Expand to right
Expand to left

vishaya sUchika: jUlai 2014

muMdumATa

ImATa julai 2014 saMchikaku svAgataM!

http://sites.davidson.edu/aroundthed/the-chaurapanchasika/
bilhaNa virachita chOrapaMchASikA nuMchi.

kavi bilhaNuDu 11va SatAbdapu kASmIra kavi. chOrapaMchASikA anE prEmakavita dvArA jagatprasiddhuDu. kAvyakathanamaina I kavi praNayOdaMtAnni oka chakkaTi padyanATikagA sAhityapuna@hsRshTi chEsina tirumala kRshNadESikAchAryula rachana, bilhaNIyamu; telugu padyAlalO anniTikannA ekkuva bhAvaklishTata unna padyaMgA oka padyaMpai tana nirNayAnni vivaristunna ElchUri muraLIdhararAvu vyAsaM AMdhravA~mmayaMlO atyaMta prauDhamaina padyaM!; kanakaprasAd Sabda sAhityaM ammA kanakammA; pramukhagAyakuDu, raMgasthala naTuDu, mAdhavapeddi satyaM pratyEka janaraMjani kAryakramaM, lalitagItAla ADiyOlu, I saMchikalO…


I saMchikalO:

  • padyanATika: bilhaNIyamu – tirumala kRshNadESikAchAryulu.
  • kavitalu: koMDadArilO! – mAnasa chAmarti; pasupukAMti – bivivi prasAd; manabhAsha-manapadyaM – samavarti; kAlaM vilava telIdu – kanakaprasAd; aksharamAlApadyamulu – jejjAla kRshNa mOhana rAvu; bhAviMchEvarakU… – Ti. SrIvallIrAdhika; nEpathya saMgItaM – pAlaparti iMdrANi.
  • kathalu: mUDu praSnalu – Ar Sarma daMturti; amerikA illAli muchchaTlu: plAsTik byAgulu – SyAmalAdEvi daSika; kOnasIma kathalu: kaTikadAruNaM – sAyi brahmAnaMdaM gorti.
  • vyAsAlu: AMdhravA~mmayaMlO atyaMta prauDhamaina padyaM! – ElchUri muraLIdhararAvu; SArdUla vikrIDita vRttamu – jejjAla kRshNa mOhana rAvu; samasta siddhAMtaM avasaramA? – vEmUri vEMkaTESvararAvu.
  • SabdataraMgAlu: ammA kanakammA – kanakaprasAd; mAdhavapeddi satyaM: pratyEka janaraMjani mariyu lalitagItAlu – samarpaNa: paruchUri SrInivAs.
  • itaramulu: nAku nachchina padyaM: alamukonna adRSyAMjanaM – bhairavabhaTla kAmESvararAvu; ChaMdaM: telugu ChaMdassu sAphT^vEr – dilIpu miriyAla.
pUrtigA #»

kathalu

amerikA illAli muchchaTlu: plAsTik byAgulu

EmiTI grOsarIs plAsTik saMchullO techchAveMduku aMTArA? EM cheyyanu, annI konnAka appuDu gurtukochchiMdi guDDa saMchulu iMTlO vuMDipOyAyani.

veLlEmuMdu byAgulu kArulO vunnAyO lEdO chUsukOkuMDA alA elA veLLAvU aMTArA? ippuDu EmaiMdiTA? plAsTik byAgullO techchAnu. aMtEkadA dAniki aMta kOpaM eMdukU!?

prati vALlaku idO pichchi paTTukuMdi. envairAnmeMT proTekshan! sEv avar ert! sE nO Tu plAsTik! aMTU. avasaraM vunnavATini lEni vATini kanipeTTEyaDaM, eDApeDA prachAraM chEsi vATini janAlaku bAgA alavATu cheyyaDaM, A tarvAta labOdibO manaTaM manaku alavATEgA! nettimIda kochchAka appuDu telisostuMdi chEsina tappu.

EmiTI? vuy Ar respAnsibul phar dis glObal vArmiMg aMD polyUshanA? vuy Al hAv Tu DU avar pArT Tu reDyUs vEsTA? aMTAru, aMTAru! mIku ivvALa j~nAnOdayaM ayiMdani mIru cheppinaTTallA nEnu cheyyAli! idigO, vuyyI giyyI aMTU nannu kalapakaMDi. nEnu I dESaM vachchinappuDu subbaraMgA vunnAnu. nEnu ilA mAripOvaTAniki kAraNaM mIru, mI amerikAyE.

okappuDu idE vishayaM guriMchi nEnu mATlADitE nannu chUsi navvAru, tamariki gurtuMdO lEdO! amerikA vachchiMdi podupugA uMDaTAniki kAdu, lagjarIgA gaDapaTAniki aMTU lekcharlu ichchAru. eppaTi kayyadi prastutamu appaTi kAmATa annaTTu mIku Edi vIlugA vuMTE adi chEseyyaDaM bAgA alavATaipOyiMdi. innALLu chEsiMdaMtA chEsi vunnaTTuMDi buddhimaMtulai pOyAru. I buddhi modaTinuMchI vuMDAli. vEsT cheyyaTaM taggiMchAlani innELLa tarvAta mIru ippuDaMTunnAru. nEnu appuDE anlEdU ilA vRdhA cheyyaTaM tappu kadA ani.

mIrEM chESArU? nannu O verri mohAnni chUsinaTTu chUSAru!

nEnu I dESaM vachchina marnADE mana kotta kAparAniki kAvalasina vastuvulannI techchukOvAli shApiMguki pada pOdAmannAru. kAru tALAlu tIsukuni mIru DOru lAk cheyyabOtuMTE nEnu, adEmiTI anni vastuvulu tIsukOvAlaMTU aMta pedda lisTu rASAru, byAgulu lEkuMDA veLtE elA? ani aDigAnu. mIru veMTanE hahhahha aMTU navvaTaM modalu peTTAru! mIru eMduku navvutunnArO ardhaM kAka tellabOyAnu. mIru kAsEpaTiki navvu Api, idi amerikA Oy! byAgulu puchchukeLLaTAniki idi mI bApaTla anukunnAvA? aMTU hELana chESAru. ikkaDa EM konukkunnA vALLE byAgullO peTTi istAru aMTU goppagA cheppAru. A rOju bOleDu shApulu tirigi iMTiki, manaku kAvalasinavi chAlAnE konnAM. mana kAraMtA byAgulatO niMDipOyiMdi.

iMTiki vachchAka vastuvulatO pATu shApu vALLu ichchina byAgulu kUDA nEnu dAchukuMTuMTE mIru maLLI navvAru. A byAgulu dEnikainA vADukOvachchu kadA ani aMTE, nEnu pisinArinani palleTUri gabbilAyinani vekkiriMchAru. iTuvaMTi byAgulu evvarU dAchukOrani avi nErugA chetta buTTalOki veLtAyaMTU mIru vATini gArbEj^lO paDEstuMTE prANaM usUrumannadi nAku!

alA mIru pratidI pArEsinappuDallA nAku veMTanE mA iMTlO saMgati gurtukochchEdi.

prati nelA phasT tArIku rAgAnE mA nAnna kottamAsu koTTunuMchi nelaku saripaDA vechchAlu paTTukochchEvAru. amma veMTanE poTlAlu jAgrattagA terichi DabbAllO sarDukuMTE mA sarOja kAgitAlannI sarichEsi O bottigA peTTEdi. nEnu A poTlAlatO vachchina dArAlannI chikkulu paDakuMDA baMDIki chuTTEdAnni. nA pani dArAlannI kaMDeku chuTTaTaM. mIru, chittukAgitAlu, pichchi dAraM dAchipeTTi EM chEsEvAru, pichchuka gULLu kaTTEvArA? ani egatALigA aDigAru! vRdhA cheyyaDaM taggiMchAlani mIru ippuDu anukuMTuMTE, asalu vRdhA anEdE vuMDakUDadani mA siddhAMtaM.

bAgA vunna kuTuMbaMlO puTTi pai chaduvulaku amerikA vachchina mIku, vastuvuni enni rakAlugA upayOgiMchukOvachchO elA telustuMdI? A kAgitAlu kuMpaTi aMTiMchukOvaDAniki, bAyilar aMTiMchukOvaDAniki chakkagA vupayOgapaDEvi. dAniki muMdu mA sarOja ayitE sinimA vArtalu, amma pramadAvanaM appuDappuDU kadhalu kUDA chaduvukunEvAru. pApaM ekkuva bhAgaM annI sagaM sagaM sagamE chadivEvAru! ika A dAraM pUla daMDalaku vADEvALLaM.

manaM kotta iMTlOki mArina koddirOjulaku mA ammA nAnna amerikA vachchAru. vALLaku ikkaDa annI viMtagAnu vichitraM gAnu vuMDEvi. mana iMTlO prati rUmulo chivaraku bAtrUmulO kUDA mAchiMg kalarutO aMdaMgA taLataLa lADutU vunna gArbEj kyAnulu, vEsT bAskeTlu chUsi AScharyapOyAru. vATillO chetta paDEyAlaMTE chEtulu rAvaDaM lEdammA anEvAru mA nAnna! prati rOju pillalu, mIru annI sagaM sagaM tini migilinavi gArbEj^lO paDEstuMTE mA amma, ayyO ikkaDa mushTi vALLannAlErE! AMTU vApOyEdi. evariMTiki pArTIlaku veLLinA padArthAlatO pATu spUnlu, glAsulu, kAphI kappulu, plETlatO sahA annI pAreyyaDaM chUsi mA ammA nAnna eMta bAdha paDEvArO.

iMTimuMdu gaDDi peragaTAniki bOleDaMta kharchu peTTaTaM, maLLI perigipOyiMdaMTU lAn kaT cheyyaTaM EmiTO vALlaku ardhaM ayyEdi kAdu. mIru, amerikAlO aiSvaryAniki kodavalEdani, ikkaDa darjAgA batakaTAniki saukaryAlennO vunnAyani, chAlA darpaMgA cheppEvAru! alluDugAranEsi maryAdatO pApaM vALLU nOru mUsukuni vinEvAru. EM, mA ammA nAnnakU teliyadanA darjAkI vRdhAkI tEDA!

prapaMchaMlO anni dESAlalOki amerikAdE agrasthAnaM ani chinnappuDu pAThAllO chaduvukunEvALLaM. okka aiSvaryaM lOnE kAdu vRdhA cheyyaDaMlO kUDA manadE muMdu sthAnaM! pulini chUsi nakka vAta peTTukunnaTlu, manalni chUsi buddhigA vunna dESAlu kUDA buradalOki digutunnAyi. ippuDu iMDiyAlO kUDA kAlushyAlaku kodava lEdu. pUrvaM chettaMtA tIsikeLLi vIdhilO pArEsinaTTE ippuDU pArEstunnAru. kAkapOtE venaka kUralu tarigina chettA, tinna vistaLLu pArEstE, ippuDu plAsTik saMchulu, vastuvulu bATils vagairA pArEstunnAru. pApaM nOru lEni jaMtuvulu avi tini prANAlu pOgoTTukuMTunnAyi.

mA ammammA vALLu kArtika mAsaMlO araTi doppallO dIpAlni veligiMchi, nadilO vadilE vAru. AkASaMlO milamilA merisE nakshatrAllAgA, nILLalO aMdarU vadilE A dIpAlni chUDaTAniki ammamma koMgu puchchukuni gajagajA vaNukutU AviDa veMTa veLLEvALLaM. A madhya vUruveLLinappuDu mA chinna mAvayya kODalu shAlini, vuy lIv laiTs in da lEk. yu vAMT Tu kam aMD sI? aMdi. innALLaku maLLI avakASaM vachchiMdani saMbarapaDi pOyAnu. vachchina vALLaMdarU chinna phOm plETulO TI-laiT kAMDil veligiMchi nadilOki vadilEstuMTE ‘idA kArtika dIpaM!’ ani AScharyaMtO pATu bAdha vEsiMdi.

I kAlushyaM bAdha pApaM bhagavaMtuDiki kUDA tappaTaM lEdu. mAku E Apadalu rAkuMDA kApADu svAmI aMTU aMdarU prArdhiMchE vinAyakuDikE Apada vachchipaDiMdi. nEnu haiskUl lO unnappuDu O vinAyaka chavitiki anukOkuMDA mA nAnna snEhituDu gOpAlaM mAvayya koDuku haidarAbAd nuMchi vachchADu. mA iMTlO vinAyakuDni chUsi, idEM vinAyakuDu nallagA mukku mohaM telIkuMDA vunnADu, mA haidarAbAd lO vinAyakuDu kalar sinimA lAgA rakarakAla raMgullO aMdaMgA vuMTADu! mIku vinAyaka chaviti paMDaga elA chEsukOvAlO EM telIdu. mEmu eMchakkA sinimAlu chUstAM, DAnsulu chEstAM! aMTU DAbugA cheppADu. vADE ippuDu TIvIlO yAMkargA panichEstU, ‘maTTitO chEsina vinAyakuDinE konukkoni kAlushyAnni taggiMchaMDi’ ani bOdhistU vuMTADu! maTTitO chEsina vinAyakuDni pUjiMchaTamE asalaina vidhAnamani cheptunnA evarikI chevikekkaTaM lEdu.

iMtiMtai vaTuDiMtai annaTTu, janaMlO bhaktI perigi pOtunnakoddI vinAyakuDi saiju kUDA A ETiki A ETikI perigipOtOMdi. plAsTar Aph pAris^tO iMtiMta lEsi vigrahAlni tayAruchEsi vATiki chetta raMgulu pulimi tommidi rOjulu chevulu adiripOyElA pATalu pADi, DAnsulu chEsi, A taruvAta cheruvullOnU nadulalOnu paDEstunnAru. vinAyaka chaviti vastOMdaMTE gaNapatiki guMDellO daDa modalautOMdi! venaka rOjullO ayitE vinAyakuDu tana puTTina rOju saMdarbhaMgA bhaktulu peTTE uMDrALLu, kuDumulu, pAnakaM, vaDapappu, appAla kOsaM eduru chUsEvADu. ippuDu naivEdyAla mATa aTuMchi peyiMT vAsanalatO, lauDuspIkarlalO pATalatO, daddarillE ATalatO, Ayanaku vUpiri ADaka ukkiri bikkiri ayipOtunnADu pApaM!

monna iMDiyA veLLinappuDu mA pedanAnna, EsI rUmulO TIvI muMdu kUrchuni TEk-auT phuD tiMTunna manavaDni chUpistU, ‘vIDu EdO kotta vishayaM mIda pariSOdhana chEstunnADaTE,’ annAru. nEnu ErA, EM chEstunnAvurA? ani aDigitE ‘polyUshan in DevalapiMg kaMTrIs’ mIda rIserch chEstunnAnu attA, annADu!

nannaDigitE inni lakshala jIvarAsulunna I bhUprapaMchaMlO manishiki vunnaMta aj~nAnaM iMkE prANiki lEdaMTAnu. prakRti manaku ichchina vATini hAyigA anubhavistU vATini jAgrattagA kApADukOkuMDA, prakRti viruddhamaina vastuvulni sRshTistU manaku manamE kotta kotta samasyalni, apAyAlni sRshTiMchukuMTunnAM. mana pai tarAlavALLa paddhatulni- alavATlanu modaTlO chulakana chEsi navvukuMTAM. konnELLa tarvAta sains cheppiMdanO, rIsarchilO rujuvaiMdanO, lEkapOtE amerikA lAMTi dESaM kUDA AmOdiMchiMdanO manalni manamE jasTiphai chEsukuni maLLI vATikOsamE pAkulADutAM.

mA nAnnagAru eppuDu bayaTiki veLLinA saikil ku O reMDu kATan saMchIlu tagiliMchukuni marI veLLEvAru. mIru adi chUsi, mA mAvagAru byAgu lEkuMDA bayaTiki veLlaru! aMTU navvEvAru gurtuMdA?

ippuDu mIrEM chEstunnAruTA? nA praSnaku muMdu samAdhAnaM cheppaMDi!

pUrtigA #»

kOnasIma kathalu: kATikADa ruNaM

UreLLi rAgAnE piDugulAMTi vArta vinAlsochchiMdi.

sigareT kaMpenI rAju pOyADani gaDiyArasthaMbhaM seMTarlO evarO anukuMTUMDagA vinnAnu. polaM panula panimIda mummiDAraM veLLi akkaDE reMDrOjuluMDAlsi vachchiMdi. ninna pOtE iMtavarakU nAkevarU cheppalEdEviTi? A vArta vini guMDe baddalayyiMdi. veLLAlsina pani mugiMchakuMDAnE huTAhuTina iMTi mukhaM paTTAnu. sAvitri kUDA nAtO EmI analEdu. AScharyaMgA uMdE?

iMTlO aDugupeDutUnE – “sAvitrI rAju pOyADaTa!” ani kaMgArugA annAnu.

“avunu telusu! nEnU ninna rAtrE vinnAnu,” anEsi tana panilO munigipOyiMdi.

“adEviTi nAtO mATavarasakayinA cheppalEdu?” kOpamU, chikAkU reMDu okEsAri dhvaniMchAyi nA goMtulO. cheppAlsinaMta pedda viSEshamA annaTlu nAkEsi chUsiMdi. dAMtO kOpaM perigipOyiMdi nAlO! kaLLerra jEstU chUSAnu.

“EM cheppAli? nA penimiTi prANAlaki muppu techchADani AnaMdaMgA cheppAlA? vALLakI manakI saMbaMdhaM lEdu. telusunnA kAvAlanE cheppalEdu. eMdukaMTE A kuTuMbAniki saMbaMdhiMchinaMtavarakU nAkEdI mukhyaM kAdu,” gaTTigAnE aMdi.

“eMtayinA vADu nA snEhi…” du@hkhaM pellubiki mATalu rAlEdu.

“manaki chEsina anyAyAniki dEvuDu bAgAnE SAsti chESADu. cheDDavALLani elA SikshiMchAlO A dEvuDiki bAgA telusu. vADu mI guMDe mIda koDadAmanukuMTE dEvuDu vADiki kEnsarutO javAbichchADu,” aMTU kOpaMtO kasigA aMdi.

okappuDu rAjuni annayyA aMTU pilichina sAvitrEnA? vADU, vIDU, SAstI aMTU SApanArthapu mATalu mATlADutunnadi. aMta bAdhalOnU navvochchiMdi.

rAjU, nEnU chinnappaTi nuMDI snEhitulaM. vALLadi gaMgalakurru. mAdi baMDArlaMka. iddaraM aMbAjIpETa haiskUllO kalisi chaduvukunnAM. rAju taMDrI, mA nAnnakI dUrapu chuTTarikaM EdO uMdani chinnappuDu vinnAnu. nijAniki mA iddari snEhaM valanE kuTuMbaMlO palakariMpuluMDEvi. nEnU, rAjU kAkuMDA mAtO pATu gOpAlaM kUDA uMDEvADu. gOpAlaM mA jaTTulO taruvAta chErADu. chinnappaTi snEhaM alA chiguriMchi peLLayi peddayyE varakU sAgiMdi. haiskUlu varakU sAgina mA snEhaM kAlEjIkochchAka pUrtigA tegipOyiMdi. nEnu amalApuraM es.kE.bi.yAr kAlEjIlO chEritE, gOpAlaM kAkinADa veLipOyADu. rAjuni vALLa nAnna rAjamaMDrI kAlEjIlO chErchADu. paMDagalakI, SalavalakI vachchinappuDallA kalisEvALLaM. DigrI ayyAka nEnu bi.iDIlO chErAnu. rAju bI.kAM parIksha pOyiMdanI vinnAnu. A taruvAta vANNi O ayidArELLu kalavalEdu.

nEnu elimeMTarI skUllO baDipaMtulugA chEritE, gOpAlaM Ar.eM.pI DAkTarugA amalApuraM vachchADu. nEnu pillala chaduvu kOsaM amalApuraMlOnE kApuraM uMDEvANNi. gOpAlaM amalApuraMlO marO DAkTarutO kalisi prAkTIsu peTTADu. rAjuni kalavakapOyinA appuDappuDu vADi kaburlu telisEvi. bejavADalO chinna vyApAraM chEstunnADanI vinnAnu. nA peLLiki SubhalEkha vEddAmani gaMgalakurru veLitE vALLa kuTuMbaM kUDA bejavADa makAM mArchArani telisiMdi. peLLayyAka saMsAra bAdhyatallO paDDAka mA snEhaM pUrtigA sannagilliMdi. amalApuraM nEnochchina ArELLaki gOpAlaM vachchADu. vADikI peLLayyiMdi. iddaru kUtuLLu. eppuDainA kalistE chinnanATi kaburlu nemaruvEsukunE vALLaM.

mA AviDa pErana peLLi kaTnaMgA mA mAvagAru ThANElaMkalO mUDekarAlu polaM nAkichchAru. adi kauluki ichchi appuDappuDu polaM chUsukOvaDAniki veLLEvANNi. O sAri mummiDAraM polaM pani mIda veLLinappuDu basTAMDulO rAju kanipiMchADu. vANNi gurtupaTTi nEnE palakariMchAnu. geDDAlU avI perigipOyi chUDDAniki pEshaMTulA unnADu. vADikI peLLayyiMdanI, naluguru pillalanI, vALLAviDa puTTiMTAru kottalaMkanI cheppADu. EM chEstunnAvanI aDigitE EmI cheyyaDaM lEdanI peLLAM pillalni puTTiMTlO vadilEsi bejavADa veLutunnAnanI cheppADu. E vyApAramU tanaki achchi rAlEdanI, unna koddipATi AstI hAratikarpUraMlA hariMchukupOyiMdanI, appula bAdha bhariMchalEka kOnasIma vachchESAnanI cheppADu. attAriMTiki vachchi EDAdi dATiMdanI cheppADu.

“mari innALLU eMduku kalavalEdEviTi?” ani praSnistE taladiMchukunnADu. samasyala suDiguMDaMlO chikkukunnAka evarnI kalavaDAniki manasu rAlEdanI EDchADu. vADi guriMchi aMtA vinnAka nAkU bAdha kaligiMdi. amalApuraMlO mA yiMTiki tIsukeLLAnu. nA bhArya sAvitri rAju pEru vinaDamE kAnI vANNi eppuDU kalavalEdu. parichayaM chESAnu. sAvitri nA snEhituDochchADani nAlugaidu veraiTI vaMTakAlatO pATu pulihOra kUDA chEsiMdi. bhOjanaM ayyAka vIdharugu mIda kUrchunnAka okka sAri bAvurumani EDchADu. sushTugA bhOjanaM tini ELLayyiMdanI annADu. ArthikaMgA chitiki pOyADu. reMDu mUDu sArlu Atmahatyaki prayatniMchAnanI, kAnI kuTuMbaM rODDuna paDipOtuMdani mAnESAnanI cheppADu. nAku ikkaDa telusunnavALLa dvArA EdainA pani chUstAnanI, vADiki abhyaMtaraM lEkapOtE sUparu bajArulO vALLAviDaki udyOgaM ippiMchagalananI, vADinI EdainA chinna vyApAraM chEsukOmanI cheppAnu. appaTiki gOpAlaM iMkA amalApuraM rAlEdu.

nannu kaliSAka rAjuki dhairyaM vachchiMdi. oka sigareTTu vyApAraM chEstunna bhUshaNaM anE Ayana nAku bAgA telusu. vALLa pillalaki nEnu TyUshan chebutAnu. Ayana daggaraki rAjuni tIsukeLLi parichayaM chESAnu. vADi guriMchi aMtA cheppi EdainA sAyaM cheyyamani cheppAnu. Ayana nA mATamIda gauravaM uMchi vADiki kiLLIkoTlaki sigareT sEls DisTribyUshan EjaMTugA udyOgaM ippiMchADu. jItaM eMtayinA sarE oppukOmannAnu. modaTlO mA iMTlO unnA, koMta kAlaM ayyAka kuTuMbAnni amalApuraMlO makAM mArchADu. ika reMDu gaduliMTlO addekuMDEvALLu. amalApuraM vachchinA rAju kashTAlu tIralEdu. vachchE jItaMtO saMsAraM gaDavaDaM kashTaMgAnE uMdi. aDapAdaDapA nEnU sAyaM chEsEvANNi. O sAri sAvitri vALLiMTikeLLinappuDu rAju peLLAM pillalu gaMji tAgutU kanipiMcharanI iMTiki rAgAnE nAku cheppiMdi. veMTanE oka bastA biyyaM iMTiki paMpAnu. nEnu kaulukivvagA pratI ETA SistutO pATu O iravai bastAla biyyaM kUDA istADu. rAju paristhiti chakkabaDEvarakU pratI nelA nEnu biyyaM bastA paMpiMchE vANNi. rAju bhArya kAMtaM sUparu bajArulO udyOgAniki kudiriMdi. sariggA adE samayAniki gOpAlaM kUDA amalApuraM rAvaDaMtO vADU rAjuki Dabbu sAyaM chEsEvADu.

chinnatanaMlO rAjuki nEnaMTE eMtO ishTaM. eppuDayinA skUluki laMch bAks tIsukeLLaDaM kudarakapOtE tana tinaDaM mAnEsi marI nAkichchEvADu. nAku nILLaMTE bhayaM. alAMTidi nAku kAlavalO Ita koTTaDaM nErpADu. eMtO ApyAyaMgA uMDE mA snEhaM chivari daSalO mukkalayyiMdi. vADu nAtO mATlADi padELLu dATiMdi. eppuDayinA evari peLLilO edurupaDinA palakariMpulu kUDA lEkuMDA tala vaMchukeLLE paristhiti dApuriMchiMdi. kAraNAlu EmayitEnE vADU nAtO mATlADaDAniki ennaDU prayatniMchalEdu. nEnU A pani cheyyalEdu. ika mugguraM pratIrOjU sAyaMtraM kalisE vALLaM. maralA maralA chinnanATi kaburlu cheppukunE vALLaM. okkOsAri A kaburlakI aMtU darI uMDEdi kAdu. kAlaM telisEdi kAdu.

chinnanATi saMghaTanalannI gurtochchi du@hkhaM AgalEdu nAku. gOpAlaM iMTiki veLadAmanukoni cheppulEsukuMTUMDagA – “vALLiMTikEnA?” ani chura churA chUstU aMdi sAvitri. vALLu aMTE rAju annamATa.

samAdhAnaM EmI ivvakuMDA venakki tirugutUMDagA – “aDugutunnadi, mimmalnE!” ani chikAggA aMdi. gOpAlaM iMTikani cheppAnu.

sAvitriki rAjannA, vALLa kuTuMbaM annA pIkala varakU kOpaM. AviDa kAraNAlu AviDakunnAyi. appaTlO nEneMtO cheppi cheppi visigipOyAnu. nEnu cheppaDAniki prayatniMchinA AviDa vinaDAniki eppuDU siddhaMgA lEdu. gOpAlaM iMTikeLLAka vADu iMTlO lEDanI arjaMTugA rammanamani Asupatri nuMDi phOn vastE veLLArani gOpAlaM bhArya lakshmi cheppiMdi. nannU, nA mohAnnI chUDagAnE AviDaki nEneMdukochchAnO arthamayyiMdi.

