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vishaya sUchika: janavari 2015

muMdumATa

ImATa janavari 2015 saMchikaku svAgataM!

!!!ImATa sAhitIkuTuMbAniki nUtana saMvatsara SubhAkAMkshalu!!!


Alan TyUriMg(23 jUn 1912 – 7 jUn 1954.)

kaMpyUTarlu mana jIvitAlani UhiMchani vidhaMgA mArchESAyi. mana AlOchanalani, anubhavAlani, mana vidyavaidyAvaij~nAnika vidhAnAlaku, pariSOdhanalaku munupennaDU lEnaMta UtaM ichchAyi, mana prastuta kAlAnni sAMkEtika yugaM ani piluchukunEMtagA kaMpyUTarlu mAnavALini prabhAvitaM chESAyi. aitE, vITi AvirbhAvAniki TyUriMg meshIn ani pilavabaDE oka AlOchana, oka yaMtraM kAni yaMtraM AdhAraM ani, adi eMta tElikaina, adbhutamaina AlOchanO telusukunnavAru vismayAniki guri kAkatappadu. aMduku AdyuDaina Alan TyUriMg guriMchi kaMpyUTar pUrvAparAlu, sAdhyAsAdhyAlu anE SIrshika kriMda koDavaLLa hanumaMtarAvu koMta virAmaM taruvAta rAsina vaij~nAnika vyAsaM; vANi nA rANi ani ThIvigA chATukunna pillalamarri pinavIrabhadruDu jaiminI bhAratAnni rAsina udaMtAnni chakkaTi kathagA malachina tirumala kRshNadESikAchAryuni padyanATika, I saMchikalO.


  • kavitalu: #The great Indian rope trick –# pAlaparti iMdrANi; nirNayaM – mAnasa chAmarti; Arti – svAtikumAri baMDlamUDi; vimAna-manaM – garimeLLa nArAyaNa.
  • kathalu: eM. vI. viMduDu – bulusu subrahmaNyaM; prakshALana – Ar. Sarma daMturti; amerikA illAli muchchaTlu: kotta taraM – SyAmalAdEvi daSika; sTAr^baks kathalu: kAphI bAnisa – sAyi brahmAnaMdaM gorti.
  • vyAsAlu: kaMpyUTiMg pUrvAparAlu, sAdhyAsAdhyAlu – 9: ati saraLamaina atyadbhuta TyUriMg yaMtraM – koDavaLLa hanumaMtarAvu; gItulu – jejjAla kRshNa mOhana rAvu; jAshuvA – piradausi: samIksha – mAnasa chAmarti.
  • itaramulu: nAku nachchina padyaM: oka vechchani hechcharika – bhairavabhaTla kAmESvararAvu; chivaraku migilEdi: rEDiyO nATika; rachana: buchchibAbu, nATakIkaraNa: pAlagummi padmarAju; viMjamUri SivarAmArAvu lalita gItAlu – samarpaNa: paruchUri SrInivAs.
pUrtigA #»

kathalu

eM. vI. viMduDu

amRtarAvu tirigi AnaMduDayyADu. amaMdAnaMduDayyADu. Apaina maMdasmita vadanAra viMduDayyADu.

pApaM amRtarAvu idivaralO anagA ikshvAkula kAlaMlO aMTE peLli kAkamuMdu eM. vI. viMduDugAnE uMDEvADu. maMdasmita mEmiTi, aTTahAsa vadanAra viMduDai E. vI. viMduDugA kUDA vuMDEvADu, A kAlaMlO. mohaMlO chirunavvu cheraganichchEvADu kAdu. ‘navvu rAjilleDi mOmuvADu’ ani birudu poMdEDu. aMtE kAdu navvunu kUDA aMTurOgaMlA vyApiMpa jEsEvADu. pratI ghaTanakI navvutU oka pATa pADEvADu. alA navvutU pADutU peLLiLLallO pannIrulA ‘hAsyarasaMbu pai jalleDuvADu’ ani kUDA kIrti poMdADu.

‘kAlaM kharmaM kalisi rAkapOtE mogALLaki peLLiLLu avutAyi’ anE dharma sUtraM okaTi uMdi. anni dharma sUtrAla lAgAnE idi kUDA peDachevini peDatAru purushAdhamulu. purushOttamulu ‘bhaja gOviMdaM bhaja gOviMdaM’ ani pADukuMTU SrI SaMkarAchAryula bATa paDatAru. kaivalya prApti cheMdutAru. ayitE vIru ati koMdaru. peLli ayina taruvAta eMdarikO j~nAnOdayamai yOgISvarulu, munISvarulu gA mAri ‘aMtA bhAryEchCha’ ani vEdAMtaM vallistU tAmarAkupai nITi boTTu lAgA tama jADani kappipeTTukuMTU gaDipEstAru. I eMdarilO koMdaru laukyulu reMDaDugulu muMduku vEsi ‘anya daivamU koluvA nIdu pAdamU viDuvA’ ani rAgAlApana chEstU bhArya koMgu paTTukoni tama vidhEyata chATukuMTU kAlaM gaDipEstAru.

koMtamaMdi purushAdhamAdhamulu uMTAru. vIrini rAvaNAsuruDu, hiraNyakaSipuDu ityAdi pErlatO pilustAru. vIri iLlalO ghOra yuddhAlu jarugutAyi. vATi phalitaM pakkavATAla vALLu anubhavistAru. ‘nI burra pagalakoDatAnu’ ani SapathaM chEstADu Iyana. ‘nI kiMta vishaM peDatAnu’ ani pratiSapathaM chEstuMdi Ame. burralU pagalavu, vishAlu tinaru kAnI pakkavALLaki tala noppi migulutuMdi. vIri madhyalO koMdaru aj~nAnulu uMTAru. vIru koMta kAlaM yOgISvarulai ‘aMtA bhAryEchCha’ anukuMTU (mukhyaMgA peLLaina kottalO) gaDuputAru. koMta kAlaM taruvAta koddigA j~nAnaM kalugutuMdi. asurulavutAru. mari koMta kAlaM gaDustuMdi. pUrtigA j~nAnavaMtulu avutAru. aj~nAnaM toligi pOtuMdi. laukyulayipOyi ‘anyadaivamU koluvA…’ ani pADukuMTU bhArya koMgu paTTuku tirugutAru. marO mArgaM lEdu. idi yuga yugAlugA naDustunnadi.

amRtarAvu kUDA aTTahAsaMgA aTTahAsaMtOnE peLli chEsukunnADu. peLli phOTOlalO kUDA pApaM navvutUnE paDDADu. peLli chEsukoni veMTanE ArAdhanani tIsukochchi kApuraM peTTESADu haidarAbAdulO navvutUnE. peLLaina kotta kottalO amRtarAvuki bhAryapaina prEmatO bATu kaDiveDu jAli kUDA uMDEdi. pApaM, tananu nammi, vALLa vALLaMdarini vadili vachchiMdi ani. ve~r~ri kuMka, pichchi vedhava ayina vADunU, nUtanasatIpraNayAvESaMlO unnavADunU ayina moguDiki teliyadu, peLLAM eppuDU moguDini nammadu ani. kEvalaM namminaTTu naTistuMdi ani telusukOlEDu. I naTanalO sAvitri, mInAkumAri, sOphiyA lAren modalainavAru digaduDupE. peLLaina kottalO ve~r~ri moguDiki bhArya iliyAnA lAgAnO, nityAmInan lAgAnO kanipistuMdi. ‘E divilO virisina pArijAtamO’ tana adRshTaM koddi taniMTlOki vachchiMdi ani abbura paDatADu. AviDa mukhaM vikasiMchina padmaM lAgA kanipistuMdi. chIkaTi paDina taruvAta Ame mukhaM mIda vAlE dOmalani chUsi tummedalani bhramapaDatADu kUDAnU. mEghAlu AviDa muMgurulalOnE uMDAli kAnI AviDa kannullO kApuraM peTTanivvanu ani pratij~na chEstADu. ‘malayAnila lAlanalO padE padE paravaSamai gAnamElu elakOyila gaLa madhurima’ Ame svaraMlO vinipistuMdi. Ame kadalikalalO, mEghanAdaMtO paravaSamaina nemali nATyaM agupistuMdi. ‘kAvAlaMTE istAlE nAvannI ika nIvElE’ ani vAgdAnaM chEsEstADu. aMtaTitO AgakuMDA Apaina aDakkuMDA kUDA tIsEsukO ani hRdaya bIruvA, inupa bIruvA reMTivI tALAlistADu. I maikaMlO bhArya chEsina vaMTa kUDA lElEta mAvi chiguru tinE kOyila lAgAnE AragistADu. idi moguDi jIvitaMlO prathamAdhyAyaM. hRdayaMlO sthAnamistE, guMDellO nidra pOtAru ani teliyani vasaMtakAlaM adi.

aMdari moguLLa lAgAnE amRtarAvu kUDA bhAryArAdhanAparvaM yadhAvidhaMgA SAstrOktaMgA nirvartiMchADu. pATallO tana praNayAnni chilikiMchADu. ArAdhana kUDA pATaku pATa nErchukuMdi. ‘mudital nErvagarAni vidya kaladE ammU’ annadi gOmugA. amRtarAvu E. E. kE. hech. viMduDu, aMTE amaMdAnaMda kaMdaLita hRdayAraviMduDayina rOjulavi. adRshTavaSAttU iMglIshu aksharAlaku karuvu rAkamuMdE parvaM pUrtayiMdi, tarvAta dvitIyAdhyAyaM modalaiMdi. alA modalaina konni rOjulaku, amRtarAvu prathamAdhyAyapu jamAkharchulu chUsukunnADu. bEMku bAlens bErIju vEsukunnADu. aurA, auraurA! anukunnADu. peLLiki muMdu reMDu ELlu kashTapaDi, iMTlO niMpina sAmAnutO bATu rU.48vElu bEMkulO kUDA niMpADu. eMdukainA maMchidani peLLikOsaM triphT sosaiTIlO rU.25vElu appuchchukunnADu. peLLiki 25vEla500, kApuraM peTTaTAniki, iMTi sAmAnla kOsaM iMkO 10vEla500 kharchu chESADu. gRha lakshmi gRhapravESaM chEsETappaTiki bEMkulO unna rU.37vElu, peLli purANaM dvitIyAdhyAyAniki vachchETappaTiki rU.10vElaki koMcheM takkuvugA rUpAMtaraM cheMdiMdi. ghaTTigA niSvasiMchADu. eMdukainA maMchidani, gRhAdhidEvata chUDakuMDA maunASruvulu kArchEDu. dvitIyAdhyAyaM prathama bhAgaMlOnE unnADu kAbaTTi ArAdhanani EmainA anaDAniki hRdayaM oppukOlEdu. DairI anabaDu gRha kharchula namOdu pustakaM tIsi viSlEshiMchADu.

AScharyaMgA I nAlugu nelallOnu sagaTuna rOjukO sigareTTu pAkeT takkuva ayinaTTu AScharya vadanAra viMduDaina amRtarAvu gurtiMchADu. nelaki chEsukunE reMDu maMdu pArTIla kharchu kanabaDalEdu. anagA tana kharchulO nelaki sumAru rU.1500 dAkA AdA ayiMdani saMbhramAScharyAlatO saMtasiMchADu. chEtiki vachchina rU.35vEla500lO iMTiki paMpina rU.7vEla500 mainas chEsi, AdA ayina rU.1500 plas chEsi, Ikval^TU rU.29vEla500 ani kani peTTADu. idikAka bEMku lOMchi tIsinadi sagaTuna nelaki rU.6,750 plas chEsi rU.36,250 ani nirdhAraNaki vachchADu. idaMtA kharchu ayiMdA? ani AScharya paDDADu, chakituDayyADu, vibhramAniki guri ayyADu. I padhdhati mArAli ani tIrmAniMchukunnADu.

tIrmAnamayitE chEsukunnADu kAnI amalu chEyaDameTlO ardhaM kAlEdu. iMTi adde lEdu. taMDri saMpAdiMchi ichchina phlAT lOnE uMTunnADu. pi.yaph., insyUrens, itara sEviMgs annI jItaMlOnE kaTTEstunnADu. migilinadE chEtiki vastuMdi. taMDriki paMpinadi, Ayana kUDA tana pErunE madupu peDutunnAru. iMkA AdA chEyAlsina avasaraM lEkapOyinA, kharchu adupu tapputOMdEmO nani bhayapaDDADu. bhAryAmaNiki sunnitaMgA, savivaraMgA ‘Ardhika vishayAlu – gRhiNi pAtra’ anE vishayaMpai tatvabOdha chEddAmanukunnADu. kAnI Ame pratispaMdana elA uMTuMdO ani anumAnapaDDADu. ‘bRMdAvanamadi mana iddaridi’ ani pADina nOTitOnE ‘telusukonave yuvati ilA naDuchukonave yuvatI’ ani elA cheppAlA ani mathanapaDDADu. kAlaM gaDichina koddI Ameku Arthika avagAhana kalugutuMdEmOnani sari peTTukuMdAmanukunnADu kAnI appaTikE kAlAtItamavutuMdEmO nani bhayapaDDADu. pOnI anyApadESaMgA ‘rAvOyi chaMdamAma mA kharchu telusukonumA’ ani pADudAmanukunnADu kAnI Ame, tirigi EM pADutuMdO ani anumAnaM vachchiMdi. ADuvAritO aMtyAkshari aMdulOnU ArAdhanatO! amRtarAvu Apadanu SaMkiMchi AgipOyADu.

Ardhika viSlEshaNalO konni nagnasatyAlu kUDA baiTapaDDAyi. vArAniki mUDu sinimAlu, nAlugu hOTal billulu kUDA kanipiMchAyi. peLLilO anni chIralu peTTinA, peLLaina veMTanE inni chIralu, Dressulu konaDaMlO aMtarArthaM arthaM kAlEdu. peTrOl kharchu kUDA reTTiMpu ayinadani grahiMchADu. I haidarAbAdulO inni hOTals eMdukO, anni sinimA hALLu eMdukO ani vichAriMchADu. tamaki iMglish, hiMdI, telugu, tamiLaM, kannaDa bhAshAj~nAnaM uMDaDaM tappEmOnani AvEdana cheMdADu. malayALaM, marAThi rAnaMduku saMtOshiMchADu. I sinimAlu kUDA vArAnikO kottadi rAvaDaM EmiTO ani kOppaDDADu. okaTO reMDO bhAshalu tappa migatA vATini nirAdariMchAlEmOnanE Uha kUDA vachchiMdi. peLLaina taruvAta kUDA iMta hOTal bil AScharyakaraMgAnE uMdani marOmAru AScharyapaDDADu. EmainA prajAsvAmya paddhatilO bhAryatO maMtanAlu jarapi nirNayAlu tIsukOvAli anukunnADu. lEkapOtE reMDu mUDu nelala taruvAta, ‘dharmaM cheyi bAbU padivElu dharmaM cheyi bAbU’ ani taMDri muMdu chEyi jApAlEmOnani bhayapaDDADu. kAkapotE EdO oka sEviMgs khAtA ApeyyAlEmOnani kUDA vichAriMchADu.

I vidhaMgA amRtarAvu AlOchanA sAgara mathanaM chEstuMDagAnE ‘bAlanurA madanA, chilukala vale gOrvaMkala valenU kulukagA tOchunurA madanA’ ani ArAdhana vachchi pADETappaTiki amRtarAvu AnaMdOtsAha vadanAra viMduDai tana jamA kharchula DairI mUsEsi ‘rAga sudhArasa pAnamu jEsi rAjilla’TAniki ArAdhanani sinimAki tIsukeLLADu. ilA ArAdhanAMtarAvaMtarAlalO I dhanaRNasAgaramathanaM pUrtikAkuMDAnE peLli purANaM dvitIyAdhyAyaM, uttarArthaM lOki vachchESADu. bEMku bElansu iMkA kiMdaku veLLipOyiMdi. tvaralO nirNayAlu tIsukOkapOtE, siggu viDichi taMDri muMdu mOkariMchAlsina paristhiti kanuchUpu mEralO kanipiMchiMdi. EdO vidhaMgA charchalu modalu peTTAli anukunnADu. okarOju dhairyaM chESADu.

“kiMdaTi nela nAlugu mATlu pijjA teppiMchAmu. anniTikannA kottapETa bEkarIlOdE bAguMdEmO kadA arU” (yathAlApaM.)

“nAku abiDs nuMchi teppiMchinadE bAguMdi ammU.” (niSchitaM.)

“ayinA bhOjanaM badulu pijjA anni mATlu tiMTE ArOgyaM cheDipOtuMdaTa, arU.” (saMSayaM.)

“rALLu harAyiMchukunE vayasu manadi. marEM pharavAlEdu, ammU” (niSchitaM.)

“EmainA arU, iMTi bhOjanaM kannA EdI bAguMDadu” (tegiMpu.)

“nEnu chEsE vaMTa kannA EdainA pharavAlEdu” (niSchitaM.)

“prayatnistE nuvvu vaMTa bAgAnE cheyyagalavu. monna biryAnI bAgA chESAvu.” (pichikAstraM.)

“anni mATlu chEstE okka mATu kudiriMdi. ayinA mIru ardhAkalitO paDukOvaDaM nAku ishTaM lEdu. ” (brahmAstraM!)

ammUki EM cheppAlO tOchalEdu. kAnI mohaMlO darahAsaM koMcheM dhara taggiMdi. aTTahAsaM arthahAsaMgA mAri E.vI. viMduDi arthaM mAriMdi.

prayANaMlO modaTi aDugu eppuDU kashTaMgAnE uMTuMdani samAdhAnapaDDADu amRtarAvu. dvitIya vighnaM uMDakUDaduTa ani SAstraM gurtuku techchukunnADu. puna@hprayatnaM cheyyAlsiMdEnani tIrmAniMchukunnADu. tIrmAnAlE migulutAyEmO ani saMdEhapaDDADu. ayinA prayatna lOpaM uMDakUDadani maLLI tIrmAniMchukunnADu. oka AdivAraM mETanI chUsi, TAMk^baMD mIda chAT tini, iMTiki vachchETappuDu pijjA techchukunna rOjuna maLLI upakramiMchADu.

“I nelalO idi aidO mATu pijjA techchukOvaDaM. pakka padArdhAlatO kalasi rU.650 ayiMdi. asalu pijjAkannA dibbaroTTi chEsukuMTE maMchidi. padO vaMtu mAtramE kharchu avutuMdi. SAstrIyamu, ruchikaramu, ArOgyAniki raksha kUDAnu.” charcha modalu peTTEDu ammU.

