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vishaya sUchika: jUlai 2016

muMdumATa

ImATa julai 2016 saMchikaku svAgataM!

mUDuvaMdala saMvatsarAlaku paigA saMkhyAgaNita SAstraj~nulaku korakarAni koyyagA migilina phermA chivari siddhAMtAnni, briTan^ku cheMdina sar EMDrU vails modaTa 1993lOnE rujuvu chEsinappaTikI, aMdulO oka losugu kAnavachchiMdi. richarD TElar sahakAraMtO aMdulOni losugulu savariMchi tirigi 1995lO prachuriMchi SAstraprapaMchAnni ippaTiki pUrtigA oppiMchADu. ennO EMDla akuMThita dIkshatO asAdhyAnni sAdhyaM chEsina vails kRshiki phalitaMgA gaNitaMlO nObel bahumatitO samAnaMgA gauraviMchabaDE Abel praij I EDAdi Ayanaku dakkiMdi. I saMdarbhaMgA eMtO klishTamaina A siddhAMtAnni, dAni nirUpaNa venuka unna kRshini, charitranI saraLaMgA, aMdarikI arthamayyElA vivariMchE sAhasaM chEsi kRtakRtyulaina vEmUri vEMkaTESvararAvu vyAsaM – phermA chivari siddhAMtaM IsaMchikalO; kEvalaM sains abhimAnulE kAka aMdarU chadavadaginadi. prophesar vEmUri kRshiki abhinaMdanalu.


I saMchikalO:

  • kathalu: nETikevaru mari kathAnAyakuDu – pUrNima tammireDDi.
  • kavitalu: evaru chUDochchEru – kanakaprasAd; bOdhicheTTulO sagaMcheTTu – avinEni bhAskar; kAgitapu addaM – jyOtsnAphaNija.
  • vyAsAlu: phermA chivari siddhAMtaM – vEmUri vEMkaTESvararAvu; svAdhInapatika, prOshita bhartRka – tirumala kRshNadESikAchAryulu
  • SIrshikalu: nAku nachchina padyaM-mAdhavapeddivAri madhura smRtikAvyaM – bhairavabhaTla kAmESvararAvu.
  • SabdataraMgAlu: puchchA SEshayya SAstrigAritO saMbhAshaNa = kanakaprasAd; advaya vachanamulADu – kanakaprasAd, SrIvidya nArAyaNan; karuNa@MjUDu lalita – kanakaprasAd, puchchA SEshayya SAstri; kAlidAsa-mAlavikAgnimitram – paruchUri SrInivAs.
pUrtigA #»

kathalu

nETikevaru mari kathAnAyakuDu?

kathAnAyakuDu kAvalenu.

suprasidDha katha pAtALa bhairaviki gAnu yOgyuDaina, arhuDaina kathAnAyakuDu kAvalenu. rUpamulO, guNamulO, dhairyasAhasamulalO, satpravartanalO, inninALLU I kathaku nAyakuDigA uMDi, prajala manasunu chUragonna tOTarAmuDini maripiMchi, muripiMchagaligE diTTayi uMDavalenu. yuktitO, SaktitO mAyAvi mAMtrikuDini maTTi karipiMchi, rAjakumArini parigrahiMchi, pAtALa bhairavi ASIssu…

kUrchunna rAyi mIda nuMDi oka uduTuna lEchi, mAMtrikuDini samIpiMchi, ataDi chEtilOni pratini lAkkoni nalipi, nEla kEsi koTTiMdi rAjakumAri.

“I upAyamU nachchalEdE nIku, DhiMbhakI?”

“DhiMbhakinI, DiMgarinI kAnu. nI bul^bul^nu nEnu. nI jigiDInu. alA pilu.”

“mArAmu SAyaka, mATa vinavE! manakoka kathAnAyakuDu kAvAlE.”

“EM? eMduku kAvAli? vadilipOyina vADi kOsaM eMdukI vedukulATa?”

“kAdanukunnADE! kAdananu. kAni katha annAka kathAnAyakuDokaDu uMDAli gadE, DhiMbhakI. lEkunna…”

“A@M! lEkapOtE? lEkapOtE EMTaMTa?”

“nannevaru haristAru? ninnevaru varistArE?” aMTU nEla mIda paDunna prakaTanani chEtilOki tIsukonnADu.

“aMtEnA? aMtEnA! ayitE pada. nannu pAtALa bhairavi sannidhiki tIsukeLLu. ninnu bali ichchi dEvini prasannaM chEsukuMTAnu. Apai ninnu saMjIvanitO batikiMchukuMTAnu. tarvAta maniddaraM peLLi chEsukuMdAM.”

“gAraDI mATalADakE, DhiMbhakI! iMkekkaDi saMjIvanE?”

pratiki aMTukunna maTTini vadiliMchaDAniki dAnni gAllO dulipADu. kuDichEtitO toDa mIda peTTukuni chEtitO sApu chESADu. sagaM tegina ataDi eDama chEyi bhujaM nuMDi jIvaM lEkuMDA UgutOMdi. rAjakumAri A chEtinE chUstU uMDipOyiMdi. adi gaMTa vinipiMchani gaDiyArapu lOlakaMlA niSSabdaMgA aTU iTU UgutUnE uMdi.


asalaitE, katha modalavvAlsina daggarE modalayyiMdi. tOTalO, tOTarAmuDitO.

tOTarAmuDu mahAsAhasavaMtuDu. sanmArguDu. buddhigalavADu. buddhi cheppagalavADu. allarivADu. ayinA, aMdarivADu. ataDikO jatagADu. ujjayini rAjyaMlO rAjugAri kOTalO tOTanu chUsukunEdi vALLa amma. ammaku sAyaM chEsEvADu tOTarAmuDu.

okarOju A tOTaku rAjakumAri rAbOtuMdani kaburochchiMdi. rAjugAri Ekaika kumArte kAbaTTi, eppuDU chUDalEdu kAbaTTi doMgachATugA Amenu chUDAlanukunnADu.

chUpulu kaliSAyi.

A rAtri tana madilOni kalavarAnni aMtA jAbiliki cheppukuMdi, rAjakumAri. A jAbili vennelalOnE, amma oDilO Adamarachi nidrapOyADu rAmuDu.

rAjakumAri tOTaku maLLI maLLI veLLiMdi. tOTarAmuDiki A vishayaM mAmUlaipOyiMdi. eppuDannA edurupaDitE vinamraMgA taladiMchukuni veLLipOyEvADu.

modaTisArigA rAjakumAriki kOTalO UpirADalEdu. A ettaina prAkArAlu tananu chuTTimuTTi gAlADanIyakuMDA chEstunnaTTu anipiMchiMdi. tOTalOnE kOTa unnA, kOTalOnE tOTa unnA eMta bAguMDEdO ani anukuMdi.

rAmuDu prANAlaku tegiMchi rAjakumArini pAmu kATu nuMDi rakshiMchADu. ataDu tana prEmanu alA vyaktaparichADanukuMdi rAjakumAri.

annI anukunnaTTE avvavu kadA? I katha kUDA alAgE.

tOTaki veLLalEni rAjakumArini chUDDAniki tOTarAmuDu kOTa prAkArAlu dATi rAlEdu. parAggA unna kUturi manasu grahiMchi, prabhuvulE parAkramAniki pAritOshikaM prakaTiMchAru. tOTarAmuDi manasEmiTO telsukODAniki prayatniMchAru. ‘nijaM cheppamannArA? abaddhaM cheppamannArA?’ ani aDigi, tOTarAmuDu nijamE cheppESADu. rAjugAri anugrahaM kAstA AgrahaMgA mAriMdi. tellavAragAnE tala tIsEyamani tIrpichchAru.

