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vishaya sUchika: mArchi 2016

muMdumATa

ImATa mArch 2016 saMchikaku svAgataM!

niraMtaraM edurayyE anubhavAlu, chiraparichitamanipiMchE bhAvAlu maLLI maLLI chadiviMchE padyAlugA sarikottagA sAkshAtkariMchEdi kavitvamanE rasavidya paTTubaDDa kavi chEti chaluva vallE. ‘likhita’ SrIkAMt A rasavidya nErchina kavi. manishi lOni saMgharshaNani alavOkagA kavitvaM chEyagala nErpu SrIkAMt soMtaM. itani kavitvaM – saMkuchitaM kAni chUpokkaTI chAlu, kavitvAnni, A mATakostE E kaLanainA udAttaMgA tIrchididdutuMdi ani chUpaDAniki niluvettu tArkANaM. SrIkAMt kavitvaM, lOkaM lOnu, manushula lOtullOnu, munupennaDU chUDani pArSvAlanu chUpeTTaDamA? lEdU, manaM telusukunna, telusanukunna saMgatulanE sarikottagA parichayaM chEyaDamA? Edi uttama kavitva lakshaNaM? anna praSnanU kaligistuMdi; SraddhagA chadivE pAThakulaku, bahuSA O samAdhAnamU chUpeDutuMdi. nippu kaNikalA velugulInE nijamU, bAhyasmRti vimuktulanu chEsE sauMdaryalOkAla prastAvanA, bAdhala kolimilO niMDA kAlchi, manalOlOpalekkaDO svarNakAMtulInE hRdayamokaTi uMdani maralA gurtu chEsE vishAdamU — SrIkAMt kavitvAnni chadivi tIrAlsina kavitvaMgA mArchina suguNAlu. vennela rAtrulanI, IreMDa udayAlanI ta~rachugAnE kavitallO chUstU uMTAM. kAnI, ivE udayAstamayAlanu manishilOni bhAvasaMchalanaMtO saMdhAniMchi kavitvaM chebitE elA uMTuMdO SrIkAMt aksharAla sAkshigA chUpiMchE chiruparichayamidi. okka rOjulO mana manasu enni raMgulu mArchukuMTuMdO, enni vaividhyAlanu, udvEgAlanu uggabaTTukuni kshaNAlanu doraliMchukuMTuMdO, anni ChAyalanU chAkachakyaMgA tana reMDu vELLa madhyA E ottiDI lEkuMDAnE oDisi paTTukunna kavi itaDu. oka kavita chadavagAnE, ‘idi SrIkAMt kavita’ ani iTTE gurtiMchagaligEMta pratyEkamaina Sailini sRjiMchukuni, telugu kavitvaMlO tanadE ayina dArilO naDustunna SrIkAMt kavitalu machchuki aidu — kavitvaM kAlAnnilA alavOkagA aksharAllO baMdhiMchagaladani nammE vAri kOsamU, nammani vAri kOsaM kUDA — Inela ImATalO, marikoMdariki chErAlanna ASatO… #[#parichayakarta: mAnasa chAmarti.#]


#I saMchikalO:

  • kathalu: EM jIvitaM – kannegaMTi chaMdra; satsaMgaM – Ar Sarma daMturti; kOTigAni katalu – SrISailaMlO sanyAsi – pAlaparti iMdrANi.
  • kavitalu: padyaMlO uppena – ta@h ta@h; tatvaM – SailajAmitra; ‘likhita’ aidu kavitalu: ika idE udayaM ika idE jIvitaM, nA chIkaTi, oka sAyaMtraM elA aMTE, kAlaMlO oka kshaNaM nItO-. oka madhyAhnaM – ke. SrIkAMt
  • vyAsAlu: udyOgaparvamu-rAyabArAlu – poTlUri nArAyaNa dAsu; rAgalahari-SivaraMjani – lakshmanna vishNubhoTla; vAsakasajjika, virahOtkaMThita – tirumala kRshNadESikAchAryulu.
  • SIrshikalu: nAku nachchina padyaM: oka unmAdi manassinIvAli – bhairavabhaTla kAmESvararAvu.
  • SabdataraMgAlu: vijayanagaraM j~nApakAlu – paTrAyani saMgItarAvu: samarpaNa: paruchUri SrInivAs; mari vErE evaru – kanakaprasAd; vallUri jagannAtharAvu – paruchUri SrInivAs.
pUrtigA #»

kathalu

EM jIvitaM!

kaLLu mUtalu paDutunnAyi.

chuTTUrA saMdaDiki terustU maLLI mUstU.

aMdarU unnAru kanapaDI kanapaDakuMDA. goMtulu vinapaDI vinapaDakuMDA. pOlikalu telustunnAyi.

manavaDU, manavarALlU aTU iTU. okaru gaDDaM mIda chEttO rAstU “nIku gaDDaM perigiMdi tAtA! shEv chEsEdA?” aMTU. iMkokaru “nannu Tikil chEstAvA? ippuDu dorikAvu, ninnu Tikil chEstA!” aMTU bulli chEtulatO taDumutU. iMkokaru “EdI maLLI navvu mAyala pakIru lAgA! hahhahhahha!” ani navvutU.

nuvu tAkAvu. pAdAlatO maTTinI, rALlanU, isukanU, pachchikanU. vEDivI, challanivI, gOruvechchanivI. charmaM bobbalekkEMta vEDinI, emukalu korikE chalinI. karachAlanaM chEstU enni arichEtulnO taDigA, poDigA, mettagA, garuggA. lEta buggalanU. mRduvaina charmAnnI, muDatalnI. dEhaMtO dEhAnnI, pedAlatO pedAlnI, meDa voMpulnI. vEDi netturu poMgE narAlnI, koTTukunE guMDenU. vAnalO taDisi, eMDalO eMDi, gAlini chuTTukunnAvu. nILlalO munigi maMTa kAchukunnAvu. gaDDiparaka chivara vElADE nITi boTTuni tAkAvu. piTTa IkanU, pUrEkunU, meDaku chuTTukunna chEtulanI. vechchaTi kannITinI. rEgina charmAnnI, mullu guchchukunna noppinI bhariMchAvu. tAkarAnivI, tAkabuddhi kAnivI kUDA.

kUturu goMtu vinavastUMdi. “nAnnA, nIku gurtuMdA? chinnappuDu tirapati koMDa meTlu ekkalEkapOtuMTE bhujaM mIda ekkiMchukuni paidAkA mOsukeLLAvu. annAy kaMTE nEnaMTEnE ishTaM nIku. nuvu E rOjayinA iMTiki AlasyaMgA vastE aligi nIku kanapaDakuMDA dAkkunEdAnni. aMdukani nuvu chAkleTs techchEvADivi. nuvu nA alaka tIrchaDAniki paDE pATlu chUstE nuvvaMTE eMtO ishTaM kaligEdi. aMdukE okkOsAri nuvu AlasyaMgA vastE bAvuMDunani anukunE dAnni. eppuDayinA amma koTTEdEmO kAnI nuvveppuDU nAmIda chEyetta lEdu. nuvu kOppaDina gurtu kUDA lEdu nAku. modaTisAri kAlEj nuMDi nEnu AlasyaMgA vachchinappuDu nEnU nIkOsaM chAkleTs techchAnu gurtuMdA? nuvu nA alaka tIrchinaTTE nI alaka tIrchAnu A rOju. eppuDannA digulugA anipiMchinappuDu adi gurtu chEsukuMTAnu. peLLayAka attagAriMTiki paMpEppuDu nuvu bayaTiki kUDA rAlEdu. eMdukO nAku telusu. marusaTi rOju poddunnE akkaDiki vachchAvu nEnEdO marchipOyAnani cheppi. vALlaMtA okaTE navvaDaM.”

nuvu vinnAvu. Akula galagalanI, alala kalakalAnnI. pakshula rekkala TapaTapalnI. nAnArakAla vAyidyAlanU. manushula goMtulnI. saptasvarAlugA, rAgAlugA. kaburlanI, kathalanI. mATalnI, pillala kEkalnI. nItulnI, bUtulnI, ninAdAlanI. palurakAla pATalnI. nAnArItula navvulnI, EDupulnI. guMDe chappuLLanU. piTTala kUtalnI, jaMtuvula arupulnI. samudrapu hOrunU, urumulnI. kIchurALlanU, gusagusalnI. janasaMdOhAla savvaDinI. chevulu baddalayyE yaMtra, vAhana raNagoNadhvanulnI. niSSabdAnnI nuvu vinnAvu.

koDuku aMdukunnADu. “nAnnA, nIku chAlA Opika. nAku lekkalu kashTaMgA uMTE artharAtri dAkA kUchObeTTi cheppEvADivi. ennisArlu lekka tappu chEsinA maLlI maLlI cheppEvADivE kAnI kOppaDEvADivi kAdu. eMta AlasyaMgA paDukunnA poddunnE lEpEvADivi. AdivAraM pArkuku tIsukeLli piTTalnI, purugulnI chUpiMchEvADivi. mAtO krikeT ADEvADivi. mA skUl TUr^ki veLlAlani EDistE Dabbulu kaTTi nuvu A nelaMtA skUTar badulu saikil vEsuku veLlAvu. nA gAlipaTaM tegi kommallO irukkuMTE ekki techchAvu. nAku saikil nErpaDAniki enni rOjulu paTTiMdO gurtuMdA? nAkaMTE chelli saikil toMdaragA nErchukuMdani ATa paTTiMchEvADivi. mA iddari chaduvula kOsaM eMta kashTapaDEvADivO nAku telusu. aDugaDugunA dhairyaM cheppEvADivi. nItO eppuDU analEdu kAnI nuvu mammalni elA peMchAvO mA pillalnI alAgE peMchAlani anukuMTUMTAnu. nuvu mA nAnnavani anukuMTE eMta saMtOshaMgA uMTuMdO telusA?”

nuvu chUSAvu. chIkaTinI, veluturunU. masaka chIkaTlanU, vEkuva veluturunU, chimma chIkaTlanU, kaLlu mirumiTlu golipE kAMtinI. velugunIDala dObUchulATalnI, vATi madhya vichchukunna EDu raMgula harivillunU. ujjvalamaina udayAlnI, sAyaMtrAlnI, madhya raMgu puMjukunE mabbulnI. veligE raMgu raMgula pUlanU, dIpAlanU. eMDalO merisE cheTlanU, chiguLlanU, vennellO munigina lOkAnnI. merupulnI, chUru chivara varshapudhAralnI. miNukumanE chukkalnI. nIlAnnI, anaMtAnnI. anEka rakAla AkArAlanI, mohAlnI. taLukkumanE kannulnI. vaMpulu tirigina nadulnI, dEhAlnI. addaMlO ninnU. parvatAlnI, mAnava nirmita kaTTaDAlnI. chitrAnnI, SilpAnnI, nRtyAnnI, navarasAlU poMgE abhinayAnnI. chiMdina nettuTinI, tegipaDDa aMgAMgAlanU. prakRti vilayatAMDavAnnI, manishi vikRta charyalanU. yuddhAnnI, vidhvaMsAnnI. nuvu chUSAvu. nuvu chadivAvu. aksharAlU, padAlU, vAkyAlU, pustakAlU. vArtalU, vyAkhyAnAlU. ennO kathalU, kavitalU,navalalU, nATakAlU.

mitruDu aMTunnADu. “manaM chinnappuDu eTlA snEhitulamayyAmO nAku gurtE lEdu. mI nAnna jEbulO sigareTlu nEnu kAjEsi techchi balavaMtaMgA nItOTI tAgistE paTTubaDinappuDu tappaMtA nImIda vEsukuni tannulu tinnAvu gurtuMdA? parIkshalO nAku sAyaM chEyabOyi paTTubaDDAvu. innELlU mana snEhaM chekku chedaralEdu. nuvvokka drOhaM mAtraM chESAvu. adi nIku telusu. ayinA nI snEhaM mukhyaM nAku. telInaTlE uMDipOyAnu. kshamApaNalEvI akkarlEdu. manaM manushulamE kadA! nA mitradharmaM nEnU annivELalA nilabeTTukunnAnani cheppalEnu. kAnI manaM enni samayAlu saradAgA gaDipAM! enni sAyAlu chEsukunnAM! OdArchukunnAM, dhairyaM cheppukunnAM. modaTnuMchI nIdi bAgA kashTapaDE svabhAvaM. ninnu chUsI chUsI koddO goppO adi nAkU abbiMdi. cheppochchO lEdO kAnI nI snEhAniki kRtaj~natalu.”

nuvu AghrANiMchAvu. mallelnI, jAjulnI, saMpeMgalnI. cheTTuvI, jaDalOvI. paMTa chEla mIdugA vIchE gAlinI. vAnaku taDisina maTTivAsananI. nI Upiritittula niMDugA pIlustU, vadulutU. vidESAla attarunU, virabOsukunna juTTunU. chemaTanI, nettuTinI vAsana chUSAvu. samudra tIrapu uppugAlinI, chEpala vAsananU. annaM uDikE AvirinI. masAlAdinusula, nAnA rakAla tinubaMDArAla nOrUriMchE vAsanalnI. kAphI, TI pogalnI. bAliMtA pasiguDDula vAsanalnI, musali mutakanU. goDla daggara rochchunU, murikkAlava murugunU, maMDani peTrOlu poganU.

pakkanE chEtini chEyilOki tIsukuni nimurutUnna bhArya aMTUMdi, “enni ELLugA kalisi batikAM manaM! peLlayina kottalO EdO sAkutO nA chuTTU tiragaDaM, nannu tAkAlani chUDaDaM iMkA gurtuMdi. nA chEta mIru ani pilavaDaM mAnipiMchi nuvu ani pilavaDaM alavATu chESAvu. konni sAyaMtrAlu naDustU uMDEvALlaM. konni rAtrulu vennellO UrikE pATalu viMTU gaDipEvALlaM. konni nAku nErpAvu, konni nErchukunnAvu. konni sArlu paMtAlaku pOyi aligi kUchunE vALlaM. konni mArchalEmani arthaM ayinA aMtE. kAnI nuvvE muMdu palakariMchE vADivi. abaddhameMdukU okkOsAri kOpaMlO ninnodili pOvAlanipiMchEdi. kOpaM taggAka nannu nEnE tiTTukunEdAnni alA anukunnaMduku. nuvu tappudAri paTTina A okkasArI tappa. sagaTu manishi balahInata ani samAdhAnapaDaDAniki samayaM paTTiMdi. A tappu maLlI chEyalEdu nuvvu. nEnu ninnu prEmiMchinaMtA nuvvU nannu prEmiMchAvu. nI ishTAlu konni nEnu tIrchAnu. nAvi nuvu tIrchAvu. annI paMchukunnAM. enni j~nApakAlu! iMkA tIyagA migilAyi. manaM paDDa goDavalU gammattugA anipistAyi ippuDu. innELlu gaDichinaTTugAnE lEdu.”

annI ruchi chUSAvu. kAkara chEdU, cherukU tEnela tIpI, pachchi, paMDu, eMDu mirapala kAramU, mAmiDI, chiMtakAyala pulupU, dOra velaga vagarU, samudrapu uppU. rakarakAla pALlalO A Aru ruchulU kalipI. kammaTivI, kakkochchEvI. puchchinavI, kuLLinavI. rakarakAla giMjalU, paLlU, kUragAyalU, mAMsAlU. uDikiMchinavI, vEyiMchinavI. tinEvI, tAgEvI. tIpI kArapu piMDivaMTalU.

Apaina mATlADAvu. nI manObhAvAlanniTinI mATallOki anuvadiMchukuMTU. taDumukuMTU. palakariMchAvu. marinni mATalu. nijAlU, abaddhAlU, aTU iTU kAnivI. muddugA, karuggA, poDigA, ApyAyaMgA. pATallAMTivi pADAvu. AnaMdaMtOnO, kOpaMtOnO arichAvu.

iMkA mariMtamaMdi kanipistunnAru masaggA. marinni goMtulu. evarO chappaTlu koTTaDaM modalupeTTAru. migatA aMdarU aMdukunnAru. evaru vadilArO raMguraMgula gAli buDagalu paiki egurutunnAyi.

chEyi bigusukuMdi. nOru teruchukuMdi. mohaM daggaraku techchiMdi bhArya. “bAgA batikAnA?”

avunannaTTugA taluputU Ame sannagA navvutU atani chEtini nimiriMdi.

nuvu naDichAvu, parugettAvu, egirAvu, dUkAvu, jArAvu, paDDAvu. chEtulu UpAvu, dOmanu chaMpAvu. daggarivALlanu hattukunnAvu. uttarAlu rASAvu. paTTukunnAvu, vadilESAvu. vaMchAvu, virichAvu. baruvulu mOSAvu. nuvu EDchAvu. lOpallOpala kuLLi kuLLI, bayaTiki vekki vekkI. nIkOsaM. nI vALla kOsaM. mukkU mohamU teliyani evarikOsamO kUDA. nuvu navvAvu. chinnagA, sannagA, pagalabaDI. evari bhujammIda pApO venakki tirigi nIkEsi chUsi bOsinavvu navvinappuDU, nI iMTlO vALlu chakkiligili peTTinappuDU, mitrula jOkulakU, EmI lEkuMDA uttuttikE kUDA. nuvu bhayapaDDAvu. chIkaTlO chiTukkumaMTEnU, biDDalu iMTiki samayAniki chErakapOtEnU, mI aMdari bhAvi jIvitAla guriMchInU. nuvu kOppaDDAvu. nI tallidaMDrula mIdA, bhArya mIdA, pillala mIdA, lOkaM mIdA. nI mIda nuvvU. prEmiMchAvu. ninnU, nI kuTuMbAnnI, appuDappuDU prapaMchAnnI. dvEshiMchAvu. nI poDa giTTanivALLanU, okkOsAri nI chuTTU unna aMdaritO pATu ninnU. asahyiMchukunnAvu. AnaMdiMchAvu. AScharyapOyAvu. asUya cheMdAvu. daya chUpAvu.

nuvu vetikAvu. eduruchUSAvu. kalalu kannAvu. ASapaDDAvu. nirASa cheMdAvu. pErAsa paDDAvu. mOsaM chESAvu,tyAgaM chESAvu. nyAyaM chESAvu, anyAyaM chESAvu. ODAvu, gelichAvu. siggupaDDAvu, garvapaDDAvu. chinnavATikI, peddavATikI. nErpAvu, nErchukunnAvu. OdArchAvu, OdArpu poMdAvu. drOhaM chESAvu, kshamiMchAvu. j~nApakAlu pOgEsukunnAvu, pOgoTTukunnAvu. konni avakASAlu vadulukunnAvu.

nuvu annI anubhaviMchAvu. nalupunuMchi telupU, tirigi nalupU, madhya anni raMgulnI. nuvu jIviMchAvu. unnaMtalO. nIku vIlayinaTTugA. aMtE.


atani kaLLu mUtalu paDDAyi.