“AdA mATa nijamE kAnI pijjA bajArulO dorukutuMdi eppuDu kAvAlsi vastE appuDu. dibba roTTi ‘svagRhA’lO ArDar cheyyAli kanIsaM oka rOju muMdu. vALLu kUDA reMDu vaMdalu tIsukuMTAru, chaTnIki adanaM. ArOgyaM guriMchi nAku teliyadu kAnI pijjA kannA ruchikaraM annadi nEnoppukOnu. iMTlO chEyanu, dibba roTTi chEyaDaM nAku chEtakAdu.” kharAkhaMDIgA cheppEsiMdi arU.

“dib…”

“ayinA, ittaDi sibbe, paLLeM kAvAli, avi mana daggara lEvu. paLLeM mIda boggulu kAvAli. boggula pogatO kichen peyiMT nASanamavutuMdi. smOk DiTekTar kuyyOmaMTuMdi. dAnni ApaTaM nAku chEtakAdu.” konasAgiMchiMdi arU.

“abjekshan yuvar Anar, kichenlO chimnI uMdi. dAnikO egjAsT phAn uMdi. poga prAblaM kAdu. boggulu avasaraM lEkuMDA kUDA dibba roTTi chEyavachchu” aDDu tagilADu ammU.

“pijjA tinaDaM nAgarikula lakshaNaM. pakkiMTi sinhA AMTI vArAniki reMDu mATlu teppistuMdi. eduriMTi niluvu nAmAla SrInivAsa ayyaMgAru gAru kUDA bEkarIlalO kUrchuni bargar, pijjA tinaDaM manaM chUSAM. mI AphIsulO kUDA bargars, pEstrIlu istAru kAnI dibba roTTi mukkalu ivvaru. tOTi sAvEyirlalO manaM tala ettuku tiragAlaMTE pijjAlu, bargars tinAlsiMdE!” jaDjimeMT ichchEsiMdi arU.

eppaTi lAgAnE ammU niruttaruDayyADu. darahAsaM mariMta dhara taggiMdi. arthaM arthArthaM ayiMdi. ilA ayitE enni vElu kAvAlO ani viMduDiki bhayamU vEsiMdi.

paTTu vadalani vikramArkuDi lAgA iMkO mUDu mATlu prayatniMchADu ammU. reMDu mATlu ammU darahAsaM iMkA iMkA chinnabOyiMdi. mUDO mATu darahAsaM pUrtigA mAyamayiMdi. ‘AvakAya manadainA gOMgUra pachchaDi svagRhA phuDs dElE’ anukunnADu. iMTlO vaMDina ‘gutti vaMkAya kUra kalupukoni pAtika muddalu pIkE’ anubhavaM tanaki mRgyaM ani vichAriMchADu ammU. sOkraTIsulanu ilA tayAru chEstArA ani kUDA AScharyapaDDADu. alA AScharyapaDutU vichAristUnE reMDELlu gaDichipOyAyi pApaM ammUki. adRshTavaSAttu jItaM peragaDaMtO taMDri muMdu chEyi jApAlsina avasaraM kalagalEdu. kAnI E. vI. viMduDu EmI lEni viMduDayADu, Apaina amAvAsya chaMdruDayADu. goMtu SRti tappiMdi. pATa mUgapOyiMdi.

pUrtigA #»

amerikA illAli muchchaTlu: kotta taraM

EmiTI… akkaDunnaMta sEpu maunAnaMda svAmilA kUrchuni ippuDu kAru ekkagAnE mIlO mIrE aMtalA navvukuMTunnArU?!

pArTIlO A ammAyilU abbAyila bhAshA A mATlADE tIru taluchukuMTE navvochchEstOMdA? vALLa mATalu viMTuMTE vILLu asalu telugu dESaMlO puTTi perigina vALLEnA ani anumAnaM vachchiMdA?

mA bAgA annAru! akkaDunna vunna vALLaMdarU chinnavALLE, iMDiyA nuMchi ninnA monnA digina kurrakAru! vALLaMdari madhyA dishTibommallA maniddaramE musalivALLaM! mA mEnatta manavarAlini nEnu eppuDU chUDalEdu kAnI, vALLa amma vasaMta, nEnu chinnappuDu kalisi perigAM. dAni kUturu ikkaDakochchi, vALLa abbAyi puTTinarOjani pilistE veLLakuMDA elA ani, alAgE vastAmani annAnu. evarO okaLLu manaku telisina vALLu, mana vayasuvALLu vuMDaka pOtArA anukunnA. mIrannaTTu A ammAyala kaTTu, boTTu, mATa paddhatulu annI tamAshAgA anipiMchAyi. akkaDunnaMta sEpu kAsta ibbaMdigA anipiMchinA maLLI vALLa kaburlu, mATalu viMTuMTE chAlA saradAgAnU AScharyaM gAnU anipiMchiMdi, nijaM!

I vUriki A vUru eMta dUramO A vUriki I vUrU aMtE dUraM annaTTu… mana telugu dESaM naDiboDDulO puTTi perigina I ammAyilu iMta vesTranaij^D^gA vunnArEmiTI ani nEnu AScharya pOyAnA, marI vALLEmO nA gadvAl chIra, nA juTTumuDi chUsi I dESaMlO nalabai ELlugA vuMTunnAnani, nEnu DAkTar nani vini nOLLu terichAru! oka ammAyaitE nEnu khachchitaMgA sAmarlakOTa sarukE anukoni, ‘DelivarI vIsA mIda ikkaDiki vachchArA mAmmA?’ ani mohAnE aDigEsiMdi!

marI aMtalA navvakaMDi! amerikAlO O pedda kaMpenIki si.I.O gA vuMTunna mimmalni paTTukuni, ‘manavaLLaku bEbI siTTiMg cheyyaDAniki, TaiM pAs kOsaM ikkaDiki vachchArA tAtagArU?’ ani A kurrALLu aDagaTaM nEnu vinnAnu lEMDi!

akkaDa turrumaMTU skUTIlamIda tirigE I ammAyilaku okkaLLaku chIra kaTTukOvaDaM kUDA rAdaTa! alA ayitE elAgarrA aMTE, ‘nAku chUpul erEMj chEsinappuDu mammI help chEsiMdi.mArEj TaiMlO mEkap vuman vuMdi kAbaTTi nO prAblam,’ aMTU reMDu vArAla kiMdaTE peLLi chEsukuni vAraM kiMdaTE phlaiT digina O pilla muddu muddugA cheputOMdi!

A pillala mATalu viMTuMTE vALLa laiph sTayil chUstuMTE aMdarU bAgA vunnavALLa lAgE vunnAru. vALLa vyavahAraM chUstuMTE manalAgA batukuteruvu kOsaM amerikAku vachchinaTTu lEdu, saradAgA gaDapaTAniki E piknikkukO vachchinaTTuMdi.

rOju evaLLu vaMTalu cheyyaruTa. bayaTE tinEstAruTa. daTIj sO… IjI nO! aMTU chAlA IjIgA cheppESAru. adEdO goppa vishayaM annaTTu EmAtraM saMkOchaM lEkuMDA, ‘ayAM sO nAT iMTrasTED in kukiMg AMTI! kukiMg Ij bOriMg! DailI kukiMg Ij vEsT Aph TaiM,’ ani A ammAyilu rAgAlu tIstuMTE nammalEkapOyAnu. ilA aMTUnE, nEnu paTTikeLLinavannI maLLI aMdarU iMTaresTiMg gAnE tinnAru. okaLLiddaru mAtraM eppuDainA vaMTa cheyyAlanipistE E skaip lOnO, phEs TaiM lOnO vALLa ammalni pilichi appuDu sTav veligistAruTa!

vaMTa guriMchi vALLakunna avagAhanA vALLu vADE mATalu tamAshAgA kottagA vunnAyi, nAmaTuku nAku nijaM cheppoddU! bobbaTTuni svIT pUrI aMTU I Dish prosIjar EMTI aMTU O ammAyi sTail^gA aDigiMdi. pachchi Senagapappuku vEyiMchina Senagapappuku tEDA telIdu. piMDi taDupukOvAlammA aMTE TaiT gAnA lUj gAnA ani aDigiMdi iMkO ammAyi. peLLai reMDELLayiMdiTa. bhAryAbhartaliddarU okE kaMpenIlO sAphT^vEr iMjanIrlaTa. kyAbEj kobbari kUra chUsi, ‘I karrI nEnu chEstE veT^gA vastuMdi iMta DraigA elA pripEr chESAru?’ ani oka pilla aDigitE, gOMgUra chaTnI smUt^gA rAvAlaMTE lIvs^ni vATar^lO kuk cheyyAlA aMTU aDigiMdO iMkO ammAyi. evvarU I dESAnikochchi mUDELLu kAlEdaMTE nammabuddhi kAlEdu, mIkEmanipiMchiMdO A abbAyilani chUsi, kAnI.

pEruku telugu mATlADutunnArE kAnI aMdulO telugE lEdu. akkaDunna vALLalO oka abbAyiki mA vALLu bAgA telusuTa. mA Akhari tammuDi koDuku kArtIk itanu maMchi phreMDs aTa. atani telugu vini tIrAli! “I madhya mA kajin pelliki vellinappuDu mI bradar vAllani kUDA mIT ayyA. aMdaraM kalsi mIls chEsAM. mastuga phannuMDE. mA sisTar ki mAch luk chEstunnAM. iMtaku muMdu okallatO eMgEjmeMT ayi tarvAta brEk ayiMdi AMTI,’ aMTU EvEvO kaburlu cheppADu! nAku navvu rAlEdu kAnI, viMtagA ayitE anipiMchiMdi. idEmI nA chAdastaM kAdu, mIrUrukOMDi! appaTikI mIkalA anipiMchanaTTu nannEmI nammiMchakkarlEdu.

hai Tek yugaMTa! aMdulO perigina I pillalni chUstuMTE ikkaDa puTTi perigina mana pillalE nayaM anipistOMdi, ippuDu. mana pillalu perugutunnappuDu akkaDa pillalni chUsi muchchaTapaDE vALLaM. A rOjullO iMDiyAlO pillalu aMdarnI chakkagA varasa peTTi pilichEvAru. mana pillalEmO baMdhuvulainA snEhitulainA aMdarnI aMkul, AMTI, ani pilichEvALLu. enni kashTAlu paDDAmO gurtu lEdU? mana pillalaku vAvI varasalu nErpiMchaDAniki. ippuDu iMDiyAlO pillalu mana pillalni miMchipOyAru. vALlaku kanipiMchE prativALLu aMkul, AMTI lE. pAlu pOsE atanni pAl aMkul anI, kUralabbini vejiTabul aMkul anI, rODlu UDchE Amenu svIpiMg AMTI ani pilichEstunnAru! iMDiyAlO pillalni peMchE tIru bAgA mAripOyiMdi. dAniki taggaTTE vALLa pravartanalO mATalO bAgA mArpu vachchEsiMdi. dUraMgA uMDabaTTi manakE iMta tEDAgA anipistOMdO, lEdU akkaDivALLakI telustOMdO lEdO arthaM kAkuMDA uMdi sumaMDI.

venaka rOjullO amerikAlO mana pillalu marI ayOmayaMgA perugutunnArani SelavullO iMDiyA paMpiMchEvALLaM. ippuDu akkaDa kUDA mukhyaMgA siTIllO perugutunna pillalaki bottigA prapaMcha j~nAnaM lEkuMDA pOtOMdiTa! puDutUnE iMglIsh^lO mATlADutU, kArlallO iMTarnEshanal skULlaku veLtU, rOjU pijjAlu, pAstAlu, bargarlu tinE I pillalaki O mokka pErugAni, adi elA perugutuMdi anigAni, phalAnA paMDaga eMduku chEsukuMTAmani gAni, alAMTivi EmI teliyakuMDA perugutunnAru. I ammAnAnnalaki EM cheyyAlO telIka appaTlO manaM, mana pillalni dESaM paMpiMchinaTlu ippuDu vALLa pillalni vULLaku paMpistunnAru. ilA palleTULLaku tIsikeLLaTaM ippuDO pedda phAshan ayipOyiMdiTa! aMdukE kAbOlu vilEj pIpulm vilEj mEnars aMTU innALLU veTakAraMgA mATlADina mA vadina ippaDu panigaTTukuni manavaDni mA vUru tIsikeLtOMdi!

EmiTO manishi manastatvaM! eppuDU EdO kottadanaM kOsaM veMparlADutU vunnadAnni pOgoTTukuMTU vuMTADu.

EmiTI? EmainA A kurrakAru bhAshAj~nAnaM muMdu mIrO kALidAsU, vALLa telugutanaM muMdu mana pillalu ANimutyAlU aMTArA?! mana pillala peMpakaM adaMtA mI goppE anukuMTunnArU?!

pUrtigA #»

prakshALana

evarO talupu taDutUMTE veLLi talupu tIsEDu bhUsvAmi. edurugA tana daggira O reMDu mUDu sArlu panichEsina pAlEru kanipiMchEDu.

“EM ilA vachchEv?” aDigEDu.

“nAlugu rOjula kritaM koDuku puTTEDaMDi. vADiki bApTiౙm chEyiMchAli kadA. mari j~nAnasnAnaM chEyiMchEppuDu mIru gAnI charchiki vachchi gAD^phAdar^gA uMTArEmO kanukkuMdAmanI…” mohaM iMta chEsukuni cheppEDu pAlEru.

bhUsvAmi AlOchiMchEDu O kshaNaM. tanakiMda panichEsina pAlEru ayina vIDekkaDa? tAnekkaDa? reMDu mUDu sArlu tana mOchEti nILLu tAggAnE parugeTTukuMTU vachchESADE aDagaDAniki? ippuDu oppukuMTE rEppoddunna kurrADu peddADayyEka iMkOTI, marOTI aDagaDU? evaDiki paDitE vADiki buddhulu cheppi j~nAnAnnichchE taMDri lAMTi bAdhyata tIsukODaM elA kudurtuMdi?

“kudaradOy, vErE vALLani chUsukO. I Uru chinnadainA evarO okaru dorakkapOru,” talupu vEstU puTukkuna dAraM teMpinaTTU samAdhAnaM cheppEDu bhUsvAmi.

pAlEru manasu chivukkumanipiMchiMdi. pEdavADi kOpaM pedaviki chETu. iMkO iMTiki bayaldErEDu. maLLI adE katha akkaDa kUDA. ilA nAluggaDapalu ekki digEsariki telisochchiMdi. evarU ikkaDa tana koDukki gAD^phAdar^gA uMDaru. vErE UrlO chUsukOvAlsiMdE. chEsEdEM lEka tIrika chUsukuni pakka Uriki bayaldErEDu. dArilO edurugA gurraM mIda oka rautu vastU pAlErni chUsi aDigEDu.

“EmOy, ekkaDikilA bayaldErEv poddunnE?”

“nAlrOjula kritaM koDuku puTTEDaMDi. bApTiౙm appuDu vIDiki j~nAnaputaMDrigA uMDamaMTE evarU oppukOlEdu I UrlO. aMdukE pakka Uriki bayaldErEnu.” pAlEru appaTidAkA UrlO raitulaMdarikI appacheppina pAThaM marO sAri cheppEDu.

“dAni kOsaM pakka UrikeMduku? nIkishTamaitE gAD^phAdar^gA nEnuMTAnu, sarEnA.”

“tappakuMDA. ayitE gAD^madar^gA evarni chUsukOmaMTAru?”

“adEmaMta kashTamaina pani? dukANAla vIdhi kUDali lEdU, A kUDaliki eDama pakka illu okaTuMTuMdi. veLLi A iMTlO unnAyana kUturni gAD^madar^gA uMDamani aDugu.”

“bhalEvArE! ippaTidAgA ekkani gummaM digani gummaM lEdu I ULLO. okkaDu kUDA oppukOlEdu. maLLI ippuDu Ayana daggirakeLtE chivATlu peTTaDU?”

“avannI manasulO peTTukOka maLLI aDugu. I sAri oppukuMTADu. AviDni tIsukuni charch^ki rA. nEnu akkaDikE vastA.” rautu gurraMpai vaDivaDigA kadilipOyEDu.

rautu cheppina prakAraM veLLi nAlugu vIdhula kUDali daggirlO dhanavaMtuDi iMTi talupu taTTEDu pAlEru. talupu tIsi bayaTakochchinAyina E kaLanunnADO kAnI saumyaMgA aDigEDu.

“EmiTi saMgati?”

“mAku puTTina abbAyiki mI ammAyini gAD^madar^gA uMDaDAniki charch^ki paMpiMchagalarEmO ani aDugudAmani vachchEnu.”

“eppaTiki rAvAli ammAy?”

“rEpu poddunna. O gaMTalO pani ayipOvachchu.”

“sarE. iMTikeLLi annI siddhaM chEsukO. poddunnE mA ammAy vachchi ninnu kalsukuMTuMdi charch daggira. sarEnA?” navvutU cheppEDu iMTAyana.

marnADu poddunnE pAlErU vALLAviDA pAsTar charch^lO annI siddhaM chEsEsariki gAD^phAdar^, gAD^madar^ muMdurOju cheppinaTTU E vaMkA peTTakuMDA vachchi siddhaMgA unnAru. daiva prArthana chEstU j~nAnasnAnaM chEyiMchADu pAsTar. chaMTi pillADi tala mIda nuMchi nILLu paLLeMlO pOsEka pAsTar pAlErni aDigEDu.

“EM pEru peDadAmanukuMTunnAru?”

“mikhAyil”

tataMgaM ayyEka gAD^phAdar^ gurraM ekki veLLipOyEDu. pAlEru kAnI vALLAviDa kAnI maLLI AyanneppuDu chUsiMdi lEdu. pratI paMDagakI mikhAyil gAD^madar^ daggiraki veLLi ASIssulu tIsukuMTunnADE kAnI eppuDu gAD^phAdar^ daggiraki veLLiMdi kAnI Ayanni chUsiMdi kAnI lEdu.

padELLu gaDichEyi. mikhAyil churuggA perugutunnADu. prapaMchaj~nAnaM vaMTabaDutOMdi. O IsTar paMDakki gAD^madar^ daggira ASIssulu tIsukunnAka iMTi kochchina mikhAyil taMDri naDigEDu.

“nAnnA nA gAD^phAdar^ evaru?”

