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vishaya sUchika: mE 2016

muMdumATa

ImATa mE 2016 saMchikaku svAgataM!

gata konni saMvatsarAlugA amerikA viSvavidyAlayAllO telugu sAhityaM, mukhyaMgA prAchIna sAhityaM pariSIlanagA chadivi, pariSOdhana chEsi pihech^DIlu saMpAdiMchukunna vidyArthullO koMdarinI, telugudESaMlO prAmANikamaina pariSOdhana chEsina koMdarinI, pilichi aTlAMTAlOni emarI viSvavidyAlayaMlO Epril 16-17 tEdIllO, adhyApakulu velchEru nArAyaNarAvu, jAys phlUkigar oka pratyEka sadassu ErpATu chESAru. telugu sAhitya vimarSa mIda kotta AlOchanalu AvishkariMchaDAniki pariSOdhana mArgAlalO kotta paddhatulu anusariMchaDAniki, I saMvRta sadassu uddESiMchabaDiMdi. aMtarjAtIyaMgA telugu sAhitya vimarSaki prAmANika sthAnaM ErpaDaDaM, prapaMcha sAhitya vimarSalO telugu sAhitya vimarSa oka bhAgaM kAvaTaM I sadassu valla uddESiMchina phalitAlu. I sadassuku kAvalasina kharchulannI emarI viSvavidyAlayaMlO teluguki pratyEkamaina AchArya pIThaM ErpATu chEsina koppAka kuTuMbaM vALLE ichchAru. I sadassulO charchala phalitaMgA vyAsarachayitalu tama vyAsAlanu parishkariMchukunna taruvAta vATinanniTinI oka pustakaMgA prachuriMchAlani nirvAhakula uddESyaM. alA pustakaMgA rAkamuMdu A vyAsAlanu konniMTini anuvAdaM chEsi ImATalO muMdugA vEyaTAniki AyA vyAsarachayitalu aMgIkariMchAru. vAriki mA kRtaj~natalu.


I saMchikalO:

  • kathalu: kApari bhArya – SArada; satyadarSanaM – Ar Sarma daMturti; ASanirASalu – busirAju lakshmIdEvi dESAy.
  • kavitalu: chiraMjIvi – mAnasa chAmarti; niSSabda samUhaM – vijay kOgaMTi; jIrNama~mgE subhAshitam – samavarti; reMDu kavitalu: Agina pATa – pAlaparti iMdrANi; idi chAlu nAku – avinEni bhAskar; amarakOSaM – hechchArke; saubhAgya kumAra miSra: reMDu oriyA kavitalu – vElUri vEMkaTESvara rAvu, venigaLLa bAlakRshNArAvu.
  • vyAsAlu: palukubaDi: telugulO sAdhu SakaTarEphamulu-1 – surES kolichAla; tElika telugu – vEmUri vEMkaTESvararAvu; SrInAthuni bhImESvara purANamu: sthAnIyata, konni apUrvAMSAlu – karri rAmachaMdrAreDDi; ChaMdassulO gaNitAMSamulu–2 – jejjAla kRshNa mOhana rAvu; khaMDita, kalahAMtarita – tirumala kRshNadESikAchAryulu.
  • SIrshikalu: nAku nachchina padyaM: Suchimukhi cheppina meTA kavitvaM – bhairavabhaTla kAmESvararAvu.
  • SabdataraMgAlu: #Honey Bee –# lailA yernEni.
pUrtigA #»

kathalu

kApari bhArya

reMDu gadula A illaMtA kalapa duMgalatO kaTTiMdE. gachchurALLu parichina nEla pagilipOyi bITalu vAriMdi, A gadula venaka oka pedda vaMTillU, muMdu chAvaDI vunnAyi.

chuTTaMtA bush^lyAMD. arachEyilA, ettu pallAlEvI lEkuMDA, nirbhAvaMgA vuMdi. aDavanna pErE kAnI, akkaDa pachchadanaM ati takkuva. konni giDachabArina Apil cheTlU, iMkonni sarugu cheTlU, dAdApu eMDipOyina chinna vAgU! vUru paMtommidi maiLLa dUraM!

kApari gorrelatO aDivilOkeLLi chAlA rOjulE ayiMdi. iMTlO atani bhAryA, pillalu mAtraM vunnAru. naluguru pillalu, chirigina baTTalatO, eMDipOyina dEhAlatO iMTi bayaTa ADukuMTunnAru.

“ammA! pAmu, pAmochchiMdi!” vunnaTTuMDi, pillalu gollumani arichAru. vALLa amma okka paruguna vaMTiMTlOMchi bayaTikochchiMdi. bakkagA, eMDaku kamilipOyina SarIraMtO uMdi Ame.

“ekkaDa? ekkaDuMdi pAmu?” parigettukoni vastUnE, nEla mIda paDunna chaMTi vANNi chaMkanEsukuMdi, muMdu. pillalani aDugutUnE reMDO chEtitO karra paTTukuMdi.

“adigO! A kaTTela mOpulOkeLLiMdi.” aMdarlOki peddavADu, padakoMDELLa TAm arichADu. churukaina mukhaMtO talli vaMka chUSADu. tanakaMTE poDugaina karra okaTi chEtilO paTTukochchADu.

“nuvvakkaDE vuMDammA! A pAmu pani nE paDatAgA!”

“TAm! nuvviTurA muMdu! adi kATEstuMdi. rammanaMgAnE rA, vedhavA!” talli kEkalaku vADu chinnabOyina mohaMtO pakkakochchi nilabaDDADu. aMtalOkE vADi kaLLu meriSAyi. kaTTela mOpu nuMDi pAki iMTikiMdaku dUrutunna pAmunu chUpiMchADu. gODala paguLLanuMchi iMTikiMdaku kalugulunnAyi.

“adigO ammA, pAmu!” karra etti pAmu mIda debba vEyabOyADu. iMtalO vALLa peMpuDu kukka jarugutunna gaMdaragOLamEmiTO chUDaDAniki vochchiMdi. pAmutOkanu adi oDisi paTTukunEMtalO adi mAyamaipOyiMdi. sariggA appuDE TAm vEsina karra pOTu kukka mohaM mIda paDiMdi. adi paTTiMchukOkuMDA gur gur maMTU akkaDE nilabaDiMdi pAmu veLLinavaipu chUstU. kApari bhArya veLLi kukkanu kaTTEsi vachchiMdi. dAni pEru mosali. pEruku taggaTTE dAni mukhaM mosali mukhaMlA uMTuMdi. pAmulanuMchI, pAmullAMTi manushula nuMchI adE tanaku dikku.adi eTainA tappipOtE iMkA kashTaM mari. pillalaMdarinI kUDa gaTTi vALLani kukka pakkana nilabeTTi tanu pAmunu paTTukunE prayatnaMlO paDiMdi. chinna ginnelO pAlu pOsi techchi kalugu pakkana peTTi pAmu kOsaM eduru chUstU kUrchuMdAme. gaMTa gaDichinA pAmu bayaTikochchina jADE lEdu.

sAyaMkAlaM avutuMDaDaMtO chinnagA chIkaTlu kammukuMTunnAyi. rAtriki pedda varshaM vochchElAguMdi. pillalani alA eMta sEpani bayaTE vuMchaDaM. pOnI lOpaliki tIsikeLdAmaMTE pAmu lOpalE vuMdEmO! paigA gachchulO akkaDakkaDA nerrelu paDi vunnAyi. gODa paguLLa kalugullOMchi pAmu bayaTikostE!

kAsEpaTi taravAta EdO AlOchiMchukoni, kaTTela mOpulOMchi konni kaTTelu tIsukoni vaMTiMTlO poyyilO paDEsiMdi. taravAta pillalaMdarinI iMTlOki tIsikeLLiMdi. vaMTiMTlO gachchu lEdu. buradatO alikina nEla mIda, chekkapEDu kALLatO moraTugA chEsina oka pedda balla tappa iMkE sAmAnU lEdu. A balla paiki vALLaMdarinI okaLLa taravAta okaLLani ekkiMchi kUrchObeTTi vALLaki akkaDE tiMDi peTTiMdi. pAmu eTunuMchi vastuMdOnani vEyi kaLLatO kanipeDutUnE muMdu gadi nuMchi chEtikaMdina pakka baTTalu aMdukOni daDa daDa lADE guMDelatO vaMTiMTlOMchi kochchi paDiMdi. A balla mIdE duppaTlu parichi pillalani nidra puchchiMdi. pillalu paDukunnarani nirdhAriMchukoni ika pAmu kOsaM eduru chUDasAgiMdi Ame.

pAmu vunna nerrela vaipE chUstU vaMTiMTi gummaM daggarE kurchI vEsukuni kUrchunnadAme. pakkanE karra, Ame kuTTu pani saMchI, oka patrika peTTukuMdi. pakkana kukkani kUrchObeTTukuMdi. ammani oMTarigA pAmutO vadilEsi paDukOvaDaM TAm kasalE mAtramU nachchalEdu.

“ammA! rAtraMtA nItO pATE kUrchoni A daridragoTTu pAmu tala pachchaDi chEstAnu!” SapathaM chESADu.

“chAllE! nOru mUsukoni paDukO! tiTlu vADaDoddannAnA? talli kasiriMdi. TAm oka duDDukarranu pakkalOnE peTTukunnADu, pAmuni chaMpaDAniki. adi tagili tammuDu jAkI phiryAdu chESADu.

“ammA! TAm karra nannu DokkalO poDustUMdi. adi tIsi paDeyyamani vADitO cheppU!”

“jAkI! nOru mUsukoni paDukO rAskel, pAmutO karipiMchukuMTAvA?!” TAm bediriMchADu. jAkI nOru mUsukunnADu.

“orE jAkI! pAmu karichiMdanukO. nI oLLaMta erragA, nallagA ayipOyi nuvvu ubbipOyi kaMpukoTTi chachchipOtAv, telusA!”

“ammA, TAmI chUDu EmaMTunnADO!”

“TAm, chinnapillavADu. vANNi bhayapeTTakalA!”

saNugutUnE nidralOki jAripOyADu jAkI. melligA pillalaMtA nidrapOyAru, TAm tappa.

“ammA, pAmostE nannu lEputAvu kadU?” nidramattulO tUgutUnE goNigADu TAm.

“alAgElE nuvvu paDukO!”

madhya rAtrayiMdi. aMtaTA chIkaTi, chikkagA alumukunna niSSabdaM. AmekI nidra AgaTaM lEdu. ayinA kAsEpu kuTTukuMTU, kAsEpu patrika chaduvutU, kaTTela mOpu vaipE chUstOMdi. chIma chiTukkumannA karra mIdiki chEyi pOtuMdi.

anukunnaTTE urumulu merupulatO varshaM modalaiMdi. gODala nerrellOMchi lOpalikostunna Iduru gAliki kovvotti AripOyElA vuMdi. lEchi kovvottini balla paina peTTi aTTa okaTi aDDaMgA peTTiMdi. merupu merisinappuDallA gODala mIdi nerrelu veMDi tIgallA kanipistunnAyi. kukka gummAnikaDDaMgA sAgilapaDi paDukOni vuMdi. eMta dhairyaM cheppukunnA Ameki guMDe daDadaDa lADutUnE vuMdi. tanu pirikidi kAdu kAnI ImadhyE pAmu kATuki gurai chachchipOyina bAvagAri koDuku ~m~nApakaM Amenu bhayapeDutOMdi. bharta aDavilOkeLLi Aru nelalu ayiMdi. okka kaburU lEdu. ika vochchEstE bAguMDanukoMdi. ImadhyE vachchina karuvutO aMtA nashTapOyAru. dAnitO maLLI aDavilOki pOka tappalEdu. I sAri paSuvulatO venakki rAgAnE I aDavI, pallE vodilEsi paTnaMlO kApuraM peDatAnannADu. akkaDiki koMcheM dUraMlOnE vunna bAvagAru appuDappuDU oka gorrenu chaMpi koMta tanu tIsukuni aMduku badulugA vILLaki kAvalsina vechchAlu techchipeDutuMTADu.

AmekI oMTaritanaM alavATE nijAniki. iMtaku muMdokasAri paddenimidi nelalapATu okkatE iMTlO vuMdi atani kOsaM eduru chUstU. Ameki vunnaTTuMDi tana chinnatanaM gurtochchiMdi. aMdaru ADapillallAnE tanU ennO kalalu kannadi, gAllO mEDalu kaTTukuMdi. annI karigipOyi chAlA yELlayiMdi. muMdunna nijAlani oppukOnU lEkA, vATniMchi tappukOnU lEka, tanakkAvalsina prapaMchAnni appuDappuDU AsaktigA chadivE A patrikallO vetukkuMTuMdi.

nijAnikAme bharta cheDDavADEmI kAdu. koMcheM nirlakshyaM vunnA, Ameni prEmiMchE manishE. Ame kOrukunnaTTE Ameni rAjakumArtelA gArAbaM chEyalanI, mahArANIlA chUsukOvAlani ASalunnavADE. paristhitulE kalisi rAvaDaMlEdu. I paSuvula panilO pApaM, nelalatarabaDi aDavula veMTa tirugutADu. jIta bhatyAlatO tirigochchi paTnaM tIsikeLtADu. appuDappuDU atanu adhairyapaDinA, AmE ataniki dhairyaM cheppi paMpistuMdi. pillalu puTTinappuDu marI digulugA bhayaMgA vuMDEdi Ameki. iddaru biDDalu I aDavilOnE puTTAru tanaku. ilATi oMTaritanaMlOnE oka biDDanu pOgoTTukuMdi. chEtilO biDDa SavAnnettukoni oMTarigA paMtommidi maiLLu veLLiMdi A rOju!

oka pedda merupU, urumutO unnaTTuMDi jaDivAna modalayiMdi.

AlOchanallOnE rAtri gaDustOMdi. jhAmu reMDayi vuMTuMdi. mosali iMkA kaLLArpakuMDA paDukoni gummaM vaipE chUstOMdi. vADi voMTi mIda gAyAlu chUstU pApaM, vIDU peddayipOyADu, anukuMdAme. vADiki bhayamanEdE lEdu. dEnikainA edurupOtADu. ennO pAmulanU chaMpADu. EdO okarOju pAmukATutOnE pOtADu. ilAMTi kApalA kukkala batuku alAgE mugustuMdi.

appuDappuDU chEtilO pustakaM pakkana peTTi AlOchanallOki maLLI maLLI jAripOtuMdAme. varshaM iMkA kurustUnE vuMdi. I varshAniki gaDDi iMtettuna perugutuMdi. eMDalaki eMDi pOtuMdi. appuDU aggi bhayaM.

okasArilAgE perigi eMDipOyina gaDDi aMTukuMdi. A aMTukunna aggi ArpEsariki brahma praLayamaipOyiMdi tanaki. AdarA bAdarA chEtikaMdina bharta pAMTU sharTU vEsukoni oka pedda cheTTu kommatO maMTalni bAdaDaM modalu peTTiMdi tanArOju. maMTalu AripOyinai kAnI tana mohamU chEtulU aMtA bUDidA masI kalisipOyi oka vichitramaina raMgulOki tirigipOyAyi. taMDri baTTallO vunna tanani chUsi TAm paka pakA navvitE, nallabaDDa tana mohaM chUsi chaMTi vedhava jAkI kevvumannADu. vADi EDupu chUsi kukka tana pAMTu paTTukuni lAgiMdi, adI tananu gurtupaTTalEdu. pAta ~m~nApakAlatO Ame mohaM mIda navvu vichchukuMdi.

oMTaritanaMtOnU, chuTTU unna krUramaina aDavitOnU enni yuddAlO! jabbu chEsi reMDu Avulu pOyinappuDU, paina baDutunna edduni oMTarigA eduronnappuDU, Akhariki tama kODi pillalani kAkula niMchI gaddala niMchI niraMtaraM kApADukoTunnappuDU, idE oMTaritanaMtO pOrATaM chEstU vachchiMdi tanu. A mATakostE, oMTari ADadAni kOsaM poMchi vuMDE magavALLaki kodavA?

kukka sAyaMtOnU, moraTu mATala sAyaMtOnU, abadhdhAla sAyaMtOnU alATi magavALLanuMDi tanani tAnu kApADukoMTU vachchiMdi. aMteMduku, sariggA kiMdaTi vAraM vochchADu oka daridruDu. aDivi dAraMTa pOtunnAnanI, dAhaMtO chachchi pOtunnAnanI vEDukunnADu. vADi vAlakaM nachchakapOyinA, jAli paDi koMcheM tiMDi peTTi maMchi nILLichchiMdi. sAyaMtraM kAgAnE tana dArini tAnu veLtADanukuMTE, oka vekili navvutO “I rAtriki ikkaDE vuMDi pOtA” annADu.

mAru mATlADakuMDA lOpaliki veLLi oka pedda duDDukarra oka chEtilO, bhayaMkaraMgA paLLu chUpistU gurrulADutunna mosalini golusutO iMkO chEtilO paTTukoni bayaTikochchiMdi. “iMkoka nimishaMlO ikkaNNiMchi kadalakapOtE, nEnU nA kukkA kalisi ninnu mukkalu mukkala kiMda narikEyaDaM khAyaM,” ani cheppiMdi vADi kaLLallOki chUstU. Ame kaLLalOki chUsi vADEmanukunnADO EmO, gabagabA mUTA mullE sardukuni, “veLLostAmmA!” aMTU venakki tirigi chUDakuMDA veLLipOyADu.

bush^lyAMD jIvitAlu avi. A aDavilO bratakAlaMTE adi cheppE pAThAlu nErchukOvAli. Ame vATilO rATutElipOyina manishi.

aitE tana jIvitaMlOnU chinna chinna saMtOshAlU, saradAlU lEkapOlEdu. anni rOjulU oka ettu, AdivAraM mAtraM oka ettu Ameki. AdivAraM madhyAhnaM panaMtA mugiMchukuni, chakkaTi baTTalu kaTTukoni, pillalanI mustAbu chEsi aDavilO oMTarigA kAsEpu naDichostuMdAme. appuDu Ame mustAbU, pillala mustAbU chUstE vALLEdO paTTaNaMlO viMdukeLtunnaTTu vuMTAru! A oMTaritanaMlO adokkaTE Ameki ATaviDupu. nijAniki A aDavilO iravai maiLLa varakU iMkoka prANi kanabaDakuMDA naDavochchu! eMta dUraM naDichinA adE aDavi, avE pichchimokkalU. E mArpU lEni A parisarAlu, A mAMdyaM taTTukOlEkE mogavALLu paTTaNAniki pAripOdAmanukuMTAru. kanIsaM kottagA vEsina railupaTTAla pakkanE naDuchukuMTU veLLipOdAmanukuMTAru. peLLaina kottalO pichchettinaTTu vuMDEdi, ippuDalavATai pOyiMdi. bharta iMTikochchinappuDu saMtOshamE kAnI, atanu eppaTikI iMTi paTTuna vuMTADanna nammakamU ASA lEvAmeki. pillalaMTE prEma Ameku. paiki kaThinaMgA uMTuMdi. paristhitulu A prEmanu paiki chUpiMchanIyavu. chuTTU vunna moraTutanaM strI sahajamaina sunnitaputanAnni peraganIyadu.

AlOchanallOnE tellArutU vuMdi. gaDiyAraM chUddAmaMTE muMdu iMTlO vuMdi. kovvotti pUrtigA AripOyiMdi. vErE kovvuttulu lEvu. bayaTa varshaM AgipOyinaTTuMdi.

rAtraMtA nidralEmitO Ame alasipOyiMdi. eMdukO kaLLallO nILLu tirigEyi. chEtiguDDatO tuDuchukObOyi vELLatO kannu poDuchukuMdi. chEtiguDDalO chillulanuMchi Ame vELLu poDuchukochchunnAyi. Ameku navvochchi peddagA navviMdi. mosali AScharyaMgA chUsiMdi. AmekilA tanamIda tAnu navvukOvaDaM alavATE.

iMtalO unnaTTuMDi kukka SarIraM bigusukuMdi. kadalakuMDA Upiri bigabaTTi nElalO vunna nerre vaipE chUstUnna dAni SarIraMlO veMTrukalannI adO mAdiri udvEgaMtO nikkaboDuchukunnAyi. Ameki arthaM ayiMdi. vaMTiMTi gODa kiMda vunna nerre vaipE tanU chUstU chEti karra aMdukuMdAme. chinna kaMtalOMchi gAju gOLIllAMTi reMDu chinna kaLLu kadalakuMDA bayaTiki chUstunnAyi. oka kshaNaM bayaTa Ame, Ame pakkana kukka, lOpala pAmu kAlaMtO pATu staMbhiMchi nilabaDDAru. koMcheM sEpaTiki pAmu muMdu kadili mellagA koMcheM bayaTikochchiMdi.

Ame iMkA melligA chEti karra paikettiMdi. Apada grahiMchinaTTu pAmu maLLI kalugulOki tala lAkkuMdi. okka nimishaM taruvAta maLLI melligA tala baiTaku peTTiMdi. kukka okka uduTuna pAmu mIdiki dUkiMdi. pAmu dAdApu tappiMchukoni pObOyiMdi. kukka maLLI dAni paikuriki paLLatO dAnni oDisi paTTi pAmunu oka aDugu baiTaku lAgiMdi. dhaD! dhaD! Ame pAmu talapai koTTiMdi. mosali pAmunu paTTukuni mariMta bayaTaku lAgiMdi. dhaD! dhaD! dhaD! aidaDugula poDavu, nallagA bhayaMkaraMgA uMdi pAmu. saMdaDiki TAm lEchi talliki sAyAniki rAbOyADu. okka chEttO pillavANNi dUraMgA neTTEsiMdi balaMgA, reMDO chEttO pAmuni bAdutUnE. mosali mUti mIda okaTreMDu debbalu tagilAyi. vADu paTTiMchukOlEdu. Ame AgakuMDA A pAmunu koDutUnE vuMdi, adi ika kadalika lEkuMDA chachchi paDEdAkA.

pAmu SarIrAnni melligA karratO lEvanetti bayaTa maMDutunna negaDulO vEsiMdAme. kukka, pillavADU kadalakuMDA dUraMgA nilabaDDAru kAlipOtunna pAmunu chUstU. karra pakkana paDEsi vochchi kukka pakkana kUrchuMdAme. iddarinI daggaraku lAkkuMdi. Ame chEti sparSatO pillavADU, kukkA koMcheM kuduTa paDDAru.

taletti talli vaipu chUSADu TAm. Ame kaLLallO nILLu. talli meDa chuTTU chEtulEsi Ameni hattukupOyADu.

“ammA! nEnu peddayina taravAta eppuDU ninnodili A daridrapu aDavilOkeLLanu,” annADu. koDukuni tana guMDeki poduvukuMdAme. sannagA tellavArutunna aDavilO alA kUrchuMDipOyAru vALlalA.

(mUlaM: henrI lAsan katha, di DrOvars vaiph.)

pUrtigA #»

ASanirASalu

“EmaMDI, vALLu vachchi veLLAru.”

“evaru?”

“EmO, EdO dukkipADu vALLaTa. EdO arjaMT pani annAru.”

“EMchEyAlO telITallEdu. aMdarU arjeMT aMTunnAru. Uru vadilipOdAmannA lEdu. chaddAmannA pApa guriMchE AlOchana.”