A cherasAla nuMDi tappiMchukoni, rAjakOTa prAkAraM dATutunna dRSyAnnE durbhiNilO chUSADu mAMtrikuDu. ‘sanmArguDu. mahAsAhasavaMtuDu’ — karuNiMchina dEvi palukulanE maLLI smariMchukunnADu. sadAjapuni veMTabeTTukoni ujjayiniki chErukunnADu.

kUDalilO janAnni kUDabeTTi tana vidyalanu pradarSiMchADu. ataDi vidyalu prajalaMdarikI vinOdAnni aMdiMchAyi. mAruvEshaMlO unna tOTarAmuDU kaLLappagiMchi chUSADu A mAyalannI! pradarSana ayyAka aMdaritO pATu chappaTlu koTTi iMTiki chakkA pOyADu.

jaragani kathanu telusukunnADu mAMtrikuDu. prEma lEkapOyinA, vADiki Dabbu mIda ASa uMTE chAlunanukunnADu. tOTarAmuni kadalikalu kanipeDutU, ataDi dArikAchi edurupaDDADu mAMtrikuDu.

“anaMta aiSvaryaM ichchE nikshEpaMrA! nIkokkaDikE A kIlakaM chUpistAnu. sAhasaM SAyarA, DhiMbhakA!”

“nAkEM vaddu. ammE aiSyaryaM. ammE nA prapaMchaM.”

“alA anakurA DhiMbhakA! nIvu sAhasivirA. varaputruDavirA!”

“aMdukE! anni vratAlu paTTi kanna amma kaMTanIru chUDalEnu. Ame kaMTiki dUraM kAlEnu. baMdikhAnA nuMDi tappiMchukuMdi kUDA aMdukE.”

ayinA mAMtrikuDu paTTu vadalalEdu.

A rAtrikE tana tallini, snEhituni tIsukoni evarikI cheppApeTTakuMDA katha nuMDi veLLipOyADu.


rAjugAru paMpina sainyAniki gAni, mAMtrikuDi durbhiNiki gAni tOTarAmuDu dorakalEdu.

tana rAmuNNi tAnE vetukkuMTAnani rAjakumAri kOTanu vadili bayaludEriMdi. tana maMtrataMtrAlaku lEni balaM Ame prEmaku uMDachchunani Amenu anusariMchADu mAMtrikuDu, Ameku telIkuMDA.

puTTalU guTTalU dATi koMDalU kOnalU dAkA veLLiMdi rAjakumAri. kaLLu kAyalu kAchAyi. pAdAlaku puLLu paDDAyi. Ame AgalEdu. vetakaDaM ApalEdu. alasi solasi spRha tappi paDipOyEvarakU.

spRha vachchEsariki rAjakumAri oka maMdiraMlO uMdi. chuTTU bOleDu parichArikalu unnAru. evarinI gurtupaTTalEkapOyiMdi.

maMchaM pakkanE unna mAMtrikuNNi chUsiMdi. kaLLu tirigi paDipOyiMdi.

kOlukODAniki konnALLu paTTiMdi. saparyalu chEstunna parichArikalu Amenu kApADDAniki mAMtrikuDu paDDa kashTAnni kathalukathalugA cheppukochchAru. apasmAraka sthitilO unna Amenu kadiliMchaDAniki ishTapaDaka, unna chOTanE kOTa kaTTi, anni vasatulU samakUrchADani, dESavidESAla nuMDi vaidyulani rappiMchADani, tOTarAmuDi kOsaM mahAyAgaM chEyabOtunnADani vinnadi rAjakumAri.

mAMtrikuDu vachchADu.

“mIrevarO telsukOlEkapOyAnu. mA iddari kOsaM iMta tApatrayapaDutunna mIku, Emichchi ruNaM tIrchukOgalaM?”

“sanmArgulaku sAyaM SAyaDaM mA vratamu, rAjakumAri!”

“mI vaMTi maMtrasiddhula anugrahaM, mA pUrvajanma sukRtaM.”


“ChI, nIchuDA! nI pApaM paMDE rOju vastuMdi. nA rAmuDostADu. ninnu vadhistADu. chUstU uMDu.”

chEtikaMdinadi aMdinaTTu mAMtrikuni paiki visiriMdi. parichArikalu Ame reMDu chEtulanU paTTukunnAru.

mAMtrikuDiki paurushaM vachchiMdi. A bikAri rAmuDi chAvu nAchEtilOnE ani arichADu. Amepai pratyEka nighA uMchamani AjjApiMchi, veLLipOyADu.

pUrtigA #»

padya sAhityaM

nAku nachchina padyaM: mAdhavapeddivAri madhura smRtikAvyaM

“#Our sweetest songs are those that tell of saddest thought”

– To a Skylark, P.B. Shelley.

“#vipralambhaSR~mgArakaruNayOstu mAdhuryamEva prakarshavat”

– dhvanyAlOkaM, AnaMdavardhanuDu.

pai shellI kavitAvAkyaM AnaMdavardhanuDi SAstravachanAniki pratidhvanilAnE vinipistuMdi. AnaMdavardhanuDu cheppina karuNa pAtragatamaina rasaM ayitE, shellI vishAdaM vyaktigataM. telugu bhAvakavulapai shellI prabhAvamE ekkuva. AnATi kavitvaMlO, anusyUtaMgA, anEka rUpAllO, vishAdaM toMgichUstUnE uMTuMdi. alAMTi rUpAllO okaTi smRti kavitvaM. idi kUDA pASchAtya kavitva rUpamaina elijI (#elegy)# nuMDi digumati ayinadE. bhAvakavulu prEyasi painE tappa bhArya guriMchi kavitvaM vrAyalEdanna abhiyOgaM okaTuMdi. kAnI adi vAstavaM kAdu. ayitE, bhAryapai vrAsina kavitvaM chAlA varakU smRtikavitvamE kAvaDaM oka pedda airanI! EdEmainA, shellI annaTTu adi chAlA madhuraMgA uMTuMdi. alAMTi madhuramaina smRtikavitalalO atimadhuramai nA manasuni tAkinadi SrI mAdhavapeddi buchchi suMdararAmaSAstrigAri satIsmRti. aMdulOni O aMdamaina padyaM.

ma. oDinaMduMDinayaTTi mallepuvulaMdokkokkaTin dIsi vA
#        #;ljaDa yalliMchukonaMga dallikiDu vELan, vachchu nan gAMchi ve
#        #;lvaDagA nilvaga bA~ruvOka munigALLan nilchu nAnATi nI
#        #;paDuchuM brAyapu jinne nA kanulakun bratyakshamaugAvutan

suMdararAmaSAstrigAriki nAdanAmakriya anE rAgaM chAlA yishTamaTa. vAru padyAlanu chAlA SrAvyaMgA chadivEvAraTa kUDA. idi svayAnA vAri guruvaina SrI cheLLapiLLa vEMkaTaSAstrigAru cheppina mATa. nAdanAmakriya rAgaMlOni okAnoka mArdavaM, sunnitatvaM suMdararAmaSAstrigAri padyarachanalO – bhAvaMlOnU SaililOnU kUDA, sarvatrA vyApiMchi uMTuMdi. Iyana kavitvaMtO nAku modaTi parichayaM, Ayana mRtyuMjaya SatakaM. aMdulOni Ardrata, sunnitamaina hAsyaM, AtmIyata nannu maMtramugdhuNNi chESAyi. avE lakshaNAlu atani paMchavaTi, Sabari, SRMgAra chATuvu, bRMdAvanaM modalaina yitara rachanala lOnU kanipistAyi.