“AyanevarO mAkU teliyadu. I UrlO evarU nIku gAD^phAdar^ gA uMDanaMTE vErE Uriki bayaldErEnu nEnu. appuDu dArilO gurraM mIda kanipiMchEDu. marnADu pavitra jalaM talamIda pOsEka nIku pErU adI peTTi elA vachchinAyana alAgE veLLipOyEDu. mEmu A tarvAta maLLI Ayanni chUsiMdi lEdu. Ayana unnADO pOyADO, asalu ekkaDa uMTADO kUDA teliyadu. evarU gAD^phAdar^gA rAkapOtE Ayanni peTTukOvAlsi vachchiMdi.”

“mIlAgE nEnu kUDA vErE Uriki veLtE dArilO nAku kanipistADEmO?” mikhAyil aDigEDu AsaktigA.

pAlErU vALLAviDA mohaM mohaM chUsukunnAru padELLa kurrADi teliviki. pAlEru cheppEDu kAsEpaTiki tErukuni: “prayatnaM chEstE tappulEdu kAnI kanabaDatADanukOvaDaM atyASE.”

kurrADu A IsTar rOjE bayaldErEDu gAD^phAdar^ kanabaDatADEmO chUDDAniki. chAlAsEpu naDichEka gurraM mIda rautu kanipiMchi aDigEDu.

“chUDabOtE chinna pillADilA unnAvu, ekkaDiki bayaldErEv vaMTarigA?”

“pratI paMDagakI gAD^madar^ ASIssulu tIsukuMTunnAnu. kAnI gAD^phAdar^ eppuDU kanipiMchalEdu. ammA, nAnnalni aDigitE AyanekkaDuMTADO teliyadu annAru. nAnnaki kUDA pakka Uriki veLtUMTE dArilO kanipiMchADuTa. nAkU kanipistADEmO ani ilA bayaldErEnu.”

“aunA? nEnE nI gAD^phAdar^ni.”

kurrADiki saMtOshamaiMdi. veMTanE gAD^phAdar^ cheMpala mIda muddichchi IsTar SubhAkAMkshalu cheppi annADu:

“ippuDu mIku pedda panEM lEkapOtE mA iMTiki rAkUDadU? alA kudaradaMTE, nannu mItO pATu mI iMTiki tIsukeLLaMDi.”

“ippuDu kudaradu. I pakkanunna ULLalO nAku bOlDu pani uMdi. rEpu kudurutuMdi.”

“padELLalO okkasAri kanipiMchAru. ippuDu veLLipOyEka maLLI rEpu kanipistArA? rEpu mimmalni elA kalsukOvaTaM?”

“nannu kalusukOvAlanuMTE rEppoddunnE mI iMTi daggirnuMchi bayaldEri tinnagA tUrpu dikkugA aDivi lOki naDuchukuMTU vastE oka maidAnaM, iMkA muMduki veLtE chuTTU praharI vunna O illU kanipistAy. adE nEnuMDE illu. akkaDa kochchAvaMTE gummaM daggira nEnE chUstU uMTAnu nI guriMchi. dArilO nIku kanabaDEvannI Agi jAgrattagA gamaniMchu. marchipOku sumA.”

mikhAyil EdO aDigE lOpula rautu gurraMpai vaDivaDigA kadilipOyEDu muMduki. mikhAyil iMTikochchi marnATi kOsaM AsaktigA eduru chUsEDu.

mikhAyil marnADu gAD^phAdar^ cheppinaTTU aDivi lOki naDichEDu. pOgA pOgA maidAnaM vachchiMdi. akkaDa chuTTU chUDaDaM modalu peTTEDu. edurugA O cheTTU, cheTTuki kaTTina tALLa AdhAraMtO vElADutunna pedda baruvaina dUlaM kanipiMchEyi. dAnikiMdE oka pedda pAtralO tEne uMdi. ikkaDiki tEnepaTTu lEkuMDA tEne elA vachchiMdA anukunEMtalO oka elugubaMTI dAni pillalU vachchEyi; tEne vAsana pasigaTTAyi kAbOlu. ayitE dUlAnni pakkaki tappiMchakuMDA tEne tAgaDaM asAdhyaM. pedda elugu dUlAnni pakkaki tOsi tEnelO chEyi peTTiMdi. dUlaM tALLatO vElADutUMDaTaMtO adi gaDiyArapu lOlakaMlA aTuvEphu veLLi balaMgA venakki vachchi elugubaMTi mohAnni tAkiMdi. I sAri elugubaMTi peddagA arichi maLLI dUlAnni reMDiMtala balaMtO pakkaki tOsi tEne nAkaDAniki prayatnaM chEsiMdi. I sAri dUlaM visurugA vachchi elugu pakkanE unna pillalaki tagiliMdi mohaM pachchaDayyElAgA. oka pilla veMThanE akkaDikakkaDE chachchipOvaDaM talli chUsiMdi kAnI tEne mIda vyAmOhaM valla peddagA gAMDriMchi maLLI iMkA balaMgA dUlAnni neTTiMdi. tirigochchina dUlaM balaMgA elugu mohAnni tAkaDaMtO dAni kapAlaM pagili prANAlu gAlilO kalsipOvaDaM mikhAyil chUsEDu, adiripOtunna guMDelu chikkapaTTukuMTU. migilina pillalu reMDU kIchumaMTU aDavilOki pAripOyAyi. idaMtA AScharyaMgA chUsi mikhAyil muMduki kadilEDu gAD^phAdar^ni kalsukOvaDAniki.

iMTi bayaTE gAD^phAdar^ kanipiMchi mikhAyil^ni lOpalaki tIsukeLLi illU, doDDI, vAkilI, anni gadulU chUpiMchEDu. illaMtA, bayaTA lOpalA adbhutaM anipiMchiMdi mikhAyil^ki. chivarikO gadi talupu daggirakochchEru iddarU.

“I illaMtA nI ishTaM vachchinaTTu tiragochchu. kAnI ippuDu nI edurugA unna talupu uMdi chUSAvA? adi kAvAlanE sIlu vEsi vuMdi. adi mAtraM eppuDu teravvoddu.”

“teristE?”

“teristE, muMdu nuvvu chUsina elugubaMTi kadhE ikkaDa maLLI jarugutuMdi. gurtu peTTukO. anni sArlu cheppakkarlEdanukuMTA.”

mikhAyil^ni iMTlO vadilEsi gAD^phAdar^ bayaTakeLLipOyEDu pani mIda. Ayana ilA bayaTakeLLagAnE mikhAyil illaMtA tirugutU gaDipEDu mUDu gaMTalu. ayitE A iMTlO – mUDu gaMTalanukunna mikhAyil – nijAniki muphphai ELLu gaDichEyi. ekkaDA eppuDU visugannadE lEdu A iMTlO. innELLu pOyEka O rOju mikhAyil mUsi vunna talupu daggirakochchEDu. gAD^phAdar^ dAnni tIyaddonnaTTu cheppinadi gurtochchiMdi. “O sAri melligA talupu terichi chUddAM. veMThanE mUsEstE EM koMpa muligipOdu,” anukuni melligA talupu tOsEDu mikhAyil.

sIlu vEsina talupE kAnI tOyagAnE teruchukuMdi. A talupu lOMchi lOpalaki veLtE akkaDunnadi ippaTi dAkA chUsina gadulakannA adbhutaM. A gadilO O siMhAsanaM lAMTidI dAni pakkanE oka rAjadaMDamU kanipiMchEyi. kutUhalaMgA mikhAyil A siMhAsanaM mIda kUrchunnADu. pakkanunna rAjadaMDaM ilA chEtilOki tIsukunnADO lEdO veMTanE gadi pUrtigA mAripOyiMdi. munupunna gODalU, nElA EmI lEvu. ippuDu prapaMchaM, aMdulO jarigE pratI vishayaM prasphuTaMgA kanipistunnAy.

mikhAyil saMtOshaMgA tana Uru kanipistuMdEmO, paMTalu avI elA unnAyO chUDochchu kadA! anukunnADu manasulO. ilA anukOgAnE tana UrU aMdulO jarigE anni vishayAlU kanipiMchaDaM modalu peTTAyi.

pUrtigA #»

sTAr^baks kathalu: kAphI bAnisa

haDAviDigA parigettukuMTU sTAr^baks vaipu parigettAnu. lOpalaki aDugu peTTAnO lEdO kammaTi kAphI vAsana!

veLutUnE byAk^pEk pakkana paDEsi, chEtulU, mohaM kaDukkoni EprAn tagiliMchukoni kauMTar daggaraki veLLAnu.

“koMtamaMdiki kAphI vyasanaM, mari nIkEmO lETugA rAvaDaM…” nannu chUDagAnE mEgan aMdi.

“bassu lETugA…” pUrti chEyakuMDAnE rijisTar vaipu veLLAnu. appaTikE lainulO chAlAmaMdi unnAru.

nEnu SAn^hosE sTET yUnivarSiTIlO DigrI chaduvutU udayaM sTAr^baks^lO panichEstAnu. chAlA varakU nA klAsulannI sAyaMtramE uMTAyi. dInitO vachchE saMpAdana nA kharchulaki saripOtuMdi. ikkaDa jEri nAlugu nelalu kAvastOMdi. SAn^hosE nuMDi I lAs AlTOs sTAr^baks^ki dUraM ekkuva. nAku kAru kUDA lEdAyE. reMDu mUDu bassulu mAri rAvAli. poddunnE lEchi rAvaDaM modaTlO ibbaMdi anipiMchinA I kAphI seMTar nAku bAgA nachchEsiMdi.

rijisTarulO anni ArDarlU pUrti chEsi nAkOsaM oka kappu kAphI kalupukuMTUMDagA, mEgan – “nI phreMDu nIkOsaM eduruchUstOMdi. ippaTiki nAlugu sArlochchiMdi, nuvvochchAvA aMTU. nEnu ArDar tIsukuMTAnannA vinalEdu. paravAlEdaMTU nuvvochchE varakU veyiT chEstAnanaMdi. nAkeppaTikI arthaM kAdu – iddaraM kalipEdi adE kAphI kadA? mari…” talADistU aMdi.

mEgan cheppE phreMDu pEru DebbI. vayasu aravai dATuMdi. pratI rOjU udayaM tommidiMTikallA sTAr^baks^ki vachchEstuMdi. AmetO pATu jerrI kUDA vastADu. atanikI O Debbai yELLuMTAyOmO? iddarU ThaMchanugA pratIrOjU vastAru. mA seMTarni Anukoni vunna Open spEsulO kurchIlavI vEsuMTAyi. chAlAmaMdi kAphIkani vachchi akkaDE bAtAkhAnI koDutU gaDipEstAru. DebbI udayamE vachchi madhyAnnaM eppuDO veLutuMdi. jerrI ekkuvagA mATlADaDu. eppuDU EdO oka pustakaM chaduvukuMTU uMTADu. DebI aipADlO braujiMg chEstuMdi. lEdaMTE telusunna vALLostE vALLatO kaburlu chebutU gaDuputuMdi. okkOsAri jerrItO aipADlO ches ADutU uMTuMdi.

nAku DebbItO parichayaM vichitraMgA jarigiMdi. nEnu barisTAgA panilO chErina kottalO kasTamarla ArDarlu tIsukOvaDaM kAsta kashTaMgA uMDEdi. alavATu lEni pani. paigA vachchE pratI vADU okkO kAMbinEshanlO kAphI ArDar chEstADu. sAdhAraNaMgA kAphI glAsu mIda ArDaru rAstAru. dAnni baTTE kAphI chEstAru. O sAri kauMTarlO uMDagA –

“DIkAph, Tripul, TAl, van paMp sinamin, van paMp hEjal naT, sOyA, eksTrA hAT, phOmI, lATE vit laiT vip!” ArDaru chEsiMdi DebbI. iMta pedda ArDaru tIsukOvaDaM adE prathamaM nAku. Ame cheppEdi viMTU rAstUMTE kaLLu tirigAyi.

koMtasEpayyAka kAphI kapputO DebbI venakki vachchiMdi. nEnu ArDarlu tIsukODaMlO munigipOyAnu. vEMTanE mEgan nannu pilichiMdi. EM goDava jarigiMdA anukoni nEnu bhayapaDDAnu. idEviTaMTU kAphI kappu chUpistU aDigiMdi. appuDu kAnI arthaM kAlEdu nE chEsina porabATu. kaMgArulO DIkAph^ki badulu nEnu veMTI bOlD ani kappu mIda rAsEsAnu. DebbI muMdatanu veMTI bOlD ArDaru ichchADu. DebbIki kshamApaNa cheppi, maralA iMkOTi chEsistAnani annAnu.

udyOgaM kotta kAvaDaMtO bAgA bhayapaDipOyAnu nEnu. okaTiki mUDusArlu kshamApaNa kUDA cheppAnu. veMTI bOlD^tO kUDA tanu cheppina kAphIki mariMta ruchi vachchiMdaMTU tanaki bAgA nachchiMdani DebbI aMdi. nA pEru mAtraM aDigiMdi. alA DebbItO parichayaM ayyiMdi. rOjU nEnu vachchE varakU kAphI ArDaru cheyyadu. chAMtADaMta DebbI ArDaru nAku nOTikochchEsu. DebbIni chUDagAnE ArDaru chEsEstAnu. nEnu kauMTarlO unnA, DebbI kOsaM nEnE pratyEkaMgA chEsi istAnu. eppuDayinA khALI uMTE veLLi kAsEpu kaburlu cheppostAnu.

kAsta virAmaM kAvAlani bayaTakochchi DebbI kOsaM chUSAnu. sOphAlO kUrchoni evaritOnO mATlADutU uMdi. veLLi palakariMchAnu. nannu chUDagAnE DebbItO mATlADutunnAviDa lEchi veLLostAnani cheppi veLipOyiMdi.

“rEpu DAn puTTinarOju. EM konistE bAvuMTuMdi cheppu DebbI?” ani aDigAnu. DAn nA garl^phreMD. iddaraM Aru nelalugA DETiMg chEstunnAM. I vishayaM DebbIki telusu. okasAri I sTAr^baks^ki vachchinappuDu parichayaM chESAnu kUDA.

“monnanE kadA aipAD konichchAvu? maLLA giphTA?” kanumommalu muDEsi nAkEsi adOlA chUsiMdi.

“adi parIksha pAsayinaMduku. idi puTTinarOjuki,” navvutU annAnu.

“nAtO parichayaM ayyAka DAn^ki nuvvu kanIsaM padi giphTulu ichchi uMTAvu. pratI sArI nIku EdO oka sAku.”

“DebbI! nEnu DAn^ni prEmistunnAnu. tanU nannu prEmistOMdi. alAMTappuDu…”

“DAn ninnu prEmistunnAnani cheppiMdA?” nA mATalaki aDDu tagulutU aMdi.

“khachchitaMgA cheppalEdu kAnI… mEM iddaraM…” aMTU AgipOyAnu. arthamayinaTlu talUpiMdi DebbI.

“nA mATa vini IsAri gulAbI puvvula bokE ichchi chUDu.”

“nEnu DaimaMD riMg…” aMTU AgipOyAnu.

DebbI gaTTigA navviMdi. nEnoka pichchONNani tiTTiMdi. DAn^ki DaimaMD riMgu ArDarichchAnu. DAn^ni sarpraij chEddAmani AgipOyAnu. DebbI salahA mEraku gulAbIlu konichchAnu. tIrA sTOruki tIsukeLitE iMkA reDI kAlEdani annADu. dAMtO DAn^ki kOpaM vachchiMdi. nEnu sTOru vADi mIda kOppaDDAnu. samayAniki giphT ivvalEkapOyAnanna bAdha nA manasuni pADuchEsiMdi.

O reMDrOjula taruvAta sTAr^baks^ki veLLinappuDu DebbIni kalisi jarigiMdi cheppAnu.

“DAn nEnu DaimaMD riMg konnAnani cheppinA nammalEdu. Akhariki shApuvADU cheppADu. tanani takkuva chEyaDAnikilA chESAnani tagAdA peTTukuMdi. A rOjaMtA pADayyiMdi.”

“okaTi cheppanA? DAn^kI, nIkU saripaDadu. shI Ij nAT yuvar Taip Aph garl!” anEsi kAphI tAgAlannaTTu lEchiMdi.

nE testAnaMTU – “reMDu kAphI kadA?” ani aDigAnu.

okaTE annaTlu cheyyi chUpiMchiMdi. DebbI okkatE uMdani appuDu gamaniMchAnu. jerrI kanipiMchalEdu. adE vishayaM aDigAnu.

“jerrI vALLAviDaki oMTlO bAgO lEdu…” aMdi. adi vini AScharyapOyAnu. paiki eppuDU aDagakapOyinA innALLU jerrI, DebbI moguDU peLLAlanE anukunnAnu. eMdukaMTE iddarU kalisi vastAru. mATlADukuMTAru. pOTlADukuMTAru. okkOsAri eMtO saMtOshaMgA navvukuMTAru. nA AScharyaM nA mukhaMlO kanipiMchinaTTuMdi.

“nAku naluguru pillalu. aMdarU maMchigAnE seTil ayyAru. mA Ayanaki pOkar pichchi. udayaM atanalA veLLagAnE nEnilA vachchEstAnu. jerrIki iddarE pillalu. iddarU I chuTTupakkalE uMTAru. jerrI nAku nalabhayyELLugA telusu. iddaraM chaduvukunETappuDu prEmiMchukunnAM. DETiMg kUDA chESAM. eMdukO chinna goDavochchi viDipOyAM. taruvAta nAku viliyaMtO parichayaM ayyiMdi. peLLi chEsukunnAM. viliyam chAlA maMchi vADu. kAnI ataniki pOkar vyasanaM. dAniki taggaTTu viparItamaina tAguDu…”

“mari nuvvu tAgoddani cheppavA?”

“okaru chebitE pOyEvi kAvu I vyasanAlu. mA Ayanaki pOkar pedda vyasanaM. dAniki tODugA tAguDu. jerrIki pustakAla vyasanaM. nIku DAn^ni meppiMchaDaM vyasanaM. nAku jerrItO mATlADDaM vyasanaM. aMteMdukU? nAku I kAphI oka vyasanaM. nI chEti kAphI marO kotta vyasanaM. ilA manamaMdaramU oka vyasanaMtO gaDipEstUnE uMTAM!”

“nA chEti kAphI oka alavATu. vyasanaM kAdu. reMTikI tEDA lEdU? vyasanaM aMTE balahInata!”