IsIjI chappuDu vini, aTugA veLutunna kotta narsu toMgi chUsi, parugettukeLli pedda narsuki cheppiMdi. iddarU atani gadilOki veLli chUSAru.

parIkshiMchi, “pOyADu!” aMdi pedda narsu.

“mohaM chUDaMDi! tRptigA, AnaMdaMgA pOyinaTTu lEdU?” vismayaMgA atani mohaM vaMkE chUstU aMdi kotta narsu.

“eTlA batikADO gAnI chAvu mAtraM hAyigA pOyADu!”

“Iyana tAlUkA evarU lErugA! EM chEyAli?”

“rijisTarlO Iyanni chErpiMchina vALLa phraMD naMbar uMTuMdi chUDu. phOn chEsi rammani cheppu! DAkTar gAriki nEnu phOn chEstAlE!” atani kuDichEtivELla madhya nuMchi duppaTini tappistU aMdi pedda narsu.

“I Taim lOnA? lEpitE tiDatArEmO!” anukuMTU veLliMdi kotta narsu.

tarvAta chAlArOjula varakU tama hAspiTallO mohammIda cheragani tRptI, AnaMdAlatO chanipOyina oka rOgi guriMchi viMtagA A kotta narsu tanaku telisina vALlaMdarikI cheptUnE uMdi.

pUrtigA #»

kOTigAni katalu: SrISailaMlO sanyAsi

poddunnE tayArai SrISailaM pOtunnAmani iLLallO DabbulippiMchukuni, talA oka jata baTTalu, tuvvAlu peTTukuni bayaludErAru kOTI, malli, veMkI. dAniki aMtakumuMdu vAraM rOjulugA plAnu chEsukuni iLLallO nasapeDutU, iMTlOvALLani batimilADutU chivariki sAdhiMchArabbA.

vALLa UriniMchi SrISailaM pOvaDAniki reMDu dOvalunnAyi. gollapalli dAkA naDichipOyi akkaDa E bassO lArIyO paTTukuni kuMTa daggara digi, akkaDa dOrnAla dAkA pOyE bassekki akkaDa digAka SrISailaM pOyE bassekkaDaM. reMDOdi, vellaMpalli dAkA naDichipOyi akkaDa lArI lEdA bassu ekki kuMTa daggara digi dOrnAla bassekki akkaDa digAka SrISailaM veLLE bassekkaDaM. ayitE I reMDu dOvallOnU guMDlakammani dATipOvAli. gollapalli daggara ayitE guMDlakammaki, dAnni dATipOyE kAlibATa mAripOtU uMTuMdi. vellaMpalli daggara ayitE tOpuDekkuva.

IsAri vellaMpalli mIdugA pOvaDAniki nirNayiMchukuni A dOvalO naDichi pOvaDAniki bayaludErAru. dArilO UrivALLu naluguru aDivi paMdini paTTi guMjalaki kaTTi bhujAla mOsukupOtU edurochchAru. muMdu rOju aDiviki pOyi bAMbulu peTTi vastAru, aDivi paMdulu tirigE chOTa. avi vATi daggariki veLLi tinE padArdhamEdO anukuni korikitE A bAMbu pEli chachchipOtuMdi paMdi akkaDikakkaDE. marusaTi rOju ULLO vALLu aDiviki pOyi techchukuMTAru dAnni.

“arE, SavaM edurostE maMchidi rA” annADu malligADu.

“rEy, SavaM aMTE manishi SavaM rA” annADu kOTigADu.

“hahhahhA!” aMdarU navvukunnAru.

piTTalnI, gijigADi gULLani, eMDugaDDi parakalu vElADutOnna tumma cheTlanI, akkaDakkaDA teTTe gODalani, avi lEni chOTa jaMkulani, polAlanI chUsukuMTU maTTi rODlanI, guMDlakammanI dATukuMTU chErukunnAru bassu vachchE chOTuki. O aragaMTa cheTTu nIDaki nilabaDi mATlADukuMTuMDagAnE rayyimani erra dummu pOsukuMTU bassu vachchEsiMdi. muggurU sarduku kUchunnAru. TikkeTlu koTTiMchukOvaDaM ayipOyiMdi A taravAta.

“rEy, EdainA sinimA kata chepparA” anaDigADu malligADu kOTIni.

tAnu ImadhyE oMgOllO chUsochchina koMDavITi doMga sinimA ettukOni vainavainAlugA cheppaDaM modalupeTTADu kOTigADu. sinimA katalu cheppamaMTE yamAjOru kOTigAniki. sTOrI ayipOtUMDagAnE kuMTa vachchEsiMdi. akkaDa ekkuva veyiTiMgu lEkuMDAnE dOrnAla pOyE bassu vachchEsiMdi. kikkirisipOyi uMdi. vILLaki sITlu dorakalA. kaMDakTaru mA oDupugA aMdarimadhya dUripOtU TikkeTlu koTTEsi tana sITlO darjAgA kUchunnADu. kOTI, mallI, veMkIlu muggurU oka daggiragA ottuku nuMchuni kaburlu modalu peTTEsEru.

‘poddunnE puTTiMdi chaMdamAma
moggallE vichchiMdi muddugumma’

kOTigADu pallavaMdukOgAnE, maLLI

‘poddunnE puTTiMdi chaMdamAma
moggallE vichchiMdi muddugumma’

ani IsAri muggurU goMtu kalipAru.

‘maunaMlO puTTAvA gItika
snEhaMtO mITAvA mellaga’

roy roy mani gAli kiTikIlanniMTiniMchI vachchEsi pATani ettukupOtOMdi.

“rEy, EMTrA A pATalu! chaduvukunE pillalu gAdA mIru?” venaka niMchi garjiMchArevarO.

venakki tirigi chUstE pakka Uri heDmAsTaru gAru, kaDDI paTTukuni vELLADutU nilabaDi.

“rEy, heDmAsTarlu bassulu gUDA ekkutAraMTrA?” gusagusagA annADu kOTigADu.mugguru gap^chip ayipOyi dOrnAla vachchiMdAkA maunasvAmullAgA nilabaDipOyAru. pakkUri heDmAsTaru dOrnAllO digi ULLOki veLLipOtUMTE hammayya anukuni SrISailaM pOyE bassu kOsaM eduruchUstU nilabaDDAru. toMdaragAnE vachchEsiMdi bassu. bassuniMDA SivabhaktulE.

sITlu chikkiMchukoni sardukuni kUchunnAka, “rEy,SrISailaMlO svAmuluMTAraMTrA. vALLu munISpaparulaMTA. aDivilO japaMjEstA uMTAraMTA. mana pakkanE unnA EmI mATlADaraMTA. sOmI ani palakariMchinA gammuna kuchchuMTAraMTa. mana jAtakaM unnadunnaTTu jeppE Sakti uMTadaMTagAnI manaM eMTabaDi guchchi guchchi aDigitEgAnI chepparaMTa” ani cheppukupOyADu malligADu.

“ayitE manaM eTTainA oka svAmulOrini paTTukOni mana jAtakaM jeppiMchukOvAli rA” ani veMkigADu yamA AdurdA pradarSiMchADu.

avunrA veMTanE arjeMTugA oppEsukunnADu kOTigADu.

kiTikIllOMchi rayyimani koTTiMdi gAli. hAyigA prANaM lEchochchinaTTayyiMdi. kAsEpu gAli pOsukuMTU gammugA kUchuni A tarvAta EmI tOchaka UrU pErU kAya sinimA ADDaM modalu peTTAru.

‘ra’

‘rAmavarappADu’
‘rAmArAvu’
‘rAmmulakkAya’
‘rAmuDu-bhImuDu’

‘Sa’

‘SaMkhavaraM’
‘SaSirEkha’
‘SanakkAya’
‘Satruvu’

“rEy,SanakkAya kAyaMTrA?”

“SanakkAy gAkuMDA iMkO kAyi pEru nIkudelistE chepparA?”

“SoMTi kAya.”

“SoMTi kAyEMdi rA? ekkaDannA chUSA?”

“A! nIku delIpOtE lEnaTTE rA?”

“oMTikommu SoMTikAya anEdi vinlA?”

“orEy, oMTikAya SoMTi kommurA!”

“ha haha hhA”

“adhATna vachchiMdilErA!pedda navvAv gAni.”

“oMTikommu SoMTikAya! dIni mIniMgEMdirA?’

“mIniMgevaDiki delsu rA? evarO aMTaMTE vinnA.”

cheTlu. puTTalu. para para gAli. raiy raiyyani utsAhaM.

j j mani kudipE iMjanu vEDi.

gOtAlu. saMchulu. sAmAnlu.
tallO pUlu. paMchelu. pUla chIrelu.
musali goNuguLLu. paDuchu pauDaru gubALiMpulu. taguvulu. vuDukkODAlu.

sunnipeMTalO bassAginappuDu maLLI eppuDu kadulutuMdA ani ukkapOtala saNuguLLu.

ATaltO,vAdulATaltO, eTTakElakU SrISailaM vastE, abbA chErukunnAM rA, ani digipOyAru muggurU.

pUrtigA #»

satsaMgaM

Upiri salapanaMta panilO unna rAju daggirakochchi cheppEDu sEvakuDu. “mana vEdAMtigAru rAjavIdhilO aDDaMgA paDukuni pichchi pichchigA vAgutunnAraMDi. janAlaMdarU okaTE navvu. peddAyana ayipOyAru gadA ani mEmu Ayana vaMTi mIda chEtulu vEyalEkapOtunnAM. kAnI rAjAj~na ayitE EdO okaTi chEyavachchu.”

rAju maMtrikEsi sAlOchanagA chUsEDu. O kshaNaM AlOchiMchi cheppEDu maMtri. “iMka UrukuMTE lAbhaM lEdu mahArAjA. Iyanni velivEyaDaM okaTE mArgaM. pOnI peddAyana gadA ani ippaTi dAkA chUsEM. I pichchi vadilEdi kAdu kanaka evarnO okaNNi tODichchi vadiliMchukuMTE maMchidi.”

“ekkaDaki paMpudAM?”

“telsiMdE kadA? ilAMTi vALLaMdarnI dESaM lOki rAnichchi mahAmahulugA kolichE dESaM prapaMchaMlO okkaTE uMdi. A bhArata dESAniki tOlEddAM. akkaDa Ayana batuku Ayana batukutADu.”

burra bAvunna rOjullO vEdAMti ghaTikuDE. dEvuDi guriMchI, vEdAMtaM guriMchI anargaLaMgA upanyAsAlichchi janAlni meppiMchagaligEvADu. kAnI ippuDO? chadavAlsina pustakAlannI cheDa chadivi modalEmiTO, chivarEmiTO teliyakuMDA burraMtA pADu chEsukuni ilA tayArayyEDu. ippuDu nOTlOMchi pichchi vAguDu tappa marOTi rAdu. I kalagApulagaMgA pustakAlu chadavaDaM, chadivinadi EdI nijaMgA AcharaNalO peTTakapOvaDaM valla, rOju O gaMTalO dEvuDunnADanI reMDO gaMTalO dEvuDu lEDanI vAgaDaM alavATaiMdi. ippuDu nallamaMdO, marOTO paDitE kAnI sariggA nOTammaTa mATa rAdu vEdAMtiki.

rAju sarEnanaDaM, rAjAj~natO O sEvakuNNichchi vEdAMtigArni bhArata dESAniki paMpaDaM chakachakA jarigipOyEyi. alA velivEyabaDDa I parshiyan vEdAMti, kUDA sAmAnu mOstU vachchE bAnisatO pATu akkaDE unna aMgaDi daggira AgADu. bAnisalni lOpalaki veLLanIyaru kanaka vADu bayaTE uMDAlsina paristhiti.

bAnisavANNi akkaDE vadilEsi vEdAMti O maMdu sIsA tIsuku rammani, tAgaDaM modaleTTADu. maMdu vaMTlOki digi burra mIda panichEyaDaM modaleTTEsariki maLLI pichchi vAguDu modalaiMdi nOTlOMchi. vinaDAniki evarunnA lEkapOyinA bAnisaki mAtraM tappadu kadA? aMdukE parisarAlu marchipOyi vADitOTE modaleTTADu kaburlu.

“orE vedhavA, iMtA chEstE dEvuDunnADaMTAvA?”

bAnisa tana meDalO unna O chinna chekka bomma chUpiMchi cheppEDu dhRDhaMgA.

“eMduku lEDU? I bomma chUSArA? mA AphrikanlU aMdaraM I cheTTu daivAMSa ani nammutAM. I bomma A cheTTutO chEsiMdE. nEnu puTTinappaTnuMDI idi nA meDalO vElADadIsEru mAvALLu. puTTinappaTnuMchi ippaTidAkA nannu rakshiMchEdi I dEvuDE. idE lEkapOtE nA batukEmai uMDEdO?”

mattu bAgA talakekkina parshiyan vEdAMti bAnisa cheppiMdi vinnADO lEdO kAnI akkaDE vILLiddarnI gamanistunna vALlaMdarU vinnaTTunnAru; A guMpulOMchi O brAhmaDu muMdukochchi annADu.

“EM vAgutunnAvurA? dEvuDaMTE anaMtaM kadA? alA meLLO vElADadIsukuni ekkaDikaMTE akkaDiki tIsukupOyEvADu dEvuDelA autADu? oLLu kovvekki nijAnijAlu teliyaka mATlADutunnAvu kAbOlu. vinu, dEvuDaMTE mA brahma okkaDE. AyanE I sRshTi aMtaTnI sRjiMchi layaM chEstU uMTADu. Ayanni gurtuMchukOvaDAniki anEkAnEka guLLU, gOpurAlu kaTTAM. O sAri gaMgAtIraM pOyi chUsirA. akkaDa I guLlalO pUjalakI puraskArAlakI vEla ELLa nuMchI unnAru brAhmalanabaDE pUjArlaMdarUnu. yugAlaki yugAlu gaDipOyAyi ippaTi dAkA, ayinA sarE mA brahma dEvuDu mammalnaMdarnI rakshistUnE unnADu kadA? teliyakapOtE nOru mUsukO aMtE gAnI nA meDalO chekka bommE dEvuDu ani vAgaku mari. ayinA nI tappu kAdulE. nI bAnisa batukki aMtakannA EM telustuMdi?”

pakkanE idaMtA chUstunna yUduDu aMdukunnADu veMThanE.

“bAnE uMdi saMbaDaM. I verri bAgula brAhmalu gaMgAnadi oDDuna guLLU gOpurAlU kaTTEruTa, dEvuDEmO akkaDE uMTADuTa. bhAvuMdi. ippuDE kadA dEvuDaMTE anaMtaM, sarvavyApi ani SelavichchAru? ilAgE uMTAyaMDi I hiMduvula vAdanalu. sarvavyApi aMTE gaMgAnadi okkaTE kAbOlu!

dEvuDuMDEdi gaMgA nadi oDDuna kAdU, dEvuDu Iyana cheppinaTTu evarikI kanipiMchani brahmadEvuDU kAdu. dEvuDaMTE AbrahaM, aijAk, jAkab^la dEvuDu. mI aMdarnI ishTaM vachchinaTTU rakshiMchaDu. Ayana rakshiMchEdi nijamaina yUdu jAti prajalanE. kAvalistE charitra pustakAlu O sAri tiragEyaMDi. chUstU uMDaMDi muMdu rAnunna rOjullO ijrAyil^ni Ayana prapaMchaMlO agra sAmrAjyaMgA elA nilabeDatADO!” veTakAraMgA navvutU annADu yUduDu.

appaTidAkA chOdyaM chustunna kEdhalik pAsTar aMdukunnADu.

“chUDaMDayyA, vILLu cheppEdi. dEvuDu A brAhmaDi hiMdU matastulanI, Iyana yUdulnI tappa marevarnI paTTiMchukOTTa. bhalE maMchi avakASavAdaM kadU ekkaDnuMchi ettukochchArO kAnI? migatA prapaMchaM lO janAlaMdarU narakAniki pOvAlA? idaMtA Suddha abaddhaM ani telustUnE uMdi kadA vILLa mATalni baTTi. nEnu cheptunnAnu vinaMDi. dEvuDaMTE mA suvArtalO cheppina jIsas okkaDE. manasA vAchA evaDaitE suvArta chadivi aMdulO cheppinaTTu jIvitaMlO AcharistADO, vADikE dEvuDi raksha labhiMchEdi. migatAvALlaki kAdu. uttinE vILLa bUTakapu kaburlu vini burra pADuchEsukOkaMDi mari.”

idaMtA viMTunna musalmAnu ayina aMgaDi yajamAni vini kOpaMgA ilA annADu:

“OhO vinaMDayyA, Iyana kEdhalikkU, Ayana yUduDU, A verri bAmmaDu hiMduvUnu. krIstu puTTaDAniki panneMDuvaMdala ELla kritamE mA mahammadu modalupeTTADu; mataM, svargaM, narakaM anEvi. sariggA vinnArA? iravai, muphphai ELLu kUDA kAdu, panneMDu vaMdala ELLu! ippuDu chUstunnAru kadA? mA mataM chainA, AsiyA, airOpA aMtA vyApistOMdi. I yUdulU, jorAshTriyanlU, kEdhalikkulU chinnA chitakA janAlu I madhyanE tAmara taMparlalA puTTukochchAru. vILlanA nammEdi. dEvuDaMTE mA mahammadE dEvuDu. mA mataM vALLanE A dEvuDu rakshiMchEdi. uttinE ikkaDakI akkaDakI vElaM verrigA parugeTTaDaM Api mA mataM tIsukOMDi. mahammadu okkaDE pravakta.”

tAnu bAnisatO EdO saradAki aDigitE iMta rAddhAMtaM avutuMdanukOlEdu parshiyan vEdAMti. I jariginadaMtA vinEsariki vEdAMti koMcheM AScharyaMgA chUstU kaMgArupaDi EdO anabOyEMtalO akkaDE vinOdaM chUstUnna TibeT nuMchi vachchina lAmAlu, nippu okkaTE daivaM ani bhAviMchE jorAshTriyanlU, sikkulU okari mIda okaru iMtiMtagA arustU mEmu goppa aMTE mEmE goppa ani vAdiMchukOvaDaM modalupeTTEsariki vEdAMtiki matipOyiMdi.

A vAdOpavAdanalu alA jarugutUMTE aMgaDi yajamAni akkaDE kUrchuni idaMtA maunaMgA gamanistunna oka chainA kurrANNi chUsi annADu.

