Expand to right
Expand to left

vishaya sUchika: sepTeMbar 2015

muMdumATa

ImATa sepTeMbar 2015 saMchikaku svAgataM!

tAmu chEsE pani mIda SraddhAsaktulu, tama panitanaM paTla gauravamu, garvamu, abhimAnamU lEnivAri pani phalitAlu eMta nAsirakaMgA uMTAyO cheppaDAniki mana telugu prachuraNAraMgaM oka chakkaTi udAharaNa. telugulO ippaTikI, innELLa taruvAta kUDA manaM garvaMgA cheppukOdagina prachuraNa saMsthalu lEvu; nANyataku udAharaNagA chUpiMchagaligE pustakAlu bahukoddi. vishayaM EdainA pustakaM kUDa oka vastuvE. dAnikI nANyatA pramANAlu uMTAyi. prachuraNa aMTE kEvalaM achchEyaDaM kAdanI, oka maMchi pustakaM anEdi SraddhatO abhimAnaMtO rUpu didditEnE sAdhyamanI, avi lEkapOvaDamE mana prachuraNa saMsthala prastuta paristhitiki kAraNamanI, tama vyAsaM telugulO pustaka prachuraNa – AkAravikArAlulO SrInivAs, nAgarAju, nArAyaNarAvu tama abhiprAyAlanu sOdAharaNaMgA vivaristunnAru. aMtE kAdu, prastutaM tama pustakAlu tAmE prachuriMchukunE autsAhikulaku oka maMchi pustakaM elA uMDAlO vivaristunnAru kUDA.

telugu graMthAlalO atyaMtakaThinamainavATilO agragaNyaMgA, vasucharitraM kaMTE durlabhamainadigA parigaNiMchabaDE graMthaM, 16va SatAbdilO jaTaprOlu saMsthAnAnnElina sarvaj~na siMgabhUpAluni vaMSIkuDu, rAmarAjabhUshaNuniki samakAlikuDu ayina surabhi mAdhavarAyalu rachiMchina chaMdrikApariNayamuanE mahAprabaMdhaM. I graMthAniki kollApurasaMsthAnapaMDitulaina brahmaSrI vellAla sadASivaSAstri, avadhAnaM SEshaSAstrulavAru vrAsina TIkAtAtparyasahitavyAkhyAnaMtO kUDina prati AkharimudraNa 1928lO. A prati ippuDu alabhyaM. apurUpamaina A prati sAdhiMchukuni, shumAru EDu vaMdala pEjIlu aksharaM aksharamU achchutappulu diddukuMTU, kESavapaMtulu narasiMhaSAstri, SrIraMgAchAryulavAri upOdghAtamulu jata chEstU, yUnIkOD^lO tiraga vrAsi ImATa graMthAlayaM kOsaM aMdachESAru tirumala kRshNadESikAchAryulu. vAri advitIyamaina Sramaku, prAchIna sAhityaM paTla vAri nibaddhatakU ImATanuMchi vAriki hRdayapUrvaka abhinaMdanalu.


I saMchikalO:

  • kathalu: TUeyiTIn^DI – svAtikumAri baMDlamUDi; veDalenu kOdaMDapANi – Ar. Sarma daMturti.
  • kavitalu: saubhAgya kumAra miSra: mUDu oriyA kavitalu – anAmika; sinimA – sAMghika; eMdukO alA – navIn naMbUri; mATala aksharAlu – svAtI SrIpAda; dRSyaM – vinnakOTa raviSaMkar; ekkaDekkaDa tirigEvu nAyanA – kanakaprasAd.
  • vyAsAlu: SrImAn rImAn uvAcha – vEmUri vEMkaTESvararAvu; chitraM bApurE vichitraM – sAyi brahmAnaMdaM gorti; oka paddhati prakA…raM – kanakaprasAd; telugulO pustakaprachuraNa-AkAravikArAlu – paruchUri SrInivAs, pappu nAgarAju, velchEru nArAyaNarAvu.
  • padyasAhityaM: pOtanAmAtyuni kalpanAnalpaSilpaM – ElchUri muraLIdhararAvu; nAku nachchina padyaM: dAMpatya mahima, kavitva mAdhurImahima – bhairavabhaTla kAmESvararAvu.
  • SabdataraMgAlu: adI idI vadalitE – kanakaprasAd; piThApuraM janaraMjani – paruchUri SrInivAs; prArthana: nuvvE nEnavvu – 1va bhAgaM – pAlaparti iMdrANi.
pUrtigA #»

kathalu

TUeyiTIn DI

“ammayya, I bassukOsamE iMtasEpU kAchukkUchunnAnaMDI. iMtaku muMdu TUTveMTIvan vachchiMdi kAnI dAniki EsI lEdu.”

“sAr, adi iMDiyaneks^pressEnA? EdI vOsAri jasT heD^lains chUsichchEstAnu.”

“ahaha, TikeT venaka rAyoddu, nEneppuDU prApar chEMj kyArI chEstAnu.”

“aitE kaMTrOl rUm daggara digipOyi ATO paTTukuMTE saripOtuMdigA?”

“aMtE aMtE.”

halO akkA! viy lav rEDiyO mirchI!

“lEdodinA, ammAyI aiTInE. amerikAlOnE lOnE chEsuddi. ainA ADadAni udyOgAndEmuMdilE vadinA. rEpE kaDupO kAlO vastE…”

“manAvOLLE iravayyAru lakshalaki konESAru. DeDDu chIpannamATa. ippuDA yEriyAlO skvEruyArDochchi eMtanukunnAv?”

“mA… mI… nAnna pOdAM.”

“veLdAM kannA. reMDrOjulu… ammaki panuMdi kadA.”

“U@M… U@M… nA… nnA…”

hAbIsaMTE vAchiMg TIvI. chAlA sArlu Trai chEstAmakkA, ivvALE phasT^Taim kalisiMdi. akkA, mA phEvareT sAMg okaTi plE cheyyarA! plIj!

“peLLikUturi chIralu kaMchilOnE tIstannAM. DabalnEta lEkapOtE asalu bAgOdu. EdO pilla kannU mukkU bAvuMdanE kAnI vALLichchina DabbultO EmochchuddodinA? mushTi…”

“paMDU, EDavakammA! jems ivvanA? adigO A blU kAr chUDu!”

“U@M… U@M… blU kAr… U@M… blU nAkoddU… nAnnA…”

“TenniyarsugA unnA I phIlDulO. ArOjEMTannAv? auTuskarTsu anA? marippuDu chUDu, aTEpeltE asalA rETlaki chukkalu, chukkalu kanipistay! iMka A phlayOvaru gAnI eprUvu aipOyiMdanukO…”

“EM chEstAvE? aMkul nannaDigAru pravIN guriMchi.”

“adEnE bhayaM. telisipOtE kAlEj mAneyyamaMTAru. assalu nachchavu ilAMTivi. reMDrOjulu annaM mAnEstE amma viMTadi kAnI, ammO, DyADI, idivariki chUSAgA, annayyani belT tO…”

“mari? vadilEstAvA!”

“A@M… EmO. ainA vADu aMta sIriyassaMTAvA? UrlO maradaluMdannADu okasAri.”

gAllO tElinaTTuMdE guMDE pElinaTTuMdE
tEnEpaTTu mIda rAyi peTTi koTTinaTTuMdE…

“peLLi mAtraM grAMDugA chEyamannAM. dAnikE EDichchastannAru. manaki siTIlO phlATu, gOlDU adI bAbE tISADu. bAbukippuDu grIn^kArD kUDA vuMdigA vodinA.”

“mAmI… ammammA iMTlO EsI lEdugA. veLLoddU… U@M… nAnna pOdAM…”

“uph, kannA! veLtAM nAnnA. UrukOvU? idigO jems, ammaki nIrasaM rA.”

“vADikE lEMdi nIkEMTE aMta idi. laiT tIskO.”

“kAnI, bAvuMTADu kadE? achchaM…”

“UrlO polAluMTE evaDikaMTA? aha@M, iMta pojishanlO unnAvA?! siTIlO villA uMDakapOtE… EMTi, vinnAvA? manalAgA manapillalu kUDA miDilu klAsu lAgA… bAgOdu. cheptunnA ani kAdu. thiMk cheyyi.”

“aMtagAka eMtalE vadinA. ainA aMdaM korukkutiMTAmA pADA? eMta peTTubaDi peTTAM vADi mIda! nIku telusugA vadinA? evartO anaku gAnI vALLu muMdE neTlO chUsukunnAru. EdO guTTugA kAnivvaDamE, kannavALlaki tappadugA. eMtainA manaM chUsina pillayitE oddikA adI chUsukOmA?”

“mA…mI… nA… nA…”

“pOdAM rA. pOdAmani cheppAgA. ika paDukO kAsEpu.”

aiaiTI phalitAllO modaTi mUDu rAMkulE kAka vaMdalOpu padi rAMkulatO dUsukeLtunna …

“kotta veMcharsunnay. saMDE kaluddAM, phrIyEgA. iMkA bayaTivALlaki telIdu. manODivani cheppaTamE. rEpu pEparlO vachchAkA nIkI rETuki dorikitE nI cheppuchchukuni…”

“mari iMTlO cheppAvA?”

“ammO, DADI chaMpEstAru. iMTar kAsT aMTE asaloppukOru.”

“mari vadileyyavE, cheppanA vADiki iMTlO prOblem ani?”

“mOnI, okaTi cheptA, prAmis chey, evarikI cheppakUDadu.”

“prAmis, cheppavE EMTO?”

“lAsT maMt araku veLLAMgA, A Trip^lO satya prapOj chESADu. EM cheppanE? EMTO, Tenshan^gA uMdi.”

“O! satyA?! ArOju bas venaka chIkaTlO tanatO… adi nuvvEnA?”

“EMTI? kAlEj^lO telisipOyiMdA? vaddannAnu. naiT kadA! chIkaTlO evarU chUDarani… chunnI kappEsukuni…”

“…sinimA pEru karakT^gA ges chEsi big bajAr nuMchi Ten thaujaMD rupIs giphT vOchar gelchukunna….”

“hm… sarE… chUddAM, mises^tO okasAri cheptAnu, AdivAraM raMDi alAgE.” (kaLLajODu tuDuchukuMTU)

“U@M.. aMtA uttidE. U@M… nAnA nuvvU koTTukunI… plE..Tulu.. isirE..sI.. bajjunI… chUSAgA… (ekkiLLu)

“vIppagalakoDatA, nOrmUskOni paDukO kAsEpu. pIka pisiki chaMpEyaMDrA nuvvU nI nAnnA nannu. nA prANAniki tagulukunnAru. dikkumAlina saMta. chachchinA bAguNNu.” (chEtullO mohaM, mohaMlO EDupu)

“A iMgitaM vADikuMDoddodinA? pillalni kaMTAM kAnI, rAtalni… (chIracheMgutO mohaM ottukuMTU)

“UrukO vadinA. nuvveMta kashTapaDi peMchAvO nAku telIdA. mI annayya eppuDU aMTAru, rAjilAgA peMchAli pillalnI anI.” (bhujaM mIda cheyyEstU)

“ammO, iMTlO telisipOtE? DyADI iragadIstAru.” (sellO TeksT chUsukuMTU)

rAmakRshNa gArU, kaMgrATs! … rOjU viMTArA mA prOgrAm? vAv​, thAMksaMDI. mI phAmilIki, phreMDs^kI, rEDiyO mirchi nuMchI nAnuMchI…

“Ten kAdaMDI, TveMTI ichchA, mIru chULlEdu. I pApa kUDA appuDE ekkiMdi, aDagaMDi.”

“mAsTArU! nA sTApochchiMdi. pEparistArA?”

“aMTE… mIrU iMkOlA kUDA cheyyochchu. AbiDs dAkA veLLipOyi iMkO bas tIsukuni tinnagA sTEshan^ki…”

pUrtigA #»

veDalenu kOdaMDapANi

dhagaddhamAyamaina kirITaM dhariMchi mohaMlO varChassu tAMDavamADutUMTE rAvaNuDu sabhalO garvaMgA charchistunnADu tAnu brahma ichchina kOrikatO dAdApu amaruDaina saMgati. tapassulO padi talalU agnilO Ahuti chEsi rAvaNuDu kOrukunna varaM – yaksha, kinnara, kiMpurusha, nAga, gaMdharva, dEvatalanuMchi maraNaM uMDakUDadu ani. saMdEhaMgA aDigADO maMtri rAvaNuNNi:

“iMtamaMdi chEta maraNaM lEkuMDA varaM aDigina mahArAju mAnavula guriMchi aDagaDaM marchipOyErA? eMduku vALlani vadilEsinaTTO?”

“mAnavulu nAku tRNa prAyulu. aMdukE vALLani vadilESAnu!”

“mari A mAnavullOMchE manaki apAyaM vastE?”

“adaMta talalu baddalu koTTukunEMta vishayamA? ippaTunuMchE mAnavuDannavADevaDu bAgA balaM puMjukOkuMDA chEstE chAladU?” samAdhAnaM sEnAni prahastuDu cheppEDu.

“mari dAniki anEka yuddhAlU, jana nashTAlU…”

“jana nashTAlu elAgA jarugutUnE uMTAyi. yuddhaM lEkapOtE vyAdhulO, prakRti vaiparItyAlO vachchi janaM eppuDu chastUnE uMTAru kadA?”

“sarE. manaM ippuDu chEyavalsina kAryaM?”

“bhUmaMDalaM mIda uMDE okkO rAjunU ODiMchukuMTU pOvaDamE. vEgulni paMpiMchi ekkaDekkaDa rAjulu balaM puMjukuMTunnArO vichAriMchi eppaTikappuDu vALLani aNichEyaDamE!”

“alAgaitE modaTi daMDayAtra ekkaDa modalu peDadAM?”

“ikshvAku rAjadhAni ayOdhya”

“evarakkaDi rAju?”

“mAMdhAta.”


rAjyAlannI jayiMchi vijayagarvaMtO tirigivachchina rAvaNAsuruDu muMdunna praNALikalu AlOchistunnADu. eppaTikappuDu vEgula dvArA vinaDaM baTTi balaM puMjukunna E rAjainA sarE taloMchi dEhI anakapOtE prANaM tIyaDamE. dikpAlakulani jayiMchina tarvAta pOnI varasaki anna avutADu kadA ani kubEruNNi chUsI chUDakuMDA vadilEstE ayanE O dUtani paMpiMchEDu tanaki subhAshitAlu cheppiMchaDAniki. eMta dhairyaM? A dUtani bhakshiMchi daMDayAtra keLLEsariki aMtaTi dhanavaMtuDU tOkamuDichi pAripOyEDu laMka lOMchi; pirikipaMda. ippuDu sunAyAsaMgA pushpakaM, laMkAnagaraM chEtilOki vachchEyi. SatruSEshaM migili unnaMta varakU ilA chUstU uMDavalsiMdE. E tarAnikA tarAnni nASanaM chEyakapOtE EmO E puTTalO E pAmu puDutuMdO? gAlilO, bhUmmIda, iMTlO, bayaTa, prANaM unnadAnitO gAnI lEnidAnitO gAnI chAvu rAkUDadani kOrukunna hiraNyakaSipuNNi A peddAyana elA chaMpEDO jagamerigina satyaM. ellakAlaM aprapamattaMgA uMDavalsiMdE. ayinA inni tarAllOnU mAnavamAtruDevarU tanamuMdu katti ettalEkapOyEDu. vILLA nannu chaMpEdi? navvochchiMdi rAvaNuDiki. tAnu kOrukunna kOrika adbhutamaiMdi. brahma amaratvaM ivvanaMTE nEnu sAdhiMchukOlE nanukunnaTTunnADu. aprayatnaMgA rAvaNuDi chEyi mIsaM mIdaki pOyiMdi.

I lOpula dvAraM daggirnuMchi vinipiMchiMdO sEvakuDi kaMThaM, “vibhIshaNulavAru mATlADaDAniki vachchAru. Emi Selavu?”

“paMpiMchu.”

lOpalikochchina vibhIshaNuDu EmI upOdghAtaM lEkuMDA cheppEDu. “annA, inni rOjulU puMjukuMTunna tara tarAla mAnavulani chaMpEM. mana rAjyaM apratihataMgA sAgutOMdi. nayAnO bhayAnO yaksha, kinnara, kiMpurusha, dEvatalnI jayiMchaDaM kUDA ayiMdi. iMka yuddhAlu mAnaDaM maMchidani nAkanipistOMdi. manaki laMkalO duSSakunAlu kanipistunnAyi; chachchina rAjula usuru UrikE pOdu kadA? ippuDu bAgA AlOchiMchi nirNayaM tIsukOvAlsi uMdi…”

EdO cheppabOtunna vibhIshaNuNNi aDDukuni annADu rAvaNuDu. “nEnu brahmani kOrina asalu varaM mRtyuvu rAkUDadanE. viriMchi alA varaM tIrchaDaM kudaradannappuDu I mAnavulani vadilEsi migatA vALLachEtullO chAvakUDadani kOrukunnAnu. I gaDDiparakalanniMTinI eppaTikappuDu Eri pArEstUMTE nAku mRtyuvanEdE lEdu. vILLani EripArEyaDaM kOsaM A madhya kailAsaM paiketti SivuNNi meppiMchAnu kadA? Ayanichchina chaMdrahAsaMtO…”

vibhIshaNuDu nammalEnaTTu chUsEDu rAvaNuDi kEsi. nOru pegulchukuni annADu “annA, nuvvu nijaMgAnE amaruDavani nammutunnAvA?”

“eMdukA saMdEhaM?”

“nuvvu kailAsaM paikettinappuDu naMdISvaruDichchina SApaM marchipOyAyAvA?”

rAjabhavanaM kadilipOyElAga navvEDu rAvaNuDu tana pEruni sArdhakaM chEstU. “yamuNNi jayiMchina nEnu – iMdruNNi jayiMchina mEghanAduDU, kuMbhakarNuDU, nuvvU nAku aMDagA uMDagA – kOti mUkala mUlaMgA chastAnA? evaDO oka eddu mohaMgADu EdO aMTE dAnni paTTukuni nAku pirikimaMdu pOyaku vibhIshaNA!”

