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vishaya sUchika: mE 2015

muMdumATa

ImATa mE 2015 saMchikaku svAgataM!


vEdik vAyises: iMTimET narETivs Aph e liviMg
AMdhrA TraDishan – DEviD naip.
Aks^pharD yUnivarsiTI pres, 2015.

kOnasImani talachukuMTE ippaTikI kobbari tOTalu, kAluvalu, pachchani polAlu, ivE gurtostAyi. ippaTi nAgarikata I kOnanu tAkaTAniki chAlA kAlaM paTTiMdi. I sIma nuMchi bayaTapaDi iMglIshu chaduvulu chaduvukuni paikochchina vALlu eMdarO unnA kAnI, vEdapArAyaNaM chEsukuMTU nityAgnihOtraM naDupukuMTU pAta kAlapu paddhatullOnE bratukutU vunna ati koddimaMdi brAhmaNulu I prAMtaMlO vunnAru. bhamiDipATi vAru, bulusu vAru, duvvUri vAru, pullela vAru, taditarulu. mUDuvEla EDuvaMdala saMvatsarAla vEdapaThana pAThanAnni dAnitO pATu vaidika yaj~nAlni kUDA parama SAstrOktaMgA nirvahiMchukuMTU I kuTuMbAla vALlu A saMpradAyAnni nilabeTTAru. idi mAnava jAti charitralOnE apUrvamaina vishayaM. I kuTuMbAla guriMchi, vAri yaj~na kratuvulni guriMchi kshuNNaMgA pariSIliMchi sUkshmamaina vivarAlatO sahA, viskAnsin viSvavidyAlayapu AchAryuDu DEviD naip (#David M. Knipe) Vedic voices – Intimate narratives of a living Andhra tradition (2015)# anE oka pustakaM rASADu. kEraLa naMbUdri brAhmaNula atirAtra agnichayana kratuvuni phriTs sTAl (#Frits Staal#)vivaraMgA reMDu pustakAlu, oka chalanachitraMgA bhadraparichADu. ippaTikI vaidika saMpradAyAnni guriMchi pAThAlu cheppE taragatullO vITini vADutU vuMTAru. kAnI, kOnasImalO mArumUla vaidika brAhmaNulu chEsE yaj~nAlaki prapaMchavyAptaMgA ilAMTi gurtiMpu ippaTidAkA lEdu. naip rAsina pustakaM valla A saMpradAyAlu chAlA prAchInamainavani inni vEla ELlugA mArpu cheMdanivani vivaraMgA bOdha paDutuMdi. vEda saMpradAyAnni guriMchi j~nApakAlu, pustakAlu, pAThAla AdhAraMgA rAsina pustakAlu chAlA vunnAyi kAnI ippaTi kAlaMlO jIviMchi vunna vaidika kuTuMbAla nitya jIvitAnni pariSIlanagA grahiMchi vivaraMgA rAsina pustakaM idokkaTE.


DA. upAdhyAyula appala narasiMha mUrti (1944 – 2015): narasiMha mUrtigAru chakkaTi sAhitya vimarSakuDu, goppa vakta kUDA. itara bhAratIya bhAshala Adhunika nATakAlatO pOlchi, mUrtigAru rAsina kanyASulkaM – tulanAtmaka pariSIlana anna bRhadgaMthaM vArikeMtO pEru techchiMdi. auchityaprasthAnaM, kathASilpi chAsO, jayaMt mahApAtrO oriyA kavitalaku anuvAdaM, kavitvadarSanaM modalaina pustakAlu prachuriMchAru. pratishThAtmakamaina robIMdranAdh TAgOr nEshanal phelOship aMdukunna Ekaika teluguvADu. iTIvalE paramapadiMchina I sAhitIvEttaku ImATa SraddhAMjalulu.


I saMchikalO:

  • atithi saMpAdakIyaM: telugu aMtarjAtIya bhAsha kAvAlaMTE… – velchEru nArAyaNarAvu, paruchUri SrInivAs.
  • kathalu: chEtana chEsina pani – tADikoMDa SivakumAra Sarma; sUrigADi koluvu – aparNa tOTa; yadbhAvaM tadbhavati – Ar. Sarma daMtUri; SEshu mAmayya – Ar. damayaMti; pratIka – lailA yernEni; nAyuDu-rAyuDu – vEmUri vEMkaTESvara rAvu.
  • kavitalu: saMbhAshaNa – vinnakOTa raviSaMkar; udayaM – sAMghika; vAna kaDigina madhyAhnaM… – rENuka ayOla; parvatuDA! nI pAdAlaku namaskAraM – garimeLLa nArAyaNa; kAnvAsupai dRSyaM – dAsarAju rAmArAvu; vAna-gulAbI-pAmu – pAlaparti iMdrANi.
  • vyAsAlu, samIkshalu: kavikula guruvu – koMpella bhAskar; ashTamAtrAvRttamulu – jejjAla kRshNa mOhana rAvu; graMtha parichayaM: SrIvijayuni kavirAjamArgaM – rALLapalli suMdaraM; pustaka parichayaM: saramAgO navala di elipheMT’s jarnI – vElUri vEMkaTESvara rAvu.
  • padyasAhityaM: nAku nachchina padyaM: amarapati chEta AvarasaM trAgiMchina kavidiggajaM – bhairavabhaTla kAmESvararAvu; pAThaSAlakai parmiTu – tirumala kRshNadESikAchAryulu.
  • SabdataraMgAlu: tillAna – kanakaprasAd; bAlavyAkaraNAvatAraM – paruchUri SrInivAs samarpaNa.
pUrtigA #»

saMpAdakIyaM

telugu aMtarjAtIya bhAsha kAvAlaMTE…

telugu aMtarjAtIya bhAsha avaDaM guriMchi manaki gata konni saMvatsarAlugA taruchU vinipistOMdi. prapaMcha telugu mahAsabhalu okadAni tarvAta okaTi jaragaDaM, aMdulO upanyAsAlu tIrmAnAlu A sabhala phoTOlu patrikallO prakaTiMchabaDaTaM manaM chUstunnAM. telugu mIda AtmIyamaina abhimAnaM vunna rAjakIyavEttalu, nyAyAdhipatulu, aksharAlA rAjakIyavEttalu kAkapOyinA vAritO anubaMdhaM vunna anEkamaMdi sAhityavEttalu, sAhitya abhimAnulu, vILlaki poDigiMpugA kavulu, rachayitalu, kEvalaM sabhA prAMgaNAnni niMpE bhAshAbhimAnulu manaki kollalakoddI vunnAru.

teluguvALlu prapaMchaMlO abhivRddhi cheMdina dESAlanniTlOnU vunnAru. aMdulOnu iMglIshu dESabhAshagA vunna amerikA lOnu, iMglAMDu lOnu chAlA ekkuvamaMdi vunnAru. kenaDA lOnu, AsTrEliyA lOnu aMta ekkuvamaMdi kAkapOyinA taginaMtamaMdi vunnAru. AphrikA dESAllOnU, chainA, japAn, skAMDinEviyan dESAllOnU aMta ekkuvamaMdi lEkapOyinA, mottaM mIda cheppAlaMTE teluguvALlu prapaMchamaMtaTA vunnAru. aMchEta prapaMchaMlO chAlA chOTla mATlADabaDutunna bhAsha kAbaTTi telugu prapaMcha bhAshE!

amerikAlO tAnAlu, ATAlu, ilA rakarakAla ‘TA’latO vunna saMsthalannI telugu bhAshaki apAramaina sEva chEstunnAyi. idi kAka amerikA lOnE sthAnikaMgA DeTrAyiT lOnu, nyUjarsI lOnu, DAlas lOnu telugu sAhityaM paTla cheppukOdagga Asakti unnavALLu dAdApugA prati nelA samAvESamai sAhitya charchalu, pustaka vimarSalu utsAhaMgA chEstunnAru. I autsAhikulu prachuraNa raMgaMlO kUDA tama sAmardhyAnni pradarSistunnAru. DeTrAyiT lOni Di.Ti.el.si. (#D.T.L.C.)# vAru prachuriMchE pustakAlu, chiTTen rAjugAru vaMgUri phauMDEshan tarapuna prachuriMchE telugu pustakAlu, tAnA phauMDEshan prachuriMchE telugu pustakAlu saMkhyA paraMgA takkuvEmI kAvu.

dIniki tODu amerikAlO telugu kuTuMbAla chinna pillalaki pATalu, padyAlu, ATalu, nATakAlu nErpE prayatnaM vistRtaMgA jarugutOMdi. konni vaMdalamaMdi, bahuSA vElamaMdi telugu pillalu ilA telugu nErchukuMTunnArani patrikala niMDA bommalatO sahA manaki vArtalu kanipistunnAyi.

idi oka rakamaina aMtarjAtIyata. I aMtarjAtIyataki kAraNaM telugu bhAsha telugu dESaMlO vuMDagAnE nErchEsukuni, A bhAsha okkaTE nijaMgA bAgA vachchi, udyOga rItyAnO vyApAraM kOsamO avasaramainaMta iMglIshu nErchukuni, iMglIshu mAtRbhAsha ayina dESAlaki telugu vALlu veLlaDaM. ilA veLlina vALlu amerikA lOnU iMglaMD, kenaDA, AsTrEliyAla lOnU vunnA vALlu sAMskRtikaMgA teluguvALlE. vILlalO koMtamaMdiki kavulugA, rachayitalugA, patrikA saMpAdakulugA, saMgItaj~nulugA pEru techchukOvAlanE kOrika vuMdi. ivALa amerikA lOnu, iMglAMDu lOnu jarigE telugu sAhitya samAvESAlannI vILlaki kAvalisina sadupAyAlichchAyi. avasaramaina telugu vAtAvaraNAnni kUDA ichchAyi. AScharyakaraMgA vILLallO koMtamaMdi nijaMgA maMchi kavulu, maMchi saMpAdakulu, maMchi sAhityaj~nulu kUDA ayyAru.

kAni, I sAhitya samAvESAlu DeTrAyiT^lO jariginA, nyUyArk^lO jariginA, vAshiMgTan^lO jariginA, aTlAMTAlO jariginA, iMkE UrilO jariginA kUDA vijayavADalO jariginaTlE uMTAyi. lEdA haidarAbAdulO jariginaTlu uMTAyi. tama chuTTU vunna iMglIshu prapaMchaM mIda ivi E rakamaina prabhAvAnnI kaligiMchavu. A prapaMcha prabhAvaM kUDA vITi mIda EmI vuMDadu. telugu sinimAlu, telugu rAjakIyAlu, telugu bhOjanAlu, kUralO karivEpAku lAgA kAsta sAhityamu, ivE telugu tanamaitE ivi I samAvESAllO pushkalaMgA kanipistAyi. idi kAka iMkA muMduku veLitE telugudESaMlO vunna rAjakIya pArTIla anubaMdha saMsthalu, vATi anuyAya nAyakulu I samAvESAla valla mari koMcheM balapaDatAru. vyApAramU, vyApArAniki kAvalisina rAjakIya prAbalyamU puMjukuMTAyi.

paiki kanipiMchE spashTamaina vishayamEmiTaMTE ikkaDa telugu kuTuMbAlalO tallidaMDrulu telugu vALlu, vALla pillalu amerikA vALlu. tallidaMDrula Asakti koddI vALla tAtala, ammammala muchchaTa koddI ikkaDi pillalu nAlugu telugu mATalu mATlADochchu. aMtaku miMchi telugu pATalu pADochchu. kUchipUDi, bharatanATyaM ilAMTivi koMta samardhaMgAnE nErchukOvachchu kUDA. kAni, I vidyalu vILLa prapaMchaMlO sAMskRtika vAtAvaraNAnni mArustAyA?

ippuDu amerikAlO yUrOp nuMchi vachchi sthirapaDina jarmanI, iTalI, airlaMD, speyin modalaina dESAla vALLu chAlAmaMdi vunnAru. vALLu chAlA tarAlugA amerikAlO vuMDi amerikanlu ayipOyAru. vALLalO evarikI vALLa pUrvabhAshalu rAvu. kAni vALLu tAmu tama vArasatvAnni gurtu chEsukuMTAru. aMdulO chAlAmaMdi bhinna vArasatvAlunna vAritO aMtarvivAhAlu chEsukuni, ‘nEnu koMta jerman^ni, koMta svis^ni, koMta skAMDinEviyan^ni’ – aMTU vAri saMkIrNa vArasatvAnni cheppukuMTAru kUDA.

I dESaMlO mataM kAraNaMgA tama pratyEkatani nilabeTTukOvAlani prayatnistunna vALLu mukhyaMgA yUdulu. vALLu kUDA aMdarU hIbrU bhAsha mATlADaru. vALLu sAMskRtikaMgA koMcheM amerikanlu, koMcheM yUdulUnu.

idaMtA eMduku rAstunnAmaMTE, evarU amerikA, iMglaMD vaMTi dESAlaki vochchina taravAta vALLa pUrva sAMskRtikatani unnadi unnaTTugA nilabeTTukOlEdu ani cheppaDAniki. kAni aMdulO koMdaru – udAharaNaki, yUdulU jerman^lU phreMch vALlU, tama bhAshalanI sAhityAlanI amerikA lOni yUnivarsiTIlalO pravESapeTTi nilabeTTaDaM mUlaMgA vALLa saMskRtiki oka aMtarjAtIya sthiti saMpAdiMchagaligAru. I aMtarjAtIyata elAMTidi — adi teluguki vostuMdA annadi praSna.

muMdu oka bhAsha aMtarjAtIya bhAsha elA avutuMdi anE praSna marokasAri vEsukuni chUddAM. oka bhAshalO vunna vij~nAnaM prapaMchaM vij~nAnaMlO bhAgaM ayi, prapaMchaMlO vij~nAnulu dAnini gurtiMchavalasina avasaraM kaligitE, appuDu adi prapaMcha bhAsha avutuMdi. A rakaMgA prapaMcha bhAshalayinavi grIku, rOman, lATin, chainIs, japanIs, phreMch, jarman, iTAliyan, …ilAMTi bhAshalu. tanu puTTi perigiMdi E bhAshalOnainA sarE I bhAshallO vunna vij~nAnaM tana bhAsha lOki anuvadiMchukuni chadivi tIrAli. sAdhyamaitE A bhAshalu nErchukuni, A pustakAlu mUlaMlO chadivi A vij~nAnaM mIda paTTu saMpAdiMchAli. grIku bhAsha rAkuMDA lEdA A bhAshalO nuMchi anuvadiMchabaDina pustakAlu chadavakuMDA sAhitya SAstraMlO, rAjakIya SAstraMlO, nIti SAstraMlO cheppukOdagga pAMDityAnni evarU poMdalEru. plETOni, arisTOTil^ni, paithAgaras^ni chadavani, vALLa guriMchi vinani, vij~nAnulu vuMDaDAniki vIllEdu.

I vij~nAna prapaMchaM lOki saMskRtaM pravESiMchiMdi. saMskRtaMlO vunna SAstra vishayAlu chadavakuMDA tappiMchukOvaDAniki ippuDu vIllEdu. saMskRtaM yUrOp^lO pravESiMchina nATi nuMchi, aMTE paMdommidava SatAbdapu tolirOjula nuMchi, prapaMcha j~nAnaM eMta peddadayiMdO koMcheM chUchAyagA chUsinA telustuMdi. prapaMchaM lOni bhAshAvEttalaki pANini kottavADu kAdu. abhinavaguptuDu, aSvaghOshuDu aparichitamaina pErlu kAvu. I rakaMgA chUstE saMskRtaM prapaMchabhAsha. bhAratadESaMlO saMskRtaM aMtariMchi pOyinA kUDA prapaMcha vij~nAnaMlO imiDipOyina bhAshagA adi prapaMchaMlO batukutuMdi. saMskRta vij~nAnavEttalu rAsina pustakAlu iMglIshu lOnu, jarman^ lOnu, phreMch^ lOnu, iMkoMcheM muMduki veLitE iTAliyan^ lOnu kramakramaMgA perugutAyi. prapaMchaM lOni mukhyamaina viSvavidyAlayAlalO saMskRtaM nErpabaDutOMdi. dAnilO pariSOdhanalu jarugutunnAyi. mIru nErchukunna saMsRtaM sarainadi kAdani, A pustakAla arthaM mIku sarigA bOdha paDalEdanI bhAratadESa sAMpradAyika paMDitulu vimarSiMchaDaM, appaTinuMchI rakarakAla vij~nAnulu vivAdAlu paDaDaM, vAdOpavAdAlu chEsukOvaDaM I vij~nAnAniki balamE kAni lOpaM kAdu. saMskRtaM mUlaMgA grahiMchina vij~nAnaM prapaMchaMlO sthiraMgA vuMTuMdi.

ilAMTi vij~nAnaM telugulO vuMdA? telugu nErchukOvaDaM mUlaMgA telugulO vunna pustakAlu chadavaDaM mUlaMgA prapaMcha vij~nAnAnni peMchagalamA? alA peMchagalamani mana dESapu vij~nAnulu prapaMchAniki pradarSiMchagalarA? nuvvu E bhAsha vADivainA telugulO rAsina pustakAlu chadavakapOtE idigO nI vij~nAnAniki I rakaMgA lOpaM vastuMdi, ani manaM cheppagaligina rOjuna, A mATa prapaMchaM lOni vij~nAnulu vinna rOjuna, A mATa vini vALlu telugu nErchukunna rOjuna, lEdA telugu pustakAla anuvAdAlu vALlu chadivina rOjuna, chadivi aMduvalla vALlu grahiMchina vij~nAnAnni prapaMcha vij~nAnaMlO bhAgaM chEsina rOjuna — appuDu telugu prapaMcha bhAsha avutuMdi.

telugu ilAMTi prapaMcha bhAsha kAvAlaMTE telugu vALLu padi maMdi telugu vALla madhya kUrchuni telugu chAlA aMdamaina bhAsha ani, chAlA mRduvaina bhAsha ani, chAla tiyyani bhAsha ani saradAgA poguDukuMTE chAladu. amerikAlO ivALa unna telugu sAMskRtika saMghAlu prati saMvatsaraM ekkaDO okachOTa konni lakshala DAlarlu kharchu peTTi samAvESamai, saradAgA kaburlu cheppukuni, telugu bhOjanAlu chEsi, iMTikeLli tama udyOgAllO paDipOtE telugu prapaMcha bhAsha avadu.

I saMdarbhaMlO telugu dESaMlO telugu sthiti elA vuMdi annadi muMdu AlOchiMchAli. AMdhrapradES^ lOnu, telaMgANA lOnU vunna anEka viSvavidyAlayAlalO telugu SAkhalu EMchEstunnAyi? viSvavidyAlayAlaki bayaTa vunna anEkamaMdi telugu paMDitulu EMchEstunnAru? telugulO prapaMchaM gurtiMchadagina pustakAlu unnAyA? A pustakAlalO vunna j~n~nAnaM prapaMchaM gurtiMchadaginadaitE adi ippuDu prapaMchaMlO prachAraMlO vunna bhAshallOki anuvAdaM kAvAli. alA anuvadiMchadagga pustakAlu telugulO enni vunnAyi? vATi guriMchi mana telugu dESapu mEdhAvulu chEstunna AlOchanalu EmiTi?

A ‘manaM’lO kUDA telugu sAhityAnni guriMchi oka ummaDi abhiprAyaM lEdu. oka dRkpathaMlO mahAbhArataM nuMchi gurajADa appArAvu varaku vunna sAhityamaMtA paMDitulaki kUDA korakaDAniki vIllEni, prajA jIvitaMtO saMbaMdhaM lEni oka ayOmayapu mudda*. A sAhityamaMtA evarU chadavakkarlEdu. gurajADa appArAvE telugu sAhityAniki prajA jIvitaMtO saMbaMdhaM kalipi prANaM pOSADu. kaTTamaMchi rAmaliMgAreDDi kAlaM nuMchi prabaMdha sAhityaMlO rAjula saMtOshaM kOsaM kavulu varNiMchina SRMgAraM tappa marEmI lEdanE abhiprAyaM koMtamaMdi sAhitya vij~nAnullO balaMgA yErpaDipOyiMdi, I dRshTyA. maroka dRkpathaM dRshTyA mana sAhityaMlO nannaya daggarnuMchi monnaTi varakU vunna sAMpradAyika sAhityaM chAlA goppadi. eMdukO sariggA cheppalEkapOyinA A saMgati mana sAhitya vimarSa graMthAlalO pogaDtalugA bOleDu pedda pedda mATallO kanipistuMdi. si. Ar. reDDigAru modalu peTTina sAhitya bhAvAlaki, paMDitulu rAsina sAMpradAyika sAhitya vimarSalaki kEvalaM okkachOTE saMbaMdhamuMdi: mana pAta pustakAlalO SRMgAraM aSlIlaM avunA? kAdA? ani. ika, SrInAthuDu E pustakaM eppuDu rASADu, krIDAbhirAmaM SrInAthuDu rAsiMdA kAdA, palnATi charitrani SrInAthuDu nijaMgA rASADA lEdA — vaMTi kAlakartRtva samasyalu charchiMchaDaM tOTE mana sAhitya vimarSa niMDipOyi vuMTuMdi. taravAti kAlaMlO, oka tElikapATi nElabAru mArksisTu sAhitya vimarSa manalO chAlA maMdiki nachchi, dAnni anni pustakAlaki paTTiMchi, A pustakAla viluvani charchiMchE paddhati okaTi manaku alavATayyiMdi. iMkoMcheM pakkaku veLli chUstE viSvanAtha satyanArAyaNagAri anUyAyulu Ayanni nannayya aMta goppavADu ani kIrtiMchaDaM kanipistuMdi.

*#[“#paMdommidO SatAbdaM chivarlO, aMtaku muMdari tIru tennulni pUrtigA vodilipeTTi rAsina mahA kAvyaM, kanyASulkaM; kotta bhAshA sAhityAlaku voravaDi ayina AdikAvyaM.

pukkiTi purANa gAdhala yitivRttAlu, paMDitulakE korakarAni koyyagA vunna bhAshA Saili, uchitAnuchitAlni paTTiMchukOni saMvidhAnaM, avAstavAlU, ahEtukAlu yadhArdha jIvitAniki posaganivi; kAbaTTi vATini pUrtigA vadilipeTTi, yathArdha jIvita yitivRttaMtOnU, sahajaM, sulabhaM ayina vADuka bhAshatOnU, pragati chiMtanatOnU– viluvaina sAhitya pramANAlni jatachEsi rAsina kanyASulkaM, kotta bhAshAsAhityAlaku nAMdi ayyiMdi. A vidhaMgA adi Adhunika yugAniki AdikAvyamayyiMdi.(#sic)” —# kanyASulkaM: oka apUrva sRshTi (malipaluku nuMDi.) SeTTi ISvararAvu, viSAlAMdhra prachuraNa.#]

#telugu viSvavidyAlayAla telugu SAkhalu pihech^Di.la pErutO gata yAbhai yELlugA tayAru chEyistunna siddhAMta vyAsAlalO E rakamaina vij~nAnaM kanipistuMdO cheppaDAniki paTTumani padi vAkyAlu kUDA akkarlEdu. pihech^.Di. anE birudu, ‘DA.’ anE gauravanAmaM manaki eMta sunAyAsaMgA alavATayAyO mIru E rOju patrikalu chUsinA telustuMdi. kavulu kUDA oka vELa vALlaki pihech^.Di. vuMTE ‘DA.’ muMdu peTTukOkuMDA kavitvaM rAyaru. iMtA chEstE manaM tayAru chEsina vij~nAnaM bayaTi dESAlavALlu telugu sAhityAnni guriMchi telusukODAniki panikostuMdA?

