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vishaya sUchika: navaMbar 2014

muMdumATa

ImATa navaMbar 2014 saMchikaku svAgataM!


tama anubhavAlu AlOchanalu bhAvukatatO bAdhatO AvESaMtO prEmatO padimaMdikI paMchukuMdAmanI, samAjAniki diSAnirdESanaM chEddAmanI, kavigA goppa pEru techchukuMdAmanI eMdarO utsAhapaDutuMTAru. kAnI vIriki ippaTidAkA AcharaNalO peTTgagaligE sUchanalichchi vArini prOtsahiMchE diSagA E prayatnamU lEkapOvaDaM vichArakaraM. sAhityaMpai tana apOhalanu bAhATaMgA oppukuMTU, vATiki prAyaSchittaMgA kavi kAvAlanukunE vAru veMTanE pATiMchagaligE sUchanalistU mAdhav mAౘvaraM rAsina bOdhanAtmaka sOdAharaNa vyAsaM kavi kAvaDaM elA? konni prAkTikal sUchanalu I saMchikalO. prAchuryaMlO unna konni kavitva paddhatulatO pATugA kavitvaM nijaMgA EmiTi, kavi ErparachukOvalasina lakshaNAlu, kavigA konasAgaDaM elA? vaMTi upayukta aMSAlu kUDA I van^sTAr gaiD lAMTi vyAsaMlO charchiMchabaDDAyi.


I saMchikalO:

  • kavitalu: punarutthAnaM – bivivi prasAd; reMDu kavitalu – mAnasa chAmarti; viSAkha vRkshayAgaM akTObar 2014 – ta@hta@h; anAvishkRtaM – vinnakOTa raviSaMkar.
  • kathalu: baMgArrAju muddu – tADikoMDa SivakumAraSarma; bhagavaMtuDO sAkshi – Ar Sarma daMturti; amerikA illAli muchchaTlu: iMDiyA prayANaM – SyAmalAdEvi daSigi.
  • vyAsAlu: sAhityAvagAhana: maroka dRkpathaM – vElUri vEMkaTESvara rAvu; kavi kAvaDaM elA? konni prAkTikal sUchanalu – mAdhav mAౘvaraM; plUTO grahachAraM – vEmUri vEMkaTESvararAvu; reMDu padyAlaku viSEshArthAlu – duranvayAlaku samanvayAlu – ElchUri muraLIdhararAvu.
  • itaramulu: nAku nachchina padyaM: kArtIka SivajyOtsna – bhairavabhaTla kAmESvararAvu padyasAhitya SIrshika; nA guruvu SrI SrIpAda kRshNamUrti – vEdula satyanArAyaNa Sarma prasaMgaM; vEmanapai kaTTamaMchi – SabdataraMgAlu vibhAgaMlO paruchUri SrInivAs samarpaNalu.
pUrtigA #»

kathalu

baMgArrAju muddu

baMgArrAjekkina vimAnaM haidarAbAd eyir^pOrTuni samIpistunna koddI atanlOni udvignata ekkuvavaDaM modalu peTTiMdi. ‘amerikAlO aDugu peTTina EDAdi taruvAta gAnI maLlI bhAratadESapu mukhAnni chUDaDAniki vIlavadani jyOtishkuDevaDayinA ammaki cheppi vuMTE nEnasalu amerikA gUrchi kalalOnayinA UhiMchaDAniki vIlayyEdA?’ ani modaTlO anukunnADu. reMDELla taruvAta ani marusaTEDAdi anukunnADu. adi kAstA mUDELla taruvAta, nAlugELla taruvAta… alA abhivRddhi cheMdi, grIn kArD chEtikochchi atanI vimAnamekkEsariki padELlu gaDichAyi.

nijAniki baMgArrAju talli, ‘mA abbAyiki grIn kArD eppuDostuMdi?’ ani AsthAna jyOtishkuNNi sAdhiMchaDaM baMgArrAju amerikA vimAnaM ekkina marunATi niMchE modalupeTTiMdi. modaTlO ivALO, rEpO annatanu kAstA reMDELlu gaDichEsariki SanijapaM chEyiMchAlanI, kujuDiki kOpaM taggiMchaDaM kOsaM pUjalu cheyyAlanI, guruDiki hOmaM chEyiMchAlanI cheppaDamE gAka vATini chEyiMchi iMkO reMDELlu sAgadIsEsariki, iMkatanu vALla gummaM tokkakuMDA chIpurukaTTatO ataniki SAMti chEyiMchiMdi.

baMgArrAju amerikA veLlina mahardaSa vai2ke. adi E jAtakAllOnU, E grahAnikI saMbaMdhiMchinadi kAdu; E grahamU iMkODiMTlO dUraDaM vallanO iMkokaNNi OragAnO, lEka kOragAnO chUDaDaM vallanO saMbhaviMchinadi kAdu. adi amerikAvADi telivitakkuvatanaM. kAkapOtE sOmaritanaM. lEkapOtE, nAlugaMkeluMDE krIstuSakaM kAlamAnAnni kAsta kudiMchi, chivari reMDaMkelatO saripuchchukommanamani evaru mAtraM elA chebutAru? evari tappayitEnEM gAnI adi baMgArrAjuki oppE chEsiMdi.

atanu chEsiMdi bIyEnE ayinA, tirigiMdi bhImavaraM lOnE ayinA atani naiki shUsunI, lIvais jInsunI, TAmI hilphaigar TIsharTunI, rEbAn gAgulsunI chUsina vALlaMdarU ataniki amerikA mudrani TInEjar^gA vunnappuDE vEsESAru. A mudraki koddigAnainA sthAnabalimini kaligiMchAlani E grahAnikO durada puTTaDaM valla kAbOlu kObAl prOgrAmiMg nErchukunnADu. adE mudrani ai.es.ai. mudragA bhAviMchina dhanalakshmi ataNNi arjeMTugA konEsukuMdi. peLli kAkamuMdarE Ame pEruni aiSvaryagA mArustAnanE atani iMgitaM venukanunna mahattaramayina prEmani Ame ghATugA prEmiMchEsi, “ai lavyU sO mach^rA baMgArU!” annadi atani kaugiTlO karigipOtU.

A kaugiTini aTlAgE paTTukuni A vai2ke mahardaSalO baMgArrAju tanatO amerikA tIsukupOvaDAniki Ame poTTalOni bAbigANNi dhanalakshmi tallidaMDrulu aDDaM peTTAru. ‘vADu puTTagAnE tappakuMDA vastAnu,’ ani vimAnamekkina baMgArrAjuni bAbigADi bArasAlaki rAnIyakuMDA muMduchUputO siMgil eMTrI vIsAni mAtraM ataniki rAyiMchina amerikA vADaDDochchADu. dhanalakshmini kUDA, amerikA kAnsulET chuTTU porlu pradakshiNAlu chEstAnani Ame bediriMchEdAkA lAgi, reMDELla taruvAta ayitEnEM, AmenI bAbigANNI SAn phrAnsiskOlO vunna baMgArrAjuni chEranichchADu. manavarAlu katrInA puTTinappuDu veLli tIrAlanna baMgArrAju talliki mAtraM saiMdhavuDilA aDDupaDDADu. manavarAlu katrInA puTTinappuDu veLli tIrAlaMTU adE bediriMpuni baMgArrAju talli chEstE, ‘ikkaDa kAdu, vIsA veMkaTESvarasvAmi daggara chEsi rAmmA. taruvAta veyyi DAlarlu kaTTu. ayitE vIsA vastuMdani gyAraMTI EmI lEdu,’ ani A kAnsulET vADannavADani, A annavADu chEtan paTEl anna bhAratIyuDilA unnavADani AviDaki maMDipOyi AviDakochchina achchatelugulO vADi mIda SApanArthAlani kummariMchiMdi.

aMdarikI reMDumUDELlallO grIn kArD rAvaDamEmiTI, vIDikinnELlu paTTaDamEmiTI? ani Ame aMdaritOnu vApOtuMDEdi. sarayina lAyarni chUskoni vuMDaDu, ani evarayinA kisukkuna aMTE, mIku ibitrI kETagirI gUrchi telusA? ani veMTanE praSniMchEdi. iMDiyAlO i, biryAnIlO bi, trishAlO tri. I mUDiMTinI kalipitE mAvADi grIn kArD kETagirI. arthamaiMdA? ani ghATugA bOdhiMchEdi. AviDaki aMta arthamayyElA cheppiMdi baMgArrAjE. appaTikE amerikAlO evarikayinA phOn chEsi tana pEru cheppAlsi vachchinappuDu, bi yAj in biryAnI, e yAj in amerikA, en yAj in enTI rAmArAv aMTU cheppaDaM alavATu jEsukunnADu.

“nEnu iMjanIriMg chEstAnaMTE nuvvu aDDaM koTTAv. A DigrI vuMTE aplai chEsina reMDELlallO grIn kArD vachchuMDEdi,” annADu baMgArrAju.

udyOgaM sakramaMgAnE chEstunnA, iMjanIriMg DigrIlunna vALlatO EmAtraM toNakakuMDA pOTI paDutunnA, maikrOsAphT sarTiphikEshan unnA, grIn kArD aplikEshanla vishayaMlO mAtraM A iMjanIriMg DigrI vunnavALlEmO tirupatilO speshal darSanaM lainlOnU tanEmO dharmadarSanaM kyUlOnU unnaTlanipiMchi, ataniki maMTettinA cheyyagaligiMdEmI lEdu ganuka sahistunnADu.

“appuDu nAkEM telusurA? nuvvu iMjanIriMg cheyyaDAniki kashTapaDaDameMdukani, paigA EdO nA kaLla muMduMchukuMdAmanI vaddannAnu gAnI Dabbuku lEkanA? I madhya ikkaDa pETakO iMjanIriMg kAlEjI terustunnAru. vALlaki phIjulu kaDitE chAlaTa. evarU klAsulaki kUDA veLlaraTa. vATillO chaduvutunna pillalaMtA eppuDU iMTi chuTTupakkalE kanipistuMTAru. ‘klAsulaki veLlarEmiTrA?’ anaDigitE, ‘akkaDa cheppEvALlekkaDunnAru AMTI?’ aMTAru. A kAlEjI vALlanaDigi O DigrI sarTiphikeT paMpEdA?” ASagA aDigiMdAviDa.

“adEdO grIn kArDuki aplai chEsETappuDE chEsuMDAlsiMdi. ippuDu lAbhaM lEdu,” annADu baMgArrAju.

vADi biyyE DigrIni aDDaM peTTukuni nA manavarAlni chUDanIkuMDA AputOMdi I vedhava vIsA, ani AviDa amerikAni ADipOsukOni kshaNaM lEdu. prastutaM A manavarAlu katrInA, AviDa voLlOnE kUrchuni, dhanalakshmi TIsharTuni paTTukuni lAgutU, annayya bAbigADitOnU, ammamma, tAtalatOnU haidarAbAd eyir^pOrTulO atanikai eduru chUstOMdi. A pilla chikAkunI, EDupunI chUsina vALlevarayinA baMgArrAju akkaDaki rAvaDaM A pillaki ishTaM lEdanukunE avakASamuMdi gAnI, ardharAtri oMTigaMTaki reMDELla pillani nidralEpi paTTukochchArani chebitE mAtraM A pillani apArdhaM chEsukunnaMduku chATugAnayinA sarE, cheMpalEsukuMTAru. dhanalakshmI bAbigADU appaTiki nelarOjula kritamE -– grIn kArD vachchi vAraM iMkA pUrti kAkuMDAnE — puDutUnE amerikan siTijen^shippuni chEta paTTukochchina katrInAtO sahA haidarAbAd chErukunnAru. iMDiyA veLlaDaM modaTisAri kAvaDaM valla dhanalakshmi tAnu akkaDa kanIsaM reNNelluMDAlaMdi. baMgArrAjuki annALlu selavu dorikE avakASamE lEdu ganuka AmE pillalU muMdu veLlElA, nela taruvAta atanu vALlani chErElA, vachchETappuDu mAtraM aMdarU kalisi tirigi vachchElA TikkeTlu konukkunnAru. aMdukE atanu ippuDu oMTarigA vastunnADu.


baMgArrAju udvEgAniki lOnu kAvaDAniki eMtO chinna kAraNaM chAlaMTuMdi atanni panneMDELlugA absarvEshan^lO vuMchina dhanalakshmi. ‘ai lavyU baMgArU,’ ani modaTisAri Ame nOTlOMchi rAgAnE atani kaLlallO nILlani chUsi ubbitabbibbaipOyiMdi gAnI, taruvAtaniMchI evarayinA nI chokkA bAvuMdi, yu luk nais TuDE lAMTi sAdhAraNa vyAkhyalu cheyyagAnE atani kaLlallO taDini chUDaDaM alavATayina taruvAta, ‘DIhaiDrEshan vastuMdi. I nILlu tAgaMDi,’ ani eppuDU aMdubATulO uMchukunE nILla bATilni atani chEtikivvaDaM modalu peTTiMdi. sItArAmayyagAri manavarAlu sinimAni iMTlO chUstunnappuDayitE atanu kaLlu tuDuchukuMTU pakkana kUrchunna Ame chIra koMguni pUrtigA taDipESADu. appaTniMchI atani pakkana kUrchuni sinimA chUsETappuDu Ame muMdugAnE nILla bATiltO bATu oka hAMD Tavalni kUDA oLlO reDIgA peTTukunEdi.

alAMTi baMgArrAju udvignatani himOnnataSikharAla nekkiMchiMdi atanu phlaiT^lO chUsina hiMdI sinimA.

A sinimAlO, kAshAya vastrAlani kaTTukuni, nerustunna bavirigaDDaMtO vunna okAyana iMDiyAlO aDugu peTTagAnE mOkALlani nElakAniMchi, vaMgi nElani muddu peTTukoni, mErA bhArat mahAn aMTADu. A venakE digina oka sUT^vAlA goMtuni baTTi A gaDDapAyanni tana taMDrigA gurtistADu. A sUT^vAlA amerikA veLli modaTlO chAlA kashTAlu paDi, A kashTAlani tana tallidaMDrulaki teliyajeyyaDaM ishTaM lEka tana phOn naMbarU aDrassu vALlaki teliyanivvaDu. padELla taruvAta bijines^lO vijayavaMtuDai iMDiyA kostADu. A gaDDapAyana, akkuna chErchukOvaDAniki A sUT^vAlA talli I lOkaMlO lEdanna vArtani koDukki chEravEstADu. aMduvallanE tanu ayidELla kritaM sanyAsaM puchchukunnADanI, telisina vALlevarayinA koDuku AchUkI chebutArEmOnani amerikAlO vunna SishyabRMdaM pilistE veLli, chikAgOlO sinhA gAriMTlO, hUsTan^lO hegDE gAriMTlO, mErIlAMD^lO mehatA gAriMTlO, SAn phrAnsiskOlO SAstri gAriMTlO, ilA dESaM nalumUlalA koDuku gUrchi AchUkI aDigi tirigostunnAnanI chebutADu. mari, okE plEn^lO vunnA manaM ippaTidAkA kalavalEdeMdukani? ani praSnistADu sUT^vAlA. nEnu bijines klAsulO vachchAnu. mari nuvvu? aMTADu taMDri. ekAnamIlO, aMTADu koDuku. mari aMduku, ani javAbistADu taMDri. IlOgA byAk^grauMDlO ‘jananI janmabhUmiScha svargAdapi garIyasI,’ ani pATa vastUMDaDaMtO sUT^vAlAki tana kartavyaM gurtochchi, amma lEkapOtEnEM, janmanichchina I nElatalli vuMDagA ani, yE miThThI, yE dharitri, yE janmabhUmi aMTU A nEla mIda muddula varshAnni kuripistADu.

I saMbhAshaNa jarugutunnaMtasEpU baMgArrAju kaLlallO phauMTenlu uvvettuna egasipaDDAyi. viMDO sITlO kUrchunna atanu chEtikaMdina guDDatO kaLlu tuDuchukuMTuMTE, ‘chUDaMDi, itanu nAkoMgu lAgutunnADu,’ ani pakkasITlO kUrchunnAviDa aravaDaM vinipiMchiMdi. adiripOyina baMgArrAju, ‘kshamiMchaMDi, mA AviDanukunnAnu,’ ani kaLlallOMchi gaMgAgOdAvarulani pravahiMpajEstuMTE, AviDa, ‘I paTTuchIrekaMTina nILla marakalu DraiklIniMg chEsinA pOvu,’ ani visukkuMTU tana rumAluni atanikichchiMdi – ‘maLlI ivvakhkharlE’dani nokki chebutU. taruvAta, ‘madhya sITu nAkoddaMTE, pakkanavunnadi nI tammuDi vayasuvADaMTU ayil sITlO kUrchunnAru. ippaTikayinA iTraMDi,’ ani moguDi mIda chikAkupaDi, lEchi, Ayana chEta sITu mArpiMchiMdi. iMkA nayaM! nEnu nidrapOtU AviDa bhujammIda talavAlchinappuDu chUsiMdi kAdu, anukuni tElika paDDADu baMgArrAju.

baMgArrAju chUsina A sinimA atani manOkshEtrammIda padunaina nAgalitO parrulani chEsiMdi. eyir^pOrTulO talli vEchivuMTuMdani atanikelAgO telusu. Ame mIda muddulavarshAnnelAgU kuripistADu. ika migiliMdi janmabhUmiki – adE, dharitriki – muddu peTTaDaM. dharitri anna padAnni atanu modaTisAri vinnadi A phlaiT^lOnE ayinA, kAMTeksTuni baTTi janmabhUmiki dAnni paryAyapadaMgA arthaM chEsukunnADu. EdayinA kotta padAnni gurtuMchukOvAlaMTE A padAnni adE panigA vADutUMDAli, anna haiskUl mAshTAri upadESaM A sinimA chUstunnappuDE gurtochchi dAnni pATiMchAlani manasulO nOT chEsukunnADu. dharitrini padE padE taluchukunnADu. vimAnaM digagAnE tanu cheyyabOyE modaTi pani adEnanna nirNayAniki atanochchADu.

vimAnaM lAMD ayina taruvAta adi melligA gETla daggariki chErutuMDagAnE prayANIkulaMdarU gabagabA lEchi nilabaDDAru. naDustunna vimAnaM lOMchi dUkEyaru kadA ani baMgArrAju bhayapaDDADu. railu gAnI bassu gAnI kadultunnappuDu ekkaDaM digaDaM eMta alavATunnA, A ettulOMchi dUkitE makkelu viragaDaM khAyamannadi ataniki telusu. ayitE, phlaiT aTeMDeMT^ki tappa iMkevarikI vimAnaM talupulani elA tiyyAlO telisinaTlu lEdu. prayANIkulaMtA Ame talupu tIsEdAkA alAgE nilchuMDi pOyAru.

aMdarU alA nilchunuMDagAnE, eks^kyUj mI aMTU oka naDivayaskuDu vimAnaM venuka modalu peTTi, tOsukuMTU vachchi, sariggA baMgArrAju sITupaina vunna Ovar^heD lagEj kyAbin terichi aMdulOni kArI-An bayaTaku lAgADu. aMdulO vunna baMgAru iTukala baruvuni atanu ApalEka kAbOlu baMgArrAju nettimIda dAnni dabhImani paDEsi, sArI ani janAMtikaMgA anEsi, eks^kyUj mI aMTU muMduku dUsukupOyADu. A sUT^kEs kAlimIda niMchi pOvaDaM valla taTTukOlEni bAdhatO okAyana kOpaMgAnE, mIkannA muMduniMchE ikkaDunnAM annADu. aMdukEgA eks^kyUj mI annAnu, ani tokkaDAniki migilina pAdAlani vedukkuMTU naDivayaskuDu muMduki sAgipOyADu.

mottAniki baMgArrAju vimAnaM lOMchi kuDikAluni jeT briDj mIda AniMchagAnE, bhAratadESapu baMgAru nElani akkaDE muddu peTTukOvAlanipiMchi, muMduki vaMgADu. venaka vastunna vALlaki atanEM cheyyabOtunnADO muMdugA atanu mATavarusakayinA cheppaka pOvaDaMtO, vALlu tirupati kyUlO nilchunnappaTi lAgA atanni muMduku tOSAru. bAlans lEka atanu muMduku paDinA gAnI atani muMdupaLlu atani tOnE eyir^pOrT bayaTa vEchi vunna dhanalakshmi dAkA chEraDAniki kAraNaM atani nuduru muMdugA A jeT briDj phlOr^ni tAkaDaM. atani eDamakAlu vimAnAnni vadili muMduku rAnani morAyiMchaDaMtO baMgArrAju oka pakkaki paDDADu. atani kuDichEti paTTuni dAdApu vidiliMchukunna atani kArI-An E kaLanuMdO gAnI egiri atani mIda paDi kAvaliMchukoMdi.

