samOsA! blAgaru samOsA!”

samOsA prANi muMdukochchiMdi.

yamuDu chitraguptuDi vaipu tirigi aDigEDu, “EmiTIyana chEsina pApAlu?”

“Iyana kAdaMDi, IviDa.”

“OhO sarE, IviDa chEsina tappulEmiTi?”

“blAgu modalupeTTina rOjullO samOsA elA tayAru chEyachchO, kArappUsa elA chEyachchO, marOTI, iMkOTI snAkula guriMchI rAsEvAru. kAnI uttarOttarA ATaveladI, tETagIti anE telugu padyAlu rAyaDaM nErchukuni janAlni chaMpuku tinaDaM sAgiMchAru. udAharaNaki chUDaMDi:

E.te. nijamATala nanuchunu ta
#            #;najabbalanu charachuchu, TapaTapa manuchu
#            #;nijamEnani cheppuTamElA?
#            #;Ijanulaku vEsTu sAmOsA garagaraM palku!

“E.te. annArEmiTi? idEmi vRttaM? kaMdamA, ATaveladA, tETagItA?” yamuDu kAsta anumAnaMgA aDigEDu.

“prabhO, nannA aDugutunnAru? nAku I chiTTA chUDDAnikE samayaM saripOvaTlEdu.” chitraguptuDu arichEDu.

“ayinA asalu kadha cheppabOtunnAnu vinaMDi. ilAMTi padyAlu IviDa tana blAgulOnU, itara blAgullOnU kAmeMTla rUpaMlO vEyaDaM modalu peTTiMdi. dAMtO pratI okkarU padyAlrAyaDaM modaleTTAru. adi eMtavarakU vachchiMdaMTE nAlugu lainlu rAyaDaM kUDA rAni vALLu, vachchinA rAyani vALLu, asalu ChaMdassaMTE EviTO telInivALLu, kottarakaM ChaMdassu modalu peTTi ilA E vRttAnikI paTTani padyAlu rAyaDaM sAgiMchAru. IviDa sRshTiMchina I padyaM E.te. ani eMdukannAraMTE evarainA idEM vRttaM ani aDigitE ‘EmO teliyadu’ ani cheppaDAniki aMTunnAru. adI kashTaM anukunna janAlu…”

“EviTI, nAlugu lainlu rAyaDaM kashTamA?”

“…adEkadaMDi mari viMta? adI kashTaM anukunna janAlu nAnIlanI, minIlanI, vAnIlanI modalupeTTi reMDu lainlatO, okkalainutO rAstunnAru. idEmi vRttamayyA aMTE idO kottadi mIrU nErchukOMDi anE muktAyiMpu modalaiMdi. reMDu iMglIshu padAlu lEkuMDA O telugu vAkyaM nOTlOMchi rAvaTlEdu vILLaki. IviDa padyAla daggirakostE ‘samOsA’ anE padaM vachchElAga padyAlu rAstO janAlani kuDI, eDamagA vAyistOMdIviDa.”

pUrtigA #»

padya sAhityaM

nAku nachchina padyaM: paMDuvennela piMDivaMTalu!

kArtIkaM aMTEnE vennelanela. ika kArtIkapaurNami nATi ‘A jAbilli veluMgu vellikala’ guriMchi vErE cheppEdEmuMdi. A rOju venneTlO vanabhOjanAlu oka madhuramaina anubhUti. alAMTidi A vennelE bhOjanamaitE! mAnavuni Uhaki aMtEmuMdi. chakOramanE pakshi vennelani mAtramE tAgutuMdanI, A pakshiki adE AhAramanI oka chitramaina kalpana chESADu. evaru eppuDu chESArO teliyadu kAnI, adi kavula kavitvAniki goppa muDisarukayyiMdi. vennelanu varNiMchE pratichOTA chakOrAla prastAvana tappanisari. ilAMTi kavula kalpanalaki ‘kavi samayA’lani muddu pEru. Adikavi vAlmIkitO modalupeTTi, iMchumiMchugA saMskRta kavulaMdarU vennela guriMchI vennelapulugula guriMchI rakarakAla kalpanalu chEsinavArE. mana telugu kavulaki adE oravaDi ayyiMdi. saMskRtaM nuMDi sphUrti poMdinA tama pratyEkatani eppaTikappuDu chATukoMTUnE vachchAru telugu kavulu. udAharaNaki, vEsavi paMDuvennelani varNistU, adi chakOra pakshi kUnalaki bhUmi anE penaM mIda prakRti vEstunna chApaTTugA, abhivarNistADu SrIkRshNadEvarAyalu. eMtainA teluguvALlu bhOjanapriyulu kadA! dInikaMTE marO nAlugaDugulu muMduku vESADu ponnagaMTi telaganAryuDu!

sI. anukuvennela dAlchi tunichi sEvelu chEsi
#               #;vennelapAlanu junnonarchi
#     #;gaTTivennela piMDigoTTi vennelavenna
#               #;galaya vennappAlugA namarchi
#     #;gaDitaMpu vennela gaMDrikal sigarigA
#               #;diyyavennelalOna dechchipeTTi
#     #;yeDala vennela chakkeriDi jOrku vennela
#               #;bUnika nALIlugAnu gUrchi

tE. paMDuvennela yanu veMDipaLLeramula
#     #;jelagi yillAMDru vaDDiMpa jelulu dAmu
#     #;vEDukalu mI~ra buvvaMpu gUDu guDichi
#     #;podalu tamitODa vennelapulugu lamare

idi atanu rachiMchina yayAti charitramu anE kAvyaM lOni padyaM. goppa chamatkAramaina Uhani, dESi telugu sogasulatO aMdaMgA chitriMchE pasaMdaina padyaM. ‘achchatenuMgu badde mokaTainanu gabbamulOna nuMDinan hechchani yADuchuMDu‘ kAlaMlO kAvyamaMtA achchatelugulO rachiMchina moTTamodaTi kavi telagana. saMskRtaM telugulO eMtagA kalisipOyiMdaMTE, achchatelugulO padyaM cheppaDaM chitrakavitvaMgA mAripOyiMdi. I kavigAru kUDA, aMdarU abburapaDi tananu mechchukoMTAranE, kAvyamaMtA achchatelugulO rachiMchADu. I padyaMlO, bhAshatO pATu achchatenugu piMDivaMTalani kUDA manaki ruchi chUpiMchADu. E kAvyAnni chUsinA chakOrAlu vennelani trAgutunnaTlu chEsina varNanalE. mahA ayitE vennela tIgalani tama mukkulatO karuchukonnaTTu, tuniminaTlu akkaDakkaDA konni varNanalunnAyi. I varNanalannI chadivunna I kaviki kAstaMta chirAku, chakOrAlapai kUsiMta jAlI kaligiMdi kAbOlu! vennelani eMtasEpani trAgutAyi, vATiki mAtraM mohaM mottadU! avi kUDA manalA rakarakAla vaMTalani ruchi chUDakapOtE elA? chakkera eMta tIyanidainA, eppuDU dAni pAkAnni trAgutU kUrchuMTAmA? rakarakAla tIpi padArthAlu chEsukoni tiMTE kAnI tRpti uMDadu kadA! alA AlOchana vachchiMdO lEdO, ilA chakOrAlaki vennelatO kammani viMdubhOjanaM ErpATu chESADu telaganna. vennela rakarakAla chOTla, rakarakAla samayAllO, rakarakAlugA kurustuMdi. alAMTi vennelatO atanu vaMDina vaMTalEmiTO ruchi chUddAM padaMDi.

anuku aMTE paluchani ani arthaM. oka daggara vennela paluchagA kAstOMdi. alAMTi vennelanu tIsukoni, dAnni sanna sannani mukkalugA tunimi sEvelu tayAruchESAyi chakOrAlu. sEvelu aMTE sEmyA. paluchani vennelatO vennelasEmyA tayAr! A tarvAta, vennelanE pAlanu tIsukoni junnu tayAruchESAyi. koMta vennelEmO gaTTigA uMdaTa! dAnni piMDikoTTi, pAlavennelatOnE tayAruchEsina vennela vennatO kalipi vennappAlu chESAyiTa! vennappAlu aMTE venna kalipi chEsE appAlu. gaDitaMpu aMTE daTTamaina. gaMDrikalu aMTE tunakalu. kAsta daTTaMgA kAstunna vennela tunakalani techchi, tIyani vennelalO kalipi sigari tayAru chESAyi. sigari aMTE meMti majjigalAMTidi. ikkaDa ‘tiyyavennela’ annADu kAbaTTi, yidi tiyyani lassI ayi uMDavachchunu. kAsta daLasarigA unna vennelani tunimi techchi, lassI paini vennagA (malAyi) vESAyanukOvachchu. koMta vennela viDiviDigA poDilAgA kurustOMdi. adE ‘eDala vennela.’ A vennela paMchadAralA uMdi. alAMTi vennelachakkera vEsi, ‘jOrku’ vennelani ‘nALI’lugA tayAru chESAyaTa. jOrku, nALI, anna padAlu nAku nighaMTuvulO ekkaDA kanipiMchalEdu! nALIlu aMTE bahuSA kEraLa vALLu tayAru chEsE ‘puTTu’ lAMTi vaMTakaM ayi uMDavachchu. avi goTTAla AkAraMlO uMTAyi, chakkeratO kalipi tiMTAru. ilA ennO piMDivaMTalani chEsi, paMDu vennela anE veMDi paLLAlalO pErchi tama illALlu vaDDistU uMTE snEhitulatO kalisi saMbaraMtO viMdubhOjanaM chEstunnAyaTa A vennelapulugulu. ‘buvvaMpu kUDu'” aMTE iMglIshulO #feast# anna padAniki achchamaina telugupadaM.

idI ponnagaMTi manaki vaMDi vaDDiMchina vennela bhOjanaM! tana sahajamaina magabuddhitO, chakOrAla illALlatOnE vaMTa vaMDiMchi, vaDDana kUDA chEyiMchADu! katha mATa elA unnA, ilAMTi adbhutamaina kalpanalanu chadivi AnaMdiMchaDAnikI, manaki teliyani, manaM marichipOyina anEka vEla achchatelugu padAlanI palukubaLLanI telusukODAnikI, I yayAticharitramu chAlA goppa sAdhanaM. I padyaM chadivinappuDu, vennela guriMchina bhAsuni chATuvokaTi gurtukuvastuMdi:

kapAlE mArjAra@h paya iti karAn lEDhi SaSina@h
taruchchAyAprOtAn bisamiti karI saMkalayati
ratAMtE talpasthAn harati vanitApyaMSukamiti
prabhAmattaSchaMdrO jagadidamahO viplavayati

dIniki nA anuvAdaM:

ginne pratiphaliMchu vennela pAlani
#               #;nAkuchuMDenu pilli! nAga mokaTi
cheTTunIDalayaMdu chikkina nelatIga
#               #;bisamaTaMchunu tAnu biTTu lAge!
prakkapai parvina paluchani jalatAru
#               #;veMDivennela jigi, vEDkamIra
marukELi danisina mAnini yokkate
#               #;tolagina payyedaMchuliki tIse

velugunIDalaMdu viSvammu tamakilla
bhrAMtimatulu kAga prANulella
varalu sudhalu gurisi pratirEyi jAbilli
marulu golipe jagati mattu jalli

anAdigA veMDi vennela jilugulu kavula manasulani muripistUnE unnAyi. madhuramaina kavitvAnni kuripistUnE unnAyi. ayinA, A vennela mahimalu viMTE saripOdu, svayaMgA anubhaviMchi eruga valasiMdE!

pUrtigA #»

samUlAMdhrapushpabANavilAsamu

pushpabANavilAsamu 26 SlOkamulu gala atyaMtalaghukAvyamu. ainanu ISlOkamu lanniyu alaMkAraSAstramulO nirvachiMpabaDina SRMgAranAyikAnAyakula svabhAvamunu vyaMjiMchuna vaguTachE I svalpakAvyamu dInikaMTe dIrghataramulaina amarukAdi suprasiddha SRMgArakAvyamula sarasana viSishTasthAnamunu saMtariMchukoni, AdinuMDiyu rasaj~nula katyaMtaprItipAtramai yunnadi. IkAvyamu kALidAsakRta manu pratha sAmAnyamugA nuMDeDidi. kAni idi kALidAsakRtamu kAdani, dIni karta ‘sAhityakaumudi’ karta ayina arka bhaTTugArani vimarSakulu nirNayiMchinaTlu nAku SrI ElchUri muraLIdhararAvugAru telpinAru. nEniTIvala ImATalO SRMgAranAyika lanu gu~riMchi vrAsina nAlguvyAsamulalO niMdali konni SlOkamula nudAhariMchuchu, vAnilO nAlgu SlOkamulaku padyAnuvAdamulanu gUDa nichchitini. tadanaMtaramu migilina 22 SlOkamulaku gUDa padyAnuvAdamulu vrAyu saMkalpamu kaligenu. satvaramE kUrchoni sarasvatIdEvi yanugrahamuvalla IkAryamunu pUrti chEsitini. idi bhAvAnusRjanamE kAni pratipadAnuvAdamu kAdu. anuvAdamunu mUlamutO bOlchi chUchikonuTakunu, mUlaSlOkamula svArasyamunu grahiMchuTakunu vIlugA mUlaSlOkamulu, vAni artha tAtparyamulatO gUDina nA yanuvAdamu nichchaTa nichchuchunnAnu. I kAvyamunaku SrI vEMkaTarAyapaMDitasArvabhaumulu rachiMchina ‘SRMgArachaMdrika’ yanu vipulamaina praSastamaina saMskRtavyAkhyAna munnadi. nEniTa nichchina pratipadArthatAtparyAlaMkA rAdulu dIni nanusariMchiyE yunnavi. vistaraNabhItichE saMskRtavyAkhyAnamulO prasaktamaina SlOkamulayokka alaMkAranirdESacharchanu viDichi, achchaTa nichchina alaMkAramula pErlanumAtramE nEnichchaTa pErkoMTini. jij~nAsuvulu saMskRtavyAkhyAnamunu chUchi viSEshamulanu grahiMpagalarani vinnaviMchukonuchunnAnu.