satIsmRti anna khaMDika bRMdAvanaM khaMDakAvya saMpuTi lOnidi. I smRtikAvyamaMtA niMDina chikkani anubhUti hRdayAnni karigistuMdi. kaviki tana bhAryapainunna gADhAnurAgaM Ame viyOgaMlO aMtulEni ArtigA pariNamiMchi mana manasulani kUDA ArdraM chEstuMdi. sAdhAraNaMgA smRtikavitvaMlO ArtitObATu tAttvikata ekkuvagA kanipistU uMTuMdi. iMdulO mAtraM AtmIyata pAlE ekkuva. idi suMdararAmaSAstrigAri kavitva jIvalakshaNaM. smRti aMTE – du@hkhamu, j~nApakamu, aMdulOMchi maLLI puTTukuvachchE du@hkhamU – adoka suDiguMDaM. poMgukochchE du@hkhaM lOMchi, tama dAMpatyapu j~nApakAlanu tavvukoMTU pOyi, peLLinATi muchchaTlanu gurtuku techchukoMTAru kavi. alA peLLaina kottalO jarigina oka muchchaTaina sannivESAnni, manOharaMgA chitriMchE padyamidi.

bahuSA avi peLLayi bhArya kAparAniki vachchina tolinALLu. AmetO pATu attagAru kUDA vachchAru. Iyana pani mIda veLLi sAyaMkAlAniki yillu chErukonnAru. vALLiMTlO peraDu, A peraTilO oka malle cheTTU uMDEvi kAbOlu. mallepUlu kOsukochchi, oDilO pOsukoni, talli daggara kUrchoni uMdi kotta peLLikUturu. okO puvvuni talliki aMdistU uMTE Ame kUturiki chakkani vAlujaDa allutOMdi. I lOpuna Iyana vachchAru. iMkA kotta kadA, siggU biDiyaM pOlEdu. Ayanni alA chUsEsarikallA A navODhaku EM chEyaDAnikI pAlupOlEdu. daggaraki veLLAlA, alAgE uMDAlA, siggutO pAripOvAlA – EmI teliyaka, EdO chEyAlanna toMdaralO, diggunalEchi munigALLapai niluchuMDipOyiMdi. alA niluchuMDipOyina Ame paDuchuprAyapu vilAsaM tana kaLLamuMdu pratyakshamaitE bAguMDunani kOrukoMTunnAru.

A dRSyaM eMta gADhaMgA Ayana manasulO nilichi uMDakapOtE, iMta spashTaMgA padyaMlO rUpugaTTi mana kaLLamuMdu uMchagalugutAru! ilAMTi padyAlu chadivi arthaM chEsukODaM eMta suluvO, rachiMchaDaM aMta kashTaM. ChaMdassulOni gaNa niyamAlanU, yatiprAsalanU anusaristUnE, bhAvaMlOni sunnitatvAniki taggaTTu elAMTi bhEshajaM lEni bhAshalO oka sannivESaM mottAnni okE padyaMlO nirmiMchaDAniki padyarachanapai chAlA paTTu kAvAli. jAgrattagA gamanistE, nA pai vivaraNalO prastAviMchina sthalakAlAdulu kAnI, bhAvAlu kAnI yEvI nErugA padyaMlO pErkonabaDalEdu. ayinA padyAnni chaduvutU uMTE avannI sphUristAyi, manaki anubhavAniki vastAyi. idi maMchi kavitvAniki gITurAyi. mAdhuryaM anEdi kavitA guNAlalO okaTigA mana AlaMkArikulu cheppAru. dIrgha samAsAlu lEkuMDA SrutikaTuvu kAni akshara saMyOjanaMtO chEsE rachana mAdhurya guNAnni kaligi uMTuMdani nirvachanaM. idi chittadrutini kaligistuMdi, aMTE manasuni karigistuMdanna mATa. I padyaM dAnikoka chakkani udAharaNa. ayitE, ‘munigALLapai niluchOvaDaM’ anE sUkshmataramaina aMSAnni chitriMchi A sannivESAniki sahajatvAnnI sajIvatvAnni kaligiMchaDaM padyAniki prANaM. ilAMTi padyaM cheppAlaMTE manasu eMtO koMta sthimitapaDi uMDAli. bahuSA alanATi j~nApakAla doMtaralu kavini prastuta viyOgavEdanaki kAsta dUraMgA tIsukuveLLi uMTAyi, tAtkAlikaMgAnE ayinA.

gAyamiMkA pachchigA uMDi, udvEgOddhRtilO vachchE kavitvaM vErEgA uMTuMdi. aMdulOni bhAvatIvrata padyarachanalOnU pratiphaliMchi uvvettuna egasivachchina keraTaMlA manasuni tAkutuMdi. veLutU veLutU kALLakiMda yisukani kOsEsinaTlugA mugisipOtuMdi. alAMTi padyAlu kUDA yI smRtikAvyaMlO unnAyi. machChuki oka padyaM:

niruDE gannula jUchuchuMDaga jitAgnijvAlikAmAlikAM
tarataptaMbonariMchi nI tanusuvarNaMbaMdu jennoMdu suM
daratara tEjaMbu hariMchi daivamu SmaSAnakshONilO nilpe nA
ko~rakai bUdi, hariMche vAyuvadiyun gOraMta lEkuMDagan

jIvitamaMtA tanatO prayANiMchina tODu chitAgnijvAlallO dagdhamaipOyE dRSyaM kanna vishAdaM marokaTuMDadu. Ame pasiDi mEnilOni sauMdarya tEjAnnaMtaTinI A agniSikhalalO kAlchEsi chivaraku daivaM tanakai Ame bUDidani mAtraM migilchADu. adikUDA chivaraku gAlilO kalisipOyiMdi.

chivariki migiliMdi atanilO padilaMgA dAchukonna Ame j~nApakAlE!

pUrtigA #»

kavitalu

evaru chUDochchEru?

gAli sAviTlOkostE
evaru chUDochchEru?
nuvvU chULLEdU nEnU chULLEdu:
Akulu galagallADitE
taDi baTTalu allADitE
abba gAlE ammalU!
anukODaM tappiMchi.

gADupu IDchi koDutuMTE
evaLLaki kanipistuMdi?
nIkU avupaDadU nAkU avupaDadu:
cheTlu juTlu virabOsukuni
talaloggi UgutuMTE
ayyo gAlirA nAnA!!
anukODaM tappiMchi.


#[Inspiration: Who Has Seen the Wind? Christina Rossetti.]