Siva SivA! chevulu mUsukunnADu vibhIshaNuDu. “nEnu chepdAmanukunna vishayaM vinu. eppuDO ikshvAku vaMSaMlO mAMdhAtatO modalupeTTi ippaTidAkA pratI taraM rAjunI aNustUnE unnAM. ippuDu akkaDE unna ayOdhya rAju aNaraNyuDanEvADu balaM puMjukuMTunnADani vArtalostunnAyi. idi cheppaDaM nI AMtaraMgikullO okanigA nA bAdhyata. yuddhaM vaddu ani cheppaDAniki vachchAnu eMdukaMTE nuvvu eMtamaMdini ennisArlu aNichinA mRtyuvu E rUpaMlO vastuMdO evarU cheppalEru kAnI I paristhitilO nEnu cheppEdi nIku nachchETaTTu kanipiMchadu, Selavu.”

rAvaNuDi samAdhAnaM kOsaM chUDakuMDA bayaTaki naDichEDu vibhIshaNuDu chinna bOyina mohaMtO.


padirOjullO ayOdhya mIda viruchuku paDiMdi rAkshasasEna. pirikivADigA pAripOkuMDA dhanassu chEtabaTTukuni bANAlu saMdhiMchEDu anaraNyuDu. paditalala rAvaNuDi muMdA pratApaM? rAvaNuDu vEsina astrAlalO talaki enimidivaMdala bANAlu tagili nElakorigipOyEDu mahArAju. kosa prANaMtO unna rAjuni chUDDAnikochchEDu rAvaNuDu ThIvigA naDuchukuMTU. kaLLetti rAvaNuDikEsi chUsEDu anaraNyuDu. modaTa kanabaDina dRSyaMlO rAvaNuDu navvE vishapu navvu kramakramaMgA EDupulOki mArutOMdi. EDustUnna rAvaNuDu nElamIda paDi porlutunnADu. pakkanE O AjAnubAhuvu kiMdapaDina rAvaNuDi kEsi jAligA chUstunnADu. parikiMchi chUstE mohaM brahma varChassutO sUryuNNi talapistunna A AjAnubAhuvu, sUryavaMSapu rAjE! tarvAti dRSyaMlO vigatajIvuDaina rAvaNuDu yuddhabhUmilO paDiunnappuDu dEvatalu pushpavarshaM kuripistunnAru A AjAnubAhuDi mIda. EdO ardhamainaTTU, anaraNyuDu cheppEDu paiki,

utpatsyatE kulE hyasminn ikshvAkUNAM mahAtmanAM
rAjA paramatEjasvI yastE prANAn harishyati

“nI prANAnni tIyaDAniki tvaralO O mahAtEjasvi nA kulaMlO puTTabO….” I mATalu nOTlOMchi vastUMDagAnE anaraNyuDi prANaM anaMtavAyuvullO kalsipOyiMdi. evarO CheLLuna cheMpa mIda koTTinaTTU rAvaNuDu kaMgAru paDDADu. vaMdhimAgadulu chadivE stOtrAlu kaLLu kappEsinA laMkaki rAgAnE vibhIshaNuNNi pilipiMchEDu mATlADDAniki. anaraNyuDu prANaM pOyE muMdu anna mATa cheppagAnE vibhIshaNuDannADu,

“annA naMdISvaruDi SApaM mahattaramaiMdi. saMdEhaM lEdu. ippuDI anaraNyuDu anna mATa chUstE I manushulu eppaTikappuDu balaM puMjukuMTunnAranI, manushullOMchE nI prANAMtakuDu puTTabOtunnADanEdi telustUnE uMdi. iMtamaMdi usuru manaki anavasaraM. kAsta AlOchiMchi chUDu. anaraNyuDu balaM puMjukuMTunnADani telustOMdi kAnI manamIda yuddhAniki kAlu duvvalEdE?”

“vibhIshaNA, eppaTikappuDu apramattaMgA uMDakapOtE elA?”

“dEnikI aMta apramattaMgA uMDaDaM?”

“rAbOyE chAvuki!”

“adi tappiMchagalavA?”

“manushulaMdarnI nA cheppuchEtallO peTTukOgalgitE, tappakuMDA tappiMchukOgalanu.”

“eMtakAlaM tappiMchukOgalavu? evarU chaMpalEkapOtE vyAdhi rUpaM lOnO, marOvidhaMgAnO yamuDu kAchukuni kUrchunuMTADu kadA?”

“yamuDA?” navvEDu rAvaNuDu, “AyanakaMta dhairyaM uMdA? nA chEtilO ODipOyEka nA kEsi chUDagalaDA?”

“sarE, nI ishTaM.” vibhIshaNuDiki okkasAri EdO sphuriMchinaTlayiMdi.

“annA, puTTina pratI jIvi giTTaka tappadanEdi brahma vAkku. lEkapOtE Ayana nuvvaDiginappuDu amaratvaM ichchi uMDEvADu kadA? nEnu eMtacheppinA okaTE. nI mIdaki daMDayAtraki rAni manushula mIda dADi chEyaDaM anavasaraM. mAnavamAtrulu balaM puMjukuMTunnAraMTE vALLanO kaMTa kanipeTTaDaM maMchidE kAnI ilA vArta rAgAnE EdO atyavasaraM annaTTu vALlani chaMpEsi rAvaDaM eMtavarakU samaMjasaM? idi kUDA dAdApu ishTaM lEni strIni balAtkariMchaDaM vaMTidE. O vEdavati SApaM, raMbha ichchina SApaM, kAmadhEnuvu biDDaDaina naMdISvaruDi SApaM, ippuDu anaraNyuDu cheppina vAkkU avannI okkasArigA kalabaDi mIda paDitE appuDu chEsEdEmI uMDadu kadA? nuvvu jagatsaMhArakuDaina SivuNNi meppiMchina pulastya brahma vaMSa saMjAtuDivi. iMtaTi nIchAniki digajAravalsina avasaraM lEdu. koddigA AlOchiMchi chUDu.”

“nuvvenni cheppu vibhIshaNA, nEnu I manushulani adupulO uMchavalsiMdE.”

vibhIshaNuDu cheppEdi modaTlO kAsta vinnaTTu anipiMchinA chAvu gurtochchEsariki rAvaNuDu lEchipOyEDu. vibhIshaNuDu niTTUrchEDu.


kuTIraM bayaTa cheTTunIDalO kaLLu mUsukuni kUrchunnADu viSvAmitruDu. koddirOjula kritaM tAnu chEyabOyina yAgaM gurtochchiMdi. yAgaM modalayElOpula agni AripOyEdi. samidhalu mAyamai vATi sthAnE emukalu kanipiMchEvi. I panulannI mArIcha subAhulavE. vILLaki tODu A talli tATaki okatte. I kurra kuMkalni chaMpaDaM pedda pani kAdu kAnI inni vEla ELLu tapassu chEsi tana SatRvu chEta brahmarshi anipiMchukunna tanaki yAgaM chEsE samayaMlO kOpaM rAkUDadu. ayinA I rAkshasulaki iMtabalaM rAvaDAnikkAraNaM vILLa painunna daSakaMThuDidi. vADi aMDa chUsukunE kadU pETrEgipOtunnAru. EdO okanADu tanaki kOpaM teppiMchi elAgOlA yuddhAniki rappiMchaDAniki padi talalatO viSvaprayatnaM chEstunnADu. vIDi chAvu evari chEtullO uMdO? I yAgaM prastutAniki Api EdO okaTi AlOchiMchAli…

biggaragA EDustunna O strI kaMThaM vinipiMchi kaLLu terichi chUsEDu maharshi. naDumu vaMgipOyi chiMpiri juTTutO nElamIda paDi porlutU EDustOMdO strI.

pUrtigA #»

padya sAhityaM

nAku nachchina padyaM: dAMpatya madhurima – kavitva mAdhurImahima

SAstrIyasaMgIta priyulaku svaraprastArAlu bAgA parichitamE! rAga lakshaNAnni saMpUrNaMgA darSiMpajEyaDAnikO, pATalOni bhAvAvasthitini paisthAyiki tIsukuveLLaDAnikO (lEdA tama gAnavaidushyAnni pradarSiMchaDAnikO!) gAyakulu chEsE svaraprastAraM SrOtalanu sammOhitulanu chEstU uMTuMdi. vATikaMTU oka pratyEkatatO gAyakuni manOdharmAniki addaMpaDutU avi SObhistAyi. ayitE konnisArlu, pATa madhyalO oka svaramO, oka chinna gamakamO, UhiMchani vidhaMgA vinipiMchi pATakI rAgAnikI oka kotta kAMtini tIsuku vachchE saMdarbhAlu kUDA uMTAyi. vATini A pATanuMchi vEru chEsi chUsE avakASaM uMDadu. kAvyAlalOni padyAlu kUDA sariggA yilAgE uMTAyi. kavi tana kalpanAchAturyaMtO chEsE varNanalu svaraprastArAla lAgA pAThakulani abburaparustAyi. konni padyAlu mAtraM manaM UhiMchani vidhaMgA, kathAgamanaMlO taLukkuna merisi, kathakO aMdulOni pAtralakO kotta veluguni aMdistAyi. alAMTi oka muchchaTaina padyAnni guriMchi yI nela muchchaTiMchukoMdAM.

A padyaM EmiTO cheppukonE muMdu, adi vachchE kathanU, aMtakannA mukhyaMgA A kathalOni nAyikAnAyakulanU, parichayaM chEsukOvAli. mana munulaMdarilOnU agastya muni aMTE nAku eMdukO cheppalEni abhimAnaM. Ayana oka sAhasikuDu. viMdhya garvAnni aNachinA, samudrAnni pukkiTabaTTinA, vAtApini jIrNaM chEsukonnA – atani kathalannI adbhuta sAhasAlE! paigA, I panulannI Ayana chEsiMdi tana svArthaM kOsamO, lEdA tana kOpa kAraNaMgAnO kAvu. annI parOpakAraM kOsaM chEsina mahAkAryAlE. A agastyuDE I rOju mana kathAnAyakuDu. sAkshAttU Ayanaku sahachari, sahadharmachAriNi, lOpAmudra. AviDE kathAnAyika. vALLadi oka apurUpamaina dAMpatyaM! tanaku dITaina ammAyi evarU bhUprapaMchaM mottaMlO kanipiMchakapOtE agastyuDE svayaMgA Amenu tayAru chESADani oka katha. lOpAmudra agastyuniki saraina jODIgAnE kanipistuMdi. tApasulaku kUDA saMsAra bAdhyata uMdanI, tananu paTTiMchukOvaDaM atani kartavyamanI, Ame agastyuni niladIsinaTTu arthaM vachchE reMDu sUktAlu, Ame pEra ati prAchInamaina RgvEdaMlO unnAyi! j~nAnamU sauMdaryamU kalagalisina lalitAdEvi svarUpaMgA lOpAmudranu chAlAmaMdi bhAvistAru. agastyuni vishayaM sarEsari! atanu sAhasikuDE kAdu goppa SastrAstra kOviduDu kUDA. AdikAvyamaina rAmAyaNaMlO atanu pramukhaMgA kanipistADu. agastyuni goppatanaM telisina rAmuDu araNyavAsaMlO atani guriMchi vetukkuMTU veLatADu. muMdu ‘agastya bhrAta’nu kalisi, atani dvArA agastyuni kalustADu. agastyuDu rAmalakshmaNulaki anEka astrAlanu prasAdistADu. tirigi yuddhakAMDalO darSanamichchi, rAmuniki AdityahRdayAnni bOdhistADu. uttararAmAyaNaMlO kUDA agastyuni prastAvana pramukhaMgA vastuMdi. mahAbhArataMlO kUDA drONuniki brahmAstrAnni aMdiMchina maharshi agastyuDE. lOkakalyANaM kOsaM agastyuDu uttarabhArataM nuMDi dakshiNAniki tarali vachchinaTTugA kathalunnAyi.

tamiLadESaMlO kUDA chAlA prasiddhi poMdina muni agastya mahAmuni. atanni muddugA, kurumuni (aMTE poTTi muni) ani pilustAru. tamiLabhAshakU vyAkaraNAnikI AdyunigA tamiLulu agastyuni chAlA gauravistAru. tamiLanATa chAlAchOTla atani pEra agastyESvara AlayAlunnAyi. goppa aushadhasiddhunigA kUDA agastyuni pEru prasiddhi cheMdiMdi. dakshiNabhAratadESaMlO prasiddhamai nADI jyOtishAniki kUDA agastyuDE AdyuDani nammutAru. aMTE, agastyuDu bhAratadESaM mottaM mIda goppa pErunna muni annamATa! uttara dakshiNa bhAratadESa saMskRtulalO kanipiMchE prasiddha vyakti kAvaDaMtO, prAchIna bhAratacharitra pariSOdhakulaku kUDA agastyuDu chAlA mukhyamaina vyakti. siMdhunAgarikatalO kanipiMchE reMDu pramukha chihnAlu agastyuni pEruni sUchistAyani airAvataM mahadEvan anE prasiddha pariSOdhakuDu pErkonnAru. agastyunikunna marO pratyEkata, tamAshAgA cheppukOvAlaMTE, manaku telisina moTTamodaTi TesT TyUb bEbIlalO atanokaDu! reMDavavADu vaSishThuDu. mitrAvaraNulu anE dEvatala dvArA kuMDalO puTTina kavala pillalu agastyuDu, vaSishThuDUnu.

inni rakAlugA agastyuDu bhAratIya saMskRtilO chAlA viSishTata kaligina muni. Ayana guriMchi chAlA chOTla chAlA kathalunnAyi. ippuDu manaM cheppukObOyE katha dhUrjaTi rachiMchina SrIkALahastimAhAtmyaM anE kAvyaM lOdi. I kathanu svayaMgA paramaSivuDE mAyAjaMgamuni vEshaMlO vachchi SrIkALahastini pAliMchE yAdavarAjuku cheputADu. katha modalavutUnE agastyuni mahatvaM manaki spashTaMgA telustuMdi. SivapArvatula peMDli vEDuka chUDAlani dakshiNa dikkuna unna samasta bhUtakOTI himAlayAlaku tarali vastuMdi. dAnivalla uttaradiSapai bhAraM perigi adi kruMgi pOtuMdi. appuDu SivuDu agastyunitO, “yI upadravAnni mAnpaDaM nIkU nAkU tappa mariMkevvarikI sAdhyapaDadu. kAbaTTi nuvvu veMTanE dakshiNa dikkugA prayANaM kaTTu,” ani aj~nApistADu. Sivuni Aj~naku kaTTubaDi agastyuDu tana yillAlitO dakshiNAniki prayANamavutADu. I katha, tamiLaMlO atiprAchInamaina vyAkaraNa graMthaM tolkAppiyan^lO kanipistuMdi. alA bayaludErina agastyuDu dakshiNakailAsaMgA prasiddhi poMdina kALahasti chErukoni akkaDi SivaliMgAnni darSiMchi pUjistADu. aMtaTi goppa puNyasthalaM kUDA, daggara nadi lEni kAraNaMgA vennela lEni punnami jAbililA kaLAkAMtulu lEkuMDA uMdani bhAviMchi, AkASagaMganu akkaDa pravahiMpajEyAlani saMkalpistADu. dAnikai paramaSivuni gUrchi tapassu chEyAlanukoMTADu. kALahastiki dakshiNaMgA nAluguyOjanAla dUraMlO unna maroka pedda parvatAnni bhAryAsamEtuDai chErukoni, dAnimIda oka chakkani pradESAnni ennukoni dRDhadIkshatO tapassu modalupeDatADu. eMDA vAnA chalI – vETikI chaliMchakuMDA tapassu sAgistADu. A bhIkaramaina tapassuku jaDisi dEvatalaMdarU brahmatO sahA ISvaruni daggaraku veLatAru. “E dEvAdhipatitvaM kOsaM agastyuDu A ugratapAnni chEstunnADO! atani saMgatEdO chUDu mahAprabhO!” ani morapeTTukoMTAru. SivuDu chirunavvu navvi “mIku bhItinoMdanu bani lEdu, agastyamuni dakshiNaraupyadharAdharaMbu dApuna nadi lEni du@hkhamuna bUne mahAtapamAchariMpagan,” ani dakshiNakailAsamaina kALahasti daggara nadilEni kAraNaMgA Arti cheMdi agastyuDu dAnikai tapassu chEstunnADu tappa tanakEdO kAvalani kAdu sumA ani dEvatalaku dhairyaM cheputADu. I mAtraM dAniki tAnu veLLaDameMdukani brahmanu veLLi agastyuni kOrke tIrchamani cheputADu. Sivuni Aj~na mEraku brahma pratyakshamai, agastyuni kOrika mEraku AkASagaMganu akkaDa suvarNamukharI nadigA pravahiMpajEstADu. agastyuni tapOmahimaku akkaDi munulaMdarU saMtOshiMchi:

SitikaMThu DadrikanyA
patiyai sukhi yayye bhuvanabhavanaMbuna da
tpratigA lOpAmudrA
pativai sukhivaiti vIvu parama munIMdrA

ani agastyA lOpAmudrala goppadanAnni kIrtistAru. A tarvAta dakshiNAna unna yitara puNyakshEtrAlanu darSiMchaDAniki satIsamEtuDai agastyuDu bayaludErutADu. adI katha!

iMtakI I nela padyaM saMgatEmiTi? vastunnA, akkaDikE vastunnA. agastyuDu tana tapassu kOsaM kALahastiki samIpaMlOnE unna oka parvatAnni chUsi akkaDiki chErukoMTADani cheppAnu kadA. “dakshiNa kailAsa gOtraMbunakuM jaturyOjana mAtraMbuna rAtriMchara diSAbhAgaMbuna nokka mahASailaMbu gani” anna vachanaM taruvAta vastuMdi yI padyaM. sAdhAraNaMgA A saMdarbhaMlO elAMTi padyAnni UhistAM? “aTajani kAMche bhUmisuruDu…” anna tarahAlO A parvatAnni varNiMchE padyamEdainA UhiMchavachchu. lEdU, asalE varNanA lEkuMDA agastyuDu A parvatAnni adhirOhiMchi tapassu prAraMbhiMchADani mAmUlugA katha naDipiMchEya vachchu. I reMDU kAkuMDA, oka muchchaTaina dRSyAnni mana kaLLaku kaTTiMchADu dhUrjaTi!

u. chEragabOyi yAtmasarasIruhalOchana kEluvaTTi va
#      #;kshOruhakuMbhabhAramuna sUkshmavalagnamu pIDaboMda boM
#      #;dArayu vRtti rammanuchu nAdaraNaMbuna dODukoMchu viM
#      #;dhyAri tadagrabhAgamuna kallana nekki, jharAMbudhAralan

parvatAnni chErukoni ekkaDaM modalupeTTADu agastyuDu. tAnokkaDE chakachakA A koMDekki lOpAmudrani vachchEyamanalEdu. pApaM asalE sannani naDumEmO, aMta pedda koMDa ekkETappuDu Ameki naDumunoppi rAka mAnadu. adi grahiMchina agastyuDu, tAnoka aDugu ekki, Ame chEyipaTTukoni, prEmagA rammani pilichi, ekkistU, eMtO AdaraMtO jAgrattagA tanatO pATu koMDa chivarikaMTU tIsukuveLLADaTa. sarE A tarvAta akkaDi jalapAtAlalO vAriddarU sarigaMga snAnAlu chESAru. eMta chUDamuchchaTaina dRSyamO kadA! alAMTi saMdarbhaMlO yilAMTi oka dRSyAnni UhiMchi chitriMchaDaM sAmAnyamaina vishayaM kAdu. agastyA lOpAmudrala anyOnya dAMpatyaM, vAri bAMdhavyaM lOni sauMdaryaM, dhUrjaTi manasulO balaMgA nATukupOyi uMDAli. dAnni vyaMgyaMgA chitriMchaDaM elA? nErugA cheppEstE adi kavitvaM kAdAye! sunnitaMgA sphuriMpajEsE avakASaM kOsaM prati sannivESaMlOnU vetukutU vastU uMTE, bahuSA ikkaDa adi ataniki sAkshAtkariMchiMdEmO! dAMpatyaMlOni madhurimanu yiMta lalita manOharaMgA chitriMchE sannivESAlu kAvyAlalO chAlA arudugA kanipistAyi!