“avunu. nijamE! balahInata. balamaina balahInata!” navvukuMTU aMdi. nEnu kAphI tIsukurAvaDAniki lOpalikeLLi tayAru chEsi bayaTaki vachchAnu.

akkaDa sOphA khALIgA uMdi. DebbI kOsaM chuTTU vetikAnu. chEtilO kAphI pAravEyaDaM ishTaMlEka oka gukka tAgAnu. veMTI bOlD Tripul, TAl, van paMp sinamin, van paMp hEjal naT, sOyA, eksTrA hAT, phOmI, lATE vit laiT vip!

amRtaMlA anipiMchiMdi.

pUrtigA #»

samIkshalu

jAshuvA – piradausi

kaLa eppuDU kottadanAnni kOrukuMTuMdi. adi dAni jIvalakshaNaM. sAhityaM dAniki minahAyiMpu kAdu. aMdukE eppaTikappuDu kotta kathana kavitva rItulu puTTukostunnAyi. nUtana abhivyakti mArgAla kOsaM anvEshaNalu konasAgutunnAyi. kavitA vastuvulu mArutunnAyi, nEpathyAlU kottagA kanapaDutunnAyi. kavitva lakshaNAla guriMchI, lakshyAla guriMchI vibhinna vAdanalu vinapaDaTamU, sAmAjika Arthika rAjakIya avasarAlu E kAlAnikAkAlaM kavitvAnnI prabhAvitaM chEyaDamU pAThakalOkaM gamanistUnE uMdi. inni vaividhyAlunna vAtAvaraNaMlO, evarainA oka kOvaku cheMdina kavitvAnni lEdA okari kavitvAnni mAtramE goppadi anaDaM sAhasamanipistuMdi. A rakamaina abhiprAyaM tAtkAlikamanI tOstuMdi. sRjana goppatanAnni nirNayiMchagaligEdi kEvalaM kAlaM mAtramE. jAshuvA khaMDakAvyaM piradausi, kAlaM dhATiki taTTukuni nilabaDDa alAMTi asAdhAraNamaina kavitvaM. saraLamaina abhivyaktitO gADhamaina mAnasika daSalanu chitriMchina tIruki, UhalakaMdani udvEgAlaki akshararUpamichchi anubhavaikavEdyaM chEsina samarthatakI, ippuDE kAdu, E kAlAnikainA I kAvyaM sajIvaMgA sAhitya lOkaMlO nilabaDagaladu.

piradausi parshiyanulu eMtagAnO abhimAniMchE 10va SatAbdapu oka goppa kavi. atani shAh^nAmA sAmAnI, gajanI rAjula kAlaMlO rAyabaDina irAn dESapu chAritrika aitihAsaM. aravai vEla padyAlatO, prapaMchaM lOnE ati poDugaina itihAsaMgA pErennika ganna graMthaM. appaTi kavipaMDitulu eMdari lAgAnO piradausi jIvitAnni gu~riMchi kUDA ennO kathanAlu prachAraMlO unnAyi. vyatyAsAlu ennunnA sthUlaMgA katha mAtraM okkaTE. idI A piradausi katha:

rAjyAlaku rAjyAlanu tana vistAra kAMkshatO muTTaDiMchi, SatrusainyAlanu chittu chEsi vIruDigA nilabaDDa gajanI mahammadu okanADu tAnE svayaMgA piradausini niMDu sabhaku pilichi, tama I charitra aMtA udgraMthamugA vrAyamani, alA vrAsina prati padyAnikI O baMgAru nANeM bahukaristAnani, Anaka A kRtini tanakE aMkitamIyamanI aDugutADu. piradausi parama saMtOshaMgA EkAgrachittaMtO gajanI mahammadu vijayayAtra vrAyaDaM modaleDatADu. allAru muddugA peMchukunna koDuku vidhivaSAttU maraNiMchADani telusukunnappuDu A bAdhalO vilavillADutU kUDA kAvyarachanalO magnamavutADu. aMta bAdhanU SramanU bhariMchi aravayivEla padya ratnAlatO shAh^nAmA anE udgraMthAnni pUrti chEsi saMtRptigA tirigi prabhuvu koluvulO aDugupeDatADu piradausi. kRtini aMdukuni, baMgAru nANAlaku badulugA veMDi nANAlu istADu mahammadu. piradausi hRdayaM mukkalavutuMdi. aksharAlA muppayyELLa Sramaku niMDu koluvulO jarigina parAbhavaM, masalina hRdayAnni, prANAnni UrakuMDanivvadu. masIdu gODala mIda mATa tappina mahammadu guriMchi vrAyakuMDA uMDalEkapOtADu piradausi. avi chadivi, paTTarAni kOpaMtO A rAjadrOhini chaMpEyamaMTU AdESAlistADu mahammadu. chakravarti AlOchanalu telusukunna piradausi, tappanisari paristhitullO rAjyaM vadili, bhAryAbiDDalatO eMtO prayAsatO kAraDavulu dATukuni tAnu puTTina tUsI nagarAniki veLLipOtADu. kavi hananOdyuktuDaina mahammadu taruvAta ennALLakO sAmaMta rAjula mATalu vini, tappu telusukuni, baMgAru nANAlu bastAla kekkiMchi tUsIki bhaTulanu paMpiMchi, piradausiki aMdiMcha chUstADu. oka dvAraM nuMDi baMgAru bastAlu piradausi iMTilOniki vastUMTE, maroka dvAraM guMDA kavi pArthiva dEhAnni SmaSAnAniki paMputuMTAru. rAjabhaTulu niSchEshTulai, Emi chEyAlO pAlubOka kavi kumArtenu A baMgArAnni svIkariMchamani aDugutAru. nA taMDrini bratikinaMta kAlamU, anukshaNaM kshObhaku gurichEsina I dhanAnni tAnu muTTananI, adi tamakakkara lEdanI Ame tiraskaristuMdi. vEgula dvArA vArta rAjuku chErutuMdi. ataDu tIvramaina paSchAttApaMtO dahiMchukupOyi, chivariki adE dhanaMtO tUsI paTTaNaMlO piradausi smAraka stUpAnni, satrAnni nirmistADu.

oka vAstava ghaTananu AdhAraSilagA chEsukuni tana bhAvanA garimatO piradausi lAMTi kavitAsaudhAnni nirmiMchukOgaligADu jAshuvA. kanuka, kathaku saMbaMdhiMchi jAshuvAki ghanata ApAdiMchanavasaraM lEdu. atani pratibha mottaM A kathanu ASvAsAlugA viDagoTTina paddhatilO uMdi. ikkaDE jAshuvA tana balAbalAlanu nErpugA aMchanA vEsukunnADu. gajanI mahammadu rAjya vistAra kAMkshani, vijayAlani ataDu piradausini shAh^nAmA rachiMchamani aDagaDaM modalukuni, piradausiki jarigina avamAnamU tadanubhavAniki vichalituDai kavi masIdu gODala mIda rAjuni niMdiMchaDaM varakU mottAnnI okE ASvAsaMlO mugiMchADu jAshuvA. aDavi dArullO tUsI nagarAniki prayANamayyAka eduraina prakRti varNanalanU, kavi aMtaraMga AvishkaraNaku ekkuva AskAraM unna migilina kathanU mUDu ASvAsAllO vistariMchi rachiMchADu. I parichChEdamEmI kAkatALIyaM kAdanI, tAnu cheppadalachukunnadEmiTO suspashTaMgA telusu kanukE iMta jAgarUkatatO kathAkramAnni malachukunnADanI pAThakulakU sulabhaMgAnE arthamavutuMdi.

pAThakulugA manaku kavulaMTE vAri pratibha, vidvattula guriMchi konni abhiprAyAluMTAyi; vAripai konni aMchanAluMTAyi. mari kavulu kavula guriMchi EmanukOvAli? vArelAMTivAraitE vAri sRjana rANistuMdi? annadi sagaTu pAThakulakuMDE kutUhalaM. aMdukanE kavulu kavi guriMchi, kavitvaM guriMchI cheppE mATalaMTE manaku Asakti ekkuva. alAMTi Asaktini saMtushTaparachE rasaguLikallAMTi padyAlu konni prathamASvAsaM lOnE eduravutAyi. ‘tammichUli kEludammini gala nErpu/ kavikalaMbunaMdu kaladu,’ anI, ‘kshaNamu gaDachina dAni veMkaku maralpa/ sAdhyamE mAnavuna kilAchakramaMdu?/ dATipOyina yugamulanATi charita marala puTTiMchagala samarthuDu,’ kaviyE anI jAshuvA nammakaM. alAgE, satkaviki nAkunna nirvachanamokaTi jAshuvA kavitvaM lOnU chUSAnnEnu.

vasudha SAsiMpagala sArvabhaumuMDagunu
dhIruDagu, bhikshakuMDagu, dInuDagunu
du@hkhituMDagu, nityasaMtOshiyagunu
satkavi dhariMparAni vEshamulu galave!

kavi pAThakulakEmainA kAvachchunu kAnI, tanaku tAnu kavi kAkUDadu. jAshuvA annaTTu, ataDu enni avatArAlainA ettAli, ettagalagAli. dInuDU, dayALuDU, nityasaMtOshi, nityaSaMkituDu, bhikshakuDu, bhagavaMtuDu annI ataDE ayinappuDE aMdarU atani aksharAllO tamani tAmu chUsukuni kadalipOyEdi. I rahasyaM telisina kavi chEtullO prANaM pOsukunna kAraNAnikE piradausi lOni prati padyamU tanadaina udvEgAnni prakaTistuMdi.

nijAniki paina TUkIgA cheppina kathanu chadivitE, iTTE arthamavutuMdi, I katha sunnitamanaskulanu tEliggA kadiliMchagaladanI, kaLAkArulaitE tama sRjanalO chOTu kalpiMchEMtagA idi vini chaliMchagalaranI. jAshuvA iMduku minahAyiMpEmI kAdu kAnI, kathanu vippE kramaMlO konni punaruktulanipiMchE varNanalU chEyakapOlEdu. udAharaNaki, modaTi ASvAsaMlO mahammadu kavini sabhaku pilipiMchi padyAlu vrAyamani aDigE saMdarbhaMlO, paina prastAviMchinaTTu kavi anna padAniki nirvachanAlugA nilabaDagala padyAlu ennO vrASADu. avi kathanu muMduku naDipiMchE padyAlu kAvu. kEvalaM kavi paTla jAshuvA dRkkONAnni pratiphaliMchE AlOchanalu mAtramE. I padyAlu enni sArlu chadivinA bAguMDaTamU, I kAlAnikI posagETTugA uMDaTaM taruvAti saMgati. alAgE, dvitIyASvAsaMlO varusagA prakRti varNanalU, paramAtma I sRshTini nilabeTTi naDipistunna tIrunu gUrchi vismayuDai kIrtiMchaDamU kanapaDutuMdi. modaTi ASvAsaMlO kanapaDDa punarukti dOshaM ikkaDeMduku lEdU aMTE, okaTE kAraNaM. kathalO, I bhAgaMlO piradausi aDavilO prayANaM chEstunnADu. dArI tennU telIni kotta mArgAllO prayANaM, ataniki kshaNAnikO kotta sauMdaryAnni chUpeTTiMdanukOvaDaMlO asahajamEmI lEdu. pUTapUTakI mArE lOkapu raMgulanI, selayETi chappuLLanI, A venukE kanapaDE koMDalnI guTTalnI jaMtuvulanI enni padyAllO varNiMchinA pratIdI dEnikadE sarvasvataMtraMgA nilabaDagaladu. iTuvaMTi oka samarthana modaTi ASvAsAniki ApAdiMchaDaM asAdhyaM kAdu kAnI, kashTaM.

I varNanallOnE, ‘kuMkuma paMkamuM bulumukunnavi tUrupukoMDa nettamul’ aMTADoka chOTa I kavi. kAla prabhAvAnni parigaNana lOniki tIsukOka tappadEmO kAnI, idi pedda pedda kavulu modalukuni ippuDippuDE vachana kavitvaM vrAyaDaM modaleTTina vAri varakU aMdarU vADukOgA arigipOyina varNanE. alAgE, vichalitamaina manasunu guriMchi chebutU, ‘gAli keduru gaTTu kAchagOLaMbayye /gaMDu chE@Mpa dA@Mku kamalamayye’ ani varNistADu kavi. chitraMgA, I gaMDu chEpa tAkina kamalaM* anna varNananE, vAlmIki suMdarakAMDalO,

tasyA@h SubhaM vAmamarALapakshma rAjIvRtaM kRshNaviSAlaSuklam
prAspandataikaM nayanaM sukESyA mInAhataM padmamivAbhitAmram (suM. kAMDa – sarga 29, 5.29.2.)

aMTU sIta eDamakannu hanumanu kaluvabOyE muMdu SubhasUchakaMgA adaraDAnni guriMchi varNistU chebutADu. alAgE mEghasaMdESaMlO (uttaramEghamu-34) kALidAsu, ‘mInakshObhAchchala kuvalayaSrItulA mEshyatIti’ aMTU mEghaM alakApuri chErinappuDu yakshuDi kuDikannu SubhasUchakaMgA adaraDAnni guriMchi chebutADu. I reMDu chOTlA I upamAnaM SubhasUchakaMgA cheppabaDitE, piradausiki mAtraM idi aSubhasUchakamE ayiMdi. putraviyOgaM kaligiMdani piradausiki I saMdarbhaM lOnE telustuMdi. oka prAchIna prasiddha varNanani, dAniki pUrtigA bhinnamaina sphUrtilO oppiMchE rItilO vADukOvaDaM ikkaDa nannAkarshiMchina vishayaM. I iddaru kavula prabhAvamU jAshuvA mIda eMtO koMta uMDE uMDAli. eMdukaMTE, jAshuva reMDava rachana – kuSalavOpAkhyAnaM (1922). alAgE, gabbilaM guriMchi chebutU pIThikalO AyanE, ‘kALidAsuni mEghasaMdESamu manassulO uMchukuni nEnI kAvyamunu rachiMchitini,’ ani cheppukunnAru.

kavitvaMlO bhAshaki eMta prAmukhyata uMdO, bhAva chitraNakU aMtE prAmukhyata uMdi. prakRti varNanallOnU, Uhalaku mAtramE parimatamayyE dRSya chitrIkaraNallOnU kavulaku uMDE svEchCha, ati sahajamaina mAnava udvEga chitrIkaraNalO uMDaTaM arudu. atigA varNistE adi kalpanalAnE migilipOtuMdi. kluptaMgA tElchEstE anubhavaM pAThakulaku aMdakapOyE pramAdamU uMdi. katti mIdi sAmu lAMTi I gAraDIni, jAshuvA eMta nErpugA chESADO tappakuMDA gamaniMchAli.

kRtini aMkitamichchEMduku rAju daggaraku veLLinappuDu A mahIpati, ‘gaDDamu duvvuchu maMdahAsavAsita mukhuDai,’ sabhalO chaduvuduvu rammani pilustADaTa. atanilO I kavi nA mATa nammi muppayELLu Emi vrASADO anna utsAhaM kAnI, adelA uMDabOtOMdOnanna utkaMTha kAnI, lESamAtramainA unnaTTu kanipiMchavu. A ‘gaDDamu duvvuchu’ anna reMDu poDi poDi mATalatO, nRpati nirlakshyadhOraNini sUchanAmAtraMgA cheppESADu jAshuvA. sariggA A marusaTi padyaMlOnE, piradausi sabhalOki rAvaDAnni ilA cheptADu: ‘hEmasammiLitakIrtin kAMchu kautuhalaMbuna, lajjAvatiyai svayaMvara sabhAbhUmin pravESiMchu mugdhanu bOlgraMthamu chaMkabeTTukuni yAsthAnaMbu DAyaMjanen.’

svayaMvaraM vELa sabhalO pravESiMchE mugdhalA okiMta siggutO, tanaku rAbOyE kIrtinI, baMgArAnnI chUsukOvAlanna kutUhalaMtO A graMthamunu chaMkana peTTukuni vastADaTa piradausi. svayaMvarAnikai sabhalO aDugupeTTE yuvarANiki vEnakOTla kalaluMTAyi. lekkaku mikkili kOrkeluMTAyi. tanaku anni vidhAlA tagina varuDokaDu uMTADanI, atanikE tAnu varamAla vEstAnanI nammi vastuMdi. Ame sauMdaryaM/ vyaktitvaM annELLugA nagishIlu chekkukuni nADu tolisArigA marokaraku aMkitamavvabOtOMdi. piradausi chEtilOni shAnAmA kUDA aMtE. A pOlika guriMchi AlOchiMchina koddI aMdulOni sauMdaryaM poraluporalugA vistariMchuku pOtU mananu mugdhulanu chEstuMdi. jAshuvA eMta pakaDbaMdIgA dInini vADADO chUstE AScharyamanipistuMdi. adI kAka, muMdu padyaMlO rArAju nirlakshyaM cheppi, ippuDI kavi amAyakamaina ASani, aMchanAlani chebutOMTE, jaragabOyEdi UhakaMdi mana manasu vichalitaM kAkuMDA uMTuMdA? Aphgan sabhAmaMDapAniki mananu lAkkupOyi nilabeTTina jAshuvA nErpuki idoka mechchutunaka.

jAshuvA telugu eMta tETagA uMTuMdO aMta guMbhanaM gAnU uMTuMdi. atanu vADinavi balamaina pratIkalE kAnI, bhAsha bhayapeTTadu. kavitva sauMdaryaM baruvaina padAllO kAdu, baruvaina bhAvAlanu tElika padAllO peTTaDaM lOnE uMTuMdani telisina vALLaki piradausi nachchutuMdi. sAkshAttU piradausiyE pUni aMtaraMga chitraNa chEyiMchADA annaMta udAttaMgA A pAtrani malachADu jAshuvA. atani EkAgratani, atanu poMdina parAbhavAnni, aMdulO nuMDi porali vachchina du@hkhAnni, muppayELLa sEvaku I ‘nirASAMkita bAshpamulEnA pratiphalamU’ ani praSnistU vrAsina uttarAlanU – iMtE gADhatatO, ArdratatO vErevarU vrAyalEranipistuMdi.

pUrtigA #»

padya sAhityaM

nAku nachchina padyaM: oka vechchani hechcharika

u. “okkokarOju takkuvaguchunnadi mI bratukaMcheruMgalE
#      #;rokkorokO! yidETi kunukO!” yani vechchani hechchariMpugA
#      #;kokkorokO yaTaM chadigo kUyuchununnadi kODi pAkapai
#      #;kekki, latAMgi mElukonavE! konavE madhupUrNapAtramun

EDAdiki manaki reMDu kotta saMvatsarAlu! okaTi ugAdiki modalayyE telugu saMvatsaramayitE, marokaTi yI janavari okaTina modalayyE nyU iyar. okO rOjU okO rakamaina AlOchanalU anubhUtulU mOsuku vastuMdi! ugAdi anagAnE lEta mAviDi chigurulU, vEpapUtalU, kOkila pATalU, kavisammELanAlU, telugu lOgiLLalO toli paMDaga saMbarAlu. kAlachakraM marO AvRttini pUrti chEsina bhAvana. adE janavari okaTaitE, gaDachina EDAdi viSEshAla talapOtalU, kotta saMvatsarapu saMkalpAlU, snEhitulaki yichchipuchchukonE SubhAkAMkshalUnu. kAlaprayANaMlO oka mailurAyi dATi maroka dAni diSagA muMduku sAgutunna bhAvana. janavari okaTi anagAnE kAlapravAhAnni guriMchina AlOchanalE nA manasulO eppuDU suDulu tirugutAyi. umar khayAm gurtuku vastADu. atani rubAyIlu gurtuku vastAyi.

khayAm rubAyIlaku telugulO dAdApu pAtika paigA anuvAdAlunnAyi. AdibhaTla nArAyaNadAsu, umar AlIshA, duvvUri rAmireDDi, karuNaSrI, buchchi suMdararAmaSAstri – vIri anuvAdAlanu mAtraM nEnu chadivAnu. iMdulO modaTi muggurU nErugA pArasI rubAyIla AdhAraMgA anuvAdAlu chESAru. migatA aMdarikI #Fitzgerald# chEsina iMglIshu anuvAdamE AdhAraM. vITanniTilO Edi goppadani cheppaDaM sAdhyaM kAdu, dAni avasaramU lEdu. prati anuvAdaMlOnU konni ANimutyAlunnAyi. karuNaSrI gAraMTE kAstaMta ekkuva abhimAnaM kAbaTTi Ayana padyAnni ivALa eMchukunnAnu.