SrImadgOpavadhUsvayaMgrahaparishva~mgEshu tu~mgastana
vyAmardAdgaLitEఽpi chandanarajasya~mgE vahan saurabham|
kaSchijjAgarajAtarAganayanadvandva@h prabhAtE SriyaM
bibhratkAmapi vENunAdarasikO jArAgraNI@h pAtu va@h||

SrIyuta lunnatastanulu vrEtalu dAme kavuMgiliMpa nA
rAyiDichEta vakshamuna raMjilu gaMdhamu rAlipOyinaM
bAyani mEnitAvi gala vaiNavikuMDu, prajAgarAruNA
bjAyatanEtru@MDai varalu jAraSikhAmaNi mimmu@M brOvutan.

arthamu: SrImat…parishva~mgEshu – SrImat=sauMdaryamu galgina, lEka SObhAyutalaina, gOpavadhU=gOpikalayokka, svayaMgraha=tAmugA paikonunaTTi, parishva~mgEshu=AliMganamulayaMdu; tu~mgastana=unnatastanamulayokka, vyAmardAt=rAyiDivalana, chandanarajasi=gaMdapu@MboDi,gaLitEఽpi =rAlipOyinanu, saurabham=suvAsananu, a~mgE = (tana)dEhamunaMdu, vahan=tAlchiyunnavA@MDunu, jAgara…dvandva@h – jAgara=(rAtri) mElkonuTachEta, jAta=kalgina, rAga=e~r~radanamugala, nayanadvandva@h=kannudOyi galavA@MDunu, prabhAtE=udayamunaMdu, kAmapi=iTTidani cheppa nalavi gAni, SriyaM=SObhanu, bibhrat=dhariMchiyuMDuvA@MDunu naina, vENunAdarasika@h=vENugAnamunaMdAsaktu@MDagu, kaSchit= okAnoka, jArAgraNI@h =mETi jAru@MDu (SrIkRshNu@MDu) , va@h=mimmu, pAtu=rakshiMchugAka.

tAtparyamu: graMthAraMbhamuna kavi maMgaLAcharaNa miTlu chEyuchunnADu. ‘SObhAvaMtulu, suMdarulaina gOpikAkAMtalu tamaMtaTa tAmE vachchi kau@MgiliMchukonuTavalana nodavina stanamula rAyiDichE tana SarIramunaMdali gaMdhapu@MbUta rAli pOyinanu tanuparImaLamu ta~ruganivA@MDunu, (kELImUlamuna) rAtri niduralEmivalana e~r~ranaina nEtramulu galavA@MDunu, prabhAtamaMdu varNanAtItamaina SObhagalavA@MDunu, vENunAdalOlu@MDunu naina okAnoka jArAgraNi mimmulanu rakshiMchugAka!’

alaMkAramulu: prEyO rasavadalaMkAramulu. viSEshOkti, paryAyOktyalaMkAramu. ‘parishva~mgEshu tu~mgastana’ ani unnachOTa vRttyanuprAsamanu SabdAlaMkAramu.

viSEshamulu: graMthamunu kavi SrIkAramutO gUDina magaNamutO AraMbhiMchinADu. iTTi AraMbhamu kavikini, kAvyapaThitala kunu Subhapradamagumani ChaMdaSSAstramu. taruvAti SlOkamulO cheppinaTlugA SRMgArarasapradhAnamaina kAvyamunu vrAya saMkalpiMchuchunnADu ganuka kavi gOpikAstrISRMgArachEshTAyutamaina maMgaLaSlOkamutO kAvyAraMbhamu chEsinADu. ‘svayaMgrahaparishvaMgEshu’ anuTachE, SrIkRshNuniyokka bhuvanamOhanatvamu, gOpikala gADhAnurAgatattvamu vyaktamagu chunnavi. SrIkRshNuDani nErugA cheppaka, ‘vENunAdarasika@h’, ‘jAgarajAtanayanadvandva@h’ ani cheppuTachE, bhAgavatamulO cheppabaDinarItigA vENugAnaprabhAvitalaina gOpikalu, vAri aviratasAMgatyamulu sphuriMchuchunnavi. aMduchEtanE ataDu ‘jAgarajAtanayanadvandvu@M’DainADu. ‘svayaM tushTa@h parAn tOshayati’ anu nAnuDi prakAramu iTlu gOpikAsAMgatyamuchE saMtushTuDaina SrIkRshNuDu kAvyapaThitalanu gUDa saMtushTulanu jEyagalaDani kaviyokka ASayamu.

bhuvanaviditamAsIdyachcharitraM vichitraM
saha yuvatisahasrai@h krIDatO nandasUnO@h|
tadakhilamavalambya svAdu SR~mgArakAvyaM
rachayitumanasO mE SAradAఽstu prasannA||

vEnakuvElagubbetala vEDuka@M gUDi ramiMchu Saurichi
trAnaghachAritaMbu prathitaMbu jagaMbuna, dAni@M goMchu nE
nUneda nokka yujjvalarasOtkaTakAvyamu sEya, SAradA
nUnakRpAkaTAkshamadhunuttakavitvakaLAdhurINunai.

arthamu: yuvatisahasrai@h saha=pekkaMDru yuvatula@M gUDi, krIData@h=krIDiMchuchunna, nandasUnO@h= naMduni puttru@MDaina SrIkRshNuniyokka, vichitraM=viMtayaina, yat charitraM=E charitramu, bhuvanaviditam=lOkaprasiddhamu, AsIt= ainadO, tat akhilam=adi yaMtayu, avalambya=AdhAramugA@M jEsikoni, svAdu=manOharamaina, SR~mgArakAvyaM= SRMgArarasa pradhAnamaina kAvyamunu, rachayitumanasa@h=rachiMpa saMkalpiMchina, mE=nAku, SAradA= sarasvatIdEvi, prasannA astu= anugrahamugaladi yagu@MgAka. (paina ‘SR~mgArakAvyaM’ anu padamu ‘ujjvalarasOtkaTakAvyamu’gA anUditamainadi. ‘SR~mgAra SSuchi rujjvala@h’ ani amarakOSamulO nuMDuTachE ujjvalarasOtkaTakAvya manu padamunaku SRMgArasAdhikakAvya mani arthamu. nutta managA prErita mani yarthamu- ‘nuttanunnAstAviddhakshiptEritAssamA@h’ ani amaramu.)

tAtparyamu: maMgaLAcharaNAnaMtaramu kavi kAvyanirvahaNamunakai sarasvatIdEvi anugrahamu niTlarthiMchuchunnADu. ‘sahasrAdhikulaina yuvatulatO krIDiMchuchunna SrIkRshNuni vichitracharitramu jagatprasiddhamu. dAni nAdhAramugA@M goni nEnoka janaraMjakamaina SRMgArarasapradhAnakAvyamunu nirmiMpa@MgOruchunnAnu. dInikai sarasvatIprasAdamu nAku@M galugu@MgAka.’

kAntE dRshTipathaM gatE, nayanayOrAsIdvikAsO mahAn
prAptE nirjanamAlayaM, pulakitA jAtA tanu@h subhruva@h!
vakshOjagrahaNOtsukE, samabhavat sarvA~mgakampOdaya@h;
kaNThAli~mganatatparE, vigaLitA nIvI dRDhApi svayam||

kana@MbaDinaMtanE priyu@MDu kannulu vaktramu nella@M gramme, ni
rjananilayaMbunaMdata@MDu prAptilinaMtane nikke@M bulkalun,
stanayugamun grahiMpa@Mgane daTTapu@MgaMpamu vuTTe@M, gau@MgiTaM
goniyeno lEdo, dAnikade gobbuna vrIlenu nIvi kAMtakun.

saMdarbhamu: parasparAnurAgayutulai yuMDiyu, kalasikonu navakASamu lEka, okanADu EkAMtamugA galasikonna nAyikAnAyakula chEshTa liMdu varNiMpabaDinavi.

arthamu: kAntE =priyu@MDu, dRshTipathaM gatE = kannula@MbaDinavA@MDu kA@MgA (kanipiMpa@MgA), subhruva@h = (aMdamaina kanubomalugala)nAyikayokka, nayanayO@h=kannulaku, mahAn=adhikamaina, vikAsa@h=vichchukonuTa, AsIt=kaligenu. kAntE =priyu@MDu, nirjanamAlayaM=janulu lEni(EkAMta) gRhamunu, prAptE sati=poMdagAnE, tanu@h=(nAyikayokka) SarIramu, pulakitA jAtA=gagurpATu galadayyenu. kAntE =priyu@MDu, vakshOjagrahaNOtsukE sati= stanagrahaNAsaktu@MDu kA@MgA, sarvA~mgakampOdaya@h — sarvAMga= SarIra maMtaTa, kampOdaya@h=vaNakuyokka puTTuka, samabhavat=kaligenu. kAntE =priyu@MDu, kaNThAli~mganatatparE sati=kaMThamunu kau@MgiliMchuTayaM dAsaktu@MDu kA@MgA, dRDhApi=gaTTidainanu, nIvI= (nAyikayokka) kOkamuDi, svayam=tanaMtaTanE, vigaLitA=jAri(viDi)pOyinadi.

tAtparyamu: priyu@MDu kaMTa@MbaDa@MgAnE atanipai makkuvagaladi kAvuna atanini chUchuTaku nAyikakannulu vippArinavi. ataDu EkAMtamuna nAmenu chEra@MganE SarIramu pulakAMkitamainadi. stanagrahaNAsaktu@MDu kA@MgAnE SarIramuna vEpathuvu (kaMpamu) janiMchinadi. ata@MDAmenu kau@MgiliMpaganE dRDhamugA gaTTinadainanu kOkamuDi dAnikadiyE vIDipOyinadi. nAyika svAdhInapatika. darSana sparSanAliMganAdulu varNiMchuTachE saMbhOgaSRMgAramu. chakshushprIti yanu avastha, rOmAMchamu, vEpathuvu (kaMpamu) anu sAttvikabhAvamulu varNitamulu. nAlgavapAdamuna kAmEMgitamu varNitamu. svabhAvOktyalaMkAramu. anuvAdapadyamulO ‘kannulu vaktramu nella@M gramme’ anu vAkyamu ‘kannulu vikasiMchinavi’ anuTakanna ramyamugA nuMDi, nAyika kodavina chakshushprIti yanu avasthanu chakkagA chitrIkariMchuchunnadi.

mAM dUrAdaravindasundaradarasmErAnanA saMprati
drAguttu~mgaghanastanA~mgaNagaLachchArUttarIyA~nchalA|
pratyAsannajanapratAraNaparA pANiM prasAryAntikE
nEtrAntasya chiraM kura~mganayanA sAkUtamAlOkatE||

parulanu kanmo~raMga nijapANini@M gappi yapAMgasIma, nA
darahasitAMbujAsya nanu davvulanuMDi chiraMbugA nadE
yarayuchununnadunnatakuchAMchalasaMskhalitAMSukaMbu nE
ma~rikanu dIrpakuMDa@M, gusumAMbakachOditalOladRshTulan.

saMdarbhamu: tanayaM danurakta yaina okAnoka nAyikayokka darSAnAdi chEshTala noka nAyakuDu mitrunitO jeppukonu chunnADu.

arthamu: saMprati=ippuDu, aravinda…smErAnanA – aravinda=kamalamuvale,sundara=aMdamainadiyu, dara= iMchuka, smEra=navvuchunnadiyunagu, AnanA=mukhamu galgina, sA kura~mganayanA=A lEDikannulanAyika, drAguttu~mga… chArUttarIyA~nchalA -drAk=vaDigA, uttu~mga=poMginaviyu, ghana=goppanainaviyu naina, stanA~mgaNa=stanamula cheMta nuMDi, gaLat=jAruchunna, chAru=aMdamaina, uttarIyA~nchalA=pai@MTache~ragu galadiyu, pratyAsanna…parA– pratyAsanna= samIpiMchuchunna, jana=janulayokka(manassulanu), pratAraNa=mOsapuchchuTayE, parA satI= pradhAna vyApAramu galadiyu naguchu, nEtrAntasya=kanugonalayokka, antikE=samIpamuna, pANiM=chEtini, prasArya=chAchi (vistariMchi), dUrAt=dUramunuMDi, mAM=nannu, chiraM=chAlasEpaTinuMDi, sAkUtam=sAbhiprAyamugA (anuraktitO nanuTa), AlOkatE=chUchuchunnadi.

tAtparyamu: padmamuvale suMdaramaina mukhamaMdu@M ji~runavvunu jErchi, (lOnuppoMgu bhAvAvESamunaku pratibiMbAya mAnamugA) poMguvAreDi ghanastanamulanuMDi pai@MTa jAruchuMDagA (jA~ruchunnanu parAkutO dAnini gamaniMpaka), itarulanuMDi tana yavasthanu kappipuchchukonuTakai kaDagaMTi cheMta chAchinachEti naDDamugA nuMchi, sAbhiprAyamugA (dRgvilAsAdulachEta tana yanuraktini sUchiMchuchu), nannA kuraMganEtra dUramunuMDi chAlasEpaTinuMDi chUchuchunnadi.

yukti, svabhAvOkti, vRttyanuprAsa, ChEkAnuprAsamu lalaMkAramulu. nAyika prauDha. kuraMganEtra anuTachE chUpulayaMdali chaMchalatvamu, trAsamu sphuriMchuchunnadi. kAni prauDha kAvuna nalugurilO nuMDiyu sAbhilAshamugA nAyakuni jUchuchu, itarulu tana dRgvilAsamulanu gamaniMpakuMDa kanugonayaMdu chEti naDDamugA beTTukonnadi.

pUrtigA #»

kavitalu

EMDrAyiD manishi

gaDapa daggara
vEgaMgA
talupu mIda varakU
O veluturu nIDa vUgulATa!
nilustU vUgutU
nilakaDa lEkuMDA-

gamaniMchAnu parIkshagA!

bayaTa chUrukokkEniki
pApAyi ATalO bhAgaMgA
dishTibommagA kaTTina
panikirAni,
malTipul kanekTar
EMDrAyiD bomma
manishi
veluturu nIDa!

avunu,
EMDrAyiD manishi!
vUgutU
nilakaDa lEkuMDA
pAtagA
paniki rAka dUraMgA
ATalO bommalA
gaDapa bayaTA lOpalA
nIDalA!

pUrtigA #»

reMDu kavitalu

1​. eTulainA ichaTanE AgipOnA

chiTAru kommaki
pArI chUpu
Ilalu UrI
kOnaki kaipu

paDuchu sUrIDi
nIDala alluDu
chIma mIsAla
gusa gusa
bAreDu

komma remma
vaMkara Olu
purugulu dunnu
TiMkara chAlu

mabbu bAnalu
mOsuku vachchi
chIkaTi sabbunu
oMTiki ruddE
saMje gAliki
sAgI kAlu

naDimi aDivi
kATuka kAyi
mUta terachE
pAlapuMtalO
pErI Uha
sOlI kannu.