“pApani vALLa ammammagAriMTiki paMpEddAmaMDi.”

“pApani vadili kshaNamainA uMDalEnu, aTAchmeMT vadulukOlEkapOtunnAnu.”

“manaM ilA UrukuMDalEmu kadA…”

“arthamaituMdi nIvu cheptunnadi. kAnI… chAvaDaM… aMta sulabhaM kAdu.”

“mari? ilA ayitE I samasyaku parishkAramEmuMdi? evarikainA chepdAmannA palakariMchE vALLE karuvayyAru. anniTlO ODipOyinavAri bratukE iMta.”

“jIvitaMlO ODipOyinavADE jIvitAnni sariggA arthaM chEsukOgalaDu. chEtilO paisA lEninADiMtE. dikkulEnivALLamE avutAmu.”

“ninna mI SInanna vachchAru. chAlA sEpu EM mATlADalEdu, tarvAta, EM chEstAru mari ani aDigAru. nAku kannILLAgalEdu. nEnEmI palukalEdu.”

“paipaina palukariMchEvALLu chAlA maMdE unnAru. SInannEmO cheptADu. kAnI vADidEM jarugutuMdi iMTlO? pApaM, vADu mAtraM EM chEstADu? pOnlE, vachchi palukariMchADu. aMtEchAlu.”

“EmaMDI, A ..migilina baMgAraM kUDA ammEstE?”

“ammitE mI tallidaMDrulaku elA mukhaM chUpiMchagalanu? vEsavi vastOMdi. varusagA SubhakAryAlu! akkaDa nalugurilO A sommulU lEkapOtE vALLu bAdhapaDatAru. aMtakannA chAvE…”

“adainA chEddAmu. UrikE rOjU EDchi chachchE dAnikannA okEsAri chAvaDaM mElu.”

aMtaraMga mRdaMga…

“EmaMDI, phOn mrOgutOMdi”

“evaraMDI phOnlO? mI goMtadOlA uMdanipiMchiMdi.”

“bhaT gArE, Dabbu chAlA arjaMTugA kAvAlaMTunnAru.”

“monna mana koTTukU vachchAru. vAraMlOgA DabbivvakapOtE vachchi ikkaDE kUrchuMTAnani cheppu, annAru.”

“rEpE veLLipOdAM. EmainA kAnI, iMtE mana bratukiMka.”

“ekkaDiki veLtAmaMDI… elA? pApa saMgatO?”

“anukunnaTTE tananu sAgar ku paMpEddAM. evarevariki eMteMta ivvAlO chITI vrAsi peDitE, I illu ammEsi anna vALLaMdarikI ichchEstADu. annI pOgoTTukoni bratikEkaMTE chAvaDamE…”

“adikAdaMDI. mI vALLanu okkamATa aDigi chUDAlsiMdi. aMta uMdi kadA, koMchemannA sahAyaM chEyakapOyEvArA?”

“mA chinnanna aidE vEla rUpAyalaku ArOju koTTu kochchi aMta goDava chESADu. evarO ichchipOyinadi, nEnu kharchu chEsukunnAnu. nAkippuDE kAvAlani okaTE goDava.”

“iMta kashTaM manakE eMduku vachchiMdaMDI! kAvAlani manamEM chEsukOlEdu. allaM rETlu iMtagA paDipOtAyani kalagannAmA? mana talarAta, mana kashTAniki phalitamE dakkalEdu.”

“adEnE, jIvitamannAka EmainA jarugutuMdi. idi manakoka goppa pAThaM anukO.”

“EmaMDI, evarO talupu taDutunnAru chUDaMDi.”

“nAnnA! nAnnA! ATa eMta bAguMDiMdO, rEpu kUDA veLLanA?”

“E ATammA? dAguDumUtalA?”

“kAdu nAnnA, prakkiMTi mEshTAru gArammAyiki phOnlO adEdO pedda TAb ani uMTuMdi kadA adi konichchAru. dAMTlO ATalunnAyi, pakshulu, jaMtuvulu annI unnAyi nAnnA. nAnnA, mari nAkU konistAvA?”

“tappakuMDA koMTAnammA. ippuDu nA paristhiti aMtagA bAlEdammalU. konni rOjulAgu. tappaka konipeDatAnu. alugavugA?”

“nAnnA, nEniMkEmI aDaganu. idokkaTI konipeTTavA? A mEshTaru gArammAyi dAnni nA chEtikE ivvadu. tAkoddu aMTU dUraM niMchE chUpistuMdi.”

“EmaMDI, pApaM nA chiTTitalli. mA ammAnAnnaku EdO cheppukOvachchu. elAgainA dIniki adi konivvAli. okkagAnokka biDDa. dInikE lOTU rAkUDadu.”

“chUddAmannAnugA. oka reMDumUDu rOjullO ekkaDainA koMta mottamayinA dorukutuMdEmO chUstAnu.”

“elAgaMDI, ippuDE iMta uMDagA maLLI appekkaDa dorukutuMdi? bhaT gAru, bAMku vALLu… nAkayitE pichchi paTTETaTluMdi.”

“EM chEstAM cheppu, manaM chEtulArA chEsukunnadi kAdu. mana talarAta! evariki cheppukuMTAM? dEvuDu elA ADistADO ADiMchanI.”

“EmaMDI, nAkidaMtA chUstuMTE chachchipOvaDamE mElanipistuMdi. aMtE chEddAM. rEpu muMdu pApani vadilEsi raMDi.”

“ImadhyE nAkI AlOchanalu. rAnrAnU batuku bhAramautOMdi. evarannA EmannA annA taTTukOlEka pOtunnAnu. nA chaduvu, eM.e.lO vachchina rAMku, gOlD meDal, nA sAhityaM ichchina gauravaM ivannI gurtostAyi.”

“E bahumAnAlu, E patakAlu ippuDu dEnikI panikirAvaDaM lEdu. manishi chEtilO DabbuMTEnE viluva. ippuDu evarU palukariMchE vALLE lEru.”

“nAnnA, nAku TAb konivvakapOtE nEnu baDiki pOnu. nAkiMkEmI vaddu. idokkaTI konivvu chAlu.”

“alAgEnammA. reMDrOjulAgu.”

“nAnnA, phOn!”

….

“evaraMDI, EMTaMta sEpu mATlADAru phOnlO?”

“bhaT gArE. Dabbu rEpE kAvAlaMTa. iMka AgalEnu aMTunnAru. rEpu vastAraMTa. nEnu rEpE sAgar^ku veLtAnu. koTlO sAmAnEM lEdu. konaDAniki DabbU lEdu. EM chEyAlO EmI tOchaDaM lEdu.”

“vaddaMDI, iMkA maryAda pOyEvarakU uMDoddu manaM.”

“sarE, rEpE pApani vadilipeTTi vastAnu. kAnI, manakevvarU dikkE lEru ani bAdhagA uMdi. mIvALLu ippaTikE chAlA ichchAru. iMkA eMta istAru? manamU E mukhaM peTTuku aDugagalaM? pOnI, anukunnaTTE chEddAM.”

pUrtigA #»

satya darSanaM

EkAMta maMdiraMlO yudhishTiruDu mellagA aTU iTU pachArlu chEstU naDustunnADu. I madhyana kRshNuDi guriMchi E samAchAraM teliyaka pOvaDaMtO manasu allallADi konnirOjula kritaM arjunuNNi dvAraka paMpiMchADu O sAri A lIlAmAnushavigrahuNNi chUsi rammani. pArdhuDIpATiki venakki tirigi vachchi uMDAli kAnI vachchinaTTu lEdu. EmaiMdO? dvAraM daggirEdO chappuDainaTTu anipiMchi aDigEDu.

“evarakkaDa? EmainA samAchAraM telsiMdA?”

“lEdu mahArAjA, telistE mIku cheppakuMDA uMTAnA? mIreMta AtRta paDutunArO nAku teliyadA?” pilupu vini lOpaliki vachchina bhaTuDokaDu cheppEDu samAdhAnaMgA.

bhaTuDu bayaTakeLLi talupulu mUsukunnAka, mellamellagA chinnappaTirOjula daggarnuMchi annI gurtuku rAvaDaM modalu peTTAyi mahArAjuki. modaTlO tAmaMdarU aDavullO taMDritO jIviMchaDaM. asalu mahArAjai uMDI eMdukalA tana taMDri pAMDurAju aDavullO batikEvADO tanaki A vayasulO ardhamayyEdi kAdu. tarvAta rOjullO telisEsariki EmI chEyalEni paristhiti. taMDri pOyAka tAmu hastinApuraM vachchEsariki tanakokkaDikE vishayAlu ardhamautU uMDEvi, adI akkaDakkaDAnu. tammuLLaMdarU chinnavALLu kanaka tana venakE tirigEvAru. bhImuDiki tinE annaMlO vishaM peTTi gaMgAnadilO paDEsE varakU asalu I dhuryOdhana dRtarAshTrulu ilA chEstArani kalalOnainA UhiMchalEdu tAmu kAni, talli kuMti kAni. rArAju anipiMchukunna duryOdhanuDu modaTlO asalu eMdukaMtagA tamani dvEshiMchADO ardhaM kAdu.

duryOdhanuDi saMgati alA uMchitE jUdaMlO ODipOyi oppukunnaTTugA araNyavAsaM, aj~nAtavAsaM mugiMchAka, tama taMDri pAMDurAju bhujabalaMtO saMpAdiMchina I rAjyaMlO aidu ULLichchinA chAlu annappuDu kUDA duryOdhanuDu oppukOlEdu. manushulu chanipOyinappuDu I rAjyAlu kUDA vachchEvEnA? yamamahishaghaMThikalu daggarlO vinipiMchinappuDu dharmaM okkaTE kadA evari kUDAnainA vachchEdi? ayinA duryOdhanuDu rAjyaM paTTukuni vElADutU aidu ULLu kAdu kadA sUdi mona mOpinaMta mEra kUDA ivvanaMTE tana pettaMDri nOru ettalEkapOyADu koDuku mIda vyAmOhaMtO. sAkshAttU kRshNuDE veLLi rAyabAraM chEstE vinani vALLaki iMka Emi cheppi prayOjanaM? tananI tana tammulanI avamAniMchaDaM sarainadE anukunnA, E tappU lEni draupadini kaurava sabhalO aMdarimuMdU aMta dAruNaMgA avamAniMchaDaM kUDadani prajalaMdarU nOrettukuni cheppinA, dharmaM tapputunnArani telisinA, puTTinappaTnuMchI kRshNuDu chEsina adbhutAlu vinI, pettaMDri koDukuni elA samardhiMchukunnADO paramESvaruDikeruka… ChI, ChI, ayinA nAku ippaTi varakU iTuvaMTi AlOchanalu rAlEdu kAnI ippuDu vastunnAyEmiTO? kali prabhAvaM kAdu kadA? kurukshEtraMlO bhIkara saMgrAmaM tappadani tElipOyAka tAnu nammina dharmAnni mAtramE aMTipeTTukuni kRshNuDokkaDU tODu uMTE chAlu anukOvaDamE maMchidaiMdi. yatO dharma@hstatO kRshNa@h yatO kRshNa@hstatO jaya@h annadE nijamaiMdi kadA chivaraki?

rAjulaki rAjulU pOyAru, vaMSAlaki vaMSAlU tuDichipeTTukupOyAyi. tAnEnA I vidhvaMsAniki kAraNaM? saMgrAmAniki muMdu rAyabAraMlO saMjayuDu cheppinaTTU yuddhaM mAnEsi bhikshamettinA bAvuMDEdA? kanIsaM jarigina naramEdhaM tappiMchagaligi uMDEvADEmO? dharmarAju kaLlalO nILLu ubiki vachchAyi okkasAri. dharmajuDi AlOchanalu pari vidhAla pOtUMDagA aMtarAtma praSniMchiMdi, kshAtradharmaM – yuddhamA, bhikshATanA? aMTU. pai kaMDuvAtO tuDuchukuni kaLLu mUsukunnADu. ennisArlu tamani pakshi tana pillalni rekkala chATuna kApADinaTTu kApADADu kRshNuDu? AnADu araNyavAsaMlO dUrvAsuDu vachchi tAmaMdarikI bhOjanaM peTTamaMTE, aMdari bhOjanAlu ayipOyAyani draupadi dikkutOchaka okkasAri kaLLumUsukuni manasulO taluchukunna uttarakshaNaMlO kRshNuDu gummaMlO pratyakshamavaDaM elA marchipOgalaDu? araNyavAsaM varakU eMdukugAnI jUdaMlO tAnu tammulatO sahA annI pOgoTTukunnappuDu draupadiki sabhAbhavanaMlO aMdari eduTA vastrApaharaNaM jarugutUMTE evaru draupadini rakshiMchinadi? uttarOttarA aSvatthAma prayOgiMchina brahmaSirOnAmakAstrAnni kRshNuDu vAriMchi uMDakapOtE tama vaMSaM nilabaDi uMDEdA, parIkshittu batiki baTTakaTTagaligEvADA? inni dEniki, nallani vADu padma nayanaMbula vADu kRpA rasaMbu paijalleDu vADu mauLi pari sarpita piMChamu vADu navvu rAjilleDu mOmu vADu lEkapOtE tAmu EmaivuMDEvArO?

sarE, ivannI ippuDanavasaraM. jarigipOyina vATi guriMchi AlOchiMchukOvaDaM valla Emi prayOjanaM? ippuDu jarugutunna vishayAlu chUstU uMTE tama kAlaM ayipOyinaTTE. chEtiki edigi vachchina parIkshittuki paTTaM kaTTi tAmu iMka vAnaprasthAnAniki veLLaDamE maMchidanipistOMdi. arjunuDu tIsukochchE vArta vini kRshNuDi daggiraki veLLi tana nirNayaM cheppAka AyanelA chEyamaMTE alA chEyaDamE. I vayasulO tanaki kAvAlsiMdi iMka okkaTE.

arayan SaMtanuputrupai vidurupai nakrUrupai@M gubjapai
narupai draupadipai@M guchElunipayinnaMda vraja SrENipai
baragaM galgu bhavatkRpArasamu nApai@M goMtarAnimmu nI
charaNAbjaMbulu namminA@MDa jagadISA! kRshNa! bhaktapriyA!


rAtri gaDichinA arjunuDu rAkapOyEsariki dharmarAju manasu tallaDilliMdi. veMTanE O sAri nakuluNNi veLLi chUsi rammaMTE? adE mATa tammuLlatO cheppEsariki okkasAri aMdarU kUDabalukkunnaTTu mohaM mIdE navvAru. bhImuDaitE O aDugu muMdukEsi, “annA, peddavADivayyE koddI chAdastaM ekkuvautOMdA?” anESADu. avunu kadA? dvaMdva yuddhaMlO sAkshAttU mahESvaruNNi niluvariMchi pASupataM gelchukunna arjunuDu iMkA eMduku rAlEdO chUsi rammani nakuluNNi paMpaDaM eMta hAsyAspadaM? digulugA unna dharmajuDiki rAtri bAgA poddupOyEvarakU nidralEdu.

A tarvAta magatagA paTTina nidralO EdO kala. modaTlO masaka masakagA kanipiMchina bAla kRshNuDi rUpaM dhagadhagalADutU peddadautUMdi. Ayana venukanE pUtana, kaMsuDu, tama tAta bhIshmuDu chirunavvulu navvutunnAru. muMdugA niMchunna kRshNa rUpaM manOharaMgA navvutUMTE kanabaDI kanapaDakuMDA Ayana venukE SiSupAluDu, jayadhradhuDu, karNuDu, duryOdhanuDu, jarAsaMdhuDu, saMjaya vidurulU, kaMsuDi sEvakulaina aSEsha rAkshasulU chirunavvulu chiMdistunnAru. vILlalO chAlAmaMdini kRshNuDu svahastAlatO saMhariMchADu kAdU? migatA vALLaki jIvitAMtaM guMDellO ballemE ayyEDu kadA? ippuDu hAyigA chirunavvu navvutunnAru, adEmiTO? kalalO yudhishTiruDi AlOchanalani aDDukuMTU madhya maMdra sthAyilO vinipiMchE stuti modalaiMdi.

sahasraSIrshaM dEvaM viSvAkshaM viSva saMbhuvam
viSvaM nArAyaNaM dEvamaksharaM paramaM padam
viSvata@h paramAnnityaM viSvannArAyaNaM harim,
viSvamE vEdaM purushasta dviSva mupajIvati
patiM viSvasyAtmESvaragM SASvatagM Sivamachyutam

spashTaMgA vinipiMchE vEdamaMtrAla madhya veligE kRshNuNNi parIkshagA chUDabOyEMtalO kRshNa rUpaM kanumarugautOMdi. A rUpaM venukanE O rAju chEtulu jODiMchi vEgaMgA naDustunnADu mari koMtamaMditO. kAnI migatAvAru alA kRshNuNNI, A venakE naDichE rAjuni aMdukOlEka venakapaDipOtunnAranEdi telustUnE uMdi. naDichE A rAju venakabhAgamE kanipistOMdi kAnI mohaM kanabaDaTaMlEdu. lIlAmAnushavigrahuDu marO adRshTavaMtuDiki bhavasAgaraM dATE adRshTaM kalpiMchADu kAbOlu. kala karigipOtU kRshNuDi navvU, rUpaM mAyamayyEsariki nidrAbhaMgamai dharmajuDu okkasAri kaLLu terichEDu. telatelavArutOMdi appuDE. marOsAri tAnu AchariMchE dharmAniki ATaMkaM kalagakUDadani kRshNuNNi vEDukuMTU rOjulO chEyabOyE kAryakramAlanniMTikI upakramiMchADu pAMDavAgrajuDu.


arjunuDu eMta tvaragA vastE bAguNNani dharmajuDanukunnADO dAniki ettuki paikettu AlaSyaMgA hastinApuraM chErADu savyasAchi. tanani chUDavachchina arjunuNNi praSnalatO vEdhiMchADu yudhishTiruDu, kRshNuDi kuSalaM kOsaM. chAlAsEpaTidAkA mATlADalEka pOyina arjunuDu kannILLatO talapaiketti cheppEDu kRshNuDu avatAraM chAliMchADani. kRshNuDu ika lEDanE nijAnni jIrNiMchukulEka modalu narikina cheTTulA kUlipOyEDu yudhishTiruDu. ippaTivarakU jIvitaMlO EdaitE tamaki AsarAgA nilchiMdO A AsarA iMkalEdu anE satyAnni jIrNiMchukOvaDAniki samayaM paTTiMdi, draupadikI pAMDavulakI. paDava AsarAgA uMdanukunE bharOsAtO nILLalO prayANiMchE vADiki paDava tiragabaDipOtE pAtALaMlOki digabaDutU Upiri kOsaM ukkiribikkirayyE bhAvana. rOjulu bhAraMgA gaDustunnAyi.

SrIkRshNa niryANaM aMdarikannA ekkuva bAdhiMchinadi draupadini. eMdukaMTE modaTinuMchI tanaki mAna saMrakshaNa chEsinavADu kRshNuDu. Ayana pOyAka pApaM Ayana ashTapatnulelA OrchukuMTunnArO anE AlOchanE draupadini okkachOTa niluvanIyaDaMlEdu. A AlOchanaltO yudhishTiruDitO mATlADaDAniki bayaldEriMdi.

pAMDava madhyamuDidi aMdarikannA dAruNamaina paristhiti. kRshNuDu avatAraM chAliMchAka tAnu – oka vAraMlO dvArakAnagaraM samudraMlO munugutuMdani telisI – akkaDi strIlanI, pillalnI hastinApuraM tIsukurAvaDAniki prayatnaM chESADu. dArilO doMgala guMpu dADi chEsinappuDu tanaki brahmAstraM kAdu kadA gAMDIvaM etti mAmUlu astra prayOgaM chEyaDAnikkUDA EmI chEta kAlEdu. pOnI astravidya gurtukurAkapOyinA katti etti yuddhaM chEddAmanukuMTE A katti ettaDAniki SarIraM sahakariMchalEdu. tananI, tanakUDA unnavALLanI mAmUlu dAridOpiDI doMgalu koTTi tana kaLla eduTE annI dOchukeLLAru. migilina ADavALla muMdu vIrAdhivIruDaina tAnu talettukOlEkapOyADu. tanakEmO savyasAchi ani birudu, okAnokappuDu SivuNNi niluvariMchi pASupataM gelchukunna tAnu, uttara gOgrahaNa samayaMlO mottaM kaurava sEnani oMTichEttO jayiMchina tAnu, SapathaM chEsinaTTE okkarOjulO kauravasEnani chIlchi cheMDADi sUryAstamayaM lOpula drONa, karNa, aSvatthAmalaMtaTi mahAmahulu chUstUMDagA jayadradhuDi talani, DEga alavOkagA pichchukani tannukupOyinaTTu egaragoTTi yamapuriki paMpina tAnu, mAmUlu dAridOpiDI doMgalani EmI chEyalEkapOyEDu. kRshNuDu tanani nammi rakshiMchamani cheppina ADavALlanI, pillalanI tAnu rakshiMchalEkapOyADu. ChI, ChI tanadI oka batukEnA? dArilO vyAsabhagavAnulu cheppinadE sarai uMDavachchu. tama kAlaM tIripOyiMdanEdi kaMTi muMdu kanipiMchE satyaM. kRshNa niryANaMtO tana SarIraMlO kuDibhAgaM chachchupaDi pOyiMdanukuMTE A tarvAta doMgala chEtilO ADavALLa muMdu jarigina parAbhavaM tana eDama SarIrAnni kUDA chaMpEsinaTTE. annalatO mATlADi iMka vAnaprasthaM svIkariMchaDaM maMchidi. EdO nirNayAniki vachchinavADilA yudhishTuruDi maMdirAniki bayaldErADu.


tana daggiraki vachchina draupadinI, arjunuNNI lOpalaki tIsukeLLEsariki akkaDE bhImuDU nakula sahadEvulU uMDaDaM koMta AScharyaMgA anipiMchiMdi dharmajuDi daggiraki vachchina A iddarikI. upOdghAtaM EmI lEkuMDA dharmarAju cheppEDu.

“jariginadaMtA chUSAru kadA? kRshNuDE avatAraM chAliMchAka iMka manaM rAjyaM chEyaDaM anavasaraM ani nAkanipistOMdi. parIkshittu edigi vachchADu kanaka tanaki paTTaM kaTTi vAnaprasthaM svIkariMchaDaM uttamaM. idi mIku nachchakapOtE nEnokkaNNE ayinA vAnaprasthaM tIsukuni himAlayAlaki chErukuMdAmani nA svaMta nirNayaM. mimmalni balavaMtaM chEstunnAnani anukOvaddu sumA. mIru vachchinA rAkapOyinA nEnu veLLaTaM anEdi tadhyaM. iMtakAlaM rAjyaM chESAM. manaki ikkaDa bAvukOvalsiMdi EmuMdi? mIraMdarU EmaMTAru? ippuDu cheppinA sarE, AlOchiMchukuni tarvAta cheppinA sarE.”

modaTagA nOru vippinadi draupadi. “mIru cheppinadE nijaM. kRshNuDaMtaTivADE avatAraM chAliMchAka mana rAjyaM chEyaDaM anavasaraM. nAku reMDu kAraNAlu kUDA tOstunnAyi. modaTidi mana dEhadAruDhyaM kshINistOMdani mIku telusu kadA? jarugutunna vishayAlu chUstUMTE mana taraM ayipOyiMdanE mATa vAstavaM. reMDOdi mIru vanavAsaM annappuDU, aj~nAta vAsaM annappuDU…”

“draupadI, nEneMta chEtakAni vANNayyanO marI, marI vEletti chUpiMchakkarlEdu. kRshNa niryANaM jariginanADE nEnu chachchinavADitO samAnaM,” arjunuDu tala vaMchukunE annADu.