“mIku telisE uMTuMdi. rAju ninna madhyAnnaM madrAsu hAspiTallO pOyAraTa. Iyana cheppAru! pApaM aMta pErU, DabbU uMDi chivarlO kEnsaru bArina paDaTaM taluchukuMTE bAdhEstuMdi. marI aravayyO paDilO paDakuMDAnE piTTalA rAlipOvaDaM anyAyaM. kUturi peLLayinA ayyiMdi. koDukuliddarikI peLLI avI iMkA kAlEdu. saMbaMdhAlu kudirAyanI Iyana cheppAru. pApaM! madrAsu nuMDi SavAnni ikkaDaki rEpO elluMDO tIsukostArani vinnAnu,” aMdAviDa.

nEnEmI mATlADE paristhitilO lEnu. avunannaTlu talUpAnu. AviDikI mA guriMchi aMtA telusu. venakki tirigi veLipOdAmanukuMTUMDagA, “Ayana vachchE vELayyiMdi. bhOjanaM kUDA cheyyalEdu. okka nimishaM uMTE Asupatriki phOn chEstAnuMDaMDi. mIrochchArani chebutAnu,” ani anaDaMtO akkaDunna kurchIlO kUrchunnAnu. koMtasEpayyaka AviDa kAphI paTTukochchi ichchiMdi.

“IyanA ninna rAtraMtA nidrapOlEdu. mI iMTikI veLLAnanI cheppAru. mI chinnanATi vishayAlu konni cheppAru…” aMdi.

“rAjuki nEnaMTE vallamAlina prEmaMDI! vADannA nAku ishTaM. O sAri muktESvaraM gOdArilO ItakoDutU nILLa pravAhAniki UpirADaka munigipOtE rAjE nannu rakshiMchADu. mA snEhaM ilA mugustuMdanI nEnU UhiMchalEkapOyAnu. sAvitrikeMdukO vALLaMTE pagA, kOpamU…” vichAraMgA annAnu.

“nAkU telusaMDI! ayinA okaTi cheppamaMTArA? Dabbu manushulni mArustuMdi. snEhAlnI, baMdhutvAlanI kUladOstuMdi. sAvitrigAri kOpaMlO arthaM lEkapOlEdu. AviDa paristhitilO nEnunnA alAgE AlOchistAnEmO? gaMjikkUDA nOchukOni vALLu iMta saMpada poMdAraMTE evaru kAraNamO rAjugAriki telIdA?” aMdAviDa.

rAju bhUshaNaMgAri daggara sigareT DisTribyUTar panilO kudirAka vADi yajamAni bhUshaNaM haThAttugA pOyADu. bhUshaNAniki pillallEru. dAMtO A vyApAraM tanu cheyyAlanukunnADu rAju. chEtilO chilligavva lEdu. A samayaMlO nEnE laksha rUpAyilu mudupu peTTi vADi chEta vyApAraM peTTiMchAnu. E muhurtAna vADA vyApAraM modalu peTTADO kAnI chUstUMDagA lakshallO perigipOyiMdi vADi AdAyaM. rAju kUDA chAlA kashTapaDDADu. chUstUMDagA amalApuraMlO peddillu konnADu. EDAdi tirakkuMDAnO marO mEDa kaTTADu. UraMtA vADi pEru mArmOgipOyiMdi. kashTAlaki ayina vAru vuMDanaTlugAnE, saMpadalaki aMdarU sannihitulE! rODDu mIda sigareT saMchulatO saikilu mIda veLLE rAju primiyar padminI kAru sthAyiki edigADu. rOTarI klabbu presiDeMTayyADu. Dabbunna vALLa guMpulO ati mukhyamayina vyaktigA edigADu. idaMtA ayidArELLalOnE jarigipOyiMdi.

eMta DabbochchinA vADi adRshTAniki kAraNaM nEnE anna gauravaMtOnE nAtO masilEvADu. vyApAraMlO E kotta peTTubaDi peTTAlannA nA daggarakochchi – “orE! sUryaM! O ayidu vElu appivvarA? kotta vyApAraM modalu peDutunnA?” anEvADu. vADu nA daggara mAmUlugAnE uMDEvADu. kAnI vADi bhArya pravartanalOnU, tIrulOnU mArpochchiMdanI sAvitri tarachU ArOpaNalu chEsEdi. nEneppuDU paTTiMchukunEvANNi kAdu.

“EM chEstAM lEMDi? eMtO kashTapaDi paikochchADu. duradRshTa vaSAttU kEnsaru bAri paDDADu. paigA goMtu kEnsarani vinnAnu,” nA kaLLallO sannaTi nITi pora AviDa guriMchinaTluMdi.

“eMtayinA chinnanATi nEstAlu kadA? AmAtraM uMTuMdi leMDi! ahAlu perigi baMdhAlu cheDinaMta mAtrAna ApEkshalu pOtAyA?…” aMTU AviDa iMkA EdO cheppabOtUMDagA phOn riMgayitE chaTukkuna kurchIlOMchi lEchi veLLiMdAviDa. gOpAlaM phOnani arthamayyiMdi. AviDa nannu mATlADDAniki rammani phOnu chEtikichchiMdi.

“orEy gOpAlaM… rAju gADu…” mATalu pegallEdu. avatala vADi goMtU aMtE!

“orEy sUryaM! emmelyEgAriki mainar sTrOk vachchiMdi. arjaMTugA kAkinADa tIsukeLLAli. nannU kUDA uMDamani aDigAru. nEnu sarAsari veLatAnu. rAju SavAnni elluMDi tIsukostAraTa. IlOgA nEnochchEstAnu. sArI rA! tappadu, veLLAli,” aMTU digAlugA cheppADu.

vADiki veLLostAnani cheppi iMTikochchESAnu. talanoppigA uMdaMTU paDukuMDi pOyAnu. nidra vachchi chastE kadA? rAtraMtA rAju gADi AlOchanalE! kAlavagaTTuna tirigina ATalU, kAlavalO koTTina ItalU okaTEviTi, muppayyELLa jIvitaM kaLLamuMdu girruna tirigiMdi.

pUrtigA #»

mUDu praSnalu

A rOjuki sabha chAliMchi lEvabOtU rAju maMtri kEsi chUsEDu.

“iMkA EdainA migili uMdA?”

“mIku kOpaM rAdani cheptEnE kAnI cheppaDAniki lEdu. A madhya mI praSnalaki samAdhAnAlu cheppinavALLani daMDiMchEru kanuka alA aDagavalasi vastOMdi.” cheppEDu maMtri.

A rOju saMtOshaMgA unnADEmO EviTO kAni, rAju navvutU cheppEDu, “A Sikshalu migatAvALlakE leMDi. cheppaMDi EmiTi saMgatulu?”

“mana rAjyapu sarihaddu chivaralO oka Uriki baiTagA oka sAdhuvunnADanI Ayana mI saMdEhAlaki saraina samAdhAnaM ivvagalaDanI chArula dvArA telsiMdi.”

“A samAdhAnAlu nAku nachchakapOtE?”

“samAdhAnAlu nEnu cheptAnani Ayana analEdu mahArAjA. Ayana ASramaMlOMchi bayaTaki rADu. evarainA kalavAlanukuMTE Ayana daggirakE oMTarigA veLLAlsi uMTuMdi. rAjahOdAlO kAkuMDA mAmUlu baTTalu vEsukuni veLtE tappa Ayana mItO mATlADaDani cheptunnAru. chArulu cheptE vinnAnu tappa Ayana nAku paMpiMchina vArta kAdaMDi idi.”

“nEnokkaNNE veLLAlA? dArilO nannu hatya chEsi marokaDevaDO rAjyaM saMpAdiMchaDAniki vEsina ettulA lEdU?”

“adi kUDA vichAriMchAnu leMDi. A sAdhuvu nijaMgA sAdhuvE. evarO paMpina gUDhachAri kAdu. Ayana j~nAni ani prajalu cheppukuMTunnAru. mana daggiraki ilAMTi vishayAlu aMta toMdaragA rAvu kadA?”

“ayitE?”

“mIru veLtAnaMTE reMDu sharatulu. okaTi, mI veMTa koMcheM dUraMgA mimmalni rakshiMchaDAniki chArulu vastAru. kAnI ASramaMlO chArulU, aMgarakshakuDU aDugupeTTaDAniki lEdu. mIku mIrE rakshiMchukOvAlsi uMTuMdi lOpalaki
veLLAka…”

“sAdhuvukennELLuMTAyi?”

“Ayanaki Dabbai painE uMDochchu. mIku Ayana valla EmI pramAdaM rAdu. reMDOdi, mIku Ayana samAdhAnAlu nachchakapOtE sAdhuvuni EmI chEyakUDadu. nEnu vinna prakAraM Ayana j~nAnE, kAnI Ayanni daMDiMchaDaM valla manaki vachchEdi EmIlEdu, prajAgrahaM tappa.”

“A mAtraM ardhaM ayiMdi leMDi. nannu nEnu rakshiMchukOgalanu. vachchE vArAniki ErpATlu chEyaMDi. chUddAM EmautuMdO I sAri. ippaTiki eMtamaMdi vachchinA nOTikochchina samAdhAnAlu cheppaDamE gAnI EvI sariggA AlOchiMchi cheppinaTTu kanabaDadu.”

“sarE. I sAreMdukO mIku saraina samAdhAnAlu dorukutAyani nAkanipistOMdi.”


A pai vAraM rAju mAmUlu manishilAgA bayaldErEDu sAdhuvuni kalsukOvaDAniki. rAjuki kanabaDakuMDA chArulu venakanE bayaldErEru. maMtri cheppaDaM prakAraM sAdhuvu ASramaM Uri bayaTa, kAnI rAju naDustUMTE telisi vachchinadEmiTaMTE, Uriki dUramE.

rAju ASramAniki veLLEsariki, sAdhuvu pAdulu tavvutU ArubayaTa unnADu. rAju lOpalaki rAvaDaM chUsEDu taletti. O kshaNaM tarvAta rAju lOpalaki vachchinaTTu gamaniMchi paTTiMchukOnaTTU maLLI mokkala mIda dRshTi sAriMchEDu. rAju sAdhuvu daggiraki veLLi kAsEpu Agi annADu.

“mIru j~nAnasaMpannulani ULLO vALLu cheptUMTE vini nAkunna mUDu saMdEhAlu mimmalni aDugudAmani vachchAnu. E pani chEyaDAnikainA saraina samayaM EdO telusukOvaDaM elA? nAku kAvAlsina mukhyamaina manushulevarO gurtiMchaDaM elA? nAkunna panullO ati mukhyamaina pani Edi? ivE nA praSnalu. vITini eMtamaMdinO aDigAnu kAnI evarU sariggA samAdhAnaM cheppalEkapOyEru. koMtamaMdi cheppinA avi nAku nachchalEdu.”

rAju mATlADutUMTE sAdhuvu vinnADu gAnI EmI samAdhAnaM cheppalEdu. samAdhAnaM mATa aTuMchi, mokkalaki goppulu tavvaDaM chEstUnE unnADu. kAsEpu gaDichEsariki sAdhuvuki chemaTlu paTTEyi. idi chUsi rAju cheppEDu.

“mIru alisipOyEru. kAsEpu alA kUrchOMDi, vITi saMgati nEnu chUstAnu.” ilA ani Ayana tavvE gunapaM chEtilOki tIsukunnADu. sAdhuvu mohaMlO saMtOshaM kanipiMchiMdi.

eMtasEpu ilA tavvinA sAdhuvu rAju praSnalaki samAdhAnaM ivvalEdu, iddarU okari tarvAta okaru tavvaDamE gAnI. dAdApu sAyaMtraM avutUMTE rAju maLLI aDigEDu sAdhuvuni, “mIru maMchi j~nAnulani mA maMtri cheptE vini ilA mimmalni nA saMdEhAlu aDugudAmani vachchAnu. mIku cheppaDaM ishTaM lEkapOtE sarE, nEnEmI anukOnu. kAnI…”

sAdhuvu nOru vippElOpula dUraMgA evarO parugeDutunnaTTu chappuDaiMdi. “iTu vaipu evarO vastunnaTTunnArE? chUddAM rA,” aMTU aTuvaipu naDichEDu. rAju anusariMchEDu.

vILLiddarU veLLEsariki okAyana kaDupu chEttO paTTukuni vastunnADu. kaDupulO kattI, kArE raktaMtO bhayAnakaMgA uMdi paristhiti. sAdhuvU, rAjU ataNNi tIsukeLLi ASramaM lOpala guDiselO paDukObeTTEru. rAju gAyAnni SubhraM chEstUMTE, sAdhuvu pakkanuMchi sahAyaM chESADu chEtanainaMtalO. kAsEpaTiki raktaM kAraDaM taggAka ataniki tAgaDAniki EdO ichchi paDukObeTTAru. I tataMgaM ayyEsariki bAgA chIkaTi paDiMdi.


bAgA alisipOyina rAju, sAdhuvu uMTunna ASramaMlO Emi tiMTunnADO chUsukOkuMDA unnadAnitO kaDupu niMpukuni, uttarakshaNaMlO nidralOki jAripOyEDu. iMtaTi SarIra Srama alavATulEni rAjuki A nidra eMtagA paTTiMdaMTE kaLLu terichEsariki marnADu bAreDu poddekki uMdi.

gAyaM tagilina manishi rAju lEvaDaM chUstUnE, lEchi veMTanE cheppEDu chEtulu jODiMchi, “mIru nannu kshamiMchAli mahArAjA!”

rAju atanikEsi niSitaMgA chUsi annADu, “mIrevarO nAku teliyadu. nEnu mimmalni eMduku kshamiMchaDaM?”

“nEnevarO mIku teliyakapOvachchu. kAnI mIrevarO nAku bAgA telusu. mA anna chEsina tappuki atanni uri tIyiMchi Asti japtu chEsukunnAru mIru. mimmalni eppaTikainA chaMpAlani nEnu anukunnAnu. ninna okkarU ilA bayaldErArani telsina veMTanE nEnu mimmalni anusaristU vachchAnu – tOvalO chaMpEyaDAniki. kAnI venakAla vachchE mI anucharullO okaDu nannu gurtu paTTi kaDupulO bAku guchchADu. pAripOyEnu iTuvaipuku vALLaki kanabaDakuMDA akkaDnuMchi. EdO podallOnO, tuppallOnO paDipOyuMTE raktaM kAripOyi chachchipOyi uMDEvANNi. kAnI mIru kanipiMchi ASramaMlO gAyAniki kaTTu kaTTaDaM valla batikAnu ninna rAtri. nEnu mimmalni chaMpudAmanukuMTE mIru nannu chAvakuMDA rakshiMchAru. aMdukE mimmalni kshamiMchamani ADigEnu,” ani cheppi tala diMchukunnADu AgaMtakuDu.

rAju mohaMlO okkasAri AScharyaMtO kUDina AnaMdaM kanabaDiMdi. maLLI annI kanukkuni nyAyaM jarigElA chUstAnani AgaMtakuDiki hAmI ichchEDu akkaDikakkaDE. guDiselOMchi bayaTakochchi sAdhuvuni chUsi cheppEDu rAju, “mIru samAdhAnaM cheptArEmO ani chUSAnu ninnaMtA. chUDabOtE mIku teliyadO, lEkapOtE cheppaDaM ishTaM lEdO. rAjyaM maMtrulakodilEsi nEnikkaDa kUrchOvaDaM kudaradu kadA? aMduchEta Selavu ippiMchaMDi. veLLAli.”

sAdhuvu cheppEDu “nIku anni samAdhAnAlU ninnanE dorikAyi kadA? iMkA cheppaDAnikEM uMdi?”

“avunA? adelA?” rAju AScharyapOyEDu.

“nuvvu ninna vachchinappuDu nEnu pAdulu tavvutunnAnu. nA mIda jAlipaDi gunapaM tIsukuni nuvvu tavvaDaM modalu peTTAvu. alA jAli paDakuMDA nI dArina nuvvu veLLinaTTaitE I AgaMtakuDu nI mIda dADi chEsi ninnu chaMpi uMDEvADu. appuDu nAtO uMDakuMDA veLLipOyinaMduku nIku cheDu jarigi uMDEdi. aMduvalla appuDu nIku anniMTikannA mukhyamaina manishini nEnu. mukhyamaina samayaM pAdulu tavvE samayaM. mukhyamaina pani nAku pAdulu tavvaDaMlO sahAyaM chEyaDaM.

A tarvAta I AgaMtakuDu vachchinappuDu mukhyamaina pani AgaMtakuDi gAyAniki kaTTukaTTaDaM. mukhyamaina manishi AgaMtakuDE. saraina samayaM AgaMtakuDiki sahAyaM chEstU maMchi chEsE samayaM. ivannI chUstE telustOMdigA? anniMTikannA mukhyamaina samayaM ippuDE. eMdukaMTE bhUta, bhavishyat vartamAnAllO I prastuta samayaMlOnE manaki E pani ayinA chEyagaligE adhikAraM, stOmatA unnadi. aMdarikannA mukhyamaina manushulu – A samayaMlO nI kUDA evaru uMTE vALLE. eMdukaMTE jIvitaMlO evariki evaritO saMbaMdhAlu uMTAyO, avi eppuDu elA uMTAyO, muMdu muMdu asalu uMTAyO pOtAyO manaki teliyadu kanaka. anniMTikannA mukhyamaina pani I samayaMlO nItO unnavALLaki maMchi chEyaDaM. A maMchi chEyaDaM kOsamE bhagavaMtuDu manishini sRshTiMchADu.”

sAdhuvu samAdhAnAlaki tRpti paDDaTTU talADiMchi ASramaMlOMchi bayaTaki naDichEDu rAju.

(mUlaM: #Three questions – Leo Tolstoy)

#pUrtigA #»

samIkshalu

oka SatAbdakAlaMlO bhUpariNAmakramaM: bhUchakraM

madhurAMtakaM narEMdragAri rachanala nuMDi eppuDU sraviMchE saMdarbhOchitamaina vyaMgyaM, pratIkalatO kUDina vivaraNalu, appuDappuDU mRduvaina hAsyAnni ASistU bhUchakraM navala chadavaDaM modalu peDitE evarU nirASa cheMdaru. paigA I sAri narEMdragAru tIsukonna aMSaM ‘bhUmi.’ bhUmiki muDivEsi I navala konni kAlAlanU, konni sAmAjika mArpulanU, bhUmi mIda AdhAra paDinavAri pravRttulalO vividha daSalalO vachchE mArpulanu atyaMta sAMdraMgA graMthastaM chEsiMdi. bhUmipai yAjamAnyaM dAni mIda SramiMchi anubaMdhaM peMchukonna vAri kaMTE, itarulaku elA hakkubhuktaM avutU vachchiMdO sOdAharaNaMgA vivariMchiMdI navala.


bhUchakraM (2014). vela rU.120
rachana: madhurAMtakaM narEMdra
alakanaMda pablishars, vijayavADa

bhUmi mIda AyAchitaMgA vachchE AdAyaM, bhUdAhaM manishini dayArahitaMgAnU, baMdharahitaMgAnU elA tayAru chEstuMdO narEMdra atyaMtagA SraddhagA, tanadaina SaililO rASAru. okappuDu upayOga viluvanu mAtramE kaligi unna sahaja vastuvu bhUmi, ippuDu pakkA viniyOga vastuvugA mAri AkramaNalakU, adhikAra dAhAnikI gurautunna kramAnni oka daSa nuMDi, sUkshmamaina vivaraM kUDA pollu pOkuMDA navalagA malichAru.

I kadha tirupatini kEMdraMgA tIsukoni rAsinA vastuvu sthalAtItamainadi. pAtralu kAlAtItamainavi. I kadhalO aMta@hsUtraMgA rachayita pratipAdiMchina chalanAlu, kadhA vastuvU sArvajanInamainavi. I navalalO rachayita kadha chepparu. kadhalOni sahAyaka pAtrala (mukhya pAtralu kAnivi) saMbhAshaNala dvArA kadhanu UhiMchukOvaTAniki pAThakulaku okaTi kaMTE ekkuva avakASAlu istAru. yadArtha UhAgAnAniki daggaragA oka avakASaM mAtraM uMchi koddigA sahAyaM chEstAru. alAMTi avakASAnni tIsukoni nEnu UhiMchina I kadha kluptaMgA cheppAlaMTE… A katha idI:

vaMda saMvatsarAla kritaM tirupati chuTTu pakkala maThAla svAdhInaMlO unna koMta bhUmiki paradESi kauludArugA uMTADu. vyavasAyapanulalO tanaku chEdODu vAdODugA uMTuMdani vidhavarAlaina yilavariSini paradESi chEradIstADu. appaTi maThAdhipati mahaMtu subhOdha yOgadAsu kaLLallO yilavariSi paDiMdani grahiMchi Amenu eragA vEsi tana kauludArItanAnni nilupukoMTADu paradESi. ayitE paradESi peTTE hiMsanu bhariMchalEka pAripOyina yilavariSi koddi kAlaM taruvAta vaDivElureDDini tIsukoni tirigi vastuMdi. paradESini tarimEsi subhOdha yOgadAsu vaDivElu reDDiki adE bhUmini kauluki istADu. alA ippiMchaTaMlO yilavariSi pAtra kUDA uMTuMdani manaku ardhaM avutuMdi. adhikAra mArpiDulu jarigi maThAdhipatigA mahaMtu pratibhOdha haridAsu vastADu. avE rAjakIyAlu punarAvRtaM ayyi vaDivElu reDDi yilavariSiki nAmamAtraM bhartagA migili pOtADu. ayitE vaDivElureDDi laukyuDu. maThAdhipatula madhya vachchE kOrTu tagAdAla valana maThAla Astulu ammarAvAlsina paristhitini AsarAgA tIsukoni soMta bhUmi koMta saMpAdiMchukOgalugutADu. yilavariSiki puTTina pillallO chinnavADu rAjamannAr reDDi tana pOlikalatO unnADani nammi maThAdhipati pratibhOdha haridAsu vArikichchina kaulu bhUmi aMtA rAjamannAr reDDiki rAsi ichchEstADu. appaTi varaku A bhUmilO chemaTa kArustunna migilina iddaru annalanu tokkivEsi rAjamannAr reDDi A bhUmiki AsAmi avutADu. kALahasti nuMDi vachchina maNini chEradIsi tirupati naDiboDDuna illu kaTTi aMdulO AmetO reMDO kApuraM peDatADu rAjamannAr reDDi. maNiki illu rAyakuMDAnE reDDiki akAla maraNaM saMbhaviMchaTaMtO maNi tammuDu doMga patrAlu sRshTiMchi A iMTini AkramistADu. A iMTimIda rAjamannAr reDDi chinnalluDu jagannAdha reDDi kOrTuku veLatADu. bhArya nuMDi vachchina bhUmini iLLa sthalAlugA mArchi ammagA vachchina Dabbuni jagannAdha reDDi gurrapu paMdElaku tagalEsi haTAttugA chanipOtADu. atani chinna alluDu amit reDDi raMgaMlOki digE sariki maNi tammuDi svAdhInaMlO unna illu mAtraM migili uMTuMdi. SEshAreDDi anE brOkar dvArA A iMTini ammE prayatnAlu amit reDDi modalu peTTaTaMtO kadha prAraMbhamavutuMdi.