#pUrtigA #»

kAgitapu addaM

nItO nuvvu eMtasEpu mATlADukunnA,
manasu chikkabaDadu.
oka maMchu dIpapu kAgitaM kOsaM anvEshistAvu.
kApirAgapu pATa vini tElikapaDi,
digulunaMtA
tElikagA A kAgitaMpai parachAlanI,
maLLI maLLI chaduvukunElA
konni mATalu rAyAlanI,
aksharAla nIli Akula chuTTU
mettani pATalu kaDatAvu.
aksharAlanu pErustU, nI kaLLa taDi nIDalanu viMTAvu.
pATalu kaDutU, nI pagilina goMtunu savariMchukuMTAvu,
chAlAsArlu.
chivukkumanna manasu porallOni mATalu konni
A goMtulO dAchukuMTAvu.

taDi pachchika palakalapai,
mATalu visurugA kadulutAyi.
vechchani dIpapu merupulO
nITi taMbUrA
dUraMgA vinapaDutuMdi.

sItAphalapu tiyyani gAli eMta palakariMchinA,
puvvulu eMta naTiMchinA,
pATallOni chEdu iMdrajAlaM telisina nuvvu
gavva padAla chuTTU isuka tIgala
chIkaTi gijigADi gUDallutAvu.
ninnu nuvvu pATallO chUsukuMTU
nuvvE oka taDisina kAgitaMlA kanipistAvu.

pUrtigA #»

bOdhicheTTulO sagaMcheTTu

“kAlAnni venakki tippitE
Edi chUDAlani kOrika nIku?”
aDigiMdi bhUmi.

“siddhArthuDi sanyAsaM” annAnu nEnu.

kAMtivEgaMtO venakki tirigi
cheppinachOTa AgiMdi bhUmi.


maunaM gaDDakaTTinaTTugA
kapilavastu rAjaprAsAdaM.

pagalu kAlchina bUDida
parachukunnadi rEyigA.

idi charitrapuTallO marapurAni
rAtrannadi erugaka
AkrOSaM veLlagakkutuMdi
anAtha jAbili.

gavAkshAllO dIpAlu magatalO
tama oMTikannulu mUsukunnAyi.

tummedalakika dAri teliyadulE ani
Akulani arakoragA kappukuni
nidrakorigAyi naMdanavanaMlOni pUlu.

tADi cheTla sArAyi tappa tAgina mattulO
oLLu tUli kALLu virigAyO EmO…
kanipiMchaTaM lEdu gAli.

chukkalni kApalA uMchi
naDi AkASaMlO tUgiMdi jAbili
nidragA veluturu.


laukikapu chivari kshaNAllO siddhArthuDu
maroka janmalO pravESiMchabOyE muMdu
gatajanmani anAsaktigA chUstunnADu.

tyAgaMlA odigipOyi
ottigili nidrapOtunna bhArya

tAmaravadanaMpai oka chemmagillina muddu.

vIDirAlEka pOtunnAyi
pillavADi juTTulO jonipina vELLu

pAdukalalO chorabaDina pAdAlu
vATinI vidiliMchukuni naDichAyi bayaTaki
tamaMtaTa tAmE, E pramEyamU lEdu.

“siddhArthA, Agu!” aMTunnAyi
kadalaka nilichina kOTa jeMDAlu.

“buddhA, rA!” aMTunnAyi
allArutunna bOdhivRkshapu Akulu.

Akula pilupukE
phalaM dakkiMdi.


egurutunna pakshi okaTi
nakshatraMgA mArinaTTu kalagaMTU
ulikipaDi mElukuMdi yaSOdhara.

jariginadEmO cheppakanE cheppiMdi
oka sagamE naligina parupu.

kannIru munnIrai oDalaMtA
kumilipOyi karigipOyiMdi
sthANuvai yaSOdhara.

“prabhU!
mIru parityajiMchinadi laukikasaukhyaM
poMdabOtunnadi alaukikAnaMdaM

pOgoTTukunnadi oka chinna rAjyaM
svAdhInaM chEsukObOyEdi viSAla viSvaM

viDichipeTTinadi svarNa kirITaM
dhariMchanunnadi divyatEjassu

vadulukunna dAnikaMTE poMdEdi ekkuvainapuDu
adi sanyAsaM avutuMdA SuddhOdhana kumAruDA?!

mI prapaMchaM paripUrNata vaipu
nA prapaMchaM SUnyaM vaipu.

rAjyamunnA
SaraNArthilA…

maMgaLasUtramunnA
vitaMtuvulA…

saMtAnaM unnA
sanyAsinilA…

AlOchiMchArA nA paristhiti EmiTO?

sanyAsi mIru kAdu rAjukumArA,
yaSOdhara! yaSOdhara! yaSOdhara!”


Ame kannITi
vEDimi tALalEka
kAMtivEgaMtO tirigi
vartamAnaMlOki vachchiMdi bhUmi.

(mUlaM: bOdimarattil pAdimaraM – koMjaM tEnIr ni~raiya vAnaM (2005) kavitAsaMpuTaM nuMDi. mUla kavita tamiL, telugu lipilO)

pUrtigA #»

vyAsAlu

phermA chivari siddhAMtaM

avatArika

A madhya ImATa saMpAdakulu mAdhav, “innELLaki AMDrU vails phermA chivari siddAMtaM sAdhiMchi aMdarnI oppiMchEraTa. dAni mIda oka vyAsaM rAyarAdU?” aMTU oka vidyullEkha paMpEru. “iTuvaMTi panulu chEsE sAmardhyaM nAlO lEdu. nannu ibbaMdi peTTakaMDi,” aMTU tirugu TapA paMpEnu.

uttaraM aMTE gIki pArEsEnu kAni, nijaMgA prayatniMchi chUstE elAguMTuMdO anna saMdEhaM nA manassulO golakaDaM modalu peTTiMdi. I samasyani kUlaMkashaMgA pariSIlistU saiman siMg (#Simon Singh)# rAsina phermAs lAsT thiyaram anE pustakaM koni teppiMchEnu. muMduki, venakki nAlugaidu sArlu chadivEnu. arthaM kAni chOTla gUgul^ni ASrayiMchEnu. chadavagA, chadavagA oka vishayaM arthaM ayiMdi. idi nijaMgA arthaM kAvAlaMTE gaNitaMlO okaTO, okaTinnarO pihech. DI. paTTAlu uMDAli. koMcheM arthaM ayitE chAlanukunE vAriki akuMThitamaina paTTudala uMDAli. saiman siMg kUDa EdO bulabulAggAnE vivariMchEDu; lOtuki veLlalEdu. alA saiman siMgulA nEnU bulabulAggA cheppagalanA? Ayana iMglIshulO cheppEDu, nEnu telugulO cheppAli. Ayana 300 pEjIlalO cheppEDu. nEnu E 70 pEjIlalOnO cheppAlani kOrika; aMta kaMTe poDuguMTE telugu pAThakulu chadavarEmO ani oka beMga.