“ayyO, nEnu mIku jarigina parAbhavAnni manasulO peTTukuni annamATa kAdu. inni saMgatulu dEnikI? mIku aidugurikI teliyadA? nAku I vishayaMlO AlOchiMchukOvaDAnikI nirNayiMchukOvaDAnikI EmIlEdu. mIru vanavAsaM annappuDU, aj~nAta vAsaM annappuDU, tarvAta yuddhaM annappuDU eppuDU mI vennaMTE unnaTTE ippuDUnu. mIreppuDu bayaldErudAmaMTE appuDu nEnu siddhaM. kAni koMta samayaM istE parIkshittuki paTTaM kaTTi vEdavidulanI, paMDitulanI satkariMchaDaM, vALla ASIrvAdAlu tIsukOvaDaM lAMTi panulannI chakkabeTTukuni bayaldEravachchu.”

nakula sahadEvulakEsi dharmajuDu chUsEsariki aDagakkarlEkuMDAnE samAdhAnaM mohaM mIdE pratibiMbistOMdi. ika migilinadi bhImuDu. “tammuDU, iMka nIdE AlasyaM mari, cheppu nI uddESyaM kUDA,” dharmajuDu aDigEDu.

bhImuDu veMThanE samAdhAnaM cheppADu. “iMkA SaMkiMchaDaM dEnikI? dvaitavanaMlO gaMdharvulu duryOdhanuDimIda dADi chEsinappuDu nuvvu cheppinadE kadA, parai@h paribhavaiprAptE vayaM paMchOttara SataM, paraspara virOdhEtu vayaM paMcha SataMtutE – bayaTanuMDi E SatRvainA daMDettivachchinappuDu manaM nUTa aiduguraM manamadhya vibhEdhAlu vachchinappuDu vALLu nUruguru, manaM aiduguraM. pAMDavuleppuDU aidugurE. veMThanE parIkshittuki paTTaM kaTTi bayaldErudAM.”

aMdarU lEchAru. aMdarnI veLLanichchi bhImuDu dharmarAjuni aDigADu, “annA, ippuDI jIvitaM vadili manaM bayaldErutunnAM. manaki muMdu muMdu eTuvaMTi gati rAsipeTTi uMdO? draupadiki puTTinappaTnuMchI kashTAlE kadA? ippuDu kUDA manatO vastE eTuvaMTi bhAdhaledurautAyO? draupadini hastinApuraMlOnE vuMchitEnE bAguMTuMdEmO?”

chirunavvu navvEDu dharmajuDu, “tammuDU, ippuDu manaM jIvitaMlO charamAMkAnni chErukunnAM. ippaTivarakU chEsina pApa puNyAlU, AchariMchina dharmAdharmAlu okkaTE mana veMTE vachchEvi. manaM aiduguraM atiradha mahAradhulugA uMDI vastrApaharaNaM samayaMlO Emi chEyagaligAM? bhagavaMtuDaina kRshNuDu tana svaMta koDukugA puTTina tarvAta kUDA vachchi viDipiMchEvarakU dEvakI vasudEvulu kArAgAraMlOnE kadA batikinadi? evari puNyaphalaM vAridi. chivaridAkA nuvvu batiki uMTE mAtraM draupadi kashTAlu paDadani rUDhigA cheppagalavA? iMtA chEsi draupadi mATalu vinnAvu kadA? nuvvu uMchutAnannA draupadi hastinApuraMlO manaM lEkuMDA uMDaDAniki ishTapaDutuMdA?”

saMgati ardhamainaTTU bhImuDu bayaTaki naDichEDu.

pUrtigA #»

padya sAhityaM

nAku nachchina padyaM: Suchimukhi cheppina meTA kavitvaM

kaM. E yaMgakamunu bhAvana
#          #;chEyaka vrAyaMga rAdu, chEsina nAnaM
#          #;dAyattata madi chokku, ba
#          #;rAyattapu buddhi cheluva nalaviye vrAyan!

chUsEMduku chinnadayinA tODinakoddI AlOchanAmRtAnni UriMchE padyaM idi. dIni guriMchi tavvukuMTU pOtE alaMkAraSAstrapu lOtullOki veLLipOvalisiMdE! I padyaM aMTunnadi oka haMsa. A haMsa pEru Suchimukhi. piMgaLi sUrana rachiMchina prabhAvatIpradyumnamanE kAvyaMlOni padyaM.

saMskRta sAhityaMlO kAvya tattvAnni guriMchina SAstrIya charcha chAlAnE jarigiMdi. dAninE alaMkAraSAstramanI, kAvyaSAstramanI, sauMdaryaSAstramanI – ilA chAlA pErlatO vyavaharistAru. telugulO alAMTi svataMtramaina vimarSa prAchIna sAhityaMlO peddagA jarigina dAkhalAlu kanipiMchavu. chAlAvarakU telugu lAkshaNikulu saMskRta lakshaNa graMthAlanu yathAtathaMgA anuvadiMchAru. saMskRta graMthAlalOni vishayAnni telugulO cheppaDAniki, telugu udAharaNalu ivvaDAniki mAtramE vAri rachanalu parimitamayyAyi. ayitE, kavitvAnni guriMchina kavitvaM koMta telugulO viSEshaMgA kanipistuMdi. dInini meTA kavitvaM anavachchu. chATu kavitvaMlO dIni uniki spashTaMgA telustuMdi. ‘ghanatara ghUrjarIkuchayugakriya gUDhamu gAka,’ ‘nirupahatisthalaMbu’ modalaina padyAlu meTA kavitvAniki udAharaNalu. kavitvaM elA uMDAlO allasAni peddana sudIrghaMgA varNiMchi cheppina ‘pUtameruMgulun pasarupUpa beDaMgulu chUpunaTTivA kaitalu’ anna utpalamAlika prasiddhamainadE!

chATukavitvAnni alA uMchitE, kAvyAlalO kUDA I meTA kavitvaM akkaDakkaDa darSanamistuMdi. idi chAlA varakU kAvya avatArikalaki mAtramE parimitaM. kavi tana kavitva guNAlani vivariMchE padyAlalOnU, kavi stuti, kukavi niMda vaMTi vATillOnU kavitvAnni guriMchina prastAvana kanipistuMdi. kathalO aMtarbhAgaMgA, kavitA svarUpAnnI kavitva tattvAnnI gUrchi vivEchana chEsina kavi bahuSA okka piMgaLi sUranE! kavitva lakshaNAla guriMchi kaLApUrNOdayaMlO cheppina ‘chaluvagala vennelala cheluvunaku,’ anE padyaM kavitA guNAlani aMdaMgA varNistuMdi. alAgE prabhAvatIpradyumnaMlO kUDA, SabdasaMskAra mechchaTanu jA~raganIka… aMTU dEvEMdruni nOTa mahAkAvyalakshaNAlanu viSEshaMgA palikiMchADu. ayitE, kavitvAnni gUrchina mImAMsa okaTi reMDu padyAlatO mAtramE saripeTTa lEdu sUrana. kathalO bhAgaMgA kavitvAnikI kavitva mImAMsakU pramukha sthAnAnni kalpiMchADu. kaLApUrNOdayaMlO nAyakuDayina maNikaMdharuDu svayAnA kavi. prabhAvatIpradyumnaMlO atyaMta pramukhamaina pAtra Suchimukhi. Suchimukhi oka dEvahaMsa mAtramE kAdu, achchaMgA kavi kUDAnu. svayaMgA dEvEMdruDE Suchimukhi gUrchi, vAgdEvatavO kAka yAke diddina kavivO! aMTADu. ‘Sabda saMskAra pUtaMbanu buddhi naddEviya nAku Suchimukhi yanu pEriDiye’ – ani Suchimukhi tana pEru guriMchi cheppukuMTuMdi. paigA, tana peMpuDu chilukatO kavitvapu pOTIlO negginaMduku gAnU sarasvati Suchimukhiki, upamAtiSayOkti kAmadhEnu anE birudunu kUDA istuMdi. goppa vAkchAturyaM gala A Suchimukhi kAvya kathA gamanaMlO chAlA pramukha pAtra nirvahistuMdi. nAyikA nAyakulaina prabhAvatI pradyumnulanu okarikokarini parichayaM chEyaDaM modalu, iddarinI okaTi chEsE varakU AdyaMtaM SuchimukhE kathani naDipistuMdi!

prabhAvati sauMdaryAnni Suchimukhi pradyumnuniki varNistunna saMdarbhaMlO cheppE padyaM idi. nAyika sauMdarya varNana kAvyAlalO, aMdulOnU mukhyaMgA prabaMdhAlalO, sarvasAdhAraNaMgA kanipiMchE aMSamE. ayitE aMdulO tanaki mAtramE svaMtamaina oka kottapuMtanu tokkADu piMgaLi sUrana. pAta kavisamayAlakU, AlaMkArika saMpradAyAlakU kaTTubaDutUnE, kottadanAnni meripiMchaDaM sUrana pratyEkata. A kottadanaM kEvalaM mATalakI UhalakI mAtramE parimitaM kAkuMDA, lOtaina AlOchanaki teratIsEdigA uMTuMdi. ikkaDa prabhAvati aMdAnni pradyumnuniki varNiMchi cheputunnadi oka haMsa. SRMgAranaishadhaMlO kUDA, naluni daggara damayaMti aMdachaMdAla varNana chEsEdi haMsE. ayitE ikkaDunna haMsa mAmUlu haMsa kAdu. sarasvati chEta birudaMdukonna kavihaMsa! kaviki varNanalO upakariMchE parikarAlu upamAdi alaMkArAlu. I kavihaMsa, prabhAvati guriMchi cheppaDaM modalupeDutUnE, aMdamaina strI SarIrAnni varNiMchEMduku sAdhAraNaMgA kavulu upayOgiMchE upamA sAmagrinaMtA oka padyaMlO chiTTA cheppi, avEvI prabhAvati sauMdaryAnni varNiMchaDAniki panikirAvaMTuMdi! A anaDaMlO kavulu oka AnavAyitIgA vADE upamAnAla mIda vekkiriMta spashTaMgA dhvanistuMdi: ‘nettammulanuchu, gronnelalaMchu, vaTaphalaSrIlaMchu, tAbETichippalanuchu… iTTivi gadayya cheppabOyina nupamalu, vIni daDava siggodavu navveladi neMchi.’ iMdulO okokkaTi okO SarIrabhAgAniki pOlikagA cheppaDaM kavitva saMpradAyaM. prabhAvati SarIra varNanalO mAtraM ilAMTi pOlikalu cheppAlaMTE siggu vEstuMdaTa! nijAniki ilA anaDaM kUDA oka alaMkAramE, dInni vyatirEkAlaMkAraM aMTAru. tamAshA EmiTaMTE, E upamAnAlanayitE vekkiriMchiMdO, maLLI iMchumiMchu avE upamAnAlatO prabhAvati sauMdaryAnni varNistuMdi. ayitE, avannI kEvalaM gurtukOsaM cheppinavE anI, tana kavitva praj~naMtA upayOgiMchi varNiMchinA Ame sauMdaryaMlO kOTitamAMSamainA mATallO cheppalEkapOyAnanI vApOtuMdi. paigA, adi tana SabdaSakti lOpaM kAdanI, prabhAvati sauMdarya mahatvaM anI niSchayaMgA cheputuMdi. Ame rUpAnni varNiMchEMduku mATalu karuvayyAyi kAbaTTi, pOnI Ame chitrAnni gIsi chUpudAmannA adi kUDA sAdhyaM kAdaMTuMdi. eMduku sAdhyaM kAdO cheputunna padyamidi.

E yaMgakamunu bhAvana chEyaka vrAyaMga rAdu – prabhAvati chitrAnni gIyAlaMTE Ame SarIrAkRtini manasulO maLLI darSiMchAli, bhAvana chEyAli. chEsina nAnaMdAyattata madi chokku – kAni alA chEsinappuDu, Ame sauMdaryAniki manasu AnaMdapAravaSyaMlO munigipOtuMdi. parAyattapu buddhi cheluva nalaviye vrAyan! – manasu paravaSamaipOyinappuDu dAniki adupu uMDadu. chitraM gIyAlaMTE A gIsE chitraM paina EkAgramaina dRshTi uMDAli. AnaMdaMlO paravaSamaipOyina manasu gIyaDaM paina elA Sraddha peTTagalugutuMdi? aMduvalla Ame chitrAnni likhiMchaDaM asaMbhavaM!

idI Suchimukhi tana asahAyatanu gUrchi yichchina vivaraNa. paipaina chUstE I mATalannI prabhAvati sauMdaryAdhikyAnni sUchistAyi. koMcheM lOtugA AlOchistE, kavitvarachanalO kavi poMdE oka dvaidIbhAva avasthani chakkagA vivariMchE padyamidi. I avastha E kaLAsRjanakainA anvayistuMdi! kavi tAnu rachiMchE kAvyaMtO oka tanmayatvAnni (katha, pAtralu, bhAvAlu, anubhUtulu – ilA EvainA) poMdutADu. alA kAkapOtE aMdulO oka kRtrimatvaM vachchipaDutuMdi. okari chitrAnni gIsETappuDu, chitrakAruDu A vyaktini chAlA EkAgraMgA pariSIliMchi tana medaDulO A vyakti rUpAnni spashTaMgA pratishThiMchukOvAli. ayitE, oka kavitanayinA chitrAnnayinA chakkagA tIrchididdAlaMTE naipuNyaM kAvAli. dAniki koMta buddhi pariSrama avasaraM. asaMkalpitaMgA aprayatnaMgA vachchEsEvi kAvu. udAharaNaku, oka kAvyAnni rachiMchETappuDu – vADE bhAshanuMchI, kathA nirmANaM, pAtra nirvahaNaM, rasapOshaNaM varakU chAlA SraddhagA vATipai dRshTi peTTavalasi uMTuMdi. paravaSamaina manasu vITipaina dhyAsa peTTaDaM elA?! ilAMTi #Catch-22# paristhiti koddO goppO pratI kaLAkArunikI ErpaDutuMdanukuMTAnu. A avasthani chAlA goppagA oka chinna padyaMlO haMsa chEta cheppiMchADu sUrana. A avasthani kaLAkArulu elA dATatAru aMTE, A SaktinE ‘pratibha’ annAru AlaMkArikulu. A pratibha Suchimukhi sottu. aMdukE prabhAvati sauMdaryAnni chitraM gIsi chUpalEkapOyinA padachitrAlatO chakkagA varNistuMdi.

ilA kAvyasRjana guriMchI, kAvyAnubhavAnni guriMchI gaMbhIramaina aMSAlenniTinO kathAgamanaMlO aMtargataMgA poMduparichADu sUrana. udAharaNaki, nAyika sauMdaryAnni guriMchi vinna nAyakuDu Ame guriMchE AlOchistU virahaMlO munigipOvaDaM anEdi SRMgAra prabaMdhAlanniTilOnU uMDE vishayamE. adE aMSaM I prabhAvatIpradyumnaMlO chAlA kottagA sAgutuMdi. prabhAvati guriMchi Suchimukhi dvArA telusukunna pradyumnuDu, A haMsa chEsina varNana dvArA prabhAvati sauMdaryarUpAnni UhiMchE prayatnaM chEstADu. A prayatnamaMtA oka bhAvukuDu chEsE kAvya rasAsvAdanalAgA, oka yOgi chEsE tapassulAgA kanipistuMdi. prabhAvati aMdamaina rUpamanE brahmAnni chEraDAniki, haMsa cheppina yathArtha vAkkulanE upanishattula mArgAnni anusariMchi, pradyumnuDu dhyAna mananAdi sAdhana chESADani varNistADu sUrana. dInini kAvyaparaMgA anvayiMchukuMTE – rasaM anEdi brahmaM, A rasabrahmAnni chErukonE mArgaM kavivAkkulu (aMTE kAvyaM), A kAvyAnni sahRdayaMtO AsvAdiMchaDaM bhAvukuDu chEsE sAdhana! I prayatnamaMtaTikI parAkAshTha I padyAlu:

udyadapEksha pakshivanitOktula veMbaDi jaMcharIka chaM
drAdyupamAnaSObhaku sahasraguNaMbuga hechcha gESa va
ktrAdyakhilAMgalakshmi madikaMdina yaMtayunun nayiMchi yA
hRdyatarAMgimUrti sobagella nokiMtaga jUchu nAtmalOn

madi goninaMta mErayunu mAna kataM DupamAnakOTi yo
ppida makhilaMbu niTlu gaDu bekku maDuMgulugA dalaMchi ta
ttadavayavatva susthitiki dArpaga nammadirAkshirUpa me
yyadi yadiyE kanaMbaDiye nachchapubuddhiki lEvagamyamul!

Suchimukhi chEsina varNanalO, prabhAvati SarIrAMgAlaku pOlikalugA cheppina tummedalu, chaMdrabiMbamU modalaina upamAnAla sauMdaryAniki veyyireTlugA AyA SarIrabhAgAlanu UhiMchukonnADu pradyumnuDu. alA UhiMchi UhiMchi tana manasuki koddi koddigA kanipiMchE Ame SarIrAkRtini jAgrattagA poMduparachukonnADu. alA koMcheM koMcheM poMduparachukoMTU pOgA chivariki Ame rUpaM elA uMTuMdO, sariggA alAgE pradyumnuniki darSanamayyiMdiTa! ‘achchapubuddhiki’ chEralEni tIrAlaMTU lEvu ani tIrpunichchADu kavi. idi, yEshAM kAvyAnuSIlanavaSAt viSadIbhUtE manOmukurE varNanIya tanmayIbhavana yOgyatA tE hRdaya saMvAda bhAja@h sahRdayA@h – ani AnaMdavardhanuDu dhvanyAlOkaMlO yichchina sahRdayuni nirvachanAniki sariggA saripOtuMdi. aMchEta achchapubuddhi aMTE sahRdayatE! pradyumnuDu achchaMgA kAvyAsvAdana chEsE sahRdayuDE.

prabhAvatIpradyumnAnni iMglIshulOki anuvadiMchina DEviD shUlman, vElchEru nArAyaNarAvu, A anuvAdAniki rAsina sudIrghamaina venukamATalO I kAvyaM guriMchi chAlA lOtaina charcha chESAru. aMdulO vAru pradyumnuDu chEsina yI sAdhana alaMkArikulu cheppE rasAsvAdanaki pUrtigA bhinnamayinadanI, rasAsvAdanalO ‘sAdhAraNIkaraNa’ anE prakriya jarigitE, ikkaDa jariginadi ‘pratyEkIkaraNa’ (aMTE pradyumnuDu tanakE svaMtamaina prabhAvati rUpAnni sRshTiMchukOvaDaM) anI pratipAdiMchAru. idi koMta vivaraMgA viSlEshiMchavalasina aMSaM. sAdhAraNIkaraNa anEdi bhaTTanAyakuDu pravESapeTTagA abhinavaguptuDu peMchi pOshiMchina siddhAMtaM. dAniki bhinnaMgA kUDA anEka rasasiddhAMtAlu unnAyi. kAbaTTi sUrana rasasiddhAMtAniki pUrtigA bhinnamaina oka sarikotta siddhAMtAnni pravESapeTTADani anukOvachchunA annadi saMdEhAspadaM. EdEmainappaTikI, tana kAvyAnni prabaMdhalakshaNAlaku aNuguNaMgA oka sAMpradAyika SRMgAraprabaMdhaMgA naDipistUnE, oka nUtana dRkpathAnnI lOtaina tAttvika chiMtananI sUrana aMdulO adbhutaMgA poMduparichADu anaDaMlO elAMTi saMdEhaM lEdu.

pUrtigA #»

kavitalu

jIrNama~mgE subhAshitam

chaM. tolikavi kaMTi pAdamulu, tOgiDigiLLu vasishTa naptakun
#          #;salipi, mayUra mukhyulagu saMskRta satkavi pALi kaMjalul
#          #;valagoni yichchi, yAMdhramuna prAkkavi tallaja SabdaSAsanA
#          #;dula gaDu bhaktimai golichi, tOchina bhAvamulanvelArchedan
#          ‘#telugu’nu gUrchi chiMta bahu tIvramugA neriyiMpa pokkuchun!

u. ‘bhAshanu rakshasEyavale bhAvitarAlaku; prAgyaSasvi’ yan
#        #;ghOsha digaMtamul dagulu – ghUrNitamul kriyalau; chamatkRtul
#        #;bhUshita miSraSabdachayapUrNamulau vikRtAkRtul; kaTA!
#        #;Oshadhu laune prANamiDa! nUpiri dIseDu konni patrikal!

u. puMpula saMdhi tuMpulayi pOyeteluMguna vArtalaMdu, bal
#        #;teMparu laina lEkhakula tIruku vE baliyaina SIrshikal
#        #;kaMpulugoTTu; vRddhi yidikAdu; samAsamu lErpariMchuchO
#        #;niMpu rahiMpakunna nihihI yani navvade vAgvadhUTiyE!

u. gOLlaku raMgu vEsikona, gUrala pOpulu vEyuTeTlanan
#        #;gALLaku lattukaddukona, gaTTeDu baTTalakaMguchuMgulan
#        #;mELLagu rItulangarapa mEkonu patrika lEla bhAshalO
#        #;chALLagu saMpradAyamula saurula nErpavu? bhAsha paMDenO!

tE. telugu ruchulaMchu pachchaLLu, timmanamulu
#      #;jEyuTeTlanu SikshaNa siddhaparachu
#      #;kaMTe mElagu – bhAshalO gala melakuva
#      #;lUdi nATaMga – janamuna kAdinuMDi!

ma. mana pUrvAMdhra kavi praNItamulu ramyAnEka SabdArtha yuk
#        #;ghanamul kAvyamu lAMdhrabhAratiki raMgannATya raMgaMbulai
#        #;manu; nA bhaMgimalan bravESamunu sthEmaMboppa lEbrAyamaM
#        #;danusaMdhiMpaga jEyagAvalenu vidyAraMgamaMdunnatul
#        #;gani – yI bhrashTasamAsa lEkhanamulan garhiMchuchun bUnikan!

sI. padyamAdhyamaradhya prAmukhya meDaliMchi
#          #;bhAsha rakshaNa sEya valanupaDadu
#      #;hRdyapadya kshEtra sEdyaMbu sEyaka
#          #;vidyArthikini buddhi viriyabOdu
#      #;SabdArtha saMpRkta sauMdaryalahari su
#          #;snAtuDainane gAni jaData pOdu
#      #;sUrivaryula kRtul joranIka medaDulO
#          #;vyAkaraNaMbu pai paTTu rAdu

tE. baragu ‘nauchitya’maMchoka paddhati gada!
#      #;dAni bATiMpa nelleDa dagunugAde!
#      ‘#vRddhi sEtumu bhAsha’naMchiddhamatulu
#      #;tamakudOchina gAraDIl dagune salupa?

tE. giDugu naDuguna naDugiDi naDuva doDagi
#      #;naDuma nEmAye! padamulu naTuniTunayi
#      #bhrashThabATala baTTuTa pADi yagune
#      #tIvravattiDi yeTanuMDi teruvu dAke?

tE.haritakalalanu ganuchunu naDuguliDiro!
#      #ugranIDala mati dappi yuMTirEmo!
#      #janakoluvu jEra – jAgrata jAripOyi
#      #pAdabATala baTTina patanamabbu!

