Expand to right
Expand to left

vishaya sUchika: sepTeMbar 2016

muMdumATa

ImATa sepTeMbar 2016 saMchikaku svAgataM!

vyAvahArika bhAshOdyama pitAmahuDaina giDugu rAmamUrti paMtulugAri jayaMtini (29 AgasT, 1863) telugu bhAshOtsavadinaMgA prakaTiMchukuni teluguvAru telugu bhAsha goppadanAnni kIrtistU sAhitya kAryakramAlu jarupukuMTunnAru. grAMthika bhAshanu kAdani vyAvahArikabhAsha telugulO techchina pedda mArpula guriMchi aMdarU mATlADukuMTunnAru. I saMdarbhaMgA — I bhAshAvAdAlaki AdyulugA mana manasullO sthirapaDipOyina paravastu chinnaya sUri, giDugu rAmamUrtula rachanala valla telugu bhAsha vyavahArAlalO kaligina mArpulEmiTi? telugu bhAsha charitralO modaTagA vinipiMchE I pramukhula abhiprAya vairudhyAlu elAMTi prabhAvAnni chUpAyi? vIriddari rachanalu E saMdarbhAlalO prAchuryaM lOki vachchAyi, vATivalla Adhunika vachana rachanaki lAbhamA, nashTamA? anE vishayAlu charchistU velchEru nArAyaNarAvu, paruchUri SrInivAs rAstunna vyAsaMlO modaTi bhAgaM I saMchikalO prachuristunnAM.

  • I saMchikanuMDi gaDi nuDi SIrshika modalupeDutunnAM. pAThakulu AdariMchi prOtsahistArani, utsAhaMtO pAlgoMTArani, ASistunnAM.

I saMchikalO:

  • kathalu: bhartRhari abhAshitaM – tADikoMDa SivakumAra Sarma; hRdayaM ikkaDE uMdi – Ar. damayaMti.
  • kavitalu: jaMtuvu – avinEni bhAskar; aidu kavitalu – dEhaM moMDigODala mIMchi…!, reyin phAresT, chillulamuMta, uttIta pATa, erramaTTigODa – gOpini karuNAkar.
  • vyAsAlu: chinnayasUri-giDugu rAmamUrti – velchEru nArAyaNarAvu, paruchUri SrInivAs; abhisArika, vipralabdha – tirumala kRshNadESikAchAryulu; muktachChaMdakavita konni maulika samasyalu – AvaMtsa sOmasuMdar; telugu – tenugu SabdAlalO Edi prAchInaM – pasupulETi charaN rAj; #English and Telugu Lexicons: Parallel Trajectories –# rAjESvar miTTapalli; jIvitAnni paMDagachEsukonna kavi sOmasuMdar – iMdraprasAd.
  • mukhAmukhi: vElupiLLai nijaM, seMdAmarai kalpitaM – si rAmachaMdra rAvugAritO oka madhyAhnaM – sujAta.
  • SIrshikalu: nAku nachchina padyaM: telugu satyabhAma paluku-baDi – bhairavabhaTla kAmESvararAvu; gaDi nuDi-1; aidukavitalu: gOpini karuNAkar – mAnasa chAmarti.
  • samIkshalu: avyaya: saubhAgya kumAra miSra kavitalu – tamminEni yadukula bhUshaN.
  • SabdataraMgAlu: bhImasEna vijayaM: yakshagAnaM; abbUri rEDiyO iMTar^vyU -1 samarpaNa: paruchUri SrInivAs.
pUrtigA #»

kathalu

bhartRhari abhAshitaM

“EmiTiMtalA chikkipOyAv? ninnU, nannU pakkapakkana chUsina vALlevarU manaM klAs^mETla manukOru!” annADu veMkaTareDDi.

“kRshNuDi pakkana kuchEluNNi chUsinavALlu kUDA alAgE anEvALlE. nEnu eMta talaku raMgEstE mAtraM, mIru amerikA nuMchI anI, nEnu iMDiyA sarukanI chUsEvALlaki pratyEkaMgA cheppAlsina vishayamA?” annAnu jAgrattagA. kOTlaki paDagettina vADinI, riTairayina taruvAta TyUshan seMTarlu rAlchE paisalakOsaM rAnU, pOnU reMDu gaMTalasEpu bassulO nilchoni prayANaM chEsE nannU klAs^mETlani evaranukOgalaru? eMta elimeMTarI skUllO modalupeTTi haiskUl dAkA okE klAsulO kalisi chaduvukunnA gAnI, yAbhayyELla taruvAta kalustunnAM. Dabbu mA madhya nilipina akhAtaM vuMDanE vunnadi. “adEmiTirA, mIru aMTAvu, nuvvu ani anakuMDA?” ani vADu gadimitE appuDu chUsukOvachchu.

“liMkDinlO nI haiskUlniMchE naMTU ninnadi chUpina taruvAta nInuMchi phreMD rikvesT vachchiMdi. nI phOTO chUsi AScharyapOyAnu iMtalA mAripOyAvEmiTani!” annADu reDDi. saMbOdhanalO nEnu jAgratta paDaDaM maMchidE ayiMdi. “rAmarAjuni kaliSAnu ani cheppakapOtE nannilA kalisEvADivA?” manasulOni praSnani bayaTaku rAnivvakuMDA aDDukunnAnu.

paiki mAtraM, “rikvesTuni AksepT chEstArO lEdOnani anumAnamE,” ani javAbichchAnu.

“nI rikvesT AksepT chEstU, nIku rAmarAju jADa telusA anaDigi maMchipani chESAnu!”

“rAjuni kalavaDaM valla mimmalni kalisE adRshTaM kaligiMdi!” annAnu, asalu aMdAmanukunna ‘ninnu kalisinaMduku saMtOshaMgA vuMdi,’ anna vAkyaM goMtulO philTar cheyyabaDDaMvalla. dAniki kAraNaM, modaTa ‘mimmalni’ annappuDu veMkaTa reDDi aDDaM cheppakapOvaDaM. paigA, nA manavaLla gUrchO, manavarALla gUrchO bhavishyattulO vADini sahAyaM cheyyamani aDigE avakASaM migalAlaMTE ImAtraM jAgratta ippuDu avasaraM.

“rEpu nAtO kalipi Arugurni nuvvu rAmarAjuMDE chOTuku tIsukeLlAli. kAr ErpATlU avI ayipOyAyi gAnI, A Draivar^ki SrIkAkuLaM aDavi mArgAlEvI teliyavuTa. paigA, okachOTa kArlu veLlagaligE rOD kUDA EdI lEdu, kAli naDakana veLlAlannAvu gUDA. nAtO bATu vachchE yunaiTeD nEshans DeligEshan^ki nuvvu tODu rAkapOtE vANNi kalisE avakASamE lEdu.”

“yunaiTeD nEshans DeligEshanostOMdA vANNi chUDDAniki? paigA, sekyUriTI ErpATlEvI lEkuMDA!” AScharyapOyAnu.

“EdO chinnatanapu chanuvutO jOk chESAnu. aMtE! nEniTlA annAnani nuvvekkaDA anavanukO. vachchEvALlallO nAtO bATu iMkoka iMDiyan, aMtE. aMTE, adE – nAlAgE iMDiyA Arijin vADu. migilina vALlallO okaDu nallavADu. okAme koriyan. iMkokatanu arjeMTInA nuMchi. marokatanu tellavADu. idi nAnAjAti samiti gAka marEmiTi?”

“vILlaMdarU mI kaMpenIlO panichEstArA?”

“okka liMDA, hOrhE mAtramE. ravi yUnivarsiTIlO prophesar. DEviD vADi daggara pihech.Di pUrti chEstunnADu. jEms iMkA haiskUl pUrti cheyyakuMDAnE oka aiphOn yAp tayAru chEstE mA kaMpenI miliyan DAlarlichchi konukkuMdi. ravi vuMDE yUnivarsiTIlO, kAkapOtE sTAn^pharD^lO jEratADu bAchilars cheyyaDAniki.”

“vILlaMtA rAjuni kalavaDAniki iMDiyA vachchArA!”

“aMta lEdulE. okka jEms tappa aMdaraM haidarAbAdlO kAnpharens^ki vachchAM. modaTi rOjuna akkaDa kInOT spIch ichchAnu. adavagAnE vaijAg vaddAmani muMduniMchI anukunnadE. ikkaDa mA brAMch okaTi Open cheyyaDAniki ErpATlakOsaM koMdarini kalavAli. mUDurOjula kritaM nItO mATlADAnu kadA. appuDE rAju ekkaDunnADO nIku telusani, nuvvu akkaDiki tIsukeLlagalavani cheppagAnE A rOju vALlaki chebitE egiri gaMtEsi iMta dUramochchi vANNi kalavakapOtE elAgannAru. I saMgati telisi jEms kUDA phlayiTekkADu. poddunna digi vuMTADu haidarAbAd^lO. I rAtriki aMdarU ikkaDaki chEratAru. avunU, iMta haDAvuDi paDi mEmeDitE vADu akkaDa dorukutADA lEka ekkaDi kayinA veLlADaMTArA? alA jarigitE iMta TrippU vEsT ayipOtuMdi.”

“vADiki akkaNNiMchi bayaTapaDi janAraNyaMlOki aDugu peTTaDaM ishTaMlEdu. iMtamaMdi vANNi kalavaDAniki vastunnAraMTE AScharyaMgA vunnadi.”

“evari pichchi vALla kAnaMdaM anna sAmeta vILlakOsamE puTTiMchi vuMTAru. aMdarikannA ati pichchivADu rAju. kAdu kAdu. chinnappuDEdO oka SlOkaM cheppEvADu mana telugu mAshTAru – AkASaMlOMchi UDi paDDa gaMgAdEvi aMTU telivi lEnivALlaki udAharaNagA chUpistU. nuvvu telugu paMtulugA chEsE riTairayyA nannAvu gadA, nuvvU cheppEvuMTAv. gurtuMdA?”

AkASaMbuna nuMDi SaMbhuni SiraMbaMduMDi SItAdri su
SlOkaMbaina himAdri nuMDi bhuvi bhUlOkaMbu naMduMDi ya
stOkAMbOdhi bayOdhi nuMDi pavanAMdhOlOkamuM jEre gaM
gA kUlaMkasha pekku bhaMgulu vivEkabhrashTa saMpAtamul

“karakT. adE padyaM. saMpAtamul aMTE EmiTi? marchipOyAnu.”

“ikkaTlaMDI. vivEkaM bhrashTupaTTipOtE vachchE ikkaTlani udAharaNagA chUpina Enugu lakshmaNa kavigAri padyaM, bhartRhari bhAvamU naMDI adi.”

“AkASaMlO vuMDE gaMgAdEvi SivuDi Sirassu mIdiki dUkiMdi. akkaNNuMchI himAlayaM mIdikI… taruvAta EmiTI? A padAlEvI nAku nOru tirigE avakASamE lEdu.” peddagA navvADu veMkaTareDDi.

“gaMgamma talli nadigA pravahiMchi samudraMlO kalisi, akkaNNiMchI pAtALAniki jErinaTlu…”

“adgadI. I pOlika sariggA saripOtuMdayyA rAjuki. mA kaMpenIki biliyan DAlar blAk^basTar Drag iMchumiMchugA aMdiMchinavADu SrIkAkuLaM aDavullO paDi tirugutunnADaMTE vinaDAnikE kashTaMgA vuMdi. vADikishTamaina TApiks mIda risarch vaddannAnani kOpaM vachchiMdi. vADu chErina dAdApu padELla taruvAta anukuMTA, liMDA pihech.Di. avagAnE mA kaMpenIlO chEriMdi. kalisE panichEsEvALLeppuDU. EvO rUmarlu puTTAyi. lAb^lO kalisi Diskashanlu chEstU, kAnpharensulaki kalisi veDutU – evarikayinA anumAnamostuMdi. vADi bhAryakI vachchiMdi. DaivOrs tIsukuni pillalatO veLlipOyiMdi. rAju mA kaMpenIni viDichi veDutunnappuDu muMdu bAdhEsinA, pOnlE, yUnivarsiTIlO prophesar^gA chErutunnADu ganuka akkaDa rIsarch chEstALLE anukunnA.”

“AkASaMbuna nuMDi – aMTAru mIru!”

“kAdU mari? vADu lEkapOtE EmiTiTa? taruvAta liMDA okkatE A biliyan DAlarla Drag pariSOdhana pUrtichEsiMdi. dAniki pETeMTs aplay chEstunnappuDu idi rAju chEsina rIserch eks^TenshanE kadA vADi pEruni kUDA jatachEstAnannadi aplikEshan^lO! ai puT mai phuT Daun. nO annAnu. ippuDAme mA kaMpenI sIIO. kAkapOtE hOrhEni tayAru jEsinaMduku mAtraM vADiki thAMks cheppukOvAli. chAkulAMTi burra. rAju daggara pihech.Di. avagAnE lAgESAM. vADippuDu mA rIserch heD. alA iMkoMdarini tayAru chEstADani ASa paDDAnu. reMDELLu kAgAnE adi vadilEsi, akkaNNuMchi EdO kamyUniTI kAlEj^lO chErATTa.”

“aMTE, SaMbhuni SiraMbaMduMDi SItAdri!”

“A pOlikani mAtraM nE noppukOnu. goppagA vuMDEvATiki himAlayAlatO pOlika peTTAli gAnI kamyUniTI kAlEjIni dAnitO elA pOlustAM?”

“kamyUniTI kAlEjI aMTE – vokEshanal skUls aMTAM, alAMTivA?”

“koMcheM alAMTivE. chinnasaiju kAlEjIlanukO. yUnivarsiTIllO aDmishan rAnivALlU, akkaDi TyUshan phIjulu kaTTalEni vALlU jEratAraMdulO. modaTi reMDELLu akkaDa chaduvukuni A kreDiTlu tIsukuni yUnivarsiTIkostAru DigrI paTTA kOsaM. pedda yUnivarsiTI odilEsi lOkal kAlEjIlO alAMTi kurrALLaki pAThAlu cheppukODaM adEM pichchi? vADi gUrchi iMka paTTiMchukOkUDadanE anukunnA.

oka rOjuna nEnu, liMDA kUrchuni mATlADutunnappuDu hOrhE tanu iMTar^vyU chEstunna kEMDiDET^ni tIsukuni vachchADu – ges hU hAj di mOsT in^phluyens An dis jeMTilman hiyar! aMTU. rAju! annADu tanE maLlI. ven vilyU sTArT? vuy vil bIT Al di adar Aphars! annAnnEnu. ravi – adi A kAMDiDET pErulE – mA Aphar vAraM taruvAta rijekT chESADu, yUnivarsiTIlO TIch cheyyaDaM tana dhyEyamaMTU. ravi Ij smArT. sO, vuy Aphar^D Tu phaMD his risarch.”

“rAjuni ravi elA kaliSATTa?” aDigAnu.

“rAju kamyUniTI kAlEjIlO TIch chEsEvADani cheppAgA! ravi akkaDa chadiviMdi reMDELlu. migatA reMDELlU yUnivarsiTIlO pUrtichESADu. A taruvAta eMta lEdannA pi.hech.Di. pUrti cheyyaDAniki ayidELlu paDutuMdi. aMTE mottaM tommidELlu. rAju annELLanuMchI akkaDE unnADA ani A kAlEjI vALlaki phOn chEstE vADu akkaDa panichEsiMdi reMDELlE nannAru. akkaNNiMchi haiskUllO TIchar^gA cheyyaDAniki veLlATTa! tala tirigipOyiMdanukO!”

‘AkASaMbuna nuMDi-‘ anna padyAnni veMkaTareDDi eMduku aDigADO appaTiki chAlA varakU arthamai, “suSlOkaMbaina himAdri nuMDi bhuvi -” annAnu.

“cheppAgA, kamyUniTI kAlEjIkI, himAlayAlakI pOlika lEdani! kAnI, nA kaMpenIlO risarch heD nuMchi baDipaMtulu udyOgAniki…”

phOn mOgiMdi. “halO! ippuDA?” ani vAchI vaipU, nA vaipU chUsi, “sarE,” ani phOn peTTESADu. “minisTar^ niMchi kalavaDAniki rammanamani phOn. nI aDrasU phOn naMbarU rAsivvu. rEppoddunnE kAru paMpistAnu,” ani Dras chEsukOvaDAniki tayAravutuMTE lEchi bayaludErabOyAnu.

“iMtakI, nuvvu A aDavullO dAri tappi mammalni ibbaMdullO peTTavu gadA?” apanammakAnni nidrapuchchETaMduku aDigADu.

“mIkA bhayaM akkarlEdu. gata ayidArELlallO chAlAsArlu veLlochchAnu,” ani bayaTapaDDAnu.


marunADu poddunna bayaludEraDaM AlasyamaiMdi. dAniki kAraNaM veMkaTa reDDi chEsina baMdObastuni vadiliMchukOvaDaM. nEnu veLlETappaTiki sekyUriTI kOsaM muMdoka jIpU, venakoka jIpU bayaludEradIsi araDajanu maMdini AyudhAlatO sahA vATillO ekkiMchADu. sAyudha naksalaiTlu tirigE chOTiki alA veDitE manaM prANAlatO venakku rAvaDaM asAdhyamani anETappaTiki veMkaTareDDiki vALlani vaddani paMpaDaM tappalEdu.

aMdarilO chinnavADu jEms. Draivar pakkana kUrchunnADu. liMDA, veMkaT madhya varusalO kUrchunnAru. vALla venuka varusalO nEnU, ravi. mA venaggA chivari varusalO kUrchunnAru hOrhE, DEviD. nEnu vILla vayasula gUrchi vEsina aMchanAlu dAdApu saripOyAyi. jEms^ki padhdhenimidELluMTAyi mahA ayitE. koriyanlu elA vuMTArO, vALla vayasulani aMchanA veyyaDamelAgO nAku teliyakapOyinA, ‘liMDA rAjukaMTE dAdApu padELlu chinna’ ani veMkaTareDDi anaDaM gurtuMdi. hOrhEki vayasu yAbhai chErutU vuMDAli. ravi vayasu iMkA nalabhai chEralEdani ataNNi chUDagAnE anipiMchiMdi. pihech.Di. chEstunna DEviD vayasu 26-28 madhyalO vuMDochchu. vAn ekkE muMdarE aMdarinI veMkaTareDDi nAku parichayaM chESADu.

“ninna rAtri mEmaMdaraM evari keMta kAlaM rAjutO iMTarAkshan vunnadO lekkESAM. yU hAv di lAMgesT Taim vit him!” liMDA venakku tirigi nAtO annadi vAn bayalu dErina taruvAta. AviDa iMglIshu yAkseMT arthaM chEsukOvaDaM koMcheM kashTamaiMdi.

“nO. ai TOlD yu! ayAm di lakkiyesT van. rimeMbar! nEnu vADitO haiskUllO oka EDAdi I chalapati kaMTE takkuva vuMTEnEM, taruvAta rAju nA kaMpenIlO dAdApu padELlu panichESADu! den, dErIj di biliyan DAlars Drag!” garvaMgA annADu veMkaTareDDi.

pUrtigA #»

hRdayaM ikkaDE vuMdi!

nijAnikadi AhvAnaM kAdu. ardhiMpu. ‘okasAri rAgalavA? plIj,’ aMTU!

maLLI innALLaki vihAri nuMchi mesEj. tanu ichchina aDras chUSAnu. mA vUriki koMta dUraMgA vunna kharIdaina gesT haus adi. viMTamE kAnI nEneppuDU chUsE avakASaM rAlEdu, ippaTidAkA. iMkEmI aDagakuMDA veMTanE bayaludErAnu.

appuDU adE mesEj. adE vAkyaM. ennELLu tanani veMTADiMdi? eMta Ardrata niMpukunna aksharAlani avi! AnADu gaMDi tegina tana guMDeki nannoka AnakaTTagA bhAviMchADEmO? jIvanmaraNa saMdhilO tananoka rAyabArigA paMpAlanukunnADEmO?! AripOtunna tana prANajyOtiki nEnoka AsarAgA nilustAnani ASapaDDADEmO? A tarvAta kadU tanaku telisiMdi!

manasaMtA maLLA appaTi vishAdaM chuTTukuMTOMdi. varshaM kuravani karimabbavutOMdi.

veMTanE tulasi gurtochchiMdi. taloMchukuni bhAshE rAni mUga dAnilA nA muMdu nuMchuni kanipiMchiMdi.

vihAri. A chIkaTlOki veLLipOtunnappuDu oMTarigA eMtagA kuMgipOtU kanipiMchADu? minnu virigi vennu mIda paDDavAnilA taloMchEsukuni, reMDu bhujAlu kudiMchEsukuni… tanakika pagalannadi lEdu, migiliMdi amAvAsya mAtramE anna vainAna SOkamUrtilA railekki veLLipOvaDaM… eMta chEdayina j~nApakaM!

A Akhari dRSyaM kaLLa muMdu medilinappuDallA adaMtA, ippuDE kaLLamuMdu jarugutunnaTTuMTuMdi. nA AlOchanlatO pramEyaM lEkuMDAnE nA chEtullO sTIriMg vIl kadulutOMdi.


‘okka sAri rAgalavA? plIj!’ vihAri mesEj chUsi veMTanE phOn chESAnu.

“EmaiMdI vihArI?” AMdOLanagA aDigAnu.

avatalniMchi oka sekanupATu niSSabdaM. nA manasukeMdukO bhayamEsiMdi. chAlA, bhayamEsiMdi.

“vihArI, aMtA bAgAnE vuMdA?” mellagA aDigAnu.

avatalaniMchi okkasArigA dukhaM pellubukiMdi. “lEdu, gItA. EmI bAgAlEdu. tanu nannilA odilEsi veLLipOvaDaM EmI bAgOlEdu. EM chEyAlO tOchaDaM lEdu. aDigitE kAraNamU cheppaTaM lEdu. gItA! nuvvokka sAri veLLi tanatO mATlADavA? tanu lEkapotE, nEnu… nE…nu chachchipOtAnani cheppavA! plI…j!” atikashTaMtO Agina svaraM. suDiguMDaMlO paDi koTTukupOtunna vAriki migilina chiTTachivari AsarAlA vuMdi A avastha. viMTunna nAku EmI ardhaM kAlEdu. atani dInAvasthaki kaMgArupaDi niluvunA nIraipOtU aDigAnu.

“asalEmaiMdi vihArI?”

“tulasi peLLi chEsukuMTOMdi gItA! nannu kAdani vErE atanni…”

mATa pUrti chEyalEka, vekkiLLani nokkipeTTukuMTunnA vinipistUnE vuMdi nAku spashTaMgA. atani guMDe eMta EDustOMdO! nOTa mATa rAnidAnnayipOyAnu. Emani cheppi UraDistAnani? jIvitaMlO magADikelATi kashTamochchinA OdArchi, UrukObeTTochchu. kAnI prEmalO ghOraMgA viphalamaina oka sunnita manaskuDiki kaligE dukhAnni UraDiMchaDAniki mAtraM eMta snEhamU chAladu. prEmikuNni niluvunA dahiMchivEsE agni jvAla adi. AmATakostE, evvari vallA kUDA sAdhyamayyE pani kAdu baddalavutunna agni parvatAnni challArchaDaM.

oka gAyapaDina guMDeki maMdEmiTO, gAyaM chEsina vArikE telustuMdi. kAnI appaTikE, A okkaru pilupaMdukOlEni dUraMlO vuMDipOtAru. ‘kAlina SavaMlA bratakaDakomokaTE migiliMdi chelI, nuv ragilchi veLLina prEmAgnilO’ ani aMTADu oka kavi.

appaTikE nA medaDu panichEyaDaM AgipOyi chAlA sEpayiMdi. aMduku reMDu kAraNAlu. okaTi – tulasipai nA anumAnaM nijamainaMduku. reMDu – vihAri iMta bElavADaipOtADani anukOnaMduku.

evarikainA, pagilE dAkA telustuMdA, hRdayaM addamani?


kAMpas^lO atani kaLLu tulasi kOsaM vedukutunnappuDu gamanistuMDE dAnni. chUpaMdanaMta dUraM niMchi oka chinna chukkalA kadali vastunnA, A biMduvu tulasi ani iTTE gurtupaTTEsEvADu. atanikaMta prEma! A saMgati ataneppuDU nOTitO cheppEvADu kADu. kAni, A kaLLallOMchi puTTukochchE kAMti, Ame daggarautunna koddI mukhamaMtA kammukunEdi. chUpula kAMtulE dIpAlu, ASala UpirulE nIkai pUjiMchE pushpAlu. nA dhyAnaM nI kOsaM. nA prANaM nItO jIviMchaDaM kOsaM… – okasAri kavita rASAnaMTU mA iddariki chadivi vinipiMchADu.

tulasi mAtraM mAmUlugA vinEdi. paTTarAni saMtOshaM, AScharyaM vaMTi bhAvAlu mukhaMlO kanipiMchEvi kAvu. biDiyaM valla kAvachchu. kAnI, atanaMTE Ameki O pratyEkamaina ishTaM vuMdanna saMgatini mAtraM nA niMchi dAchalEkapOyiMdi. bahuSA nApaina nammakaM kAvachchu. ilATi kathalu kaDupulO peTTukuni kApADEMdukO manishi kAvAli E rahasyamaina prEma kainA! eMdukaMTE vALLiddari madhya appuDappuDu alakala tagavulochchinappuDu – kAraNAlu cheppukunE taDika pAtra pOshaNaki oka manasunna manishi chAlA avasaraM kadA mari.

mugguraM snEhitulamE ayinA nAku vAriddaritO unna baMdhaM kaMTE vEroka rakamaina baMdhaM vAriddari madhya ani telisipOtUnE uMDEdi. aMdukE vALLu mATlADukOvaDaM kOsaM, bIch keLLinA, pArk keLLinA koMcheM pakkaki tappukuMTU vuMDEdAnni, nA buks lOnO, heD^phOns peTTukuni nAku nachchina pATallOnO dAgipOtU. veLLaDaM mugguraM kalisE ayinA, jaMTagA mAtraM vALLiddarU kalisi shikArlu koTTEvALLu. EdO viluvainadi vetukkOvaDaM kOsaM veLtunnaTTuMDEdi vALLiddarU kalisi naDichE vidhAnaM! samudraM tIraM veMTa mATlADukuMTU, mATlADukuMTU alA pOtU vuMDEvAru. madhyamadhyalO atanu voMgi, raMgu rALLanO arudaina SaMkhAlanO Eri AmekistuMDEvADu. Ame vATini apurUpaMgA aMdukuni, pariSIlistU AgipOyEdi. konni kshaNAllO tirigi naDaka sAgiMchE vALLu. prEmiMchukunE vALLaki vALLadi mAtramE oka lOkaMgA tOstuMdi. nA muMdu dAchukunEvArU kAdu, alA ani paiki chUpiMchEvArU kAdu.

nAku navvochchEdi I jaMTanilA chUsinappuDallA. tAgina vAni chEshTalu tAgani vAriki vinOdaM ayinaTTu. iddarU snEhitulE, AptulE. AnaMdaMgAnU uMDEdi. nEnikkaDa venakki vAli, isukalO chEtulu muMchi, venaka niMchi A vALLanu alA chUstuMDEdAnni. gavvalErukunE I mAtraM saradAki aMtadUraM… naDachi naDachi paDi pOvAlA? kAdu. appaTi dAkA kAsta dUraM dUraMgA naDustunna A AkArAlu mellamellagA daggaraki jarigEvi. atani chEyi mellagA Ame chEtinaMdukunEdi. Ame tala atani bhujaM mIda vAlEdi. paDamaTi sUryuDu vALLiddari mIMchi jAripOtU chEyi tirigina chitrakAruni chEtilOMchi jArina reMDu voMpula gItallA mArchEvADu iddarinI.

habba! eMta bAvunnArI jaMTa, lailA maj~nUllA!

okasAri ilAnE, O sAyaMtraM bIch keLLinappuDu – vALLaki telIkuMDA phOTO tIsi chUpiMchAnu. vihAri mukhaM veligipOyiMdi. tulasi mAtraM kaMgAru paDiMdi. eMduku idaMtA? aMTU kOpagiMchukuMdi. A kaLLallO AnaMdAniki badulu AMdOLana chOTu chEsukOvaDaM AScharyamEsiMdi. nannu AlOchanalO paDEsiMdi.

prEma anEdi oka tIpi padArdhaM. iddarilO evarishTapaDakunnA, adi chEdaipOvaDaM khAyaM. tulasiki atanaMTE vuMDE ishTaMlO EdO tEDA vuMdanipistOMdi. Uhu@M, kAdu. alA ayivuMDadu. Ameni ardhaM chEsukOvaDaMlO nEnE porabaDDAnEmO? nAku nEnu sardicheppukunnAnu. A tarvAta mari konni saMdarbhAlalO mariMta paTTubaDiMdi. tala mIda appuDE tIgalettukuMTunna lEta molaka tulasi. daggaragA E AdhAraM dorikinA chAlEmO allukODAniki. kAnI, vihAri alA kAdu. chAlA sthiramaina gaTTi guMja lAMTi vADu. tanachuTTU allukunna tIgani paMdirigA chEsukuni bratukudAmani kalalu kaMTunna vADu.

aMdarilO vunnappuDu – atanitO Tach mI nAT^lA EmI eraganaTTuMDE tulasi, evarU lEnappuDu atanitO mamEkamai kaburlu cheppE tulasi, okkaru kAdanE nijAnni nEneppuDU paiki cheppE sAhasaM chEyalEkapOyAnu. kanIsaM prayatnamainA chEyalEdu. adE nE chEsina pedda tappEmO vihAri vishayaMlO. kanIsaM oka hiMT ayinA ichchi vuMTE atanu koMta varaku jAgratta paDEvADEmO? tulasi kaLLalO kanapaDE prEma eMta nijamaiMdO nAkU telusu, cheppalEka pOyAnu, aMdukEnEmO.

anukuMTAM kAnI, asalu prEmiMchETappuDu konni jAgrattalu, koMdari hechcharikalu, mari konni sUchanalu salahAlu chUsi, chadivi, vini bhadrakavachAlu dhariMchi prEmalO paDatArA evarainA? asalA mATakostE, Ita rAni vADu nILLalOki dUkitEnE Idi oDDuchEratADaTa. valapu IdulATA aMtE. prEmalO viphalamaina vADu A munakalO maraNiMchaDAnikainA siddhapaDatADu kAnI, prANAla kOsaM oDDuna paDadAM ani anukODu. alATi mAnasika sthitilOni prEmikuniki Ita vachchinA daMDagE kadU? khusrO annaTTu dariyA prEm kA ulTI vA kI dhAr, jO utarA sO DUb gayA, jO DUbA sO pAr. nAlO nEnE viSlEshiMchukuMTU nannu nEnu samAdhAnaparchukunE prayatnaM chESAnu.