‘telugu sAhityaM manaM chadavakapOtE mana vij~nAnAniki phalAnA rakaMgA nashTaM vastuMdi’ anE abhiprAyaM kaligiMchaDAniki mana telugu SAkhalu iMtavaraku EmI cheyyalEdu. I paristhitullO telugu sAhityaM aMtarjAtIya raMgaMlO pravESiMchAlaMTE E dArI kanipiMchadu.

telugu rAshTrAlalO vunna telugu SAkhalu dAdApugA nirjIvaMgA vunnAyi. vILlu cheptunna pAThAlu, istunna pihech^.Di. DigrIlu evarikI E rakaMgAnu panikirAni sthitilO vunnAyi. kashTaMgA tOchavachchu kAnI telugu SAkhalaki aMtarjAtIya pramANAlalO pihech.Di siddhAMta graMthaM rAyiMchagalagaDaM ippaTikI sAdhyaM kAvaDaM lEdu. paigA gata 50ELLalO I SAkhalu chEsina pani sthUlaMgAnainA aMchanA vEyAlani, dAnni birudulu, DigrIlu, udyOgAlu pradhAnaMgA kAkuMDA vij~nAnAnni eMta muMduku tIsukuni veLlAyi ani chUDAlani, evarU AlOchiMchaDaM lEdu.

viSvavidyAlayAlu anna pErutO manaM yErparuchukunna saMsthala AkAraM pASchAtya dESAla nuMchi aruvu techchukunnadi. lAMChanAla dRshTyA, paripAlanA vidhAnAla dRshTyA, niyamAla dRshTyA kAgitaM mIda ivannI chAlA pakaDbaMdIgA kanipistAyi. kAnI idaMtA AkArapushTi mAtramE. aMdulO vunna aMtassAraM chUstE Dolla tappa marEmI kanipiMchadu. ilAMTi paristhitullO dESaMlO vunna telugu SAkhalu niraMtara nirjIvasthitilO ennALlu vuMTAyO akkaDi vALlu nibbaraMgA praSna vEsukOgalagAli. I saMdarbhAnni puraskariMchukuni ikkaDa konni sUchanalu chEstunnAM. prabhutvAlaki, viSvavidyAlayAlaki aMdulO pani chEsE telugu SAkhallO vuMDE adhikArulaki ivi panikochchE AlOchanalu avutAyani mA ASa.

ippuDunna viSvavidyAlayAlu pASchAtya vyavasthalaki pratirUpAlE kAbaTTi avi elA pani chEstunnAyO akkaDi parIkshA vidhAnAlu, paThana pAThana paddhatulu, DigrIla vyavasthalu elA naDustunnAyO sAdhyamainaMta spashTaMgA arthaM chEsukOvAli. mana rAshTrAllO ennO viSvavidyAlayAlu ekkuvaSAtaM rAjakIya avasarAla kOsaM yErpaDDavi. avi vidyAvasarAlakOsaM pani chEsE paristhiti kalpiMchAlaMTE A pani lOpali nuMchE jaragAli. telugu SAkhallO prastutaM pradhAna sthAnAllO vunnavALlu oka svaChChaMda kUTamigA yErpaDi, E prabhutva sahAyaM, E rAjakIya prabOdhaM akkara lEkuMDA, iMglaMD lOnu, amerikA lOnu, kenaDA lOnu unna iMDiyan sTaDIs DipArT^meMTlalO pani eTlA jarugutOMdO, vALlu vidyArdhulni elA eMpika chEsukuni chErchukuMTunnArO, A vidyArdhulaki E rakamaina prOtsAhAlu kalpistunnArO – A samAchAraM saMpAMdiMchAli. A vidyArdhulu pihech.Di. kOsaM pariSOdhana chEsE muMdu E vidhamaina SikshaNa poMdutArO, E E vidhAnAlu, bhAshalu nErchukuMTArO, vALlu tama pariSOdhana praNALikani pratipAdiMchaDaM kOsaM E rakamaina pariSrama chEstArO, elA tarphIdu poMdutArO telusukOvAli. pariSOdhana praNALika tayAru chEsina taruvAta A vidyArdhulu tama pathakAnni adhyApakula muMdu eTlA samardhiMchukuMTArO, vALla praSnalaki elA samAdhAnAlu cheptArO gamaniMchAli. A SAkhallO telugu uMDakapOvachchu. taruchU uMDadu kUDA. kAnI vALla vidhAnAlu, SikshaNalu telusukOvaDAniki telugE akkarlEdu. adi aMta tElikayina pani kAdani mAku telusu. kAnI, teluguni nijaMgA aMtarjAtIya bhAshagA chEyAlanna paTTudala vuMTE EdayinA sAdhyamE.

telugulO prachuraNa saMsthala sthiti parama vishAdakaraMgA vuMdi. vyApAra raMgaMlO vunna prachuraNa kartalaki pustaka nirmANa pramANAla guriMchi E rakamaina paTTudalA lEdu. lAbhAla kOsaM pani chEsE saMsthalu kAbaTTi vATini manaM EmI analEM. konEvALla daggara nuMchi vachchE vattiDi mUlaMgA vALlu kramakramaMgA mAravachchunu. mana prachuraNa raMgaMlO Adhunika kavitvamU kathalU vEsEvALlaki pustakaM AkAraM mIda koMta Sraddha vuMTOMdi. prAchIna kAvyAlu, paMDita graMthAlu vEsEvALla daggari kochchEsariki I pramANAlu digajArutunnAyi. vITi prachuraNallO manaM kAlakramaMlO eMta venakki veLitE aMta maMchi pustakAlu, achchu tappulu lEnivi manaki kanipiMchaDaM manaM I raMgaMlO sAdhiMchina abhivRddhilO bhAgaM. ippaTikI vAviLla vAru vEsina pAta pustakaM dorikitE adE vunnavATilO kallA maMchi pustakaM. I madhya paMDitula paTTudala valla konni maMchi pustakAlu vastunnAyi. mukhyaMgA pullela SrIrAmachaMdruDu anE mahAnubhAvuDu Edi rAsinA adi paMDitulaki prAmANikaMgA uMDaTamE gAka okka achchutappu kUDA lEkuMDA vuMTOMdi. kAni, Ayana chEsE pani aMtA saMskRtaMlO vuMDaTaM vallanEmO telugulO pani chEsEvALLu Ayanni AdarSaMgA peTTukunnaTTu lEdu.

telugu pariSOdhaka graMthAlalO prAmANikata ErpaDaTAniki, telugulO vaij~nAnika graMthAla prakaTana samardhaMgA vuMDaTAniki viSvavidyAlayAlu chAlA pani cheyyagalavu. telugulO mukhyamaina viSvavidyAlayAlaki balamaina prachuraNa vibhAgaM uMDAli. ippuDu vunna prachuraNa vibhAgAlni balaparachi telugulO chEsina pariSOdhana graMthaM viSvavidyAlayaM prachuristE dAniki gauravaM uMTuMdi anE saMpradAyaM ErpaDElA chUDAli. evari pustakAnni vALlE prachuriMchukunE ippaTi paddhati nuMchi pariSOdhakulaki vimukti kaligiMchAli. vyApAra graMthAla prachuraNakartalaki, vaij~nAnika graMthAla prachuraNakartalaki, mana prAMtaMlO tEDA lEdu. A tEDA ErpaDaTAniki viSvavidyAlayAlu pariSramiMchAli. I pani lAbhApEkshatO kAkuMDA vij~nAna prachuraNApEkshatO chEyAli. viSvavidyAlayAla prachuraNa saMsthalu Aks^pharD, kEMbriDj, hArvarD vaMTi viSvavidyAlayAlu pustaka prachuraNalO E paddhatulu anusaristAyO gamaniMchi avasaramaitE akkaDa konni nelala pATu SikshaNa poMdi rAvaDAniki taginavALlani puramAyiMchi tama prachuraNalani aMtarjAtIya sthAyiki tIsukurAvAli.

pASchAtya dESAlalO oka vij~nAnAniki saMbaMdhiMchina vALlaMdariki tama tama viSvavidyAlayAlatO, kaLASAlalatO saMbaMdhaM lEkuMDA oka vaij~nAnika saMstha uMTuMdi. udAharaNaki, amerikan AMtropAlajikal sosaiTI (#A.A.S.),# amerikan hisTArikal sosaiTI (#A.H.S.),# asOsiyEshan phar Eshiyan sTaDIs(#A.E.S.), # jerman OriyaMTal sosaiTI (#D.M.G.),# rAyal EshiyATik sosaiTI (#R.A.S.)# ilA. ilAMTi saMstha okaTi telugu pariSOdhana kOsaM vErEgA ErpaDAli. iMdulO AMdhrapradES^ lOnu, telaMgANA lOnu, bhAratadESaM lOni itara prAMtAla lOnu telugu cheppE udyOgAlu chEstunnavALlu aMdarU sabhyulugA chErAli. vALlu kaTTE sabhyatva rusumutO I saMstha mukhyaMgA reMDu panulu chEyAli.

  1. saMvatsarAnikokasAri telugu vaij~nAnika sadassu nirvahiMchAli. I sadassullO vividha vidyAsaMsthallO telugu cheppEvALlu tAmu chEsE pariSOdhanala mIda prAmANikamaina patrAlu samarpiMchAli. I pani telugu dESaMlO appuDappuDu yu.ji.si (#University Grants Commission)# ichchina DabbulatO jaragaDaM, akkaDi patrAlu pustakaMgA bayaTaku rAvaDaM kUDA kanipistuMdi. kAnI I pani prati saMvatsaraM jaragAlanI, A sadassullO prophesarlu, rIDarlu, lekchararlu aMdarU pAlgOvAlani, alA pAlgOvaDaM vALla pariSOdhanA sAmardhyAniki oka pramANaMgA ErpaDAlani mA sUchana.
  2. dAnitO pATu I saMstha saMvatsarAniki mUDu lEdA nAlugu sArlu veluvaDE prAmANika pariSOdhana saMchika naDapAli. A patrikalO prachuraNArdhaM vachchE vyAsAlni samardhulu chadivi, avasaramaitE dAnilO savaraNalu sUchiMchi adi prachuraNArhamani cheppina taruvAtE prachuriMchAli. ilATi patrikalanu itara dESAlalO itara vaij~nAnika saMsthalu elA naDuputunnAyO, vAru elAMTi pramANAlu pATistunnArO kshuNNaMgA chUsi vATilO panikochchE paddhatulu manaM anusariMchAli. ilAMTi patrikalu iMDiyAlO kUDA iMglIshulO vunnAyi. udAharaNaki, iMDiyan ekanamik aMD sOshal hisTarI rivyU (#IESHR) #ekanamik aMD poliTikal vIklI (#EPW), #kAMTribyUshans Tu iMDiyan sOshiyAlajI (#C.I.S.)# vaMTivi. ivannI aMtarjAtIya pramANAlni pATistunnAyi. I pramANAlalO telugu pariSOdhana patrika okkaTi kUDA lEdu. bayaTivALlu patrikA raMgaMlO avasarAla koddI, saradAla koddI, utsAhAla koddI, sAhitya raMgAnni uddhariMchAlani EdO kOrikatO nAnA kashTAlu paDi sAhitya patrikalu naDuputunnAru. vALlani manaM AmOdiMchAli, harshiMchAli, utsAhaparachAli. I patrikallO prachuriMchabaDE vyAsAlu appuDappuDu bAguMTAyi kUDA. kAnI I patrikala pradhAna dRshTi pariSOdhana pramANAlu kAdu. paigA I patrikallO sAhitya vyAsAlatO pATu kathalu kavitvaM kUDA vuMTAyi. mEmu mATlADEdi kEvalaM pariSOdhana kOsaM naDapabaDE vaij~nAnika patrika guriMchi. idi konEvALlu chadivEvALlu takkuva maMdE vuMTAru. telugu dESaMlO vunna telugu SAkhala adhyApakulu aMdarU I patrika konAlani, chadavAlani, aMdulO tama pariSOdhana vyAsaM prachuriMchabaDitE adi tamakoka arhatagA bhAviMchAlani, alAMTi arhatala AdhAraMgAnE vALla padOnnatulu uMDAlani oka saMpradAyaM ErparachAli. EmI prachuriMchani vyaktiki udyOgaMlO edugudala vuMDakUDadu.

prapaMchaMlOni pramukha dESAlalO, mukhyaMgA amerikA, phrAns, iMglAMD, AsTrEliyA, jarmanI vaMTi dESAlalO bhAratadESAnni guriMchi cheppukOdagga pariSrama jarugutOMdi. I dESAla viSvavidyAlayAlalO ippuDippuDE telugu guriMchi jij~nAsa modalavutOMdi. amerikA lOni emarI viSvavidyAlayaMlO teluguki oka AchArya sthAnaM ErpaDiMdi kUDA. idi teluguki prapaMchaMlO modaTi AchArya sthAnaM. marikonni saMvatsarAlalO iMkA konni viSvavidyAlayAlalO telugu AchArya sthAnAlu ErpaDatAyi. appuDu telugu pErutO UkadaMpuDu upanyAsAlu cheppi A pani mugiSAka evariLlaki vAru veLlipOyE ATAlu, tAnAlu manasu mArchukoni tama Dabbuni amerikA lOni viSvavidyAlayAlaki ivvaDaM maMchidani grahistAru. alA akkaDa ErpaDabOyE AchArya sthAnAlaki tagina vArini tayAru chEsE pani AMdhrapradES^ lOnu, telaMgANA lOnu vunna viSvavidyAlayAla mIda paDutuMdi. telugu dESaMlOni viSvavidyAlayAlu aMtarjAtIya pramANAlaki anuguNaMgA tayAru kAkuMDA oTTi Dolla pihech.Di.lu ichchi kAlaM gaDuputAmaMTE teluguki aMtarjAtIyata ErpaDadu.

konni vaMdala saMvatsarAlugA telugu Adhunika vidyani tayAruchEsE sthAnaM kOlpOyiMdi. chEtanainaMtavarakU Adhunika vij~nAnulaki samAchArAnni aMdiMchE sthAnaMlOnE vuMdi. I paristhitiki oka mukhyamaina kAraNaM manalO vunna budddhimaMtulu, mEdhASakti kalavALLu, UhaSAlulu, chAlAmaMdi teluguki dUramai, iMglIshu chaduvulaki egabAkaDaM. telivaina vALLaMdaru, iMjinIriMgO, meDisinO, bijines aDminisTrEshanO, kaMpuTar sainsO tIsukuMTUMTE, telugu SAkhallO aMta telivaina vALLu kAni vALLE chErEvALLu. idi okarakamaina mEdhOvalasa. I sthiti elA mArutuMdO okka mATalO cheppaDaM sAdhyaM kAdu kAni, telugu vidyArthulu iMglIshu chadavakuMDA AdhunikulaM kAgalamani anukODAniki ippuDu vIllEdu. telugulo pihech.Di. chEsE vidyArthulu iMglIshu kUDA bAgA nErchukuni vuMDAli. vyApArAnikI, prabhutva udyOgAlakI saripaDE iMglIshutO ApakuMDA, iMglIshulO kotta AlochanalU, saiddhAMtika vidhAnAlU nirmiMchE pustakAlu chadivi, vATinI viSlEshiMchi, vATini vimarSiMchE sthAyiki udyamiMchAli. prapaMcha vij~nAnaM paSchima dESAllO elAnU tayAravutuMdi kadA, manaM dAnini eruvu techchukuni vADukuMTE chAlu, adE goppa! anE sthAyi nuMchi, mana daggira Adhunika prapaMchaM nErchukOvalasina AlOchanalU, vidhAnAlU unnAyani manaM vAriki cheppagaligElA edagAli. prapaMchIkaraNa aMTE eruvu techchukOvaDamE kAdu, eruvu ivvaDaM kUDA ani telugu vidyArthulU, viSvavidyAlayAla telugu SAkhalU gurtiMchAli.

telugu aMtarjAtIya bhAsha avaDAniki manaM chAlA dUraM prayANaM cheyyAli. A prayANaM viSvavidyAlayAla telugu SAkhallO modalavAli.

pUrtigA #»

kathalu

chEtana chEsina pani

“vel. inaph Aph shOyiMg di ArganaijEshan An di ChArT. leT mi TEk yu arauMD aMD shO yu di phesiliTIs. disIj di grauMD phlOr. dE mEk di bEsik mADyUls. siMpul in^sTrakshans seTs. mOTAr skils lAMTivi. ikkaDa peddagA ChAleMjes EvI vuMDavu. I phlOr^lO panicheyyaDaM annaM vaMDaDaM lAMTidannamATa. aMTE, verI siMpul. biyyaMlO nILlu poyyaDaM, poyyimIda kAsEpuMchaDaM. aMtE.”

“adi kUDA aMta tElika kAdaMTAru annAnni mADabeTTina vALlU, marI nILlekkuva pOsi gujjayyEdAkA vuDikiMchEvALlU.”

“karekT. pUrtigA uDakaka pOvaDaM valla palukugA vuMDE avakASaM kUDA vuMdaMdulO. siMplisiTIlO kUDA kAMpleksiTI I levellO speshAlTI. leTs gO TU di phasT phlOr. ikkaDa tayArayyE mADyUls^lO kAMpleksiTI koddigA ekkuva. dIj aDras mOr Aph ebiliTI aiTams. daTIj, di ebiliTI Tu DU thiMgs. di ebiliTI Tu mEk e TEbul, Tu blO glAs, Tu mEk e gOlph klab, Tu plE e gEm, eTseTerA. mAthamaTiks, sains, ArTs kUDA iMdulOkE vastAyi. iMdAkaTi udAharaNatO pOlistE, idi pappu vaMDaDaM lAMTidi. tayArayyEdi utta pappayinA kAvachchu, lEka mAmiDikAya pappayinA kAvachchu. pappu sariggA vuDakaDaMtO pATu aMdulO pulupu, uppu, kAraM, annI sariggA kudirAyA, tiragamOta sariggA amiriMdA, chivarikadi chikkaTi ghanapadArthaM lAgA vachchiMdA lEka palchaTi dravapadArthaM lAga tayArayiMdA lAMTivi kAMpleksiTI kriyET chEsE aMSAlu gadA!”

“mI udAharaNaki nA anubhavAnni jODiMchi koddigA lAgitE, ikkaDa pani chEsEvALlu tayAru chEsE E pappU okE rakaMgA vuMDadu. paigA, E okkarU kUDA eppuDU okE rakaMgA A pappu cheyyalEru.”

“guD kaMklUshan!”

“vILlaki pErlU avI…”

“pErleMduku? mahA ayitE naMbarlu chAlavU?”

“iMdAkaTi phlOr^lO chAlAmaMdi kanipiMchAru gadA, vALla saMkhya eMtuMDachchu?”

“nAkU peddagA ayiDiyA lEdu gAnI, I phlOr^lO vALla saMkhya A phlOr^lO vuMDE vALlallO padi SAtaM miMchadanipistuMdi.”

“E phlOr^lO panichEsE vALla saMkhya ayinA eppuDU perugutUnE pOtuMTE ibbaMdi anukuMTA?”

“vAT AryU thiMkiMg?”

“yU Ar An phlOr van. nAku mIru TUr istunnAru ganuka nEnu chErabOyEdi mI phlOr^lO ayinA ayyuMDAli, lEkapOtE dAni kriMdi phlOr ayinA ayyuMDAli. alAgE mIru TUr istunna vALlallO nEnu modaTi vADinayyE avakASaM chAlA takkuva – ippaTikE asaMkhyAkulaki mIrI TUrlani ichchi vuMTAranipistOMdi. ilA anni phlOr^la lOnU kottavALlu chErutuMTE, pAtavALlatO kalisi prADakTulani tayAru chEstU pOtuMTE samasyalu rAvA ani?”

“vel, mai in^sTrakshans Ar Tu giv yu dis TUr. taruvAta nIku asain chEsina phlOr^lO ninnu vadilipeTTaDaM. taruvAta nA pani nEnu chEsukOvaDaM.”

“ippuDu pai phlOr^ki veDutunnaTTunnAmE?”

“O! yA. yuvar DesTinEshan Ij nAT dis phlOr.”


“I phlOr siMpul mIls sekshan lAMTidi. eMdukalA navvutunnAv?”

“mI upamAnAlannI AhArapadArthAla chuTTU tirugutunnAyani!”

“A saMgati nIku arthamavutunnadi ganukanE reMDu phlOrlani dATagaligAvu. ikkaDi mADyUls^lO kAMpleksiTI gUrchi nuvvE cheppu mari.”

“O kUrA, pappU, annamU, pachchaDI, sAMbArU, oka appaDamU, majjigA lEka perugU — I menyUlO E aiTamU bAgA kudarakapOnU vachchu, annI brahmAMDaMgA kudaranU vachchu. ayitE, I reMDU kUDA eksTrIms avaDaM valla chAlA arudugA jarigE vishayAlu. sAdhAraNaMgA aTu goppagAnU iTu chettagAnU lEkapOvaDamE ekkuvagA jarugutUMTuMdi. EdO oka Adharuvu adbhutaMgA vuMDaDamU, okaTi ati chettagA vuMDaDamU kUDA aMta arudaina vishayaM kAdu.”

“nAT bAD. enAlajI esaiD – hiyar, van ken AlsO Dijain e gEm, inveMT e meDisin, kriyET e propheshan, Al^dO iTIj mOr kAman An di neksT phlOr. disIj di phasT Taim ai yAm DIliMg vit En aiaiTI grADyuyET. ai vil kAlyU aiaiTi – iMkokaDu vachchEdAkA. appuDu vADiki aiaiTi-1 ani pEru peDatA.”

“AryU phraM eMaiTi? madrAs in^sTiTyUT Aph TeknAlajI? akkaDa chUsinaTTanipistOMdi.”

“nO. usmAniyA.”

“I phlOr^lO maLlI ekkuvamaMdi kanipistunnAru.”

“yas. disIj di sisTams phlOr. disIj vEr signiphikeMT amauMT Aph prADakT geTs siMthasaij^D.”

“nAkoka saMdEhaM. I phlOr^lO vuMDEvALlu kriMda phlOr^la vALla prADakTulani vADukOvachchA lEka annI svaMtaMgA tayAruchEsukOvAlA?”

“daTs ap Tu di Dijainar.”

“ayitE, kriMdi phlOr^lallO tayArayina prADakTullO maMchi vATini ennukOvaDAniki vIluMTuMdA?”

“pAjibul. ayitE, A maMchi vATini vedukutU kUrchuMTE kAlaM manakOsaM Agadu.”

“mIru Dijain chEsinavATillO alA vedakaDAniki ekkuva Taim speMD chEsina saMghaTanalunnAyA?”

“konni mADyUls^ki mAtramE. sisTaM mottamU alAMTi besT kAMponeMTlatO chEsiMdi lEdu. alA evarU cheyyagA chUDalEdu gUDA.”

“hau abauT yu? mIru eppuDayinA mIru tayAru chEsina kAMponeMTlatOnE sisTam^ni eppuDayinA Dijain chESArA?”

“appuDappuDU okaTO reMDO kAMponeMTlani svaMtaMgA tayAruchEsukunnAnu tappitE… nO. mottAnni eppuDU chEsiMdi lEdu.”

“eMdukani alA?”

“EmO, okaTi reMDu besT kAMponeMTlani vediki paTTukunEsarikO tayAru chEsukunEsarikO kaligina alasaTa valla kAvachchu.”

“kriMda reMDu phlOr^la lAjik^nE ikkaDakUDA aplay chEstE – mIrE tayAru chEsukunnA E mADyUlU parphekTugA vastuMdanE gyAraMTI EmI lEdu. idi sisTams siMthasis jarigE phlOr kAbaTTi okaLlu Dijain chEsE prADakTu vErEvALlu tayAru chEsE prADakTu mIda AdhArapaDaDaM jarugutuMdA?”

“lEkuMDA vuMDE avakASamE lEdu.”

“mI prADakTu parphArmens^ni mAniTar chEsE avakASa mEmayinA vunnadA?”

“tappakuMDA. udAharaNaki, ninnu chUsi AnaMdiMchaDamEgAka ninnippuDu kalavaDAniki kUDA misTar nalaMdA veyiT chEstunnADu.”

“O prADakTuni tayArucheyyaDAniki Taim limiT vunnadA?”

“daT vil bi pArT Aph di in^sTrakshans.”

“mIriMtaku muMduniMchI ikkaDa vunnAru kAbaTTi – enni prADakTulani tayAru chEsuMTAru?”

“lekkapeTTamani nA in^sTrakshans eppuDU cheppalEdu.”

“pOnI mI phlOr^lO vunna migatA vALla in^sTrakshans^lO?”

“nAkA AlOchanE rAlEdu. ayinA, akkaDikE veDutunnAM ganaka aDugudAM.”

“O. mIrU, nEnU okE phlOr^lO nannamATa panichEsEdi!”

“vai Daj daT mATar?”

“mIru nannu E phlOr^lO vadilEsi veLlinA nAku akkaDa evvarU teliyadu gadA, aMduku.”

“sTil. vai Daj daT mATar?”

“salahAlaDagaDAnikO, saMdEhAlani tIrchukOvaDAnikO…”

“dE Al vil bi pArT Aph yuvar in^sTrakshans.”

“A phlOr elAMTidO ges cheyyanA? adi DisarT^tO kUDina phul mIl lAMTidi! mIru panichEsE phlOr paina iMkA phlOrs vunnAyA?”

“ayAM shyUr dErIj eT lIsT van phlOr. baT, A phlOr guriMchi UhAgAnAlE tappa dInni dATi evarU paikeLlagA evarU chUsiMdi lEdu.”


viDavabaDDadE taDavugA miliyanla saMkhyalO vALlu tama gamyasthAnaM vaipu parugettaDaM modalu peDatAru. kannu poDuchukunnA kAnarAni chIkaTi vALla vEgAnni nirOdhiMchadu. adRSya SaktEdO vALlani A gamyaM vaipu naDuputUMTuMdi. gamyaM dorakka Sakti uDigina taruvAta rAlipOvaDaM vALlallO koMtamaMdiki jarigEdE. gamyaM dorikina vALlaki kUDA adoka durbhEdyamaina kOTa. dAnni muTTaDiMchina vALlallO okkaLlu mAtraM A kOTa rakshaNa kavachAlani ChEdiMchi lOpaliki pravESiMcha galugutAru. ayitE, pravESiMchina taruvAta tama asthitvAnni kOlpOtAru.


in^sTrakshans! in^sTrakshans! sO… menI! konniMTi madhyalO koMtannA vyavadhi vuMTuMdi. konniMTi kayitE Upiri tIsukunE avakASaM kUDA vuMDadu. anniMTikI eTAmik klAk prisishan. anniMTikI elakTrAn spin spID^tO saMbaMdhaM.

asaMkhyAkaMgA sTOrEj binlu chEtikaMdutunnay. vATillOMchi chAlA sArlu cheyyi asaMkalpitaMgA O mADyUl doraka puchchukuni egarEsE nichchenanO, ekkutUMDagAnE mArE meTla varasanO, lEka paDavEsE pAmunO pErustOMdi. Taim lEdani ataniki chemaTlu paDutunnay gAnI atanu chEstunna prOgrAm^ki mAtraM bOlDaMta Taim. atani prADakT tana pEru dhEnuvakoMDa gaMgAdharaM ani grahiMchiMdi. ika migilinavi vivarAlu…

pUrtigA #»

sUrigADi koluvu

“TIchar! vADu kamyUniTI hAl sTEji daggarunnaDu TIchar! adE TIchar, monna vinAyakachavitiki gaNESni peTniM jUDu. akkaDE TIchar!” saMtOsh roppukuMTU vachchi cheppADu. vADi kaLLu garvaMtO merustunnAyi.

“sarE, ika nuvvu klAsukeLLu.”

sujAta chuTTU chUsiMdi. TIcharlu bijIgA unnAru. jyOti, haimala goMtulu vinipistunnAyi. lEchi, bayaTikochchi cheppulEsukuMdi. pillalatO meDiTEshan chEyistunna jyOti ekkaDikannaTTu talegarEsiMdi. ippuDE vastAnaMTU gETu terichi bayaTikochchiMdi sujAta. kamyUniTI hAl skUluku koMcheM dUraM. gabagabA naDichi padaDugulu vEyagAnE sannagA AyAsaM rAvaDaMtO nemmadiMchiMdi. kAnI, kOpaM taggalEdu.

doMga vedhava! IrOju ganuka dorikADO, vIDika ayipOyADE! EmanukuMTunnADu vIDu, nAtOnE nATakAlEstunnADU, vEleDaMta lEDu! …’


asalu vIlavadani sujAta modaTi rOjE cheppiMdi. rAghavulu viMTEnA? iMkonni rOjulakE sUrigADi varasa ardhamayyiMdi.

“igO amma… malla A cheTlalla chEri lolli jEstuMDu. kukkalto ADutuMDu. nAlgu chaMpa mIda koTTinagani rAlE. jaraMta jUDu…” cheppabOyADO rOju.

“EM chUDamaMTAvayyA! eppuDU kudurugA uMDaDu nI koDuku.” sujAta gayyimaMdi.

“ayinA vADi vayaseMtani? nAlugELLu niMDanODiki chaduvaMTE eMduku Sraddha vuMTuMdi? iMkO EDAdAgi tIsukurA. ippuDE chaduvulochchEyAlaMTE elA? poddunnostADu. eppuDiMTiki pOtADO telIdu. maLLA madhyAhnaM tiMDivELappuDu vastADu. tinnAka veLLipOtADu. eMtamaMdi pillalatO vEgEdi?”