SA. pOpO nILLaku balchanaina ‘telugun’ pOshiMchi rakshiMchukOn
#        #;mApul rEpulu patrikal, prabhuta yEmAtraMbupEkshiMpakE
#        #;prApuMgUrchi prayatnamul salipi mArAkul marin hattagA
#        #;nOpun; svairata bhrashTha rUpamiDa naunO! suMta yOjiMpuDI!

tE. taruvu gadupaga dhAragA dharaNi rAlu
#      #;pArijAtaMpu sumamula pagidi nADu
#      #;palukariMpaga vidyArthi@M padyarAji
#      #;niMDi pravahiMche: InADu guMDe laviyu !

u. ippaTikaina kanderachi iMpagu bhAshanu nilpukoMTakai
#        #;yoppeda rEni nUtana prayOgamulan viDanADi pUrvapuM
#        #;goppakavul rachiMchinavi kollalu padyapu gadyapuM gRtul
#        #;mappuDu baLLa, ‘TIvi’lanu, mAnaka patrikalan, SubhaMbagun!

pUrtigA #»

amara kOSaM

vEyAlsina verri vEshAlannI ayipOyAyi
ika maraNiMchAlanukuMTA
evaDu maraNistADu pOdU
nakshatramu maraNistuMdA
bhUgOLaM maraNistuMdA
avi sarEnannA sUkshmANuvu maraNistuMdA
cheppu nuvvu nAku
inni kaburlu cheppE maraNaM maraNistuMdA
maraNiMchAlaMTa maraNiMchAli, DAmiT
nAku maraNaM lEdu nEnu amaraNuDan
bhautikaMgA bhAvanagA
mA san konyUr piTTa vAli reTTalEsE bhujaMgA
dEni gAnU maraNiMchAlani lEdu
viyadgaMga pravahiMchaDaM mAnEyaDameMdukU? nadulannI samudramainappuDu
maraNapu karaNapu lekkalu chAla chUSAnnEnu
bhUmmIda iMta hakku vachchEdAka nannuMDanIyAlsiMdi kAdu
nEnEmayinA akkaDE galagala vAgu oDDuna gaDDi mEstU barrelu Agina chOTE vuMDipOyAnA
vEna vEla maiLlu vistariMchAnu ippuDu lekkala nadini nEnu, rekkala samudraM nEnu
niSchitamayina AkASaM nEnu, ika nAku chAvu lEdu chAvu yokka batuku nEnu.

pUrtigA #»

niSSabda samUhaM

tALaM venuka tALaM tIstU pOtE
talapulalA teruchukuMTUnE
vuMTAyi.

SUnyamaina gadi mUlallO
muDuchukunna j~nApakAlu
maLLI talaletti chUstAyi.

hOrumaMTU nilavariMchi niSSabdaM
muMduvenukalaina aDugulanu
parAmarSiMchE prayatnaM
chEstUnE vuMTuMdi.

gAyaMchEsina gatameppuDU
tALaM dorakani gadilA
praSnistUnE vuMTuMdi.

mUgapOyina samAdhAnAlu
ulikipATutO kannITi jADalni
ayishTaMgAnE taDumukuMTAyi.

uggabaTTukOlEni manasu
A gadi muMdarE tachchADutU,
eppaTikI yilA… !

pUrtigA #»

saubhAgya kumAra miSra: reMDu oriyA kavitalu

1. prathama saMdhyA samaya svaraM (prathama saMdhyAra svara)

I saMdhya viSAla AkASaMlO merisipOtuMdi
paTATOpaMgA rakarakAla raMgula kAMtulatO,
raktapu uppuvAsana, vADipOyina tAmarapUvupai
siggumAlina tEneTIga jhaMkAraM; nEnerigina
I saMdhya ivALa rOta ruchulanuMchi vimOchana kOrutuMdi.

AhA! kaThinakAMsyabhUmipai talabAdukoni samudraM rOdistuMdi
EmiTi? kAMsyabhUmi chanipOyiMdA? lEka chachchinaTTu naTistunnadA?
nuvvu, nEnu, ramAnAth, manaMdaraM
peddagumAstA AphIs^lO SUlaneppi ani naTiMchinaTlu!

kAThinya kAMsyabhUmini chUsi gAli, nakshatrAlu,
sarivicheTTu, hOTal, bratuku kadalikalu,
sarvAvayAlU nijaMgAnE ravaMta nirjIvamainAyi,
rAyigAmArina ahalya E rAmuDikOsamO eduruchUstunnadi.

rAtilO prANaM ekkaDa? prANaM lEkuMDA
eduruchUDaTaM elA sAdhyaM, cheppu, O vAlmIkI! OyI viSvAmitrA!
hE vij~nAnI! idEmiTO viSadaMgA cheppu! niruDu nEnu chUSAnu,
sTenO anupamA dAs nAkOsaM eMtO eduru chUsiMdi.

eMta prayatniMchinA tana usuru nEnu gurtiMchalEkapOyAnu
Taip meshIn Tap Tap Tap Tap annaTTu, Ame goMtulOnuMchi
mATa venuka mATa, mATa venuka mATa ippaTikI nA chevullO riMgumani mOgutunnAyi.
hE SrIrAmA! hE nIlasAgarA! jIvanabATalO dukhaM tappa marEmayinA migili unnadA?

2. dvitIya saMdhyA samaya svaraM (dvitIya saMdhyAra svara)

EkAMtaMgA unna koMDa trOva dATi krotta saMdhya veLLipOtuMdi
sAMsArika sukhAla kOrikala bhayaM vRdhA ani pAripOyE sanyAsinilA
yuddhabhUmilO maraNaM eMta bAdha, paina edurugA vinapaDE ArtanAdaM,
eduruchUDaTaMlO kala ekkaDa? pUla vAsana tIpilO taDisina vennela ekkaDa?

gAyapaDDa prANaM kAlapravAhaMlO isukarENuvu
isukalO taladUrchi dorlutAnu ivALa, okavELa mEghAlochchi varshaM kuristE,
nIkanureppala kriMda kOrika niMpina mEghaM, mettani gaDDilA
ivALa rAbOyE nIkala saphalaM kAvachchu, kAkanU pOvachchu,

ivALa nEnu khinnuNNi, rOjaMtA shikAruchEsi pakshi
sukhaMgA tana gUTiki chEriMdi, nannu avamAniMchiMdi,
sanyAsinigA saMdhya nA prakkaniMchi dUramai veLLi pOyiMdi
manasulO mElaina kala anEdi EdI uMDakUDadu.

AScharyaM! kOrika gIta gIsi gabbilaM chIkaTi gAlilO egurutuMdi,
varaMDAlO kurchIlO agapaDani pedAlamadhya sigareT nippu maMDutuMdi.


(DA. saubhAgya kumAra miSra agragaNyulaina oriyA kavulalO okaru, padiki paigA kavitAsaMkalanAlanu veluvariMchAru. madhyapadalOpi, naipaharna, aMdhA mahumAchchI, bajaraMjan, dvA suparNa, maNikarNika, anyatra, charchara aMdulO konni. oriyA sAhitya akADemI avArD (1978), kEMdra sAhitya akADemI avArD (1986) vIru aMdukunna puraskArAlalO mukhyamainavi. prastuta nivAsaM bhubanESvar. paina prachuriMchina telugu-iMglIshu anusRjanalaku oriyA mUlAlu miSra prathama saMkalanaM AtmanEpadI (1965) nuMDi tIsukObaDDAyi. pai kavitalu tvaralO prachuriMpabaDabOtunna saubhAgya kumAra miSra kavitala dvibhAshA (telugu-oriyA) anuvAda saMkalanaM lOnivi.)

pUrtigA #»

chiraMjIvi

ardhaNA iDlI mohaMtO nuvvalA
amAyakaMgA eTO chUstOMTE
ninnu chiTikelatO nA vaipu tippukOvaDaM
bAguMTuMdi.

nI eDama kaNata mIda
nA chiTikena vEloka chukkanu diddutOMTE
nI kanupApalu gaMDu mInulai tattarapaDaDaM
gammattugA uMTuMdi.

piTTalu pArE vELaki muMdE
daMDeM mIdi nI baTTalu mOsukuni nEnO
lEraMgula iMdradhanussunai iMTilOki naDavaDaM
oka raMgulakalalA uMTuMdi.

niduralO nuvveMdukO
ulikipATutO lEchi EDchinapuDu
amAMtaM guMDelaku hattukuni
bujjagiMchi nidrapuchchESAka
kannullO nIreMdukO chippillutuMdi.

“bArasAla peLLikoDukuvai…” aMTU modaleTTi
peLLi peLLikoDukulA elA uMTAvO UhiMchi dIviMchi
kAsta saMbarapaDI, marikAsta kalavarapaDI,
Uhala rekkalu vidulchukOvaDaM ibbaMdigAnE uMTuMdi.

tana kOsaM dAchukunna pEruni nIkivvaDaM chUsi
tanE maLLI nIlA vachchADani nammE I ammAnAnnalni chUsi
svargaMlO dEvuDi bojja mIda ADukuMTU perigE pasivADokaDu
soTTa buggalatO navvutU uMTADanna UhE, uMDuMDI manasunu kOsEstuMdi.

pUrtigA #»

reMDu kavitalu: Agina pATa

1.

​viraga gAchi
​kanulu mUsi
​vEchi uMTAnu

pasimi vannela
kavita guvva
vachchi vAli

goMtu etti
uMDi uMDi
pATa pADitE
pulakaletti
pUlu rAlchAnu

pATa mAni
UrikE adi
kommakommaki
dUkutOMTE
kulAsAgA
poDustOMTE

pATa AgitE
nidra lEchE
talapOtalu
nAgubAmulu

poMchi poMchi
pAki vachchi
okka paTTuna
miMgabOtE

pAmu chevula
chiTTi guvva
vadili nannu
egiripOtO

ennaDU ika
tirigi rAnani
kEka vEsiMdi.

2.

maMdAracheTTu mIda
mabbula parupu
velugu rEkala
chIkaTi duppaTI
pakkana
chinni kaMThaM
kUkU pATa

viMTU
vattigilitE
rekkalu sAchi
kUta peDutU
tarumuku
vachchEstO
gaMDabhEruMDa pakshi

ulikki paDDAnu
paDDAnu
maMchaM mIMchi

kiTikI bayaTa
pATa mAni
rekkallO
tala dA​chi ​
chiTTi piTTa

mA iMTi
painniMchi
eppaTi​lAgE ​
​​garjistU
laMghistO
lOha vihaMgaM.

pUrtigA #»

idi chAlu nAku

telavAruౙAmu
pakshula kEriMtalu
chIkaTi talupulu taTTE velugula vElupu
suprabhAtaM pADE nI kAli aMdelu
nI kaLLalO mElukunE nA kaLLu
idi chAlu nAku


channILLalO konni vEnnILLu
utikina tuMDu suvAsana
snAnAla gadilO jalapAtaM
nA snAnaMtO taDisE nuvvu
idi chAlu nAku


kurisE varshaM
vEDuka chUsEMduku kiTikI
okkaTE kurchI
aMdulO nuvvu nEnu
idi chAlu nAku


cheruvugaTTu
snAnAlADE pichukalu
rekkalArEstE egiripaDE chukkalu
mukhaM tuDuchukODAniki nI cheMgu
idi chAlu nAku


vennela kurisE rEyi
dikkulu lEni aDavi
nItO kAlibATa naDaka
idi chAlu nAku


mAnulu vaNikE mArgaSiraM
raktaM gaDDakaTTipOyE chali
vEDi kOrukunE dEhaM
okE duppaTilO nItO
paMchukunE vechchadanaM
idi chAlu nAku


jAbili paLleM
chukkala annaM
chEtulu kaDukkODAniki saMdraM
tuDuchukODAniki mEghaM
nidraki nI tODu
kalatO mElkunnappuDu
nAmIdaku origivunna nuvvu
idi chAlu nAku


tOTalO oka parNaSAla
nElajIrADE cheTlakommalu
sannagA gAli temmeralu
selayETi galagala
saukaryaMgA Uyala
oka chakkaTi pustakaM
puTa gurtupeTTEMduku
nI siga nuMDi rAlina
okaTi reMDu puvvulu
idi chAlu nAku


mettaTi annaM
upputO uDikiMchina AkukUra
kUragAyalatO chEsina rasaM
kAsini eMDu paLLamukkalu
vaDDiMchEMduku nuvvu
kalisi tinEMduku manaM
idi chAlu nAku


veduru podalu
mUlikala parimaLaM
pEmukurchI
prapaMcha j~nAnaM
niMDu niSSabdaM
nuvvAlapiMchE gItaM
idi chAlu nAku


mitaMgA oka navvu
sunnitaMgA oka mATa
kutUhalaMtO oka chUpu
manasu tAkE mechchukOlu
maMchikavitaki rAlipaDE
nI okka kannITi boTTu
uMTE chAlu, EM kAvAli nAku?

(mUlaM: “idu pOduM enakku” saMpuTi: peyyena peyyuM maLai (kuravamanagA kurisE varshaM), 1998.)

pUrtigA #»

vyAsAlu

palukubaDi: telugulO sAdhu SakaTarEphamulu – 1

enni lakshaNaMbu le~rigina rEphayu
baMDi~rAla nerugakuMDunaTTi
kavi kavitvamella gavvaku ko~ragAka
ko~rata jeMdu rajitakudharanilaya
– (AMdhra sarva lakshaNa sAra saMgrahamu 3.40)

telugulO manaku prA~mnannaya kAlAniki cheMdina toli SAsanAla nuMDi sAdhurEpha (ra-varNaM), SakaTarEphalu (~ra-varNaM) reMDu vErvEru varNAlugAnE kanipistunnAyi. ayitE, saMskRta prAkRta bhAshallO I SakaTarEpha lEdu. ayinA, prA~mnannaya SAsanAlalO SakaTarEphanu gurtiMchaDAniki ‘~ra’ anna oka pratyEka akshara saMkEtaM upayOgiMchAraMTE A kAlaMlO telugulO I dhvanula madhya tEDA spashTaMgA gurtiMchEvArani manaM UhiMchavachchu. kAnI, madhyatelugu kAlaM (dAdApu 15va SatAbdaM) nATikE I reMDu dhvanula madhya tEDA telugulO dAdApugA tolagipOyi, ~ra-kAra uchchAraNa, ra-varNa uchchAraNatO kalisipOyiMdani cheppaDAniki AdhArAlu unnAyi. InADu kUDA go~r~re, ba~r~re vaMTi dvirukta sthalAllO tappa vyavahArikaMlO SakaTarEpha dhvani vinipiMchadu.

telugu vaiyAkaraNulu mAtraM I reMDu dhvanula madhya bhEdaM chUpakuMDA yatiprAsalu kalapaDaM nEraMgA bhAviMchAru. ayitE uchchAraNalO tEDA tolagipOyiMdi kAbaTTi kavulaku ekkaDa ra vADAlO ekkaDa ~ra vADAlO sarigA teliyani ayOmaya paristhiti ErpaDiMdani manaku konni kAvya prayOgAla dvArA telustuMdi. I rakamaina varNasaMkarAnni ApaDaM kOsaM AnATi vaiyAkaraNulu nannAyAdula pUrva sAhityaM AdhAraMgA rEpha~rakArAdula paTTikalu tayAru chEsAru. ayinA ennO padAla nirdhAraNalO paMDitula madhya vibhEdAlu talettAyi. 15va SatAbdaM nuMDi vachchina prati vyAkaraNa graMthaMlO rEpha-~rakAra nirNayaM guriMchi vipulamaina charchalu, khaMDana pratikhaMDanalu kanipistAyi. ayitE, AScharyakaramaina vishayaM EmiTaMTE, iMta tIvraMgA vAdOpavAdAlu jarigina I charchalalO ayOmaya nivRtti kOsaM ekkaDA sOdarabhAshalaina kannaDa, tamiLAdula nuMDi AdhArAlu tIsukOlEdu. iMduku kAraNAlu EmiTO viSlEshiMchaDaM avasaraM.

drAviDa bhAshalalO rEpha-~rakAra vibhEdAlanu bhAshASAstra siddhAMtAla AdhAraMgA vivaristU, telugulO rEpha-~rakAra varNAla pariNAmAnni sthUlaMgA samIkshiMchaDaM I vyAsabhAgaM yokka mukhyOddESyaM. rEpha-~rakAra nirNayaMpai vachchina saMpradAya vyAkaraNa graMthAlanu viSlEshistU, saMpradAya vaiyAkaraNulu tayAruchEsina rEpha~rakArAdula paTTikalanu Adhunika tulanAtmaka bhAshASAstraM dRshTA chEsina viSlEshaNa vachchE saMchikalOni vyAsabhAgaMlO chUDavachchu.

drAviDa bhAshallO SakaTarEpha mUlAlu

laghuvOlaghavaSchEti dvEdhAMta stAnvadaMti SAstAra@h
anyE anya vyAkaraNa spashTA@h rastva gRhyatE dvividha@h
(AMdhra Sabda chiMtAmaNi saMj~na sU. 16)

telugulO vyAkaraNa graMthAlu chAlAvarakU saMskRta saMpradAyAnni pATiMchinA, telugulO rEphalu dvividhAlani pratyEkaMgA cheppAru. saMskRta, prAkRtAllO SakaTarEpha lEkapOyinA, saMskRta vyAkaraNAllO aMtastha varNAlaku ApAdiMchina laghu-alaghu bhEdAnni ra-kArAniki vartiMpajEsi, SakaTarEphanu alaghurEphagA varNiMchAru. telugu vaiyAkaraNulu sAdhurEphanu laghurEpha, SuddharEpha, mElurA, guMDurA ani varNistE, baMDi-~ranu alaghurEpha, SakaTarEpha, gauravarEpha, pedda~ra, guru~ra ani palurakAla pErlatO prastAviMchAru. baMDi-~ra lipi rUpaM reMDu baMDi chakrAlatO, madhyalO gIta irusu lAgA kanipistuMdi kAbaTTi dInni baMDi-~ra ani, SakaTarEpha ani annArani manaM UhiMchavachchu.

varNanirmANa paraMgA sAdhurEphaku, SakaTarEphaku sthAnakaraNAlu okaTE. I reMDu dhvanulakU varNOtpatti sthAnaM daMtamUlIyaM. karaNaM nAlukakosa. reMDU alpaprANAlE (#unaspirated),# reMDU nAdavarNAlE (#voiced). # ayitE, sAdhurEphaku prayatnaM alpa kaMpitaM (#tap)# ayitE, SakaTarEphaku adhika kaMpitaM (#trill)# mukhya lakshaNaM. spAnish vaMTi bhAshalalO kUDA sAdhurEphanu (#tap),# adhika kaMpitarEphanu (#trill)# vErvEru varNAlugA (#phonemes)# parigaNistAru. spAnish bhAshalO “pero (#pero)”# aMTE ‘kAnI-#but’,# ayitE, “pe~ro (#perro)”# aMTE ‘kukka-#dog’.

#telugulO SakaTarEpha valla arthaM mAripOyE samAna sannivESa (#minimal pair)# padAlaku konni udAharaNalu:

sAdhu rEpha SakaTarEpha
arugu‘veLLu’ a~rugu ‘jIrNiMchukonu’
ora ‘pOlika’ o~ra ‘kattio~ra’
Uru ‘grAmamu’ U~ru ‘sraviMchu’
Eru ‘ErukOvaDaM’ E~ru ‘nadi’

tulanAtmaka bhAshASAstra paraMgA chUstE, pekku drAviDa bhAshalalO baMDi-~ra AnavALLu kanipistAyi. tamiLa, malayALa, kannaDa bhAshallO kUDA nU~ru, che~ruvu vaMTi padAla sOdara (#cognate)# padAllO kUDA -~ra- uMDaDaM valla I varNaM mUladrAviDaM (#Proto-Dravidian)# lOkUDA uMDi uMDAlani manaM UhiMchavachchu. ayitE, atiprAchIna vyAkaraNamaina tOlkAppiyam kAvyaMlO ~ra-kArAnni ka, cha, Ta, ta, pa vaMTi vallina (=balamaina) sparSAlatO (#plosives/stops)# tOpATu kalipi sUtrIkariMchaDaM AScharyakaramaina vishayaM (ka, cha, Ta, ta, pa, ~ra enpana vallina eೞುttukkaL 1.19). adIkAka, dvitvAkshamaina ~r~ra-nu tamiLaMlO –Tra-gA palakaDaM kaddu. malayALaMlOnU, SrIlaMka jAphnA tamiLa mAMDalikaMlOnU –~ra-nu daMtamUlIya –Ta- kAraMgA, sparSa prayatnaMtO palakutAru. aMtEkAka, tamiLa, kannaDAdi bhAshalalO –~ra- uMDE pekku padAlaku samAnaMgA madhya drAviDa bhAshalalO –da- kAramO, Da-kAramO kanipistuMdi.