EdainA kAni, idi vALLa jIvitAniki saMbaMdhiMchina vishayaM. eMta snEhitulamainA nA jOkyaM konni vishayAlalO tagadu. aMdukani vALLani E rakaMgAnU EmI anakuMDA nA dUraM nEnu pATistUnE vachchAnu.

kAnI ippuDu vihAri bAdha chUsi nA manasu bhaggumaMdi. kOpaM haddulu dATiMdi. veMTanE unnadAnni vunnaTTu bayaldErAnu. paTTalEni kOpaMtO AghamEghAla mIda tulasi iMTikeLLAnu. lAkkeLLi vihAri kALLa mIda paDEyAlannaMta udvEgaMtO bayaldErAnu. eMdukaMTE – A amAyakuDiki, A ArAdhakuDiki jarugutunna anyAyAniki Ekaika bAdhyurAlu tulasi anna saMgati nAkokkadAniki mAtramE telusu kAbaTTi.

pUrtigA #»

samIkshalu

aidu kavitalu: gOpini karuNAkar

AkASaM dAhaMtO ETilOki vaMgitE, olikina chukkalanniMTini chEpalu poDuchuku tiMTAyanna Uha koMdaru kavulakE varamai dOsiTlO paDutuMdi. gulakarALLa gUTilOni guvva pATani eda padE padE pADukunElA vrAyaDamU koMdarikE sAdhyapaDutuMdi. gOpini karuNAkar A kOvaku cheMdina kavi. sArvajanInata, sarvakAlInata sadA vAMChanIyamaina kavitva raMgaMlO O kUDalilO nilabaDi, O saMdhi kAlAniki cheMdina saMghaTanAkramAnni mAtramE tana kavitvaMgA namOdu chEyaDAniki moggu chUpina raitu biDDa itaDu. guMDe paTTElA vrAyaDamE pariNata kavitva lakshaNamanna nammakAnni sthiraparachina samarthuDaina kavi kUDAnU. sauMdaryamu, satyamu, sAlOchana kalagalasina trivENI saMgamamaina kavitvAnni aMdiMchE karuNAkar kavitala saMkalanaM poddunnE vachchina vAna.


pAlapiTTa prachuraNalu
mArch 2011. vela: 50/-

kAlpanikavAdaM, astitvavAdaM kAlAlakatItaMgA telugu sAhityAnni kuduputUnE unnAyi. kalalu sAkAramayyEMduku palleni viDavaka tappadani oppukunna manishE A palle lOni tana mUlAlanu padE padE mAnasanEtraMtO chUsukOvaDaM teliyanidi, kottadi kAdu. pallela dAkA pAkani I dESa abhivRddhi, akkaDa sthirapaDalEni vyApArAlu, upAdhigA mArani kaLalu, palle jIvitAlanu E vidhaMgA prabhAvitaM chEstAyO parOkshaMgA I saMpuTi manaku chUpeDutuMdi. I kavitala venuka anivAryamaina utpattiSaktula, saMbaMdhAla saMgharshaNanu rAjakIya pOrATaMgA kAkuMDA, UhAtmaka sthAyilO jIvitAnubhavAlaku daggaragA techchi kavitvaMgA malachina sRjanakAruDi chAturyaM uMdi. karuvu rakkasi kOrallO chikki, paTnAniki valasapOyina raitubiDDa hRdayaM uMdi.

itani kavitvaMlO pradhAnaMgA kanapaDE lakshaNAlu I reMDE – palle hRdayaM tAlUku vAstavyata; valasa jIvula astitva vEdana. I vEdana spashTaMgA kanipiMchE kavita: idaMtA maDakasAllO puTTinavADi manEda! (pu. 40).

E kommapai vAlAnO teliyani maTTikAkini
mI mAmiDicheTTupai vAlAnu

mI pillallA kAnveMTu skUllO
iMgilIsu aksharAlanu Eruku tinalEdu
kapili tOlutU
gorrela tAta pADina janapadAniki pallavinainAnu.
mA nAyanatO pATu mEDi paTTukuni
pokku kaTTina chEnunu

nEnu pakRtini
Rtuvunu baTTi rUpAnni mArchukOvaDaM nA tatvaM

tAnu dEniki dUramayyADO dAninE tana kavitvaMlO vetukkunnADu kAbaTTi, itani kavitva bhAsha kUDA aMduku anuguNaMgAnE palle yAsalO, palle padAlatO oppArutuMdi. jAnapada gEyAla SaililOnE konni chOTla pATalallinA, pATalA padAlallinA, adi kavitvaM kAvaDamU (erramaTTi gODa, pu. 35) kanapaDutuMdi.

tUrupOnalO
erramaTTi gODa voMTigA taDastA vuMDAdi
chUrlO nuMchi rAlipaDina kalalu
nITimiMda pagilipOtA vuMDAyi
vokkaTigUDa chEtikaMdaDaM lEdu
mODaM tunigi paDiMdi
doDlOni gorrelu bediri
vokadAni yenaka vokaTigA daDimiMda nuMchi egiridUkinAyi
bAyilOki doruvilli pUDisiMdi
chEnaMtA gorrela tAta maTTipAdAlu
vAna iMgA pevalamaiMdi!
eda poMgi EraiMdi!!

itani kavitalu kUDA katha chebutunnaTTE uMTAyi. pAdAla madhya akAraNamaina virupulu takkuva. sannivESaM venuka sannivESaM pAThakula kaLLa muMduku vaDivaDigA tIsuku vachchi, anubhUtinaMtA dRSyamAnaM chEstADitaDu. I Sailiki, bahuSA karuNAkar lOni kathakuDu sAyapaDi uMDavachchu. karuNAkar chakkaTi kathakuDu kUDA! tana bArataM kathaluki ennO jAtIya, aMtarjAtIya puraskArAlanu aMdukunnADu. karuNAkar I kathalanu, poddunnE vachchina vAna saMpuTilOni kavitalanU dAdApu okE samayaMlO vrASADu. kathakuDigA atanikunna saulabhyAla dRshTyA tana AlOchanalanu svEchChagA vistariMchuku pOyinA, kavitallOnU kathallOnU nEpathyAlu avE, manaku tArasapaDE manushyulU vALLE. guDDevva, gorrela tAta, pAlakoMDa mIdi mabbu, jInibAyi gULLu, uttItapATalu – ilA ennO, manaku akkaDA ikkaDA dAdApu okaTE pravRttitO tArasapaDutUMTAyi. marOlA cheppAlaMTE, kathallOni kavitAtmanu karuNAkar kudiMchi rAsukunna nOTs^gA I kavitalu kanipistAyi.

udAharaNaku, chillula muMta (pu. 46) anna kavita, kathAkathana paddhatilO mAMtrikavAstavikataku chakkaTi namUnAgA karuNAkar^ku pEru techchi peTTina atani katha ‘duttalO cheMdamAma’ku parimita vyAkhyalA, prEraNalA anipistuMdi. I gamaniMpu kEvalaM SIrshikalOni sAmyAnikE parimitaM kAdu. (dutta aMTE muMta.)

pairu mIda vAlina jInibAyi guvvalaku pAlakaMki Uyala uMdi
kOTidIpAla kAMtini vedajallE chillulamuMta AkASamU uMdi

jInibAyi guvvalaMTE, baMgAru pichchukalu (gijigALLu). vATi chIkaTi gULLani veligiMchaDAniki, chillulamuMta lAMTi AkASaM nuMDi, vennelO, nakshatrAla kAMtO sAyapaDutuMdannadi ikkaDa tOchE arthaM. ayitE, katha chadivina vAriki, ikkaDa guDDevva cheppina piTTakatha anAyAsaMgA gurtu vastuMdi. (I okka piTTakathanu,”gijigADUs aMD da phair^phlays” anna pErutO katha.Arg vALLu prachuriMchAru.)

rAttiripUTa cheMdamAma AkASAniki rAsukuni rAsukuni suMku rAlitiMdi. A suMkE I minagarabUsulu. A suMkunu techchi mI gULLaku karipiMchukOMDi. avE mIku dIpAlu.

idi, dEvalOkAniki veLLi, ‘dIpamelA peTTukOvAli mA chIkaTi gUTilO?’ ani aDigina jInibAyilaku dEvuDu cheppina upAyamani, kathalO guDDevva cheptuMdi. suMku aMTE, pAlakaMki giMja paTTinappuDu rAlipOyE poTTu. gijigALLu gUTlO baMkamannu peTTukuni, I miNugurulanu aMTiMchukuni velugu niMpukuMTAyani kUDA, kathalO guDDevva vivaraMgA chebutuMdi. A bhAvAnnE I kavitalO vADukunnADu kavi.

atani kathallOnU, kavitallOnU varNanallOni sArUpyataku, marO udAharaNagA, oMTari nadi (pu. 44) kavitanU, cheruvu kOLLu kathanU gamaniMchavachchu.

kavita ilA sAgutuMdi:

dAhaMtO ETilOki vaMgina AkASaM
olikina chukkalu
poDuchuku tiMTU chEpalu
vaMtena Uyala
UgutU nadi

dAdApu ivE bhAvAlani pratiphalistU kathalO varNana, ilA:

nIlAkAsAnni mEsi mEsi dappigonna tellamODAlu cheruvulOki vaMgi nILLu tAgatA uMDAyi. pagaDAla daMDanu AkAseMlO isirEsinaTTu, bellAyila guMpu. nITipaiki tEli milamilA merisE poddunu poDusukOni tiMTA uMDAyi ellikoradalU, buDDapakkelU.

dIpaM katalu saMpuTilO kUDA, uttItapATa, poddunnE vachchina vAna, vaMTi kavitala SIrshikalatOnE kathalU kanapaDatAyi. I nEpathyaMlO chUstE, karuNAkar kathalanU, kavitalanU vEru chEsi vimarSa chEyaDaM kashTasAdhyamaina pani. okavELa A prayatnaM chEsinA, adi asaMpUrNaMgAnE migilipOtuMdi. kAbaTTi, I reMDiMTinI kalipi SraddhagA gamanistE manaku konni vishayAlu spashTamavutAyi. kathakuDigA karuNAkar nErpu apurUpamainadi. kathaku unna jAgA atani UhalakU AlOchanalakU spashTamaina rUpAnnichchukOgala vesulubATu nichchiMdi. vAstavikavAdaM, vimOchanAtmaka vAstavikavAdaM, mAMtrika vAstavikata – pErEdainA sarE, aMduku anuvaina Saili, SilpAlanu ataDu sRshTiMchukunnADu. A mEraku I vAdAla mIda charchalu chelarEgE vIlU kalpiMchADu. pratI kathalOnU tana mudranu vEsi, kathakuDigA tAnu vATiki eDamayyADu.

kavitala daggarakochchEsariki, karuNAkar^lO inni bhinna dRkpathAlu kanipiMchavu. tAnakkaDa kEvalaM reMDE pAyalugA chIlipOyADu. modaTi pAyalO, ataDiki bAgA telisina palle prapaMchaM, aMduku bhinnaMgA reMDO pAyalO, tAnappaTiki pUrtigA AhvAniMchalEkapOyina Adhunika jIvitaM kanapaDatAyi. ataniki chiraparichitamaina prapaMchAnni chitriMchETappuDu itanilO E toTrupATu, asaMbaddhata, aspashTata, mArmikata kanapaDavu. A prapaMchAniki tagga SaililOnE saraLaMgA palle pratIkalatO, kotta bhAvAlanu palikiMchagaligADu. I oravaDi reMDO pAyalO kanapaDadu. idi kavikE iMkA korukuDu paDani jIvitaM. ikkaDa kavi goMtu vEru. idi ‘kRshNAnagar gAli pIlchakapOtE Upiri ADadani’ cheppukunna paTnapu vAsi goMtu. itaDilO koMta asthirata uMdi, koMDokachO abhadratAbhAvaM kUDA uMdi.itaDiMkA pUrtigA AdhunikuDu kAlEdu, kAvAlanI kOrukOvaDaM lEdu. bAhyaparisthitula prabhAvaM patAka sthAyilO jIvitAnni SAsistunna saMdhikAlaMlO nilabaDi unnADu. I dUraM, I saMklishTata, dAniki tODugA modalayyE aspashTata, dEhaM moMDigODala mIMchi kavitalO (pu. 51) kanapaDatAyi.

I kavitalO –

bhUmi oka suDigAli
AkASamaMtA okE kannu
samudraM okE okka kannITi chukka
taDike kannAla nuMchi chUstunnAnu
mUDO kAlokaTi naDachi vastOMdi
nallamabbu okaTi dEhaM mIda vAliMdi

aMTADu. ikkaDa kavi tana manOdharmAniki lObaDi oka saMkEtabhAshanu rUpoMdiMchukunnADu. dAniki anuvugA kavitanallukunnADu. kavini A jADala dvArA aMdukOgala sAnnihityaM paThitaku lEkapOtE, kavita aspashTamai asahanAnni kaligistuMdi. dAnini dATi kavi samasyanu sahRdayaMtO arthaM chEsukuMTU I kavitanu viSlEshiMchE prayatnaM chEsinappuDu, manaku bOdhapaDE vishayAlu ivI:

I kavita mottaMlO kavi stabdata niMDina vAtAvaraNAnni sUchistunnADu. viSvavyAptamaina AkASAnni kudiMchi oka kannugAnu, suvyAptamaina samudrAnni kannITi chukkagAnu chUpistunnADu. aMTE, ataDu tana prapaMchAnni kudiMchukunnADu. ikkaDa ataDu oMTari. ataDu chUstunnadi taDika kannAla nuMDi. A chUpuki viSAlatvaM lEdu. alA uMDE avakASaM ivvani bAhyaparisthitula prabhAvamadi. egirE kAki vAladu, reppa kadilina alikiDi lEdu, kala kalavariMtA lEdu, EdI chEtikaMdadu, EdI cheMtaku rAdu — anna pAdAlannI, idE stabdatanU, nirliptatanU chUpeDutunnAyi. ataDi dEhaM moMDigODa. dAnilO kadalika tEgaliginadEdO kAvAlataniki. kAnI tanapai tanaku niyaMtraNa lEdu. aMdukE, tAnunna sthitini ‘raMpapu kOta’ annADu. asthiravaikhari, DOlAyamAna sthiti, I stabdataku tODayyAyi. ‘sagaM vaMgina jAmakommaku, paMDU nEnU vElADutunnAM’ anI, ‘tegina gAlipaTaM girikIlu koDutU pAripOyiMdi,’ anI aMdukE vApOtunnADu.

vAtAvaraNa kalpana jaripina pratIkala prayOgaM, upayOgaM manaku modaTi pAdaMlO kanapaDutunnAyi. aTupaina, paina prastAviMchina padabaMdhAla AdhAraMgA kavi mana@hsthitini arthaM chEsukunE prayatnaM chEstunnAM. kaviki I sthiti elA ayinA chediritE bAguMDanna ASa uMdi. aMduku konasAgiMpugA, ‘mUDO kAlokaTi naDachi vastOMdi’ ani, veMTanE, ‘nallamabbu okaTi vAliMdi’ ani cheppukunnADu. I nallamabbu EmiTi? A mUDO kAlu dEniki pratIka? E dEhamU lEni oka kAlu naDichi rAvaDAnni adhivAstavikaMgA UhiMchukOgalamEmO kAnI arthaM chEsukOlEM. dAni aMtarArthaM mAnasikAvastha saMbaMdhiyA, lEka adi oka laiMgikabhAvanayA? I pratIkalu tanaku telisina bhAsha, saMskRtulanuMDi techchukunnavA? lEdU kavi tanakaMTU tayAru chEsukunna kotta pratIkalA?

padAla madhya khALIlu paThitalanu AkarshistAyi kAnI kavitvaM arthaM kAlEni bhAvAlatO unnappuDu adi aspashTamavutuMdi. I samasya nijAniki kavidi kAdu, I prayAsa pAThakuDidE ani anukOvAlsina sthiti kUDA kAdidi. sarittulAMTi sAhityaMlO, idaMtA kottagA vachchi chErina nIru. kathala nuMDi anubhavAla vaipu kavitvaM maLLinappuDu kUDA koMta navyatanu manaM chUSAM. A anubhUti/bhAva kavitvAnni dATi vachchi ippuDu manaM charchistunna I kavitvaM — AmATa kostE I kAlapu kavitvaM — vastuvunu kUDA nirAkaristOMdi. amUrtabhAvAla chitraNaku kUDA aspashTamaina pratIkalanE vADEMduku moggu chUputunnAru I kAlapu kavulu. I pratIkalu pAThakulaku kottavi. tama tama anubhUti, udvEgAla oravaDilO kavulu vADina pratIkala aMtarArthaM EmiTO teliyaDaM aMta tElika kAdu. kanukE, pratIkalanu arthaM chEsukuMTU kavitArasAsvAdana chEyadalachina pAThakulu A AdhAraM dorakka asahanAniki lOnavutAru.

Adhunika kavitvaMlO siMhabhAgaM ippaTi manishi jIvitaMlOni saMklishTatakU, saMgharshaNakU saraina rUpAnnichchE prayatnaMtO muDipaDi uMdi. A prayatnAlu marinni jaragAli. A navyataku AhvAnaM palikitIrAli. samarthuDaina kavi kavitvAnni kEvalaM jIvitaMlOni saMklishTataku paryAyapadaMgA mArchakuMDA, tana bhAva vyaktIkaraNaku sarikotta vyAkaraNaM tayAru chEsukuMTADu; kotta pratIkalu, padabaMdhAlu ErparachukuMTADu. paThitalaku vATini arthaM chEsukunE diSagA koMtainA vesulubATu kalpistADu. A sAmarthyamE kavitalOni aspashTatanu, klishTatanu nirmUliMchaDAniki sAyapaDutuMdi. I erukatO rAsina kavitvaMlO pratIkalakU avi sUchiMchE aMtarArthAnikI madhya oka bhautika, prApaMchika saMbaMdhaM uMTuMdi. iMduku bhinnaMgA, iMdriyagOcharaM kAni Saili, aMta@hsUtrAnni vismariMchina padachitrAlu, sthalakAlAdula pramANAlanu tiraskariMchi asaMbaddhaMgA naDichE kavitvamu, samagramaina anubhavAnni pAThakulaku ivvalEka nirutsAhaparustAyi.

I saMpuTi mottaMlO karuNAkar^ lOni oka kotta kONAnni chUpina kavita idi okkaTE kAvaDaM vallanE kAka, I samasya eMdarO Adhunika kavuladi kUDA kAvaDaM valla kUDA iMta dIrghaMgA charchiMchavalasi vachchiMdi. ikkaDa kavi mArpuku lOnaina tana sAMghika, sAmAjika vAtAvaraNAnni, tadbhavamaina AlOchanArItulanu, pAta paddhatilO cheppakUDadanO, cheppi gelavalEnanO anukunnaTTuMdi.

gAlivisurula tAvilA tappiMchukuni
SirIshasuma mArdavapu navanavalA jAripOtU
nulu mUsi, kilakila navvi,
kanapaDaka mAyamayyE manOj~natanu
I tregina trALLu beTTi, vAkyAla
moMDigODala madhya elA baMdhiMchaDaM?
niMDumadilO toNakina bhAvAvishTa mahAjharulu
nirarthaka SabdAla sahArAsaikatAllO iMkanIka
janasAgara saMgamAniki elA aMdiMchaDaM?

ani AnADE (1955lO) kalatapaDDADu bairAgi (nUtilO goMtukalu, pu. 39, mi. pra. prachuraNa, 2006).

palle gAliki dUramainA prakRti prEmikuDigAnE uMTU, AdhunikuDigA goMtu mArchuku vrAsina maroka kavita, reyin phAresT. E kavitalOnainA, pAThakuDini munmuMdugA AkarshiMchEdi akshararamyata. kavitalO kanapaDE sauMdaryamu, laya eTuvaMTivArinainA AkarshistAyi. ayitE, goppa kavita anipiMchukOvaDAniki aMtaku miMchinadEdO kAvAli. poraluporalugA vistariMchukupOyE anubhavaM, anubhavaikavEdyamaina maunaMlOki neTTE anubhUti, kavitalanu pratyEkaMgA nilabeDatAyi. I kavitalO avannI samapALLalO unnAyi. ‘ravIMdruni gItamai edalOyallO hOruna kurustunna vAna’ anaDaMlOnE goppa nEpathyaM uMdi. ‘taDipAdAlatO melamellagA naDichochchAvu, chEtulatO kaLLu mUSAvu’ ani cheppaDaMlO, ekkaDA idi vAna ani idamitthaMgA cheppaDaM kanapaDadu. ‘taDisina SarIraM nulivechchani maMTa/ kOrikanu veligiMchukuni mukhaM dIpamai nilchuMdi’ anaDaMlO SRMgAra pradhAnamaina arthaM dhvanilO kanapaDutunnA, A masaka chIkaTilO vAnanu chUsEMduku kaLLanu dIpAllA chEsukuni chUstUMDaDamE aMtarlInaMgA unna bhAvaM. ‘nuvvu ichchina EDu raMgula gAlipaTAnni/ AkASaMlOki egaravESAnu’ anE varakU, kavi anubhavistunnadi vAnanEnani arthaM kAdu. varshaM AgipOyi, nuvvu (vAna) veLLipOyAka, ‘taDi kaLLallO nuvvu/ oMTari araNyAnni nEnu’ ani mugiMchaDaMlO, oMTaritanamokkaTE kanapaDutuMdi tappa, aMdulO muMdari kavitalO praspuTaMgA kanapaDDa vEdana kAnI, chaMchalamaina dhOraNi kAnI kanapaDavu. anubhUtini padilaparachukuni tRpti cheMdE dhOraNE iMdulO tudikaMTA tOstuMdi.

palleTULLa jIvana chitraNalO oka sauMdaryaM uMTuMdi. vargaMgAnO, saMghaMgAnO kUDi bratakaDaMlO dorikE bharOsAni balaMgA chUpeDutuMdadi. paTTaNajIvitapu oMTaritanaMlO biggaragA cheppukOlEni, oppukOlEni, evaritOnU paMchukOlEni, tappiMchukOlEni vEdana uMTuMdi. AScharyakaramaina I vairudhyAnni okEsAri okE kavitalO, lEdA okE saMpuTilO sphuTaMgA cheppaDaM mAmUlu kavulaku dAdApu asAdhyaM. karuNAkar mAmUlu kavi kAdu.

pUrtigA #»

avyaya: saubhAgya kumAra miSra oriyA kavitalu

anuvAda sEdyAniki sahakAraM eMtO avasaraM; anuvAdakuDiki ApATi grahiMpu lEkapOtE baMDi tiragabaDutuMdi. telugulO tarachU jarigEdi adE. anuvAda vyavasAyaMlO phalasAyaM takkuva. koMdaru anuvAdakulu nighaMTuvulu chUDaru. muMduku pOlEnappuDu saMdEha nivRtti kOsaM prayatniMcharu. anuvAdaM anagAnE elA vikaTiMchinA pharvAlEdu anna pedda bharOsA. marI mukhyaMgA anuvAdAniki oka praNALikE uMDadu. irugu porugu bhAshala nuMDi anuvAdaM chEsEvAru kUDA AMglAnnE nammukuMTAru. asalu mUlaMlO EmuMdO toMgi chUsE prayatnamE chEyaru. guDDi vADu EtaM tokkinaTTE – nILlu vastunnAyA lEdA annadi manaku paTTadu.

I durlakshaNAlEvi lEni anuvAdaM avyaya: pramukha kavi saubhAgya kumAra miSra (1941) oriyA kavitalaku tenigiMpu. chEpaTTina vAru vElUri vEMkaTESvara rAvu, bhautika SAstra paTTabhadrulu, ImATa patrika pUrva saMpAdakulu, parichayaM akkarlEni pravAsAMdhrulu.