“ammamma… aTlanaku. IDEDkaku bOyinagani malla nI muchchaTlE cheptaDu. koMcheM sadUkuMTE maMchigaitadi. jara mI pOragADE anukOnri…”

sujAta mettabaDiMdi. “ilA mATimATikI pOtE elA rAghavulU! sarE vadilipO.” sUrigADi vaipu tirigiMdi kaLLu peddavi chEsi. niTArugA nilabaDunnADu vADu nAnna pakkana, sujAtanE chUstU.

“ErA uMTAvA, maLLI pAripOtAvA?”

“pOnu TIchar!” chEtulu kaTTukuni marI cheppADu.

“idigO ippuDE cheptunnA, vADu ganaka maLLI skUl nuMchi bayaTaku vachchADanukO, alAgE techchi mI iMTlO vodilEstA. A tarvAta ika rAnIyanu.” gaTTigA cheppiMdi. rAghavulu tirigi EdO anabOyi Agi, koDukuni bhujaM mIda cheyyEsi AyA vaipuki neTTADu.

“orE sUrI, iMkOsAri pAripOyAvO nI pani cheptA. skUl lOki ika rAnivvanu. EmanukunnAvO…” anasUyamma cheptUnE uMdi. vADi dhyAsa appaTikE gODamIdaku dUki ‘myAv’manna pilli mIdaku pOyiMdi. “arrE, pillI…” okkasArigA pilli vaipu parigettADu. vADi venukE iMkO iddaru pillalu.

“abbA!” talapaTTukuMdi sujAta kOpaMtO iMkEmI chEyalEka.

A rOju sujAta iddaru pillalni sUrigADiki kApalAgA peTTiMdi. vALLu chAlA utsAhaMtO pedda TIchar mATalu pATiMchAru. oMTEluku kUDA oMTarigA vadalakuMDA vADi veMTE vunnAru. reMDOrOjukallA sUrigADiki chAlA kaDupunoppi vachchiMdi. iMTlOnE uMDipOyADu. mUDO rOju udayaM kUDA alAnE uMdannADu. vANNi batimAli paDukObeTTi, vALLa amma gabAgabA pani mugiMchukunochchEsarikallA pattA lEDu. nAlugO rOju maLLI rAghavulu techchi vadilADu. “amma! jara badraM. pOragADu malla urikipOtaDu,” aMTU.

IsAri sujAta kUDA oka kannu vADi mIdE vEsi vuMchiMdi. iMTarvel^lO kUDA vADini vadalakuMDA tana pakkanE kUrchObeTTukuMdi sujAta. iMtalO evarO DOnars vastE vALLaki skUl chUpiMchaDAniki veLLiMdi. anukunnaTTugAnE venakki vachchEsariki vADu lEdu.

vADu chEri iMchumiMchugA ayidu nelalu kAvastuMdi. panuMTEnO, EM tOchakapOtEnO, AkalEstEnO vastADu. rAghavulu rAvaDaM appagiMchaDaM AgipOyiMdippuDu. vADu aTu rAghavula daggarikI veLLaDu, iTu skUlukI rADu. iMTlO uMchAlaMTE rAghavulu bhArya paniki veLLipOtuMdi.

“idO laMpaTaM ayipOyiMdi nAku. pratIsArI vIDiki kApalA kAsi elA unnADO paTTiMchukOvAli. rEpemainA ayitE… maLLI skUl vALLani aMTAru.” anasUyammatO annadi sujAta.


sudhAkar tana kaMpenI phreMDs^ koMdarini skUluki testAnani eppuDO cheppADu. ippaTiki kudiriMdi. A kaMpenI vALLu pratI krismas^kU EdO oka ArphanEjikO, ilAMTi aMDar privilEj^D skULLakO giphTs istuMTAraTa. sujAta pillalaku muMdu rOjE baDi mAnaddani cheppiMdi.

“aitE aMdaraM maMchigA baTTalu toDukkuni vastaM!” vasaMta utsAhaMgA navviMdi.

“Emoddu. eppaTilAnE raMDi. ayinA rOjU bAvuMDochchugA.”

“mAyamma rOjU maMchi guDDalIyadi.”

“maMchivaMTE kottavE kAnakkarlEdu. SubhraMgA rOjU vastunnAvu chUDu, alA rA. adi chAlu. baTTalu kAdu. mana pravartanA SubhratA mukhyaM. asalu manushulu shOkulakI, vastuvulakI anavasaraMgA…” sujAta nemmadigA upanyAsaM ivvaDAniki tayAravabOyiMdi. vasaMta pAripOyiMdi anasUyamma kEka vini.

“TIchar agO annOllochchinru.” ObulEsu gETu daggarnuMDE arichADu. sujAta gETu vaipu edureLLiMdi.

“raMDi bAbU. mI guriMchi mA sudhAkar chAlAnE cheppADu…”

“mI guriMchi kUDA mEDam!” okabbAyi palakariMpugA navvADu.

“AMTI, mI ArOgyaM bAnE uMdi kadA? mOkAli noppi elA vuMdippuDu?” sudhAkar lOpalikostU annADu.

“A! bAnE vuMdi ippaTikaitE,” navviMdi sujAta.

lOpalaku naDichAraMdarU. pillalaMtA lEchi nilabaDi, “guD mArniMg sAr!” aMTU dIrghaM tISAru. “sudAkaranna, IDa kUsO,” sudhAkar vachchi EsObu pakkana kUlabaDDADu. vachchina vALLaMdarU kiMda sarduku kUrchunnAru.

sujAta, “ayyO, kurchIllO kUrchOMDi bAbU,” aMdi kaMgAru paDutU.

“parlEdAMTI, pillalatO uMDEMdukE kadA vachchAM. mIru chairlO kUrchOMDi. mI kALLu noppipuDatAyEmO.”

sUrigADu I saMdaTlO talukkuna meriSADu.

“orEy sUri, rArA!” sudhAkar pilichADu. sUri nemmadigA siggupaDutunnaTTu aDugulO aDugEsukuMTU vachchi atani oLlO kUrchunnADu. ‘nAlugu rOjulniMchI ayipu lEDu. evarO cheppuMTAru. vachchESADu! EvO istArani vachchESADu rAskel!’ oLLu maMDiMdi sujAtaku.

“ippuDu manamaMtA oka rauMD lA kUrchuMdAM. varuN anna manakoka mimikri prOgrAM chEsi chUpistADu.”

sudhAkar, atani snEhitulu pillalani guMDraMgA kUrchOpeTTAru. pedda klAsu pillalu maMchi nILLu aMdiMchAraMdarikI. varuN tana mimikri modalupeTTADu. pillalu chAlA ishTaMgA chUstunnAru. sujAta sUrigADi vaipu chUsiMdi, pillalatO pATu tanU navvutU. sUrigADu kaLLappagiMchi kEriMtalu koDutU chUstunnADu. vADi nallaTi buggallO lOtugA soTTalu.

pUrtigA #»

yadbhAvaM tadbhavati

pUla aMgaDiki poddunnE bayaludErutUMTE pakka iMTlOMchi arupulu vinipiMchAyi sudAmuDiki, “nA prANAniki nuvvekkaDa dorikAvE? nA batukE ilA EDustuMTE, nuvvU, nI avakarAlu unna SarIramU, nAku SanilA dApuriMchEvu.”

manassu chivukkumaMdi. bayaTanE arugu mIda kUrchunna I trivakra anE ammAyi taMDri kEsi chUsEDu sAlOchanagA. idaMtA nA kharma annaTTU Ayana nudiTi mIda vElu aDDaMgA rAstU chUpiMchEDu. sudAmuDu Ayana daggirakeLLi chinna goMtutO cheppEDu.

“madhyAhnaM bhOjanaM ayyEka kAsta tIrika chEsukuni, ammAyitO pATu nA pUla aMgaDiki raMDi. manaM praSAMtaMgA mATlADukOvachchu.”

“alAgE” annaTTU talADiMchEDu taMDri. Ayana kaMTlO sannaTi nITi pora sudAmuDi kaMTa paDanE paDiMdi. OdArpugA bhujaM taTTi, “harE kRshNa, harE kRshNa, kRshNa kRshNa, harE harE” nOTilO niraMtaraMgA sAgipOyE kRshNa smaraNaMtO aMgaDi kEsi naDichEDu.

madhyAhnaM bhOjanaM ayyEka aMgaTlO khALIgA unnappuDu vachchAru taMDrI trivakrA – sudAmuNNi chUDDAniki. vachchina vALLani kUrchOpeTTi aDigEDu. “eMduku mIrI pillani alA hiMsistunnAru rOjU? I SarIraM, I avakarAlu annI bhagavaMtuDichchinavi. manaM EdO janmalO chEsukunna karma valla ilAMTi mAnava jIvitaM vachchiMdi. ippuDu saMtOshaMgA A migilipOyina karma maunaMgA anubhaviMchEstE mElu. evarU kUDA ivi kAvAlani koni techchukOru kada?”

“nAkEM rAdani, aMdari pillallA uMDananI amma nannu rOjU koDutOMdi.” trivakra EDustU cheppiMdi.

“UrukOmmA, rOjU chUstUMTE asalu talli anEdi ilA uMDagaladA anipistOMdanukO adi nA bhAryO, I kaMsa mahArAju manamIda kApalA peTTina rAkshasO. dAniki nEnenni sArlu cheppinA alAgE mATlADutOMdi. EM chEddAmannA nAku karacharaNAlu ADaTaM lEdu.” taMDri samudAyiMchADu kUturini.

“ilA ammAyini iMTlO kUrchOpeTTaDaM kaMTE EdO oka vRtti nErparAdU?” sudAmuDaDigEDu taMDrini.

“dIniki evarainA EdainA nErputAnaMTE nEnu veMThanE jErpiMchanA?” taMDri cheppEDu.

“nA pakka aMgaDilO lEpanAlu tayAru chEsE Ayana chAlA kAlaM nuMchI pani ekkuvagA uMdanI evarO okaru sahAyAniki kUDA uMTE bAvuNNanI aMTunnADu. lEpanAlaMTE chEyaDaM koMcheM kashTamE kAnI alavATaitE evarainA chEyavachchu.”

“nAkenni avakarAlunnA kAnI chEtulu kALLU bAgAnE unnAyi. amma iMTlO nAku chUpiMchE naraka yAtana kannA kashTamA I lEpanAlu nErchukOvaDaM?” padELLa pApa mATalaki SrOtaliddarU AScharyapOyEru.


enni avakarAlunnA lEpanAlu chEyaDaM nErchukOvaDAniki panilO kudurukunna trivakra pani doMga kAdu. yajamAnikkUDA saMtOshamE. I ammAyi aMdari pillallA nimushAnikOsAri lEchi aTU iTU tiragadu. oddikagA O chOTa kUrchuni tAnEdO, tana panEdO. iMTi daggiraitE talli tiTTE tiTlu gurtostAyi kAbOlu pApaki ikkaDE bAgunnaTTuMdi. tIrika vELallO sudAmuDi daggira kRshNuDi guriMchO, Ayana chEsE kRshNa smaraNamO vinaDaM. trivakraki modaTlO kRshNuDevarO teliyaDAnikE UhakaMdEdi kAdu. gOkulaM nuMchi teralu teralugA vachchE kadhalu viMTUMTE I nalla pillADu bhagavaMtuDi avatAraM anukOvaDaM tAnu viMdi. kUrchuMTE aMta sulabhaMgA lEvalEni tanaki, inni avakarAlunna tanaki, sudAmuDaMtaTi vADikE lEnidi, bhagavaMtuDi darSanaM avutuMdA?

pakka aMgaDilO sudAmuDikI idE rakaM AlOchanalu – ekkaDi gOkulaM, ekkaDi tAnU, tana pUla aMgaDi? eppuDainA tana jIvita kAlaMlO O sAri A kRshNuDu madhurAnagaraM vastE, gistE, Uri mArumUlanunna tana aMgaDi kEsi vachchEnA tanani chUsEnA? I jIvitaM ilA ayipOvAlsiMdE kAbOlu. vEla ELLa tapassu chEsE munulakE lEdu Ayana darSanaM, nEneMta? iMkO vaMda janmala tarvAtainA bAgupaDochchu I kRshNa smaraNaMtO. Ayanaki eppuDu nannu chUDAlanipistE appuDE vastADu. chUDabOtE inni bhrUNa hatyalu chEsE rAju gAri anucharulU, I rAjugArU nA kannA adRshTavaMtulu kAbOlu. kanIsaM vALLaki chachchE muMdu Ayanni chUsE bhAgyamainA kalugutOMdi.


“I chinna maraka, adI lOpala vEsukunE aMgI mIda, pOvAlA? paina vEsukunE baTTala mUlaMgA idi kanabaDanE kanabaDadu kadA? ayinA sarE I maraka uMdani nannu kaMsa mahArAju koraDA debbalu koTTiMchEDu. I vedhava rAju uMTE eMta? pOtE eMta? nA taDAkhA chUpistAnu. rEpIpATiki I guDDalennI elA merustAyO….” tappatAgi oLLu telIkuMDA pElutU kasigA baMDamIda ruddutunnADu baTTalannI rajakuDu.

“nAyinA amma tiMDi tinaDAniki rammaMTOMdi,” padELLa kurrADochchi cheppEDu.

chEtilO guDDa tIsi vADi naDuM mIda koTTi atta mIda kOpaM dutta mIda chUpistU arichEDu, “pOrA nuvvU mI ammA, pOyi yamunalO dUkaMDi.” kurrADEDustU lOpalaki pOyEDu. gaMTA reMDu gaMTalu gaDichEka marakalu pOgoTTi utikina baTTalannI ArEsi lOpalakeLLi paDukunnADu. tAgina maikaMlO oMTi mIda koraDA debbala neppi teliyalEdu marnATi poddunna dAkA.


lEpanAla aMgaDiki O rOju mahArAjugAri daggirnuMchi kaburu! Emi chAvochchiMdO ani guMDeladurutUMDagA, yajamAni dAdApu parugeTTukuMTU rAja darSanAniki veLLEDu.

“EmOy nI daggira lEpanAlu chEsE okammAy uMdiTa, pani chEyaDaMlO maMchi siddhahasturAlani vinnAM. nagaraMlO vANijya pramukhula daggirA A lEpanAlannI chUSAM. iMkA nI daggirE panichEstOMdA?”

“avunu mahArAjA, vennemuka kAsta vaMkara kAnI chEtulatO adbhutamaina lEpanAlu chEyagaladu. adi ammAyiki dEvuDichchina varaM.”

“rEpaTnuMchi mahArAjugAriki kAvAlsina lEpanAlannI A ammAyi chEta chEyiMchi paMpiMchu. nIkU, A ammAyiki tagina vidhaMgA jItaM aMdutuMdi. EmEmi lEpanAlu kAvAlO O rOju muMdugA nIku mA vALLu cheptU uMTAru. ishTamEnA?”

“tappakuMDA mahArAjA”

“nI kEmannA kAvalistE rAjabhavanaMlO aDugutU uMDu. lEpanAlu adbhutaMgA uMDAli. ekkaDA tEDA rAkUDadu sumA. gurtu peTTukO mari.”

“avaSyaM. mIraMtagA cheppAlA?

kaMsa mahArAju trivakrani tana svaMtAniki lEpanAlu chEyiMchukOvaDaM kOsaM peTTukunnADanE vArta sudAmuDiki chEriMdi. Ayana saMtOshaMgA cheppEDu ammAyitO, “chUSAvA bhagavaMtuDi anugrahaM? nI avakaraM bhagavaMtuDiki kanapaDadu. AyanakaMdarU okaTE. Ayana bammini timmi chEyagalaDu. eppuDO O sAri mana kaMsa mahArAju Ayana chEtilO ChastADani prajalaMdarU anukOvaDaM nIku telsiMdE kadA? Ayannu chUsE adRshTaM nAku elAgA unnaTTu lEdu. rAjabhavanAniki veLtU uMTAvu kanaka nuvvEnA chUDagalavu. jAgrattagA gamanistU, kaMsuDiki kAdu, idaMtA bhagavaMtuDi kOsaM anukuMTU rOjU nuvvu SraddagA pani chEyi. dIkshagA pani chEstU adbhutAlu chEyaDamE yOgaM aMTunnAru telisinavALLu.”

trivakra talavaMchukuni alAgEnannaTTU UpiMdi. talettitE tana kannILLu sudAmuDi kaMTapaDEnu. iMTlO sAkshAttU svaMta talli chEtilO narakayAtana anubhaviMchE tanani bayaTaki tIsukochchi jIvitAnikO dAri chUpiMchina I sudAmuDi RNaM E janmaki tIrEnu?


paTTukochchina baTTalannI chUsi kaMsuDu rajakuNNi lOpalaki pilchEDu, “I sAri baTTalannI bAgunnAyi. koraDA debbalu bAgA pani chEsinaTTunnAyE?” adO vaMkara navvu mATallO.

“Ay”, rajakuDiki aMtakaMTE nOTa mATa rAlEdu. EmO EmaMTE EmautuMdO. pAta debbalu iMkA naDumu mIda maMDutunnAy.

“sarE phO,” kasirinaTTU cheppEDu kaMsuDu.

bayaTakochchina rajakuDiki lOpala dvEshaM anaMtaMgA perigipOtUMdi I kaMsuDi mIda. “….tanaki gAnI okka avakASaM vachchiMdA I kaMsuNNi tala tagElA chaMpEsi uMDEvADu. chinna maraka, adI lOpala vEsukunE aMgI mIda. dAnni chUsi tanaki koraDA debbalu! ivi mAnaDAniki Aru nelalu paDutuMdani cheppEru maMdu ichchina AchAryulu. pOnI koTTAka akkaDE vadilEDA? I rOju pilchi marI navvutunnADu mohaM mIda. eMtaTi durmArguDu kAkapOtE nEnu EDustUMTE alA navvagalaDu? bhagavaMtuDanEvADuMTE nannu ilA koraDA debbalu koTTistADA, I prapaMchaM ilA EDustuMdA? nAku jarigE pratI dAnikI nEnu mAtraM nA kharma anukOvAli. ayitE I rAjugAru chEsE panulaki mAtraM EmI kharmA girmA lEdu. nEnEmO vaLLu hUnaM chEsukuni baTTalu mallepUvulA merisipOyElAga utakAli. I tellaTi baTTalEsukuni I chachchu mahArAju chEsEdEviTI? UrUrA talokaNNI paMpiMchi chaMTipillalani chaMpiMchaDaM. idA nyAyaM? eppuDO gOkulaM nuMchi vachchi kRshNuDu I kaMsuNNi chaMpEdAkA nEnu ilA EDavAlA? rAnIy, A kRshNuDu kAnI nAkkanabaDDADA ilA nannu koTTiMchinaMduku saraina guNapAThaM nErputAnu. I kaMsuDi daggira eMta bAgA panichEsinA nAku debbalu tappavu. kRshNuNNi vILLaMdarU bhagavaMtuDanI, eppuDO vachchi I kaMsuNNi chaMputADanI anukODamE tappa ippaTidAkA AyanochchE atI gatI lEdu. nEnelAgA I kaMsuDi bAri nuMchi tappiMchukOlEnu. A kRshNuDu kAnI vachchi nAkkanipiMchADA appuDu chUpistAnu nA kOpaM aMtA.” kOpaMgA goNukkuMTU, jAligA chUstunna madhurAnagaraM janAlani tappukuMTU iMTiki naDaka sAgiMchEDu rajakuDu.


“kaMsa mahArAju mimmalni piluchuku rammani SelavichchAru,” sEvakuDu cheppEDu akrUruDitO.

“sarE pada pOdAM” niluchunnapATE bayaldErEDu.

vachchina akrUruDitO cheppEDu kaMsuDu, “chUDU nuvvu nAku bAgA AptuDavanI, nA kshEmaM kOrEvADivanI ilA pilichi cheptunnAnu. akkaDa gOkulaMlO kurrALLiddarU nA guMDellO balleMlA tayArayyErani nIku telsiMdE kadA? rAbOyE rOjullO nEnu dhanuryAgaM modalu peDutunnAnu. A kurrALLani iddarnI elAgO okalAga – maMdu peTTO, mabhya peTTO…”

akrUruDu kaMsuDikEsi taletti chUsEDu. navvochchiMdi kaMsuDi mATalaki. Iyana paMpiMchina rAkshasulaMdarnI oMTichEttO chaMpEsina kRshNuNNi, lIlAmAnushavigrahuDanI, sAkshAttU bhagavaMtuDanI prapaMchaM aMtA anukunE kRshNuNNi mabhyapeTTO maMdu peTTO EdO chEyAliTa! kaMsuDi mati gAnI pOlEdu kadA?

“…viMTunnAvA? elAgO okalAga ikkaDaki tIsukochchAvaMTE nA daggira iddaru malla yuddha yOdhulunnAru – chANUra mushTikulani – vALLiddaritO A kurrALlani chaMpiMchEstAnu. pIDa viragaDautuMdi. EdO okaTi aDDochchi I kurrALLu malla yuddhaMlO chAvakapOtE migilina upAyaM EmiTaMTE mana bhadragajaM uMdi gadA – kuvalayApIDaM, dAnichEta vILLani tokkiMchEyaDamE. ardhaM ayiMdA?”

“sarE” chAvabOyEvALLa jAbitA chadivina kaMsuNNi chUstU talADiMchEDu akrUruDu.

“eppuDu bayaldErutAvu?”

“rEpE bayaldEramani SelavA?” chAvaDAniki kaMsuDikaMta toMdareMdukO?

“nAku telusu nuvvu nA kshEmaM kOrEvADivani. ippuDu nEnu cheppina vishayAlannI akkaDa cheppaku sumA? ivannI telistE kurrALLu bediripOyi nIkUDA rAvaDAniki bhayapaDochchu. jAgratta mari. nuvvu maMchi mATakArivi. kapaTaM adI lEkuMDA mATlADu. veLLirA.”

kaMsuDi daggirnuMchi venakki vachchina akrUruDi oLLu gAlilO tElutunnaTTuMdi. rEpIpATiki tanaki lIlAmAnusha vigrahuDaina bhagavaMtuDi darSanaM kAbOtOMdi. EM tapassu chESADu tAnu? telisO teliyakO pAtrulaina vALLaki EdainA dAnaM chESADA? iMTikochchi paDukunnADanna mATEgAnI rAtraMtA kalata nidrE. kaMsuDi daggirnuMchi vachchADaMTE vIDu kUDA rAkshasuDai uMTADani anukuni kRshNuDu tana kEsi kUDA chUDaDEmO? nI pErEmO akrUruDA, nuvvu chEsEdi kRUruDaina kaMsuDi daggira udyOgamA ani aMdari muMdu navvi hELana chEyaDu kadA? ayinA kRshNuDu kanapaDagAnE Ayana nOru terichE lOpula kALlamIda paDi namaskAraM chEstE nEnu chEsina tappulu kshamiMchaDA?

marnADu udayamE rathaM bayaldErutUMTE akrUruDu cheppEDu sArathitO, “gOkulaM vachchE muMdu kAsta jAgrattagA chUsi cheppu nAyanA, kRshNuDi pAda mudralu kanapaDitE vATiki namaskAraM peTTukuMTAnu muMdu.”

“kRshNuDi pAda mudralu gurtiMchaDaM elA?”

“padmayugaLaM, chakra, chApa, hala, jalachara rEkhAMkitAlu uMTAyi. avE koMDa gurtu”

“tappakuMDA gurtupeTTukuMTAnu,” rathaM madhurAnagaraM vIdhullOki sAgipOyiMdi.

pUrtigA #»

SEshu mAvayya

AkASaM mabbulEsinappuDallA nA manasu SEshu mAvayya vALliMTi vaipuki parugu tIstuMdi.

eMdukaMTE – mA vUru samudrAniki daggara. kAnI mAvayya vALLillu matraM samudrAniki sariggA edurugA. vALLa mEDa mIdi – oMTi gadilO, A pedda kiTikIlOkekki kUrchuMTE samudraM kanipistuMdi E aDDamU lEkuMDA. eMta pedda samudramanI, adEMTO… viMDO phrEM niMDA niMDipOyi kaLLamuMduku kadilostuMdi. nannu kAsiMtainA taDapakuMDA, tAnu nAlO taDustU manasaMtA mahAsamudramai niMDipOtuMdi. eMta saMbaraM. aMdulOnu — varshaMlO taDustunna samudrAnni chUDaDamaMTE… abbA, ika cheppalEnu!!

ippuDE rEDiyO cheppiMdi marO gaMTalO urumulu merupulatO kUDina varshaM modalautuMdanI, cheppinaTTugAnE A kshaNAnikAkshaNaMgA nallamabbulu doMtarlu doMtarlugA parupu chuTTalu dorlutunnAyi AkASaMlO.

doDlO daMDeM mIda ArEsina baTTalni gabagabA lAgEsukostOMdi amma. vasArAlOki varshaM daMchi koDutuMdani daDisi, reMDu inapa kuMpaTlU, vaMTiMTlOki lAkkostOMdi ammamma. nAnnagArEmO, vAkili varaMDA lOni pedda chekka kurchIni venakki lAgi, plAsTik kavar kappE prayatnaMlO vunnAru. muMdu gadini skUTar, saikil appaTikE AkramiMchAyi.

“kuMbhavRshTiTa…” chebutOMdi amma, nAnnatO.

“avunaTa. TIvIlO kUDA chUpiMchArugA! aMdukE, nAlugu rOjula saripaDa kUralu, pAlU, tIsukochchESAnu,” tana muMdu jAgratta praNALikani aMdarU gurtiMchAlani vuMdi Ayanaki.

amma mechchukuMdi. “maMchi pani chESAraMDi. nEnE chebudAmanukunnA… mIrE techchESAru,” aMTU, phrij^lO vATni sardutOMdi.adigO tammuDU vachchESADu TyUshan niMchi. varshaM vastuMdani peMdarAlE illu chErADu.

ika manaM bayaldErochchu… anukunnA, lOlOpala. mellagA cheppullO kALLu dUrchEstU “nEnu mAvayyA vALLiMTikeLtunnA. evarainA EmainA ichchEvuMTE ichchEsukOMDI. paTTukeLtA” aMTU O kEkapeTTAnu.

“A@M? ippuDeMdukE, mAvayyA vALLiMTikI? O pakkanEmO pedda varshaM modalautuMTEnU,” chOdyaMgA aMdi amma.

nAnnagAru mAtraM nA vaipOsAri chUsi tEliggA navvEstU, “pOnlE veLLanI. hiMdI nErchukunostuMdi,” annAru. ‘thAMks nAnnA,’ annaTTugA O dhanyavAdapu chUpokaTi visirAnu nAnna mIdaki. Ayana annI telisinaTTugA navvAru.