I rakamaina tulanAtmaka AdhArAlatO -~ra- mUladrAviDaMlO daMtamUlIya sparSaMgA uMDEdani bhAshASAstravEttalu nirdhAriMchAru. A dhvanini ta-kAraMgA (ṯ) sUchistAru. I daMtamUlIya ta-kAraM, daMtya-ta kArAniki, mUrdhanya-Ta kArAniki bhinnaMgA uMTuMdi. I mUDu rakAla ta-kAra sparSAla uchchAraNa ippaTikI toda, kOta vaMTi girijanula bhAshallO vinipistuMdani AyA prAMtAllO panichEsina bhAshAvEttalu pErkonnAru.

mUladrAviDaMlO parushAlu (#voiceless plosives)# ayina ka, cha, Ta, ta, pa mAtramE pradhAna sparSAlu (#plosives/stops).# ayitE, avi drutaMmIda (na, ma, arasunna vaMTi anunAsikAlamIda) ga-ja-Da-da-ba lu gAnu, achchulamadhyalO ga-sa-Da-da-valu gAnu palikEvArani drAviDa bhAshalanu tulanAtmakaMgA pariSIliMchina bhAshAvEttala nirNayaM. I dhvanulu padaM modaTlOnU, dvitvaMgA vachchinappuDu mAtraM ka, cha, Ta, ta, pa gAnE, parusha dhvanilOnE uchchariMpabaDutAyi. ayitE, ka, cha, Ta, ta, pa la tO pATu ta-kAraM kUDA mUla bhAshalO parusha sparSaM ayitE, adi itara sparSAlavale drutaM mIda saraLaMgA, achchula madhya tElikagA palukabaDutuMdani UhiMchavachchu.


tulanAtmakaMgA daMtamUlIya ta-kAraM vividha parisarAllO palu drAviDa bhAshallO E rakamaina mArpulu cheMdiMdO konni udAharaNalatO pariSIliddAM.

daMtamUlIya dvitvAksharAlu

drAviDa bhAshalO pradhAna sparSAlu ayina ka-cha-Ta-ta-pa dvitvAksharAlugA vachchinappuDu parusha dhvanilOnE uchchariMpabaDatAyi. adE rakaMgA daMtamUlIya ta-kAra sparSaM kUDA palubhAshalalO parushaMgAnE kanipistuMdi. ayitE, palubhAshalalO daMtamUlIya ta-kAraM daMtya ta-kAraMtOnE, mUrdhanya Ta-kAraMtOnE vilInamaipOyiMdi. telugulO chAlA padAlalO manaku Ta-kAramE kanipistE, kannaDalO chAlA varaku idi daMtya ta-kAraMgA mAripOyiMdi.

mUla-drAviDa arthaM dakshiNa drAviDa telugu dakshiNa madhya madhya drAviDa uttara drAviDa
*put-#[DEDR 4335] #chImala puTTa pu~r~ru (tamiLa) puttu/huttu (kannaDa) puTTa puTTi (goMDi)puchchi (kuyi) puchi(peMgO) puTTa (nAyiki) putta (khUruk) pute (mAltO)
*At– #[DEDR 407] #SaktivaMtamagu, tADiMchu- A~r~ru (tamiLa)Artu (#Ka) #ATu-
*tEt– #[DEDR 3471] #tETaparuchu- tE~r~ru (tamiLa) tETa tEr-spu (goMDi), tija (kuyi)
ot– #[DEDR 1021] #ottu- o~r~ru (tamiLa)ottu (kannaDa)oTTini (#Tu) #oTTu ottu- uh-nai (kuvi)
chAt– #[DEDR 2486] #prakaTiMchu- chA~r~ru (tamiLa)sA~ru (kannaDa) chATu- hAT (#Kw) #chAl
chut– #[DEDR 2715] #chuTTumuTTu- chu~r~ru (tamiLa)suttu (kannaDa) chuTTu-

ayitE, konni padAllO daMtamUlIya ta-kAraM ChAyalu E bhAshalalOnU kanipiMchavu. mukhyaMgA madhya drAviDa bhAshalalO E bhAshalOnU sparSa prayatnaM kanipiMchaka pOvaDaMtO, I padAla mUlaM daMtamUlIya ta-kAra sparSaM kAdEmOnanna anumAnAnni stArOsTin anna rashyan bhAshASAstravEtta lEvadEsADu.

mUla-drAviDa arthaM dakshiNa drAviDa telugu dakshiNa madhya madhya drAviDa uttara drAviDa
*got
#[DEDR 2165]
sheep,goat, deer #ko~ri(#Ta#)ku~ri, ko~ri(#Ka) #go~r~re #gore (Go)# go~ri(#Kuwi) #go~riya (#Kol)
*koṯl-(?)
[DEDR 2163]
millet kural (Ta) koṟale (Ka) koṟṟalu *kuṟeṅ (Ko) *koyl-
*toṯ-(?)
[DEDR 3534]
kine, cattle, cow toṟu (Ta)tuṟu (Ka) toṟṟu
*juṯ(p)- to sip, suck zuṟ- juṟṟ- *zuṟ- *ćurp- *surp

#drutAlapai (anunAsikAlapai) daMtamUlIya dhvani

drutAlamIda daMtamUlIya ta-kAraM telugulO dAdApugA -Da-kAraMgA mAripOyiMdi. I kiMdi paTTikalO kaMdu, paMdi anna padAlu tappa tamiLaMlO n~ra kanipiMchE padAlannI telugu –Da-kAraMtO kanipiMchaDaM viSEshaM.

mUla-drAviDa arthaM dakshiNa drAviDa telugu dakshiNa madhya drAviDa madhya drAviDa uttara drAviDa
*eMta #sunshine, heat of sun #en~ru eMDa eDa- *eMda-
*kaMtu #scorched, burnt; black #kan~ru- kaMdu
*koMta #hill #kun~ru- koMDa *koMda-
*mUn-tu #three #mUn~ru- mUMDu mUMDu-
*niMtu #to be full #nI~ra, *nin~ru- ne~ra/niMDu *#ninḏ- *ninḍ- (*-nḏ-) *nind-
#*nEMtu #day #nAn~ru- *nE@MDu- *#nēi-nḏ- *nān
#*oMtu #one #on~ru-, oru *oMDu- *#unḏ- *ond
#*paMti #pig #pan~ri *paMdi *#panḏ- *panḏ
#*tAMta #belleric myrobalan # tAn~ra tAMDrakAya *#tānḍ- *dānḏ-
#*toMtu #to appear, be # tOn~ru *tOchu- *#tōnḏ- *tōnḏ-
#*UMtu #to plant, fix #Un~ru- *Unu- *#uḏs- *unḏ- *ūd-

#pai paTTikalOni padAlE kAka, drAviDa bhAshalalO purusha (manushya) pratyayaM ayina –aMt telugulO prA~mnannayya SAsanAllO aMdu (udA: dhanaMjayundu) anna pratyEka chihnaMtO kanipiMchaDaM gamaniMchadagga vishayaM. taruvAti kAlaMlO adi –aMDu (dhanaMjayuMDu) ani –Da- kAraMtO kalisipOyiMdi.

pUrtigA #»

tElika telugu

“prayOgaM pEriTa pavitramaina mana bhAshani abhAsu chEstAvuTayyA, ~rAvU!”

– maroka SaMkaraSAstri.

1. tElika telugu avasaraM EmiTi?

kEliphOrniyA viSvavidyAlayapu DEvis kEMdraMlO, iravai okaTava SatAbdapu modaTi daSakaMlO, modaTi saMvatsaraM vidyArthulaki ArELlapATu telugu nErpEnu. A saMdarbhaMlO telugu reMDava bhAshagA nErpaDaMlO unna kashTAlu konni arthaM ayAyi. I kashTAlanuMDi gaTTekkaDAniki rakarakAla chiTakAlu vADavalasi vachchiMdi. pabbaM gaDupukODAniki vADina I chiTakAlu annI teluguvALlu aMdarU AmOdistArani nEnu eppuDU anukOlEdu. kAni appaTi AlOchanalani kramabaddhaM chEsi ekkaDO okachOTa rAsi peTTAlanE kOrikE I vyAsAniki prEraNa.

taragatilO sagaTuna 15 nuMDi 20 varaku vidyArthulu namOdu ayEvAru. vIri vayassu iTU aTUgA 18 ELlu. vIrilO bhAratIya saMtati iddarO muggurO uMTE, aMdulO telugu saMtati okaTO arO uMDEvAru. I bhAratIya saMtatini minahAyistE, I taragatilO unna vidyArthulaki telugu bhAsha guriMchi EmI teliyadu. I bhAshani eppuDU vini uMDalEdu. aMTE vIriki telugutO parichayaM parama pUjyaM. “mIru telugu taragatilO eMduku namOdu ayEru?” ani aDigitE “kEvalaM kutUhalaM,” ani koMdaru, “bhAshASAstraM adhyayanaM cheyyAlani uMdi, aMdukani,” ani mari koMdaru cheppEvAru.

I rakaM viSvavidyAlayapu vidyArthulaki telugu nErputUnnappuDu vAraMdarU ChaMdObaddhaMgA kavitvaM rAyagalagAlani kAni, aTuvaMTi kavitvaM chadivi arthaM chEsukuni AnaMdiMchAlani kAni nEnu eppuDU ASiMchalEdu. telugu vinaDAniki vAri chevulaki tariphIdu ivvaDaM, nitya jIvitaMlO panikochchE telugu padasaMpadani vAriki parichayaM cheyyaDaM, telugu chadavaDaM, rAyaDaM – gIta bAguMTE, mATlADaDaM – vastE chAlani anukunnAnu. idi chAla parimitamaina gamyaM. padi vArAla kAla parimitilO, vArAniki reMDu gaMTala bOdhanatO iMtakaMTe ASiMchaDaM avivEkaM anipiMchiMdi. paristhitulu anukUlistE telugu vyAkaraNaMlO unna pratyEkatalu etti chUpAlani kUDa anukunnAnu. iTuvaMTi parimitamayina lakshyaMtO nA prayANaM modalayiMdi.

telugu reMDava bhAshagA nErpaDaM anEdi telugu vAriki oka kotta anubhavaM. mana pillalaki telugu nErpabUnukunnappuDu, appaTikE vAriki bhAsha mIda bAgA paTTu uMTuMdi. manaM nijaMgA vAriki nErpEdi rAyaDaM, chadavaDaM, vyAkaraNaM, vagairAlu – bhAsha kAdu. amerikAlO tArasapaDE vidyArthulaki telugu nErpETapuDu paristhiti vEru; I paristhitulaki anukUlaMgA nErpAli kAni, ‘eppuDO mA tAtalanADu paDavalalO prayANaM chEsEM kanuka ippuDU paDavalE vADAli’ anE kONaM kudaradu.

2. tElika telugu aMTE EmiTi?

I kotta taraM vidyArthula manassulani AkaTTukuni, vIriki telugu nErchukOvAlanE kOrika peMpoMdiMchAlannadE nA prathama lakshyaM. aMdukani vIriki ‘tElika cheyyabaDDa’ teluguni bOdhiMchAlani nirNayiMchukunnAnu. aMdukanE I vyAsAniki tElika telugu ani pEru peTTEnu. manaM I rOjullO nityaM vADE bhAshalO oka bhAgaM I tElika telugu. gaNita paribhAshalO cheppAlaMTE manaM vADukunE telugu oka samiti anukuMTE tElika telugu aMdulO oka upasamiti.

nEnu UhiMchukuMTUnna tElika telugulO achchulu ayidu jatalu, oka pUrNAnusvAraM:

a, A, i, I, u, U, e, E, o, O, aM

idE vidhaMgA tElika telugulO modaTa nErchukOvalasina hallulu iravayimUDu:

ka, kha, ga, gha, cha, Cha, ja, jha, Ta, Tha, Da, Dha, Na, ta, tha, da, dha, na, pa, pha, ba, bha, ma

aTupaina:

ya, ra, la, La, va, Sa. sha, sa, ha, n (nakArapollu)

I tElika telugu nuMDi minahAyiMchina varNAlu ivi:

R, RU, ఌ, ~L (achchu lu, lU) ai, au, a@h, ~ma, ~na, ~ra, ksha, @M (ara sunna.)

muMdastugA ikkaDa ilA konni aksharAlani minahAyiMchinaDaM valla vachchE kashTasukhAlani, lAbhanashTAlani oka krama paddhatilO pariSIliddAM. mana vichAraNa achchulatO modalupeDadAM.

tElika telugulO ఌ, ~L lu lEvu. vITi taraphuna vakAltA puchchukuni vAdiMchEvAru I rOjullO evvarU lEranE nA nammakaM. udAharaNaki, kluptaM lO uMDavalasina ఌ-kArAnni I rOjullO aMdarU lu-kAraM gAnE rAstunnAru. kanuka ఌ, ~L lani nEnu minahAyiMchEnani nannu evvarU tUlanADutArani anukOnu. vITini chAdastaMgA vADadAmannA, lEkhini vaMTi kaMpyUTaru upakaraNAlalO I reMDu varNAlaki tAvE lEdu.

tElika telugulO visarga lEdu; saMskruta padAMtAlalO idi pratyaya rUpaMlO tarachu vastuMdi. alA vachchinappuDu A visarga lEkuMDA telugulO rAsE alavATu bAgA vADukalOnE uMdi. konni udAharaNalu:

bahuSa@h > bahuSa, bahuSA (chAlavaraku, #probably)
#kramaSa@h > kramENA, kramEpI (varusagA, #gradually)
#janmata@h > janmatA (puTTuka nuMDI, #congenital)
#svata@h > svatahA, svatahAgA (#instinctively)
#prAyaSa@h > prAyaSaMgA (tarachugA, #frequently)

#visarga mATa madhyalO vachchinappuDu koMcheM ibbaMdi paDavalasi vastuMdi. konni saMdarbhAlalO tadbhavAlu vADavalasi rAvachchu, konni saMdarbhAlalO varNakramaM koddigA mArchavalasi rAvachchu, konni saMdarbhAlalO vyAkaraNa sUtrAnni atikramiMchavachchu, marikonni saMdarbhAlalO oka mATaki badulu maroka mATa vADavalasi rAvachchu. I diguva ichchina udAharaNalu annI SAstrasammataM kAdu kAni ekkuva vADukalO unnavE.

mana@hSAMti > manaSSAMti
chatu@hshashTi > chatushshashTi
nama@hkAraM > namaskAraM
tira@hkAraM > tiraskAraM
aya@hkAMtaM > ayaskAMtaM
du@hkhaM > dukhkhaM, dukkhaM
aMta@hpuraM > aMtahpuraM, aMtipuraM
aMta@hkaraNaM > aMtahkaraNaM, aMtarAtma, manassu
prAta@hkAlaM > prAtah^kAlaM, vEkuva, tellavArujAmu
tapa@hphalaM > tapOphalaM
vaya@hparimiti > vayOparimiti

kanuka ekkuva kashTapaDakuMDA visargani visarjiMchi pabbaM gaDupukuMTE pramAdaM EmI uMDadanE nA nammakaM.

ika R, RU la saMgati chUddAM. mATa modaTlO kAni, madhyalO kAni RU rAvaDaM nA anubhava paridhilO chUDalEdu. R tO modalayE mATalu nAku telusunnaMta varaku nAlugu: Rshi, Rtuvu, RNaM, Rtvikku. ivi saMskRtaM. telugu mATalu kAvu. vITini manalO chAla maMdi appuDE rushi (lEdA rishi), rutuvu, ruNaM, rutvikku ani rAsEstunnAru. kanuka R, RU lu lEkapOyinA saripeTTuku pOvachchu kAni, R hallutO kalasinappuDu vachchE vaTrasuDi rUpaM lEkuMDA ‘saripeTTuku pOvaDaM’ anni saMdarbhAlalOnU rANiMchakapOvachchu; pratyEkiMchi, rAsETappuDu kaMTiki iMpugA kanipiMchakanU pOvachchu. konni udAharaNalu chUddAM.

kRshNa-ni krishNa ani koMtamaMdi, krushNa ani koMtamaMdi rAstunnAru. I reMDiMTilO krishNa-ki koMcheM prAchuryaM ekkuva uMdi. I prAchuryAniki kAraNaM iMglIshu varNakramaM, uchchAraNala prabhAvaM kAraNaM kAvachchu.

vaTrasuDi lEkapOtE saMskRtaM anna mATani saMskrutaM ani rAyAli. nRtyaM-ni nrutyaM ani rAyAli. nRpuDu-ni nrupuDu ani rAyAli. I rakaM prayOgAlu chEsinappuDu chevi uchchAraNa dOshAnni pasikaTTalEkapOyinA, rAsinappuDu kaMTiki koMcheM ebbeTTugA kanipistAyi. kAkapOtE nRpuDu, nRtyaM vaMTi mATalu vADaDaM mAnEsi vATi sthAnaMlO vATiki samAnArthakAlayina nartanaM, nATyaM, rAju vaMTi mATalatO tElika telugu saripeTTukOvAli. I mArpu valla teluguki vATillE nashTaM peddagA lEdanE nA abhiprAyaM.

tElika telugulO ai, au lu pratyEka varNAlu kAvu; vITini ay, av ani rAyavachchu. konni udAharaNalu:

aidu > ayidu
aipu > ayipu
aitE > ayitE
aMdamaina > aMdamayina
khaidu > khayidu
kaivaSaM > kayivaSaM
kaivAraM > kayivAraM
aurA > avurA
aunu > avunu
kaugili > kavugili
chauka > chavuka

iMglIshu mATalani telugu lipilO rAsinappuDu ai sthAnaMlO ayi rAyavachchu kAni koMcheM krutakaMgA unnaTlu anipiMchavachchu:

haivE > hayivE
Traisikil > Trayisikil
Draiv > Drayiv

I paddhati saMskrutapu mATalalO ‘vRddhi saMdhi’ vachchina saMdarbhAlalO aMta sulabhaMgA kudarakapOvachchu.

udAharaNaki kauMtEyuDu-ni kavuMtEyuDu-gA mArchitE bAguMDadEmO. kauravulu anna mATani nA ArELla manavaDu ‘kUravulu’ annappuDu nAku navvu vastuMdi. kAni yauvanaM ani rAyavalasina chOTla manalO anEkulu yavvanaM anE rAsEstU uMTE navvu rAvAli kAni rAvaDaM lEdu. eMdukuTa? manaM aMtA I tappu chEstunnAmu kanuka. aMduchEta akkaDakkaDa konni saMskruta padAlatO ibbaMdi vachchinA ai, au laki badulu ay, av-lu rAstE paravAlEdanE anipistOMdi.

ippuDu hallula nuMDi minahAyiMchina aksharAlani chUddAM. ka, kha, ga, gha la taruvAta vachchE ~ma ni nA jIvitaMlO nEnu eppuDU vADalEdu. kAni cha, Cha, ja, jha la taruvAta vachchE ~na ni j~nAnaM anE mATalO nEnu tarachu vADutU uMTAnu, j~nAnaM, j~nAti vaMTi ati koddi mATalu tappitE ~na avasaraM marekkaDA kanipiMchaDaM lEdu. kanuka ~na ni kUDa tElika telugulO vADoddu. I aksharaM lEkuMDA j~nAnaM, j~nAti modalaina mATala uchchAraNa sUchiMchaDAniki maroka mArgaM uMdi; adi taruvAta chebutAnu.

pUrtigA #»

khaMDita, kalahAMtarita

kAvyarasamulalO SRMgAramunu rasarAjamugA lAkshaNiku laMgIkariMchiyuMDuTa sarvajanaviditamE. iTTi SRMgArarasamunaku AlaMbanamulu nAyikAnAyakulu.

nAyikAnAyakula yokka chakshushprIti, manassaMgamulavalla kalugu manOvikAramE rUDhamai SRMgArarasamugA pariNamiMchunu. dIniki parisaramulaMdali surabhiLAnila suMdarOdyAna chaMdrikAdisannivESamulunu, parasparAbhihitamaina AhAryAMgahAra chEshTAdulunu uddIpakamulugA lAkshaNikulu gurtiMchinAru. ivanniyu anuraktulaina nAyikAnAyakula anubhavamaM dunnavE. vIninE lAkshaNikulu siddhAMtIkariMchinAru. nAyikAvishayaprasaktilO Asaktikaramaina vishayamu ashTavidhaSRMgAra nAyikAvargIkaraNamu. idi nAyikA tAtkAlika manOdharma vargIkaraNamE kAni, nAyikAprakRti vargIkaraNamu kAdu. anagA okE nAyika tattatkAlamanOdharmamu nanusariMchi, I ashTavargamulalO EdO yoka vargamunaku cheMdi yuMDunanuTa. kAvyAlaMkArasaMgrahamulO I SRMgAranAyikala lakshaNamu liTlu cheppabaDinavi:

sI.varu@MDu kaivasamaina vanita svAdhInabha
#          #;rtRka
; priyAgamavELa gRhamu@M,danuvu
#     #;savariMchu niMti vAsakasajja; patirAka
#          #;taDavuMDa nutkaMTha@M dAlchuniMti
#     #virahOtka; saMkEta marasi, nAthu@MDu lEmi
#          #;vesa nArtayau kAMta vipralabdha;
#     #;vibhu@MDanyasati@M boMdi vE@Mkuva rA@M guMdu
#          #;nabala khaMDita; yalka nadhipu@M degaDi

gI. anuSayamu@M jeMdu sati kalahAMtarita; ni
#     # jESu@MDu vidESagatu@MDaina@M gRSata@M dAlchu
#     # nativa prOshitapatika; kAMtAbhisaraNa
#     # SIla yabhisArikAkhyayai cheluvu me~rayu.