“nElani muddu peTTukOvaDaM ikkaDa kAdaMDI, muMdara. chalAnA kaTTi, TOken tIsukunna taruvAta!” vIl^Cheyirni vimAnaM dAkA paTTukochchina oka eyir^pOrT eMplAyI uchitasalahA nichchADu gAnI atanunna chOTu niMchi aMguLaM kUDA kadallEdu. baMgArrAju venaka vachchinavALlu O pAtika maMdi, ‘A paDEdEdO koddigA pakkaku paDochchugA, marI madhyalO paDDADu,’ ani visukkuMTU atani kALla madhya aDugulEstU atanni dATukuMTU, sUT^kEsulani atani mIdugA lAkkuMTU veLlAru. A tokkisalATalO tana prANAlu pOtAyEmOnani atanu kALlu daggaraku tIsukuMTU bhayapaDDADu gAnI, jAlipaDDa oka tOTi prayANIkuDu chEtini aMdiMchagAnE, batikAnrA dEvuDA! anukuMTU lEchi nilabaDi, kArI-An lAkkuMTU, ‘jeT briDj nEla kAdu gadA! paigA, nElaki kanIsaM iravai aDugula ettulO vuMTuMdi! asalu dAnni muddu peTTukOvAlanE buddhi takkuva AlOchana nAkelA vachchiMdasalu?’ ani tanani tanu tiTTukuMTU muMduku naDichADu.

pUrtigA #»

amerikA illAli muchchaTlu: iMDiyA prayANaM

EmiTI, rEpu prayANaM peTTukuni iMkA EmI sardalEdEM aMTArA?

EmuMdiTA sardaDAniki, veLtunnadi liMgu-liTuku ani iddaraM! veLLEdi iMDiyAkE gAni aDavilOki kAdu kadA? dUrapu prayANaM peTTukuni kAvAlsinavi daggara lEkapOtE akkaDikeLLAka ibbaMdi paDipOtAM aMTArA ?

mIku A bhayaM EM akkaralEdu. avasaramaina vastuvu marchipOyinA, asalu tIsikeLLaka pOyinA kUDA EM pharavAlEdu. ivvALA rEpU iMDiyAlO mArumUla saMdullO kUDA amerikA vastuvulannI dorukutunnAyi. maLLI mATlADitE ikkaDi kaMTE maMchivi kUDA dorukutunnAyi! mIku kAvAlsina vALLaMdarU amerikAlOnE vuMDaTaMtO, I madhya iMDiyA prayANAnni venakki neTTEstU vachchAru. innALLaku nA balavaMtaM koddI bayaludEri iMDiyA anagAnE… AnATi prayANaM anukuMTU anavasaraMgA kaMgAru paDutunnAru!

EmiTI, akkaDa mana vALLaku ivvaDAniki EmainA giphTs paTTikeLtE bAvuMTuMdi aMTArA?

bAnE vuMTuMdi! nEnU alAgE anukuni shApiMguku veLLA. kAnI nAku nachchiMdi EM koMdAM annA ‘mED in iMDiyA’ anE vuMTunnAyi. vetiki vetiki EmainA tIsukunnA, akkaDi vALLu manaM ichchina vATini alA tIsukuni ilA pakkana peTTEstunnAru! aMdarikI akkaDE EmainA koni iddAM lEMDi.

mIrannaTTu venaka rOjullO iMDiyA prayANaM aMTE eMta haDAviDi, eMta haMgAmA vuMDEdO!

iMDiyA prayANaM anukunnappaTi nuMchI veLtunnAM anna bhAvana tOnU, tirigi vachchAka veLlochchina AnaMdaMtOnU konni ELLu gaDipE vALLaM. mari I kAlaM vALLu iMDiyA veLtE… vALLu veLLinaTTu iMTlO vALLu kUDA gamaniMchaTlEdu. aMta guTTugA alAveLLi ilA vachchEstunnAru! prayANAniki vimAnaM TikkeTlu rAgAnE vATini chUsE manaM eMtO saMbara paDipOyEvALLaM! O chinna pustakaM aMta saijulO mettagA milamilA merisipOyE A TikkeTlanu eMtO jAgrattagA muTTukuni murisipOyEvALLaM! manalO evaru iMDiyA veLtunnA vALLanu diMpaTAniki pillalatO sahA aMdaraM polOmani eyirpOrT^ku bayaludErE vALLaM.

manaM iMTiki veLtunnAM ani teliyagAnE mana phreMDs aMdarU vachchi vALLavALLaku ivvamani EdO okaTi ichchEvAru. manaM akkaDiki chEragAnE evarevarO vachchi amerikAlO vunna vALLa pillala yOgakshEmAlu aDigi vALLanu chUsinaMta AnaMdapaDi pOyEvAru!

phalAnA nelalO iMDiyA vastunnAM ani O Arunelala muMdu mI nAnna gAriki mIru uttaraM rAsEvAru. iMka mAvagAri AnaMdAniki paTTapaggAlu vuMDEvi kAvu. veMTanE ippaTi I meyils kaMTE phAsTugA baMdhuvulaMdarikI mAvADostunnADani kArDu mukkalu rAsipaDEsEvAru! iMka akkaDinuMchi manaku varasagA uttarAlu vachchEvi.

orE madhU! nAku phul hAMDs chokkA… mA bAs ki O Tai paTTukurA… mI vadina risTu vAchI kAvAlani manasu paDutOMdirA!

akkA! nAku piMk kalar phAren nailAn chIra tIsukurA… osEv mA bujjigADiki O jubbA, alAgE O baMti tEvaDaM marchipOku.

annayyA, nAku nalla kaLLa jODu kAvAli. bAvA! mEjOLlu… aMTU ilA aMdarU EdO okaTi kAvAlani rAsEvAru.

daggarivALLu darjAgA aDigitE dUrapuvALLu doMgatanaMgA aDigEvAru! uttaraM chivaralO, ‘ilA aDiginaTlu mI nAnna gAriki cheppoddani’ kUDA rAsEvAru! aMdarikI tIsikeLLAlsina vastuvulu okkakkaTE koni gadilO pillalaku aMdakuMDA dAchEvAru mIru. annI okkasAri konaTAniki appaTlO manaku anni DabbulekkaDivI?

aMdarU aDigE vastuvulu kAkuMDA mAvagAru pratyEkaMgA O lisTu rAsEvAru. elmars glU, bAl pAyiMT pennulu, kalar pensiLlu, chekkukOvaDAniki pensil shArpenarlu… aDigEvAru. haiskUl heDmAsTar rAmanAdhaM gAraMTE A rOjullO pillalatO pATu tallidaMDrulakkUDA bhayamE! phainal ekjAMs^lO phasT mArkulochchina vALLaku, ATallO gelichina vALLaku, vyAsapOTIllO pAlgonna vALLaku, skUl vArshikOtsavAllO vATini bahumatulugA ichchEvAru.

aMdarU ilA EvEvO aDiginA, attagAru mAtraM Emi aDigEvAru kAdu. modaTisAri manaM iMDiyA veLLinappuDu mIru sTIlu glAsulO kAphI tAgaDAniki avastha paDaTaM chUsi, mI ammagAru appaTikappuDu piMgANi kappu-sAsaru teppiMchAru mI kOsaM gurtuMdA? attagAru gOruchuTTutO bAdhapaDutU kUDA, mIku ishTamaina gArelu chEsipeTTAlani pappurubbaTAniki kUrchuMTE AviDanu lEpi guMDammakathalO aMjilA mIru rOTiki aTOkAlu iTOkAlu vEsi baDabaDA piMDi rubbaTaM nAku bAgA gurtu!

mI ammaku Srama taggiMchAlani tarvAta TrippulO, kasTams vADiki bOleDaMta TAks samarpiMchi O graiMDar paTTikeLLAru. plaggu pAyiMT hAllOnE vuMDaTaMtO dAnni akkaDunna TEbul mIda peTTAru mIru. taLataLA merisipOtunna I mishinEdO mAneDu pappuni kshaNaMlO rubbEstuMdani telisi, A chOdyaM chUDDAniki iMTlO vunnavALLaM kAkuMDA panimanishi kAMtaM, pAlu pOsE sAMbayya, chAkali vIrayya, peLLAM rAjamma, vADukagA pUlammE veMkaTrAv, appuDE vUrinuMchi digina mA annayya, vadinalatO hAlu niMDipOyiMdi. EdO sAmeta cheppinaTTu eduru chUsinaMta sEpu paTTalA! mIru sTail gA svich An cheyyaDaMtOTE vunna pavar chAlaka Ovar lOD ayi ThAp anna SabdaM aMdulO niMchi pogalu segalu rAvaDaMtO aMdarU peddagA aruchukuMTU vIdhilOki parigettAru!

manaM akkaDa vunnannALLu illu peLLivAri illulA saMdaDi saMdaDiga, haDAviDigA vuMDEdi! manalni chUDDAniki mIvaipu vALLu nAvaipu vALLu evarO okaru vastUnE vuMDEvAru. vastU vastU eMbrAyiDarI chEsina jEburumALLu, gAjulu, pUsala golusulu, pArkar pennulu, kaph liMks, baMdaru laDDUlu, kAkinADa kAjAlu, ilA EvO okaTi manakOsaM prEmagA techchEvAru.

mana tirugu prayANaM daggaraki vastOMdI anagAnE attagAru digulu paDaTaM modalu peTTEvAru, kAnI mAvagAru mAtraM bijIbijIgA vuMDEvAru! manatO paMpiMchAlsina UragAyalatO modalayyEdi Ayana haDAviDi. mana prayANAniki vAraM rOjulaku muMdE pAta sAmAnlu ammE kOTayya daggarakeLLi amUl DabbAlu, ovalTIn DabbAlu paTTukochchi AyanE svayaMgA SubhraM chEsEvAru. tarvAta vATillO plAsTik kavarlu vEsi pachchaLLu niMpi mUtalu peTTi A DabbAlannI rikshAlO peTTiMchukuni haDAviDigA mATlu vEsE mastAn sAyibu daggaraku veLLEvAru. vATini sIlu chEyiMchi hAllO gODavAragA bOrliMchi varasAggA amarchEvAru. nAlugaidu rOjulu alAgE vuMchi pratirOju parIkshiMchEvAru. avasaramaitE huTAhuTina DabbA(lu) puchchukuni ripEruku parigettEvAru!

“ivi amerikA veLLE pachchaLLarrA” aMTU evarinI muTTukOnichchE vAru kAdu. mAvagArokkarE maDigA muTTukunEvAru! ikkaDikochchAka ekkaDa tikamaka paDipOtAmO ani anniMTikI pErlu rAsi lEbuls atikiMchEvAru. manakOsaM doDlO cheTTunuMchi karivEpAku kOyiMchi nIDalO ArapeTTi pyAk chEsEvAru. mana lagEj aMtA varaMDAlO peTTi subbayya koTTunuMchi kATA teppiMchi okkokkaTI baruvu tUchEvAru. mana tirugu prayANAniki anni ErpATlu chEstU AyanE amerikA veLtunnaMta saMbarapaDi pOyEvAru!

mI ammagAri piMDivaMTala ghumaghumala lAgE A prayANaM tIpi gurtulu manatO ennO rOjulu vuMDEvi. nijaMgA A pAta rOjullO manaM chEsina A prayANAlE vEru A peddavALLa prEmalE vEru.

vuy mis dem verI mach.

pUrtigA #»

bhagavaMtuDO sAkshi

poddunnE gurrAlani bayaTaki tIsi baMDi siddhaM chEstunnADu AksinOv. ippuDaitE muphphaillO paDi akkaDO veMTrukA ikkaDO veMTrukA nerustOMdi kAnI hushArugAnE unnADu. paTnaMlO saMta aMTE sarukaMtA ammEsi UraMtA chUDochchu. Dabbulaki DabbulU, vyApArAniki vyApAramUnu. hushAru kAdu marI? panivADu ammE saruku baMDilO peDutUMTE gurrAlani chUstU baMDi muMdu nilabaDi unnADu AksinOv.

I lOpula EdO koMpalaMTukupOtunnaTTu iMTi lOpalnuMchi AviDa pilchiMdi, “kAsta ilA rA lOpalaki,” aMTU. visukkuMTU iMTivEpu kadilEDu.

“EviTi saMgati?” lOpalakochchina AksinOv aDigEDu. ADavALLu evarainA ippuDu ‘nEnu kUDA vastA’ aMTArEmO ani AksinOv bedirina mATa vAstavaM. vALLu kAnI vastAnaMTE I vEsavi poddunnE vEDekkakuMDA bayaldEri veLLipOdAM anukunna prayANaM beDisikoTTinaTTE.

“rAtri pIDakala vachchiMdi nI guriMchi; I rOju ekkaDakI veLLaku,” batimAltunnaTTU aMdi bhArya.

“EMTA kala? nEnu saMtaki veLtE DabbulannI vODkA tAgi taMdanAlADatAnani kadU nI bhayaM?”

“kAdu, nI juTTu pUrtigA muggubuTTalA tellabaDipOyinaTTU, nuvveMtO musali vADivaipOyinaTTU vachchiMdi kala.”

AksinOv navvEDu. “tellajuTTu adRshTAniki saMkEtaM. nEnu sarukaMtA ammEsi okka glAsukUDA vODkA tAgakuMDA venakki vastAnu sarEnA? okappuDu koMcheM maMdu ekkuva koTTi chettagA pravartiMchina mATa nijamE kAnI peLLayyAka annI mAnESAnani nIkU telusu.”

“adi kAdu, eMduku nAku bhayaM vEstOMdO nAkE teliyadu. I kala mUlAnE alA anipistOMdi. nuvvu tAguDu mAnESAvani telsinA. I rOju prayANaM mAnukOkUDadU?”

kAsEpu vAgyuddhaM ayyEka AksinOv, panivADitO kalsi saMtakEsi bayaldErEDu. baMDilO pakkanE oka giTAr, TI kAchukunE saraMjAmA aMtA uMdi. sAyaMtraM EdO pUTakULLa iMTlO uMDi rEpaTiki saMtaki veLtE mUDurOjullO iMTikochchEyavachchu. baMDi sAyaMkAlAniki dArilO pUTakULLa iMTiki chEriMdi. adE saMtaki veLtunna vErE prayANIkuDu kalisEDu AksinOv^ki akkaDE. iddarU rAtri bhOjanaM chEsi kaburlu cheppukunnAka AksinOv lEchi cheppEDu.

“rEpu poddunnE nEnu saMtaki veLdAM anukuMTunnAnu. maLLI kalsukuMdAM, nAku nidra vastOMdi.”

marnADu telavAragaTlE AksinOv lEchi prayANaM sAgiMchEDu. dAdApu pAtika maiLLu prayANaM tarvAta gurrAlaki mEta peTTaDAniki baMDi ApADu panivADu. panilO panigA AksinOv TI chEyaDAniki saraMjAmA aMtA diMpi poyyi veligiMchi adi kAgutUMTE giTAr tIsi vAyiMchaDaM modalu peTTEDu saradAki.

iMtalO pakkanE iMkO baMDi AgiMdi. A baMDilOMchi diginAyana AksinOv daggirakochchi praSnalu vEyaDaM modalupeTTEDu. ekkaDaki veLtunnAv, EM panimIda, pEru, Uru vagairA. anniMTikI samAdhAnAlu cheppEka, “TI tAgutArA?” ani aDigEDu AksinOv maryAdaki.

I maryAdA adI paTTiMchukOkuMDA, “ninna rAtri ekkaDunnAvu? EM chESAv rAtraMtA?” aMTU praSnala varshaM kuripiMchEDu vachchinAyana. anniMTikI samAdhAnaM cheppi aDigADu AksinOv.

“EMTaMDI ilA aDugutunnAru? nEnu saMtaki veLtU gurrAlaki dANA peTTaDAniki AgAnu ani cheptunnAnu kadA? mIru chUstunnadE.”