I pustakAniki mUla kavi muMdumATa #My Two Cents# vanne techchEdE. vElUri vAritO tama snEhAnni nemaru vEsukoMTU tama kavitala anuvAda prakriya elA modalaiMdO chakkagA vivariMchAru saubhAgya kumAra miSra: #The primary criterion in my opinion for a translation is simple. The poem should flow smoothly, should ‘read’ like an original poem in the target language for the reader.# adi vElUri gAri abhibhAshaNa (mUDu mATallO: telugulO adi kavita kAvAli, dAni naData, nANyaM bAvuMDAli.)

alAgE anuvAdakula ‘nA mATa’ kUDA viluvainadi. vElUri gAriki tama parimitulu telusu, kAbaTTE – ‘eMta jAgratta paDinA mUlaMlOni mATala saMgItaM, mATala poMdika valla vachchE sogasu anuvAda bhAshalOki tEvaDaM chAlA kashTaM ani nEnerugudunu.’ nAku nachchina marO vishayaM SAstraj~nuni Sradda. evaru E pani chESAru ? dAni valla mottaM anuvAdaM E vidhaMgA merugayiMdi? I vishayaMlO itarula ghanatanu naluguriki teliya cheppaDaM mudAvahaM. viSEshiMchi anuvAdaMlO venigaLla bAlakRshNa rAvugAri tODpATu guriMchi spashTaMgA pErkonnAru. adE vidhaMgA mitrulu kolichAla surEsh mUla kavitalanu rOman lipilO saMtariMchi peTTAru, paTTikalu samakUrchAru. paThanAnubhavAnni ujvalaM chEyagala prati pani smaraNIyamE.

oriyA, beMgAlI chAlA daggari bhAshalu. dAnivalla, vaMga bhAsha telisina vAru rOman lipilO oriyA mUlAnni chaduvu koni telugu anuvAdAlatO pOlchukOgalaru. itarulu mUlaMlOni naDaka, dhvani grahiMchi AnaMdiMchagalaru. bhAratIya kavini yathAmUlaM telugu chEsi, aMdulOni sAdhakabAdhakAlu vellaDiMchi, sadaru anuvAda prakriyalO poMdina sahakArAnni sAdaraMgA telipi, paipechchu mUlakavitalanu rOman lipilO prakaTiMchi – I rakaMgA oka samagrata sAdhiMchi, anuvAda raMgaMlO oka kotta oravaDini sRshTiMchina vElUri gAru abhinaMdana pAtrulu.

dAdApu oka daSAbda kAlaMlO (1965 – 73) vachchina aravai kavitalu — AtmanEpadi (1965) nuMchi adhikaMgA 37 kavitalu, madhyapadalOpi (1971) nuMchi 19 kavitalu, na I pahArA (1973) nuMchi kEvalaM nAlugu — kAlagatilO kavi Atmanu parichayaM chEstAyi. sagaM kannA ekkuva kavitalu rAsE nATiki kavi vayasu reMDupadulu dATalEdu. mottAniki oka pratibhAvaMtuDaina kavi muppai ELla lOpu rAsina kavitalivi. vITilO, ‘kAlpanika vAdaM, advaitaM, aj~nEyatAvAdaM gUDhaMgA kanipistAyi,’ ani vElUri vAri abhiprAyaM. nAku chUDagA, vITilO kanipiMchEdi mirimiTlu golipE Adhunikata. prati kavi tanadaina Adhunikatanu bhAshalOnO, bhAvaMlOnO vyakta parustADu. saubhAgya kumAra saMpradAya balaM mIda tanadaina Adhunikatanu AvishkariMchAru. niMDugA jIviMchi, A jIvana kAMkshanu kavitvaMlO vyaktaM chEsina tIru telusukOvaDAniki I pustakaM teravAlsiMdE.

machchuku konni padya SakalAlu:

nEnu ennisArlu rASAnO nA pEru
samudrapoDDuna isukalO
nEnu cheppAnu, nAmanasu pATalamayaM
nIliraMgu sarivi tOTa.
AphIs^ kurchIlO kUchoni lekkapeTTAnu
nA jItapu rALLu
mRtyuvuki, svargalOka janmakI
nEnu kAraNAlu vetikAnu.
udayaM haThAttugA chUSAvu nuvvu
paLLu tOmukuMTunna nannu
nyUs^ pEpar^ lO chaduvutunnAnu
nA chAvu kaburu. nEnu aMTunnAnu,
“nuvvu eMta aMdaMgA unnAvu?
ivALa AdivAraM,kadU!” ani!
nA jEbulO migili unnAyi guppeDu gavvalu
dUraMgA migilina nIli samudrajalasmRtulu.

(avyaya, pu: 27)

rAyigAmArina ahalya E rAmuDikOsamO eduruchUstunnadi.
rAtilO prANaM ekkaDa? prANaM lEkuMDA
eduruchUDaTaM elA sAdhyaM, cheppu, O vAlmIkI! OyI viSvAmitrA!
hE vij~nAnI! idEmiTO viSadaMgA cheppu! niruDu nEnu chUSAnu,
sTenO anupamA dAs nAkOsaM eMtO eduru chUsiMdi.
eMta prayatniMchinA tana usuru nEnu gurtiMchalEkapOyAnu
Taip meshIn Tap Tap Tap Tap annaTTu, Ame goMtulOnuMchi
mATa venuka mATa, mATa venuka mATa ippaTikI nA chevullO riMgumani mOgutunnAyi.
hE SrIrAmA! hE nIlasAgarA! jIvanabATalO dukhaM tappa marEmayinA migili unnadA?
(prathama saMdhyA samaya svaraM, pu: 67)

kavi dRshTi prasariMchina mEraku viMta AkarshaNatO veligipOtAyi manaM rOju chUsE – koMDa (pu: 55), pIta (pu:89), nichchena (pu:71), kRshNachUDA pushpaM (pu:53), samudramU, nEnu (pu: 151), sUryuDu (pu: 157).

dEvuDu iMkoMcheM gaTTigA prayatniMchi uMTE
puligAnO, EnugugAnO adhama pakshaM gurraM gAnO
puTTi uMDEdi; aTlA kAkuMDA
nissahAyaMgA maroka avakASAniki kUDA nOchukOni
pIta EkAkigA samudrapoDDuna paDi uMdi.

appuDappuDu UhA prapaMchaMlO nEnu dAni vIpu mIdekki
egiri samudraMlO dUkutAnu, abhimanyuDilA

dEvuDu mari kAsta prayatniMchi uMTE
navagrahAlalO kanIsaM EDiMTinainA
nA guppeTlO peTTukoni uMDagaligE vADini.

chokkA guMDIllA avi parasparaM samadUraMlO uMDi
sUryAstamayAla kOsaM OpiggA elA tAli uMTAyO
manaM aMdaraM alAgE sahistAM
paTnaMlO vEsavi, varshaM, chali vasaMtakAlapu du@hkhaM!

(pIta, pu: 89)

eMta vyaMgya maryAda! idI AdhunikatA lakshaNaM!

kaviSabda vAchyuDu mRduvaina tolipoddu velugunu, AhlAdaM kaligiMchE aparAhNapu kAMtini, chIkaTiki AhvAnaM palukutU kiTikI rekkanu tAki jArukunE chivari kiraNAnni kavitvaM lOki pravESa peTTa galagAli. aMtE kAdu sakalEMdriyamulatO tAnu darSiMchina prapaMchAnni pAThakuniki dRSyamAnaM chEyAli. aMdulO tAnu bratikina dAkhalAlu kanipiMchi tIrAli. aMtE kAnI, kAgitaM puli kArAdu. jarugutunna saMghaTanalu jarnalisTula khAtAlO vEsi, kAlaM chellina vAdAla kasavunu UDchi, kareMT aphairs^nE kavitvaM ani bhramiMchaka, prati kukka arupuku spaMdiMchaka mana aMgushTha kavimAtrulu arjaMTugA edagavalasina avasarAnni I anuvAdAlu gurtuchEstAyi.

vElUri gAru anusariMchina anuvAda paddhatulu eMtO sahEtukamainavi SAstrIyamainavi. anuvAda pramANAlu merugainavi. tulanAtmaka pariSIlanalO eMtO vivEchana kanipistuMdi: ‘oriyA telugu irugu porugu bhAshalu. reMDu bhAshalapainA saMskRta prabhAvaM vunnadi. ayinappaTiki, reMDubhAshala lOnu vAkya nirmANaMlO chAlA bhEdAlunnAyi. mukhyaMgA padyapAda nirmANamulO I bhEdAlu koTTavachchinaTTu kanipistAyi.’

udAharaNaku:

bhUgOLa pATha niSchaya kashTa bhAri

jAgraphI pAThaM nErchukOvaDaM gyAraMTIgA chAlA kashTaM. (kavita: pahAra / koMDa, puTa 54.)

‘bhUgOLaM nijaMgA kashTaM’ ani kUDA chEyavachchu. (vADukalO lekkalu kashTaM / sainsu kashTaM aMTAM gAni lekkala pAThaM nErchukOvaDaM kashTaM anamu.) mana nuDikAra balaMtOnE anuvAdAlu gaTTekkutAyi, aMtE gAka mUlAniki vIlayinaMta samAMtaraMgA anuvAda SakaTAnni naDipiMchavachchu.)

telugulO muMdu nuMchi vars libra (#Verse Libre)# sphUrtini grahiMcha lEka, kavitvAnni vachana sthAyiki digajArchi dAnnE kavitvaMgA chalAmaNi chEsE prayatnAlu meMDu. agniki Ajyamu tODayinaTTu ubusupOka udyamAlu, vadarubOtu vAdAlu kavitvAnni pAtALAniki neTTAyi. idaMtA eMduku cheppAlsi vastuMdaMTE, kavitvaMlO Emi cheppAli? Emi vadalAli? anna vishayaMlO mana kavulaku, vimarSakulaku vichakshaNa lEdu. itara bhAshallO iMta gaMdaragOLaM lEdu.

jarman mahAkavi gayatha (#Goethe) Faust A Tragedy# nATakaM reMDava bhAgaM pUrti chEsi maraNAnaMtaraM prachuriMchamani chebutU, ‘#It will contain problems enough and certainly leaves some points obscure yet it will satisfy a reader who knows how to take a look , a gesture, a gentle hint. He will even find more there than I could give,’# aMTADu.

sUchana prAyaMgA vellaDiMchina bhAvAnni paTTukunE vADu kavitvAniki sarayina pAThakuDu.

sUchana prAyaMgA vellaDiMchaDAniki tagina bhAshanu vichakshaNatO samakUrchukunE vADu nijamaina kavi. saubhAgya kumAra miSra A kOvaku cheMdinavAru kAbaTTE anuvAdakuDi pani
aMta suluvu kAdu. I aravai kavitala anuvAdAniki okka EDAdi paTTiMdaMTE E mAtraM AScharyaM lEdu.

#[#avyaya – saubhAgya kumrA miSra oriyA kavitalu, telugu anusRjana: vElUri vEMkaTESvara rAvu, venigaLLa bAlakRshNa rAvu, 2016. charita iMpressions mudraNa. rU. 60. viSAlAMdhra, kinige nuMchi labhyaM.#]

#pUrtigA #»

padya sAhityaM

nAku nachchina padyaM: telugu satyabhAma paluku-baDi

padyAlanu kaMThasthaM chEyaDaM valla origEdEmiTi? anE praSna koMtamaMdi daggara vinnAnu. eppuDO achchu yaMtrAlu lEni kAlaMlO, tappaka vachchina saMpradAyamU alavATUnu adi. ippuDu pustakAlu, kaMpyUTarlu, sIDIlu, DIvIDIlu, iMTarneTTu – yinni vachchESAyi. ippuDu kUDA padyAlanu j~nApakaM peTTukODAniki kaMThasthaM chEyaDaM eMdukuTa, chAdastaM kAkapOtE – annadi vALLa tarkaM. I vAdana asamaMjasamainadEmI kAdu. ayitE padyAlanu kaMThasthaM chEyaDaM valla marikonni prayOjanAlu kUDA unnAyi. j~nApakaSaktini peMchaDaM, bhAshAparij~nAnaM peragaDaM, padyAla naDakalu – aMTE vATi ChaMdassulu bAgA vaMTabaTTi padyAlu suluvugA allagalagaDaM modalainavi.

nA dRshTilO vITanniTikannA kUDA mukhyamaina maroka prayOjanaM uMdi. adi kavitvAniki saMbaMdhiMchinadi. oka padyAnni kaMThasthaM chEyAlaMTE dAnni chAlAsArlu chaduvutU uMDAli. okasAri kaMThasthaM ayyAka dAnni ekkaDainA suluvugA mananaM chEsukoMTU uMDavachchu. raddIgA unna yE bassulOnO prayANaM chEstunnAranukOMDi, kshaNamoka yugaMgA gaDustuMdi. A vAtAvaraNaM nuMDi mimmalni maroka prapaMchaMlOki tIsukuveLLipOyE Sakti maMchi padyAlaki uMTuMdi. mIku kaMThasthamaina padyAlanu tirigi tirigi mananaM chEsukoMTU, vATilOni SilpasaushThavAnni gAnI, bhAvasauMdaryAnni gAnI AsvAdiMchaDaM modalupeDitE, asalu samayamE teliyakuMDA mI gamyAnni chErukoMTAru. idi nEnu anubhavaMtO cheputunna mATa. oka maMchi padyAnni yilA j~nApakaM chEsukonna pratisArI aMdulO konni kotta velugulu, jilugulu manaki gOcharistU uMTAyi. maMchi padyAnni kaMThasthaM chEyaDaMvalla kaligE parama prayOjanaM idE. alAMTi oka maMchi padyAnni manamippuDu chUddAM. mAmUlugA chaduvukoMTU pOtE aMdulO pedda viSEshamEmI kanipiMchadu. koddigA jAgrattagA pariSIlistE A nirmANaMlOni sogasulu manalanu muripistAyi. oka pAtrani sajIvaMgA manamuMdu mUrti kaTTistAyi.

SA. dEvA! nIvu niSATasaMghamula nuddIpiMchi cheMDADa, nI
#        #;prAvINyaMbulu sUDagOrudu gadA, prANESa! manniMchi nan
#        #;nIveMTan gonipommu nEDu karuNan, nE jUchi yEteMchi nI
#        #;dEvIsaMtatikella jeppudu bhavaddIptapratApOnnatul

kathAkAvyAlaku pAtrachitraNa prANapradamaina aMSaM. purANEtihAsAlanu kUDA goppa kAvyAlugA telugu kavulu tIrchididdAraMTE aMduku kAraNaM, pAtralaku prANapratishThanu chEyagala vAri naipuNyaM. idi kavitrayaMlOnE kAkuMDA bhAgavatAnni telugu chEsina pOtanalO kUDA pushkalaMgA kanipistuMdi. pOtanagAru tIrchididdina pAtralalO pramukhaMgA teluguvALLa manasullO nilichipOyina pAtra satyabhAma. I chitraNalO nAchana sOmana sphUrti spashTaMgAnE kanipistuMdi kAnI, dAnitOpATu pOtanakE pratyEkamaina kavitvapaTutvaM kUDA aMtE spashTaMgA prakASistuMdi. alAMTi padyAlalO yidi okaTi. idi bhAgavataM daSamaskaMdhaMlO narakAsuravadha ghaTTaMlO vachchE padyaM. pAtrachitraNalO kavulu anEka mArgAlu tokkutAru. ‘rAkEMdubiMbamai ravibiMbamai yoppu nIrajAtEkshaNa nemmogammu’ aMTU alaMkArasauMdaryaMtO varNiMchaDaM oka mArgaM. ‘alinIlAlaka chUDa noppesage pratyAlIDhapAdaMbutO, alikasvEda vikIrNakAlikalatO’ aMTU pAtra rUpurEkhalanU hAvabhAvAlanU sahajaMgA mUrtikaTTiMchaDaM maroka vidhAnaM. ‘vENin jollemu veTTi, saMghaTita nIvIbaMdhayai’ aMTU chEshTitAlanu suniSita dRshTitO dRSyamAnaM chEyaDaM iMkoka trOva. ivannI oka rakaMgA bAhyadRshTitO chEsE chitraNalu. pAtra svabhAvAnni pUrtigA AvishkariMchaDAniki bahuSA saMbhAshaNala kannA mElaina mArgaM lEdu. I rahasyaM nannayyaki telusu. tikkannaki aMtakannA bAgA telusu. mari pOtannaki mAtraM A rahasyaM teliyakuMDA uMTuMdA!

SrIkRshNuDu dEvEMdruni vinnapAnni vini narakAsuruni saMhariMchEMduku atanipai yuddhAniki sannaddhuDai garUDavAhanamekki bayaludErutADu. tAnu kUDA atani veMTa yuddhAniki veLLAlani satyabhAmaki kOrika. iMtakumuMdeppuDU alA veLLina saMdarbhaM lEdu. ishTaMlEni peLLi nuMDi tananu rakshiMchi tIsukuveLLE saMdarbhaMlO SrIkRshNuni samaravIrAnni rukmiNIdEvi koMta chUsi uMdi, rathAnni naDipi sahakariMchiMdi kUDA. bahuSA mari A vishayaM satyabhAma manasulO uMdEmO! satrAjinmahArAju kUturaina tanu mAtraM samarAMgaNa saMraMbhAnni kaLLArA chUDakuMTE elA! paigA adi dEvakAryaM, dEvadAnava saMgrAmaM, chEsEdi sAkshAt vishNusvarUpuDaina tana bharta. ayitE aMtaTi mahAsaMgrAmAniki tananu veMTa tIsukuveLLamani aDagaDaM elA? tana kOrikani samarthiMchukODaM elA? SrIkRshNuni oppiMchaDamelA?

saMbhAshaNa modalupeTTIpeTTaDamE dEvA! anna saMbOdhanatO. I padAniki bharta, daivamu anna reMDarthAlU unnAyi. SrIkRshNuDu veLLEdi dEvakAryaM mIdanE kAbaTTi A saMbOdhana akkaDa eMtO uchitaMgA uMdi. bhartapai satyabhAmakunna gauravAnni saMpUrNaMgA dhvaniMchE pilupu. nuvvu chEsE yuddhAnni chUDAlanukoMTunnAnu, analEdu. ‘nIvu niSATa (niSa + aTa – rAtri saMchariMchEvAru – rAkshasulu) samUhAlanu, uddIpiMchi (atiSayaMtO prakASistU), baMtATa ADutUMTE (cheMDADu = cheMDu + ADu) nI prAvINyAlanu chUDAlani’ uMdaMTOMdi. prAvINyaMbunu jUDagOrudu annA ChaMdassu saripOtuMdi. ayinA prAvINyaMbulu ani bahuvachana prayOgaM chEyiMchAru pOtanagAru. aMTE SrIkRshNuni yuddhachAturyaM anEka rakAlugA uMTuMdanna mATa. A viMtalanniTinI chUDAlani Ame kOrukoMTunnadi. I saMbhAshaNa bharta SauryaparAkramAlapai satyabhAmakunna pragADha viSvAsAnni, mikkili gauravAnni chakkagA prakaTistOMdi. alA sAgina vAkyasaraLi akkaDoka malupu tirigutOMdi. chUDagOrudu kadA! aMTOMdi. chUDagOrudunu nE/chUDagOredanu nE anavachchu kadA, appuDu kUDA ChaMdassu saripOtuMdi. kAnI alA aMTE, adi oka gumAstA tana pai adhikAriki peTTukonna arjIpatraMlA uMTuMdi tappa peLLAM tana penimeTini aDugutunnaTTugA uMDadu. ‘kOrudu kadA!’ anaDaMlO ennALLanuMDO nAkA kOrika uMdanE bhAvamE kAkuMDA, nIkadi telusu kUDAnU anE muMdarikALLa baMdhamU uMdi. kOrudu anna mAmUlu kriyApadAniki kadA anna konasAgiMpu goppa gOmuni chEkUrustuMdi. adE kAkuvu. Ameki bharta daggarunna chanavu gArAbamU aMdulO dhvanistuMdi. A gOmudanaM, A daggaritanaM tarvAta vachchE prANESa! anE pilupulO pAramyAnni poMdutunnAyi.

gauravamU, gArAbamU tarvAta satyabhAma vEstunna mUDO bANaM vEDukOlu. ‘nannIveMTan gonipommu nEDu karuNan’ ani prArthana. ika, Ame prayOgistunna Akhari astraM, manaki UhakaMdani astraM, chivaripAdaMlO taLukkuna merisi padyAnni mirumiTlu golipistuMdi. tananu yuddharaMgAniki tIsukuveLitE pratiphalaMgA SrIkRshNuniki tAnoka mElu chEstAnani nachchajeputOMdi satyAdEvi. bharta prAvINyAlanu kaLLArAchUsi tirigi vachchi, Ayana dEvErulaMdarikI atani pratApAla goppadanAnni varNiMchi marI cheputuMdaTa! bhArya dRshTilO tana parapati perugutuMdaMTE E bharta mAtraM saMbarapaDaDu! aMchEta adi tirugulEni astramani anukonnadEmO satyabhAma.

iMdulO maroka kONaM kUDA uMdi. bhartatO svayaMgA dEvadAnava saMgrAmAniki veLLi, atani yuddhavIrAnni kaLLArA chUsE adRshTaM tanakE dakkiMdani murisipOtU savatula muMdu tana svAtiSayAnni chATukODaM dIni venukanunna AMtaryaM kAvachchu. ayitE jAgrattagA A vishayAnni, SrIkRshNuniki mElu chEstunnaTlugA mArchi cheppaDaM, Ame jANatanaM. padyamaMtA iMchumiMchu viDiviDi telugu padAlatO naDipiMchina pOtana chivarana mAtraM bhavaddIptapratApOnnatul anE saMskRta samAsaprayOgaM chESADu. ‘nI dIpiMchu Sauryammulan’ ani gAni, lEdA ‘nI divya prabhAvammulan’ ani gAni pUrti chEyavachchu, ChaMdassu saripOtuMdi. kAnI aMdulO, SrIkRshNuni pratApaM kAni, satyabhAma mATallO DAMbikaM kAni, pUrtigA sphuriMchavu. diTTamaina saMskRta samAsaM A paTTuni aMdistuMdi. paigA, bhavat, dIpta, pratApa, unnatul – anaDaMlO prati padaMlO AvRttamaina ta-kAraM marikoMta tIvrataki dOhadaM chEstOMdi. ‘prAvINyaMbulu’ anna daggara chEsina bahuvachana prayOgAnni maLLI yikkaDa ‘unnatul’ daggara chEyaDaM dvArA maMchi auchityAnni chUpADu pOtana. chUsEMduku chinnavainA, ilAMTi aMSAlE padyAnikI, aMdulOni saMbhAshaNakU saushThavAnni aMdistAyi.

ilA, prati padAnnI eMtO jAgrattagA Erchi kUrchi, yinni chAyalalO, satyabhAma vAkchAturyAnnaMtaTinI oka chinna padyaMlO pradarSiMchaDaM pOtana padyaSilpAniki chakkani udAharaNa.

satyabhAma jANa ayitE SrIkRshNuDu jagajjANa! Ame mATalaki aMta suluvugA chikkutADA atanu. Ame saMkalpAnni koddigA parIkshiddAmanukoni uMTADu, lEdA Ame vAkchAturyAnni marikoMta ruchi chUddAmanukonnADO! yuddhabIbhatsAnni varNiMchi, raNaraMgamaMTE vilAsapradESaM kAdani, ‘kanya! nI vEDa raNaraMga gamana mEDa! vattu vEgama, niluvumu, valadu valadu,’ ani Ame kOrikani trOsipuchchutADu. ayinA satyabhAma paTTaMTE paTTE!

‘anina@M briyunakuM briyaMbu janiyiMpa Dagga~ri’, yilA aMTuMdi:

dAnavuleina nEmi? ma~ri daityasamUhamuleina nEmi? nI
mAnita bAhudurgamula mATuna nuMDaga nEmi SaMka? nI
tO narudeMtu naMchu garatOyajamul^ mukuLiMchi mrokke na
mmAnini, dannu bharta bahumAna purassaradRshTi jUDagan

idi kUDA jAgrattagA chadavavalasina padyamE. danujEMdruDaina narakAsurunitO raNamaMTE eMta bhayAnakamO varNiMchina kRshNuniki, tirugulEni javAbu cheputOMdi satyabhAma. dAnavulaitE EmiTi, daityasamUhAlaitE nAkEmiTi? nI bAhuvulanE kOTala mATuna unna nAku elAMTi jaMkugoMku uMDanakkaralEdu kadA, aMdi. ika mari mArumATADagalaDA E priyuDainA! ikkaDa pOtana prayOgiMchina ‘durgamulu’ annadi chAlA sArthakamaina padaM. gamiMpa Sakyamu kAnidi durgamu, aMTE Satru durbhEdyamainadi ani. alAMTidi okaTi kAdu, reMDu durgAla mATuna unnadi tanu. iMkeMta rakshaNa! alA ani UrukOlEdu. nItO vastAnaMTU chEtulu jODiMchi marI vEDukoMdi. ikkaDa satyabhAmaki vADina padaM ‘mAnini’. idi kUDA chAlA sArthakamaina padamE. mAnini aMTE chAlA abhimAnaM kaladi ani arthaM. satyabhAma goppa svAbhimAnaM gala strIyE kadA. aMchEta A padaM Ameki sariggA taginadE. paigA, aMtaTi abhimAnavati chEtulu jODiMchi marI vEDukuMTE karigipOkuMDA uMTADA A dEvadEvuDu! A mAnini abhimAnAniki E mAtraM lOTu rAnIyakuMDA, paigA Ame sammAnaM inumaDiMchElA ‘bahumAna purassara’ (aMTE goppa sammAna pUrvakamaina) dRshTini sAriMchADu A satyApati.

I padyaM chivaranunna vAkyanirmANAnni jAgrattagA pariSIlistE maroka viSEshaM sphuristuMdi. chUDagan anEdi asamApaka kriya. aMTE A kriyatO vAkyaM pUrtikAdu. iMkoka kriyaki anusaMdhAnaMgA vADabaDE kriya annamATa. A vAkyaMlOni samApaka kriya – mrokke. tanani bharta bahumAnapurassara dRshTitO chUDagA, Ame mrokkiMdi. satyabhAma chEtulu jODiMchi mrokkiMdi, appuDu SrIkRshNuDu Ameni bahumAnapurassaraMgA chUSADu – ani cheppi uMTE, A reMDu kriyala madhyA koMta vyavadhAnaM unnaTTu tOstuMdi. alA kAkuMDA reMDU okEsAri jarigAyannadi sphuriMchE vAkyanirmANAnni pOtana chESADikkaDa. aMTE Ame mrokkE samayAnikE SrIkRshNuni manasu karigiMdanna mATa. lEdA A reMDu kAryAlU okE kshaNaMlO jarigipOyAyi. vAriruvuri madhyanunna gADhamaina anubaMdhAnni adi sUchistuMdi.

bhAsha teliyaDamaMTE nighaMTuvulO padAlu, vyAkaraNa sUtrAlU teliyaDaM mAtramE kAdu. vAkyavinyAsa rahasyAlu teliyAli, nuDikAraMlOni sogasulu teliyAli, palukulOni kAkuvu teliyAli. avi teliyAlaMTE paMDituDayitE saripOdu, janavyavahAraMlO nityaM pravahiMchE palukubaDi vaMTabaTTAli. aMdukE viSvanAtha ‘lOkammu vIDi rasammu lEdu’ annadi. pOtana kannA goppagA telugulOkapu palukubaDini paTTukonna kavi evarunnAru!

pUrtigA #»

kavitalu

gOpini: uttItapATa

naDijAmu sIkaTlO sanasannani maMchutuMpara
voNakatA
taDastAnE uMDAdi voMTi chiMtacheTTu

niddara kommallO odigina koMgalu ulikuliki paDatA uMDAyi
AkASaM kaMDlallO merastA milamilA miNagarabUsulu
dIgUTlO tegina dIpaM reppalu
AkarichUpu konapANaMtO koTTakalADatA uMDAdi
talategina uData taDi isikalO porlADatA uMDAdi
rekkalni reparepalADiMchiMdi uttIta!
“uData talategiMdi uttItA! Uru netturu maDugaiMdi uttItA!!
sadda kaMkulaku badulu uttItA!
vETakoDavaMDlu molisinAyi uttItA!
cheMDumallepUlaku badulu uttItA!
nATubAMbulE pUsinAyi uttItA!!
uData talategidni uttItA! Uru vallakADaiMdi uttItA!!”

guvva goMtulO sanasannani dukkaM tuMpara
taDastA oNakatA vuMDAdi pATa!
paluputADu teMpukuni
kaTTugUTAna dEsipugitta raMkelEsiMdi
taDisina chukkalu palapalA rAlipaDinAyi
tOka paiketti parugu peTTiMdi
giTTalaku maMTalaMTukunnAyi!gaNagaNA gaMTalamOta!!
busapeDatA
kommulni idiliMchi pAmupuTTanu kuLLagistA vuMDAdi
kOTipuMju kaMTilO karakarA poddu molichiMdi
“polOpoli… polOpoli!ilalillArE… ilalillArE polOpoli”
poDisina poddunu
vETakoDavalitO okkavETuku teganarikiMdi nAgammavva
tegina moMDeM AkASeMlO gilagilA tannukuMTA vuMDAdi
pachchani paMTachEnullO nettuTi kUDu poli challi kurulni muDEsiMdi
tellavArujhAmuna
sIlikalu pElikalaina chIkaTlO sanasannani netturu tuMpara
taDastA
voNakatAnE uMDAdi rALLagUTilO uttItapATa!