2. iMTikochchina varshaM

A
raMgArAyuDu
cheruvulO
vAnaki taDustunna
tAmara pUla​ni ​
oLLu vidilchE
bAtulni

gaDDilO
chinukula baruvuku
vaMgina pUlani
appuDE bayaTiki
vachchi snAnaM chEstOnna
vAnapAmulni

chUstU
raMgu chukkala
goDugu vEsukunnA
sagaM vIpu taDisElA
jallu koDutOMTE

vachchAvU
ippaTiki
iMTiki?

idigO
I vEDi vEDi
dibba roTTi tini
pakkanE pogalu
kakkutOnna
allaM TI
tAgu.

vAna hOru
vinipistuMdilE
iMTlOMchi

merupulu
nalla chIraki
​jarI aMchulA ​
tArrODDuki
aTU iTU pArE
​erra ​
maTTi nILLU

pUla aMchugA
​okaTokaTigA
​jAri
isakalO​​
tIrubaDigA
kannAlu
​peDutOnna
vAna chinukulU ​

chUDochchulE
kiTikIlOMchi.

pUrtigA #»

phrAgmeMTs

1.

pakshula kilakilArAvAlatO
modalavvAlsina konni udayAlu
tupAkI mOtalatO modalavaTaM
eMta vishAdaM!

2.

chikan shApu gaMpalOMchi
kODipuMju meDa sAriMchi
kokkorokkO aMTU kUstOMdi
gaDiyalu sUchistU

3.

bayaTa AgipOyina vAna
lOpala iMkA kurustUnE uMdi
kAlaM niMDA tUnIgala guMpu

4.

EmI ASiMchakuMDA kRtaj~nata
udAraMgA karuNa chUpE vyakti kOsaM
Ame iMkA eduruchUstUnE uMdi
hRdayaM oka bAr kODeD vastuvu
ayipOyiMdanna vishayaM
AmekevarainA chepitE bAguNNu

5.

saraina padaM kOsaM
chIkaTlO taDumukoMTUMTE
chEtiki sUryuni mukka tagiliMdi
udayaM padyamai
vichchukoMdi

pUrtigA #»

iMka pOtAranagAnu


#gurtu peTTukuMTAvani
#                    #;moTTikAyalu moTTEnu
aMtakaMTE EM lEdu!
#                    #;annAru mEshAru,
cheyyi vodalakuMDAnE
#                    #;kaLLu mUsukuMTUnu.

pUrtigA #»

Aku

(chennai mailApUr^lO unna dESOddhAraka nAgESvararAvu paMtulu udyAnavanaMlO ma~r~richeTTu kiMda kUrchuni O rOju pATa rAstuMDagA ma~r~ripaLLU, AkulU jalajalamaMTU talamIda rAlasAgAyi. taletti paiki chUSAnu. AhA! rAlutunna Aku eMta aMdaM! paDipOtunnA eMta utsAhaM! E AkulOnU maraNaChAya lEdu; du@hkhapu rEkha lEdu. ‘nA guriMchi rAyi,’ aMdi O Aku. pATa kiTikInalA mUsivEsi, kavita talupu teruchukunnAnu.)

IrOjO… rEpO…
ippuDO… tarvAtO…
rAlipOtAnu

kaDaprANaM chivari pOgu
komma paTTuku vElADutunnA
rAlipOtAnu

<>

<> # ilai – kavi vairamuttu svaraMlO

vIchEgAli alajaDi chEsinA
rAlE chinuku mutyaM tAkinA
pichchukokkaTi vAli kommana
okkaparigA rekkalArchinA
nEnu rAlipOtAnu


vIDkOlivvu vRkshamA
vIDkOlivvu

unnannALLu nApai
enni niMdalO
gAli vEsE tappuDu tALAnikI
talADistAnaTa
reTTa vEsE pakshulakI
pachchajeMDA egarEstAnaTa
pakka AkulatO
poddastamAnaM rusurusalEnaTa

idigO
nA maraNAnni dRshTilO peTTukuni
kshamiMchESAyi nannu tOTi Akulu

Upiri uMTE lEni viluva
adE lEkapOtE vastuMdA?
jIvitapu velitiki
maraNamE pUraNamA?


saMpUrNa jIvitaM nAdi

nEnu snAnamADina taruvAtE
vAnanITitO
bhUmi snAnamADiMdi
sUryakiraNaM
modaTa nannu tAkAkE
maTTini tAkiMdi
pagalu nA UpiritOnE kadA
tETatEriMdi kAlushyapu gAli

I prapaMchaM nuMDi
nEnu tIsukunnadi takkuva
tirigi ichchiMdi ekkuva


AkunE ainA nA jIvitaM lOnU
marichipOlEni
saMghaTanalu reMDu

AchUkI teliyani tuphAnokaTi
chivuruTAkulu saitaM teMpukeLLina
A kALarAtrI –

pUvU tETi tanmayatvaMlO okaTai
siggutO nEnu
sATi Aku chATuku odigipOyina
A madanOdayamU –


okarOju AsarA kOri
vachchi vAlina pakshi
ettipoDichiMdi nannu

“puvvulAgA puTTakuMDA
paMDulAgA mArakuMDA
AkulAnE puTTinaMduku
Aku rUpaM dAlchinaMduku
eppuDainA bAdha paDDAvA?”

gAli sAyaMtO
galagalamani navvAnu

“adRshTaM nAdi
nEnu puvvuni kAnu
tummedalu nA SIlAnni
dOchukuMTAyani bAdha lEdu

adRshTaM nAdi
nEnu paMDuni kAnu
chilakala guMpulu
nA SarIrAnni mukkalu
chEstAyani digulu lEdu

nAku nEnai Akunai
uMDaTaM svargaM
EdO kAvAlani kAlEdani
kumilipOvaDaM narakaM.”


adigO adigO
gAli rUpaMlO
vastOMdi nA chAvu

idigO idigO
bhUmivaipu
sAgutOMdi nA tanuvu

tappukO tummedA
dArivvu miDatA

maraNamA nIku kRtaj~natalu
bratuku ivvani varamokaTi
nuvvu prasAdiMchAvu

puTTinanATinuMDi nE
muTTukOlEni maTTitallini
modaTisAri muddADabOtunnAnu


vachchESAnu tallI vachchESAnu
nannu akkuna chErsukuni poduvukO

AhA! sukhaM!
advaitaM!


vichAriMchaku vRkshamA

idi tudikAdu
marO modalu

bratuku oka chakraM
maraNaM oka Aku
chakraM tirugutuMdi

kommaku maLLI
marO rUpaMlO
nI vEru nuMchi puDatAnu

idigO
nA kOsaM okkasAri migatA
Akulni chappaTlu koTTamanavU?


(mUlaM: tamiLa kavi vairamuttu, tamiLukku ni~ramuMDu – 1995 (tamiLAniki raMguMdi) kavitA saMpuTi nuMchi ilai anna kavita. mUla kavita telugu, tamiL lipilO.)

pUrtigA #»

svagataM

nA TEsTulEnitanaM

bItOven mIda InADulO oka vyAsaM chadavagAnE, nEnu niMpukOgaligE oka pedda khALI EdO innALlU teliyaka alAgE uMchESAnEmO anipiMchiMdi. marippuDEM chEyAli?

nEnappuDu paTAn^cherulO unnAnu, nAlugu vEla reMDu vaMdala grOs jItapu panilO. okarOju, reMDiMTiki mArniMg shiphT ayipOtUnE kOThi bassekkAnu.

“adEMdi? bI… tOvanA?” kyAseTla shApataniki nA praSna arthaM kAlEdu. reMDO, mUDO eMkvayirI kUDA ayyAka, ‘suprIm’ atanu anukuMTA cheppADu: “aTlAMTivi ikkaDa dorakav, baMjArAhils^lO Trai chey.”

baMjArAhilsA? vOyammA! akkaDaMdarU saMpannulu uMTAraMTAru. nAlAMTivADu veLlochchA?

A konasAgiMpu prayANAniki tagina diTavu saripOka, konugOlunu maLlokarOjuku vAyidAvEsi…

akkaDaku elA veLlAli? veLlinA asalu elA aDagAli? nEnu E panini kUDA alA chEsEyalEnu. dAni guriMchi koMta AlOchiMchAli; mathanapaDAli; giMjukOvAli; appaTiki gAnI saMsiddhuNNi kAlEnu. samasyEmiTaMTE, ‘manalAMTivALlu’ anukunE daggara mana uniki guriMchina chiMta peddagA uMDadu. adE ‘vALlu vErE’ anukunnappuDu, mana paTla manaM mariMta spRhatO uMTAM. kAbaTTi, A guMpulO manaM taggipOkuMDA uMDEMduku tIvra prayatnaM chEstAM. aMdulO bhAgamE A mAnasikapu kasarattaMtA!

maLlI mArniMg shiphT kalisochchina okarOju, unnaMtalO bAgA tayArai, sikiMdrAbAd veLli, aMtakumuMdE baMjArAhils elA veLlAlO telusukuni vunnAnu kAbaTTi, akkaDaku chErukuni, tIrA bassu digitE — rODlamIda baMgAraM tApaDaM chEsi uMTuMdanukunnAnE! mAmUlu DAMbArE!

koMcheM tiraggAnE, ‘em’ pErutO anukuMTAnu, oka pedda shAp kanabaDiMdi. bahuSA, em aMTE myUjik ayivuMDAli! shApu lOki chErAnu. aDigAnu. aTuvaipu ryAkulO chUsukommannaTTunnADu. vetaggAnE, reMDu dorikAyi. EMTivi? kyAseTlalA lEvE! appuDE sIDI anEmATa kottagA vinabaDutOMdi. ayitE, ivi avi ayivuMTAyi! mari vITini EM chEyAli? dorakaDamE kashTamani appaTikE arthamaiMdi kadA! vadulukOlEka, konESAnu.

chUDaMDi tamAshA! nijAniki, nA daggara appuDu TEp rikArDar kUDA lEdu. I sIDI vinAlaMTE, dAniki sIDI plEyar EdO kAvAlaMTa! maLlI dAnni konaDAniki, IsAri mAnasikaMgA kannA ArthikaMgA nannu nEnu saMsiddha paruchukoni — dIniki konni nelalu paTTiMdi kAkapOtE — maLlI alA shiphT kalisochchinarOju kOThi veLlAnu. sIDI plEyar aDigitE shApatanu EmannADaMTE, “dEkhO bhayyA, I sIDI plEyar aitE okka sIDIkE naDustadi; idi chUDu, kottagA DIvIDI plEyar vachchiMdi; is^mE sIDI bhI chalEgA, aur DIvIDI bhI.”

dhara kEvalaM mUDu vEla aidu vaMdala rUpAyalu mAtramE!

padihEnu vaMdala TEp rikArDar konaDAnikE aMtakumuMdu vAyidA vEsinavADini, sIDI plEyar kUDA kAdu, mottaM nagadu chelliMchi EkaMgA A DIvIDI plEyarE konESAnu.


A kanekshanEdO ichchEsi, baTan nokkagAnE adi nOru teruchukuMTE abburaMgA chUsEsi, dAnikadE maLlI mUsEsukuMTE mariMta chitrapaDipOyi…

ekkaDi bItOvennU? ekkaDi nEnu?

khaMDAMtarAlu dATi nAkOsaM elA vachchiMdI saMgItaM? elAMTi sainsidi? svich nokkagAnE nAkOsaM elA gaLaM vippabOtOMdi!

siMphanI naMbar 9! mUn^laiT sonATA!!

ika, nEnu vinabOyEdi, I bhUmmIda E koMdarO adRshTavaMtulu vinnadi! ika, nA lOpali malinAla baruvulni tolagiMchukuni tElika kAbOtunnAnu! bhUminI AkASAnnI nEnika ettu peragaDaM dvArA kalapabOtunnAnu. nA sakalAvayavAlnI kEvalaM I goppa SabdaM kOsamE innELlu vEchivuMchAnu!

reDI.