“nEnu I jillA pOlIs adhikArini. ninna rAtri nuvvu unna pUTakULLa iMTlO nItO kaburlu cheppina vErE vartakuNNi evarO hatya chEsAru. nI sAmAnlu vetiki chUDAli EmainA AdhArAlu kanipistAyEmO.”

AksinOv nOru terichElOpula bila bila maMTU mugguru pakkanuMchi vachchi AksinOv baMDilO sAmAnu aMtA bayaTaki tIsi okkokkaTI chUDDaM modaleTTAru. kAsEpaTiki AksinOv peTTelO oka raktasiktamaina baTTalaguDDA, O kattI kanipiMchAyi.

ivi chUsi AksinOv hatASuDaiyEDu. avi tana peTTelOki elA vachchAyO ardhaM kAlEdu.

pOlIsu aDagaDaM modalupeTTADu maLLI. “idi evaridi? nI peTTelOki elA vachchiMdi? nuvveMta Dabbu koTTEsAv atani daggirnuMchi? eMduku hatya chEyAlsi vachchiMdi?” aMTU.

I kattI raktaM chUsE sariki AksinOv mohaM pAlipOyiMdi. “EmO, nAku teliyadu. rAtri paDukunnAka maLLI nEnu atanni chUDanE lEdu. nAdaggirunna enimidivEla rUbuLLu tappa okka chilligavva kUDA lEdu nA daggira.”

cheppina samAdhAnAlu pOlIsuni nammiMchalEkapOyAyi.

“nuvvu hatya chEyakapOtE nI mohaM eMdukalA pAlipOyiMdi? nOru vippi sariggA samAdhAnaM cheppalEka pOtunnAvEM?” vEdhiMchADu pOlIsu.

“dEvuDi pramANaMgA nAkEmI teliyadu, nEnu kAdu hatya chEsiMdi,” ani cheppEDu AksinOv kAnI goMtukalOMchi mATa rAvaDaM kashTamautOMdi, eppuDU chUDani kashTaM edurayyEsariki. pOlIsulaku nammabuddhi vEyalEdu I samAdhAnAlannI. peDarekkalu virichi kaTTi tIsukeLLi daggirlO unna jaillO peTTEru.

AksinOv uMDE UrlO ArA tIyabaDiMdi atani guriMchi. peLlavaka muMdu tAgEvADanI kAnI peLLayyAka annI mAnEsi buddhigAnE uMTunnADanI cheppEru telsunna vALLu. mottAniki tOTi prayANIkuNNi hatya chEsinaMdukU, atani daggirnuMchi iravaivEla rUbuLLu koTTEsinaMdukU pOlIsulu AksinOv mIda kEsu techchAru.

jarigina dAruNaM aMtA vinEsariki AksinOv vALLAviDaki kAlU cheyyI ADalEdu. EM chEyAlO teliyani paristhiti. pillalu chUstE chinnavALLu. telisunnavALLa kALLu paTTukuni pillalni chaMkanettukuni jaillO unna AksinOv^ni chUDabOyiMdi. AviDni chUstUnE AksinOv nOTamATa rAlEdu. kAsEpaTiki tErukuni cheppEDu.

“pai adhikArlaki O uttaraM rAyAli veMThanE. nEnu EM cheppinA vILLu vinipiMchukOvaTaM lEdu ikkaDa.”

“nEnu avannI rASAnu, kAni avi panikirAvanI, nI mIda abhiyOgaM balaMgA uMdanI nuvvu hatya chEyalEdanaDAniki sAkshyaM EmI lEdu annAru. elA, eMduku I hatya jarigiMdO nAku teliyadu kAnI. manaki kAvAlsinavi annI uMDI nuvveMduku ilA chESAvO…” AksinOv vALLAviDa EDustU cheppiMdi.

“Akhariki nuvvu kUDA nEnE hatya chEsAnani nammutunnAvA?” AksinOv vALLAviDa cheppina mATalakI, AviDa chUsina chUpukI sthANuvai kadilipOyi annADu.

“nEnu ninnu asalu saMtakE veLLoddani eMdukannAnO? eMduku vinipiMchukOlEdu nuvvu? nEnu cheppina pani eppuDU eMduku chEyavu?”

AksinOv EdO anabOyEDu kAnI I lOpunO pOlIs vachchi mATlADDAniki ichchina samayaM ayipOyiMdani cheppi AviDanI, pillalnI bayaTaki tIsukeLLEDu.

eppuDaitE kaTTukunna bhAryE ilA tAnu hatya chEsinaTTu anumAnistOMdi anipiMchiMdO appuDE anukunnADu AksinOv, “iMka iMdulO bhagavaMtuDikokaDikE telusu nijaM. chEstE AyanE EdainA chEyAli gAnI iMkeMvarU chEsEdi EmIlEdu.” tarvAta jaragavalsinavi ati mAmUlugA jarigipOyEyi.

AksinOv^ki hatya chEsi Dabbulu doMgatanaM chEsinaMduggAnu koraDA debbalU jailu SikshA paDDAyi. krUraMgA amAnushaMgA oLLu chIrETaTTu koraDA debbalu koTTEru. A debbalu taggEdAkA uMchi A tarvAta saibIriyA paMpiMchEru jIvita khaidu kosaM. A tarvAta maLLI eppuDU tana kuTuMbAnni chUDDAniki nOchukOlEdu AksinOv.

iravai ArELLu gaDichEsariki AksinOv juTTu – vALLAviDaki kalalO kanipiMchinaTTU – pUrtigA tellabaDiMdi.

geDDaM bAgA perigi naDumu vaMgiMdi. ippuDunna AksinOv evaritOTI peddagA mATlADaDu. navvaDAnikI, mAmUlu kaburlu cheppE tIrikA kOrikA eppuDO chachchipOyEyi. jaillO bUTlu kuTTaDaM nErchukuni avi chEsinaMdukichchina DabbultO konni pustakAlu konnADu AksinOv. chadivinavE chaduvutUMTE kAlaM gaDustOMdi. inni rOjullO okkasAri kUDA AksinOv^ki tana kuTuMbaM guriMchi — asalu tana bhArya kAnI pillalu kAnI I hatya udaMtaM ayyAka — elA batiki baTTakaTTArO anEdE teliyalEdu. kottalO koMtakAlaM AksinOv ArATapaDDADu vALla guriMchi. tarvAttarvAta kAlamE mAnipiMchiMdi A gAyAlannI.

kotta nErastulu vastunnAru, Siksha ayipOyina pAtavALLu veLtunnAru kAnI AksinOv jIvitaMlO EmI mArpu lEdu. chEttO baibil paTTukuni naDichE AksinOv^ni tAtagArU ani pilustU jaillO unnavALLaMdarU vayasukO, baibil^kO gauravaM ichchi mATlADutunnAru. udyOgastulu AMkshalannI tIsESAru AksinOv mIda – iravai ArELLa tarvAta I musalAyana elAgA pAripODanE nammakaM kAbOlu.

O rOju kottagA vachchina nErasthulatO mATlADutU uMTE telisiMdi. aMdulO okaDidi AksinOv uMDE UrE. atanitO mATlADutU “nIku AksinOv vALLAviDa telusA? vALLelA unnArO cheppagalavA?” aDigEDu AksinOv.

“bAgA telusu, vALLakEM? dhanavaMtulu. hAyigA unnAru. A iMTAyana EdO hatya chEsi saibIriyAlO uMTunnADani cheptAru ULLO. vALla saMgati sarE gAnI, mIreMdukochchAru tAtagArU?” aDigEDu kottagA vachchina nErastuDu makar.

AksinOv mATa dATavEsi maunaMgA kUrchunnADu tana guriMchi aDigEsariki. pakkanE unnavALLu cheppEru AksinOv elA I hatyalO irukkunnADO tappulEkapOyinA. idaMtA viMTUMTE makar mohaMlO raMgulu mAraDaM gamamiMchEDu AksinOv. aMtA ayyEka makar AScharyaMgA mohaM peTTi annADu.

“O, bhalE. manaMdaraM ilA kalsukunnAmanna mATa.”

pUrtigA #»

padya sAhityaM

nAku nachchina padyaM: kArtIka SivajyOtsna

SA. prAraMbhiMchi chakOrapOtamu mahIyajjyOtsnayaM dutsava
#       #;SrIraMjilluchu sOluchuMDu gati nA chittaMbu nI divyaSRM
#       #;gAra dhyAnamunaM daharniSamu jokkaMjEyavE dEva SrI
#       #;gaurIlOchananartakInaTanaraMgasthAna sarvESvarA!

kArtIkapu chiruchalilO punnami rAtiri ArubayaTO DAbApainO paDukoni, piMDArabOsinaTTu AkASamaMtA paruchukunna telivennelani kanulatO, tanuvutO, manasutO ju~r~rukOvaDaM oka aMdamaina anubhUti. appuDu manaM achchaMgA oka chakOrapakshi ayipOtAM. SivabhaktulayitE bahuSA, kailAsaMlO sAkshAttU A sarvESvaruni darSiMchinaTTE anubhUti poMdinA AScharyaM lEdu. nelatAlupukI vennelakI EdO anAdi anubaMdhaM! alATi anubaMdhamE yI padyaM vrAyaDAnikI kavini purikolpiMdEmO!

idi annamayya rachiMchina sarvESvara SatakaMlOni padyaM. I annamayya tALLapAka annamayya kAdu, yathAvAkkula annamayya. itanu padamUDava SatAbdAniki cheMdina Saivakavi. telugu sAhityaMlO SatakAlaki chAlA pratyEkamaina sthAnaM uMdi. SatakasAhityAniki chAlA vistRti uMdi. manaku SatakAlu vElAdigA kanipistAyi. telugulO SatakAlaku mUlaM SivakavulE. modaTagA labhiMchina SatakaM mallikArjuna paMDitArAdhyuni SivatattvasAramani sAhityakArulu bhAvistunnAru. A tarvAta maroka SatAbdAniki velasinavi yathAvAkkula annamayya sarvESvaraSatakamU, pAlkuriki sOmana vRshAdhipaSatakamUnu. annamayya sOmanalalO evaru muMdu evaru venuka anna vishayaM guriMchi vAdOpavAdAlunnAyi. annamayya tana guruvu pEru ‘ArAdhya sOmESvaru’Dani cheppukunnADu. atanu pAlkuriki sOmanAthuDE ani niDadavOlu veMkaTarAvugAru abhiprAyapaDDAru. kAni yitanu vEranI, pAlkuriki sOmana annamayyaku taruvAta vADanI SatakavA~mmayasarvasvamu vrAsina vidvAn vEdamu vEMkaTakRshNaSarmagAru annAru. A graMthAniki pIThika vrAsina mallaMpallivAru kUDA dAnitO EkIbhaviMchAru.

muMduvenukala mATa elA unnA, telugu sAhityAnni SatakAlatO susaMpannaM chEsina ghanata mAtraM SivakavuladE! SatakAlanu chATuprabaMdhAlugA pUrva lAkshaNikulu pErkonnAru. vITinE muktakAlani kUDA aMTAru. chATuvulalO kathA pAtrala pramEyaM lEkuMDA kavi nErugA tana soMta abhiprAyAlanU, bhAvAlanU, anubhUtulanU vyaktIkaristADu. SatakAlalO adhikaSAtaM bhaktiSatakAlE. bhaktulu bhagavaMtunipai tamakunna amitabhaktini rakarakAlugA chATukunE padyAlatO niMDi uMTAyi. iMdulO ekkuvagA bhagavat^stuti, AtmArpaNA kanipistAyi. mataparamaina AchArAlu, tattvamu, bhaktula kathalU bhaktiSatakAlalO bhAgamE. mukhyaMgA Sivakavula SatakAlalO vIraSaiva matAnni guriMchi chAlA samAchAraM dorukutuMdi. vAru sAhityAnni mataprachArAniki sAdhanaMgA vADukunnaTTu telustOMdi. ayitE Sivakavula yitara SatakAlatO pOlistE yathAvAkkula annamayya sarvESvaraSatakaMlO vIraSaivaM tIvrarUpaMlO kanipiMchadu. itanu liMgadhAraNa chEsina jaMgamuDu kAdani tana guriMchi atanu cheppukunna vivarAlabaTTi anukOvachchu. I SatakaMlO tana guriMchI, kRtirachanA kAlAnni guriMchI kavi kachchitamaina vivarAlani ivvaDaM oka viSEshaM. tanani yajuSSAkhaki cheMdina ArAdhyabrAhmaNunigA cheppukOvaDAnni baTTi, yitanu vEda prAmANyAnni aMgIkariMchina SaivuDu anipistuMdi. itanu advaitAnni kUDA AmOdiMchinaTTugA vEdaM vEMkaTakRshNaSarmagAru bhAviMchAru. kAni nAku adi pUrtigA nijaM kAdani anipiMchiMdi. eMdukaMTE, oka padyaMlO “sOhaM” “sOhaM” anEvADu “mOhadhvAMtamulO muniMgina mahAmUDhu”DanI, “atibhrashTu”DanI, atanu Sivuniki chAlA dUraMgA uMDipOtADanI, evaDayitE ahaMkArAnni vIDi sadbhaktitO nIku “dAsOhaM” aMTADO, atanE nIvai uMTADanI varNistADu. ikkaDa “sOhaM” anE advaitamatAnni chAlA spashTaMgA khaMDiMchaDaM gamaniMchavachchu. bhaktuniki bhagavaMtuni sthAnAnni yivvaDaM SaivavaishNava matAla reMTilOnU kanipistuMdi. kAni adi advaitabhAvana kAdu. annamayya yI SatakaMlO j~nAnamArgAnni khaMDiMchi, karma bhakti mArgAlanu bOdhiMchinaTTugA nAkanipiMdi.

I SatakaMlOni maroka viSEshaM EmiTaMTE, itara Sivakavula SatakAlatO pOlistE, yiMdulO kavitvaM pAlu okiMta ekkuvagA gubALiMchiMdi. pAlkuriki sOmana vRshAdhipaSatakaMlO bhakti, matavishayAlatO pATu manalani AkarshiMchEdi aMdulOni bhAshAgarima. aMdulO padyAlu SabdAlaMkAraSObhitAlu. rakarakAla bhAshalalO, maNipravALaSaililO unna padyAlu kUDA aMdulO kanipistAyi. I sarvESvaraSatakaMlO, samAsabaMduramaina chikkani dhAratO pATugA, chakkani pOlikalU dRshTAMtAlU arthAMtaranyAsAlaMkArAlu mana manasulani muripistAyi. alA nA manasuni AkaTTukonna oka padyamE yI nela vennela padyaM.

pOtamu aMTE pakshipilla. chakOrapOtamu aMTE oka pilla chakOraM anna mATa. piTTa goMtE koMcheM, aMdulO piTTapilladi iMkeMta chinna goMtukuMTuMdi! kAni pillalaku sahajaMgA AtraM ekkuva. ishTamainadi tAgETappuDO tinETappuDO vAru paDE AtraM bhalE muchchaTagA uMTuMdi. tanani tAnu alAMTi chakOrapu pillagA abhivarNiMchukuMTunnADu kavi. aMdukE AraMbhaMlOnE “prAraMbhiMchi” annADu. aMTE prayatnaMtO kUDi ani arthaM. vennelEmO “mahIyajjyOtsna.” aMTE digdigaMtAla dAkA vyApiMchina goppa vennela. aMta vennelanI tAgEyAlani yI chakOrapOtAniki utsAhaM. A utsAhaMlO adi niraMtaraMgA sokkisOlutU uMTuMdi. sariggA alAgE, Sivuni divyamaina SRMgAra dhyAnamulO tana chittaM nimagnamaipOyElAgA anugrahiMchamani kOrukuMTunnADu kavi. ikkaDa divyaSRMgAramu aMTE divyamaina sauMdaryaM. niMgInElA aMtaTA parachukunna vennelaMta divyasauMdaryaM Sivunidi. okkasAri AlOchiMchi chUstE, vennelakI SivunikI eMta daggari pOlikO manaki avagataM avutuMdi! vennela eppuDU rAtrE prakASistuMdi. aMchEta adi nalupu telupula chitramaina sammELanaM. SivuDU aMtE! AdhyAtmikaMgA AlOchistE, atanu eMtaTi j~nAnamUrtiyO, aMtaTi tAmasikaSakti. manaM chitriMchukunna bhautika rUpAnni UhalOki techchukunnA, atanu nalupu telupula chitra saMgamamE! SivuDu svayaMgA tellani telupu, pakkanE vAmabhAgaMlO ammavAru SyAmalAsvarUpaMlO velugutU uMTAru. talapaina gaMgamma, nelapUvu, dhavaLakAMtulInutU uMTAru. meDalOni nAgannA, goMtukalOni garaLamU, kaTTina gajacharmamU nallagA nigAristU uMTAyi. A SivasvarUpamE kArtIkapu vennela. vennelanayitE kanulatO chUDavachchu, manasutO AsvAdiMchavachchu. mari Sivuni divyaSRMgAramO? adi kanulaki kaDutuMdA? mana kaLLaki adi sAdhyaMkAdu. aMdukE A divyasauMdaryAnni dhyAnistAnani aMTunnADu kavi. ayitE, aMtaTi mahAdEvuni SRMgAramU, okE oka kaMTijataki kanipistuMdi. mAmUlugA kanipiMchaDaM kAdu, niraMtaraM A chUpulaki gamyasthAnamE A sauMdaryaM! A nEtrAlu evarivO, padyaM chivaripAdaMlO oka adbhutamaina viSEshaNaMtO cheppADu kavi. “SrIgaurIlOchananartakInaTanaraMgasthAna” – padyAnikaMtaTikI makuTAyamAnamaina prayOgaM idi! SrIgauri – pArvatIdEvi, lOchana – kanulanE, nartakI – nartaki, naTana – nATyAniki, raMgasthAna – raMgasthAnamaina O sarvESvarA. pArvatIdEvi kannu anE nartaki (kanulu reMDayinE chUpu okaTE kAbaTTi) niraMtaraM nATyaM chEsE raMgasthalaM aTa SivuDu! eMta goppa Uha chUDaMDI yidi! ammavAri chUpulu eppuDU ayyavAripainE kadulutU uMTAyanna vishayAnni eMta aMdaMgA cheppADu annamayya! “gaurIlOchana nartakI naTana raMgasthAna sarvESvarA!”