“modaTnuMchI mEmu vAdiMchukOvaDaM viMTUnE unnAvu kadA? nuvvu cheppu nEnu cheppina mahammadu mataM maMchidO kAdO. ippaTidAkA nuvvu nOru vippalEdu dEni mIdAnu. maunaM ardhAMgIkAraM anukuMTE nEnu cheppinadi nijaM ani nuvvu annaTTE kadA?”

idi vini “avunavunu, nuvvu cheppavOy,” aMTU migatA vALlaMdarU vAdiMchukOvaDaM mAnEsi chainA kurrADitO annAru mukta kaMThaMtO. EmO eTu tirigi eTu vastuMdO anukunnADu kAbOlu nOru medapalEdu chainA kurrADu.

kAnI vALLaMdarU chainA kurrADikEsi chUsi, “mEmaMdaraM talO cheyyA vEsEM kanaka nuvvu cheptE vinAlani uMdi,” aMTU reTTiMchAru.

chainA kurrADu kanphyUshiyas vEdAMtaM chadivi vaMTabaTTiMchukuni. ippuDu ilA dESAlu chUDDAniki bayaldErADu prapaMcha j~nAnaM kOsaM. kAsEpu maunaMgA unnAka melligA nOru vippEDu.

“chUDaMDi ayyalArA, chUDabOtE mana aMdari matAlu EdO vidhaMgA bhagavaMtuDiki guriMchi cheptunnA manaM aMdaraM nammakaM lEkapOvaDaM vallA, mitimIrina ahaMkAraM vallA edugUbodugU lEni kukkatOkallA ilAgE unnAM. mIru Emi anukOkapOtE O kadha cheptAnu viMTArA?”

appaTidAkA, mA mataM goppa aMTE mA mataM goppadani toDalu koTTina vALLaMtA hushArugA chevulu rikkiMchi chainA kurrADitO annAru, “tappakuMDA.”

chainA kurrADu kadha cheppaDaM modalupeTTADu.

“nEnu ikkaDaki chainA nuMchi iMglIshu vALlatO kalisi sTImar mIda vachchAnu samudrAlannI dATukuMTUnu. vachchEdArilO sumatrA dIvullO AgAmu O rOju. akkaDaki ODa chErEsariki madhyAhnaM ayiMdi. digi oDDumIda kobbari cheTla nIDalO tirugutU uMTE kaLLu kanipiMchani O peddamanishi vachchEDu. uttarOttarA mEmu vinnadAni prakAraM, atanu puTTu guDDi kAdu kAnI, rOjU sUryuDi kEsi chUsi chUsi alA ayyADuTa. asalu I sUryuDaMTE evarU, eMdukalA velugutADu anEdi SOdhiddAmani prayatnaM chEsi chUpu pOgoTTukunnADani cheppAru. mA daggaraki vastUnE EmI upOdghAtaM lEkuMDA ilA mATlADDaM modalupeTTADu.

‘I sUrya raSmi anEdi nITi lAMTi drAvakaM kAdu. drAvakaM ayitE O ginnelOMchi marO ginnelOki pOsEyagaligi uMDAli kadA? pOnI adi nippu anukuMdAmA aMTE nITitO dAnni ArpagalagAli. dAnitO sUryuDu nippu kAdani telsipOtOMdi. mari kanipiMchani prANamO, AtmO anukuMdAmA aMTE kaLLaki kanabaDutOMdi kadA? ayitE idO padArdhamA? padArdhamaitE aTU iTU kadapa galigi uMDAli. ilA tarkaM chEstU pOtE sUryaraSmi kAnI sUryuDu kAnI manaki telisina ivEvI kAdanna mATa. maraitE idEmiTI aMTE ‘EdI kAdu’ ani samAdhAnaM cheppukOvAli aMtE.’

I guDDivADi kUDA mana vEdAMti gAriki unnaTTE oka bAnisa unnADu. vILLiddarU akkaDa nIDalO kUchunEsariki mEmaMtA viMTUMDagAnE guDDivADu bAnisatO annADu.

‘EvayyA, nEnu cheppinadaMtA nijamEnA? sUryuDu lEDani nEnu tarkaMtO chUpiMchi nirUpiMchagaligEnu. nA kaLlaki kanabaDE prapaMchaM aMtA kAru chIkaTigA uMDaDaM tO nEnu cheppinadi nijaM ani oppukuMTAvA?’

dIniki bAnisa samAdhAnaM cheppEDu, ‘mI tarkaM, girkaM avannI nAkeMdukaMDi? ikkaDa chIkaTi paDabOtOMdi, ikkaDunna khALI boMDAM tIsukuni aMdulO chamuru pOsi dIpaM veligistAnu. EdainA kAvalistE A dIpaM velturlO kanipistuMdi. I dIpamE nAku sUryuDu. aMta mAtraM cheppagalanu.’

pakkanE kUrchunna kALLulEni aviTi Ayana vinnADu kAbOlu I mATalu, peThElmani O navvu navvEDu.

‘chUDu nAyanA nuvvu chUDabOtE puTTu guDDilA unnAvu. nIku vinAlanuMTE nEnu cheptunnAnu vinu, sUryuDaMTE oka maMDE agni gOLaM. A gOLaM tUrpuna poddunnE samudraM lOMchi udayiMchi sAyaMkAlaM adigO A kanabaDE koMDallO astamistU uMTuMdi. nIkE kanaka kaLLu uMTE chUsi uMDagaligE vADivi.’

akkaDE unna O bestavADu veMThanE aMdukunnADu.

‘EviTEmiTI? sUryuDu alA samudraMlOMchi paikostADA? nIkE kanaka kALLu uMDi aviTitanaM lEkapOtE alA anagaligi uMDEvADivA? nEnu chEpalu paTTaDAniki paDavekki samudraM aMtA tirugutU uMTAnu. sUryuDu koMDallO astamistADanE mATa verri mATa. sUryuDu udayiMchEdI astamiMchEdI kUDA samudraMlOnE. idi nAkaLLatO chUsina nijaM.’

idaMtA vinna akkaDE unna pratI okkarU jOkyaM chEsukOvaDaM modalu peTTAru. I bhArata dESaM nuMchi vachchinAyana annADu:

‘Emi cheptunnArayyA kaburlu? sUryuDu nILLalOMchi udayiMchi nILlalO astamistE, AyanO agni gOLaM aMTunnAru kanaka nILLalO AripODU? sUryuDU asalu agnigOLaM kAdu. AyanO dEvata. saptASva radhamArUDhaM, prachaMDaM kaSyapAtmajaM, aMTE Ayana saptASvAlu pUniMchina radhaM mIda baMgAru raMgunna mEru parvataM chuTTU tirugutU uMTADani mA hiMdU maMtrAlu – cheptunnAyi. okkO sAri rAhu kEtuvulanE grahAlu I dEvuNNi guTukkuna miMgutAyi. appuDu koMcheM sEpu grahaNa samayaMlO bhUmmIda chIkaTi vyApistuMdi. kAnI rAhu kEtuvulu maMDE sUryuNNi nOTlO uMchukOlEka kakkEsAka maLLI aMtA mAmUlugA tayArautuMdi. dInnE grahaNaM anI, paTTu viDupulanI cheptAru mAvALLu.’

idaMtA viMTunna IjipT nAvikuDaMdukunnADu.

‘lEdu, lEdu I sUryuDu dEvata anEdi nijaM kAdu. nEnu sapta samudrAlu chUsochchina vADini. sUryaraSmi lEni prAMtaM I bhUmilO lEdu dAdApu. bhArata dESaM lOnE sUryuDu udayistADani cheppaDaM, mEru parvataM chuTTU tiragaDaM anEvi sarikAdu. sUryuDU udayiMchEdi bAgA tUrpuna – ekkaDO japAn dESaM avatala. astamiMchEdi iMglAMD ki Avalanunna paSchima tIraMlO. aMdukE japAn lO nihAn anI nippan anI aMTUTAru – aMTE sUryuDu janmiMchaDaM ani. nEnu nA kaLlatO chUsinadAnni baTTI, prapaMchaM aMtA oMTarigA chuTTi vachchina mA tAta cheppInadAnni baTTI idaMtA cheptunnAnu.”

IjipT nAvikuDiMkA EdO cheppabOtUMTE iMglIsh nAvikuDu aMdukunnADu.

‘mAdi sUryuDastamiMchani sAmrAjyaM ani mIraMdarU vinnadE kadA? sUryuDi guriMchi prapaMchaMlO mA iMglAMD dESaM pariSOdhana chEsinaMtA, chadivinaMtA E dESaM kUDA chEyalEdu. sUryuDu ekkaDA astamiMchaDU, ekkaDA udayiMchaDU. E dESaM veLLinA mEmu chUsina sUryuDu okkalAgA kanapaDDADu. dInni baTTi mEmaMdaraM sUryuDu prapaMchaM aMtA chuTTU tirugutunnADani nirdhAriMchAM.” alA cheptU EvO vRttAlu isakamIda gIsi sUryuDelA bhUmi chuTTU tirugutunnADO cheppaDAniki prayatnaM chEsADu kAnI pUrtigA cheppalEka annADu Akhariki, “nAkaMtA bAgA cheppaDaM rAvaTlEdu kAnI mA saraMgu nAkannA bAgA cheppagalaDu AyannE aDugudAM,’ aMTU ODa saraMgu kEsi chUsEDu.

annI vinna saraMgu sthiraMgA cheppEDu.

‘mIraMdarU miDi miDi j~nAnaMtO goppalu cheppukuMTunnAru kAnI nAku telsinadI nEnu chUsinadI cheptunnAnu vinaMDi. sUryuDu bhUmi chuTTU tiragaDu. alAganI O dESaM – japAn kAnivvaMDi, IjipTu kAnivvaMDi, pOnI ippuDu manaM unna sumatrA kAnivvaMDi – chuTTU kAnI, O dESaMlOni mEruvu lAMTi parvataM chuTTU kAnI tiragaDu. bhUmE, sUryuDi chuTTU iravainAlugu gaMTalakO sAri tirugutU uMTuMdi. sUryuDu kAMtinichchEdi okka bhUmikE kAdu navagrahAlakkUDA. nEnU, nA dESaM anukOvaDaM mAnEsi O sAri suviSAlamaina aMtarikshaMlOki kaLLu sAristE I nijAlannI telustAyi.'”

katha cheppaDaM Api chainA kurrADu annADu.

“vinnAru kadA? ahaMkAraM valla manaM okaLLatO okaLLu pOTlADukuMTunnAM. sUryuDi guriMchi manaki elA telisI teliyani j~nAnaM uMdO alAgE bhagavaMtuDi guriMchInu. manalO pratI okkarikI pratyEkamaina bhagavaMtuDU, pratI dESAnikI pratyEkamaina bhagavaMtuDU unnaTTu cheppukuMTunnAM. pratI dESaM kUDA, dEvuDaMTE mAvADE, ilAgE uMTADu, idEnOy satyaM, satyadarSanamUnU – ani chATi cheppaDAniki prayatnaM chEstUMdi. I prapaMchaM aMtA bhagavaMtuDu sRshTiMchina aMdamaina dEvAlayaM. mAnavamAtrulamaina manaM nirmiMchE E guDi kAnI, masIdu kAnI, charchi gAnI I prapaMchaM aMta aMdaMgA uMDagaladA? enni guLLU gOpurAlu kaTTinA samudramaMtaTi adbhutaM, sUryuDaMtaTi dIpaM eppaTikainA chEyagalamA? maMchi manasuni E guDitO pOlchagalaM? prEmiMchE manishini, atani hRdayAnni eMta peTTi konagalaM? avyaktuDaina bhagavaMtuDi guriMchi eMtani cheppagalaM? mana hRdayAlu eMtagA vistaristU uMTE manaM aMtagA bhagavaMtuNNi telusukOgalaM. eMta ekkuvagA manaM Ayanni telusukuMTE aMta daggiragA Ayaniki chEruvavvagalaM. aMdukE bhagavaMtuDiki daggiragA unnavALLalO maMchitanaM, prEmA aMta ekkuvagA kanabaDutU uMTAyi. aMduvalla nEnu cheppEdi EmiTaMTE manaM okarinokaru vAdiMchukOvaDaM mAnEsi kalisimelisi uMDAli. mIku bhagavaMtuDaMTE nammakaM unnA lEkapOyinA sarE okaritO okaru kalahiMchukOvaDaM mAtraM kUDadu eMdukaMTE manalO pratI okkarU kUDA aksharamU, anaSvaramU, SASvatamU ayina A bhagavaMtuDi adbhutamaina sRshTE.”

chainA kurrADu ilA anEsariki, appaTidAkA okaritO okaru pOTlADukunna vALlaMtA nOrettalEkapOyEru. okkasArigA niSSabdaM AvariMchiMdi. nijaM, maunaM ardhAMgIkAramE kadA?

(liyO TAl sTAy: kAphI haus Aph sUrat, 1893.)

pUrtigA #»

padya sAhityaM

nAku nachchina padyaM: oka unmAdi manassinIvAli

sI. niMDAru tegagoni nigiDiMchu tUpula
#               #;vairi marmaMbulu vrachchi vrachchi
#     #;bigitaMpu mushTi kaMpitamaina yasidhAra
#               #;vimata kaMThAsthulu vi~richi vi~richi
#     #;anuvoMda nallArchi yaMdaMda penugada
#               #;SatrudEhaMbulu chadipi chadipi
#     #;chadala vammuga barvu SaktiSulAdula
#               #;baga~ra pInugu lurvi ba~rapi pa~rapi

tE. E dinaMbunu vRthavOvanIni kaDimi
#     #;yodava bOrADunATa chennoMdenEni
#     #;kUDu chavi yagugAka nishkrOdhamaina
#     #;darpamUraka yUriMpa darame dEva!

padyAlanagAnE lalitamanOhara dRSyAlU suMdaravarNanalE ani koMdaru bhramapaDutU uMTAru. alAMTi bhramani paTApaMchalu chEsE padyaM idi. mRdumadhuramaina saMgItAnnE kAdu ‘unmAdi manassinIvAlilO ghUkaM kEka’ni kUDA vinipistuMdi kavitvaM. prAchIna padyakavitvaM kUDA aMduku samarthamainadE. konni kAvyAlalO kathalU vATilOni padyAlU chaduvutU uMTE, InADu prapaMchAnni uDikettistunna hiMsApravRttI yuddhOnmAdamU anAdigA mAnavuni aMtaraMgaMlO daTTaMgA alanukonna chIkaTlEnanna saMgati spashTaMgA telisivastuMdi. manishi aMtaraMgaMlO dAgina A unmAdAnni bahiraMgaMgA AvishkariMchE katha bANAsuravRttAMtaM. A bANAsuruni pOrATakaMDUtini nagnaMgA pradarSiMchE padyamidi!

nAchana sOmana rachiMchina uttaraharivaMSaM paMchamASvAsaMlO vastuMdi bANAsuruni katha. bANAsuruDu oka viparIta manastatvaM kaliginavADu. itanu balichakravarti kumAruDu. bahuSA yitani chinnatanaMlOnE taMDri pAtALAniki veLLipOyADEmO! itani chinnatanaM guriMchi aMtagA teliyadu kAni koMta peddavADayyAka goppa SivabhaktuDavutADu. okanADu SivuDu kumArasvAmini vAtsalyaMtO daggaraku tIsukODaM chUsina bANuniki saMtOshamU vichAramU okEsAri kalugutAyi. tana taMDri uMDuMTE tanani kUDA alA lAliMchEvADu kadA anukoMTADu. ISvaruDinE tana taMDrigA poMdAlani tapassu chEstADu, sAdhistADu. paramaSivuDu bANuni bhaktiki mechchi tana koDukugA AdaristADu. kumArasvAmi ataDini tammunigA gauravistADu. maMchi nagarAnnI, goppa Sakti saMpadalanI prasAdistADu. bhaktitO Sivuni meppiMchi tana nagarAniki kApalAvAnigA kUDA chEsukoMTADu. taMDri balichakravarti durgAniki vishNuvu kApalAdArayitE koDukuki SivuDanna mATa! paigA vEyichEtulu kUDA varaMgA poMdutADu bANuDu. iMkEvuMdi! vADi garvAniki miti lEkuMDA pOtuMdi. trilOkAlanU enimidi dikkulanU jayistADu. ayitE, bANuDi balAniki bhayapaDi aMdarU yuddhaM chEyakuMDAnE ataniki loMgipOtAru. aMduvalla yuddhakAMksha tIraka atani chEtulu tITapuDutAyi. tirigi paramaSivuni daggaraki veLLi tana bAdhanu veLLabOsukoMTADu. A saMdarbhaMlO vachchE padyamidi.

pUrtigA alletATini lAgi (niMDAru tegagoni) prayOgiMchE bANAlatO pagavAri AyuvupaTTulu (vairimarmaMbulu) chIlchi chIlchi, bigiMchina piDikiTa kadilE katti vAdara chEta Satruvula meDala emukalu (vimata kaMTha + asthulu) vi~richi vi~richi, pedda gadanu anuvaina vidhaMgA tripputU tirigi tirigi Satruvula SarIrAlanu nalagagoTTi nalipi nalipi, AkASaMpai (chadalan) aMtaTA vyApiMchE Sakti SUlAla vaMTi AyudhAlatO Satruvula SavAlanu (paga~ra pInugulu) nElapai paDEsi paDEsi, E rOjU vRdhAgA pOkuMDA (vRdha + pOvanIni) parAkramaM (kaDimi) chUpiMchagaligETaTTu yuddhamanE ATa (pOrADu+ATa) amarinappuDu kadA, tiMDi ruchistuMdi (kUDu chavi yagugAka.) evaripainA kOpaM chUpiMchalEni nA yI garvaM lOlOpala uTTinE UripOtU uMTE bhariMchaDaM SakyamA!

adI bANuni bAdha! yuddhaM chEyaDamaMTE alAMTi yilAMTi yuddhaM kAdu vADiki kAvalasiMdi. eduTi vArini nAnA rakAlugA chitravadha chEstE kAni A yuddha dAhaM tIradu. appuDu kAni asalu tiMDi kUDA sahiMchadaTa! kaMTakuDaina Satruvu tanaMtaTi vADu okaDuMTE, ‘kaMTiki nidravachchune, sukhaMbagunE ratikELi, jihvakun vaMTaka miMdunE’ ani kASIkhaMDaMlO viMdhyuDu vApOtADu. I bANAsuruni bAdha iMkAsta viparItamainadi. tanaMtaTi Satruvu kaligi, atanitO yuddhaM chEstEnE kAni vIDiki tiMDi ruchiMchadu!