1… 2… 3.

kaLlu mUsukO!


okaTreMDu sArlu, sauMDu taggiMchukuni nIli dEhAlu chUDDAniki tappa, A DIvIDI plEyar iMkeMdukU panikirAlEdu, A tarvAta! paigA nA daggara plEyar uMdanna cheDDa pErokaTi!

bItOvennU, bItOvennU, eMta panichESAv! ninnu aMdukOkuMDA nannu ilA eMdukuMchESAv!

pUrtigA #»

vyAsAlu

#Yippee! I’m a poet, and I know it

#Yippee! I’m a poet, and I know it
Hope I don’t blow it.

#ani bAb Dilan #I shall be Free No 10# anna pATalO aMTADu. Dilan^ni, nuvvu pATakuDivA? kavivA? ani vilEkhakulu, vimarSakulu, samIkshakulU aDiginappuDu, rakarakAla saMdarbhAlalO rakarakAla samAdhAnAlichchADu. adi sAhitI vimarSakalOkaMlO koMta kalakalaM puTTiMchina mATa nijamE!

1963lO viDudala chEsina reMDava Albam^tO (#The Free Wheelin’ Bob Dylan)# ichchina nOTsulO ilA cheptADu: #Anything I can sing, I call a song. Anything I can’t sing, I call a poem. (#EdayitE nEnu pADagalanO dAnini pATa aMTAnu; EdayitE nEnu pADalEnO dAnini kavita aMTAnu.)

I vAkyaM nAkeMtO ishTaM. ‘eMdukO cheppu?’ ani nannu aDigitE nA daggira saraina samAdhAnaM lEdu.

Dilan ichchina samAdhAnAlani maroka kONaM nuMchi pariSIlistE, Dilan kAvAlanE aTuvaMTi samAdhAnAlu ichchi uMDavachchunani nEnu anukuMTuMTAnu. kAraNaM: vilEkhakulannA vimarSakulannA Dilan^ki vallamAlina visugu; kOpaM. 1965lO iMglaMD^lO oka vilEkhakuDu, ‘nuvvu E vishayAla guriMchi pADutunnAvO, vATini guriMchi AlOchiMchE pADutunnAvA?’ ani AlOchiMchakaMDA aDina praSnaki Dilan ilA samAdhAnaM ichchADu: ‘nijaMgAnE nuvvu atisAhasaM chEsi I praSna aDugutunnAvu. idE praSna nuvvu bITils^ni aDugutAvA?’

1964 lOnE #The Times They Are A-Changin# anna makuTaMtO viDudalaina pATalO sAhitI bhAshyakArulani AhvAnistU oka hechcharika nistADu Dilan: #Come writers and critics who prophesize with your pen… Don’t criticize what you can’t understand. (#mI rAtalatO sOde cheppE rachayitalU, vimarSakulU, raMDi, raMDi. mIku arthaM kAnidAnni vimarSiMchakaMDi.)

1996lO modaTisAri Dilan^ pEruni nObel bahumatiki pratipAdiMchAru. appaTinuMchI prati saMvatsaraM atanni nAminET cheyyaTaM, dAnitOpATu I praSna udbhaviMchaTaM AnavAyitI ayyiMdi. I vivAdaM — Dilan pATakuDA, kavA? — 2004 nuMchI marI udhRtaM ayyiMdi. eMdukaMTE, sumAru adE samayaMlOnE Dilan guriMchi aidu pustakAlu okEsAri viDudalainAyi. idaMtA EdO kummakku ani vimarSakulu bhramapaDaTAniki AdhAraM ani anumAniMchaDaMlO tappu lEdEmO!

Aks^pharD prophesar krisTaphar riks (#Christopher Ricks)# rAsina Dilans vijans Aph sin (#Dylan’s Visions of Sin)# anE aiduvaMdala pEjIla paichiluku pustakaM, liriks (#Lyrics: 1962-2001)# anna pErutO Dilan pATala pustakaM, krAnikals (#Chronicles)# anna makuTaMtO Dilan Atmakatha – modaTi bhAgaM, bAb Dilan en^saiklOpIDiyA (#Bob Dylan Encyclopedia)# anE EDuvaMdala pEjIla paichiluku maroka pustakaM, ivannI viDudalainAyi. vATiki tODugA, gins^barg (#Allen Ginsberg), #karOl OTs (#Joyce Carol Oates),# rik mUDI (#Rick Moody), #byArI hAnA (#Barry Hannah) # Dilan guriMchi, Dilan pATala/kavitala guriMchI poMduparachina vyAsa saMkalanaM! 2006 amejAn veb^saiT^lO sumAru nAlugu vaMdala pustakAlu – Dilan rAsinavi, Dilan^pai vachchinavI – unnAyi.

pATalO kavitvaM uMDaTAniki Evidhamaina abhyaMtaramU uMDadu. uMDakUDadu. mukhyaMgA maukhikasAhityaMtO chakkani parichayaM unna telugu pAThakulaki I vishayaM marI marI cheppakkaralEdu. ayitE, kavita ani ‘nirvachiMchabaDina’ rachanalO pATa uMDakapOvachchu. aMTE kavitalannI paiki goMtetti pADaTAniki, kaMThasthaM cheyyaDAnikI anuvugA uMDaka pOvachchu nani nA abhiprAyaM. EkAMtaMgA kUchoni chaduvukOTAniki padyaM, kavita ani manaki achchuyaMtraM vachchina taruvAta marI prabalaM ayyiMdanukuMTAnu. aMdukanE kAbOlu, achchulO Dilan pATalu chUstE, iMdulO kavitvaM ekkaDa unnadi? anna praSna rAvaTAniki avakASaM lEkapOlEdu. aMduku oka kAraNaM: Adhunika likhita saMskRti.

AkharigA Dilan kavi kAdanE ArOpaNa lEdA kavi avunA, kAdA? anna charcha, kavitvAniki viSvavidyAlayAlalO vidyAvEttalu aMgIkariMchina lakshaNa parithilO kAkuMDA, Dilan mAdhyamaM – aMTE pATa kuMDE lakshaNAlatO kavitAlakshaNAlani poMduparichi, pASchAtyavimarSakulu parAmarSiMchaDaM modalu peTTavalasina avasaraM unnadi. aMTE, Dilan rAtala guriMchi rAsETappuDu mUDu vishayAlu chUDAli. mATalu, saMgItaM, goMtu.

2.

bAb Dilan asalu pEru rAbarT jimar^man (#Robert Allen Zimmerman). # Dulut, minesOTAlO mE 24, 1941na janmiMchADu. puTTukatO yUduDu. Dabbunna kuTuMbaM. taruvAta dvijuDu (#born-again Christian)# ayyADu. Dilan thAmas (#Dylan Thomas, 1914- 1953)# anE velsh kavi aMTE ishTaM. aMdukani atani pEru peTTukunnADu.

Dilan mIda uDI gatrI (#Woodie Guthrie)# anE prakhyAta jAnapada pATakuDi prabhAvaM unnadani aMdarikI telusu. Dilan gatrIni praSaMsistU reMDu pATalu tana moTTamodaTi Albam^lO rASADu (#Song to Woody, Talking New York).# gatrI rAsina gItaM, I nEla nIdi (#This land Is Your Land)# chAlA prasiddhikekkina jAnapada gItaM. amerikAlO abhyudayavAdulu I gItAnni reMDava jAtIya gItaMgA gurtistAru. bhAratadESaMlO vaMdEmAtara gItaM lAgA! I pATa obAmA adhyakshuDigA pramANasvIkAraM chEsina samayaMlO pIT sIgar (#Pete Seeger), #brUs spriMg^sTIn (#Bruce Springstein),# iddarU pADAru. (yUTyUb^lO.)

ChAls sIgar, pIT sIgar, jAn lOmAks, Alan lOmAks (#Charles Seeger, Pete Seeger, John Lomax, Alan Lomax)# modalaina pATakulu ugravAda vAmapakshIyulu. jAnapada saMgItaM sAmAjika viplavAnni purikolpagaladani dhRDhaMgA nammina vALLu. Dilan sAhityaMpai vILLa prabhAvaM konni nirasana gItAla varakE parimitaM. A nirasana gItAlE Eri Dilan saMgItAnni, sAhityAnni pogaDaTaM, lEdA tegaDaTaM — I reMDU sarikAdu. Dilan pATalapai nijamaina prabhAvaM chUpiMdi hyArI smit (#Harry Smith)# prachuriMchina AMthAlajI (#Anthology of American Folk Music, 1952).# Dilan iMdulO poMduparichina pATalani 1959 lOnE vinnADu. I saMkalanaMlO amerikan jAnapada saMgItaM, jAnapada saMgIta sAMghika charitra Dilan^ni elA prabhAvitaM chESAyO vivaraMgA Dilan guriMchi grey^l mArkas (#Greil Marcus)# rAsina pustakaMlO (#Bob Dylan: Writings 1968 – 2010)# chadavavachchu.

rEDiyOlO prasAramavutunna rAk–en-rOl saMgItaM sAmAjika jIvanAniki pratibiMbaM kAdani ellA telusukunnADO allAgE 1960 chivaribhAgaMlO saiddhAMtika vAmapaksha rAjakIyAlatO muDipaDina jAnapada gItAlu kEvalaM prachAra saMgItaMgA tElchukoni, A parithi nuMchi bayaTaki rAgaligADu. ayitE, samAjagatiki niranuraktuDai, aSAMtitO kalata cheMdi rAsina chAlA nirasanagItAlu 1960-1965lO rAsinavE!

3.

I vyAsaMlO Dilan pADina/rAsina ‘pATalu’ konni tIsukoni vATini guriMchi muchchaTistAnu. iMdulO konni pATalu prapaMcha prasiddhikekkinavi. konniMTiki jAtIyagItAla sthAyi vachchiMdi. marikonni pATalu Dilan Diskulu rOjU vinE vArikE gurtuki rAkapOvachchu. idEmI viMta vishayaM kAdu. Dilan sumAru aiduvaMdala paichiluku pATalu rAsi peTTADu. vATi nuMchi eMpika tElika kAdani cheppanakkaralEdu.

Dilan rAsina moTTamodaTi nirasana gItaM (#Protest song) #di Det Aph emeT Til (#The Death of Emmett Till). 1955# misisipIlO, emeT Til anE padhnAlugu saMvatsarAla vayasunna Aphrikan amerikan kurravADini, tella ADapillanu chUsi Ila vEsina kAraNaMgA – koTTi, kAlchi chaMpAru. taruvAta rAsina pATa jAn bArch saMghaM guriMchi (#Talkin’ John Birch Society Blues)# tIvra mitavAda (#extreme right-wing)# saMghaM vArini vELAkOLaM chEstU rAsina pATa. 1963lO eD salivan TI.vI. shOlO (#Ed Sullivan show)# I pATa pADaTAniki vIlulEdani TI.vI. nirvAhakulu abhyaMtaraM chepitE, rihArsal nuMchi Dilan veLLipOyADu.

maroka pATa, Aks^pharD Taun (#Oxford Town). #jEms meriDit (#James Meredith)# nalla vidyArthi. moTTamodaTi sAri oka nalla vidyArthiki misisipi viSvavidyAlayaMlO chaduvukOvaTAniki anumati ichchina kAraNaMgA jarigina allarulapai rAsina pATa. iTuvaMTi nirasana gItAlu chAlA unnAyi kAni, vATilO prapaMcha prasiddhikekkina gItAlu reMDu: avi varusagA: #Only A Pawn in Their Game, The Lonesome Death of Hattie Carroll. # I reMDiMTilOnU nallajAti vyaktini hatya chEsina nErAniki Dilan chUpina kOpaM, koTTavachchinaTTu kanipistuMdi. modaTigItaM kannA reMDava gItaM goppadani nA uddESaM. eMdukaMTE, A gItaMlO kOpaM kannA, naitika dhairyaM, nyAyasthAna dharmaMpai vyaMgyaM, AkarshaNIyaMgA chitriMchADu.

#Only A Pawn in Their game# chUDaMDi: meDgar evars^ni (#Medgar Evers)# poMchi uMDi tupAkItO kAlchina vArta, pATalO viSEshaM. meDgar evars hatya ayina oka nela taruvAta, grIn^vuD, misisipIlO modaTisAri, Dilan I pATa pADADu. idE pATa reMDavasAri AgasT 28, 1963na vAshiMgTan^lO mArTin lUthar kiMg #I have a Dream # upanyAsAniki muMdu pADADu.

pUrtigA #»

veNbA (dhavaLagIti)

parichayamu

saMskRta ChaMdassulO gurulaghuvula pAtra mukhyamainadi. prAkRta ChaMdassulO mAtrA gaNamulaku pedda pITa. kannaDa telugu dESi ChaMdassu aMSa (brahma, vishNu, rudra) gaNamulapai lEka upa (sUrya, iMdra, chaMdra) gaNamulapai AdhArapaDi uMTuMdi. tamiLa ChaMdassulO ‘aSai’ lEka svaramu punAdi ~rAyi. I aSai reMDu vidhamulu – nEr (gO) lEka nirai (dhana). nEraSai lEka gOsvaramu (- chihnamu) reMDu, avi guruvu (#U),# laghuvu (#I).# niraiyaSai lEka dhanasvaramu (= chihnamu) kUDa reMDu vidhamulu. avi lagamu (#IU), # lalamu (#II). # I svaramulanu padEpadE chErchaDamuvalla manaku ‘SIr’ lEka gaNamu labhistuMdi. avi reMDu, mUDu, nAlugu svaramula gaNamulugA uMTAyi. reMDu svaramulu (aSaigaL) uMDE gaNamulO guru laghuvula saMkhya svaramula saMkhya kanna ekkuvagA uMDavachchunu. reMDu svaramula gaNamulanu mA, viLaM gaNamulaniyu, mUDu svaramula gaNamulanu kAy, kani gaNamulaniyu, nAlugu svaramula gaNamulanu pU, niLal ganamulaniyu pilustAru. manaku parichitamulaina guru laghuvula chihnamulatO I gaNamula vivaramulanu iMtaku muMdu vrAsina oka vyAsamulO vivariMchiyunnAnu. tamiLa bhAshalO veNbA ChaMdassulO kAvyamulE vrAyabaDDAyi! I vyAsapu mukhyOddESamu tamiLamulO suprasiddhamaina veNbA ChaMdassunu udAharaNamulatO telugulO parichayamu chEyaDamE.

veNbA (dhavaLagIti)

tamiLamulO pA aMTE pATa ani cheppavachchunu. prAchIna tamiLa ChaMdassulO prasiddhikekkina ‘pA’ ChaMdassulu – veNbA, ASiriyappA, kalippA, vAMjippA, maruTpA.I vyAsamulO veNbAgu~riMchi mAtramE charchistAnu. veN anagA telupu ani, pA anagA pATa ani arthamu, kAbaTTi veNbAnu dhavaLagIti ani piluvavachchunu.