Ayana kUDA oppukunnAka ammakika abhyaMtaramEmuMTuMdi? tammuDikI maradalaki inni ullipAya bajjIlU, oka gAju sIsAlOnEmO kottagA tAliMpEsina mAgAya pachchaDi aMdiMchiMdi. nUnelO tElutOMdi erraTi mAgAya, iMguva ghATutO ghumAyiMchEstO…

pErukOsaM annaTTu O reMDu TeksT buksU, oka nOT buk, bAlpAyiMT pennU, chEti bAg^lO vEsukuni, bhujAniki tagiliMchukunnA. marO chEtilO bAbUrAv klAt sTOr vAri nAru saMchIlOnEmO amma ichchina gUDs tIsukuni, van, TU, trI… aMTU urukurukugA meTlu digutuMTE, ammamma mATalu nA venakaniMchi…

“phOn chEsi veLtunnAvA? vADu chinna baTTatO vuMTADO, gOchI kaTTukunuMTADO, laMgOTIlu chuTTukuni illaMtA kalayabeDutuMTADO? chUsi daDuchukOku..” aMTU arustU.

nEnu venakki tirigi chUDanainA chUDalEdu AviDa vaipu. AviDa hechcharikalu nAku pAtavE kAvaDaMtO kottagA vinEMdukEmI vuMDadu. reMDu nimushAllO kOnEru seMTar kochchESAnu.

“maMginapUDi! maMginapUDi! tvaragA raMDi. idE lAsT bas.” arustunnADu kaMDakTar.

okka sArigA urimiMdi AkASaM. gaTTigA. nEnu gabhAlna bassekkESAnu. kiTikI pakka sIT khALIgA kanipistE veMTanE aMdulO chatikilabaDDAnu. rivvurivvuna vIstU challaTi gAli mukhAnakochchi tAkutOMdi. aisu nILLatO taDipina challaTi gaMdhapu lEpanAnni kuMchetO mukhAniki alumutunnaTTu. AgakuMDA ilA prayANistUnE vuMTE eMta bAvuNNu! anipiMchiMdi. kAnI mAmayya illu gurtochchiMdi.

praharIki gODa vuMDadu. iMTi chuTTUrA cheTlE daLLu. poTTi poTTi gaTTi kAMDAla guburu podala mokkalEmO iMTi muMdu vaipuki, dakshiNa uttarAla vaipEmO ettaina aSOka vRkshAlu. venaka vaipu paDamarana nAlugaidu varasallO daTTaMgA saruguDu cheTlu.

adi peraDu kAdu. chinna pATi polaMlA vuMTuMdi. nArumaLlu pOsi, gaTlu kaTTi, kaTTala mIdEmO chinna paMTa, chElOnEmO pedda paMTa annaTTu rakarakAla kUragAyalatO bATu kAbEjI, mokka jonna vaMTivi paMDiMchaDaM bhalE muchchaTEstuMdi A tOTamAli panitanAniki. Ayana konnELLu miliTrIlO pani chESADu. aMdukE iMTlO A kramaSikshaNalOni kaLa uTTipaDutU vuMTuMdi.

“maMginapUDi, maMginapUDi! digAlammA!” kaMDakTar kEkaki ulikkipaDi, toMdara toMdaragA bassu digESA.

Iduru gAli modalavaDaMtO, pAdAla mIdi parikiNI pakkaki tirigi, jeMDAlA egurutOMdi. paiTani naDuM chuTTU O chuTTu chuTTi, reMDu jeLLani venakki visiri, mAvayya iMTi vaipu naDichAnu. rODDuki kuDi pakkana samudraM.
eDama vaipuna chAlA dUraMgA TIchars kAlanI. meyin vIdhi mIMchi eDama pakkagA kAlanI lOki tAru rODDu vEsi vuMdi.

oka sAri venakki tirigi samudraM vaipu chUSAnu. balishTamaina O pedda nalla Enugu kadalaka medalaka vottigilli paDukunnappuDu, dAni ubbina poTTa elA kanipistuMdi? alA vuMdi samudraM nallagA ati gaMbhIraMgA. niSchalaMgA alalu – yuddhAniki siddhamavutunna sainikullA. gAliki talalu virabosukuMTunna cheTlu, talupulu mUsina iLLu, kari mabbula divulu varNaM, praSAMtamaina vAtAvaraNaM, nannakkaDE nilichipommaMdi. pheLa pheLa maMTU vurumulurimi, visurugAlE kanaka nannu tOsi vuMDakapOtE alAnE Silanayi pOyi akkaNnE vuMDipOyEdAnnEmO.

ika jAgu lEkuMDA, gabagabA mAvayyA vALLiMTiki naDichA. eMta bAvuMdi. oMTari naDaka. tODugA Iduru gAli. nA venaka aMDagA samudraM. paTTapagalu rAtri ayina kshaNaM. nallaTi AkASapu goDugu kiMda ilA vUrEgaDaM eMta priyamaina utsavamani, nAku.

aTu, iTu – reMDu guMjalaku bigiMchina veduru baddala gET tIsukuni lOpalakaDugupeTTA. pedda sthalaMlO chinna DAbA illu. mEDa mIdakeLLEMduku vIlugA reyiliMg lEni meTlu. tellasunnaM vEsina simeMT gODalu. mEDa mIda kottagA vEsina gadi kEmO, iMkA plAsTariMg chEyakapODaMtO – iTuka rALLu bayaTaki kanipistunnAyi. gET daggarniMchI, darvAjA gaDapa varaku parachina nApa rALLa kAli bATa mIda ilA pAdaM mOpAnO lEdO, Thap, Thap, aMTU pedda usirikAyaMta saijulO chinuku venaka chinukuchchi paDi, sariggA nEnu gaDapa dATi lOpalakochchina kshaNAllO UpaMdEsukuni pedda SabdAlu chEsukuMTU, urumulU, merupulatO varshaM jOraMdukupOyiMdi.

bhalE navvochchEsiMdi. niSSabdaMgA lOpalakaDugEsi chUSA. nEneppuDU apurUpaMgA chUsE dRSyamE adi.

SEshu mAvayya iMTiki rAvAlani nEnu tarachU kOrukODAniki gala iMkO kAraNaM – idE.

hAllO attayyA mAvayyA nalla balla uyyAla mIda kUrchunnAru. okaredurugA okaru. AviDa sannajAjula mAla kaDutOMdi. mAvayya pUla moggalni jODiMchi aMdistunnADu. chAlA dIkshagA. eMta Sraddha mAvayyaki. rOjU mEDekki pUlu kOsukostADu. eMDA kAlAllO mallepUlu, kanakAMbarAlu padi maruvaM remmalU. idI A samudraMlA eppuDochchinA manasu niMDA niMDipOyE chitramE.

“aTu reMDU, iTu reMDU chAlannAnu kadaMDI. nAlgu moggalu peDitE, marI muddagA ayipOtuMdi daMDa. aMda@MvuMDadu.” attayya mATalaki mAvayya navvutADu. “elA allinA nI jaDalO dAniki goppa aMdamostuMdi!” ani aMTADu mAvayya attayya vaipu ArAdhanagA chUstU! A mATalaku AviDa mohaM baMgAru raMgulO veligipOtuMdi.

“EmaMdE, mI attA? nannaDigiMdA? mI mAvEM chEstunnADu? A@M EM chEstuMTADU! A vuyyAla kedurugA kurchI vEsukuni, verri nAganna alA kUrchunuMTADu. chIkaTi paDutOMdigA, mEDekki pUlu kOsukoni vachchuMTADu. Iyana aMdIDaM AviDa mAla allaDaM. A uyyAla balla mIdE ikaikalu pakapakalu.” ammamma mATalaki javAbugA navvi vUrukOmani amma cheppiMdi.

nEnikkaDiki nijaMgA hiMdI cheppiMchukODaM kOsaM mAtramE rAnu. adoka vaMka mAtramE. nEnu samudrAnni chUDaTaM kOsavE@M vastAnu. I reMDu samudrAlanI…

saMchilOMchi mAgAyi sIsA tIstuMTE, plAsTik kAgitaM chappuDuki atta tala tippi gummaM vaipu chUsiMdi. “rAvE, ammuDU, rA. nI guriMchi ippuDE mAvayyatO aMTunnA. vAramaipOtOMdi. ekkaDA pattA lEdE pilla ani.” aMTU iMta velugaina mOmutO chUsiMdi.

pasupu rAsukunna nuduTi mIda iMta kuMkuma boTTu, mukkuki mUDu rALLa mukku puDaka, meDalO niMDaina baMgAraM taLukkuna merustU, attayya kaLakaLalADutU vuMTuMdi, E vELappuDu chUsinA. E vELA, juTTu chedaranIdu, kaTTukunna chIra jarI aMchu muData paDanIdu. appuDE tAjAgA tayArai, ekkaDikO veLLEMduku sidhdhamai kUrchunnaTTu anipistuMdi. aMta phresh gA elAvuMTuMdO?

“EmuMdI? dAniki panA, pADA? iMTeDu chAkirI moguDu mIda vadili, Asamma Osamma kaburlADaTamEgA E poddU! dAnni mahallO rANilA kurchOpeDtADu EviTO, ardhaM kAdu. iravainAluggaMTalU mohaMlO mohaM peTTi mATlADukunE mATalEM chastAyO iddarikI telIdu. EviTO, mAyadAri gOla…” ammamma ammatO anaDaM.

“pOnlE ammA. pApaM, maradalaki resT kAvAlani annAru kadA DAkTarlu. aMdukani, kUrchObeDutunnADEmOlE.” AviNNi OdArchE prayatnaMgA amma.

ammamma veMTanE kayyanEdi. “EM bAgOkapODamE, kamalA? nuvvU alAnE venakEsukostAv vANNi? eppuDO padELLa kiMdaTa guMDeki chilluMdEmO ani anumAnapaDDAru DAkTarlu. A tarvAta parIkshalU avI chEsi, bAgAnE vuMdanI cheppalA? marEM rOgaM cheppu, iMTi pani chEsukODAniki? skUl niMchi vastADA? aMgavastraM chuDtADu. vedhava. chIpuru paTTukuni vIdhi gummaM daggarniMchI, doDDi gummaM dAkA nunnagA chimmi, nILLu jalli, A mIdaTa pilustADu nannu. ‘adi oMgakUDadu kAnI, nuvvochchi kAsta muggEsi pOmmA’ aMTU. nAku maha voLLu maMDipOtuMde kamalA. nuvvEmannA anu.”

“mATallOnE vachchAvE! nIku nUrELLAyushshu.” aMTunna mAvayya vaipu chUSAnu.

ammamma annaTTE Ayana velisipOyina erra TavalokaTi chuTTukuni kanipiMchADu. balishTamaina SarIraM. ettuku tagga lAvu. miliTrI krAph, meDalO jaMdhyAnni poTTigA maDichi, chevulaki chuTTukuni, nuduTi mIda chinna kuMkuma boTTutO, banInainA lEni A avatAraM. aMdagADE SEshu mAmayya. miliTrI sarvIsu tarvAta bejavADa skUllO hiMdI TIchar gA udyOgaM vachchiMdi. rOjU poddunA sAyaMtraM gaMTa prayANaM chEsi vastADu. appuDappuDu AlasyamautuMdi. alATappuDu attayya nannu tODugA vuMDamaMTuMdi.

pUrtigA #»

pratIka

durgEsh mOdI, kaLlu tipputU, DipArT^meMT^lO ‘iMDiyAtvaM’ guriMchi minI lekchar modaleTTinappuDallA, kurchIlOki kudiMchuku pOyEdi nisi. A rOju bhAratIyata guriMchi Emi ANimutyAlu Ame nOTinuMDi rAlatAyO ani. asalu Ame mukhamE nisiki nachchadu. kAni, hiMdI tAralA nallani guDise lATi bAbD heyir talakAyini aTU iTU tipputU, appuDapuDU jArE silk chIra maLlI bhujaM mIduku chErustU durgEsh mATlADutuMTE, laMch TaiMlO TyUmar kAnpharens muMdu koMdariki adi koMta vinOdaM.

A rOju Ame ilA selavichchiMdi:

navIn (durgEsh aidELla koDuku) – “mammI, mA klAs^lO aMtA tellagA uMTE, nE nallagA unnAnEM?” – annADu. nEnu “ninna kukkIlu bEk chEsinappuDu, konni tellagA, konni braun^gA, konni nallagA mADipOyi rAlA? vATilO nIkEM kukkIlu bAgunnay? paMDU!” – ani aDigA. vADu “braun^vi mammI” annADu.

“chUSAvA ! dEvuDu mana manushula bommalni avenlO bEk chEsinappuDu, sariggA bEk ainavi, iMDiyanlu rA. mana raMgu parphekT. karekT. piMDi takkuva kAlitE, vALlu tellavALlayyAru. mADitE nallavALlayyArurA paMDU.” ani cheppA.

ilA, durgEsh mOdI A nAnA jAti saiMTisTulu, DAkTarla samitiki vivEkAnaMdiniyai, sAmarasyaM kaligistunnA nanukuMTU, rEshiyal ivalyUshan guriMchi chinni bOdhalu chEsEdi.

E kAnsar guriMchi gAnI Ame chEsina Diskashans okarikainA gurtunnAyO lEdO gAni, iMDiyan peLli pEraMTAla guriMchi; chIrala nANyatalu, dhariMchE vidhAnAla guriMchi; boTTu kATukalu, gAjulu, vATi ardhaM; kaTnaM kAnukalu, vATi viSishTata; bhAratIya saMskRtI saMpradAyAla guriMchi Ame slayiDlu lEkuMDAnE nyUyArk nagaraMlO, O jyUyish dAta sthApiMchina oka pedda hAspiTallO, A amerikanlaku aDapA daDapA chinni kOrsulu, riphreshar kOrsulugA parichayaM chEsEsiMdi.

amerikanlu aMTunnA appuDu A TEbil daggara samAvESaM ayinadi chAlA maMdi iMkA sTUDeMT vIsAla mIda, je-1 vIsAla mIda unna vArE. okkokkaridI okkO katha. koMdaru iMglIshu TOphel parIkshalatO, koMdaru phleks, mari koMdaru bOrD egjAminEshan, ilA evari dIkshalO vAruMDE vAru. avaTAniki, kAnsar pai pariSOdhanalu, A pEsheMTla rOga nivAraNa kAraNaMgAnE vAraMtA oka chOTakE chErinA, aMtarlInaMgA chAlAmaMdi samasya vAri vIsA, vAri jIvanOpAdhi sarigA ErparachukOvaTamE. amerikA dESaMlO paurulugA sthirapaDi pOvaTamE.

aMdarikI pedda, ChArlI bensan – DipArT^meMT chairman, rashyan pOlish yUduDu. vais Chairman, yUdurAlu – lArA spensar. iMkA iddaru chainIyulu, iddaru koriyan aTeMDiMg^lu, koMdaru rashyA nuMDi digina suMdarI maNulu, oka miliyanIru ani cheppabaDE kim, oka beMgAlI bAbu rAy, marO paMjAbI siMg, ilA, ilA O iravai, iravai aidu maMdi DAkTarlu. vAri anubaMdhapu sTAph^lO pOlish, jyUyish vAri saMkhya prabalaMgA uMDEdi.

ChArlI bensan atyaMta budhdiSAli. bhArya vErE hAspiTallO DAkTar. bhAryA bhartalu iddarU oka aravai ELla vayasu vArE. ChArlI bensan^ku pethAlajI, rEDiyAlajIlalO balamaina bAk^grauMD uMdi. DayAgnAsTik rEDiyAlajI dATi vachchi, therapI lOki vachchEsi, mukhyaMgA, gainikalAjikal kAnsar guriMchi ekkuva kRshi chEstU, rOgi, vaidyula sEphTI guriMchi AlOchistunnADu. rEDiyOAkTiviTI kanukkunna appaTi saiMTisTulu, mariyA kyUrI, bekarel, taditarulu, rEDiyaMnu jEbullO vEsuku tiragaTaM, chEtulatO paTTukOTaM vaMTi panulu bhayaM lEkuMDA chESAru. kramENA vAriki, itara saiMTisT laku rEDiyOAkTiv meTIriyals upayOgAlE kAka, anarthAlu kUDA teliya vachchAyi. anarthAlatO, tIvramaina bAdhalatO yUdulaku aMtA iMta parichayaM kAdu kadA. A parichayaM, yUdula lOni taratarAla vEdana – tOTi mAnavuni bAdhalu taggiMchaTAniki, jIviMchaTAniki saraina vasatulu, ArOgyaM kaligiMchaTaM lOki maLliMdi. Asupatrulu, vidyAlayAlu nelakolpaTaMlO vAru agragAmulu. aMduvalla, A yUduDu, ChArlI bensan rEDiyEshan dherapIlO, AphTar lODiMg Tekniks guriMchi AlOchiMchi, phijisisT latO kalisi kotta aplikETars tayAru chEstunnADu.

DAkTar nisi A hAspiTal^ku elA vachchiMdaMTE: nisi, resiDensI appuDu ChArlI bensan, brAMks veTarans hAspiTal^ku vAraM vAraM, vijiTiMg prophesar^gA vachchi vAri prOblam kEs laku solyUshans cheppEvADu. vAriki AyanatO muchchaTiMchaTaM bahu lAbhadAyakaM. eMta charitra telisinA, vidyArdhulatO muMdugA kotta vishayAlEMTi? ani praSniMchEvADu. meDisin^lO, pAta purANAla pani EmiTi? kottagA AlOchiMchaTaM, pravartiMchaTaM, nErchukOvAlanEvADu. nisi, AyanatO appuDappuDu tanaku DayAgnAsTik rEDiyAlajI cheyyAlani uMdaMTE, nuvvu shADOlu chUsEMdukU kAdu. TishyUlu maikrOskOp^lO chUsEMdukU kAdu. vALlu doMga vaidyulu. vaidyulu rOgulatO kalisi uMDAli. nuvvu nijaM manushulutO uMDAli. nI avasaraM vAriki uMdi. nuvvu pariSOdhanalu cheyyi. kAni, ekkuva bhAgaM pani klinikal meDisin^lO, rOgula rOga nivAraNalO pani cheyyAlsiMdE. nI balaM, telivi akkaDa chUpiMchu, ani khaMDitaMgA cheppADu.

nisi tana resiDensIlO uMDagAnE, Ame memOriyal slOyan keTTariMg^lO phelOship cheyyaTAniki veDutunnaTTu telusukunna ChArlI tana yUrOpiyan paddhatilO, Ame reMDu cheMpala mIdA chEtuluMchi, aTU iTU reMDu buggala mIdA muddulu peTTi, appaTi kappuDE, Ame phelOship kAgAnE, tana DipArT^meMT^lO sTAph meMbar^gA chErAlani, Ame iMkekkaDakU udyOgaM kOsaM vedukkuMTU veLlAlsina pani lEdani cheppESADu. adi oka chakkani AhvAnaM, uttaruvu kUDA.

Ame AScharyapOyiMdi, tanaku ilA aplikEshanlu peTTakuMDAnE udyOgAlu dorukutunnaMduku. ChArlI daggara pani cheyyAlani evariki uMDadu. atani mATalu vinaTaM aMTE, appaTi varakU jarigina prapaMcha charitra telusukOTamE. iliyAD, ADisI, tOrA, tAlmUd, chadavaTamE. appaTi varakU jarigina meDisin charitra vini, rAbOyE kotta vaidyAlaku bATalu veyyaTamE. Ame saMtOshiMchiMdi. annaTTugAnE, nisi tana phelOship avutUMDagA, TreyiniMg vivarAlu, yOgyatA patrAlatO Ayanaku samAchAraM aMdiMchiMdi. Ayana nisini phOn^lO pilichi, jUlai nuMDi nI udyOgaM modalu, ani cheppADu. nisi, alA A jyUyish hAspiTallO, rEDiyEshan dherapI vibhAgaMlO, jUniyar eTeMDiMg phijIshiyan^gA pani modaleTTiMdi. Ameku hAspiTal jIvitaM udriktaMgA, AlOchanA prErakaMgA, iMTlO jIvitaM romAMTik^gA gaDichi pOtunnadi.

alA sAgipOtunna samayaMlO, nisini brAMks lOnE, marO jyUyish yUnivarsaTI hAspiTallO pani cheyyaTAniki veLlamannADu ChArlI bensan. Ame khaMgu tinnadi. adI oka nObel praij poMdina yUduni pEru kaligina hAspiTal. kAni, akkaDi DipArT^meMmeMTutO vIriki satsaMbaMdhAlu lEvu. akkaDi ChIph, DAkTar. hussEn – ADavALlanu, magavALlanu viruchuku tiMTADani, akkaDa panichEsE vALlu tarachU, vErE hAspiTals vetukkuMTU veLli pOtArani viMdi. eMduku tananu akkaDaku paMpaTaM. Ame koMcheM uDukkuMdi.

asalu tanu chUstU uMdi, kashTamaina panulannI si. bi. tanaku appa cheputADu. migatA ADavALLaMdarinI astArubAtaMgA chUsukuMTADu. okasAri hussEn DipArT^meMT^lO ADa DAkTarlu EM bAguMDaru. ikkaDa chUDu, eMtamaMdi aMdamaina vALlunnArO annADu kUDA. nannu paMpaTaMlO ardhamEMTi? anukuMdi.

mAmUlu prakAramE, tana sIniyar DAkTar, sunIl lI vachchi, nisiki peddAyana AMtaryaM vippi cheppADu.

“ikkaDa evarU nuvvu chadivinaMtagA jarnals chadavaru. vILlalO evarini paMpinA akkaDi ChIph, ikkaDi jUniyar sTAph sarigA chadavaTallEdani baiTa DAkTarla daggara yAgI chEstADu. nuvvu hussEn^tO neggagalavu. atani daggara nErchukOvAlsina vishayAlunnayyi. I reMDu hAspiTals elA kalapAlanE vishayAllO, resiDensI TreyiniMg sTAMDarDs vishayAllO, mATalu ippuDE modalayinayyi. kAni reMDU balamaina saMsthalanI, reMDu chOTla mEdhAvaMtulunnAraMTaMlO saMdEhaM lEdugA.

iddaru ChIph lakU, ChIph TeknAlajisTulatO -yU nO vAT saMbaMdhAlunnayyi. ikkaDa vishayaM modaTlO nIku cheppinaTlE, akkaDi saMgati kUDA cheputunnA. maLlI gurtu chEstunnA. I strIlu chAlA jelasItO bAdha paDutuMTAru. mukhyaMgA itara ADavALlu, DAkTar^lu, pani lOki vachchinapuDu. pOTI vastuMdEmO, DipArT^meMT^lO vALla pettanaM taggutuMdEmO ani. vALlanu mOral takkeTlO tUchi, vALlanu itarulu chinna chUpu chUstArEmO ani, ilA. vALlatO tagavu paDitE, ChIph laku gAbharA kalugutuMdi. jAgrattagA uMDU.”

“vILlaMtA edigina svataMtra vyaktulu. vALla slIpiMg hEbiTs^tO evariki pani!” aMdi nisi.

DAkTar lI mukhaM loddigA MlAnamayiMdi. “nI aMta libaral kAdu, libarETeD kAdu I vishayAllO nEnu, iMkA koMdaru. nuvvu sam hau vATini kAMDiseMDiMggA chUDavu.” annADu.

“vel! iMDiyAlO, mA vaipu palleTULlalO idi chAlA kAman.” aMdi nisi.

“mari durgEsh cheppE kaburlannI?”

“adaMtA hOks. avannI Ame tananu tAnu nammiMchukunE kaTTu kathalu. shi Ij En EkT.” aMdi nisi.

“enI vE. guD lak in di adar DipArT^meMT. ikkaDaku vastUnE uMTAvu kadA. daTs nais.” annADu DAkTar lI.


nisi, SyAm, A madhyE akkaDa irviMgTan^lO chiTTi mutyaM lATi illu konukkunnAru. charitrAtmakamaina Uru. rip vAn viMkil, lejeMD Aph slIpI hAlO, rAsina vAshiMgTan irviMg nuMDi, A Uriki A pEru uMchAru. haDsan nadi pakkana uMDE chinni ULlalO adi okaTi. kaLakaLa lADE prakRti SObha kaligina Uru. nyUyArk siTIki, A vesT^chesTar kauMTI nuMDi haDsan lain tIsukuni rOjU udyOgAlaku veLli vastuMTAru.

nisi, A rOju, Ame iMTlO panulu chEsukuMTU AlOchiMchukuMTunnadi.

Ame iTu kUragAyalu tarugutuMdi. poyyi mIdi kUralu uDukutuMDagAnE, vErE gadilO tana pustakAlu kAgitAlu savaristuMdi. hAspiTallO appuDappuDU pustakAla AkshanlU ammakAlU jariginapuDu, pAta pustakAlu ennO DAlar kokaTi koMTU uMDEdi. alA eppaTikappuDu iMTlO Ameku soMta ripharens laibrarIlu ErpaDDAyi. baiTi Rtuvulanu chUstU appuDappuDU gIsE skech^lanU, vATar kalars^nU chinna phrEms^lO peTTi, tanu tirigE chOTla kaMTiki AhlAdaM kaligElA uMchutuMdi. chalanaM Ame svabhAvaM. pravahiMchi pOyE nadi Ame. madhyalO baiTiki veLli reMDu kommalO pUlO techchi vEjullO amarchukuMTuMdi. tOTalO gulAbIlu pUstunnayyi. oka rOju A gulAbi mokka daggara nuMchuni gulAbIlu daTTaMgA chIralO unna phoTO, okaTi iMDiyAlO unna taMDriki paMpiMdi. iMDiyA Trip veLli vachchina baMdhuvulu, nI phoTO Ayana gadilO uMdi. mAku chUpiMchAru ani cheputAru. Ame saMtOshistuMdi.

nisi panulu chEsukuMTUnE AlOchistunnadi. EdO, oka ADavALla mEgajIn^lO pAta chetta chadivi, Ameku kOpaM kaliginaMduna chelarEgina AlOchanalu.

tanevaru? oka saiMTisTEnA? avunu. kAka EmiTi! kaMdipappA. tanu DAkTar. saiMTisT. rEDiyam kanipeTTina mEDam kyUrI saiMTisTA kAdA ani saMdEhiMchE vAru I rOjullO evarannA uMTArA? Ameku phijiks^lO okasAri, kemisTrIlO okasAri nObel ichchAru. reMDu sArlu nObel praij, oka strIki vachchiMdi.