I navalalO pradhAnaM ani cheppukOdaggadi SEshAreDDi pAtrE. mUDu tarAlaku liMk ayi unna SEshAreDDi chEta bhUmiki saMbaMdhiMchina chAlA vishayAlu cheppistADu rachayita. SEshAreDDiki brOkar vRtti dvArA AdAyaM saMpAdiMchaTaM kaMTE lOka pariSIlana aMTE ishTaM. “vuppU pulusu tinE manishi kadA! I vUrlO ayinA yE vUrlO ayinA Astula kataMTE mAtraM raMku boMkula purANamE,” aMTADu okachOTa. manushula pravartanalOni vairudhyAlanu rAgadvEshAlaku atItaMgA spaMdistU uMTADu. pedda brOkar balarAmireDDi badulu SEshAreDDini prajalu koTTinapuDu atani mIda pAThakulaku sAnubhUti kalugutuMdi. asalu nErasthuDu balarAmireDDini tera nuMDi toligiMchi pAThakula sAnubhUti iLLa sthalAlu kOlpOyina pEdaprajalamIda uMDAlO, pEda brOkar SEshAreDDi mIda uMDAlO tElchukOlEni saMdigdhatalOki pAThakulanu neTTi tamAshA chUstAru rachayita. ayitE sAnubhUti poMdE avakASaM iMkE itara pAtraku uMDadu. jagannAdha reDDi bhArya pAvanamma mIda sAdhAraNa pAThakulalO niSSabdaMgA allukoni vastunna sahAnubhUtini kUDA chivaralO nirdAkshiNyaMgA kattiriMchi vEstAru. Ayana khaMDiMpuku taTTukoni pAvanamma mIda sAnubhUti migulchukonna pAThakuDu viSAlahRdayuDE avvAli.

narEMdra tana rachanala dvArA tananu tAnu rujuvu chEsukonE prayatnaM chEyaru. tanu cheppina vishayAlanu svIkariMchina vidhAnaMlO pAThakulanu tamanu tAmu rujuvu chEsukOmani savAl visiri UrukoMTAru. navalalO pAtralu yadEchChagA rachayita parichina kadhA AvaraNalO E kaTTaDi lEkuMDA pravartistuMTAyi. pratyEkiMchi I navalalO bhUmi chuTTU naDichina rAjakIyAlE pAtralu. A rAjakIyAlanu mATalalO peTTaTAnikE pAtralanu sRshTiMchArEmO anipistuMdi. iMdulO E pAtra AdarSapu kolatalalO imaDadu. navalalO pAtralu, pAThakulaku pAtralamIda uMDE talapOtalaku aMdakuMDA vekkiristuMTAyi. pAtrala aMtaraMga chitraNa chEsE pani rachayita tIsukOru. pAtrala chitrIkaraNa vATini gamanistunna samUhAla chEta parOksha paddhatilO chEyistAru.

Ayana sRshTiMchE sannivESAlu nATaka dRSyAla lAgA khachchitamaina kolatalatO uMTAyi. sannivESAla modalu, konasAgiMpu, mugiMpu — I mUDiMTini Ayana padunaina naipuNyaMtO saraina AkAraM vachchETaTlu kattiriMchukoMTAru. oka sannivESaMlOni tappipOyina vivarAniki taruvAta sannivESaMlO anuvugA vivariMchE pratibha kanaparustAru. navalalO E pAtra mIda sAnubhUti nIDa paDakuMDA elA jAgratta tIsukOMTArO alAgE tana pravartanaku saMbaMdhiMchina viSlEshaNa ivvaTAniki E pAtrakU anumati ivvaru rachayita. ikkaDa kUDA okka minahAyiMpu yilavariSiki istAru. purusha pAtrala paTla avalaMbiMchina nirdaya Ayana strI pAtrala mIda vahiMchinaTTugA kanipiMchadu.

SatAbda kAlaMnuMDi strI udyamaM vEstunna praSna chaduvurAni raitu strI yilavariSi nOTi nuMDi vinipistuMdi.

“AkilaMTE yeTluMDunO nIku telsunA? soMtaM ammAnAyina balavaMtaMgA peLLi jEsi ADabiDDa goMteTla gOstArO telsunA? A moguDanE kirAtakuDu mUDu dinAllOnE narakameTla jUpistADO adi telsunA nIku? moguDniDichEsina ADadani vULLO vALLaMtA yeTla chaMpukoni tiMTArO telsunA? yevaDO mukkumohaM telavani mogODni nammi Urodili peTTi pOyE agatyameTla vastiMdO delsunArA nIku? mAnAvarigA nElalO mogODi mAdirigA kashTapaDE ADadAni kashTAnni evaru lekkagaDatAru nAyinA?”

idE dhOraNi pAvanamma pAtralO kUDA prasphuTamavutuMdi.

vyavasAya bhUmi riyal esTET^gA mArE muMdu daSanu rachayita jAgrattagA paTTukoni vastAru. bhUmula sthalIkaraNaku mAnava pratighaTana balahInamaina I avasthalO rOsireDDi oka praSna vEstADu. “maDusulaMtA I mAdiri koMpalu gaTTukonEdAniki kayyalu, kAluvalu gAvAlaMTE kudiritiMdA? nEluMDEdi dunnipaMTa chEsEdAnikA? kaDagAlEsi gODallEpE dAnikA?” cheruvulu, doruvulu muyyabaDi, vyavasAyaM nirupayOgamai, sAgu bhUmulannI janAvAsAlugA mArutunna I saMdarbhaMlO rEyiMbavaLLu polAllO Upiri tIsukonE rOsireDDi praSna eMtO saMdarbhOchitamainadi.

mAnava pravRtti atanu bratukutunna samAjaMlO ataDu E rakamaina samUhAniki cheMdutADO anE dAnni baTTi nirNayiMchabaDutuMdi. rAjamannAr reDDiki gAnI, jagannAdha reDDiki kAnI ayAchitaMgA vachchina bhUsaMpada vArini kuTuMbaM paTla bAdhyatArAhityAnni, tama strIla paTla kaThina AdhipatyAnni nErpistuMdi. bhUmitO bATu ADadAnni kUDA kamADiTIgA parigaNiMchE pravRttiki ikkaDE punAdi vEyabaDutuMdi. I saMdarbhaMgA vyAkhyAnaM tirupAlareDDi nOTi nuMDi vastuMdi: “chUDabOtE manushulaku guNaM vALLa nAyinala nuMDi vachchETaTlu lEdu. adEMdO I nElalOMchE vastA uMDAdi.”

bhUmilO chemaTanu iMkiMchina vAriki dAnitO anubhavaM sahajAti sahajaMgA uMTuMdi. bhUmipai AdhipatyaM kalavAri tatvaM vErugA uMTuMdi. rachayita I tEDAni pAThakula muMdu parichAru. yilavariSi, rOsireDDi modaTi vargAniki cheMditE rAjamannAr reDDi, janArdhana reDDi reMDO vargAniki pratinidhulu. “yE sabI mErA kamAyi. mErA jamAn… mErA… nAdI… nAdE… nAdE nAdE!” ani vikaTATTahAsaM chEsina yOgadAsu kAnI, “nEnu dInnodili peTTEdi lEdu. nEnoka vELa chastE dInni kUDA nAtO yettukoni pOtAnaMtE” anna rAjamannAr reDDi kAnI A bhUmini kaTTukoni pOlErani vAri maraNaM dvArA rachayita AMtaryamaina vyAkhyAnaM chESAru. ikkaDa TAl sTAy ‘AraDugula nEla’ gurtuku vastuMdi.

narEMdragAri rachanallO uMDE varNanala, pratIkala susaMpannata guriMchi mATlADakuMDA uMDalEmu. vATiki Ayana ichchE prAmukhyata eMtagA uMTuMdaMTE okkOsAri A dRSya varNanalu kUDA kadhalO pAtra pOshaNa chEsi chAlA vishayAlu chebutAyi. kadha mUD dhvaniMchE pratIkalanu Iyana I navalalO kUDA alavOkagA upayOgiMchAru. I rachanalO okE dRSyaM saMdarbhAnni baTTi rakarakAlugA varNiMchabaDutuMdi. udAharaNaku tirupati paiki veLLE koMDadAri okkOsAri ‘pedda vAta’ lAgA kanabaDutuMdi. iMkokasAri ‘viMtajaMtuvu asthipaMjaraM’ lAgA uMTuMdi. oka chOTa ‘EpugA perigina erra pUla cheTlalAgA’ kanabaDutuMdi. pratIkalu vADaTaMlO Ayana sunnitatvaM kaMTE sajIvatvAniki ekkuva gauravaM istAru. ilAMTi dRSyamAnamaina varNanalu chEyagaligina rachayitalu manaku chAlA takkuvagA unnAru.

narEMdragAri rachanalanuMDi pAThakulaku aMdE bAhyarUpaMtO bATu lOpali dRSyaM kUDA Asakti karaMgA uMTuMdi. I navalalO kUDA Ayana sparSiMcha dalichina paryAvaraNa aMSAniki saMbaMdhiMchina punAdi vEpa cheTTu puTTuka nuMDi vEsukoMTU vachchAru. akkaDakkaDa pAmulu, toMDalu, uDatalu, gabbilAlu, pAvurALLa gULLa guriMchi Ayana prastAvana, chivaraku vEpa cheTTu maraNaMtO Ayana kadhalO aMtarlInaMgA cheppadaluchukonna reMDO mukhyamaina saMgati gOcharamavutuMdi. manishi bhUdAhAniki balai pOyina vEpa cheTTu ichchina chivari vIDkOlu hRdayAnni piMDi vEstuMdi. vastuvulO, SilpaMlO, bhAshalO, vividha pAtralu mATlADina yAsalO eMtO akkara chUpiMchi tIsukoni vachchina I pustakaM aTTa mAtraM navalalOni gAMbhIryAnni pratibiMbiMchaTaM lEdu. pAThakuDu rachayita hRdayAnni pUrtigA chEjikkiMchukOvAlaMTE ilAMTi chinna chinna vishayAla paTla kUDA Sraddha vahiMchAlsina avasaraM uMTuMdi.

manaM jIvistunna iMTi kALLa kriMda unna bhUmi ippuDu aMkaNAla lekkana, aDugula lekkana baMgAraMtO samAnaMgA vela kaTTabaDi uMDochchu. kAnI okappuDu adi lakshala vittanAlanu tanalO molipiMchina ghanamaina talli ayi uMTuMdi. lakshalAdi jIva rENuvulanu pAliMchina Adi avva ayi uMTuMdi. sukha saMtOshAlanu, du@hkhAlanu, saMgharshaNalanu chUsina mUga sAkshyaM ayi uMTuMdi. ennO jIviMchina kshaNAlanu mOstunna kAlagarbha ayi uMTuMdi.

pUrtigA #»

padya sAhityaM

bilhaNIyamu

modaTi dRSyaM

(samayaM: punnaminATi rAtri EDugaMTalu. sthalamu: rANi maMdAramAla aMta@hpuraM. gavAkshamu nuMDi pUrNachaMdra biMbamu spashTamugA kanipistU, nirmalamaina chaMdrika achaTa gala nATyavEdikapai paDutU uMTuMdi. nATyavEdika dIpAlaMkRtamai prakASistU uMTuMdi. achaTa maMdAramAla, Ame parichArikalu, Ayattamai uMTAru. rANiki parichArikalu vIvanalu vIstuMDagA, yAminIpUrNatilakaku nATyamu nErpiMchu mayUrika rANiki samIpaMlO oka vaipu kUrchuni uMTuMdi. rANiki ma~rokavaipu mayUrika kedurugA yAminIpUrNatilaka susajjitavEshaMlO kUrchoni uMTuMdi.)

rANi:

AchAryA mayUrikA! nETiki yAmini nATyasaMgItamulu chakkagA nErchinadani mI abhiprAyamA?

mayUrika:

saMdEhamu lEdu mahArAj~nI! aMduchEtanE kadA mImuMdu nEDAme paTimanu pradarSiMpa dalachukonnAnu.

rANi:

aitE kAniMDu. muMdugA vINAvAdanaM AtarvAta nATyapradarSanaM – idEgA kramaM.

mayUrika:

tamari Uha sariyainadE. adigO A gavAkshaM dvArA chUDaMDi. nEDu pUrNima. niMDuchaMdru@MDu lOkAnnaMtA amRtasEchanaMtO paravaSiMpa jEstunnADu. AchaMdruni karalAlanalO IyAmini pulakiMchi pOtunnadi. I sannivESAniki taginaTTugA oka apUrvamaina gItAnni mana yAminIdEvi vINapai muMdugA AlapistuMdi. taruvAta adE gAnAniki bhAvayuktaMgA Ame nATyAbhinayaM chEstuMdi. (yAminivaipu tirigi) yAminI! nIvu siddhamE kadA! nA gauravAnni niluputAvu kadA!

yAmini:

AchAryaku abhivAdamulu. nASaktivaMchana lEkuMDa sAdhistAnu. (nATyavEdikapai kUrchuMDi muMdu nATyArthamai pADa@MbOvu pATanu vINapai SrAvyaMgA palikistuMdi.)

rANi:

(vINAvAdanAMtamuna) bAgu bAgu. chakkagA nErchinAvammA! kRtaj~natApUrvakaMgA ma~rokasAri AchAryaku pAdAbhivaMdanaM chEyi.

(yAmini mayUrikApAdAbhivaMdanaM chEstuMdi. tarvAta yAmini nATyakatte vEshaMtOnu, parichArikalu nATyArhamaina vAdyAlatOnu AyattamautAru. I kriMdi gItAnni nATyOchitamaina gamakAlatO pADutU yAmini nATyaM chEstuMdi.)

niMDupunnamivELa nenarAra dvijarAja!
rArammu yAminiM jEraMga dvijarAja!

kannula nIjigi kAMchina yaMtane
kusumiMchu nevO kUrimitalapulu
nIkaramulu nanu dAkinayaMtane
udayiMchu nevO madilO valapulu #       #|niMDu|

suruchiramagu nIkaramulu sAchuchu
lO@MgonumOyI tIge vidhaMbuna
suMdarayauvanasumaSObhitamau
nAdagu mEnunu nIdEhaMbuna #       #|niMDu|

pAMDityaMbE varapAMDimamai
rAsikyaMbE ramyAmRtamai
paragina vibudhapravaruDa vIvE
yAmini valachina svAmivi nIvE #       #|niMDu|

rANi:

(yAmini nuddESiMchi) yAminI! bAgu bAgu. sAnabeTTina vajraMvale mayUrika nI kaLAkauSalAnni prakASiMpa jEsinadi. nI abhinayamu bAgunnadi, kAni nIkI gItAniki arthaM paripUrNaMgA telusunA?

yAmini:

A! dIniki AchArya cheppina arthaM nAku telusu. A arthAnnE kadA nE nabhinayiMchinadi.

rANi:

aMtakaMTe gUDhArthamEmaina dInikunnadA? dvijarAjaMTE EmiTi?

yAmini:

chaMdru@MDu.

rANi:

dvijarAjaMTE brAhmaNaSrEshThuDanE arthaM kUDa unnadi. aTlAgE vibudhapravaruDu aMTE paMDita SrEshThuDanI, dEvatASrEshThuDanI arthAlu. aitE avi ippu DaprastutaM. padAlakuMDE arthAlannI telusukuMTE saMdarbhAnusAraMgA okE gItAnni vividharItulugA anvayiMchukonavachchu. I vidhamaina j~nAnaMvalla gItArthAnnI, adi AlaMbanaMgA sAgE nATyAnnI ma~riMta SObhAyamAnaMgA malachukonavachchu.

mayUrika:

dIniki nEnU koMtava~raku bAdhyurAlanu. nAku saMgItanATyAlalO unnaMta parij~nAnaM sAhityaMlO lEdu.

rANi:

aMdulO dOshamEmI lEdu. AreMTilO mIkunnaMta parij~nAnaM nA gurtulO ma~revvarikI lEdu. (yAmini nuddESiMchi.) yAminI! mayUrika dayavalla saMgItanATyAlalO vidushImaNivaina nIvu sAhityaMlOnu aTTi pariNati saMpAdiMchavalenani nAkunnadi. nIvE maMduvu?

yAmini:

nEnu kOrEdI adE. kAni bAlyaMnuMDi sAdhiMchanidE sAhityaM paTTupaDadaMTAru. nAkI vayassulO sAdhyamEnA?

rANi:

mudirina vRkshapu chEva chaturuDaina vaDraMgi chEtilO uttamaSilpaMgA mArutuMdi. vij~nuDaina sAhitIguruvu chEtilO nIvuttamasAhitIsarasvatigA mArutAvu. iTTi sAhitImUrti gavEshaNakai nEnu mahArAjulavArini arthistAnu.

yAmani:

kRtArthurAlanu.

reMDava dRSyaM

(samayaM: aparAhNaM. pAMchAladESaprabhuvaina madanAbhirAmuDu maMtri vidyApatitO samAvESamai uMTADu.)

madana:

vidyApatI! ninnaTi karNasuMdari nATakaM amOghaMgA uMDiMdi. I nATakakarta bilhaNuDu chAlA goppa kavilAgunnADu.

vidyA:

saMdEhaM lEdu mahArAjA! aMdukE kadA mIkavAryamaina kAryabhAramunnA I nATakAnni chUDavalasiMdigA nEnu mIku vinnaviMchukonnadi.

madana:

muMdugA A karNasuMdari chitramE alaukikasauMdaryaSObhitamai unnadaMTE, Ame svayaMgA raMgaMlO pravESiMchinappuDu AhA! Ame hAvabhAvAlu, AhAryaM, sauMdaryaM varNanAtItaMgA unnavi. mottAniki idoka uttamamaina nATakaM.

vidyA:

aMdukE achirakAlaMlOnE kASmIraM nuMDi pAMchAlaM dAkA dAni pratha prAkiMdi. aMtEkAdu mahArAjA! mana rAjadhAni bhAgyaM paMDiMdi. bilhaNakavi dESATanaM chEstU mana nagarAniki vachchinaTlu nAku telisiMdi. ninna nATakAraMbhaMlO ataDu vEdikapai kanapaDavalasE uMDiMdi kAni kanapaDalEdaTa.

madana:

eMdukO?

vidyA:

vinnAnu. AmahAkavi kushTharOgulaMTE kaMDlu mUsukuMTADaTa. paigA kAryArthaM veLlE vELa kushTharOgi edurugA vastE adi ghOramaina apaSakunaMgA bhAviMchi veLlaDaM mAnEstADaTa. iTlAMTidEdO jarigiMdani nA anumAnaM. kAni aMtaTi mahAkavi sAhitIrasaj~nulaina dEvaravAri darSanaM chEsikonakuMDA nagaraM vIDipODani nA nammakaM.

madana:

A mahAkavini AhvAniMchi satkariMchavalasiMdE. aitE vidyApatI! mIrokka prakaTana chEyavalasi unnadi. ammAyi yAminiki saMskRtaM nErpaDAniki sAhityAlaMkAraviduDaina oka paMDitunikai.

vidyA:

mana nagaraMlO jagatprasiddhulaina vaiyAkaraNulu, tArkikulu, iMkA mImAMsakulU unnAru. saMskRtaM chakkagA rAvaDAniki vyAkaraNaM, tarkaM avasaraM kadA! ivi vachchi tAttvikadRshTi uMTE kAni mImAMsakulu kAlEru. iTTi gADhamaina vij~nAnaM AlaMbanaMgA chEsikoni aTupai sAhityasaudhaM nirmiMchu konavachchu.

madana:

adi koMtava~raku satyamE kAni, peddalu vaiyAkaraNi sAhitIkanyaku taMDri vaMTivA@MDanI, tArkikuDu tObuTTuvu vaMTivADanI, mImAMsakuDu kEvalaM shaMDuni vaMTivADanI, aMduchEta vIrevvarU varaNIyulu kArani cheputuMTAru. aMduchEta I chaduvulu yathAvasaramugA ne~rigi kAvyanATakachChaMdOlaMkArAdulaMdu paMDituDaina kavIMdruDunnachO ataDI kAryamunaku taginavADani nAyabhiprAyamu.

sarasu@MDu, kAvyaSAstramula@M jakka ne~riMginavA@MDu, svIyasuM
darakavitAvidagdhu@M DayinaTTi kavIMdru@MDu gAka yanyu lau
dure budhavarya! yAminiki@M dUrNamugA varasAhitImanO
haravidushItvakaumudini naMTa@Mga@MjEya nakhaMDitaMbugan.

pratIhAri:

(pravESiMchi) rAjA! kASmIrapaMDituDaMTa. mIdarSanArthamai vachchinADaMTa.

madana:

veMTanE pravESapeTTu. mAsannidhi paMDitula keppuDainA sannihitaMgAnE uMTuMdi.

pratIhAri:

chittaM. (vajrakuMDalabhUshituDaina mahAvarchasviyaina pAtikavatsarAla prAyamu gala bilhaNuni pravESapeTTunu.)

bilhaNuDu:

svasti pAMchAlaprabhuvulaku.

vidyA:

ayyA!tamarevvaru?

bilhaNuDu:

nApEru bilhaNuDu. kASmIradESakavini. karNasuMdarInATakakartanu.

vidyA:

kASmIraMnuMDi ikkaDiki rAvaDAniki kAraNaM.

bilhaNuDu:

vidya pUrtiyainadi. kavigA koMta praSasti kUDa vachchinadi. brahmachArini. bAdhyatalu perugaka muMdE vividhadESAlanU AsthAnAlanU saMdarSiMchAlanE kutUhalamE dIniki kAraNaM.

madana:

bilhaNamahAkavI! nEDu sudinaM. mI rAkavalla mA AsthAnaM pavitramainadi. mI nATakAnni mA nagaraMlO ninnanE chUchinAnu. nAku bAgA nachchiMdi. aMdulO mIkavitvaM atyadbhutaM.

bilhaNuDu:

kRtArthuDanu. mI sAhityAbhilAshanu, mI vadAnyatanu dESaM nalumUlalA vyApiMchina mI kIrtiyE telputU unnadi.

rAjaTa gAni SUnyamaTa rAjyamu, vaibhavalESa munnachO
bhrAjilunaMTa yaddi yokapakshamumAtrame rAtrulaMdu, A
rAjoka rAje? SrImadanarAja! aharniSalaMdu lOkavi
bhrAjitakIrtivaibhavamu rAjilu mIralu rAju gAkilan?

madana:

AhA! adbhutaM mIkavanaM. mAlOkavibhrAjitavaibhavaM mEmunnaMtakAlamE kAni, mI lOkavibhrAjitavaibhavaM ellakAlamU mAyakuMDA uMTuMdi.

vidyA:

kavigArU! mIreMtakAlaM mA nagaraMlO uMTAru?

bilhaNuDu:

nEnu bhramaraM lAguna dESadESAlapaMDitasabhalalO vij~nAnarasAsvAdanaM, vinimayaM chEstU tirugutunnAnu. eMtakAla muMTAnO cheppalEnu.

madana:

mIru mAnagaraMlO koMtakAlaM sthiraMgA uMDi, mIkavitArasapAnaM chEsE avakASAnni mAku prasAdiMchAlani mA abhilAsha. mIviDidikai mA rAjOdyAnaM prakkanE unna bhavanaM ErpATu chEstAmu. mA udyAnavana saurabhAlu mIkavitAsaurabhAnni dviguNIkRtaM chEstAyani mA ASa.

bilhaNuDu:

mI AdaraNaku kRtaj~nuDanu.