chATusAhityaMlO tarachU kanipiMchE lakshaNaM – padyAla guriMchI, kavula guriMchI janavyavahAraMlO vyAptamaiyyE kathalu. I SatakaM guriMchi kUDA alAMTi aitihyaM okaTi uMdi. annamayya yI SatakAnni rachiMchaDaM modalupeTTinappuDu oka pratij~na chESADaTa. prati padyAnnI oka tATAku mIda vrAsi kRshNAnadilO vadilipeDatAnanI, adi tirigi vastE svAmi A padyAnni svIkariMchinaTTu bhAviMchi Satakarachana konasAgistAnanI, eppuDainA oka padyaM tirigi rAkapOtE, akkaDitO ApEsi gaMDakattera vEsukoni prANatyAgaM chEstAnanI A pratij~na. alA sAgutunna rachanalO oka padyaM daggaraki vachchETappaTiki adi tirigi rAlEdaTa. appuDu tana SapathaM prakAraM meDa kattiriMchukonEMduku siddhapaDitE oka pasulakApari oka tATAkuni techchi yichchADaTa. dAni mIda tana padyaM kAkuMDA adE makuTaMtO maroka padyaM unnadaTa. dAnini, Satakarachana konasAgiMchamanna Sivuni Aj~nagA bhAviMchi, A padyAnni kUDA svIkariMchi SatakAnni pUrti chESADani katha. SatakaMlO tirigirAni padyamU, tirigi vachchina kotta padyamU reMDU unnAyi! nA dRshTilO kavitvaparaMgA chUstE, A reMTilOnU, tirigirAni annamayya padyaM uttamamainadi. tAttvikadRshTitO AlOchistE, tirigivachchina reMDO padyaM unnatamainadi! sarE iMta cheppukunnAka A reMDu padyAlanU kUDA chadivi AsvAdiMchaMDi mari.

tirigirAni annamayya padyaM:

tarulaM buvvulu piMdelai yodavi, tattajjAtitO baMDlagun
hara! mI pAdapayOja pUjitamulai yatyadbhutaM bavvirul
karulau, naSvamulau, nanarghamaNulau, garpUramau, hAramau
daruNIratnamulau, baTIratarulau, dathyaMbu sarvESvarA!

tirigivachchina padyaM:

oka pushpaMbu bhavat padadvayamupai noppaMga sadbhakti raM
jakuDai peTTina puNyamUrtiki bunarjanmaMbu lEdanna, bA
yaka kAlatritayOpachAramula ninnarchiMchuchuM bedda nai
shThikuDai yuMDeDivADu nIvaguTa dA jitraMbe sarvESvarA!

pUrtigA #»

kavitalu

viSAkha vRkshayAgaM akTObaru 2014

pikilipiTTa pEru peTTukuni
samudrAnni dATi vachchina
chakravAta varshapAta mokaTi
ninna AdivAraM mA ULLO
vRkshayAgaM chEsiMdi.
cheTTu annadAnni kaTTenu chEsEsi
Uri pachchadanAnni unnapaLaMgA
munnITa muMchEsiMdi.

aTU iTU cheTlu
cheTTu cheTTunU tAkutU kommalu
komma kommanI palakaristU
saDula, savaDula Akulu
vIthi vIthI Uriki
pagalu eMDa vELa
muvvala chaluva paMdiri
rAtri vennela vELa
pachchala chAMdinigA unna
chakkadanAnni mukkalu
mukkalu chEsi mA mohAla mIdaku
visirEsiMdi.

AMdhra viSvakaLAparishat vidyAraNyaM
aDitigA mAripOyina vainaM
mIku telustOMdA!
akkaDi ~raMpapu kOta mOta
mIku vinipistOMdA!

pUrtigA #»

punarutthAnaM

oka gAyaM eTU kadalanivvaka, sUTigA AlOchana sAganivvaka
nilabaDinachOTanE kUlabaDElA chEstuMdi
chUstunna dikkulOni SUnyaMlOki venutirigi chUDakuMDA veLLipommaMTuMdi

gAyaM EmI cheyyadu
appaTivarakU allukonna telisI, teliyani svapnAlanI
svapnAlaki sutAraMgA pUyabOtunna chirunavvula puvvulanI
chiMdaravaMdara chEyaDaM minahA

pAlugArE vennelalnuMDI, ubhayasaMdhyala varNAlanuMDI
samIkariMchukonna jIvanalAlasani okEsAri cheripEyaDaM minahA

innALLU pADiMdi pATE kAdu, maLLI modalupeTTu
bhUgOLamaMta jIvitAnni nIpai mOputunnAnu,
ippuDu pakshilA egirichUpiMchu aMTuMdi gAyaM


jIvitOtsavAnnuMDi vErupaDDa hRdayaM
taDisi merisE mATakOsaM, chUpukOsaM, sparSakOsaM
tappipOyina pillADilA eDategaka eduruchUstuMdi

dArulannI mUsukupOtunna chIkaTnuMchi chIkaTlOki
du@hkhajalaMtO baruvekkutunna kAlaMnuMchi kAlaMlOki
unnachOTanE vELLUnukoMTunna gAyaMtO vEchivuMTuMdi


daivISaktulEvO dIviMchina spaTikaMlAMTi kshaNamokaTi pravESistuMdi
unnaTluMDi okaniTTUrpu guburukommallOMchi pakshilA egurutuMdi
kAsini kannITimoggalu chekkiLLapai pArADutAyi

ekkaDidO nILlachappuDU, pakshirekkala alikiDI
cheTla Akulni gAli mRduvugA nimirina marmaradhvanI
chevilO jAgrattagA gusagusalADutAyi

jIvitaM chAlA peddadi, chAlA dayagaladi kUDA
UrikE nilabaDu, UrikE oka aDuguvEyi
takkinadaMtA tanu chUsukoMTuMdi

lEtamokkalA kUlipOyina nIvu
nilabaDatAvu, nilabaDatAvu
oka mahAvRkshapu ChAyanu nI venuka sardukoMTU
mEghAlu nuduTini chuMbiMchEvarakU nilabaDutUnE uMTAvu

pUrtigA #»

anAvishkRtaM

kAgitaM AlOchanala khaidu
AkASaM aMchuladAkA egirE
Uhala guvvalni oDisipaTTi
aMdaMgA padilaparachE
nalla Usala paMjaraM.

kaLLu mUsukunnaMtasEpu
rekkalu reparepalADistU
girikIlu koTTE bhAvAlu
pennu mUtavippagAnE
ekkaDikO egiripOtAyi.
chUpulatO dAri maLLiMchi
chEruva chEddAmaMTE
daridApulaki rAkuMDA chediripOtAyi.
dhyAnaM vITi podarillu.
aMtaraMgaM ennO anAvishkRta pushpAla
vismRtavanaM.

manOkAsAraMlO paiki tElEdi
jIvaM uMDIlEnaTTu kanipiMchE
palchani pachchani pora mAtramE.
mUtapaDani kaLLatO
milamilalADutU tirigE
baMgAruraMgu chEpalEvO
eppaTikI agupaDakuMDA
aDugunE uMDipOtAyi.

pUrtigA #»

reMDu kavitalu

1. koMDalu

AkASaM mIda
pasivADokaDu
eguDudiguDu gItalu gIsinaTTu
koMDalu

niluvettu baddhakaMtO
mattagajamokaTi
mOkALLa mIda kUlabaDinaTTu
koMDalu

melikala nadi dArulni dAstU
yavvanavati saMpada lAMTi
ettupallAlni mOstU
avE koMDalu.

pasiDikAMtula lOkAnni
paiTa dAchi kavvistU
pachchApachchaTi nunnaTi dEhAnni
varshapu terallO taDipi chUpistU

siggerugani dUrapu koMDalu!

2. chIkaTi

chimmachIkaTi.
aggipulla kosa velugu.

gAlini tOsE nIDalu
nIDalni namilE
chIkaTi. maLLI
veluturu. Apai aMtA
chI.ka.Ti.

velugutU
ArutU
vIthi dIpAlu.

artharAtri.
alikiDi.
taDabaDi
viDivaDi
dUraMdUraMgA…
dUraMgA… dUraMgA.

chIkaTlO veligi,
chIkaTlOnE migilE
miNugurulu.

udayaM.

veluturaMtA
chIkaTi migilchina
katha.

pUrtigA #»

vyAsAlu

sAhityAvagAhana: maroka dRkpathaM

muMdugA, nEnu oka sAdhAraNa pAThakuDigA katha, navala, nATakaM ellA chaduvutAnO elA arthaM chEsukOTAniki prayatnistAnO chepputAnu.

oka katha tIsukOMDi. (I vyAsaMlO nEnu ‘katha’ annappuDu, katha anna padaM navalaki, kavitaki nATakAnikI kUDA vartistuMdi.) muMdugA A katha chadivinappuDu, A katha nA mAnasika sthitilO mArpu tIsukovastuMdi. nannu oka rakamaina udvigna sthAyi (#emotional level)# lOki tIsukopOtuMdi. A sthAyilO oka anubhUti nistuMdi. adi pAThakulaMdarikI sahajamani anukuMTAnu. koMcheM lOtugA veLLi, adE sAhityaprakriyani marokasAri pariSIlanagA chadavaTaM modalu peDitE, nA anubhUtiki kAraNaM, nA anubhavAlu, — nA pAta j~nApakaM, nA smRti — kAvachchunani chUchAyagA kanipistuMdi. I rakamaina anubhUti nAku ekkaDanuMchi vachchiMdi? I kathalO oka pAtra ekkaDO chUsinaTTunnadE? konni pAtralu ekkaDO, eppuDO nAku tArasa paDinaTTunnAyE? I kathalO sannivESaM (#situation),# dAnini varNiMchina paristhiti ekkaDO eppuDO vinnAnEmO chepmA? ani savAlaksha praSnalu puDatAyi. bahuSA, bhArataMlO katha EdO chadivinappuDO, EdO purANakatha vinnappuDO ilAMTi sannivESaM -– daridApugA ilAMTi sannivESaM — okaTi unnadA? appuDu, A katha maroka sAri maroka dRkpathaMtO chadivi arthaM chEsukOvaTAniki prayatniMchaDaM jarugutuMdi. chAlA sArlu, kathalu, navalalU, nEnu tirigi marOsAri OpiggA chaduvutAnu. alA chadavaDaM nAku chAlA saradA nistuMdi, chAlA samayAlalO okaTiki reMDusArlu chadavaDaM ‘mOr rivArDiMg’ ani anipistuMdi. A kathani mariMta chakkagA ‘viSlEshiMchukODAniki’ upayOgapaDutuMdi.


I anubhUtiki kAraNaM nA smRtipathaMlO, nA chinnappuDu hattukopOyina oka sannivESaM kAvachchu; eppuDO ‘talA valA palakA paDavA rOjullO’ nErchukunna oka viSEshaM kAvachchu. idEdO nEnu kottagA kanukkunna vishayaM kAdu. anAdi kAlaM nuMchi — aMTE mAnavajAti modalainappaTi nuMchI — I rakamaina j~nApakAlu, vyakti anubhavAlaki, anubhUtulakI kAraNabhUtaM avutunnAyi. sAMpradAyikamugA aMdarU oppukunna smRtini adhigamiMchi khaMDikalugA vyakti smaraNalO ivi migili uMTAyani aMTAru. I vivaraNa oppukOvaTAniki, kArl yUng (#Carl Jung)# vAstavyamani pratipAdiMchina vArasatva smRtiki saMbaMdhiMchina siddhAMtAlani sammatiMchAli.

Adhunika sAhitIvimarSakulalO prasiddhikekkina nArthAp phrai (#Northop Frye)# tana prasiddhamaina pustakaM#[1]#lO, prati Adhunika kRtikI oka ‘prAchIna pratIka’ uMTuMdanI dAnini ArkiTaip (#Archetype)# aMTAranI, aMTADu. nIku telisinA teliyakapOyinA, I prAchIna pratIkalu nI sAhityaMlO uMTAyi.

atani uddESaMlO, ippaTi varakU vimarSakulu vAri vAri abhiruchulani AdhAraMgA chEsukoni sAhityAnni vimarSiMchAru. adi tappu. aMtE kAdu, kEvalaM, katha, kathanaM, kathA vastuvu –- vITilO pratyEkata, maulikatalanu praSniMchaDaM pradhAnaM kAdu. oka SilpAnnO, chitrAnnO pariSIlanagA chUDaTAniki, A SilpAniki, A chitrAnikI koMcheM dUraMgA venakki veLLi chUDAli. allAgE, sAhityAnni kUDA sariyaina aMtargata avagAhana rAvaDaM kOsaM chUDAli. sAhitya vimarSakuDi (aMTE #serious reader)# bAdhyata EmiTaMTE, kathaki dUraMgA veLLi kathani chUDaTaM. aMTE, Adhunika katha, navala, kRti — vITikI prAchIna pratIkakI unna saMbaMdhAnni anvEshiMchaDaM vimarSakuDu cheyyavalasina pani, ani phrai vAdaM. ArkiTaip aMTE marikAsta vivaraMgA telusukunEmuMdu, paurANika katha (#myth)# prastAvana avasaraM. (paurANika katha ikkaDa #myth#ki nijaMgA saraina anuvAdaM kAdu. ayinA nAku iMtakannA lOtaina mATa teliyaka, vADaTaM tappaTallEdu.)

Adima mAnavuDu konni vEla saMvatsarAla nuMchI tana anubhavAlu cheppukuMTUnE vachchADu. tanu paDDa kashTAlu, tana bhayAlu, tana Uhalu, tana AkAMkshalu, tana kOrikalU pratibiMbistU guhallO SilpAlu chekkADu, bommalu vESADu. A taruvAta kathalu. I mAnava jIvitAla kathalannI, maukhikarUpaMgA oka tarAnnuMchi marO tarAniki aMdiMchabaDDAyi. I prasaraNalO, ennO rakAla mArpulu vachchi vuMTAyi Adima prAchIna kathaki, kathalakI! I vidhaMgA mAnava saMskRtullOki pravESiMchi, janAnni AkaTTukunnavE miths. A paurANika kathallO EvO konni aMSalu, konni bhAgAlu, namUnAlugA mAnavajAti sAmUhika smRtilOki pravESiMchutAyi. sUkshmaMgA ArkiTaip^ni mAdiri (#pattern),# namUnA (#model)# ani anachchu. lEdA, koMcheM lOtugA cheppAlaMTE, I namUnAki purANasaMbaMdhitamaina mAtRkE ArchiTaip. (#mythic original on which a pattern is based.)

#taruvAta I kathalannI, konni tarAla taruvAta, rakarakAla chilavala palavalatO, pustakarUpaM lOki digumati ayyAyi. idi anni saMskRtullOnU jarigina vishayamE! aMdukani, kaltI lEni paurANika gAdha asaMbhavaM — allAgE kaltI lEni ArchiTaip kUDA uMDadu. aMTE, anni saMskRtullOnU, prAchIna sAhityaM ani cheppukonE sAhityaMlO, cheppina mith lannI nijaM cheppAlaMTE, sthAnachyuti poMdina paurANikAlu (#displaced myths)# aMTADu, nArtOp phrai.


namUnAki paurANikasaMbaMdhitamayina mAtRkE ArchiTaip annAmu kada! ArchiTaip vetikipaTTukOvaTaM aMTE, namUnA ni gurtupaTTaTaM annamATa. dInini vinyAsa j~nAnaM (#pattern recognition)# aMdAmu. I vinyAsa j~nAnaM bAgA chaduvukunna vALLakO, ‘sAMskRtikaM’gA eMtO ettu edigina vALLakO, paTTu viDavakaMDA sAhityAvadhAnaM chEsina vALLakO tEliggA vaMTapaDatAyi kAni, pAThakulaMdarikI sAdhyamA? annadi asalu praSna. katha chadavaDaM kottagA modalu peTTinapuDu, katha atukulu virigina bommalA, asaMbaddhaMgA (#disjointed)# kanapaDutuMdi.

oka chinna udAharaNa cheputAnu. pillala kanekT di DATs pustakAlu gurtuku techchukonaMDi. chinna pillalu, kAgitaM mIda achchulO unna chukkalu pensil tOnO, krEyAnula tOnO kalipi bomma vEstAru. oka padO parakO alA bommalu vEsiMtarvAta, vALLu kotta kAgitaM mIda chukkalu chUDaMgAnE bomma EdO pasi kaTTeyyagalaru. adi ‘kOti’ bomma, idi ‘vimAnaM’ bomma ani chukkalakEsi chUDaMgAnE cheppEstAru. idE vinyAsa j~nAnaM annAnU, namUnA gurtiMchaDaM annAnU. nA maTuku nAku anni chukkalU, gItalU kalipE dAkA A bomma EdO pasigaTTaTaM chEtakAdu. idi abhyAsaMtO vastuMdi. kAsta chaduvukunna taruvAta, koMcheM AlOchanatO tirigi chadivina taruvAta, I vinyAsAlu, I ArkiTaipulu, I tirigivachchE j~nApakAlU sAdhAraNa pAThakuDiki gUDA saMbhavamE!

iMkoka kotta vishayaM kUDA bOdhapaDutuMdi. sAhityaMlO pUrti mAtRka (#wholly original)# annadi nijaM kAdani! adi asaMbhavaM aninnU! adi gurtistE chAlu — appuDu, idekkaDO chUSAnE? chadivAnE? anna praSna samaMjasamayina praSna ani telustuMdi.

jAn bArt (#John Barth)# ekkaDO rAstADu: nAlugayidu vEla ELLa kriMdaTi oka Ijipshiyan purAtana patraMlO (#Egyptian Papyrus) # unna vishayaM. anni kathalU ekkaDO evarO cheppEsinavE! aMdukani samakAlIna kathA rachayitaki rAyaTAniki kathalu lEvu; pAta kathalE tirigi cheppaTaM tappa.

dIni valana nashTaM lEdu. prati maMchi kathakuDikI I vishayaM telusu. aTuvaMTi rachayita chEtilO A pAta kathE, kotta kotta pratidhvanulani vinipistuMdi. maroka rakaMgA viDamarchi cheppAlaMTE, oka katha maroka katha nuMchi edugutuMdi. oka padyaM maroka padyaM nuMchi edugutuMdi. okkokkasAri oka katha nuMchi maroka padyaM, oka padyaM nuMchi marokka katha edugutAyi. edugutAyi anaDaM kannA ‘puTTukostAyi’ anaDaM sababu. dInini prEraNa (#influence)# ani, prabhAvitaM avaDamani cheppavachchu. rachayitalu aMdarU pratIkalu (#symbols)# vADutAru. konni kathallO, idi koTTavachchinaTTu kanabaDutuMdi. konniMTilO manaM jAgrattagA vetiki paTTukOvAli, I prEraNa anE dAnini, I pratIkalu anEvATinI! dInini guriMchi taruvAta muchchaTiddAM.