I samasyani ChEdiMchaDAniki chEsina prayatnAla charitralO sthUlaMgA reMDu daSalu unnaTlu anipiMchiMdi. modaTi daSa guriMchi modaTi bhAgaMlO cheppEnu; chebutunna nAku bAgAnE arthaM ayiMdi kanuka chadivE mIkU arthaM ayETaTlu cheppaDAniki prayatniMchEnu. reMDava bhAgaMlO cheppina reMDava daSa lOni lOtaina vishayAlu nijAniki nAkE pUrtigA arthaM kAlEdu. saiman siMgu kUDA tanaki arthaM ayiMdani dabAyiMchi cheppalEdu. adbhutamaina prayatnaM mAtraM chEsEDu. nEnU adE dhOraNilO prayatnaM chEsEnu. saiman siMg iMglIshulO sAdhiMchina dAMTlO vaMdO vaMtu nEnu telugulO sAdhiMchagaligitE nA prayatnaM phaliMchinaTlE! idi saiman siMg rAsina pustakAniki anuvAdaM kAdu. Ayana saMtarpaNa kOsamani guMDigalatO chEsi vaDDiMchEDu. nEnu pALLu taggiMchi, mA vaMTiMTlO kuMpaTi sega mIda, nA paityaM anE pOpu vEsi prayatnaM chEstunnAnu.

chaduvarulaki oka hechcharika! eMta kAdanukunnA gaNita samIkaraNAlu, gaNita bhAvAlU vADakuMDA I aMSaM prastAviMchaDAniki vIlu paDadu. kanuka koMta gaNitaM, koMta gaNita paribhAsha tappanisari. kanIsaM unnata pAThaSAlalO nErpE bIjagaNitaM pATi gaNitaMtO parichayaM lEkapOtE konni saMdarbhAlalO nEnu cheppEdi arthaM kAdu. appuDu nirutsAha paDakuMDA dunnukuMTU pOtE mI Srama vRdhA kAdani nA nammakaM.

vEmUri vEMkaTESvararAvu.


modaTi bhAgaM

#xn+yn = zn where n represents 3, 4, 5, …, has no solution.

“I have discovered a truly marvelous demonstration of this proposition which this margin is too narrow to contain.”

– Pierre de Fermat, 1601/1667 – 1665.


#gaNita prapaMchaMlO mUDu SatAbdAlaki paibaDi parishkAraM lEkuMDA uMDipOyina ati jaTilamaina samasya EdayyA aMTE adi phermA kadAchittugA pravachiMchina oka abhiprAyaM. I SishTuni abhiprAyaM, phermA chivari siddhAMtaM (#Fermat’s Last Theorem)# anE pErutO chalAmaNI avutOMdi. Rjuvu lEkuMDA oka nishNAtuDu velibuchchina abhiprAyaM kanuka dInini nijAniki phermA SishTAbhiprAyaM (#Fermat’s conjecture)# anAli, aMTAru kUDAnU.

evarI phermA? EmiTA SishTAbhiprAyaM? A abhiprAyaMlO unna jaTilatvaM EmiTi? I samasya parishkAraM lEkuMDA mUDu vaMdala ELlu paibaDi eMduku uMDipOyiMdi? chivariki parishkAraM elA dorikiMdi?

mUDu vaMdala ELlapATu himavannagaM aMta ettukedigina hEmAhEmIlu prayatniMchinA parishkAraM lEkuMDA uMDipOyiMdaMTE idi nijaMgA klishTamaina samasyE. iTIvala EMDrU vails (#Andrew Wiles)# AvishkariMchina 130 pEjIla rujuvu gaNitaMlO ELla tarabaDi kRshi chEsina paMDitulakE tElikagA arthaM kAdu. kAni prayatnistE oka nakha chitraMlA ayinA arthaM avutuMdEmO chUddAM.

1. piyEr Di phermA (#Pierre de Fermat)


#piyEr Di phermA (1601 – 1665)

piyEr Di phermA (#Pierre de Fermat) # phrAns dESapu bUmA Di lOmAnya (#Beaumont-de-Lomagne)# prAMtaMlO puTTEDu; eppuDu puTTEDO idamitthaMgA teliyadu (1601 lEdA 1607lO). oka aMchanA prakAraM, itanu iMkoka EDAdilO puDatADanagA iMglaMDulO IsT iMDiyA kaMpenI sthApiMchaDaM, A kaMpenI iMDiyAtO vyApAraM chEsukuMduki akbar pAdushA anumati ivvaDaM jarigiMdi. phermA ayidELla pillavADappuDu akbar chakravarti maraNiMchEDu. adI I kathanapu chAritraka nEpathyaM.

piyEr taMDri DAminIk phermA sAmaMtuDaina vyApArastuDu kAvaDaM valla piyEr^ki maMchi pAThaSAlalO vidyAbhyAsaM chEsE avakASaM labhiMchiMdi. kAni vidyArthi daSalO phermA pratibhAvaMtuDaina gaNita SAstra vEttagA pariNati cheMdutADanukODAniki dAkhalAlu kanipiMchalEdu. iMTlO peddala ottiDi mIda nyAyaSAstraM chadivi sarkArI naukarIlO chErEDu. prajalu dAkhalu chEsukunna arjIlani parIkshiMchi vATilO yOgyata kalavATini eMpika chEsi prabhuvuki dakhalu parachE udyOgaM adi. phermA A udyOgAnni eMtO dakshatatO, samardhavaMtaMgA nirvartiMchEDu.

phermA nyAya vichAraNA vyavasthalO tIrparigA kUDa konnALlu pani chEsEDu. I vidhi nirvahaNalO oka mata purOhituDiki – tana vidhyukta dharmAnni sariggA nirvartiMchalEdanE nEraMpai – sajIva dahanaSiksha (#burning at the stake) # vidhiMchEDu kUDa.

I reMDu udyOgAlu sumArugA bhArata dESaM lOni munasabu-mEjisTrETu vaMTivi. ilA samAjapu nichchena meTlu okaTI okaTI ekkutU chivariki tana pErulO Di (#de) # anE paTTapu pEru tagiliMchukunE hakku kUDa saMpAdiMchukunnADu. I vijayAlanniTiki atani chikIrsha okkaTE kAraNaM kAdu; dESaMlO prajArOgya paristhitulu kUDa koMtavaraku dOhadaM chEsEyi. A rOjullO plEgu mahAmAri yUrap^lO vistRtaMgA vyApiMchi eMtO maMdini poTTabeTTukuMdi. prabhutvOdyOgulu chanipOyinappuDu A khALIlu bhartI cheyyAli kadA. plEgu vachchi kOlukunna koddi vyaktulalO okaDu kanuka phermAki khALI avutunna A pai udyOgAlalOki jorabaDE avakASaM vachchiMdi.

AnATi phrAns lOni ItibAdhalalO pADavutUnna prajArOgya vAtAvaraNaM okaTayitE aMtakaMTe pADugA unna rAjakIya vAtAvaraNaM marokaTi. phermA prAMtIya SAsanasabhaki niyAmakaM ayina kotta rOjulalOnE kArDinal rishelU (#Cardinal Richelieu)# phrAns^ki pradhAnamaMtrigA niyAmakaM poMdEDu. kuTralu, kutaMtrAlu, vennu pOTlu rivAjugA jarigE A rOjulalO phermA jIvitaM asidhArA vrataMlA uMDEdi. ‘noppiMpaka, tAnovvaka tappiMchuku tiruguvADu dhanyuDu sumatI’ annaTTu A nItini aksharAlA AchariMchi, phermA vRttiparamaina tana panulu tAnu tala vaMchukuni chEsukuMTU, tIrika samayAlalO tana pravRtti ayina gaNitaMlO tArasapaDE chikku samasyalaki parishkArAlu vetikEvADu. vRtti prabhutyOdyOgaM, vyAvRtti gaNitaM. gaNitAbhilAshi, gaNitaMlO autsAhikuDu aMTE itanE anE pEru techchukunnADu.