bANAsurini rAkshasOnmAdaM aMtA manaki chAlA spashTaMgA sphuriMpajEsElA sAgiMdi nAchana sOmana padyarachana. A paiSAchikasvabhAvAnni vipulaMgA AvishkariMchaDaMlO kavi elAMTi mohamATamU chUpalEdu. aMdukE sIsapadyaM ennukonnADu. niMDAru, bigitaMpu, modalaina viSEshaNAlU; vrachchi vrachchi, vi~richi vi~richi, aMTU sIsapadya pAdAla chivara AmrEDitamaina kriyalu, bANAsuruni kOrika tIvratanu saMpUrNaMgA dhvaniMpajEstunnAyi. bANAsuruniki yuddhaM oka krIDa. adi lEni rOju vRdhAgA pOyinaTTE! ‘kUDu chavi yagugAka’ annadi padunaina achcha tenugu prayOgaM. bahuSA idi tikkanagAri oravaDi. ilA oka vyakti svarUpa svabhAvAlanu manasukekkETTugA varNiMchaDaM maMchi kavitva lakshaNaM. ayitE aMdulOMchi oka sArvajanInamaina aMSamEdayinA vyaMjiMpa jEyagalistE adi mariMta goppa kavitvaM avutuMdi. adi tarvAti padyaMlO kanipistuMdi. bANAsuruni chEta yiMkA yilA anipiMchADu sOmana.

dEvA! kayyamutODi vEDuka madiM dIMDriMpa martyuMDu nE
trOvaM jEtulatITa vuttunani kOrun dAnuvuMDaina nA
kI vE chEtulu chEsi tI kasimi riMkeTlOrtu nOrtun ripu
grIvAkhaMDanamaMDanasphuradasikrEMkAramul galginan

‘kayyamutODi vEDuka’ aMTE yuddhakAMksha. yuddhakAMksha manasulO tIMDristU (chelarEgutU) uMDE manishi (martyuMDu), elAgayinA sarE tana chEtula tITa tIrchukOvAlani (puttunani) ArATapaDutU uMTADu. manishikayitE reMDE chEtulu. nuvvu nAku I vEyi chEtulu chESAvu (chEsiti). I kasimiri (tITa) iMka nEnelA OrchukOgalanu. ‘ripu grIvA khaMDana maMDana sphurat asi krEMkAramul galginan’ OrchukOgalanu. Satruvula kaMThAlu na~rakaDamanE alaMkAraMtO prakASiMchE khaDgapu krEMkArAlu (talalu narikETappuDu, avi virigi paDETappuDU vachchE SabdAlu) vinagaliginappuDu tana chEtula tITa tIrutuMdani cheputunnADu bANAsuruDu. reMDu chEtulunna manishikE tIvramaina yuddhakAMkshatO chEtulu tITapeDutU uMTE, vEyichEtula dAnavuDaina tanaku mareMtagA A pOrutITa uMTuMdOnani samarthiMpu kUDAnanna mATa! ikkaDa bANAsuruni svabhAvAnni vyaktaparachaDaMtO pATugA niraMtaramaina manishi yuddhOnmAdaMpai oka vyaMgyAstrAnni kUDA saMdhiMchADu sOmana. padyamaMtA achchatelugu poDi mATalatO naDipiMchi, chivariki oka dIrghasaMskRta samAsaM prayOgiMchaDaM oka padyarachanA SilpaM. adi chaduvarulalO uttEjAnni kaligiMchaDamE kAkuMDA, saMdarbhOchitaMgA vADinaTlayitE, cheppE vishayAnni mariMta dIptimaMtaM kUDA chEstuMdi. ikkaDa mATlADutunna bANAsurunilO, Satruvula talalu na~rakaDamanE talapu vachchEsarikallA, okkasArigA uppoMgina utsAhAvESAlu chivari samAsaM dvArA adbhutaMgA sphuristAyi.

SivuDu kAnI SivuDaMtaTi yOdhuDu kAnI tanatO yuddhaM chEstE tappa tanaki tRpti kalagadani bANuDu kOrukoMTADu. SivuDu bhaktuni ve~r~ritanAniki navvukoni alAgE jarugutuMdani varamistADu. A tarvAta SrIkRshNunitO bANAsuruniki yuddhaM saMbhavistuMdi. viSEshaM EmiTaMTE, SrIkRshNuDu itara rAkshasullAgA, bANAsuruDini chaMpaDu. atani chEtulanniTinI narikEsi, nAlugu chEtulu mAtraM migulustADu. dAnitO bANuni unmAdaM naSistuMdi. tana kUturuni kRshNuni manavaDikichchi peLLi chEstADu.

InATikI vEyi chEtulunna bANAsurulaki kodavEmI lEdu. ayitE manishini chaMpaDaM kannA manishilOni unmAdAnni chaMpaDaM kashTataraM, kAnI adE mEltaraM kUDAnu anna saMdESAnni manaM bANAsuravRttAMtaM nuMDi tIsukOvachchunEmO!

pUrtigA #»

kavitalu

padyaMlO uppena

#            1

#nI mIda nEnoka padyaM
nI
vIpu palaka mIdO
channula guMDrAla mIdO
modalubeTTi nappuDu
nuvvu techchipeTTukunna
baDAyi biMkaM
#        #;Ika kalaM
#        #;dArulu chEsukuMTU
#        #;paikega bAkutU
#        #;jArutU
#        #;aTU iTU maLLutU
#        #;nA padyAnni
#        #;nIvaMTi vaMpullO
#        #;rAstU
#        #;kadilipOtuMTE
saDalipOtuMdi

#            2

#kalaM
kitakitalu
nuvvu
ikaikalu
padyaM
tIga lAgA pAkutU
ninnallukuMTU
nuvvu vaMkarlu
tirugutU
padyaMlO imuDutU

#            3

#idigO ikkaDa
ik k kkaDa
iMkA khALI uMdi
nityaM adEpanigA
nI cheluvAlni nAkaLLallOki
sutAraMgA tOsE nI chUpuDu vElutO
kalaM iMkA chErukOni chOTlu chUpistU
kAstAgu
kalaM ikkaDanuMchi kadala lEkapOtOMdi

#            4

#nAmIda
nEnu chaduvukOlEni padyaM
gilikEstunna kavi gADA
kAsta vinipistAvA
EM rAstunnAvO eDA peDA
aTlakADa venaka
iTTE dAkkOgaligina dAnA
eTlA kammESAv
nuvvE nEnekkaDa chUsinA
hi hi hi
rAyaTaM ayipOgAnE
chivara saMtakaM chey
hi hi

#            5

#nannu nI chUpula dArAniki kaTTi
gAllOki egarEsina
maMtragattevu
kRtaj~natagA
ninnu nA padyaMlO bigiMchi
nAveMTa tippukuMTAnu
ivigO padyaM kosalu reMDU guMji muDi
aMTUMDagAnE nuvvu ubbipOtAvu
kosalu daggaraku rAvu
nEnu maLLI guMjutAnu

#            6

#oka uppena
nAmIda viruchukupaDutuMdi
aMdulO unna nipputO
ninnU nannU
aMTiMchEstuMdi

#            7

#vIthi gummaMlO
chukkalnanniTinI
okE gItatO chuTTE
nuvvu
iMTlO
nuvvichchina kAphI tAgE
nEnu

pUrtigA #»

tatvaM…

nidristunna rahadArini lEpi
kRtaj~natalu cheppAlani uMdi

nidrAbhaMgamaina
A praSAMtatanu gamaniMchAlani uMdi

dikkulannI chikku muDulu kAvani
viDamarachi cheppAlani uMdi

jIvitAniki rahadAri
prayANAniki gatukula dAri
okaTi kAdani oppiMchAlani uMdi

evaru ekkaDanuMDi vachchinA
chivaraku chErEdi nIlOnE ani
nammiMchi OdArchAlani uMdi

chemma kanipiMchanivvani
chIkaTi tatvAniki
AdhyAtmika tatvaM jODiMchAlani uMdi

maLLI maMchi nidralOki pOyEdAkA
jOla pADAlani uMdi!

pUrtigA #»

likhita: nA chIkaTi

tala niMDugA chIkaTi – SirOjAla mIda nuMchi
chinukula valE
oLlaMtA rAlE
chikkaTi chIkaTi-

tala etti chUstE
E kanulalOnU kAMti kanipiMchani
chIkaTi-

ninnu nuvvE hattukuni
bhayaMtO
muDuchukuni paDukunE chIkaTi

lEni bAhuvula
bAvurumanE chIkaTi
nI aMta ettU
poDavU uMDE
chIkaTi

nI vAsana vEsE chIkaTi
nI oMTaritanapu
mEli musugu kappukuni
nI muMdu
kUrchunna chIkaTi
chinna chIkaTi

kaDupaMtA tarukkupOyE chIkaTi
samAdhi vaMTi chIkaTi

oka manishi lEni chIkaTi

oka chEyi lEni chIkaTi

kaLLu pOyi taDumukunE chIkaTi

chikkaTi
chinnaTi
kaMpiMchE chIkaTi –
karagani chIkaTi
mUligalOki chochchukupOyi rOdiMchE chIkaTi

daya lEni
dAhaM tIrchani chIkaTi
marachi pOnivvani chIkaTi
marapu rAnivvani chIkaTi

mari iMtakU

nuvvu ekkaDa?

(28-12-2013)

pUrtigA #»

likhita: kAlaMlO oka kshaNaM, nItO –

nuvvu nA pakkana paDukuMTE

nA edurugA nI mukhaM: vAnaki taDavakuMDA Akula madhya guMbhanaMgA dAgina oka ottaina tellani pushpaMlAgA –

ninnu pUrtigA chUddAmani, SirOjAlanu kappukunna A Akulani tolagiMchE nA vEli chuTTU chuTTukuMTuMdi maTTi taDachina aDavi vErla vAsana – cheTTu modaTlO, chinukulaki muDuchukunE gaDDi parakala vAsana. mari gAli vIchE challani savvaDInU-

ika appuDu, nA meDa chuTTU chEtulu vEsi nuvvu nannu daggaraki lAkkuMTE, maMchu rAli kAlaM voNikE vELallO,evarO chivvuna oka negaDunu ragiliMchina kAMti-

ika A aruNima kAMtilO egurutAyi mana chuTTU mari miNugurulO lEka lEta erupu sItAkOkachilukalO nidra niMDina nayanAlatO-

mari appuDE ekkaDO gU gU mani pAvurALLa kuvakuvalu

mana SarIrAllOnE gUDu kaTTukunnaTTugA, rekkalu munagadIsukunnaTTugA, ramistunnaTTugA, guDlani podugutunnaTTugA, rekkalu rAni vATi pillalu gUTilO alajaDigA kadulutunnaTTugA-

aMdukE appuDu challaTi gAlI, rAtrI, chIkaTI: nIlO, nAlO.

aMdukE ika appuDu, okarinokaru gaTTigA karachukuni paDukuMTAmA manaM, E tellavArujhAmO vachchi, talupu taTTI taTTI veLLipOtuMdi mRtyuvu – mana AnavAlu EmAtraM lEkuMDA, EmAtraM savvaDi chEyakuMDA-

mari bratikE unnAmA manaM, appuDu?

(02-10-2013)

pUrtigA #»

likhita: oka madhyAhnaM

ilA rAstAnu muMdugA: I madhyAhnaM, reparepalADE oka telupu vastraM –

nuvvu parAkugA oMTarigA saMcharistunnappuDu, nI iMTi peraTlOnO
#         # raddI vIdhulalOnO oka hastaM ninnu tAki veLli pOtuMdi. appuDE utiki
AravEsina vastraM gAliki kadili iMta taDini nI mukhAna chimminaTTu-

mari appuDu ulikkipaDi chUstAvu, nI lOkAla lOMchi bayaTaku vachchi
#         # Akupachchani cheTla kiMdi nIDalanI, ekkaDO kUsE pakshulanI, pravahiMchE gAlinI-
evarO alikinaTTu unna prapaMchAnnI, kAraNaM EmI lEkuMDA navvutunna

pasipillala vaMTi manushulanI, pUvullA vichchukunE vALLa mATalanI. mari

iMtakAlamU iMta kAMtI iMta SAMtI eMduku kanapaDalEdA ani nuvvu
#         # abburapaDutuMTE, mabbulu chuTTukuMTunna AkASaM kiMda
tIgalapainuMchi dustulanu tolagistU A ammAyi aMTuMdi kadA

“gAliki AgaDaM lEdu A tellaTi duppaTi – kAsta tolagiMchi lOpali tIsuku vaddU-”
#         # ani. marE: ika nuvvu chakkagA madhyAhnAnni maData peTTi, buddhigA
tana venukagA lOpali veDatAvu ilA vrAsukuMTO:

– I madhyAhnaM – reparepalADani oka telupu vastraM kiMda odigina – okammAyI
#         # iMkA niMDaina tana SarIra dIpamUnU. ika bayaTa paDaTaM elA
ikkaDa nuMchi? I vAna lOkAlalOMchI, tana parimaLa kAlAlalOMchI?

#         # I errani mabbulalOMchI?

(10-10-2013)

pUrtigA #»

likhita: ika idE udayaM, ika idE jIvitaM

1

vAna vAsana vEsE pUlarEkula valE tAkutAyi
nI chEtulu, I chinukulU
gOpyaMgA tElochchE
challaTi gAlInU-

A gAlilO, A lEta pasupupachcha kAMtilO, sItAkOkachilukalu-
E lOkAlanu visurutunnAyO
A rekkalu kAnI

vennela kaLLApi jallinaTTu, nI chuTTU pachchika kAMti-

talalu vAlchina
Akula kiMda chEri, UyalalUgE nIDalu, vajrAlU
merisE nI kaLLU-

2

mari EM uMdi
appuDu nAku-?

3

sarassula aMchulalO tElikagA UgE alalapai kadilE nAchU
rekkalUpaka A veluturulO
alA niSchalaMgA tElE
tUnigala niSSabdhamU

nAlO: oka SiSuvu
UyalUgutU, nidralOki jArukunnaMta mettadanaM
pedavipai migilina
pAla taDi vaMTi
oka ishTamUnU-

kAnI mari idaMtA
EmiTI ani aMTE

4

EmI lEdu – unnadaMtA, ika manaku migilinadaMtA
ika idE udayaM
ika idE jIvitaM-

koMta nAtO, koMta nItO, koMta ilA manaki manatO-
kAnI, kannA

5

mari iMtakU
saMdhyA samayaMlO, kaluva pUla chuTTU gumikUDi
oka biMduvulOki

punaryAnaM
avutunna
A valayAlanu chUSAvA nuvvu?

(07-08-2013)

pUrtigA #»

likhita: oka sAyaMtraM, elA aMTE

kaDu jAgrattagA dAchukuMTAvu, udayaM nuMchI oka pUvuni
oka rahadAri pakkagA I nagaraMlO oka AScharyaMlA edurupaDina
nIku pEru kUDA teliyani A pUvuni. uMchukuMTAvu mari
dAnini padilaMgA, chaliki vEsukunna kOTu mATuna

nI hRdayAniki daggaragA, AptaMgA, tanaki iddAmanI marennO
chebudAmanI, cheppukuMdAmanI. aMdukE, ika sAyaMtraM

A udyAnavanaMlO rAlatAyi tana kanureppalu aSruvulatO
achchaMgA gAli lEka vaDali, nI arachEyi tAkagAnE
kOTulOnE viDivaDi rAlipOyina pUrEkula vale-

(03-12-2012)

pUrtigA #»

vyAsAlu

udyOgaparvamu – rAyabArAlu

mahAkaviki tana pratibhA vyutpattulanu samagraMgA pradarSiMchaTAniki tagina vastuvu labhiMchaDaM atani adRshTaM. kavi goppatanaM ataDu svIkariMchina vastuvu mIda, tannirvahaNa vidhAnaM mIda AdhArapaDi uMTuMdi. savyasAchi astrakaLAkauSalAniki, bhujabalOdrEka vilAsOnnatiki gAMDIvaM labhiMchinaTlu tikkana pratibhA vyutpattulaku, kAvyaSilpa kaLApAragatvAniki tagina bhArataM kathAvastuvugA labhiMchaTaM atani bhAgyaviSEshaM.

bhArata rachanalO kavibrahma tanaku gala rAjanItivEtRtvAnni, yuddhakaLA parichayAnni, vEdAMta vidyAvaiSAradyAnni, kUlaMkashamaina sarvaSAstra pAMDityAnni, asAdhAraNamaina laukika j~nAnasaMpadanu pradarSiMchaTAniki tagina avakASaM dorikiMdi. mukhyaMgA virATOdyOga parvAlalO ataDu chUpiMchina kAvyaSilpa vaibhavaM, rAjanIti SAstra vaidushyaM advitIyamu, anitarasAdhyamu. hRdayAhlAdakaramu, Urjitamu, nAnArasAbhyudayOllAsi ayina katha virATa parvaMlO uMdi. kAvyakaLAjanibhUmi yaina kavibrahma tanakunna kAvyaSilpa kaLApAragatvAnni samagraMgA pradarSiMchaTAniki A kathalO avakASaM dorikiMdi. ma~ri udyOga parvaMlO aTTi manOharamaina katha lEdu. asalI parvaMlO kathaku prAdhAnyaM mikkili takkuva. upAkhyAnAlanu tolagiMchi chUstE dInilOni pradhAna kathAvastuvu drupada purOhituni, saMjayuni, kRshNuni rAyabArAlE. I mUDu rAyabArAllO unna kathanu mUDu mukkalalO tElchi cheppavachchani vimarSakula abhiprAyaM. “chinna nATi nuMchI kauravulu pAMDavula mIda pagabUni vArinennO kashTAla pAlu chESAru. vATinanniMTini sahiMchi SAMtAtmulaina pAMDavulu tama rAjyabhAgaM tama kichchinaTlayitE saMdhi kAgaladani saMdESa maMputunnAru. alA ichchi saMdhi chEsukOvaDaM kaMTE nyAyamEmunnadi? ” drupada purOhituDu cheppinA, saMjayuDu cheppinA, kRshNuDu cheppinA, chivaraku bhIshma drONa vidura dhRtarAshTrAdulu cheppinA vishayamidE. iMtamaMdi okE vishayAnni cheppitE adi punarukti avutuMdi. alA punarukti kAkuMDA, utkaMTha kaligistU vishaya vivaraNa chEyaTaM lOnE kavibrahma pratibha, ananya sAmAnyamaina vastu saMvidhAna naipuNyaM manaku gOcharistAyi.