(arthamu sulabhamu; anuSayamu=paSchAttApamu)

pai padyamulO I ashTavidhanAyikala pErlu sAMdrAksharamulatO gurtiMpabaDinavi. mArchinela yaMdali ImATalO vAsakasajjikA, virahOtkaMThitA lakshaNamulanu gu~riMchi koMta vivariMchinAnu. ippuDu khaMDita, kalahAMtarita nAyikalanugu~riMchi vivariMchi, vAri manOdharmamulanu pratibiMbiMchunaTlugA nEnu vrAsina gItamunu SravyamAdhyamamulO pradarSiMtunu. idiyE I vyAsamu yokka ASayamu.

khaMDita

nItvAఽnyatra niSAM prAtarAgatE prANavallabhE|
anyAsaMbhOgachihnai stu kupitA khaMDitA matA||

ani vidyAnAthuni pratAparudrIyamulO khaMDita nirvachanamu. ‘rAtriyaMtayu anyakAMtatO gaDipi, prodduna tatsaMbhOgachihnamulatO vachchina nAyakunipaTla kupitayaina nAyika khaMDita’ ani dIni karthamu. pratAparudrIyamunE anusariMchina rAmarAjabhUshaNuni ‘vibhu@MDanya sati@M boMdi vE@Mkuva rA@M guMdu nabala khaMDita’ anu nirvachanamu dIniki dAdApugA saripOvuchunnadi. kAni I nirvachanamulO nAyakuni yokka anyastrIsaMgamachihnamula prasakti lEdu. chihnamulu lEkunnanu priyuDu anyakAMtAsaMgamu chEsi vachchinADani SaMkiMchi kOpagiMchina nAyikayu khaMDitayE yaguchunnadi. anyakAMtAsaMgamu jariginadanu anumAnamE InAyikayokka rOshadainyAdulaku kAraNamu.

anyavyApakamula valla nAyakuDu rAkunnachO manOvaikalyamunu jeMdunadi virahOtkaMThita. IvidhamugA khaMDita yokkayu, virahOtkaMThita yokkayu mana@hsthitulaku kAraNamaina paristhitulaku spashTamaina bhEdamunnadi. aMduchE vIru vErvEru nAyikalugA gurtiMpabaDinAru. sAparAdhuDaina nAyakuni dEhamunaMdali parakAMtAsaMgamasaMkEtamulanu pariSIliMchi, chiMta, niSSvAsamu, khEdamu, sakhIsaMlApamu, glAni, dainyamu, aSrupAtamu, rOshamu, bhUshaNatyAgamu, rOdanAdulatO khaMDitAnAyika tana yavastha nabhinayiMchavalenani bharatuDu telpinADu. rasArNavasudhAkaramulOni IkriMdi SlOkamu iTTi khaMDitAnAyikayokka chEshTalanu chakkagA varNiMchuchunnadi.

prabhAtE prANESaM navamadanamudrAMkitatanuM
vadhUrdRshTvA rOshAt kimapi kuTilaM jalpati muhu@h|
muhurdhattE chintAM muhurapi paribhrAmyati muhu
rvidhattE ni@hSvAsaM muhurapicha bAshpaM visRjati||

tAtparyamu: prabhAtamunaMdu prANESuniyokka navamadanamudrAMkitamaina tanuvunu chUchi, atani kAMta rOshaMtO mATiki EvO kuTilamaina (ettipoDupu) mATalu valliMchunu. ma~rima~ri chiMta vahiMchunu. ma~rima~ri nilukaDa lEka chaliMchunu, ni@hSvAsamulu veDaliMchunu, kannITini gArchunu. iTlu kAMtuni pravartanapaTla kAMtalO galigina saMkshObhamu nAme chEshTalu pravyaktamonarchinavi.

vasucharitraM lOni IkriMdi padyaMlO rAmarAjabhUshaNuDu bahuramyaMgA tummeda tanuvaMdu padminIsaMgamachihnamu lunnaTlu varNiMchinADu.

u. tummeda trimmarI@MDu payi@MdO@MchupiSaMgima padminIniSAM
#     #;kammadi tA@M barAgapaTi@M gappi madhuvrati@M jEra@MbOvuchun
#     #;nammika kaMgajapraharaNammula muTTeDu@M jUDavamma pa
#     #;lgommala@M jeMduvAralu tagu lviriyATalu nEra kuMdurE.

tAtparyamu: tummeda yanu trimmari madhuvratini (ADatummedanu) jErabOvuchu, tana SarIramunaMdali niSAMkamaina (rAtri padminini gUDiyunnaMduvalana mEnikaMTina) pasupupachchani marakanu (tellani) parAgamanu vastramutO gappi, tAnu rAtriyaMdu padminIsaMgamu chEyalEdani madhuvratiki nammika kalgunaTlu manmathAyudhamulanu muTTukonuchunnADu. ma~ri palukommalanu (anEkastrIlanu, anEkataru SAkhalanu) poMduvAru tagulamulu (Asaktulu), viriyATalu (pushpakrIDalu, svEchChAvihAramulu) nErvakuMdurA? – nErturugadA yani kAkuvu.

vivaraNa: tummedalu rAtriyaMdu mukuLiMchu padmamulayaMdu jikkukoni paga lApadmamulu vichchikonagAnE bayalveDunani varNiMchuTa kavula saMpradAyamu. aTlu (tummeda yanu nAyakuDu) padminitO (anagA padmalatayanu padminIjAtistrItO) rAtriyaMtayu gaDapuTachEta AnAyakunimEniki niSAMkamu pachchagA naMTinadi. ichchaTa niSAMka managA rAtrikELIparamaina chihnamu. ‘niSAkhyA kAMchanI pItA haridrA varavarNinI’ ani yuMDuTachEta niSASabdamunaku pasupaniyu arthamu. aMduchE ApadminIjAtistrI SarIramuna lEpanamu chEsikonna pasupu AmetO rAtri krIDiMchuTachE nAyakuna kaMTukonnadani arthamu. rAtripUTa padmamulO jikkukonuTachE padmaparAgamu tummedamEniki pachchagA pasupumarakavale aMTukonnadani svAbhAvikArthamu. aTTi parastrIsaMgamachihnamunu (tellani) parAgamanu vastramutO gappivaichi, paigA dAnEmi tappunu chEyalEdani nammakamu kalgiMchuTakai manmathAstramulanu muTTukoni oTTunu peTTukonuchunnADI magatummeda yanu dhRshTanAyakuDu. manmathAstramulana puvvulu. manmathuniki astramulu puvvulE kadA! padmamulalO nuMDi velvaDina tummeda litarapushpamula parAgamunu dhariMchuTa, itarapushpamulanu spRSiMchuTa svAbhAvikamEkadA! iTlI praSastamaina padyamulO khaMDitAnAyikaku kOpakAraNamaina nAyakuni yokka parakAMtAsaMgamachihnamulu chakkagA varNiMpabaDinavi. kapaTiyaina nAyakuDA chihnamulanu gappipuchchi tAnu nirdOshinani manmathapraharaNamulanu muTTukoni oTTupeTTukoni Amenu nammiMchi, pramAdamunu tappiMchukoninADu.

rAtriryAmatrayaparimitA, vallabhAstE sahasraM
mArgAsaktyA mama gRhamapi prAta rEvAgatOsi|
kiM kartavyaM? vada! nRpatibhi@h vIkshaNIyA hi sarvA@h
kOvA dOshastava? punarahaM kAma mAyAsayitrI||

pai SlOkamu khaMDitAlakshaNamunaku pratAparudrIyamulO vidyAnAthu Dichchina chakkani udAharaNamu. dIniki SrImAn chalamacharla raMgAchAryula vAri anuvAda mIkriMdi padyamu:

ma. sarigA jAmulu mU@MDu rEyiki@M; briyAsaMghaMba vEyiMTi kau,
#     #;va~ruvAtan nRpa! dAri@MbOvuchu niTul vaiLaMba vichchEsitE?
#     #;narapAlur dama, raMda~raM ganu@Mgonan nyAyyaMbegA! yEmanan?
#     #;ma~ri mIdOsamu lEdu leMDu, migulan bAdhiMchu nAdOsamE!

rAtri yaMtayu anyakAMtatO gaDapi, prodduna saMbhOgachihnamulatO nilu chErina prabhuvunu jUchi khaMDitAnAyika vakrOktigA nanuchunnadi: rAtriyO mUDujAmulu mAtramE. tamarikO priyAsaMghamu vEyiMTi kunnadi. EdO tellavA~ri (rAtri kAdani bhAvamu) dArini bOvuchu (anaichChikamugA nanuTa) IyiMTilO dUritiri. tAmu prabhuvulu (sarasulu gAranuTa). mIkaMda~ru samAnulE (guNadOshavichakshaNa lEdanuTa). aMda~rini chUDavalasinavArE. mIkiMtaTi bAdhanu (prayAsanu) kaligiMchuTa nAdE dOshamu. mIdOsha misumaMtayu lEdu.

iTuvaMTi vakrOkti (vyAjastuti) galadE pushpabANavilAsaM lOni aMdamaina IkriMdi SlOkamu.

satyaM tadyadavOchathA mama mahAn rAga stvadIyAditi
tvaM prAptOఽsi vibhAta Eva sadanaM mAM drashTukAmO yata@h|
rAgaM kiMcha bibharshi nAtha hRdayE kASmIrapattrOditaM
nEtrE jAgarajaM lalATaphalakE lAkshArasApAditam.||

vivaraNa: nAyakuDu rAtri anyakAMtatO gaDipi, vEkuvana tanakAMta kaDaku vachchinADu. atanini jUchi, vyAjastutitO AnAyika iTlu upAlaMbhiMchuchunnadi. nAtha=priyuDA! tvadIyAt=nIkaMTe, mama rAga@h mahAn iti= nA rAgamu adhikamainadani, yat=Edi, avOchathA@h= palikitivO, tat=adi, satyaM=satyamE; yata@h=eMduchEta nanagA, mAM=nannu, drashTukAma@h =chUDagOrinavADavai, tvaM=nIvu, vibhAta Eva = peMdalakaDanE (rAtri rAlEdanuTa), prAptOఽsi=vachchitivi; kiMcha=ma~riyu, hRdayE=edayaMdu, kASmIrapattrOditaM= kuMkuma pattrabhaMgajanitamainaTTidiyu, nEtrE jAgarajaM= kanulayaMdu jAgaraNachE galginadiyu, lalATaphalakE=nosaTiyaMdu, lakshArasApAditaM= lAkshA rasamuchE galginadiyu nagu, rAgaM=rAgamunu , bibharshi=dhariMchiyunnAvu.

tAtparyamu: O nAyakuDA! nAku manasulO mAtramE nIpai rAgamunnadi. ma~ri nIkO SarIramaMdaMtaTanu rAgamunnadi. nIyedalO kaSmIrapatra rAga munnadi; kanulalO jAgaraNarAga munnadi; nosaTipai lAkshArasarAga munnadi. nApai eMta makkuvayO, nAkaDaku peMdalakaDanE vachchitivi (rAtri rAlEdanuTa). nIvu vachiMchinaTlu nIku nAyaMdu gala rAgAtiSaya madhikamaina danuTalO asatya miMtayu lEdu. ichchaTa rAga managA anurAgamaniyu, e~r~radanamaniyu grahiMpavalenu. ‘nAku manasulO mAtramE rAgamanagA anurAga munnadi. nIkO SarIra maMtaTanu rAgamu (anagA anyakAMtAsaMbhOgachihnamaina e~r~radanamu) unnadi’ ani vyAjastutichE nAyika nAyakuni upAlaMbhiMchuchunnadi.

pUrtigA #»

ChaMdassulO gaNitAMSamulu – 2

parichayamu

saMskRta ChaMdassu niyamamulanu anusaristU migilina bhAratIya bhAshalu tamadaina ChaMdassunu sRshTiMchukonnAyi. kAni AyA bhAshala avasarAnni baTTi mArpulu kUDa jarigAyi. saMskRtamu, prAkRtamu, kannaDa-telugu ChaMdassulu iTTivE. vITiki samAMtaramugA tamiLa bhAsha saMskRtapu prabhAvamu lEkuMDA oka kotta ChaMdassunu Erparachukonnadi. I ChaMdassulalO uMDE gaNitaSAstrapu siddhAMtamulanu vivariMchaDamE I vyAsapu mukhyOddESamu. I saMdarbhamulO iMtaku muMdE ennO vishayamulanu charchiMchAnu. A vyAsamulOni konni aMSamulanu chitramulatO vivaristAnu. tamiLa ChaMdassulOni gaNitAMSamulanu moTTamodaTisArigA charchistAnu. I prayatnamu iMtava~raku evvaru chEyalEdu. aMtE kAka saMskRta, tamiLa, kannaDa-telugu ChaMdassu paddhatulananniTini chErchukonna oka kotta vidhAnamunu kUDa sUchistAnu.

saMskRta ChaMdassu


1. saMskRta gaNOtpatti

saMskRta ChaMdassu punAdi guru (#U)# laghuvulu (#I).# I guru laghuvulaku padEpadE guru laghuvulanu chErchinappuDu manaku gaNamulu, vRttamulu labhistAyi. padyamulO pAdamulu uMTAyi, pAdamulO oka niyamita saMkhya gala aksharamulu uMTAyi, I aksharamulanu saulabhyamunakai konni gaNamulugA vibhajistAru, I gaNamulu guru laghuvula samudAyamu. anagA padyamaMtA gurulaghuvulatO niMDi uMTuMdi. oka aksharamu tappanisarigA oka guruvugAnO lEka laghuvugAnO uMDAli. aMduvalana I gaNitamu yugmAMka gaNitamunu (#binary arithmetic)# anusaristuMdi. gaNOtpattini gu~riMchina vivarAlu modaTi chitramulO ivvabaDinAyi. dInini gaNavRkshamu ani cheppavachchunu. iMdulO kuDivaipu uMDE gaNamulu guruvutO AraMbhamavutAyi, eDamavaipu uMDE gaNamulaku laghuvu modaTi aksharamugA uMTuMdi. Akupachchani gItala konalalO reMDaksharamula gaNamulanu, vaMgapaMDu raMgu gItala konalalO mUDu aksharamula gaNamulanu, gulAbi raMgu gItala konalalO nAlugu aksharamula gaNamulanu, e~r~ra raMgu gItala konalalO aidu aksharamula gaNamulanu (lEka vRttamulanu) chUpinAnu. EkAkshara gaNamulu reMDaitE, reMDaksharamula gaNamulu nAlugu, mUDaksharamula gaNamulu enimidi, ilA aksharamula saMkhya okaTi hechchavagA gaNamula saMkhya dviguNIkRtamu avutuMdi. I saMkhyalaina 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, … amarikanu oka guNa (guNAMka) SrEDhigA (#geometric progression)# parigaNiMchavachchunu. I SrENiki sAmAnya nishpatti (#common ratio) 2.# lagAraMbhamai (#IU)# eduru naDakatO sAgE gaNamulu chitramulOni vAyavya bhAgamulO (eDama uparibhAgamu) unnAyi. oka pAdamulO oka niyamita saMkhyagala guru laghuvula amarikalu enni unnAyO anna vishayamu yugma siddhAMtamu (#binomial theorem)# teluputuMdi. I samAchAramunu gaNa mEruvu (#Pascal triangle)# dvArA kUDa manamu telisikona vIlagunu. I vishayamulanu idE pEritO uMDE vyAsapu modaTi bhAgamulO charchiMchAnu.

mAtrA ChaMdassu

saMskRta ChaMdassu akshara saMkhyapaina AdhArapaDi uMTE prAkRtamulO mAtrAChaMdassukE pedda pITa. eMdukaMTE aTTivi pADukODAniki anuvugA uMTuMdi. oka mAtra lEka kaLa aMTE oka hrasvAksharamunu uchchariMchE kAlAvadhi. laghuvunu oka mAtragA, guruvunu reMDu mAtralugA parigaNistAru. mAtrala saMkhya ekkuvayinappuDu mAtrAgaNamula saMkhya kUDa ekkuva avutuMdi. I mAtrAgaNamula saMkhyanu virahAMkuDu moTTamodaTa kanugonnADu. A mAtrAgaNamula saMkhya 1 (oka mAtra), 2 (reMDu mAtralu), 3 (mUDu mAtralu), 5 (nAlugu mAtralu), 8 (aidu mAtralu), 13 (A~ru mAtralu), … I saMkhyalanu ta~ruvAti lAkshaNikulaina gOpAla, hEmachaMdrulu kUDa charchiMchinAru. I saMkhyalanu virahAMka-hEmachaMdra saMkhyalu ani piluvavalayunu. kAni nEDu vATini phibonAchchi saMkhyalu (#Fibonacci numbers)# ani pilustAru. I saMkhyala amarika lOni kiTuku EmaMTE oka saMkhya viluva dAniki muMdunna reMDu aMkela kUDika phalitaM. dInini #F(n) = F(n-1) + F(n-2)# ani vrAstAru. oka paMchabhujilO (#pentagon)# vikarNapu (#diagonal)# niDivini bhujapu niDivitO bhAgahAramu chEsinappuDu labhiMchina phalitamunu svarNa nishpatti (#golden ratio)# ani pilustAru. dIni viluva φ = (√5 + 1) / 2 = 1.618033… idi oka karaNIya saMkhya (#irrational number.) # virahAMka-hEmachaMdra saMkhyalalO pakkapakkana uMDE aMkela nishpatti viluva sumArugA I φ viluva. anagA I saMkhyalu kUDa oka guNaSrEDhi amarikalO sAmAnya nishpatti φtO uMTuMdi.

dESi ChaMdassu


2. dESi ChaMdassu

kannaDa-telugu dESi ChaMdassulOni pratyEkata EmaMTE vITilO eduru naDaka, anagA lagAraMbha (#IU)# gaNamulu uMDavu. I ChaMdassu saMskRta ChaMdassulA pUrtigA akshara ChaMdassu kAdu, pUrtigA mAtrA ChaMdassu kUDA kAdu. reMTi guNamulanu kalipikonnadi idi. dIniki punAdi rALlu akshara ChaMdassulOvale oka guruvu, oka laghuvutO kAka reMDu mAtralu, anagA oka guruvu (#U),# reMDu laghuvulu (#II.)# vITitO nirmiMchabaDina gaNamulanu reMDava chitramulOni aMSa lEka upagaNa vRkshamulO chUDavachchunu. iMdulOni kuDi bhAgamunaku, modaTi chitramulOni kuDi bhAgamunaku eTTi bhEdamu lEdu. eMdukanagA, reMMDiMTilO oka guruvuku padEpadE guru laghuvulanu kalipi kotta gaNamulu sRshTiMchabaDinAyi. eDamapakkana uMDE gaNamulanni reMDu laghuvulatO AraMbhamavutAyi. mana punAdi rALlu reMDu mAtralu (#U, II)# kAvuna I gaNamula nirmANamulO lagAraMbha gaNamulu uMDavu, kAvuna eduru naDaka prastAvana lEdu. Akupachchani gItala konalalOni gaNamulu brahma gaNamulu, vaMgapaMDu raMgu gItala konalalOni gaNamulu vishNu gaNamulu, gulAbi raMgu gItala konalalOni gaNamulu rudra gaNamulu. I gaNamulalO chitrapu pai bhAgamulO AyA raMgula konalalO eduredurugA uMDE gaNamulanu tolagiMchinappuDu manaku telugu dESi ChaMdassulOni sUrya, iMdra, chaMdra gaNamulu labhistAyi. I gaNamula amarikalO kUDa prati sOpAnamulOni gaNamula saMkhya ta~ruvAti sOpAnamulO reTTiMpu avutuMdi.AMduvalana gaNamula saMkhyalu 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, … ityAdulu oka guNaSrEDhi avutuMdi. I guNaSrEDhi sAmAnya nishpatti kUDA 2. I aMSa lEka upagaNamulaku kUDa mEru nirmANamu sAdhyamu avutuMdani praprathamamugA muMdaTi vyAsamulO telipinAnu.

tamiLa ChaMdassu

migilina bhAratIya bhAshalalOni ChaMdassulalO aksharapu viluva guruvu, laghuvu lEdA mAtragA parigaNiMchabaDagA tamiLa lAkshaNikulu tamadaina oka nUtana pathamunu nirmiMchukonnAru. tamiLa ChaMdassulOni iTukarAyi aSai (அசை.) aSai aMTE chalanamu, ChaMdassu paramugA svaramu ani cheppavachchunu. I aSai reMDu vidhamulu – nEraSai (நேரசை), niraiyaSai (நிரையசை.) nEraSai annadi oka guruvu (#U)# lEka oka laghuvu (#I)# kAvachchunu. telugulO gA, gaM, gAn ivannI guruvulE ainA, tamiLamulO vITini vE~ruvE~rugA parigaNistAranna vishayamunu ikkaDa gurtu uMchukOvAli. niraiyaSai kUDa reMDu vidhamulu, avi – #II, IU.# TEkumaLla rAjagOpAlarAvu nEraSainu gO aniyu niraiyaSainu dhana ani pilchinAru#[1].# reMTini chErchinappuDu manaku gOdhana anE padamu labhyamavutuMdi. A kAlamulO gOvulu dhanamE kadA! nEraSainu – gurtutO, niraiyaSainu = gurtutO kUDa sUchistAru. oka aksharamu kaligina svaramunaku oka aDDa gIta, reMDaksharamulu kaligina svaramunaku reMDu aDDa gItalu ani bhAviMchavachchunu. tamiLa ChaMdassulO gaNamunu SIr (சீர்) aMTAru. padEpadE nEr ma~riyu nirai lanu kalipinappuDu manaku tamiLa ChaMdassulOni gaNamulu puTTutAyi. oka vishayamu – nEraSai gaNamu chivara laghuvugA nuMDavachchunu kAni gaNAraMbhamulO, gaNamu madhya bhAgamulO, adi eppuDU guruvE.

reMDu svaramula gaNamulu nAlugu rItulugA udbhavistAyi, avi – nEr-nEr, nEr-nirai, nirai-nEr, nirai-nirai. A gaNamulanu modaTi paTTikalO chUDavachchunu. adE vidhamugA mUDu svaramulatO enimidi vidhamulaina gaNamulanu kalpiMchavachchunu, avi – nEr-nEr-nEr, nEr-nirai-nirai, nirai-nEr-nirai, nirai-nirai-nEr, nirai-nirai-nirai, nirai-nEr-nEr, nEr-nirai-nEr, nEr-nEr-nirai. vITi vivaramulanu reMDava paTTikalO pariSIliMcha vIlagunu. adE vidhamugA nAlugu svaramulatO kalpiMchina 16 gaNamulanu mUDava paTTikalO gamaniMchavachchunu.


paTTika 1. mA- gaNamulu, viLaM- gaNamulu
gaNamu aSai amarika gO-dhanamulu #                         #guru laghuvula amarika
tEmA nEr – nEr gO – gO – – #UU, UI
#puLimA nirai – nEr dhana – gO = – #IIU, III, IUU, IUI
#kUviLaM nEr – nirai gO -dhana – = #UII, UIU
#karuviLaM nirai – nirai dhana – dhana = = #IIII, IIIU, IUII, IUIU

#paTTika 2. kAy- gaNamulu, kani- gaNamulu
gaNamu aSai amarika gO-dhanamulu #                         #guru laghuvula amarika
tEmAMgAy nEr – nEr – nEr gO – gO – gO – – – #UUU, UUI
#puLimAMgAy nirai – nEr – nEr dhana – gO – gO = – – #IIUU, IUUU, IIUI, IUUI
#karuviLaMgAy nirai – nirai – nEr dhana – dhana- gO = = – #IIIIU, IUIUU, IIIUU, IUIIU, IIIII, IUIUI, IIIUI, IUIII
#kUviLaMgAy nEr – nirai – nEr gO – dhana – gO – = – #UIIU, UIUU, UIII, UIUI
#tEmAMgani nEr – nEr – nirai gO – gO -dhana – – = #UUII, UUIU
#puLimAMgani nirai – nEr – nirai dhana – gO – dhana = – = #IUUIU, IUUII, IIUIU, IIUII
#karuviLaMgani nirai -nirai -nirai dhana -dhana -dhana = = = #IIIIII, IIIIIU, IIIUII, IUIIII, IUIUIU, IUIUII, IUIIIU, IIIUIU
#kUviLaMgani nEr – nirai – nirai gO – dhana -dhana – = = #UIIII, UIIIU, UIUII, UIUIU

#paTTika 3. pU- gaNamulu, niೞl- gaNamulu
gaNamu aSai amarika gO-dhanamulu #                         #guru laghuvula amarika
tEmAMdanbU nE – nE – nE – nE gO – gO – gO –gO – – – – #UUUU, UUUI
#puLimAMdanbU ni – nE – nE – nE dhana – gO – gO – gO = – – – #IIUUU, IIUUI, IUUUU, IUUUI
#kUviLaMdanbU nE – ni – nE – nE gO – dhana – gO –gO – = – = #UIIUU, UIIUI, UIUUU, UIUUI
#karuviLaMdanbU ni – ni – nE – nE dhana – dhana – gO – gO = = – – #IIIIUU, IIIIUI, IIIUUU, IIIUUI, IUIIUU, IUIIUI, IUIUUU, IUIUUI
#tEmAna~runiೞl nE – nE – ni – ni gO – gO – dhana –dhana – – = = #UUIIII, UUIIIU, UUIUII, UUIUIU
#puLimAna~runiೞl ni – nE – ni – ni dhana – gO – dhana – dhana = – = = #IIUIIII, IIUIIIU, IIUIUII, IUUIIII, IUUIUIU, IUUIUII, IUUIIIU, IIUIUIU
#kUviLana~runiೞl nE – ni – ni – ni gO – dhana – dhana –dhana – = = = #UIIIIII, UIIIIIU, UIIIUII, UIUIIII, UIUIUIU, UIUIUII, UIUIIIU, UIIIUIU
#karuviLana~runiೞl ni – ni – ni – ni dhana – dhana – dhana – dhana = = = = #IIIIIIII, IIIUIIII, IUIIIIII, IUIUIIII,IIIIIUII, IIIUIUII, IUIIIUII, IUIUIUII, IIIIIIIU, IIIUIIIU, IUIIIIIU, IUIUIIIU, IIIIIUIU, IIIUIUIU, IUIIIUIU, IUIUIUIU
#tEmAna~ruMbU nE – nE – ni – nE gO – gO – dhana -gO – – = – #UUIIU, UUIUU, UUIII, UUIUI
#puLimAna~ruMbU ni – nE – ni – nE dhana – gO – dhana – gO = – = – #IIUIIU, IUUIIU, IIUIUU, IUUIUU, IIUIII, IUUIII, IIUIUI, IUUIUI
#karuviLana~ruMbU ni – ni – ni – nE dhana – dhana – dhana – gO = = = – #IIIIIII, IUIIIII, IIIUIII, IIIIIUI, IUIUIII, IUIIIUI, IIIUIUI, IUIUIUI, IIIIIIU, IUIIIIU, IIIUIIU, IIIIIUU, IUIUIIU, IUIIIUU, IIIUIUU, IUIUIUU
#kUviLana~ruMbU nE – ni – ni – nE gO – dhana – dhana -gO – = = – #UIIIIU, UIIIUU, UIUIIU, UIUIUU, UIIIII, UIIIUI, UIUIII, UIUIUI
#tEmAMdanniೞl nE – nE – nE – ni gO – gO – gO -dhana – – – = #UUUII, UUUIU
#puLimAMdanniೞl ni – nE – nE – ni dhana – gO – gO – dhana = – – = #IIUUII, IIUUIU, IUIIII, IUUUIU
#kUviLaMdanniೞl nE – ni – nE – ni gO – dhana – gO –dhana – = – = #UIIUII, UIIUIU, UIUUII, UIUUIU
#karuviLaMdanniೞl ni – ni – nE – ni dhana – dhana – gO – dhana = = – = #IIIIUII, IIIIUIU, IIIUUII, IUIIUII, IUIUUII, IUIIUIU, IIIUUIU, IUIUUIU
#pUrtigA #»

SrInAthuni bhImESvara purANamu: sthAnIyata, konni apUrvAMSAlu

pAya koka chOTa@M jadikila@MbaDaga nuMDa
neina phalamEmi? yaTu vinOdArtha marigi
saMchariMtamugAka yI jalaja hituni
dharma maurjityamunu boMda dakshapurini
– bhI.pu. 5-16.

kavigA goppa dimmari kAvaDaM valla SrInAthuni kAlaMnATi AMdhrabhUmiki cheMdina chAritraka, sAMskRtika, bhaugOLika AnavALLu Ayana kAvyAllO, chATuvullO SilAksharAlayyAyi. pai padyaM kailAsanAthuni dvArA SrInAthuDu saMdarbhAnusAraM cheppiMchinappaTikI (SivuDU dimmarE kadA!) bhAvaM mAtraM SrInAthuni jIvitAnubhavaMlOnidi.