I padyAniki arthAnni viDamarachi cheppAlsina avasaraM lEdu. karuNaSrI padyAlu olichipeTTina panasatonallA uMTAyi. nOTikAnutUnE kammagA karigipOtAyi. bhAvaM kUDA sugamamE. kODi kUta nepaMtO, karigipOyE kAlAnni guriMchi hechcharistunnADu kavi. kAlaM kshaNakshaNaM gaDachipOtOMdanI, alA gaDachina kAlaM tirigi rAdanI manaMdarikI telusu. ayinA chAlAsArlu A saMgati marichipOtU uMTAM. anavasaramaina jhaMjhATAlalO yirukkupOyi, manaM bAdhapaDutU pakkavALLani bAdhapeDutU uMTAM. idi telivimAlinatanaM kAka marEmiTi! aMdulOMchi bayaTapaDi, telivi techchukoni, jIvitAnni AnaMdamayaM chEsukOvAlani pilupunistunnADu kavi. ayitE A AnaMdamayapAtrani evariki vALLu vetukkOvalasiMdE!

kODi kUtaki bhAshyAnni mAtramE cheppADu khayAm. karuNaSrI tana padyaMlO A kUtani vinipiMchAru kUDA! telugu padyaMlO kODi kadA, aMchEta adi ‘kokkorOkO’ ani kUsiMdi. paigA okkasAri kAdu mUDusArlu! padyaM modalupeDutUnE okkokarOju anna padabaMdhaMlOni kakAra rakArAlu manakA kUtani vinipistAyi. alAgE reMDO pAdaMlO lEru + okkaru + okO anna padAla kalayikalO reMDO sAri, mUDO pAdaMlO nErugA kokkorokO ani mUDOsAri vinipistuMdi. ilA, cheputunna bhAvAnni SabdAlatO palikiMchaDAnni iMglIshulO #onomatopoeia# aMTAru. saMskRtAlaMkArikulu dIninE vikaTatvamu anE guNaMgA gurtiMchArani ‘kavitvamu – vikaTakavitvamu’ vyAsaMlO SrI upAdhyAyula appalanarasiMhaMgAru vivaristAru. ‘SabdaM arthAniki UDigaM cheyyAli,’ lAMTi mATalu vaTTi vaiparItyapu mATalu. ‘SabdArthau sahitau kAvyaM’ ani lakshaNa paddhatilO bhAmahuDu cheppinA, ‘vAgarthAviva saMpRktau’ ani kavitAtmakaMgA kALidAsu cheppinA, mana kavitva saMpradAyaMlO SabdArthAlaki samaprAdhAnyaM uMdi. vikaTakavitvaM anna padAniki kAlakramaMlO niMdArthaM vachchiMdi kAnI prAchIna AlaMkArikula dRshTilO vikaTAksharabaMdhaM oka kavitva guNaM. bhAvAnni miMgEyanaMta varakU Sabda chamatkAraM kavitvAniki sauMdaryAnni aMdistuMdi. I padyaMlO adi anuvAdAniki oka kotta aMdAnni tIsukuvachchiMdi. ‘mElukonavE, konavE’ anaDaMlOni yamakaM kUDA padyAniki sogasunichchiMdi. ‘vechchani hechchariMpu’ anna padabaMdhaMlOni SabdArthAla saMyOgaM manasuni paTTEstuMdi.

ikkaDa kavitvAnuvAdaM guriMchi koMcheM muchchaTiMchukOvAli. oka anuvAdaM maMchi anuvAdaM kAvAlaMTE muMdugA adi anuvadiMpabaDina bhAshalO maMchi kavitvaM ayi uMDAli. anuvadiMpabaDina bhAshalO adi maMchi kavitvamA kAdA ani nirNayiMchaDAniki mUlaMtO panilEdu. asalalAMTi vichAraM chEsETappuDu mUla prasakti tIsukurADaM samaMjasaM kAdani nA abhiprAyaM. anuvAdaM maMchi kavitvamani nirdhAriMchukunnAka, adi maMchi anuvAdamA kAdA anna viSlEshaNa modalavutuMdi. mUlaMlOni bhAvaM spashTaMgA unnappuDu, adi anuvAdaMlO kUDA pUrtigA pratibiMbiMchAli. okavELa mUlaMlO aspashTataki avakASaM unnaTlayitE, anuvAdaM marikAsta meLakuvagA chEyAlsi uMTuMdi. dAni guriMchi prastutaM vivarAllOki pOdalchukOlEdu. maMchi anuvAdaMlO mukhyaMgA uMDAlsina marO guNaM – mUla kavitvaMlO uMDE dhvanini anuvAdaMlO kUDA poMduparachagalagaDaM. alA pUrtigA poMduparacha lEkapOyinA, dAnni vAchyaM chEyakuMDA uMDAli. nA dRshTilO maMchi anuvAdAniki uMDAlsina lakshaNAlivi. mUlaMlO lEni aMSAlu anuvAdaMlO adanaMgA EmainA vastE, avi mUla bhAvAnni cheDagoTTakuMDA marikAsta kAMtivaMtaM chEsElA uMDaDaM mukhyaM. aMtEkAni mUlabhAvAnni makkIki makkIgAnE anuvadiMchAlsina avasaraM lEdu. udAharaNaki – I padyaMlO kanipiMchE ‘mElukonavE, konavE madhupUrNapAtramun’ anE bhAvaM mUla pArasI rubAyIlO kAni, #Fitzgerald# AMglIkaraNalO kAnI lEdu. idi karuNaSrI chEsina konasAgiMpu. itara khayAmu rubAyIlalO I bhAvaM kanipistuMdi kAbaTTi iMdulO kUDA dAnni chErchaDaMlO anauchityaM lEdu. alAgE ‘hechchariMpu’ki vADina vechchadanapu viSEshaNaM kUDA karuNaSrI chErchinadE. idi kUDA anuvAdAniki aMdAnni techchina chErpE. karuNaSrI chEsina anuvAdAlannI mElainavani nEnu ananu kAni yI padyaM mAtraM nA dRshTilO chakkani anuvAdamE.

khayAm kavigA kannA tana kAlaMlO khagOLa jyOtishya SAstravEttagAnE chAlA prasiddhuDu. al^jabar (manakippuDu telisina Al^jIbrAki mUlaM idE!) anE gaNitagraMthAnni rachiMchina goppa gaNitaSAstraj~nuDu kUDA. khayAm^di vaividhyabharita vyaktitvaM. ataDoka SAstravEtta, tattvavEtta, kavi. aMdukE tArkikata, tAtvikata, mArmikatala viSishTa saMgamaM atani rubAyIlu. atani rubAyIlalO kAlAnni guriMchina prastAvana ekkuvagAnE kanipistuMdi. kAlaM, pagalu rAtri anE katteratO manishi Ayuvu anE vastrAnni niraMtaraM kattiriMchEstuMdani aMTADu oka chOTa. ‘gatamu gataMbe yennaTiki kannula gaTTadu, saMSayAMdha saMvRtamu bhavishyadarthamu’ – kAbaTTi vartamAnaM okkaTE nijamainadI, anubhaviMcha daginadI aMTADu. ‘ayayO! yeMda~ri mAnavOttamula kaMThArAvumul druMche nirdayamau kAlamu,’ anna khayAmu mATalaku, ‘kArE rAjulu rAjyamul galugavE garvOnnatin boMgarE! vArErI siri mUTagaTTukoni pOvan jAlirE,’ anna pOtana palukulu pratidhvanullA vinipistAyi. konnichOTla kAlaMpai tana nirasana ghATugA vyaktaparustADu. ‘kAlama! nIvu nI kapaTa kAraNamun brakaTiMchi yI jagajjAlamu mriMguchuMTivi,’ aMTADu. marikonni chOTla, ‘Adi madhyAMta rahitamai alaruchuMDu kAlayavanika bhEdiMpagalame manamu!’, ‘samayapupAtra lOtu gana SakyamugAdu’ – aMTU kAla mahatvAnni guriMchi talachi AScharyapaDatADu. mottammIda chUstE, kAlagatini khayAmu saraLarEkhagAnE darSiMchinaTTugA nAku anipistuMdi.

gatiMchE kAlAnni guriMchi khayAmu chEsina hechcharika, vyaktigA prati manishikE kAkuMDA, mottaMgA mAnavajAtiki kUDA anvayiMchukOvachchu. mottaM sRshTilO okAnoka jIvigA mana mAnavajAti Ayu@hpramANameMta? dAnni manaM eMtavarakU sadviniyOgaM chEsukuMTunnAM? buddhijIvulamaina manaM A buddhini dEnikOsaM upayOgistunnAM? jAripOyE kAlaM viluvani telusukOnIyakuMDA EyE unmAdAlu mana buddhini AkramiMchEstunnAyi? matOnmAdaM, madOnmAdaM, dhanOnmAdaM, adhikArOnmAdaM – ennennO unmAdAlu! kyAnsaru kaNAlu oka jIvilOni migatA kaNAlanu mAtramE naSiMpajEstAyi. manishi tana sATi manushulanE kAkuMDA prakRtini kUDA nASanaM chEstunnADE, tana mitimIrina svArthAniki. gatiMchipOtunna okkokka saMvatsaraMlO kAlaSarIraM mIda ennenni durAgatAla machchalani vadaliveDutunnADu manishi! manasupeDitE, I vishayAlannI AlOchiMchamanE vechchani hechcharika, prati kODikUtalOnU vinipistuMdi. kanIsaM kotta ETi modaTirOjainA manaM dAnni viMdAM. vyaktulugA mana mana AnaMdaM kOsaM chEsE vedukulATa vyashTigA sAginA, oka jAtigA, mAnavamanugaDalOni AnaMdaM kOsaM, dAnni aMdichchE madhupAtra kOsaM, manamaMdaraM samashTigA anvEshiMchAlsina avasaraM uMdEmO ani nAkanipistuMdi. A anvEshaNalO oka aDugainA muMduku vEstAmanna SubhAkAMkshatO yI kotta saMvatsarAniki svAgataM palukudAM!

pUrtigA #»

vANi nArANi

pAtralu

pinavIrabhadruDu – kathAnAyakuDu, AMdhrakavipuMgavuDu
pedavIrabhadruDu – pinavIrabhadruni annagAru
gAdirAju – pinavIra,pedavIrabhadrula taMDri
nAgAMbika – pinavIra,pedavIrabhadrula talli
bhAratItIrthasvAmi – vijayanagararAjyaprabhuvu
chillara vennayAmatyuDu – gAdirAja,vIrabhadrAdula guruvu
siMgana – vrAyasakADu
madAlasa – vijayanagarAsthAnanartaki
maNiprabha – madAlasa sEvika

iMkanu maMtri, sEvikalu, sadasyulu, purOhituDu, brAhmaNulu munnaguvAru.

modaTi dRSyamu

(samayaM: madhyAhnaM 3gaMTalu. sthalaM: vijayanagarasamrATTu sALuva narasiMharAyala sAhitI sabhAmaMDapaM. nEpathyaMlO vaMdimAgadhulu jayagItikalu, A tarvAta vEdaviprulu ‘dhruvaM tE’ anu maMtramunu chaduvuchuMDagA, maMtrikavipaMDitulatO gUDina sabhAmaMdirAnni ataDu pravESiMchi siMhAsanAsInu DautADu.)

vaMdi
mAgadhulu:

vijayanagarasAmrAjyAdhISvara, rAjAdhirAja, rAjaparamESvara! jayamu! jayamu!
nikhiladakshiNApathabhUbhAradhaurEya, mEdinIvarAhabirudAMka! jayamu!jayamu!
durvAragarvitArividaLanakaravAla, kaTArisALuvabirudAMka! jayamu! jayamu!
pAMDurayaSOgaMDUshitanirjarApagAkAMDa, guMDayanarasiMhabhUmaMDalAkhaMDala! jayamu! jayamu!

vEdaviprulu:

dhru॒vaM tE॒ rAjA॒ varu॑NO dhru॒vaM dE॒vO bRhaspa॒ti@h॑| dhru॒vaM ta॒ indra॑SchA॒gniScha॑ rA॒shTraM dhA॑rayatAM dhru॒vam||

rAyalu:

maMtrisattamulu, kavisattamulu, vEdamUrtulaina brAhmaNOttamulatO braSastamaina I sabhaku namaskAramu. mA paripAlanalO mI sukhasaMpadalaku lOTu lEdu kadA!

maMtri:

paMchapAMDavula meMDaina daMDitanaMbunaku niMDaina mUrtulai, aivaragaMDulani yakhaMDakIrtini vahiMchi, dAnaSauMDulai, kavipaMDitapakshapAtulaina tamari pAlanalO sukhasaMpadalaku lOTEmi yuMDunu mahArAjA!

oka
sadasyuDu:

aMdukE kadA,

ya@h paMchaSAkhaSAkhAbhi rjitvA paMchAmaradrumAn!
paMchaghaMTAninAdOఽbhUt paMchaghaMTAninAdanAt||
satya sattvEshu saMdhAna rUpa lAvaNya dhIguNai@h|
jitvA ya@h pANDavAn paMcha prApadaivaragaMDatAm||

ani paMchAmaradrumamuladAtRtvamunu kuMchiMchu tamari vadAnyatanu, paMchapAMDavula guNaparaMparanu nirasiMchu tamari satyasaMdhatanu, dOssattvAnni, SarasaMdhAnachAturyAnni, rUpasaMpadanu, dhISaktini kavulu prastutiMchuchunnAru.

rAyalu:

AptulArA! nAku vayasu mIruchunnadi. AdinuMDiyu saMgrAmakrIDAsaktamaina nA mEnuna kramamugA Sakti sannagilluchunnadi. adi sannagillina koladi nAku purANEtihAsaSravaNa maMdu, sAhitIvanaviharaNamaMdu Asakti minna yaguchunnadi. vApIkUpataTAka dEvAyatanapuravana nirmANAdi puNyakAryamu lennO nEniMtava~raku chEsitini. kAni vIni kanniMTikaMTenu praSastamainadi, SASvatamainadi kAvyamu.

AdaTa saptasaMtatula yaMdunu nokkoka kAlamaMdu vi
chChEdamu galgu nA~riTiki@M, jeppa viparyaya mEyugaMbunan
lEdu kavitvasaMtatiki, nikkamu tatkavitAvilAsamun
jAdulu nishTadaivamu prasAdamu nau harikIrtanaMbunan.

nAmadi niratamu bhArata
rAmAyaNakathala@M brEma raMjilu, naMdun
jaiminibhArata mana@MgA
bhUmi napUrvamu purANamula gaNiyiMpan.