ilAMTi padyAlanu nirmiMchaDaM kUDA aMta suluvaina vishayaM kAdu. varNana ayitE, aMdulOni vishayAniki tagina padyarachana chEsEMduku konni pUrva nirmita pathakAlu uMTAyi. udAharaNaku, chEsE varNanalO anEka aMSAla prastAvana unnaTTayitE, sIsapadyAnni ennukOvachchu. oka gaMbhIramaina varNanaku SArdUla mattEbhAlavaMTi vRttAlani ennukoni samAsabhUyishTamaina rachana sAgiMchavachchu. kAnI yikkaDa vishayaM aMta pedda varNana kAdu. agastyuDu tana bhAryanu ApyAyaMgA veMTapeTTukoni koMDa ekkiMchE dRSyAnni chitriMchAli. mAmUlugA oka chinna padyaMlO alA ekkiMchADanna vishayAnni mAtraM cheppi UrukoMTE pAThakula manasulO adi mudrapaDadu. aMchEta padyarachana sogasugA sAgAli. kAnI adi chitriMchE dRSyAnni miMgEyakUDadu. ennukonE ChaMdassu modalukoni, dAnni chivarikaMTU nirmiMchE dAkA yidi kaviki kattimIda sAmE! dAnni samarthaMgA nirvahiMchi tana palukula mAdhurI mahimatO chakkani dRSyAnni manamuMduMchADu dhUrjaTi. tana bhArya chEyipaTTukoni anaDAniki Atma sarasIruhalOchana kEluvaTTi, annADu. A sannivESaMlO agastyuniki lOpAmudra ‘sarasIruhalOchana’gA kanipiMchiMdanna mATa. ennO ELLu saMsAraM chEsina tarvAta kUDA bhArya bhartaku sarasIruhalOchanagA kanipiMchaMDaM eMta arudO, eMta adRshTamO vErE cheppakkara lEdu kadA! Atma anna padaM, Ame ataniki eMta daggarO saMpUrNaMgA avagataM chEstuMdi. AviDa vakshOruhakuMbhabhAramu, sUkshma valagnamu kUDA agastyuni dRshTilO unnAyi. aMdukE, poMdu Arayu vRtti (tana snEhamaMtA telisElA) Amenu pilichADu. AdaraNaMbuna tODukoMchu koMDa nekkiMchADu. ikkaDa ‘tODukoni’ ani ktvArthakaM (bhUtakAlAnni sUchiMchEdi) kAkuMDA ‘tODukoMchu’ ani SatrarthakAnni (aMTE vartamAna kAlAnni sUchiMchE kriya) prayOgiMchaDaM dvArA, agastyuDu tana veMTa chivarikaMTU lOpAmudranu tIsukuveLLaDAnni dhUrjaTi chakkagA dhvaniMpajESADu. agastyuniki ‘viMdhyAri’ ani upayOgiMchADu. mAmUlugA chUstE yidi kEvalaM prAsakOsaM vEsinaTTugA anipiMchavachchu. kAni okka kshaNaM AlOchistE aMdulOni goppatanaM sphuristuMdi. appuDadi mAmUlu dRSyaM kAdu. mahAparvatamaina viMdhya garvAnni aNachina goppa mahimAnvituDu, oka sAmAnya saMsArilA tana bhAryatO oka chinna koMDa nekkE dRSyaM. eMta AScharyaM!

adI agastyuni vyaktitvaM!

pUrtigA #»

pOtanAmAtyuni kalpanAnalpaSilpaM

ravibiMbaM bupamiMpa@M bAtra magu ChatraMbai, SirOratnamai,
SravaNAlaMkRtiyai, gaLAbharaNamai, sauvarNakEyUramai,
ChavimatkaMkaNamai, kaTisthali nudaMchadghaMTayai, nUpura
pravaraMbai, padapIThamai vaTu@MDu dA brahmAMDamun niMDuchOn.

jAtIyamahAkavi bammera pOtanAmAtyula vAri SrImahAbhAgavataMlO adbhutAvahamaina UhaSAlitaku, kalpanAnalpaSilpAniki prathamOdAharaNIyamani pErupoMdina padyaM idi. balichakravarti vaddaku vaTukarUpaMlO vachchi mUDaDugula dAnAnni poMdi trivikramuDaina vAmanAvatIrNavishNuvu – okka aDugutO adhOlOkAlanu kramiMchi, maroka aDugutO UrdhvalOkAlanu AkramiMchi, brahmAMDAMtaM varaku vardhillutunna taruNaMlO A mahadrUpAnni vyaMjiMpajEstunna mahanIyadRSyaM idi.

amOghamaina I padyAniki mUlaM saMskRta bhAgavataMlO lEdu. ruyyakuni alaMkArasarvasvAniki jayarathuDu kUrchina vimarSinI vyAkhyalO sArAlaMkAra vivaraNa vadda udAhRtamai unnadi. pOtanagAri bahugraMthaSIlitaku, viSAlamaina vaidushyAniki, vipulapAMDityAniki nidarSakamaina mahAdbhutaghaTTaM idi.

‘uttarOttara mutkarsha@h sAra@h’ ani sUtraM. pUrvapUrvAni kaMTe uttarOttarAniki utkarsha vidhiMpabaDinaTlayitE adi sAramu anE pErugala alaMkAraM. koMdaru dInini vardhamAnamu anE pErugala alaMkAramani kUDA aMTAru. jayarathuDu vardhamAnaM sArAlaMkAraMlOnE imiDipOtuMdani annADu. alaMkAra ratnAkaraMlO SObhAkaramiSruDu okE vastuvu lEdA anEka vastuvula upachayaM valla kaligE chamatkAraM vardhamAnAniki lakshaNamani nirvachiMchADu. jayarathuDu dAnini sArAnikE anvayiMchi chUpADu. aMduku I SlOkAnni udAhariMchADu:

kiM ChattraM kiM nu ratnaM tilaka matha tathA kuNDalaM kaustubhO vA
chakraM vA vArijaM vE tyamarayuvatibhi ryadbalidvEshidEhE
UrdhvE maulau lalATE Sravasi hRdi karE nAbhidESE cha dRshTaM
pAyA tta dvOఽrkabimbaM sa cha danujaripu rvardhamAna@h kramENa.

balidvEshi ayina vAmanAvatAra vishNuvu SarIraM perugutU perugutU uMDagA A dRSyAnni chUstU unna apsarasalu – adigO, sUryabiMbaM Ayanaku paTTina goDugai unnadi kadU! adigO aMtalO adi Ayana SirasumIdi ratnamai uMdi kadU! nuduTimIdi tilakamai uMdi kadU! cheviyaMdali kuMDalamai uMdi kadU! vaksha@hsthalAnni alaMkariMchina kaustubharatnamai uMdi kadU! pANitalamaMdali sudarSana chakramaiMdi kadU! nAbhidESAna unna padmamai kanabaDiMdi kadU! anukoMTunnappaTi A sUryabiMbamU, A rAkshasaSatruvaina SrImahAvishNuvU mimmalni rakshistAru gAka! – ani ASIssu.

trivikramuDaina vishNuvu yokka uttarOttaravRddhini cheppaTAniki sUryabiMbaM A mahadrUpaM muMdu eMteMta chinnabOtU vachchiMdO pratipAdiMpabaDiMdi. ‘atra Ekasyaiva harE@h tattadavasthAviSishTatayA svarUpENa uttarOttaraM utkarsha@h’ ani jayarathuni vyAkhya.

SlOkaMlO unnadi viSvarUpuDaina trivikramuni varNanamE. adbhutAvahamaina A abhivarNana tanakeMtO nachchinaMduvalla pOtanagAru dAninE telugu chESAru. amarayuvatulu anukoMTunnaTlugA chitriMpabaDina dRSyaM AMdhrIkaraNalO purANavakta Sukamaharshi cheppinaTlugAnE ayinA, kaviprauDhOktisiddhaM ayiMdi.

sUryabiMbaM amarayuvatulaku vishNuvu nAbhidESAnni alaMkariMchina padmaM vale kanupiMchaTaM varakE SlOkaMlO unnadi. pOtanagAru chitristunnadi amarayuvatula abhyUhanu kAdu. balichakravarti kaLLayeduTa jarugutunna saMghaTananu. aMduvalla trivikramuDu nabhOvIthini dATi satyapadOnnatuDainappuDu bhUlOkavAsulaku sUryabiMbaM Ayana kAli aMdeyai kAnarAvaTaM, pAdapIThamai kanabaDaTaM sahajamE. mUlaMlOni kalpana nuMchi 1. lalATamu naMdali tilakamai uMDaTaM, 2. pANiyaMdali chakramai uMDaTaM, 3. nAbhiyaMdali padmamai uMDaTaM anna mUDu adhyArOpAlanu pOtanagAru viDichivESAru.

telugu padyaMlO, sUryabiMbaM goDugai prakASiMchiMdi – annappaTi alaMkRtini pariSIliMpavalasi uMTuMdi. sUryabiMbaM goDugu vale prakASiMchiMdi – annaTlayitE sUryabiMbAnikI, ChatrAnikI prakASa vartulatvAdi samAnadharmAlu unnaMduvalla, vale anna sAdRSyavAchakaM unnaMduvalla sauMdaryApAdakamaina upamAlaMkAraM siddhistuMdi. ‘goDugu vale’ anakuMDA ‘goDugugA’ anna tAdrUpyAnni; ‘SirOmaNi vale’ anakuMDA ‘SirOmaNigA’ anna tAdrUpyAnni; A tarvAta makarakuMDalaMgA, kaMThAbharaNaMgA, baMgAru bhujakIrtigA, kAMtulInE kaMkaNaMgA, molalOni gaMTagA, mElaina kAli aMdegA, pAdapIThaMgA ani prakRtavastuvaina sUryabiMbamunaMdu aprakRtavastuvulaina Chatra SirOmaNyAdulatO tAdrUpyAnni kalpiMchaTaM valana ikkaDa upamAlaMkAraM parihariMpabaDutunnadi.

‘tAdrUpyaM’ annaMta mAtrAna ikkaDa kalpanalO sUryabiMbamunaMdu goDuguyokka dharmArOpamEmI jarugalEdu. goDugulO sUryabiMbamu yokka dharmArOpamU jarugalEdu. aMduvalla eTuchUsinA idi rUpakAlaMkAramU kAdu. avayava nirUpaNanu chEyaka avayavini mAtramE rUpiMchinaTlayitE adi kEvalaniravayava rUpakamani lakshaNakArulannAru. adi mAlArUpaMlO uMTE mAlAniravayava rUpakaM avutuMdi. ayitE ikkaDa sUryabiMbamunaMdu kAni, goDugulO kAni avayavanirUpaNaM jarugalEdu. aMduvalla kUDA rUpakAlaMkArasiddhi lEdu.

A vidhaMgA kAka, ‘sUryabiMbaM goDugugA prakASiMchiMdi’ annappuDu upamEyamaina sUryabiMbAniki upamAnamaina goDugu ArOpyamANamainaMduna darSiMchEvAri dRshTilO sUryabiMbaM goDugugA pariNAmAnni cheMdinadani anavachchunu. upamEyamunaMdu ArOpiMpabaDina upamAnaM prakRtarUpaMlO – aMTE, upamEyarUpaM gAnE pariNamiMchinaTlayitE adi pariNAmAlaMkAraM avutuMdi. oka vidhaMgA idi paini cheppina rUpakaMlO aMtarbhaviMchEdE. upamAnaM ekkaDa upamEyarUpaM gAnE prakRtAniki upayOgistuMdO, adi pariNAmaM anikUDA anavachchunu. sUryabiMbaM goDugugA pariNamiMchi prakRtOpayOgAnni cheMdiMdani kadA aMTunnAmu? kAni, ikkaDa kavi svayaMgAnE ravibiMbAniki ChatrarUpapariNAmAnni tiraskariMchi, ravibiMbaM Chatramai ‘upamiMchaTAniki yOgyaMgA unnadi’ aMTunnADu. pOtanagAri uddESaMlOnE idi rUpakamU kAdu; pariNAmamU kAdannamATa. ravibiMbaM Chatramu vale unnadi anaka, ‘ravibiMbaM Chatramai upamiMchaTAniki yOgyaMgA unnadi’ anaTaM valla idi upamAlaMkAramU kAdu. mUlaMlO valenE sUryabiMbamu chinnadi chinnadi kAvaTAnni chebutU SrImahAvishNuvuku uttarOttara vRddhini cheppaTaM jarigiMdi. aMduvalla idI sArAlaMkAramE.

ippuDu pratipadArthAnni chUddAmu. vaTu@MDu = brahmacharyASramaMlOki aDugupeTTi, oMTijaMdeMtO unna A poTTivaDugu; brahmAMDamun = padhnAlugu lOkAlu, tommidi varshAlu, vATiki Avala SuddhajalArNavaM, A samastAnni chuTTukoni unna lOkAlOkaparvataM dAkA aMDAkRtilO unna mahApradESAnni; tAn = viSadamaina AkAraSObhatO tAnai svayaMgA; niMDuchOn = sarvAMga saMpUrNaMgA vyApistunnappuDu –

ravibiMbaMbu = sUryamaMDalaM; ChatraMbu + ai = goDugai; SirOratnamu + ai = talamAnikamai; SravaNa + alaMkRti + ai = cheviyaMdu dAlchina makarakuMDalamai; gaLAbharaNamu + ai = meDalO alaMkariMchikonna kaustubha ratnamai; sauvarNakEyUramai – sauvarNa = baMgArutO chEsina, kEyUramu + ai = bAhupuri ayi; ChavimatkaMkaNamai – Chavimat = niMDaina velugutO kUDina, kaMkaNamu + ai = chEtiki toDigikonna aMde ayi; kaTisthalin + udaMchat + ghaMTa + ai = naDumuku chuTTikonna molatrATiki vrElutunna gaMTayai; nUpurapravaraMbu + ai = SrEshThamaina aMdeyai; padapIThamu + ai = kAlipITa ayi; upamiMpan = pOlika techchEMduku; pAtramu + agun = yOgyamu avutuMdi – ani.

aMtE kAdu. saMskRtaMlO lAgA ‘nuduTanunna tilakamu’ ani vrAstE adi boTTu vale unnadanna svarUpabOdha kalagaTaM kashTaM. tilakamu aMTE niluvuboTTu anE prasiddhi. sUryabiMbaM pANitalamaMdali chakramu vale kanabaDaTaM samaMjasamE kAni, paiketti paTTina chEtiyaMdu rANiMchinaTlu A kalpana AjAnulaMbidIrghabAhuvaina SrIhari chEtini kaTivaradahastuDai kriMdiki chAchinappuDu poMdupaDadu. UrdhvabAhuDai unnaTlayitE Sirassu nuMchi pAdAla varaku chUputunna vastuvula kramaM tapputuMdi. sUryabiMbaM nAbhiyaMdali padmamu vale kAnarAvaTaM kUDA aMta siddhakalpana kAdu. paigA, nAbhiyaMdali padmamu yathAvasthitaMgA nAbhiyaMdu gAka – nAbhinuMchi veluvaDina tUDuku agrabhAgAna – nAbhiki E koMta dUraMlOnO uMTuMdi.

aMduvalla pOtanagAru I mUDu kalpanalanu viDichivESAru. aMduku pratyAmnAyaMgA 1. kaTisthalini udaMchadghaMTayai, 2. nUpurapravaraMbai, 3. padapIThamai anna sarikotta kalpanalanu saMdarbhAniki taginaTlu pravESapeTTi auchityAnni pATiMchAru. sUryabiMbaM viSvarUpuni SirOdESaM nuMchi pAdasImaku vachchi tana bhaktini vellaDiMchinaTlayiMdi. pOtanagAru SrImahAbhAgavataMlO mUlAtiriktaMgA kanIsaM mupphai – nalabhai graMthAla nuMchi Debbhai dAkA anuvAdAlanu chESAru. vATanniTini sEkariMchaTaM sAhityArAdhakulaku eMtO AnaMdaphaladAyakamaina kRshi.

pUrtigA #»

kavitalu

sinimA

namO veMkaTESA namO tirumalESA
gaMTa koTTinaTTu ghaMTasAla goMtu.
okE TAkIsu, okaTE ATa. chillara titti
chaMkalO chApa. challani yisuka nEla TikkeTTu.
veduru boMgulapai vElADE tellaTi tera.
nalupU telupula mAyAprapaMchaM
reppArani janAlu. prEmalu pATalu padyAlu.
tAralapai tArADE ballulu pillala navvulu.
viSrAMti.
bOMDA bajjI. gAlilO oMTElu vAsana.
gurrAlu kattiyuddhAlu nATyAlu navarasAlu
jaihiMd.
tirugu dAri saradAllO bhujAlapai chinnOLLu
chaMkalO chaMTOLLu. chiMta lEni rEpu.