1977lO brAMks veTarans hAspiTalO panichEstunnappuDu, pakka Divijan lOnE panichEsE phijisisT, rOsalin yAlOki (#Rosalyn Yalow) #‘rEDiyO imyunOessE’ Teknik^ki nObel praij vastE, tAmaMtA lainlalO nuMchuni Ame ATOgrAph tIsukOlEdU. hAspiTal pani kaTTukuni, akkaDa panichEstunna resiDeMT DAkTar laMdarikI A avakASaM ichchiMdi. aMtaku muMdu Ameku sabhyatvaM ivvaTaM nirAkariMchina meDikal sosaiTIlu, hAspiTals, Ameku AhvAnAlu paMpiMchAyi. adi saraina paddhatE. saiMTiphik vishayAllO pariSOdhana sarainadani, phalitAlanu sarigA gamaniMchi, birudulu, bahumatu livvaTamE maryAda.

adE samayaMlO konni meDikal kAlEj^la nuMDi, praivET saMsthala nuMDI ‘sains aMD vumen’ guriMchi mATlADamani kUDA yAlOki AhvAnAlu vachchAyi. kAni Ame nEnu chEsina pariSOdhana, strI purushuliddarikI samAnaMgA vartiMchEdE. samAnaMgA panikochchEdE. aMduvalla strIlatOnE, strIla guriMchE pratyEkaMgA mATlADAlsina panilEdu. sains vishayAllO nAtO pani chEstunna vArevarU nannu strI ani nEnu chEsE pariSOdhanalani ekkuvagA chUDalEdu, aNaga tokkanU lEdu. lAb^lO nAtO pani chEsE vAri manasullO A vivakshatalu lEvu, aMdi.

pUrtigA #»

nAyuDu – rAyuDu

koMdaru vAguDukAyalu. vALlaki mATlADakapOtE tOchadu.

rAyuDu utta vAguDukAya. burralO puTTE AlOchanala pravAhaM kaMTe ekkuva jOrugA mATlADaDaMlO ataniki atanE sATi. appuDappuDoka mOtAdu aSlIlAlu dorlistU mATlADE tattvamEmO, ‘kaMTrI klabbu’lO atanu ekkaDa uMTE akkaDa padimaMdi tEne chuTTU chErE IgallA chEri kEriMtAlu koDutU uMTAru.

nAyuDiki rAyuDaMTE chirAku. rAyuDu utta vAguDukAya aMTADu. gaTTigA goMtetti mATlADatADani IsaDiMchukuMTADu. mubhAvaMgA muDuchuku kUrchunE nAyuDu chuTTU vaMdimAgadhulu evvarU chEraru. aMdukani rAyuDaMTE asUya paDutunnADO EmO! manaki teliyadu.

“Ey rAyuDU! EMTA gOla? nIkennisArlu cheppAlEMTi? kAsiMta kudurugA kUsOni kaburlADukOrAdU? okaTE gOla! sEpala bajArA, EMTi idi? idi kaMtirI klabbu!”

“nAyuDU. ilrAyEs! mA bobbillO tATi muMjilu ammaDAnikochchina rellidAni katha chebutA! rA!”

nAyuDu A bUtu katha chAla sArlu vinnADu. chirrettukochchiMdi. lEchi niluchunnADu. paMche egakaTTEDu. dhagadhagalADutU vElikO uMgaraM unna chEtivELla madhya unna sigareTTuni nOTlO peTTukuni gaTTigA marokka dammu lAgi, nEla mIda girATEsi, cheppu kAlitO nulimi, pakka gadilO kEriMtAlu koDutUnna rAyuDi daggaraki vachchEDu.

“rAyuDU! nAlugu nimishAlapATu nOrmUsukuni uMDalEvU? edava gOlA nuvvUnu!” aMTU garjiMchEDu.

rAyuDu kUDA lEchi nilabaDDADu. iddarU nuvveMta aMTE nuvveMta ani koMtasEpu gharshaNa paDDAru. chivariki nAyuDE annADu: “rAyuDU! nuvvu nela rOjula pATu nOru medapakuMDA uMTAvA lEkapOtE tOpa rEggoTTamaMTAvA?”

“uMTE ETistAvETi?”

“uMTE rOjuki laksha rUpAyalu choppuna mupphayi lakshalu istAnu. EmaMTAvu?” muMdU venakA AlOchiMchakuMDA nAyuDu darpaM chUpeTTEDu.

“EvI mupphayi lakshalu? muMdu rokkaM balla mIda peTTu. appuDu mATlADadAM.”

“mATaMTE mATE! nA mATa mIda nEnu nilabaDatAnu. mUti mIda mIsaM unna magADivaitE nellALlabATu nOru mUsukuni medalakuMDA mUlani kUkunuMDu. appuDu nI Dabbu nIkichchEstA. nOru medipEvO nuvvu ULlOMchi pOvAli. oppaMdamEnA?” annADu nAyuDu udvEgaMtO chEtulADistU. A gadilOni vidyut dIpAla kAMtilO nAyuDi chEti vELla mIda uMgarAlu jigEl maMTU merisEyi.

“nEnu gelistE nuvvu nAku mupphayi lakshalu istAvu. ODipOtE nEnu ULlOMchi pOvAli! aMtEnA?” merustUnna uMgarAlani chUstU annADu rAyuDu.

“aMtE!”

pErumOsina ‘kaMTrI klabbu’ sabhyula eduTa nAyuDu mATa ichchEsEDu! mupphayi lakshalu aMTE mATalA! rAyuDu sarE anEsEDu. nAyuDu chEtikunna uMgarAlE chEstAyi Ebhai lakshalu ani aMchanA vEsEDu rAyuDu.

aMdari edaTA nAyuDu oppaMdAnni vivariMchi cheppEDu:

“mupphayi rOjulapATu rAyuDu gAjaddAla kiTikIlu unna gadilO uMDAli. gadilO anni saukaryAlu uMTAyi. tinaDAniki tiMDi. chaduvukODAniki pustakAlu, vagairA. porapATuna kUDa rAyuDi nOTi veMTa E SabdamU rAkUDadu: mATa kAnI, pATa kAnI, kanIsaM kUnirAgaM kUDA rAkUDadu – tummulu, daggulu, AvaliMtalu minahA! marokaritO mATlADakUDadu, sarE! tanalO tAnu kUDa mATlADukOkUDadu. rAyuDini chUDaDAniki baMdhumitrulu rAvachchu. kAni vAritO rAyuDu mATlADakUDadu. kAgitaM mIda rAsi saMbhAshiMchavachchu. cheviTivAritO mATlADinaTlu chEtitO saMj~nalu cheyyavachchu. nOTi nuMDi SabdaM rAkUDadu. gadilO nAlugu mUlalA mElurakaM SabdagrAhakAlu uMTAyi. rAyuDu nOTinuMDi E SabdaM vachchinA avi namOdu chEsEstAyi.”

rAyuDu oppukunnADu. akkaDa unna sabhya bRMdaM dIniki sAkshulu.

evari panulu vAru chakkabeTTukuMdukani reMDu pakshAlavArU nellALlu gaDuvu tIsukunnAru.


nela tirigiMdi. ErpATlu annI pakaD^baMdIgA jarigipOyAyi. rAyuDu gAjaddAla gadilO pravESiMchi reMDu rOjulu ayiMdi. appaTi varaku rAyuDu E ibbaMdI paDalEdu. nAyuDu parivAraMtO paristhitini chUDDAniki vachchEDu.

“rAyuDU! eMdukochchina ibbaMdi. ippaTiki ayina reMDu rOjulakI, rOju okkaMTiki veyyi choppuna, reMDu vElu ichchestAnu. paMdeM mAnukO.”

rAyuDu tala aDDugA ADiMchEDu.

vAraM rOjulu gaDachipOyAyi.

“nAyuDU! nI daggara nijaMgA mupphayi lakshalu unnAyA? A rAyuDi usuru nIkeMduku. ADikO padivElu pArEsi paMdeM mAnukO! mEmu rAyuDiki mA mATagA nachchachebutAM.” aMTU SrEyObhilAshulu nAyuDiki bOdha chEsEru. nAyuDu sarE annADu.

“rAyuDU! eMdukochchina paTTudala cheppu. peLlAM, pillalu unnavADivi. nAyuDiki nachchajeppi nIkO pAtika vElu ippistAM. paMdeM Apu cheyyi,” aMTU adE madhyavartulu rAyuDiki bOdha chEsi chUsEru. rAyuDu oppukOlEdu.

reMDu vArAlu gaDachipOyEyi. rAyuDi chEta elAgainA oppiMchi paMdeM Apu chEyiMchAlani I taDava nAyuDE svayaMgA prayatnaM chEsEDu. phaliMchalEdu. nAyuDiki kaMgAru puTTiMdi. rAyuDu paMdeM gelichEsEDaMTE mupphay lakshalaki esaru. tanu mAtraM aMta rokkaM ekkaDanuMDi testADu? paiki tElipOkuMDA, evvarU venakanuMDi toyyakapOyinA sarE, nAyuDE SatavidhAla prayatnaM chEsEDu, rAyuDi chEta paMdeM Apu chEyiMchAlani.

rAyuDu vinalEdu. ayinA I paristhitulalO eMduku vinAli?

nela rOjulu ayipOyAyi. rAyuDi ‘maunavrataM’ ayipOyiMdi. mupphayi lakshalu nAyuDu ekkaDanuMDi techchi istADO evvarikI bOdha paDalEdu.

nAyuDiki nOTi veMTa mATa rAvaDamE kashTaM ayiMdi. “idi uMchu rAyuDU! EdO nOTi durusutanaMtO toMdarapaDi paMdeM kAsEsEnu kAni, mupphay lakshalu nEnu mAtraM ekkaDa nuMDi tEgalanu?” aMTU muppay vElu rAyuDi chEtilO peTTEDu.

“nI chEtikunna vajrapu uMgarAlu ichchey.” kAgitaM mIda rAsi chUpiMchEDu, rAyuDu.

“ivi asalu vajrAlu kAdu; nakilIvi! mUDu vElu kADA cheyyavu!” annADu nAyuDu.

“rAyuDU! paMdeM ayipOyiMdigA! iMkA kAgitaM mIda A rAtalu eMdukU? A doMganAyAlani kasitIrA tiTTu. nOru noppi peTTE varaku tiTTu. aMta kaMTe Emi cheyyagalav?” ani snEhitulu rAyuDini rechchagoTTEru.

rAyuDuki kaLla veMTa nILlu kAraDaM modalayiMdi. anni pragalbhAlu palikE rAyuDu ilA digajAripOvaDaM chUsi chuTTU unna vAru AScharyapOyEru. rAyuDu iMkA kAgitaM mIda rAsE dhOraNi lOnE unnADu. samAdhAnaM kAgitaM mIda rAsi chUpiMchEDu.

“paMdeM gelavaDaM kOsaM nA goMtukalO unna svarataMtrulani kattiriMpiMchukunnAnu!”

pUrtigA #»

samIkshalu

pustaka parichayaM: saramAgO navala di elipheMT’s jarnI

anagA anagA oka Enugu. A Enuguni ApEkshagA chUsukonE mAvaTIDu – vIriddarU kalisi oka saMvatsaraM pATu nElamIda, nITipainA, aDavullO, koMDallO, maMchulO, mAMchi eMDallO, padahArava SatAbdaMlO chEsina 1800 maiLLa prayANaM!


di eliphaMT’s jarnI – jOౙe saramAgO
anu: mArgareT jul kOsTA. 208pE.
hUTan miphlin hArT^kOrT prachuraNa, 2010.

idi muDisaruku. jOౙe saramAgO (#José Saramago)# chEtilO I muDisaruku oka adbhutamayina navala – oka chAritraka navalagA rUpoMdutuMdi.

asalu I (parichayaM)katha ilA modalu peTTakUDadu. rAjapakshAvalaMbulaki nachchAlaMTE, sAmrAjyavAdulu mechchAlaMTE — (katha) ilA modalavvAli.

anagA anagA oka rAju. vADiki oka rANi. dUraMgA marO rAjyaMlO rANiki baMdhuvu, oka maroka chinnasaiju rAju. rAju, rANI vADi peLLiki paMpina kaTnaM: gOvA nuMchi reMDELLa kritaM rAjugAri saMsthAnAniki teppiMchina oka Enugu, dAnini tOlukoni tIsukochchina telivaina mAvaTIDu. vIriddarU kalisi oka saMvatsaraM pATu nElamIda, nITipainA, aDavullO, koMDallO, maMchulO, mAMchi eMDallO, padahArava SatAbdaMlO chEsina 1800 maiLLa prayANaM!

idi muDi saruku. saramAgO chEtilO I muDisaruku vAstavyAnni vakrIkaristU sAnubhUtitO rAsina navala – oka chAritraka navalagA rUpoMdutuMdi.

sAramAgO okkaDE, I reMDu muDi sarukulU okaTigA chEsi tana paddhatilO, poDugATi golusukaTTu vAkyAllO – kAmAlu, phul^ sTApulU, sAMpradAyaka virAmachihnAlaki svasti cheppi – anukOkaMDA mukhyamaina vishayAlu konni bahiraMgaparustU, sAravaMtamayina rAjakIya viSEshAlu, mata vaikharulU taLukkuna meripistU brahmAMDamayina vyaMgya navala tayAru chEyagalaDu. chESADu kUDA. adE Enugu prayANaM (#The Elephant’s Journey) # navala. I navala guriMchi nAlugu mATalu cheppaTaM, I vyAsaM pradhAna uddESaM. A pani cheyyabOyEmuMdu saramAgO jIvita viSEshAlu kluptaMgA muchchaTistAnu.

jOౙe saramAgO, navaMbar^ 16, 1922lO ajin^haga, pOrchugal^lO oka bIda vyavasAya kuTuMbaMlO puTTADu. lisban^lO chaduvukunnADu. 1944lO ildA rIs^tO vivAhaM. oka kUturu, biyolAMte. 1988lO pilAr^tO vivAhaM. rakarakAla udyOgAlu; mOTAr^ mekAnik^gA, gavarnameMTu gumAstAgA, patrikA saMpAdakuDigA! moTTamodaTi navala iravai ayidu saMvatsarAla vayasulO. A navalani evarU paTTiMchukunnaTTu lEdu; pErU rAlEdu. atani sAhitI vyAsaMgaM ataniki nalabhai aidu saMvatsarAla vayasu vachchE varakU modalavalEdanE cheppAli. mUDu kavitAsaMkalanAlu, konni anuvAdAlU kUDA chESADu. atani reMDava navalaki chAlA AScharyakaramayina pEru peTTADu: #Manual of Painting and Calligraphy# ani. (laibrarI kETalAgu tayAru chEsEvALLa gaMdaragOLaM cheppakkaralEdu.) taruvAta varasagA chAlA navalalu vachchAyi. di sTOn rAphT (#The Stone Raft,)# blaiMD^nes (#Blindness,)# di gAspel ekArDiMg Tu jIsas kraisT (#The Gospel According to Jesus Christ,)# vagairA. 1998lO saramAgOki nObel^ bahumAnaM vachchiMdi. chAlAmaMdi vimarSakulu atanu rAsina blaiMD^nes (#Blindness)# atani goppa pustakaMgA cheputAru. jUn^ 18, 2010na chanipOyADu. Ayana aMtyakriyalaki sumAru 20,000 maMdi vachchAru. pOrchugIsu prabhutvaM reMDurOjulu pATu atani maraNAniki saMtApaM velibuchchaTAniki kETAyiMchiMdi.

ennO kavitA saMkalanAlu, nATakAlu, vyAsAlu, kathalu, uttara pratyuttarAlu, DairIlu, oka chinnapillala pustakaM, pAtika paigA navalalu, rASADu. chAlA pustakAlu iMkA AMglaMlOki anuvadiMchabaDalEdu.

I elipheMT’s jarnIni tana mAtRbhAsha pOrchugIsulO (viyAjim do elephAnte) rAstunna rOjullO, saramAgO nyumOniyAtO maMchAna paDDADu. chAlA kAlaM hAspaTallO unnADu. 2008 AgasT^lO navala pUrti chESADu. I navalani tana bhArya pilAr^ki aMkitaM ilA chESADu: #For Pilar, who wouldn’t let me die,# ani. pilAr^ saramago pustakAlu spAnish^ lOki anuvadiMchiMdi.

I navala rAyaTAniki prEraNa, AsTriyA, sAlj^barg nagaraMlO da elipheMT anE resTAreMT^lO chekka mIda chekkina vEru vEru bommalu. lisban^ nuMchi viyannA varaku varusagA rakarakAla bhavaMtula bommalatO, yAtrA kAryakramaM viSadIkariMchina chekkaDAlu, avi. ivi EmiTi? ani saramAgO aDigADu. sAlj^barg^ viSvavidyAlayaMlO tanani upanyAsaM ivvaDAniki pilichina gilDA lOpes^ cheppiMdi: I bommalannI padahArava SatAbdaMlO, oka Enugu lisban^ nuMchi viyannAki chEsina prayANaM vivariMchE bommalu, ani. aMtE! saramAgO itara chAritraka vivarAlu sEkariMchi I navala rASADu. A rakaMgA idi chAritraka navala. saramAgO rAsina padihEnava navala.

navalalO mukhya pAtra sAlaman^ anna pErutO iMDiyA nuMchi reMDELLaku muMdugA lisban^ nagarAniki tIsukorAbaDDa Enugu. reMDava mukhya pAtra A Enugu veMTa vachchina mAvaTIDu subhrO. bahuSA mUDava pAtra, AsTriyA dESaMlO hAbs^barg rAjyAniki rAju, mAks^miliyan^. itanu pOrchugIsu rANiki daggira baMdhuvu.


saramAgO prAraMbhaMlO rAstADu: “bhUtakAlaM rALLu rappalatO kappabaDDa viSAlamaina bhUmi. chAlAmaMdi jOrugA kArullO EmI paTTiMchukOkaMDA pOtAru, A rALLamIda! koddimaMdi mAtraM OpiggA okkokka rAyI etti A rAyi kriMda EmunnadO ani jAgrattagA chUstAru. okkOsAri tELLu, marokka sAri jerrulu, goMgaLI purugulU, kimmanakaMDA kUchunna gUTipurugulU kanipistAyi. asAdhyaM kAdu gAni, okE okkasArainA sarE, oka Enugu kanipiMchavachchu…”

1551va saMvatsaraMlO pOrchugIsu kEthalik^ rAju mUDava jOAo (#Joao),# atani bhArya kETarInA(#Caterina) –# vALLa mRgaSAlalO reMDELLanuMchI uMTunna sAlaman anE Enuguni, lisban^ nuMchi viyannA paMpiMchaDAniki ErpATu chEstAru. sAlaman^tOtO pATu dAni mAvaTIDu subhrO, oka aSvadaLa nAyakuDu, vADitO pATu mupphai maMdi bhaTulu, bOleDumaMdi kUlIlU, — eddubaMDlu, modalayina saraMjAmAtO bayaludEratAru. prAraMbhaMlOnE subhrO aSvadaLa nAyakuDiki I rakshakaparivAraM evari venuka evaru uMDAlO chepputADu. (nirdESistADu anaTaM sababu) Enuguki kAvalasina gaDDi (rOjuki 150 kilOgrAmulu ) mOsukochchE eddubaMDlu melligA naDustU aMdarikannA muMdu uMDAli. vATi venaka pOrTarlu, bhaTulU, aMdarikannA venuka Enugunekki tanu — aSvadaLanAyakuDuki vinaka tappadu. eMdukaMTE, sAlaman^ guriMchi, tanaki telisinaMtagA marevvarikI teliyadu. I parivAraMpai asalaina adhikAraM tanadi ani muMdugAnE nirUpiMchukunnADu.

viyannAki vELlE dAri chAlA dushkaramainadi. prayANaMlO koMtabhAgaM kAlinaDaka mIda sAgiMdi. marikoMta bhAgaM samudrayAnaM. A taruvAta Alp parvatAlalO maMchulO yAtana. inis^brUk^ki chErETappaTiki 1552 janavari 6va tArIku vachchiMdi. A rOju kraistavulu epiphanI jarupukonE paMDaga rOju, — A taruvAta O pedda paDava mIda viyannA varakU sAgiMdi vILLa prayANaM.

mArgamadhyaMlO sAlaman^, subhrO anubhavAlu pUsa guchchinaTTu, kaLLaku kaTTinaTTu cheppukOpOtADu saramAgO. A cheppE paddhatilO vELAkOLaM, vekkiriMta chadivi AnaMdiMcha valasinadE kAni tirigi cheppaTaM sAdhyaM kAdu.

subhrO chAlA telivaina vADu. mATakAri. okka mATalO cheppAlaMTE batakanErchina vADu. okasAri aSvadaLa nAyakuDitO mataM guriMchi muchchaTistADu. adi chakkani sarasamaina anubhavaM. tanu krisTiyan^ mataM vADEnani chepputADu. bhaTulaki gaNapati katha chepputADu. nIku hiMdU mataM guriMchi bAgA telusanukuMTA, ani aSvadaLa nAyakuDu anagAnE — EdO kAstO kUstO telusunani mohamATa paDutU chepputADu. SivuDu, tana koDuku tala narakaTaM, A koDukuki Enugu tala atakaTaM. oka bhaTuDu veMTanE ivi kaTTu kathalu ani aMTADu. avunu! chachchina manishi mUDava rOjuna punarjanma yetti vaikuMThAniki pOvaTaM lAMTi kaTTukatha – aMTADu, subhrO. pakkana kUchoni viMTunna raitulu, ‘oka sAri Enuguni chuTTU tirigi chUsiMtaruvAta, chUDaTAniki EmuMdi?’ ani aMTAru. ayinA vALLu charch^ pAsTaru daggiraki pOyi, ‘Enugu dEvuDu’ ani chepputAru. A pUjAri ‘dEvuDu samastajIvulalO unnADu,’ ani anaMgAnE, oka raitu, ‘kAni A jIvulEvI dEvuDu kAdu,’ ani aMTADu. aMdarU kalisi veLLi, Enuguni, dayyaM nuMchi ‘vimOchana’ (#exorcise)# cheyyaTAniki bayaludEratAru. pUjAri vimOchana pErutO mOsaM chEstADu. Enugu pUjArini mRduvugA kAlitO tannutuMdi. I artharahita ‘daivasaMghaTanalu’ saramAgO adbhutaMgA, chitristADu. atisunnitaMgA I ghaTTaM cheppukoni pOtADu.

marokasAri paDuvAlO (iTalIlO oka Uru) seyiMT AMthonI charch^ muMdu Enugu mOkALLa mIda praNAmaM chEstunnadA annaTlu kUchuMTuMdi. (asalu nijaM EmiTaMTE, subhrO alA kUrchOpeDatADu.) idi daivaghaTana ani chATiMchagAnE, subhrO I verri nammakAnni AsarugA tIsukoni, Enugu tOkamIdi veMDrukalu ammaTaM modalu peDatADu; baTTatala mIda juTTu molipiMchE maMdu ani!

subhrO ani palakalEka vADi pEruni, mAks^miliyan^, phriTj ani mArustADu. sAlaman^ pEru sulaimAn^ ani mArustADu. I mArpulu, vITi varNana chadivi navvukOvAli.

pOrchugIsu bhaTulu AsTriyan bhaTulaki tanani appachepputunna saMdarbhaMlO vAriki vIDkOlu cheputunnaTTugA, sAl^man tana toMDaMtO ApyAyaMgA anunayiMchaDaM, A taruvAta maroka saMdarbhaMlO oka pApani tana kAlikriMda tokkeyyakaMDA toMDaMtO paiketti rakshiMchaDaM – I bhAgAlu sAlaman vAtsalyAniki udAharaNalu. saramAgo I reMDu saMdarbhAlU chakkagA chitrIkaristADu.

tanaku peMDli kAnukagA vachchina Enuguni tana parivAraMtO eduruvachchi, AsTriyan^ sarihaddulO (aMTE mottaM prayANaMlO sagaM dUraM!) kalusukuMTADu, mAks^miliyan^. mAks^miliyan^, sAl^man^, subhrO lani kalavaTAniki iMta dUraM eduru rAvalasina avasaraM lEdu. pOrchugIsu parivAraM sarAsari sAlaman^ni viyannAlO tana gummaM daggiraki tOsukoni rAgaladu. lEdA, tana AsTriyan^ sEna tElikagA A pani cheyyagaladu.

saramAgO rAstADu: “mAks^miliyan^ eMduku iMta dUraM vachchADO telusukOvaTaM tElika pani kAdu. kAni charitralO rAsi unnadAniki tirugu lEdu. navalA rachayita konni chOTla konni pErlu cheppaTaMlO svAtaMtryaM chUpiMchina mATa nijamE. ayitE, rachayitaki aTuvaMTi kalpana, aTuvaMTi sRshTi chEsE adhikAraM unnadi. eMdukaMTE, konni chAritraka vishayAlalO unna khALIlu pUriMchi — pavitramaina dhArmika samanvayataki lOTu rAkaMDA — katha pUrti cheyyAli. ikkaDa oka vishayaM cheppi tIrAli. eMdukaMTE, charitraki sarvadA eMpika chEsE guNaM unnadi. charitraki pAkshikata kUDA unnadi. jIvitaMlO Edi chAritrakamO, Edi kAdO samAjaM UhiMchukoni vATinE eMpika chEsukuMTuMdi. migilina viSEshAlannI tiraskaristuMdi. dikkumAlina vAstavyaM charitraki mukhyaM. aMdukani nEnu mIku cheputunnAnu vinaMDi. navalArachayita gAnO, kAlpanika kathalu rAsEvADi gAnO, abaddhAlakOru gAnO, lEkapOtE mAvaTIDu gAnO bratakaDaM maMchidi.”

charitra mIda saramAgO visurulu, charitra rAsEvALLa mIdanani vErE cheppanakkaralEdanukuMTAnu.

sarE, chivariki Enugu viyennA chEriMdi. subhrO guriMchi ikkaDa chakkaTi mATalu reMDu chepputADu saramAgO.

“vIdhulaMtA janaM niMDipOtAru. peddagA chappaTlu charustAru. A taruvAta koMtasEpaTikE atanni guriMchi pUrtigA marichipOtAru. jIvitanyAyaM adE mari: sAphalyamU, vismRti.”