madana:

(chappaTlu cha~rachi) evarakkaDa? (oka rAjasEvakuDu pravESiMchunu). idigO IbilhaNakavIMdrulanu nagarAdhikAri kaDaku tIsikoni pOyi rAjOdyAnaM prakkanE unna unnatabhavanaMlO vAru kOrinaMtakAlaM vAriki viDidi nErpATu chEyiMchu. (bilhaNuDu sEvakunitO nishkramiMchunu)

vidyA:

IkavIMdruDu yAminiki tagina guruvugA nAku dOchuchunnADu.

madana:

aMdulO saMdEhaM lEdu. itaDu mahAvarchasviyE kAka manmathuni dalapiMchE sphuradrUpi. tapta kAMchananibhamaina tanuvutO nitaDu baMgAruvigrahaM vale velugoMduchunnADu. aMtE kAka,

brahmavarchassutO@M gaDu pariDhavillu
nitani vadanaMbu vAgdEvi neMtagAnu
mOhapeTTeno yAme tanmukhamunaMde
vAsamonariMchu neppuDu vadalakuMDa.

vidyA:

iMkeMduku saMdEhaM. ADa@MbOyina tIrthaM edurE ayiMdi gadA!

madana:

kAni nannoka saMdEhaM pIDistunnadi. ammAyi viMSativarshAla paripUrNayauvanavati. atyaMta sauMdaryavati. saMgItanATyakaLAsarasvati. ataDO puMbhAvabhArati. rUpajitaratipati. bOdhiMchE vishayaM SRMgArarasa bhUyishThaM. yauvanamattata chittachAMchalyamunaku hEtuvu. I SishyurAlu guruvula saMbaMdhaM manamUhiMpani saMbaMdhAniki dAri tIstuMdEmO ani nA bhayaM.

vidyA:

iTTi saMdEhaM kalgaDaM dEvaravAri vistRtalOkAnubhavAniki nidarSanaM. ainA… bilhaNunivaMTi guruvu Ameku labhiMchaDaM pUrvajanmasukRtaphalaM. (koMcheM AlOchiMchi) nAkoka upAyaM tOstunnadi. guruvu kushThulanu jUDalEDu. aMtEvAsini aMdhula navalOkiMpadu. aMduchEta yAminIdEviki AchAryu DaMdhuDani cheppi, yAminIdEviki kushTurOga saMparkaM uMdani AchAryuniki cheppi, vAriki madhya noka daTTamaina teranu gaTTi parasparAlOkanaM jarugakuMDA manaM jAgrattapaDavachchu. aMdhuDainanu mahApaMDituDu, kavIMdruDu, SrAvyataravAgbhUshaNuDaina atani kaMThasvanaSravaNamAtrAna saMskRtaM chakkagA nErchukonavachchani rAjaputtrini oppiMchi I kAryAnni neravErchavachchu. ma~ri mIrEmaMdurO?

madana:

nAkidi sAdhyamE anipistunnadi.

vidyA:

mahArAjA! mIru yAminIdEvini oppiMchaMDi. bilhaNamahAkavi vishayaM nEnu chUchukuMTAnu.

madana:

aTlE kAniMDu.

pUrtigA #»

nAku nachchina padyaM: alamukonna adRSyAMjanaM

sI. dinavArirASi mApanu mauni grOlaMga
#                   # naDuguna ganupaTTu nasalanaMga
#      #;gruMkumeTTaDavi dArkonina saMdhyAvahni
#                   # boDamina daTTaMpu boga yanaMga
#      #;dana maNi paDipOva dharaNItalaMbuna
#                   # nemakaMga vachchina niMgi yanaga
#      #;nala chukkalaniyeDi valarAju gelupu vrAl
#                   # deliya bUsina mashIlEpamanaga

tE. vRddhavAravilAsinIvisaramunaku
#     #;napalitaMkaraNaushadhaM banaga jAra
#     #;nalinamukhula kadRSyAMjanaMbanaMga
#     #;aMdhakAraMbu jagamella nAkramiMche

A madhya railu prayANaM chEstU uMTE gurtukuvachchiMdi yI padyaM! vEgaMgA parugulu tIsE jIvitapu railubaMDini nilavariMchi, nemmadiMpa jEsi, konni gaMTalapATu ekkaDakI kadalanIyakuMDA manalni kUrchObeTTi, manaM paTTiMchukOni mana chuTTU unna prapaMchAnni chUsE avakASAnni kalpistuMdi railu prayANaM. ayinappaTikI, tamatO ekkaDiki veLLinA veMTavachchE neTTu peTTukoni yE phEsubukkunO chUstU kUrchunE vALLanu railubaMDi kAdu kadA A bhagavaMtuDu kUDA yEmI cheyyalEDu! adRshTavaSAttU alAMTi vATikiMkA nEnu pUrtigA alavATupaDaka kAsta venakabaDi unnAnu kAbaTTi, A railu prayANaMlO kiTikIlOMchi kanipiMchE prakRtini chUstU kUrchunnAnu. aMtalO poddu vAliMdi. edurugA e~r~rani AkASaM. A e~r~radanaMlOnE ennenni chAyalO! mellamellagA A e~r~radanapu velugu taggi madhyamadhya nallanallagA chIkaTlu krammukOsAgAyi. koMtasEpaTiki aMtaTA bUDidalA chIkaTi. alA kramakramaMgA saMdhyAkAMtulalO musirE chIkaTini chUstU uMTE, ‘kruMkumeTTaDavi dArkonina saMdhyAvahni poDamina daTTaMpu boga’lA chIkaTi alamukuMdanna timmanagAri varNana gurtukuvachchiMdi. jAjvalyamAnaMgA veligE paDamaTi AkASAnni chUstE nijaMgA oka pedda aDavi aMTukunnaTTE anipiMchiMdi. alA rAjukunna dAvAgni koddikoddigA taggutU dAninuMDi daTTamaina poga kramminaTTE anipiMchiMdi A dRSyAnni chUstE! naMdi timmanagAri darSanaSaktiki okasAri manasulOnE ETikOLLu palikAnu.

kAvyAlalO varNanalu sinimAlalO pATallAMTivi. biguvutO sAgipOyE kathAgamanaMlO kAstaMta ATaviDupunistAyavi. pAta sinimAllO pATalayitE chAlAvarakU kathAgamanaMlO bhAgaMgA saMdarbhAniki taggaTTu vastU uMDEvi. kotta sinimAllO peddagA vATiki kathatO saMbaMdhaM uMDadu. alAgE nannayya, tikkanalAMTi purANakavula kAlaMlO chAlAvarakU varNanalu kathalO bhAgaMgAnE uMDEvi. nannechODunitO modalaina prabaMdha dhOraNilO ashTAdaSavarNanala prAdhAnyaM perigi, prabaMdhayugaMlO velasina kAvyAlalO kathatO EmAtraM saMbaMdhaM lEkuMDA vistRtaMgA sAgE varNanalu chOTuchEsukunnAyi. elA ayitE pATalanu sinimAtO saMbaMdhaM lEkuMDA, viDigA vATilO vinipiMchE saMgItAnnI sAhityAnnI, kanipiMchE aMdAlanI AsvAdistAmO, alAgE varNanalanu kAvyakathatO saMbaMdhaM lEkuMDA viDigA chaduvukuMTU vATilO kalpanalanU, alaMkArAlanU, chamatkArAlanU AsvAdiMchavachchu. pArijAtApaharaNa kAvyaMlOni yI padyaMkUDA alAMTidE. aMchEta, kathA saMdarbhaM jOliki veLLakuMDA sarAsari padyaMlOki pravESiddAM.

aMdhakAraM jagamaMtA AkramiMchiMdi. AkramiMchaDaM aMTE kramakramaMgA vyApiMchaDaM. alA kramEpI alumukunna chIkaTi elA uMdO Aru adbhutamaina pOlikalatO vivaristunnADu kavi.

dina vArirASin – pagalanE samudrAnni, mApu anu mauni – sAyaMkAlamanE muni, grOlaMgan – trAgeyyagA, aDuguna kanupaTTu – aDuguna kanipiMchE, asalu anaMga – buradEmO annaTTugA uMdi. agastyuDu samudrAnni okka puDisilitO paTTi tAgEsina purANakathani yikkaDa prastAvistiMchAru timmanagAru. nilavanITi aDuguna uMDE burada koMcheM nallanallagA uMTuMdi kAbaTTi, prapaMchamaMtA vyApistunna chIkaTiki buradatO pOlika cheppAru. aMtagA vyApiMchi unnadaMTE adi E chinna nITikolanO avvaDAniki vIlu lEdu kadA. aMchEta adi samudrapu burada. ika kavigAri Uha alA alA allukuMTU agastyuni dAkA veLLiMdi!

kruMkumeTTa aDavin – kruMku meTTa aMTE sUryuDu kruMkE parvataM, paSchimAdri. A paDamaTi kanumalalO unna aDavilO, tArkonina – vyApiMchina, saMdhyAvahnin – sAyaMkAlamanE agninuMDi, poDamina – puTTina, daTTaMpu poga yanaMga – daTTamaina poga annaTTugA uMdi. I padyaMlO cheppina migatA pOlikalannI sAyaMsaMdhyani chUDakuMDAnE, kavi kEvalaM tana kalpanA chAturyaMtO cheppagala pOlikalu. kAni I pOlika mAtraM alA kAdu. saMdhyAkAMtulalO chIkaTlu musirE dRSyAnni kaLLArA chUstU, aMdulO lInamaina oka yOgasthitilO mAtramE hRdayaMlO taLukkuna merisE Uha yidi!

sarE sUryAstamayaM ayipOyiMdi. lOkamaMtaTA chIkaTi mariMta daTTaMgA vyApistOMdi. adi elA unnadaMTE, tana maNi paDipOva dharaNItalaMbuna – viluvaina tana maNi bhUmmIda paDipOtE, nemakaMga vachchina niMgi yanaga – vedakaDAniki kiMdaki digi vachchina AkASamEmO annaTTugA uMdi. AkASaMlO merisE maNi, taraNi. sUryuDiki dyumaNi, nabhOmaNi anE pErlunnAyi. astamiMchE sUryuDu nEla rAlipOtunnaTTugAnE uMTADu kadA. aMchEta, kiMdapaDipOyina tana maNini vetakaDAniki AkASamE nElaku digi vachchiMdEmO annaTTugA uMdaTa chIkaTi. nallani AkASaM nElaMtA vyApiMchinaTTu uMdanna mATa!

‘ala chukkalaniyeDi valarAju gelupu vrAl teliyan pUsina mashIlEpamu anaga.’ chIkaTi nEla mIdanE kAdu AkASamaMtaTA kUDA vyApiMchiMdi. mella mellagA nallani AkASaMlO chukkalu merustU kanipiMchasAgAyi. AkASaMlO alumukunna chIkaTi elA uMdO yI pAdaMlO varNistunnAru timmanagAru. AkASaMlO kanipiMchE chukkalu, manmathuni gelupu vrAlu. aMTE manmathuni vijayAniki gurtugA chekkiMchina SAsanaM. adi spashTaMgA teliyaDAnikai pUsina masipUtalA uMdaTa chIkaTi. SAsanaMlO vrAsinadi spashTaMgA teliyaDAniki masipUta pUyaDamEmiTi? dIni venaka bOleDu charitra uMdi! rAti palakalapai chekkabaDina vrAtalaku pratulu tIsE oka prakriya #Stone Rubbing.# kAgitAnni SilAphalakaM mIda peTTi, rAtilO ErpaDDa gaMTullO kAgitAnni nokkutAru. alA achchu tIsina kAgitaMpaina boggutO chEsina lEpanAnni paipaina pUstAru. appuDu, kAgitamaMtA nallagA ayi, gaMTu paDina bhAgAlu tellagA spashTaMgA kanipistAyi. idi prAchIna kAlaMnuMDI prayOgaMlO uMdi. chainIyulu dIniki Adyulani charitrakArulu cheputAru. mudraNaki idE mUlaM. purAvastu pariSOdhakulu pAta SAsanAlanu spashTaMgA chadivEMduku kUDA ilAMTi prakriyanu upayOgistU uMTAru. ikkaDa timmanagAru prastAviMchinadi ilAMTi prakriyE ayi uMDAli. bahuSA A kAlaMlO SAsanAla mIda nErugA ilAMTi lEpanAnni pUsEvArEmO, vATipai vrAtalu spashTaMgA kanipiMchEMduku. manmathuDu rAtri samayaMlOnE kadA vijayayAtra chEstADu. aMchEta atani vijayAnni chATicheppEvi nakshatrAlE. nakshatrAlu daTTamaina chIkaTlO mariMtagA merustAyi. aMchEta chukkala rAtalu mariMta spashTaMgA kanipiMchaDAniki pUsina masipUtalA chIkaTi uMdani timmanagAri kalpana. I kavigAri kalpanASaktiki haddU ApU uMdA anipiMchaDaM lEdU!

chIkaTi mariMta chikkabaDiMdi. manmathuDu vachchADu kAbaTTi vAravanitalU jAravanitalU kUDA vachchi chErAru! kavigAri chamatkAraM chUDaMDi. ‘vRddha vAravilAsinI visaramunaku apalitaMkaraNa aushadhaMbu anaga’ uMdaTa chIkaTi. palitakESaM aMTE nerisina juTTu. palitaMkaraNaM aMTE juTTu paMDipOvaDaM. apalitaMkaraNaM aMTE kESAlaku nalladanaM rAvaDaM. apalitaMkaraNa aushadhaM aMTE, alA nallabaDEMduku vADE maMdu, aMTE ippaTi bhAshalO #hair dye.# idi eppaTinuMDO uMdanna mATa! chIkaTi – juttuku pUsukunE nallaraMgulA uMdaMTunnADu kavi. evariki yI nallaraMgu? vRddha vAravilAsinI visaramunaku. aMTE vayasu paibaDutunna vESyala samUhAniki (vRddhalavutunnA vAri vilAsAlu taggalEdu kAbOlu!). vAri nerasina kurulU paibaDE vayasU viTulaku kanipiMchakuMDA chIkaTi alumukuMdani bhAvaM. vAravanitalaku alA upayOgapaDina aMdhakAraM, jAravanitalaku marO vidhaMgA upayOgapaDiMdi. rAtri rahasyaMgA tama priyulanu kalavaDAniki saMkEta sthalAlaku veLLE jAra nalinamukhulaku adRSyAMjanaMlA pani chEsiMdaTa chIkaTi. vaSIkaraNa, mAyaM kAvaDaM, dUradRshTi – ilAMTi rakarakAla Saktulu maMtriMchina kATukatO (dInnE aMjanaM aMTAru) vachchEvani kathalu. chIkaTi alAMTi adRSyAMjanaMlA panichEstOMdaTa. chIkaTini kATukagA, maMtrakajjalaMgA pOlchaDaM prAchIna Adhunika kavitvaMlO chAlAchOTla kanipistuMdi. prAchIna kavitvaMlO adi yilA oka pratyEka prayOjanaM kOsaM upayOgapaDitE, Adhunika kavitvaMlO mArmikata kOsaM prayOgiMchabaDiMdi. rahasyaMgA priyalanu kalavaDAniki saMkEtasthalAlaku veLLE SRMgAranAyikalanu abhisArikalu aMTAru. vIrilO reMDu rakAlu. tellachIra gaTTukoni, mallepUlu peTTukoni, tellani vennellO kalisipOyi veLLEvAru jyOtsnAbhisArikalu. nallani chIra kaTTukoni, kATuka peTTukoni, juttu virabUsukoni chIkaTlO kalisipOyi rahasyasthalAlani chErukonEvAru tamObhisArikalu. alAMTi tamObhisArikalaku chIkaTi adRSyAMjanamE.

adI naMdi timmanagAri tamOvarNanaM. purANakathA prastAvana, sUkshmadRshTi, adbhutAvahamaina utprEksha, SRMgAraparamaina pOlikalu – yivannI prabaMdha varNanalalO kanipiMchE rakarakAla aMSAlu. avannI okE padyaMlO manakikkaDa darSanamistAyi. naMdi timmanagAri varNanAnaipuNyAniki avadhi lEdu. eMta sunnitaMgA uMTAyO aMta viparItaMgAnU uMTAyi. chaMdruNNi – kaluvapUla chakkaligiMta ani cheppagalaDu, ‘charamAdri dAvAgni saMplushTa surasArabhEyI karIshaika piMDamu’ anI anagalaDu!

pUrtigA #»

AMdhravA~mmayaMlO atyaMtaprauDhamaina padyaM!

vEyEMDlugA velasi vilasillutunna AMdhravA~mmayaMlO atyaMtaprauDhamaina padyaM Edi? I praSnaku samAdhAnaM cheppaTaM sulabhamEmI kAdu. vElakoddI velasina kAvyAlalO apratItapadaprayOgaM valla, anvayaklESaM mUlAna, bhAvaprauDhi kAraNavaSAna arthanirNayaM dushkaramaina padyAlennO unnAyi. ippuDA alavATu lEdu kAni, okappuDaitE vidyAgOshThulalO –

kamalAkarakamalAkara
kamalAkara kamala kamala kamalAkaramai
kamalAkara kamalAkara
kamalAkaramaina kolanu gani rA sudatul.

– vaMTi padyAlanichchi arthatAtparyAlu cheppamanaTaM parIkshakulakU, parIkshyulakU oka kELIvinOdaMkaraNagA uMDEdaTa. mADugula saMsthAnAniki veLLinapuDu allamarAju subrahmaNyakavigArini I padyAniki arthaM cheppamani aDigAraTa. tenAli rAmakRshNakavi kaMdarpakEtuvilAsamulOni SabdachitraM idi.

A sudatul – aMdamaina paluvarusatO alarArutunna A suMdarAMgulu; kamalA = lakshmIdEviyokka, karakamala = padmamu vaMTi chEyi, Akara = unikipaTTugA kaligina, kamala = tAmarapUvunaku, Akara = janmasthAnamai, kamala kamala kamalAkaramai – kamala = begguru pakshulaku, kamala = pariSuddhajalamulaku, kamala + a = padmamulayokka samUhamunaku, Akaramai = nivESanamainadi; kamalAkara – ka = manmathuniyokka, ma = sammOhanakaramagu, lA = vaSIkaraNaSaktini, kara = kUrchunadai, kamalAkara – kamalA = padminIjAti strIlaku, ka = SarIramulaMdu, ra = kAmAgnini uddIpiMpajEyunadai, kamalAkaramu + aina = sarvasaMpatpradamaina, kolanun = sarOvaramunu, kaniri = nEtraparvamugA vIkshiMchiri – ani anvayiMchukOvAli. subrahmaNyakavigAru pravachiMchina saMpradAyArthaM labhiMpanaMduvalla nEnu unnaMtalO padyAnni mEnamAma pOlikagA anvayiMchAnu.

tenAli rAmakRshNa anE chitraMlO kRshNadEvarAyala AsthAnAniki koMDavITi sIma nuMchi oka paMDituDu vachchi, ‘rAjAnaMdanarAjarAjAtmajulu sATi, tala@Mpa nannaya vEma dharaNipatiki’padyAniki arthAnnaDagaTamU, rAmakRshNakavi chEtilO bhaMgapaDaTamU ramyaMgA chitrIkariMpabaDina dRSyaM iTuvaMTi vidvatparIkshAprakaraNaM lOnidE. pUrvakavulu EkAksharAdhAritaMgAnU, EkasamAsanishThaMgAnU cheppina kaThinapadyAlaku taragati gadilO vallevEsina nighaMTuvulanu baTTi bhAvAnni gurtupaTTaDaM okappaTi pAThaSAlalalO guruvulu vidyArthulaku nErpiMchEvAru.

dadadadadadadadadadadadadada dadadadadada dadada dadadadadadadadada
dadada dadadada dadada dadada dadada dadadada dadadada dadadada dadadada.

(SaraNAgatulaku svAdhInuDavai, udAsInulainavAriyaMdu udAsInuDavai, pApasvabhAvulaku saMhArakartavai, rAkshasAMtakuDavai, sajjanulanu prabhaviMpajEyuvADavai, dharmAdharmAnusArakulaku AdhArabhUtuDavai, satsvabhAvulanu kApADi muktinosaguvADavai, satsvabhAvulanu bAdhiMchuvAriki bAdhakuDavai, sajjanarakshakulaku rakshakuDavai, jagattuyokka bahiraMtarAlalO vasiMchu vAsudEvuDavaina paramapurushA! SaraNu! SaraNu!)

12va SatAbdaMlO bhagavadrAmAnujula vAri SishyuDu SrIvatsAMkulavAru (kUrattALvAr) rachiMchina yamakaratnAkaraM panneMDava ASvAsaMlOni SrIkRshNastutiparakamaina oka EkAksharaSlOkaM idi. tananu chEradIsi, AdarAbhimAnAlanu kuripiMchi, aMtulEni aiSvaryAnni anugrahiMchina SrIkRshNa paramAtmanu nOrArA sannutistunna bAlyamitruDu sudAmuni manOgataM idi. aravainAlugu laghuvula achaladhRti SlOkamaMtA, da anna okka aksharaMtOnE sAgiMdi.

dadadadadadadadadadadadadada – dadat + adadat + ada + dadat + adadat + ada ani padachChEdaM. dadat = dAtalayaMdu, adadat = dAnasvabhAvamu lEnivAriyaMdu, ada = bhakshakulainavAriyaMdu, dadat = AtmasamarpaNamu chEsikonu bhaktulayaMdu, adadat = bhavabaMdhamula paTla udAsInulaguvAriyaMdu, ada = Atmaj~nAnakaruDavu (lEdA) adadat = lOkabhakshakulaina pApulayaMdu, ada = pIDAkaruDavu ayina lOkESvarA; dadadadadada – dadat + adat + ada ani padachChEdaM. dadat = dharmaSIlurainavArini, adat = bAdhiMchunaTTi lOkakaMTakulanu, ada = saMhariMchu jagadrakshakA; dadada – dada = tyAgaSIluragu dharmamUrtulanu, da = prabhaviMpajEyuvADA; dadadadadadadadada – dadat + adadat + adat + ada ani padachChEdaM. dadat = dhArmikulayaMdu, adadat = karmAkarmamulayaMdu vairAgyamu nUninavAriyaMdu, adat = karmabaMdhamulaku lOginavAriyaMdu, ada = samachittamu galigi yugAMtavELa sarvamunu upasaMhariMchu paramapurushA; dadada – dada = dhArmikulanu, da = chittamuna dhariMchi yuMDuvADA; dadadada – dadadat = dharmamUrtulagu Rshulanu hiMsiMchu rAkshasulanu, ada = naSiMpajEyu SrI vAsudEvA; dadada – dadat = yaj~namulachE dEvatalaku havyarUpamulaina Ahutulanu samarpiMcheDi yAj~nikulaku, ada = rakshakuDavaina paramESvarA; dadada – dadat = nI bhaktulagu uttamulanu, ada = SOdhiMcheDivADA; dadada – dadat = lOkarakshArthamai kAruNikulaguvArini, ada = rakshiMchu dayArdramUrtI; dadadada – dada = dharmaratulainavArini, da = bAdhiMchu dushTulanu, da = maTTupeTTuvADA; dadadada – dadat = dhArakulaku, ada = dhArakulu kAnivAriki, da = karmaphalamulanu prasAdiMchu svAmI; dadadada – dadat = lOkakaMTakulaku, da = aMDagA nilichi kApADu nIchulanu, da = hariMpajEyu paramAtmA; dadadada – dadat = sarvapradAtavagu, adadat = karmaphalamula aMtamoMdiMpajEsi sadbhAvamunosagu, a = SrI vAsudEvA! ani arthabOdhaM.

tenAli rAmakRshNakaviki atyaMtaprItipAtramaina kAvyarAjaM I yamakaratnAkaraM. telugulOnU iTuvaMTivanEkaM unnAyi. vyAkaraNapAMDityaM, vyAkhyAnasAhAyyaM lEkapOtE arthaM chEsukOvaTaM sulabhaM kAdu. idoka tIru prauDhi. padyaM vinagAnE, telugA? saMskRtamA? anipiMchEdi maroka tIru. idi tenAli rAmakRshNakavi rachiMchina daSAvatArastuti lOni padyamaTa:

dyUttaMbhadgirikalpitAvataraNadyOvAhinI saMgamO
pAttEMdUdaya nishpitRUNa jaladhiprArabdha puttrOtsavO
dAttatvAtta gajASva vanyaSana kanyA gO maNI dAna saM
pattiprINitadEva Dhulyadhipatibrahman! stuma stvA manun.