eliyaT (#T.S. Eliot)# tana vimarSanA vyAsAlalO rAstADu: oka rachayita rachanaki mUlaM telusukOvaDaM chAlA avasaraM. kavulu marokari rachanala nuMchi tama rachanala lOki ‘aruvu’ techchukuMTAru. tanu, dAMtE (#Dante)# nuMchi aruvu techchukunna vAkyaM elA mArchukunnADO udaharistADu kUDAnu! dInini ‘graMthachauryaM’ anakUDadu. bahuSA tanani, alAgani dUshistAranE tana kavitalaki pAdasUchikalu#[2]# ichchADu. oka rakaMgA pariSIlistE, yeliyaT rAsinadAMTlO, ‘mUlaM tana svaMtadi,’ annadi EmI lEdEmO anipistuMdi. prEraNa, prabhAvana (#influence)# yeliyaT vimarSalalO#[3] # chAlA mukhyamayina aMSaM.

ikkaDa avAMtaraprasaMgaM ani koMdariki anipiMchinA, nEnu prastAviMcha dalachAnu.

kAvya mImAMsAlO rAjaSEkharuDu#[4],# tana bhArya avaMtIsuMdari cheppinadani chebutU, AviDa SabdArthaharaNaM guriMchi. SabdArthaharaNaM, eppuDu aniMdyaM kAdO chEsina vivaraNa vipulaMgA rAstADu. ‘(graMtha) chauryamu chEyani kavi uMDaDu. okkokka kavi nUtana mArgamulu sRjiMchunu. okkokkaDu mArpulu chEyunu,’ ani tanu rAsi, padakoMDava adhyAyaM chivara I vidhamugA vivaristADu: ‘evaDu SabdamunaMdunu, arthamunaMdunu, uktulayaMdunu Edaina oka nUtanavishayamunu chUDagalugunO, Edaina oka prAchIna vishayamunu chakkaga chitriMchunO ataDu mahAkavi ani grahiMpavalenu. rAjaSEkharuni prasthAvana tEvaDaMlO nA AMtaryaM eliyaT^ni nyUnata parachaTAniki kAdu. Ayana gata SatAbdaMlO cheppina konni vishayAlu bhAratIya alaMkArikuDu maroka bhAshalO, maroka saMdarbhaMlO padava SatAbdaMlO cheppAru anna vishayaM gurtu cheyyaDAnikE cheppAnu.


oka katha marO kathani gurtu chEsiMdi, pOlikalu kanipiMchAyi; sAdRSyata kanipistuMdi. ayitE origEdEmiTi? ani aDagachchu. nijaMgA EmI lEdu, ani nEnu kappadATu veyyachchu kUDAnu! ayitE, oka sAdhAraNa pAThakuDugA nuvvu ‘AhA!’ ani AnaMdiMchavachchu. I paivishayaM sthUlaMgA cheppAlaMTE, pAta sAhityaM kotta sAhityaMtO saMbhAshaNa chEstunnadi ani arthaM. dIninE, pASchAtya vimarSakulu iMTar^TekschuvAliTI (#intertextuality)# aMTAru. manaM pAThyAMtara saMbaMdhaM ani arthaM cheppukuMdAM.

pAThyAMtara saMbaMdhaM asalu arthaM idi: sAhityaMlO oka dAnitO maroka dAniki saMbaMdhaM unnadi. adi avichChinnamaina saMbaMdhaM. nuvvu rAsina kathakO, kAvyAnikO, navalakO, maroka rachanatO avinAbhAva saMbaMdhaM uMTuMdi. idi raka rakAla aMchelalO jarugutU uMTuMdi. pAta sAhityaM, kotta sAhityaM, anavaratamU saMbhAshaNa konasAgistUnE uMTAyi. idi paraspara charya. I charya koMdari rachanalalO sUTigA Srama lEkaMDA pAThakuDiki koTTavachchinaTTu kanipistuMdi. konni rachanalalO aMta tElikagA kanapaDadu. Edi EmayitEnEM! koMcheM poDigiMchi cheppAlaMTE, ‘nI navalalO nuvvu vinani, chadavani sAhityaMlO viSEshaM, pratidhvaniMchaTamO lEdA dAni khaMDanO’ uMTuMdani arthaM.

I pAThyAMtara saMbhAshaNa pAThakuni paThanAnubhavAnni peMchi vRddhi chEsi susaMpannaM chEstuMdi. kathalO anEkamaina poralunna arthAlu kUDA gOcharistAyi. dIninE bahuLArthakata aMTAru. ayitE, I bahuLArthakata aMtA pAThakuDiki pUrtigA eppuDU teliyaka pOvachchu kUDAnu! pAThyAMtara saMbhAshaNa modaTisArigA prastAviMchina vADu, rashyan rUpavAda (#formalism) # sAhitIvEtta mikhayEl bAkhtin (#Bakhtin). # I reMDiMTipai, itanu kshuNNaMgA vyAkhyAniMchADu. pAThyAMtarasaMbaMdhaM, bAkhtin kAlpanika sAhityAnikE (mukhyaMgA navalakE) parimitaM chEsinappaTikI, idi sAhityaMlO anni prakriyalakI vartistuMdi#[5].# I vishayaM eliyaT gurtiMchADu.

I ArkiTaipulu, mAdiri gurtiMpU, pAThyAMtara saMbaMdhaM, bahuLArthakata, vagairA, vagairA — pAta sAMskRtika sAhityaM aMtA muMdu nuMchi venakki, venaka nuMchi muMdukI chadivi AkaLiMpu chEsukunna vALLakE gAni, aMdarU elA gurtiMchagalaru? idi maLLI pAta praSnE. evaDU pAta sAhityaM aMtA chadavalEdu. chadavalEru.

pUrtigA #»

plUTO grahachAraM

akTObar 2, 2014.

tellAri lEchi patrika vippi chUddunu kadA! pAtipeTTEsina plUTO prANaM puMjukuni paiki lEvaDAniki prayatnistOMdi. adI vArta! monna kAka monna, anagA 2006lO plUTOni, nI grahachAraM bAgOlEdu, nuvvu grahAnivi kAvu, phO! ani kasirikoTTi pommannAru aMtarjAtIya khagOLaSAstra samiti (#IAU)# vAru. pillala pustakAlalOMchi plUTOni pIki pArEsEru. iMka plUTO guriMchi evaru chaduvutArulE ani nEnu ArELla kritaM rAsina I diguva vyAsAnni chuTTa chuTTi, kaTTa kaTTi aTaka mIda pArEsEnu (telugulO cheppAlaMTE kaMpres chEsi Arkayivs^lO paDEsEnu.)

paTTumani padELlu tiragakuMDA, nuvvu pIlagA unnA, poTTigA unnA, nuvvu grahAnivi kAdanaDAniki vArevaru? ani hArvarD smit^sOniyan seMTar tirigi plUTOni, grahAla jAbitAlO vEstAM, rA! ani pilustunnAruTa. idi vArta kAdU mari? kaTTa kaTTina chuTTani vippi, dummu dulipEnu.

I goDava aMtA elA modalayiMdaMTE…


plUTO aMTE paDi chastAnu. sUryuDi chuTTU tirigE rakarakAla SAltIla pErlalO nAku plUTO anna pEru eMtO ishTaM. plUTO pEru vinagAnE sapOTApaMDu gurtukostuMdi nAku. kArTUnu sinimAlalO vachchE kukka plUTO annA nAku ishTamE.

plUTO grahachAraM bAgu lEdu. dAni jAtakaMlO ElinATi Sani uMdO, kujadOshaM uMdO, bhUdOshaM uMdO teliyadu kAni kashTAlu paDDAdi. rAjapUjyAlu reMDu, avamAnAlu Aru. plUTO kashTAlu nEnu ArchEvADinI kAdu, tIrchE vADinI kAdu. prapaMchaM aMtA kaTTakaTTukuni eduru tirigitE ETiki edurIdakalanA?

evvari kaMTA paDakuMDA, ekkaDO vinuvIdhulalO tana mAnAna tanu tirugADutU uMTE uchchu vEsi paTTukunnAru. paTTukuni kanakapu siMhAsanaM mIda kUrchObeTTi paTTaM kaTTEru. peTTi, kaTTi, ippuDu kukkani koTTinaTlu koTTi siMhAsanaM nuMDi diMpi, ‘kArTUnu bommalalO kukka batukulAMTi batuku chAlu,’ annAru. AkASaM nuMDi, SaMbhuni Sirassu nuMDi, SItAdriSuSlOkaMbaina himAdri nuMDi pavanAMdhOlOkamuM jEre annaTlu uMdi nA plUTO patanaM!

ayyA, plUTO patanAniki kAraNaM ippaTidi kAdu; puTTinappuDE dAniki alA rAsi peTTi uMdi. sA. Sa. 1781lO Sani grahAniki avatala marO grahaM uMdani her^shel (#William Herschel)# kanukkunnappuDu vArtApatrikalalO adoka patAka SIrshika ayipOyiMdi. aMtavaraku khagOLaSAstravEttalaki telisina grahAlu Aru mAtramE: budha, Sukra, bhU, kuja, guru, Sani grahAlu.

jAtakAlu rAsE jyOtisha SAstraj~nulu tommidi grahAlu lekka peDatAru. avEmO budhuDu, SukruDu, kujuDu, guruDu, Sani mAtramE kAkuMDA sUryuDu, chaMdruDu, rAhuvu, kEtuvu kUDa grahAlE. I lekkalO bhUmi grahaM kAdu. E astitvaM lEni rAhu kEtuvulu grahAlu. vIri lekkalO sUryuDu (ravi) kUDA oka grahamE! mana upagrahamaina chaMdruDU oka grahamE. manaM ikkaDa vichAriMchEdi khagOLaSAstraM dRshTitO kanuka iTupaina jyOtisha SAstra prastAvana tIsukurAvalasina avasaraM lEdu.

her^shel kottagA kanukkunna grahAniki yUrenas (yurEnas kAdu, dIrghaM yu mIda, ra mIda kAdu ani kArl sEgan (sagAn kAdu) padE padE cheppEvADu) ani pEru peTTEru. dIniki manavALlu varuNuDu ani pEru peTTEru. I varuNuDi grahapATu bAgulEka kAbOlu Iyanaki jAtaka chakraMlO chOTu dorakalEdu.

yUrenas uniki manaki teliyani rOjulalO, bhUmi mIda unna manaki mana AkASaMlO kadalADutU kanabaDE nabhOmUrtulu enimidi. avi paina cheppina Aru grahAlatO pATu sUryuDu (ravi), chaMdruDu, verasi mottaM enimidi.


iMglIshu lOnu, telugu lOnu kUDA mana vArAla pErlu I grahAla pErlani anusariMchE uMTAyi. ravivAraM (san-DE, #Sun-day),# sOmavAraM (mUn-DE, #Moon-day),# budhavAraM, guru vAraM, SanivAraM (SATar-DE, #Satur-day),# anna pErlalO I pOlika koTTochchinaTlu kanabaDutuMdi.

telugulO kujavAraM lEdu. iMglIshulO TUj^DE (#Tuesday)# annadi kujuDi pErE. rOmanula dEvagaNAlalO mArs (#Mars)# lEdA kujuDiki unna sthAnamE jermanI vAri dEvagaNAlalO Tiv (#Tiw)# AkramistADu kanuka Tiv^s^DE (#Tiw’s day)# lEdA TUs^DE (#Tuesday)# anna pEru kujuDi pErE. mari mana maMgaLavAraM E grahaM nuMDi elA vachchiMdO nAku teliyadu. telugulOni SukravAraM iMglIshulO unna phraiDEki (#Friday)# sarisamAnaM. Sukra grahaM annA vInas (#Venus)# grahaM annA okaTE. (kAni, SukruDu annA vInas annA okE dEvata kAdu!) pASchAtya dESAlalO vInas (#Venus)# prEmaki chihnaM. nArvE vaMTi dESAlalO prEma dEvuDi pEru phriggA (#Frigga);# iMdulOMchE phraiDE (#Friday)# vachchiMdi.

I goDavaMtA eMduku kAni, pUrvaM, khagOLaSAstraM paridhilO grahAlu enni? ani evvarini aDiginA Aru ani ThakImani samAdhAnaM vachchEdi. eMdukaMTE her^shel kAlaM varaku sUryuDi chuTTU tirugutU ArE Aru grahAlu kaMTiki kanipiMchEvi. mana dRshTiki AnanaMta dUraMlO marO grahaM uMdani cheppEsariki adoka nammaSakyaM kAni nijaM ayi kUrchuMdi.

Aruki EmI pratyEkata, pavitrata lEdani telisina taruvAta EDuki mAtraM eMduku? aMdukani yUrenas avatala marO grahaM uMDochchEmO ani anumAnaM vachchiMdi. AkASaMlO durbhiNitO vetukutU uMTE, sA. Sa. 1801 janavari okaTO tEdIna, maroka nabhOmUrti kanipiMchiMdi – kuja grahAniki, guru grahAniki madhya unna jAgAlO! dAniki sIrIs (#Ceres)# ani pEru peTTEru. mari koddi saMvatsarAlalO sIrIs pEru pAThya pustakAlalO namOdu ayipOyiMdi. aMtE kAdu. marO reMDELlallO oka kotta rasAyana mUlakaM uniki kanukkunnappuDu, tarjanabharjanalu lEkuMDA A mUlakAniki, sIrIs gauravArthaM sIriyaM (#Cerium)# ani pEru peTTEsEru. rAjayOgaM aMTE alA uMTuMdi.

sIrIs^ni kanukkunna taruvAta saMvatsaraMlO maroka ‘grahaM’ kanabaDiMdi. I tommidO grahAniki pAlas (#Pallas)# ani pEru peTTEru. sA. Sa. 1803 lO maroka kotta rasAyana mUlakaM kanugonnappuDu dAniki – iMkA AlOchana eMduku – pElas gauravArthaM pelEDiyaM (#Palladium)# ani pEru peTTEsEru.

I pAlas velisina vELA viSEshaM EmiTO kAni, ‘mArakaM’tO puTTinaTluMdi. paipechchu dIni ‘grahachAra dOshaM’ valla sIrIs^ki kUDA mArakaM tIsukochchiMdi. idelAgO chebutAnu.

iMtavaraku grahAlu, vATi lakshaNAlu oka bANI prakAraM uMTU vachchEyi kAni I sIrIs, pAlas varasa koMcheM bhinnaMgA kanipiMchiMdi. udAharaNaki, grahAlani durbhiNilO chUsinappuDu guMDraMgA chinni paLleM AkAraMlO kanipistAyi (chaMdruDu mana kaMTiki kanipiMchinaTTu). kAni I sIrIs, pAlas minuku minuku maMTU nakshatrAla vale chukkalugA kanipiMchEyi kAni, grahAla mAdiri paLlElalA kAdu. pOnI ivi eMtO dUraMlO uMDabaTTinnI, mana durbhiNilu marI SaktimaMtaM kAnaTTivInu avaTaM valla chinnagA kanipistunnAyanukOTAniki vIlu lEdu. I reMDU kUDA bhUmiki ati samIpaMlO, kujuDikI guruDukI madhya unnAyi. aMtE kAdu. iMtavaraku mana jAbitAlO unna grahAla madhya dUrAlatO pOlchi chUstE I reMDu daridApu okE kakshyalO unnaMta daggaragA unnAyi. I vikArAlanniTini chUsi peddalu ivi grahAlu kAvu ani tIrmAniMchEru. (appaTikE achchayipOyina pustakAlu maLlA achchu koTTavalasi vachchiMdEmO!) vITiki iMglIshulO AsTarAyiDs (#asteroids)# ani pEru peTTi, grahAla jAbitAlOMchi tIsEsEru. vATi pEru mIda unna rasAyana mUlakAla pErlu mAtraM mAralEdu. bejavADa pEru vijayavADa ayinA bejavADa gOpAlareDDi pEru mAranaTlugA anukoMDi.

ikkaDa AsTar (#aster)# aMTE grIku bhAshalO nakshatraM, OyiD (#oid)# aMTE lAMTidi ani arthaM. kanuka AsTarAyiD aMTE nakshatraM lAMTidi ani arthaM. kAni I reMDu nakshatrAla lAMTivi kAnE kAvu; rALla lAMTivi aMTE saripOyEdi. kAni AsTarAyiD anna pEru atukkupOyiMdi. koMtamaMdi nAlAMTi chAdastulu appuDU uMDEvAranna mATa, vITiki grahaSakalAlu (#planetoids)# ani pEru peTTEru. nEnaMTE ishTaM unna vALlu I kotta pEru peTTi pilustunnAru; ishTaM lEni vALlu tappu ayinA pAta pEru peTTE pilustunnAru. I bhAshAbhimAnulU, vIrAbhimAnulU, parama ChAMdasulU unnAru chUSArU, vALlu mEkapOtu meDa kiMda unna channulu paTTukuni alA chapparistUnE uMTAru.


sA. Sa. 1851 nATiki mahAsAgaraM lAMTi AkASapu lOtullOki durbhiNi anE gElAnni vEsi vetakagA, vetakagA daridApu iravai pillachEpala lAMTi grahaSakalAlu, pedda sora chEpa lAMTi maroka grahaM kanabaDDAyi. I sora chEpa pErE nepTUn (#Neptune).# durbhiNi sahAyaMtO AkASaM gAlistE yUrenas kakshyaki avatala nepTUn kanipiMchiMdi. rOmanu purANAlalO nepTUn samudrAlaki adhipati. aMdukani manavALlu sagaruDu ani pEru peTTEru. I nepTUn gauravArthaM maroka rasAyana mUlakAniki nepTUniyaM (#Neptunium)# ani pEru peTTEru. kAvalistE I mUlakAniki manaM telugulO sagaramu (tagaramutO prAsa kudiriMdi kadA!) ani pEru peTTukOvachchu!

hammayya. budhuDu, SukruDu, bhUmi, kujuDu, guruDu, Sani, yUrenas, nepTUn – mottaM enimidi grahAlu ani aMtA Upiri pIlchukuni, pillala pAThya pustakAlalO I enimidi grahAla pErlU vArAla pErlatO pATU, nelala pErlatO pATU achchu koTTiMchi pillalachEta valle vEyiMchEvAru. I grahAlu E varusa kramaMlO unnAyO pillalu gurtu peTTukOvaTAniki bAguMTuMdani ‘mArtA vijiTs evirI man^DE aMD jasT sTEs aMTil nUn’ (#Martha Visits Every Monday and Just Stays Until Noon)# anE iMglIshu vAkyAnni tayAru chEsi, dInini sphOrakaMgA (#mnemonic) # vADukOmannAru. aMTE, I vAkyaMlO vachchE prati mATa modaTi aksharaM varusakramaMlO unna grahAla pErlaki gurtugA vADukOmani arthaM. ilAMTi spOraka vAkyaM telugulO kUDa okaTuMTE bAguMTuMdi kAnI…

pustakAla vikrEtala grahachAraM bAgAnE uMdi kAni rOjukO jAbitA baTTIyaM veyyavalasi vachchEsariki pillala jAtakAlu bAgulEvEmO ani anipistuMdi. pillala grahapATu ilA uMDagA, phibravari 18, 1930 nADu AkASapu lOtula nuMDi marO grahaM UDi pillala pustakAllO paDiMdi. (bomma chUDaMDi.) grahaSakalAlalA kAkuMDA I kotta grahaM nepTUn^ki avatala, iMkA chAlA dUraMlO, minuku minuku aMTU durbhiNilO kanabaDiMdi. migilina enimidi grahAlu sUryuDi chuTTU daridApu vRttAkAra kakshyalO tirugutU uMTE I kotta grahaM dIrghavRttAkAraMlO tirugutOMdani nirdhAraNa chEsEru. paipechchu I kotta grahaM paribhramiMchE talaM, migilina grahAlu annI paribhramistUnna talaMlO kAkuMDA vATanniki ETavAlugA maroka talaMlO uMdi.


saura kuTuMbaM (nAsA veb^saiT nuMchi.) (vivaraM kOsaM bommapai nokkaMDi.)