1.2 gaNitaMlO abhilAsha

padihEDava SatAbdapu modaTi rOjulalO gaNita SAstraM iMkA chIkaTi yugaMlOnE uMdanavachchu. A rOjulalO gaNita SAstraj~mulaki peddagA parapati, palukubaDi uMDEvi kAdu; EdO aMkelatO gAraDIlu chEsE vALla kOvalO parigaNiMcha baDEvAru. galIliyO (#Galileo Galilei) # aMtaTivADiki pIsA viSvavidyAlayaMlO gaNitaM chadavaDAniki avakASaM rAlEdu; baiTa pAThAlu cheppiMchukuni nErchukunnADu. aMtavaraku eMduku? yUrap khaMDaM aMtaTikI okka AksapharD viSvavidyAlayaM lOnE gaNitAniki oka SAkha, oka pIThaM, uMDEvi.

phermA nivasiMchina Uru pEris^ki dUraM kAvaDaMtO pEris nagaraMlO unna koddipATi gaNita vEttalu, udA. pAskAl (#Blaise Pascal), #mersen (#Marin Mersenne)# kUDA nErugA aMdubATulO uMDEvAru kAdu.

phermA uttara pratyuttarAlu jaripina vArilO phAdar mersen okaru. Iyana kEthalik charchilO matAdhikArigA uMTUnE A kAlapu galIliyO, renE DekArT (#Rene Descartes)# vaMTi peddalatO uttarapratyuttarAlu naDipiMchEvAru. Iyana phrAnsulO tirugutU phermAni tarachu kalusunEvAru. phermA snEhabRMdaMlO mersen okaraitE, DayophAMTes 3va SatAbdaMlO rAsina arithmeTikA (#Arithmetica)# anE purAtana grIku gaNita graMthaM marokaTani abhivarNiMchavachchu. maMchi parichayaM unnappaTikI mersen valla pUrtigA prabhAvituDu kAlEdu phermA; tana dhOraNilO tanu siddhAMtAlu – rujuvulu chUpiMchakuMDA – kAgitAla mIda rAsi vadilEsEvADu. rujuvEdi? ani aDigitE, ‘nA burralO uMdi’ ani samAdhAnamichchEvADu. tanu AvishkariMchina siddhAMtAla valla tanaki pEru pratishThalu rAvAlani ataniki uMDEdi kAdO lEka Rjuvulu annI vivaraMgA rAsi chUpistE tana rahasyAlu baTTabayalu avutAyanna bhayamO teliyadu. dIniki tODu koMta chilipitanaM kUDa uMDEdEmO appuDappuDu tana anuyAyulani allari peTTE uddESaMtO siddhAMtaM rAsi, rujuvu chUpiMchakuMDA, idi avunO kAdO cheppukO chUddAM! ani savAlu chEsi samAdhAnaM cheppEvADu kAdu. renE DekArT aMtaTivADu phermAni gappAla gaMDaDu anEvADu.

ilA samasyani ichchi parishkAraM ivvakuMDA aMdarini ATapaTTiMchaDaMlA unnA I viMta pravartanalO konni lAbhAlu kUDA unnAyanukOvachchu. okaTi, pratI samasyakI parishkAraM rAstU kUrchuMTE bOleDu samayaM vechchiMchavalasi uMTuMdi. A samayaMlO kotta samasyalu sRshTiMchavachchu kadA! reMDu, samasyalaki parishkArAlu rAsi ichchEstU uMTE telisI teliyani prati anAmakuDU vachchi vAda prativAdAlalOki diMpochchu.

phermA tanaMta tAnugA choravatO uttarAla dvArA saMbhAshaNalu konasAgiMchinadi iddaritO mAtramE: mersen, pAskAl. oka vidhaMgA, I uttarAla dvArA phermA, pAskAl saMbhAvyatA vAdaM (#Probability Theory)# sauthAniki punAdulu vEsEranavachchu. ekkuvamaMdiki teliyani maroka vishayaM EmiTaMTE phermA kEl^kyulas^ki vEsina punAdula mIdE nyUTan kEl^kyulas mahA saudhAnni nirmiMchEDu. I vishayaM nyUTanE oppukunnADanna vishayaM 1934 varaku chAlamaMdiki teliyanE lEdu; aMduvalla phermAki dakkavalasina gurtiMpu dakkalEdu. kEl^kyulas^kI, saMbhAvya siddhAMtAnikI phermA vEsina punAdulu Ayana pEru charitralO chirasthAyigA nilachipODAniki saripOtAyi. I reMDiMTitOpATu saMkhyA vAdAniki (#Number Theory)# kUDa phermA maulikamaina punAdulu vEsEDu.

phermAki gaNitaMlO guruvaMTU evvarU lEru. atani pariSrama aMtA arithmeTikA chaduvukuni svayaMkRshitO chEsinadE. A graMthaM veyyELla gaNitasAra saMgrahaM. paithAgarOs, yUkliD vaMTi hEmAhEmIlu AvishkariMchina SAstraM – pratyEkiMchi saMkhyA SAstraM – aMtA A graMthaMlO krODIkariMchabaDi uMdi. I pustakaMlO ‘puli-mEka-gaDDimETu paDavalO nadini dATaDaM’ vaMTi gaNita prahELikalu vaMdaki paigA kanipistAyi. pratI prahELikanI oka krama paddhatilO parishkariMchi chUputADu DayophAMTes. kAni adEmi (dur)adRshTamO kAni I pustakaM chadivi gaNitaM nErchukunna phermAki I pustakaM kramabaddhaM chEsina maMchi alavATu abbalEdu. EdainA klishTamaina samasya edurainappuDu dAnini parishkariMchE paddhatini oka chinna kAgitaM mIda muktasarigA mUDu mukkalalO sUchiMchi, dAnitO konnALlu chelagATAlu ADi A kAgitaM mukkani chetta buTTalO paDEsEvADu. appuDappuDu, pakkani kAgitaM kanabaDakapOtE, A rAyadaluchukunnadi A pustakaM yokka upAMtaMlO (mArjin) golikEvADu. ilA upAMtaMlO rAsina ANimutyAlu ennO taravAta tarAlavAriki dorikEyi; dorikina vATanniTini rujuvu cheyyaDaM sAdhyapaDiMdi kAni chivariki okaTi rujuvu lEkuMDA migilipOyiMdi. aMdukanE dAnini chivari siddhAMtaM aMTAru.