(O prabhU! dEvadAnavulu amRtaMkOsaM maMdaraparvatAnni kavvaMgA chEsikoni samudrAnni chilikinappuDu nIvu lOkarakshaNArthamai tAbElu rUpu dhariMchi A parvatAniki AdhAramai nilichAvu. nIvu mUpupaini dhariMchina maMdaraparvataM vAri mathanavEgAniki giragira tirugutU AkASAnni tAkinappuDu AkASagaMga A parvataM dvArA samudraMlOki digivachchiMdi. A gaMgatODi saMgamaM valla samudruniki chaMdruDanE koDuku puTTADu. puttrOdayaM mUlAna tanaku punnAmanarakaM nuMchi vimukti labhiMchi, pitRUNaM tIrinadani samudruDu A saMtOshaM paTTalEka gajadAnaM, aSvadAnaM, vanadAnaM, annadAnaM, kanyAdAnaM, gOdAnaM, maNidAnaM chEsi dEvatalanu tRptiparichADu. dEvA! aTTi kUrmAvatAra SrImahAvishNuvunu ninnu stOtraM chEstunnAmu!)

Uha eMta aMdaMgA unnadO, padyaM aMta prauDhaMgA unnadi.

vAkyAMtaMlO anun anna okka anukaraNavAchakaMtO padyaM mottaM telugaipOyiMdi. lEkapOtE dyUttaMbhat modalukoni stuma stvAm varaku unnadaMtA saMskRtamE. dyu = AkASamaMdu, uttaMbhat = mathanasamayamunaMdu eguruchunna, giri = maMdaraparvatamuchEta, kalpita = onagUDina, avataraNa = avarOhaNamu galigina, dyOvAhinI = AkASagaMgayokka, saMgama = saMbhOgamuchEta, upAtta = poMdina, iMdu = chaMdruDu anu puttruniyokka, udaya = AvirbhAvahEtuvuchEta, nishpitRUNa = pitRRNamu tIrina, jaladhi = kshIrasamudranAmaka pitachEta, prArabdha = AraMbhiMpabaDina, puttrOtsava = kumArOtpatti saMbaMdhamayina utsavamaMdali, udAttatva = saMpadaku, Atta = samAnamulayina (tagina), gajASva vanyaSana kanyA gO maNI dAna – gaja = airAvatamu, aSva = uchchaiSSravamu, vanI = kalpavRkshArAmamu, aSana = amRtamu, kanyA = dAsIsamEta lakshmi, gO = kAmadhEnuvu, maNI = chiMtAmaNi aneDu, dAna = dAnamulayokka, saMpatti = samRddhichEta, prINita = saMtOshapeTTabaDina, dEva = iMdrAdidEvatalu galigina, Dhulyadhipatibrahman – DhulI = kamaThIdEviki, adhipati = bhartavaina, brahman = svAmI, tvAM = ninnu, stuma@h = stOtramu chEyuchunnAmu. saMskRtaMlO vEMkaTAdhvari viSvaguNAdarSAniki goppa vyAkhyanu rachiMchina kuravi rAmakavi I daSAvatArastutiki saMskRtaMlO chakkaTi vyAkhyanu vrASADu. dAnini, dAniki tama telugu anuvAdAnni SrI dIpAla pichchayyaSAstrigAru chATupadyaratnAkaramulO prakaTiMchAru.

iTuvaMTivi, kEvalaM ArabhaTI vRttilO OjOguNaM niMDina saMskRtasamAsabhUyishThapadyAlE kAnakkaralEdu, achchatelugu samAsAlU sAdhyamE kAni, avi aMtagA aMtargataprauDhiki udAharaNIyAlu kAvu.

nela~rAtIniya saMtanaMpu maga~rA nIrALapuM goppaTA
kula niddaMpu@M basiMDi nunjavikeniggul doTTu kaTTANi pU
sala mEl bobbamekaMbu chekkaDapu@M gIl jAgA jagA gaddiyan
jeluvechchaM goluvuMDe nellarunu jEjE yaMchu@M dangolva@Mgan.

ani gaNapavarapu vEMkaTakavi prabaMdharAja vEMkaTESvara vijayavilAsamu (1-126). modaTi mUDu pAdAlU okka samAsaM. akhilAMDakOTibrahmAMDanAyakuDaina SrI vEMkaTESvarasvAmi AnaMdanilayAvAsuDai divyadIdhitulatO virAjillutunna svarNasiMhAsanAnni adhirOhiMchi tananu chUDavachchina bhaktakOTiki darSanAnni anugrahiMchinappaTi dRSyaM.

nela~rA tIniya= chaMdrakAMtaSilAvEdikapaini, saMtanaMpu = tApabaDina, maga~rA = vajramulayokka, nIrALapun = svachChamaina vannemIrina, goppa + TAkula – goppa = peddaviyaina, TAkula = vasArAlalOni, niddaMpu = snigdhamagu, pasiMDi = baMgaru raMgu, nun = manOharamaina, chavike = maMDapamuyokka, niggul = kAMtulanu, toTTu = prasariMchu, kaTTANi pUsala = mikkili guMDrani praSasta mauktikaviSEshamula, mEl = viluvaina, bobbamekaMbu chekkaDapu = siMhapIThikayokka, kIl = aMdamugA kIlukolipina, jAgA = viSAlamaina, jagA = goppa, gaddiyan = Asanamupai, cheluvu + echchan = sauMdaryamu atiSayiMpagA, ellarunu = sarvajanulunu, jE! jE! aMchun = jayajayadhvAnamulu salpuchu, tan = tananu, kolva@Mgan = ArAdhiMchuchuMDagA, koluvu + uMDen = sabhatIrchiyuMDenu ani bhAvArthaM. iMdulO samAsadIrghimanu miMchina durghaTArthamEdI lEdu.

ivikAka, dvyarthikAvyAlanu, tryarthikAvyAlanu chadivETappuDu oka arthaM sugamaM gAnU, oka arthaM durgamaM gAnU uMDaTaM kUDA pAThakulaku anubhavaMlO unnadE. piMgaLi sUrannagAri rAghavapAMDavIyamulO

akshudraprathamAnadivyaSarasaMprAptiM brakASiMchu nA
kukshidvaMSavataMsu@M gangoni, ‘mahAgOdAvarItIrasa
drakshOpAyapathaMbu nE@MDu doriken, raM!’ DaMchu saMrakshaNA
pEkshaM da dvanabhUmidEvatalu saMprItiM gaDunmU@Mkalai. (3-66)

anna padyAnni chUDavachchunu. sutIkshNamuni ASramaMlO unna munigaNAniki sItArAmalakshmaNula rAkavalla rAkshasula bArinuMDi vimukti labhistuMdanna ASa mOsulettiMdi. mahAgOdAvarItIrasadrakshOpAyapathaMbu nE@MDu doriken, annappuDu – mahA gOdAvarI tIra = suviSAlamaina gOdAvarItIraMlO uMTunna, sat = sajjanulayokka, rakshA = saMrakshaNaku, upAyapathaMbu = upAyamArgaM, nE@MDu = innALLaku, doriken = dorikinadi ani, tadvanabhUmidEvatalu – tat = A, vanabhUmin = ASramOdyAnavanaMlOni, bhUmidEvatalu = brAhmaNulu saMtOshiMchArani rAghavArthaMlO anvayiMchukOvAli. aMdulO anvayaklESamEmI lEdu. kaThinapadAlu lEvu. padAlu okadAnitO okaTi poMdupaDi uttarOttarAnvayaM sulabhaMgA unnadi.

ayitE, padyAnni mahAbhArata kathaku anvayiMchaTaM mAtraM aMta sulabhaM kAdu. nighaMTuvula parichayaM kaligi, SabdArthAla anuvRttikramaM telisi, bahurUpakAvyAnubhavaM valana okapATi pAMDityaM unnavAriki saitaM sAdhyaM kAdu. arjunuDu kirAtArjunIya ghaTTaMlO sAkshAttu paramaSivuni pratighaTiMchi, A mahAdEvuni meppiMchi, Ayana anugrahaM valla divyaSarAnni (pASupatAstrAnni) sAdhiMchi tirigivachchinappuDu atanini chUchina iMdrAdidEvatalu, “mahAgOdAvarItIrasadrakshOpAyapathaMbu nE@MDu doriken” anukonnArani unna “mahat + Aga@h + dAva + rItI + rasat + raksha@h + apAyapathaMbu” anna padachChEdamU, A padachChEdAniki “mahA = goppa, Aga@h = aparAdhAlatO, dAva = dAvAgni, rItI = vale, rasat = ghOshistunna, raksha@h = rAkshasula, apAyapathaMbu = vadhOpAya mArgaM, nE@MDu = innALLaku, doriken = dorikinadi, ani tat = A, vanabhUmin = vanabhUmiki vichchEsi akkaDunna, dEvatalu = iMdrAdidEvatalu saMtasiMchAranna pAMDavIyArthamU eMtaTi paMDitulakainA sphuriMchaTaM kashTamE. vyAkhyAnasApEksha mainaMduvalla koMta durghaTArthamE. idi padAla virupu (sabhaMgaSlEsha) mUlAna ErpaDina anvayaprauDhi. ika mUDarthAlu, nAlugarthAlu, EDarthAlu, mupphai arthAlu, nUrarthAlu unna rachanalalOni prauDhini UhiMchukOvAli.

ika nAnArthakRtamaina prauDhi vEroka vidhaMgA uMTuMdi. dvyarthighaTanAnikaMTe koMta klishTataramaina kUrpu idi. mahAmahOpAdhyAyulu, kaLAprapUrNulu, kavirAja, kavisArvabhaumAdyanEka birudAMchitulu SrIpAda kRshNamUrtiSAstrula vAru rachiMchina prauDhagaMbhIramaina mahAkAvyaM naishadhIyacharitamu lOni oka padyAnni chUddAmu. damayaMti svayaMvarAniki vichchEsina rAjasamAjaMlOki iMdrAgniyamavaruNulu achchamU kathAnAyakuDu naluni vEshaMlO vachchi kUrchonnappaTi sannivESaMlO kathAnAyika damayaMtiki chelikatte A nishadharAjapaMchakAnni chUpi varNiMchina saMdarbhaMlO SAstrigAru amOghamaina I padyAnni vrASAru. saMskRtanaishadhaMlO atidIptaMgA unna I ghaTTAnni SrInAthuDu iTuvaMTi anEkArtharachanala paTla aMtagA Asakti lEnaMduvalla I saMdarbhaMlO kathAsAmAnyamulaina upamalatO saMkshiptaMgA lAgiMchivESADu. rAmarAjabhUshaNuDu tana hariSchaMdranaLOpAkhyAnamulO ikkaDa nalapaMchakaMtOpATu hariSchaMdruni kathanukUDA kalupukoni Aru arthAlatO anirvachanIyamaina sattvagarimatO vrAsinA, I mUDiMTinI daggaruMchukoni chadivinappuDu guNAguNavimarSakula chEti trAsulO mullu SAstrigAri padyAnikE mogguchUputuMdi:

budhulaM brOcheDuvA@MDu, vAsavu@MDu, saMpUrNapratApaprabhA
kathituM, DadhvaramArgajishNu@M, DatulAkhyAvAhinIsEvituM,
DadhikaiSvaryasamaMchituMDu, samavartyAkhyAMchitaprakhyu@M Dai
prathituM Dai prasarillu nI ghanu@MDu sutrAmuMDu chUtE? satI! (naishadhIya. 4-50)

dIniki kRshNamUrtiSAstrigArE svayaMgA kUrchina laghuvyAkhya idi: “iMdu nalunakunu, iMdrAgniyamavaruNulaku cheppa@MbaDinadi. budhulaM brOcheDuvA@MDu = vidvAMsulanu sA@MkuvA@MDu nalu@MDu, dEvatalanu sA@MkuvA@MDu iMdru@MDu lOnaguvAru; vAsavu@MDu = vasUni saMtIti vAsava@h svarNaratnAdidhanamu kalavA@MDu nalu@MDu; ‘dEvabhEdEఽnalE raSmau vasU ratnE dhanE vasu’ amaramu. vasa nivAsE, AchChAdanE, vasu = kiraNamulu kalavA@MDu vasunAmamu galavA@M Dagni. ratnamulu galavA@MDu varuNu@MDu, vastIti vasu@h, AchChAdiMchuvA@MDu yamu@MDu, vAsavanAmamu galavA@M DiMdru@MDu; iTlu vAsavaSabdamu pai nE@Mguraku samanvayiMchunu; saMpUrNapratApa prabhA kathituMDu, pratApamu = kOSabalamuvalana@M galigina tEjamu, Sakti, lOnagunavi kalavA riMdrAdulu; pratapaM tyanEna SatrUniti pratApa@h, ‘tapa saMtApE’ prabhavaM tyanEna SAsituM jagati prabhAva@h, jagattunEluTaku samarthulu I yarthamu lEvurakuM jeppavachchunu; adhvaramArgajishNu@MDu = yaj~namArgamuchEta niMdru@MDu, ana@MgA iMdru@MDuvOle vaidikamArgamunu naDapuvA@MDu, jishNu@MDu = jayaSIlu@MDu nalu@MDu; adhvaramulu chEsinavA@MDu, jishNunAmamu kalavA@MDu iMdru@MDu; ‘adhvAnaM rAtI tyadhvara@h’ mArgamulanu grahiMchinavAru, mRgayaM tyanE nEti mArga@h, mRga anvEshaNE; dInichE brahmapadArthamu nanvEshiMchinavAru, jishNulu = jayaSIlu rani yiMdrAdulakunuM jeppavachchunu, atulAkhyAvAhinIsEvituMDu = pOlikalEni pEru gala sEnalachE sEviMpa@MbaDuvA@MDu nalu@MDu; vAhini = nadi, nadulachE sEviMpa@MbaDuvA@MDu varuNu@MDu, vahati, vAhayatIti cha vAhinI, vaha prApaNE = pravahiMchunadi, prayatnamu sEyunadi. vaha dhAtuvuM baTTi nAnArthamu niMdrAdulakuM jeppavachchunu. adhikaiSvaryasamaMchituMDu = goppa saMpadachE noppuvA@MDu nalu@MDu, aNimAdyashTabhUtulachE noppuvArunu, “ISvarasya bhAva aiSvaryaM” lOkaprabhutvamuchE noppuvAru iMdrAdulu, idi nalunakuM jellunu. samavartyAkhyAMchitaprakhyu@MDu = sarvasamatvamu galavA@M Danu pErutO@M dulyu@MDu (ana@MgA samavartitO@M dulyu@MDu, ani nalArthamu) samavarti yanu pErugalavA@MDu yamu@MDu; nyAyamugA@M bAliMchuvA riMdrAdulu; sutrAmuMDu = sushThu trAyata iti sutrAma@M, bAgugA@M bAliMchuvA@MDu nalu@MDu, iMdrAdulunu, sutrAmu@MDu ani yiMdrunaku nanvarthanAmamuM galadu.”

idi bahvarthakRtamaina prauDhi. oka mahAkavi tana padyAniki tAnE svayaMgA vyAkhyanu nirmistE eMta Anubhavika rAmaNIyakatatO uMTuMdO chUDagalarani vAri mATalanE udAhariMchAnu.

pUrtigA #»

kavitalu

aksharamAlA padyamulu

parichayamu

vividha daiva stOtramulalO aksharamAlA stOtramu okaTi. konni dEvatalapai aTTi stOtramulu galavu. adrISa jAdhISa anu padamulatO prAraMbhamayyE mRtyuMjaya stOtramulO prati paMkti a, A, i, I ityAdulaina aksharamulatO prAraMbhamai ksha-kAramutO aMtamavutuMdi. aksharamulatO prAraMbhiMchu paMktulaku badulu akArAdi aksharamulatO prAraMbhamagu vRttamulatO padyamulanu vrAyavalayunanE oka AlOchana nAku kaliginadi. dAni phalitamE I prayatnamu. iMdulO a-kAramunuMDi ha-kAramu va~raku okkokka aksharamunaku okkokka vRttamu unnadi. RU, ఌ, ~ma, ~na, Na, La aksharamulu parigaNiMchabaDalEdu. eMdukanagA I aksharamulatO prAraMbhamagu padamulu lEvu, unnanu avi chAla takkuva, aMtE kAka upayOgamulO lEvu. a, A, i, I, u, U, R, e, E, ai, o, O, au, aM, ka, ksha, kha, ga, gha, cha, Cha, ja, jha, Ta, Tha, Da, Dha, ta, tha, da, dha, na, pa, pha, ba, bha, ma, ya, ra, ~ra, la, va, sa, sha, sa, ha aksharamulatO (E guNiMtamainanu sariyE) prAraMbhamagu vRttamulanu, jAtyupajAtulanu nEnu vADinAnu. I mottamu 46 padyamulu. iMdulO ai, o, tha, Tha, ~ra aksharamulatO E vRttamulu gAni, jAtyupajAtulu gAni lEvu. I aksharamulaku padyamulanu nEnu sRshTiMchinAnu. vADukalO uMDE padyamulanniTiki chOTu nichchuTaku prayatniMchinAnu. reMDu padyamulu okE aksharamutO prAraMbhamayinappuDu (udA. mattEbhavikrIDitamu, mattakOkila) vATi anya nAmamulanu upayOgiMchinAnu (mattakOkila – charcharI, chaMpakamAla – sarasI, durmilA – ghOTaka, tOTaka – Chittaka). sIsapadyamunu shaTpadalO garbhitamu chEsinAnu. saMskRta, telugu bhAshalanuMDi mAtramE kAka konni padyamulanu itara bhAshalanuMDi digumati chEsikonnAnu (kannaDamunuMDi Ela, dhavaLamu; marAThInuMDi Ovi; hiMdInuMDi jhUlanA, Damaru). moTTamodaTa anni padyamulaku udAharaNamulu ivvabaDinavi. chivari bhAgamulO anni padyamulaku yati gaNAdulanu telipiyunnAnu. konni padyamula ChaMdassu gu~riMchi nA sUchanalanu aMtamulO nichchinAnu. pAThakulakaMda~riki nA I chinni prayatnamu nachchutuMdani bhAvistunnAnu.


1) aSvadhATi -

SrInaMdasUnu@M gana – nAnaMda mayye noka – gAnammu lEchenu gadA
tEnel sraviMche ni@Mka@M – bAnammu sEya@Mganu – vInul jaliMchenu gadA
vENUravammulaku – vINAsvanammulanu – nEniMdu@M gUrchedanugA
tAnAna tAnatana – tAnAna yaMchu@M ji~ru – prANammu@M jErchedanugA

2) ATavela@Mdi

SrIsarasvatI vi-riMchi hRdayarANi
bhAsurammu chEyu – bhavamu vANi
hAsa moluku dEvi – yanurAgamula talli
AsapaDeda@M garuNa – kamRtavalli

3) iMdravajra#[1] -

#rAjAdhirAjA – ravivaMSatEjA
rAjIvanEtrA – ramaNIyagAtrA
nA jIvadhArA – navajIvasArA
yI janma nIdE – yihamaMta nIdE

4) ISa -

jagadISvarA mahESA
nagajApatI gaNESA
triguNAtmakA surESA
bhagavatsvarUpa yISA

5) utpalamAla#[2]-

#kUrimi niMDe nI nela@Mta – kOmalikin ninu@M gOra@MgA sakhA
nAriki guMDelO@M goluva – nAma magun smaraNammukai sadA
vAruchu@M baMDu nA valapu – svAmi kRpan muripammulau gadA
bhIruvu kaMDa rA yalara – prEmamayA lali peMcha@MgA harI

6) UrvaSi -

priyatamA chUDa rA – prEmatO@M gUDa rA
bhayamutO nuMTi nE – bAdhalan bApa rA
hayamupai vachchi nan – hAyilO muMcha rA
Srayamu nIvEgadA – SyAma navviMcha rA

7) Rshabhagajavilasita -

vENuvu mrO@MguchuMDe@M – briyamuga navanavamai
dhEnuvu lA@MgakuMDe@M – diruguchu naTuniTulan
mAnasa mU@MguchuMDe – madhurata kanugatamai
hA ninu@M jUDakuMDa – harusamu galu@MgadugA

8) ettugIti –

I hRdi chinna dichaTa
nI hRdi pedda dachaTa
rA hRtkamalamu viriya
sauhArdapu sudha kuriya

9) Ela -

Ela nIviTlu yI – bEla nanniTa vIDi
chAla sEpuMTi vIvELa
mAli rAvEla nA – kEla baTTaMga gO-
pAlakA vEga mIvELa

10) aiSvarya -

ila nAku naiSvarya – meppu DIvE
valarAju taMDri nA-vaipu nIvE
yalarAru nA manki – kartha mIvE
Silayaina rUpaMpu – jIva mIvE

11) oyyAri -

telatela mEghamu – tEluchu niMgini@M dO@Mche
melamela gAliyu – mRduvuga@M jallaga vIche
ulukuchu bhAvamu – loyyAra molukuchu lEche
palukave baMgaru – bhAmaro manasiTa vE@Mche

12) Ovi –

kAnaMga sUryuni nI yushassu
AnaMdamainadi nA manassu
A naMdagOpAlu@MDE tapassu
I nAku lEdu tamassu

13) aupachChaMdasika (pushpitAgra) -

kamalanayana – kAlamAye gAdA
kamaluchu nuMTini – kaLla jUDa rAdA
bhramala valaku – bAga chikkikoMTin
vimaluni prEmaku – vEga vE@MguchuMTin

14) aMbudAvaLi -

gaganammulOnan – gana naMbudAvaLin
nagadhAri nAkun – nagumOmutO lalin
agupiMche@M gAdA – yalaraMga DeMdamul
jagamella vA@MDE – janiyiMche naMdamul

15) kaMdamu -

suMdara chitramu gIchenu
saMde velu@MgulaMdu@M brakRti – jvaliyiMchaMgA
skaMdA vedukuchu vE@Mguchu
suMdaravalli yiTa ninnu – jUDa@M dapiMchen

16) kshamA -

velu@Mguchu me~rayun- viSvamaM daMdamai
bulakala niDu nI – bhUmi nA talligA@M
dalatunu madilO – tathyamai nityamun
salupudu naghamul – chAla manniMchumA

17) khajana#[3] -

#eMdukO mOsapO-yEnu yI rItigA – niMduvai challa@MgA – yippuDE vA@MDu nA
muMdu rA@MDeMdukO – muchchaTal dIra@MgA – mOmupai@M dIyagA – muddiDan lE@MDugA
suMdaruM DA harin – jU@MDagA@M gOritin – soMpulan jakka@MgA – jUpa@MgA nuMTi@MgA
naMdagOpAla yA-naMda mIyaMga rA – navvutO@M buvvulA – nannu@M dAkaMga rA

18) garuDarutamu -

garuDarutammulan vina@Mga – kaMjanEtruMDu saM-
baramuga nE@MgudeMchenani – barhipiMChammulan
garamula nuMchi vAni@M gana@M – gAMkshatO nE@Mga@MgA
varadu@MDu gAnarA@MDugada – vaMtala@M gruMgitin

19) ghOTaka#[4]-

#kamalAksha nanun – ganikAramutO@M – ganarA yipuDE – kaDu vEgamugA
amalAnana nI – yamRtAMbudhilO – nalagA nanu@M jE-yara yaMdamugA
sumukhammuga nI – suragAnamulO – SrutigItamunai – sukha moMdedarA
ramaNIyamugA – rasarAsamulO – rajanin vrajamun – rava mayyedarA

pUrtigA #»

manabhAsha – manapadyaM

varshasahasra bhAsi, rasavatkamanIya padArdha, naikadhO
tkarsha, SivE tarApanaya gauravagaura, teluMgu padyamau!
Arsha mahAdhvagaMta mahitAtmu@MDu nannaya doTTi nE@MTikin
harshavivardhanul kavulu, A ghana vidya samAdariMpa, saM
gharshaNa lEla! padyarasagaMga vigAhitulai tariMpa@MgA!

talliyaMdaMpu Taddamai danaru telu@Mgu
sobagu deliyaka kashTamaM chOkiliMchu
nETiyuvataku guruvulau mETivAri
pATavaMbuna pADayye bhAsha braduku!

bhAshaku dikkulEnapuDu padyamu nevva@MDu gurtuvaTTu? saM
bhAshaNalO sagaMbu perabhAsha vibhUshaga nAgarul sadA
pOshaNa sEyuchO telu@Mgu pOdaTe kaMpala baDDa kAkiyai!
SEshamu sunnagAgaladu SikshaNa yippaTinuMDi lEnichO!

nannayanuMDi chinnayaku, nAchana sOmuninuMDi pOnnigaM
Tannaku madhya vartilina yAMdhrapu TaMdamu burraburralO
tinnaga nATagA baDami tellamu bhAshanu nErpu vELa, mrA
ganniDi yojjalun brabhuta kAlamu buchchina mAtR hatyayau!

poTTakUTiki nErchina porugu bhAsha
naTTa naDimiMTi dayyamainadi gadayya!
telu@MgunElanu perabhAsha teguladEla?
nIrugalipina pAlu gAnEla telu@Mgu!

marala talaluMchi, yOjiMpa ma~rachi tarachu
yAMtrikaMbuga bradukuTa yalavaDu Tanu
talli bhAshaku taguchOTu dakkadayye
dInigamaniMchi diddukO telu@MguvADa!