A purANaMbu gana@M denu@M gayyenEni@M,
jeppanErchina kaviyu@M brasiddhu@MDEni@M,
denu@Mgu nuDikAramuna miMchu ganiyenEni,
kuMdanamu kammavalachina chaMda magunu.

aMduchEta, I charamadaSalO AMdhrIkRtajaiminibhAratamunu kRtigA goni tariMpavalenani nAkunnadi. kAni iMdulO oka klESa munnadi. nelarOjulalO dasarA navarAtrulu AraMbha maguchunnavi. I svalpavyavadhilO aiduvEla SlOkamulaku paibaDina A graMthamunu mUlAnusAramugA, rasanirbharamugA, pAThakaSrOtRhRdayAhlAdakaramugA@M denigiMchi navarAtri utsavamulalO nAkarpiMpagala kavitallaju DevvaDA yani chUchuchunnAnu.

oka kavi:

(lEchi) mahArAjA! mEmu kavula magumATa nijamE. kAni I gaDuvu lOpala iMtaTi udgraMthAnni anuvadiMchaDaM aMta sulabhaM kAdanuTalO vitathyaM lEdani nA abhiprAyamu.

reMDava
kavi:

dAnitO nEnU aMgIkaristAnu. kAni, I vishayamai prabhuvulaku chiMta avasaraM lEdani nA abhiprAyaM. mIku vidhEyulU, vijayanagararAjya SrEyaskarulaina nAyakaparaMparalO pillalama~r~ri pedavIrabhadrula vArunnAru gadA! vAri sOdaruDu pinavIrabhadrakavi, A graMthamu nippuDippuDE anuvadiMpa nudyuktuDainADani nEnu vinnAnu. I kAryamunu nirvahiMchuTaku A mahAkavIMdruni kaMTe samarthulu vErokaru lErani nAbhAvana.

tAtayu@M, daMDriyu, nagra
bhrAtayunuM dAnu bhuvanabhAsurakRtini
rmAtalu, pillalama~ri vi
khyAtuni@M binavIru@M bOla@MgalarE sukavul.

amRtAMSumaMDalaM bAlavAlamu gA@Mga
#            #;moliche nokkaTi jaganmOhanamuga,
chiguriMche vilayasiMdhugata kaitavaDiMbha
#            #;SayanIyavarapalASamulatODa,
pitRdEvatalaku naMchitasattraSAlayai
#            #;cheTTugaTTenu gayAkshEtrasIma,
niluva nIDayye niMdIvarapriyakaLA
#            #;kOTIrunaku bhOgikuMDalunaku,

ma~r~ri mAtraMbe pillalama~r~ri pEru
pEruvale@M gAdu SAradApIThakaMbu
vArilOpala@M binavIru vAkyasaraNi
sarasulaku nenna@M garNarasAyanaMbu.

mUDava
kavi:

aunu mahArAjA! sudhAmadhuramagu vAgalaMkAravaidushyamuchE nataDu munnuga avatAradarpaNamu, nAradIyapurANamu, mAghamAhAtmyamu, mAnasOllAsamu rachiMchinADu. iTIvala SRMgAraSAkuMtalamanu suMdaraprabaMdhamunu rachiMchi chillara vennayAmAtyula kaMkitamu chEsinADu. kALidAsu SAkuMtalamu vale I SAkuMtalamunu anargharasAlavAlamai yunnadani vinnAnu.

allana vichchu cheMgaluvalaMdurajaMbunu kappuraMbu pai@M
jalla@Mga@M jallanai valachu saurabhamul vedachallu bhAvamul
pallavahasta channu@Mgavapayyeda jIbuga@M dO@Mchu bhAtigA@M
billalama~r~ri vIrana yabhij~na@MDu cheppa@Mga nErchu@M gabbamul.

kAvuna dUramuna nunnanu mI manOrathamu ne~riMginavAni vale jaiminibhAratASvamEdhaparvamunu rachiMpa nudyuktuDaina A mahAkavini rappiMchi AtanikI purANarachanAbhAramu nappagiMchina chakkagA nuMDunani ichchaTi kavipaMDitula vAkyamugA nEnu mIku vinnaviMchu konuchunnAnu.

ErIti ne~ri@MgenO pina
vIrana dEvaratalaMpu vikhyAtamugA@M
bErunu beTTidiyunu dana
pEruga rachiyiMpa@M bUne@M bESalaphaNitin.

rAyalu:

sabha kidi aMgIkAryamEnA?

sabha:

avaSyamu mahArAjA! iMta svalpavyavadhilO aMtaTi bRhattarapurANAnuvAdamu chEya gala samarthuDu pinavIrabhadru DanuTalO saMdiyamu lEdu. kAni ataDippuDu vennayAmAtyuni koluvulO sOmarAjupallelO nunnADu. satvaramE mIyAsthAnamunaku rappiMchi I kAryamunu nirdESiMchina mI gaDuvu lOgA nataDu graMthamunu pUrti chEyagalaDani mAku paripUrNa viSvAsamunnadi.

rAyalu:

aTlE kAniMDu. pinavIrabhadruni veMTanE sAdaramugA nAyAsthAnamunaku biluva baMchedanu.

pUrtigA #»

kavitalu

vimAna-manaM

vimAnAnni chUsina pratisArI
vinamraMgA chEtuletti namaskariMchAlanipistuMdi

egirE rEkula DabbAlA kAka
chEpA haMsalu okkaTai darSanamichchE
dEvatA sOyagaMlA anipistuMdi
saMjIva parvAtAnni amAMtaMgA
mOsuku pOtunna hanumaMtuDi
kAryOnmukhutani gurtuku testuMdi
gAlini ajamAyishI chEsE dAni vinyAsaM
nAgarikata chEsE apUrva parvatArOhanAniki
pratIkalA anipistuMdi

egirE vimAnaM
E ATaMkAlU lEkuMDA pravahiMchE
ArOgya SarIraM lOni raktAnni spuristuMdi
baddakAnni dummudulapamanE
vivEkAnaMduDi mElkolupulA anipistuMdi

vimAnASrayaM vAkiTlOki chErina pratisArI
vadalivachchina Uru
UrukI prapaMchAnikI veyyAlsina vaMtenA
gurtukostAyi
A vAkiTlOnE
svAgataMgA tODkonochchina atidhulU
vIDkOlu palikinappaTi kaugiliMtala kannITi muddulU
kuDA gurtukochchi
manasaMtA kaliyatirugutAyi

anEka,
kEriMtalanI
ASalanI
ASayAlanI
samAchArAnni
saMdaDinI
saMdarSanAlanU
gamyAla diSagA
sAkAraM chEsE vimAnaM
okkOsAri
haThAttugA
bOyavAni vETuku
rAlipaDina vihaMgaMlA
naDi saMdraM lOnO
dikkU mokkU lEni nEla mIdO
ardhAMtaraMgA kUlipOtE
naDustU naDustunna manishi kaLLalO evarO kAraM koTTi
maTTupeTTinaTTanipistuMdi
gAlipaTamegarEstunna pasi mOmu lOni
saMtOshAnni OrvalEka
A chEtini evarO narikEsinaTTanipistuMdi
nAgarikata manishini vekkiriMchEMduku
pannina kuTralA anipistuMdi.
A samayaMlO
guMDelOni vishAdaM kaLLaniMDA dhAralu kaTTi
buggalamIda eMDipOyina chArikala
vinASapu gurtulA anipistuMdi.

puriTilOnE tallini pOgoTTukunna pApa
perigi peddai tanu tallayyAka
kOlpOyinadEdO tirigi poMdinaTTu
kOTi ASalatO vimAnAlu kUDA
maLLI marOchOTa
lEstUnE uMTAyi.
chErutUnE uMTAyi.
chErustUnE uMTAyi.

pUrtigA #»

#The great Indian rope trick

kaMDeku chuTTukunE
nUlu pOgullA
pippI pillaMgOvi
chuTTU
maMdi


pATaku
paDaga vippina
tADu chuTTuku
sAle paTTullA
paipaiki lEchE
sUTi chUpula
jatalu
vaMdalu

​miDatalA
konaki chEri​na
ThiMgaNA​ okaDu
tellabOyina
tella mabbu
nOTlOMchi

appaDaMlA
aMtaMtagA
jAripOtE
AkASa​ ppo ​
TTalOki

reppa koTTaDaM
vAyidA vEsina
kaLLa venuka
tuLLi paDDa
taLukku
baMtulu.

OyaMTE
OhhOyaMTU
​jana samUhAna
poDagaDitE ​
buDataDu

iMdrajAlapu
gAli visuruku
aTTiTTayinavi
talapAgAlu

ahOrE!
bhaLi bhaLIla
kaMbaLIni
egarEsuku pOyETi
dInArla chilakalu.

bErasArAla
naDi eMDalO
gAraDI vADi
kanumAyA
kAru mabbu
kuripiMchina
sOnavAna

vichchukattula
rAcha vIthullO
puTTiMchiM​dO ​ ​
ullAsapu
hALi maDugu.

pUrtigA #»

nirNayaM

enni vasaMtAla vaMchanaku vaDali
rEkulugA rAlipaDutOMdO
lOlOpaleMtagA dahiMchukupOyi
dAvAgnilA egasipaDutOMdO
dUraM nuMDi chUstunnavADivi
lEtapachcha prAyaMlO tana kOmalamaina sparSani
kalanainA UhiMchi anubhaviMchalEnivADivi
toMdarapaDi tIrpulivvaku, tananEmI anaku.

malupu malupulO
eMduku prANAnni melipeTTukuMdO
uppunITa kalisE muMdu
Emani manasunu oppiMchukuMdO
paDava kudurugA pADutunnappuDu
prayANaM chEsi pOyinavADivi
lOtulu teliyakuMDA
nuvvE nirNayAnikI rAku, dOshivi kAku.

nannu gichchi lEpina udayamE
nI vennela rAtravvaDAnni
reppavEyakuMDA chUstOMdE A AkASaM
nijaM kUDA abaddamavutuMdaMTE,
mugiMpullOnE katha modalavutuMdaMTE
rAlipaDutuMdA? raMgulu mArchukuMTuMdA?

E kAlaM nATidO
evareMduku vADi vadilEsiMdO
nuvu lOlOpala dAchukunna
inupa takkeDa.
baruvettipOyina rOjainA
bayaTaku tIsi chUDu.
vIlaitE virichi mukkalu chEsi
okkarOjainA bratiki chUDu.

pUrtigA #»

Arti

maLLI EmaiMdi?
evarO pilichAru nElapaiki.

okka nimushaM,
ninnokasAri sardEsi veLLanI.
migilina reMDu jAjipUlanI
diMDumIdE vadilEsi uMchanI.

kuMkuDu vAsana mabbulni
mohamaMtA visiri
chedurumadurugA nannu
kUnirAgamai kuravanI.

Agipommani aDigina pratisArI
guMDechATuna ninnu dAchukuMTAnu
muddistE EDupeMdukO mAtraM
enni muddulichchinA cheppanu.

sagaM dAhaM elAnU saripeTTukOnIdu,
okka nimushaM nIlO Upiri ApEsukOnI.

pUrtigA #»

vyAsAlu

kaMpyUTiMg pUrvAparAlu, sAdhyAsAdhyAlu – 9: ati saraLamaina atyadbhuta TyUriMg yaMtraM

idi nObel bahumatula samayaM. mana chuTTU unna aj~nAnapu chIkaTini koMtainA tolagiMchaDAniki j~nAna dIpAlani veligiMchina mahAmEdhAvulani sanmAniMchE samayaM. I saMdarbhaMlO koDavaTigaMTi kuTuMbarAvu mATalu gurtukostunnAyi: “j~nAnaM prasAdiMchE j~nAnajyOtilO viSEshamEmaMTE, ekkaDikakkaDa dAni prakASaM parimitaMgA uMTuMdi. … eppaTikappuDu kotta SAstra j~nAnaM labhistUMTE tappa mAnavuDiki aihika, sAMghika purOgamanaM uMDadu. aMduchEta eppaTikappuDoka kotta j~nAnajyOtini veligiMchina vAru mahApurushula vaMTi vAru. pariNAmavAdAniki rUpaM ichchina DArvin, sApEksha siddhAMtAnni pratipAdiMchina ain^sTayin lAMTi SAstravEttalu mahApurushulu.”

A kOvaki cheMdina vADE briTish gaNitavEtta Alan TyUriMg (#Alan Mathison Turing, 23# jUn 1912 – 7 jUn 1954.)


Alan TyUriMg (1912 – 1954)

mI jEbulOni phOnulO O chinna kaMpyUTar uMdi. mI oLLOni lyAp^TAplO aMtakannA vEgaMgA panichEsE kaMpyUTar uMdi. prabhutva pariSOdhanA saMsthallOnU, praivETu kaMpenIlalOnU dAni kannA anEka reTlu vEgaMgA panichEsE kaMpyUTarlu unnAyi. kAni A pedda pedda kaMpyUTarlu cheyyagala pani dEninayinA sarE mI jEbulOni kaMpyUTar kUDA cheyyagaladu. oka kaMpyUTar chEsE pani EdainA marO kaMpyUTar cheyyagaladu. okaTi toMdaragA chEstE marokaTi niMpAdigA cheyyavachchu gAni, phalitaMlO mArpu uMDadu.

aMtakannA chitramaina vishayaM, A kaMpyUTarlu chEsEdEdainA sarE O kAgitapu TEpu mIda gaDulapai pensilutO kadultU rAsE yaMtraM cheyyagaladu. aMtE kAdu, A pEparu-pensilu yaMtraM cheyyalEnidi marE kaMpyUTarlU – ippuDunnavE kAka bhavishyattulO iMjanIrlu kanukkunEvi kUDA – cheyyalEvu. okkasAri Agi A vAkyaMlOni lOtaina bhAvAnni grahiMchaMDi. manaM kaMpyUT cheyyagaligE vATiki haddulunnAyi – minahAyiMpulu lEni haddulu. A haddulU I pEparu-pensilu yaMtraM haddulU okaTE.

adi vAstavamaina yaMtraM kUDA kAdu. kEvalaM O bhAvana. gaNita punAdulapai DEviD hilbarT vEsina O savAluni sAdhiMchE yatnaMlO Alan TyUriMg talavani talaMpugA Adhunika kaMpyUTar^ki 1936lO aMkuraM vESADu. alA atanu veligiMchina gOraMta dIpaM ivALa prapaMchaMlO nalumUlalA koMDaMta velugu nistuMdanaDaMlO atiSayOkti lEdu. kAni atani pani, jIvitaM guriMchi mana dESaMlO chaduvukunnavALLalO kUDA chAlAmaMdiki telisiMdi bahu takkuvanE cheppAli.

kaMpyUTar sainsulO nObel bahumati lEdu kAni TyUriMg pEru mIda dAniki dITaina bahumati vuMdi. dAdApu gata yAbhai ELLugA prati saMvatsaraM dInini kaMpyUTar sainsulO cheppukOdagga pariSOdhanalani chEsina vAriki istunnAru. mana dESasthulalO kaMpyUTar iMjanIrlu anEka lakshala maMdi unnA iMtavaraku idi manaki okE okkasAri dakkiMdaMTE koMta vichAraM kalagachchu. kAni adi mana teluguvADikani kAsta garvapaDochchu. kArnegI melan viSvavidyAlayaMlO robOTiks prophesaru dabbala rAjagOpAl reDDi (#Raj Reddy) # kRtrimamEdhAraMgaMlO (#Artificial Intelligence)# chEsina pariSOdhanalaki 1986 avArDuni sTAn^pharD viSvavidyAlayaM prophesar phaigen^bAm^tO (#Edward Feigenbaum)# paMchukunnAru.

TyUriMg jIvitaM vismaya vishAdAlatO kUDukunnadi. chAlA maMdi kaMpyUTar sainsu chadivina vALLaki kUDa teliyani vishayaM okaTi cheppanA? asalu I TyUriMg vALlamma kaDupuna paDiMdi mana telugudESapu sarihaddullOnE. evarO koMdaru gaNitavEttalaki mAtramE paTTE pariSOdhanaki parimitamaina vADu kAdu. reMDava prapaMcha yuddhaMlO SatrusEnalani ODiMchaDaMlO TyUriMg kIlaka pAtra vahiMchADu. jarman sainyAla rahasya saMdESAlani viDagoTTE yuktulu kanipeTTADu. vATitO briTish sainyaM nAjI jarmanlu cheyyabOyE dADulani muMdE pasigaTTi, vALLa nAvalani samudraMlO kUlchi vijayaM sAdhiMchagaligiMdi. aMduku briTish prabhutvaM TyUriMg^ki atyunnata puraskAraM (#Order of the British Empire)# ichchi gauraviMchiMdi. yuddhaM tarvAta A prabhutvamE, atani svaliMgasaMparka pravartanani appaTlO amalulO unna chaTTa nibaMdhanala prakAraM ‘tIvramaina asabhyatA nEraM’gA (#gross indecency)# parigaNiMchi kOrTu kEsu peTTiMdi. TyUriMg kshamApaNa cheppaDAniki nirAkariMchADu. jaDji koMta mAnavIya dRshTitO jailu Siksha veyyakuMDA, laiMgika kOrikalu taggiMchE hArmOnula chikitsa vidhiMchADu. konnALLu vADi maMdulanika bhariMchalEka TyUriMg sainaiD^lO muMchina yApil mukka tini Atmahatya chEsukunnADu. appaTikatani vayasu 41 saMvatsarAlu mAtramE. dAdApu aravai ELLa tarvAta, 2013lO TyUriMg SatajayaMti saMdarbhaMgA, TyUriMg chEsina panulu Adhunika kaMpyUTar yugaMpai atani prabhAvaM prapaMcha vyAptaMgA teliya vachchiMtarvAta, briTish prabhutvaM kshamApaNa cheppukuMdi.

TyUriMg bAlyaM

avi mana dESAnni briTish vALLu pAliMchE rOjulu. iMglAMDulO jUliyas TyUriMg pratishThAtmakamaina iMDiyan sivil sarvIs parIkshalO maMchi ryAMkutO pAsayyADu. briTish pAlanA paddhatulU mana dESa charitrA chaduvukunnADu. tamiLa bhAshani nErchukunnADu. 1896lO madrAsu presiDensIki DipyUTI kalekTarugA udyOgaM vachchiMdi. padELLu beLLAri, karnUlu, vijayanagaraM modalaina jillAlalO palleTULLani vistRtaMgA paryavEkshiMchADu. vyavasAyaM, nITivasati, pAriSuddhyaM, ArOgyaM, vITanniTi mIdA nivEdikalu rASADu. telugu bhAshani kUDA nErchukunnADu.

mana dESaM nuMDi amerikA chaduvukODAniki vachchina abbAyilu, udyOgaM rAgAnE tirigi veLLi ammAyini chUsi peLLi chEsukurAvaDaM I madhya dAkA AnavAyitI. appaTlO mana dESaMlO unna briTish yuvakula paddhati kUDA adE. padELla tarvAta peLLi chEsukODAniki jUliyas tana dESaM prayANamayyADu. ODalO Ithel sErAtO parichayamayiMdi. Ithel taMDri eDvarD sTOnI (#Edward Stoney)# mana dESaMlO railvElaku (#Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway)# ChIph iMjanIrugA panichESADu. anEka nadula mIda kaTTina briDjulalO, mukhyaMgA tuMgabhadra briDji kaTTaDaMlO kIlaka pAtra vahiMchADu. raiLLaki saMbaMdhiMchi chAlA pETeMTlu poMdADu – vATanniTlOkI nidrAbhaMgaM kalagakuMDA gAli vIchE chakraM (#Stoney’s silent Punkah-wheel)# mIda pETeMT AMglO-iMDiyanlaki nachchiMdi. Ithel puTTiMdi madrAsu daggara podanUrulO, perigiMdi airlAMDulO. ArEDELLu mana dESaMlO uMDi tanu kUDA peLLi chEsukODAniki tana dESaM prayANamayiMdi.