1. gaNamulu: veNbAlO mA, viLaM, kAy – SIrulanu lEka gaNamulanu mAtramE upayOgistAru. avi –

  1. mA SIrulu –
    tEmA ( – – ) 2 #UU, UI
    #puLimA (= – ) 4 #IIU, III, (IUU, IUI)
  2. # viLaM SIrulu –
    kUviLaM ( – =) 2 #UII, UIU
    #karuviLaM ( = =) 4 #IIII, IIIU, (IUIU, IUII)
  3. # kAy SIrulu –
    tEmAMgAy ( – – – ) 2 #UUU, UUI
    #puLimAMgAy ( = – – ) 4 #IIUU, IIUI, (IUUU, IUUI)
    #kUviLaMgAy ( – = – ) 4 #UIIU, UIUU, UIII, UIUI
    #karuviLaMgAy ( = = – ) 8 #IIIIU, IIIUU, IIIII, IIIUI,(IUIIU, IUIUU, IUIII, IUIUI)

#I 30 gaNamulalO kuMDalIkaraNamulalO chUpinavi eduru naDaka gala 10 gaNamulu. edurunaDakaku ekkuvagA alavATupaDani teluguvAri chevulaku ivi aMtagA nappakapOvachchunu. tamiLamulO sAmAnyamaina u-kAramutObATu svalpOchcharaNa kAlamutO u-kAramu kUDa uMTuMdi (udA. ulagu lOni gu-kAramu). iTTi ukAramunu pratyEkamugA tIsikonaru. ivi padamu chivara vastuMdi. nEraSaitO vastE dAnini nErbu (-+) aniyu, niraiyaSaitO vastE dAnini niraippu (=+) ani aMTAru. veNbAlO idi pAdAMtamulO rAvachchunu. appuDu idi oka laghuvugA parigaNiMpabaDadu. I + gurtu I asaMpUrNatanu teluputuMdi.

2. gaNabaMdhanamu lEka gaNasaMdhi: tamiLa ChaMdassulO migilina bhAshalalOvale gaNamulanu manaku ishTamu vachchinaTlu vADuTaku vIlukAdu. eppuDO okappuDu tappa sAmAnyamugA padamulu gaNamulaku taginaTlu uMDAli. oka padamu ma~roka gaNamulO pravESiMcharAdu. adi A gaNamunakE parimitamai uMDAli. anagA pAdAMtamulO virAmamu uMTuMdi. oka gaNamu ta~ruvAta vachchE gaNamu muMdu vachchina gaNamu E vidhamugA aMtamavutuMdO anE vishayamupaina AdhArapaDi uMTuMdi. dInini “taLai” aMTAru. telugulO I padamunu gaNabaMdhanamulEka gaNa saMdhi ani cheppavachchunu. I niyamamulu pAdamulOni gaNamulaku mAtramE kAdu, pAdAMtamulO uMDE gaNamulaku kUDa (ta~ruvAti pAdapu modaTi gaNamutO) vartistuMdi. veNbAlO A gaNa baMdhana niyamamulu kriMdi vidhamugA uMTuMdi.

(1) reMDu svaragaNamulaku ta~ruvAta vachchE gaNamula prAraMbha svaramula amarikalu I vidhamugA uMTuMdi. I chihnamu ( #I )# reMDu gaNamula madhya saMdhini lEka baMdhanamunu (#bond) # chUpistuMdi.

– – | = ; = – | = ; – = | – ; = = | –

dInini iyarSIr veNdalai aMTAru.

(2) mUDu svaramulu uMDE gaNamulaku ta~ruvAta vachchE gaNamula prAraMbha svaramula amarikalu I vidhamugA uMTuMdi.

– – – | – ; = – – | – ; – = – | – ; = = – | –

dInini veNSIr veNdalai aMTAru.

guru laghuvula bhAshalO I niyamamulanu I vidhamugA anuvAdamu chEya vIlagunu – A~ru mA-gaNamula (#UU, UI, IIU, III, IUU, IUI) # ta~ruvAta ellappuDu laghuvutO prAraMbhamayyE gaNamulanu vADavalenu; migilina 24 gaNamula ta~ruvAta vachchE gaNamulu eppuDu guruvutO prAraMbhamavutAyi.

3. prAsa: veNbAku 2 nuMDi 12 pAdamulu uMTAyi. reMDu pAdamula veNbAnu, ku~raL veNbA aMTAru. idi tiruvaLLuvar vrAsina tirukku~raL graMthamulO vADabaDinadi kAvuna dIniki I pEru vachchinadi. mUDu pAdamula veNbAnu, chiMdiyal veNbA aniyu, nAlugu pAdamula veNbAnu, aLaviyal veNbA aniyu, 5 – 12 pAdamulu uMDE veNbAnu, pakrODai veNbA aniyu pilustAru. anni rakamula veNbAlaku chivari pAdamu tappa migilina pAdamulalO nAlugu gaNamulu uMTAyi. chivari pAdamulO mAtramu reMDu gaNamulu, dAnitO oka nEraSai (gOsvaramu) lEka niraiyaSai (dhanasvaramu) uMTAyi. reMTilO E svaramu uMTuMdO annadi muMdu gaNamu EgaNamO anEdAnipaina AdhArapaDi uMTuMdi. I svaramunaku u-kArAMta hallunu chErchavachchunu (nErbu lEka niraippu). koMda~ru i-kArAMta padamulanu kUDa chErustAru. veNbAlalO anni pAdamulaku dvitIyAkshara prAsa okE vidhamugA nuMDa navasaramu lEdu. reMDu reMDu pAdamulaku (dvipadavale) prAsanu chelliMcha vachchunu. anni pAdamulaku okE prAsAksharamayitE A veNbAnu, oruvikarpA aMTAru, reMDu vidhamulaina prAsalu uMTE adi, iruvikarpA veNbA. reMDukanna ekkuva prAsalu (pakrODai veNbAlO) uMTE adi, palavikarpA veNbA avutuMdi.

4. tanichchol lEka pratyEka padamu: mUDu lEka nAlugu pAdamulu uMDE veNbAlalO reMDava pAdamulO nAlugava gaNamunaku adanamugA prAsayati uMTE aTTi veNbAlanu, nEriSai veNbA ani pilustAru, alA lEkapOtE adi, inniSai veNbA avutuMdi. I adanapu prAsAkshara padamunu, tanichchol lEka ‘pratyEka padamu’ ani aMTAru.

veNbA udAharaNamulu

ippuDu konni udAharaNamulanu pariSIliddAmu.

  1. கற்க கசடறக் கற்பவை கற்றபின்– – | = = | – = | – =
    நிற்க அதற்குத் தக – – | =- | =
    (குறள் 391 – கல்வி அதிகாரம்)

    ka~rka kaSaDa~ra kka~rpavai kaTrapin #UI IIII UIU UIU
    #ni~rka ada~rku ttaga #UI IUU II
    #tirukkuraL – 391 (kalvi adikAraM)
    #UI# tEmA, #IIII# karuviLaM, #UIU# kUviLaM, #IUU# puLimA

    iMdulOni reMDu pAdamulalO #UI, IUU# ta~ruvAta laghuvu, migilina gaNamulaku pidapa guruvu unnadi. gaNabaMdhanamu lEka gaNasaMdhi niyamamulu pATiMchabaDinavi.
    (ka~rka kaSaDa~ra kka~rpavai anu padamulu madurai kAmarAj viSvavidyAlayapu AdarSavAkyamu)

    pai ku~raL ku nA anuvAdamu –

    nErvaM daginavi – nErchukommu tarvAta – – | == | -=- | – – – | #UU IIII – UIUI UUI
    #yurvin dagurIti nuMDu – – | = – – | -+ #UU IIUI U+
    UU# tEmA, #IIII# karuviLaM, #UIUI# kUviLaMgAy, #UUI# tEmAMgAy, #IIUI# puLimAMgAy
    iMdulOni reMDu pAdamulalO #UU# ta~ruvAta laghuvu, migilina gaNamulaku pidapa guruvu unnadi. gaNabaMdhanamu lEka gaNasaMdhi niyamamulu pATiMchabaDinavi.

  2. கூற்றமோ கண்ணோ பிணையோ மடவரல் -= | – – | -= | ==
    நோக்கமிம் மூன்றும் உடைத்து -= | – – | =+
    (அதிகாரம்:தகை அணங்கு உறுத்தல் குறள் எண்:1085)

    kUTramO kaNNO piNaiyO maDavaral #UIU UU IIU IIIU
    #nOkkamiM mUn~ruM uDaittu #UIU UU IU+
    #tirukku~raL kAmattuppAl- 1085
    #UIU# kUviLaM, #UU# tEmA, #IIU# puLimA, #IIIU# karuviLaM
    iMdulOni reMDu pAdamulalO #UU, IIU# ta~ruvAta laghuvu, migilina gaNamulaku pidapa guruvu unnadi. gaNabaMdhanamu lEka gaNasaMdhi niyamamulu pATiMchabaDinavi.

    pai ku~raL^ku nA anuvAdamu –

    idi chAvO kannulO – yi~r~riyO yEmO #IIUU UIU – UIU UU
    #muditakun jUpulan mUDu #IIIU UIU U+
    IIUU# puLimAMgAy, #UIU# kUviLaM, #UU# tEmA
    iMdulOni reMDu pAdamulalO #UU# ta~ruvAta laghuvu, migilina gaNamulaku pidapa guruvu unnadi. gaNabaMdhanamu lEka gaNasaMdhi niyamamulu pATiMchabaDinavi.

pUrtigA #»

SrInAthuni AMdhrIkaraNa sUtraM: arthapariSIlana

AMdhra mahAkavulu saMskRtaM nuMchi telugulOki, telugu nuMchi saMskRtaMlOki kAvyabaMdhAnni parivartiMchETappuDu yathOchitaMgA tamatama pratibhAvyutpattyabhyAsAlaku anurUpamaina saMvidhAnaMtO nirvahiMchaTamE gAni, vimarSakula pariSIlana nimittaM A parivRttikai tAmu anusariMchina vidhividhAnaMlOni okkokka SikshApraNItAnni guriMchi pErupEruna pErkonnaTlu kanabaDadu. bhAshAMtarIkaraNaMlO vAru anusariMchina SAstrIyamArgAlEmiTi? gaMbhIrArthanibaMdhAlanu prasannapadabaMdhAlugA rUpoMdiMchEMduku vAru chEsina prAtipadika kRshisvarUpaM EmiTi? aMduku mArgadarSakasUtrAlu EmunnAyi? mUlaMlO tamaku aMgIkartavyaM EdO, anaMgIkartavyaM EdO vAru nirNayiMchinappaTi sahRdayalIlaku pramANAlEmiTi? ani mUlakAruni hRdayAvishkaraNayatnaMlO tAtparyabOdhArthamai vAru AchariMchina anushThAnakramAnni bOdhyabOdhakatarkaparishkAraMtO vivariMchinavAru lEru.

telugulO A prakAraM tana anuvAdasaraNini savistaraMgA pErkonna okE okka mahAkavi SrInAthuDani prasiddhi. SRMgAra naishadhaM kAvyaparisamApanavELalO (8-202) Ayana cheppina mATalivi:

“…mAmalladEvI naMdanuMDunu, SrIhIra rOhaNAchalaratnaprarOhaMbunu, chiMtAmaNi maMtrachiMtanaphalaMbunu, ganyAkubjarAjAsthAnaraMga maMgaLAbharaNaMbunu, gauDavijaya kAvyakartayu, gavichakravartiyu, khaMDana graMthakAruMDunu, vaitaMDika kamalashaMDavEdaMDaMbunu nagu bhaTTaharshamahAkavISvaruMDu gavikulAdRshTAdhvapAMthuM Donarchina naishadhaSRMgArakAvyaprabaMdhaviSEshaMbu naSEshamanIshihRdayaMgamaMbugA – SabdaM banusariMchiyu, nabhiprAyaMbu gu~riMchiyu, bhAvaM bupalakshiMchiyu, rasaMbu@M bOshiMchiyu, nalaMkAraMbu bhUshiMchiyu, nauchityaM bAdariMchiyu, nanauchityaMbu@M barihariMchiyu – mAtRkAnusAraMbunaM jeppa@MbaDina yI bhAshAnaishadhakAvyaMbu…”

duradRshTavaSAttu, I nirdESikaku vEdamu vEMkaTarAyaSAstrula vAru amOghamaina tama sarvaMkashA vyAkhyalO arthAlanu vrAyalEdu. aMduvalla, vimarSakulu charchiMpavalasina AvaSyakata ErpaDiMdi.

tolinATi vimarSakAbhiprAyAlu

‘I vachanaMlO cheppabaDinadi SrInAthuni anuvAdavidhAnaM,’ ani abhyUhiMchi, A viSEshAlanu sarvAMgINapariSIlanatO mummodaTa vyAkhyAniMchinavAru SrI kaMdukUri vIrESaliMgaM gAru. 1887 nATi tama telugu kavula charitralO (modaTi saMpuTaM) vAru paini chUpina SrInAthuni vachanAnni pErkoni, ‘SabdaM banusariMchi’ anna daLAniki gAnu saMskRtAMdhrAla nuMchi mUDu udAharaNalanu ichchAru. suvarNadaNDaikasitAtapattrita, jvalatpratApAvalikIrtimaNDala@h – anna naishadhIya charitaM (1-2) lOni SlOkAniki telugulO, tapanIyadaMDaikadhavaLAtapatritOddaMDatEja@hkIrtimaMDaluMDu (1-46) ani unna anusaraNanu pErkoni,

“iMdu ‘suvarNa’ yanuTaku ‘tapanIya’ yaniyu, ‘sita’ yanuTaku ‘dhavaLa’ yaniyu saMskRtapadamulaku saMskRta paryAyapadamulu vEsi gaNayatiprAsamula kanukUlamugA dIrghasamAsamunu jEyuTa tappa@M deni@MgiMchina dEdiyu lEdu. kaDapaTa ‘kIrtimaMDala@h’ anudAnini ‘kIrtimaMDaluM’ Dani tenu@Mgu vibhaktitO@M gUrchuTamAtramE yiM dunna telu@Mgu.”

ani vivariMchAru. mUlaMlOni gamikarmIkRtanaikanIvRta@h (2-40) anna samAsAniki (gami=gamanamunaku – karmIkRta (karma kAkayuMDi) karmagA chEya@MbaDinadi ayina – naika=pekku – dESamulu galavA@MDanu – ani vEdamu vAri vyAkhya) ‘anEkadESamulanu tiriginavA@MDanai’ anE arthAnnichchE samAMtaravAkyAnni vrAyaka, gamikarmIkRtanaikanIvRtu@MDanai (2-21) ani aksharAksharaM telugu chEyaTAnni vimarSiMchAru.