SabdArtha siddhulau saMyami trayi kRtaM
#        #;bAMdhra bhArata vEda madhyayanamu
bhAshAbhishakkulau prAkkavIMdra stOma
#        #;rasaramya kRtula pArAyaNaMbu
naighaMTikamulayu nAnArtha pada kOSa
#        #;pariSIlanA SIla pariNati yunu
AdhunAtanAchArya madhura vAgni rmANa
#        #;phaNitu lanuSIliMchu ghana guNaMbu

niyati bUnuchu nityaMbu priyamutODa
vratamu nishThanu nerapeDu gatini, gRshini
salupugAvuta vidyArthi samudayaMbu
prabhuta dOhadamiDuta nI bhAsha podala!

vArikA darSa mUrtulai bhAravAhu
laguchu nadhyApaka vrAta mamarugAta!
bhAsha nilichina, padyaMbe bhadra gajamu
AMdhrabhArati kaupavAhyaMbu,nijamu!

pUrtigA #»

kAlaM vilava telIdu

nAlugiMTikE barrumani
pAllArI ochchIsiMdi chUsukO
kAphInILLu vEgiraM vaDagaTTu
kAgunILLa DEgiSA muTTiMchu
maDibaTTa kaTTukuni gabagabA
naivEdyaM ayyiMdanipiMchu.
ArunnaraipOvochchiMdi
snAnAla daggirA jaTTIlu?
nAnna vinnAraMTE taMtAru!
kAphI TiphinU EvaMDI ivugOTi
phEMTU lAlchI maMchammIda peTTEnu
kErEjI churukutuMdi jAgarta!
EDU nalabhayyI!! ErI vILLu…?
kALitalliki jaDavEsi te@MvalagoTTu
eMtasEpu chI@Mva gaMgAyAtra?
phaNibAbu baTTala bEgu saddI
panneMDu vaMdalU ivigOTi
pEMTu jEbulO nAnnA chUsukO!
EDustADu verrivADu vELaki
EdI idigO phEraksu mu…dda
A@M A@M ammadi oka mudda
nA@M nA@M nAnagAridi O mudda
kalipiMdi pArIkuMDA tiMTEnE
nAnibAbu baMgA…ru taM…Di!
tommidayipOyiMdi parigeTTu
anni chukkalu reMDOmATu kAphI
kaTTi viDichina chIrE ivELTiki
chAkaliki gaTTigA cheppAli
jaDaki Taimu lEdu bannu chuTTukuni
evaDEnA rikshAvANNi chUDu.
prEyar^ki lETeMdukayyEvu?
dEvuni vAkyamaMTe nirlakshyaM
hattirI eMdukiMtAliSyaM?
saMjAyishI rAsichchi vellaMDi!
pillalaki idEnamma nIyAdarSaM?
bottigA kAlamu viluva teliyadu.

(#Inspired by an Icelandic poem by Morgunsongur Husmodur)

#pUrtigA #»

koMDadArilO!

A dAri veMTa naDachipOtOMTE
sUrIDi ETavAlu kiraNAlu
nIDalanu nATyAlADistuMTAyi.

gAlulu chElO mokkalatO
aMTukunE ATa kAbOlu
alasaTa lEkuMDA ADutUMTAyi.

rekkalu charuchukuMTU
pogalA lEchina pakshula guMpokaTi
mabbullOki egiri mAyamautuMdi.

evarO pEnina UDala uyyAla
UgEMdu kevarU rArEMTani
kommalanu kudipEstuMTuMdi.

koMDadArilO rAlipaDDa pUlaguttulnI
kubusAlu viDuchukuMTOnna jaMTasarpAlanI
jAgrattagAnE dATuku illu chEratAnu kAnI,

A gAlilO naligina pUlaparimaLamEdO
UpirilO chEri veMTADaTamApadu.
kaDavallO nIlAkASAnni mOsukuMTU
vaDivaDigA naDachipOyina A
koMDayuvati kaDiyAla chappuDu
ghallumani I guMDellO
mOgaDamAgadu!

pUrtigA #»

pasupukAMti

I pasupuraMgu pUlani chUstunnapuDu
prapaMchaM kAsEpu mAyamautuMdi
puTTAka modaTisArE I raMguni chUsinaTTu
pasupukAMtilOki pravESistAnu

‘nuvu prapaMchaMlOki eMduku vachchAvO
eMduku goDavapaDatAvu
ikkaDa nuvu chUsEMduku nEnunnAnu

nadilOki paDava jArinaTTu
ekkaDi kiraNamO nIvarakU, nAvarakU vAlinaTTu
phalaM nAlukapai ruchilA vikasiMchinaTTu
nAlOki jAripO, vAlipO, vikasiMchu

I vivaSatvAniki muMdu

nuvvevarO, nEnEmiTO eMduku chiMtistAvu
I rasasaMyOgaM taruvAta
EM kAvaTaMlOki viDipOtAmO, prayANistAmO UhistAvu

I kshaNaMlO manaM okaTi kAvaTaMlOnE
purAtanakAlAla viSrAMti koluvu tIriMdi
I viSrAMtilOnE samastasRshTI
nadilO pratiphaliMchE AkASaMlA tElutU vuMdi’

pasupukAMtI, nEnU okaTaina kshaNAlalO
nakshatrAlu nA prakkagA veLLipOtUvuMDaTaM gamaniMchAnu

oka gADhamaina niSSabdaM
‘EdI lEdu, UrukO’ aMTU vuMDaTaM
nEnu chivarisAri vinnAnu.

pUrtigA #»

nEpathya saMgItaM

rAlE
puvvuki,
Tap mani
pulla
virupu.

baskI tIsE
Usaravelli mIda,
pachcha oMTi
golla bhAma
dhuma dhuma.

gAllO tUnIga
tuLLiMtaki,
iLLaki maLLina
aDavi bAtula
haLAhaLi.

pagaTi eMDa
pasiDi tAchu
paDaga diMchi
pAkutuMTE
tADi talapai

challa gAli peTTe
hArmOniyamu,
dUrAna tOpulO
chiMta chiguru
gaguru tALamUnu.

pUrtigA #»

bhAviMchEvarakU…

evarainA
nIpai dADi chEsi gelichAmanukuMTE kAdanaku
nI guMDeni khAyaMgA tolichAmanukuMTE lEdanaku
nIkaLLallO nIruMdani vAraMTE khaMDiMchaku
niluvettu digulE nIvaMTE kOpiMchaku
vAru chUsEdAnni vaddanaku
nammEdAnni mithya anaku
AkASamA! nuvu nIlaMgA vunnAvani
padE padE ninadistE
kAdu kAdaMTU uramaku
praSAMtatani marachi
merupulU ruvvaku

pUrtigA #»

vyAsAlu

SArdUlavikrIDita vRttamu

parichayamu

SArdUla vikrIDitamu (SA.vi.) prAchInatama vRttamulalO okaTi. sragdharatO I vRttamu kUDa saMskRtamulO virivigA vADabaDina niDuda vRttamulalO okaTi ani cheppavachchunu. idi piMgaLa ChaMdassulO, bharatuni nATyaSAstramulO pErkonabaDinadi. dIni naDaka gaMbhIramugA uMTuMdi. sragdharavalenE idi kUDa guruvulatO AraMbhamavutuMdi. I vRttapu piMgaLasUtramu – SArdUlavikrIDitaM mUsau jUsau tau gAdityaRshaya@h, anagA SA.vi. ki gaNamulu ma/sa/ja/sa/ta/ta/ga, pAdamulu paMDreMDu (Aditya) aksharamulu, EDu (Rshi) aksharamulugA vi~rugunu. I vyAsamu dvArA I vRttamunu guriMchi vivaramugA charchistunnAnu.

niDuda vRttamula utpatti

vEda, purANEtihAsamulalOni padyamula (SlOkamula) ChaMdassu akshara saMkhyapaina AdhArapaDinavi. ekkuvagA enimidi aksharamula anushTubh, tripada gAyatri, padakoMDu aksharAla trishTubh, paMDreMDu aksharamula jagati ChaMdamulanu manamu RgvEdAdi graMthamulalO chUDavachchunu. j~nApakamu peTTukonuTaku, uchchariMchuTaku sulabhamugA nuMDuTakOsaM chivari aksharamulanu pratyEkamaina gurulaghuvula amarikatO (udA. #IUIU)# vrAsEvAru. okE SlOkamulOni pAdamulalO akshara saMkhyalu, pAdamula amarikalu kUDa bhinnamai uMDavachchunu. kriMda oka udAharaNa –

na rUpamasyEha tathOpalabhyatE
nAMtO na chAdirna cha saMpratishThA
aSvatthamEnaM suvirUDhamUlaM
AsaMgaSastrENa dRDhEna ChittvA – (bhagavadgItA, 15.03)

(I aSvatthavRkshapu rUpamunu avagAhana chEsikonuTaku vIlukAdu; dAni AdyaMtamulu, mUlamu ekkaDO teliyadu. dRDha chittamutO, baMdhamunu tyajiMchi…)

I SlOkamulO modaTi pAdamu pAdamu 12 aksharamulu gala jagatIChaMdamulOni vaMSastha vRttamu, reMDava mUDava pAdamulu pAdamunaku 11 aksharamulu gala trishTubh ChaMdamulOni iMdravajra vRttamu, nAlugava pAdamu adE ChaMdamulOni upEMdravajra vRttamu.

vaidika ChaMdassu


1. RgvEda chaMdassu

RgvEdamulO vADabaDina chaMdassunu modaTi chitramunaMdu gala paTTikalO gamaniMchavachchunu. vEdamulalOni tripadalanu nEnu idE patrikalO tripadalapaina (ushNi, paraushNi, kakubh) vrAsina vyAsamulO udahariMchinAnu. iMdulOni satObRhatini gu~riMchina prastAvana I vyAsamunaku vartistuMdi. vEdamulalO, rAmAyaNa bhAratamulalO akshara saMkhyapaina AdhArapaDina anushTubh, trishTubh vaMTi ChaMdamulatObATu iMdravajra (#UUI UU – IIUI UU),# upEMdravajra (#IUI UU – IIUI UU),# I reMTitO upajAtulu kUDa kanabaDutAyi. pAdamunaku 12, 13 aksharamulapaina uMDE ChaMdassulanu prAraMbha daSalO vADalEdu.

pedda vRttamula nirmANamu

vaidika ChaMdassunuMDi kAvyamulalO vADabaDina laukika ChaMdassuku vachchEsariki pAdamula gurulaghuvula amarika paTishThamainadi. pedda vRttamula nirmANamu elA jarugutuMdi? sulabhamaina chiTkA, reMDu chinna vRttamulanu chEristE oka pedda vRttamu vastuMdi. reMDu kalA(LA) vRttamulanu (#IUIU,# SlOkamulayaMdali sari pAdamulalOni chivari aksharamulu) chEristE oka pramANika vRttamu (#IUIU IUIU)# labhistuMdi. reMDu pramANikalanu prakka prakkana uMchitE adi paMchachAmara vRttamu (#IUIU IUIU – IUIU IUIU)# avutuMdi. idE paMchachAmaravRttamulO modaTi laghuvunu tolagiMchina yeDala, manaku utsAhajAtiki mUsa ayina sugaMdhi (#UI UI UI UI – UI UI UIU)# labhistuMdi. rAjarAji anabaDE vRttamunaku gaNamulu ta/ta/ga. iMdulOni ta-gaNamulaku badulu ra-gaNamulanu uMchinappuDu adi haMsamAla (ra/ra/ga) avutuMdi. oka vRttamunuMDi ma~roka vRttamunaku manamu kUDika, tolagiMpu, okadAnikunna gaNamulaku badulu vE~ru gaNamula nuMchuTa dvArA sAdhiMcha vIlagunu. dIninE nEnu AMglamulO #insertion, deletion, substitution# lEka #sub-in-del# aMTAnu. I siddhAMtamupaina AdhArapaDina oka chinna ATanu kUDa ma~roka chOTa vivariMchiyunnAnu.

aksharasaMkhyapaina AdhArapaDina SlOkamulu vEdamulalO, purANEtihAsamulalO ekkuvainanu, kAvyamulalO kramabaddhamaina pAdamulatO nirdishTamaina guru-laghuvulatO, prati ChaMdassuku oka pratyEkamaina pAdapu vi~rupulatO gala padyamulanu manamu chaduvutAmu. I mArpu okE rOju vachchi uMDadu. ilATi mArpu rAvaDAniki bahuSA oka reMDu SatAbdamulai uMDavachchunu. saMskRta kAvyamulalO ekkuvagA chinna vRttamulanE vADAru. iMdravajra, upEMdravajra, vaMSastha, vasaMtatilaka, mAlini, mAtrAbaddha ChaMdassaina Arya (gAtha) munnagunavi laukika ChaMdassulO vADabaDina prathama ChaMdObaMdhamulu. I samayamulO bahuSA niDuda vRttamulanu vADavalayunanE ASa, avasaramu kavulaku kaliginadi kAbOlu. appuDE SArdUlavikrIDitamu, sragdharalu puTTi yuMDavachchunu.

SA.vi.ki gurulaghuvulu – #UUUIIUIUIIIU – UUIUUIU.# iMdulO 1-8 aksharamulu SlOkamulayaMdali sari pAdamulaku saripOtAyi. eMdukanagA pratyEkamugA #IUIU# amarika SlOkapu sari pAdamulalO manamu chaduvutAmu. (idE vishayamunu amUlyadhan mukharjI kUDa prastApiMchinAru. kAni vAru SA.vi.ki grIku bhAshalOni konni padyamulaku gala pOlikanu gamaniMchi vITiki oka samAnamaina utpatti sthAnamu unnadEmO ani UhiMchinAru.) adE vidhamugA chivari mUDu aksharamulu kUDa. ma~roka vishayamu nA kaLlaku kanabaDinadi, 9-16 aksharamulanu pariSIliMchinayeDala 9-13 aksharamula gurulaghuvulu 1-5 aksharamula gurulaghuvulalO gurulaghuvulanu tArumAru chEsinappuDu kaligina phalitamu. adi kriMda chUpina amarika dvArA grahiMchavachchunu. 6-8, 14-16, 17-19 aksharamula amarika okkaTE (ra-gaNamu). chivari ra-gaNamu layakai chErchabaDinadEmO?

#UUUIIUIU (1- 8)
IIIUUUIU (9-16) UIU (17-19)

#vaidikaChaMdassulOni paTTikalO (modaTi chitramu) satObRhati ani oka ChaMdassu galadu. aMdulOni pAdamulaku 12, 8, 12, 8 aksharamulu. 12, 8 aksharamulanu prakka prakkana uMchi, oka aksharamunu taggiMchinappuDu manaku 19 aksharamula padyamu labhistuMdi. SA.vi. vaMTi vRttamulaku punAdi iTTi ChaMdassugA kUDa uMDavachchunanu abhiprAyamu unnadi. satObRhatiki oka udAharaNamu –

irajyan agnE prathayasva jaMtubhir
asmE rAyO amartiya
sa darSatasya vapushO vi rAjasi
pRNakshi sAnasiM kratuM – (RgvEdamu, 10.140.04)

(agnI, nIvu jIvaMtamaina lOkamunaku pAlakunigA vyApiMchumu. amara daivamA, mAku sarva saMpadalanu prasAdiMchumu. nI sauMdaryamu prakASiMchuchunnadi. nI AdhvaryamulO mEmu saSaktulamai vijayamunu poMdedamu.)

Edi EmainA SA.vi. krIstuSakAraMbhamu nATikE saMskRta kavulaku parichitamaina ChaMdassu. mahAbhAratamulOni dakshiNa bhArata pratilOkarNa, anuSAsanika parvamulalO SA.vi. ChaMdamulO nAlugaidu padyamulu unnavi. kAni ivi bahuSA prakshiptamulani bhAviMchavachchunu. aSvaghOshuni sauMdaranaMda kAvyamulO praprathamamugA SA.vi. vRttamunu manamu chaduvavachchunu. oka udAharaNamu –

bhikshArthaM samayE vivESacha purauM – dRshTaurjanasyAkshipan
lAbhAlAbha sukhAsukhAdishu sama@h – svasyEMdriyO nispRha@h
nirmOkshAya chakAra tava cha kathAM – kAlE janAyArthinE
naivOnmArga gatAn janAn paribhava – nnAtmAna muktarshayan – (aSvaghOshuni sauMdaranaMdamu, 18.62)

(ataDu bhikshArthamu nagarapravESamu chEsinappuDu, prajalu ataDini gamaniMchinAru. lAbhanashTamulu, sukhadu@hkhAdulanu samamugA neMchu nataDu iMdriyamulaku atItuDu. akkaDa A kshaNamu janulaku tappu dArulanu chUpaka tana gu~riMchi goppalu cheppukonaka mukti mArgamunugu~riMchi bOdhiMchenu.)

saMskRtanATakarachayitalalO purAtanuDaina bhAsamahAkavi vrAsina pratimAnATakamunuMDi oka SA.vi. vRttamu –

AraMbhE paTahE sthitE gurujanE – bhadrAsanE laMgitE
skaMdhOchchAraNa namyamAna vadana – pradyOtitOyE ghaTE
rAj~nAhUya visarjitE mayi janO – dhairyENa mE vismita@h
sva@h putra@h kurutE pituryadi vacha@h – kastatra bhO vismaya@h – (bhAsuni pratimAnATakamu, 1.5)

(gurujanula samakshamulO paTaha vAdyamulu mrOyuchuMDagA, maMgaLAsanamupaina nEnu kUrchuMDagA, maMtrajalamulu pAtranuMDi pOyabaDu samayamulO chakravarti nannu chUDa rammanenanu vArta nA pEra vachchinadi. janulaMda~ru nA dhairyamunaku AScharyapOyAru. svaputruDu taMDri mATanu paripAliMchuTalO AScharya meMdukO?)

SilASAsanamulalO kUDa SA.vi. padyamulanu allinAru. harisEnuDu samudragupta chakravartini gu~riMchi vrAsina prayAgapraSastilOni kriMdi padyamu dAniki oka udAharaNamu –

EhyOhItyupaguhya bhAvapiSunai – rutkarNitE rOmabhi@h
sabhyEshUchChvasitEshu tulyakulaja – mlAnAnanOdvIkshita@h
snEhavyAlulitEna bAshpaguruNA – tattvEkshiNA chakshushA
ya@h pitrAbhihitO nirIkshya nikhilAM – pAhitvamurvImati@h – (samudraguptuni prayAgapraSasti, krI.Sa. 360)

(tAmu tiraskariMchabaDiranE mlAna vadanamulatO sAmaMtarAjulu chUchuchuMDagA, SrEyObhilashulu saMtOshapaDuchuMDagA, rOmAMchituDai taMDri aTTi putruni (samudraguptuni) kaugiliMchukoni itaDu samasta lOkamunu paripAliMchu chakravarti ayyenani AnaMdiMchenu.)

pUrtigA #»

samasta siddhAMtaM avasaramA?

upOdghAtaM

I viSvaM yokka puTTuka, AkAraM, jIvana saraLi, giTTuka, modalaina pragADhamaina vishayAlani telugutO kustIpaTTaTaM aMTE pilli tala goragaTamE ani nannu AkshEpiMchEvAru unnappaTikI, nEnu ivE vishayAlu padE padE rAyaTAniki kAraNaM uMdi. nAku kavitalu, kavitvAlu allaTaM chEta kAdu. saMskRta SlOkAlani udaharistU vyAsAlu rAyalEnu. rAjakIyAlu, krikeT, sinimAlu nAku bOdha paDavu. nAdi Eka diSAtmakamaina abhiruchi. kAlakshEpAniki EdO oka pani cheyyAli kadA. pOnI E porugiMTi pillinO paTTukuMdAmani prayatnistE adi ‘parru’ manEsariki nAku bhayaM vEsiMdi. kanuka I pani chEstunnAnu.

A madhya, aMTE, daridApu iravai ELla kritaM, bhArata dESaMlOni unnata pAThaSAla vidyArthi okaDu nAku nAlugu ara TAvula uttaraM rAsEDu. manaki telisina bhautikaSAstraMlOni sUtrAlanniTini raMgariMchi, aMtA okE oka sUtraMlO imiDchEDuTa! chUDaTAniki chAla klishTaMgA uMdA gaNita samIkaraNaM. aMdulOni sthirAMkAlaki, chalana rASulaki, rakarakAla viluvalu ApAdistU A okka samIkaraNaM nuMDI nAku parichayaM unna anEka sUtrAlani veliki tIsi chUpiMchEDu. nEnu kUDa oka rAmAnujan^ni AvishkariMchabOtunnAnEmO anna ASatO A kAgitAlani nA pakka gadilO unna maroka bhautika SAstra AchAryuDiki chUpiMchEnu. nA chEtilO unna kAgitAlu aMdukuni Ayana viragabaDi navvalEdu kAni tana bIruvAlOMchi oka pustakaM tIsi, ‘idi chaduvu’ ani ichchEru.

siddhAMtAlu

I charcha modalu peTTEmuMdu vij~nAna SAstraMlO siddhAMtAla pAtra arthaM chEsukOvAli. SAstrIya paribhAshalO ‘siddhAMtaM’ anEdi oka namUnA. nijaM aMtA mana avagAhanalOki rAnappuDu, manaki arthamaina mErakE konni nibaMdhanalani pATistU namUnA nirmiMchukuMTAM. I namUnAki bhautikamaina astitvaM lEdu; adi svakapOla kalpitaM. siddhAMtAlanEvi kEvalaM mana UhAprapaMchaMlO kaTTukunna mEDalu. namUnAlu, siddhAMtAlu ennayinA nirmiMchukOvachchu. vITillO konni nAsi rakaM siddhAMtAlu uMTAyi, konni mElu rakaM siddhAMtAlu uMTAyi. SrEshTamaina siddhAMtAlaki konni maulikamaina lakshaNAlu uMTAyi. okaTi – siddhAMtaM tikamakalu lEkuMDA, saraLaMgA, anavasaramaina sthirAMkAlu lEkuMDA uMDAli; reMDu – manaM prayOgAlalO gamaniMchE dRgvishayAlaki siddhAMtAlu anuguNaMgA uMDAli. aMTE, prayOga phalitAnikE pai cheyyi. mUDu, oka siddhAMtaM bhavishyattu guriMchi tIrmAnaM chEsinappuDu, A tIrmAnaM prayOgaM dvArA rujuvu cheyyaTAniki avakASaM uMDAli. aMTE siddhAMta saudhAlaki prayOgAlu punAdulugA uMDAli.

udAharaNaki, eMpeDaklIs (#Empedocles)# sRshTi aMtA bhUmi, nIru, gAli, agni anE nAlugu bhUtAlatO nirmiMchabaDiMdani lEvadIsina oka siddhAMtAnni grIku tattvavEtta arisTATil (#Aristotle)# paripUrNaMgA nammEDu. I siddhAMtaMlO klishTata lEdu; sulabhaMgA arthaM avutuMdi. kAni I siddhAMtaM tIrukI, prayOgAla tIruki madhya poMtana kudaralEdu. aMtE kAkuMDA I siddhAMtaM bhavishyattu guriMchi E aMchanAlu veyyalEkapOyiMdi. nyUTan (#Isaac Newton)# lEvadIsina gurutvAkarshaNa siddhAMtaM dIni kaMTe merugainadi. nyUTan siddhAMtaM prakAraM vastuvulu okadAnini marokaTi AkarshiMchukuMTAyi. elA? A AkarshaNa balaM AyA vastuvula garima mIda anulOma anupAtaMlOnU, A vastuvula madhya unna dUrapu varguki (#distance squared)# vilOma anupAtaMlOnU AkarshiMchukuMTAyi. I vishayAnni gaNita samIkaraNaMlA rAyaTAniki okE oka anupAta sthirAMkaM vADitE saripOtuMdi. aMtE. I sUtrAnni paTTukuni sAgadIsi I bhUmi mIda chalana dharmAlani nirNayiMchavachchu, AkASaMlO graha gamanAlani nirdESiMchavachchu, grahaNAla paTTuviDupulu EyEvELalalO jarugutAyO lekkakaTTi chUpavachchu, tOkachukkalu eppuDu kanabaDatAyO jOsyaM cheppavachchu. siddhAMtaparaMgA cheppinavannI nijamEnani prayOgAla dvArA nirdhAriMchavachchu.