ATO bassu hAranlu. tArrODu pakkagA pedda pedda kaTauTlu.
raddIgA thiyETaru. abhimAna saMghAla hIrO varshippulu.
kurchI TikkeTla parsulO nOTlu. tellateraku muDatala paradA.
raMgula DiskOlaiTlu kam sepTeMbaru saMgItaM.
lippusTikku hIrO. vAnapATalO merisina boDDu. panichEyani EsI.
Ilalu gaMtulU baMtipUlU nakilI nOTlU
prEmalu pagalu apArthAlu. viDipOyina annatammulu.
iMTarvel
samOsAlu kaTleTlu chAy sODAlu. nAphtalInu vAsanalu.
kAmeDI vilanI hIrO mAruvEshaM AkharulO pOlIsulu.
SubhaM
uDipI hOTalu Tiphinu pyAkeTlu. yirukiruku rikshAprayANaM.
peddala sOmavArapu niTTUrpu. pillala sinimA kaburla saMbaraM.

kArlu baikulu. malTipleksulu. iMglIshu mATala aDvAns kyU. sharA mAmUlu TikkeTTu kyU.
sOphAllA sITlu. pedda saiju tera. mobailu phOnlapai tArADE vELLu vErAryU TeksTiMgulu.
telugu palakalEni kurra hIrO. telugu rAni tella charmaM hIrOyin. mATallO yAsalu.
yAsallO vilanlu. aiTaMsAMg speshaLLu. vidESAllO lokEshanlu. vAyidyAlu miMgEsina pATalu.
hIrO ichchE DramaTik eMTrI. hIrOyin shavar sAMg. DrAmA. hAsyaM. yAkshan. hAsyaM.
rAjakIyAlu. hatyalu. DAnsulu. hAsyaM. phaiTlu. hAsyaM. yAkshan. hAsyaM.
iMTar^mishan
kOlA pAp kArn nAchOs chips. selph phlash resT rUM phreshanar vAsanalu. selphIlu.
jIrO saijula shO appulu byAk^les klOjappulu viepheks phaiTs chEjes hIrO bilDaps.
chIkaTi mukhAlalO kasi, ArATaM, kalalu, Uhalu. yuvajaMTala gusagusalu.
nallatera. tellagA paikipOtU pErlu.
pijjA chiken viMgs. phEsbuk apDETs. kElaMDar rimaiMDars. pillala aiaiTi kOchiMg sheDyUl.
lAgin TunaiT AphIs nuMchi Imeyil. bAk Tu vark gAnugeddu AlOchanalu.

pUrtigA #»

dRSyaM

pogalO dObUchulADE koMDalE
I Uriki aMDagA nilustAyi.
daTTamaina vRksha kavachAlatO
nalu dikkulA sainikullA kApalA kAstAyi.
paTTu chIra kaTTukunna dEva kanyalai
paryATakulni sammOha parustAyi.

EvO prAchIna smRtulatO nityaM dhyAnaMlO muniginA,
Uru kotta merugulu diddukuni jana saMdraM kAvaTAniki
tama bhujAlni AsarAgA istAyi.

unnavannI viDichi rammanE aDavi,
lEnivi kUDA anubhaviMchamani pilichE Uru
AScharyaMgA ikkaDa sahajIvanaM chEstAyi.

alavikAni taLuku beLukulatO,
artharAtri dAkA AnaMdAnni vetukutU tirigE manushulatO
satamatamayyE Urini chUsi
Akula raMgulE AbharaNAlugA dhariMchina aDavi
chinnagA navvukuMTuMdi.

aDavilO kAsina vennela
adbhutaMgA paMDutuMdi.
Uri mIda paDina vennelE vRdhA ayipOtuMdi.

vinOdAlanu paMchE talupulannI mUtapaDDAka
talapulatO alasina Uru
kalata niduralOki jArE tellArivELalO
aDavi nidra lEstuMdi.
toli maMchu biMduvulalO taDisina
muMgurulanu sarichEsukuni
nuduTa sUrya tilakaM diddutuMdi.

pUrtigA #»

mATala aksharAlu

1.

adEmiTO
chukkalugA puTTi
nadI nadAlugA vistari0chi pravahi0chi paravaSi0chi
chEtulu chApi samudrAnni allukunnaTTu
mATalu aksharAlaksharAlugA kudiri
tolipaluku nu0DI tudiSvAsa varakU
lOlOpali porala madhya nikshiptAlai
pravahistUnE u0TAyi.
muLLakirITapu piDikiLLugA molichi
mastishkapu poralanu gichchutU u0TAyi
nAgasvaraM vaSIkari0china paDagalai
paipaiki vachchi busalu koDatAyi
gAyAla gEyAlai
diSadaSalA pratidhvanulavutAyi.

2.

pedavipai pedavi chErchi mammamma annapuDu
tolipalukulaku chakkera chilakalu paMchAraTa
tIya tIyani mATala mUTala
tEnevAgula jalapAtAlu kuripi0chAlani kAbOlu
kastUrI tilakaM diddi
palaka chEtika0di0chAraTa
aksharAlu guttulu guttulai virisi
sa0pe0gala parimaLAlu vedajallAlani kAbOlu
kanumUsinA terachinA
aksharAla kalalu nIDalai
kApalA kAstUnE u0TAyi.

3.

maniddari madhyA mATala avasara0 yEmu0di
chUpula kosalamIda vELLADutU
kALLAvELLA paDE abhyardanalu
vElikosalanu0Di pAkipAki
niluvellA parAmarSi0chE anunayAlu
ekkaDa padila0gA chekkina SilpAlO kAni
surakshita0gA kanureppala vAkiTa
kApalA kAstUnE unnAyi
nIkU nAkU lEnaTTE mana bhAvAlu gIsukunna chitrAlakU
vayasEmI lEdu
yauvana vIdhilO vasaMta samayAlu
alA gODamIdi raMgullA migilipOyAyi.

4.

mana maunAksharAlu
nA rekkalayi paDamara chivari varakU
egurutUnE u0TAyi.

pUrtigA #»

ekkaDekkaDa tirigEvu nAyanA

ekkaDekkaDa tirigEvu nAyinA biDDA sipAyi chinna
eMDanapaDi vochchEvu nAyinA nA kanna?
kOnADa aDivullaMTa yETakellEnulEyE mAyamma
pEnAlu pOtannAyi pakkanna parisittu rammI!

IvaloTTi pOtannAvu nAyinA biDDA sipAyi chinna
kEvu tappipOtannAvu nIkETi peTTIsiMdirA sitrAMgi nA kanna?
korralannaM vOrchiMdi kODigu~ru voMDiMdi lEyE mA yamma
kaLLu tEltannAyi boMtanna parisittu rammI!

yETa kukkaluMDAli E saviti miMgIsiMdi biDDA sipAyi chinna
aMtalEsi bEpulni E yErala koTTIsiMdi koDukA nA kanna?
gasa pOsukunnAyi naDalEka sachchEyi lEyE mA yamma
masakalADutunnAyi maMchamaina vAlsittu rammI!

gasa pOsukuMtAvu guDlu tElsukuMtAvu nAyinA sipAyi chinna
mATaina mATADu palukaina palukumI dEvuDO nA kanna?
sOkulADi dAndukku nIkevalellamannAru biDDA sipAyi chinna
nI rOkaina peLLAmu dani mATEmi cheppudumu koDukA nA kanna?

maMdu peTTIsiMdi mAyadAri kODaldi nAyinA biDDA sipAyi chinna
yishaM peTTIsiMdi dInillu kUlipOdEmi koDukA nA kanna?
maMdAnukOlEdu mAraDigi tinnAnu nA rAta lEyE mAyamma
yishamAnukOlEdu ishTapaDi tinnAnu nA sAvu rammI!

(mUlaM: #Lord Randall,# enAnimas kavita.)

pUrtigA #»

saubhAgya kumAra miSra: mUDu oriyA kavitalu

1. nI pEru – #Your Name #(tumo nA@M)

nI pEru nEnu eppuDu vinnA
avE! A mUDE aksharAlu
manasu noppistuMdi asUyatO.
mUDE mUDu sUTi pUla bANAlu
A bANAla gAyAlu nA manO ghAtAlu
nA madi chinnA bhinnaM
kriMda bhuvipai paDiMdi raktaM
paDina raktaM mottaM
pUlayi vikasiMchAyi.
A pUlarEkula taLataLalO
tirigi chUstAnu nI pEru
nA mana@h prAMgaNaMlO
maMDipOyE yAgAgni!

#Whenever I hear your name
Always those three characters,
Three sharp flower-arrows only
My mind grieves with envy.
My heart writhes with pain
The wounds mangle my mind
It’s all blood on the land
And then flowers blossom.
On a few shiny blue petals
Inscribed I see again
Your name.
At my mind’s threshold again
Flames of Sacrificial Fire burning!

2.# kaLLu – #Eyes #(AkhI)

nATyaM chEstU oLLu teliyani
tanmayatvaMtO chEtulUputU
maidAnaMlO chAkuMDA cheTlalA
Ame kaLLu, chapalaMgA gAlilO.

chinna chinna Akula arachEtullO
chaMdamAma iMDiyan bAlsam bomma
piTTalannI SUnyaMlO milamilA
merustU chakkarlu koDutunnAyi gira girA
mettaTi pATalu kuMcheDu kuMcheDu
alli istunnAyi tiyyatiyyagA.

alA uMDagA, dUraMgA I varaMDAlO nEnu,
dInaMgA tellaTi gODa chEsE ArtanAdaM.
nA AkASaMlO nakshatrAlanuMchi
okka kannITi chukkainA jAri paDalEdu.
reMDu chinna paDavallA
A kaLLu kAlaM alalO egiri rAgaligitE
nA digaMta dRshTitO spRSistAnu
AripOyina anni dIpAlU
vetiki veligiMchi kUchuMTAnu.
nistrANuDanai,
I erraTi rAgiraMgu nEla vEDi,vAsanalatO,
dummu paTTina nA guMDe vaNukutU.

#Tall pines in the plains
sway in the wind,
like the arms of rapt danseuse
her fickle eyes waver.

In the palms of tiny raw leaves
moon’s image reflects hues of Indian
balsam. And, these tiny birds twinkling
go round and round in vacuum
weaving bunches and bunches
of sweet tender tunes.

And, here I am far away perched on front
porch, pitiful white wall weeping.
And, stars above in my sky didn’t shed
a single tear.
Like two little dories, if those lilting eyes
come flying on waves of time
I caress them with my sight on the horizon.
Light up all the lamps
and, wait.
Helpless, as the heat, the smell
from this red bronze earth
make my dusty chest trembling.

3.# avyaya – #Eternal #(avyaya)

ninna E samayaMlO nuvvu nAtO tiragaDAniki
bayaludErAvO EDaNAlichchi rikshA ekki
akasmAttugA samudrapu vaDDuku,
nIku telisiMdA nEnu haThAttugA
chanipOtAnani nEnu ika ikkaDa uMDanani,
nAtO pATu nuvvu roTTe tinaTAniki.

manaM iddaraM maunaMgA kUchunnAM
EtA vAtA kaburlu cheppukuMTunnAmu
prakkanE alalu nirvirAmaMgA gaMTalu
koDutunnAyi. velisipOtunna vennelalO
nEnu chUSAnu nA raktamAMsAlu
pAmukubusaMlA jAri
isukalOnO, samudraM nILlalOnO paDaTaM.

nuvvu taruvAta vaMTarigA veLLipOyAvu
talupu tALaM tISAvu svich^ vEsi chUSAvu
kurchIlOkUchonivunnadi nA prEtAtma
ninnu prakkaku pilichi cheppiMdi
“mUseyyi A darvAjA nAdi,” ani.
chUDu nA emukalalO bAdha;
chUDu nA maMDE purre.

nEnu ennisArlu rASAnO nA pEru
samudrapoDDuna isukalO
nEnu cheppAnu, nAmanasu pATalamayaM
nIliraMgu sarivi tOTa.
AphIs^ kurchIlO kUchoni lekkapeTTAnu
nA jItapu rALLu
mRtyuvuki, svargalOka janmakI
nEnu kAraNAlu vetikAnu.

udayaM haThAttugA chUSAvu nuvvu
paLLu tOmukuMTunna nannu
nyUs^ pEpar^ lO chaduvutunnAnu
nA chAvu kaburu. nEnu aMTunnAnu,
“nuvvu eMta aMdaMgA unnAvu?
ivALa AdivAraM,kadU!” ani!
nA jEbulO migili unnAyi guppeDu gavvalu
dUraMgA migilina nIli samudrajalasmRtulu.

#Spent a little change for the rickshaw ride
suddenly came to the sea side
spend time with me in pleasure walk.
Did you know,
that I would suddenly die,
wouldn’t be alive to break bread with you?

We silently sat and, had a chat.
Nearby, unending waves ringing bells.
In the fading moon light
I saw my flesh and blood slip away
into waters and sands
like a snake shedding its skin.

You went away all alone to my home,
unlocked the door, turned on the switch
found my dead soul lounge in the chair.
Called you aside, and told,
“Close that door, It’s mine.”
Look at the pain in my bones.
Ouch! Look at the burning cranium.

How many times my name I wrote
on the sands at the sea shore.
My heart fills songs galore
In the blue pine garden, I told.
Sat in the office chair, counted
my paltry wages,
Sought for all the reasons for death,
and for birth in the heavens.

At daybreak, suddenly you saw
me brushing my teeth,
me reading my obituary in the newspapers, today.
I said, “You look so beautiful, today
and, today, you know, it’s Sunday.”
Searched my trouser pockets.
Found fistful of shells gathered
from the sea,
distant deep memories of the blue sea.

(#DA. saubhAgya kumAra miSra agragaNyulaina oriyA kavulalO okaru, padiki paigA kavitAsaMkalanAlanu veluvariMchAru. madhyapadalOpi, naipaharna, aMdhA mahumAchchI, bajaraMjan, dvA suparNa, maNikarNika, anyatra, charchara aMdulO konni. oriyA sAhitya akADemI avArD (1978), kEMdra sAhitya akADemI avArD (1986) vIru aMdukunna puraskArAlalO mukhyamainavi. prastuta nivAsaM bhubanESvar. paina prachuriMchina telugu-iMglIshu anusRjanalaku oriyA mUlAlu miSra prathama saMkalanaM AtmanEpadI (1965) nuMDi tIsukObaDDAyi. pai kavitalu tvaralO prachuriMpabaDabOtunna saubhAgya kumAra miSra kavitala dvibhAshA (telugu-oriyA) anuvAda saMkalanaMlOnivi.)

pUrtigA #»

eMdukO alA!

oka laibrarI ryAku
iddaru pariSOdhakulu
dorakanidE
O prEma prakaTitamavadu

O koMDachiluva rAtri
nAlugu vagaru bIrlu
kharchavanidE
O snEhaM chikkabaDadu

oka SItAkAlapu sAyaMtraM
konni ayaskAMtapu chUpulu
nalaganidE
maMchaM saddu chEyadu

O niSIdhi EkAMtaM
konni alajaDi keraTAlu
taramanidE
kavitalu rekkalu vippavu

oka viplavaM
kOTi goMtukalu
mOyanidE
E sarihaddulu cheragavu

veyyi yuddhAlu
nItO nuvvE nIlO nuvvE
gelavanidE
gamyaM darichEradu

pUrtigA #»

vyAsAlu

telugulO pustaka prachuraNa – AkAravikArAlu

telugulO achchupustakAlu kuppalu teppalugA vachchi paDutunnAyi. inni vastunnA kUDA, ippaTikI oka iMglIshu pustakaM daggara peDitE, dAnikI telugu pustakAniki AkAraMlO, nirmANaMlO, achchu vEsE SraddhalO, tappulu lEkapOvaDaMlO tEDAlu koTTavachchinaTTu kanipistAyi.

achchu alavATaina nUTayAbhai ELLa tarvAta kUDA telugulO cheppukOdagina prachuraNa saMsthalu lEvu. I saMsthalaki prachuraNAparaMgA oka vyavastha lEdu. phalAnA vAru prachuriMchina pustakaM anagAnE A pustakAniki oka gauravaM kalagAli anna paTTudala lEdu. saradA mATallO cheppAlaMTE pustakAlu achchuvEsE vALLu unnAru kAni, prachuriMchE vALLu lEru. prachuraNa anE mATaki arthaM EmiTi, dAni venakAla unna bAdhyata EmiTi anna vishayaM guriMchi manaM eppuDU vivaraMgA AlOchiMchalEdu. manaki pustakaM achchu avvaDamE goppa. pUrvapu mATallO cheppAlaMTE vAri rachanaki ‘mudraNa bhAgyaM’ kalagaDamE goppa.

pustaka nirmANaM aMTE pustakaMlO unna vishayAniki saMbaMdhiMchina charcha kAdu, rachayita evaru, aMdulO unna vishayaM cheppukOdaggadA kAdA, aMdulO lOpAlu, guNAlu EmiTi anna charcha kAdu. pustakaM oka vastuvu. dAnni nirmiMchaDaMlO oka panivADitanaM kAvAli. A panivADitanaM mana pustakAlaki uMdA? lEkapOtE eMduku lEdu?

pustaka nirmANaM aMTE baiMDiMgu, kavarupEjI, lOpala TaiTil pEji, vishayasUchika, pEjIla kUrpu, bommala kUrpu, TaipOgraphI, adhyAyAlu, pEjIlu, pErAla vibhajana, chivarlO uMDavalasina ripharensulu, iMDeksulu nirmiMchE tIrU modalainavi. vITini nirmiMchE tIrulO uMDavalasina Sraddha, evarO okaru, lEdA koMdaru pustaka nirmANAnni paryavEkshiMcha valasina avasaraM — ivI mEM charchiMchadalachukunna vishayAlu. I charchakI, pustakaMlO vishayAnikI koMta saMbaMdhaM uMdi kAnI, pustakaMlO vishayAla maMchi cheDDalu I vyAsaMlO charchaki rAvu.

I parisThitini gamanistU, telugu mudraNa charitrani pustaka nirmANa dRshTyA pariSIliMchaDaM I vyAsaMlO saMkalpiMchina pani.


telugu mudraNa charitrani pustakanirmANa dRshTyA mUDu bhAgAlugA chUDavachchu.

  1. purANAlu, kAvyAlu, itara mata graMthAlu
  2. gujilI pratulu
  3. Adhunika kavitvaM.

1. purANAlu, kAvyAlu, mata graMthAlu


1. paMktulapOgu vachanaM
(chArudarvIshu, 1876)

pUrvaM paMDitulu tATAkula pustakAnni chadavaDAniki alavATu paDabaTTi, A paddhatilOnE pustakAlu achchu vEsEvALLu. dInilO, oka paMkti ekkaDA AgakuMDA tinnagA pOyi, adi kAgitaM chivaraki vachchAka, dAni venaka maralA reMDO paMkti ErpaDi — ilA pustakaM aMtA paMktula mayaMgA kanipistuMdi.


2. malinATi kAlaM
(bhAgavataM, 1961)

ChaMdassu pEru oka aksharaMtO sUchiMchaDaM unnappaTIkI (kaM, chaM, Sa,) ivi paMktilO bhAgaMgAnE uMTAyi. pustakaM chadivE vAru, A pustakAnni elA chadavAlO muMdE nErchukuni uMTAru kAbaTTI, vAriki chadivE paddati guriMchi I achchupustakaM E saukaryAnnI kalpiMchE avasaraM uMDEdi kAdu. pustakaM elA chadavAlO muMdE teliyani pAThakuDiki I pustakaM chadavaDaM sAdhyaM kAdu. telugulO achchu prAraMbhaM ayina tolinALLalO kAvyAlU, purANAlU annI ilAgE achchayyEvi. tarvAti kAlaMlO, aMTE prabaMdhAlu achchu vEsE kAlaMlO pAThakuDiki koMta saukaryaM kalpiMchaDaM alavATayyiMdi. padyaM tarvAti padyaM madhyalO kAsta jAgA, nAlugu paMktula padyaM vErEgA kanipiMchaDaM, A padyaM pEru (kaM, chaM, Sa,) padya AraMbhaMlO padyAniki dUraMgA achchu veyyaDaM modalaina tarvAta pAThakuDiki chaduvukODAniki kAsta saukaryaM kaligiMdi.