‘udyOga’ SabdAniki prayatnamani arthaM. prayatnamu saMdhikA? samarAnikA? annadi praSna. I reMTikI aniyE cheppavalasi uMTuMdi. saMdhi samara prayatnAlu eppuDU EkakAlaM lOnE jaragaTaM sahajaM. samara prayatnAlu saMpUrNaMgA chEsukoni, tama sthitini balaparchukunna taruvAtanE saMdhi prayatnAlu prAraMbhiMchaTaM nEDu kUDA manaM chUstUnE unnAM. #Speak from strength# annadi nETikI rAjanIti SAstraMlO pradhAna vishayaM gAnE uMdi. adE vidhaMgA udyOga parvaMlO kUDA samara prayatnAlu pUrti ayina taruvAtanE saMdhi prayatnAlu prAraMbha mainAyi. ayitE samara prayatnAlu bayaTiki kanapaDakuMDA nigUDhaMgA, samarthaMgA sAgutU uMDagA, saMdhi prayatnAlu mAtraM lOkaMlO bahuLa prachAraM poMdutAyi. adE vidhaMgA, bhArataMlO kUDA samara prayatnAla prAdhAnyaM bayaTiki kanapaDakuMDA, saMdhi prayatnAlE vistRtaMgA varNiMpa baDaTaM gamaniMpa dagina viSEshaM. saMdhi prayatnAlu virivigA jariginA, A prayatnAlu chEsina vArevvarU saMdhi kAgaladanna viSvAsaMtO chEsina vAru kAru. aMdarU adharmAnni eduTivAripai neTTi tAmu dharmamArga vartulamani nirUpiMchukOvaTAniki mAtramE prayatnaM chESAru. udyOga parvaM lOni rAyabArAlani pariSIliMchi chUstE I vishayaM viSadamavutuMdi. aMduchEta saMdhi prayatnAlu samara prayatnAlaki balAnni chEkUrchEvi mAtramE kAvaDaM chEta udyOga SabdAniki samarOdyOgaM gAnE vimarSakulu arthaM cheppAru. tikkana kUDA I parvAnni samarOdyOga parvaM gAnE bhAviMchADanaTAniki aMtaraMga sAkshyAdhArAlu taruvAti parvAlalO labhistAyi.

abhimanyuni vivAhAniki vachchina rAjulaMdaritO niMDina sabhalO SrIkRshNuDu chEsina upanyAsaMtO udyOga parvaM prAraMbhamavutuMdi. I upanyAsaM udyOga parva kathAvidhAnAniki bIjaprAyamainadani cheppavachchu. I parva paramArthamaina saMdhi samara prayatnAla prAdhAnyaM sUchana prAyaMgA iMdulO pratipAdiMchaTaM jarigiMdi. upanyAsAnni konasAgistU, “alaghu bala vikramOdAttulakainA balamu lEka anaMtamulagu Satru sainyamulanu geluva vaSamA?” ani praSniMchutUnE dAniki samAdhAnaMgA, “bhUvallabhakOTi yichaTa prOvagu,” aMTADu SrIkRshNuDu. pAMDavulaku tODupaDE rAjulanaMdarini pilipiMchAlani, samara sannAhAlu churukugA sAgiMchAlani iMdulO dhvanirUpaMgA sUchiMchaDaM jarigiMdi. pidapa saMdhi prayatnAla vishayaM prastAvistU, “ediri mata me~rugaka yeTTi kArya niSchayamu sEya veravu gAdu; kAvuna niyyavavasaramuna tagina mAnisi naMdulaku puchchavalayu” nani kAryavidhAnAnni nirNayiMchADu. udyOga parvaM lOni paramArthamani cheppadagina saMdhi, samara prayatnAlanu sUchyaMgA, sUtraprAyaMgA SrIkRshNuDu tana upanyAsaMlO pratipAdiMchADu. A sUtrAnni grahiMchi vayOj~nAna vRddhuDaina drupaduDu tamaku tODpaDE rAjulaMdari daggaraku dUtala naMpE vishayAlanu nirdhAraNa chEsi, kauravasabhaku veLLE rAyabArigA tana purOhituDini nirNayiMchADu. I kArya vidhAnAnni AmOdiMchi achchaTi rAjulaMdarU samara sannAhAlu chEyaTAniki tama tama paTTaNAlaku prayANamayyAru. pAMDavula samara prayatnAla chaMdaM vinna duryOdhanuDu kUDA baMdhumitrulayina rAjulatO samara sannAhAlu churukugA sAgiMchADu. I vidhaMgA ubhaya kaTakAllOnu samarOdyOgaM mummuraMgA sAgutunna samayaMlO dharmarAju anumatitO pAMchAlapati tana purOhituni kauravula daggaraku rAyabArigA paMpaTAniki sabhaku rappiMchADu.

vayOj~nAna vRddhuDaina tana purOhitunilO dUtaku kAvalasina lakshaNAlannI unnavani drupaduni bhAvaM. purOhituDu ataniki hituDu. mukhyaMgA rAyabAri tananu paMpEvAni hitaM trikaraNa SuddhigA kOrAli. aMtE kAka rAyabAra kAryaM mikkili klishTamainadi. A kArya nirvahaNa keMtO chAkachakyaM, praj~nAprAbhavaM kAvAli. eTTi vishayAnnayinA eduTi vAri manassu nochchukOkuMDA cheppE nErpu avasaraM. eMta matimaMtuDainA chaturavachana kOviduDainA, samayaj~nata, parEMgita j~nAnaM dUtaku kAvalasina mukhya guNAlu. vITiki AbhijAtya gauravaM mariMta vanne peDutuMdi. I lakshaNAlannI tana purOhitunilO unnavani drupaduDu sabha lOnE cheppaTaM jarigiMdi. ayitE, drupaduDu saMdhi kAgaladanE ASAbhAvaM tOnE I rAyabArini paMputunnADA? I purOhituDu kaurava sabhalO E kAryAnni, E paddhatilO sAdhiMchAlani pAMchAlapati ASiMchADu? I rAyabAri dvArA paMpina saMdESa mEmiTi? anE praSnalanu pariSIlistE I purOhituni rAyabAraM lOni AMtaryaM manaku chakkagA arthamavutuMdi. kauravulatO saMdhi kAgaladanna viSvAsaM drupadunaku lEdu. “ellabhaMgula saMgaraMbu kAgala yadi,” ani atani niSchitAbhiprAyamulu. “na kasyAMchi davasthAyAM dAsyaMti vairAjyaM,” kauravuleTTi sthiti lOnu rAjyabhAga mIyaru ani atani talaMpu. E vidhaM gAnU rAjyabhAga mIyani kauravula daggaraku rAyabAraM paMpaDaM dEniki? okavELa rAyabAri veLLinA ataDu sAdhiMchukoni rAvalasina panulEmiTi? anE praSnalu kalagaTaM sahajaM. vITiki samAdhAnaMgA drupaduDu tana purOhituDu rAyabArigA veLLi sAdhiMchukuni rAvalasina kAryAlanu reMDugA nirdESiMchADu. aMdu modaTidi kaurava pakshaM lOni vIrula manassulu pAMDava pakshaM vaipuku maralETaTlu chEyaTaM. reMDavadi avatali pakshaM lOni vAri chittavRttulu telisikoni rAvaTaM. vyAsa bhArataMlO drupadu DASiMchina prayOjanAlu vITiki iMchuka bhinnaMgA uMTAyi. kaurava pakshaM lOni amAtyullO, yOdhullO bEdhaM puTTiMchaTaM, vAri samara sannAhAlanu ChinnAbhinnaM chEyaTaM, koMta kAla makkaDE uMDi vAri samara prayatnAlu sAgakuMDA chEsi, A samayaMlO pAMDavulaku sainya samIkaraNaku, dravya saMchayAniki avakASaM kaligiMchaTaM, drupaduDI rAyabAraM nuMchi ASiMchina prayOjanAlugA mUlaMlO cheppabaDDAyi. I vishayAlu gOpyaMgA uMchadaggavE kAnI vAchyaM chEyaTaM uchitaM gAnu udAttaM gAnu uMDakapOgA A kRtyaM kuTila rAjataMtra mavutuMdi. aMduchEta, kavibrahma I rAyabAra saMdarbhAnni koMta varaku mArchi tana anuvAdAniki merugulu diddukunnADu.

drupaduDu tana kappagiMchina rAyabAra kAryAnni purOhituDu E vidhaMgA nirvahiMchADO pariSIliMchavalasi uMdi. itaDu hastinApuriki chErE samayAniki ubhaya pakshAlalOnu samara sannAhAlu pUrti ayinavi. aMTE samara prayatnAlu saMpUrNaMgA chEsikonna taruvAtanE saMdhi prayatnAlu prAraMbhiMchabaDaDaM gamaniMpadagina viSEshaM. purOhituDu dhRtarAshTra, dhArtarAshTra, bhIshma, drONa, kRpAdi pradhAna purushula naMdarinI vAri vAri maMdirAlalOnE darSiMchi vAri vAri chittavRttulanu chakkagA AkaLiMpu chEsikonna taruvAtanE kauravasabhalO rAyabAra kAryAnni naDapaTAniki pUnukunnADu. modaTa kauravula valana pAMDavulu paDina kashTAlanu sabhyula manassula kekkETaTlu cheppi, dhRtarAshTruni uddESiMchi, “dInikella niyyakoniye nI peddarAju nEmana@Mga nErtu,” ani kosamerupugA palukutADu. dushkRtAla kanniMTiki vRddharAju sammati kaladani mukhaM mIdE kuMDa braddalu koTTinaTlu cheppaDaM jarigiMdi. taruvAta draupadI parAbhavAnni, araNya, aj~nAtavAsa klESAlanu smaristU inni kashTAla nanubhaviMcha galigina pAMDavulu kauravulatO saMdhi gAviMchukuni jIviMchE kashTAnni bhariMchalErA? ani cheppaTaMlO pAMDavula kashTasahishNuta, samayapAlana buddhi, vaMSagauravaM, hRdayaunnatyaM – ityAdi sadguNAlanu kauravula durguNAlatO tulanAtmakaMgA chUpistU sabhyula manassulu pAMDavula vaipu maralETaTlu mATlADatADu. chivaraku, “kauravula vRttamu, pAMDavula vartanamu te~ragu mAtsaryaM lEkuMDA pariSIliMchi dhRtarAshTrunaku gAravamuna buddhi cheppagA dagunu mIku,” ani cheppaDaMtO purOhituni rAyabAra nirvahaNa chAturyaM parAkOTi kekkiMdi. kurusabhalO dhRtarAshTruni ilA kAdu alA ani diddi cheppagalavADu bhIshmu DokkaDE. pitR dhanamaina rAjyabhAgAnni pAMDavula kichchi dhRtarAshTruDu vArini tana koDukula valenE chUchukOvalanani kartavyAnni upadESistUnE gAMgEyuDu, alA chEyakapOtE kavvaDi kOpAni kIlOkaMlO evvarU AgalErani palukutADu. arjununi tribhuvanaikadhanvigA pogaDina bhIshmuni mATalaku kOpiMchina karNuDu pAMDavulu samayAnni atikramiMchi rAjyabhAgAnni aDagaDamE tappani, rAjulanu kUrchukoni ettivachchinaMta mAtrAna kururAju bhayapaDi rAjyabhAgamistADA? aMTU saMdhi prayatnAlanu bhagnaM chEyaTAniki pUnukuMTADu. I mATalaku kaTakaTapaDDa gaMgAnaMdanuDu karNuni tIvraMgA maMdaliMchutADu. kurusabhalO vAtAvaraNaM mAripOsAgiMdi. drupada purOhituni rAyabAra prayOjanAniki anuguNaMgAnE sabhalOni kArya vidhAnaM pariNamistunnadi. karNa gAMgEyulu vivAdaM lOniki diginAru. krama kramaMgA gurukRpAdulu, duryOdhanAdulu A vAgvAdaM lOniki digE avakASaM lEkapOlEdu. A koluvukUTaM kalahakUTaMgA mArE sthiti eMtO dUraMlO lEdu. praj~nA chakshuvaina dhRtarAshTruDu purOhituni rAyabAraM lOni AMtaryAnni iTTE pasigaTTi paristhiti vishamiMchaka muMdE atanini hastinApuri nuMDi sAdaraMgA sAganaMpAlani talaMchinADu. gAMgEyuni bhaktitO anunayiMchi, karNuni maMdaliMchi, purOhitunitO, “nEnu, baMdhuvulu, maMtrulu, peddalu AlOchiMchi prajalaMdaraku prIti kaligETaTlu saumyuDaina vAnini biDDalaina pAMDavula daggaraku paMputAnu,” ani ataniki vIDkOlu cheppinADu. I vidhaMgA udyOga parvaMlO purOhituni rAyabAraM mugisiMdi. I rAyabArAnni paMpETappuDu drupadu DASiMchina prayOjanAlannI pUrtigA chEkUrinavani cheppaDaMlO saMdEhaM lEdu. kaurava pakshaM lOni pradhAna purushula chitta vRttulanu purOhituDu chakkagA arthaM chEsukunnADu. bhIshmAdula manassulu pAMDavula vaipuku vrAlE vidhaMgA kauravula sabhalO rAyabAra kAryAnni naDipiMchADu. karNa gAMgEyula vAgvivAdaM valana pradhAna yOdhulalO elA bhEdaM kaligiMchinADO kUDA spashTamavutUnE uMdi. I rAyabAraM valana drupaduDu EyE prayOjanAlu sAdhiMchavalenani ASiMchinADO Avi annI kUDA nUTiki nUrupALLu sAdhiMpabaDinavani I rAyabArAnni pariSIlistE vidita mavutuMdi.

saumyunokkani pAMDavula daggaraku paMpagalanani dhRtarAshTruDu purOhitunitO cheppaTaM jarigiMdi. A saumyuDE taruvAta saMjayu DayyADu. dhRtarAshTruDu saMjayuni E sthitilO eMduku rAyabArigA paMpinADO pariSIlistE gAni saMjaya rAyabAraM lOni AMtaryaM sariggA arthaM kAdu. vipruni rAyabAraM taruvAta dhRtarAshTruDu klishTa paristhiti nedurukonavalasi vachchiMdi. tama rAjyabhAgaM lEkuMDA pAMDavulu saMdhi kaMgIkariMcharanE vishayaM spashTamayiMdi. vAriki pAlu paMchi ivvaTaMlO tana mATa eTlunnA dAniki duryOdhanu DaMgIkariMchaDu. koDuku mATa kedurADE sAmarthyaM vRddharAjuku lEdu. dhRtarAshTruDu putravyAmOha pIDituDu. atilObha dUshituDu. aTTivADu pAMDavulaku rAjyabhAgamistADA? pAlu paMchi ivvakapOtE yuddhamu jarugaka tappadu. yuddhamE saMbhavistE guru bhIshmAdula valana tamakE vijayamu chEkUragaladanna ASa yokavaipu, bhImArjunula keduru niluchu prativIrulu lEranna bhayaM oka vaipu, atanni saMdEhAMdOLita manaskunigA chESAyi. aMduchEta pAMDavulaku bhAga mIyakuMDA, yuddhamu rAkuMDA uMDE mArgAnni AlOchiMchaDaM modalu peTTADu. tama bhAgAnni poMdakuMDA pAMDavu lUrukOru. EDakshauhiNula sainyAnni kUrchukoni ettirAvaTAniki siddhaMgA unnAru. iTTi sthitilO pAMDavulu rAjyabhAgaM lEkuMDA yuddhaM mAnivEsE paddhatilO kAryAnni sAdhiMchukuni rAgaligina samarthuni rAyabArigA paMpavalenani dhRtarAshTruDu yOchiMchinADu. aTTivADu evvarannadi praSna. gurubhIshmAdulu yuddha taMtra pravINulE gAni saMdhikArya nirvahaNa chaturulu gAru. aMtEkAka tana kauTilyAni kaMgIkariMchEvAru kAru. ataniki tODu nIDala lAgA bahi@h prANAlavale saMchariMchE vAriddarunnAru; viduruDu, saMjayuDu. viduruDu samasta kaurava sAmrAjyAniki sachivuDu. iMka saMjayuDA dhRtarAshTrunaku AMtaraMgika sachivuDu. vIriddarU mahArAju manOgatini pUrtigA arthaM chEsukunnavAru. samasta SAstra pAraMgatulu. rAjanIti duraMdharulu. charara vachO nipuNulu. praj~nAvaMtulu. rAjakArya nirvahaNa dakshulu. vIriddarU rAyabAra kArya nirvahaNa samarthulE. I vishayAnnE saMjaya rAyabAraM taruvAta dharmarAju saMjayunitO, “nIvu, viduruDu gAka I rAyabArAnni naDapagala samarthu DiMkokaDunnADA?” aMTADu. ayitE viduruni vadali saMjayunE eMduku rAyabArigA ennukOvaTaM jarigiMdi? rAjyabhAgaM lEkuMDA pAMDavulanu yuddhamu mAnipiMchE saMdhi paddhati kauTilyaMtO kUDiMdi. dharma pakshapAti ayina viduruDE rAyabAri ayitE A saMdhi saMdESaM lOni kauTilyAnni sabha lOnE bayaTapeTTi uMDEvADu. viduruDu dhRtarAshTrunaku tammuDu – AptuDu, sachivuDu. annaku I tammunipai eMtO pratyayaM. I tammuniki annapai eMtO gauravamu, aMtaku miMchina chanuvu. anna AlOchana adharma mArgaMlO sAgitE veMTanE sarididdE chanuvu viduruniki uMdi. aMduchEta dhRtarAshTruDu kapaTaMtO kUDini I rAyabAra kAryanirvahaNa bhArAnni tananu chakkagA arthaM chEsukoni, mAru mATADakuMDA trikaraNa SuddhigA prabhukArya sAphalyAniki prayatniMchE chaturatAnidhiyaina saMjayunaku appagiMchaDAnikE niSchayiMchukunnADu.

drupada purOhituDu tirigi vachchi tana rAyabAra viSEshAlanu pAMDavulaku nivEdiMchADu. A taruvAta dhRtarAshTruDu saMjayuni rAyabArigA paMpaTAniki niMDu koluvuku rappiMchADu. saMskRta bhArataMlO dhRtarAshTruDu tana saMbhAshaNa maMtA saMjayu nuddESiMchi chEyagA telugu bhArataMlO adhika bhAgaM sabha nuddESiMchi chEyaTaM gamaniMpa dagina viSEshaM. sabhaku vachchina saMjayunitO ilA aMTADu kururAju:

pAMDu narapAla sutu lupaplAvyamunaku
vachchi yunnAru nIvEgi vAsudEva
sahitamuga vAri@M gani tadvivAda mEmi
bhaMgi mAnu nammeyi daga@M baluka valayu.