“mArpEmiyu@M jEyaka tudanu vibhaktipratyayamaina DuvarNamunu mAtramu chErchi tenu@M ganipiMchenu.”

ani vrASAru. mandAkshamandAksharamudra muktvA(3-61) ani unnadAniki telugulO, ramaNi maMdAkshamaMdAksharaMbu gA@Mga (2-64) ani (ramaNi=suMdari yaina damayaMti … maMdAksha=sigguchEta – maMda=saMdigdhArthamu layina – aksharaMbu gA@Mgan=padamulu galadigA – ani vEdamu vAri vyAkhya) yathAtathaMgA chEyabaDina anusaraNanu prastAviMchi,

“iMdunu mUlamulOni padamulalO mArpEmiyu lEka telu@M gaguTaku kaDanu buvarNamu chErpa@MbaDenu.”

ani vivariMchAru. iTuvaMTi SabdAnusaraNala vallanE, ‘nI Du-mu-vu lanu nuvvu tIsukoni, mA naishadhAnni mAkivvu!’ ani vekkiriMchinaTlugA janaSruti ErpaDivuMTuMdani annAru.

‘SabdaM banusariMchi’ aMTE, mUlaMlOni SabdasaMpuTini unnadunnaTlugA tIsukOvaTaM – anna arthAnni vIrESaliMgaM gAru tolisArigA cheppArannamATa.

‘anauchityaMbu@M barihariMchi’ anna daLAniki anuprayuktamaina arthAnni UhiMchinavAru kUDA vIrESaliMgaM gArE. anauchityAnni parihariMchAnani cheppukonnappaTikI kavi aSlIlamulu, anauchityamulu ayinavATini SrInAthuDu vrAyaka mAnalEdani chebutU vAru SRMgAra naishadhaMlOni ‘avvali dikku mO mayi priyaMbuna’ ani 6-113lO unna oka padyAnni udAhariMchAru. bahuSa@h A rOjulalO aTuvaMTivi anauchityAlugA parigaNiMpabaDalEdEmO! ani kUDA abhiprAyAnni vyaktaM chESAru. ‘anauchityaMbunu parihariMchi’ aMTE, mUlaMlOni aSlIlamulu, anauchityaprAyamulu, prakaraNOchitaM kAnivi ayina bhAgAlanu anuvAdaMlO viDichipeTTaDaM – anna arthAnni vIrESaliMgaM gAru tolisArigA cheppArannamATa.

‘bhAvaM bupalakshiMchi’ anna daLAnni A pEriTa prastAviMpakapOyinA, SrInAthuDu mUlaMlOni bhAvAnni manOharaMgA teluguchEsina oka padyAnni vIrESaliMgaM gAru udAhariMchAru. naishadhAMdhrIkaraNaM sarvajanaSlAghApAtraMgA unnadani, aMtaTi guNaviSEshAnni kaligi uMDaTaM vallanE SRMgAra naishadhAniki paMchakAvyAlalO okaTigA praSasti ErpaDamE gAka, vATilO agragaNyaMgA bhAviMpabaDutunnadani manasArA mechchukonnAru. vIrESaliMgaM gAru pravESapeTTina I arthAnvayaM achirakAlaMlOnE sAhitIvEttala AmOdAnni poMdiMdi. sAhityavimarSagraMthAlalOnU, vyAkhyalalOnU, vyAsAlalOnU aviraLamaina prAchuryAniki nOchukonnadi.

1913lO gurajADa SrIrAmamUrti gAri kavijIvitamulu parivardhitapAThaM achchayiMdi. aMdulO SRMgAra naishadha graMthaMlOni SayyAdikAnni charchiMchE saMdarbhaMlO vAru SrInAthuni anuvAdAnni guriMchi I mATalanu vrASAru:

“idi saMskRtamunaku sariyaina tenu@M gani cheppa@Mdagi yunnanu nakkaDakkaDa nubhayabhAshalakunu jAtIyabhEdamu lainachO mAtramu konni mArpulu kAnpiMchu. A mArpulu chEyaka cheppuTayE sulabhamu. ayinanu aTlu cheppina nAMdhrabhAshalO nadi rasahIna mau nani yeMchi SrInAthu@M DaTTipaTlanu mikkili melakuvatO@M deni@MgiMchuchu vachchenu. avi saMskRtamAtRkanu daggara nuMchukoni pariSIliMchinaMgAni spashTamulu kAvu. aTugAvuna vAni nippuDu vivariMpaka samamugA@M deni@MgiMchina yoka SlOkamunu padyamunu niTa vivariMchedanu :-

SlO. adhigamya jagatyadhISvarA, datha muktiM purushOttamA ttata@h
#       #;vachasAmapi gOcharO na ya ssa, ta mAnaMda maviMdata dvija@h. (naishadhamu 2. sargamu)

gI. aTlu purushOttamuM Dainayatanivalana, mukti@M gAMchina yAdvijamukhyu@M Delami
#       #;DeMdamunanu vAkkuna kaMdarAni, yadhikatara maina yAnaMda manubhaviMche.”

gurajADa SrIrAmamUrti gAru spashTaMgA cheppakapOyinA, vAri vyAkhya vIrESaliMgaM gAri anvayAniki pratibiMbamani telustUnE unnadi. saMskRtamunaku sariyaina tenu@Mgu annadi ‘SabdaM banusariMchi’ anna daLAnni anusaristunnadi. ‘anauchityaMbu@M barihariMchi’ anna vADukaku paryAyAnuvartanagA vAru vistRtArthaMlO jAtIyabhEdamu anna sarikotta padabaMdhAnni prayOgiMchAru. anauchityapariharaNatOpATu bhAvOpalakshaNaM, abhiprAyaghaTanaM modalainavannI iMdulO aMtarbhaviMchAyi. sarvavidhAla mUlavidhEyamaina anuvAdamE AcharaNIyamainA, jAtIyabhEdaM valla konni mArpulanu chEyaka tappadani namminavAru. ‘mArpulu chEyaka cheppuTayE sulabhamu,’ ani aMduvallanE annAru. ‘rasaMbu@M bOshiMchi,’ ‘mAtRkAnusAraMbuna,’ anna bhAvAlaku vyAkhyagA – AMdhrabhAshalO nadi rasahIna mau nani yeMchi SrInAthu@M DaTTipaTlanu mikkili melakuvatO@M deni@MgiMchuchu vachchenu. avi saMskRtamAtRkanu daggara nuMchukoni pariSIliMchinaMgAni spashTamulu kAvu, ani vrASAru.

1913lO vEdamu vEMkaTarAyaSAstri gAri SRMgAra naishadha sarvaMkashA vyAkhya veluvaDiMdi. appaTikE bahudhA prasiddhamai unna I arthaparaMpara vAriki pUrNasaMtRptini kaligiMpalEdani UhiMpavalasi unnadi. ayitE, yathAyOgyamaina arthanirNayaM vAriki A rOjulalO tOpalEdani saitaM bhAviMpavalasi uMTuMdi. bhinnAbhiprAyulaitE E saMgatI nishkRshTaMgA cheppEvArE. aMduchEta I bhAgAnni viDichivESAru. pIThikalO ‘SRMgAra naishadha vimarSalESamu’ anna upaSIrshika kriMda paini (8-202) lOnidigA pErkonna vachanAnni udAhariMchi, mahAkavi anuvAdapaddhatini vivariMchAru. aMdulO 1) kalpanalO imiDika kOsaM punaruktulanu vadalivEyaTaM, 2) pUrvOttarAlalO pratyEkaprayOjanaM lEni SabdasaMpuTini tenigiMpakapOvaTaM, 3) rasabhAvAla svArasyAnni mariMta chamatkAraMgA anuvadiMchaTaM, 4) rasadhvani vishayamai jAgarUkatanu vahiMchaTaM, 5) alaMkAra rAmaNIyakAnni atOdhikaMgA peMpoMdiMchaTaM, 6) tarachu mUlAnuguNaMgAnO, mUlAtiriktaMgAnO, mUlAni kaMTe manOharaMgAnO anuvadiMchaTaM vaMTi aMSAla vivaraNalatO SrInAthuni pratibhanu vEyinOLLatO praSaMsiMchAru. auchityaparipATinE gAni anauchityapariharaNAnni guriMchi prastAviMpalEdu. saMskRtamUlAnni unnadi unnaTlugA gaNayatiprAsAdulakaina chinnachinna mArpulatO telugulO avatariMpajEyaTAnni udAhariMchi, ‘SabdAnusAramuM baramAvadhiM boMdiMchinA@MDu’ ani mechchukonnAru. pIThikalO iMta vistRtaMgA vrAsina tarvAta maLLI vyAkhyAnaM eMdukanukonnArO, anvayavishayakamaina saMtRpti kalugalEdO kAni, ashTamASvAsaMlO dIniki arthAlanu vrAyalEdu. pIThikalOnU okkokka daLAnnI vErvErugA vivariMpalEdu.

SrInAtha vA~mmayAbhimAnulaina anaMtarIya vimarSakulaMdarU I anvayakramAnni aMgIkariMchAranE cheppavachchunu. chAgaMTi SEshayyagAru AMdhra kavitaraMgiNilO (aidava bhAgaM) dIninE punaruktaM chESAru. vIrESaliMgaM gAru chUpinavATiki marikonni udAharaNalanu chErchi abhidhEyArthAlanu vipulIkariMchAru. AchArya piMgaLi lakshmIkAMtaM gAru AMdhra viSvavidyAlayaMlO sAhityacharitranu bOdhistuMDina rOjulalO I anuvAdapu sUtrIkaraNa kaLASAlalalO suvyAptamaiMdi. adhyApakulu dIninE anusariMchAru. 1971lO AchArya korlapATi SrIrAmamUrti gAru prachuriMchina tama bRhatpariSOdhanagraMthaM SrInAthuDulO dIniki paTishThamaina tarkasaMgatitODi sOdAharaNAnvayaM unnadi. 1972lO nEnu kaLASAlalO bi.e vidyArthigA uMDinappuDu SrInAthavA~mmayAnni adhikariMchi viSEshakRshi chEsina mA AchAryulu mAku A prakAraMgAnE pAThaM cheppEvAru. lakshmIkAMtaM gAri AMdhra sAhitya charitra vAri maraNAnaMtaraM chAlA AlasyaMgA 1974lO achchayiMdi. aMdulO I arthasaMvAdaM kanabaDutuMdi.

“AMdhrIkaraNa paddhatulu”

sthUladRshTiki SrInAthuni sUtrIkaraNaMlO mottaM EDu pradhAnamaina daLAlunnAyi. avi 1) SabdAnni anusariMchaTaM, 2) abhiprAyAnni kUrchaTaM, 3) bhAvAnni upalakshiMchaTaM, 4) rasAnni pOshiMchaTaM, 5) alaMkArAnni bhUshiMchaTaM, 6) auchityAnni AdariMchaTaM, 7) anauchityAnni parihariMchaTaM. ‘mAtRkAnusAraMbuna’ anna pratij~na vITanniMTiki EkAnvayaMgA anuvartistuMdi.