ODa tIrAnni chErETappaTiki iddari manasulu kaliSAyi. Dablin^lO peLLi chEsukoni mana dESAniki tirigochchAru. kUnUrulO modaTi saMtAnaM kaligiMdi. jUliyas udyOgarItyA kuTuMbaM dUra prayANaM cheyyAlsochchiMdi. pArvatIpuraM, viSAkhapaTnaM, anaMtapUr, vijayavADa, karnUlu, ilA vividha pradESAlu tirugutU, 1911 modaTlO ippaTi orissAlOni ChatrapUrulO uMDagA Ithel nela tappiMdi. jUliyas selavu tIsukoni kuTuMba samEtaMgA iMglAMDu vachchADu. 1912 jUn 23na laMDanlO Alan TyUriMg puTTADu.

mana dESaMlO vEDiki taTTukOlEka jabbula pAlavutArani, chaduvukODAniki tagina sadupAyAluMDavanIni, pillalu iMglAMDulOnE peragAlani tallidaMDrulu niSchayiMchAru. reMDELLayinA niMDani Alan, nAlugELla vayasunna jAnIlani riTairayina miliTarI daMpatula saMrakshaNalO peTTi vALlamma 1913lO iMDiyA veLLi konni nelallOnE jUliyas^tO kalisi tirigi vachchiMdi. modaTi prapaMcha yuddhaM mUlaMgA prayANaM apAyaM kAvaDAna vALLamma iMglAMDulO nilichi pOyiMdi. A vidhaMgA yuddhaM Alan^ki kalisochchiMdi. 1917 lO rIDiMg vitauT Tiyars (#Reading without Tears)# anna pustakaM chUsi mUDu vArAllO tanaMtaTa tAnE chadavaDaM nErchukunnADu. prati dIpastaMbhaM daggarA Agi dAni sIriyal naMbaru telusukunEvADu. kuDi vaipEdO eDama vaipEdO telisEdi kAdu. gurtugA eDama boTanavrEli mIda chukka peTTukunnADu. 1919lO vALlamma iMDiyA veLtU Alan^ni riTairayina daMpatula saMrakshaNalO maLLI peTTiMdi. tallidaMDrulu chuTTapuchUpugA mAtramE vastU pOvaDaMtO, pillalu saraina iMTi vAtAvaraNaM anEdi lEkuMDA perigAru.

1921lO TyUriMg vALLamma iMDiyA nuMDi tirigi vachchETappaTiki koDuku sarigA edagalEdani bAdhapaDiMdi. itarulatO peddagA kalavakuMDA tanalO tanu uMDEvADu. chaduvu nirlakshyaM chESADu. tommidELlu vachchinA iMkA bhAgahAraM cheyyaDaM teliyadu. sari cheyyagaliginaMta chEsi, hEౙel^harsT priparETarI bOrDiMg skUllO chErchi tallidaMDrulu madrAsu veLLAru. sagaTu mArkulatO TyUriMg chaduvu sAgiMchADu.

padELLa vayasunna TyUriMg^ki 1922lO evarO eDvin brUsTar (#Edwin Brewster)# vrAsina pustakaM (#Natural Wonders Every Child Should Know)# ichchAru. chinna pillalaki kutUhalaM peMchaDAniki, saMdEhAlu-samAdhAnAla rUpaMlO vrAsina pustakaM: guDDulOki pilla elA veLLiMdi? abbAyilu baMtATakI ammAyilu bommalATakI eMdukishTapaDatAru? prapaMchaMlO manaM chUsE prati dAnikI kAraNamaMTU uMDAlanI, dAniki dEvuDu kAka sainsu AdhAramanI A pustakaM cheptuMdi. I pustakaM TyUriMg^ni eMtO prabhAvitaM chEsiMdi. modaTisArigA sainsu anEdokaTi uMdani dIni dvArAnE telusukunnADu. rasAyana prayOgAlu chEyaDAniki ekkuva utsAhaM chUpeTTEvADu.

haiskUllO TyUriMg

1926 mE nelalO padhnAlugELLa vayasulO sher^bOrn^ bOrDiMg skUllO chErADu. chErE rOjunE chuTTupakkala kalakalaM sRshTiMchADu. samme mUlaMgA raiLLa rAkapOkalu raddayinA, TyUriMg aravai maiLLu saikilu mIda prayANaM chEsi baDiki chErukunnADu. kAni A utsAhaM ennALLO nilavalEdu. sher^bOrn^ vAtAvaraNaM atani svataMtra bhAvAlaki saripaDalEdu. snEhitulu takkuva. skUl ripOrTulu – pariSubhrata teliyadanI, sharTu mIda eppuDU sirA marakaluMTAyanI, chEtivrAta chadavalEmanI – chUsi taMDri maMDipaDEvADu. aMta Dabbu kharchu chEsi paMpistE koDuku sadviniyOga parachukOvaDaM lEdani. chAlA sabjekTulu SraddhagA chadivEvADu kAdu. kAni konnisArlu chadavakapOyinA parIkshallO aMdarikannA maMchi mArkulu techchukunEvADu – adi chUsi TIcharlaki chirAku kaligEdi. tanakishTamaina gaNitaMlO bAgA chadivinA gurtiMchina vALLu lEru. akkaDa ATalakichchina prAdhAnyaM chaduvuki, mukhyaMgA gaNitAni kivvalEdu.

kAni oka TIcharu mAtraM, TyUriMg telivitETalu gurtiMchi atani mAnAna atanni vadili peTTADu. appuDu, 1928lO TyUriMg ain^sTayin sApEksha siddhAMtaM mIda sAmAnya pAThakula kOsaM vrAsina pustakaM chadivADu. ain^sTayin konni vaMdala saMvatsarAlagA vADukalO unna yUkliD pratipAdiMchina svayaMsiddha satyAlu (#Euclid axioms)# vAstavamA kAdA ani saMdEhiMchaDaM TyUriMg^ki nachchiMdi. konni sUtrAlani TyUriMg svayaMgA rAbaTTi vALLammaki vrASADu. 1929lO sar eDiMg^Tan (#Arthur Eddington)# vrAsina di nEchar Aph phiౙikal varlD (#The Nature of Physical World)# kUDA chadivADu.

adE samayaMlO TyUriMg^ki krisTaphar mArkam (#Christopher Morcom)# anna tOTi vidyArthitO parichayaM ayiMdi. krisTaphar kUDA Alan lAgE sainsU gaNitAlalO diTTa. aMtE kAdu, atanu migilina sabjekTulalO kUDA rANiMchADu. chAlA SubhraMgA uMDEvADu. tanakannA anniTlOnU minnagA unna krisTophar^pai Alan^ki ishTaM kaligi, AkarshaNa perigi, gADhamaina prEmagA mAriMdi. adi chivaraki elA pariNamiMchEdO kAni, phibravari 1930lO ubbasapu vyAdhitO krisTaphar chanipOyADu. kAnI Alan jIvitAMtaM krisTophar ataniki AdarSaprAyuDayyADu.

kAlEj chaduvu

TyUriMg Apaina sher^bOrn^lO chivari saMvatsarAni kochchETappaTiki chaduvulO bAgA rANiMchi, 1931lO kEMbriDj viSvavidyAlayaM kiMgs kAlEjIlO skAlarship saMpAdiMchADu. haiskUlu vAtAvaraNaM kannA kEMbriDj vAtAvaraNaM TyUriMg^ki nachchiMdi. libaral viluvalu, anniMTikannA mukhyaMgA vij~nAnaSAstra bhAvanalani prOtsahiMchE vAtAvaraNaM atani svabhAvAniki saripaDiMdi. haiskUlulO evari pustakAlu chadivi prabhAvitamayyADO vArikkaDa tanaki prophesarlu. prapaMcha prasiddhi gAMchina vALLu. vArilO okaru mana rAmAnujan^ni teppiMchukunna hArDI (#G. H. Hardy) –# saMkhyASAstraMlO uddaMDuDu. marokaru gaNita bhautikaSAstravEtta sar Arthar eDiMg^Tan – ain^sTayin sApEksha siddhAMtAnni prayOgAtmakaMgA nirUpiMchina vADu. (atanikI appuDE mana dESaM nuMDi vachchina yuva SAstravEtta es. chaMdraSEkhar^kI madhya nakshatrAlapai siddhAMtAla guriMchi pedda vivAdAlu jarigiMdi I kAlaM lOnE.)

1933 mArchilO TyUriMg, berTrAMD rasel (#Bertrand Russel)# gaNitatAtvikatapai vrAsina pustakaM (#An Introduction to Mathematical Philosophy) # chadivADu. rasel pustakaM mugistU okka vidyArthi ayinA I pustakaM chEta prabhAvituDaitE lakshyaM neravErinaTlEnannADu. navaMbarukallA TyUriMg dAni mIda pedda pedda prophesarla muMdarE upanyAsamichchADu. gaNitaMlO atani pratibha bAgA perigiMdi.


gAsiyan vitaraNa

prakRti lOnU sAMghika jIvanaM lOnU pariSOdhanaki saMbaMdhiMchina kolatalani grAphu gIstE, avi gaMTa AkArAnni pOli uMTAyi. O pradESaMlO ushNOgrata, manushula ettu, puvvula saiju, ilA chAlA kolatalani chUstE avannI gaMTa AkArAnni kaligi uMTAyi. dInni gAsiyan vitaraNa (#Gaussian distribution)# ani pilustAru. sagaTuki ekkuvagA enni uMTAyO takkuvagA kUDA dAdApu annE uMTAyi. sagaTuki dUraMgA pOyE koladI A viluva vunnavi chAlA takkuva uMTAyi. ilA kramaMgA uMDaTAna chAlA pariSOdhanalani suluvu chEstuMdi – O kolata sagaTu kannA chAlA tEDAgA uMTE dAniki prAmukhyata uMDochchu.

pUrtigA #»

gItulu

saMgrahamu

upagaNamulatO, mAtrAgaNamulatO nirmiMpabaDina ChaMdassulu gAnayOgyamainavi. telugulO ATaveladi, tETagIti, sIsamu, dvipada munnagunavi I kOvaku cheMdinavE. kAni I upagaNamulatO iMkanu enniyO ChaMdassulanu sRshTiMchi, aMdulO vrAsina gItamulanu pADukonavachchunu. okaTi nuMDi aidu sUryEMdra gaNamulatO kalpiMchina 62 gItulanu sOdAharaNamugA vivariMchuTa mAtramE kAka I gItulaku oka paTishTamaina gaNita SAstrapu punAdi kUDa nirmiMchabaDinadi. vITitO ardhasamagItulanu nirmiMchu vidhAnamu, vRttamulalOni upagaNamula chAyalu, krotta tALavRttamulanu kanugonuTaku upayOgapaDu paddhatulu I vyAsamulO charchiMchabaDinavi. gaNamulaku taginaTlu padamula vi~rupuyokka avasaramu udghATiMchabaDinadi. telugu kannaDa bhAshala ChaMdassulO gItulapai praprathamamugA yiTTi kramabaddhamaina pariSOdhanalu chEyabaDinavi.

parichayamu

gItulu anagA gAnayOgyamulaina ChaMdassulu. anni bhAratIya bhAshalalO pATalaku anuvaina ChaMdassulanu lAkshaNikulu kalpiMchinAru. saMskRtamulOni Arya (1, 2) tommidi vidhamulu, aMdulO pratyEkamugA nAlugiMTini gItulu ani pErkonnAru. aMdulO AryAgIti kannaDa telugu bhAshalalOni kaMda padyamE. aMtE kAka vaitALIyamulu tALayuktamugA pADukonadaginavE. prAkRtamulO#[1]# kUDa gEyamulaku ekkuva prAmukhyatanu ichchAru. saMskRta nATakamulalO kUDa iTTi gEya ChaMdassulu unnAyi. tamiLamulO kavitanu pATTu (pATa) ani kUDa aMTAru. anAdinuMDi kannaDa telugu bhAshalalO kUDa iTTi gAnayOgya ChaMdassulu galavu. kannaDamulO tripada, akkaralu, ragaDalu, telugulO dvipada, taruvOja, sIsamu, ATaveladi, tETagIti, akkaralu, ragaDalu iTTi ChaMdassulE. prA~mnannaya SAsanamulalO kUDa manamu dESi ChaMdassula vADukanu gamaniMchavachchunu. SAsanamulalO moTTamodaTa manaku kanabaDina dESi ChaMdassulanu#[2, 3, 4]# kriMdi paTTikalO chUDavachchunu.

571 e~rikal mutturAju e~r~raguDipADu sIsamu
575 e~rikal mutturAju tippalUru dvipada
575 dhanaMjayuDu kalamaLla ragaDa
600 chODa mahArAju muttukUru akkara pOlika
600 chODa mahArAju kOsinEpalli tETagIti (sIsa bhAgamu)
700 vikramAditya chODuDu nallacheruvupalle ATaveladi (sIsa bhAgamu)
750 reMDava mahEMdruDu bUdinagaDDapalli viDi ATaveladi
770 paMDaraMgaDu addaMki taruvOja
8va SatA. peddamuDiyamu viDigA tETagIti
850 nalajanaMpADu utsAha
930 yuddhamalluDu bejavADa madhyAkkara
945 jinavallabhuDu kurkyAla kaMdamu

vRttamulu enimidi trika gaNamulatO, nAlugu dvyakshara gaNamulatO, reMDu EkAkshara gaNamulatO nirmiMpabaDagA, sIsamu, ATaveladi, tETagIti, utsAha, akkaralu aMSa lEka upagaNamulatO (sUryEMdrachaMdra gaNamulu), kaMdamu, ragaDalu mUDu, nAlugu, aidu, EDu mAtralatO nirmiMpabaDinavi. tripadalu, shaTpadalu kannaDamulO aMSa, mAtrAgaNa nirmitamulu, telugulO ivi vADukalO lEvu. aMtE kAdu, telugulO chaMdra gaNamula upayOgamu mRgyamu. dIni sArAMSamu EmanagA telugu ChaMdassulO gAnayOgya ChaMdassulu konni sUryEMdra gaNamulatO, ma~ri konni mAtrA gaNamulatO sRshTiMchabaDDAyi. I vyAsamulO nEnu sUryEMdra gaNamulatO kalpiMcha vIlagu ChaMdassulanu gu~riMchi charchistAnu. iMtava~raku iTTi ChaMdassulu chAla takkuva saMkhyatO uMDE gItulaku, sIsamunaku mAtramE parimitamu. kAni gAnayOgyamaina ChaMdassula virivi vRttAdulavale anaMtamu. okaTi nuMDi aidu upagaNamulatO nirmiMcha vIlagu anni ChaMdassulanu sOdAharaNamugA vivariMchi, ma~ri konni ChaMdassulanu chUchAyagA teluputAnu. vRttamulaku oka aksharapu ukta nuMDi 26 aksharamula utkRti va~raku E vidhamugA ChaMdamulu galavO, adE vidhamugA sUryEMdra gaNamulatO oka gaNamu nuMDi tommidi gaNamula va~raku gala ChaMdamulaku nava ratnamula nAmamulanu peTTAnu.

telugulO gItulu

telugu ChaMdassulO tommidi vidhamulaina gItulanu pratyEkamu telipiyunnAru. avi (1-2) gItulugA parigaNiMchabaDutunna ATaveladi, tETagItulu, (3-5) prAsatO uMDE vishama gItulaina ettugIti, pavaDagIti, kamalanagIti lEka mElanagIti (dIniki badulugA malayagIti anu gItini pottapi vEMkaTa ramaNakavi pErkonnADu), (6-9) Arya yaMdali nAlugu gItulaina gIti, upagIti, udgIti, AryAgItulu. ATaveladiki prasannagIti, naTi yani kUDa pErulu galavu#[5]. # kannaDamulO dInini ATagIti yani nAgavarma telipinADu#[6].# tETagItini pavaDi, SubhragIti ani pottapi kavi cheppinADu#[5]. # AryalOni kaMdamu tappa migilinavi telugu ChaMdassulO vADukalO lEvu. pottapi vEMkaTaramaNakavi sIsamu, gItulaku RgvEdabrAhmaNamulu mUlamulani bhAviMchinADu.

jayakIrti ChaMdOnuSAsanamulO akkara, tripadi, Ela, akkarikA, shaTpadi, chatushpadi, ChaMdOvataMsamu, madanavati, gItikAdulanu karNATaka bhAshalOnivani pErkonnADu#[7].# telugulOvale gAka, kannaDamulO brahma (sUrya), vishNu (iMdra) gaNamulatObATu rudra (chaMdra) gaNamulu uMDE ChaMdassulu kUDa virivigA upayOgiMchabaDDAyi.

kannaDa, telugu bhAshalalO vRttamulalOni oka viSEshamu EmanagA – saMskRtamulOvale ikkaDa pAdAMta yati lEdu, anagA oka padamu modaTi mUDu pAdamula chivaralO aMtamu kAnavasaramu lEdu. pAda madhyamulO kannaDamulO padavichChEdayati unnA, dAnini kavulu pATiMchalEdu. kAni telugulO pAdamunaku padi aMtakanna ekkuva aksharamulu uMDE vRttamulalO pAdamu madhyalO padavichChEdayatiki badulu aksharasAmya yati lEka vaDi yunnadi. I niyamamulavalana vRttamulalO kathAgamanamunu, varNanalanu sulabhamugA choppiMchavachchunu.

gItulaku avasaramulaina niyamamulu gItulu anagA pATalu. pATalalO padamula vi~rupunaku prAmukhyamu ekkuva. idi unnapuDu pATa naDaka chakkagA uMTuMdi, idi lEnappuDu adi kuMTu paDutuMdi. dInini dRshTilO nuMchukoni gItulaku manamu konni niyamamulanu anusariMchavachchunu.