(uttIta eDAriguvva. gulakarALLatO gUDunu nElapai allukuMTuMdi)

pUrtigA #»

gOpini: chillula muMta

rekkala kiMda chEtulEsi ennisArlu egarESAnO A chaMdamAmanu
padELLa kala okkasArigA chEjAripOyiMdi
eppuDO okappuDu Aku rAlinaMta niSSabdaMgA nEnu rAlipOtAnu
lEdA
muMdu kappu, tarvAta vAsAlu, gODalu, eMDaku eMDi vAnaku taDisi,
chivaraku chedalu tinEsi, koMtakAlAniki chinnavva guDise AnavAlE
migalanaTTu nannU koMchaM koMchaMgA
mannu tinEstuMdi. ennO yugAlugA poDichi,
gUkE poddu kUDA maMDI
maMDI masai rAlipOtuMdi. vennela poDipoDigA rAlipOyi
nUne ayipOyAka
kAlutunna vattilA chivaraku chaMdruDu kUDA kamuru vAsana koDatADu
kotta cheruvulO baMkamaTTitO bommariMDlu kaTTi ATaMtA
ayipOyAka kAlitO
cheripEsinaTTu
I sRshTaMtA cherigipOtuMdi.


sanasannagA kurustunna I maMchuteraku muMdu puTTuka uMdi
du@hkhaM uMdi
AnaMdamU uMdi.
dRSyAdRSyAlU vunnAyi.
chalikAlaMlO okavaipu gaDDakaTTE maMchu kurustU uMTE
vechchavechchagA SarIrAnni kAchukOvaDAniki chalimaMTa uMdi.
kaDupuniMDA pachchika mEsina gorrepilla goMtu
taDupukunEdAniki EruMdi!
ETilO
chEpalu, kappalu, pAmulu, oka prapaMchaM uMTuMdi
AkASaMlO egirI egirI komma mIda vAlina guvvaku gUDu uMTuMdi
tODu guvva,
gUTiniMDA pillalu oka kuTUMbaM uMTuMdi
pairu mIda vAlina jInibAyi guvvalaku pAlakaMki Uyala uMdi
kOtidIpala kAMtini
vedajallE chillulamuMta AkASamU uMdi. rAtraMtA ETini
nemaruvEstU venneluMdi.
gukkapaTTi EDchE pApaku kaDupu niMpEdAniki pAlarommulunnAyi.
lAlipATai
nidrapuchchEdAniki amma voDi uMdi
sanasannagA kurustU kadilE maMchuteraki aTuvaipu EmuMTuMdi?
voTTi SUnyamEnA?
miNUkumiNukumaMTU Atmalu velugutuMTAyA?
svarganarakAluMTAyA?
eMDa kAstU vAna kurisinappuDu
AkASaMpai vAlE sItAkOkachiluka maMchuteraku
muMdunnappuDu,
avatalivaipu tappakuMDA EdO okaTi uMDE uMTuMdi.
nITilOki voMgina chaMdamAmanu alalu cheripEsinaTTu
adaMtA oka aspashTa padyaM


buDibuDi aDugulEsE
nA padyAnni ettukuni,
pAlugArE buggalni chidimi
rekkala kiMda chEtulEsi ennisArlu egarESAnO!
enni navvulni mUTagaTTukunnAnO!
kalalO kUDA UhiMchalEdu kAki tannukupOtuMdani,
iMkA nA padyaM
paripakvaM kUDA kAlEdu.

pUrtigA #»

gOpini: reyin^ phAresT

Akulu rAlina araNyaMlO varshaM paDutunna chappuDu
disamolatO snAnaM chEstU cheTlu
taDirekkalni reparepalADistU pakshulajaMTa
ravIMdruni gItamai edalOyallO
hOruna kurustunna vAna!
taDipAdAlatO melamellagA naDichochchAvu
chEtulatO kaLLu mUSAvu
nuduTini muddupeTTukunnAvu
taDisina SarIraM nulivechchani maMTa
kOrikanu veligiMchukuni mukhaM dIpamai nilchuMdi
nA mIdaku vAli alavOkagA pedAlanaMdukunnAvu
varshaM paDutUnE uMdi
gOruvechchani pAlalOki tEnechukkavai jAripOyAvu
nuvvu ichchina EDuraMgula gAlipaTAnni
AkASaMlOki egarESAnu
varshaM AgipOyiMdi
nuvvu veLLipOyAvu
taDikaLLallO nuvvu
oMTari araNyAnni nEnu

pUrtigA #»

gOpini: erramaTTi gODa

tUrupOnalO
erramaTTi gODa voMTigA taDastA vuMDAdi
chUrlO nuMchi rAlipaDina kalalu
nITimiMda pagilipOtA vuMDAyi
vokkaTigUDa chEtikaMdaDaM lEdu
mODaM tunigi paDiMdi
doDlOni gorrelu bediri
vokadAni yenaka vokaTigA daDimiMda nuMchi egiridUkinAyi
bAyilOki doruvilli pUDisiMdi
chEnaMtA gorrela tAta maTTipAdAlu
vAna iMgA pevalamaiMdi!
eda poMgi EraiMdi!!
erramaTTi gODa peLLalu peLLalugA rAlipaDatA vuMDAdi
kottacheruvulO pillAguMtalEsina gUDanu
aTakamiMda chedulu tinEsiMdi
aMDa chekkina pAraku chiluM paTTiMdi
giragirA tiragatA
kilakilA nagatA vuMDETi kapilachekraM
chIkaTi mUlana pANamiDisinid
UyalUpina maMchaM voMTidaiMdi
voga pATalEdu
voga mATalEdu
nElanu peLLagiMchina maDaka nuDumulirigi
vorigi pUDisiMdi
mEDipaTTina chEtulu
aMDatIsina chEtulu
ittanAlu challina chEtulu
pairunu taDimina chEtulu
kaTTipullalayinAyi
maTTOLLu maTTilOnE kalisi pUDisiMdi
pachchani chEnuku piDikeDu sattuvayiMdi
DhamaDhama vurumulu
taLataLA merupulu
iMgA iMgA vAna pevalamaiMdi!
rAtraMtA erramaTTi gODa taDisI taDisI
kuppagA kUlipUDisiMdi


poddunnE lEchi chUstE
pachchikalO gorrelu mEstA vuMDAyi
oga gorre
pillanu Ini mAyaporanu nAkatA vuMDAdi

pUrtigA #»

gOpini: dEhaM moMDi gODala mIMchi…!

cheMgAvi raMgu eMDa
moMDigODa dEhaM mIMchi
UgutU UgutU Usaravelli nIDalu
tegani raMpapukOta
egirE kAki eMtakU vAladu

bhUmi oka suDigAli
AkASamaMtA okE kannu
samudraM okE okka kannITi chukka
taDike kannAla nuMchi chUstunnAnu
mUDO kAlokaTi naDachi vastOMdi
nallamabbu okaTi dEhaM mIda vAliMdi
reppa kadalina alikiDi lEdu
kala kalavariMtA lEdu
kiTikIlO sagaM vaMgina jAmakommaku
maunaMgA
paMDU nEnU vElADutunnAmu
tegina gAlipaTaM
girikIlu koDutU jAripOtU uMdi
EdI chEtikaMdadu
EdI cheMtaku rAdu


nEnu nA nIDa
taDavani moMDigODa dEhaM mIMchi
kadulutunnAmu kadulutunnAmu

pUrtigA #»

jaMtuvu

manishI!
jaMtuvuki namaskariMchu

pratyEkiMchi
kOtini koluvu
nI pUrvulaku
tolimaryAdalonarchu

<>

<> # vilaMgu – kavi vairamuttu svaraMlO

prati jaMtuvU
nI guruvu
nErchukO
nErchukunnAka
taggaTTu naDuchukO


jaMtuvulu manakaMTEnU
mAnAbhimAnAlu galavi

Enugu kALLamIda
maroka Enugu paDDaTTu
vartamAnaMlEdu
pilliki elukalu
pallakI meyyavu
elugubaMTiki
jiMkalu kALLottavu

uMTE svAtaMtrapu AkASaM
lEdA maraNapu agAdhaM
naTTanaDimi jIvitaM
jaMtuvulaku lEdu.


aDavilO mUDhanammakAllEvu

akkaDa nippukOLLu kUDA
nippulaguMDaM tokkavu


matamekkina O manishI
jaMtuvulaku matAlunnAyA?
madamekkina Enugu lAgA
matamekkina jaMtuvu uMdA?

kraistava kAki – hiMdU eluka
jaina jiMka – bauddha puli
sikku siMhaM – muslimu pilli

aDavilO alA viDadIsi chUpiMchagalamA?


manishI!

magavADeMta alaMkariMchukunnA,
padivELLakU uMgarAlu toDiginA,
merisE paTTubaTTalu dhariMchinA
manalO aMdaM ADavArikE soMtaM
magajAtilO aMdaM ekkaDa?

jiMkallO kommulu
EnugullO daMtaM
nemaLLalO piMChaM
kOLLalO turAyi
magavATivE kadA

magajAtiki sauMdaryaM
jaMtuvullOnEgAnI
manushullO lEdu!
nagaraMlO lEdu
aDavullOnE!


kaLalu nIkE soMtamani
garvapaDipOku
kaLaki mUlaM vetuku
I bhUmilO

modaTipATa – gAlipADEpATa
reMDO pATa – keraTAla pATa
mUDO pATa – kOyila pATa
nAlugO pATE – nI pATa

kOyilani anukaristU
nuvvu pATa nErchAvu
guruvuni dhyAniMchE muMdu
kOyilaku namaskariMchu!


manishI!

nuvvu aMtamaitE
nI kaLEbaraMtO EM cheyyagalaM?

nI kovvutO EDE EDu sabbulu cheyyavachchu
ninnu kAlchina bUDidatO
tommidivEla penisiLLu cheyyavachchu
nIlO unna inumutO
okE oka mEku cheyyavachchu

jaMtuvu vela telusA nIku?
prANaM viDichi dEhaM migilunnA –

puligOru nagalO patakamavutuMdi
kalaMgA mArutuMdi pAvuraM Ika
pAmu tOlu chEtisaMchigA avutuMdi
vIryapushTinistuMdi khaDgamRgaM kommu
cheppulai migulutuMdi dunnapOtu charmaM

chanipOyi kUDA upayOgapaDEdi
oka jaMtuvEnanna nijaM grahiMchagalavA?


manishI!

dEvuLLa vAhanAlanu gamaniMchAvA?

oka dEvuDu – eddunekkADu
oka dEvuDu – nemalinekkADu
oka dEvuDu – elakanekkADu
oka dEvuDu – garutmaMtuDanekkADu

anni dEvuLLanI
jaMtuvE mOsiMdi gAnI
manishi mOyalEdu

manishi mIdekkitE
apahariMchukupOgalaDani
dEvuDiki teliyadA?

manishi dEvuNNi namminA
dEvuDu manishini nammalEdu!


bratakaDAniki puTTAM elAnU
A bratuku naDavaDi koMchaM mArchaMDi
oka chinna mArpu chEsi chUDaMDi

mIru kUsi oka kODini lEpaMDi
bhujaMmIda oka rAmachilukatO
udyOgAniki veLLaMDi
mItO allari ATalADE pillitO kalisi
oka madhyAhnaM bhOjanaM cheyyaMDi

bhAgasvAmiki eMtakAlamani peDatAru
adE pasalEni pAta mudduni?
rEpaTnuMDi kuMdElu kUnalanu
muddADaMDi

mI parupupaina
mUDOdiMDokaTi vEyiMchaMDi
dAnipai mI abhimAnAniki allADE
kukkapillani paDukOnivvaMDi

SAsanasabhalO
prANulu samasyala mIda
SAsana pratipAdana lEvanettaMDi

Avu poduguku vArAnikokarOju
prabhutva selavudinaM prakaTiMchaMDi

sarkas Enugu baMtATani bahishkariMchaMDi
EnugujAtikE adi
aMtarjAtIya avamAnaM.

jaMtuvulni gauraviMchaMDi
avi mAruvEshaMlO unna manushulu
jIvapariNAmakramaMlO sOpAnAlavi!

jaMtuvulni prEmiMchaMDi
abhimAnAnni ASiMchE SiSuvulavi!

okE oka praSna
nijAyitIgA cheppaMDi

manushulu pUjiMchElA
konni jaMtuvulunnAyi
jaMtuvulu pUjiMchElA
manushulunnArA ikkaDa?


(mUlaM: tamiLa kavi vairamuttu, tamiLukku ni~ramuMDu – 1995 (tamiLAniki raMguMdi) kavitA saMpuTi nuMchi vilaMgu anna kavita. mUla kavita telugu, tamiL lipilO tamiLa ADiyOtO.)

pUrtigA #»

vyAsAlu

chinnaya sUri – giDugu rAmamUrti

chinnaya sUri, giDugu rAmamUrti I reMDu pErlU Adhunika kAlaMlO telugu bhAsha charitralO chAlA pedda pErlu. vILliddari rachanalU E saMdarbhaMlO prachAraM lOki vachchAyO pariSIliMchaDaM, vATivalla Adhunika vachana rachanaki lAbhaM kaligiMdA, nashTaM kaligiMdA? anna vishayaM charchiMchaDaM, I vyAsaMlO uddESiMchina pani. sUrigAri abhiprAyAlu, rAmamUrti paMtulugAri abhiprAyAlu okadAnikokaTi viruddhaMgA uMTAyi. I vairudhyaM Adhunika kAlaMlO grAMthika, vyAvahArika bhAshA vairudhyaMgA vyaktamayiMdi. chinnaya sUrigAru grAMthika bhAshAvAdigA, rAmamUrtigAru vyAvahArika bhAshAvAdigA mana manassullO sthirapaDipOyAru. I mATalu I kAlaMlO prachAraM lOki vachchina mATalu. I reMDu rakAla bhAshalakI vairudhyaM ErpaDina rOjulalO amalulO unna mATalu okasAri chUddAM. chinnaya sUri uddESaMlO vyAkaraNa yuktamaina bhAsha lAkshaNika bhAsha (bhAshaki lakshaNAnni cheppEdi vyAkaraNaM kAbaTTi). lakshaNa viruddhamaina bhAsha grAmyamu. giDugu rAmamUrti paMtulugAri dRshTilO I lAkshaNika bhAsha pAta pustakAllOnE kanipistuMdi. pustakAlakE parimitamaina bhAsha kAbaTTi adi grAMthika bhAsha. Ayana kOrukunna bhAshaki Ayana peTTina pEru vyAvahArika bhAsha.

20va SatAbdilO bhAsha vishayaMlO tIvramaina vAgyuddhAlu jarugutunnappuDu I reMDu jaMTala mATalU amalulO vuMDEvi.

lAkshaNikabhAsha #X# grAmya bhAsha
grAMthika bhAsha #X# vyAvahArika bhAsha

I reMDu jaMTala pErlalO reMDava jaMTa pErlE prachAraMlOki vachchi modaTi jaMTa pErlu kanumarugayi pOyAyi. aMTE lAkshaNika bhAshAvAdulu ODipOyArani arthaM.

I kAlAniki pUrvaM teluguki vyAkaraNAlu saMskRtaMlO uMDEvi. nannaya rASADani cheppabaDutunna AMdhraSabdachiMtAmaNi (dInikE nannayabhaTTIyaM ani pEru), triliMgaSabdAnuSAsanamu, ahObala paMDitIyamu, AMdhrakaumudi, modalainavi annI saMskRtaMlO rAyabaDDAyi.

telugulO vachchina okE okka vyAkaraNaM kEtana AMdhrabhAshAbhUshaNaM. dIniki SAstragauravaM kalagalEdu. 19va SatAbdilO kuMphiNI prabhutvaM vALLu tama udyOgastulaku telugu nErpAli anukunnAru. kAbaTTi, iMglIshulO rAsina telugu vyAkaraNAlu vachchAyi. udAharaNaki, viliyaM kErI (#William Carey, 1814),# kEMp^bel (#A.D. Campbell, 1816),# viliyaM braun (#William Brown, 1820),# mAris (#J.C. Morris, 1823),# si.pi.braun (#C.P. Brown, 1840)# rAsina vyAkaraNAlu. vILLallO braun mukhyamainavADu. appaTi kachErIllOnU, kOrTullOnU, arjIllOnU, itara paripAlanA vyavahArAllOnU vADukalO vunna telugu bhAsha braun vyAkaraNaMlO kanipistuMdi. vEdaM paTTAbhirAmaSAstri lAMTi tolinATi paMDitulu telugulO rAsina telugu vyAkaraNAlalO A rakamaina bhAsha kanipiMchadu. braun vyAkaraNaMlO vunna bhAshaki oka pEru lEdu. nijAniki paMDitulu A bhAshE mATlADEvAru. kAni, iMglIshu udyOgastulu telugu nErchukOvAlani I paMDitula daggaraki veLtE vALlu I telladoralaki AMdhraSabdachiMtAmaNi cheppEvALlu. nitya vyavahAraMlO vunna bhAsha paMDitula dRshTilO vyAkaraNaM vunna bhAsha kAdu. aMTE vALla dRshTilO I bhAshaki vyAkaraNaM lEdu. vErE mATallO cheppAlaMTE I paMDitulaki tAmu mATlADE telugu elA nErchukunnArO teliyadu. vALlu nErchukunna bhAshE vALlu nErpagalaru. aMTE vyAkaraNamE nErpagalaru. (ippaTikI telugu paristhiti idE.)

paMDitula pAThAlatO visigipOyina braun lAMTi tellavALLu tama anubhavaM lOki vachchina teluguki kAvalasina vyAkaraNAlu. nighaMTuvulu vALlE rAsukunnAru. vyAkaraNAlu, nighaMTuvulu tayAru chEsinaMduku kuMphiNI nuMchi vAriki chakkaTi pAritOshikaM labhiMchEdi kUDA. telugu soMtabhAshagA mATlADutunna telugu vALLaki I vyAkaraNAlu akkarA lEdu, iMglIshulO rAsina avi vILLaki arthamU kAlEdu. I paristhitullO mekAlE’s miniT (#Macaulay’s minute)# ani manakaMdarikI parichayamaina patraMlO unna kotta AlOchana iMglIshu pAlakulaki nachchiMdi. mottaM paripAlana aMtA iMglIshulOnE jarapAlani, telugu vALlakE iMglIshu nErpi vALLani oka rakamaina iMglIshu vALlugA tayAru chEyAlani I kotta abhiprAyaM sArAMSaM. dIni phalitaMgA iMglIshu vALlu telugu nErchukOvaDaM mAnESAru. dAnitO pATu iMglIshulO rAsina telugu vyAkaraNAlu maruguna paDipOyAyi.


paddhenimidava SatAbdi chivari kAlaM nATiki rAjulu debbatini pOyAru. okari taruvAta okarugA kuMphiNI prabhutva prAbalyAniki loMgipOyAru. kuMphiNI prabhutvaM nayAnA bhayAnA, A reMDU chellakapOtE mOsAnA I rAjyAlaki sainika adhikAraM lEkuMDA chEsiMdi. telugudESaMlO kuMphiNI prabhutvAniki eduru nilichi pOTlADina Akhari rAjyaM vijayanagara rAjyaM. oka pakka phreMchivALLu, iMkoka pakka iMglIshuvALLu dakshiNadESaMlO prAbalyaM kOsaM pOTI paDutU uMDagA telugu prAMtaMlO sthAnikaMgA vairAlu unna vijayanagaraM, bobbili rAjyAlu, iMkA itara chillara rAjyAlu tama tagAdAla parishkAraM kOsaM okaru iMglIshu vALLani, iMkokaru phreMchi vALlani sahAyaM kOrutU uMDEvAru. phreMchi vALLani ODiMchi sthiraMgA iMglIshu kuMphiNI adhikArAnni saMpAdiMchukunna taravAta I sthAnika saMsthAnAlani oka dAni venaka okaTi tama AdhInaM lOki techchukOvaDAniki prayatnaM chESAru. A charitra vivaraMgA cheppaDAniki idi chOTu kAdu kAni, vijayanagara rAjulu iMglIshu kuMphiNI vALLa AdhipatyAnni oppukOkuMDA padmanAbhaM anE chOTa yuddhaM chESArani chaTrAti lakshmInarsakavi rAsina padmanAbha yuddhaM cheptuMdi. kAnI I padmanAbha yuddhakAvyaM vijayanagara rAjula OTamini oppukOdu. alAgE bobbili rAjulaki phreMchi sEnAni bussIki madhya jarigina yuddhaMlO bobbili ODipOyinA diTTakavi nArAyaNakavi rAsina raMgarAya vijayaM kUDA bobbili OTamini oppukOdu. A rAjulu vIrasvargaM poMdinaTlu gAnO marOvidhaMgAnO vArini paichEyigA I kAvyAlu chUpistAyi. I kAvyAlu chadivitE, sAMskRtikaMgA I rAjulu tama prapaMchaMlO nirmiMchukunna vAtAvaraNAnikI — iMglIshu kuMphiNI prabhutvamU bussI dorA amalu chEstunna rAjakIya, sainika vyUhAlakI madhya pedda agAdhaM uMdani manaki bOdha paDutuMdi. tama manassullO vIratvaM, gauravaM modalaina nammakAlu oka paTTAna I rAjulu pOgoTTukOlEdu. dESamaMtA iMglIshu kuMphiNI vALLa adhikAraMlOki vachchina taruvAta kUDA chiMta chachchinA chAvani pulupu lAgA vALLu tama AtmagauravAnni, maryAdalni, viSvAsAlni, ekkaDO okachOTa aTTE peTTukunnAru. rAjyaMlO sainikAdhikAraM pOyina taruvAta vILLu nijAniki pannula vasUlu chEsE jamIMdArlu mAtramE ayyAru. raitula daggara nuMchi pannulu vasUlu chEsi, A pannullO koMta bhAgaM iMglIshu kuMphiNI prabhutvAniki, dAni tarvAta dAni sthAnaMlO vachchina briTish prabhutvAniki ETETA chelliMchi, vALLa anumatitO I jamIMdArlu batukutU uMDEvAru. tarvAta tarvAta I pannulni vasUlu chEsE panini briTish prabhutvaM vElaM vEsEdi. A vElaMlO rakarakAla kulAla vALLu pATa pADi konukkuni jamIMdArlu ayyAru. alAMTi jamIMdArlalO okappuDu rAjyAdhikArAniki alavATu paDDa velama doralu, vALLatO pATu eppuDU rAjyAdhikAraM lEni brAhmaNulu, vaiSyulu kUDA unnAru. vALLa vALLa jamIMdArI vistIrNAnni baTTi, dAni mIda vachchE pannula AdAyAnni baTTi, briTish prabhutvAniki chelliMchavalasina pannulu pOgA migilina AdAyAnni baTTi, I jamIMdArulu peddAchinnAgA rakarakAla sthAyillO uMDEvAru (tUmATi dONappa, 1969).

rAjulu pOyina taravAta, aMTE dAdApugA 18va SatAbdAMtAniki paMDitulu, kavulu batakaDAniki AdhAraM lEni vALLayyAru. aMdulO E koddimaMdikO tAtalu, taMDrulu saMpAdiMchina Astulu uMDEvi. avi raitulaki amarakAniki ichchi A raitu paMDiMchina paMTalO koMta bhAgaM vILlakivvagA, A DabbutO I kavulu, paMDitulu sukhajIvanaM chEstU vuMDEvALLu. pustakAlu chadavaDaM, kavitvaM allaDaM vILLaki vachchina okE oka vidya. A vidya pOshiMpabaDaTAniki kavitvAnni AdariMchEvALLu kAvAli, pAMDityAnni gauraviMchEvALlu kAvAli; A daSalO I kavulu, paMDitulu pOshakulni tayAruchEsukOvalasina paristhiti ErpaDiMdi. jamIMdArlaki arthaM kAkapOyinA pedda pedda samAsAlatO padyAlu cheppi, vALlaki lEni AsthAnAlani kalpiMchi, A jamIMdArlaki mahArAjulani, kavipOshakulani gauravakaramaina birudulichchi, vALLa AsthAna kavulamani, AsthAna paMDitulamani pErlu tamakichchukuni I kavulu, paMDitulu batukutuMDEvALlu.

kAni, telugulOnE pani chEstunnavALlu oka ibbaMdini edurkOvalasi vachchEdi. vALLu kavulE kAnI paMDitulu kAru. paMDitulu avAlaMTE saMskRtaMlO vyAkaraNamu, alaMkAraSAstramu kshuNNaMgA rAvAli. pANinini, pataMjalini kaMThastaM chEsinavALlu kAni, abhinavaguptuNNi, jagannAtha paMDitarAyalni eppuDu paDitE appuDu udAhariMchagala vALLu kAni, telugu kavullO ekkuvamaMdi lEru. paMDitulu aMTE saMskRtaMlO SAstrAlu chadivina vALLE. I paristhitullO telugu kavulaki pAMDitya gauravaM lEkuMDA pOyiMdi. jamIMdArula daggariki veLli tamaki vachchina saMskRtAnni haDAviDigA chUpiMchukOgala Sakti saMskRta paMDitulakE uMDEdi. peddagA chaduvukOni I jamIMdArulu saMskRta paMDitula haDAviDi chUsi ubbitabbibbai pOyEvAru. vALLa eduTa nilabaDi, saMskRta paMDitulatO pOTI paDagalamani dhairyaMtO mATlADagaligina telugu kavulu uMDEvAru kAru. I saMgati cheLLapiLLa veMkaTaSAstrigAri jIvitacharitra chUstE bAgA bOdhapaDutuMdi. tirupati vEMkaTa kavulu nijAniki saMskRta paMDitulu kAru. aMduchEtanE vALLu ASuvugA padyAlu cheppaDaM, vaMdamaMdi aDigina praSnalaki, vALLu ichchina samasyalakI padyAllOnE samAdhAnAlu, pUraNalu cheppi, A padyAlannI maLLA vALLE dhAraNa paTTi tirigi marupu lEkuMDA appacheppaDaM — ilAMTi vidyalavalla vALLu teluguki saMskRtaM kannA ekkuva prAdhAnyAnni saMpAdiMchAru. kAni, aMtaku muMdu paristhiti chUstE saMskRta vidvAMsuladE paichEyi. gIrvANaM aMTE dEvatala bhAsha kAnI gIrvANaM aMTE garvaM, pogarumOtu tanaM anE arthAlu telugulO vachchAyi. tirupati veMkaTa kavula puNyamA ani teluguki AsthAna pravESamu, sAhitya gauravamu ErpaDDa tarvAta ‘telugu mIripOtOMdi’ anE mATa kUDA aMdukE vachchiMdi. teluguki, saMskRtAniki I rakamaina pOTI konnELla pATu konasAgiMdi.