E bhautika siddhAMtamU SASvataM kAdu. siddhAMtAlu pratipAdanalu mAtramE. avi chellinannALlu chellutAyi. A siddhAMtAniki vyatirEkaMgA prayOga phalitaM kanabaDinanADu A siddhAMtaM vIgipOtuMdi. aMTE EmiTanna mATa? oka siddhAMtaM nijamani manaM eppuDU rujuvu cheyyalEmu, kAni A siddhAMtaM tappani rujuvu cheyyagalaM. kanuka namUnAlaki, siddhAMtAlaki kUDa puTTuka, jIvitaM, giTTuka uMTAyi. eMpeDaklIs lEvadIsina chaturbhUta siddhAMtaM 2,000 saMvatsarAlu edurulEkuMDA batikiMdi – nyUTan dAnini kUladOsE dAkA. nyUTan lEvadIsina gurutvAkarshaNa siddhAMtaM 300 ELlapATu rAjyaM EliMdi – ain^sTain (#Albert Einstein)# vachchi dAnini savariMchE dAkA. nyUTan taruvAta eMpeDaklIs, arisTATil prabhRtula siddhAMtAlu nAmarUpAlu lEkuMDA kAlagarbhaMlO kalisipOyAyi. kAni ain^sTain enni savariMpulu chEsinA nyUTan siddhAMtAlu pUrtigA naSiMchipOlEdu. eMduvalla? mana dainaMdina kAryakramAlalO nyUTan siddhAMtAlu chAlu. avi arthaM chEsukOvaTaM tElika. vATini vADaTaM tElika. kaLASAlalO chaduvukunE vidyArthulu kUDa arthaM chEsukuni vADagalaru. kanuka prati chinna vishayAnikI ain^sTain akkaralEdu; gOTitO mITagaligEvATiki goDDali eMduku?

mari ayitE ain^sTain savariMpulu eppuDu avasaramavutAyi? viparItamaina garima gala nakshatrAlu, kshIrasAgarAlu, kAMti vEgaMtO tulatUgE paramANu rENuvulu mana namUnAlO irakavalasi vachchinappuDu nyUTan siddhAMtaM pani cheyyadu. appuDu ain^sTain kAvAli. viSvavidyAlayapu sthAyiki chErukuMTE kAni ain^sTain arthaM kADu. avannI saMklishTamaina bhAvAlu, adaMtA saMklishTamaina gaNitaM.

pipIlikAdi brahma paryaMtaM I viSvaMlO unna prati padArthAnni, prati balAnni, prati pravartanani okE oka siddhAMtaMlO imaDchagaligitE, okE oka sUtraMtO varNiMchagaligitE adoka aMdaM. muMdastugA, kAlagamanaMtO pATu I viSvaM elA pariNati cheMdutOMdO cheppE siddhAMtAlu unnAyi. avi I rOju I viSvaM elAguMdO cheppagaligitE rEpu I viSvaM elAguMTuMdO cheppagalavu. rEpEmiTi? biliyanu saMvatsarAla taruvAta I viSvaM elA uMTuMdO cheppagalavu I siddhAMtAlu. kAni, modaTlO I viSvaM ekkaDi nuMDi vachchiMdi? elA vachchiMdi? I viSvaM yokka prAdurbhAvAniki kArakulu evvaru? modalaina praSnalaki tAttvikulu samAdhAnAlu cheppAli kAni SAstravEttalu kAdu. tAttvikulani aDigitE vArEmaMTAru? I viSvAnni sarvaSakti saMpannuDaina bhagavaMtuDu sRshTiMchEDu aMTAru. kAvachchugAka! idaMtA A bhagavaMtuDi lIla ayinappaTikI I lIla asaMbaddhaMgA kAkuMDA chAla kramabaddhaMgA, niyamabaddhaMgA unnaTlu kanabaDutOMdi kadA.

nILlu pallamerugutunnAyi. vEDi vastuvulu challArutunnAyi. grahAlu gatulu tappakuMDA saMcharistunnAyi. dEvuDu I sRshTini oka kramamaina paddhatilOnE naDipistUnnaTlu anipistOMdi kadA. kanuka dEvuDanEvADu I sRshTini jaripinA Ayana EdO AshAmAshIgA chEsEsi uMDaDu; EdO oka krama paddhatilOnE chEsi uMTADu. A paddhati EdO okaTi ayitE bAguMTuMdi kAni, padihEnu paddhatulu, pAtika minahAyiMpulu, paraka sthirAMkAlu uMTE adi dEvuDu chEsina panilA uMDadu, EdO kamiTI chEsina panilA uMTuMdi.

okE siddhAMtaM uMDaTaMlO aMdaM

dESAniki oka pradhAna maMtri uMTE bAguMTuMdi kAni dESaMlO unna kulAlu annI, ‘evari kulaM vAri pradhAna maMtri vArikE’ aMTU, kulAnikoka pradhAna maMtri kAvAlaMTE Emi sababu? alAgE I bhautika prapaMchaMlO manaki dyOtakamayE dRgvishayAlani anniTini okE oka siddhAMtaMtO abhivarNiMchagaligitE bAguMTuMdanEdi SAstravEttala chirakAla vAMCha. dEvuDu anEvADu vividha rUpAlalO, anEka pErlatO unnA dEvuDokkaDE anE siddhAMtaM kUDa ilAMTidE.

bhautika SAstraMlO I bhinnatvaMlO EkatvaM elA sAdhiMchEmO chinna udAharaNatO modalu peDatAnu. mana pUrvulu chalanaM anE dRgvishayAnni, vEDi anE dRgvishayAnni gamaniMchEru. chalanaM, vEDi vErvEru dRgvishayAlu anukunnAru. nUTan chalana sUtrAlu bahuLa janAdaraNa poMdina taruvAta, oka vastuvulOni baNuvula (#molecule)# chalanamE vEDilA manaki anipistuMdani arthaM ayiMdi. aMTE chalanaM, vEDi okE dRgvishayAniki vividhamaina bahirgata rUpAlu ani telisiMdi. idE vidhaMgA, SabdaM anE dRgvishayAniki kUDa baNuvula chalanamE kAraNaM ani arthaM ayiMdi. ilA mana anubhava paridhilO unna ennO vishayAlani nyUTan chalana sUtrAlatO arthaM chEsukOvachchani tEliMdi. kAnI, gurutvAkarshaNa anE dRgvishayAnni chalana sUtrAla dvArA arthaM chEsukOvaTaM sAdhyaM kAlEdu.

I bhautika prapaMchaMlO chalanaM, SabdaM, vEDi – ivE kAkuMDA iMkO kOvaki cheMdina dRgvishayAlu unnAyi. vATini vidyut^tattvaM, ayaskAMtatattvaM aMdAM. AkASaMlO merisE merupu vidyut^tatttvAniki udAharaNa. sUdaMTurAyi ellappuDU uttara dhruvaM vaipu chUpaTaM ayaskAMtatattvAniki udAharaNa. sA. Sa. 1873lO mEks^vel (#James C Maxwell)# I reMDU nijAniki okaTEnani nirUpiMchi dAniki vidyudayaskAMta tattvaM (#Electromagnetism)# ani pEru peTTEDu. iMtaTitO bhautika SAstraM mUDu siddhAMtAla mukkAli pITa mIda nilabaDiMdi: okaTi – nyUTan chalana sUtrAlu; reMDu – nyUTan gurutvAkarshaNa sUtraM; mUDu – mEks^vel vidyudayaskAMta sUtrAlu.

padArthaM aMTE EmiTi? anna praSnaki samAdhAnaMgA sA. Sa. 1900lO maroka sUtraM bayaTa paDiMdi. oka aNuvulO unna elakTrAnula chalanaM nyUTan chalana sUtrAlaki kaTTubaDi uMDavaninnI, aNugarbhaMlO unna prakriyalani varNiMchaTAniki kotta siddhAMtaM avasaramaninnI guLika siddhAMtaM (#Quantum theory)# rujuvu chEsiMdi. aMtE kAkuMDA reMDu udajani aNuvulu, oka Amlajani aNuvu saMyOgaM cheMdi nITi baNuvugA eMduku mArutuMdO I kotta guLika siddhAMtaM vivaraNa ichchiMdi. ichchi rasAyana SAstrAniki punAdulu diTTaM chEsiMdi. kAni, iMkA vivariMchavalasina dRgvishayAlu uMDipOyAyi. udAharaNaki oka elakTrAnu mIda kAMti paDDappuDu jarigE saMkarshaNala saMgati EmiTi? kAMti annA vidyudayaskAMta taraMgAlu annA okaTE kanuka vidyudayaskAMta taraMgAlu elakTrAnu mIda paDDappuDu jarigE prakriyalani varNiMchaTaM elA? I pani jaragAlaMTE guLika SAstrAnikI, mEks^vel sUtrAlakI madhya peLli jaragAli. dIninE guLikIkariMchina vidyudayaskAMta siddhAMtaM aMTAru. anAli. kAni mana karma kAli dAniki iMglIshulO, kvAMTam elakTrODainamiks (#Quantum electrodynamics, QED)# ani pEru peTTEru.

modaTlO I siddhAMtaM kUDa bAlArishTAlani edurkoMdi. I bAlArishTAlEmiTO kUlaMkashaMgA charchiMchaTaM chAla kashTaM. I samasya maulikaMgA chAla klishTamainadi. gaNitaMlOnu, bhautika SAstraMlOnu pAMDityaM uMDi, nObel bahumAnAlu aMdukunna hEmAhEmIlakE I samasya EmiTO arthaM ayi, parishkAra mArgAlu dorikEsariki 20 saMvatsarAlu paTTiMdi. aTuvaMTi samasyani, dAnni parishkariMchE vidhAnAnni aMdarikI arthaM ayETaTlu -– aMdulOnU telugulO — cheppaTaM chAla kashTaM. ayinA prayatnistAnu. nEnu ichchE vivaraNa, upamAnAlu samasyani arthaM chEsukOTAniki –- chaMdraSAkhAnyAyaMlA — mArgadarSakAlE kAni yadArtha sthitigatulani varNiMchaTAniki kAdu. nEnu ikkaDa chEsE prayatnaM munigipOtunnavADiki gaDDi paraka aMdiMchina chaMdaM anukoMDi.

reMDu vastuvula madhya uMDE Akarshaka Sakti AyA vastuvula bhArAlu perugutUnna koddI perugutuMdi, vATi madhya dUraM perugutUnna koddI taggutuMdi. I vishayAnni oka gaNita samIkaraNaMgA rAsinappuDu adoka bhinnaMlA kanipistuMdi; lavaMlO A vastuvula garimalu, hAraMlO vATi madhya uMDE dUraM yokka vargu uMTAyi. ippuDu I vastuvulani daggaragA jarupukuMTU vastE vATi madhya dUraM taggutuMdi kanuka, hAraM viluva taggi bhinnaM viluva perugutuMdi. I reMDu vastuvulu okadAnini marokaTi DhIkonnappuDu vATi madhya dUraM sunnaki chErukuMTE, A bhinnaM viluva anaMtaM (#infinity)# ayipOtuMdi. lekkalalO kAni, bhautika SAstraMlO kAni eMta pedda saMkhyanayinA bhariMchagalaM kAni ‘anaMtaM’ vastE bhariMchalEmu. appuDu A lekka ‘chEsEvADi mukhaM mIda pElipOyiMdi’ aMTAM.

iTuvaMTi paristhiti nuMDi tappiMchukOTAniki gaNitaMlO rakarakAla chiTakAlu vADatAru. maulikaMgA I chiTakAlu annI chEsE pani okaTE, kaLlu kappi mOsaM cheyyaTaM! kAni mOsaM annA, kanikaTTu annA maryAdagA uMDadani vATiki rakarakAla pErlu peTTi samardhiMchukuMTAru. I pErlalO tarachugA vinabaDEvi nArmalaijEshan, regyularaijEshan anE mATalu. pElipOtUnna lekkani pElipOkuMDA ApE prayatnAlu ivannI. I rakaM mOsapu paddhatini manaM telugulO kiTTiMchaTaM aMTAM. kaLlu mUsukuni pilli pAlu tAginaTlu lekkani ilA kiTTistE siddhAMtaM cheppE jOsyAniki, prayOgAla phalitAlaki madhya poMtana kudurutOMdi. lEkapOtE siddhAMtaM dAri siddhAMtAnidi, prayOgaM dAri prayOgAnidi. dInikI, mAMtrikuDu chEsE mOsAnikI tEDA EmiTi? nijAniki ilA mOsaM cheyyaTaM manaspUrtigA manaki ishTaM lEkapOyinA I paddhatitO chEsina lekkalatO nirmiMchina siddhAMtamE sari ayinadani prayOgAlu ghOshistunnAyi. bhautika SAstrapu bhavanAlu prayOgAlu anE punAdula mIda lEvAli kanuka ayishTaMgAnE aMdarU I kiTTiMpu paddhatini vADaTaM modalu peTTEru. sA. Sa. 1900 prAMtAlalO miMguDu paDani guLika siddhAMtAnni aushadhaM guLika miMginaTlu elA miMgErO alAgE I kiTTiMpu paddhatini miMgi SAstravEttalu eMtO pragati sAdhiMchEru.

vITanniTinI adhigamiMchi I siddhAMtAnni oka dariki chErchEsariki tala prANaM tOkaki vachchiMdi. siddhAMtaM vIgipOkuMDA niladokkukuMdi. eMta bAgA niladokkukuMdaMTE -– okka gurutvAkarshaNani minahAyistE -– I siddhAMtAniki loMgani bhautika prakriya lEdaMTE adi atiSayOkti kAdu. aMTE, samastAnni varNiMchi cheppaTAniki chivariki reMDu siddhAMtAlu migilEyi. okaTi kAkapOyina taruvAta reMDayitEnEmiTi? padahArayitEnEmiTi? prastutaM paristhiti ilA uMdi.

reMDu siddhAMtAlu uMTE nashTamEmiTi?

sRshTi aMtaTikI okE oka siddhAMtaM kAvAlani maMku paTTu paTTaTaMlOnU vij~nata lEdu. talli garbhaMlOni pilla bhUpatanaM ayinadi modalu bhavishyattu elA uMTuMdO jAtakaM rAyagalaM. kAni, bhUpatanAniki muMdu Emi jarigiMdO cheppaTAniki I jAtakaM panicheyyakapOvachchu. janana ghaDiyala taruvAta vartiMchE jAtaka siddhAMtaM piMDAniki vartiMchAlani EmuMdi? reMDiMTiki okE siddhAMtaM uMTE bAgAnE uMDochchu. alA lEkapOyinaMta mAtrAna vachchE nashTaM kUDa EmI lEdu.

iMtakI cheppochchEdEmiTaMTE viSvAnnaMtaTinI, sarvakAla sarvAvasthalakI saripOyE vidhaMgA okE oka samasta siddhAMtaMtO varNiMchaTaM susAdhyaM kAdEmO. aTuvaMTi bRhat prayatnAniki badulu viSvaM yokka jIvita kAlAnni daSala vArIgA viDagoTTi E daSaki nappina vidhaMgA, viDiviDigA, pilla siddhAMtAlani nirmiMchukOvachchu kadA. chUDaMDi, pillala rOgAlakO vaidyuDu, ADavALla rOgAlaki maroka vaidyuDu, kaMTi rOgAlaki marokaDu unnaTlE aNupramANaMlO unna viSvAnikO siddhAMtaM, kshIrasAgarAla pramANaMlO unna viSvAniki maroka siddhAMtaM, puTTina taruvAta perugudalaki oka siddhAMtaM, puTTakapUrvaM paristhitiki iMkoka siddhAMtaM –- ilA oka klishTamaina samasyani mukkalugA chEsi adhyayanaM cheyyavachchu. udAharaNaki sUryuDi chuTTU grahAlu tirigE kakshyani nirNayiMchaTAniki AyA nabhOmUrtula garimalu, vATi madhya uMDE dUrAlu telistE chAlu; sUryuDiki A velugu, vEDi ekkaDanuMDi vachchEyi, grahagarbhaMlO jarigE chaitanya prakriyalu EmiTi modalaina vishayAla prasakti anavasaraM.

I kONaMtO AlOchiMchi, elAgO okalAga saripeTTukuMdAmA aMTE adI vIlayETaTlu lEdu. eMdukaMTE, I rOjullO viSvAnni varNiMchaTAniki sthUlaMgA reMDu asaMpUrNamaina siddhAMtAlu unnAyi: sAdhAraNa sApEksha siddhAMtaM (#Theory of General Relativity), #guLika siddhAMtaM (#Quantum Theory).# sAdhAraNa sApEksha siddhAMtaM gurutvAkarshaNa balaM aMTE EmiTO, bhArI ettuna viSvaM kaTTaDi, lakshaNAlu elA uMTAyO chebutuMdi. ‘bhArI ettuna’ aMTE I siddhAMtaMlO dUrAlu oka kilOmITaru nuMDi 10#E+24 #(aMTE, 1 taruvAta 24 sunnalu) kilOmITarlu varaku uMDochchu. sthUlaMgA vichAristE I siddhAMtaMlO losugulu lEvu. pOtE, guLika siddhAMtaM aNupramANaMlO pani chEstuMdi. aMTE, I siddhAMtaMlO dUrAlu mITarulO TriliyanO vaMtu pramANaMlO uMTAyi. Triliyanu UhiMchukOvaTaM kashTaM kanuka, guLika siddhAMtaM aNupramANapu paridhilOnE panichEstuMdani cheppi UrukuMTAnu. I siddhAMtaMlOnu losugulu lEvu. I siddhAMtaM eMta jayapradaM ayiMdaMTE, I siddhAMtaM vallanE TrAnsisTarlu, kaMpyUTarlu, lEౙrlu, modalaina parikarAlu nirmiMchaTAniki vIlu paDiMdi.

duradRshTavaSAttu I reMDu siddhAMtAlakI madhya pottu, poMtanalu kudaraTaM lEdu. I reMDu siddhAMtAlu okE sAri nijaM kAvaTAniki vIlu lEdu. I reMDu siddhAMtAlani saMdhAnaparachi, maroka sarikotta ummaDi siddhAMtaM lEvadiyyavalasina avasaraM eMtayinA uMdi. I ummaDi siddhAMtAniki pEru kUDa peTTEru: guLika gurutva siddhAMtaM lEdA guLikIkariMchabaDDa gurutva siddhAMtaM (kvAMTam thiyarI Aph grEviTI, #Quantum Theory of Gravity).# iTuvaMTi siddhAMtaM prastutaM mana daggara lEdu. uMTE bAguMDunanE kOrika uMdi. iTuvaMTi guLika gurutva siddhAMtAniki uMDavalasina haMgulu EmiTO manaki sthUlaMgA telusu. aTuvaMTi siddhAMtaM manaM nirmiMchagaligitE dAnivalla manaki samakUrE lAbhAla jAbitA kUDa mana daggara uMdi. peLliki aMtA siddhaM; peLlikUturu dorakaDamE taravAyi! annaTlu uMdi paristhiti.

I samasta siddhAMtaM dorikiMdani anukuMdAM. appuDu A siddhAMtaM samastAnnI varNiMchi cheppagalagAli. samastamU bhavishyattulO elA pravartistuMdO cheppagalagAli. A samastaMlO manamU oka bhAgamE. kanuka samasta siddhAMtaM aMTU okaTi uMTE giMTE adi mana pravartanani kUDA cheppagalugutuMdi. aMTE, A samasta siddhAMtAnnI nirmiMchagaligE tAhatu manaki uMdO lEdO anna mImAMSaki samAdhAnaM A siddhAMtamE cheppAli.

I chakrIya tarkaM elAguMdaMTE — nA chinnatanaMlO jarigina saMghaTana chebutAnu. nEnu amerikA chaduvukuMduku veLlina kottalOnE nAku kaMpyUTarlatO parichayaM ayiMdi. A kaMpyUTarlu upayOgiMchi jAtakAlu rAstE elAguMTuMdOnanna Uha merisiMdi nA madilO. mA nAnnagAru jAtakAlu cheppaTaMlO diTTa. aMdukani Ayanani ASrayiMchi jAtakAlu rAyaTaM nErpamani aDigEnu. Ayana gaDiyAraM mIda vELa chUsi, vELlamIda EvEvO lekkalu chEsi, “nAyanA, nI jAtakaM prakAraM jAtaka vidya nIku abbadu. anavasaraMgA iTuvaMTi prayOgAlatO kAlayApana cheyyakuMDA SraddhagA nI chaduvu nuvvu chaduvukO,” ani nirutsAha parachEru. adE vidhaMgA A samasta siddhAMtaM nirmiMchagaligE stOmata mAnava jAtiki uMdO lEdO A samasta siddhAMtamE cheppAli kAbOlu!

prastutaM mana daggara, asamagraMgA, asaMpUrNaMgA unna siddhAMtAlatO pabbaM gaDichipOtOMdi. eDArilO eMDamAvilA UristUnna A guLika gurutva siddhAMtaM lEkapOyinaMta mAtrAnna mana manugaDaki vachchE muppu EdI kanabaDaTaM lEdu. aTuvaMTappuDu aMtaMta Dabbu kharchu peTTi eMDamAvi lAMTi A samasta siddhAMtaM kOsaM vetakaTaM bhAdyatO kUDina panEnA ani saMSayaM rAvaTaM sahajaM. kAni adEmi chitramO! charitralO ekkaDa chUsinA kutUhalaM anEdi medaDulO pravESiMchina taruvAta adi kummari purugulA alA golukutUnE uMTuMdi. saMdEhaM nivRtti ayEvaraku burralO A durada taggadu, dAhaM tIradu. A dAhaM tIraTAniki gamyaM chErukOvaTaM eMta mukhyamO I prayANaM kUDa aMtE mukhyaM.

I samasta siddhAMtaM kOsaM aharniSalU vETa mAtraM jarugutOMdi. I vETalO ekkuva ASAjanakaMgA unna siddhAMtAla pErlu pOgula siddhAMtaM (#string theory), #porala siddhAMtaM (#M-Theory).# vITi guriMchi vipulaMgA I chiru vyAsaMlO charchiMchaTaM sAdhyaM kAdu. adi maroka vyAsaMlO, mareppuDO!

pUrtigA #»

anuvAdAlu

mUDu praSnalu

A rOjuki sabha chAliMchi lEvabOtU rAju maMtri kEsi chUsEDu.

“iMkA EdainA migili uMdA?”

“mIku kOpaM rAdani cheptEnE kAnI cheppaDAniki lEdu. A madhya mI praSnalaki samAdhAnAlu cheppinavALLani daMDiMchEru kanuka alA aDagavalasi vastOMdi.” cheppEDu maMtri.

A rOju saMtOshaMgA unnADEmO EviTO kAni, rAju navvutU cheppEDu, “A Sikshalu migatAvALlakE leMDi. cheppaMDi EmiTi saMgatulu?”

“mana rAjyapu sarihaddu chivaralO oka Uriki baiTagA oka sAdhuvunnADanI Ayana mI saMdEhAlaki saraina samAdhAnaM ivvagalaDanI chArula dvArA telsiMdi.”

“A samAdhAnAlu nAku nachchakapOtE?”

“samAdhAnAlu nEnu cheptAnani Ayana analEdu mahArAjA. Ayana ASramaMlOMchi bayaTaki rADu. evarainA kalavAlanukuMTE Ayana daggirakE oMTarigA veLLAlsi uMTuMdi. rAjahOdAlO kAkuMDA mAmUlu baTTalu vEsukuni veLtE tappa Ayana mItO mATlADaDani cheptunnAru. chArulu cheptE vinnAnu tappa Ayana nAku paMpiMchina vArta kAdaMDi idi.”

“nEnokkaNNE veLLAlA? dArilO nannu hatya chEsi marokaDevaDO rAjyaM saMpAdiMchaDAniki vEsina ettulA lEdU?”

“adi kUDA vichAriMchAnu leMDi. A sAdhuvu nijaMgA sAdhuvE. evarO paMpina gUDhachAri kAdu. Ayana j~nAni ani prajalu cheppukuMTunnAru. mana daggiraki ilAMTi vishayAlu aMta toMdaragA rAvu kadA?”

“ayitE?”