I parichayaM mugiMchabOyE muMdu konni vishayAlu cheppi tIrAli. pariSOdhana chEsina taruvAta kUDA, Enugu guriMchina anni vivarAlU saramAgO eMduku rAyalEdO teliyadu. I Enuguni oka sAdhAraNa jaMtuvugA chepputADu. nijAniki, I Enugu 1540lO bhuvanEku bAhU-7 anE rAju gAri saMsthAnaMlO puTTiMdi. I saMsthAnaM ippuDu koTTe ani oka SrIlaMkalO oka chinna vUru. appaTlO, pOrchugIsu rAjyAniki adi TrEDiMg^ pOsT. bhuvanEka bAhU saMsthAnaMlO sphaTika SilalatO kaTTina mEDallO puTTina I Enugu, oka buddha dEvAlayaM vadda dIviMchabaDDadani charitra. kathaki I bhAgaM anavasaramani saramago bhAviMchi uMDavachchu.

sulEmAn^, phriTj, iddarU viyannAlO maroka reMDu saMvatsarAlu unnAru. 1553 krismas^ samayaMlO Enugu maraNiMchiMdi. mAvaTIDu kaMcharigADidanekki lisban^ki bayaludErADu. dOvalO ekkaDO mAyaM ayi uMDAli.
Enugu (sulEmAn^) emukalatO kurchI chESAru. charmaMlO gaDDi daTTiMchipeTTi kuTTi bavEriyan^ nEshanal myUjiyaMlO uMchAru. reMDava prapaMchayuddhaMlO sulEmAn^ ‘dEhAnni’ bAMbulu bhasmaM chESAyi.

idI katha.

di elipheMT’s jarnI saramAgO pustakAlalO nAku nachchina vATilO okaTi. mIkU nachchutuMdani nA ASa. saramAgO pustakAlalO EdannA moTTamodaTi sAri chadavaTAniki prayatnistE, prAraMbhaMlO koMcheM ASAbhaMgaM kalagavachchu. saramAgO manaM avasaraM anukunna chOTla kEpiTal^ aksharAlu vADaDu. virAma chihnAlu chAlA takkuvagA kanipistAyi. telugulO golusukaTTu rAtalAgA – mA tAta rAsina uttarAla lAgA –kUDagaTTukoni adE varasana pOtAyi vAkyAlu. ayitE, alavATu paDaTAniki ATTE kAlaM paTTadu. machchuki navala moTTamodaTi vAkyaM chUDaMDi:

“#Strange though it may seem to anyone unaware of the importance of the marital bed in the efficient workings of public administration, regardless of whether that bed has been blessed by the church or state or no one at all, the first step of an elephant’s extraordinary journey to austria which we propose to describe hereafter, took place in the royal apartments of portuguese court, more or less at bedtime.”

#AkharigA:

chinnappuDu chaduvurAni tana tAtayya, atticheTTu kriMda kUchOpeTTukoni cheppina kathalu elA tana jIvitAnni malichAyO, tana sAhitIvyAsaMgAniki nAMdIvAkyAlu palikAyO, nObel^ bahumAnaM tIsukunnappuDu chEsina upanyAsaMlO chepputADu. A vyAsaM nA uddESaMlO oka goppa vyAsaM. pEda raitukuTuMbIkulu, niraksharakukshulu, tana ammamma, tAtayyalaki kRtaj~natalu cheppukuMTADu.

saramAgO karuDugaTTina kamyUnisTu. pOrchugIsu kamyUnisTu pArTI meMbaru. rakarakAla aMtarjAtIya sadassulalO yUrOpiyan^ yUniyan^nI, iMTarnEshanal mAniTarI phaMD^nI tIvraMgA vimarSiMchADu. prapaMchIkaraNaM sarikotta niraMkuSatvAniki pratinidhi ani, malTinEshanal^ saMsthalu prajAsvAmyAnni rUpu mAputunnAyanI viparItaMgA bAdhapaDDADu. ayitE tana rachanallO ekkaDA kamyUnisTu moMDivAdaM kanipiMchadu. tanani guriMchi cheputU ilA aMTADu: #I logically continue to be what I am… I do not regard my party as competent to decide on literary matters or artistic issues.

#di eliphaMT’s jarnI saramAgO rAsina upAMtya navala. chanipOyE muMdu atanu rAsina Akhari navala keyin (#Cain.)

#pUrtigA #»

graMtha parichayaM: SrIvijayuni kavirAjamArgaM

rAshTrakUTa rAjavaMSAniki cheMdina amOghavarsha nRpatuMga chakravarti paripAliMchina kAlaMlO (krI. Sa. 814-877) veluvaDina alaMkAraSAstraM kavirAjamArgaM. idi kannaDaMlO labhyamaina moTTamodaTi graMthaM kAvaDaM viSEshaM. 1898lO ke. bi. pAThak anE paMDituDu modaTisAri prachuriMchina nATinuMDi kavirAjamArgaM anEka dESavidESIyula dRshTinAkarshiMchiMdi. dAniki ennO kAraNAlu unnAyi.

saMskRta kAvyaSAstrAlalO atyaMta prAchuryaM poMdiMdi kAvyAdarSaM. krI. Sa. 6-7 SatAbdAlaku cheMdina daMDi rAsina I alaMkAragraMthAnni AdhAraMgA chEsukoni nRpatuMga AsthAnakavi SrIvijayuDu kavirAjamArgAnni rachiMchADu. I graMthAniki marO AdhAraM bhAmahuni kAvyAlaMkAraM (krI. Sa. 6-7 SatAbdAlaku cheMdiMdi). kavirAjamArgaM achchayi vaMda ELLu dATinA A graMthAniki cheMdina anEka praSnalu alAgE migili unnAyi. rAjakavi ayina nRpatuMguDE dAnni rachiMchADani koMdaru bhAvistE, ‘nRpatuMguDi anumatitO idi rachitamaiMdani’ graMthaMlOnE unna AdhArAnni baTTi dInni SrIvijayuDanE kavi rAsi kavirAjayina nRpatuMguni mArgAnni lOkaMlO prachAraM chESADani chAlAmaMdi paMDitulu abhiprAyapaDutunnAru.

Edi EmainA bhAratIya bhAshalalOnE kAka prapaMcha bhAshallOnE kavirAjamArgaM oka viSishTa SAstra graMthamani cheppaDAniki AskAraM uMdi. bhAratIya alaMkAraSAstra saMpradAyAnni sthAnika bhAshalO parichayaM cheyyaDAniki pUnukoni, tana bhAsha, saMskRti, kAvyasaMpradAyaM, janula rIti nItulni chErchi tIrchididdina ghanata SrIvijayunidi. tamiLaMlO tolkAppiyam ilAMTi graMthamE. kAnI, adi tamiLAnnE dRshTilO uMchukoni rAsina vyAkaraNaM. koMtavarakU itara SAstrAlaku saMbaMdhiMchina vishayAlunnA kavirAjamArgAniki unna vaividhyaM aMdulO lEdu. kannaDa graMthAnikunna vaiSishTyaM EmiTaMTE dAnni rachiMchina kaviki bhAratIya alaMkAra SAstra saMpradAyaM mIda gauravaM uMdi. kannaDa bhAshA saMskRtula mIda apAramaina abhimAnaM uMdi. ilAMTi sAmarasyAnni sAdhiMchaDaMlOnE I graMthaM pratyEka guNaM vyaktamavutuMdi.

I rachanalO mottaM 536 padyAlunnAyi. chAlA varakU kaMdapadyAlE. SAstragraMthAlaku kaMdapadyAnni vADE alavATu telugu vArikI uMDaDaM viSEshaM. hitaMgA, mitaMgA cheppaDAniki kaMdapadyaM anuvainadani I reMDu bhAshalavALlu bhAviMchAru. aMtEkAdu, I reMDu bhAshala vArikI samAnaMgA uMDE konni kAvyapIThikA saMpradAyAlu kavirAjamArgaMtOnE prAraMbhamayyAyi. kAvyAnni SrIkAraMtO prAraMbhiMchaDaM; aMdulOnU nAMdi padyaMlAgA modaTi padyAnni ASIrnamaskriyalatO rachiMchaDaM; dEvatAstuti, pUrvakavi stuti, satkavi praSaMsa, kukaviniMda modalainavannI I graMthaMtOnE prAraMbhamayyAyi. I graMthaMlOni konni AdhArAlanu baTTi SrIvijayuDu jainuDani bhAviMchavachchu. telugulO jainuDaina rEchana kavijanASrayamu anE pErutO ChaMdOgraMthAnni rAyaDAniki kavirAjamArgaM prEraNa ichchiMdEmO ani oka Uha.

SrIvijayuni graMthaMlO modaTi parichChEdaM anEka vidhAla Asaktini rEkettistuMdi. I bhAgaMlOni vishayAlu rachayitalakuMDE konni spashTamaina abhiprAyAlanu viSadaparustunnAyi. kannaDanADu, kannaDanuDi, kannaDa saMskRti modalaina vishayAlanu guriMchi tommidava SatAbdilOnE iMta spashTaMgA cheppaDaM I graMthaMlO viSEshaM. modaTi parichChEdaMlOni konni viSEshAlu mAtramE I parichayaMlO prastAvistAnu. avi I kriMdi vidhaMgA unnAyi:

  1. kAvyAlalO gadyakAvyAlu, padyakAvyAlu, gadyapadyAlu reMDU uMDE kAvyAlu unnAyi. gadyapadyAlunnavi chaMpU kAvyAlani daMDi cheppADu. kAnI, kannaDaMlO alAMTi vATini ‘gadyakatha’ aMTArani SrIvijayuDu cheppaDaM viSEshaM.
  2. mige kannaDagabbaMgaLo
    LagaNita guNa gadya padya sammiSritamaM
    nigadisuvar gadyakathA
    pragItiyiM tachchiraMtanAchAryarkaL (1-27)

    (kannaDa kAvyAlalO lekkaku mIrina guNAlatO kUDina gadyapadyAla sammiSritamaina dAnni prAchInAchAryulu gadyakatha anna pErutO pilustAru.)

  3. tommidava SatAbdiki muMdE koMtamaMdi gadyakavulunnArani SrIvijayuDu oka paTTika ichchADu.
  4. vimaLOdaya nAgArjuna
    samEta jayabaMdhu durvinItAdigaLI
    kramadoL negaLche gadyA
    Srama pada gurutA pratItiyaM kaikoMDar (1-29)

    (vimaLOdaya, nAgArjuna, jayabaMdhu, durvinItA#du#lu I kramaMlO prakASiMchi gadyASrama padagurutA pratItini saMpAdiMchAru.)

    vALLu saMskRta kavulA, prAkRta kavulA, lEka kannaDa kavulA annadi mAtraM spashTaM kAvaDaM lEdu. vimaLOdaya, nAgArjuna, jayabaMdhu, durvinItAdulu kannaDa kavulEnani kannaDa paMDitulu bhAvistunnAru. SrIvijayuDu pErkonna I kavulu kannaDa gadya kavulu kAkunnA marO paTTika (1-32) mAtraM kannaDa kavuladE ani oppukOka tappadu.

    parama SrIvijaya kavI
    Svara, paMDita chaMdra, lOkapAlAdigaLA
    niratiSaya vastu vistara
    virachane lakshyaM tadAdya kAvyakkeMduM (1-32)

    (paramaSrI vijaya kavISvara, paMDita chaMdra, lOkapAlAdulu goppavaina vastuvistara rachanalaku lakshyAlanu AdyakAvyAniki samakUrchAru.)

  5. tommidava SatAbdiki muMdE kannaDaMlO kavulu, kAvyAlu uMDaDamE kAkuMDA chattANa, bedaMDe vaMTi dESi sAhitya prakriyalunnAyani kUDA SrIvijayuDu cheppADu
  6. nuDigellaM sallada ka
    nnaDadoL chattANamuM bedaMDeyumeMdI
    gaDina negaLteya kabbado
    LoDaMbaDaM mADidar purAtanakavigaL (1-33)

    (itara bhAshala kaMTE vEraina kannaDaMlO chattANa, bedaMDevaMTi prasiddha kAvyAlu onagUDETlugA purAtana kavulu rachiMchAru.)

    kaMdamamaLina vRttamu
    moMdoMde@M^DegoMdu jAti jANeseye beDaM-
    goMdiva~roLamare pELal
    suMdararUpiM bedaMDegabbamadakkuM (1-34)

    (kaMdaM, amalina vRttaM okkokkaTi vATi madhya jAti padyaM chakkagA chEragA aMdaMgA amarchi cheptE suMdararUpaMgala bedaMDe kAvyamavutuMdi.)

    kaMdaMgaL palavAgire
    suMdara vRttaMgaLakkaraM chaupadi ma-
    ttaM dal gItike tivadiga
    LaMdaMbetteseye pELvoDadu chattANaM (1-35)

    (palu kaMdapadyAlu, suMdaravRttAlu akkara, chaupadi iMkA gItike tripadi aMdaMgA chErchi chebitE adi chattANaM.)

    kaMdaM, vRttAlu jAtulu kalasina aMdamaina prakriya bedaMDe. idi ‘vaidaMDikA’ SabdabhavaM kAvachchu. I kAvya paThanAniki vaidaMDikA anE vAdyaM nEpathya saMgItAnni samakUrchEdEmO. chattANa anE prakriyalO kaMdapadyAlu ekkuvagA suMdara vRttAlu, chaupadi, gItike, tivadi (tripadi) uMTAyani rachayita cheppADu.

  7. E graMthaMlOnU lEni vidhaMgA oka prAMtAniki spashTamaina ellalu nirdESiMchi, achchagannaDanADunu– aMTE prAmANika kannaDa bhAshanu mATlADE prAMtaM – guriMchi cheppaDaM kUDA viSEshaM. ‘vaDakkE vEMgaDaM, ten kumarimunai’ ani tamiLaMlO kanipistuMdi kAnI, kAlanirNayaM mAtraM sAdhyaM kAdu. SrIvijayuDu kAvEri nuMchi gOdAvari dAkA unna nADu kannaDanADu ani spashTaM chESADu (1-36). aMtEkAka AnATa kisuvoLal, mahAkopaNanagaraM, puligere, okkuMda anE pradESAla madhya unnadE sArabhUtamaina kannaDaM ani cheppADu.
  8. kAvEriyiMdamA gO
    dAvarivaramirda nADadA kannaDadoL
    bhAvisida janapadaM vasu-
    dhA valaya vilIna viSada vishaya viSEshaM (1-36)

    (kAvEri nuMDi A gOdAvari varaku unna kannaDa nATa bhAviMchagalgina janapadaM I bhUmaMDalaMlOni viSada pradESAlalO viSEshamainadi.)

    ada~roLagaM kisuvoLalA
    vidita mahA kopaNa nagaradA pulige~reyA
    sadabhistutamappoMkuM
    dada naDuvaNa nADe nADe kannaDada tiruL (1-37)

    (aMdulO kisuvoLal, prasiddhamaina mahAkopaNanagaraM, pulige~re, stutyamaina okkuMda anE pradESAla naTTanaDuma unna nADu achchamaina kannaDanADu.)

pUrtigA #»

padya sAhityaM

nAku nachchina padyaM: amarapati chEta AvarasaM trAgiMchina kavidiggajaM

ma. kalalO vArtalu vippicheppeDu kriyan gAthApurANArthamul
#      #;delupannErturugAni, nErarusumI! tIvravratAchAraSa
#      #;shkululai yuMDeDu muMDadhArulunu muktul DAyagA, jiMtakA
#      #;yalakajjAyamutOya miMta chadaraMbA! tatparishvaMgamul

I padyaMlO unna mATala sUTidanaM, vichitramaina adhikshEpaM, prAchInakAvyAlalO chAlA arudugA kanipistAyi. I kavigAri kAvyaMlO mAtraM puskalaMgA darSanamistAyi. adE yItani vilakshaNata. kathAkalpanalO, saMbhAshaNalalO, varNanalalO, padaguMphanalO, aMtaTA A vaichitri parachukoni uMTuMdi. I padyamunna katha kUDA vichitramainadE!

prayutuDu anE muniki ayutuDu, niyutuDu anE iddaru kumArulu. vALLiddarU agastyamaharshi Sishyulu. chaduvaMTE chAlA Sraddha. aMchEta guruvugAriki vILLaMTE pratyEka abhimAnaM. aMdukE vALLa chaduvulu pUrtayyAka svayaMgA tAnE vALLanO yiMTivALLanu chEyAlanukuMTADu agastyuDu. bhUlOkaMlO yuvatulu vILLaku tagarani bhAviMchi EkaMgA brahma daggaraki veLLi brahmamAnasaputrikalaina gAyatri, sAvitri anE yiddaru kanyalanu tIsukuvachchi, Sishyulanu vivAhamADamani cheputADu. ayutuDu nAku peLLIgiLLI vaddu mahAprabhO ani guruvugAri mATa kAdaMTADu. niyutuDu mAtraM oppukoMTADu. dAnitO agastyuDu kOpaMtO ayutuDini veLLagoTTi, A kanyaliddarinI niyutunikE yichchi peLLichEstADu.

ayutuDu himAlayAlaku veLLi ghOra tapassu chEstADu. A tapaSSaktiki prapaMchaM allakallOlamavutuMdi. dEvEMdruDu digivastADu. oka musali brAhmaNuDi rUpaMlO vachchi elAgayinA ayutuDini saMsArasAgaraMlOki diMpE prayatnaM chEstADu, mATaladvArA. ayutuDu loMgaDu. iMdruDika lAbhaM lEdani veLLipOtADu. pOtUpOtU SushkiMchipOyina rUpaMlO unna kAmadhEnuvunu vadilipeTTi veLatADu. A Avuni chUsukonE bAdhyata ayutunipai paDutuMdi. dAni pOshaNalO A Avupai mamakArAnni peMchukoni tapassuku dUramavutADu ayutuDu. konnALLu gaDichAka ataniki telivi vastuMdi. ChI yI laMpaTaMlO yirukkunnAnEmiTani cheppi, A Avuni aDavilOki tarumutADu. A Avu vAdhUluDanE muni ASramaMlOki pravESiMchi, A muni tapassu chEstU uMTE atani chuTTU ErpaDina puTTani kAstA maTTEsi pOtuMdi. dAnitO A vAdhUlamuni tapassu bhagnamai, A Avunu tarumuku vastunna ayutuNNi chUsi, tana tapassuni bhaMgaM chEsADanna kOpaMtO kappavaipommani SapistADu. ayutuDu atani kALLapai paDi jarigiMdaMtA vivaristADu. appuDu vAdhUlamuniki atanipai karuNa kaligi, bhImarathi nadi oDDununna narasiMhasvAmini pUjiMchu. marO kappatO nIku peLLai saMtAnaM kaligAka appuDu nIku SApavimOchanaM avutuMdi ani cheptADu. ayutuDu sarEnani bhImarathi nadi voDDununna pAMDuraMgani kshEtramaina paMDarIpurAnni chErukoni, akkaDaki daggaralO unna narasiMhasvAmini sEvistU uMTADu. kappa rUpaMlO chAlA ELLu vishNu sAnnidhyaMlO gaDipina tarvAta kanyAkubja rAkumArte tana chelikattelatO A puMDarIka kshEtrAniki vachchi viharistU akkaDunna I kappani chUstuMdi. viMta kAMtulatO unna A kappani chUsi rAkumArte dAnitO saradAgA ADukOvAlani dAnni paTTukuMTuMdi. tana chEtilO koMcheM sEpu ADistU, allari chEstU, A kappani tIsukuveLLi oka vRddha brAhmaNuDi mIdaki visurutuMdi. dAnitO A brAhmaNuDu kOpiMchi A rAkumArteni, chelikattelanI kUDA kappalugA mAripommani SapistADu. veMTanE avi kappalugA mAripOtAyi. okka bhArya kUDA vaddanna ayutuDiki yI kappa rUpaMlO A ADakappalannI bhAryalaipOtAyi! nILLallO IdaDaMtO pATu saMsAraMlO kUDA IdAlsi vastuMdi! Akhariki ayutuniki kappa saMtAnaM kaligAka SApavimOchanamai, aMtakAlaM vishNu sEvalO gaDipinaMduku phalaMgA vaikuMThAnni chErukuMTADu.

idI katha! idi tenAlirAmakRshNuDu rachiMchina pAMDuraMgamAhAtmyaM anE kAvyaMlO vachchE chivari katha. rAmakRshNuni vaichitri pAtralaku peTTina pErlatOnE modalavutuMdi. ayuta, niyuta, prayuta anE padAlaku saMskRtaMlO saMkhyAvAchakAlugA prasiddhi. vyutpattilOki veLitE, ‘yuta’ aMTE baMdhamanE arthaM vastuMdi. ayuta aMTE baMdhaM lEnivADu, niyuta aMTE baMdhamunnavADu ani arthaM cheppukOvachchu. AlA avi A pAtrala svabhAvAlaki tagina pErlE! kAni eMta baMdha vimuktuDavudAmanukunnADO aMtaki aMtA baMdhAllO chikkukunnADu ayutuDu, adI vichitraM! rAmakRshNuni vilakshaNata yI kathalO aDugaDugunA kanipistuMdi. vidyAbhyAsaMpai ayutaniyutula Sraddha gUrchi varNistU, alupUsalupU AkalidappulU anEvi lEkuMDA pagalU rAtrI chaduvutArani cheputU chivaralO, AsInaprachalAyitaMbayina lEdu AhA! aMTADu. aMTE ‘OhO! aMtasEpu kUrchoni chaduvutunnA chinna kunukupATainA lEdu,’ ani arthaM. idI rAmakRshNuni chUpulOni vilakshaNata! alAgE, ayutuni tapOgni sega svargaMlO iMdruniki kUDA tagulutuMdi. appuDu iMdruni paristhiti, ‘nippu trokkinaTTugA, talapai tElukuTTinaTTugA,’ unnadaMTADu. I pOlikalu koMta vilakshaNamainavE ayinA, yitara kavulu kUDA alAMTivi chEsE avakASaM uMdi. kAni tarvAta pOlika chUDaMDi, ‘uvvettugA AvarasaM trAginaTlugA’ ayiMdaTa iMdruniki! iMdruni chEta AvarasaM trAgiMchagaligina ghanuDu tenAli rAmakRshNakavi okkaDE!

ippuDI padyaM vishayAniki vastE, AvarasaM trAginaMta ThArettina dEvEMdruDu, musali brAhmaNa vEshaMlO ayutuni daggaraki vachchi, atanni muktimArgaM viDanADi saMsArayAtra sAgiMchamani udbOdhiMchE saMdarbhaM lOni padyamidi. mOkshasAdhana aMta suluvu kAdani cheputU A mArgaMlO prayANistunnAmani cheppukonE sanyAsulaku kUDA mukti guriMchi nijaMgA teliyadani aMTunnADu iMdruDu. A anaDaMlO unna adhikshEpaM eMta padanugA uMdO gamanistE, A kAlaMlO yilAMTi padyaM vrAsina rAmakRshNuni svataMtra vyaktitvAniki AScharyapOkuMDA uMDalEM! sanyAsulani muMDadhArulu annADu. aMTE bODitalalavALLu ani arthaM. vALLu tIvravratAchAraSashkulaTa. Sashkulamu aMTE chakkilaM. tIvramaina vratAchArAlavalla vALLa SarIraM kRSiMchi chakkilaMlA ayipOyiMdani arthaMchEsukOvAli. idi tenAli rAmakRshNuni vilakshaNa padaguMphanaM! purANAla guriMchi vALLu chEsE vyAkhyAnAlU pravachanAlU prasaMgAlU, ‘kalalO vArtalu vippicheppaDaM’ vaMTidaTa. idi maroka AScharyamaina pOlika. dIni guriMchi vippicheppaDaM kUDA kalalO vArtalu vippicheppaDaM lAMTidE avutuMdi. aMchEta aMdulOni svArasyaM pAThakulE grahiMturu gAka! alA purANArthAlanu vivariMchE sanyAsulaku saitaM nijaMgA mOkshaM aMTE EmiTO teliyadabbAy annADu. mOkshAnni kaugiliMchukOvaDaM anEdi chiMtakAya kajjAyaM vaMTidaTa. I ‘chiMtakAya kajjAyaM’ anE mATa bahuSA A kAlaMlO oka jAtIyaM. I kAlaMlO kUDA adi ekkaDainA vADukalO unnadEmO nAku telIdu. idi rAyalasIma prAMtAniki cheMdina jAtIyaM ayi uMDavachchu. annamayya kIrtanalalO kUDA reMDu mUDu chOTla yidi kanipistOMdi –

– “chiMtakAya kajjAyamu cheluvunitO poMdu”
– “chiMtakAya kajjAyamu chEri yisumaMta vuMTE, aMtaTanE nOrUru naMdarikini”
– “kaDu mOvitIpu chiMtakAya kajjamu”

paiki ruchigA anipiMchinA nijaMgA ruchikaraM kAnidI, miMguDupaDanidI, anE arthaM sphuristOMdi. mottAniki rAmakRshNakavi puNyamA ani iMdruDu AvarasAnnI, chiMtakAya kajjAyAnnI kUDA ruchi chUSADu! I padyaM veMTanE maroka maMchi padyaM kUDA uMdi. dAnni kUDA cheppanidE nAku tRpti uMDadu. adi kUDA ayutunitO iMdruDu aMTunna mATalE:

varasArasvata paTTabhadrulu kavul varNiMchi varNiMchiyun
sarasAvaMtayu gAnalEru tudi yOshAvibhramAMbOdhikin
virasAMta@hkaraNuMDavai yeTulugA niMdiMchedO yayya! ta
tsarasAkAra mudAramanmathakaLAsarvasvaSRMgAramun!