AMdhrabhAshAmayaM kAvyaM ayOmaya vibhUshaNaM — (telugu bhAshatO niMDina kAvyaM inumutO chEsina naga lAMTidi) ani saMskRta paMDitulu IsaDistE,

saMskRtAraNya saMchAri vidvanmattEbha SRMkhalaM — (saMskRtamanE aDavilO yadhEchChagA tirigE paMDituDu anE Enuguni kaTTEsE golusu idi) ani telugu kavulu anEvAruTa. chATu prapaMchaMlO j~nApakaM vuMDE SlOkaM I vairudhyAnnE teliya parustuMdi (velchEru, shUlman, 1998).

cheLLapiLLa veMkaTaSAstrigAri kannA oka 20, 30 ELLu muMduki veLli chUstE I vivAdAlu iMkA balaMgA kanipistAyi. telugu kavulaki, paMDitulaki AsarAgA nannaya tikkanalu unnnAru kAnI SAstra paMDitulu evarU lEru. jamIMdArla pOshaNalO vuMDE telugu kavulu, saMskRta paMDitulu ilATi aMtargata vairudhyAlatO satamatavutU vuMDEvAru. telugu vyAkaraNaM saMskRtaMlO vuMdi. adi saMskRta vyAkaraNaM unnaMta vistRtaMgA lEkapOyinA AMdhraSabdachiMtAmaNiki telugu kavulu balamaina prAdhAnyAnni ichchEvAru. paMDitulu aMTE saMskRta paMDitulu anE pErE vunnA telugulO kavi anE pEruki aMta gauravamU saMpAdiMchi telugulO tAmu cheppE kavitvamaMtA prAmANikaM cheyyaDAniki, aMTE SAstra gauravAnni saMpAdiMchukOvaDAniki, telugu kavulu prayatniMchEvAru. ilAMTi vArini gauravistE tappa jamIMdArlaki kUDA sAhityapOshakulu anE birudu vachchEdi kAdu. kuMphiNI prabhutvaM teluguni E rakaMgA chUchinA jamIMdArlu mAtraM AMdhraSabdachiMtAmaNi oppukunna telugunE AdaristU vachchAru. tama ASukavitvaMtO, SatAvadhAnAlatO jamiMdArlanE kAkuMDA Dabbunna vidyAvaMtulani kUDA AkarshiMchina tirupati veMkaTa kavulu kUDA tama kavitvAnni edurkunE paMDitulatO pOTlADi, tama prayOgAlu vyAkaraNa rItyA samardhiMchukOvaDAniki prayatniMchi, chivariki ‘tenugunaku vyAkaraNa dIpamu chinnadi’ anE mATa annA, vyAkaraNAnni mAtraM vALleppuDU kAdanalEdu.

telladoralu telugu nErchukOvaDaM mAnEsi teluguvALlakE iMglIshu nErpaDaM modalupeTTina taruvAta teluguki E dikkU lEkuMDA pOyiMdi. oka pakka jamIMdArlu cheppukOdagga balaMgA yekkaDA lEru. iMkokapakka kuMphiNI vAru telugu vALlaki iMglIshu nErpE panilO paDDAru. iTuvaMTi paristhitullO kUDA AMdhra prAMtaMlO skULlalO telugu cheppEvAru. vILlakOsaM telugu paMDitulu vyAkaraNAlu, kathala pustakAlu rASAru. A vyAkaraNAlalO mukhyamainavi: vEdaM paTTAbhirAmaSAstri – AMdhra vyAkaraNamu lEka paTTAbhirAma paMDitIyaM, rAvipATi gurumUrtiSAstri – tenugu vyAkaraNaM, pudUri sItArAmaSAstri – praSnOttarAMdhra vyAkaraNamu, vEdaM veMkaTaramaNaSAstri – laghuvyAkaraNamu, tADinADa veMkayya – AMdhravyAkaraNaM, ityAdi. I vyAkaraNAlatO pATu rAvipATi gurumUrti SAstri rAsina vikramArkuni kathalu, AyanE rAsina paMchataMtraM, dInitO pATu aMdarikI parichayamaina pedda bAlaSiksha (pudUri sItArAmaSAstri), pATUri rAmasvAmi rAsina Sukasaptati kathalu paThanapAThanAlalO vuMDEvi.

chinnaya sUri

paravastu chinnaya 1809lO, sAtAnulu anE chAttAda vaishNava saMpradAyaMlOni kuTuMbaMlO puTTADu. niDadavOlu veMkaTarAvugAru rAsina chinnaya sUri jIvitamu prakAraM chinnaya padahArELLochchEdAkA akshara j~nAnaM lEkuMDA perigADu. eppuDO okasAri kaMchi rAmAnujAchAryulugAru chaduvusaMdhyalu lEni I kurravANNi tiDitE appaTniMchI chaduvu kOvaDaM modalu peTTi saMskRta vyAkaraNa SAstraMlO gaTTi paTTu sAdhiMchADu. appuDu paMDitulakaMdarikI kuMphiNI prabhutvamE pedda AdhAraM. munshIlugAnu, iMglIshuvAriki telugu pAThAlu nErpiMchE TyUTarlu gAnu, koddimottAlakE I paMDitulu udyOgAlu kudurchukonEvAru. appaTi rAjakIya paristhitula guriMchi, paMDitula Ardhika paristhitula guriMchi manaku sarayina samAchAraM lEdu. kAni, kuMphiNIvALLu phOrT seyiMT jArji kOTalO Erparichina kaLASAlalO oka telugu paMDituDiki oka mOstaru ekkuva jItaMtO udyOgaM ichchEvArani telusu. (I kaLASAla 1840lO mUsivEyabaDi, A taruvAta presiDensI haiskUlugA mAriMdi.) moTTamodaTa A udyOgaMlO vEdaM paTTAbhirAmaSAstrigAru, Ayanaku sahAyakuDigA rAvipATi gurumUrti SAstrigAru niyamiMchabaDDAru. E udyOgAlu lEni paMDitulaki I reMDu udyOgAlu goppa padavula kiMdE lekka. kOTalO unna kAlEjIlO telugu paMDituDiki nelaku 70 rUpAyilu jItaM ichchEvAru. (vEdaM paTTAbhirAmaSAstrigAriki 175 rUpAyila jItaM vachchEdani niDadavOlu veMkaTarAvugAru cheptunnAru.) pudUri sItArAmaSAstrigAru 1847lO riTairu ayina taruvAta A telugu udyOgAniki kEvalaM telugu chadivina vArE kAkuMDA koMta iMglIshu kUDA vachchina vALLakOsaM kaLASAla vAru oka prakaTana chESAru. dAniki chinnaya arjI peTTukunnADu. A rOjullO A kaLASAlaku adhyakshuDu e.je. arbat^nAT. arjI peTTukunna chinnayani oka paMDita sabhavAru parIkshiMchAli. A parIkshalO negginavALlakE A udyOgaM vastuMdi. chinnayani, A udyOgAnikE arjI paMpina purANaM hayagrIvaSAstrini, paMDitulu parIkshiMchi A iddarilO chinnayE samardhuDu ani paMDita sabha vAru nirNayiMchAru. appaTi kAlamAna paristhitulu manaki aMtagA teliyavu kAnI paMDitulalO kulabhEdAlu chAlA ekkuvagA uMDEvi. aMdulOnu, brAhmaNa kulaMlO puTTani chinnaya mIda chinnachUpu uMDEdi (chU: Arudra, sa.AM.sA. pu:28-29 saM.10, 1990; bUdarAju rAdhAkRshNa, paravastu chinnaya sUri, pu. 12, 1995). paMDitulaMdarU SAstri anE birudu peTTukunEvAru. kEvalaM vaidIkulE kAkuMDA niyOgi ayinA rAvipATi gurumUrti kUDA SAstri anE pErE peTTukunnADu. chinnayaki SAstri anE birudu eMduku lEdu ani arbat^nAT aDigADaTa. tAnu abrAhmaNuDavaTaM chEta A biruduki tanu arhuNNi kAnani chinnaya annADaTa. ayitE E birudu peTTukuMTAvu ani aDigitE sUri anE birudaitE tanaki napputuMdi annATTa. arbat^nAT A prakAramE appaTi vAri AchAraM prakAraM sUri anE aksharAlatO chekkina baMgArapu kaDiyaM okkaTi iMglaMDu nuMchi teppiMchi chinnayaki bahumatigA ichchADaTa. chinnaya appaTinuMchI chinnaya sUri anE pEruto prachAraM lOki vachchADu. chinnaya sUri bAlavyAkaraNAniki pUrvaM sUtrAMdhravyAkaraNaM ani, padyAMdhravyAkaraNaM ani, AMdhraSabdAnuSAsanaM ani anEka vyAkaraNAlu rAsi peTTukunnADu. kAnI telugulO chivariki bAlavyAkaraNamanE pEruto 1858lO oka vyAkaraNaM prakaTiMchADu. idi chinnaya sUri dRshTilO kEvalaM chinna pillala kOsaM rAsina vyAkaraNaM.

“munu madupaj~naM baguchuM
danarina vyAkRtini sUtratati yokakoMtaM
deni@MgiMchi yidi ghaTiMchiti
nanayamu bAlAvabOdha magu bhaMgi@Mdagan

tenu@Mgunaku SabdalakshaNa
manayaM barayaMga vEDka naMdinavAral
tanara@Mga nIvyAkaraNaM
buna mUlaMbayinakRtini bOla@M gana@Mdagun

ani chinnaya sUri A vyAkaraNaM chivara padyAllO rAsukunnADu. (bAlavyAkaraNamu, dUsi rAmamUrtiSAstri vyAkhyAnaMtO, vAviLla, madrAsu, 1937.)

pUrtigA #»

telugu – tenugu SabdAlalO Edi prAchInaM?

mana bhAshanu telugu, tenugu, AMdhramu aMTU prAchIna kAlaM nuMchi vividha chOTla prastAviMchaDaM manaku suparichitamE. telugu, tenugu, AMdhramu vITillO Edi prAchInamayinadi? moTTamodaTa mana bhAshanu E pErutO vyavahariMchEvAru? migilina reMDu pErlu vyavahAraMlOki eMdukuvachchAyi? eppuDu vachchAyi? I padAlakunna arthAlu EmiTi? dInipai nATi saMpradAya kavulu, vyAkartalu nuMchi Adhunika kAlapu charitrakArulu, bhAshavEttalu veluvariMchina abhiprAyalanu saMkshiptaMgA saraLaMgA parichayaM chEyaDamE I vyAsapu mukhyOddhESyaM.

AMdhramu

telugu, tenugu, AMdhramu anna mUDu padAlu nEDu samAnArthakAlugA upayOgistunnA, saMskRta vA~mmayaMlO AMdhramu anna SabdamE atyaMta prAchInamainadi. tamaku chikkina Satruvulaku aMdhatvaM SikshagA vEstAru kAbaTTi AMdhrulannArani, aMda, aMdhaka anna prAkRta Sabda saMskRtIkaraNE AMdhra ani koMdaru abhiprAyapaDutunnAru kAni I Uhalanu balaparichE AdhArAlu EvI lEvu. AMdhra SabdaM moTTamodaTagA krI.pU. 600 prAMtaM nATi aitarEya brAhmaNaMlO jAtivAchakaMgA kanipistuMdi. viSvAmitruDu velivEsina tana avidhEyulaina putrulE AMdhrulu ani aMdulO cheppabaDiMdi.

EtEఽndhrA@h puMDrA@h SabarA@h puliMdA mUtibA iti
udaMtyA bahavO bhavaMti vaiSvAmitrA dasyUnAM bhUyishThA@h
(aitarEya brAhmaNa 7.18.2)

pai vAkyAniki koMdaru marOlA vyAkhyAnistunnAru. paina pErkonabaDina jAtulatO viSvAmitruni kumArulu kalisipOyArannadi A vyAkhya sArAMSaM. alA ayitE AMdhrulu krI.pU. 600 munupE oka jAtigA unikilO unnArani telustuMdi. A AMdhrulu mATlADE bhAshanu AMdhramu annAru. ilA AMdhramu annadi jAtiparaMgA siddhiMchina gauNanAmadhEyamu.

prapaMchavyAptaMgA unna jAtulu, bhAshalu, prAMtAlanu chUstE vATi madhya paraspara saMbaMdhaM uMTuMdi. O bhAsha mATlADaTaM valana A bhAsha mIda A jAtiki pEru ErpaDiMdA? lEka A jAtIyulu mATlADE bhAsha ganuka A jAti pErutO A bhAshanU pilichArA? O prAMtaMlO O jAti nivasistunnaMduvalla A prAMtaM pEru mIdagA A jAtini pilustunnarA? jAtivallE A prAMtAniki A pEru vachchiMdA? vITiki samAdhAnaM dorakaDaM kashTaM. kAni vATi madhya paraspara saMbaMdhaM mAtraM uMTuMdi.

telugu/tenugu, AMdhramu reMDU chAlA bhinnamainavi. nETi vyavahAraM prakAraM jAtIyata AMdhramu, bhAsha telugu. telugujAti manadi ani vADaTaM iTIvala kAlaM nATidi. nA dRshTilO, manakugala I vairuddhyAniki kAraNaM nETi telugu mATlADE vAraMtA EkajAtIyulu kAkapOvaDaM. anAdi kAlaMgA anEka jAtulu I prAMtaMlO I bhAshalO mamEkamai pOyAru. aitarEya brAhmaNaM pErkonna jAtulE kAka purANAla prakAraM nAgulu, yakshulu, aSmaka mahishakulu modalaina jAtulu kalasipOyina vArilO unnAru. alAMTi vArilO AMdhrulu okaru. vAru sAdhiMchina rAjakIya AdhipatyaM valla AnADu teluguni AMdhramu ani pilichi vuMDavachchu. vAriki unna ghanacharitraki vArasulaM ani cheppukOvaDaM nETi teluguvAru AMdhrajAtIyatanu aMgIkariMchi vuMDavachchu. kAni nEDu evaru AMdhrulu, evaru teluguvAru, evaru nAgulu, yakshulani cheppalEmu. SatAbdAla tarabaDi okE prAMtaMlO kalasi vunnaMduna, yugayugAlugA bhinna Arthika rAjakIya kAraNAla valla jarigE sAmAjika parivartana phalitaMgA jAtisAMkaryaMlO vATi AnavALLu koTTukuni pOyAyi. AMdhrAdi jAtulu vAri mAtRbhAshanu viDichi telugubhAshalO kalisipOyAru aMTE sthUlaMgA: 1. migilina jAtulakaMTE telugu mATlADE jAti saMkhya chAlA hechchugA uMDEdani, 2. teluguvAru A bhAshanu moTTamodaTa nuMchi mATlADutunna jAti bahuSA, AMdhrajAti kaMTE prAchInamainadani, anukOvachchunu. aMduvallanE nETiki kUDA SishTavyavahAramulO manajAtiki bhAshaku AMdhra, AMdhramu ani vyavaharistU vunnA ekkuvamaMdi prajalu AMdhramani vyavahariMchaDaM lEdu.

telugu – tenugu

AMdhra SabdaM jAtivAchakaMgA bhAshAvAchakaMgA manaku arvAchInaMgA siddhistE aMtaku muMdu mana bhAshaku telugu anigAni tenugu anigAni vyavahAraMlO uMDAli. I reMDu SabdAlalO Edi prAchInamaina SabdamO telistE mana bhAshaku Adi nuMchi vyavahAramulO vunna pErEmiTO manaM telusukOvachchu. kAni I SabdAla prAchInata mIda, vyutpatti mIda chAlA saMdEhAlu, bhinnAbhiprAyAlu unnAyi. koMdaru telugu prAchInamannAru. marikoMdaru tenugu prAchInamani, toli telugu sAhityamulO tenuganna SabdamE kanipistuMdani, taruvAta vachchina sAhityamulO mAtramE teluganna Sabdamu kanipistuMdani vAdiMchAru. vIri vAdanalanu pariSOdhanalanu krODIkariMchi telugu, tenugu SabdAlalO Edi prAchInamO telugukOvaDAniki ippuDu prayatniddAM.

muMdugA tenugu anna SabdAnni vichAriddAM.

tenugu

toli telugu sAhitya graMthAlalO tenugE ekkuvagA kanipistuMdi. toli telugu kAvyaM ani cheptunna nannaya (krI.Sa 11va SatAbdi) AMdhramahAbhArataMlO tenugubhAsha anE annADu.

“denu@Mguna rachiyiMpu madhikadhIyuktimeyin” (AdiparvaM – 16)

“nAnAruchirArthasUktinidhi nannayabhaTTu tenuMgunan mahA…” (AdiparvaM – 26)

telugulO ippaTi varaku labhiMchina graMthAlalO idE atiprAchInamainadi. idE graMthamulO nannaya AdikavigA tananu tAnu prakaTiMchukunnADu. dAnitO chAlA maMdi nEDU EkIbhavistunnAru. nannaya bhArataM taruvAta manaku labhistunna prAchIna telugu graMthamu nannechODuni kumAra saMbhavamu. I graMthamulO kUDA telugu bhAshanu tenuganE vyavahariMchAru. nannechODuDu 12va SatAbdiki cheMdinavADani cheptAru.

“dESikavita@M buTTiMchi tenuMguna nilipi”
“saraLamugAga bhAvamulu jAnu@M denuMguna niMpu peMputO@M”
(kumArasaMbhavamu – pIThika)

nannaya, nannechODuDu AdikavulugA modaTi reMDu sthAnAlalO unnAru. vIriddarU ekkaDA telugu, teluMgu annapadAlu vADalEdu kEvalaM tenugu SabdAnni mAtramE bhAshAparaMgA prayOgiMchAru. iMchumiMchu nannechODuDiki samakAlikuDaina pAlkuriki sOmanAthuDu tana basavapurANamulO kUDA tenugu SabdaprayOgAnni chESADu.

“sarasamaina paragina jAnu@MdenuMgu” (basava. pu. Epu-4)

13va SatAbdhiki cheMdina tikkana kUDA tana bhArata avatArikalO telugubhAshanu tenuganE saMbhOdiMchADu.

“badiyEniMTi@M denuMgubAsa janasaMprArthyaMbu lai peMpunaM dudimuTTan^” (virAT parvaM – 7)

“tenu@MgubAsa vinirmiMpa@MdivuruTaraya” (virATaparvaM – 18)

kAni, pAlkuriki sOmanAthuDu, tikkana tenugutO pATu telugu SabdAnni kUDA vADAru. akkaDakkaDa taruvAti kAlaMlO kUDa koMdaru tenugu SabdAnni prayOgiMchinA, teluganna padamE manabhAshaku chivaraku sthirapaDipOyiMdi. ilA sAhityaparaMgA chUsi koMdaru tenugE prAchInaM, tenugu nuMchi telugu rUpAMtaraM cheMdiMdi ani bhAvistAru.

na-la abEdhAlu

telugu – tenugu vEru vEru arthAlu kaligivunna padAlu kAvu, okE dhAtujAlu. okadAni nuMchi marokaTi rUpAMtaraM cheMdiMdi. telugu – tenugulO tEDA, la – na sthAnAlalO unna mArpu mAtramE. telugulO la-kAra, na-kArAlu daMtamUliyAlu. aMduchEta avi parasparaM mAraDaM jarugutU uMTuMdi. iTuvaMTi mArpu mUladrAviDa bhAshalO kUDA jarigEdani AchArya bhadrirAju kRshNamUrti nirUpiMchAru.

  • lakAraM nakAraMgA mArina konni padAlu:

    lachchi – nachchi
    laMja – naMja
    legu – negu
    lAMgali – nAgali
    lEdu – nEdu
    lAvu – nAvu

  • nakAraM nuMchi lakAraMgA mArina padAlalO konni:

    munaga – mulaga
    tenagavALLu – telagavALLu
    chenagu – chelagu
    senagalu – selagalu
    munugu – mulugu
    janmaM – jalamaM

kAbaTTi telugu, tenugu SabdAla paraspara mArpiDi viniyOgaparaMgA chAlA prasiddhikekkina varNapariNAmaM. ivi okadAni nuMchi okaTi rUpAMtaramu poMdina padAlE tappa bhinna dhAtujAlu kAvu. E SabdaM yE SabdaMgA rUpAMtaramu cheMdidO telistE Edi prAchIna padamO tElipOtuMdi. oka padaM yekka prAchInatanu, prAchIna rUpAnni kanukkOvaDaMlO nEDu tulanAtmaka bhAshASAstraM eMtagAnO upayOgapaDutOMdi. pariSIliMchavalasina padAnni adE bhAshakuTuMbAniki cheMdina j~nAtipadAlanu (#cognates)# tIsukuni tulyaM chEyaDaM dvArA E rUpaM nuMchi E rUpAniki A padaM vachchiMdi, vATi mUlarUpa padaM EmiTi ani nirthAristAru. I vidhamaina tulanAtmaka pariSIlanalO padAla, bhAshala prAchInatala nirthAraNE kAkuMDA mUlabhAshA svarUpAnni kUDA punarnirmiMchagalutAmu. ilA tulanAtmaka adhyayanaM dvArA phalitaM rAbaTTAlaMTE telugu/tenugu anna SabdAniki arthamEmiTO teliyAli. tadvArA adE arthAnni kaligivunna sOdarapadAlanu (#cognates)# tIsukuni mUlarUpa nirNayaM chEyavachchu.

telugu SabdAniki prAchIna kAlaM nuMchi nETivaraku chAlA maMdi paMDitulu vyutpatti cheppaDAniki pratniMchAru. A vyutpattulu sthUlaMgA mUDu rakAlu: telugu iMDO-yUrOpiyan bhAshA kuTuMbAniki cheMdina saMskRta Sabdamani koMdaru, achchatelugaina drAviDa padamani koMdaru, muMDA bhAshalanuMchi vachchiMdani marikoMdaru pratipAdiMchAru.

triliMgamE telugu

idi telugunATa chAlA prasiddhi cheMdina vAdamu. triliMgamu anE saMskRta SabdaM nuMchi telugu puTTiMdani, telugunElalO AbAlagOpAlamu saitaM nammutunna vyutpatti. AMdhradESaMlOni SrISailaM, dAkshArAmaM, kAlESvaraM anE mUDu prAchIna SaivakshEtrAlalOni SivaliMgAlanu triliMgAlaMTAru. I mUDu pavitraliMgAla madhyapradESamE triliMga dESamani, A dESIyula vyavahArika bhAshE triliMga bhAshani, dAni vaikRtE teluMgu/telugu ani I vAda sArAMSamu. I vAdana chAlA prAchInamainadi. AMdhra dESAniki cheMdina prAchIna telugu saMskRta kAvyAlalO I vyutpatti kanipistuMdi.

a) pratAparudrIyam – vidyAnAthuDu

13va SatAbdiki cheMdina vidyAnAthuDu tana pratAparudrIyam saMskRta kAvyanATakamulO moTTamodaTagA AMdhradESAnni triliMgadESamani pErkonaDamE gAka appaTi dAni adhinEta ayina pratAparudruni ‘triliMga paramESvara’ ani saMbOdhiMchADu.

“yairdESa stribhirEshayAtimahatIM khyAtiMtriliMgAkhyayA
yEshAM kAkatirAjakIrtivibhavai@h kailAsaSailA@h kRtA@h”


“tEdEvA@h prasaratprasAdamadhurA SrISaila kALESvara drAkshArAmanivAsina@h pratidinaM tvachChrEyasEjAgratu”

– (pratAparudrIyam – nATakaprakaraNam 5-22)

svAmI! triliMgaparamESvarA! evarichE, IdESamunaku triliMgamanu pEru vaDasi mikkili khyAtini cheMdenO, kAkatIyarAjula kIrti vaibhavamuchE evvari (tellani) kailAsaSailamu chEyabaDinO, vyApiMchina yanugrahamuchE kamanIyulagu SrISaila, drAkshArAma, kALESvara nivAsulaina A dEvatalu nI SrIyassu vishayamai ellappuDunu jAgarUkulai yuMDuduru gAka!

A) kAvyAlaMkAra chUDAmaNi – vinnakOTa peddana

15va SatAbdiki cheMdina vinnakOTa peddana (krI.Sa 1410 prAMtaM) tana kAvyAlaMkAra chUDAmaNilO

“dhara SrIparvata kALESvara dAkshArAma saMj~nava~ralu triliMgA
karamaguTa naMdhradESaMbarudAra@M driliMga dESa mana@M janu@M gRtulan”
(9 -5)

“tattriliMga padamu tadbhavaMbaguTachE@M
delu@MgudESa ma@Mna@Mga dETapaDiyE
venu@Mka@M denu@Mgu dESamunu naMDru koMda ~ra
bbAsapaMchagatula@M bara@MguchuMDu”
(9-6)

pUrtigA #»

#English and Telugu Lexicons: Parallel Trajectories

#Abstract

Telugu is the 15th largest language of the world with 76 million native speakers. The story of Telugu makes for fascinating reading, like a thriller, containing as it does many mysteries and surprises in linguistic terms. For example, many native speakers of Telugu are hardly aware that words such as chirunāmā #(chirunAmA), #chukkāni #(chukkAni), #darjā #(darjA), #maidānam #(maidAnaM), #rahadāri #(rahadAri), #rangu #(raMgu) #and salahā #(salahA) #like more than a 1000 others, are of Turkish, Arabic and Persian origin; and that Telugu is made up of 65% Sanskrit words, the highest in any Indian language. From its humble beginnings as a dialect of the proto-Dravidian about 3,000 years ago Telugu has reached its current stage of development only after undergoing profound changes in lexical terms. To begin with, it borrowed heavily from Pali-Prakrit, then from Sanskrit, still later from the Turkish-Arabic-Persian-Urdu quartet and finally from western languages, especially English, and so enriched itself as to emerge as a major language of the world. In doing so it closely paralleled the story of English in that both the languages had humble beginnings, both came under the influence of hegemonic languages but, instead of being marginalized or driven out of existence altogether, both learnt to survive and thrive. This article seeks to trace the trajectory of Telugu, by frequently comparing it with that of English, in terms of its vocabulary since vocabulary, according to David Crystal, constitutes the most reliable guide to the understanding of the social, intellectual and cultural history of a linguistic community. It then projects Telugu as a metaphor for language survival. Hundreds of Asian languages facing extinction today can draw valuable lessons from Telugu and learn to survive, and indeed even flourish.

Introduction

Telugu is the 15th largest language of the world in terms of both the number of native speakers as estimated by the Swedish encyclopedia Nationalencyklopedin (2007, 2010), and total number of speakers according to Ethnologue: Languages of Asia (2013, 17th edition), with 76 million native speakers constituting 1.15% of world population, and is far ahead of the former and current hegemonic languages such as French, Persian, Turkish and Italian. Among the Indian languages it ranks third after Hindi and Bengali and among the Dravidian languages it is the largest.