DA. korlapATi SrIrAmamUrti gAru 1992lO achchayina tama telugu sAhitya charitra (dvitIyabhAgaM) lO vITi sattvaniyatini marokkasAri vivariMchAru. SabdaM banusariMchi – aMTE mUlaSabdAnusaraNamani; saMskRtaMlOni paribhAshApadAlanu, prauDhapadabaMdhAlanu, rItisubhagAlaina samAsakusumAvaLulanu yathAtataMgA telugu padyagadyAlalO prayOgiMchaTamani – viSadIkariMchAru. abhiprAyaMbu gu~riMchi – aMTE abhiprAyaghaTanamani; dAni arthaM SrIharshuDu saMskRtaMlO tana vyutpattini pradarSiMchina sthalAlalOnU, SlEshalanu ghaTiMchina chOTlalOnU, sudIrghavarNanAkIrNaMgA vistariMchina sannivESAlalOnU kathApratipAditamaina abhiprAyAnni SrInAthuDu teluguchEyaTaM, ani vIri vivaraNa. bhAvaM bupalakshiMchi – aMTE bhAvOpalakshaNamani; mUlaMlO tarachugA prayuktamaina kEvalavyutpattipradarSananu vadilipeTTi, anuvAdAniki loMgani SlEshalanu viDichivEsi, varNanIyAMSAla ativElatanu vIlainaMta taggiMchi, rasOpaskArakamaina mukhyAbhiprAyAnni mAtramE AMdhrIkaraNalO kUrchaTamani nirUpiMchAru. rasaMbu@M bOshiMchi – aMTE rasapOshaNamani; AlaMbanavibhAvamulaina nAyikAnAyakula, uddIpanavibhAvamulaina yauvanabhUshaNachEshTAdula, taTasthOddIpanavibhAvamulaina malayAnilachaMdrAdula, sAttvikabhAvamulaina staMbhAdula, sthAyibhAvamulaina ratyAdula varNanaM – annAru. alaMkAraMbu bhUshiMchi – aMTE alaMkArabhUshaNamani; mUlaMlOni alaMkArAlanu okappuDu yathAyathaMgA saMtariMchaTaM, marokappuDu anyadhAkariMchaTaM, sarikrotta alaMkArAlanu kaisEyaTaM, amUlakAlaMkArAlanu prakalpiMchaTaM, ani vivariMchAru. auchityaM bAdariMchi – aMTE auchityasamAdaraNamani; rasasiddhamaina kAvyAniki sthiramaina jIvitAnni prasAdiMchEdi auchityaM kanuka, kshEmEMdruni auchityavichAracharchalO cheppabaDina vidhaMgA anuvAdaMlO auchityabhEdAlanniMTini pATiMchaTaM – ani chebutU, A auchityabhEdAlanu prastAviMchAru. anauchityaMbu@M barihariMchi – aMTE anauchityaparihAramani; mUlaMlO anuchitamulainavATini, prakaraNOchitaM kAnivATini anuvAdaMlO viDichivEyaTaM, annAru. I pratipAdanalu anniMTikI AyA prakaraNAlalO udAharaNalanu pradarSiMchAru. ivannI sAhityavidyArthulaku suparichitAlE.

I arthavallini idE vidhaMgA paryAyAnuvartanalatO prapaMchiMchinavAru iMkA pekkumaMdi unnAru. SataSa@h udAhRtulanu kaligina anEka graMthAlunnAyi. vATilO 1977lO veluvaDina DA. jaMdhyAla jayakRshNa bApUjI gAri SrInAthuni sAhityaprasthAnamu anna pariSOdhanagraMthaM praSastamainadi.

mottaMmIda I anvayakramaMtO vibhEdiMchinavAru lEranE cheppAli.

SrInAthuni nirvachanaMlO ‘mAtRkAnusAraMbuna’ aMTE, mAtRkalO unna chaMdAna – ani arthaM. dInini SrIrAmamUrti gAru viSadIkariMpalEdu. A vishayAnni guriMchi tarvAta charchiddAmu.

pUrtigA #»

anuvAdAlu

tana mATa kOsaM

pedda pedda nagarAllO jaTkAbaMDi vALLa koraDA vaMTi nAlukatO evari vIpulu chIripOyAyO, chevulu pagilipOyAyO, vAriki – amRt sar jaTkAbaMDi vALLa palukulu challaTi lEpanamE naMTE nammaMDi. adEMTO, pedda nagarAllO aMtaMta veDalpATi rahadArullOnU, gu~r~rAla vIpulU chiTlagoDutuMTAru, vATi tAtammalatO tamakunna yauvanasaMbaMdhAlanU gurtu chEsukuMTuMTAru, paSuvaidyulaku kUDA teliyani vATi guptAMgAla vivarAlanu tETatellaM chEstuMTAru! aMtEnA, bATasArula kALLaku kaLLu lEvani jAli chUputuMTAru, vAri pAdAlapai baMDi alavOkagA jArchEyaDamE kAka prapaMchaMlOni kashTAlannI tamakEnannaTTu Ekaruvu peDutuMTAru, tirigi chUDakuMDA veLLipOtAru.

adE amRt sar jaTkAbaMDi kuTuMbIkula mATa tIrE vEru. vAru dArikaDDochchina pratIvADi tOnU koMDaMta OpikatO, jAgratta khAlsAjI, tappukO annA, kAstAgu tammuDU, dArivvavayyA, jarugu bAbU aMTU tOpuDu baMDlu, cheraku baMDlu, bAtulu, gADidalu iMkennO vachchi veLLE irukudArullOnE dAri chEsukuMTU veLtuMTAru. jI, sAheb anakuMDA okkarinainA dArimmanaDamE? iMkA nayaM. alA ani vALLu kaThinaMgA mATlADalEni vALLEM kAdu, mettagA mATlADutUnE padunaina rItilO debba koDatAru. E musalammayinA vAriki mATimATikI aDDochchiMdaMTE, tappukO tappukO peddammA, nI pillalaku nIvaMTE chAlA ishTaM, vALLakOsamannA nAlugurOjuluMDavA? nIvu chAlA adRshTavaMturAlivi, iMkA AyushshuMdammA, nA baMDi chakrAlakiMdi keMdukostAvammOy! ilA aMTuMTAru.

ilAMTi baMDlanu tappukuMTU oka abbAyi, oka ammAyi oka kUDalilO unna koTlO kaliSAru. abbAyi poDugATi juTTu, ammAyi vadulu paijamA chUstE vALLu sikkulani telustUnE uMdi. atagADu vALLa mAma talaMTukODAniki perugu kOsaM vastE, Ame vaMTaku vaDiyAla kOsaM koTTuku vachchiMdi. koTTuvADu evarO kottavALLaku sErlakoddI appaDAlu ammaDaMlO munigi tElutunnADu.

“mI illu ekkaDa?”

“magar^lO. mari mIdi?”

“mAMjhE. ikkaDa ekkaDa uMTunnAvu?”

“atar siMg blAk^lO. akkaDa mA mAma vALLiMTikochchAnu.”

“nEnU mA mAma vALLiMTiki vachchAnu. vALLillu gurubAjArlO uMdi.” (navvu.)

iMtalO koTTuvADu vILLa sAmAnlu ichchADu. tIsukoni iddarU kalisi naDavasAgAru. kAssEpAgi A abbAyi musimusigA navvutU – nIku peLLi kudiriMdA? anaDigADu. ammAyi mukhaM chiTliMchi, phO! anEsi pAripOyiMdi. abbAyi chUstU uMDipOyADu.

taruvAta kUDA kUralabaMDi daggarA, pAlakEMdraM daggarA reMDu mUDu sArlu anukOkuMDA kaliSAriddarU. nela rOjulapATU idE prahasanaM jarigiMdi. mUDunAlugusArlu abbAyi peLLi kudiriMdA anaDagaDamU, ammAyi phO! aMTU pAripOvaDamU.

okasAri alAnE EDipiMchaDAniki abbAyi peLLi kudiriMdA anaDigitE, ammAyi, A@M, kudiriMdi aniMdi mellagA. abbAyi khaMgu tinnADu. eppuDannADu. ninnanE! chUDidigO, I allika pani unna dupaTTA! vALlichchiMdE, ani chUpiMchi veLLipOyiMdi. iMTikelA chErukunnADO atagAniki teliyalEdu, dAri poDugunA — oka pApanu tOsEsinadI, oka vyApAri chillaraMtA kiMda paDEsinadI, kukkapai rAyi visarinadI, pAlu pArabOsukunnadI, oka maDi bAmmaku DhIkoTTi guDDivADanE birudu saMpAyiMchukunnadI EmI gurtulEdataniki.

2.

“idEM yuddhaMrA bAbU, kharma! pagalU rAtri I kaMdakAllO kUrchoni kUrchoni emukalu paTTESAyi. ludhiyAnA kaMTE padireTlu chali, vAna, painuMchi maMchu paDaDaM! mOkALLavarakU buradalO kUrukupOtunnAmu. gelupu mATa aTuMchu. ikkaDa paristhiti chUDu! gaMTagaMTakU chevulu pagilElA pEluLLatO I kaMdakAlu kadilipOtuMTAyi. bhUmi vaMda gajAla varakU daddarillutuMdi. I kaMdakAllOMchi bayaTaku pOtE kadA yuddhaM chEsEdi? nAgar^kOT^lO bhUkaMpAlu vinnAmu. ikkaDa rOjuku yAbhai aravai avutuMTAyi. kaMdakaM bayaTa koMcheM alikiDi ayinA Takkuna tupAki pElutuMdi. I vedhavalu E maTTilO dAkkonuMTArO, E gaDDikiMda paDukoni uMTArO evariki telusu?”

“lahanAsiMg! iMkA mUDu rOjuluMdi. nAlugu rOjulu I kaMdakaMlOnE gaDipESAmu. elluMDi rilIph ArDhar vachchEstuMdi. vAraM rOjulu selavUnu. mana kishTamainaTTu hAyigA kaDupuniMDA tini darjAgA paDukOvachchu A phreMch Ame tOTalO velveT lAMTi mettani pachchikabayaluMdi kadA. paMDlu, pAlu kAvalasinanni techchistuMdi. eMta cheppinA Dabbu tIsukOdu. vaddu, nA dESAnni kApADaDAniki vachchina rAjuvi nIvu aMTuMdi.”

“nAlugu rOjulniMchI kaMTimIda kunuku lEdu. pAralEka gu~r~ramU, pOru lEka sipAyI paniki rAkuMDA pOtAru. I tupAkI paTTukuni mArch chEyamani kamAMD okkaTi vastE chAlu, kanIsaM EDuguru jarmanlanainA okkaNNE chaMpi rAkapOtE nAku darbAr sAheb gaDapa mIda sAshTAMgapaDE adRshTaM rAkuMDugAka! I gu~r~rAnnI I tupAkulanU chUsi, A tuchChula mogAlu velavela bOtAyi, kALLa bErAnikostAru. chIkaTlO ayitE mUDu mUDu maNugula guMDlu visurutAru! ArOju dADi chESAnA, nAlugumaiLLa varakU oka jarman^nu kUDA vadilipeTTalEdu. venakanuMchi janaral sAheb vachchEyamannADu, lEkapOtEnA…!’

“aunaunu. nErugA berlin^kE veLLipOyEvADivi! kadA!” subEdAr hajArAsiMg chinnagA navvADu. “yuddhAlu jamAdArO, sOljarO cheppinaTTu jaragavaMdukE. pedda AphIsarlu dUradRshTitO AlOchiMchi nirNayistAru. mUDu vaMdala maiLLa dAri! muMdukE veLLipOtuMTE elA?”

“subEdAr, nijamE cheppAru. kAnI EM chEstAM cheppaMDi. kadalakuMDA uMTE emukalu paTTEstunnAyi chaliki. sUryuDi jADE lEdu. I goyyiki aTU iTU pichchi paTTinaTTugA astamAnaM dumikE jalapAtAlu! okka dADi chEsinAmaMTE vEDi puTTadU!”

“sarEnayyA yOdhuDA! lE. A chali kAchukunE baTTI chUDu, boggulu iMkonni techchivEyi. vajIrA! mIru nalugurU chEda tIsukoni gOtilO nILLannI ettipOyaMDi. mahAsiMg! sAyaMtramaiMdi, I gOtiki kApalA vALLanu mArchu.” AdESAlistU subEdAru kaMdakaM aMtA kaliyatirugutunnADu.

vajIrAsiMg A bRMdAnikE vidUshakuDu. bAlTItO nILLettipOstU, “idigO nEnu paMtulni. jarmanlaku tarpaNaM vadultunnA!” anagAnE kaMdakaM aMtaTA galagalA navvulu! udAsInata dUdipiMjelA egiri eTupOyiMdO! lahanAsiMg iMkO bAlTItO nILLu tODi aMdistU, “idO, nI tOTalO karabUja mokkalaku nILLu peTTu. ikkaDunna nILLu paMjAb aMtaTA kUDA dorakavu,” annADu.

AhA@M! mana dESamE svargaM. nEnaitE I yuddhaM tarvAta sarkAr E padi seMTla bhUmO istE paMDlatOTa peMchukuMTA!”

“peMDlAnni pilipiMchukuMTAvA lEka A pAlu pOsE phreMch dorasAnitO…”

“Cha Cha, ApavOy. ikkaDivALLaku siggU SaraM uMDavu.”

“dESAniki taginaTTu alavATlu. I rOju varakU sikkulu poga tAgaranE vishayAnni vALLu nammanE nammaru. A phreMch Ame sigareT tIsukommaMTuMdi. tAnE nOTlO peDatAnaMTuMdi. nEnu vaddani tappukuMTE rAju kkOpaM vachchiMdA, iMka nA dESaM kOsaM yuddhaM chEyaDaM mAnEstAvA aMTuMdi.”

“aunU, bOdhAsiMg keTluMdi ippuDu?”

“bAguMdi.”

“A@M, nAku telIdU, rAtraMtA nI reMDu kaMbaLLU vADikE kappAvu. nIvA baTTI daggarE kAlaM gaDipAvu. vADi DyUTI kUDA nIvE chESAvu. nIvu bAgA eMDa beTTukunna chekkamaMchaM mIdA vADini paDukObeTTAvu. nIvI buradalOnE tirugutunnAvu. jAgratta, nIvu jabbu paDEvu! ikkaDi chaliki nyumOniyA gAni vastE chAvAlsiMdE. chastunnA murabbA kUDA dorakadu.”