I padyaMlO tana mATala veTakArAnni kavulavaipu tippADu kavi. kavulu varasArasvata paTTabhadrulaTa! aMta mahAmahA kavulE tama kAvyAlalO SRMgArAnni varNiMchI varNiMchI kUDA Akhariki strIla SRMgArachEshTalanE samudrapu haddu (sarasa aMTE haddu) AvagiMjaMta kUDA chUDalEraTa! aMTE vArivi kUDA vaTTi mATalE tappa nijamaina anubhavAniki vastE, adi atyalpaM sumA ani. alAMTidi rasamaMTE teliyani ve~r~riku~r~ravi, nuvvu rasasvarUpamai manmathakaLaku ATapaTTaina SRMgArAnni niMdiMchaDaM Emi sababu! ani aMTunnADu iMdruDu. O ayya! anaDaMlO vRddhu rUpaMlO ayutunipai iMdruDu olakabOstunna vAtsalyaM dhvanistUnE, EmI teliyani ku~r~ravADivirA nuvvu! anE bhAvaM kUDA sphuristOMdi.

mottAniki elAgainA ayutuni dRshTi saMsAraM vaipu tippAlani iMdruni tApatrayaM. mATalatO kAni pani chEtalatO ayiMdi. veLutU veLutU kAmadhEnuvunu viDichi veLLipOtE dAni dvArA chivaraku vaddanukunna jaMjATaMlO chikkukOka ayutuniki tappiMdi kAdu! I ayutuni katha nAku telisi rAmakRshNakavi svakapOlakalpitamE, E purANaMlOnU lEdu. pAMDuraMgamAhAtmyaMlO vachchE chAlA kathalu alAMTivE. ayutuniki Avupai ErpaDina mamakAraM bhAgavataMlO jaDabharatuni vRttAMtAnni gurtuku testuMdi. pAMDuraMgamAhAtmyaMlO nAku bhaktirasaM kannA manushulapai, vAri chitramaina manastatvAlapai rAmakRshNuDu guMbhanaMgA chEsina adhikshEpamE ekkuvagA kanipistuMdi. vyavahArabhAshaku daggaragA uMTUnE maMchi dhAratO sAgaDaM tenAli rAmakRshNakavi padyAla pratyEkata.

pUrtigA #»

pAThaSAlakai parmiTu

(sthalamu: vidyAmaMtri gRhaM. maMtrigAri AMtaraMgikakAryadarSi raMgadAsu muMdu naDachuchu dAri chUpagA jaMTakavulu – rAmakRshNakavulu – anagA rAmaSAstri, kRshNaSarmalu – pravESiMturu. raMgadAsu maMtriki daggaragA prakkanE yunna kurchIlO kUrchonunu. vAri muMdara maMtrigAri kukka ‘Taigar’ paDukoniyuMDunu. rAmakRshNakavulu maMtri kabhimukhamugA koMchemu dUramugA nunna kurchIlalO kUrchoMduru.)

kavulu:

namaskAramu maMtrivaryulaku…

maMtri:

daMDAlu . kUrusOMDi.

raMgadAsu:

(maMtri nuddESiMchi) vIrE jaMTakavulu rAmakRshNulu. kAryArthamai mIdarSanAniki vachchinAru.

maMtri:

kavigAralU! mIrekkaDinuMchi vachchiMDru, eMdukochchiMDru?

kRshNaSarma:

rAmu@MDItaMDu, nE kRshNanAmakuMDa,
puTTinAramu balmUrupuramunaMdu,
vachchinAramu haidarAbAdanaMga,
bhAgyanagara manaMganu prathitamaina
telu@MgurAjadhAniki mimmu@M goluchuko~raku.

raMgadAsu:

OhO! aMta goppakavulA? pOyeTrIlOnE mATlADEstArA?

rAmaSAstri:

yatula natukaMgalEka, yE gatulu lEka,
padaparij~nAna mosa@MgeDu chaduvu lEka,
vachanakavitala valliMchuvAri kEmu
pAThamuM ga~rapaMga satpadyakavita
lOne bhAshiMtumayya vIlainakola@Mdi.

maMtri:

kavigAralU! enkaTiki chakkagA pADukunE padiyAluMDEvi. aTlE mIrU pADiMDru. ippuDEmO prativADU kavE! kAkulU kavulE, mEkalU kavulE. sTEjimIdi kekki EdO poDuvUga rAsi dAnni dIrgAlu dIrgAlu tIsi chadivitE dAnnE goppa kavitaM aMTU aMda~rU chappaTlu charustuMDru.

rAmaSAstri:

aMdukE annAnaMDi ‘padaparij~nAna mosa@MgeDu chaduvu lEka’ ani. vachana kavitvaM rAsE vArikainA padaparij~nAnaM, bhAshAj~nAnaM, bhAvajAlaM uMTE koMtava~raku bAguMTuMdaMDi. yatulu prAsalu gaNAlu vInitO pani lEdannArani bhAsha nErchukonakuMDA rAstE manabOTi vAri saMgati aTuMchi rAsina vADikE arthaM kAdaMDi.

maMtri:

nEnu baDiki veLliMdi lEdu, chadiviMdi lEdu gAni, nAchinnatanaMlO mA ammamma cheppina padiyaM iMkA nAku gurtukostuMTadi. chUDaMDi:

gaMgigOvupAlu gaMTeDainanu chAlu
kaDiveDaina nEla kharamupAlu
bhakti galgu kUDu paTTeDainanu chAlu
viSvadAbhirAma! vinura vEma!

rAmaSAstri:

chakkagA pADinAru maMtrigArU. padAla arthaM telistE AnATi padyAlu artha mayyEvi. aksharAlu rAnivAMDlu kUDa vAnini pADukoni AnaMdiMchEvAMDlu. ippaTi kavitvaMlO padaM lEdu, pasa lEdu, arthaM lEdu. pADaTaM asalu lEdu. padAla arthaM telisinA A kavitvaM arthaM kAdu. rAsinavADini dIniki arthamEMTrA ani aDigitE vAnikI goMtulO velagakAya paDinaMta panautuMdi. mIreppuDO nErchukunna padyaM ippaTikI gurtuMdi. sarvatra padyAlu dhAraNaku anukUlaMgA uMTAyi. idi padyAla kuMDE viSEshalakshaNaM. ma~ri InATi kavitvAllO okka mukkainA iTlA gurtuMchukOvaDAniki vIluMTunnadA?

kRshNaSarma:

mahAmatimaMtulu mIru maMtrigArU! skUlulO chaduvukonakunnA mahA telivigalavAraMDi. lEnidE rAjakIyAllO iMta muMdukuvachchi maMtrulautArA?

raMgadAsu:

elakshanlO nilichEMduku saMghabalaM uMDaDaM mukhyaMgAni chaduvubalaMtO panEmuMdi. aMdukE elakshanlalO geluvaDAniki goppa chaduvuMDAlanE nirbaMdhAnni prabhutvAlu peTTaDamU lEdu, vOTlu vEsE janAlu paTTiMchukOvaDamU lEdu.

rAmaSAstri:

chakkagA cheppAru raMgadAsugArU! aunu ma~ri …

chaduvu lEkunna nEmayye saMghabalame
chAladA yelakshanlalO jayamunaMda,
yEchaduvu nErchi vanacharaM bekkuchuMDe
nunnataMbagu taruvula (taragala) nurviyaMdu?

(paipadyamu lOni chivari pAdamunu chaduvunappuDu taruvulu ani paliki veMTanE taDabaDi taragalu ani savariMchukonunu.)

raMgadAsu:

EmayyA! vanacharaM ani nemmadigA anEstunnAvE! vanacharaM aMTE kOti kAdU? vanacharaM ani arthaM kAni padaM vEsi maMtrigArini cheTTekka nErchina vanacharaM aMTunnAvA? nAku bAgA telusulE – vanacharaM aMTE kOti ani.

rAmaSAstri:

eMtamATa. eMtamATa. nEnaTlaMTAnA raMgadAsugArU? ‘vanE salila kAnanE’ ani vanAniki amarakOSaM reMDarthAlu cheputU vuMdi. salilaM aMTE nIru, kAnanaM aMTE aDavi. vInilO manaku kAvalasiMdi modaTi vanaM kAni reMDava vanaM kAdaMDi. aMduchEta vanachara maMTE nITilO tirugutU uMDEdi – aMTE chEpa. chEpalu samudraMlO uMDE taragalaku edurekkutuMTAyi gadA! Evidya nErchi avi aMta asAdhyamaina kAryAnni chEstunnAyi? aTlAgE maMtrivaryulU chaduvulatO pani lEni buddhibalaMtO, saMgha balaMtO ennO aDDaMkulu edurainA vATiki edurIdi, vAnini adhigamiMchi goppa prabhuvu lainAru – ani annAnaMtE!

raMgadAsu:

chEpalu taruvu leTlekkutAyayyA?

rAmaSAstri:

A! alA analEdaMDi? mIru vinalEdA? porapATuna taruvulu ani nOTa jArinaMduna veMTanE taragalu ani dAnini savariMchukonnAnaMDi.

kRshNaSarma:

(samayasphUrtitO) kshamiMchAli raMgadAsugArU! nAkumAtraM taragalanE vinipiMchiMdi. ‘Echaduvu nErchi vanacharaM bekkuchuMDe, unnataMbagu taragala nurvi yaMdu’ anE vinipiMchiMdi. ‘unnataMbagu taragala nudadhiyaMdu’ aMTE iMkA bAguMDEdi. taraga laMTE alalU, udadhi aMTE samudraM gadA! aMduchEta, mA rAmanna padyAnni iTlA pADitE iMkA bAguMTuMdi.

chaduvu lEkunna nEmayye saMghabalame
chAladA yelakshanlalO jayamunaMda,
Echaduvu nErchi vanacharaM bekkuchuMDe
nunnataMbagu taragala nudadhiyaMdu?

maMtri:

raMgadA sEmaMTuMDaDO kAni, nAku mAtraM mIpadiyaM inasoMpugA uMDadi.

rAmaSAstri:

maMtrigArU manaM prakRti nuMDi nErchukonavalasiMdi chAlA vuMdaMDi. chUDaMDi. vasaMtakAlaM vastUnE paMchama rAgaMlO EgAyakuDU pADalEnaMta tIya tIyagA pADutU vuMTuMdi kOkila. kAni adi E saMgItakaLASAlalO, E guruvu daggara vidyanu nErchukuMdi?

EkaLAnilayaMbuna nEprasiddha
guruvukaDa vidya nErchenu kOkilaMbu?
paramagAyakamaNulEni@M bADalEni
pATachE madi@M baravaSiMpaMga@MjEyu.

kRshNaSarma:

kAna vidyatO@M banilEdu ghanula kilanu,
mETi taragala kedurekku mInamaTlu,
tIyagA@M bADanErchina kOyilaTlu,
sahajamatimaMtulE mIru sachivavarya!

maMtri:

bAgunnadayyA mIpadiyaM, A padiyaM chadivina tIru. pOyina vAraM EdO kavula saMbELanamani naDapaDAniki nannu rammaniMDru. nEnu chaduvukOkunnA vidyA maMtri naitE aiti gadA! aMduchEta nannu pilchiMDranukuMTA. A kavula kavitAlu nAku talAtOkA arathamaiMdaMTe oTTu. palugurALla bATapai naDichE baMDilAga gaDabiDa chEsE vAMDla kavitaMlO duniyA sAMtaM dukkhaM, raktaMtO niMDina pIngula peMTanE. oka goppa kavi yaMTa. I kAlaMlO goppha kavitaM rAstaDaMTa. Ayana ‘kukkapillA, gAjubiLlA, gADidapillA’ iTlA dEnimIda nainA kavitaM kammagA rAyochchu ani modalupeTTi, kAyitaM gatilEdA mari kAyitaM mIda rAyaka gADidapilla mIda eMduku rAstuMDaDO ani nEnu vistupOtuMDaganE , tAnu ‘peMTakuppa’pai rAsina kavitaM peddagA chadiviMDu. adi pisaraMtA nAkarathaM kAlEdu gAni, adi chaduvutuMTE aMda~rU chevulu mUsikoniMDru. rODDupakka peMTakuppanu chUchi dAni kaMpuku taTTukOlEka mukku mUsukunnaTTE peMTakuppapai Ayana rAsina kavitaM yini, yinalEka, tALalEka vAMDlu chevulu mUsukuMDrEmO ani nAkanipiMchiMdi. kavigAralU! mIru goppa kavulamani cheppukuMTuMDru gadA! EdI peMTakuppapai mIrU muddugA padiyaM cheppaMDi chUtAM!

kRshNaSarma:

vIthikukkala kellanu viMdusEyu

rAmaSAstri:

paMdulaku nagu naMdamau maMdiraMbu

kRshNaSarma:

eruvugAmAri paMTala vRddhi sEyu

rAmaSAstri:

peMTakuppaku sarilEdu pRthviyaMdu!

kRshNaSarma:

kalavu mAnavulaMduna kAma lObha
madamu lanu peMTakuppalu maMtrivarya!
vIthikuppalakannanu vEyireTlu
che~rachuchuMDenu manujula@M jEri yaviye.

rAmaSAstri:

iTTivAralu prabhuvulai yElirEni
peMTakuppaye rAjyamai velayunayya!
nyAyahInata yavinIti yaneDu pADu
kaMpulaM gUDi dESaMbu kshayamu@M jeMdu.

(I padyamu chaduvuchuMDagA raMgadAsu, maMtri chEdunu miMguchunnavArivale mukha vaikharulanu pradarSiMturu.)

pUrtigA #»

kavitalu

parvatuDA! nI pAdAlaku namaskAraM

teliyani
pAThAlEvO cheppi
vATini pAdAkrAMtaM chEsukunnAvO
avi mAtramE soMtaM chEsukunna
prakRti sahajatvAnikE praNamillAvO gAnI
vATi SikharAgrAlapai
avalIlagA aDugulEsi
AkASAnni muddADAvu

evarikI paTTani A aj~nAta vIrulatO
chelimi chESAvu
manO niSchayaMlO
parvatAlatO samAnaMgA
marO parvatamai velugoMdAvu

ikkaDa bhUmini chUstunna kaLLatO
akkaDi nI prayANa pATavAnni
UhiMchi chebutunnAnu

nirASA jIvulaku
nuvvoka parvatamaMtai
velugu chUpiMchAvu
sOmarulaku saitaM
ArOhaNaMlO
ASanu rEkettiMchAvu
alAMTivAri manO AkASaMlO
chikkumuDulEvO vippE prayatnaM chESAvu
kIkAraNyAlalO bATalEsi chUpiMchAvu

Akhariki parvatAlalOnE bhAgamai
prakRtilO kalisi pOyinA
nI charitrani ajarAmaraM chESAvu!
O parvatuDA!
eppaTikI
parvata SikharAlamIda jeMDAlai nilabaDina
nI pAdAlaku
Sirassu vaMchi namaskaristunnAnu.

(malli mastAn bAbu gAri smRtiki vinamraMgA)

pUrtigA #»

udayaM

mettani parupu. magata nidra. tunakalugA kalalu.
kalA? nijamA? nidralO kUrukupOyE melakuva.
lE anna talapu. lEvaddanna alupu. tALaM vEsukunna reppalu.

baddhakaMgA mabbulu. mattu vadalani chIkaTi.
saDi lEni gAli. stabdugA mAvulu. kadalani UDalu.
piTTa nOTa chinnakUta. prakRti jOlapATa.

kaTika nEla. cheyyi diMDu.
sagaM mUsina kanulu. sagaM terachina nOru.
Adamarachina SarIraM. AvulistU Avu.
cheTTu torralO kadalani uDuta.

taTillumani udayaM. baMgAru tIgalu. velugu jalatArulu.
viDipaDina reppalu. chedirina mabbulu. kotta utsAhaM.
Avu chuTTU gaMtulEstunna uDuta.

pUrtigA #»

vAna kaDigina madhyAhnaM …

O madhyAhnaM vELa
nalla mabbulu tella mabbulu kalisi
palchani veluguki tOva ichchAka
gaDDi mIda vAli gAlitO kadulutU
kiTikI aMchulu paTTukuni lOpaliki toMgi chUsi
addAla rekkala saMdulO dUri
sunnAlu chuTTukuni gadi gODala mIda addAlu pErchi
Ugutunna eMDa veluguni maLlI
nalla mabbu okaTi dAchEsiMdi.

kiTikI dUkEsina velugu
akkaDE vunna SaMkhu pushpAlani taDimi
vichchukuni gAliki kilakila maMTunna
pasuppachcha aDavi pUlani nimiri
gaDDi parakala mIda paruchukuMdi
eduruggA AkASaMlO uMDipOyina cheTTu
modaTlO nIDa pAdu kaTTukuMdi.
vichchukunna velturu lEtagA
churukku maMTU rODlani kolustOMdi…

pUrtigA #»

vAna – gulAbI – pAmu

musurulO
mettani
mannodili
rAtiguMDe
rODDu paiki
sAgutU
mettani
gulAbI raMgu
vAna pAmu.

gulAbIlu addina
goDugu vEsukuni
lEta gulAbI raMgu
pedAlaku pUsukuni
tAjA gulAbI
attaru rAsukuni
gAliki UgE
gulAbIlA
Ame.

chaTukkuna
gulAbI rEkula
kaLLu diMchi
gulAbI raMgu
ettu maDama
najju chEsina
gulAbI pAmunu
abhAvaMtO dATi

nalla mabbula
kurulu UgE
tUgutO
pAmulA
vAnalO
sAgipOyiMdi.

pUrtigA #»

kAnvAsu pai dRSyaM

daMDeM mIda daDi kaTTina
rAmachilukala Akupachcha vAkyaM
boddu Arudra purugula muddu parugula
haridrAvarNapu puppoDula nEla
telivelugu maMchulO pUla chuTTU
padyAlu chuDutunna gaMDutummedalu
chaMdravaMka vaMkIki chikkaka ennelarAkeTlayi
AkASamaMtA egurtunna duvvenalu
pustakAla ganilO madhurAksharAlanu
namultunna silvar phish^lu
aggipeTTellOMchi egiripOyi
baMtAkulu nemarEstU
kalalni vedajallutunna baMgAripurugulu
harivillu lOMchi raMgulanu techchi
pUlatOTa kaddutunna sItAkOkalu
tEneboTlatO amRtapu gUDu kaTTi
marichi veLLipOyina kaMdirIgalu
chEra bilchukoni kUDa balukkoni
aikyatatO bATa nirmistunna errachImalu
maTTini sugaMdhaMgA mArchaTAniki
mallagullAlu paDutunna nattagullalu
silku dArAlatO iLLanu
raMgavallikalugA diddukoMTunna sAlIDu
gaTlamIda gollabhAmalai
gaMtulEstunna gaDDichilukalu

nEnu kUDA
prakruti gIsina ChAyAchitraMlO
kanabaDutUnE vuMTA
cheTTu koDutUnO
eMgilichEttO kAkini tOlutUnO
kuMDIlO nATina manIplAMT chiguruku
murisipOtUnO …

pUrtigA #»

saMbhAshaNa

nuvvu nA mATalni viMTunnAvanukuMTAnu.
AnaMdaMgA, anargaLaMgA
mATlADutUnE uMTAnu.
kAni, nI chevullO
kanabaDakuMDA dAgina reMDu nalla moggalu.

nuvvu nAtO mATlADutunnavanE anukuMTAnu.
AScharyaMtO,
aMtupaTTani A mATalni
arthaM chEsukOvaTAniki prayatnistAnu.
chUstE, nI chevi mIda
milamilalADutU vAlina oka nIli tummeda!

pUrtigA #»

vyAsAlu

kavikulaguruvu

mahAkavi kALidAsu guriMchi vrAsina tana vyAsaMlO SrI arObiMdO aMTAru: bhAratajAti tanakunnadaMtA kOlpOyinA, vAlmIki rachiMchina SrImadrAmAyaNaM, vyAsa mahAbhArataM, kALidAsa graMdhAlU migiltE chAlu. avi mana AlOchanA vidhAnAlakI, viSlEshaNakI, manaM nirmiMchukunna saMskRtikI, mana naitika, mAnasika, tAtvika, rasa siddhulakI vATi pariNAma kramAnikI, manaM jIvitAnni vaibhavOpEtaM chEsukunnapaddhatulakI, sAdhanalakI pratIkalannadi SrI arObiMdO pariSOdhiMchi manaki aMdiMchina satyaM.

pAta rOjullO, aMTE konni vElasaMvatsarAla kritaM, bhAratadESaMlO prajalu rakarakAla jIvana vidhAnAla mIda prayOgAlu chESAru. vATilO mukhyaMgA cheppavalasinavi mUDu rakAla prayOgAlu. modaTidi naitika jIvanAnni, reMDavadi tArkika jIvanAnni, mUDavadi rasamaya jIvanAnni AdhAraMgA chEsukunnavi. naitikajIvanAnni vAlmIki maharshi, tArkikajIvanAnni vyAsa maharshi, vivaristU pratibiMbistU SrImadrAmAyaNa, mahAbhAratAlni aMdiMchAru.

konni vEla saMvatsarAla taruvAta, prajAjIvitaMlO ennO mArpulu chOTu chEsukuni, prajallO jIvitAnni paMDagalA chEsukOvAlanE ArATaM modalaiMdi. A rasamaya prapaMchAnni manakaMdiMchaDaM lOnU, tana sRjanAtmakatatO paripushTaM chEyaDaM lOnU, alAMTi jIvitAnni AnaMdiMchaDAniki saraina mAnasikasthitulni teliyajeyyaDaM lOnU, mArgadarSakuDaina vADu mahAkavi kALidAsu. vAlmIki, vyAsulani vyatirEkiMchakuMDA, A dharmAnni chATutUnE, jIvitAnni AnaMdamayaM chEsukOvaDaM anna prakriyani tanavaina kotta bhAvAltO kavitvarUpaMlO AvishkariMchina srashTa. rasamaya jIvitAnni taravAta tarAla kOsaM rakarakAla raMgullO chitrIkariMchina tolikavi. A taravAta vachchina kavulu Itani paMthAlOnE payaniMchAru. rasamaya bhAvaprapaMchAlni kAvyAlugA malachAru. kAni, E kavulU kALidAsukunna pratibhAvyutpattulni pradarSiMchalEkapOyArannadi aMdarU oppukunna satyaM. I bhAvAlnE koMdaru chinna SlOkaMlO chamatkAraMgA cheppAru.

purA kavInAM gaNanA prasaMgE kanishThikAdhishThita kALidAsA
adyApi tattulyakavE rabhAvAdanAmikA sArdhavatI babhUva

#[#purA = pUrvaM rOjullO; kavInAM gaNanA prasaMgE = kavulanu lekkiMchE prastAvana vachchinappuDu; kanishThikAdhishThita kALidAsA = chiTikinavElu mIda kALidAsu nilabaDDADu. adyApi = (appaTinuMchi) I rOju dAkA; tat tulyakavE@h = ataniki samAnamaina kaviyokka; abhAvAt = (uniki) lEkapOvaDaMvalla; anAmikA = uMgaraMvElu (anAmika); sArdhavatI babhUva = sArdhakanAmadhEyurAlaiMdi.#]

(#pUrvaM kavulni lekka peDadAmani modalu peTTi, lekkapeTTEvADu chiTikina vEletti ‘kALidAsu’ annADu. tarvAta pakkanunna vElu etti iMkO kavi pEru cheppAlaMTE (adi uMgaraM vElu, chiTikinavElu kanna peddadi) aMtakanna peddakavini lekkapeTTAli. alAMTivADu lEDu kAbaTTi A lekkapeTTEvADu akkaDE AgipOyADu. A kAraNaM valla uMgaraM vEluki anAmika (pErulEnidi) anna pEru sariggA saripOyiMdi.)

migilina kavulu kUDA goppa kavitvAnni sRshTiMchAranaDaMlO saMdEhaM lEdu. I vishayAnni jayadEvuDu oka SlOkaMlO manOharaMgA cheptADu.

yasyASchOra Schikuranikara@h karNapUrO mayUrO
bhAsO hAsa@h kavikulaguru@h kALidAsO vilAsa@h
harshO harshO hRdayavasati@h paMchabANastu bANa@h
kEshAM naishA kathaya kavitAkAminI kautukAya

#[#yasyA@h = evariki; chOra@h = chOrakavi; chikuranikara@h = chikkani juTTO; mayUra@h = mayUruDu; karNapUra@h = chevikammayO; bhAsa@h = bhAsuDu; hAsa@h =navvO; kavikulaguru@h = kavikulaguruvaina; kALidAsa@h = kALidAsu; vilAsa@h = vilAsamO; harsha@h = SrIharshuDu; harsha@h = AnaMdamO; bANa@h= bANuDu; hRdayavasati@h = manasulO nilachina; paMchabANa@h = manmathuDO ; EshA kavitAkAminI = aTTi I kavitAkAmini; kEshAM = evariki; kautukAya = utsAhamu koraku (utsAhamunichchunadi); na tu = kAdO; kathaya = cheppumu?#]

(#kavitAkAminiki chOrakavi kESapASaM, mayUruDu chevulaki AbharaNaMlAMTi vALLu. bhAsuDu Ame chirunavvu. kavikulaguruvu kALidAsu Ame vilAsaM. harshuDu Ame AnaMdaM. bANuDu Ame manasulO nilachina manmathuDu. ilAMTi ammAyi evariki utsAhaM kalagiMchadO cheppaMDi )

I praSaMsalO jayadEvakavi okka kALidAsuni guriMchi cheppinappuDu mAtramE kavikulaguru@h ani saMbOdhiMchADu.

bhAsha, bhAvaM, rasa~m~nata, dRSyachitrIkaraNa, parisarAla pariSIlana, manOharamaina bhAvavyaktIkaraNa, SilpasauMdaryaM, ramyaMgA katha cheppaDaM, manOviSlEshaNa, vishayaparij~nAnaM, … ilA ennO vishayAlu kavitAtmalO bhAgAlu. kALidAsu vITanniTinI nabhUtO nabhavishyati annaTlu pOshiMchi prati kAvyAnnI, prati SlOkAnnI, prati nATakAnnI bhAratIya saMskRtiki darpaNaMgA sRshTiMchi arpiMchi kavikulaguruvayyADu. aMtE kAdu, alAMTi vidyani abhyasiMchaDAniki punAdulni vEsi jAtiki adhyApakuDayyADu.

kALidAsu bhAratIya kavitaki Atma vaMTivADu. kavita E rUpAnnainA poMdi uMDavachchu. kavitAtma pAlu koMtainA dAnilO uMTuMdi. ilA kALidAsaprabhAvaM taruvAta tarAla kavullO uMTUnE vachchiMdi. kALidAsu bhAratasaMtatiki kEvalaM kavitvAnnE ivvalEdu. iMkA konni maulimaina, mEdhAparamaina, sAMskRtika paramaina upAdhulni samakUrchADu. avEmiTi? kALidAsu kavikulaguruvu eMdukayyADu? annadi I vyAsAniki mUlavastuvu.

kavitAtmalO konni bhAgAlni kALidAsu elA paMDiMchi pOshiMchADu? E vidhaMgA ataDu manaki adhyApakuDu? annadi sthUlaMgA charchiMchaDamE migilina vyAsaM yokka mukhyOddESyaM. kALidAsu kavitvaMlO rasaj~nata guriMchi vErE cheppakkarlEdu. adi annivELalA toNikisalADutUnE uMTuMdi. ika migilina vishayAlakostE, iMta chinna vyAsaMlO annI kUlaMkashaMgA (I oDDunuMchi A oDDu dAkA) charchiMchaDaM sAdhyaM kAdu kAbaTTi, konniMTini kAsta viSadaMgA, konniMTini sthAlIpulAkaMgA, konniMTi guriMchi sUkshaMgAnU cheppi mugistAnu.