Telugu built a formidable vocabulary and consolidated its position by keeping its doors open to loanwords from a variety of donor languages — some native to India, some foreign — and emerged as a major language of the world. David Crystal(A short history of English words, 2011) says in the context of English:

English is a vacuum-cleaner of a language, whose users suck in words from other languages whenever they encounter them. And because of the way English has traveled the world, courtesy of its soldiers, sailors, traders and civil servants, several hundred languages have contributed to its lexical character. Some 80 per cent of English vocabulary is not Germanic at all.

In similar fashion Telugu too absorbed loanwords and grew in strength. It had not traveled though, the way English did. Languages themselves traveled to south India where it is spoken and generously lent their words, compounds and phrases to it. Telugu just stayed where it has always been and silently accepted the linguistic treasures offered by other languages. And yes, 80% of its vocabulary is not proto-Dravidian at all, although it is the rest of the original 20% words of proto-Dravidian origin that figure most frequently (some 80-90 per cent of the time) in everyday speech even today like the Anglo-Saxon words do in the everyday speech of the English people.

In the Telugu states of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh the mother tongue enthusiasts often mourn the invasion of English and fear that Telugu would soon disappear. However, what they do not seem to understand is that English and Telugu have both followed almost the same linguistic trajectories, faced similar threats of extinction, closely interacted with hegemonic languages, admitted innumerable words, compounds and even phrases from other languages and emerged as major languages of the world themselves with English enjoying the status of global language and occupying the 3rd place in terms of the number of native speakers and Telugu figuring, as stated already, at the 15th position. Just as English continues to add loanwords to its already very rich vocabulary from languages across the world even today Telugu now admits words from a readily available language, namely English, the way it did in the past from Sanskrit and several other dominant languages, and continues to grow as a result. The basic character of the Telugu language is unlikely to undergo a significant change no matter how many words it borrows from English; it did not happen when it borrowed thousands of Sanskrit words in the past! The English speaking peoples from New Zealand to the USA and beyond are proud of the presence of countless loanwords in their language. There is no reason why some Telugu speakers should object to the presence of English loanwords in their language. If they understand what their language is made up of, and the developmental phases it has gone through, they are very likely to change their opinion.

Phase-I: Proto-Dravidian

The story of Telugu begins in about 3000 BCE when the proto-Dravidian was born. Some 500 years later proto-Dravidian split into proto-North Dravidian, proto-Central Dravidian, proto-South-Central Dravidian and proto-South Dravidian. These branches of the proto-Dravidian further split into about 23 different dialects and eventually evolved into as many languages. Telugu emanated from proto-South-Central Dravidian, and perhaps became an independent language by 700 BCE (Krishnamurti 2003).

The bulk of everyday Telugu vocabulary today consists of the Dravidian words, and for common communication purposes, especially at lower levels of discourse, these are the words which figure in speech or writing about 80% of the time, thus inviting a comparison with Anglo-Saxon words which figure in English speech as frequently. Human body being the most immediate object in need of description, probably the first words in any language might have evolved in relation to it. I have therefore given here a select list of what may have been the first Telugu words, derived from proto-South-Central Dravidian, since they describe body parts: nuduru/nosalu, forehead; kannu, eye; mukku, nose; cevi, ear; pedavi, lip; nāluka, tongue; pandlu, teeth; jabba, shoulder; eda, heart/breast; vrélu, finger; gōru, nail; ara-céyi, palm; toda, thigh; kālu, leg; adugu, foot; kanda, muscle; emukalu/makkelu, bones; potta, belly; p(r)égu, entrails; odi, lap; kadupu, belly; tōlu, skin; naramu, nerve/tendon; and netturu, blood (Burrow & Emeneau, 1985).

A Dravidian Etymological Dictionary, compiled by Burrow and Emeneau, lists only about 1500 such words, but from everyday experience of speaking Telugu and by applying the scholarly method of naturalistic observation it can be conjectured that the total number of Telugu words stemming from proto-Dravidian are at least a dozen times as many. For example, Andhra-Sanskrita Kosamu (Telugu to Sanskrit Dictionary) edited by Pullela Ramachandrudu and Kappagantula Lakshmana Sastri, lists more than 25,000* Telugu words that have emerged from proto-Dravidian and tadbhavas (Pali-Prakrit** words that joined Telugu lexicon in ancient past). These words have not undergone significant semantic, morphological or phonemic changes primarily because (1) Telugu, like all the other Dravidian tongues, demonstrated a tendency to retain proto-Dravidian roots at the beginning of the words and used only suffixes, and not prefixes or infixes, in constructing inflected forms, and (2) it rarely allowed the Indo-Aryan languages to influence it in structural terms — phonological or grammatical.

[* However, Kasi Krsnacaryulu’s Andhra Samskrta Nighantuvu (Telugu-Sanskrit Dictionary) lists only about 16,000 Telugu words of Dravidian origin.

** Prakrit is an umbrella term referring to any of the following languages: Pali, Sauraseni, Maharastri, Magadhi, Ardhamagadhi, Paisaci and Gandhari. Of these, Pali happens to be arguably the most important because of the prestige it enjoyed as the language of the Theravada Buddhist liturgy and literature. Ardhamagadhi often competed with Pali for eminence by virtue of its being the preferred language for writing down the Jain scriptures. Some scholars also regard Ardhamagadhi as the definitive form of Prakrit and the other languages of the group as its variants. As far as Telugu is concerned, it borrowed words primarily from Pali.]

Original Telugu words proceeding from proto-Dravidian, as noted above, were still very limited in number and obviously they might not have served communicative purposes over time. This necessitated borrowing words from the then classical languages — Pali-Prakrits and Sanskrit.

Phase-II: Pali-Prakrit Loanwords

The association of Telugu with Pali-Prakrits dates back all the way to proto-Dravidian. Pali-Prakrits started influencing Telugu in lexical terms even as it was branching off from proto-Dravidian. The presence of a number of Telugu words in the Maharastri Prakrit classic Gahasattasai (c. 200 CE) attributed to Hāla attests to the fact that Telugu interacted with Pali-Prakrits in ‘meaningful’ ways and benefited from the interaction. A few centuries later, but most definitely from the 6th century onwards, Telugu evolved into a literary language having adopted the Brahmi script. Occasional court poems and inscriptions in Telugu began to appear around this time. The first Telugu inscription is dated 575 AD and was discovered in the precincts of Chennakesava temple at Kalamalla village of Kadapa district. It is attributed to Renati Chola king Dhanunjaya Varma.

The literary use of the Telugu language, beginning in the 6th century, further necessitated the borrowing of Pali-Prakrit and Sanskrit words. Bh. Krishnamurti explains this process and the literary/historical reasons therefor in his monumental work The Dravidian Languages.

The loanwords found in classical texts are traditionally classified into two categories: tadbhava- (derived from Prakrits and not directly from Sanskrit; lit. ‘derived from that’) and tatsama- (unassimilated loanwords from Sanskrit; lit. ‘same as that’). The earlier stratum shows assimilated loanwords (tadbhava-) mostly taken from Pali and Prakrits and some directly from Sanskrit but with phonological changes that suit Dravidian. The spread of Jainism and Buddhism during the early centuries of the CE must have been responsible for the spread of learning Pali and Prakrits in the Dravidian south (Krishnamurti 472).

#pUrtigA #»

abhisArika, vipralabdha

kAvyarasamulalO SRMgAramunu rasarAjamugA lAkshaNiku laMgIkariMchi yuMDuTa sarvajanaviditamE. iTTi SRMgArarasamunaku AlaMbanamulu nAyikAnAyakulu. nAyikAnAyakula yokka chakshushprIti, manassaMgamulavalla kalugu manOvikAramE rUDhamai SRMgArarasamugA pariNamiMchunu. dIniki parisaramulaMdali surabhiLAnila suMdarOdyAna chaMdrikAdisannivESamulunu, parasparAbhihitamaina AhAryAMgahAra chEshTAdulunu uddIpakamulugA lAkshaNikulu gurtiMchinAru. ivanniyu anuraktulaina nAyikAnAyakula anubhava maMdunnavE. vIninE lAkshaNikulu siddhAMtIkariMchinAru. nAyikAvishayaprasaktilO Asaktikaramaina vishayamu ashTavidhaSRMgAranAyikAvargIkaraNamu. idi nAyikA tAtkAlika manOdharmavargIkaraNamE kAni, nAyikAprakRtivargIkaraNamu kAdu. anagA okE nAyika tattatkAlamanOdharmamu nanusariMchi, I ashTavargamulalO EdO yoka vargamunaku cheMdiyuMDunanuTa. kAvyAlaMkArasaMgrahamulO I SRMgAranAyikala lakshaNamu liTlu cheppabaDinavi:

sI.varu@MDu kaivasamaina vanita svAdhInabha
#          #;rtRka
; priyAgamavELa gRhamu@M,danuvu
#     #;savariMchu niMti vAsakasajja; patirAka
#          #;taDavuMDa nutkaMTha@M dAlchuniMti
#     #virahOtka; saMkEta marasi, nAthu@MDu lEmi
#          #;vesa nArtayau kAMta vipralabdha;
#     #;vibhu@MDanyasati@M boMdi vE@Mkuva rA@M guMdu
#          #;nabala khaMDita; yalka nadhipu@M degaDi

gI. anuSayamu@M jeMdu sati kalahAMtarita; ni
#     # jESu@MDu vidESagatu@MDaina@M gRSata@M dAlchu
#     # nativa prOshitapatika; kAMtAbhisaraNa
#     # SIla yabhisArikAkhyayai cheluvu me~rayu.

(anuSayamu=paSchAttApamu)

pai padyamulO I ashTavidhanAyikala pErlu sAMdramaina (#Bold#)aksharamulatO gurtiMpabaDinavi. kaDachina mUDu ImATa saMchikalalO vAsakasajjikA, virahOtkaMThitA, khaMDitA, kalahAMtaritA, svAdhInapatikA, prOshitabhartRkA yanu Arguru nAyikAlakshaNamulanu vivariMchinAnu. ippuDu migilina idda~ru nAyikalu – abhisArikA, vipralabdhA anuvAri lakshaNamulanu vivariMchi, vAri manOdharmamulanu pratibiMbiMchunaTlugA nEnu vrAsina gItamulanu SravyamAdhyamamulO pradarSiMtunu. idiyE I vyAsamu yokka ASayamu.

abhisArika

madanAnalasaMtaptA yAbhisArayati priyam|
jyOtsnAtamasvinIyAnayOgyAMbaravibhUshaNA|
svayaM vAbhisarEd yA tu sA bhavEdabhisArikA||

ani rasArNavasudhAkaramulO nabhisArikAlakshaNamu galadu. anagA madanAnalasaMtaptayai priyuni tanakaDaku rappiMchukonunadi gAni, vennela rAtrulalO, chIkaTirAtrulalO tannitarulu gurtiMpanirItigA vEshabhUshalanu dhariMchi (guTTugA) priyuni galiyuTaku saMkEtasthalamunaku bOvunadi gAni, abhisArika yanabaDunani paiSlOkamula karthamu. modaTi rakamaina yabhisArika sAmAnyamugA noka dUtika dvArA saMdESamunu paMpi, priyuni tanakaDaku rappiMchukonunu. ataDu vachchinappuDu vAsakasajjikavalenE sarvamu saMsiddhamu chEsikoni atanitO savilAsamugA gaDapunu. iTlu Ividhamaina abhisArikaku, vAsakasajjikaku, kiMchidbhEdamE yunnadi. vastuta@h SRMgAramaMjarIkarta vaMTi koMda~ru lAkshaNikulu Irakamaina abhisArikanu vAsakasajjikagAnE parigaNiMchuchunnAru. idi yeTlunnanu, priyuni kiTTi saMdESamunu paMpunappuDu sariyaina dUtika nennukonavalenu. sukumAri, suMdarAMgi, svalAbhaparAyaNurAlagu dUtikanu paMpuTavalla kaligina yanarthamunu pushpabANavilAsamulOni I kriMdiSlOkamu chakkagA varNiMchuchunnadi.

dUtIdaM nayanOtpaladvayamahO! tAntaM nitAntaM tava
svEdAmbha@hkaNikA lalATaphalakE muktASriyaM bibhrati|
niSvAsA@h prachurIbhavanti nitarAM, hA! hanta! chandrAtapE
yAtAyAtavaSA dvRthA mamakRtE SrAntAsi kAntAkRtE!

dIniki nA yanuvAdamu:

ma. cheliyA! nInayanOtpalaMbu lakaTA! cheMdeMgadE mlAnatan,
#     #;alikaMbaMduna svEdabiMduvulu muktAbhaMbulayyeM, gaDuM
#     #;boliche nniSvasanaMbu, lIgati vRthA pOva nmadarthaMbu, bi
#     #;TTalayiMcheMgada suMdarAMgi! ninu jyOtsnAఽyAtayAtavyathal!

saMdarbhamu: oka nAyika suMdarAMgiyaina yoka dUtikanu nAyakuni dODtEra baMpinadi. ghaTikurAlaina A dUtika atanitO vihariMchi vachchuTayE kAka ataDu rAkuMDuTa kEdO mishanu kalpiMchi, ataDu rAlEDaninadi. kAni Ame tanuvaMdu spashTamaina saMbhOgachihnamu lunnavi. A vishayamunu gamaniMchina nAyika vakrOktigA niTlanuchunnadi.
hE dUtI=O chelI! idaM=I, tava=nIyokka, nayanOtpaladvayam = kaluvakannulajaMTa, nitAntaM=eMtagAnO (mikkili), tAntaM= vADinadi, ahO=AScharyamu; svEdAmbha@hkaNikA=chemaTanITibiMduvulu, lalATaphalakE=nuduTiyaMdu, muktASriyaM =mutyamulakAMtini, bibhrati=dhariMchuchunnavi; niSvAsA@h=niTTUrpulu, nitarAM=mikkili, prachurIbhavanti =hechchaguchunnavi. hA! hanta = ayyayyO! kAntAkRtE=aMdamainadAnA, chaMdrAtapE=vennelalO, vRthA mamakRtE= vRthAgA nAkai chEyabaDina, yAtAyAtavaSAt= pOyivachchuTala valana, SrAntAsi=DassiyuMTivi.

‘vRthA mamakRtE SrAntAsi’ anuTavalla nAko~raku pOyina pani nishphalamayyenu. nIku alasaTayE chikkenu – anunadi paiki dOchu bhAvamu. nAyarthamu vyarthamainadi gAni nIyarthamu siddhiMchinadani vyaMgyamu. ‘chaMdrAtapE’, ‘niSvAsA@h prachurIbhavanti’, ‘svEdAMbha@hkaNikA lalATaphalakE’, ‘tAntaM nitAntaM’ anuTavalla, eMta sukumArivO challani vennelalO nEgivachchinaMtanE nIku Sramavalla niSvAsamu ladhikamainavi, chemaTapaTTinadi, kanulu vADinavi – anunadi paiki dOchu bhAvamu. challanivennelalO kiMchiddUra mEgivachchinaMtanE iTTi Sramamu kalgadu, chemaTa paTTadu, kanulu vADavu, niSvAsamuladhikamu gAvu. Ichihnamulanniyu nApriyunitO bhOgiMchuTachEtanE kalginavanunadi vyaMgyArthamu. kanulu alayuTa (mlAnamaguTa), svEdamu galguTa, niSvAsamulu daTTamaguTa ratichihnamulu. ‘kAntAkRtE’ anuTavalla nIyaMdamE nAkoMpa muMchinadi. nIvaMTi yaMdakattenu dUtigA baMpuTa nAdE porapATu – anunadi vyaMgyamu. aMduchEtanE ‘nOjjvalaM rUpavantaM vA, na chAturaM dUtaM vApi hi dUtIM vA budha@h kuryAtkadAchana’ – anagA, ‘ujjvalamagu vEshamu, suMdararUpamu, Aturata gala vyaktini dUtagA gAni, dUtigA gAni nirNayiMpadagadu’ – ani bharatuDu nATyaSAstramulO cheppinADu.

priyuni tanakaDaku rappiMchukonunadi gAka, tAnE priyuni saMkEtasthalamuna kalasikonunadi reMDavarakamaina abhisArika. iTTi abhisArikanE tarachugA kavulu kAvyamulaMdu varNiMchiyunnAru. iMdulO svIyA, parakIyA, sAmAnyAbhEdamu lunnavi. svIya yanagA tana kaMkitayaina priyurAlu. parakIya vE~roka strI. Ime kanyaka gAni, anyavidhamainastrI gAni kAvachchunu. sAmAnya yanagA vESya. gUDhamugA vennelarAtrulalO nabhisariMchu strIki jyOtsnAbhisArika yaniyu, aTlE chIkaTirAtrulalO nabhisariMchu strIki tamObhisArika, lEka tamisrAbhisArika yaniyu pErlu. bAhATamugA nabhisariMpa bOvu strIki ujjvalAbhisArika yani pEru. vIrilO jyOtsnA, tamisrAbhisArikalavarNanamE adhikamugA kAvyamulalO kanpiMchuchuMDunu. vIrirvuru gUDhamugA saMkEtamunaku bOvuchunnAru gAvuna, vennelalOnu, chIkaTilOnu AyAvELalaku tagina vEshabhUshAdulanu dhariMchi, itarulu tamanu gurtiMpani vidhamugA abhisariMturu. udAharaNaku kAvyAdarSamulO daMDi mahAkavi jyOtsnAbhisArikAvEshamu niTlu varNiMchuchunnADu.

mallikAmAladhAriNyA@h sarvAMgINArdrachandanA@h|
kshaumavatyO na lakshyantE jyOtsnAyAmabhisArikA@h||

dIniki nA yanuvAdamu:

tE. malledaMDalu veTTi, kshaumamulu gaTTi,
#     #;vapuvunaMdella chaMdanapaMkamala@Mdi,
#     # chaneDu nabhisArikAstrIla@M gana revaMDru
#     # veMDivennelakaMTenu vE~rugAnu.

jyOtsna yanagA vennela. AvennelalO chariMchu abhisArikalu jyOtsnAbhisArikalu. tellani malledaMDalu talaniMDa dhariMchi, tanuvu niMDa tellani chaMdanamu nalaMdikoni, tellani paTTuvalipemunu gaTTukoni, vennelakaMTe vE~rugA gurtiMparAni yaTlu vAru vEshadhAraNa chEsikoni chariMchuchunnA rani pai SlOkamuna karthamu. mEghasaMdESamulOni IkriMdi SlOkamulOnu chakkani jyOtsnAbhisArikAvEshavarNana munnadi.

gatyutkampA dalakapatitai ryatra mandArapushpai@h|
pattrachChEdai@h, kanakakamalai@h karNavibhraMSibhi Scha||
muktAjAlai@h, stanaparisarachChannasUtrai Scha hArai@h|
naiSO mArga@h saviturudayE sUchyatE kAminInAm||

dIniki nA yanuvAdamu:

cha. alakalanuMDi jAri paDinaTTi suradrumasUnamul, Srava
#     #;skhalitasuvarNapadmamulu, saMSlathapattrakakhaMDamul, guchAM
#     #;chalabahukarshaNatruTitasarjuvulun, gatikaMpitAMgulai
#     #;yila nabhisArikalniSala nE@MginajADala@M jUpu vEkuvan.

arthamu: gatyutkampAt= mikkili utkaMThatO gUDina gamanamunaMdali chalanamuvalana, alakapatitai@h mandArapushpai@h =muMgurulanuMDi jAripaDina maMdArapushpamulachEtanu (maMdAramu dEvatAvRkshamu. dIni pUvulu tellanivi), patrachChEdai@h=(chekkiLulanuMDi tolagina) makarikApattramula khaMDamulachEtanu, karNavibhraMSibhi@h=chevulanuMDi paDipOyinavaina, kanakakamalai Scha= baMgArukamalamulachEtanu(yakshastrIlu dEvayOnu laguTachE vAru svargaMgalO virisina baMgArukamalamulanu karNAbharaNamulugA dhariMturu), muktAjAlai@h= (talanuMDi paDi pOyina) muttepusarulachEtanu, stanaparisara = stanaparisaramulaMdu, ChannasUtrai@h= tegina aMtassUtramulugala , hArai Scha=meDalOni hAramulachEtanu (kaThinamaina stanamula rApiDichEta hAramulalOni dAramulu teguTachE kriMdapaDina hAramula SakalamulachEta nanuTa), kAminInAM= madanAturalaina (abhisArikA)strIlayokka, naiSO mArga@h=(priyula gavayuTakai pOyina) rAtriyaMdali mArgamu, yatra=E alakApuriyaMdu, saviturudayE =sUryOdayakAlamunaMdu, sUchyatE=sUchiMpabaDuchunnadO.

alakApuramuna jyOtnAbhisArikalu vennela karhamaina vEshamulu dhariMchi rayabhayamulatO gUDina gamanOtkaMpamutO janagA vAru dhariMchina tellani maMdArapushpamulu, baMgAru kamalamula karNAvataMsamulu, mutyamula daMDalu, lOdAramu teguTachE nElapai baDina stana prAMtamunaMdali mutyAlahArakhaMDamulu vArEgudArilO paDipOyinavi. avi vEkuvanu jUchuvAriki vArEgina dArula jADalanu telpu chunnavi. ISlOkamulO vennelalO kalasipOvunaTlu abhisArikalu dhariMchina tellani yalaMkAramu lanniyu telpabaDinavi.

pUrtigA #»

jIvitAnni paMDagachEsukonna kavi sOmasuMdar

AvaMtsa sOmasuMdar (sOsu) 92 ELla paripUrNa jIvitAnni anubhaviMchi AgasT 12na kAladharmaM cheMdEru. tana sudIrgha jIvitaMlO 75 ELlu paigAnE sAhityaMtO mamaikamayyEru. tolitaraM abhyudaya kavigA SrI SrI tadanaMtara kavullO agragaNyuDigA prastuti kekkEru. telaMgaNA pOrATAniki goMtunichchi, tana gEyAlatO prajalapakshAna nilichEru.

kavigA, pArTI kAryakartagA udyamAlaku vennudannugA uMDi koddikAlaM jailu pAlayyEru. pustakaM viDudalayyI kAkuMDAnE Ayana ‘vajrAyudhAnni’ prabhutvaM nishEdhiMchiMdi. prachuraNa kartamIdA, kavimIdA kEsulu peTTiMdi. EDAdinnara tarvAta kOrTu kEsulu koTTEsiMdi.

1950 tarvAta rAjakIya pratyaksha kAryakalApAla niMchi viramiMchi ‘sArvakAlika sAhitya sEvakuni’ gA kEMdrIkariMchukoni, vishama samasyaleppuDu eduruvachchinA tana kaMThadhvani vispashTaMgA mOgistU nilichEru. Ayana mATallOnE, “AmOdiMchalEni E siddhAMtAnnainA lEka E paddhatinainA tIvrAvESaMtO khaMDiMchakuMDA maunaMgA uMDalEnu. tadvArA vyaktulaparaMgA ErpaDina SatRtvAlanugAnI, jAripOyE maryAdalanu gAnI ennaDU parigaNiMchalEdu. koMdaru dInini nijAyatI aMTAru. marikoMdaru balahInata aMTArEmO!” (AtmastutI paraniMdA asvataMtrulaku lakshaNAlu, AMdhrabhUmi 31.10.2005)

bAlyaM, prabhAvAlu

saMtulEni pinatalli dattata tIsukoMTE kALUri vAri pillADu AvaMtsa vADayyEDu. tana nAlgO EDE Ayana piThApuraM vachchEsEru. “bhAgavataMlO prahlAda charitra lOni padyAlu cheppEdi (dattata talli). iMTlO bhAgavataM nitya pArAyaNaM. pOtanagAru mA iMTlO oka sajIva mUrtigA pAliMchanAraMbhiMchEru. bAlyaMlO bhAgavata prabhAvaM chAlAnE chUpiMchiMdi. alaMkAra priyatvaM, rasOllAsaM, oka prakka peragagA, nijAyatI, nistula chittaSuddhI, satyavAdamU, dAnini cheppaDAniki jaMkaka pOvaDaM jIvalakshaNAlugA mArEyi. ivE rachanA lakshaNAlugAnU peMpoMdAyi.”

padELlalOpE janakatallI, dattata tallI chanipOvaDaM gADhamaina mudravEsiMdi. sOsu rachanallO mAtR viyOgadu@hkhaM anEka kavitallO kanipistuMdi. bAlyaM makaratOraNamanI, talli ArchA mUrti anI anipistuMdi.

alAnE manyaM vIruDu allUri sItArAmarAju ki AtidhyaM ichchi, karaNIkaM kOlpoyina taMDri ‘dESamE muMdu jIvitaM kaMTE’ ani cheppakanE cheppinaTlayyiMdi. peraTigummaMlOnE dESabhakti upadESaM chEsinaTlayiMdi.

yauvanAraMbhavELa rAMshA, SaSAMkala maitrI, niraMtara pustakapaThanamU, charchalU, soMtaMgA padyAlu rAsukOvaDaM, sarididdukOvaDaM, vAlT viTman, ADen, bAdalEru, malArmEla sAhitya parichayaM, sOviyaT viplava pariNAmAlu, dESIyaMgA kviT iMDiyA udyamaM, kamyUnisT pArTI vistRta prabhAvamU verasi sOmasuMdar kavigA, pArTI kAryakartagA vELlUnukonETlu chEsEyi.

adE kAlaMlO kRshNaSAstri (kRSA) aMtEvAsitvamu, nityamU sAyaMtrAlu ayanatO gaDapaDamU rivAjugA mAriMdi. sAhityAnni anubhaviMchaDaM, AsvAdiMchaDaM, sRjanOtsavaMgA sAgiMdi.

ayitE sOsu pUrtikAlaM pArtI kAryakartagA tiragaDaMpaTla kRSA vimukhata vyaktaparichEru. sAhityakAruDigAnE uMDavalasiMdani salahA ichchEru. OlETi pArvatISaMgAru (EkAMtasEva) kUDA jeMDAlugA pai kegaravalasinavALlu jeMDA koyyalugA migilipOkUDadani mitra trayAnni palumArlu hechchariMchEru. sOsu apuDu sunnitaMgA tiraskariMchEru. konnELla tarvAta tana jIvitAnni sAhityAnikE niyamiMchukoni peddalamATani pATiMchEru.

vajrAyudhaM

telaMgANA pOrATaM, prajala ikkaTlu, tAnu chaduvukoMTunna sOviyaT viplava vijayAlU, kamyUnisT pArTI kAryakartRtvaM sOsunu bAgA kadaliMchivEsAyi. mArpukOsaM, prajalapakshAna nilavaDAniki tannutAnu siddhaM chEsukonnAru. vaDivaDigA kavitA paMktulu uraka nAraMbhiMchAyi. nirdESiMchukonna lakshyAnni chErukOvaDAniki tana kavitA pAdAlanE kluptaMgAnU, gADhaMgAnU kUrchagaligEru. dharaNISOkAnni ardhaM chEsukOgaligEru. prajASrENi koraku goMtu sAriMchEru.

‘dharaNI chakraM giragira paribhramistOMdadigO
nimnOnnatamula jagatiki udvAsana palukutOMdi’

aMTU

‘tana charitra tane paThiMchi phakkuna navviMdi dharaNi
tana gAdhanu tane smariMchi bhOruna EDchiMdi dharaNi’

ani gamaniMchi

‘niddura chIkaTi velupala vEkuva melakuva puTTunu
vRddha jagati samAdhi pai samadharmaM prabhaviMchunu’

ani prakaTiMchi AchAryatvAnni saMpAdiMchukonnAru.