UsupOkakO (bhI.pu. 5-15), rAja saMdarSanArthamO, rAyabArigAnO, poTTagaDavaDAnikO, tIrthayAtrAdi kRtyaMgAnO A kAlaM nATi AMdhra prAMtamaMtA Ayana kalayadirigADu. aMtEgAka prauDhadEvarAyala AsthAnapu kannaDa prAMtamU (vidyAnagaraM), pedakOmATi vEmAreDDitO kASI, saMchariMchADu. SeivArAdhana tatparuDu (SeivamE paramamanE saMkuchituDu kADu. idE kAvyaMlO avatArikalO rAdhAgOpAluni kolichADu, bhI.pu. 1-3) gAbaTTi SrInAthuDu pErkonani dakshiNabhArata SeivakshEtrAlni Ayana pErkonakapOvaTAniki kAraNaM Ayana A prAMtAlanu saMchariMchaka pOvaDamE kAvachchu. tAnu kAlupeTTina prAMtapu vibhAvAnnI, deinyAnnI unnadunnaTTu cheppaDaM SrInAthuni neijaM.

bhImESvara purANaM cheppaDAniki muMdu palnADu tirigi A prAMtapu annapAnAla lOTuku (aMgaDi yUralEdu, rasikuDu pOvaDu – chATuvulu) eMtagAnO nOru chEsukonnADu. akkaDi SuchI SubhratA lEni purOhituni yiMTi sthiti mottAnnI (dOseDu koMpalO – chATuvulu) IsaDiMchADu. tAgaDAniki nILLugAni, tinaDAniki variyannamugAni lEni palanATi nuMDi bhImavATiki payanamei I bhImamaMDala vibhavAniki meimarachADu.

ekkaDa@MjUchinansarasi, yekkaDa@MjUchina dEvamaMdiraM,
bekkaDa@MjUchinaMdaTini, yekkaDa@MjUchina@MbushpavATikaM,
bekkaDa@MjUchinannadi, mahIvalayaMbuna bhImamaMDalaM
bekkaDa? yanyamaMDalamulekkaDa? bhAvanachEsi chUchinan^!
– bhI.pu. 3-23.

rAjamahEMdravarapu rAjula prApakaM poMdaDAniki muMdu SrInAthuDu vAri maMtri beMDapUDi annaya kOrina mIdaTa bhImavATi mahimanu, bhImamaMDala prAbhavAnnI prabaMdha rItilO kAvyaM kaTTADu.

I bhImESvara purANaM oka achchameina telugu prabaMdhaM. telugu kAvyAlaku saMskRtamUlAlu cheppukOvaDaM sAdhArANaM. teluguna nannayAdigA I rIti cheppukuMTunnA alA cheppukunna vAri kAvyAllOnE saMskRta mUlaM koMchamei svakapOla kalpitAlu kollalu. aitihAsika kAvyAlu kUDA. migilina telugu kAvyAlannI dAdApu I dApuna aMduku ekkuvabhAgaM udahariMchavachchu. AtmanyUnatO, gIrvANa gAravamO telugu kavitvAnnI chinnachUpu chUsiMdi.

bhImESvara purANaM saMskRta bhImakhaMDAniki (skAMdapurANaMlO gOdAvarI khaMDaM lOnidi) anusRjana kAdanaDaM yippaTiki sAdhAramE. I kriMdi migula hEtuvulu kUDagaDitE ImATa mariMta tellamautuMdi. bhImESvarapurANAniki bhImakhaMDamanE pEru arvAchIna kAlaMlO prasiddhameiMdi. (svArOchisha manusaMbhavaM manucharitrameinaTTu.)

  1. avatArikalO kavulu tAmu rAyadaluchukonna kAvyAMSAlanu kRtibhartalu tamanu aDigi rAyiMchukonnArani cheppaDaM paripATi. SrInAthuDu bhImamaMDala darSanapulakituDu. maMDala madhyasthita dEvarUpaM tana kArAdhyamu. dInitO bAMdhavuDeina annaya pEra kRti cheppaDAnikI, tadvArA rAjamaMDri koluvuna pAdaM mOpaDAnikI tOva tokkina kAlibATautuMdi. annaya bhaktipUrvakaMgA bhImanAthuni prAMgaNAnikarpiMchina maMDapAlu (bhI.pu. 1-27), dAna SilAksharAlu chUchinavADu kadA kavi. aMdukE annayE tana naDiginaTlU (bhI.pu. 1-28) ‘sabahumAnaMgA tanaku karpUra tAMbUla jAMbUnadAMbarAbharaNaMbu losaMgenani’ (bhI.pu. 1-29) kUDA cheppukuMTADu. idi nijameinA kAkunnA I vidhameina rivAju nannayAdigA vastunnadE.

    ilA annaya, ‘skAMdapurANaMlO gOdAvarI khaMDAnni paripATi rachiMpamani’ aDigADaTa. tappa bhImakhaMDaM kAdu.

  2. karpUra tAMbUlaM aMdukonna kavi veMTanE tana mUlAlOchanameina rAjamaMDri vIrabhadra, vEmapRdhyISvarula vikramAnni pogiDi vAri maMtriki kRti nistunnAnannADu. ikkaDoka vivaraNa kUDA istunnADu kavi.

    paMchalakshaNAlatO SObhillE saMskRta purANameina skAMdaMlO gOdAvarI khaMDaM dakshArAma bhImESvara mahAtmya saMyuta mavaTaM valla bhImESvarapurANaM aMTAnanI, purANamani AkhyAniMchinA AMdhra prabaMdhaMgA cheptAnanI tana kOrika neravErEMduku rAjamahEMdravara reDla vaMSavarNana chEstADu. I reMDu chOTlA ekkaDA bhImakhaMDaM ani anakuMDA kRtyaMtabhAgaMlO, ‘skAMdapurANAMbunaMdu, gOdAvarI khaMDaMbunaMdu jeppaMbaDina bhImakhaMDaM, bhImESvara mahAtmyaMbunu, bhImESvara purANaMbunanaMbaragu’ nani kAvyaphalaSRti cheptADu.

    asalu vishayaM saMskRta skAMda purANaMlO bhImakhaMDaM lEdanI (pEji 706, Arudra sa.sA.), laMDan laibrarIlO mekaMjI sEkariMchina dakshArAma pratulanu SOdhiMchina velchEru nArAyaNarAvu, DEviD^ shUlman^lu (puTa 187. SrInAtha, 2012) kUDA cheputunnAru.

dAniki tODu telugu lipilO mAtramE vunna saMskRta bhImakhaMDaM gOdAvarI maMDalAnikE parimitamei vuMDaDaM gamanArhaM. dInidvArA bhImESvarapurANaM tarvAtE SrInAthuDu gAnI marevarainA bhImakhaMDAnni saMskRtaMlO karta pEru cheppakuMDA (cheppakapOvaDaM avasaraM kUDA) 32 adhyAyAlu telugulipilO rAyagA 1879lO modaTa achchayiMdi. tarvAta jayanti sUryanArAyaNa SAstri gAri telugu tAtparyaMtO 1943lO kAkinADalO mudraNaku nOchukuMdi. I pustakaM chivara 8 telugu ashTakAlU, 4 lAlipATalU, 1 jOlapATa, saMvAdaM pErutO 51 charaNAla pATa, 10 charaNAla EkAMtasEva pATa, maMgaLahArati vunnAyi. ivi evari rachanalO pErkonalEdu. A tarvAta jayantivAri mANikyAMba, bhImESvarAshTakAlU, bhAgavati vAsudEva dIkshutula bhImESvarAshTakaM vunnAyi.

prathamASvAsaM chivara SaunakAdi munulu ‘skAMdapurANaMlO pUrvakhaMDaMlO pArASaryuMDu nijAparAdhaMbu kAraNaMbugA viSvanAthuchE nadhikshEpiMpabaDi vAraNASi velvaDiye’ (bhI.pu.1-120) ani vinna vAraguTachE sUtuni tadanaMtara katha vinavEDukautuMdani cheppamanagA sUtuDu katha prAraMbhiMchaDaMtO reMDava ASvAsaM modalautuMdi.

pai aMSAlalO EkasUtrata lEdani, bhImakhaMDaM anEvi skAMdaMlO lEdani, adi SrInAthuni kalpitamani spashTamavutunnAyi. iMkoka maulikAdhAra aMSaM tarvAti vivaraNallO uMdi.

bhImESvara purANaM sthalamAhAtmyaM teliyajEsE prabaMdhaM. dakshArAma bhImanAyakuni mahima pEruna I prAMtapu tatkAla bhaugOLika, sAMskRtika vAstavAlaku I kAvyaM AlavAlameiMdi. idi kotta oravaDi. sthalapurANAlalO errana nRsiMhapurANaM dIniki muMdudeinA karnUlu jillA ahObilapu prAMta vAsanalEvI lEni nArasiMha bhaktiyutameina kAvyamE aiMdi.

ASvAsa vibhajana

kAvyEtivRttaM koMchemeinA prAMtaviSEshAdulanu varNaNAtmakaMgA tIrchi tarvAti prabaMdha kavulaku SrInAthuDu anusaraNIyamayyADu. kathAvastuvunu sthUlaMgA chUstE:

  • prathamASvAsaM – avatArikatOpATu dakshArAma puravarNana 20 padyAlalO koluvei vuMdi.
  • dvitIyASvAsaM – prabaMdha varNanalU, SApagrastuDeina vyAsuDu yAtraku veDaluTa, kASi nuMDi pradhAna kshEtrAla dvArA AMdhrabhUmilO aDugiDuTa, agastyuni kalayika, SApakAraNaM teliyarAvaDaM.
  • tRtIyaSvAsaM – agastyuDu vyAsuniki dakshArAma mahima cheppuTa, bhImamaMDala vibhavaM gAMchuTa, vyAsAdula dakshArAma pravESaM, iMdruDu dEvatalaku SivaliMga mahAttyaM cheppaDaM, vyAsuni bhImanutitO mUlameina vyAsakatha dAdApu ikkaDitO ayipOtuMdi.
  • chaturthASvAsaM – agastyuDu tIrthamahAttyaM cheppaDaM, SivalIlalu, bhImanAthuDu svayaMbhuvugA velayuTa.
  • paMchamASvAsaM – sUryuDu kailAsAniki veLli Sivuni dakshArAmaMlO koluvuMDamani kOraDaM, Sivuni rAka, bhUdAna mahima.
  • chivari ASvAsaMlO dakshavATi, bhImamaMDalAla prASastyaM, phalaSRti.

sthAnIyata

sthAnIyata vAstavikameinadi, addaM lAMTidi. sAhityaMlO gAnI itaraSAstrAlalO gAnI viSvajanIna pramANAlu DollalugAnE migulutAyi. sthalakAla nibaddhameina aitihAsika kathanAlu vyApitamayyE koddI sthAnIya aMSAlu anE vAstava prErEpitAlu kalisi katha ekkaDikakkaDi prAMtIyatanu saMtariMchukuMTuMdi. rAmAyaNaMlOni kollaleiina avAlmikAMSAlu iMdu kudAharaNa. mali chAritraka yugaMlO puTTukochchina purANa sAhityaM sthAnIyatalaku paTTugommalei nilichiMdi. kAvyasAMpradAyaMlO avasarameina chOTallA sthAnIya punAdulapai vastugataMgA kathAkramamU, AtmagataMgA varNanalU, mAnavALi samasta sAMpradAya vanarula uTaMkiMpulU, kadalADutUMTAyi. kAbaTTi sthAnIyata SishTakAvyAlalO kUDA oka pAta aMSamE. jAnapadaM niMDugA sthAniyAMSAla samAhAraM. valasavAdula chUpulanuMDi sthAnIya aMSAla vedukulATa, mUlavAsula, jAnapadula, vividha jAtula, prAMtIya aMSAla gavEshaNa, uddaraNa jarigiMdanukOvaDAniki pai vivaraNa oka viruguDu kAvochchu.

mAnava samAjaM tAnu naDichina, gaDapina sthala kAlAdulanu padilaparuchukoni bhAvAnuvAdaM niraMtaraM chEstunEvuMTuMdi. bhImESvara purANaM sthalapurANaM kAvaDaM mAtramE kAkuMDA kavi naDachina dArilO tana natyaMta meimaripiMchina prAMtapu jADalu padilaparachina kAvyaMgA kUDA agupistOMdi.

avatArikalO rAjamaMDri pura viSEshAlu (1-41,42) liMgamaMtri annadAnaM pErutO brAhmaNa bhOjana varNana (1-61), annayamaMtri dAtRtyAnni cheppE bODasakurti (1-65), chODavaraM, (1-65), palivela (1-78) dakshArAmapuravarNana (1-88 nuMDi 20 padyAlu), vyAsuDu kASi, pUrI, SrIkUrmaM, siMhAchalaM mIdugA (2-51) piThApuraM rAvaDaM, ElAnadi pArutunna prAMta SObha, akkaDa paMDE paMTalu (rakarakAla phalaSAkamulu, duMpalu 2-51 nuMDi 60) kumArArAma SObha (2-61 nuMDi 64), sarpavara varNana (2-65 nuMDi 68), tulyabhAga nadItIra sAMparAya grAmasIma varNana (2-72 nuMDi 80), agastyuDu dakshArAma mahimanu vyAsunaku cheppaDaM (3-12 nuMDi 40), IkramaMlO A chuTTutA vunna Urla pErlu saMpara, pulagurta, OdUru, SIla, kOTipalli, piThApuraM, saMgamESvaraM, palivela, rAjamaMDri modalainavATi uTaMkiMpu, palu tOTalU (3-57 vachanaM) vyAsa agastyulu dakshapurini kIrtiMchu yakshagAna pradarSana (3-61), bhUdAna mahimalO anuvulu, minumulu, gOdhumalu, Sanagalu paMDE bhUmini cheppaDaM (5-68), bhImamaMDalAniki haddulu cheppuTa (5 -77,78,84), vasaMta RtuvarNanalO jAjara pATalu pADu achcharalu ( 5-103) modalagu ghaTTamulu pUrva SOdhakulu spRSiMchi pulakariMchi teliyajeppinavi.

nAkai pUrvaSOdhakulu migilchina konni kotta aMSAlatO bhImESvarapurANaMlOni sthAnIyatanu chAritrakAdi kONAlalO pariSIlistunnAnu.

pUrtigA #»

anuvAdAlu

kApari bhArya

reMDu gadula A illaMtA kalapa duMgalatO kaTTiMdE. gachchurALLu parichina nEla pagilipOyi bITalu vAriMdi, A gadula venaka oka pedda vaMTillU, muMdu chAvaDI vunnAyi.

chuTTaMtA bush^lyAMD. arachEyilA, ettu pallAlEvI lEkuMDA, nirbhAvaMgA vuMdi. aDavanna pErE kAnI, akkaDa pachchadanaM ati takkuva. konni giDachabArina Apil cheTlU, iMkonni sarugu cheTlU, dAdApu eMDipOyina chinna vAgU! vUru paMtommidi maiLLa dUraM!

kApari gorrelatO aDivilOkeLLi chAlA rOjulE ayiMdi. iMTlO atani bhAryA, pillalu mAtraM vunnAru. naluguru pillalu, chirigina baTTalatO, eMDipOyina dEhAlatO iMTi bayaTa ADukuMTunnAru.

“ammA! pAmu, pAmochchiMdi!” vunnaTTuMDi, pillalu gollumani arichAru. vALLa amma okka paruguna vaMTiMTlOMchi bayaTikochchiMdi. bakkagA, eMDaku kamilipOyina SarIraMtO uMdi Ame.

“ekkaDa? ekkaDuMdi pAmu?” parigettukoni vastUnE, nEla mIda paDunna chaMTi vANNi chaMkanEsukuMdi, muMdu. pillalani aDugutUnE reMDO chEtitO karra paTTukuMdi.

“adigO! A kaTTela mOpulOkeLLiMdi.” aMdarlOki peddavADu, padakoMDELLa TAm arichADu. churukaina mukhaMtO talli vaMka chUSADu. tanakaMTE poDugaina karra okaTi chEtilO paTTukochchADu.

“nuvvakkaDE vuMDammA! A pAmu pani nE paDatAgA!”

“TAm! nuvviTurA muMdu! adi kATEstuMdi. rammanaMgAnE rA, vedhavA!” talli kEkalaku vADu chinnabOyina mohaMtO pakkakochchi nilabaDDADu. aMtalOkE vADi kaLLu meriSAyi. kaTTela mOpu nuMDi pAki iMTikiMdaku dUrutunna pAmunu chUpiMchADu. gODala paguLLanuMchi iMTikiMdaku kalugulunnAyi.

“adigO ammA, pAmu!” karra etti pAmu mIda debba vEyabOyADu. iMtalO vALLa peMpuDu kukka jarugutunna gaMdaragOLamEmiTO chUDaDAniki vochchiMdi. pAmutOkanu adi oDisi paTTukunEMtalO adi mAyamaipOyiMdi. sariggA appuDE TAm vEsina karra pOTu kukka mohaM mIda paDiMdi. adi paTTiMchukOkuMDA gur gur maMTU akkaDE nilabaDiMdi pAmu veLLinavaipu chUstU. kApari bhArya veLLi kukkanu kaTTEsi vachchiMdi. dAni pEru mosali. pEruku taggaTTE dAni mukhaM mosali mukhaMlA uMTuMdi. pAmulanuMchI, pAmullAMTi manushula nuMchI adE tanaku dikku.adi eTainA tappipOtE iMkA kashTaM mari. pillalaMdarinI kUDa gaTTi vALLani kukka pakkana nilabeTTi tanu pAmunu paTTukunE prayatnaMlO paDiMdi. chinna ginnelO pAlu pOsi techchi kalugu pakkana peTTi pAmu kOsaM eduru chUstU kUrchuMdAme. gaMTa gaDichinA pAmu bayaTikochchina jADE lEdu.

sAyaMkAlaM avutuMDaDaMtO chinnagA chIkaTlu kammukuMTunnAyi. rAtriki pedda varshaM vochchElAguMdi. pillalani alA eMta sEpani bayaTE vuMchaDaM. pOnI lOpaliki tIsikeLdAmaMTE pAmu lOpalE vuMdEmO! paigA gachchulO akkaDakkaDA nerrelu paDi vunnAyi. gODa paguLLa kalugullOMchi pAmu bayaTikostE!

kAsEpaTi taravAta EdO AlOchiMchukoni, kaTTela mOpulOMchi konni kaTTelu tIsukoni vaMTiMTlO poyyilO paDEsiMdi. taravAta pillalaMdarinI iMTlOki tIsikeLLiMdi. vaMTiMTlO gachchu lEdu. buradatO alikina nEla mIda, chekkapEDu kALLatO moraTugA chEsina oka pedda balla tappa iMkE sAmAnU lEdu. A balla paiki vALLaMdarinI okaLLa taravAta okaLLani ekkiMchi kUrchObeTTi vALLaki akkaDE tiMDi peTTiMdi. pAmu eTunuMchi vastuMdOnani vEyi kaLLatO kanipeDutUnE muMdu gadi nuMchi chEtikaMdina pakka baTTalu aMdukOni daDa daDa lADE guMDelatO vaMTiMTlOMchi kochchi paDiMdi. A balla mIdE duppaTlu parichi pillalani nidra puchchiMdi. pillalu paDukunnarani nirdhAriMchukoni ika pAmu kOsaM eduru chUDasAgiMdi Ame.

pAmu vunna nerrela vaipE chUstU vaMTiMTi gummaM daggarE kurchI vEsukuni kUrchunnadAme. pakkanE karra, Ame kuTTu pani saMchI, oka patrika peTTukuMdi. pakkana kukkani kUrchObeTTukuMdi. ammani oMTarigA pAmutO vadilEsi paDukOvaDaM TAm kasalE mAtramU nachchalEdu.

“ammA! rAtraMtA nItO pATE kUrchoni A daridragoTTu pAmu tala pachchaDi chEstAnu!” SapathaM chESADu.

“chAllE! nOru mUsukoni paDukO! tiTlu vADaDoddannAnA? talli kasiriMdi. TAm oka duDDukarranu pakkalOnE peTTukunnADu, pAmuni chaMpaDAniki. adi tagili tammuDu jAkI phiryAdu chESADu.

“ammA! TAm karra nannu DokkalO poDustUMdi. adi tIsi paDeyyamani vADitO cheppU!”

“jAkI! nOru mUsukoni paDukO rAskel, pAmutO karipiMchukuMTAvA?!” TAm bediriMchADu. jAkI nOru mUsukunnADu.

“orE jAkI! pAmu karichiMdanukO. nI oLLaMta erragA, nallagA ayipOyi nuvvu ubbipOyi kaMpukoTTi chachchipOtAv, telusA!”

“ammA, TAmI chUDu EmaMTunnADO!”

“TAm, chinnapillavADu. vANNi bhayapeTTakalA!”

saNugutUnE nidralOki jAripOyADu jAkI. melligA pillalaMtA nidrapOyAru, TAm tappa.