‘chukkalA kanipistUnna idi grahaM kAdu, idi kUDA grahaSakalamE’ annAru, koMdaru. kAni appaTikE grahaSakalaM anna pEru kuja-guru grahAla madhya uMDEvATikE kETAyiMchaTaM ayipOyiMdi. kanuka dIniki kotta pEru peTTAli, lEdA grahaSakalaM anna pAta mATa nirvachanaM mArchAli. ‘adi tOka chukkEmO’ annAru koMdaru. ‘tOkachukkalO chukka alukkupOyinaTlu uMTuMdi. I chukka khaNigA uMdi. paipechchu dIniki tOka lEdu. kanuka tOka chukka anaTAniki vIlu lEdu’ annAru marikoMdaru. ilA tuni tagavulA eTU tElakuMDA uMDipOyiMdi dIni paristhiti. EdO tElE varaku, aMdAkA, dInini grahaM anE nirNayiMchi, plUTO (#Pluto)# ani pilavaTaM modalu peTTEru. dIni gauravArthaM oka rasAyana mUlakAniki pluTOniyaM (#Plutonium)# ani pEru kUDa peTTEsEru. dUradRshTi kala telugu vALlu dIniki E pErU peTTalEdu. sIrIs^kI pElas^kI paTTina gati dIniki kUDA paTTalEdani pillalu saMtOshiMchEru. maLlA pAta pustakAlu pArEsi kotta pustakAlu achchu koTTEru. grahAla pErlu j~nApakaM peTTukOTAniki vIlugA, mai verI eksaleMT madar jasT serv^D aj nain pIjAs (#My Very Excellent Mother Just Served Us Nine Pizzas)# ani kotta sphOraka vAkyaM tayAru chEsEru. kArTUn bommalalO oka kukkaki kUDA plUTO ani pEru peTTukunnAru.


Adhunika vij~nAnaSAstraM aMTE – oka vidhaMgA – pErlu peTTaTaM; bhAvAlaki pErlu peTTaTaM. okadAnini oka pEru peTTi pilustunnAmaMTE A pEru venaka khachchitamaina bhAvaM okaTi uMTuMdi. kanuka manaM ‘grahaM’ anna pEru vADinappuDallA nAku, mIku, prapaMchaM aMtaTikI okE oka bhAvaM spuriMchAli; lEkapOtE nEnu anEdi okaTi mIku arthaM ayEdi marokaTi. grahaM anna mATanE tIsukuMdAM. telugulO grahaM anagAnE nAku reMDu arthAlu spuristAyi. okaTi, sUryuDi chuTTU tirigE budha, SukrAdula vaMTi nabhOgOLaM. reMDavadi bhUta, prEtAdula vaMTi adRSya SAltI. I reMDava arthaM nA chinnatanaMlO vinnaMtagA I rOjullO vinaTaM lEdu.

sUryuDi chuTTU tirigEvannI grahAlu kAdu. sIrIs, pElas vaMTi grahaSakalAlaki grahAla sthAyi, aMtastu ivvalEmu. avi sUryuDi chuTTU tirigE nabhOmUrtulainA avi grahAlu kAvani tIrmAniMchEru. avi kEvalaM pedda rALlu annAru. grahaM anna mATaki nirvachanaM cheppaTAniki badulu grahAlu EmiTO oka jAbitA cheppavachchu. appuDu — budhuDu, SukruDu, bhUmi, kujuDu, guruDu, Sani, yUrenas, nepTUn, plUTO. I tommidi grahamulanabaDunu — ani vyAkaraNaMlO sUtraMlA cheppeyyavachchu.

I rakaM nirvachanAlatO oka chikku uMdi. ‘amerikA, rashyA, chainA, briTan, phrAns – I ayidu dESAlE aNubAMbulu pElchavachchu, aNvastrAlani tamatama AyudhAgArAlalO nilva chEsukOvachchu.’ ani tIrmAniMchi ivE agra dESAlu, migilinavi annI baDugu dESAlu aMTE manaM UrukuMTunnAmA? nirvachanAniki arthaM uMDAli, dAni venaka tarkaM uMDAli.

udAharaNaki plUTO vaMTi nabhOmUrti marokaTi uMTE dAnini kUDA grahAla jAbitAlO chErchukOmani aDagamA?

ekkaDO AkASaMlO unna grahAla varaku eMduku? guTTa ani eppuDanAli? koMDa ani eppuDanAli? parvataM ani eppuDanAli? selayEru, Eru, nadi – vITi nirvachanAlu EmiTi? AsTrEliyA dESamA? khaMDamA? ivannI nirvachanAlu lEkuMDA saMpradAyAnusAraMgA vADukunE mATalE. kAni saMpradAyaM ani cheppi anyAyaM jarugutU uMTE chUstU urukOlEmu kadA. uDuku netturu unna teluguvALlu assalu UrukOlEru.

kanuka aMdarU Edi oppukuMTE adE grahaM. kAni aMdarU EdI oppukOru kadA!

pUrtigA #»

kavi kAvaDaM elA? konni prAkTikal sUchanalu

nAkavitvamadharmAya vyAdhayE daMDanAya vA|
kukavitvaM puna@h sAkshAnmRti rAhurmanIshiNa@h||

- bhAmahuDu, kAvyAlaMkAraM. 7va SatAbdaM.

(nuvvu kavitvaM rAyakapOtE adi tappu kAdu. nIku jabbu chEyadu. ninnevarU tiTTaru, koTTaru. kAnI cheDu kavitvaM rAstE nuvvu tappakuMDA nI pAThakulanu chaMpinavADi vavutAvu.)


nA tappulaku pUrtigA prAyaSchittaM uMdani, uMTuMdani nEnanukOnu. ayinA tappadu.

kavitvaM vishayaMlO nEnu chEsina tappulEmiTi?

  • kavitvaM anEdi oka bhAvAvESapu unmAdaMlO peThillumani manasu lOMchi baiTiki tannukuni vachchEdani, E chinna mArpu chEsinA aMdulO uMDE ‘adi’ pOtuMdani, A kavita sahajatvAnni kOlpOtuMdanI, kavitakU itara sRjanalakU adE mukhyamaina tEDA ani — eMdarO kavulu, sAhityakArulu guDDigA nammutunnArani bAdha paDDAnu. avi apOhalani vAriki nachchacheppaDAniki prayatniMchAnu. mahAkavulu kUDA ennOsArlu tama kavitalaku diddubATlu chEstAru ani vAdiMchAnu. eMdarO autsAhikulu, kavulu nAku chUpiMchina vAri vAri kavitalani parishkariMchEMtagA tegiMchAnu.
  • konni anubhUtulu akasmAttugA manalni kadilistAyi. mari konni kramaMgA manasulO rUpu diddukuMTAyi. kAnI, I Uhalaki nirdishTamaina AkAraM uMDadu. vITini vErokaritO paMchukOvaDAniki mATa okkaTE mArgaM. ayitE eppuDu vATini padAlalO, vAkyAlalO peDatAmO, appuDu avi oka spashTamaina AkRti techchukuMTAyi. bhAsha, vyAkaraNaM, vAkya nirmANaM, taditara niyamAlaku lObaDatAyi. vyAsa vAkyAniki pratyakshArthaM vuMTuMdi. sRjanAtmaka vAkyAniki dhvani, saMdarbhamU kUDA uMTAyi. aMduvalla kaviki cheppadalachukunna vishayaMpai pUrti avagAhana, spashTata uMDAlani; avi rachanalO kanipiMchElA, rAsina kavitanu (katha, vyAsaM, EdainA kUDA) aksharaM aksharaM sarididdukuMTU merugu parchukOvAli ani; kavitvaM ‘rAyaDaM’ manasuku, mEdhaku reMTikI saMbaMdhiMchiMdani, vATi samanvayaM chAlA mukhyamanI nammAnu.
  • kavitvAsvAdana vaiyaktikamainappaTikI, anubhavaM kAgAnE saripOdu. paSurvEtti gAnarasaM kadA ani manamU A sthAyilOnE AgipOmu. pAThakuDu arthaM kUDA chEsukOvAli. SAstrAlu, siddhAMtAlu, Edi kavitvamO Edi kAdO manaku cheppavu. kAnI avi kavitvAnubhavAnni nirvachiMchi vichAristAyi. tadvArA mana sAhitya vivEchanaku, vimarSaku tODpaDatAyi. alA arthAnni, anubhavAnni viSlEshiMchukuMTU chaduvukunE koddI uttamamaina sAhityAnni gurtiMchi, AnaMdiMchagaligE rasaj~nata (parsepshan Aph kvAliTI) pAThakuDiki abbutuMdani nErchukunnAnu. sAhityOpakaraNAlanu, lakshaNAlanu upayOgiMchukuni rachayita samarthavaMtaMgA tana sRjanaku rUpamichchADA lEdA ani chUsi tappa sabhyata, naitikata, saMdESaM, prayOjanaM vaMTi sAMghika nirvachanAlatO, vaiyaktika abhiprAyAlatO sAhityAnni bErIju vEyakUDadu ani; pAThakuDitO rachana tappa rachayita E paristhitilOnU mATlADanE kUDadu ani balaMgA nammAnu.
  • kavitvAniki (sAhityAniki) sAmAjika prayOjanaM uMDAlani, abhyudayAniki, vikAsAniki dAri tIyAlani, kavulu, rachayitalu, kaLAkArulu iMduku SramiMchAlani, vAriki A adanapu sAmAjika bAdhyata uMdani, eMtOkAlaMgA cheptunna vimarSakulani vinipiMchukOlEdu. I prAtipadikana chEsina sAhitya vivEchananu oppukOlEdu. kavulu, rachayitalu manalAMTi mAmUlu manushulE. nItulu cheppaDaM, anyAyAlu asamAnatalu ettichUpaDaM, maMchi cheDU nErpaDaM, manalO parivartana tEvaDaM, samAjAniki dAri chUpaDaM vAri pani kAdu. vArikA avasaraM lEdu. vAriki A sAmarthyaM lEdu, uMDadu, rAdu. sAhityaM samAjaMlO mArpu tEdu. dAnivalla viplavAlu rAvu, yuddhAlu jaragavu. sAhityasRjana itara kaLala lAgE pUrtigA EkAMtamu, vaiyaktikamu, svArthamU ayina vyApakaM ani telusukunnAnu.
  • saMdarbha kavirachayitalanu, mukhyaMgA ugravAda charyalu, matakallOhAlu, mAnabhaMgAlu, maraNAla vaMTi saMghaTanalapai veMTanE kavitvaM rAsEvArini sahiMchalEkapOyAnu. adi kavi dharmamani, samAjAniki prAtinidhyamani vAru cheppukuMTE vini kuMgipOyAnu. bAdha nijamainadE ayitE adi kavi manasu lOnE eMtO kAlaM kuMpaTilA ragulutuMdi. padAlaku oka paTTAna loMgadu. baiTikaMTU vastE eppaTikO kAnI sRjana rUpaMlO rAdu. evarainA chachchipOgAnE, EdO oka arAchakaM jaraggAnE kathalU kavitalani rAsEvAru tamanu goppa chEsukOvaDaM kOsamE rAstunnArani, alA rAyaDaM bAdhitulanu, chanipOyina vArini sommu chEsukOvaDamEnani anukunnAnu. tAmu goppa kavulamani, samAjaM tamani gauraviMchaTaM lEdani AkrOSiMchina vArini, alA ASiMchina vArini chUsi navvukunnAnu.

eMta hAsyAspadamaina AlOchanalu, bhAvanalu! iMkA ennani cheppanu, ilA cheppukuMTU pOtE eppaTikayEnu!


nA telivitakkuvatanaM kAkapOtE, nainelevan guriMchO, luMbinI pArku bAMbupEluLLa guriMchO, muMbai dADula guriMchO, DhillIlO ammAyipai bassulO jarigina atyAchAraM guriMchO inni rOjula tarvAta — manamaMtA vichAriMchi, vimarSiMchi, ragili pogili, khaMDiMchi, veMTanE tErukoni mana lOkaMlO manaM batukutunna inni rOjula tarvAta — ippuDu kavitalu, kathalu rAstE evaru chaduvutAru, evaru spaMdistAru. pAThakulu navvipOtAru, nIku ippuDu melakuva vachchiMdA, ippuDu saMdarbhaM EmiTi? ani. nuvvu innALLU manishivi kAvA, nIku mAnavatvaM lEdA, ippuDA nuvvu ninadistunnadi? ani sATi kavulu niladIstAru.

nijamE! priyurAli mIda prEma appaTikappuDu prakaTiMchani kavita eMduku? anarthAnni appaTikappuDu khaMDiMchani kavita eMduku? pUvu puTTagAnE parimaListuMdi kAnI puTTina mUDELLaku kAdu. manasulO puTTagAnE appaTikappuDu padimaMditO paMchukObaDani anubhavAlaki astitvaM eMduku? asalu A anubhavAlaki viluvEmuMdi? mI bhAryanO, bhartanO, pillalanO prEmistunnAnani vArokkarikE cheppi, vAriki mAtramE telisi EmiTi prayOjanaM? muMdu padimaMdikI teliyAli, vArU abhinaMdiMchAli. adi mariMta mukhyaM. I iMTarneT prapaMchaMlO, bhAvaprakaTanaku munupennaDU lEnaMta svEchCha unna I samayaMlO, mana anubhavAlanU abhiprAyAlanU manalOnE dAchukOvaTaM avivEkaM. aMdukanE rAyAli, venuveMTanE prachuriMchAli. padimaMdikI telisElA prakaTiMchAli.

nA mATa nammaMDi. ippuDu, nikkachchigA cheptunnAnu. kavitvaM anEdi saMdarbhAniki rAyAli. vADigA vEDigA rAyAli. mettagA, kottagA rAyAli. churuggA, chamatkAraMgA rAyAli. kavitvaM anEdi eppaTikI nilichEdi kAdu. kavitvaM appaTikappuDu panikirAvAli. “kavitvaM oka AlkemI, dAni rahasyaM kavikE telustuMdi,” lAMTi arthaM lEni nirvachanAlu ivvaDaM vyarthaM (mana kavitanu samarthiMchukODAniki tappa.) kavitvaM EdO brahmapadArthaM kAdu. AkalEsina vADiki ins^TaMT nUDil sUpu avasaraM, AhAraMlO pOshakaviluvala guriMchina charcha anavasaraM. kavitvaM rAyAlanukunE vAriki nijaMgA panikochchE salahAlu mukhyaM. vAru AcharaNalO peTTalEni salahAlu ivvaDaM kEvalaM vArini tappudAri paTTiMchaDaM.

kavi kAvaDAniki pAThAlA? ani IsaDiMchukunE mEdhAvulaMdarikI okaTE mATa cheppadalachukunnAnu. mI pillalanU mIlAgE iMjanIriMg, meDisin lAMTi chaduvulE chadiviMchAru, -vistAru. eMseTlu, AseTlu, IseTlu rAyistAru elkEjInuMchI. kAnI, phijiks, myAth, bayAlajI kshuNNaMgA chaduvukuni nErchukOmani eppuDU chepparu. mIru chaduvukunnArA? lEdu. kOchiMg seMTaru vADichchina biT byAMku mAtraM baTTI paTTistAru, mIru chEsinaTTE. eMTrans parIkshalO aDagani praSnalaku samAdhAnAlu telisi uMDaTaM mIku akkarlEdu. EM, kavi kAvAlanukunEvAriki konni shArT^kaT sUchanalu ivvaDaM aMtakaMTE nEramA? IvishayaMlO iMtakannA charcha anavasaraM.

#[#prastuta samAjaMlO strI purushulani viDigA sUchiMchE konni vyApakanAmAlu vADaru. karta evarainA raiTar, EkTar, poyeT, minisTar -- ilAnE saMbOdhistAru tappa raiTares, EkTares, poyeTes, minisTres anaru. aMdukE, nEnu kavi annA mATlADutunnadi aMdaritO. kavitvaM vishayAlu konni kathalaku kUDA vartistAyi kAbaTTi, kavi aMTE kavi, kavayitri, rachayita, rachayitri ani. pAThakuDu aMTE pAThakurAlu kUDA, atanu aMTE Ame, adi; kavita aMTE katha, navala, itara rachana ani kUDA. nEnu liMgavichakshaNa pATiMchanu! - rachayita.#]


#kavitvaM nijaMgA EmiTi?

kavitvaM – oka asaMkalpita pratIkAra charya.