  1. okkokka gItiki okkokka vidhamaina gaNamula amarika uMDunu, padamulanu A gaNamulaku taginaTlu vi~richi vrAsinappuDu mAtramE A gItiyaMdali gAnayOgyata, sauMdaryamu bAguga pratiphaliMchunu. vRttamulalO dIrgha saMskRta samAsamulanu vADu teragunu kavulu aMgIkariMchAru. iMdragaNamulaku mUDu lEka nAlugu aksharamula niDivi, sUrya gaNamulaku reMDu lEka mUDu aksharamula niDivi. reMDu nuMDi nAlugu aksharamulu uMDE telugu padamulu ennO unnAyi kanuka gItulalO gaNamulaku taggaTlu padamulanu ennukonuTa aMta kashTataramaina pani kAdu. I padamula vi~rupugu~riMchi akkaralanu nirvachiMchunappuDu jayakIrti ChaMdOnuSAsanamulO#[7]# I vidhamugA aMTADu –

    pAdE pAdEఽtra pratigaNamapi yatirlakshyatE sarvEshAmaksharANAM

    (akkaralO prati pAdamulO prati gaNamunaku yati, anagA padapu vi~rupu, galadu)

  2. pAdAMta yati, anagA padamu pAdamutO mugiyuTa, gAnayOgyataku saulabhyamunu istuMdi. aMduvalana I pAdAMtayati nikkachchigA lakshaNagraMthamulalO cheppabaDakapOyinA, dInini kavulu gItulalO ekkuvagA pATiMchinAru. dvipada, ragaDalaku mAtramu idi tappani sari.
  3. dvitIyAkshara prAsa kUDa pATaku oka AbharaNamu vaMTidE. jAtulaku niyatamainA, upajAtulaku idi aichChikamu. aMdulaku badulu, vaDitObATu prAsayatini kUDa upajAtulaku sariyani kavulu, paMDitulu, lAkshaNikulu nirNayaMchinAru. I yati sthAnamu vadda krotta padamu prAraMbhamayinappuDu idi iMkanu SObhaskaramugA nuMTuMdi.

gaNamulaku tagunaTlu padamula vi~ruputO konni padyamulanu ikkaDa udAharaNamulugA ichchuchunnAnu –

ATaveladi
akshamAla@M bUni – yalamaTa@M jeMdaka
kukshi niMpukonuTa – koduva@M gAdu
pakshi koMgarIti@M – baichUpu lE@MTikO
viSvadAbhirAma – vinura vEma – (vEmana padyamulu, 49#[8])

#tETagIti
ishTa mAnasa mayina yA – hEma khagamu
naluni mAnasa mAnaMda – jaladhiyaMdu@M
garNa Sashkuli kalaSaMbu@M – gaugiliMchi
yI@Mda@M jEyuchu mRdubhAsha – niTTu laniye – (SrInAthuni SRMgAranaishadhamu, 2 -7#[9])

#dvipada –
basavani SaraNanna@M – bratyaksha sukhamu
basavani SaraNanna – bhavarOga haramu
basavani SaraNanna – nasalAru@M gIrti
basavani SaraNanna – phaliyiMchu@M gOrki
basavani SaraNanna – nesa@Mgu vAksiddhi
basavani SaraNanna – bhrAjillu buddhi – (pAlkuriki sOmanAthuni basavapurANamu – pIThika#[10])

#konni samayamulalO reMDu gaNamulanu chErchi kUDa kavulu vrAsinAru. aTTi dAniki oka udAharaNamu –

ATaveladi -
kamalanayanu vadana-kamala “maraMdaMbu@M”
davili nayana”shaTpa-damula”valana@M
drAvi dinaviyOga – tApaMbu mAniri
gOpakAMta lella – gOrku lalara – (pOtana bhAgavatamu, 10.1-627#[1])

#kriMda nichchina padyamuvaMTi padyamulalO mottamugA gIti lakshaNamulu saripOyinanu padamulaku gaNamulaku poMtana takkuva.

dyumaNi | padmAkaramu | vika-chamuga@M | jEyu@M
gumuda | harshaMbu | gAviMchu |- namRta | sUti
yarthitu@MDu | gAka | jalamichchu | – naMbu | dharu@MDu
sajjanulu | dAre | parahi | tA-charaNa | matulu – (bhartRhari subhAshitamulu, Enugu lakshmaNa kavi, nIti – 63#[12])

#pUrtigA #»

Sabda taraMgAlu

chivaraku migilEdi

#[#rachayita buchchibAbu prasiddha navala chivaraku migilEdi guriMchi ImATa pAThakulaku pratyEkaMgA cheppanavasaraM lEdu. I navalanu rEDiyO kOsaM pAlagummi padmarAju 1960lalO nATikagA malichAru. rAmachaMdra kASyapa (dayAnidhigA), saMDUri veMkaTESvarlu, naMDUri subbArAvu, uppalUri rAjArAvu, SyAmasuMdari (amRtaMgA), vi. bi. kanakadurga, sarOjini taditarulu naTiMchina I nATikanu mIkOsaM I saMchikalO samarpistunnAnu.#]

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#samarpaNa: paruchUri SrInivAs.

pUrtigA #»

viMjamUri SivarAmArAvu lalitagItAlu

nAlugELla kritaM AMdhrabhArati SAyigAritO kalisi telugu nighaMTuvulu, padakOSAlu pOgu chEsE kAryakramaMlO okarOju DijiTal laibrarI Aph iMDiyA lO ‘vidyArthi kalpavalli’ kOsaM vetukutuMTE UhiMchani vidhaMgA viMjamUri SivarAmArAvugAri gEyasaMkalanaM kalpavalli-gItikAlatAMtAlu (1958) anna pustakaM kanabaDiMdi. chUDagAnE egiri gaMtESAnu aMTE atiSayOkti kAdu! chinnappuDu vijayavADa rEDiyO kEMdraM nuMDi vinna ennO lalitagEyAla pUrti pAThAlu okkasAri kaLlamuMduMTE kaligina saMtOshaM mATallO cheppalEnidi.

SivarAmArAvugArevarO bAgA telusu kAnI inni pATalu rASArannadi nAku teliyani vishayaM. nallani vADA nE gollakannenOy, vinavE cheli pilupu alladigO, Upare Upare uyyAla, kAtyAyani kannatalli — anna nAlugu pATalanu minahAyistE! A pustakaMlOni sumAru 60 pATallO oka pAtika pATala varaku nA daggarunnAyani kUDA tEliMdi. vErvEru TEpullO vunna A pATalni okachOTaki chErchudAM ani pani modalu peTTAnu kAnI udyOgapu panulu, prayANAla haDAviDilO A saMkalana kAryakramaM muMduki sAgalEdu. pOyina mE nelalO okaru i-meyil dvArA SivarAmArAvu gAru rAsina SrIrAmAyaNa kathAgAnaM, okappuDu rEDiyOlO bhaktiraMjani kAryakramAllO prasAramayyEdi, A gEyaM nA daggara vuMdA ani aDigAru. vArE A gEyaM, SivarAmArAvugAri kumArte pADina varshan, yUTyUbulO vunnaTlu cheppAru. A rAmAyaNa gEyaM orijinal nAkayitE iMkA labhyaM kAlEdu kAnI nAlugELla kritaM pakkana peTTina saMkalana kAryakramaM mAtraM koMcheM muMduku kadiliMdi.

gataMlO SivarAmArAvugAri pATalu mUDu: SrI purANa dhAtrikI, Upare Upare uyyAla, paDava naDapavOy, mIru vinnAru. ikkaDa mIku vinipiMchabOyE pATallO konni tElikagA dorukutunnavE ayinA oka chOTa vuMTAyanna uddESaMtO, nallanivADA nE gollakannenOy, vinavE cheli pilupu alladigO lAMTi pATalani kUDA ikkaDa chErchaDaM jarigiMdi. Ayana pATalu marikonniMTini tvaralOnE aMdivvaDAniki prayatnistAnu.


1. bOsinavvula bApUjI – SrIraMgaM gOpAlaratnaM.

2.# kAtyAyanI kannatallI – SrIraMgaM gOpAlaratnaM.

3.# SrI purANa dhAtriki – bRMdagAnaM.

4.# jaya gaMTa miMTa mrOginadi – bRMdagAnaM.

5.# vaMdanaM abhivaMdanaM – SrIraMgaM gOpAla ratnaM, viMjamUri lakshmi.

6.# UgipOtunnadi sAgipOtunnadi – musunUru veMkaTa ramaNamUrti.

7.# paDava naDapavOy – pi. bi. SrInivAs.

8.# jaMTagA nAveMTa naDuchuvADE – vaidEhi.

9.# vinavE cheli pilupu alladigO – Ar. bAlasarasvati.

10.# chakkani chukka EdirA – mAdhavapeddi satyaM.

11.# nallanivADA nE gollakannenOy – Ar. bAlasarasvati.

12.# Oyi tummeda iMta mAya chEtuvA – SrIraMgaM gOpAlaratnaM.

13.# chUDumI teli vennela –

14#.aMdagADA nA chaMdurUDA – pi. lIla.

15.# vachchenOyi vasaMtamu – iMdira.

#pUrtigA #»

prakaTanalu

ismAyil avArDu – 2014

ismAyil avArDu – 2014

telugulO uttama kavitvAniki gurtiMpugA istunna ismAyil avArDuku ke. mamata eMpikaiMdi. egasi paDE bhAvAlanu, nijAyitIgA – sunnitamaina padachitrAllO paTTukurAvaDaMlO gala nErpu, kavitvAniki kaTTubaDi uMDaTaM nETikAlapu kavulanuMDi Imenu eDaMgA nilabeDatAyi. gataMlO pAlaparti iMdrANi, gOpireDDi rAmakRshNArAvu, garikapATi pavan^kumAr, pi.mOhan^, vaidEhi SaSidhar, gaMDEpalli SrInivAsa rAvu, padmalata, tulasI mOhan^,baMDlamUDi svAtikumAri gArlaku I avArD labhiMchiMdi.

pUrtigA #»

2015 kaumudi – rachana saMyukta kathala pOTI

kaumudiveb mAsapatrika mariyu rachana mAsapatrika saMyukta nirvahaNalO jarugutunna kathala pOTI, 2015ku mI rachanalani AhvAnistunnAmu.


bahumatulu

pOTIki vachchina kathalalO uttamamaina kathalaku okkokkadAnikI rU. 1500, atyuttama katha (oka kathaki) rU.5000 bahumAnaMgA ivvabaDatAyi.

vivarAlu, niyamAlu

  • kathAMSaM EdainA – kuTuMba saMbaMdhAlakI, mAnavIya viluvalakI, navyatakI, sRjanAtmakatakI pedda pITa vEsE rachanalni AhvAnistunnAM.
  • iMtaku muMdu ekkaDA (priMT patrikalalO kAnI, veb patrikalalO kAnI, vyaktigata blAgulalO kAnI) prachuritaM kAni rachanalani mAtramE pOTIki paMpiMchaMDi.
  • ippaTikE ekkaDainA pariSIlanalO unna rachanalu kUDA pOTIki arhaM kAvu.
  • pai aMSAlani dRvIkaristU hAmIpatraM tappani sarigA jataparachAli. hAmI patraM lEni rachanalu pariSIliMchabaDavani gamaniMchagalaru.
  • prachuraNaku aMgIkariMchani vrAtapratulani trippi paMpaDaM sAdhyaM kAdu. vATi kApIlu tIsi uMchukOvaDaM maMchidi.
  • rachanaku E kalaM pEru vADinA rachayita/tri asalu pEru, pUrti chirunAmA tappani sarigA vrAyAli.
  • pOTIlalO E bahUti poMdina kathanainA, phalitAlu veluvaDina taruvAta rachayita/tri venakki tIsukunE avakASaM lEdani gamaniMchaMDi.
  • vrAtalO katha 10 pEjIlu miMchakuMDA uMTE maMchidi.
  • pOTI phalitAlu kaumudi.neT lOnU, rachana mAsapatrika (mE 2015 saMchika) lOnU prachuriMchabaDatAyi.
  • bahumatula vishayaMlO nyAyanirNEtaladE tudi nirNayaM. I vishayaMlO uttara pratyutarAlaku avakASaM lEdu.
  • bahumati poMdina kathalu kaumudi veb patrika lOnu, rachana mAsapatrika lOnu prachuriMchabaDatAyi. bahumatiki eMpika kAni kathalalO konniMTini sAdhAraNa prachuraNaku tIsukOvaDaM jarugutuMdi.
  • pOTI kathalu mAku aMdavalasina chivari tEdI: phibravari 5, 2015. phalitAla prakaTana: mE 1, 2015.

mI rachanalu paMpiMchAlsina chirunAmA:

rachana mAsapatrika
1-9-286/2/#p
#vidyAnagar
haidarAbAdu, 500 044.

lEdA

#Koumudi
4251 ESCUDO Ct,
DUBLIN, CA 94568
The U.S.A.

#i-meyillO paMpiMchE kathalu yUnikOD phArmAT lO paMpiMchaMDi. #Email: editor@koumudi.net

#pUrtigA #»

tAnA vyAsa rachana pOTIki AhvAnaM

rAbOyE 20va tAnA samAvESAlalO (jUlai 2-4, 2015) telugu sAhitya kAryakramAla nirvAhaka vargaM ‘telugu sAhityaMlO strIla pAtrala svabhAva pariNAmaM’ anE aMSaMpai charchAvEdika nirvahiMchanuMdi.

telugulO purANAla nuMDi ippaTi adhunAtana sAhityaM varaku eMtO vaividhyamunna strI pAtrala chitraNa jarigiMdi. iMdulO purANAlatO pATu, kAvyAlu, nATakAlu, kathalu, navalalu, kavitalu, modalaina ennO prakriyalu pAlu paMchukunnAyi. iMtaTi sudIrghamaina charitra unna sAhityaMtO pATu, gata 80 ELLugA chalanachitra raMgaM kUDA strIpAtrala pariNatini pradarSiMchaDaMlO tana vaMtu prabhAvAnni chAlAnE chUpiMdi. rachayitala (dRSya prakriyalanu nirdESiMchE vAritO sahA) sRshTilO A pAtralu, AyA sthala, kAlAla; AchAra, vyavahArAlanu baTTi mArE avakASaM uMTuMdi. I prayatnaMlO pAtralu samakAlIna jIvitAnni pratibiMbiMchavachchu, bhavishyadarSanaM chEyavachchu, lEdA gatasmRtulanu nemaru vEsukuMTU uMDavachchu.

I nEpadhyaMlO strI pAtrala svabhAvAlalO vachchina mArpulu vividha telugu sAhitI prakriyalalOnu, dRSya mAdhyamAlalOnu elA prakaTitamayyAyi? elAMTi pariNAmAlaku lOnayyAyi? I mArpulu samakAlIna samAjaMlO strIla jIvitAlni E vidhaMgA prabhAvitaM chESAyi? anE vishayAlanu charchaku tIsukurAvaDaM, I vEdika nirvahaNa pradhAnOddESaM. iMtaTi vistRta vastuvunu kEvalaM oka reMDu gaMTala charchAvEdikalO imiDchaDaM asAdhyaM. kAnI I vastuvuku vIlainaMta viSAla vEdika kalpiMchaDaM, I vyAsa rachana pOTI pradhAnOddESaM.

pOTIlO pAlgona daluchukunnavAru, tamaku nachchina, anuvaina, abhinivESaM unna, spashTata unna, lEdA pravESaM unna, E kONaM nuMDainA, E parimitulalOnainA, I vyAsa rachana chEyavachchu. ennukunna paridhilO vishayAnni eMta kUlaMkashaMgA, eMta vistRtaMgA pariSIliMchi, eMta saraLaMgAnU, kluptaMgAnU viSlEshiMchAranna vATipainE bahumati nirNayaM uMTuMdi kAnI, kEvalaM vastuvu parimANa vistRti okkaTE bahumatiki arhata kAjAladu.

nibaMdhanalu

  1. vyAsAlu telugulOnE vrAyAli.
  2. I charchAvEdika nirvAhakulu, charchalO pAlgonaDAniki rAbOyE AhvAnitulu tappa, migilina telugu vAraMdarU I vyAsa rachana pOTIki arhulE.
  3. vyAsAlanu chEti vrAtalO kAkuMDA kaMpyUTarulO Taipu chEsi, #PDF# phailugA mArchi paMpAli. (kaMpyUTarulO Taipu chEyaDAniki vesulubATu lEnivAru, gaDuvu tEdIki kanIsaM 30 rOjulu muMdugA vyAsa rachana pUrti chEsi mammalni saMpradistE, vIlunu baTTi sahAyaM chEyaDAniki prayatnistAmu.)
  4. modaTi pEjIlO vyAsaM pEru, rachayita pEru, chirunAmA, phOn naMbaru, Imeyil, vyAsaM mottaM enni pEjIlu, vivarAlu mAtramE uMDAli. taruvAti pEjIlalO vyAsaM pEru, vyAsaM tappa vErE vivarAlu uMDakUDadu. nyAyanirNEtalaku rachayita vivarAlu teliyarAdu kanuka vyAsa rachayitaku saMbaMdhiMchina vivarAlEvI vyAsaMlO (aMTE reMDava pEjI modalukoni) uMDakUDadu.
  5. vyAsaM niDivi 5 pEjIlu miMchakUDadu. (pEjI parimANAlu: 7.5 #x 9# aMguLAlu lEdA 19 #x 23# seMTI mITarulu. vADE lipi parimANaM 12 #points# ku takkuvagA uMDakUDadu). tIsukunna vastuvunu viSadIkariMchi, viSlEshiMchaDAniki avasaramainaMta mErakE vyAsaM uMDAli gAnI, garishTa niDivi varaku vyAsAnni poDigiMchanavasaraMlEdu.
  6. vyAsAnni Imeyil dvArA #tanavyasamu@gmail.com# ku paMpAli. vyAsAnni paMpinavAri Imeyil tO, vyAsa rachayitanu, vyAsa kartRtvAnni, I vyAsa rachana pOTI nibaMdhanalni, chaTTarItyA dhRvIkaristunnaTTu, aMgIkaristunnaTTu, bhAvistAmu. vErE dhRvIkaraNala avasaraM lEdu.
  7. vyAsAlu mAku chEravalasina Akharu tEdI: Epril 4, 2015.
  8. nyAyanirNEtala dRshTilO uttamamainavigA eMpikaina modaTi mUDu vyAsAlaku bahumatulu (ru. 27,232; ru. 17,314; ru. 11,234; lEdA samAnamaina viluvalO rachayita nivasiMchE dESapu dravyaMlO) uMTAyi. bahumati poMdina vyAsAlatO pATu, migilina vATilO ennadaginavATini tAnA 20va samAvESAla saMdarbhaMgA prachuriMchE hakkulu nirvAhakavargAnivE.
  9. nyAyanirNEtala abhiprAyaMlO E vyAsAnikI tagina arhatalu lEvani tOstE bahumatini ivvaDAniki, prachuriMchaDAniki, nirAkariMchE hakkulu kUDA nirvAhakavargAnivE. I nibaMdhana kEvalaM AshAmAshIgA vyAsa rachana pOTIlO pAlgoni bahumatulanu ASiMchE vArini nirutsAha parachaDAniki; nibaddhatatO, kramaSikshaNatO, chEsina rachanalaku tagina viluvanu ApAdiMchaDAniki mAtramEnani manavi.
pUrtigA #»