“nA guriMchi beMgeMduku? nEnu bulElakI kAlva oDDunE chachchEdi. kIrat^siMg oLLO tala peTTukoni uMTAnu, nA chEtultO nATina mA peraTi mAmiDi cheTTu nIDalO. telusA?”

vajIrA siMg kanubomalu muDEsi tIkshaNaMgA “eMdukI chAvu mATalu! A chAvEdO Satruvulaina jarman turakalaku rAnI! A@M, bhayyA, EMTadI,” aMTU pATa ettukunnADu.

“OhO dillI keLLE pillAdAnA!
nagalU naTrA mAtraM kAdu,
lavaMgAlu gaTrA koni tEvAlE,
vagalamArI! gummaDi kUrA
ruchigA vaMDi tinipiMchAvA,
loTTalu vEstU tinipeDatAnE.”

evaranukuMTAru I gaDDAlavALLu, saMsArapakshaM vALLu iTuvaMTi oka allarichillara pATa pADatArani! kAnI kaMdakaMlO I pATa maLLI maLLI palikiMdi. sipAyilaMdarU eMta hAyinanubhaviMchArO! nAlugu rOjulanuMchI vALLu selavullO majA chEstUnnArEmO annaMtagA tErukunnAru.

3.

artharAtri kAvastOMdi. aMtA chIkaTi. stabdhaMgA uMdi. bOdhAsiMg khALI biskaTla DabbAlu mUDu parachukoni vATi mIda tana reMDu kaMbaLLanU parachukoni paina lahanAsiMg ichchina reMDu kaMbaLLanU, Ovar kOT^nU kappukoni nidrapOtunnADu. lahanAsiMg kaMdakAniki kApalA DyUTIlO unnADu. oka kaMTa kaMdakapu pravESadvArAnnI, iMkO kaMTa bOdhAsiMg bakkachikkina dEhAnnI chUstunnADu. bOdhAsiMg gaTTigA aravaDaM vinnADu.

“EMTi bOdhAsiMg, EmayiMdi?”

“kAsini nILLu istAvA?”

lahanAsiMg lOTAtO nILLu techchi tAgistU, “elA uMdi ippuDu?” ani aDigADu.

nILLu trAgi bOdhA, “vaNuku taggiMdi. kAnI vaLLaMtA chali pAkutunnaTTuMdi. nOTlO paMDlu iMkA TakaTaka koTTukuMTunnAyi.” annADu.

“ayyO avunA! sarE, nA jersI kUDA kappukO.”

“mari nIvu?”

“nEnu baTTI daggarE uMTAnu kadA, vEDigA anipiMchi chemaTalu pOstunnAyi nAku.”

“vaddoddu. nEnu tIsukOnu. nAlugurOjulniMchI nIvannI nAkE…”

“A@M! annaTTu gurtochchiMdi. nA daggara iMkoka jersI kUDA uMdi. IrOjE vachchiMdi. vidESAlanuMchI evarO alli paMputunnAraMTa aMdarikI. dEvuni dayavalla vALLu bAguMDAli.” aMTU tana kOTu, jersI vippasAgADu.

“nijamEnA?”

“mari! abaddhamanukuMTunnAvA?” aMTU bOdhA vaddaMTunnA jersI kappi maLLI tana khAkI kOTu, chokkA toDukkoni kApalA kAyaDAniki tirigi vachchADu. vidESAlanuMchi evarO jersIlu alli paMpaDaM aMtA kathE.

pUrtigA #»

Aku

(chennai mailApUr^lO unna dESOddhAraka nAgESvararAvu paMtulu udyAnavanaMlO ma~r~richeTTu kiMda kUrchuni O rOju pATa rAstuMDagA ma~r~ripaLLU, AkulU jalajalamaMTU talamIda rAlasAgAyi. taletti paiki chUSAnu. AhA! rAlutunna Aku eMta aMdaM! paDipOtunnA eMta utsAhaM! E AkulOnU maraNaChAya lEdu; du@hkhapu rEkha lEdu. ‘nA guriMchi rAyi,’ aMdi O Aku. pATa kiTikInalA mUsivEsi, kavita talupu teruchukunnAnu.)

IrOjO… rEpO…
ippuDO… tarvAtO…
rAlipOtAnu

kaDaprANaM chivari pOgu
komma paTTuku vElADutunnA
rAlipOtAnu

# ilai – kavi vairamuttu svaraMlO

vIchEgAli alajaDi chEsinA
rAlE chinuku mutyaM tAkinA
pichchukokkaTi vAli kommana
okkaparigA rekkalArchinA
nEnu rAlipOtAnu


vIDkOlivvu vRkshamA
vIDkOlivvu

unnannALLu nApai
enni niMdalO
gAli vEsE tappuDu tALAnikI
talADistAnaTa
reTTa vEsE pakshulakI
pachchajeMDA egarEstAnaTa
pakka AkulatO
poddastamAnaM rusurusalEnaTa

idigO
nA maraNAnni dRshTilO peTTukuni
kshamiMchESAyi nannu tOTi Akulu

Upiri uMTE lEni viluva
adE lEkapOtE vastuMdA?
jIvitapu velitiki
maraNamE pUraNamA?


saMpUrNa jIvitaM nAdi

nEnu snAnamADina taruvAtE
vAnanITitO
bhUmi snAnamADiMdi
sUryakiraNaM
modaTa nannu tAkAkE
maTTini tAkiMdi
pagalu nA UpiritOnE kadA
tETatEriMdi kAlushyapu gAli

I prapaMchaM nuMDi
nEnu tIsukunnadi takkuva
tirigi ichchiMdi ekkuva


AkunE ainA nA jIvitaM lOnU
marichipOlEni
saMghaTanalu reMDu

AchUkI teliyani tuphAnokaTi
chivuruTAkulu saitaM teMpukeLLina
A kALarAtrI –

pUvU tETi tanmayatvaMlO okaTai
siggutO nEnu
sATi Aku chATuku odigipOyina
A madanOdayamU –


okarOju AsarA kOri
vachchi vAlina pakshi
ettipoDichiMdi nannu

“puvvulAgA puTTakuMDA
paMDulAgA mArakuMDA
AkulAnE puTTinaMduku
Aku rUpaM dAlchinaMduku
eppuDainA bAdha paDDAvA?”

gAli sAyaMtO
galagalamani navvAnu

“adRshTaM nAdi
nEnu puvvuni kAnu
tummedalu nA SIlAnni
dOchukuMTAyani bAdha lEdu

adRshTaM nAdi
nEnu paMDuni kAnu
chilakala guMpulu
nA SarIrAnni mukkalu
chEstAyani digulu lEdu

nAku nEnai Akunai
uMDaTaM svargaM
EdO kAvAlani kAlEdani
kumilipOvaDaM narakaM.”


adigO adigO
gAli rUpaMlO
vastOMdi nA chAvu

idigO idigO
bhUmivaipu
sAgutOMdi nA tanuvu

tappukO tummedA
dArivvu miDatA

maraNamA nIku kRtaj~natalu
bratuku ivvani varamokaTi
nuvvu prasAdiMchAvu

puTTinanATinuMDi nE
muTTukOlEni maTTitallini
modaTisAri muddADabOtunnAnu


vachchESAnu tallI vachchESAnu
nannu akkuna chErsukuni poduvukO

AhA! sukhaM!
advaitaM!


vichAriMchaku vRkshamA

idi tudikAdu
marO modalu

bratuku oka chakraM
maraNaM oka Aku
chakraM tirugutuMdi

kommaku maLLI
marO rUpaMlO
nI vEru nuMchi puDatAnu

idigO
nA kOsaM okkasAri migatA
Akulni chappaTlu koTTamanavU?


(mUlaM: tamiLa kavi vairamuttu, tamiLukku ni~ramuMDu – 1995 (tamiLAniki raMguMdi) kavitA saMpuTi nuMchi ilai anna kavita. mUla kavita telugu, tamiL lipilO.)

pUrtigA #»

gaDinuDi

gaDinuDi – 2

sUchanalu

  • kIbOrD pai unna ← ↑ → ↓ bottAlanu upayOgiMchi oka gaDi nuMDi uMkO gaDilOki nAlugu vaipulA veLlavachchu.
  • TAb (#Tab) ⇥# upayOgiMchi taruvAti AdhArAniki veLlavachchu.
  • DilIT (#Delete)# upayOgiMchi gaDilO padAnni tolagiMchavachchu.
  • bAk spEs (#Backspace)# upayOgiMchi gaDilO padAnni tolagiMchi aMtaku muMdu gaDiki veLlavachchu.
  • gaDi samAdhAnAlu prachuriMchina taruvAta nuMchI mI samAdhAnAlu veMTanE sarichUsukunE saukaryaM uMTuMdi.

gaDi mugiMpu tEdI: 25 navaMbar. ayitE, E tappU lEkuMDA gaDulu niMpina modaTi ayidu samAdhAnAlu mAku chEragAnE vijEtala pErlatO pATu gaDi samAdhAnAlu prachuristAM.

# AdhArAlu

(AdhAraM pai klik chEsi dAniki saMbaMdhiMchina gaDiki veLLi A gaDi niMpavachchu)


IsAri iddaru pAThakulu mAtramE anni saraina samAdhAnAlu paMpagaligAru:

  1. SrIvalli rAdhika
  2. subhadra vEdula

ravichaMdra enagaMTi reMDu tappulatO samAdhAnaM paMpiMchAru.

vijEtalaku abhinaMdanalu.

gaDi nuDi – 2 samAdhAnAlu anna pOsTulO I gaDi samAdhAnAlu, vivaraNalu mIru chaduvavachchu.

pUrtigA #»

Sabda taraMgAlu

hRdaya kamalamulanu

rAgaM: siMhEMdramadhyamaM
tALaM: rUpaka
svara rachana, gAnaM: #Dr.# vasuMdhara ayyaMgAr
mRdaMgaM : kRshNa prasAd mADehaLLi
rachana, svara kalpana: kanakaprasAd

#sAhityaM

pallavi:
hRdaya kamalamulanu mukuLiMchi rahiMchina pUja
hRdaya kamalamulanu mukuLiMchi rahiMchina pUja
hRdaya kamalamulanu mukuLiMchi rahiMchina pUja mI
pada sarOjamulanu nayana paMkajamu lalarchi ramaNa yati rAja |2|
a.pallavi:
nirata rAgamula nIrAga nati ravaLiMchi
svara kiMjalkamula tami keMjiguru keraladdi
pada pAdAbjamula praNata kara padmamula kaimODchi
SRtulanu mI hRtkairava SravaNamu anunAdamonariMchi
charaNaM:
ahaMta dhvAMta …
ahaMta dhvAMta kAMtAramula kanukaTTi mI aDugu tOva
anaMta karuNArdra krAMti AsvAMtamuna SAMti mahAnubhAvA

#Meaning

This prayer is composed collecting our Heart lotuses,
and decorating Your Lotus Feet with our eye lotuses,
O Ramana, King of renunciates!

Ragas steeped in utmost devotion, and yet rendered
          as salutations to You in utter dispassion,
Shone upon floral filaments of Svaras, adorned with tender
           murmurings of our love for you,
Our hands folded like water lillies emplaced
           near your Lotus Feet, in surrender
With Sruthi in unison with the sound emanating
          from the white lotus of your Heart.

Amid the darkness of one’s own ego …
A path laid by Your Feet amidst the dark forest
           appearing out of one’s false sense of ego,
is verily peace within, brought forth
          by your infinite grace, O Great One.


For# sujAta, bhAnu prasAd pinnamanEni


pUrtigA #»

dIpAla pichchayya SAstri gAri prasaMgaM

chinnappuDu mA nAnna pustakAla bIruvAlOnuMDi tIsukuni tarachugA chadivina pustakAllO dIpAla pichchayya SAstrigAri chATupadyaratnAkaramu (1917) okaTi. dAnilOni chATupadyAlani kaMThatA paTTaDaM oka saradAgA vuMDEdi. A taravAta koMta kAlAniki chEmakUri veMkaTakavi sAraMgadhara charitramu kAvyAniki ‘jitakASi TIkA sahitamu’gA rAsina vyAkhya (1942), aMta kaMTE, sAhitya samIksha anna vyAsa saMpuTi (1955) chadivina taruvAta AyaneMta goppa paMDituDO arthamayyiMdi. marO padi, padihEnELla taravAta Di.el.ai modalaina rOjullO Ayana pustakAlu, iMtaku muMdu cheppina mUDu kAka, iMkoka Aru dorikAyi. vATinuMDi telusukunnadEmaMTE Ayana kAlidAsa (mEghadUta, raghuvaMSaM), bhAsa (paMcharAtramu, dUtaghaTOtkachamu, dUtakAvyamu, UrubhaMgamu, karNabhAramu, madhyama vyAyOgamu), daMDi (kumAra kathAmaMjari – daSakumAra charitramu lOni kathalu) rachanalani tenigiMchArani. Ayana rachanala guriMchi, Ayana sAhitya vyAsaMgaM guriMchi AyanE oka rEDiyO prasaMgaMlO cheppina vivarAlu ippuDu viMdAM.

#pichchayya SAstrigAru, gurraM jAshuvAgAru iddarU vinukoMDalO snEhitulu, kalisi chaduvukunnAru. iddarU kalasi jaMTa kavulugA rachanalu chEyAlanukunnArani ayitE vILliddari pErlu kalavaka (pichchi jAshuvA, jAshuvA pichchi, dIpAla jAshuvA, … anO peTTukODaM ishTaM lEka) viramiMchukonnAranE katha okaTi uMdi. I madhyanE Ayana vArasulu Ayana rachanalni konniMTini tirigi prachuriMchAru.

pUrtigA #»