“ammA, pAmostE nannu lEputAvu kadU?” nidramattulO tUgutUnE goNigADu TAm.

“alAgElE nuvvu paDukO!”

madhya rAtrayiMdi. aMtaTA chIkaTi, chikkagA alumukunna niSSabdaM. AmekI nidra AgaTaM lEdu. ayinA kAsEpu kuTTukuMTU, kAsEpu patrika chaduvutU, kaTTela mOpu vaipE chUstOMdi. chIma chiTukkumannA karra mIdiki chEyi pOtuMdi.

anukunnaTTE urumulu merupulatO varshaM modalaiMdi. gODala nerrellOMchi lOpalikostunna Iduru gAliki kovvotti AripOyElA vuMdi. lEchi kovvottini balla paina peTTi aTTa okaTi aDDaMgA peTTiMdi. merupu merisinappuDallA gODala mIdi nerrelu veMDi tIgallA kanipistunnAyi. kukka gummAnikaDDaMgA sAgilapaDi paDukOni vuMdi. eMta dhairyaM cheppukunnA Ameki guMDe daDadaDa lADutUnE vuMdi. tanu pirikidi kAdu kAnI ImadhyE pAmu kATuki gurai chachchipOyina bAvagAri koDuku ~m~nApakaM Amenu bhayapeDutOMdi. bharta aDavilOkeLLi Aru nelalu ayiMdi. okka kaburU lEdu. ika vochchEstE bAguMDanukoMdi. ImadhyE vachchina karuvutO aMtA nashTapOyAru. dAnitO maLLI aDavilOki pOka tappalEdu. I sAri paSuvulatO venakki rAgAnE I aDavI, pallE vodilEsi paTnaMlO kApuraM peDatAnannADu. akkaDiki koMcheM dUraMlOnE vunna bAvagAru appuDappuDU oka gorrenu chaMpi koMta tanu tIsukuni aMduku badulugA vILLaki kAvalsina vechchAlu techchipeDutuMTADu.

AmekI oMTaritanaM alavATE nijAniki. iMtaku muMdokasAri paddenimidi nelalapATu okkatE iMTlO vuMdi atani kOsaM eduru chUstU. Ameki vunnaTTuMDi tana chinnatanaM gurtochchiMdi. aMdaru ADapillallAnE tanU ennO kalalu kannadi, gAllO mEDalu kaTTukuMdi. annI karigipOyi chAlA yELlayiMdi. muMdunna nijAlani oppukOnU lEkA, vATniMchi tappukOnU lEka, tanakkAvalsina prapaMchAnni appuDappuDU AsaktigA chadivE A patrikallO vetukkuMTuMdi.

nijAnikAme bharta cheDDavADEmI kAdu. koMcheM nirlakshyaM vunnA, Ameni prEmiMchE manishE. Ame kOrukunnaTTE Ameni rAjakumArtelA gArAbaM chEyalanI, mahArANIlA chUsukOvAlani ASalunnavADE. paristhitulE kalisi rAvaDaMlEdu. I paSuvula panilO pApaM, nelalatarabaDi aDavula veMTa tirugutADu. jIta bhatyAlatO tirigochchi paTnaM tIsikeLtADu. appuDappuDU atanu adhairyapaDinA, AmE ataniki dhairyaM cheppi paMpistuMdi. pillalu puTTinappuDu marI digulugA bhayaMgA vuMDEdi Ameki. iddaru biDDalu I aDavilOnE puTTAru tanaku. ilATi oMTaritanaMlOnE oka biDDanu pOgoTTukuMdi. chEtilO biDDa SavAnnettukoni oMTarigA paMtommidi maiLLu veLLiMdi A rOju!

oka pedda merupU, urumutO unnaTTuMDi jaDivAna modalayiMdi.

AlOchanallOnE rAtri gaDustOMdi. jhAmu reMDayi vuMTuMdi. mosali iMkA kaLLArpakuMDA paDukoni gummaM vaipE chUstOMdi. vADi voMTi mIda gAyAlu chUstU pApaM, vIDU peddayipOyADu, anukuMdAme. vADiki bhayamanEdE lEdu. dEnikainA edurupOtADu. ennO pAmulanU chaMpADu. EdO okarOju pAmukATutOnE pOtADu. ilAMTi kApalA kukkala batuku alAgE mugustuMdi.

appuDappuDU chEtilO pustakaM pakkana peTTi AlOchanallOki maLLI maLLI jAripOtuMdAme. varshaM iMkA kurustUnE vuMdi. I varshAniki gaDDi iMtettuna perugutuMdi. eMDalaki eMDi pOtuMdi. appuDU aggi bhayaM.

okasArilAgE perigi eMDipOyina gaDDi aMTukuMdi. A aMTukunna aggi ArpEsariki brahma praLayamaipOyiMdi tanaki. AdarA bAdarA chEtikaMdina bharta pAMTU sharTU vEsukoni oka pedda cheTTu kommatO maMTalni bAdaDaM modalu peTTiMdi tanArOju. maMTalu AripOyinai kAnI tana mohamU chEtulU aMtA bUDidA masI kalisipOyi oka vichitramaina raMgulOki tirigipOyAyi. taMDri baTTallO vunna tanani chUsi TAm paka pakA navvitE, nallabaDDa tana mohaM chUsi chaMTi vedhava jAkI kevvumannADu. vADi EDupu chUsi kukka tana pAMTu paTTukuni lAgiMdi, adI tananu gurtupaTTalEdu. pAta ~m~nApakAlatO Ame mohaM mIda navvu vichchukuMdi.

oMTaritanaMtOnU, chuTTU unna krUramaina aDavitOnU enni yuddAlO! jabbu chEsi reMDu Avulu pOyinappuDU, paina baDutunna edduni oMTarigA eduronnappuDU, Akhariki tama kODi pillalani kAkula niMchI gaddala niMchI niraMtaraM kApADukoTunnappuDU, idE oMTaritanaMtO pOrATaM chEstU vachchiMdi tanu. A mATakostE, oMTari ADadAni kOsaM poMchi vuMDE magavALLaki kodavA?

kukka sAyaMtOnU, moraTu mATala sAyaMtOnU, abadhdhAla sAyaMtOnU alATi magavALLanuMDi tanani tAnu kApADukoMTU vachchiMdi. aMteMduku, sariggA kiMdaTi vAraM vochchADu oka daridruDu. aDivi dAraMTa pOtunnAnanI, dAhaMtO chachchi pOtunnAnanI vEDukunnADu. vADi vAlakaM nachchakapOyinA, jAli paDi koMcheM tiMDi peTTi maMchi nILLichchiMdi. sAyaMtraM kAgAnE tana dArini tAnu veLtADanukuMTE, oka vekili navvutO “I rAtriki ikkaDE vuMDi pOtA” annADu.

mAru mATlADakuMDA lOpaliki veLLi oka pedda duDDukarra oka chEtilO, bhayaMkaraMgA paLLu chUpistU gurrulADutunna mosalini golusutO iMkO chEtilO paTTukoni bayaTikochchiMdi. “iMkoka nimishaMlO ikkaNNiMchi kadalakapOtE, nEnU nA kukkA kalisi ninnu mukkalu mukkala kiMda narikEyaDaM khAyaM,” ani cheppiMdi vADi kaLLallOki chUstU. Ame kaLLalOki chUsi vADEmanukunnADO EmO, gabagabA mUTA mullE sardukuni, “veLLostAmmA!” aMTU venakki tirigi chUDakuMDA veLLipOyADu.

bush^lyAMD jIvitAlu avi. A aDavilO bratakAlaMTE adi cheppE pAThAlu nErchukOvAli. Ame vATilO rATutElipOyina manishi.

aitE tana jIvitaMlOnU chinna chinna saMtOshAlU, saradAlU lEkapOlEdu. anni rOjulU oka ettu, AdivAraM mAtraM oka ettu Ameki. AdivAraM madhyAhnaM panaMtA mugiMchukuni, chakkaTi baTTalu kaTTukoni, pillalanI mustAbu chEsi aDavilO oMTarigA kAsEpu naDichostuMdAme. appuDu Ame mustAbU, pillala mustAbU chUstE vALLEdO paTTaNaMlO viMdukeLtunnaTTu vuMTAru! A oMTaritanaMlO adokkaTE Ameki ATaviDupu. nijAniki A aDavilO iravai maiLLa varakU iMkoka prANi kanabaDakuMDA naDavochchu! eMta dUraM naDichinA adE aDavi, avE pichchimokkalU. E mArpU lEni A parisarAlu, A mAMdyaM taTTukOlEkE mogavALLu paTTaNAniki pAripOdAmanukuMTAru. kanIsaM kottagA vEsina railupaTTAla pakkanE naDuchukuMTU veLLipOdAmanukuMTAru. peLLaina kottalO pichchettinaTTu vuMDEdi, ippuDalavATai pOyiMdi. bharta iMTikochchinappuDu saMtOshamE kAnI, atanu eppaTikI iMTi paTTuna vuMTADanna nammakamU ASA lEvAmeki. pillalaMTE prEma Ameku. paiki kaThinaMgA uMTuMdi. paristhitulu A prEmanu paiki chUpiMchanIyavu. chuTTU vunna moraTutanaM strI sahajamaina sunnitaputanAnni peraganIyadu.

AlOchanallOnE tellArutU vuMdi. gaDiyAraM chUddAmaMTE muMdu iMTlO vuMdi. kovvotti pUrtigA AripOyiMdi. vErE kovvuttulu lEvu. bayaTa varshaM AgipOyinaTTuMdi.

rAtraMtA nidralEmitO Ame alasipOyiMdi. eMdukO kaLLallO nILLu tirigEyi. chEtiguDDatO tuDuchukObOyi vELLatO kannu poDuchukuMdi. chEtiguDDalO chillulanuMchi Ame vELLu poDuchukochchunnAyi. Ameku navvochchi peddagA navviMdi. mosali AScharyaMgA chUsiMdi. AmekilA tanamIda tAnu navvukOvaDaM alavATE.

iMtalO unnaTTuMDi kukka SarIraM bigusukuMdi. kadalakuMDA Upiri bigabaTTi nElalO vunna nerre vaipE chUstUnna dAni SarIraMlO veMTrukalannI adO mAdiri udvEgaMtO nikkaboDuchukunnAyi. Ameki arthaM ayiMdi. vaMTiMTi gODa kiMda vunna nerre vaipE tanU chUstU chEti karra aMdukuMdAme. chinna kaMtalOMchi gAju gOLIllAMTi reMDu chinna kaLLu kadalakuMDA bayaTiki chUstunnAyi. oka kshaNaM bayaTa Ame, Ame pakkana kukka, lOpala pAmu kAlaMtO pATu staMbhiMchi nilabaDDAru. koMcheM sEpaTiki pAmu muMdu kadili mellagA koMcheM bayaTikochchiMdi.

Ame iMkA melligA chEti karra paikettiMdi. Apada grahiMchinaTTu pAmu maLLI kalugulOki tala lAkkuMdi. okka nimishaM taruvAta maLLI melligA tala baiTaku peTTiMdi. kukka okka uduTuna pAmu mIdiki dUkiMdi. pAmu dAdApu tappiMchukoni pObOyiMdi. kukka maLLI dAni paikuriki paLLatO dAnni oDisi paTTi pAmunu oka aDugu baiTaku lAgiMdi. dhaD! dhaD! Ame pAmu talapai koTTiMdi. mosali pAmunu paTTukuni mariMta bayaTaku lAgiMdi. dhaD! dhaD! dhaD! aidaDugula poDavu, nallagA bhayaMkaraMgA uMdi pAmu. saMdaDiki TAm lEchi talliki sAyAniki rAbOyADu. okka chEttO pillavANNi dUraMgA neTTEsiMdi balaMgA, reMDO chEttO pAmuni bAdutUnE. mosali mUti mIda okaTreMDu debbalu tagilAyi. vADu paTTiMchukOlEdu. Ame AgakuMDA A pAmunu koDutUnE vuMdi, adi ika kadalika lEkuMDA chachchi paDEdAkA.

pAmu SarIrAnni melligA karratO lEvanetti bayaTa maMDutunna negaDulO vEsiMdAme. kukka, pillavADU kadalakuMDA dUraMgA nilabaDDAru kAlipOtunna pAmunu chUstU. karra pakkana paDEsi vochchi kukka pakkana kUrchuMdAme. iddarinI daggaraku lAkkuMdi. Ame chEti sparSatO pillavADU, kukkA koMcheM kuduTa paDDAru.

taletti talli vaipu chUSADu TAm. Ame kaLLallO nILLu. talli meDa chuTTU chEtulEsi Ameni hattukupOyADu.

“ammA! nEnu peddayina taravAta eppuDU ninnodili A daridrapu aDavilOkeLLanu,” annADu. koDukuni tana guMDeki poduvukuMdAme. sannagA tellavArutunna aDavilO alA kUrchuMDipOyAru vALlalA.

(mUlaM: henrI lAsan katha, di DrOvars vaiph.)

pUrtigA #»

ASanirASalu

“EmaMDI, vALLu vachchi veLLAru.”

“evaru?”

“EmO, EdO dukkipADu vALLaTa. EdO arjaMT pani annAru.”

“EMchEyAlO telITallEdu. aMdarU arjeMT aMTunnAru. Uru vadilipOdAmannA lEdu. chaddAmannA pApa guriMchE AlOchana.”

“pApani vALLa ammammagAriMTiki paMpEddAmaMDi.”

“pApani vadili kshaNamainA uMDalEnu, aTAchmeMT vadulukOlEkapOtunnAnu.”

“manaM ilA UrukuMDalEmu kadA…”

“arthamaituMdi nIvu cheptunnadi. kAnI… chAvaDaM… aMta sulabhaM kAdu.”

“mari? ilA ayitE I samasyaku parishkAramEmuMdi? evarikainA chepdAmannA palakariMchE vALLE karuvayyAru. anniTlO ODipOyinavAri bratukE iMta.”

“jIvitaMlO ODipOyinavADE jIvitAnni sariggA arthaM chEsukOgalaDu. chEtilO paisA lEninADiMtE. dikkulEnivALLamE avutAmu.”

“ninna mI SInanna vachchAru. chAlA sEpu EM mATlADalEdu, tarvAta, EM chEstAru mari ani aDigAru. nAku kannILLAgalEdu. nEnEmI palukalEdu.”

“paipaina palukariMchEvALLu chAlA maMdE unnAru. SInannEmO cheptADu. kAnI vADidEM jarugutuMdi iMTlO? pApaM, vADu mAtraM EM chEstADu? pOnlE, vachchi palukariMchADu. aMtEchAlu.”

“EmaMDI, A ..migilina baMgAraM kUDA ammEstE?”

“ammitE mI tallidaMDrulaku elA mukhaM chUpiMchagalanu? vEsavi vastOMdi. varusagA SubhakAryAlu! akkaDa nalugurilO A sommulU lEkapOtE vALLu bAdhapaDatAru. aMtakannA chAvE…”

“adainA chEddAmu. UrikE rOjU EDchi chachchE dAnikannA okEsAri chAvaDaM mElu.”

aMtaraMga mRdaMga…

“EmaMDI, phOn mrOgutOMdi”

“evaraMDI phOnlO? mI goMtadOlA uMdanipiMchiMdi.”

“bhaT gArE, Dabbu chAlA arjaMTugA kAvAlaMTunnAru.”

“monna mana koTTukU vachchAru. vAraMlOgA DabbivvakapOtE vachchi ikkaDE kUrchuMTAnani cheppu, annAru.”

“rEpE veLLipOdAM. EmainA kAnI, iMtE mana bratukiMka.”

“ekkaDiki veLtAmaMDI… elA? pApa saMgatO?”

“anukunnaTTE tananu sAgar ku paMpEddAM. evarevariki eMteMta ivvAlO chITI vrAsi peDitE, I illu ammEsi anna vALLaMdarikI ichchEstADu. annI pOgoTTukoni bratikEkaMTE chAvaDamE…”

“adikAdaMDI. mI vALLanu okkamATa aDigi chUDAlsiMdi. aMta uMdi kadA, koMchemannA sahAyaM chEyakapOyEvArA?”

“mA chinnanna aidE vEla rUpAyalaku ArOju koTTu kochchi aMta goDava chESADu. evarO ichchipOyinadi, nEnu kharchu chEsukunnAnu. nAkippuDE kAvAlani okaTE goDava.”

“iMta kashTaM manakE eMduku vachchiMdaMDI! kAvAlani manamEM chEsukOlEdu. allaM rETlu iMtagA paDipOtAyani kalagannAmA? mana talarAta, mana kashTAniki phalitamE dakkalEdu.”

“adEnE, jIvitamannAka EmainA jarugutuMdi. idi manakoka goppa pAThaM anukO.”

“EmaMDI, evarO talupu taDutunnAru chUDaMDi.”

“nAnnA! nAnnA! ATa eMta bAguMDiMdO, rEpu kUDA veLLanA?”

“E ATammA? dAguDumUtalA?”

“kAdu nAnnA, prakkiMTi mEshTAru gArammAyiki phOnlO adEdO pedda TAb ani uMTuMdi kadA adi konichchAru. dAMTlO ATalunnAyi, pakshulu, jaMtuvulu annI unnAyi nAnnA. nAnnA, mari nAkU konistAvA?”

“tappakuMDA koMTAnammA. ippuDu nA paristhiti aMtagA bAlEdammalU. konni rOjulAgu. tappaka konipeDatAnu. alugavugA?”

“nAnnA, nEniMkEmI aDaganu. idokkaTI konipeTTavA? A mEshTaru gArammAyi dAnni nA chEtikE ivvadu. tAkoddu aMTU dUraM niMchE chUpistuMdi.”

“EmaMDI, pApaM nA chiTTitalli. mA ammAnAnnaku EdO cheppukOvachchu. elAgainA dIniki adi konivvAli. okkagAnokka biDDa. dInikE lOTU rAkUDadu.”

“chUddAmannAnugA. oka reMDumUDu rOjullO ekkaDainA koMta mottamayinA dorukutuMdEmO chUstAnu.”

“elAgaMDI, ippuDE iMta uMDagA maLLI appekkaDa dorukutuMdi? bhaT gAru, bAMku vALLu… nAkayitE pichchi paTTETaTluMdi.”

“EM chEstAM cheppu, manaM chEtulArA chEsukunnadi kAdu. mana talarAta! evariki cheppukuMTAM? dEvuDu elA ADistADO ADiMchanI.”

“EmaMDI, nAkidaMtA chUstuMTE chachchipOvaDamE mElanipistuMdi. aMtE chEddAM. rEpu muMdu pApani vadilEsi raMDi.”

“ImadhyE nAkI AlOchanalu. rAnrAnU batuku bhAramautOMdi. evarannA EmannA annA taTTukOlEka pOtunnAnu. nA chaduvu, eM.e.lO vachchina rAMku, gOlD meDal, nA sAhityaM ichchina gauravaM ivannI gurtostAyi.”

“E bahumAnAlu, E patakAlu ippuDu dEnikI panikirAvaDaM lEdu. manishi chEtilO DabbuMTEnE viluva. ippuDu evarU palukariMchE vALLE lEru.”

“nAnnA, nAku TAb konivvakapOtE nEnu baDiki pOnu. nAkiMkEmI vaddu. idokkaTI konivvu chAlu.”

“alAgEnammA. reMDrOjulAgu.”

“nAnnA, phOn!”

….

“evaraMDI, EMTaMta sEpu mATlADAru phOnlO?”

“bhaT gArE. Dabbu rEpE kAvAlaMTa. iMka AgalEnu aMTunnAru. rEpu vastAraMTa. nEnu rEpE sAgar^ku veLtAnu. koTlO sAmAnEM lEdu. konaDAniki DabbU lEdu. EM chEyAlO EmI tOchaDaM lEdu.”

“vaddaMDI, iMkA maryAda pOyEvarakU uMDoddu manaM.”

“sarE, rEpE pApani vadilipeTTi vastAnu. kAnI, manakevvarU dikkE lEru ani bAdhagA uMdi. mIvALLu ippaTikE chAlA ichchAru. iMkA eMta istAru? manamU E mukhaM peTTuku aDugagalaM? pOnI, anukunnaTTE chEddAM.”

pUrtigA #»

idi chAlu nAku

telavAruౙAmu
pakshula kEriMtalu
chIkaTi talupulu taTTE velugula vElupu
suprabhAtaM pADE nI kAli aMdelu
nI kaLLalO mElukunE nA kaLLu
idi chAlu nAku


channILLalO konni vEnnILLu
utikina tuMDu suvAsana
snAnAla gadilO jalapAtaM
nA snAnaMtO taDisE nuvvu
idi chAlu nAku


kurisE varshaM
vEDuka chUsEMduku kiTikI
okkaTE kurchI
aMdulO nuvvu nEnu
idi chAlu nAku


cheruvugaTTu
snAnAlADE pichukalu
rekkalArEstE egiripaDE chukkalu
mukhaM tuDuchukODAniki nI cheMgu
idi chAlu nAku


vennela kurisE rEyi
dikkulu lEni aDavi
nItO kAlibATa naDaka
idi chAlu nAku


mAnulu vaNikE mArgaSiraM
raktaM gaDDakaTTipOyE chali
vEDi kOrukunE dEhaM
okE duppaTilO nItO
paMchukunE vechchadanaM
idi chAlu nAku


jAbili paLleM
chukkala annaM
chEtulu kaDukkODAniki saMdraM
tuDuchukODAniki mEghaM
nidraki nI tODu
kalatO mElkunnappuDu
nAmIdaku origivunna nuvvu
idi chAlu nAku


tOTalO oka parNaSAla
nElajIrADE cheTlakommalu
sannagA gAli temmeralu
selayETi galagala
saukaryaMgA Uyala
oka chakkaTi pustakaM
puTa gurtupeTTEMduku
nI siga nuMDi rAlina
okaTi reMDu puvvulu
idi chAlu nAku


mettaTi annaM
upputO uDikiMchina AkukUra
kUragAyalatO chEsina rasaM
kAsini eMDu paLLamukkalu
vaDDiMchEMduku nuvvu
kalisi tinEMduku manaM
idi chAlu nAku


veduru podalu
mUlikala parimaLaM
pEmukurchI
prapaMcha j~nAnaM
niMDu niSSabdaM
nuvvAlapiMchE gItaM
idi chAlu nAku


mitaMgA oka navvu
sunnitaMgA oka mATa
kutUhalaMtO oka chUpu
manasu tAkE mechchukOlu
maMchikavitaki rAlipaDE
nI okka kannITi boTTu
uMTE chAlu, EM kAvAli nAku?

(mUlaM: “idu pOduM enakku” saMpuTi: peyyena peyyuM maLai (kuravamanagA kurisE varshaM), 1998.)

pUrtigA #»

Sabda taraMgAlu

#Honey Bee

sAhityaM

pUla bAla pUla bAla gAli lOna tIge jhUla lOlitA
jAla mEla muddugA madhUli chAla tAgutA
pUla tEne tEne mattu mattu gAli gAli tUli tElatA
tEli muddu mudda rAli rekka mIde rekka jArchi jOgutA

saMgItaM

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#svararachana

I svara rachana* piDieph.

#[*”This music is composed, played back, score is printed using ‘finale 2014.5 – a music notation software.”]

#pUrtigA #»