3. vAkyamukhapatraM
(bhAgavataM, 1857)

I paddatiki tODu, pustaka mukhapatraM prachuriMchE paddati pAtarOjullO viSEshaMgA uMDEdi. mukhapatraM oka pedda vAkyaMgA uMDEdi. aMdulO pustakAniki pOshakulaina vAri birudulu, rachayitala guruvulu, vAri pErlu, rachayita birudulu, A pustakAnni parishkariMchina vAri pEru, vAri birudulu annI kalipi EkavAkyaMgA A mukhapatraM uMDEdi. koMcheM jAgrattagA chUstE, pAta pustakAla ASvAsAMta gadyalaki idi mukhapatra rUpaM. konni mukhapatrAlu padyarUpaMlO kUDA vuMDEvi.


4a. vAkyarUpamukhapatraM
(1876)

tarvAta tarvAta mukhapatraM koMcheM spashTaMgA, pustakaM pEru pedda aksharAlalO paina, dAni tarvAta rachayita pEru, aDuguna prachuraNakarta pEru, ilA rAvaDaM modalaiMdi.


4A. padyarUpamukhapatraM
(1849)

A kAlaMlO mudraNaSAlalu paMDitulE peTTukonEvAru. jAgrattagA prUphulu vArE chUsEvAru. A rOjullO pustaka nirmANa Saili elA unnA, pustakAlalO achchutappulu uMDEvi kAvu. arasunnalu, baMDira(~ra)lu, jAgrattagA chUDavalasina avasaraM uMDabaTTi paMDitulu A rakamaina Sraddha chUpiMchEvAru. udAharaNaki, Adisarasvati mudraNAlayamu, dAni tarvAta vachchina vAviLlavAri saMstha, dAdApu adEkAlaMlO vEdaM veMkaTarAyaSAstrigAru achchu vEyiMchina pustakAlu A kOvalOnivi.

A rOjullO achchayyE pustakAlalO pEjI aMtA aksharAlatO niMDipOyi vuMDEdi. pEjI veDalpu taginaMta uMDani kAraNaM chEta, utpalamAla, chaMpakamAla, mukhyaMgA sIsaM vaMTi padyAla mottaM charaNaM aMtA oka paMktilO paTTEdi kAkapOvaDaM chEta, mudrApakulu chivari reMDu, mUDu aksharAlu A paMktiki paina kosaru lAga achchu vEsEvAru. dIMtOpATu, A pustakaM achchu vEsEvAri matamaryAdalu, pustakaM paTla bhakti pustakAlalO kanipiMchEvi. mana pAta pustakAla pErlEvI SrI lEkuMDA uMDavu (SrImadAMdhra mahAbhAratamu, SrImadrAmAyaNamu.) pustakaM AraMbhaMlO SArAdAMbaiyanama@h, SivAyanama@h, SrIkRshNaparamagurubhyOnama@h, SrIhayagrIvAyanama@h (vAviLla), SrImatparadEvatAyainama@h (cheLlapiLla) vaMTi mATalu uMDEvi.


5. SrImukhAlu maryAdalu
(yAtrAcharitra, 1915)

pustakaM vela, prachuriMchabaDina saMvatsaraM, modalaina vivarAlu ekkaDa uMDAlanE niyamaM uMDEdi kAdu. evariki tOchinaTTu vAru vEsEvAru. pustakaM pEru vennu mIda vEsE alavATu kUDA oka kramaMlO uMDEdi kAdu. pustakaM koMta sannapATidaitE vennu mIda EmI uMDEdi kAdu. bhArI pustakAlaku vennu mIda pErlu niluvu gAnu, aDDu gAnu, iMkA rakarakAla paddhatulalO uMDEvi. phustakaM mIda rachayita pEru, anuvAdakula pErlu elA veyyAlanE vishayaMlO kUDA oka paddhataMTU EmI uMDEdi kAdu. ArOjullO vAviLLavAru kaLApUrNOdayaM vEsina paddhati chUstE I saMgati vivaraMgA bOdhapaDutuMdi. A pustakaM mukhapatraM mIda kaTTamaMchi rAmaliMgAreDDi pEru pramukhaMgA vuMTuMdi. Ayana kaLApUrNOdayAniki tana soMta tarahAlO vimarSa vyAsaM rASAru. A vyAsAnni vAviLla vAru kaLApUrNOdayAniki muMdu mATagA vADukunnAru. kAni A pustakAniki pratipadArthAlu rAsina paMDituDi pEru mukhapatraM mIda ekkaDA kanipiMchadu. OpiggA vetukkuMTE Ayana chadalavADa jayarAmaSAstri ani pustakaM chivari pEjIlO adhassUchikagA kanipistuMdi. vAviLLavArE vEsina bhartRhari subhAshitAniki saMskRta bhAshyaM evaru rASArO, telugu vyAkhyAnaM evaru rASArO mukhapatraM mIda kanipiMchadu. upOdghAtaMlO saMskRtaM bhAshyaM evaridO telustuMdi kAnI, telugu vyAkhyAnaM evaridO teliyadu. ivannI manaM vetiki chUsukOvAli. paMDitula pErlu cheppakapOvaDaM vAviLLavAriki bahuSA si. pi. braunu daggara nuMchivachchina alavATu kAvochchu.

idi, paMDitulu achchu vEyiMchina pustakAla katha.

2. gujilI pustakAlu


6a. gujilI pustakaM namUnA
en. vi. gOpAl aMD kO

sariggA idE samayaMlO, samAMtaraMgA iMkO prachuraNa raMgaM naDichiMdi. pedda bobbilirAju katha, bAlanAgamma katha, kAmamma katha, sahasra SiraChChEda apUrva chiMtAmaNi lAMTi pustakAlu I kOvalOvi. rODla paina, railvE sTEshan plAT^phArAla mIda, chEttO pustakAla kaTTalu paTTukuni, vATi pErlu aruchukuMTU vITini ammEvAru. vITikI chUDagAnE gurtu paTTElA oka pratyEkamaina AkAraM uMDEdi. chavakarakaM kAgitaM mIda, pEjI aMtA niMpEsina aksharAlatO, ivi tayArai vachchEvi. vITimIda ‘paMDitulachE@M barishkRtamu’ anE mATa uMDEdi. ivi achchu vEsina saMvatsaraM kAnI, enni kApIlu vESAru anE vivaraM kAnI I pustakAlapai uMDEvi kAvu. kAnI, I pustakAlu viparItaMgA ammuDu pOyEvani mAtraM manaki telusu. koMDapalli vIraveMkayya, kALahasti tammArAvu, siddhESvara, en. vi. gOpAl aMD kO. vaMTi prachuraNa saMsthalu I tarahA pustakAlani vEsEvi. I pustakAla aTTala lOpala pEjI lOnU, chivarapEjI lOnU rakarakAla maMdula prakaTanalu — yavvanAnni tirigi poMdaDaM yelAga, sauMdaryAnni nilabeTTukOvaDaM yelAga, maMtrAlu taMtrAlu vADaTaM yelAga, vagairA — uMDEvi.


6A. gujilI pustakaMlO prakaTanalu
en. vi. gOpAl aMD kO

I reMDu raMgAlu chAlAkAlaM pATu ilA oka paddhatilO ilA konasAgAyi. idE samayaMlO, paMchAMgAlu achchu vEsEvAri paddhati marokalA uMDEdi. ippaTikI I paddhatilO paMchAgAlu achchu vEstunnAru. I pustakAla AkArAnni baTTI, nirmANAnni baTTI idi paMDitula vEyiMchina prAmANika graMthamA, lEka bajArulO, railvE buk shApulO dorikE pustakamA, lEka paMchAMgamA ani cheppaDAniki Srama paDakkaralEdu. vILLaMdarikI achchu oka saukaryamE gAnI, dAnimIda oka dRshTi lEdu. I paddhati InATikI konasAgutOMdi.

3. Adhunika kavitvaM

achchu vEsina pustakaM aMdaMgA uMDAli anE Uha bhAvakavitvaM tOnE modalaiMdi. bhAvakavulaku padyAniki ‘rUpaM’ uMDAlani telusu. vaitALikulu pustaka prachuraNa telugu kavitvaM achchu veyyaDaMlO vachchina pedda mArpu. padyaM ekkaDa virichi elA chadavAlO dAniki taggaTTugA paMktulu viDagoTTi vEsina modaTi pustakaM vaitALikulu. I pustakaM nuMchE telugulO Adhunika padyAniki oka ‘rUpaM’ vachchiMdani cheppavachchu. ippuDu dorakaDaM lEdu kAnI vaitALikulu modaTi mudraNa evarainA chUstE I saMgati bOdhapaDutuMdi. iMglaMDu nuMchi teppiMchina kharIdaina phedar veyiT pEparu mIda oka paddhatilO prati padyaM chakkagA kUrchi, parishkariMchi, achchu vEsina pustakaM idi.

pUrtigA #»

SrImAn rImAn uvAcha!

1. upOdghAtaM

paisA kharchu lEkuMDA miliyan DAlarlu saMpAdiMchE upAyaM chebutAnu, viMTArA?

aMta tElikaitE nuvvE A upAyaM vADukOvachchu kadA? ani mIraDagachchu.

tElika analEdu. ‘paisA kharchu lEkuMDA’ annAM. lATarI TikeTTu konakkaralEdu, vEgas veLli vElu tagalEsuku rAnakkaralEdu. kaDupulO challa kadalakuMDA iMTlO kUrchuni saMpAdiMchE upAyaM. cheppamannArA? ayitE vinaMDi. rImAn uTaMkiMchina SishTAbhiprAyaM (#conjecture)# oppE ani rujuvu chEstE klE mEthamETikal insTiTyUT (#Clay Mathematical Institute)# vAru biLla kuDumullAMTi miliyanu DAlarlu paTTukochchi oLlO pOstAmani 2000lO prakaTana chEsEru.

ikkaDa SishTAbhiprAyaM anE kotta mATa vADEnu – poMdikaina, SAstrAnuguNamaina Uha, ani abhiprAyaM. EmiTA SishTAbhiprAyaM?

jITA pramEyaM (#zeta function)# yokka SUnyAlu lEdA sunnAlu (#zeros),# lEdA mUlAlu (#roots)# annI (nija, ruNa rEkha mIda kanabaDE sAdhAraNa mUlAlani minahAyiMchi) saMkIrNa lEdA jaMTa talaMlO (anagA, #complex plane#lO) #x = ½# anE rEkha mIdE gumigUDi unnAyi —

ani rujuvu cheyyAli. idi nijamE sumA ani rImAn oka amUlya abhiprAyaM velibuchchEDu, rujuvu cheyyakuMDA! manaki ippuDu A rujuvu kAvAli. I abhiprAyaM nijamE ani rujuvu chEsina vAriki miliyanu DAlarlu bahumAnaM ichchEstAru. aMtaTitO puraskAra paraMpara AgipOdu. EdO pedda viSvavidyAlayaM vAru AchArya padavi aMTagaDatAru. ‘nI telivini, nA aMdAnni puNikipuchchukuni pillalu puTTochchu kadA’ ani hA(bA)livuD tAra peLli pratipAdistE, miliyanu DAlarlatO pATu svarga dvArAlu kUDa teruchukOvachchu!

samasya cheppEsi pAripOtE EM maryAdagA uMTuMdi? parishkArAniki dAri kUDa chUpAli kadA! E puTTalO E pAmu uMdO?


1. hilbarT abhiprAyaM

E saMkhya ayinA 1 chEta, tana chEta tappa marE itara saMkhya chEta niSSEshaMgA bhAgahArAniki loMgaka pOtE A saMkhyani pradhAna saMkhya aMTAru (1ni minahAyiMchi.) kanuka 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13 vagairAlu annI pradhAna saMkhyalaki udAharaNalu ani cheppi prAraMbhistAnu. ikkaDa nuMDi aMchelaMchela mIda lOtuki tIsuku veLatAnu. gaNitaMlO saMpradAyikaMgA vADE saMkEtAlatO parichayaM oka mOtAdu, kalana gaNitaMtO parichayaM oka mOtAdu, inumaDiMchina utsAhaM oka mOtAdu uMTE ikkaDa cheppEdi arthaM chEsukuMduki peddagA pAMDityaM akkaralEdu. samasya arthaM ayina taruvAta, dAnini parishkariMchi, miliyanu DAlarlu koTTEyaDAniki koMcheM lOtugAnE pAMDityaM uMDAli – eMdukaMTE idi chAla jaTilamaina samasya; aMta tElikagA loMgadu. bomma.1 rImAn velibuchchina SishTAbhiprAyaM yokka prAmukhyatani gurtistU DEviD hilbarT(#David Hilbert)# uTaMkiMchina abhiprAyaM.(rImAn vADina haipAthasis anna mATa ikkaDa vADutunna kaMjekchar anna mATa daridApugA samAnArthakAlE.)

2. chAritraka nEpathyaM

SrImAn rImAn guriMchi oka mATa. geyArk phrIDrik bErn^hArT rImAn (#Georg Friedrich Bernhard Riemann, September 17, 1826 – July 20, 1866)# tana 28va ETa, anagA 1854lO, chEsina prasaMgAnni AdhAraMgA chEsukuni ain^sTayin tana sArvatrika sApEksha siddhAMtaM (#General Theory of Relativity)# anE mahA saudhAnni lEvanettEDu. gaNitaMlO rImAn aMtaTi diTTa. adE vyakti ayidELlu pOyina taruvAta, 1859lO kEvalaM padi puTalu poDugunna oka pariSOdhanA patrAnni prachuriMchi gaNita prapaMchAnni adaragoTTEDu. A patraMlOnE Ayana tana SishTAbhiprAyAnni velibuchchEDu. chitraM EmiTaMTE saMkhyASAstraMlO (#Number Theory)# Ayana rAsina Ekaika pariSOdhanA patraM idi.


2. bErn^hArT rImAn

appaTikE eMtO pEru mOsina pradhAna saMkhyA siddhAMtaM (#The Prime Number Theorem)# mIda I SishTAbhiprAyaM eMtO prabhAvaM chUpaDaM valla, I samasyani parishkariMchavalasina avasaraM kIlakaM ayi kUrchuMdi. I pradhAna saMkhyA siddhAMtAniki pedda pravarE uMdi. ichchina oka ‘sarihaddu’ saMkhya #x#ni miMchakuMDA pradhAna saMkhyalu enni unnAyO UhiMchi uramaragA chebutuMdi I siddhAMtaM. I uramara maddiMpuki EDriyen lejAMDar (#Adrien-Marie Legendre)# oka sUtrAnni istE dAnini kAsiMta merugu parachi phrIDrik gaus (#Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss)# tana 18va ETa maroka sUtrAnni pravachiMchEDu. nijarEkha (#real line)# mIda oka hadduni istE, A hadduni miMchakuMDA A rEkha mIda enni pradhAna saMkhyalu uMTAyO uramaragA chebutuMdi I sUtraM. gaus aMchanAni mariMta merugu parachi rImAn (gaus SishyuDu) maroka sUtraM ichchEDu. I sUtraM pani chEstunnaTlE uMdi kAni punAdulu eMta diTTaMgA unnAyO teliyadu. punAdulu diTTaMgA uMDAlaMTE rImAn velibuchchina SishTAbhiprAyaM nijaM avAli. appuDu uramara lekkalO dOshaM (#error)# eMta uMdO lekka kaTTavachchu.

muMduki kadilE muMdu, ikkaDa manaki kAvalasina avasarAla mEraki, pramEyaM (#function)# aMTE EmiTO cheppanivvaMDi. pramEyaM oka peTTe lAMTidi. I peTTeki oka pEru uMTE bAguMTuMdi kadA. sarvasAdhAraNaMgA, iMglIshu prapaMchaMlO, iTuvaMTi peTTeki #f# anE pEru peDatAru. I peTTe lOniki manaM #x# anE aMSAnni paMpitE I peTTe maroka aMSAnni bayaTaki veligakkutuMdi – adi I peTTe lakshaNaM. I prakriyani gaNita paribhAshalO #f(x)# ani rAstAru. aMTE – #f# anE peTTelOki #x# anE saMkhyani paMpitE bayaTaki #f(x)# anE saMkhya vastuMdi – ani arthaM. pramEyaM guriMchi iMtakaMTe lOtugA telusukOvalasina avasaraM lEdu.

ippuDu lejAMDar-gaus nirmiMchina sUtrAnni vADaDaM elAgO chUddAM. udAharaNagA #x# anE haddu peDadAM. I #x#ni miMchakuMDA enni pradhAna saMkhyalu unnAyO A saMkhyani #n(x)# anE pramEyaMtO sUchiddAM. diguva paTTika chUDaMDi. I #n(x)# uramaragA #x/ ln x# aMta uMTuMdi annADu lejAMDar. machchuki #x = 100# ayitE, 100/ #ln 100 = 21.7# kanuka 100 lOpuna uramaragA 22 pradhAna saMkhyalu uMTAyani I sUtraM aMchanA vEstOMdi. nijAniki 100 lOpuna 25 pradhAna saMkhyalu unnAyi (lekka vEsi chUsukoMDi). kanuka I aMchanAlO dOshaM 22 – 25 lEdA 3SAtaM. maroka machchugA, haddu #x = 1,000,000,000# ayitE mana aMchanA 109/ #ln 109 = 48,254,942. # nijAniki biliyanu haddu lOpuna 50,847,534 pradhAna saMkhyalu unnAyi (idi mIru lekka vEsi chUsukOlEru kAbaTTi nA mATa nammaMDi.) kanuka lejAMDar aMchanAlO dOshaM 48,254,942 – 50,847,534 = -2,592,592 lEdA 2,592,592 / 1,000,000,000#x 100 = 0.2#5SAtaM. I lejAMDar lekkani gaus merugu parachEDu. nija rEkha mIda dUraM veLutUnna koddI gaus aMchanA merugavutuMdi. idE lekkani rImAn SishTAbhiprAyaM cheppina paddhatilO chEstE dOshaM eMta uMTuMdO kUDa I diguva paTTikalO chUDavachchu.

#  x      n(x)    #lejAMDar dOshaM gaus dOshaM rImAn dOshaM
10 4 0 2
102 25 -3 5 1
103 168 -23 10 0
106 78498 -6116 130 29
109 50847534 -2592592 1701 -79

rImAn SishTAbhiprAyamE rujuvayitE, rImAn ichchina sUtrasamIkaraNAlu (#formulae)# upayOgiMchinappuDu – anagA, udAharaNaki, padi kOTla lOpu enni pradhAna saMkhyalu unnAyi? padivEla nUTapadahArava pradhAna saMkhya Edi? vaMTi praSnalaki javAbulu lekka kaTTinappuDu – manaki AmOdayOgyamaina dOshAlaki lObaDE javAbulu vastunnAyani nUTiki nUru SAtaM nammavachchu. adI rImAn SishTAbhiprAyaM prAmukhyataki kAraNaM.