pUrtigA #»

vAsakasajjika, virahOtkaMThita

saMskRtamulO atipUrvakAlamu nuMDiyu anEka sAhityaSAstragraMthamulu velasinavi. vInilO kavi, kAvyalakshaNamulu, nAyikAnAyaka lakshaNamulu, rasacharcha, alaMkAramulu, kAvyaguNadOshavichAramulu munnagunavi charchiMpabaDinavi. iTuvaMTi graMthamulalO bharatamuni nATyaSAstra matipurAtanamainadi. nATyaSAstramulO nATyanATaka lakshaNaprastAvanalO nivi viSlEshiMpabaDinanu, SravyakAvyamulakunu I lakshaNamulu vartiMchuTachE, taruvAta eMdarO saMskRtalAkshaNikulu anEka sAhitya SAstragraMthamulalO nIvishayamulanu vivariMchinAru. telugulO niTlu velasina graMthamulalO 14va SatAbdiki jeMdina vinnakOTa peddana kAvyAlaMkArachUDAmaNi, 16va SatAbdiki jeMdina rAmarAjabhUshaNuni narasabhUpAlIyamanabaDu kAvyAlaMkArasaMgrahamu suprasiddhamulu.

kAvyarasamulalO SRMgAramunu rasarAjamugA lAkshaNiku laMgIkariMchiyuMDuTa sarvajanaviditamE. iTTi SRMgArarasamunaku AlaMbanamulu nAyikAnAyakulu.

nAyikAnAyakula yokka chakshushprIti, manassaMgamulavalla kalugu manOvikAramE rUDhamai SRMgArarasamugA pariNamiMchunu. dIniki parisaramulaMdali surabhiLAnila suMdarOdyAna chaMdrikAdisannivESamulunu, parasparAbhihitamaina AhAryAMgahAra chEshTAdulunu uddIpakamulugA lAkshaNikulu gurtiMchinAru. ivanniyu anuraktulaina nAyikAnAyakula anubhavamaM dunnavE. vIninE lAkshaNikulu siddhAMtIkariMchinAru. nAyikAvishayaprasaktilO Asaktikaramaina vishayamu ashTavidhaSRMgAra nAyikAvargIkaraNamu. idi nAyikA tAtkAlika manOdharma vargIkaraNamE kAni, nAyikAprakRti vargIkaraNamu kAdu. anagA okE nAyika tattatkAlamanOdharmamu nanusariMchi, I ashTavargamulalO EdO yoka vargamunaku cheMdi yuMDunanuTa. kAvyAlaMkArasaMgrahamulO I SRMgAranAyikala lakshaNamu liTlu cheppabaDinavi:

sI.varu@MDu kaivasamaina vanita svAdhInabha
#          #;rtRka
; priyAgamavELa gRhamu@M,danuvu
#     #;savariMchu niMti vAsakasajja; patirAka
#          #;taDavuMDa nutkaMTha@M dAlchuniMti
#     #virahOtka; saMkEta marasi, nAthu@MDu lEmi
#          #;vesa nArtayau kAMta vipralabdha;
#     #;vibhu@MDanyasati@M boMdi vE@Mkuva rA@M guMdu
#          #;nabala khaMDita; yalka nadhipu@M degaDi

gI. anuSayamu@M jeMdu sati kalahAMtarita; ni
#     # jESu@MDu vidESagatu@MDaina@M gRSata@M dAlchu
#     # nativa prOshitapatika; kAMtAbhisaraNa
#     # SIla yabhisArikAkhyayai cheluvu me~rayu.

(arthamu sulabhamu; anuSayamu=paSchAttApamu)

pai padyamulO I ashTavidhanAyikala pErlu sAMdrAksharamulatO gurtiMpabaDinavi. IlakshaNamulu gala ashTavidhanAyikASilpamulu konni prasiddha dEvAlayamulalO nunnavi. nA mahASilpijakkanakAvyamulOnu jakkanAchAryuDu nirmiMchina vasaMtamaMDapamaMdali Silpamula varNanalO InAyikala prastAvana yunnadi:

sI. kanusannala nmela@Mgu kAMtuMDu kaDanuMDa
#           # manamaMdu nuppoMgu maguva nokaTa,
#     # vibhu@M DEgudeMchu nA vELakuM doDi, sejja
#           # saMsiddhamonariMchu chAna nokaTa,
#     # vELakun rAkunna vibhunikai manamaMdu@M
#           # baritapiMchuchu nunna pramada nokaTa,
#     # saMkEtamula@M gAMchi svAmi tanuvaMdu@M bola
#           # yalkatO@M bati dU~ru nativa nokaTa,
#     # AshADhamAsAna nanyadESasthu@MDagu
#           # patineMchi kRSiyiMchu paDa@Mti nokaTa,
#     # praNayakOpaMbuchE vallabhuni neDasEsi
#           # virahaMbuchE@M guMdu taruNi nokaTa,

tE. eduTa naTiyiMchu mallika hRdayamaMdu@M
#     # bodala@MjEsina mUrtula@M bodala@MjEsi
#     # ~rAtiyaMduna rachiyiMche nAta@MDepuDu
#     # kshatini gananaTTi SRMgArakAvya machaTa. (mahASilpijakkanacharitramu 4-73)

iTlu prasiddhurAMDraina SRMgAranAyikalalO vAsakasajjika, virahOtkaMThitalanugu~riMchi kriMda koMta viSlEshiMtunu. aMtamuna vAri manOdharmamulanu pratibiMbiMchunaTlugA nEnu vrAsina gItamunu SravyamAdhyamamulO pradarSiMtunu. idiyE IvyAsamuyokka ASayamu.

vAsakasajjika

priyAgamanavELAyAM maNDayantI muhurmuhu@h|
kELIgRhaM tathAtmAnaM sA syAdvAsakasajjikA||

ani vidyAnAthuni ‘pratAparudrIyamu’lO vAsakasajjikA lakshaNanirdESamu. pratAparudrIyamunE anusariMchina rAmarAjabhUshaNuni ‘priyAgamavELa gRhamu@M,danuvu savariMchu niMti vAsakasajja’ anu nirvachanamu dIniki samamuganE yunnadi. ‘vAsakaM vAsasthAnaM sajjayatIti vAsakasajjA’ aniyu, ‘vAsakE sajjA kRtamaMDanA’ aniyu vAsakasajjApadamunaku gala vyutpattu lInirvachanamunu samarthiMchuchunnavi. kAni ‘strINAM vArastu vAsaka@h ’ aniyu nunnadi. ‘strIni kalisikonuTaku purushuDErparachukonna vAramu vAsakamu’ ani dIni karthamu. idi IkAlamunaMdali ‘#Date’# vaMTidi. pUrvamu rAjAdidhanavaMtulaku bahubhArya luMDuTachE vArilO koMdaru strIlanu vAru konni nirNIta vAramulalO kalisikoneDivAru. aTTi vAramE vAsakamu. A vAsakamunaMdu alaMkariMchukoni siddhamugA nuMDu nAyika ‘vAsakasajja (sajjika)’ ani pratAparudrIyavyAkhyAtalaina kumArasvAmiprabhRtulu ma~roka arthamunu telpinAru. sarvaj~na siMgabhUpAluDu rasArNavasudhAkaramulO tanadaina IkriMdi SlOkamunu vAsakasajjika kudAharaNamugA nichchinADu.

kELIgEhaM lalitaSayanaM bhUshitaM chAtmadEhaM
darSaM darSaM dayitapadavIM sAdaraM vIkshamANA|
kAmakrIDAM manasi vividhAM bhAvinIM kalpayantI
sAraMgAkshI raNaraNikayA ni@hSvasantI samAstE||

tAtparyamu: priyuDu tanagRhamunaku vachchu vELa yainadi. Asamayamunaku nAyika tana kELIgRhamunu, lalitamaina (mettanaina, aMdamaina) tana Sayyanu, tananu alaMkariMchukoninadi. EMtO AdaraMtO (anurAgaMtO) mATimATiki (darSaM darSaM) atani dArikEsi chUstU saMprAptamayyE vividhakAmakrIDalanu gu~riMchi manassulO UhistU, utkaMThatO (raNaraNikayA) ni@hSvasistU uMDipOyinadi.

IkriMdi padyaMlO rAmarAjabhUshaNuDu puralakshmiki vAsakasajjikAtvamu nApAdistU tana kAvyAlaMkArasaMgrahamulO chakkani udAharaNamu nichchinADu.

cha. yavanachamUsamUhamula nAji jayiMchi, yudagradigjayO
#     #;tsavavibhavAbhirAmu@MDayi sAreku nObayanArasiMhabhU
#     #;dhavu@M DarudeMchulagnamuna@M datpuralakshmi vibhUshitOllasa
#     #;dbhavana viSEshayai mRgamadadravavAsana@M dAlchu nichchalun.

turushkasEnAsamUhamulanu yuddhamulO jayiMchi, digvijayavibhUshaNuDaina nObaLanarasiMharAju vachchu sumuhUrtamunaku Atani puralakshmi bhavanamu(la)nalaMkariMchukoni, kastUrIsugaMdhayutayai mustAbayi yuMDenani puralakshmiki rAmarAjabhUshaNuDu vAsakasajjikAtvamu nApAdiMchinADu. iTlu SRMgAranAyikAtvamunu ramyamugA nAtaDu jaDamulakunu vistariMchinADu.

virahOtkaMThita

anAgasi priyatamE chirayatyutsukA tu yA|
virahOtkaMThitA bhAvavEdibhi@h sA samIritA||

ani rasArNavasudhAkaramulO virahOtkaMThitAlakshaNamu galadu. ‘patirAka taDavuMDa nutkaMTha@M dAlchuniMti virahOtka’ yanu nirvachanamu dIniki samamugAnE yunnadi. gRhamunu, dEhamunu chakkagA nalaMkariMchukoni, chelikattelatO nAyakuni guNagaNamulanu muchchaTiMchuchu, atani rAkakai eduruchUchunaTTi vAsakasajjika, ataDeMtakAlamunakunu rAkapOvuTachE nutkaMThApUritayai, atani virahamunu sahiMpalEka virahOtkaMThita yagunu. iTlI ubhayanAyikala mana@hsthitulaku svAbhAvikamaina pAraMparyamunnadi. vichitramunu ujjvalamaina vEshamu, AnaMdamutO vikasiMchina mukhamu, adhikamainaSObha – vInitO gUDi vAsakasajjika tana yavastha nabhinayiMchavalenani bharatuDu cheppinADu. aTlE chiMta, niSSvAsamu, khEdamu, sakhIsaMlApamu, glAni, dainyamu, aSrupAtamu, rOshamu, bhUshaNatyAgamu, rOdanAdulatO virahOtkaMThita tana yavastha nabhinayiMchavalenani bharatuDu telpinADu.

saMskRtamulO amarukaSatakamu, pushpabANavilAsamu,gItagOviMdamu munnagu uttama praNayEtivRtta samanvitamulagu graMthamulu I SRMgAra nAyikala avasthalanu chakkagA varNiMchuchunnavi. udAharaNaku pushpabANavilAsamulOni virahOtkaMThitavarNana:

sAsrE mAkuru lOchanE vigaLati nyastaM SalAkA~njanaM
tIvraM niSvasitaM nivartaya navA stAmyanti kaMThasraja@h,
talpE mAluTha kOmalAMgi!tanutAM hantA~mgarAgOఽSnutE
nAtItO dayitOpayAnasamayO mAsmAnyathA manyathA@h||

oka nAyika vAsakasajjayai gRhamunu, tananu, Sayyanu chakkagA nalaMkariMchukoninadi. priyunikai vEchinadi. kAni ataDeMtakunu rAlEdu. appuDAme kadhikasaMtApamu, kalavaramu kaliginadi. tatphalamugA aSrunayanayai, niTTUrpulanu nigiDiMchuchu talpamuna@M boralasAginadi. iTlu virahOtkaMThitayaina yAmenu vAriMchuchu chelikatte iTlu palkinadi: ‘kOmalAMgi= O sukumArI ! lOchanE sAsrE mAkuru= kannulalO kannIru gArchakumu, nyastaM =peTTa@MbaDina, SalAkA~njanaM=pulakatO (nAjUkugA) dIrchina kATuka, vigaLati= karagipOvuchunnadi; tIvraM= adhikamaina, niSvasitaM=niTTUrpunu, nivartaya=ma~raliMpumu (vIDumu), navA@h =krottanaina (appuDE kOyuTavalla misamisalADuchunna), kaMThasraja@h= meDalOni pUdaMDalu, tAmyanti=vADipOvuchunnavi; talpE=pAnpunaMdu, mAluTha=poralakumu, hanta=ayyO, a~mgarAga@h= maipUta (#makeup),# tanutAM=paluchadanamunu; aSnutE=poMduchunnadi; dayitOpayAnasamaya@h= priyAgamanavELa, na atIta@h= (iMkanu) mI~ri pOlEdu, anyathA=vE~ruvidhamugA, mAsma manyathA@h =talaMpakumu (chiMtiMpakumu).’

idi chAlA aMdamaina SlOkamu. iMdulO sukumAri anunadi sAbhiprAyapadamu. bharatuDu cheppinaTuvaMTi virahOtkaMThitAlakshaNamu lISlOkamulO pushkalamugA nunnavi. chivarigA rasabhAvAnu kUlamugA ToraMTOlOni SrImati charla ratnaSAstrigAru pADina matkRtamaina yIkriMdipATalO, mustAbu chEsikoni, kELIgRhamu nalaMkariMchu koni sarvasannaddhayai vAsakasajjikayaina gOpika SrIkRshNunikai vEchi, vEsAri, virahOtkaMThitayai, khinnayai, rOshamutO tana yavasthanu chelitO vinnaviMchukonuTa itivRttamugA nunnadi:

<><>

#(AbhErirAgaM, tryasragati)

pallavi:
eMta TakkarivADe I nallanayya
svAMtamellanu dOche, eMtakU rADayye
a.pallavi:
valapugoMTine chAla vanitarO nIyaMdu
toliyAmamuna vattu toMdariMpaku maniye |eMta Takkari|
charaNaM 1:
toliyAma mEgenu, maliyAma mEge
cheluvugA niMgilO velugulaM jiluku
kaluvarAyaDu nannu kalagiMche kalagiMche,
vala~rEDu tUpulaM ౙLipiMche ౙLipiMche. |eMta Takkari|
charaNaM 2:
pAnpupai jallina parimaLiMcheDu virulu
saurabhaMbunu bAyu samayaMbu vachche,
aMgamaM daladina aMgarAgaMbu
karagi chelvunu do~ragu kAlaMbu vachche |eMta Takkari|
charaNaM 3:
ElarA gOpAla! iMta jAgElarA?
bAsa chEsiyu rAka bAdhiMtu vElarA?
nIvalaputOTalO pUvUna nIrEyi
dapiyiMchu nIyiMtidarichEra vElarA? |eMta Takkari|
pUrtigA #»

rAgalahari: SivaraMjani

sinimA pATallO SivaraMjani rAgaM

  1. AkASadESAna AshADha mAsAna (mEghasaMdESaM)
  2. SrIrAmuni charitamunu telipedamammA (lavakuSa)
  3. vagala rANivi nIvE (baMdipOTu)
  4. nI cheMtE oka chaMchita uMTE (svarAbhishEkaM)
  5. SivaraMjani navarAgiNi (tUrpu-paDamara)
  6. pAliMchara raMgA paripAliMchara raMgA (vipranArAyaNa)
  7. abhinava tAravO (SivaraMjani, I pATa rAgamAlika)
  8. abbanI tiyyanI debba (jagadEkavIruDu – atilOkasuMdari)
  9. O priyA priyA (gItAMjali)
  10. hiMdI sinimA pATallO:

  11. mErE nainA sAvan (meh^bUbA)
  12. jAnE kahA gayE (mErA nAM jOkar)
  13. bahArOM phUl barsAvO (sUraj)
  14. terE merE bIch^mE kaisA e baMdhan (ek dUjE kE liyE)

SivaraMjani rAgAniki oka pratyEkata uMdi. SAstrIya saMgItaMtO EmAtraM parichayaM lEnivAru kUDA koMcheM sulabhaMgA gurtu paTTagaligE rAgaM SivaraMjani. ImATa lO rAgalahari SIrshikalO moTTamodaTagA parichayaM chEsina mOhana rAgAniki SivaraMjani rAgAniki svaraparaMgA chAlA pOlikalu unnAyi! mOhana rAgaMlO tIvra gAMdhArAniki badulugA kOmala (sAdhAraNa) gAMdhAraM vADitE adi SivaraMjani rAgaM avutuMdi. mOhana rAgaM lAgA SivaraMjani rAgaM kUDA auDava rAgaM; aMTE, ArOhaNalOnU, avarOhaNalOnU aidu svarAlu mAtramE upayOgiMchE rAgaM. SivaraMjani rAgaMlO nishiddha svarAlaina madhyamaM, nishAdhaM svarAlu vADinaTlaitE adi miSra-SivaraMjani rAgaM avutuMdi.

karuNa, vishAda rasAlani bAgA pOshiMchagala SivaraMjani rAgaM prAchuryaMlOki vachchiMdi gata Debbhai saMvatsarAlalOnE! karnATaka saMgItaMlO SivaraMjani anna rAgaM unnA, ikkaDa manaM cheppukuMTunna lalita saMgItaMlO (sinimA pATalatO sahA) virivigA upayOgiMchE aidu svarAla hiMdUstAnI SivaraMjani rAgAniki, karnATaka saMgItaMlO EDu svarAlu unna SivaraMjani rAgAniki eTuvaMTi saMbaMdhamu, pOlikalu lEvu. I vyAsaMlO SivaraMjani rAgaM aMTE, hiMdUstAnI rAgaM anE gamaniMchagalaru!

InADu bahuLa prachAraMlO unna SivaraMjani rAgAniki mUlaM hiMdUstAnI saMgItaMlO kAphI ThaTh (karnATaka saMgItaMlO kharaharapriya janyaM.)

chitramaina vishayaM EmiTaMTE, SivaraMjani rAgaM 1940va daSAbdaM nuMchE prAchuryaM lOki vachchiMdaTa#[1].# I rAgaM pADaTAniki, vinaTAniki rAtri maMchi samayaM. I rAgaM SOkarasAnni bAgA pOshistuMdi. saMgItaMlO mahA vidvAMsulainavAriki kUDA, mOhana rAgaMlOni tIvra (aMtara) gAMdhArAniki badulugA kOmala (sAdhAraNa) gAMdhArAnni vADaTaM valla ErpaDE SivaraMjani rAgaChchAyalO kanipiMchE anUhyamaina mArpu ippaTikI oka aMtuchikkani rahasyamE!