“mIru veLtAnaMTE reMDu sharatulu. okaTi, mI veMTa koMcheM dUraMgA mimmalni rakshiMchaDAniki chArulu vastAru. kAnI ASramaMlO chArulU, aMgarakshakuDU aDugupeTTaDAniki lEdu. mIku mIrE rakshiMchukOvAlsi uMTuMdi lOpalaki
veLLAka…”

“sAdhuvukennELLuMTAyi?”

“Ayanaki Dabbai painE uMDochchu. mIku Ayana valla EmI pramAdaM rAdu. reMDOdi, mIku Ayana samAdhAnAlu nachchakapOtE sAdhuvuni EmI chEyakUDadu. nEnu vinna prakAraM Ayana j~nAnE, kAnI Ayanni daMDiMchaDaM valla manaki vachchEdi EmIlEdu, prajAgrahaM tappa.”

“A mAtraM ardhaM ayiMdi leMDi. nannu nEnu rakshiMchukOgalanu. vachchE vArAniki ErpATlu chEyaMDi. chUddAM EmautuMdO I sAri. ippaTiki eMtamaMdi vachchinA nOTikochchina samAdhAnAlu cheppaDamE gAnI EvI sariggA AlOchiMchi cheppinaTTu kanabaDadu.”

“sarE. I sAreMdukO mIku saraina samAdhAnAlu dorukutAyani nAkanipistOMdi.”


A pai vAraM rAju mAmUlu manishilAgA bayaldErEDu sAdhuvuni kalsukOvaDAniki. rAjuki kanabaDakuMDA chArulu venakanE bayaldErEru. maMtri cheppaDaM prakAraM sAdhuvu ASramaM Uri bayaTa, kAnI rAju naDustUMTE telisi vachchinadEmiTaMTE, Uriki dUramE.

rAju ASramAniki veLLEsariki, sAdhuvu pAdulu tavvutU ArubayaTa unnADu. rAju lOpalaki rAvaDaM chUsEDu taletti. O kshaNaM tarvAta rAju lOpalaki vachchinaTTu gamaniMchi paTTiMchukOnaTTU maLLI mokkala mIda dRshTi sAriMchEDu. rAju sAdhuvu daggiraki veLLi kAsEpu Agi annADu.

“mIru j~nAnasaMpannulani ULLO vALLu cheptUMTE vini nAkunna mUDu saMdEhAlu mimmalni aDugudAmani vachchAnu. E pani chEyaDAnikainA saraina samayaM EdO telusukOvaDaM elA? nAku kAvAlsina mukhyamaina manushulevarO gurtiMchaDaM elA? nAkunna panullO ati mukhyamaina pani Edi? ivE nA praSnalu. vITini eMtamaMdinO aDigAnu kAnI evarU sariggA samAdhAnaM cheppalEkapOyEru. koMtamaMdi cheppinA avi nAku nachchalEdu.”

rAju mATlADutUMTE sAdhuvu vinnADu gAnI EmI samAdhAnaM cheppalEdu. samAdhAnaM mATa aTuMchi, mokkalaki goppulu tavvaDaM chEstUnE unnADu. kAsEpu gaDichEsariki sAdhuvuki chemaTlu paTTEyi. idi chUsi rAju cheppEDu.

“mIru alisipOyEru. kAsEpu alA kUrchOMDi, vITi saMgati nEnu chUstAnu.” ilA ani Ayana tavvE gunapaM chEtilOki tIsukunnADu. sAdhuvu mohaMlO saMtOshaM kanipiMchiMdi.

eMtasEpu ilA tavvinA sAdhuvu rAju praSnalaki samAdhAnaM ivvalEdu, iddarU okari tarvAta okaru tavvaDamE gAnI. dAdApu sAyaMtraM avutUMTE rAju maLLI aDigEDu sAdhuvuni, “mIru maMchi j~nAnulani mA maMtri cheptE vini ilA mimmalni nA saMdEhAlu aDugudAmani vachchAnu. mIku cheppaDaM ishTaM lEkapOtE sarE, nEnEmI anukOnu. kAnI…”

sAdhuvu nOru vippElOpula dUraMgA evarO parugeDutunnaTTu chappuDaiMdi. “iTu vaipu evarO vastunnaTTunnArE? chUddAM rA,” aMTU aTuvaipu naDichEDu. rAju anusariMchEDu.

vILLiddarU veLLEsariki okAyana kaDupu chEttO paTTukuni vastunnADu. kaDupulO kattI, kArE raktaMtO bhayAnakaMgA uMdi paristhiti. sAdhuvU, rAjU ataNNi tIsukeLLi ASramaM lOpala guDiselO paDukObeTTEru. rAju gAyAnni SubhraM chEstUMTE, sAdhuvu pakkanuMchi sahAyaM chESADu chEtanainaMtalO. kAsEpaTiki raktaM kAraDaM taggAka ataniki tAgaDAniki EdO ichchi paDukObeTTAru. I tataMgaM ayyEsariki bAgA chIkaTi paDiMdi.


bAgA alisipOyina rAju, sAdhuvu uMTunna ASramaMlO Emi tiMTunnADO chUsukOkuMDA unnadAnitO kaDupu niMpukuni, uttarakshaNaMlO nidralOki jAripOyEDu. iMtaTi SarIra Srama alavATulEni rAjuki A nidra eMtagA paTTiMdaMTE kaLLu terichEsariki marnADu bAreDu poddekki uMdi.

gAyaM tagilina manishi rAju lEvaDaM chUstUnE, lEchi veMTanE cheppEDu chEtulu jODiMchi, “mIru nannu kshamiMchAli mahArAjA!”

rAju atanikEsi niSitaMgA chUsi annADu, “mIrevarO nAku teliyadu. nEnu mimmalni eMduku kshamiMchaDaM?”

“nEnevarO mIku teliyakapOvachchu. kAnI mIrevarO nAku bAgA telusu. mA anna chEsina tappuki atanni uri tIyiMchi Asti japtu chEsukunnAru mIru. mimmalni eppaTikainA chaMpAlani nEnu anukunnAnu. ninna okkarU ilA bayaldErArani telsina veMTanE nEnu mimmalni anusaristU vachchAnu – tOvalO chaMpEyaDAniki. kAnI venakAla vachchE mI anucharullO okaDu nannu gurtu paTTi kaDupulO bAku guchchADu. pAripOyEnu iTuvaipuku vALLaki kanabaDakuMDA akkaDnuMchi. EdO podallOnO, tuppallOnO paDipOyuMTE raktaM kAripOyi chachchipOyi uMDEvANNi. kAnI mIru kanipiMchi ASramaMlO gAyAniki kaTTu kaTTaDaM valla batikAnu ninna rAtri. nEnu mimmalni chaMpudAmanukuMTE mIru nannu chAvakuMDA rakshiMchAru. aMdukE mimmalni kshamiMchamani ADigEnu,” ani cheppi tala diMchukunnADu AgaMtakuDu.

rAju mohaMlO okkasAri AScharyaMtO kUDina AnaMdaM kanabaDiMdi. maLLI annI kanukkuni nyAyaM jarigElA chUstAnani AgaMtakuDiki hAmI ichchEDu akkaDikakkaDE. guDiselOMchi bayaTakochchi sAdhuvuni chUsi cheppEDu rAju, “mIru samAdhAnaM cheptArEmO ani chUSAnu ninnaMtA. chUDabOtE mIku teliyadO, lEkapOtE cheppaDaM ishTaM lEdO. rAjyaM maMtrulakodilEsi nEnikkaDa kUrchOvaDaM kudaradu kadA? aMduchEta Selavu ippiMchaMDi. veLLAli.”

sAdhuvu cheppEDu “nIku anni samAdhAnAlU ninnanE dorikAyi kadA? iMkA cheppaDAnikEM uMdi?”

“avunA? adelA?” rAju AScharyapOyEDu.

“nuvvu ninna vachchinappuDu nEnu pAdulu tavvutunnAnu. nA mIda jAlipaDi gunapaM tIsukuni nuvvu tavvaDaM modalu peTTAvu. alA jAli paDakuMDA nI dArina nuvvu veLLinaTTaitE I AgaMtakuDu nI mIda dADi chEsi ninnu chaMpi uMDEvADu. appuDu nAtO uMDakuMDA veLLipOyinaMduku nIku cheDu jarigi uMDEdi. aMduvalla appuDu nIku anniMTikannA mukhyamaina manishini nEnu. mukhyamaina samayaM pAdulu tavvE samayaM. mukhyamaina pani nAku pAdulu tavvaDaMlO sahAyaM chEyaDaM.

A tarvAta I AgaMtakuDu vachchinappuDu mukhyamaina pani AgaMtakuDi gAyAniki kaTTukaTTaDaM. mukhyamaina manishi AgaMtakuDE. saraina samayaM AgaMtakuDiki sahAyaM chEstU maMchi chEsE samayaM. ivannI chUstE telustOMdigA? anniMTikannA mukhyamaina samayaM ippuDE. eMdukaMTE bhUta, bhavishyat vartamAnAllO I prastuta samayaMlOnE manaki E pani ayinA chEyagaligE adhikAraM, stOmatA unnadi. aMdarikannA mukhyamaina manushulu – A samayaMlO nI kUDA evaru uMTE vALLE. eMdukaMTE jIvitaMlO evariki evaritO saMbaMdhAlu uMTAyO, avi eppuDu elA uMTAyO, muMdu muMdu asalu uMTAyO pOtAyO manaki teliyadu kanaka. anniMTikannA mukhyamaina pani I samayaMlO nItO unnavALLaki maMchi chEyaDaM. A maMchi chEyaDaM kOsamE bhagavaMtuDu manishini sRshTiMchADu.”

sAdhuvu samAdhAnAlaki tRpti paDDaTTU talADiMchi ASramaMlOMchi bayaTaki naDichEDu rAju.

(mUlaM: #Three questions – Leo Tolstoy)

#pUrtigA #»

Sabda taraMgAlu

ammA kanakammA

ammA kanakammA

rAgaM: mAyA mALavagauLa

svara rachana, gAnaM: padmAvati pEri
rachana, svara kalpana: kanaka prasAd

<><>

#sAhityaM

pallavi:
ammA kanakammA
adi Emani anakammA
dina dinamu oka terupammA
ammA kanakammA
charaNaM:
pasi rOjula nADu
kasu@MgAyaku marupamma
ela prAyamunADu
valakA@Mkanu tala che~rupamma#             #|ammA|
charaNaM:
naDi@MgAlapu rA@Mpu
nalugurilO manu balupamma
mudi yodakaliyADa
tudi adubidukulalO alupamma#        #|ammA|
charaNaM:
vidulaMdaru muMda~ragonnA
idi muMdari tOvanu kanadamma!#           #|ammA|

#For# kanakamma.


pUrtigA #»

mAdhavapeddi satyaM: pratyEka janaraMjani mariyu lalitagItAlu

#[#prakhyAta gAyakuDu, raMgasthala naTuDu SrI mAdhavapeddi satyaM samarpiMchina pratyEka janaraMjani kAryakramAnni I saMchikalO mIku aMdistunnAnu. I ADiyO rikArDiMg nAkaMdiMchina tenAli vAsi SrI sAMbasivarAvu gAriki nA dhanyavAdAlu. ayitE I janaraMjani pUrtigA lEnaMduku chiMtistU, aMduku parihAraMgA SrI mAdhavapeddi rEDiyO vArikOsaM pADina aidu lalitagItAlanu mItO paMchukuMTunnAnu. - SrInivAs.#]

#pratyEka janaraMjani

#lalitagItAlu

1. ADavE mayUrI

2.# challanidAnA

3.# dariSanamIyavE

4.# kAlamerugani

5.# tIyani mAmiDipaMDu

#pUrtigA #»

prakaTanalu

ChaMdaM© – telugu ChaMdassu sAphT^vEr

uggupAlanuMDi uyyAlalOnuMDi
amma pATa pADinaTTi bhAsha
tEnevaMTi maMdu vInulakunu viMdu
dESabhAshalaMdu telugulessa!

— miriyAla rAmakRshNa

telugu ChaMdassu – saMkshipta parichayaM

padyAlanu vrAyaDAniki upayOgiMchE vidhAnAnni ChaMdassu aMTAru. ChaMdassunu moTTamodaTa saMskRta vEdAlalO upayOgiMchAru. Siksha, vyAkaraNa, nirukta, jyOtisha, kalpa, ChaMdassu anE Aru vEdAMgamulalO ChaMdassu kUDA okaTi. vEdamaMtramula amarikanu ChaMdassu teluputuMdi. padyapu lakshaNAlanu, padyaM vrAyaDaMlO pATiMchavalasina niyamAlanu ChaMdassu vivaristuMdi. telugu padyaM yokka ChaMdassunu nirNayiMchEvi, 1. pAdamula saMkhya, sAmAnyamugA I saMkhya nAlugu; 2. gaNamula amarika (gaNa vibhajana); 3. yati; 4. prAsa.

gaNamulu: oka laghuvunu uchchariMchu kAlamu oka mAtra, oka guruvu lEka reMDu laghuvulanu uchchariMchu kAlamu reMDu mAtralu. gurulaghuvula samUhamunu gaNamu aMTAru. guruvuku chihnamu #U,# laghuvuku chihnamu #I.# mAtrala saMkhyabaTTi mAtrAgaNamula nirmANaM jarugutuMdi. oka mAtratO oka mAtrAgaNamu (#I),# reMDu mAtralatO reMDu mAtrAgaNamulu (#U, II),# mUDu mAtralatO mUDu mAtrAgaNamulu (#UI, IU, III),# nAlugu mAtralatO aidu mAtrAgaNAmulu (#UU, UII, IUI, IIU, IIII),# aidu mAtralatO enimidi mAtrAgaNamulu (#IUU, UIU, UUI, IIIU, UIII, IUII, IIUI, IIIII)# ErpaDatAyi.

manamu ippuDu ChaMdassulO vADE gaNamulu okaTinuMDi mUDu aksharamula varaku parimitamu. avi – la (#I),# ga (#U),# va lEka laga (#IU),# ha lEka gala (#UI),# lala lEka lA (#II),# gaga lEka gA (#UU),# ya (#IUU),# ma (#UUU),# ta(#UUI),# ra(#UIU),# ja(#IUI),# bha (#UII),# na(#III),# sa(#III).# ivi kAka telugu dESi ChaMdassulO sUrya, iMdra, chaMdra anE upagaNamulunnAyi. na-gaNamu (#III),# ha-gaNamu (#UI)# sUryagaNamulu. nala (#IIII),# naga (#IIIU),# sala (#IIUI),# bha (#UII),# ra (#UIU),# ta (#UUI)# gaNamulu iMdragaNamulu.

prAsa: prati pAdaMlOni reMDava aksharAniki prAsa ani pEru. modaTi pAdaMlOni prAsAksharamE migilina pAdAlalO kUDA rAvAli. prAsAksharamulO E achchu aksharamainA uMDavachchunu. I samAna aksharAnni nirNayiMchaDAniki chAlA niyamAlu unnAyi. aMtya prAsa niyamamu konni padyAlalO cheppabaDiMdi. prAsa pUrvAksharAniki kUDA konni jAgrattalu tIsukOvAli.

yati: prati pAdamulO modaTi aksharamunaku, adE pAdamulO vEroka aksharamunakO lEka aksharamulakO uMDE sAmyatanu yati aMTAru. saMskRtamulO yati padavichChEdanamu mAtramE, kAni telugulO yati lEka vaDiki mukhya guNamu aksharasAmyata. aksharamula pratyEkatanu baTTi yati niyamamu uMTuMdi, aMduvalana telugu ChaMdassulO ennO vidhamulaina yatulu unnAyi.

ChaMdaM© – telugu ChaMdassu sAphT^vEr

padyaM anEdi sRjanAtmakamaina oka sAhitya prakriya. I SatAbdAniki pUrvaM varaku padyarachana telugulOni pramukha sAhitya prakriya. ChaMdO niyamAlapai paTTE padyarachanalOni pedda savAlu. padyaM vrAstunnappuDu E ChaMdassulO vrAstunnAmO A ChaMdassu lakshaNAlu sarichUsukOvAli. ChaMdO niyamAla dhAraNa, niraMtara adhyayanaM, abhyAsaM – vITivalla kavulu padyarachanalOni savALlanu vijayavaMtamugA edurkonnAru. telugulO mana pUrva kavulu aMdiMchina anaMtamaina padya sAhityaM prastutaM pustaka rUpaMlOnE manaku dorukutOMdi. eMta jAgratta paDinA appuDappuDu konni tappulu dorlaTaM sahajamE. I dOshAlu konni kavulu chEsinavi, mari konni mudrApakulavi. ippuDippuDE I pustakAlannI DijiTaij chEyabaDutunnAyi. DijiTaijEshanlO edurayyE savALLanu edurkoni akshara dOshAlu ekkaDekkaDa unnAyO, tappulu ekkaDekkaDa unnayO ani cheppagala oka sAMkEtika sAdhanaM achchupustakAlalO unna dOshAlanu savariMchaTAniki avasaraM avutuMdi. A lOTunu ChaMdaM sAphT^vEr chakkagA pUriMchagaladu.

I An^lain sAphT^vEr telugu yunIkOD chUDagaligina anni braujarlapainA idi panichEstuMdi. dInini pratyEkamugA in^sTAl chEsukOnavasaraM lEdu. oka padyAnni kEvalaM ara sekanu lOpulO gaNiMchavachchunu. aMTE oka nimishaM lOpulOnE oka SatakAnni gaNiMchagalaranna mATa.

ChaMdaM© EmEmi chEyagaladu?

  • kotta padyAlu rAsEvALLu dIni oka #editor#gA upayOgiMchukOvachchu.
  • teliyani padyAlu E ChaMdassuku cheMdinavO kanipeTTavachchu.
  • padyaM cheppina ChaMdassuku cheMdinadO lEdO cheppavachchu.
  • kotta ChaMdassulu rUpoMdiMchukOvachchu.
  • prachuraNakartalu oka #proofreader#lA upayOgiMchukOvachchu. (udA: SrI Ulapalli sAMbaSivarAvugAru DijiTaij chEsina telugu bhAgavatamu lOni 9000 paigA gala padyAlalOni akshara dOshAlanu pasigaTTaDaMlO pradhAna pAtra ChaMdaM© pOshiMchiMdi.)
  • Asakti unnavALlu saiTlOni ChaMdOrAjaM, ChaMdOratnAvaLi pustakAla dvArA ChaMdassunu nErchukOvachchu.

enni ChaMdassulu?

ChaMdassulu anaMtaM. prastutaM I parikaramutO 343 telugu ChaMdassulanu gaNiMchukOvachchu. ivi kOvela saMpatkumArAchAryula saMpAdakatvamulO veluvaDina ChaMda@hkOSamu nuMDi grahiMpabaDinavi. anni samavRttAlanu gaNiMchukOvachchu. I 343 mAtramE kAka kotta ChaMdassulanu rUpoMdiMchukoni gaNiMchukOvachchu.. aMTE Evidhamaina padya ChaMdassunu ayinA gaNiMchavachchanna mATa.

saMskRta , telugu ChaMdassula niyamAlu okaTE ayinA vATi gaNana prakriya koMta vibhinnaM, aMduvalla prastutAniki saMskRta ChaMdassulanu gurtiMchalEdu. kAnI ivE ChaMdO niyamAlatO telugulO vrAsina padyAlanu gaNiMchagaladu. 1300 ku paigA gala saMskRta ChaMdassula niyamAlu kUDA ChaMdaMlO unnAyi. ChaMdaM©nu anni rakAla ChaMdOniyamAlanu parigaNalOki tIsukoni nirmiMchaDaM jarigiMdi. 11,000 padyAlu sarichUDabaDDAyi.

ChaMdaM© – oka udAharaNa

deppara magu kAlamuchE
neppuDu dEvatala kella nashTaM bagu nI
yoppidamu@M gRshNu@M Darigina@M
dappe@M gadA! talli! nIvu tallaDapaDa@Mgan
— pOtana bhAgavatamu (1.397)


ChaMdaM© – oka udAharaNa

I padyAnni ChaMdaMtO gaNiMchinapuDu vachchina phalitaM pakka chitraMlO chUDagalaru.

(ikkaDa reMDava pAdaM lO ‘ne’ ku ‘na’ku yati maitri kudaradu ani ChaMdaM© cheptunnadi. TaipiMgu tappidamEmO? telugu sAhitya akADamI vAri prachuraNalO pAThyaM alAnE uMdi. idi maroka pratyEka yati kUDA kAdu. tirumala tirupati dEvasthAnaM vAri prachuraNa chUDagA nashTaM anEdi saraina pAThyaM kAdani, nishTaM anEdi saraina pAThyaM ani tEliMdi. ChaMdaM upayOgAniki idi oka udAharaNa.)

kEvalaM ChaMdOgaNanamE kAkuMDA yati, prAsalu sarichUDaDaM, ChaMdassula lakshaNAla SOdhana vaMTi marikonni ChaMdassuku paniki vachchE panimuTlanu kUDA I sAphT^vEr aMdistuMdi. samIpa bhavishyattulO I sAphT^vEr^nu mariMta abhivRddhi chEsE pani sAgutunnadi. mukhyaMgA:

  • SatakAlanu, kAvyAlanu sarichUsukonElA (#bulk computing# kOsaM) oka aplikeshan siddhaMgA uMdi. dAnini mariMta abhivRdhdhi chEsi aMdubATulOki tIsukuvachchE prayatnaM.
  • 1300 laku paigA gala saMskRta ChaMdassulanu kUDA gaNiMchE sadupAyaM.
  • mudriMchukonEMduku, itarulatO paMchukonEMduku vIlugAnU uMDagala ChaMdOgaNana dastraMnu aMdubATu lOki tEvaDaM. udAharaNa: #[#dastraM-1#] | [#dastraM-2#]
  • # baMdha,chitrakavitva padyAlanu kUDA gurtiMchE diSagA kRshi chEyaDaM.

abhimataM

E sAMkEtika sAdhanaM lEdA yaMtraM, mAnava vichakshaNaku EmAtraM sATirAvu annadi nagnasatyaM. ivi konni parithulaku lObaDi manaku sahAyakArigA uMTAyi. padya rachanananu chEyaDAniki bhAshapai paTTu sAdhiMchaDaMtO pATugA, ChaMdO niyamAla dhAraNa, adhyayana, abhyAsanAlu koMtavarakU chEyavalasiMdE. padya rachanalO sAMkEtika sAdhanAlanu upayOgiMchaDaM anEdi sAMpradAyavAdulu modaTi parichayaMlOnE aMta harshiMchaka pOvachchu kAnI teluguku mAtramE gala pratyEka sAhitya prakriyanu taruvAti tarAniki aMdiMchaDAniki sAMkEtika sAdhanAla avasarAnni gurtiMchAlsi uMdi. aTuvaMTi I sAMkEtika sAdhanaM ChaMdaM©nu padyarachanalO pAMDityaM galavAru upayOgiMchi, dIni abhivRddhilO pAlu paMchukOvAlannadi nirmAtagA nA abhimataM.

mIru padya rachayitalu, patrikAraMgAniki cheMdinavAru, sAhityAbhimAnulu, prachuraNakartalu ayitE mIku I sAdhanaM tappaka upakaristuMdani ASistAnu. ChaMdaM© guriMchi padi maMdiki mIblAgu dvArAnO , marOlAnO padimaMdikI teliyajEstArani ASistunnAnu. I sAphT^vEr elA vADukOvAlO vivaraMgA telipE parichaya-sahAyapatraM mIkOsaMgA poMduparichAnu.

- miriyAla dilIp.
(#m.dileep@gmail.com)

(#blAgu, veb^saiT, phEsbuk, gUgul: #Dileep Miriyala or# dilIpu miriyAla.)

#[#nA daggara lEni ennO udAharaNalanu sEkariMchi, pratI padya lakshaNAlanu vyaktigataMgA sarichUsi, chinna chinna akshara dOshAlanu kUDa savariMchi ichchinaMduku SrI ke. nAga bhUshaNarAvugAriki (AMdhrabhArati); I vyAsarachanalO nAku sahAyamu, salahAlanu ichchina SrI jejjAla kRshNamOhana rAvugAriki; 50ki paigA telugu yunIkOD phAMTulanu tayAru chEsi, anEka telugu saMbaMdha sAMkEtika parikarAla nirmANaMlO nAku prEraNanu, salahAlanu ichchina SrI darbhA aMbarIshagAriki; SrI mallina narasiMharAvu, SrI rAkESvar, SrI muraLI kOrimilli, phaNi pradIpu, saMdIpu mariyU nA SrImati anurAdha, iMkA nannu prOtsahiMchina eMdarikO nA hRdayapUrvakamaina kRtaj~natalu.#]

#pUrtigA #»