I SishTAbhiprAyaM oka abhiprAyaMlA uMDipOyiMdi; pakaDbaMdIgA unna rujuvu lEka oka siddAMtaM sthAyiki edagalEdu. ayitEnEM? gaNita SAstravEttalu I abhiprAyaM nijamE ayi uMTuMdani eMtagA nammutunnAraMTE daridApu 500 siddhAMtAlu (#theorems) ‘#rImAn SishTAbhiprAyamE kAni nijamayitE…’ aMTU modalavutAyiTa. kanuka I SishTAbhiprAyAniki kAni rujuvu saMpAdiMchagaligitE okka debbalO vaMdalakoddI siddAMtAlani rujuvu chEseyyavachchu. anagA, punAdulu lEkuMDA gAlilO kaTTEstunna mEDalaki punAdulu nirmiMchaDaM anna mATa.

maroka Asaktikaramaina kONaM uMdi. rImAn abhiprAyaM nijamA kAdA anE vishayaM kanna (idi nijamE ayuMTuMdani aMdarU nammEstunnAru kAbaTTi) dInni rujuvu chEsE prakriya aMTU uMDuMTE A prakriya, A paddhati (siddhAMtaM rujuvu mATa dEvuDerugu) gaNitaSAstrapu lOtulalO uMDE oka maulikamaina ‘darSanaM’ lAMTidi avutuMdani SAstravEttalu viSvasistunnAru. appuDu A dAri veMbaDi veLitE ennO nUtana aMSAlani AvishkariMchaDAniki vIlu avutuMdanI vAri ASa. udAharaNaki, eMta pedda saMkhyaki ayinA pradhAna bhAjakAlu (#prime factors)# kanukkOvaDamanE chAla kashTamaina pani suLuvu avutuMdani oka ASa. appuDu kaMpyUTar raMgaMlO rahasya lipilO dattAMSAlani paMpE paddhatulalO maulikamaina mArpulu rAvachchu.

3. rImAn jITA pramEyaM

ippuDu maLlA mana pramEyaM anE peTTe vaddaki vaddAM. sarvasAdhAraNaMgA peTTe lOpala Emi jarugutOMdO cheppaDAniki oka samIkaraNaM vADatAru. udAharaNaki #f(x) = x2# ani cheppEmanukuMdAM. dIni arthaM EmiTaMTE peTTelOki #x#ni paMpitE, peTTe #x2#ni bayaTaki veligakkutuMdi. iMkA vivaraMgA cheppAlaMTE #x = 1# ayitE peTTe bayaTaki 12 = 1 vastuMdi, #x = 2# ayitE peTTe bayaTaki 22 = 4 vastuMdi, #x = 3# ayitE peTTe bayaTaki 32 = 9 vastuMdi. peTTe lOpaliki nija saMkhyalE veLlanakkara lEdu; kAlpanika saMkhyalu (#imaginary numbers)# kUDa veLlavachchu; #x = i# anE kAlpanika saMkhya ayitE peTTe bayaTaki #i2 = -1# anE nija saMkhya vastuMdi.

rImAn tanu vADina pramEyAniki jITA phaMkshan ζ(#s)# ani pEru peTTEDu. I viMta AkAraMlO unna aksharaM grIku bhAshalOni jITA (idi daMtya ja: ౙ) anE aksharaM. ikkaDa #s# anEdi jaMTa saMkhyani (#complex number) # sUchistuMdi. kanuka I jITA phaMkshan anE peTTe lOki #a + bi# anE jaMTa saMkhyani paMpitE bayaTaki #c + di# anE maroka jaMTa saMkhya vastuMdi. koddi sEpaTlO rImAn pEru mIdugA unna I jITA phaMkshan rUpaM rAsi chUpeDatAnu. rImAn^ki muMdu Ay^lar (#Euler)# idE rakaM pramEyAnni vADi unnADu; Ay^lar pramEyaMlO chalanarASi ellappuDU nija saMkhya (#real number) x# mAtramE. I tEDA nokki vakkANiMchaDAniki Ay^lar vADina pramEyAnni #Z(x)# ani rAstAru. Ay^lar #Z# vADEDu kanuka rImAn ζ vADi uMTADu. jITA pramEyaM ζ(#s#)lO #s# viluva jaMTa saMkhya (#complex number.) # I charitrani puraskariMchukuni rImAn jITA pramEyAnni Ay^lar-rImAn jITA pramEyaM ani kUDa aMTAru. iTupaina, saulabhyaM koraku, #Z(x) – ζ(s#)la madhya unna tEDA – maulikamainadE ayinA – paTTiMchukOkuMDA katha naDipiddAM. (gaNitalOka paMDitulu manalanu kshamiMturu gAka!)

pUrtigA #»

oka paddhati prakA…raM

maharANIpETa nuMDI kEjIhech gODa vAraMTa naDichostuMTE mA nAnnani chUsi itanu rAviSAstri gArEmOnani koMdaru porapATu paDEvAru. chalasAni prasAd chUTTAniki sumAru mA nAnna lAgE uMTAru. ATTE telInivALLu rAviSAstrigArnI ghaMDikOTa brahmAjI rAvugArnI dUraM nuMDi chUstE evaru evarO pOlchukOlEru; ilAgani ghaMDikOTa brahmAjI rAvugAru kUDA nAtOTi annAru. kEjIhech gODedurugA rOjallA nilabaDi vEchichUstE ganaka vILLu nalugurU okElAMTi paMDu juTlU, verri navvultOTi E gulEbakAvaLi kathalOnO A unna okka en^TIArE nAlugu rakAla vEshAlEsukuni avupiMchinaTTu A manishE kUralu chavaggA bEraM chEsukODAnikO, karapatrAlu paMchukODAnikO, kOrTu vAyidA kOsamO, kharagapUr railu kOsamO nAlugu rakAlugA haDAviDigA aTU iTU tirugutunaTTu avupistAru.

chalasAni prasAd^gArni pOlchukOvAlaMTE Ayana pAdAla dukku chUDAli. avi ellappuDU havAyi cheppultOTi, oka reMDaMguLAlainA poTTigA maDamalu digani paMTlAM kuTTu tOTI kanipiMchEvi. ekkaDA nilakaDagA nilchOkuMDA oka khAdI bhAMDAr saMchI niMDA EvEvO pustakAlU, kAyitAltOTI aTu iTU naDustU kanipiMchEvi. verri navvu aMTE EMTO pillalaki bOdhapaDAlaMTE chalasAni prasAd navvutunna phoTO chUpiMchAli. Ayana alAga navvutunnappuDu pedAlu kArTUn bommallOna DOnAlD Dak pedAllAga, bakka villu muDatalu paDipOtunnaTTU pratyEkamaina vaMkarlu pOtAyi. Ayanaki ‘burra duvvukODaM ilAga!’ ani buggalu chEttO nokki paTTukuni evarU nErpiMchi uMDaru. jillA kEMdra graMdhAlayaM mEDa (aMTE DAbA) mIda nelakO, reNNellakO okamATu virasaM mITiMgulayyEvi. I samAvESAlaki sAradhi kAbaTTi alAMTi sAyaMtrAlu upanyAsAllO modaTi bONI AyanadEnu. upanyAsakuDu ani pErE gAni Ayanni goppa vakta, upanyAsakuDU ilAga EmI anukOlEmu. Ayana appaTi varakU kurchIlu dulupukuMTU, TIlu rappiMchaDAniki hairAnA paDipOtU, okkokkaLLE DAbA mIdiki chErEvALLani aMdarnI palakariMchi pramukhulaki maryAdAlu chEstU tirugutunnavADu samAvESaM prAraMbhaM ani sUchanagA A DAbA gachchu mIdE ‘vEdika’ annaTTu rUpiMchina jAgAlO nilabaDi tanalO tanE E kAraNaM lEkuMDAnE murusukupOtunnaTTu adE verri navvuni iMkA musi musigA navvutU modalu peTTEvAru. Ayana mATallOna mukhyamainadI, nAku alA gurtuMDipOyina mATa – ‘… oka paddhati prakAraM.’ aMTE, “okavaipu SAMti! SAMti! ahiMsa! ani goMtu chiMchukuMTunna idE veMgaLarAvu prabhutvaM iMkoka vaipu rAtriki rAtri guTTu chappuDu kAkuMDA oka paddhati prakA… raM…” ilAga. Ayana ilA mATlADutunnappuDu kuDi chEti arachEtini talaMta ettuna oka khaDgaM lAga gAllO nilabeTTi, dAnni oka paddhati prakA…raM kiMdi varakU nemmadigA, paTTudalagA vimAnaM diMputunnaTTu pradarSistU I mATalu anEvAru. asalE bommala dukANaMlO saMbaraMgA aTU iTU tirugutunna chinni bAbuki haThAttugA vADiki chAlA ishTamaina bommalu mUDiMTini techchi chEtilO peTTEstE marI poMgipOtADu. SrI SrI, gurajADa, rAvi SAstri – vILLu mugguri pustakAla UsU vastE Ayana vAlakaM ilAga uMDEdi. I mugguri rachanala chuTTU Ayanaki chAla vyAsaMgaM uMDEdi. virasaM samAvESAllOna Ayana eppuDU parichaya vAkyAlE cheppEvAru. vATilOna tarachu “mIru aTu vaipA? iTu vaipA? mIrevari paksha@MvO evariki vALLu AlOchiMchukOMDi! muMdu mIkaMTU A spashTatE uMTE ganaka …” anI ilAga praSniMchEvAru, DAbA mIda kUchuni samOsAlu tiMTunna mammalni.

appaTlOna nEnu vaktRtvaM, vyAsa rachana pOTIlu peDitE praijulistArani anni rakAla kavula mITiMgulaki veLLEvADini. virasaM samAvESAllAMTi chOTa vinipiMchE mATalu koMta abburaMgA, koMta ayOmayaMgA tOchEvi. migilina bAl^kE bachchAla pakkana piTTa gODa UtaMgA nilabaDi ivannI viMTuMDEvANNi. kathalu, kavitvAlaMTE sardA uMDE manushulaki veLLi kUchODAniki I virasaM samAvESAlU, ivi kAka buk seMTar mEDa mIda samAvESAlU, iMkA sahRdaya sAhiti, viSAkha sAhiti ani uMDEvi. em^seT rEMki kOsaM vechchiMchagA migilina sAyaMtrAlu eppuDainA ilAMTi mITiMgulaki veLLi kUchunEvALLami. ivi kAka pOTIlu peTTi praijulu ichchE saMsthalu konni vErEgA uMDEvi. ‘vivEkAnaMduni jIvitamu – saMdESamu ‘ ani rAmakrishNA mishan vAru, ‘agni pramAdAla nivAraNa – yuvata pAtra ‘ anE aMSaM mIda jAtIya agnimApaka bhadratA vArOtsavAla vALLu, iMkA SrI vAsavi Arya vaiSya saMghaM vAru, rOTarI klab vALLu, layans klab vALLu, pOTIlu peTTi muMdu rOju InADu pEparlOna prakaTiMchEvAru. okkOsAri ULLO kathala paMdElu peTTi, dAniki bharAgO gArini nyAya nirNEtagA niyamiMchEvAru. ilAga ULLOni kavula mITiMgulanniMTinI pariSIliMchi, O kANO parakO geluchukunE vyApakaMlO bhAgaMgA nEnu virasaM mITiMgulakI veLLi kUchunEvANNi. em^seT rEMku saMpAdiMchukunna taravAta nEnu ‘aTuvaipu’ anIsE khAyaM aipOyiMdi kAni, eMdukO mA nAna lAguMTAranIsEmO nEnu chalasAni prasAdu vaipu kUDAnA anI anipiMchEdi.

virasaM mITiMgullOna eppuDO pratyEkamaina paMDugallAMTi rOjullOnE TI uMDEdi. buk seMTar mEDa mIda kavula mITiMgullOna ellappuDU TI uMDEdi. varAlu cheTTi gAri tammuDu kavulaMdarikI TIlu rappiMchEvAru. tripura eppuDEnA punnAnikO amAvAsyakO I mITiMgulaki vachchEvAru. ilAMTi chOTla mahA rachayitalu, pramukha rachayitalu, O sumAraina rachayitalu, pilla rachayitalU, tatimA anAmakulU – ilAga evarU vidhiMchakunnA oka adhikramaM lAga uMDEdi. tripura ekkaDO mUla mUlallaMTa nakki nilchunnavALLu, palleTULLa nuMDi vachchina alagA kalagA kavulatO mATa kalipi vALLani anunayistU samayaM gaDipEvAru. appaTlO rEDiyO, patrikalU, pustakAlU ivE uMDEvi samAchAraM kOsamainA, sAhityaM kOsamainA. achchulO vachchina vishayAlaki chAla gauravaM, matiMpU uMDEvi. EdainA rAsi pustakAlu, patrikallO prachuriMchina vALLaki chAla mappitaM chEsEvAru. maMchi maMchi bhAvAlu, AlOchanalatO kadhalavI rAsi pustakAllO prachuristE, avi migata samAjaMlO aMdari chEtA chadiviMchitE alAga A kramaMlO EdO oka goppa chAritraka mArpu kalugutuMdanIsi tirugulEni nammakaMgA uMDEdi. ilAMTi ASAvAdulaMdarikI tallO nAlika lAgA chalasAni prasAd^gAru pustakAlni, avi rAyagaligina manushulni verrigA prEmiMchi, gauravistU A panla mIda kAlEjI Daunu daggarA, viSAlAMdhra deggirA avupiMchEvAru. A pustakAlni guriMchi maLLI konni pustakAlu vEyiMchEvAru. nAku pustakAla kaMTE kUDA AyanlAMTi manushulaMTE chAla idi. “annavaraM sachnANa mUrtI taMDrI! aMtalekhkhana nI koMDaki annIsi meTlekki nEnrAlEnnAyinA, ikkaNNuMchE namaskAraM!” ani mA amma bassulOMchE daMDAlu peTTi leMpalEsukunITaTTu nEnu DAbAla mIda chalasAni prasAd^gAriki aTuvaipu nuMchE daMDAlu peTTukunEvANNi.

oka rOju virasaM mITiMguki chAla paMDuga kaLa vachchiMdi. eppuDU vachchE vALLaki reMDiMtalugA kavulU rachayitalU vachchi kUchunnAru. TIlU, biskaTlU kUDA tiMTunnAmu. rAvi SAstrigAru ChalOktulu visurutuMTE aMdarU valayAlu valayAlugA chEri navvu mokhAlu vEsukuni viMTunnAru. “vAra patrikalE@MTi vai? vAra vanitallAga puMkhAnupuMkhAlugA vochchestunAyi?!” ani ilAga Ayana igaTAlADutunnAru. iMtaTlOki mITiMgu eMdukO graMdhAlayaM DAbA mIMchi kiMdana pOrTikOlOki digipOyiMdi. chinukulu paDutunnAyani kAbOlu. iMta maMdi jana@MvU A chinna pOrTikO kiMdanE sardukuni nilabaDDAmu. chinnapATi charcha lAga naDustOMdi. okAviDa – DigrI kAlEjI ammAyi lAga – lEchi nilabaDi aDugutunnAru. AviDa pEru mamata, samata, lEkapOtE navata – ilAga chAnnALLu gurtuMDipOyiMdi. AviDa koMta kaMgArugA nilabaDi, rAvi SAstrigArni uddESiMchi “mEM rAstunnAM! ayinA patrikalaki paMpistE sariggA risIv chEsukOTaM lEdu …?!” ani phiryAdu chEsEru. rAvi SAstri gAru toNakkuMDA beNakkuMDA “ALLevarO patrikalO vEsIdEMTammA? rAta patrika peTTIsukOMDi. mEM mA rAta patrika mE@MvE naDupukunIvALLaM. rAta patrika peTTIsukO!” ani cheppEru. Ayana mATADitE vinAlani aMdarU chevulu rikkiMchi eduru chUsEvALLaM. A praSna aDiginAviDa chalasAni prasAd^gAri ammAyani nA chuTTU nilabaDina vALLalO okAyana annADu.

chalasAni prasAd^gAri parichaya vAkyAlu, rAvi SAstrigAri upanyAsaM, ChalOktulU, javAbulU annI ayipOyEka, vAnochchi aMdarU pOrTikOlO sardukunnAkA sabhalOna oka alajaDi, gusa gusala keraTaM lAga taletti iTU aTU kadultunAdi. aMdarU utkaMTha tOTi “evaru? EM jarugutunAdi?” annaTTu kAsukkUchunnAmu. okAyana, sumAru mupphayyELLEnA uMTAyO lEdO, sannaMgA poDUggA girajAla juTTu, nalla daLAsari phrEM kaLLaddAlU peTTukuni chAla mohamaTaM paDipOtU iMka vidhilEka nilabaDinaTTu venakki jarigipOtunnAru. Ayana aMta mohamATa paDutuMTE chalasAni prasAd vALLu Ayana mIda, alAkkAdu…! mATlADAli…! ani ‘rikvashT’ vidhiMchEru. rAvi SAstrigAru hechcharikagA talUputU “eLLavai bAla gOpAlu! eLu..!! mATADu…” ani Ayanni marI marI muMduki tOstE Ayana balavaMtammIda muMdukochchi nilabaDi A sabhalOni manushulatO mATADutunaTTu kAkuMDA, evarO AkASaMlOni yehOvAtO DairekTugA tana sodanaMtA veLLabOsukuMTunnaTTu nemmadigA saNukkuMTunnaTTu mATADDaM modalu peTTEru. avELa bAla gOpAl^gAru A mITiMguki rAvaTamE A paMDuga speshal ani mAku ardhamayipOyiMdi. okasAri modaleTTEka Ayana anargaLaMgA AkASaMlOki chAlA sEpu mATADEru. Ayana varaMgal nuMDi vochchErani, mEks^lO chAlA jIniyas anI mA pakkanunnAyana annAru. nEnu bAla gOpAl^gArini chUTTaM adi okka mATEnu.