SivaraMjani rAgaMlO svarasthAnAlu

paina cheppinaTTu ArOhaNa – avarOhaNa, reMTilOnU aidu svarAlu unna rAgaM SivaraMjani.

sa, ri2, ga1, pa, da2 svarAlu SivaraMjanilO vADatAru. hiMdUstAnI saMgItaMlO, rAga lakshaNAnni vivariMchaTAniki oka paddhati upayOgistAru. I saMgItaMlO patri rAgaMlOnU reMDu svarAlanu ati mukhyamaina svarAlugA gurtistAru. modaTi mukhyamaina svarAnni vAdi ani, reMDava mukhyamaina svarAnni saMvAdi ani pilustAru. I rakaMgA rAgAnni vivariMchE paddhati hiMdUstAnI saMgItAnikE parimitaM. mana karnATaka saMgItaMlO I rakaMgA rAgAniki vivaraNa ivvaru. SivaraMjani rAgaMlO vAdi svaraM pa, saMvAdi svaraM sa.

I rAgAniki ArOhaNa, avarOhaNa I vidhaMgA uMTAyi.

ArOhaNa: sa ri ga pa – dha – sa (pai shaDjamaM)

avarOhaNa: sa (pai shaDjamaM) dha pa – ga #s –# ri sa #s

#pakaD svarAlu I vidhaMgA uMTAyi.

ga pa dha sa (pai shaDjamaM) – dha pa – ga #s# ri – sa


1. kIbOrD paina SivaraMjani

ikkaDa ichchina bommalO kIbOrD paina SivaraMjani rAgaM svarAlu elA palikiMchAlO teluputAyi. bommalO ichchina tella meTlu, nalla meTlu jAgrattagA gamaniMchaMDi. I meTla varasalu – tella meTTu, nalla meTTu, tella meTTu, nalla meTTu, tella meTTu, tella meTTu ilA unna meTla varasani mI kIbOrD mIda sarigA gurtiMchaMDi. I varusalO modaTi tella meTTuni sa- svaraMgA tIsukOMDi. bommalO cheppinaTTu I tella meTTu #C# skEl^ni sUchistuMdi. aMTE, mana bhAratIya saMgItaMlO okaTO Sruti anna mATa. oka sAri sa- svarAnni nirdhAriMchina taravAta, bommalO chUpinaTlu ri, ga, pa, dha svarAlanu gurtiMchi vATini palikistE SivaraMjani rAgaM gurtiMchinaTTE lekka. bommalO chUpina #G2# nEnu I vyAsaMlO cheppina ga1 – I reMDU okaTE! saMgItaM utsAhaMgA nErchukonE vArini prOtsahiMchaTaM kOsaM mAtramE I vivarAlu ikkaDa istunnA!

saMgItaMlO svarAlu – kIbOrD^pai palikiMchE vidhaM

chAlA maMdi autsAhikulu appuDappuDE saMgItaM nErchukuMTU, tAmu nErchukunna svarAlanu kIbOrD lEdA hArmOniyaM mIda palikiMchaTAniki prayatnistU uMTAru! vAriki sahAyapaDaTAniki ikkaDa cheppE nAlugu mATalu upayOgapaDatAyi. ikkaDa ichchina ichchina kIbOrD bommalO pUrtigA kIbOrD meTlu, vATiki saMdhAnamayyE svarAlu kanapaDatAyi.


2. kIbOrD svarAlu

kIbOrD kiMda varasalO nalla aksharAlu – #S R G m P D N# madhya sthAyilO svarAlanu sUchistAyi. iMdulO #S# annadi sa- svaraMgA okaTi SrutilO modalavutuMdi. I svara samudAyAniki eDamagA ‘#S ‘R ‘G ‘m ‘P ‘D ‘N# kanapaDEdi maMdrasthAyini, kuDi vaipugA kanapaDE #S’ R’ G’ m’ P’ D’ N’# svarasamudAyaM tArAsthAyini sUchistAyi. kIbOrD paina nalla aksharAlu #r g M d n# aksharAlu madhya sthAyilO kOmala svarAlanu (mA- svaraM mAtraM tIvra svaraM) sUchistAyi.

I vidhamaina svarAlanu vADitE, SivaraMjani rAgaM #S R g P D# svarAlatO palikiMcha vachchunanna mATa!

I kIbOrD meTlani annI varusagA vAyistE – sa, ri1, ri2, ga1, ga2, ma1, ma2, pa, dha1, dha2, ni1, ni2, sa (pai shaDjamaM) palukutAyi.

sinimA pATallO SivaraMjani rAgaM

pasupulETi ramEsh nAyuDu SivaraMjani rAgaMlO svaraparachina mUDu pATalu ikkaDa cheppukOTaM avasaraM. tUrpu – paDamara anna sinimAlO, SivaraMjanI, nava rAgiNI… anna pATa chAlA chakkagA I rAgaMlO ramEsh nAyuDu bANI kaTTagA, es. pi. bAlu pADAru. sAhityaM sinAre. I pATalO saMgIta-sAhityAla mElu kalayika rasikulanu AkaTTukuMTuMdi. aMta adbhutaMgAnu bAlu pADAru. SivaraMjani rAga lakshaNaM teliyAlaMTE I pATa ekkuva sArlu vinaMDi. SivaraMjani sinimA kOsaM ramEsh nAyuDu rAgamAlikagA bANI kaTTina pATa, abhinava tAravO… pATa modaTi charaNaM SivaraMjani rAgaMlO kaTTagA bAlU pADAru. I rAgamAlikalO sarasvati, kalyANi vaMTi itara rAgAlanu okkO charaNAniki ennukunnAru ramEsh nAyuDu. idi kUDA oka maMchi pATE!

aitE, mEghasaMdESaM sinimA kOsaM ramEsh nAyuDu bANI kaTTi jEsudAs chEta pADiMchina AkASa dESAna anna pATa guriMchi reMDu mukkalu cheppukOvAli. jAtIya puraskArAnni aMdukunna I pATaki sAhityAnni ichchina vETUri suMdararAmamUrtigAru svayaMgA, 2000 saMvatsaraMlO tAnA prAMtIya sabhalaku DAlas vachchinappuDu cheppina mATalivi. I pATa rikArDiMg saMdarbhaMgA vETUri sTUDiyOki veLLaTaM, akkaDa kanapaDDa ati takkuva ArkeshTrA guriMchi cheputU anna mATalivi. “sAdhAraNaMgA, pATa rikArD chEstunnappuDu dAdApu 100 maMdiki paigA unna vAyidyakArulatO saMgIta darSakuDu maMchi bANIlanu ivvaTaM manaM chUstAM. A rOju, sTUDiyOlO reMDu mUDu vayolin^lu, mUDu nAlugu vINalu, reMDu tabalA seTlu ilA oka 20 maMdiki miMchani ArkesTrA kanapaDiMdi. iMta takkuva vAyidya kArulatO elAMTi saMgIta sRshTi chEstArO ramEsh nAyuDu ani vEchi unnA! pATa modalavutUnE vachchE saMgItaM, EsudAsu goMtulO nEnu rAsina sAhityaM elA odigipOyAyaMTE, saMgIta sAhityAlaki chakkani mELaviMpu gala pATa sRshTi nA kaLLa muMdu jarigiMdi. aMta takkuva maMdi vAyidyakArulatO aMta chakkani bANI ivvagala ramEsh nAyuDugAri sAmardhyaM A rOju chUSAnu!

dakshiNa chalana chitra raMgaMlOki pravESiMchi, saMchalanaM sRshTiMchina ati koddi maMdi saMgIta darSakullO iLayarAjA vaMTi vAru arudugA kanipistAru. jagadEka vIruDu-atilOka suMdari sinimA kOsaM iLayarAjA bANI kaTTina abbanI tiyyanI debba… anna pATa chAlA prajAdaraNa poMdiMdi. SivaraMjani rAgaMlO bANI, vETUri sAhityaM, I pATa bAlu, jAnaki pADAru. karuNa, vishAda rasAlani pOshiMchE SivaraMjani rAgAnni tIsukoni praNaya gItaMgA malachaTaM, iLayarAjA adbhuta sRshTi. pATaki saripaDA naTiMchina SrIdEvi, chiraMjIvila naTana kUDA I pATa vijayAniki eMtO tODpaDiMdi.

SivaraMjani rAgAnni pATala bANIlaki vADukunna saMgIta kartalu aMdarU ‘dOpiDI’ chEsina gammattu okaTi uMdi. I rAgaMlO kOmala gAMdhAraM upayOgistAru ani paina cheppukunnAM kadA! alA kOmala gAMdhAraM vADutU akkaDa nuMchi gammattugA tIvra gAMdhAraMlOki rAvaTaM (rAvaTaM anaTaM kannA jAraTaM aMTE bAguMTuMdi) oka viMtaina aMdAnni istuMdi. paina cheppina pATa – abbanI tiyyanI debba, pATalO kOmala gAMdhAraM nuMchi tIvra gAMdhAraM lOki ‘jAraTaM’ anna prayOgaM jarigiMdi. adi ekkaDa, elA jarigiMdO ( kAdaMTUnE kalabaDu… adi lEdaMTUnE muDipaDu…; ninnE nAvi pedavulu… avi nEDainAyi madhuvulu…) EdainA oka vAyidyaM vAyiMchagaligina vAru prayatnistE ardhaM avutuMdi.

pUrtigA #»

anuvAdAlu

satsaMgaM

Upiri salapanaMta panilO unna rAju daggirakochchi cheppEDu sEvakuDu. “mana vEdAMtigAru rAjavIdhilO aDDaMgA paDukuni pichchi pichchigA vAgutunnAraMDi. janAlaMdarU okaTE navvu. peddAyana ayipOyAru gadA ani mEmu Ayana vaMTi mIda chEtulu vEyalEkapOtunnAM. kAnI rAjAj~na ayitE EdO okaTi chEyavachchu.”

rAju maMtrikEsi sAlOchanagA chUsEDu. O kshaNaM AlOchiMchi cheppEDu maMtri. “iMka UrukuMTE lAbhaM lEdu mahArAjA. Iyanni velivEyaDaM okaTE mArgaM. pOnI peddAyana gadA ani ippaTi dAkA chUsEM. I pichchi vadilEdi kAdu kanaka evarnO okaNNi tODichchi vadiliMchukuMTE maMchidi.”

“ekkaDaki paMpudAM?”

“telsiMdE kadA? ilAMTi vALLaMdarnI dESaM lOki rAnichchi mahAmahulugA kolichE dESaM prapaMchaMlO okkaTE uMdi. A bhArata dESAniki tOlEddAM. akkaDa Ayana batuku Ayana batukutADu.”

burra bAvunna rOjullO vEdAMti ghaTikuDE. dEvuDi guriMchI, vEdAMtaM guriMchI anargaLaMgA upanyAsAlichchi janAlni meppiMchagaligEvADu. kAnI ippuDO? chadavAlsina pustakAlannI cheDa chadivi modalEmiTO, chivarEmiTO teliyakuMDA burraMtA pADu chEsukuni ilA tayArayyEDu. ippuDu nOTlOMchi pichchi vAguDu tappa marOTi rAdu. I kalagApulagaMgA pustakAlu chadavaDaM, chadivinadi EdI nijaMgA AcharaNalO peTTakapOvaDaM valla, rOju O gaMTalO dEvuDunnADanI reMDO gaMTalO dEvuDu lEDanI vAgaDaM alavATaiMdi. ippuDu nallamaMdO, marOTO paDitE kAnI sariggA nOTammaTa mATa rAdu vEdAMtiki.

rAju sarEnanaDaM, rAjAj~natO O sEvakuNNichchi vEdAMtigArni bhArata dESAniki paMpaDaM chakachakA jarigipOyEyi. alA velivEyabaDDa I parshiyan vEdAMti, kUDA sAmAnu mOstU vachchE bAnisatO pATu akkaDE unna aMgaDi daggira AgADu. bAnisalni lOpalaki veLLanIyaru kanaka vADu bayaTE uMDAlsina paristhiti.

bAnisavANNi akkaDE vadilEsi vEdAMti O maMdu sIsA tIsuku rammani, tAgaDaM modaleTTADu. maMdu vaMTlOki digi burra mIda panichEyaDaM modaleTTEsariki maLLI pichchi vAguDu modalaiMdi nOTlOMchi. vinaDAniki evarunnA lEkapOyinA bAnisaki mAtraM tappadu kadA? aMdukE parisarAlu marchipOyi vADitOTE modaleTTADu kaburlu.

“orE vedhavA, iMtA chEstE dEvuDunnADaMTAvA?”

bAnisa tana meDalO unna O chinna chekka bomma chUpiMchi cheppEDu dhRDhaMgA.

“eMduku lEDU? I bomma chUSArA? mA AphrikanlU aMdaraM I cheTTu daivAMSa ani nammutAM. I bomma A cheTTutO chEsiMdE. nEnu puTTinappaTnuMDI idi nA meDalO vElADadIsEru mAvALLu. puTTinappaTnuMchi ippaTidAkA nannu rakshiMchEdi I dEvuDE. idE lEkapOtE nA batukEmai uMDEdO?”

mattu bAgA talakekkina parshiyan vEdAMti bAnisa cheppiMdi vinnADO lEdO kAnI akkaDE vILLiddarnI gamanistunna vALlaMdarU vinnaTTunnAru; A guMpulOMchi O brAhmaDu muMdukochchi annADu.

“EM vAgutunnAvurA? dEvuDaMTE anaMtaM kadA? alA meLLO vElADadIsukuni ekkaDikaMTE akkaDiki tIsukupOyEvADu dEvuDelA autADu? oLLu kovvekki nijAnijAlu teliyaka mATlADutunnAvu kAbOlu. vinu, dEvuDaMTE mA brahma okkaDE. AyanE I sRshTi aMtaTnI sRjiMchi layaM chEstU uMTADu. Ayanni gurtuMchukOvaDAniki anEkAnEka guLLU, gOpurAlu kaTTAM. O sAri gaMgAtIraM pOyi chUsirA. akkaDa I guLlalO pUjalakI puraskArAlakI vEla ELLa nuMchI unnAru brAhmalanabaDE pUjArlaMdarUnu. yugAlaki yugAlu gaDipOyAyi ippaTi dAkA, ayinA sarE mA brahma dEvuDu mammalnaMdarnI rakshistUnE unnADu kadA? teliyakapOtE nOru mUsukO aMtE gAnI nA meDalO chekka bommE dEvuDu ani vAgaku mari. ayinA nI tappu kAdulE. nI bAnisa batukki aMtakannA EM telustuMdi?”

pakkanE idaMtA chUstunna yUduDu aMdukunnADu veMThanE.

“bAnE uMdi saMbaDaM. I verri bAgula brAhmalu gaMgAnadi oDDuna guLLU gOpurAlU kaTTEruTa, dEvuDEmO akkaDE uMTADuTa. bhAvuMdi. ippuDE kadA dEvuDaMTE anaMtaM, sarvavyApi ani SelavichchAru? ilAgE uMTAyaMDi I hiMduvula vAdanalu. sarvavyApi aMTE gaMgAnadi okkaTE kAbOlu!

dEvuDuMDEdi gaMgA nadi oDDuna kAdU, dEvuDu Iyana cheppinaTTu evarikI kanipiMchani brahmadEvuDU kAdu. dEvuDaMTE AbrahaM, aijAk, jAkab^la dEvuDu. mI aMdarnI ishTaM vachchinaTTU rakshiMchaDu. Ayana rakshiMchEdi nijamaina yUdu jAti prajalanE. kAvalistE charitra pustakAlu O sAri tiragEyaMDi. chUstU uMDaMDi muMdu rAnunna rOjullO ijrAyil^ni Ayana prapaMchaMlO agra sAmrAjyaMgA elA nilabeDatADO!” veTakAraMgA navvutU annADu yUduDu.

appaTidAkA chOdyaM chustunna kEdhalik pAsTar aMdukunnADu.

“chUDaMDayyA, vILLu cheppEdi. dEvuDu A brAhmaDi hiMdU matastulanI, Iyana yUdulnI tappa marevarnI paTTiMchukOTTa. bhalE maMchi avakASavAdaM kadU ekkaDnuMchi ettukochchArO kAnI? migatA prapaMchaM lO janAlaMdarU narakAniki pOvAlA? idaMtA Suddha abaddhaM ani telustUnE uMdi kadA vILLa mATalni baTTi. nEnu cheptunnAnu vinaMDi. dEvuDaMTE mA suvArtalO cheppina jIsas okkaDE. manasA vAchA evaDaitE suvArta chadivi aMdulO cheppinaTTu jIvitaMlO AcharistADO, vADikE dEvuDi raksha labhiMchEdi. migatAvALlaki kAdu. uttinE vILLa bUTakapu kaburlu vini burra pADuchEsukOkaMDi mari.”

idaMtA viMTunna musalmAnu ayina aMgaDi yajamAni vini kOpaMgA ilA annADu:

“OhO vinaMDayyA, Iyana kEdhalikkU, Ayana yUduDU, A verri bAmmaDu hiMduvUnu. krIstu puTTaDAniki panneMDuvaMdala ELla kritamE mA mahammadu modalupeTTADu; mataM, svargaM, narakaM anEvi. sariggA vinnArA? iravai, muphphai ELLu kUDA kAdu, panneMDu vaMdala ELLu! ippuDu chUstunnAru kadA? mA mataM chainA, AsiyA, airOpA aMtA vyApistOMdi. I yUdulU, jorAshTriyanlU, kEdhalikkulU chinnA chitakA janAlu I madhyanE tAmara taMparlalA puTTukochchAru. vILlanA nammEdi. dEvuDaMTE mA mahammadE dEvuDu. mA mataM vALLanE A dEvuDu rakshiMchEdi. uttinE ikkaDakI akkaDakI vElaM verrigA parugeTTaDaM Api mA mataM tIsukOMDi. mahammadu okkaDE pravakta.”

tAnu bAnisatO EdO saradAki aDigitE iMta rAddhAMtaM avutuMdanukOlEdu parshiyan vEdAMti. I jariginadaMtA vinEsariki vEdAMti koMcheM AScharyaMgA chUstU kaMgArupaDi EdO anabOyEMtalO akkaDE vinOdaM chUstUnna TibeT nuMchi vachchina lAmAlu, nippu okkaTE daivaM ani bhAviMchE jorAshTriyanlU, sikkulU okari mIda okaru iMtiMtagA arustU mEmu goppa aMTE mEmE goppa ani vAdiMchukOvaDaM modalupeTTEsariki vEdAMtiki matipOyiMdi.

A vAdOpavAdanalu alA jarugutUMTE aMgaDi yajamAni akkaDE kUrchuni idaMtA maunaMgA gamanistunna oka chainA kurrANNi chUsi annADu.