SarIraM lEnidE manasu lEdu. prEraNa lEnidE charya lEdu. DAkTar mOkAli daggara naraM mIda koTTagAnE kAlu chaTukkuna kadulutuMdi. grAmasiMhAniki ekkaDa debba tagilinA venaka kAlitOnE kuMTutuMdi. udAharaNa moraTugA uMTE kshamArhuNNi. kavitvaM kUDAnu ilAnE asaMkalpitaMgA oka anubhavaM, oka AvESaM manalni prErEpiMchinapuDu vastuMdi. oka saMdarbhaM adATugA kavitvaM cheppAlsina avasarAnni gurtu chEsinappuDu vastuMdi. AlOchanatO chepparAnidi AvESaMtO cheppAli. AlOchana tappu. adi AvESAnni nirvIryaM chEstuMdi. tannukostunna vamanAnni ApaDaM eMta nishprayOjanamO, udvEgaMtO ubikivastunna kavitvAnni ApaDamU aMtE nishprayOjanaM. padAlu, padAlu, vAkyAlu, vAkyAlugA kavita Ekabigina bayaTapaDAli. aMdulOnE sahajatvaM uMdi. aMdulOnE kavitvaM jIvistuMdi. samudguruNAnaMtaraM rOgiki kaligE upaSamanaM kannA kavita rAsina kaviki kaligE hAyi, niSchiMta padivEla reTlu uMTuMdi. vaiyaktika saMghaTanalu, sAmAjika durghaTanala taruvAta kavi veMTanE eMduku spaMdistADO ippuDu mIku koMta arthaM ayiMdi.

kavitvaM – oka aunnatyaM, oka audAryaM.

tama anubhUtini, anubhavAnni aksharAlalO pratIvAru peTTalEru. koMdaru kanIsaM nOru vippi cheppalEru kUDA. vIru chEtakAnivAru, nissahAyulu. koMdaru cheppagaligI tamalOnE dAchukuMTAru. vAru drOhulu, samAja vyatirEkulu. kEvalaM koMdarE ekkaDa E saMghaTana jariginA, eppuDu E vArta tamanu kadiliMchi vEsinA takshaNamE kAryOnmukhulavutAru. vATiki spaMdanagA, nissahAyulaku pratinidhulugA tama gaLAnni vinipistAru. tama AvESAlani, ASayAlani, bAdhani, vEdanani, AnaMdAnni, digbhrAMtini prakaTistAru. vIru unnatulu, diSAnirdESakulu. eMtOmaMdi maunaMgA dAchukunna anubhavAnni padimaMdikI padAlalO, pAdAlalO vellaDiMchaDaM, vATi dvArA tamaku tOchiMdi aMdari maMchI cheDU chEyaTaM, sAmAnyulu chEsE pani kAdu. aMduvalla kavitvaM (katha) rAyaDaM anEdi kavi (rachayita) aunnatyAniki, audAryAniki saMbaMdhiMchina vishayaM. vaiyaktika saMghaTanalu, sAmAjika durghaTanala taruvAta kavi veMTanE eMduku spaMdistADO ippuDu mIku iMkoMta arthaM ayiMdi.

kavitvaM – oka viplavaM, oka sAhasaM.

kavitvaM rAyaDaM AshAmAshI kAdu. agrarAjyAla daMDayAtrala nuMDi bhAshAChAMdasula vimarSala dAkA, kavigA pratIkulapratikUlaSaktulanu goMtetti khaMDiMchaDAniki dhairyasAhasAlu kAvAli. dinapatrikalO amerikAnu tiDutU, saddAmunu poguDutU kavita rAsE kavi tana prANAlaku kirAyi haMtakula nuMchi, drOmala nuMchi, kaligE pramAdAnni paTTiMchukODu. atani kavita praSnalu vEstuMdi. manalO AvESAnni tanni lEputuMdi. viSlEshaNAtmaka rAjakIya sAmAjika vyAsAlu, vidyAdhikulaM anukunE vAru vAru chaduvukunE patrikalalO rAsukuMTAru. avi E koddimaMdO chaduvutAru. iMkoddimaMdi arthaM chEsukuMTAru, vArilO vArE charchiMchukuMTAru. A agravargapu AlOchana, viSlEshaNala kaTTubATlanu tappiMchukoni okka kavi mAtramE kEvalaM AvESaMtO pratispaMdiMchagalaDu. tana dhanamAnaprANahAnini saitaM vismariMchi kavita rAyagalaDu. aMdukE kavitvaM rAyaDaM oka viplavaM, oka sAhasaM. vaiyaktika saMghaTanalu, sAmAjika durghaTanala taruvAta kavi veMTanE eMduku spaMdistADO ippuDu mIku marikoMta arthaM ayiMdi.

prEmakavitalu, bhAvakavitalu rAsE kavula paMthA vEru. aMdulO viplavaM, sAhasaM kanipiMchakapOvachchu. kAnI aunnatyaM, audAryaM ibbaDimubbaDigA A lOTu manaku telIkuMDA chEstAyi. E vennela rAtriMchinA, E tarullata kusumiMchinA, E tETi navviMchinA, E kArmoyilu poDatUpinA vAru chAlA sunnitaMgA chalistAru. A bhAvatIvrata mAmUlu manushula spaMdana kannA tIvramainadi. manaku sarvasAdhAraNaMgA kanipiMchE sAmAnyAMSAlu vAri manasulO kavitAtmanu saMtariMchukuMTAyi. tama suniSita bhAvavIchikA laharulalO I kavulu dainaMdinaM tEliyADutuMTAru. aihika prapaMchAnni niraMtaramU mEli jalatAru paradAlanuMchE chUDagala mahimanu poMdi vuMTAru. A sunnitatvAnni aMtE sunnitaMgA tama kavitala, kavitala vaMTi kathala dvArA manaku aMdistAru. asaMkalpitata, kAlpanika vistIrNata vIri kavitalanu viSvajanInaM chEstAyi.

I nEpathyaMtO ippuDu muMduku naDuddAM.

pUrtigA #»

reMDu padyAlaku viSEshArthAlu – duranvayAlaku samanvayAlu

mauLi@M geMjaDala joMpamu phAlapaTTika@M
#          #;dIMDriMchu bhasitatripuMDakaMbu@M
garNakIlita ratnakAmAkshiyugaLaMbu@M
#          #;baluchani nemmEna@M baTTukaMtha
karamula baMgAru sarakaTTu@M ginnera
#          #;hariNaSRMgaMbu@M bEruramunaMdu@M
garamUlamuna bhUri karavAla sannaMpu
#          #;naDumuna noDDiyANaMbu diddu

peragupai vyAghracharmakaupInakalana
yOgavAgalu SUlaMbu nAgasaramu
polupu daLukottu cheTTuna@M buTTinaTlu
nirupamAkAra siddhu@MDu narugu@MdeMche.

idi ‘siddhapurushu@MDu: tennAli rAmaliMgaya kaMdarpakELI vilAsamu’ anna SIrshikatO AchArya korlapATi SrIrAmamUrtigAru 1989lO prakaTiMchina sAhityasaMpada vyAsasaMpuTaM lOni ‘prabaMdharatnAkaramu chaturthASvAsamu – pratyaMtaraviSEshamulu’ anna vyAsaMlO (pu. 304-5lu) udAhariMpabaDina pAThaM. prabaMdharatnAkaramu aMTE taMjAvUru sarasvatI mahalu graMthAlayaMlO unna pedapATi jagannAthakavi saMkalanagraMthaM. aMdulO lEni padyAlu konni prabaMdharatnAkaramu pratyaMtaraMlO korlapATi SrIrAmamUrti gAriki dorikAyi. vATini Ayana modaTa bhArati patrika lOnU, A tarvAta tama sAhityasaMpada vyAsasaMpuTaM lOnU prakaTiMchAru. taMjAvUru pratilO tenAli rAmakRshNuni rachana kaMdarpakEtu vilAsamu ani, pratyaMtaraMlO kaMdarpakELI vilAsamu ani unnaMduvalla avi reMDU vErvEru graMthAlani Ayana abhiprAyapaDDAru. kaMdarpakEtu vilAsamu kathAkAvyamani, kaMdarpakELI vilAsamu pErunu baTTi kAmaSAstragraMthaM kAvachchunani UhiMchAru. ayitE, kaMdarpakEtu vilAsamu tenAli rAmakRshNakavi rachanamEnani, adi saMskRtaMlO subaMdhuni vAsavadattA kathakU, kannaDaMlO nEmichaMdruni lIlAvatI prabaMdhAnikI saMyuktAnuvAdamani munupu nEnu pratipAdiMchAnu. Asakti gala pAThakulu A vyAsAlanu ImATa patrika pUrvasaMchikalalO chUDavachchunu. kaMdarpakELI vilAsamu annadi lEkhanadOshamani, A pEru gala kAvyamEdI uMDi uMDadani, paini udAhariMchina padyaM kaMdarpakEtu vilAsamu lOnidE kAni, kaMdarpakELI vilAsamu lOnidi kAdani – I vyAsaMlO pratipAdiMpabaDutunnadi.

SIrshikalO rAmaliMgakavi ani unnadi. aMduvalla aMduvalla I kAvyarachana nATiki Ayana iMkA rAmaliMgaDu gAnE unnADani, samASrayaNaM poMdalEdani, rAmakRshNuDugA mAralEdani grahiMchAli.

muMdugA padyapAThAnni vimarSiMchi chUddAmu. sIsapadyaM reMDava pAdaMlOni karNakIlita ratnakAmAkshiyugaLaMbu annadAnilO ‘kAmAkshi’ ananvitaM. A mATaku arthaM lEdu. dAnini karNakIlita ratnakarNikAyugaLaMbu ani savariMchi chaduvukOvAli. karNika aMTE chevikamma. ‘karNikA tAlapatraM syAt’ ani amarakOSaM. ‘karNikA karNabhUshaNaM’ ani yAdava prakASula vaijayaMtI kOSaM. ayitE, karNika karNakIlitaM kAvaTaM vRthA kathitakathanamE avutuMdi. ‘cheviki chevikammanu alaMkariMchukoni’ annaTlu. aMduvalla, dAnini karNakIlita ratnakarNikAyugaLaMbu anaTaM kaMTE gaMDakIlita ratnakarNikAyugaLaMbu ani savariMchaTaM mElu. idi niraMkuSamaina savaraNa kAdanI, mUlavidhEyamEnanI muMdu pratipAdiMpabaDutunnadi.

nAlugO pAdaMlO, bhUri karavAla annachOTa bhUri karavAlaMbu ani uMDAli. vaikRtaM chEsi bhUri karavAlu anaTAniki vIluMDadu. adi samAsatruTitamani DA. SrIrAmamUrti dAnini ‘bhUri taravAri’ ani sarididdAru. padyaM siddhapurusha varNanaM. A saMgati SIrshikalOnE unnadi. kathAsaMdarbhAnni baTTi A siddhamuni SApAnugrahadakshuDu. Ayana karamUlAna bhUri taravAri (khaDgaviSEshaM) anAvaSyakamE avutuMdi. paigA aTuvaMTi paTTA katti siddhapurushAbhivarNanalO asaMgataM. Ayana vEshadhAraNalO adi anuchitaM.

elAgU diddavalasinadE kanuka dAnini ‘bhUri karapALi’ ani diddukoMdAmu. karapALi aMTE chEtikarra. karapAli aMTE katti anE arthaM kUDA unnadi kAni, adi asaMgatamani ippuDE anukonnAmu. ‘karapAlI hastayashTau’ ani SabdArthakalpataruvu. hastadaMDamani bhAvamannamATa.

ettugIti modaTa, peragupai vyAghracharmakaupInakalana ani unnadi. dAniki anvayaM lEdu. vrAtapratilO A vidhaMgA uMDi uMDadu. lEdA, lEkhakadOshaM anukOvAli. korlapATi vAru tama telugu sAhityacharitra tRtIyabhAgaMlO (pu.188) dAniki mArugA ‘pi~ru@Mdupai vyAghracharmakaupInakalana’ ani udAhariMchAru. idi tamavadda unna vrAtapratini baTTi sarichEsina pAThamO, lEka yathAyOgyaMgA UhiMchi vAru sarichEsina pAThamO teliyaTaM lEdu. E saMgatI vAru cheppalEdu.

peragupai vyAghracharmakaupInakalana anna pAThAniki arthaM lEdu. pi~ru@Mdupai vyAghracharmakaupInakalana, kUDA aTuvaMTidE. pulitOlu pirudupai uMDaTaM EmiTi? adi sari kAdu. pOnI, vyAghracharmAnni chuTTachuTTi A chuTTanu pirudu mIda kaTTukonnADani bhAviMchaTaM kUDA sAdhyaM kAdu. mottaM mIda –

‘peragupai vyAghracharmakaupInakalana’, ‘pi~ru@Mdupai vyAghracharmakaupInakalana’ — anna reMDu pAThAlU ananvitaMgAnE unnAyi. aMduvalla I reMDava pAThAnni baTTi utsAdanIyaMgA – birudu vaiyAghracharmakaupInakalana – annadi kavi uddESiMchina pAThamani UhiMchi diddukOvAli. dInitO anvayadOshaM tolagipOtuMdi. vrAtapratiki sannihitaMgAnU uMTuMdi. birudaina vaiyAghracharmaM annamATa. vyAghra SabdAniki taddhitaM vaiyAghraM.

nAlgava sIsa charaNaM chivari daLaMlO sannaMpu naDumu ani unnaMduvalla – A tarvAta unna ‘diddu’nu doddu (chirubojjanu kaligi uMDaTaM) ani diddaTAniki vIlulEkapOyiMdi. vrAtapratilO peragupai vyAghracharma ityAdigA unnaTlayitE, dAnini –

karamUlamuna bhUri karapALi, sannaMpu
naDumuna noDDiyANaMbu nuddi
pena@Mgu vaiyAghracharmakaupInakalana

ani sari chEsukOvAli. naDumuna yOgapaTTeku jatagA penagonna pulitOlutODi biLLagOchi – ani arthaM. allasAni peddana gAri manucharitra lOni aushadhasiddhuni rUpAniki — aiNEyamaina yoDDANaMbu lavaNichE, nakkaLiMchina poTTa makkaLiMchi (1-59) anna varNanaku — anuraNanaM idi. I savaraNalatO padyarUpaM ilA uMTuMdi:

mauLi@M geMjaDala joMpamu, phAlapaTTika@M
#          #;dIMDriMchu bhasitatripuMDakaMbu@M
gaMDakIlita ratnakarNikA(kuMDala?)yugaLaMbu@M,
#          #;baluchani nemmEna@M baTTukaMtha
karamula baMgAru sarakaTTu@M ginnera,
#          #;hariNaSRMgaMbu@M bEruramunaMdu@M
garamUlamuna bhUri karapALi, sannaMpu
#          #;naDumuna noDDiyANaMbu diddu (nuddi)

pena@Mgu vaiyAghracharmakaupInakalana,
yOgavAgalu, SUlaMbu, nAgasaramu
polupu daLukottu cheTTuna@M buTTinaTlu
nirupamAkArasiddhu@MDu narugu@MdeMche.

(Sirasupai guburu kaTTina errani jaDalu, palaka lAgA nunupudEri suviSAlaMgA unna nennuduTipai dhagadhaga merustunna mUDu vibhUtipaTTelu, chekkiLLanu palakaristunnaTlunna ratnAlu podigina chevikammalu, yOgavidyAbhyAsaM valla palachabAri dRDhaMgA unna niMDaina SarIraMpaini chirugula boMta, chEtulalO baMgAru meTlavarusa tIrchididdinaTlunna kinnera vAdyaM, viSAlamaina vaksha@hsthalaM mIda alaMkAraMgA vrElADutunna lEDikommu, chaMkanu podivipaTTina hastadaMDaM, sannani naDumuku oDDANaM chuTTinaTlu biLLagOchi peTTina vyAghracharmAMbaraM, aMtarikshamArgAna saMchariMchE yOgulu toDukkonE pAvukOLLu, niluvettu SUlaM, nAgasvaraM kaligi sAkshAttu kalpavRkshaM varAlanu prasAdiMpagOri kaTTeduTa pratyakshamaina sAkshAnmahESvaramUrti vaMTi sATilEni AkRtiSObhatO oka siddhapurushuDu akkaDiki vachchADu.)

rAmaliMgakavi, kathAnAyakuDu kaMdarpakEtuni saMgamAbhilAshanu varNiMpadalachinappuDu aMduku upayujyamaina bhAvAnni SrI kALidAsa kRtigA prasiddhini ganna SRMgAratilakamulO nuMchi tIsikoni saMdarbhOchitaMgA anuvAdaM chEsukonnaTlE, I siddhapurushavarNanaku arhamaina vastuvistRti subaMdhuni vAsavadattA kathalO lEkapOvaTaM valla, mahAkavi SrI vAmana bhaTTabANuni apurUpamaina kanakalEkhA kalyANamanE saMskRta nATakaMlO nuMchi tIsikoni, dAnini tana varNyavastusAkshAtkaraNa naipuNitO pAritathyaMgA teluguchESADu. I anuvAdAbhimAnAnni vimarSakulu kavulaku janmAMtarasaMskAraviSEshaMgA alavaDE kavitvabIjapu anavAptataku, pratibhASUnyataku nidarSanagA bhAviMpakUDadu. idi rAmaliMgakaviki A mahAkavipai kudurukonna gauravAtiSayAniki sAkshyamE kAni, bhAvadAridryaM kAdu. aMtE kAka, dInini baTTi krI.Sa. 15va SatAbdi uttarArdhaM nATikiMkA telugudESaMlO vAmanAchAryuni kRtulu paThanapAThanAlalO uMDEvani grahiMchAli. sAmAnyuDA mari? sAkshAttu vEdabhAshyakarta SrI vidyAraNyulavAri SishyatallajuDu. paigA, tanalAgAnE rAjASrayAniki lOginavADu. tAnu kRshNadEvarAyala AsthAnaMlO uMDinaTlu AyanA pedakOmaTi vEmAreDDi AsthAnini alaMkariMchi gauravAlanu aMdukonnavADu. tanalAgAnE kAlaM kalisi rAnappuDu pOshakulu lEka talavaMchukoni aj~nAtavAsaM lOnO, anarhavAsaM lOnO unnavADu. A AtmasAtkRti valla vAmana bhaTTabANuni kAvyajAtaM rAmaliMgakavini AkarshiMchi uMDaTaM bhAvyamE avutuMdi. kanakalEkhA kalyANaM chaduvukoni, dAninuMchi telugu chESADu. paigA vAmana bhaTTabANuni kavitanu SrInAthuDaMtaTivADu, pillalamarri pinavIrabhadruni aMtaTivADu anusariMchi, anukariMchAru kadA. Ayana kRtulalOni rasavadArthAnni chubbanachUralugA teluguvAriki paMchipeTTAru kadA. tAnU anusariMchADu.

kanakalEkhA kalyANaM nATakaM tRtIyAMkaMlO yuvarAju vijayavarma vaddaku virUpAkshuDanE siddhapurushuDu AkASamArgAna digivachchi mATlADina sannivESaM unnadi. A saMdarbhaMlO vAmana bhaTTabANuDu chEsina siddhapurusha varNana idi:

pANau vEtraM pavitraM bhasitavirachitaM puNDrakaM phAladESE
raudrAkshaM dAma kaNThE sphaTikamaNimayaM kuNDalaM gaNDasImni
vaiyAghraM charmapaTTaM kaTibhuvimahitE pAdukE pAdayugmE
kanthAM kalpadrumOtthAmapi vapushi vahannEsha siddhObhyupaiti.