mEmu chaduvukunE rOjullOna chuTTU oka viplava vAtAvaraNaM lAga AvariMchukunE uMDEdi. mA ULLOna mATallOna yadhAlApaMgA “AdibhaTla kailAsaM! veMpaTApu satyaM!” ani ilA dorlutuMDEvi. okkOrOju podduTa lEchi kaLLu nulumukuni chUstuMDagAnE vIdhiki aDDaMgA beMchIlu parichi paradAlu kaTTI jananATyamaMDali vALLu pATalu pADDAniki daLLu kaTTEvALLu. mA subbulu pinnigAri hari A pATalu vinE uttEjituDai nuduTiki erraTi gAvaMchA kaTukuni vALLalOna kalisipOyEDu. “emarjensi uddESaM – prajAsvAmya saMrakshaNa!,” “okaTE maMtradaMDaM: kaThOra pariSrama, dhRDa saMkalpaM…” ani ilAMTivi pedda pedda bOrDlu chaduvukuMTU skUlukeLLEvALLaM. okkOsAri eppuDU kanipiMchE pOlIsu jIpulu kAkuMDA niganigalADE inapa TOpIla vALLu nalabhai EbhayyEsi maMdi milaTrI lArIllOna varAsagA rODDu mIMchi pOyEvAru. sIArpI vALLaMTE vALLEnani vIdhilO anukuMTunAru. mA vIdhilO chinnappuDE moguDu pOyi vidhavarALlayipOyina attalu, doDDalu, mAmmalU chAlAmaMdE uMDEvAru. vILLu punistrIlaina illALLa iLLalOna jaMtikalU, chegODIlU cheyyaDAnikI, vaMTalakI, puruLLU puNyAlaki AsarAgAnU illillU tirugutuMDEvAru. lEnappuDu chinna chIkaTi guyyArAllAMTi koTTiLLalO oka mUla poyyi, oka mUla dEvuDu peTTitO kanipiMchEvAru. “pillalavALLakO vedhava muMDA, plIDarukO gumastA! alA uMDAlammA” anIsi mA ammA vALLU anukunEvAru. vedhavamuMDalu chEsE chAkirInE ippuDu villAllO, epArT^meMTlalO Ayammalu vahistunnAru. appaTivarakU sIArpI vALLU aMTE I vedhavvALLanE anukunEvALLami. eMdukaMTE pedda vayasu pillalu igaTAlaki I vidhavarALla venaka paDi vALLa guMDU, paMchenI chUpiMchi “sIArpI! sIArpI!” ani vekkiriMchEvAru. nijaM sIArpI vALLu lArIllO EjensI aDavullOki sAyudha pOrATAlni aNicheyyaDAniki veLLaTaM okamATu chUsEnu.

oka rOju miTTa madhyAnaM erraTeMDalOna okAyana mA jAbirI talupu koTTEru. Ayana okEbhayyELLa manishilAgunnAru. Ayana jAbirIlOkochchi “mIru vIrasaM lOki rAvAli!” anIsi nilabaDDAru. appaTlO nAku pachchakAmerlochchi sachchinaMta panayyi taggEyi. adI kAkuMDA tilak kavitalu chaduvukuMTU tirutunaTTuga – atani kannulalO nakshatra dhULi… Ame kurula cheragu vidhi sannani jAji attaru tera… A rAtri gAli kAlaM kannula kappina jAli pora… ayinA evarunnArulE nEstaM? nIku nEnU, nAku nuvvU! – ilAguMDEdi. Ayana maMchinILLEnA aDakkuMDA kavulu, rachayitala chAritraka bAdhyata guriMchi cheputunnAru. nAku Ayana chemaTalu kakkE nallaTi mohaM, erra kaLLajODE gurtuMDipOyEyi. “I tOva kAkapOtE iMkETunnAdi? gaNapatirAju achyutarAma rAjugAri sAhitI sabhalu rAju gAri darbArla lAguMTAyi. ETaMTAru?!” ani Ayana prAdhInapaDDAru. nEnu ulukU palukU lEkuMDA uMTE Ayana ‘nItOTi sarle! vostAnu!’ annaTTu meTlu digi bIchI vaipu veLipOyEru. ilAMTi verri paTTudala unna sAhitIjIvulu, kaLAkArulu eppuDainA tArasillEvAru. nEnu rOjU saMdulu goMdullOMchi naDuchukuMTU kAlEjIkeLLE tOvalOna oka saMdulO chinna koTlO okAyana geDDAlu, erraTi jIrala kaLLatO oka inapa kurchIlO kUchuni Ayil peyiMTiMgs vEsEvADu. Ayana bommalni mAtramE chUsi, AyanatO chUpu kalapakuMDA uMTE sarE! okkOrOju porapATna chUpulu kalistE Eka kAlaMlOnE chAla ApyAyaMgAnu, chAlA karkaSaMgAnU navvEvADu. lOpaTiki rammani. Ayana peyiMTiMgs reMDu rakAluMDEvi – okaTi shApulu, sinimAlu, pressula vaMTi vATikOsaM vEstunnavi; reMDOvi piDikili bigiMchi AkASaMlOki ninadistunna kArmikulu, SrAmikula guppiLLalOMchI raktAlu kArutunnaTTU. oka rOju dhairyaM chEsi A koTlOkeLitE bommalni sAvadhAnaMgA chUNNichchEDu. “I madhya purANaM EdO vAginaTTunnADu. alAMTi pratIpa Saktulaki tvaralOnE saraina samAdhAnaM cheptAM…” ani ilATi mATalaMTuMTE nEnu gaba gabA meTlu digi meyin rODDu mIdiki veLipOyEnu.

chalasAni prasAd praSnalaDigETappuDu “mIru iTEpA, aTEpA? idA, adA??” ani ilAga malTipul ChOyis praSnalE ADigEvAru, arichEtultOTi tanaki aTU iTU reMDu jAgAlnI chUpistU. avi (#A) or (B) – Select a single, correct answer!# annaTTugA uMTAyi. chalasAni prasAd ganaka pEparu seT chEstE annI ilAMTi #A/B# praSnalEnanI, philiMdI blEMks Taipu praSnalu, essE koschinlU uMDavEmOnani nAku navvochchEdi. tripurakI, chalasAni prasAd^gArikI snEhaM uMDEdi. tripura nAtO kaburlu cheptU chalasAni prasAd^gAritO saMbhAshaNalni guriMchi kUDA cheppEvAru. Ayana nela, nelA padihEnu rOjulakaina tappakuMDA tripura daggariki vachchEvAru. vachchi – “tripuragArU? ayitE kITs kavitvaM goppadaMTArA, shellI kavitvaM goppadaMTArA?” ani ilAMTivi #A vs. B# kharAkhaMDIgA tElchi cheppImannaTTu praSnalu aDigEvAru. tripura “alA cheppaTAniki kashTaM …” ani nasugutU nILLu namilEvAru. alA I mATA A mATA ayyEka koMta sEpaTiki marchipOyi iMdAka aDigina praSnanE chalasAni prasAdu maLLI aDigEvAru: “ayitE tripuragArU? kITs kavitvaM goppadaMTArA, shellI kavitvaM goppadaMTArA?” ani maLLInu. vAmapaksha vAdulU, ilAMTi manushula mIda A vAdaM aMTE gauravaM, avagAhana, sAnubhUtI lEnivALLu visukkuMTAru, kOpagiMchukuMTAru. lEdU guMbhanaMgA UrukuMTAru. nijAniki E paksha bhAvAlunna manushulnainA A paksha bhAvAlu lEnivALLu sAdhAraNaMgA ilAgE kaMTagiMchukuMTAru. jai bhIM gALLu! ani, ChAMdasa pilaka vAdulu! ani, dEvuni biDDalu! anI okaLnokaLLaM kasidIrA vekkiriMchukunnaTTu. tripura vaikhari ilAkkAdu. alAgani adi para mata ‘sahanaM’ ani alAgA kAdu. adi – parA lEdU, mataM lEdU, evaru evarni sahistunnAru?? ani kEvalaM kaLLatOTE aDugutunaTTuMDEdi. mArksishT saMpradAyAnnI, khachchitamaina nirdhAraNa, kAryAcharaNa mIda vALLa paTTudalani guriMchI, siddhAMtAnni guriMchI tripura oka vakAlat lAga viDamarchi cheppEvAru. tripura snEhaM chalasAni prasAd^gAriki UraDiMpugA uMDEdanukuMTAnu. tarachu vachchi pOtuMDEvAru.

chalasAni prasAd^gAriki chivarlOna vinikiDi samasya ayyiMdi. AyanatO nAku pratyakshaMgA parichayaM eppuDU lEdu. okE okka sAri mATADEnu. O mATu nAku abhyudaya patrika kApIlu kAvalsi vachchiMdi. vATilOna nEnu rAsiMdi kanyASulkaM nATakAniki taruvAyi (sIkvel) reMDu mUDu saMchikallOna prachuriMchEru. meDrAs nuMDi rAMbhaTla kRshNamUrtigArU vALLu I kanyASulkaM konasAgiMpu pOTIlu peTTiMchi adi rAsinODiki nAku bahumAnaM ichchEru. A saMchikala kApIlu AyandaggiruMTAyani evarO aMTE nEnu Ayanni aDigEnu. Ayana tana daggira lEvu, kRshNAbAyigArni aDagaMDi ani paMpiMchEru. appaTlOna kRshNAbAyigAru vALLu siripuraM daggira yUnivarsiTI baMgaLAlO uMDEvAru. A kApIlu vetikEru kAni dorakalEdu. A okka mATE nEnu AyanatO mukhata@h mATADDaM. kAni mITiMgullOnA, rODla mIdA, pustakAla shApullOnU kanipistuMDEvAru. Ayanni chivari sArigA sumAru nAlugELLa kiMdaTa viSAkhapaTnaMlO oka peLLilO chUsEnu. lEchi vEdika meTlekkabOtU toTrupaDi kiMda paDipObOtuMTE nalugurU rekkalu paTTukuni lEvanettEru.

reMDELLa kiMdaTa jillA graMdhAlayaM DAbA ekki kUchuMdAmani akkaDikeLLEnu. akkaDa A graMdhAlayaM uMDE jAgAlO nunnagA chadunu chEsi, maTTi mettIsi uMdi. edurugA sAyibula SmaSAnaM koMDa mIdiki pAkE chOTa guMpulu guMpulugA sAyibulu tellaTi TOpIlU lAlchIlatO iTU aTU tirugutunnAru. vALLa vALlu evarO chanipOyEru. A bayaTa chAla dayanIyamaina manushulu, rOgulu evarnI eTU naDavaniyyakuMDA Api mushTettukuMTunnAru. A guMpulOMchi nEnu chAla prayatnaM mIda bayaTa paDDAnu. nA vAlakaM chUsi daya talchi mA DraivarugAru “E@MTi chUstanAru?” anaDigEDu. “ikkaDa jillA graMdhAlayaM uMDAli, pachcha raMgu DAbA!” anaDigEnu. “adA, adeppuDO koTTIsEru. ippuDI jAgAlO shApiMg mAlO EdO kaTTestAru! mIku appaTi vorjinAlTI chekku chedarakuMDA chUDAlaMTE okE okka jAgA – relli vIdhi!” anIsannADu. jillA graMdhAlayaM mIMchi mahArANI pETa saiNNuMDi relli vIdhilOMchi naDicheLtE akkaDE mA illu. mA nAnna, rAvi SAstrigArU, chalasAni prasAdU I dAraMTE naDicheLLEvAru. rAvi SAstrigAru chachchaDi bAjA aMTE chAlA laik chEsEvAru. nEnu relli vIdhilOMchi alavATaina tOvaMTa naDuchukOneLtuMTE okAviDa naDi vayasu manishi, iMTi muMdara simeMT gachchu vIdhilOna oka inapa rEkula poyyi, pedda penaM peTTi aTlu pOstunnAdi, ammakAniki. akkaDa Agi nilchuMTE iMtaTlOki okaidugurAruguru guMTnAkoDukulu nA venaka paDDAru. “hEy! hey mishTha~r!! giv mi Ten ruppIs? giv mi..!!” ani amirikAvODi bhAsha lOna nannu dabAyistunnAru. relli vIdhi vorjinAlTI alAgE uMdi kAni, nEnE iMka akkaDivANNi kAnani nAkE etti chUpistunnaTTu. chappuna venakkochchIsEnu.

chalasAni prasAd^gAru vAma paksha bhAvAlu kalavAru. E pakshAla vALLainA kashTaMlO unna manushulni eMtO koMtA paTTiMchukOkuMDA uMDaru. nuvvu aTuvaipA? iTuvaipA? mIreTuvaipu? #A or B?# anaDigitE eTU EmI cheppalEkapOyinA. ippuDu ilAMTi praSnalnE buddhijIvulu rakarakAlugA pariSOdhistunnAru. vALLu kottagA cheptunnadi EmiTaMTE prapaMchaMlOni nUTA toMbhayyAru dESAllOna okka pAtika dESAlE bAgA Dabbunna dESAlu. migatAvi eMtO koMta bIda dESAlu. A pAtika goppa dESAlU goppavai uMDaDAniki, alAMTi gAlI nIrU nElA manushulE unnA I migilina bIda dESAlu bIdavigA uMDADAnikI mukhyaM mUDu kAraNAlu. modaTidi – goppa dESAllOna goppa saMsthalu, vyavasthalU uMTAyi – skULLu, yUnivarSiTIlu, nyAyasthAnAlu, patrikalu, graMdhAlayAlU, kavula mITiMgula vaMTivi. avi rOjU tellArlegisi nishTagA tama pani tAmu chEsukupOtuMTAyi. tama tama ishTAlu, ASalu, kashTaM sukhaM prakAraM vATilO chEri janaM tama burralni, batukulni OdArchukuMTAru; tama saMghAlnI, dESAlnI bAvu chEsukuMTAru. ilAMTi vyavasthalu lEnivi, unnA kharAbu chEsukuni dhvaMsaM chEsukunnavI bIda dESAlugA migilipOtAyi. paura graMdhAlayAla mEDalu (DAbAla) vaMTi yappas jAgAla mIda chalasAni prasAd lAMTi manushulu ilAMTi saMsthalni tamaki chAtanayinaTTu nirmiMchi, nilabeTTutAru. oka paddhati prakA…raM.

pUrtigA #»

chitraM – ‘bApu’rE vichitraM!

pASchAtya dESAllO, yUnivarSiTIlalO chitralEkhanaM lEdA peyiMTiMg nErchukunE pratI vidyArthikI pAThaM modalupeTTE muMdu oka vAkyaM cheppi marI prAraMbhiMchaDaM oka AnavAyitI: ‘nAku nachchiMdi nuvvu gIsina chitraM kAdu; nI chitralEkhanaM!’ (#It is not your paintings I like, it is your painting.)# chadavaDAniki mAmUlugA kanipiMchina vAkyamayinA aMtarlInaMgA chAlA arthaM vuMdi. iMkA vivaristE dIni arthaM – oka chitraM kAdu prathAnaM; adi vEyaDAniki chitrakAruDu paDE aMtarmadhanaM. anusariMchE paddhatI, dAni venuka SramA mukhyaM. I vAkyaM annadi E prasiddha chitrakAruDO kAdu. oka rachayita chinna kathalO cheppina vAkyaM.

A katha pEru – ArTisT eT vark (#Artist at Work).# rAsiMdi AlbEr kAmU (#Albert Camus.)

#E chitrakAruDikI aMtarmadhanaM puTTukatO vachchEyadu. pariSramatO kUDina pariNAmakramaMlOnE adi sAdhyamavutuMdi. nAku I vAkyAlu oka chitrakAruDi chittaruvu chUsinappuDallA gurtostU uMTAyi. Ayana pEru sattirAju lakshmInArAyaNa.

oka annamayya, oka tyAgayya, oka vEmana guriMchi teluguvAriki parichayaM cheyyanavasaraM lEdu. IyanA aMtE. kAkapOtE I pEru – aMTE sattirAju lakshmI nArAyaNa ani chebitE manakEsi ayOmayaMgA chUstAru. kAnI bApu ani chebitE kaLLu peddavi chEsi marI AnaMdistAru. eMdukaMTE Ayana vEsina bommalu tOraNAllA pratI iMTA vElADatAyi. peLLi chUpullO ammAyilni varNiMchAlaMTE raMbha, UrvaSi pOlikalu vetukkOru. okka mukkalO tElchEstAru, bApu bommalA uMTuMdani. telugunATa pratI rachayita tAnu achchu vEsE pustakAniki bApu bomma uMTE dAni viluva perugutuMdanukunE sthAyiki edigina gIta adi. A gItani chUDagAnE alavOkagA bApu pEru nOTa vachchEstudi. okka vAkyaMlO saMkshiptaMgA cheppAlaMTE – bApu pEru telugudESIyaM; haus^hOlD nEm!

telugunATa eMtO maMdi chitrakArulu gataMlOnU unnAru. ippuDU unnAru. dAmerla rAmArAvu modalukoni aDavi bApirAju, aMTyAkula paiDirAju, saMjIv dEv, mAdhavapeddi gOkhalE, vaDDAdi pApayya, gaMgAdhara, prapaMcha prakhyAti cheMdina esvI rAmArAvu dAkA eMtO maMdi prasiddha telugu chitrakArulu unnAru. kAnI aMdari nOTA bApu pEru nAninaTlugA evaridI kAlEdu. pAta tarAniki vaDDAdi pApayya pEru bAgAnE parichayaM vunnA, prastuta tarAniki mAtraM telusunna pedda ati ArTisT bApuyE!

nAku Uha teliSAkA bApu bommalu modaTi sAri chUsiMdi vArapatrikallOnE. patrikala mukha chitrAlakI, kathalaki, kavitalakI vEsina bommalu chUSAkanE bApu guriMchi telisiMdi. chinnatanaMlO nAkU chitrakaLalO pravESaM uMDaDaM valana, bApu bommalu SraddhagA gamaniMchEvANNi. chAlA kAlaM varakU patrikallO chitrAlu vEsE bApu, sinimAlu tIsE bApu okarani telIdu. EDO taragatilO uMDagA saMpUrNa rAmAyaNaM reMDO rilIju vachchiMdi. aMdulO kaika daSaradhuNNi varAlu kOrE sannivESaMlO eppuDO yuddhaMlO sAyaM chEsina pratiphalaMgA konni varAlu ichchAvu, avi tIrchamani aDugutuMdi. A sannivESaMlO rAjamaMdiraM gODa mIda oka chitra paTaM uMTuMdi. adi kaika yuddhaMlO daSaradhuDiki sAyaM chEsina sannivESaM. adi nA manasuki bAgA AkaTTukuMdi. appuDE telisiMdi patrikallO bommalu vEsE AyanA sinimAlu tIsE AyanA okarEnani. appaTinuMDi bApu bommalni chAlA SraddhagA gamanistUnE vachchAnu.

bApu rAtriki rAtrE pedda chitrakAruDaipOlEdu. eMtO kRshI, paTTudalA, pariNitI, ivannI tODaitEnE sAdhyamayyiMdi. iMtai, vaTuDiMtai annaTlugA chinna chinna bommalatO chitrakAruDigA vRtti chEpaTTina bApu, tanadaMTU oka pratyEka SailinI, chitra vidhAnAnnI ErparuchukunnADu. mAmUlu gItani bApu gItagA mArchaDaM venuka ennO ELLa pariSrama uMdi. adi okkarOjulO jarigipOlEdu. mAmUlu janAnnE kAdu, chitrakArulanI meppiMchADu. Ayana gIta mOhaMlO paDDa eMtO maMdi chitrakArulaki mArgadarSakuDu ayyADu kUDA!