“modaTnuMchI mEmu vAdiMchukOvaDaM viMTUnE unnAvu kadA? nuvvu cheppu nEnu cheppina mahammadu mataM maMchidO kAdO. ippaTidAkA nuvvu nOru vippalEdu dEni mIdAnu. maunaM ardhAMgIkAraM anukuMTE nEnu cheppinadi nijaM ani nuvvu annaTTE kadA?”

idi vini “avunavunu, nuvvu cheppavOy,” aMTU migatA vALlaMdarU vAdiMchukOvaDaM mAnEsi chainA kurrADitO annAru mukta kaMThaMtO. EmO eTu tirigi eTu vastuMdO anukunnADu kAbOlu nOru medapalEdu chainA kurrADu.

kAnI vALLaMdarU chainA kurrADikEsi chUsi, “mEmaMdaraM talO cheyyA vEsEM kanaka nuvvu cheptE vinAlani uMdi,” aMTU reTTiMchAru.

chainA kurrADu kanphyUshiyas vEdAMtaM chadivi vaMTabaTTiMchukuni. ippuDu ilA dESAlu chUDDAniki bayaldErADu prapaMcha j~nAnaM kOsaM. kAsEpu maunaMgA unnAka melligA nOru vippEDu.

“chUDaMDi ayyalArA, chUDabOtE mana aMdari matAlu EdO vidhaMgA bhagavaMtuDiki guriMchi cheptunnA manaM aMdaraM nammakaM lEkapOvaDaM vallA, mitimIrina ahaMkAraM vallA edugUbodugU lEni kukkatOkallA ilAgE unnAM. mIru Emi anukOkapOtE O kadha cheptAnu viMTArA?”

appaTidAkA, mA mataM goppa aMTE mA mataM goppadani toDalu koTTina vALLaMtA hushArugA chevulu rikkiMchi chainA kurrADitO annAru, “tappakuMDA.”

chainA kurrADu kadha cheppaDaM modalupeTTADu.

“nEnu ikkaDaki chainA nuMchi iMglIshu vALlatO kalisi sTImar mIda vachchAnu samudrAlannI dATukuMTUnu. vachchEdArilO sumatrA dIvullO AgAmu O rOju. akkaDaki ODa chErEsariki madhyAhnaM ayiMdi. digi oDDumIda kobbari cheTla nIDalO tirugutU uMTE kaLLu kanipiMchani O peddamanishi vachchEDu. uttarOttarA mEmu vinnadAni prakAraM, atanu puTTu guDDi kAdu kAnI, rOjU sUryuDi kEsi chUsi chUsi alA ayyADuTa. asalu I sUryuDaMTE evarU, eMdukalA velugutADu anEdi SOdhiddAmani prayatnaM chEsi chUpu pOgoTTukunnADani cheppAru. mA daggaraki vastUnE EmI upOdghAtaM lEkuMDA ilA mATlADDaM modalupeTTADu.

‘I sUrya raSmi anEdi nITi lAMTi drAvakaM kAdu. drAvakaM ayitE O ginnelOMchi marO ginnelOki pOsEyagaligi uMDAli kadA? pOnI adi nippu anukuMdAmA aMTE nITitO dAnni ArpagalagAli. dAnitO sUryuDu nippu kAdani telsipOtOMdi. mari kanipiMchani prANamO, AtmO anukuMdAmA aMTE kaLLaki kanabaDutOMdi kadA? ayitE idO padArdhamA? padArdhamaitE aTU iTU kadapa galigi uMDAli. ilA tarkaM chEstU pOtE sUryaraSmi kAnI sUryuDu kAnI manaki telisina ivEvI kAdanna mATa. maraitE idEmiTI aMTE ‘EdI kAdu’ ani samAdhAnaM cheppukOvAli aMtE.’

I guDDivADi kUDA mana vEdAMti gAriki unnaTTE oka bAnisa unnADu. vILLiddarU akkaDa nIDalO kUchunEsariki mEmaMtA viMTUMDagAnE guDDivADu bAnisatO annADu.

‘EvayyA, nEnu cheppinadaMtA nijamEnA? sUryuDu lEDani nEnu tarkaMtO chUpiMchi nirUpiMchagaligEnu. nA kaLlaki kanabaDE prapaMchaM aMtA kAru chIkaTigA uMDaDaM tO nEnu cheppinadi nijaM ani oppukuMTAvA?’

dIniki bAnisa samAdhAnaM cheppEDu, ‘mI tarkaM, girkaM avannI nAkeMdukaMDi? ikkaDa chIkaTi paDabOtOMdi, ikkaDunna khALI boMDAM tIsukuni aMdulO chamuru pOsi dIpaM veligistAnu. EdainA kAvalistE A dIpaM velturlO kanipistuMdi. I dIpamE nAku sUryuDu. aMta mAtraM cheppagalanu.’

pakkanE kUrchunna kALLulEni aviTi Ayana vinnADu kAbOlu I mATalu, peThElmani O navvu navvEDu.

‘chUDu nAyanA nuvvu chUDabOtE puTTu guDDilA unnAvu. nIku vinAlanuMTE nEnu cheptunnAnu vinu, sUryuDaMTE oka maMDE agni gOLaM. A gOLaM tUrpuna poddunnE samudraM lOMchi udayiMchi sAyaMkAlaM adigO A kanabaDE koMDallO astamistU uMTuMdi. nIkE kanaka kaLLu uMTE chUsi uMDagaligE vADivi.’

akkaDE unna O bestavADu veMThanE aMdukunnADu.

‘EviTEmiTI? sUryuDu alA samudraMlOMchi paikostADA? nIkE kanaka kALLu uMDi aviTitanaM lEkapOtE alA anagaligi uMDEvADivA? nEnu chEpalu paTTaDAniki paDavekki samudraM aMtA tirugutU uMTAnu. sUryuDu koMDallO astamistADanE mATa verri mATa. sUryuDu udayiMchEdI astamiMchEdI kUDA samudraMlOnE. idi nAkaLLatO chUsina nijaM.’

idaMtA vinna akkaDE unna pratI okkarU jOkyaM chEsukOvaDaM modalu peTTAru. I bhArata dESaM nuMchi vachchinAyana annADu:

‘Emi cheptunnArayyA kaburlu? sUryuDu nILLalOMchi udayiMchi nILlalO astamistE, AyanO agni gOLaM aMTunnAru kanaka nILLalO AripODU? sUryuDU asalu agnigOLaM kAdu. AyanO dEvata. saptASva radhamArUDhaM, prachaMDaM kaSyapAtmajaM, aMTE Ayana saptASvAlu pUniMchina radhaM mIda baMgAru raMgunna mEru parvataM chuTTU tirugutU uMTADani mA hiMdU maMtrAlu – cheptunnAyi. okkO sAri rAhu kEtuvulanE grahAlu I dEvuNNi guTukkuna miMgutAyi. appuDu koMcheM sEpu grahaNa samayaMlO bhUmmIda chIkaTi vyApistuMdi. kAnI rAhu kEtuvulu maMDE sUryuNNi nOTlO uMchukOlEka kakkEsAka maLLI aMtA mAmUlugA tayArautuMdi. dInnE grahaNaM anI, paTTu viDupulanI cheptAru mAvALLu.’

idaMtA viMTunna IjipT nAvikuDaMdukunnADu.

‘lEdu, lEdu I sUryuDu dEvata anEdi nijaM kAdu. nEnu sapta samudrAlu chUsochchina vADini. sUryaraSmi lEni prAMtaM I bhUmilO lEdu dAdApu. bhArata dESaM lOnE sUryuDu udayistADani cheppaDaM, mEru parvataM chuTTU tiragaDaM anEvi sarikAdu. sUryuDU udayiMchEdi bAgA tUrpuna – ekkaDO japAn dESaM avatala. astamiMchEdi iMglAMD ki Avalanunna paSchima tIraMlO. aMdukE japAn lO nihAn anI nippan anI aMTUTAru – aMTE sUryuDu janmiMchaDaM ani. nEnu nA kaLlatO chUsinadAnni baTTI, prapaMchaM aMtA oMTarigA chuTTi vachchina mA tAta cheppInadAnni baTTI idaMtA cheptunnAnu.”

IjipT nAvikuDiMkA EdO cheppabOtUMTE iMglIsh nAvikuDu aMdukunnADu.

‘mAdi sUryuDastamiMchani sAmrAjyaM ani mIraMdarU vinnadE kadA? sUryuDi guriMchi prapaMchaMlO mA iMglAMD dESaM pariSOdhana chEsinaMtA, chadivinaMtA E dESaM kUDA chEyalEdu. sUryuDu ekkaDA astamiMchaDU, ekkaDA udayiMchaDU. E dESaM veLLinA mEmu chUsina sUryuDu okkalAgA kanapaDDADu. dInni baTTi mEmaMdaraM sUryuDu prapaMchaM aMtA chuTTU tirugutunnADani nirdhAriMchAM.” alA cheptU EvO vRttAlu isakamIda gIsi sUryuDelA bhUmi chuTTU tirugutunnADO cheppaDAniki prayatnaM chEsADu kAnI pUrtigA cheppalEka annADu Akhariki, “nAkaMtA bAgA cheppaDaM rAvaTlEdu kAnI mA saraMgu nAkannA bAgA cheppagalaDu AyannE aDugudAM,’ aMTU ODa saraMgu kEsi chUsEDu.

annI vinna saraMgu sthiraMgA cheppEDu.

‘mIraMdarU miDi miDi j~nAnaMtO goppalu cheppukuMTunnAru kAnI nAku telsinadI nEnu chUsinadI cheptunnAnu vinaMDi. sUryuDu bhUmi chuTTU tiragaDu. alAganI O dESaM – japAn kAnivvaMDi, IjipTu kAnivvaMDi, pOnI ippuDu manaM unna sumatrA kAnivvaMDi – chuTTU kAnI, O dESaMlOni mEruvu lAMTi parvataM chuTTU kAnI tiragaDu. bhUmE, sUryuDi chuTTU iravainAlugu gaMTalakO sAri tirugutU uMTuMdi. sUryuDu kAMtinichchEdi okka bhUmikE kAdu navagrahAlakkUDA. nEnU, nA dESaM anukOvaDaM mAnEsi O sAri suviSAlamaina aMtarikshaMlOki kaLLu sAristE I nijAlannI telustAyi.'”

katha cheppaDaM Api chainA kurrADu annADu.

“vinnAru kadA? ahaMkAraM valla manaM okaLLatO okaLLu pOTlADukuMTunnAM. sUryuDi guriMchi manaki elA telisI teliyani j~nAnaM uMdO alAgE bhagavaMtuDi guriMchInu. manalO pratI okkarikI pratyEkamaina bhagavaMtuDU, pratI dESAnikI pratyEkamaina bhagavaMtuDU unnaTTu cheppukuMTunnAM. pratI dESaM kUDA, dEvuDaMTE mAvADE, ilAgE uMTADu, idEnOy satyaM, satyadarSanamUnU – ani chATi cheppaDAniki prayatnaM chEstUMdi. I prapaMchaM aMtA bhagavaMtuDu sRshTiMchina aMdamaina dEvAlayaM. mAnavamAtrulamaina manaM nirmiMchE E guDi kAnI, masIdu kAnI, charchi gAnI I prapaMchaM aMta aMdaMgA uMDagaladA? enni guLLU gOpurAlu kaTTinA samudramaMtaTi adbhutaM, sUryuDaMtaTi dIpaM eppaTikainA chEyagalamA? maMchi manasuni E guDitO pOlchagalaM? prEmiMchE manishini, atani hRdayAnni eMta peTTi konagalaM? avyaktuDaina bhagavaMtuDi guriMchi eMtani cheppagalaM? mana hRdayAlu eMtagA vistaristU uMTE manaM aMtagA bhagavaMtuNNi telusukOgalaM. eMta ekkuvagA manaM Ayanni telusukuMTE aMta daggiragA Ayaniki chEruvavvagalaM. aMdukE bhagavaMtuDiki daggiragA unnavALLalO maMchitanaM, prEmA aMta ekkuvagA kanabaDutU uMTAyi. aMduvalla nEnu cheppEdi EmiTaMTE manaM okarinokaru vAdiMchukOvaDaM mAnEsi kalisimelisi uMDAli. mIku bhagavaMtuDaMTE nammakaM unnA lEkapOyinA sarE okaritO okaru kalahiMchukOvaDaM mAtraM kUDadu eMdukaMTE manalO pratI okkarU kUDA aksharamU, anaSvaramU, SASvatamU ayina A bhagavaMtuDi adbhutamaina sRshTE.”

chainA kurrADu ilA anEsariki, appaTidAkA okaritO okaru pOTlADukunna vALlaMtA nOrettalEkapOyEru. okkasArigA niSSabdaM AvariMchiMdi. nijaM, maunaM ardhAMgIkAramE kadA?

(liyO TAl sTAy: kAphI haus Aph sUrat, 1893.)

pUrtigA #»

Sabda taraMgAlu

vallUri jagannAtharAvu


gAyakuDu, gEya rachayita, saMgItaj~nuDu ayina vallUri jagannAthaM lEka jagannAtharAvu ani pilavabaDE vyaktini guriMchi manaki dAdApugA EmI teliyadu. A telisina bahu koddi kUDA pramukha gAyani anasUyagAru Ayannu tana guruvugA koniyADutU akkaDA ikkaDA cheppina mATalu, mukhyaMgA pannAla subrahmaNyabhaTTugAru nA kOrikapai AviDanu sumAru oka saMvatsaraM kritaM iMTarvyU chEsinappuDu cheppinavi. kAnI vallUrini guriMchina AviDa j~nApakAlu, AviDa cheppina pATala vivarAlu 1930-32 taruvAti kAlaM nATivi. rAta rUpaMlO ayitE – oka chinna vyAsAnni minahAyistE – Ayanni guriMchina samAchAraM EmI aMdubATulO lEdu. A chinna vyAsaM kUDA anasUyagAru, gatAniki svAgataM”(2007) anna tana j~nApakAla saMkalanaMlO rAsinadE. pres akADamI, ‘manasu phauMDEshan’ rAyuDu vAri puNyamA ani manaki IrOju tElikagA dorukutunna tolinATi telugu patrikallO ekkaDainA Iyana guriMchina vivarAlunnAyEmO vedakAli (1915lO AMdhrapatrikalO prachuriMchabaDDa oka phOTO mAtraM kaMTabaDiMdi.)

I saMchikalO vinipistunna pATalu 1930ki pUrvamE, kachchitaMgA cheppAlaMTE sumAru 1915-1924 madhya kAlaMlO rikArDu kAbaDinavi. aMTE rikArDayina toli ‘telugu’ pATalu! ikkaDa, telugu pATaMTE tyAgarAja kIrtanala vaMTi SAstrIya saMgItapu rikArDulanu parigaNalOki tIsukOvaDaMlEdu. grAmaphOnu kaMpenIvAru tolisArigA dakshiNa bhAratadESaMlO DiseMbar 1904, mArch 1905 madhya kAlaMlOnE rikArDiMgulu (#The second ‘Far Eastern’ recording tour)# jaripAru kadA 1915 prAMtaM varakU, mari SAstrIyaM kAni telugu pATalu rAlEdA aMTE, nAku telisinaMtalO chAlA koddi (mUDu, nAlugu) pATalu mAtramE vachchAyi. kAnI A pATalu nAku prastutAniki aMdubATulO lEvu. (toli telugu pATala charitrapaina vivarAlu vErugA marokasAri rAstAnu.)


vallUri pADina pATala vivarAlatO 1920 AMdhrapatrika, raudri nAma ugAdi saMchikalO vachchina oka prakaTana ikkaDa chUDaMDi. marinni rikArDula vivarAlu hech.eM.vi vAri 1927 kATalAgulO chUDavachchu.

  1. laMjake sEva chESAnu
  2. # navvu pATa – idi #The Laughing Song # anna chAlA prakhyAti kAMchina pATaku anukaraNa.
  3. # nAraduni bhUlOka saMchAraM
  4. # paDava naDipE
  5. # maMdu tiMTAnulE
  6. # bastAla mOta
  7. # gOMgUra pATa

#ivi 1925 muMdu kAlaM nATi rikArDulu. appaTi rikArDulalO ‘gADi’ (#groove)# lOtu, veDalpu vEru kAvaTaM iMkA mari konni sAMkEtika kAraNAla valla rikArDulu bAgunnA, eMta maMchi rikArDu plEyar, pinnulu vADinA I pATalni rikArDu chEyaTaM koMchaM kashTamaiMdi. pADE vyakti goMtu takkuva sthAyilO vinipiMchaDaM, mukhyaMgA #hiss noise# taggiMchaDaM pradhAnamaina samasyalu. I asaukaryAniki chiMtistunnAnu. I pATalni eMtO OpiggA rikArDu chEsina mitrulu madhusUdanaSarmagAriki bOleDu kRtaj~natalu! vallUri pADina maroka 6-7 pATalu rAbOyE saMchikallO viMdAM.

pUrtigA #»

mari vErE evaru?

rAgaM: AbhOgi
gAnaM: prIti tamhAMkar
rachana: kanakaprasAd

#sAhityaM

pallavi:
mari vErE evaru?
sari chUchuvAru?
charaNaM:
pari pari cheralApi
dari chUpE vAru?
mari vErE evaru?#          #|mari vErE evaru?|
charaNaM:
nidura viDina modalu
chidurulu padi vElu
nilukaDa mUga vale
nilachina mannAru #          #|mari vErE evaru?|

#[#saMgItaM, ustAd rAshid khAn charaN dhar AyOri(AbhOgi) gItAniki anusaraNa.#]

#pUrtigA #»

vijayanagaraM j~nApakAlu – paTrAyani saMgItarAvu

saMgItarAvu gAri bAlyaM guriMchI, saMgItaj~nAnaM guriMchI ImATalO rOhiNIprasAd gAru mUDu vyAsAlu rASAru.

sArthaka nAmadhEyuDu saMgItarAvu
saMgItarAvu gAri chinnanATi saMgatulu
88 yELLa yuvakulu

Ayana guriMchina marennO apurUpa viSEshAlanu paTrAyani sudhArANigAru tama blAgulO chAlA vivaraMgA cheppAru. aMduvalla marala Ayananu kottagA parichayaM chEyavalasina avasaraM lEdani anukuMTunnAnu. Ayana chinnatanaMlO, aMTE 1930-40 prAMtaMlO, sAMskRtika kEMdraMgA vijayanagaraM guriMchina Ayana j~nApakAlanu I saMchikalO mIru viMTAru.

#pUrtigA #»