pUrtigA #»

svAdhInapatika, prOshitabhartRka

kAvyarasamulalO SRMgAramunu rasarAjamugA lAkshaNiku laMgIkariMchi yuMDuTa sarvajanaviditamE. iTTi SRMgArarasamunaku AlaMbanamulu nAyikAnAyakulu. nAyikAnAyakula yokka chakshushprIti, manassaMgamulavalla kalugu manOvikAramE rUDhamai SRMgArarasamugA pariNamiMchunu. dIniki parisaramulaMdali surabhiLAnila suMdarOdyAna chaMdrikAdisannivESamulunu, parasparAbhihitamaina AhAryAMgahAra chEshTAdulunu uddIpakamulugA lAkshaNikulu gurtiMchinAru. ivanniyu anuraktulaina nAyikAnAyakula anubhava maMdunnavE. vIninE lAkshaNikulu siddhAMtIkariMchinAru. nAyikAvishayaprasaktilO Asaktikaramaina vishayamu ashTavidhaSRMgAranAyikAvargIkaraNamu. idi nAyikA tAtkAlika manOdharmavargIkaraNamE kAni, nAyikAprakRtivargIkaraNamu kAdu. anagA okE nAyika tattatkAlamanOdharmamu nanusariMchi, I ashTavargamulalO EdO yoka vargamunaku cheMdiyuMDunanuTa. kAvyAlaMkArasaMgrahamulO I SRMgAranAyikala lakshaNamu liTlu cheppabaDinavi:

sI.varu@MDu kaivasamaina vanita svAdhInabha
#          #;rtRka
; priyAgamavELa gRhamu@M,danuvu
#     #;savariMchu niMti vAsakasajja; patirAka
#          #;taDavuMDa nutkaMTha@M dAlchuniMti
#     #virahOtka; saMkEta marasi, nAthu@MDu lEmi
#          #;vesa nArtayau kAMta vipralabdha;
#     #;vibhu@MDanyasati@M boMdi vE@Mkuva rA@M guMdu
#          #;nabala khaMDita; yalka nadhipu@M degaDi

gI. anuSayamu@M jeMdu sati kalahAMtarita; ni
#     # jESu@MDu vidESagatu@MDaina@M gRSata@M dAlchu
#     # nativa prOshitapatika; kAMtAbhisaraNa
#     # SIla yabhisArikAkhyayai cheluvu me~rayu.

(anuSayamu=paSchAttApamu)

pai padyamulO I ashTavidhanAyikala pErlu sAMdramaina (#Bold#)aksharamulatO gurtiMpabaDinavi. kaDachina reMDu ImATa saMchikalalO vAsakasajjikA, virahOtkaMThitA, khaMDitA, kalahAMtaritAlakshaNamulanu koMta vivariMchinAnu. ippuDu svAdhInapatikA, prOshitabhartRkA anu nAyikalanu gu~riMchi vivariMchi, vAri manOdharmamulanu pratibiMbiMchunaTlugA nEnu vrAsina gItamulanu SravyamAdhyamamulO pradarSiMtunu. idiyE I vyAsamu yokka ASayamu.

svAdhInapatika

yasyA ratirasAsvAdamuditO dayitassadA|
sadaivAstE tayA sAkamEshA svAdhInabhartRkA||
udyAna salilakrIDA kusumApachayakriyA|
ApAnakELi@h SakrArchA vasaMtamadanOtsavA@h||
svAdhInabhartRkAyA@h syurvilASchaivamAdaya@h|

ani SAradAtanayuni bhAvaprakASikalO svAdhInapatikAlakshaNamu. ratirasAsvAdanachE mudituDainavADunu, ellappuDu tanatO sahachariMchu vADunu gala dayituDu (bharta) kaliginadi svAdhInapatika, ani dIni karthamu. ‘aTTinAyika udyAnavana viharaNamaMdunu, jalakrIDayaMdunu, kusumApachayamaMdunu, pAnagOshThiyaMdunu AsakturAlai yuMDunu. iMdrapUjayaMdunu, vasaMtamadanOtsavamula yaMdunu nutsukurAlai yuMDunu’ ani tana kadhInuDai tana kanusannalalO melagu pati gala yAmeyokka vilAsakriyalu paiSlOkamulalO pErkona baDinavi. gamanika: ichchaTa bhartRpadamunaku anukUluDaina priyuDani arthamu cheppavalenu. Elanana lakshaNagraMthamulalOnu, kAvyamulalOnu svIyakE kAka parakIyAdulaku gUDa svAdhInapatikA, prOshitapatikAvasthalu cheppabaDinavi.
bharatuni nATyaSAstramulO svAdhInapatikAlakshaNa miTlunnadi:

suratAtirasairbaddhO yasyA@h pArSE tu nAyaka@h|
sAndrAmOdaguNaprAptA bhavEt svAdhInabhartRkA||

nAyakuDu suratAtirasabaddhuDai, tana cheMtanuMDagA nadhikamaina harsha-saubhAgya-abhimAnAdulanu kaligiyuMDunadi svAdhInapatika ani dIni karthamu. ‘svAdhIna@h bhartA patirvA yasyA@h sA svAdhInabhartRkA patikAvA (=tana kadhInuDaina bharta lEka pati galgina strI)’ ani svAdhInabhartRka lEka patikaku vyutpatti. kAvyAlaMkArasaMgrahamulOni ‘varu@MDu kaivasamaina vanita svAdhInabhartRka’ anu rAmarAjabhUshaNuni nirvachanamu dIniki saripaDuchunnadi. iMdulO ‘sadA=ellappuDu’ anu kAlanirdESamu lEdu. idiyE sariyainadigA dOchuchunnadi. Elanana svAdhInapatikAdiSRMgAra nAyikAlakshaNamulu tatkAlAvasthAbhEdamulE kAni SASvatasvabhAvalakshaNamulu kAvu. aMduchEta dakshiNanAyakuDu saitamu tatkAlamulO nAyikaku paripUrNamugA vaSuDai yuMDavachchunu. aTTi nAyika svAdhInapatika kAvachchunu. SrIkRshNuDu dakshiNanAyakuDainanu jayadEvuni gItagOviMdamulO rAdhaku vidhEyuDainavAniganE chitriMpabaDinADugadA! pArijAtApaharaNamulOnu

SA. EyEvELala nEsarOjamukhi yEyElIlalaM gOru@M dA
#     #;nAyAvELala nAsarOjamukhi nAyAlIlalaM dElchi yE
#     #;chAyaM jUchina@M dAnayai mela@Mguchun saukhyAbdhi nOlADu bhO
#     #;gAyattuMDayi pekkurUpamula mAyAkalpanAchAturin

ani mukkutimmana SrIkRshNuni mAyASaktichEta bahurUpamulu dhariMchi, ashTamahishula kanukUluDaina bhartagA varNiMchinADu. vAraMda~ri kataDu svAdhInuDaina patiganE bhAsiMchinADu. aMduchEtanE ataDu pArijAtamunu rukmiNi kosagenanu vArta vinnaMtanE satyabhAma atanini parAdhInuDaina vAnigA dalaMchi niMdiMchinadi. ataDu tana kadhInuDugA nuMDinappuDu ubhayulu nerapina vilAsakriyala nIkriMdividhamugA smariMchukoni paritapiMchinadi:

sI. kalalOna naina navvulakaina nAmATa javadA@MTa ve~rachunO chaMdravadana!
#     #;yEpadArthaMbu nAyeduTa@M beTTaka munna yevvAri kosa@MgaDO yiguru@MbODi!
#     #;chelulu nAtO nEmi cheppudurO yani laMchaMbu lichchunO chaMchalAkshi!
#     #;tODichEDiyalu nAtODivaMtulaku rA sayiriMpa@MjAla@MDO sannutAMgi!

tE. yaramaralu lEni kUrimi nana@Mgi pena@Mgi,
#     #;kodalu dI~rani kOrkula@M gUDi mADi,
#     #;kapaTa me~ru@Mgani mamatala@M galasi melasi,
#     #;yunna vibhu@MDiTlu sEyunE yOlatAMgi! – pArijAtApaharaNamu 1-94.