‘janmettina mAnavunaku
jIvitamE paramadhanaM
ayitE adi okamArE
atanikosagabaDina varaM’

ani sUtrIkariMchi

‘arpiMcheyi nIraktaM manishI!
nI tyAgaM vRdhA kAdu!’

udyamaMlO EkaMkammani cheputU

‘ninnA nEDulakRshiyE
rEpai janmiMchutuMdi’

anI,

‘oka vIruDu maraNistE
vElakoladi prabhaviMturu
oka nettuTi boTTulOne
praLayAgnulu prajvarillu’

ani viplava gItOpadESaM chEsEru.

telaMgANA pOrATamE kAdu, pratI prajA pOrATAnikI I vAkyAla Upiri aMdutOnE uMdi. naksalbarI kAlamE kAdu, ippuDu kUDa I viplava sUkti nagarAla gODalamIda, vIrula nAlukala mIda kanipistOnE uMTuMdi.

purANa pratIkalU, narakAsuruDu, putrakAmEshTi , tATakI, raktabIjuDi kathA, duMdubhikaTTina emukala durgaM prajalaki vajrAyudhAnni itihAsa prAyaMgA suluvugA arthaM chEsukonETlu, janabAhuLyaM lOki dUsukupOyETTu chEsEyi.

‘yugadharmaM chaitanyaM
janahRdayaM pOrATaM
tirugubATu tirugubATu
tirugubATu bAvuTA’

ninAdAniki kAvalisina UpU nijAyatI, nammakamU aMdiMchEyi vajrAyudha gEyAlu.

abhyudaya sAhityAniki vaitALikatvaM

SrISrI tadanaMtara tarAniki AdyuDugA abhyudaya sAhityAniki vaitALikuDigA, sATi sOdarakavulani kalupukoni patha nirdESaM chEsEru. dASaradhi, Arudra, AniseTTi, ElchUri modalaina navOnmEshaSIluraina mitrulatO bhujaM-bhujaM kalipi udyamiMchEru.

kaLAkELI prachuraNalu, kaLAkELI sAhitya mAsapatrika naDapaDaMtO kUDA anEka kottagoMtulaki prAdhAnyaM ichchEru. dEvipriya, SivAreDDi SIlA vIrrAju vaMTi yuvakavulani prOtsahiMchEru. jIvitAMtaM kotta taraMkavulaki tana samardhana aMdistUnE vunnAru.

vajrAyudhaM tadanaMtara kAvyAlu, vimarSa

toli pustakaM ichchina kIrtI gauravAlu, sAhitya charitralO tana sthAnaM padilaM chEsukoMTUnE, pOrATA lakE kAkuMDA, tattva chiMtanakI, manishi lOlOpali nirnidra praSnalakI samAdhAnAlu vetukutU mEgharaMjanI, raktAkshi, sOmarasaM sudara kAMDa, miNugurulu rachiMchi prachuriMchEru.

Adhunika sAhitya vimarSalO abhyudaya dRkpathAnni AvishkariMchE kramaMlO tana samakAlInulaina tilak, nArAyaNa bAbu, aniseTTi, puripaMDA, SEshEMdra, nArAyaNa reDDi lapai veluvariMchina vyAsa paraMpara cheppukOdaggadi.

Adhunika kavitvaMpainE kAkuMDA bhAva kavitvaMpai kUDA Ayana sAdhikArata manaki kanipistuMdi. kRshNaSAstri mIdA, chalaM mIdA Ayana tulanAtmaka pariSIlanallO idi chAlA vispashTaMgA gOcharistuMdi.

‘mAjI kavi sOmasuMdaraM pIThikala piMChan tO chEstunnAru kAlakshEpaM’ ani SrIramaNa paMch visaraDAniki kAraNaM 70la daSakaMlO sOsu ismAyil, SrImannArAyaNa, dilAvar, pratyUsha, lakshmIpatila pustakAlaki rAsina vipula pIThikalE.

vistRtaMgA paryaTiMchi telugu palukubaDi vunna (iMglaMD tO sahA) anni prAMtAllOnU mitrulni peMpoMdiMchukunnAru. siddhAMta vibhEdAlu pakkanapeTTi snEhAnni kApaDukOvaDaM evarainA Ayana daggara nErchukOvalasiMdE. digaMbarulatOnu, virasaM kavulatOnU, Ayana uttarapratyuttarAlE dIniki sAkshyaM.

Ayana muTTani sAhitI prakriya lEdu: kavitvaM, gEyAlu, katha, sAhitIvimarSa, nATakaM, anuvAdaM, bAla sAhityaM, rEDiyO nATika, iMkA navalalu. iMtavarakU prachuriMchina nUTamupphayi pustakAlE kAkuMDA, aprachuritaMgA vunna vElasaMkhyalO vyAsAlU, sAhityakArulatO jaripina uttara pratyuttarAlU Adhunika telugu sAhitya charitraki darpaNAlai Ayana sAhitI svarUpAnni nirUpistAyi.

nAvarakU nAku, 15 ELla kurravADigA mA iMTi daggaralo unna kavini kalusukOvaDaM kAkatALIyamE gAnI, Ayana aMtEvAsitvaMlO, parichayamaina prApaMchika dRkpathamU, sAhitya sugaMdhamU, vivEchanA, vivEkamU nA jIvitAnni malichEyi. prEmaika mUrtigA, AchAryuDigA, tana chEtullOki ApyAyaMgA tIsukonna nA chEtullA, kAvyAtmani viSadaMchEsina alaMkAra viSAraduDigA, pillalni akkuna chErchukonna ammammalA, mAtRmUrtilA, anavarataM maMchikOrE sOsu nErpina okEoka pAThaM ‘nuvvu nIlA jIviMchu.’

sOsu jIvitAnni paMDagachEsukonna kavi. tana sAhityamE tana jIvitamaina manIshi. anya vyApakAlEmI lEkuMDA pUrtikAlaM sAhitya sEvakuDaina sOsu Rshi valE, nitya sarasvatI dhyAnamagnuDai, aksharasiMdhuvai AdarSaprAyuDai chiraMjIvigA migilEru.

pUrtigA #»

muktachChaMda kavita – konni maulika samasyalu

#[#pramukha telugu kavi, vimarSakuDu ayina AvaMtsa sOmasuMdar (1924-2016) vajrAyudhaM anna tama kAvyaM dvArA suprasiddhulu. kAhaLi, raktAkshi, mEgharaMjani, analakirITaM vIri itara rachanalalO konni mAtramE. iTIvalE maraNiMchina vIri j~nApakArthaM, vachana kavita: vividha kavula pathAlU, dRkpathAlu anE pustakaMlO (janavari 1967, saMkalanaM: kuMdurti, gOpAla chakravarti) prachuriMchina vIri vyAsAnni pAThakulaku aMdistunnAM.#]


#tridaSatvaM aMdukunna I taruNaMlO muktachChaMda kavita pradhAna Adhunika kavitavAhikagA sthirapaDinaTlu kanipistOMdi. sudUra bhavishyattu varakU I prakriya pravarthitaM kAgaladanna achaMchala viSvAsaM kalugutUnnadi. Adhunika yuga saMbaMdhamaina kavitA vANigA I prakriyA viSEshaM parigaNiMpabaDutOMdi.

ayinA pUrva yuga avaSEshAlayina lAkshaNika ChaMdO baddha kavitalU (mArgi) mAtrAchChaMda kavitalU (dESi) veluvaDutUnE unnAyi. pUrvayugAvaSEshAlu vartamAna yugaMlO saitaM rAjakIya sAMghika Arthika naitikAdi sarvaraMgAla lOnU viDuvakuMDA aMTipeTTukuni uMDinaTlE, kavitA raMgaMlO kUDA pUrvayugavailakshaNyaM pUrtigA tolagipOdu. alA migili unnappaTiki avi Adhunika yuga prAtinidhyAnni vahiMchalEvu.

rachanA vaividhyamu

I kavitAprakriya oka udyamaMgA rUpoMda galugutuMdA anna praSnaku samAdhAnaM cheppukOvAli. vachanakavitAprakriya oka nirdhishTamaina kavitA svarUpAnni saMtariMchukunnadE kAni, nirdushTamaina svabhAvAnni rUpoMdiMchukOlEka pOyiMdi. I prakriyalO AtmASrayamaina prEmEtivRttamu, vAstavikatAdarSanatO lOkavRtta pradarSanamu, mArmika bhAvanA samuchChayamu, munnagu anEka vastuvulanu svIkariMchi vyaktIkariMchaDaM viSEshaMgA kanipistuMdi. kanukanE, I bhAva saMkIrNata muktachChaMda mArgAnugAmulalO vaividhyAnni (anaikyata kAdu) sthApistOMdi.

I kavitA siddhAMtAvalaMbakulalO gala I vaividhyaM anUchAna kavitA vAhinilO nirmANayutamaina viplavAtmaka pariNAmAlanu chEkUrustunnadA? lEka vichChinnakara bhrashTa rUpAlanu utpatti chEstunnadA? anE saMdEhaM koMdarilO kalugutunnadi. I praSnaku kUlaMkasha samAdhAnaM cheppukuMduku, muktachChaMda kavitA charitranu sthUlaMgA sparSiMchavalasi vuMdi.

navayugAraMbhaM

mUDu daSAbdAla kritaM — mahAprasthAna gItAlu rachiMpabaDutunna daSalO (1934) muktachChaMda kavitaku prathama svarUpAlu SrISrI chEta AvishkariMpabaDDAyi. I prakriyaku nirdishTamaina rItulu (AkASadIpaM, Rkkulu, sAhasi, ai vaMTivAnilO) prayuktamainavi. sAhitIsaMskarta SrI gurajADa appArAvu kavitalu alpasaMkhyAkaMgAnE rachiMchAru. kAni, vAnilOnE prEmakavitAmArgAniki, dESabhakti kavitA mArgAniki, vAstavika kavitA mArgAniki bIjAksharAlu likhiMchAru. aTlE SrISrI kUDA samAja vAstavikatanu chitriMchE muktachChaMda kavitalakU mAtrAchChaMda svarUpaMlO viplavagItAlakU AdyuDai nAMdi vinipiMchADu. I muppadi saMvatsarAlalOnU mUDu spashTamaina kavitAvibhAgAlu dyOtakamavutunnAyi.

okaTi:- SrISrI venuveMTanE vachchina anirdhishTa kavitAyugaM. puripaMDA, SrIraMgaM nArAyaNa bAbu, jaruk SAstri, SishTlA umA, paThAbhi, siMgarAchArya, pA.pa. hrI. hrI. pUshA, saMpat, tilak prabhRtulu (1934 – 44) I SrENi lOni kavulu.

reMDu: abhyudaya kavitAyugaM. kuMdurti, ElchUri, rAmadAsu, aniseTTi, chiraMjIvi, sOmasuMdar, Arudra, ramaNAreDDi, gaMginEni, ajaMtA, bairAgi, kALOjI, dASarathi, nArAyaNareDDi prabhRtulu (1944 – 54). vIrilO adhikasaMkhyAkulu mAtrAchChaMdasvarUpAlu virachiMchinA prati okarU muktachChaMdAlu rachiMchaDaM mAnalEdu. (modaTi taraMlOni SrI tilak tanaMta tAnugA oMTarigA I prakriyatO kavitalu vrAsi prachuristuMTE reMDava taraMlOni kuMdurti telaMgANa prachuriMchi haidarAbAd^lO vachana kavitA udyamAnni kEMdrIkariMchADu.)

mUDu: vachana kavitA yugaM. dIninE svachChaMda kavitA yugamani kAni muktachChaMda kavitA yugamani kAni anaDaM mariMta nirdishTaMgA uMTuMdi.dInilO tilak, kuMdurti, mAdirAju, aripirAla, kESavarAvu, yAdavareDDi, varavararAvu modalaguvAru (1954 – 64) pAtradhArulu.

abhyudaya kavitA vyApti

mUDu daSalalOnU kUDa vartamAna kavitvaM paMDita bhishakkula prAtikUlyAnni edurkuMTUnE vuMdi. modaTi daSakaMlO yugapurushuDaina SrISrI tadanAnuyAyulU pratikUla RtupavanAlaku eduroDDi nilavavalasi vachchiMdi. modaTi daSAbdi chivari pAdaMlO saMpradAyavAdula nirAdaraNa valla SrISrI anuyAyulu koMdarilO nistEjaM poDasUpiMdi. tAmu kUDa saMpradAya ChaMdassulanu prayuktaM chEyagalamanna Sakti pradarSanaku pUnukOvaDaM kshINalakshaNaMgA vyApiMchiMdi. mana dESAniki sahajaM kAni adhivAstavikatA vAdaM vaMTivAniki aMTukaTTi peMchaDaM maroka lakshaNamai pragati staMbhiMchiMdi. aTTi daSalO abhyudaya kavitA udyamaM prAdurbhaviMchiMdi. SrISrI mahAprasthAna gItAlalO pradarSiMchina vihaMgEkshaNatO sthUla rEkhalugA chitritamaina pIDita mAnava SrENula purOgatini abhyudaya kavitA yugaM lOni pramukha kavulaMdarU mariMta vastu nirdESaM tOnu, mariMta sUkshma viSlEshaNa tOnu, mariMta mamEka bhAgasvAmyatvaM tOnu chitriMchAru. I yugaMlO paMDita vimarSalaku, parigaNanaku, pAritOshikAlakU nimittaM lEni ASEsha prajAdaraNanu abhyudaya kavita samupArjiMchukOgaligiMdi.

niraMtarAnvEshaNa

kaviki jIvanadhAtuvaina pratibha navanavOnmEshaSAli. niraMtara anvEshaNASIli. pratibhaku prayOgaSIlata, sAhasa yAtra, dvitIya prakRtulu. pratibhAvaMtulaina kavulu pariNata manaskulai muMdaMja vEyaDamE gAka paripakva chEtaskulai kavitA svarUpa svabhAvAlalO mArpulu saitaM ApAdiMcha galgutAru. ninnaTi kavula kavitalanu nETi kavulanusariMchaDaM dOshamainaTlE ninnaTi tana kavitvAnni nEDu anukariMchaDaM kUDa dOshamE avutuMdi. oka kavi anubhava pravRddhu Davutunna koddi, vishayaj~nAna vyutpannuDavutunna koddi kavitArachanalO nUtna yitivRttAnvEshaNaku saMvidhAna chAturiki pUnukuMTADu. lEdA, pUrvEti vRtta svIkaraNalO saitaM sRjanAtmakaMgA apUrva saMvidhAnAnnI rItinI anusaMdhistADu. appuDE atani kavitaku viSishTata chEkUrutuMdi.

vartamAna lOkaMlO bratukutunna mana kavula lOnE vibhinna lOkAla lOnU kAlAla lOnU nivasistunna vyaktu luMTAru. koMdaru kEvalaM gatalOka vAsulu. koMdaru vartamAnulu, marikoMdaru bhavishyaddarSakulu. iTTidi sarvajanula lOnU kanipiMchE vibhEdamainaTlE kavulalO saitaM dyOtaka mayyEdE! EmainA kavitA sravaMtilO poDasUpina vibhEdAlu sthUlaMgA reMDu rakAlu: okaTi — rItigatamainadi (phArm), reMDu — vishaya gatamainadi (kaMTeMT). modaTi vibhAgaMlO poDasUpina mArpulu ChaMdassu lOnu, laya lOnu, Saya lOnu, svarUpaM lOnu spashTamavutAyi. dvitIya vibhEdaM: svIkRta kavitA vastuvu lOnu, sAMpradAya vichChitti lOnu, prayOga SIlata lOnu, bhAvanA chitraNa (imEjarI) lOnu, kavitAsamayAla lOnu, uktivaichitri lOnu dyOtakamavutuMdi.

prayOga prayOjanaM

nijamaina prayOgavAdi tana goMtu viMtagA uMDAlani kAni, chamatkAraM kOsaM kAni, prayOgaM cheyyaDu. kotta paddhatilO cheppaTamokkaTE tana prayOgAniki phalaSruti anukODu. lEdA paThitalanu haDalagoTTi AScharyaM lOnu digbhrama lOnu muMchetti kanulu mirumiTlu golpaDAniki kUDA prayOgaM sAgiMchaDu.

ninna rAsina tana kavitalalO kAni, lEdA itarula kavitalalO kAni, kAnarAni koMDoka apUrvaguNamU OjassU dhISaktI hRdayagamata munnagu guNAtmaka lakshaNAla kOsaM kavi sAgiMchE niraMtarAnvEshaNalO prayOgAtmaka rachanalu veluvaDatAyi. tadvArAnE vyaktigataMgA oka kaviki gAnu, sAmUhikaMgA kavitaku gAni purOgati siddhistuMdi. kavita kaligiMchE anubhUti lOnu, mudra lOnu anita@hpUrva abhivRddhi parigaNiMpabaDutuMdi. kavulu anusaristunna kaLAtmaka siddhAMtAla lOni avalakshaNAla phalitaMgA prEpEpitamaina pilli moggalu ArOgyakaramaina prayOgAlugA gurtiMpa navasaraM lEdu.

nETi kavula bAdhyata

kaLAtmaka siddhAMtAlalO nitya nUtanamaina mArpulu gOcharistunnAyi. prapaMchaMlO E mUla E viplava siddhAMtaM udbhaviMchinA adi kshaNaMlO nalu diSalA vyApiMchE vichitra lakshaNaM vartamAna yugAni kunnadi. mEdhA saMbaMdhi saMkshObhAlu, anavagAhanalu, kaLAtmaka siddhAMtAlalO saitaM poDasUpi vichitra vAdAlaku dAri tIstunnAyi; Adhunika samAjaMlO bhAvaviplavaM krama vikAsaM cheMdakuMDA pragatini saMkshubhita parustunnAyi. kavulU kaLAkArulU oka saMvidhAnAnni Erparuchukoni tamaku mArgadarSakulaina muMdu tarAla pramukha kavula, mEdhAvula sAdhanAjanyamaina viplava bhAvEtivRttAnni purOgamiMpa jEyaDaMlO darSanAnaiSityAnni alavarchukOvaDaM atyavasara mavutunnadi. muMdu tarAla kavula bhAvanAsamuchChayAnni purOgamiMpa chEsE prayatnaMlO kavitA prakriyalO pElavatvaM poDasUpakuMDA jAgarUkata vahiMchAli. nistEjamaina anukaraNa vidhAnAlu doMgachATugA pravESiMchakuMDA Sraddha tIsukOvAli. OjOrahitamaina ninAda prAya vachanabaMdhaM durAkramaNa chEyakuMDA kApADu kOvalasi uMdi. SaktivaMtulaina kavula tadanaMtara anuyAyulu tama kavitalanI parama bAdhyatalatO saMrakshiMchukonaka pOtE pratidhvanulugA kshINiMchAlsi vastuMdi!

kAlamE chOdaka Sakti

navyata sAdhAraNaMgA nirAdaraNaku guri kAbaDutuMdi. I nirAdaraNa bhAvAnni navya kavitA vimarSakulU vyAkhyAtalU tRNIkariMcha valasi vastuMdi. iTTi pratighaTanalO saushThavamaina kaLAtmaka siddhAMtAla AsarA avasaramavutuMdi. AdarSAtmaka vartamAna samAjaMlO bhavishyaddarSana gala navaSaktula abhivRddhi kAMkshiMchabaDutuMdi. I kAMkshayE kavitvAni koka saMpradAyamU vArasatvamU ghaTistuMdi. aitE, saMpradAyAniki avibhAjyamaina ChAyAmAtRkamaina mUDha viSvAsamE jIva Saktiki miMchinadai bhAvakallOlAnni rEputuMdi. appuDE saMpradAyaj~nulaina krAMtadarSulu navyata kOsaM sAhasOpEtamaina muMdaDugu vEyavalasi vastuMdi. I muMdaDugulalO prAchInata koMta vidhvaMsaM kAkanU tappadu. navyataku koMta uttEjaM kalugakanU tappadu! I chakragatiki kAlamE chOdaka Sakti!

E vAdAnni anusariMchE kavi ayinA A vAdamE atani kaLA vistRtiki oka paridhini nirmistuMdi. kramaSa@h I paridhiyE atani purObhivRddhiki avarOdhaM kaligiMchakuMDA chUsukOvalsina avasaraM ErpaDutuMdi. tana vAdAnni balaparichE bhAvanApaTimalO niraMkuSata, nirnirOdhakatalu poDasUpakuMDA kApADukOvalasina bAdhyata perugutuMdi. tadvArA sOdAhRtamaina hEtuvAda vipulIkaraNalO saMkuchitavAdAlu samasipOtAyi. sariggA idE satphalitaM I mupphai saMvatsarAlu kavitA sAdhana lOnU siddhiMchiMdi.

ukti vaichitri

I SatAbdaMlO kavitvaM paTla AdaraNa prati daSAbdi lOnU nirdishTamaina abhivRddhini sUchistunnadi. prati daSAbdi lOnU Adhunika kavitA purOgati kotta malupulu tirugutU, pAtanuMchi koMta svIkaraNa, koMta nirAkaraNalanu sAgistU purOgamistunnadi. I SatAbdapu toli mUDu daSAbdAla lOnU sAdhiMpabaDani uktivaichitrinu, navyatanu, viSishTabhAvajAlAnni, mali mUDu daSAbdAla Adhunika kavita sAdhistU amEyAbhivRddhi gAMchiMdi. mukhyaMgA, I muppadELLa kavitAcharitra lOnU viSishTa vibhAgaMgA peMpoMdutU vachchina muktachChaMda kavita tatpUrvamennaDU AMdhra kavita SatAbdAlugA sAdhiMchukOjAla naMtaTi AvEgAnnI aMtarmukhatvAnnI AlOchanAmRtAnnI sAdhiMchukOgaligiMdi. ChaMdassulO svEchChanu prOdi chEsukuni svachChaMda vRttAnni svIkariMchaDaM dvArA Adhunika mAnavuni samasta bhAvAjAlAnnI — vaij~nAnika, sArasvata, sAMskRtika, sAmAjika bhAvajAlAnni — okka kavitAsvarUpaM lOnE samanvayaM chEsukOgaligiMdi. navya vyaktikai, Adhunika bhAvavyaMjanakai anavarata sAdhana muktachChaMdAniki jIvana dhAtuvaiMdi. I svachChaMda kavita kavitva svarUpaMlO vachanAnikI lEdA gadyakU sAnnihityaM nerapaDaM vala aTu Sushkavachana rItiki jAripOkuMDAnu, iTu kavitva Ojassunu pratipada nishyaMdigA velArchunaTlunU samrakshiMchukOvAlsina bAdhyata I kavulaku anivAryamaiMdi. konni rakAla muktachChaMda kavitalu Sushkavachana rItilO rAjakIya upanyAsAla vale mAripOvaDaM tappaDaM lEdu. aTTi rachanalanu svIkRta vastuvu lOni vIra vAstavikatanu, sAmAjika kaSmala vAtAvaraNa prakarshanu sAkugA cheppi balaparchaDamU kanipistunnadi. kAni, sarvadaSala lOnu vastu vinyAsa vaikharulu, bhAvavyaMjanA paddhatulu kavitA vimarSaku nikashOpalAlugA parigaNana poMdutUnE unnAyi.

vachana kavitanu rachiMchina kavulalO asaMkhyAkulu vyaktIkaraNalO kotta vayyArAlennO sRshTiMchAru. ita@hpUrva mennaDU erugani aMdAlu saMtariMchAru. nAgarika jIvitaM lOni kRtakRtvaM anivArya mautunnaTlE, tajjanyamaina vishayAvishkaraNalO kUDa kRtakatvaM anivArya mautunnadi. I muktachChaMda kavulalO Adhunikata, tatsaMbaMdha itivRtta sEkaraNa, AvishkaraNa, saMvidhAnamu munnagunavi tama anubhavaikavEdyAlu, jIvita saMgharshaNA janyAlu kAkapOvaDaM valla konni chOTla ayOmayata, saMkshObhamulaku dAri tIstunnAyi. kEvala rIti gata navyatapai AdhArapaDi bhAva vyaktIkaraNa sAgiMchaDaM valla tama manOgata pUrNabiMbAnni paThitru manO yavanikapai sajIvaMgA pratibiMbiMcha lEkapOvaDaM konni tAvula jarugutunnadi.

mukachChaMda svarUpaM nirdishTamaina kavitA jIvavAhika ayinaTlayitE dAniki nirdishTamaina kavitAnirvachanA luMDavalasina avasaraM vartamAna kAlaMlO eduravutunnadi. I prakrIyaku pushTikaramaina lakshyaSuddhi avasaramavutunnadi. aMtarlaya, pravAhaguNamu vaMTi bAhyalakshaNAla paTla siddhini chEkUrchukOvalasi vunnadi. ChaMdassu bhagnaM kAvaTaM valla gEyaguNaM mRgyamaiMdi. gEyaguNaM valla SrOta chevulalO kavita pravESiMchagAnE hRdayAnni vaSIbhUtaM chEsukuni mesmaraij chEsE sadyasphUrti anupUrvikaMgA samakUrEdi. aTTi guNaM luptaM kAvaDaMtO SrOta hRdayAnni mEjik chEsE yitara kavitA guNAla saMpada peMchukOvalasi vastunnadi. lOpiMchina dAni sthAnE E kaLAtmaka lakshaNaM anivAryamO gurterugavalasi vuMdi. yiTTi sarva lakshaNAla paTla lakshyaM kaligivunna kavi kAvya nirmANadakshuDu kAvaDaMlO saMdEha muMDadu.

pUrtigA #»

anuvAdAlu

jaMtuvu

manishI!
jaMtuvuki namaskariMchu

pratyEkiMchi
kOtini koluvu
nI pUrvulaku
tolimaryAdalonarchu

# vilaMgu – kavi vairamuttu svaraMlO

prati jaMtuvU
nI guruvu
nErchukO
nErchukunnAka
taggaTTu naDuchukO


jaMtuvulu manakaMTEnU
mAnAbhimAnAlu galavi

Enugu kALLamIda
maroka Enugu paDDaTTu
vartamAnaMlEdu
pilliki elukalu
pallakI meyyavu
elugubaMTiki
jiMkalu kALLottavu

uMTE svAtaMtrapu AkASaM
lEdA maraNapu agAdhaM
naTTanaDimi jIvitaM
jaMtuvulaku lEdu.


aDavilO mUDhanammakAllEvu

akkaDa nippukOLLu kUDA
nippulaguMDaM tokkavu


matamekkina O manishI
jaMtuvulaku matAlunnAyA?
madamekkina Enugu lAgA
matamekkina jaMtuvu uMdA?

kraistava kAki – hiMdU eluka
jaina jiMka – bauddha puli
sikku siMhaM – muslimu pilli

aDavilO alA viDadIsi chUpiMchagalamA?


manishI!

magavADeMta alaMkariMchukunnA,
padivELLakU uMgarAlu toDiginA,
merisE paTTubaTTalu dhariMchinA
manalO aMdaM ADavArikE soMtaM
magajAtilO aMdaM ekkaDa?

jiMkallO kommulu
EnugullO daMtaM
nemaLLalO piMChaM
kOLLalO turAyi
magavATivE kadA

magajAtiki sauMdaryaM
jaMtuvullOnEgAnI
manushullO lEdu!
nagaraMlO lEdu
aDavullOnE!


kaLalu nIkE soMtamani
garvapaDipOku
kaLaki mUlaM vetuku
I bhUmilO

modaTipATa – gAlipADEpATa
reMDO pATa – keraTAla pATa
mUDO pATa – kOyila pATa
nAlugO pATE – nI pATa

kOyilani anukaristU
nuvvu pATa nErchAvu
guruvuni dhyAniMchE muMdu
kOyilaku namaskariMchu!


manishI!

nuvvu aMtamaitE
nI kaLEbaraMtO EM cheyyagalaM?

nI kovvutO EDE EDu sabbulu cheyyavachchu
ninnu kAlchina bUDidatO
tommidivEla penisiLLu cheyyavachchu
nIlO unna inumutO
okE oka mEku cheyyavachchu

jaMtuvu vela telusA nIku?
prANaM viDichi dEhaM migilunnA –

puligOru nagalO patakamavutuMdi
kalaMgA mArutuMdi pAvuraM Ika
pAmu tOlu chEtisaMchigA avutuMdi
vIryapushTinistuMdi khaDgamRgaM kommu
cheppulai migulutuMdi dunnapOtu charmaM

chanipOyi kUDA upayOgapaDEdi
oka jaMtuvEnanna nijaM grahiMchagalavA?


manishI!

dEvuLLa vAhanAlanu gamaniMchAvA?

oka dEvuDu – eddunekkADu
oka dEvuDu – nemalinekkADu
oka dEvuDu – elakanekkADu
oka dEvuDu – garutmaMtuDanekkADu

anni dEvuLLanI
jaMtuvE mOsiMdi gAnI
manishi mOyalEdu

manishi mIdekkitE
apahariMchukupOgalaDani
dEvuDiki teliyadA?

manishi dEvuNNi namminA
dEvuDu manishini nammalEdu!


bratakaDAniki puTTAM elAnU
A bratuku naDavaDi koMchaM mArchaMDi
oka chinna mArpu chEsi chUDaMDi

mIru kUsi oka kODini lEpaMDi
bhujaMmIda oka rAmachilukatO
udyOgAniki veLLaMDi
mItO allari ATalADE pillitO kalisi
oka madhyAhnaM bhOjanaM cheyyaMDi

bhAgasvAmiki eMtakAlamani peDatAru
adE pasalEni pAta mudduni?
rEpaTnuMDi kuMdElu kUnalanu
muddADaMDi

mI parupupaina
mUDOdiMDokaTi vEyiMchaMDi
dAnipai mI abhimAnAniki allADE
kukkapillani paDukOnivvaMDi

SAsanasabhalO
prANulu samasyala mIda
SAsana pratipAdana lEvanettaMDi

Avu poduguku vArAnikokarOju
prabhutva selavudinaM prakaTiMchaMDi

sarkas Enugu baMtATani bahishkariMchaMDi
EnugujAtikE adi
aMtarjAtIya avamAnaM.

jaMtuvulni gauraviMchaMDi
avi mAruvEshaMlO unna manushulu
jIvapariNAmakramaMlO sOpAnAlavi!

jaMtuvulni prEmiMchaMDi
abhimAnAnni ASiMchE SiSuvulavi!

okE oka praSna
nijAyitIgA cheppaMDi

manushulu pUjiMchElA
konni jaMtuvulunnAyi
jaMtuvulu pUjiMchElA
manushulunnArA ikkaDa?