1. bhAsha

bhAshani nAdayOgaMgA bhAviMchinavADu kALidAsu. palikE mATa (SabdaM), dAnikunna ardhaM, vITi madhyanunna viDadIyarAni arthanAdESvarabaMdhaM ardhanArISvarabaMdhaMlAMTidani pUrtigA telisinavADu. kAbaTTE raghuvaMSAnni,

vAgarthAviva saMpRktau vAgarthapratipattayE
jagata@h pitarau vaMdE pArvatIparamESvarau
— (raghuvaMSa@h 1-1)

ani modalu peTTADu. paigA vAgarthapratipatti (SabdaM, arthaM reMDiMTikI saMbadhiMchina j~nAnaM abbaDaM) kOsamE jagattuki tallidaMDrulaina (pitarau) pArvatini, paramESvaruNNI prArthistunnAnannADu. pArvatIparamESvarau = pArvatIpa + ramESvarau ani viDadIstE SivuDu, vishNuvu anE arthaM vastuMdi. saMskRtabhAshalO pitarau aMTE iddaru taMDrulu ani kUDA arthaM uMdi. aMduvalla prapaMchAniki taMDrulaina SivavishNuvulanu kUDA prArthistunnADu ani kUDA anukOvachchu. modaTi SlOkaMlOnE, vAgarthapratipattikOsaM prArthistunnA (vaMdE) anagAnE adi pushkalaMgA dorikEsinaTTuMdi, veMTanE pArvatIparamESvarau anE goppa SlEsha chUpADu.

ramyamaina padAltO pUlajallulu kuripiMchaDaM, kOmalamaina padabaMdhAltO kaTTipAreyyaDaM itaniki vennatO peTTina vidya. saMskRtabhAshatO parichayaM takkuva unna (lEdA asalu lEni) vALLaki kUDA hRdyaMgA tOchE vidhaMgA kUDA vrASADu. kEvalaM padanAdaM dvArA ramyatanu sRshTiMchADu. RtusaMhAra kAvyaMlO kALidAsu Aru RtuvulnI Aru sargallO varNiMchADu. machchuki RtusaMhAraM lOni mUDu SlOkAlu chUDaMDi.

sadA manO~m~naM svanadutsavOtsukaM vikIrNa vistIrNa kalApi SObhitaM
sasaMbhramAliMganachuMbanAkulaM pravRttanRtyaM kulamadyabarhiNAm
– (varsha Rtuvu)

(eppuDU manOj~naMgA, SabdAlatO kUDina mahOtsavaMlO tEliyADutU, vistariMchi visarabaDina piMChaMtO SObhistU unna nemaLLa guMpulu ippuDu muppirigonna AnaMdaMlO okadAnnokaTi kaugiliMchukuMTU, muddulADukuMTU nATyaM cheyyaDaM modalupeTTAyi. paina cheppina SabdAlu nemaLLa kEkalu kAvachchu lEdA mEghAla garjanalu kAvachchu.)

nitAMta lAkshArasarAgaraMjitai@h nitaMbinInAM charaNai@h sanUpurai@h
padE padE haMsarutAnukAribhi@h janasya chittaM kriyatE samanmatham
– (grIshma Rtuvu)

(daTTaMgA pUsina lAkshArasaM raMgu valla errabaDi, aMdelatO kUDina strIla pAdAlu avi vEsE pratI aDugulOnU haMsala dhvanulanu anukaristunnaTTugA unnAyi. adi vinna janulaMdari manassulU manmathaprabhAvAnni poMdutunnAyi.)

AmrI maMjulamaMjarI varaSara@h satkiMSukaM yaddhanu@h
jyA yasyAlikulaM kalaMkarahitaM ChatraM sitAMSu@h sitaM
mattEbhO malayAnila@h parabhRtA yaddvaMdinO lOkajit
sOఽyaM vO vitarItarItu vitanurbhadraM vasaMtAnvita@h
– (vasaMta Rtuvu)

(evaDi goppa bANAlu aMdamaina AkarshaNIyamaina mAmiDipUla guttulO, evaDi villu mOdugapuvvO, evaDi viMTinAri tummedala bArO, evaDi machchalEni tellani goDugu tellani kiraNAltO kUDina chaMdamAmO, evaDi madapuTEnugu gaMdhapucheTlunna malayaparvatapu vAyuvO, evaDi vaMdi janaM (stOtrapAThAlu chEsEvALLu) kOkilalO, aTuvaMTi lOkAlni jayiMchE manmathuDu, tana snEhituDaina vasaMtuDitO kalisivachchi (aMTE vasaMtakAlaMlO) mI aMdarimIdA sukhabhAgyAlni vedajallugAka! )

RtusaMhAraM kALidAsu tolirOjullO vrAsinadi. rAnu rAnu, padalAlityAniki gADhamaina bhAvAlni kUDA jODiMchi tana bhAshakI, padanAdAnikI kotta raMgulu diddADu. taruvAta vrAsina raghuvaMSa, kumArasaMbhava, mEghadUta kAvyAllO idi bAgA kanipistuMdi. A kAvyAlu chadivi AnaMdiMchAlaMTE saMskRtabhAsha nErchukOvAli. SrImadrAmAyaNaM chadavAlaMTE koddigA bhAsha telistE chAlu. oka vidhaMgA cheppAlaMTE, E bhAshavALLaki, A bhAshalO vAlmIki maharshi vrAsina pATalA uMTuMdi. SlOkaMlO unna padAlni gadyakramaMlO (karta-karma-kriya varasalO) pErchukuni arthaM chEsukOvaDaM chAlA suluvu. kALidAsu kAvyAlakostE, RtusaMhAraMlO tappa migilina kAvyAllO SlOkAlni gadyakramaMlO pErchukOvaDaM, konni padabaMdhAlaki arthAnni telusukOvaDaM aMta suluvu kAdu. bhAshanu oka guruvu daggara nErchukOvAli. A pariNAmAnni pai mUDu SlOkAllOnE chUDavachchu. vITilO mUDava SlOkaM RtusaMhAraMlO Akhari sarga ayina vasaMtartuvulO Akhari SlOkaM.

ilA bhAshanu nErvagA, nErvagA I kriMda cheppina lAMTi SlOkAllO, gItarachayita vETUri cheppinaTTugA ‘Aru RtuvulU AhAryamulai’ kanipistUMTE, bhAvAla viMdu, nAdAla pasaMdu reMDiMTinI anubhavistAM.

adi kubEruDi alakAnagaraM avaDaM valla anni RtuvulU anni vELalA uMTAyi. aMduvalla akkaDi vanitalu anni Rtuvula puvvulnI anni vELalA dEhamaMtA dharistArani mEghuDiki (mabbuki) yakshuDu cheptunnADu.

hastE lIlAkamala malakE bAlakuMdAnuviddhaM
nItA lOdhraprasavarajasA pAMDutAmAnanE SrI@h
chUDApASE navakuruvakaM chAru karNE SirIshaM
sImaMtE cha tvadupagamajaM yatra nIpaM vadhUnAm
– (mEghasaMdESa@h 2-2)

#[#yatra= E (anagA A kubEruni alakAnagaraMlO); vadhUnAm = strIla yokka; hastE = chEtilO; lIlA kamalam = vilAsaM kOsaM paTTukunna tAmarapuvvu (idi SaradRtuvulO labhistuMdi); alakE = muMgurullO; bAlakuMdAnuviddham = turumukObaDDa appuDE virisina mallelu (idi hEmaMta RtuvulO labhistuMdi); AnanE = mukhaM mIda; lOdhraprasavarajasA = lodduga puvvula puppoDichEta (dInni pauDar lA vADi); nItA= ivvabaDina; pAMDutAm SrI@h= gauravarNapu SObha (lodduga SiSira RtuvulO labhistuMdi); chUDApASE = koppu muDilO; navakuruvakaM = erra gOriMTa puvvu (idi vasaMta RtuvulO labhistuMdi); karNE = cheviyaMdu; chAru SirIshaM = aMdamaina dirisena puvvu (idi grIshma RtuvulO labhistuMdi); sImaMtE = pApaTalO; tvat =nI; upagamajaM = rAka valla puTTina (varshAkAlaM lO labhiMchE); nIpaM cha = nIpakusumamU (uMTAyO/yi).#]

#I vidhamaina bhAshAvikAsamE kALidAsuni kavikulaguruvugA mAtramE kAdu, saMskRtaguruvugA kUDA nilabeTTiMdi. saMskRtaM nErchukOvaDaMlO modaTi bhAgaM paMchakAvyAlu guruvu daggara kUrchuni chadivi arthaM chEsukOvaDaM. paMchakAvyAlaMTE raghuvaMSaM (kALidAsu), kumArasaMbhavaM (kALidAsu), kirAtArjunIyaM (bhAravi), SiSupAlavadhaM (mAghuDu), naishadhIya charitaM (SrIharshuDu). dAkshiNAtyulu koMdaru naishadhIya charitaM badulu mEghasaMdESaM (kALidAsu) ani aMTAru. E lekkana chUsinA, adhyayanaM vishayAnikostE, kALidAsa graMthAlakE peddapITa. bhAsha nErvAlannA, bhAshAsauMdaryAnni anubhaviMchAlannA kALidAsE.

A kAvyAlni chadavaDaM kUDA paina cheppina varasa lOnE chadavAli. appuDE bhAshani savyaMgA nErchukOgalugutAM. raghuvaMSaMlO bhAsha saraLaMgA prAraMbhamai, oka kAvyAnnuMDi marO kAvyAniki veDutUMTE saMklishTaMgA mArutU vidyArthula medaDuki parIkshalu peDutuMdi. aMdukE, naishadhaM vidvadaushadhaM anE sAmeta. I pAThyapraNALikalO, kALidAsu vidyArdhulakichchina goppa bahumati raghuvaMSaM nuMchI kUDA kavitAsuvAsanalni vedajallaDaM. okaprakka bhAshani nErchukuMTUMDagAnE, adbhutamaina bhAvasaMpadalO chaduvukunE vALLani muMchi tElchaDaM. bhAshAvishayamaina aMtarArdhAlni teliyajeppaDaM. (raghuvaMSaM modaTi SlOkaMlOnE chUDaMDi. padAnikI, dAnikuMDE arthAnikI gala saMbaMdhaMtO modalu peTTADu kAvyAnni.)

kALidAsuki bhAshAvyAkaraNAlapaina unna makkuva guriMchi saradAgA, sUchanaprAyaMgA konni udAharaNalistAnu.

tA narAdhipasutA nRpAtmajai@h tE cha tAbhi ragaman kRtArthatAm
sOఽbhava dvara vadhU samAgama@h pratyaya prakRti yOga sannibha@h
– (raghuvaMSa@h 10- )

#[#tA@h narAdhipasutA@h = A rAjakanyalaina sIta, UrmiLa, mAMDavika, SrutakIrtulu; nRpAtmajai@h = rAjakumArulaina rAma, lakshmaNa, bharata, Satrughnula chEtanU; tE tAbhi@h cha = vIru vArichEtanU (aMTE rAmalakshmaNabharataSatrughnulu, sIta-UrmiLa-mAMDavika-SrutakIrtula chEtanU); kRtArthatAm = kulaM, SIlaM, vayassu, rUpaM modalayinavATini; agaman = poMdiri. sa@h varavadhU samAgama@h = A peLLikoDukula, peLLikUtuLLa kalayika; pratyaya prakRti yOga sannibha@h = pratyayAla yokka,prakRtula yokka kalayikalA prakASiMchinadigA; abhavat = ayyenu.#]

#saMskRta bhAshalO prakRtiki pratyayAnni jata chEstEnE uddESiMpabaDDa arthaM vastuMdi. dAdApu idi anni bhAratIyabhAshalakI vartistuMdi. udAharaNaki, bhU (uMDu), DukR~n (chEyu) anE padAlu prakRtulu (ivi dhAtuvulaina prakRtulu). vITiki tij anE pratyayaM chEri bhavati (unnadi, unnADu) karOti (chEyuchunnadi, chEyuchunnADu) modalaina arthAlunna padAlu ErpaDatAyi. ilA, sup, san modalaina rakarakAla pratyayAlu vErvEru prakRtulaku chEri rakarakAla padAlu ErpaDi arthAnnistAyi. ilA padArthAlnichchE kalayikatO, purushArdhAlnichchE vadhUvarula chErikani pOlustunnADu kALidAsu pai SlOkaMlO.

pUrtigA #»

ashTamAtrAvRttamulu

parichayamu

pATalalO, padyamulalO chaturmAtralanu ekkuvagA upayOgistAru. prAkRtamulOni gAthA, pajjhaTikA, saMskRtamulOni AryA, kannaDa telugu bhAshalalOni kaMdamu, konni ragaDalu, shaTpadulu chaturmAtrA bharitamayinavi. upagaNamulaina iMdragaNamulalO na-la, bha-gaNamulu chaturmAtralu. chaturmAtralu aidu, avi – #IIII, IIU, UII, UU, IUI.# iMdulO chivaridaina ja-gaNamu lagAraMbhamai eduru naDakanu kaligiyunnadi. saMskRta ChaMdassulO uMDE chatushchaturmAtrA vRttamulanu gu~riMchina konni viSEshAlanu kriMda telupuchunnAnu.

  1. 5 chaturmAtralatO mottamu vRttamulu – 625.
  2. 5 chaturmAtralatO gurvaMtamagu vRttamulu – 250.
  3. 4 chaturmAtralatO eduru naDaka lEni vRttamulu – 256.
  4. 4 chaturmAtralatO eduru naDaka lEka gurvaMtamayina vRttamulu – 128.
  5. ChaMdaSSAstramulO eduru naDaka lEka pErkonabaDinavi – 68 (idi nA gaNana, iMka konni uMDavachchunu.)
    *aMdulO laghvaMtamulu – 9
  6. ChaMdaSSAstramulO eduru naDakagala ja-gaNamutO pErkonabaDinavi – 15 (idi nA gaNana, iMka konni uMDavachchunu)
    *aMdulO laghvaMtamulu – 1

(*nEnu sRshTiMchina vRttamulanu iMdulO kalupalEdu.)

chAla prasiddhamaina chatushchaturmAtrA vRttamulu vidyunmAlA, rugmavatI, mattA, dOdhaka, mOTanaka, bhramaravilasitA, tAmarasa, tOTaka, mOdaka, praharaNakalitA, SaSikalA, jalOddhatagati, mauktikadAma vRttamulu. prati pAdamunu reMDugA vi~richi mAtrAgaNamulaku taginaTlu padamulanu vADi, yatini kUDa mUDava mAtrAgaNamutO uMchinappuDu I vRttamulu gAnayOgyamulugA uMTAyi.

oka ashTamAtragA reMDu chaturmAtralu – chaturmAtralatO niMDina konni pATalalO, konni ChaMdassulalO okkokkappuDu reMDu chaturmAtralaku badulu madhya guruvutO oka ashTa mAtranu kUDa vADutAru. chaturmAtralatO uMDE konni jayadEvuni ashTapadulalO akkaDakkaDa ashTamAtralanu chUDavachchunu, udA.

madana mahIpati “kanakadaMDaruchi” kEsara kusuma vikAsE
miLita SilImukha pATala paTala kRtasmara tUNa vilAsE – (ashTapadi 3.4)

gOpa kadaMba nitaMbavatI mukha chuMbana laMbhita lObhaM
“baMdhujIva madhu”rAdhara pallava kalita darasmita SObhaM – (ashTapadi 5.3)

ilATi udAharaNamulu pAdamunaku nAlugu chaturmAtralu gala madhuragati ragaDalO, pAdamunaku enimidi mAtralu gala harigati ragaDalO kUDa vedikinappuDu pratyakshamavutAyi. kriMda dIniki udAharaNamulu –

SEshamu vEMkaTakavi SaSAMkavijayamu, madhuragati ragaDa, 2-118:

“iMti yekkaDive” – yI kOrakamulu
cheMtanu nuMDi-chcheda kOrakamulu

timmAvajjhala kOdaMDarAmayya annamayya udAharaNamulO, harigati ragaDalOni chaturthI vibhakti kaLika:

pAyani yanurA”gamuna rAgamuna” – bADeDu gAyaka kavi guruvunakai
pedatirumalakavi pEra gavini gani – “pErmi jeMdu baM”gAru kaDupukai
sadamala kRtichi”tramula nAdakavi” – “jarapinaTTi raM”gAru niDupukai
kula mellanu gavulunu gAyakulanu – “goppa jeppikona” noppina gurukai

kaMda padyamulalOsari pAdamulalOni reMDava, mUDava (nala/ja gaNamu) chaturmAtralanu layako~raku aidu, mUDu mAtralugA vi~ruchuTa sarvasAmAnyamu. udA.

maguvA! nI komaru@MDu mA
magavA “raTu pOva@M jUchi” – maMtanamunakuM
daga@M jIri poMdu naDigenu
jagamula “munniTTi SiSuvu” – chaduvaMbaDenE? – (pOtana bhAgavatamu, daSama-pUrva-321)

enimidi mAtralatO vRttamulu

I vyAsamulO nEnu charchiMchabOyE vishayamu, pAdamunaku 16 mAtralu kaligi uMDi, aMdulO reMDu ardha bhAgamulalO E okkaTilOnainanu, lEka, reMDiMTilO kUDa reMDu nAlugu mAtralu kAni enimidi chaturmAtralu uMDE vRttamulanu gu~riMchi. anagA I vRttamulalOni pAdamula amarika kriMdi vidhamulugA nuMTuMdi –

  1. svAgata vargamu – 8 / (4-4 )
  2. mAlatI vargamu – (4-4) / 8
  3. rathOddhata vargamu – 8 / 8

I vargamulalO prasiddhamayina vRttamula pErulanu vargamunaku uMchinAnu. vividha mAtrA gaNamula saMkhyanu virahAMka-hEmachaMdra saMkhyalu (#Fibonacci numbers)# teluputAyi. dIni prakAramu 1 nuMDi 8 va~raku mAtrala saMkhyalunna mAtrAgaNamulu 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34. anagA 8 mAtralatO 34 mAtrAgaNamulu galavu. vITilO nAlugu mAtrAgaNamulanu pakka pakkana uMchitE manamu 5×5=25 (nAlugu mAtra gaNamula saMkhya 5) poMdavachchunu (udA. #IUIIUI, UIIIIU,# ityAdulu). migilina tommidi ashTamAtrA gaNamulu vE~ru vidhamugA vachchunu. A tommidi ashTa mAtrA gaNamulu – #UIUIU, UIUUI, UIUIII, IIIUIU, IIIUUI, IIIUIII, IUUIU, IUUUI, IUUIII.# iMdulO modaTi A~ru ashTa mAtrA gaNamulaku eduru naDaka (anagA lagAraMbhamu) lEdu, aMdulO reMDu mAtramE gurvaMtamulu. I A~ru ashTamAtralatO E vidhamugA pAdamunaku 16 mAtralu gala vRttamulanu kalpiMcha vachchunO anE vishayamunu ippuDu gamaniddAmu.

ashTa mAtrAgaNamulu – #UIUIU, IIIUIU, UIUUI, UIUIII, IIIUUI, IIIUII
#chaturmAtrA gaNamulu – #UU, IIU, UII, IIU

[#sUchana: pU – pUrva bhAgamu, u – gurvaMtamugA uttara bhAgamu, * – nEnu kalpiMchina vRttamu#]


1.# svAgata vargamu

modaTi chitramu – svAgata vargamu – pU 8, u 4/4 – mottamu 48 vRttamulu (6#x4x2)

#vyAsamulOni vRttamulu – nirmEdhA, SrEya*, mAdhuri*, pallavi*, kanakavallI*, svAgatamu, jAbili*, drutapadamu, chaMdravartma.


2. mAlatI vargamu

reMDava chitramu – mAlatI vargamu – pU 4/4, u 8 – mottamu 32 vRttamulu (4#x4x2)

#vyAsamulOni vRttamulu – dIpakamAlA, virAT, sIdhu, utpalarEkhA#$,# nIlA, mALavikA, mAlatI, viralA, aviralaratikA, SrAvaNa*, upalEkhA, virataprabhA, vikalavakulavallI, kamaladaLamu*.


3. rathOddhata vargamu

mUDava chitramu – rathOddhata vargamu – pU 8, u 8 – mottamu 12 vRttamulu (6×2)

vyAsamulOni vRttamulu – karNapAlika, mAdhava*, kanakamaMjari, sukara*, rathOddhata, upadArika, vAkjharI*, priyaMvada, surasa*, aSOka*, mukuLitakaLikAvaLi, kusumakOmala*.

#[($) –# ikkaDa utpalarEkhanu gu~riMchi oka reMDu mATalu cheppAli. phEs^buk^lO ChaMdassu anE oka kUTami unnadi. aMdulO SrI dhanikoMDa raviprasAd^gAru chaMpakOtpalamAlalO yati sthAnamunuMDi pAdAMtamuva~raku gala aksharamulatO, anagA #UII UII UIUIU# amarikatO utpalarEkha anu vRttamunu kalpiMchinAru. A kalpana nannu AkarshiMchi I pariSOdhanalaku dAri tIsinadi. I vargamulaku cheMdina vRttamulanu telugu kavulu arudugA vADinAru. nAku telisina konni udAharaNamulanu akkaDakkaDa telipinAnu.#]

#svAgata vRttamu

svAgata vRttamu chAla purAtanamainadi. idi dOdhaka vRttamulO #[#dOdhakamu – 11 trishTuppu 439 bha/bha/bha/gaga #UII UII – UII UU] # mUDava, nAlugava aksharamulanu tArumAru chEyagA svAgata vRttamu janiMchinadani amUlyadhan mukharjI (1) abhiprAya paDenu. kAlidAsAdi kavulu I vRttamunu vADiri. raghuvaMSamunuMDi oka udAharaNamu –

kuMbhapUraNabhava@h paTuruchchai
ruchchachAra ninadOఽMbhAsi tasyA@h
tatra sa dviradabRMhitaSaMkI
SabdapAtinamishuM visasarja – (kAlidAsuni raghuvaMSamu, 9.73)

(tamasAnadIjalamula nuMDi kuMDanu niMpunappuDagu Sabdamuvale oka gaMbhIra nAdamu janiMchinadi. bahuSA adi Enugulavalana janiMchinadanukoni A dikkugA daSarathuDu bANamunu ekkubeTTADu.)

idE svAgatapu vRttamulO nA anuvAdamu –

niMpagA ghaTamu – nILlanu lOtau
gaMpanaMpu saDi – galgunu, mattE-
bhaMpu nAdamanu – bhAvanatO@M dA
baMpe nA desaku – bANamu noMDun

svAgata vRttamu E vidhamugA nuMDinappuDu padyamu SObhAyamAnamugA nuMTuMdO anna vishayamunu kshEmEMdruDu I vidhamugA teliyajEsenu –

sAkArAdyairvisargAMtai@h
sarvapAdai@h savibhramA
svAgatA svAgatA bhAti
kavikarma vilAsinI – (kshEmEMdruni suvRtta tilakamu, 2-15)

(svAgatA vRttamunaku AdilO A-kAramu, aMtamulO visargamu anni pAdamulalO uMDinachO, adi maMchi naDaka kaladai kavitAvilAsinigA nuMDunu.)

telugulO Adikavulayina nannayabhaTTu, nannechODuDu svAgata vRttamunu upayOgiMchAru. A padyamulu –

vEgavaMtu@M Danu – vIru@MDu sAMbun
vEgavaMtu@MDayi – vI@Mkanu dA@Mken
vEga bANapada-vItatulan di-
gbhAgamul viSikha – paMjaramulugAn – (nannayabhaTTu AMdhramahAbhAratamu – araNyaparvamu 1.158)

A girIMdrasuta – harshamutO Sai
vAgamOdita vi-dhAyatitO su
svAgatAbhimata – vAkyamulaM da
bhyAgatOchita sa-paryala@M dansen – (nannechODuni kumArasaMbhavamu – 7.5)

pUrtigA #»

Sabda taraMgAlu

tillAna

rAgaM: lalita
tALaM: Adi

svara kalpana, rachana: e.es. paMchApakESa ayyar
tamiL mUlaM: tirukkuraL (tiruvaLLuvAr)
gAnaM: SrI vidya badarI nArAyaNan
telugu: kanaka prasAd

<><>

#ArOhaNa: #   #;sa ri1 ga3 ma1 da2 ni3 sa
avarOhaNa: sa ni3 da2 ma1 ga3 ri1 sa

tamiLa mUlaM:
akAra mudala| ejhuttellAM (A…)||
Adi bhagavan mudaTre ulagu
piravip peruMkadal| nIMduvar nIMdar||
irai vanaDi sErAdAr

sAhityaM

pallavi:
dhIM, dhIM tanana dhirana dhIMta dhiranA|
tana dhiranA dhiranA tillAna||
tadara tAni tAku jhEku thakajaNu tOM|
thajhaNu tOM, jhaNu tOM, tajhaNu||#          #|dhIM…|
anupallavi:
tadRmi thakiTa da ni da mA gadRmikiTa|
thAM …||
tadRmi thakiTa da ni da mA gadRmikiTa|
thAM dhIM …||
tadRmi thakiTa da ni da mA gadRmikiTa|
thAM dhIM tOM ni sa ri ga ma da ni||
nAdRtha dhIM ma ga ri sa ni tOMdRtha dhIM|
thadiMgiNa tOM tillAnA thadiMgiNa tOM thadiMgiNa tOM||#         #|dhIM|
charaNaM:
akAramu modalu akshara mAlaku
Adi Akasamu modalu akhila jagatikini
penavi penu kaDali nIdanu vaSamA
Itani padamulanu
SaraNanukonaka iravuna?
pUrtigA #»

duvvUri vAri bAlavyAkaraNAvatAraM, jAnakitO janAMtikaM

telugu vyAkaraNaM, mukhyaMgA chinnaya sUri bAlavyAkaraNaM paina E mAtraM Asakti vunna vArikainA duvvUri veMkaTaramaNaSAstrigAri pEru tappakuMDA telisi vuMTuMdi. Ayana bAlavyAkaraNAniki ramaNIyaM anna pErutO rAsina vyAkhya bahu prasiddhaM. I saMchikalO Ayana chinnayasUri vyAkaraNaMpai vijayavADa rEDiyO kEMdraMlO – sumAru 1975 prAMtaMlO – chEsina prasaMgaM vinaMDi.

#vIriki saMbaMdhiMchinavE mari reMDu vivarAlu Asakti gala pAThakula kOsaM istunnAnu:

ayidELla kritaM Ayana Atmakatha punarmudritamayinappuDu bAgA telugu pAThakula AdaraNa poMdi, ati koddi kAlaMlOnE mUDava mudraNa kUDA jarigiMdi. Ayana Atmakathapaina oka maMchi parichayaM pustakaM.neT^lO.

Ayana goMtukalOnE jAnakitO janAMtikaM anna Ayana rachana:

#I rachana pUrti pAThaM ikkaDa chadavaMDi.

pUrtigA #»