pASchAtya dESAllO pratI chitrakAruDikI oka pratyEka SailI, paddhatI uMTAyi. koMtamaMdi mUrtichitrAlu (#portraits)# gIyaDaMlO nishNAtulayitE, marikoMtamaMdi anubhUti chitralEkhanaMlO (#impressionism)# uddaMDulu. chitrakaLalO manaki vibhAgAlu aMtagA telIvu. manamayitE aMdarnI ArTisTanE pilustAM. adi tappani kAdu. eM.eph. hussEnU manaki ArTisTE, vaDDAdi pApayyA manaki ArTisTE! alAgE ArkE lakshmaN kUDA! dInikkAraNaM manaMdarikI chitrakArulu parichayaM ayyiMdi patrikala dvArAnE! aMdarU patrikallO kathalakI, navalalakI bommalu vEsEvAru. lEdaMTE patrikalaki mukha chitraM vEsEvAru. manakunna Ayil peyiMTiMg chitrakArulu chAlA takkuva kAvaDamU, vAriguriMchi patrikallO gAnI itaratrA kAnI telIyakapOvaDaM oka kAraNaM. iMkO balamaina kAraNaM EviTaMTE chitrakaLani pOshiMchE vALLU, ArAdhiMchE vALLa saMkhya teluguvArilO chAlA takkuva kAvaDaM, lalitakaLalaki aMtagA prOtsAhaM ivvakapOvaDaM.

chitralEkhanaMlO reMDu mukhyamaina vibhAgAlunnAyi. okaTi tailavarNa chitra lEkhanaM. reMDOdi vyAkhyA chitraM, lEdA lakshya chitraM. modaTi dAniki udAharaNa maisUru rAjamaMdiraMlO ravivarma vEsina chitrAlu. reMDavadi – oka pratyEka saMdarbhAniki kAnI, sannivESAnni kAnI pratibiMbistU vEsE chitra lEkhanaM. reMDO kOvaki cheMdina vyAkhyA chitralEkhanAniki udAharaNagA bApu vEsina chitrAlu cheppukOvachchu. I reMDU kAkuMDA phain ArT anE paddhatilO oka parichayamunna chitramO, dRSyamO tIsukoni dAniki sRjanAtmakata jODiMchi A chitrAnni gIyaDaM vuMdi. ajaMtA, ellOrA guhallO chitrAlu vITiki udAharaNagA cheppukOvachchu. iMkA nairUpya chitrAla vaMTi adhunAtana paddhatulu iMkA chAlA unnAyi.

vyAkhyA chitraMlO bomma oka kriyA padAniki samatUkaMgA uMDE chitraMgA cheppukOvachchu. aMTE oka kriyaki saMbaMdhiMchina lakshaNAlani bommagA gIsi chUpaDaM. udAharaNaki vaidyuDu annAmanukOMDi. vEMTanE manaki taTTEvi sTetaskOpu, Asupatri vagairA! I lakshaNAlu bommalO pratibiMbistU chitraM gIstE, chUDagAnE vaidyuDu gurtukostADu. migatA chitralEkhanAllO kUDA ivE UhalU, AlOchanalU uMTAyi. uMDavani kAdu. mUla chitraM lEdA dRSyAniki ati daggaragA chitrakArula Uha uMTuMdi. vyAkhyA chitralEkhanaMlO lakshaNAlani baTTi mUla chitrAnni UhiMchukOvaDaM uMTuMdi. sthUlaMgA idI tEDA! vaDDadi pApayya phain ArTunI, vyAkhyAchitrAnnI kalagalipi taila varNa chitrAlu vEsEvADu. aMduvalla Ayana chitrAlu pratyEkaMgAnU, vibhinnaMgAnU kanipistAyi. iMtavarakU bApu vEsina chitrAlu pariSIlanagA gamanistE Ayana pai mUDiMTilO vyAkhyAchitra vibhAgAnikE cheMdutADu. aMTE bApu oka vyAkhyA chitrakAruDu (#illustrator)# mAtramE! bApu gIsina bommalanu A paddatilOnE pariSIliMchAli, vimarSiMchAli kUDA.

bApu modaTa sAri vEsina chitrAlanI, I madhya kAlaMlO aMTE gata iravayyELLugA vEsina chitrAlanI gamanistE bApu gItalOnU, chitraMlOnU pariNitI, spashTatA, oka pratyEkamaina SailI koTTachchinaTlu kanipistAyi. E kaLAkAruDikayinA tanadaMTU oka Saili uMTEnE adi kalakAlaM nilustuMdi. mukhyaMgA chitralEkhanaMlO unna kaLAkArulaki pratyEkamaina Saili uMDi tIrAli. lEkapOtE rANiMchaDaM kashTaM. vastUnE patrikallO pravESiMchaDaMtO bApU tanakochchina vidyani sAnapeTTaDAniki sAhitya patrikalu mariMta dOhadaM chESAyi. vElaMta bomma veyyi mATalaki samAnaM aMTAru. patrikallO kathalakI, vyAsAlakI bommavEyaDaM aMTE AyA saMdarbhAlaki taggaTTugA uMDAli. cheppEvATiki aMTE vastuvuki ati daggaragA uMDAli. chinna Uhaki koMDaMta sRjana jODiMchAli. bApu edagaDAniki patrikalu chAlA upayOgapaDDAyi.

bommalu gIsE kaLalO prAvINyaM saMpAdiMchAlaMTE konni pratyEkamayina lakshaNAlu uMDAli. avi – nirmANa saushTavaM (#anatomy),# dRshTikONaM (#perspective),# vikshEpaM (#projection),# raMgula poMdika (#color harmony.)# E chitrakAruDikainA vITi mIda maMchi avagAhana uMDAli. alA uMTEnE gIsina bomma padimaMdi meppU poMdutuMdi. bommalu vEyaDaM rAni vALLu kUDA bommani chUsi adE E sthAyilO uMdO grahiMchagalaru. chUsE kannu tEDAlani iTTE pasigaTTEstuMdi. aprayatnaMgAnE dAni bAgOgulu lekkavEsEstuMdi. mana kaMTiki iMkO pratyEka guNaM kUDA uMdi. anurUpaMlO (#symmetrical)# tEDA ani chiTekalO pasigaTTEstuMdi. chitrakaLalO E mAtraM pravESaM lEkapOyinA bAguMdI, bAgOlEdani cheppaDAniki idi kUDA oka kAraNaM. EM bAgOlEdani aDigitE javAbu dorakakapOvachchu gAka.

bApu kottalO, aMTE 1950llO vEsina chitrAlU, gata padihEnELLallO vachchinavI pOlchi chUstE manaki bApu pariNAmakramaM bAgA telustuMdi. oka daSalO bApu gItaki mAmUlu prajalE kAdu, tOTi chitrakArulU kUDA Ayana gIta vyAmOhaMlO paDi anukariMchEvAru. tana soMta gItani ErparuchukOvaDAniki bApuki chAlA kAlamE paTTiMdi. bApuki modaTlO bAgA pEru techchinavi kathalakI, vyAsAlakI vEsina bommalE!

bApu vEsina modaTi bomma ‘saMsAraM’ chUDaMDi. bomma muMdu bhAgaMlO tallI koDukU uMTE, bhAryA pillADu venakki neTTEyabaDDAru. I chitraMlO dRshTikONaM koDuku mIdugA tallinuMDi migatA vAriki chErETlA vESAru. appaTlO idi kottagA anipiMchi uMDavachchu. telupu-nalupu chitraM kAbaTTi raMgula prasakti lEdu. idE bomma ippuDu vEsuMTE elA uMTuMdO AlOchiMchukOvaDaM aMta kashTaM kAdu. ilA mAtraM khachchitaMgA vEsuMDEvAru kAru.

pUrvakAlaMlO chAlA kuTuMba vishayAlu bhOjanAladaggarE prastAvanakochchEvi. ADavALLaki iMTi magALLu kudurugA aMdubATu lOki vachchE samayaM adokkaTE! talli bhOjanaM vaDDistU koDukutO EdO chebutOMdi. dUraMgA kODalU, oLLO chinna pillADU, ivannI chUDagAnE manaki EdO charchistunnAranna Uha vachchEstuMdi. charchA vishayaM EviTannadi katha chadivitE elAgU arthamavutuMdi. kAnI katha pErU, bommA chUDagAnE pAThakulaki mariMta kutUhalaM perugutuMdi. vyAkhyA chitrakArula mukhya lakshaNaM idE! bApu idi muMdE grahiMchinaTluMdi.

E bommainA vEyaDAniki muMdu – EM veyyAli? eMta niDivilO veyyAli? annavi pratI chitrakAruDU AlOchiMchukuMTADu. gIyabOyE bommalO pradhAna aMSAlu EviTI annadi oka spashTata rAvAlaMTE nirmANa saushTavaM mIda Sraddha peTTAli. mukhyaMgA gIsE bomma pratyEkaMgA uMDAlanukuMTE! dIniki sArUpyaMgA lEdA ati daggaragA uMDEdi vikshEpaM. I reMDU okadAnni penavEsukoni marOTi uMTAyi kanaka aMta goDava uMDadu. asalu kashTaM allA dRshTikONaM daggarE modalavutuMdi. modaTi reMTinI E dRshTikONaMlO chUpiMchAli? annadE pedda praSna. ikkaDE chAlA maMdi chitrakArulu pheyil ayyEdi. E kONaMllOMchi bomma vEyAli annadi pratI chitrakAruDikI vAri vAri abhiruchi, sRjanani baTTi uMTAyi. patrikallO vEsE bommalaki dRshTi kONaM jataparachaDaM alavATu chEsiMdi bApunE!


appaTlO oka kathaki vEsina I chitraM chUDaMDi. vikshEpaM uMdi kAnI, dRshTikONaMlO spashTata lEdu. chitraMlO vaividhyaM uMdi kAnI, aMdaM lEdu. I dRshTikONaM vibhinnaMgA, kottagA chUpiMchAlaMTE chitrakArulaki ‘jAgA’ (#space)# vADukOvaDaM mIda maMchi avagAhana uMDAli. aMTE vArikichchina jAgAlO bommani eMta niDivitO veyyAli annadi chAlA mukhyaM. dInnE jAgA vADukOvaDaM aMTAru. modaTlO vEsina bommallO I jAgA vADukOvaDaM aMta goppagA lEkapOyinA rAnu rAnU Ayana bommaki adE kotta aMdAlu techchi peTTiMdi.



I pakka bommalu jAgrattagA gamanistE bApu bommalO gItaki pratyEkata iMkA appaTiki ErpaDalEdani telustU uMdi. alAgE Ayana TAgOr gItAMjali telugu anuvAdAniki vEsina bommallO gIta kOsaM anvEshaNa gOcharistuMdi. I bommallO vikshEpamU, nirmANa saushTavamU vunnAyi. jAgA vADukOvaDamU kanipistuMdi. gIta mIda paTTu kanipiMchadu. kAnI A taruvAta vEsina dASarathi gAlib gItala daggarakochchEsariki gIta mIda paTTu techchukunE kRshi mariMta tETatellaM ayyiMdani telustOMdi.


I gAlib gItAllO kUDA konni bommala daggara kochchEsariki gItala gajibiji marI marI ekkuvagA uMdi. appaTlO ivi khachchitaMgA vibinnatatO gIsina chitrAlu anaDAniki saMdEhiMchanavasaraM lEdu. I gAlib gItAla bommallO gItalu bAvunnAyi kAnI konni chitrAllO dRshTikONaM sarigA lEdu. paina udahariMchina gAlib gItAllO addaM muMdu kUrchunna strI chitraM gamanistE aMdulO dRshTikONaM ekkaDa tappiMdO telustuMdi. kAkapOtE bApu bommalu vEyaDaMlO oka nirdhishTamaina gamyaM ErparuchukunnADani arthamavutuMdi. raMgullO vArapatrikalu rAvaDaM modaleTTAka bApu bommakI aMdaM perigiMdi. bomma vEsETappuDu jAgAni vADukOvaDaMlO nishNAtuDaipOyADu. adokkaTE kAdu sinimAla prabhAvaM valana vEsE bommalu phoTOgraphik dRshTikONaMlO vEyaDaMtO mariMta kottagA vuMDEvi.

telugudanaM oDisipaTTina bomma: telugu vAkiTini aMdamaina bommalatO niMpEyaDamE kAdu, A telugu saMskRtinI tanabommallO nikshiptaM chEyaDaM bApu pratyEkata. mukhyaMgA paMDugalU, peLLiLLa bommalu chUstE telustuMdi. iMTi muMdu muggulEsE ADavALLU, tOraNAlu kaTTE magavALLU, talupu chATunuMDi chUsE ammAyilU, ilAMTivi kOkollalu. mukhyaMgA tana bommalaki venuka nEpathyAniki muggulu, puvvulU, cheTlU vADaDaM chAlA chitrAllO kanipistuMdi.

pUrtigA #»

Sabda taraMgAlu

adI idI vadalitE

rAgaM: hEmavati
tALaM: Adi
gAnaM: SrIdEvi tummarakOTi, priya AnaMd, SrIvidya badarInArAyaNan
rachana, svara kalpana: kanaka prasAd

<><>

#sAhityaM

pallavi:
adI idI vadalitE sadA
SivaM SivaM SivaM SivaM
charaNaM:
anI vinI alasitE anA hataM
SivaM SivaM SivaM
padE padE vediki AgitE
ahardivaM SivaM SivaM #          #|adI idI vadalitE|
charaNaM:
svakaM paraM reMDu marachitE
parAtparaM SivaM SivaM
tanEmiTO tarachi chUchitE
tanuvE anArataM dhRvaM SivaM#         #|adI idI vadalitE|
charaNaM:
naktaMdivaM pratipadaM svayaM
manOharaM anAmakaM tvaM ahaM
yadOdbhavaM SivaM SivaM
adI idI vadalitE sadA SivaM #         #|adI idI vadalitE|
pUrtigA #»

prArdhana: nuvvE nEnavvu – 1va bhAgaM

#veMDi koMDa mIdi vennelavi
maMchu vAnavi
eDAri maMDE isukavi
koMDa chariyala jalapAtAnivi
koMDavi eMDavi
isukavi nuvvu
Ardratanivvu
sthairyAnnivvu

SaradrAtri maunAnivi
varshAkAlapu niSirAtri
pheLapheLa garjanavu nuvvu
maunAnnivvu
SabdAnnivvu

mahA samudrAnivi
ODalanu uyyAlUpE
mahA alavi
samudrAnni veligiMchE
agni maMDalAnivi
agAdhAla lOtullO
chimma chIkaTivi
nuvvu
velugunivvu
sthiratvAnnivvu.

bhUmini chIlchuku
AkASAnnaMTE
mahA vRkshAnivi
khaMDAlu dATi
akhaMDa AkASaMlO
prayANiMchE pakshi rekkallO
sattuvavi
nuvvu
sAhasAnnivvu
buddhi balAnnivvu.

gUTilOni pakshipillala
nOTikaMdE AhArAnivi
tAbElu pillalni
samudraM vaipuku
naDipiMchE
adRSya hastAnivi
nuvvu
balAnnivvu
lakshyAnnivvu

vijayAnivi,kAlAnivi,kalpanavi,SAMtivi,saMtOshAnivi
AhlAdAnivi,sukhAnivi,samRddhivi,saMtushTivi nuvvu.

nuvvE nEnavvu
nuvvE nEnavvu.

  1. appuDepuDO chinnapuDu guLLO unnappuDu bhOruna varshaM kuravaDaM modalai akkaDE kUchuMDipOtE A chIkaTlO dIpapu velugu lO rAjarAjESvarI ammavAri mohaM nirmalaMgA nannE chUstOMTE-
    unnaTTuMDi merupu merisi mirumiTlu goluputOnna A tellaTi veluturu tera venuka vechchagA velugutOnna rAjarAjESvarI dEvigA nuvvu nannE chUstOMTE- nEnu ninnE chUstOMTE – appuDu nuvvE nEnayyAnu.

    eppuDU nuvvE nEnavvu.

  2. AkASaMlO nalla mabbulu kammukunnAyi. aMtA polAlu. evarU lEru nEnu tappa. challani vAnagAli koDutOMTE, raMguraMgula pAla piTTalu bhUmiki AkASAniki madhyalO kareMTu tIgela mIda mumukshuvullA varasalu kaTTi kUchunnAyi. gaTla veMbaDi kobbari cheTlu kOrikallA talalUputOMTE AkASamaMtA nalla nallani kArumabbulu kammukupOtE appuDu A challagAlilO polAllO nilabaDi mabbullOki chUstOMTE nuvvE nEnayyAnu.

    eppuDU​ ​nuvvE nEnavvu.

  3. eppuDU EdO O kOrika kOrutU uMTAnu. avi tIrinappuDallA nuvvu nA prArdhanalannI vinEstunnAvani saMtOshapaDipOyEnu. kAnI nEnu ninnu prArdhanalatO vEdhiMchi tIrchukunna kOrikalannI nAku kashTAlE techchipeTTAyi. nAkEdi maMchidO adi nIku telusu, adE nAkivvu ani aDagaDaM modalu peTTAnu I madhya. adI kAdu, ippuDu okkaTE aDugutunnAnu – nuvvE nEnavvu ani.

    eppuDU nuvvE nEnavvu.

  4. avi abhimAnAlani, ivi prEmalani, avi baMdhutvAlani, ivi snEhAlani alivimAlina prEmatO allukupObOtAnu. avi nannu navviMchi, EDipiMchi, kshaNa kshaNAnikI raMgulu mArchI, EmArI EmArchI, eMDAkAlaM peLusu gAlilA pAripOtAyi. nEnE A parishvaMgAnni vadiliMchukuni, piTTalA pAripOtE, chiTAru kommallOki dUripOtE, avi kannITitO nA bommalu vEstAyi. lEdU, goMtu boMguru pOyElA dvEsha gItAlu AlapistAyi. vishAdapu nishA niMDina kavitalu rAsi rAsulu pOstAyi. kAnI vATitO gaTTigA cheppEnu,​ eppuDU ​nuvvE kAvAlani nAku.

    nuvvE nEnavvu.
    nuvvE nEnavvu.

pUrtigA #»

pratyEka janaraMjani: piThApuraM

(I saMchikalO pramukha gAyakuDu piThApuraM nAgESvararAvu samarpiMchina pratyEka janaraMjani kAryakramaM vinavachchu. I kAryakramaM vijayavADa sTEshan nuMDi 1979-1980 prAMtaMlO prasAramayyiMdani j~nApakaM. I kAryakramAnni appaTlO rikArDu chEsi nAkaMdiMchina sAMbaSivararAvugAriki nA kRtaj~natalu. modaTi 15 nimishAlu rikArDu kAlEdani gamaniMchagalaru. – SrInivAs.)

#pUrtigA #»