(chEtilO bettaM, tapassiddhini sUchistunna yaj~nOpavItaM, viSAlamaina nennuduTa vibhUti rEkha, meDalO rudrAkshahAraM, chekkiLLapaini merumulInutunna sphaTikamaNimayAlaina kuMDalAlu, naDumuku chuTTina pulitOlu, reMDu pAdAlaku pAvukOLLu, mEnipai chirugula boMta dhariMchi kalpavRkshaM mAnavAkRtini dAlchinaTlugA unna siddhapurushuDu edurugA vastunnADu.)

rAmaliMgakavi bahuvistAramaina graMthapariSIlanaku, prativihita sUkshmEkshikaku, SAstrajanya saMskAraSAlInataku, niraMtara vidyAvyasanitaku nikashOpalamaina sannivESaM idi. spashTamaina SabdAnusaraNaku mElaina udAharaNa. konni padabaMdhAlanu chUDaMDi:

  1. bhasitavirachitaM puNDrakaM phAladESE = phAlapaTTika@M dIMDriMchu bhasita tripuMDrakaMbu.
  2. sphaTikamaNimayaM kuNDalaM gaNDasImni = gaMDa (<>
  3. sphaTikamaNimayaM kuNDalaM gaNDasImni = gaMDa (<>
  4. vaiyAghraM charmapaTTaM kaTibhuvi = naDumuna, birudu vaiyAghracharmakaupInakalana.
  5. pAdukE pAdayugmE = yOgavAgalu.
  6. kanthAM vapushi = paluchani nemmEna@M baTTukaMtha.
  7. kalpadrumOtthAM = polupu daLukottu cheTTuna@M buTTinaTlu.
  8. Esha siddha@h abhyupaiti = nirupamAkArasiddhuMDu narugu@MdeMche.

modalainavannI vAmanuni saMskRtAniki nIDalE. kalpadrumOtthAM anna rUpaNanu vyastaMgA paThiMchi AMdhrIkarta, polupu daLukottu cheTTuna@M buTTinaTlu, ani chitrikapaTTADu. Esha siddha@h abhyupaiti anna nirdESAnni nirupamAkArasiddhuMDu narugu@MdeMche, ani vAsavadatta palikinaTlugA mArchi sannivESAnni mariMta rakti kaTTiMchADu. karamula baMgAru sarakaTTu@M ginnera – annappuDu pasiDi kinnera vINAviSEshamEnani, sarakaTTu (=meTlavarusa) dAnikE sUchakamanI grahiMchAli. bhagavannAma japAnuraktuDaina siddhuni chEtilO bettAnikaMTe (vEtraM = bettamu) baMgAru kinneranu uMchaTaM valla kAvyaMlO dRSyadarSanIyata mariMta rANiMpuku vachchiMdi.

pUrtigA #»

anuvAdAlu

bhagavaMtuDO sAkshi

poddunnE gurrAlani bayaTaki tIsi baMDi siddhaM chEstunnADu AksinOv. ippuDaitE muphphaillO paDi akkaDO veMTrukA ikkaDO veMTrukA nerustOMdi kAnI hushArugAnE unnADu. paTnaMlO saMta aMTE sarukaMtA ammEsi UraMtA chUDochchu. Dabbulaki DabbulU, vyApArAniki vyApAramUnu. hushAru kAdu marI? panivADu ammE saruku baMDilO peDutUMTE gurrAlani chUstU baMDi muMdu nilabaDi unnADu AksinOv.

I lOpula EdO koMpalaMTukupOtunnaTTu iMTi lOpalnuMchi AviDa pilchiMdi, “kAsta ilA rA lOpalaki,” aMTU. visukkuMTU iMTivEpu kadilEDu.

“EviTi saMgati?” lOpalakochchina AksinOv aDigEDu. ADavALLu evarainA ippuDu ‘nEnu kUDA vastA’ aMTArEmO ani AksinOv bedirina mATa vAstavaM. vALLu kAnI vastAnaMTE I vEsavi poddunnE vEDekkakuMDA bayaldEri veLLipOdAM anukunna prayANaM beDisikoTTinaTTE.

“rAtri pIDakala vachchiMdi nI guriMchi; I rOju ekkaDakI veLLaku,” batimAltunnaTTU aMdi bhArya.

“EMTA kala? nEnu saMtaki veLtE DabbulannI vODkA tAgi taMdanAlADatAnani kadU nI bhayaM?”

“kAdu, nI juTTu pUrtigA muggubuTTalA tellabaDipOyinaTTU, nuvveMtO musali vADivaipOyinaTTU vachchiMdi kala.”

AksinOv navvEDu. “tellajuTTu adRshTAniki saMkEtaM. nEnu sarukaMtA ammEsi okka glAsukUDA vODkA tAgakuMDA venakki vastAnu sarEnA? okappuDu koMcheM maMdu ekkuva koTTi chettagA pravartiMchina mATa nijamE kAnI peLLayyAka annI mAnESAnani nIkU telusu.”

“adi kAdu, eMduku nAku bhayaM vEstOMdO nAkE teliyadu. I kala mUlAnE alA anipistOMdi. nuvvu tAguDu mAnESAvani telsinA. I rOju prayANaM mAnukOkUDadU?”

kAsEpu vAgyuddhaM ayyEka AksinOv, panivADitO kalsi saMtakEsi bayaldErEDu. baMDilO pakkanE oka giTAr, TI kAchukunE saraMjAmA aMtA uMdi. sAyaMtraM EdO pUTakULLa iMTlO uMDi rEpaTiki saMtaki veLtE mUDurOjullO iMTikochchEyavachchu. baMDi sAyaMkAlAniki dArilO pUTakULLa iMTiki chEriMdi. adE saMtaki veLtunna vErE prayANIkuDu kalisEDu AksinOv^ki akkaDE. iddarU rAtri bhOjanaM chEsi kaburlu cheppukunnAka AksinOv lEchi cheppEDu.

“rEpu poddunnE nEnu saMtaki veLdAM anukuMTunnAnu. maLLI kalsukuMdAM, nAku nidra vastOMdi.”

marnADu telavAragaTlE AksinOv lEchi prayANaM sAgiMchEDu. dAdApu pAtika maiLLu prayANaM tarvAta gurrAlaki mEta peTTaDAniki baMDi ApADu panivADu. panilO panigA AksinOv TI chEyaDAniki saraMjAmA aMtA diMpi poyyi veligiMchi adi kAgutUMTE giTAr tIsi vAyiMchaDaM modalu peTTEDu saradAki.

iMtalO pakkanE iMkO baMDi AgiMdi. A baMDilOMchi diginAyana AksinOv daggirakochchi praSnalu vEyaDaM modalupeTTEDu. ekkaDaki veLtunnAv, EM panimIda, pEru, Uru vagairA. anniMTikI samAdhAnAlu cheppEka, “TI tAgutArA?” ani aDigEDu AksinOv maryAdaki.

I maryAdA adI paTTiMchukOkuMDA, “ninna rAtri ekkaDunnAvu? EM chESAv rAtraMtA?” aMTU praSnala varshaM kuripiMchEDu vachchinAyana. anniMTikI samAdhAnaM cheppi aDigADu AksinOv.

“EMTaMDI ilA aDugutunnAru? nEnu saMtaki veLtU gurrAlaki dANA peTTaDAniki AgAnu ani cheptunnAnu kadA? mIru chUstunnadE.”

“nEnu I jillA pOlIs adhikArini. ninna rAtri nuvvu unna pUTakULLa iMTlO nItO kaburlu cheppina vErE vartakuNNi evarO hatya chEsAru. nI sAmAnlu vetiki chUDAli EmainA AdhArAlu kanipistAyEmO.”

AksinOv nOru terichElOpula bila bila maMTU mugguru pakkanuMchi vachchi AksinOv baMDilO sAmAnu aMtA bayaTaki tIsi okkokkaTI chUDDaM modaleTTAru. kAsEpaTiki AksinOv peTTelO oka raktasiktamaina baTTalaguDDA, O kattI kanipiMchAyi.

ivi chUsi AksinOv hatASuDaiyEDu. avi tana peTTelOki elA vachchAyO ardhaM kAlEdu.

pOlIsu aDagaDaM modalupeTTADu maLLI. “idi evaridi? nI peTTelOki elA vachchiMdi? nuvveMta Dabbu koTTEsAv atani daggirnuMchi? eMduku hatya chEyAlsi vachchiMdi?” aMTU.

I kattI raktaM chUsE sariki AksinOv mohaM pAlipOyiMdi. “EmO, nAku teliyadu. rAtri paDukunnAka maLLI nEnu atanni chUDanE lEdu. nAdaggirunna enimidivEla rUbuLLu tappa okka chilligavva kUDA lEdu nA daggira.”

cheppina samAdhAnAlu pOlIsuni nammiMchalEkapOyAyi.

“nuvvu hatya chEyakapOtE nI mohaM eMdukalA pAlipOyiMdi? nOru vippi sariggA samAdhAnaM cheppalEka pOtunnAvEM?” vEdhiMchADu pOlIsu.

“dEvuDi pramANaMgA nAkEmI teliyadu, nEnu kAdu hatya chEsiMdi,” ani cheppEDu AksinOv kAnI goMtukalOMchi mATa rAvaDaM kashTamautOMdi, eppuDU chUDani kashTaM edurayyEsariki. pOlIsulaku nammabuddhi vEyalEdu I samAdhAnAlannI. peDarekkalu virichi kaTTi tIsukeLLi daggirlO unna jaillO peTTEru.

AksinOv uMDE UrlO ArA tIyabaDiMdi atani guriMchi. peLlavaka muMdu tAgEvADanI kAnI peLLayyAka annI mAnEsi buddhigAnE uMTunnADanI cheppEru telsunna vALLu. mottAniki tOTi prayANIkuNNi hatya chEsinaMdukU, atani daggirnuMchi iravaivEla rUbuLLu koTTEsinaMdukU pOlIsulu AksinOv mIda kEsu techchAru.

jarigina dAruNaM aMtA vinEsariki AksinOv vALLAviDaki kAlU cheyyI ADalEdu. EM chEyAlO teliyani paristhiti. pillalu chUstE chinnavALLu. telisunnavALLa kALLu paTTukuni pillalni chaMkanettukuni jaillO unna AksinOv^ni chUDabOyiMdi. AviDni chUstUnE AksinOv nOTamATa rAlEdu. kAsEpaTiki tErukuni cheppEDu.

“pai adhikArlaki O uttaraM rAyAli veMThanE. nEnu EM cheppinA vILLu vinipiMchukOvaTaM lEdu ikkaDa.”

“nEnu avannI rASAnu, kAni avi panikirAvanI, nI mIda abhiyOgaM balaMgA uMdanI nuvvu hatya chEyalEdanaDAniki sAkshyaM EmI lEdu annAru. elA, eMduku I hatya jarigiMdO nAku teliyadu kAnI. manaki kAvAlsinavi annI uMDI nuvveMduku ilA chESAvO…” AksinOv vALLAviDa EDustU cheppiMdi.

“Akhariki nuvvu kUDA nEnE hatya chEsAnani nammutunnAvA?” AksinOv vALLAviDa cheppina mATalakI, AviDa chUsina chUpukI sthANuvai kadilipOyi annADu.

“nEnu ninnu asalu saMtakE veLLoddani eMdukannAnO? eMduku vinipiMchukOlEdu nuvvu? nEnu cheppina pani eppuDU eMduku chEyavu?”

AksinOv EdO anabOyEDu kAnI I lOpunO pOlIs vachchi mATlADDAniki ichchina samayaM ayipOyiMdani cheppi AviDanI, pillalnI bayaTaki tIsukeLLEDu.

eppuDaitE kaTTukunna bhAryE ilA tAnu hatya chEsinaTTu anumAnistOMdi anipiMchiMdO appuDE anukunnADu AksinOv, “iMka iMdulO bhagavaMtuDikokaDikE telusu nijaM. chEstE AyanE EdainA chEyAli gAnI iMkeMvarU chEsEdi EmIlEdu.” tarvAta jaragavalsinavi ati mAmUlugA jarigipOyEyi.

AksinOv^ki hatya chEsi Dabbulu doMgatanaM chEsinaMduggAnu koraDA debbalU jailu SikshA paDDAyi. krUraMgA amAnushaMgA oLLu chIrETaTTu koraDA debbalu koTTEru. A debbalu taggEdAkA uMchi A tarvAta saibIriyA paMpiMchEru jIvita khaidu kosaM. A tarvAta maLLI eppuDU tana kuTuMbAnni chUDDAniki nOchukOlEdu AksinOv.

iravai ArELLu gaDichEsariki AksinOv juTTu – vALLAviDaki kalalO kanipiMchinaTTU – pUrtigA tellabaDiMdi.

geDDaM bAgA perigi naDumu vaMgiMdi. ippuDunna AksinOv evaritOTI peddagA mATlADaDu. navvaDAnikI, mAmUlu kaburlu cheppE tIrikA kOrikA eppuDO chachchipOyEyi. jaillO bUTlu kuTTaDaM nErchukuni avi chEsinaMdukichchina DabbultO konni pustakAlu konnADu AksinOv. chadivinavE chaduvutUMTE kAlaM gaDustOMdi. inni rOjullO okkasAri kUDA AksinOv^ki tana kuTuMbaM guriMchi — asalu tana bhArya kAnI pillalu kAnI I hatya udaMtaM ayyAka — elA batiki baTTakaTTArO anEdE teliyalEdu. kottalO koMtakAlaM AksinOv ArATapaDDADu vALla guriMchi. tarvAttarvAta kAlamE mAnipiMchiMdi A gAyAlannI.

kotta nErastulu vastunnAru, Siksha ayipOyina pAtavALLu veLtunnAru kAnI AksinOv jIvitaMlO EmI mArpu lEdu. chEttO baibil paTTukuni naDichE AksinOv^ni tAtagArU ani pilustU jaillO unnavALLaMdarU vayasukO, baibil^kO gauravaM ichchi mATlADutunnAru. udyOgastulu AMkshalannI tIsESAru AksinOv mIda – iravai ArELLa tarvAta I musalAyana elAgA pAripODanE nammakaM kAbOlu.

O rOju kottagA vachchina nErasthulatO mATlADutU uMTE telisiMdi. aMdulO okaDidi AksinOv uMDE UrE. atanitO mATlADutU “nIku AksinOv vALLAviDa telusA? vALLelA unnArO cheppagalavA?” aDigEDu AksinOv.

“bAgA telusu, vALLakEM? dhanavaMtulu. hAyigA unnAru. A iMTAyana EdO hatya chEsi saibIriyAlO uMTunnADani cheptAru ULLO. vALla saMgati sarE gAnI, mIreMdukochchAru tAtagArU?” aDigEDu kottagA vachchina nErastuDu makar.

AksinOv mATa dATavEsi maunaMgA kUrchunnADu tana guriMchi aDigEsariki. pakkanE unnavALLu cheppEru AksinOv elA I hatyalO irukkunnADO tappulEkapOyinA. idaMtA viMTUMTE makar mohaMlO raMgulu mAraDaM gamamiMchEDu AksinOv. aMtA ayyEka makar AScharyaMgA mohaM peTTi annADu.

“O, bhalE. manaMdaraM ilA kalsukunnAmanna mATa.”

pUrtigA #»

Sabda taraMgAlu

nA guruvu SrI SrIpAda kRshNamUrti

tana guruvugAraina SrIpAda kRshNamUrti gAri guriMchi SrI vEdula satyanArAyaNa Sarma paMchukunna saMgatulu.

<>

<> #(niDivi 15ni. 12se.)

samarpaNa: paruchUri SrInivAs

pUrtigA #»

vEmanapai kaTTamaMchi

Adhunika kAlaMlO vEmanaku gurtiMpu rAvaDAniki kaTTamaMchi rAmaliMgAreDDigAru nirvahiMchina pAtra chAlA peddadi. AMdhra viSvavidyAlayaMlO rALlapalli anaMtakRshNaSarmagAri chEta ‘vEmanOpanyAsamulu’ (1929) ippiMchaDaM venuka Ayana pAtra telisinadE. vEmanapai si. Ar. reDDikunna Asaktini guriMchi vEmana – si. Ar. reDDi (AMdhra viSvakaLAparishattu, viSAkhapaTnaM, 1981) anna pustakaMlO baMgOre (baMDi gOpAlareDDi) tanadaina SaililO vivaraMgA chUpeDatAru.

#ikkaDa mIku vinipiMchutunna si. Ar. reDDigAri rEDiyO prasaMgaM #Caste-less society – Vemana# anna SIrshikatO akTObar, 1948lO AkASavANi madrAs kEMdraM nuMDi prasAramayyiMdi. I prasaMgaM pUrti pAThAnni (#transcript)# DhillIlOni nehrU memOriyal laibrarIlO vunnaTlu (#C.R. Reddy Papers, File no. 118)# gurtiMchi paina pErkonna pustakaMlO baMgOre punarmudriMchaDaM jarigiMdi.

ippaTi varaku nAku labhyamayina telugu rEDiyO prasaMgAlanniMTilOki idE prAchInamainadi.

samarpaNa: paruchUri SrInivAs.

#[30# navaMbar 2014: pAThakula kOrikapai SrInivAs paMpina I prasaMgapAThaM piDieph^gA jatachESAmu. - saM.#]

#pUrtigA #»