(mUlaM: tamiLa kavi vairamuttu, tamiLukku ni~ramuMDu – 1995 (tamiLAniki raMguMdi) kavitA saMpuTi nuMchi vilaMgu anna kavita. mUla kavita telugu, tamiL lipilO tamiLa ADiyOtO.)

pUrtigA #»

mukhAmukhi

vElupiLLai nijaM, seMdAmarai kalpitaM! — si. rAmachaMdra rAvugAritO oka madhyAhnaM

A kathalu challani nIlagiri koMDala vAlullO prayANAlu chEyistAyi. prati malupulOnU tEnITi Akula parimaLAlu kammEstAyi. AkASaM meTlu digi vachchE mEghAla doMtarlu manalni taDipEstAyi. Akupachcha nuMchi UdAraMguku mArE kAphIpaLLa guttulu manaM naDustuMTE kALlaku aDDaM paDatAyi. aMtalOnE cheTTiyArO, pET rAvO, chEyi puchchuku kathalOki lAkku pOtAru! E DaMkanO vachchi sagaTu pAThakuDu pErainA vinani vidESI DriMkEdO Aphar chEstADu! musali mAMkU vachchi gALidEvaru guriMchi E kaTTukathO cheputADu!


vElupiLLai (viSAlAMdhra, 2011)

si. rAmachaMdra rAvugAri kathalu chEsE mAjik adi! telugu pAThakuDiki kAsmOpAliTan plAMTEshan laiph^sTayil^tO pATu, akkaDa pani chEsE kUlIlni vALLa jIvitAlni saitaM aMtE aMdaMgA parichayaM chEstAyi. paTTumani padi kathalu kUDA lEvu kAnI avi aravayyELLugA telugu pAThakulni maLLI maLLI palakaristUnE unnAyi. kathalOni pAtralatOnE kAka, vAtAvaraNaM tOTi kUDA prEmalO paDEsE nitya nUtanAlu I kathalu!

kathalannI AMdhra patrikalO modaTa prachuritamainA, A tarvAta yuva, jyOti mAsapatrikalalO ennOsArlu punarmudraNa poMdAyi. telugunATa puMkhAnupuMkhAlugA veluvaDutunna kathAsaMkalanAlu Ayana kathalani eMtagA vismariMchinA, pAThakulu vATini iMkA ishTaMgA chaduvutUnE unnAru. avi goppakathalanE bhAvistunnAru. E itara telugu rachayitA parichayaM chEyani lOkAnni manushulni Ayana telugu pAThakuDiki parichayaM chESAru. kathatO pATu, kathAvaraNAnni samarthaMgA chitriMchaDaM dvArA kathanAnni elA paripushTaM chEyavachchO chEsi chUpiMchAru Ayana.

alATi apurUpamaina kathalu rAsina Ayana tarachU eMduku rAyaru? A koddi kathalatOnE eMduku ApAru? maLLI rAstArA lEdA? Ayana sRshTiMchina pAtrala guriMchi AyanEmaMTAru? enni sArlu chadivinA kottagA anipiMchE A kathalani maLLI chadivinapuDu ivannI AyannE aDigitE elA uMTuMdi ani eppuDU anukunEdAnni. monna jUn^lO iMDiyA veLLinapuDu anukOkuMDA vAri phOn naMbar dorikiMdi. Ayanni chUsi mATlADAlani phOn chEstE eMtO mAmUlugA, “avunA? elluMDi madhyAhnaM panneMDunnaraku raMDi,” annAru E bhEshajamU lEkuMDA.

nA abhimAna rachayita goMtu phOnlO viMTunnAnanna saMbaraM nuMchE tErukOlEdiMkA, vachchEyamani AhvAnaM!

rAvugAriki 85 ELLu! Ayana ArOgyaM aMtagA bAgAlEdu. ekkuva mATlADalEru… ilA ennO vinnAnu. vIlainaMta tvaragA tirigi vachchEyAlani, Ayananu ekkuvagA ibbaMdi peTTakUDadani muMdE chAlAsArlu nannu nEnu hechchariMchukunnAnu. illu kanukkOvaDaM aMta kashTamaina pani kAlEdu. vAri iMTiki chEri kAru digE sariki, risIv chEsukODAniki iMTi gummaM muMdE nilabaDunnAru rAmachaMdra rAvugAru! AraDugula paigA ettu, sphuradrUpi. vElupiLLai pustakaM venuka pEjI mIda phoTOki koMcheM vayasu mIda paDiMdaMtE. A ThIvi mAyanE lEdu. Ayananu alA chUsi AnaMdaM, AScharyaM, gauravaM muppirigonnAyi. nannu okka kshaNaM pATu mATa lEkuMDA maunaMgA nilabeTTAyi.

halO! aMTU chEtulu kalipi lOpaliki AhvAniMchAru. chakachakA reMDaMtastula meTlu ekkutU (liphT unnappaTikI) tana gadilOki dAri tIsi nijaMgAnE shAk ichchAru. vayasu maLLina vALLepuDU vRddhApyAniki manamichchE nirvachanaM prakAraM naDavAlani ASistU, AdESistU uMTAmEmO!

ArOju eMDa marI ekkuvagA uMdi. maryAdagA kUrchObeTTi, nAkoka AraMj jyUs techchi ichchi Ayanoka DriMk kalupukuni techchukunnAru. TIsharT, slAks, shUs^lO unna Ayana vaMka koMcheM pariSIlanagA chUstuMTE nAkOsaM Ayana iMkO prOgrAm mAnukunnArEmO ani anumAnaM vachchiMdi.

“ekkaDikainA veLlaDAniki reDI ayyArA?” aDigAnu.

sunnitaMgA navvAru. “nO, mIru vachchE muMdE gAlph kOrs nuMchi vachchAnu.”

tellabOyAnu, gAlph ADatArani telisinA! iMta eMDalOnA? maLLI tanE annAru.

“AdivAraM tappa prati rOjU udayaM Aru nuMchi madhyAhnaM panneMDu varakU gAlph^ki veLtAnu.”

nijaMgAnA? Aru gaMTala pATA?!

“avunu, gAlph^lO nAkasalu Taimu, Srama reMDU telIvu. Aru rOjulU ADatAnu. ennO ELla nuMchI ADutunnAnu ilA.”

A pAshanET spOrTs^man^tO EM mATlADAlO, elA modalu peTTAlO AlOchistU gadilO chuTTU chUSAnu. A gadi iMtaku muMdekkaDO chUsinaTTu, pustakAlu, peyiMTiMgs^tO oka purAparimaLaMtO niMDinaTlu, mEmoka plAMTEshan haus^lO unnaTlU tOchiMdi.

iMTarvyU ani phArmal^gA anukuni praSnalEvI rAsuku rAlEdu gAnI, Ayana kathalannI manasulO achchottinaTTu uMDi pOvaDaM valla, konni viSEshAlu appaTikE chadivi uMDaTaM valla chAlA mAmUlugA, elATi upOdghAtAlU lEkuMDA jAripOyAM saMbhAshaNa lOki. prati vishayaM mIdA spashTamaina abhiprAyAlatO vivaraMgA mATlADina rAmachaMdra rAvugAru chakkani briTish iMglIsh lOnE chAlA varakU mATlADinA, teluguni kUDA aMtE chakkagA, chAlA hAyigA, navvutU saradAgA mATlADAru. chakkani AMdhra telugu! Ayana telugu TelugUlA vinipistuMdanna muLlapUDi mATatO EkIbhaviMchalEka pOyAnu.


mIru chadiviMdi lA kadA! mari asalu E rakaMgAnU saMbaMdhaM lEni plAMTEshans vaipu elA maLlAru? mIku aTu vaipu pAshan lAMTidEdainA uMdA?

“A rOjullO chaduvu pUrti kAgAnE EdainA maMchi udyOgaM saMpAdiMchaDaM mukhyaMgA uMDEdi. nA dhyEyamU adE! plAMTEshans^lO maMchi udyOgaM dorikiMdi. aMdukE veMTanE chEripOyAnu. lA chadivAnu kAnI aDvakET^gA eppuDU prAkTIs cheyyalEdu. nA bhArya sarOjavalli kUDA nAtO pATE madrAs^lO chadiviMdi.”

mI kathallO kUDA mottaM plAMTEshan laiphE uMTuMdi. vErE arban nEpathyaM gAnI marO vidhamaina nEpathyAlu gAnI kanipiMchaveMchEta?

siMpul! E rachayita ayinA tanaku parichayaM unna, tana chuTTU unna vAtAvaraNAnni, manushulnE samarthavaMtaMgA chUpiMchagalugutADu. kathalu rAsina rOjullO nA chuTTU TI tOTalu, aMdulO pani chEsE vALLu, plAMTars klab, akkaDi phArin kalchar, pArTIlu, Tennis ivE uMDEvi. nAku parichayaM lEni, nEnu sTaDI cheyyani vATi jOliki veLLaDaM kaMTE nAku parichayaM unna kEnvAs mElu kadU!

rachana, AlOchana, pAtra chitraNa, aTunuMchi kathanaM – I prAses aMtA elA jarugutuMdi mI vishayaMlO?

EdainA oka saMghaTanO vyaktO AsaktikaraMgA kanipiMchinapuDu dAnni kathagA rUpoMdiMchAlanE AlOchana vastuMdi. alA rAyAlannadi pUrtigA medaDulO rUpu diddukuMTuMdi. apuDE katha rachana sulabhaMgA sAgutuMdi. nA kathalannI alA rAsinavE.

{sariggA idE vishayAnni vElupiLlai kathA saMkalanAniki 1964lO muMdu mATa rAsina naMDUri rAma mOhanarAvugAru kUDA prastAviMchAru. okasAri aDigitE, Ayana cheppina j~nApakaM – katha ettugaDa nuMchi mugiMpu varaku manasulO saMvidhAnamaMtA rUpu kaTTEvaraku katha rAyalEnu, annArani.}

moTTamodaTa rAsina katha Edi? ekkaDa pablish ayiMdi?

1958lO pablish ayina phAnsI Dres pArTI modaTi kathagA cheptAnu.

aMTE aMtaku muMdE kathalu rASArA mIru? E vayasulO modalu peTTAru rAyaDaM?

nijAniki nEnu padahArELLa vayasulOnE kathalu rASAnu. AMdhrajyOti#lO# chakrapANi sAradhyaMlO naDustunnadappuDu. AMdhra patrika ugAdi saMchikani samIkshistU 1948lO SrI vAtsava nArAyaNa rAvugAru — Iyana sAhitya siMhAvalOkanaM anE SIrshika nirvahistuMDEvAru appaTlO — telugu sAhitI prapaMchaMlO oka kotta rachayita puTTADani rASAru. bahuSA nEnu aMta chinnavADinani Ayanaku telisi uMDadu.

appuDu A vayasulO EmEM kathalu rASArO gurtunnAyA? vATi pErlu?

annI gurtunnAyi. rALLu rappalu, manObhAvAlu, phAdars aMD sans. I mUDu kathalU rASAnu.

jagannAth anE kalaM pEru guriMchi cheppaMDi! mIrE kadA adi?

(A pEru ettagAnE chAlA hAyigA navvAru.) avunu, nEnE! dAni venuka oka chinna saradA katha uMdi. nA tammuDu jagannAth bhUpati nAkaMTE nAlugELLu chinnavADu. nAku padahAru, jagannAth^ki panneMDELLu. A vayasulO annadammula madhya uMDE saradA kIchulATalE mA madhya kUDA uMDEvanukOMDi. jagannAth dastUrI chAlA bAvuMDEdi. nEnu rAsina katha pheyir cheyyamani aDigitE moMDikEsE vADu. pheyir chEsi peDitE A katha nI pErutOnE paMpistAnu. nI pErutOnE patrikalO achchavutuMdi, ani ASa peTTEvADini. jagannAth pheyir chEsina kathalni A pErutOnE paMpEvADini.

sarE, phAnsI Dres katha mI kathalanniTikI bhinnaMgA nATakIyata ekkuvainaTlu anipistuMdi. eMta mEkap chEsukuMTE mAtraM bhAryanu klOjap^lO chUsina bharta gurtu paTTalEDA?

hahaha… DOMT TEk daT sTOrI daT sIriyas^lI! adi nijAniki plAMTEshans laiph^sTayil^ni pAThakulaku parichayaM chEyaDAniki rAsina katha. aMdulO plAMTEshans^lO dUradUraMgA uMDE iLLa nuMchi, klab^lO jarigE pArTIlu, A saradAlu, I vivarAlannI kathalO uMTAyi. kAbaTTi dAnni plAMTEshans jIvitaM guriMchi rAsina parichayaMgA anukOMDi.

mari appuDeppuDO AMdhra patrikalO paDina satyanArAyaNa vrataM katha guriMchi cheppaMDi! adeppuDu rASAru?

A katha kUDA chadivArA mIru? nijAniki A kathanu nEnu 1948lOnE rASAnu. kuTuMbarAvu dAnni 1951lO vESAru. adi Uha bAgA telIka muMdu rAsina katha. aMdukE vElupiLLai pustakaMlO kUDA aduMDadu chUSArA?

{idigO chUDaMDi. nA daggaruMdi A katha – ani nEnu tIsukeLLina priMTavuT chUpiMchAnu. “ivannI chadiviMdi kAka, priMTs tIsukunnAru kUDAnA!” koddigA AScharyaMtO navvAru. nijAniki Ayana rachanalu paDina patrikalannI, A nATi AMdhrapatrika, yuva latO sahA Ayana daggarunnAyi. pAta patrikala prasakti rAgAnE, nEnu chUpistAnu raMDi, ani lEcheLLi sorugulalO SraddhagA pErchina patrikalannI chUpiMchAru. aMdulO A EDu kathalE maLLI maLLI punarmudritamaina patrikala kApIlannI unnAyi.}

mI mIda E rachayitalainA prabhAvaM uMdA? mI kathalu chadivitE alA anipiMchadu mari…

E rachayita mIdainA oka daSalO evaridO okaridi koMta prabhAvaM uMTuMdi. rAstU uMTE konnALlaki adi mAyamai pOtuMdi. nA mIda kUDA modaTlO kuTuMbarAvu prabhAvaM uMDEdi. A prabhAvaMtO rAsiMdE satyanArAyaNa vrataM katha. A tarvAta nA mIda evari prabhAvamU lEdu.

pUrtigA #»

gaDinuDi

gaDi nuDi – 1


anni saraina samAdhAnAlatO mAku paMpina modaTi ayiduguru pAThakulu:

  1. subhadra vEdula
  2. ravichaMdra enagaMTi
  3. sudhArANi
  4. mEdha
  5. en. es. mUrti

vijEtalaku abhinaMdanalu. I gaDinuDini modaTirOjE pUriMchi, mEmu ichchina AdhArAllO oka tappunu ettichUpina bhairavabhaTla kAmESvararAvugAriki mA pratyEka kRtaj~natalu.

gaDi nuDi – 1 samAdhAnAlu anna pOsTulO I gaDi samAdhAnAlu, vivaraNalu mIru chaduvavachchu.

pUrtigA #»

Sabda taraMgAlu

yakshagAnaM: bhImasEnavijayaM

#[#I madhya yAdRChChikaMgA vETUri AnaMdamUrtigAru (TAgOr nEshanal phelO, #TMSSML&RI / Ministry of Culture, New Delhi),# jejjAla kRshNa mOhanarAvugAru I yakshagAnaM guriMchi charchiMchukuMTuMTE chUDaTaM jarigiMdi. dIniki bAlAMtrapu rajanIkAMtarAvu gAru saMgItaM kaTTi 1999 vEsavilO vijayavADa rEDiyO kEMdraM dvArA prasAraM chEsina vishayaM gurtuku vachchiMdi. (A samayaMlO nEnu iMDiyAlO vuMDaTaM, kAryakramaM prasAraM kAbOtuMdani rajanigAru muMdugAnE cheppaTaM valla rikArDu chEyagaligAnu.) mari arudaina rachana annAru kAbaTTi nEnu rajanigAru prasAraM chEsina kAryakramaM vinipistAnu, dAniki koMta chAritraka nEpathyaM aMdajEyagalarA ani aDiginaveMTanE aMgIkariMchi vivarAlu paMpina AnaMdamUrtigAriki nA kRtaj~natalu. — SrInivAs.#]

#bhImasEnavijayaM yakshagAnaM: asamagraprati – oka pariSIlanaM

iTIvala taMjAvUru sarasvatI mahalu laibrarIlO, TAgOr nEshanal riserchi phelOship panimIda jaruputunna nA pariSOdhanalO nAgarilipilO gala tALLapAka pedatirumalAchAryula nItisIsa SatakamU, dAnitOpATu anubaMdha rachanagA nAgarilipi lOnE gala, karta pEru teliyani, bhImasEnavijayaM anE maroka asamagra yakshagAnamU nA dRshTi nAkarshiMchAyi. A kAgitapu pratulni pariSIliMchi chUDagA modaTidAni valenE reMDOdaina yakshagAna rachana kUDA tALlapAka (peda tirumalAchAryula?) vAri rachanE ayivuMDavachchanE bhAvaM kaligiMdi. taruvAta idi prachuriMchabaDiMdani telisiMdi. SrI je. mOhana rAvugAru achchuprati vivarAlanU, SrI paruchUri SrInivAs gAru bhImasEnavijayaM ADiyO rikArdiMg^nI paMpagA chUsI, vinI paramAnaMdaM cheMdAnu.

ippuDu tadupari pariSIlanArthaM vATi pratyaMtarAla anvEshaNa kUDA sAgistunnAnu. eMdukaMTE labhiMchina vATi pratulu atukulu gAnU asamagrAlu gAnU unnaTlu tOchiMdi. saMgrahaMgA vivaristAnu.

  1. vITilO tALLapAkavAri nItisIsa SatakAnni oka ugAdinADu abhimAnaMtO anEka pratulu nAgarilipilo rAyiMchi bhadraparichina mahAnubhAvuDu nATi marAThA prabhuvula maMtrisattamuDaina varAhappayya dIkshitulavAru. A pratulu taMjAvUru vrAtapratullO vErE unnAyi. ippuDu jaMTagA dorikina I nAgarilipi pratullOni nItisIsa SatakaM yidi tulajA mahArAjugAri prItyrarthaM rAyiMchabaDinaTTugA graMthaMlO uMdi. tirupati rEkullO unnaTlE iMdulOnU samagraMgA nUrupadyAlU unnavi.
  2. ika reMDOdi yakshagAna rachana bhImasEna vijayaM. virATaparvaMlOni kIchakavadha itivRttaMgA galadi. tALLapAkavAru yakshagAnAnni rAsi uMTAranE sUchanalu, parOksha AdhArAlU konni unnA, tirupati#lO# aMduku taginaTTi dAkhalAlu rEkullO kAna rAkunnA, paipechchu I yakshagAnaM akkaya kavi kRtaMgA labhiMchina graMthasthAdhArAnni baTTi teliyavastunnA, yakshagAna charitrakArulU #A# vidhaMgAnE tIrmAniMchi unnA kUDA, idi tALLapAkavAri rachanAprabhAvaM gala rachanayEmO ani iMkA kshuNNaMgA pariSIliMcha valasina pAThyaMgA anipiMchiMdi. iMtakumuMdu guttenadIvi rAmAyaNaM vishayaMlOnU iTlAgE jarigiMdi (chU. vissA appArAvugAri SatajayaMti saMchika ‘archana’lOni nAvyAsaM). anvEshistunnAnu. I kriMdi aMSAlannI pariSIlanArhamulu:
    • ‘SrIdEvi yuramuna’ anE SatakapadyAraMbhaMtOnE modalukAvaDaM (chU. chi.ti. rachanalu).
    • veMkaTESvarasvAmivAriki aMkitaM kAvaDaM.
    • rachana viDigA ‘veMkaTarAya’mudratO uMDaDaM (’veMkaTarAya’ mudratO iMdulO chErina pATalu akkayya vagunA? lEka tALLapAkavArilOni aidava padakartavA? ani bhAviMchaDaM).
    • ‘parakAMtakai siMhabalu DaTlu mRtuDayye’(17) anE pe. ti. Sataka padyArthAnnE itivRttaMgA grahiMchaDaM.
    • tALLapAkavAri bhAvAlU, padabaMdhAlU, rachanASailI puna:punarAvRtAlu kAvaDaM.
    • I tALabaddhAlaina praSasta saMgIta rachanalOni vaividhyamu, SayyAsaubhAgyamu, dvipadagati, chaMdOlaMkAraprauDhi, prAsalu, anuprAsalu, SabdAlaMkArAlu, dESi palukubaDi, annI tALLapAkavAri rachanalanu talapiMchEvigA uMDaDaM (alAgE tikkana, saMkusAla mo. itara kavulavI).
    • mukhyamainavi: vennelabommA- (vichchEyavammAvennelabommA); hari paTTapurANini golutun; eTTu mOchenO yInaDumu (ottukonivachchu..); kalikijakkavajaMTa galiki chanukaTTu; polatuka dEhasaurabhamu (gaMdha mElE nI chakkanimEniki); kannaDa chEsina; mOratOpu; aMdani mrAni paMDlaku; maunikaina virALi puTTeda (kavikarNa); nOchina nOmu; mAyala chuppanAti; bebbuliyunna podajochchu kodamalEDi chaMdamuna; ADabOyinatIrtha medurainaTlu; pAtarakattiya bAguna; nAdu ramaNuMDu nATakuDu; tALukonarAdA; eMDakannunIDakannu; kakkUrti; savarani nuduru; anavalasaMTigAka; mogi bammariMchun; chEtulu pisukukoMchu; bommaMchu pachchaDamu; viduruchE viMdugonnaTTi (viduruniviMdA gOviMdA); kanumarlugoni, modalainavi.
    • asalu bhImasEna vijayAniki pratu lenni labhiMchinavi? kartapEru akkayagA enniMTa kaladu? pErulEni vennikalavu? rAjamaMDrilOni asamagra prati evaridi? aMdulO eTlunnadi?. (iTlA pErlu tArumArulainavi itaramulU unnavi. guttenadIvi rAmAyaNAniki rAghavadAsupEru vachchichErinaTlu!) (akkayyanu guriMchi DA. jitEndrabAbugAru paMpE samAchAramu kUDA rAganE samanvayiMchi pariSIliMchavalasi uMdi).
    • iMkA idi kAlaM tElani yakshagAnaMgAnE uMdA?
    • appaTi taMjAvUru yakshagAnAlalO aruvubaruvulu kalavI, kalagApulagamainavI, tALlapAkavAri prastAvanalu galavI marikonni unnavi (chaMdraSEkharavilAsaM, pAMDava aj~nAtavAsaM, pArijAtApaharaNaM, bhArataM virATaparvakatha, lakshmIkalyANaM vagairAlu).
    • vITitO pATu mArchi,10,12 tEdIlalO phEs^buk^lO pErkonna aMSAlu konni.
pUrtigA #»

abbUri rAmakRshNarAvugAri rEDiyO iMTar^vyU-1

abbUri rAmakRshNarAvugAri guriMchi eTuvaMTi parichayaM avasaraM lEdani anukuMTunnAnu. 20va SatAbdapu telugu sAhitya, sAMskRtika charitratO yEmAtraM parichayaM vunnA Ayana pEru teliyakuMDA vuMDadu. Ayana rAsiMdi takkuvayinA (SrISrI Ayanni ‘abbUri chalivEMdraM’ ani j~nAnArthulaku dAhaMtIrchi abhyudayamArgaMlO ASrayaM kalpiMchina vyaktigA praSaMsiMchEvADu.) Ayana dvArA prabhAvitamaina pramukhulu eMdarO! cheLlapiLla veMkaTaSAstrigAri taruvAta maLLI aMta goppa Sishya saMpada kaligina vyakti AyanokkarE.

I saMchikalO vinipiMchabOyE rEDiyO iMTarvyU guriMchina pUrti vivarAlu, dAni pAThaM abbUri saMsmaraNa (1988, pE. 271-286) saMchikalO chUDavachchu. I apurUpamaina prasArAnni nAkichchina pannAla subrahmaNyabhaTTu gAriki bOleDu kRtaj~natalu. alAgE dIni pUrti pAThaM abbUri saMsmaraNa saMchikalO vunnaTlu gurtu chEyaTamEkAka marikonni vivarAlu varada smRtilO (pE. 378) vunnaTlu teliyacheppina ElchUri muraLIdhararAvugAriki nA dhanyavAdAlu. pai saMchikallO cheppabaDinaTlugA reMDu bhAgAlugA prasAramaina kAryakramaMlO idi okaTi mAtramE. reMDava bhAgaM evari daggarainA vuMTE teliyajEyagalaru.

#pUrtigA #»