pai padyamulO nAyika kadhInuDaina patiyokka svabhAvamu chakkagA varNiMpabaDinadi. iMdulO anagi penagi, kUDi mADi, kalasi melasi yanu jAtIyamula prayOgamutO ‘muddupalukugA’ nIpadyamunu mukkutimmana tIrchididdinADu. aTlu parasparAdhInulai vAru kAviMchina kELIvilAsamulanu satyabhAma yIkriMdividhamugA gurtuchEsikonuchunnadi:

sI.kRtakAdrikaMdarAkELI nigUhanavELA parasparAnvEshaNamulu,
#     #;pOshitamAdhavIpunnAgapariNayOtsava kalpitAnEkasaMbhramamulu,
#     #;chAturInirjitadyUtapaNAdAna kalitachElAMchalAkarshaNamulu,
#     #;sAyaMsamAraMbhachakravAkadvaMdva virahAvalOkana vibhramamulu,

tE. sAMdratara chaMdrikAkELi chaMkramamulu,
#     #;vidhuSilAmayavEdikA viSramamulu,
#     #;phalakachitrita nijarUpa bhAvanamulu,
#     #;ma~rachenO kAka rukmiNimAya@M dagili. – pArijAtApaharaNamu 1-95.

vivaraNa: pUrvamu dhanikula pramadAvanamulalO kRtrimaSailamu luMDeDivi. iTTi SailakaMdaramulalO dAguDumUtalADuTalu, udyAna vanamulO beMchukonna baMDiguriveMdatIgaku ponnacheTTunaku chEsina vivAhasaMraMbhamulu, paNamu loDDi yADina akshakrIDala avasAnamuna paNamu chelliMpumani chElAMchalamulanu baTTi lAguTalu, sAyaMkAlamuna Asannamagu virahamu neMchi tamidIrchukonuchunna chakravAkadaMpatulanu sAnurAgamuga jUchuTalu, paMDuvennela rAtrulaMdali vennelayATalu, (challanaina) chaMdrakAMta SilAvEdikalaMdu (orasikoni kUrchuMDi) viSramiMchuTalu, paraspararUpamulu palakalayaMdu jitriMchukoni, vAni yaMdachaMdamulanu savilAsamugA bhAviMchuTalu – ivanniyu munnu paripUrNamuga SrIkRshNuDu tanaku vaSuDai yunnappuDu, anagA tAnu svAdhInapatikayainappuDu, chEsinaTTi vilAsakAryamulu – ippuDu rukmiNi mAyalObaDi vATi nanniTini vismariMchuchuMDenA yani satyabhAma palaviMchinadi.

amaruka, gItagOviMda, pushpabANavilAsAdigraMthamulalO iTTi nAyikAnAyakula svabhAvamula chitriMchu aMdamaina udAharaNamu lenniyO yunnavi. pushpabANavilAsamulOni IkriMdi SlOkamunu chUDuDu:

SEtE SItakarOఽmbujE, kuvalayadvandvAdvinirgachChati!
svachChA mauktikasaMhati, rdhavaLimA haimIM latAma~nchati||
sparSAt pa~mkajakOSayO rabhinavA yAnti sraja@h klAntatAm|
EshOtpAtaparamparA mama sakhE! yAtrAspRhAM kRntati||

I aMdamaina SlOkamunaku nA bhAvAnuvAdamu:

u. nIrajavairi yabjamuna nidranu bUne, sumauktikAvaLul
#     #;kairavayugmamaMdodave, kAMchanavallika tellanayye, naM
#     #;bhOruhakuTmalaMbulanu bUlasaraMbulu dA@Mki mlAnataM
#     #;gUrenu, durnimittamulu gUDa@Mga niTTula@M bOvamAnitin.

vivaraNa: nAyikAvidhEyuDaina nAyaku DokaDu haThAttugA tana prayANamunu mAnukonnADu. dAniki kAraNa mEmi yani praSniMchu tana sakhunitO nataDiTlu palukuchunnADu. SItakara@h=chaMdruDu, ambujE=kamalamunaMdu, SEtE=SayaniMchuchunnADu; svachChA mauktika saMhati@h =svachChamaina mutyamula samUhamu, kuvalayadvandvAt=kaluvalajaMTanuMDi, vinirgachChati=veluvaDuchunnadi; haimIM latAm = baMgArutIgenu, dhavaLimA=telladanamu, a~nchati=poMduchunnadi; pa~mkajakOSayO@h=padmakuTmalamulayokka, sparSAt=tAkiDivalla, abhinavA sraja@h = (appuDE kUrchina) pUladaMDalu, klAntatAm=vADuTanu, yAnti=poMduchunnavi; sakhE=O mitramA! EshOtpAtaparamparA = I durnimittamula varusa, mama =nAyokka, yAtrAspRhAM=prayANEchChanu, kRntati= ChEdiMchu (chaMpu)chunnadi.

kamalavirOdhiyaina chaMdruDu kamalamulOnE paruMDuTa, kaluvalajaMTanuMDi maMchimuttemulu rAluTa, (haThAttugA ) baMgArutIge tellavA~ruTa, padmakuTmamulanu tAkaganE krottanaina pUdaMDalu vADipOvuTa, iTTi duSSakunamulu poDasUpinavi. aMduchEta SrEyaskaramu kAdani nAprayANamu nApikoMTini. anagA, nAyakuni prayANavArtanu vinagAnE svAdhInapatika kAvuna nAtani viDichi yuMDalEni nAyika tana chEtilO mOmu nAniMchukoni saMtApamunu bUninadi. anagA padmamuvaMTi Ame chEtilO chaMdrunivaMTi yAme mukhamu viSramiMchinadi. idi yoka saMtApasUchakabhaMgima. kaluvalajaMTa(vaMTi Ame kannula)nuMDi maMchimuttemulu (anagA SOkabAshpamulu) rAlinavi. baMgarutIge (vaMTi Ame maidIge haThAttugA) pAlipOyinadi. (virahatApamuchE vEDekkina yAme tanuvaMdali stanamulaneDi) kamalapumoggalanu tAkaganE meDalO vEsikonna krottanaina pUdaMDalu vADipOyinavi. iTlu tana yeDabATuvArta Amenu atyaMtakhinnurAlini jEyuTachEta prayANamu nApikoMTi nani nAyakuDu telpuchunnADu. nAyikaku paripUrNamugA vaSuDaina nAyakunikini, aTlu svAdhInapatika yaina nAyikakunu nidi maMchi udAharaNamu.

pUrtigA #»

anuvAdAlu

bOdhicheTTulO sagaMcheTTu

“kAlAnni venakki tippitE
Edi chUDAlani kOrika nIku?”
aDigiMdi bhUmi.

“siddhArthuDi sanyAsaM” annAnu nEnu.

kAMtivEgaMtO venakki tirigi
cheppinachOTa AgiMdi bhUmi.


maunaM gaDDakaTTinaTTugA
kapilavastu rAjaprAsAdaM.

pagalu kAlchina bUDida
parachukunnadi rEyigA.

idi charitrapuTallO marapurAni
rAtrannadi erugaka
AkrOSaM veLlagakkutuMdi
anAtha jAbili.

gavAkshAllO dIpAlu magatalO
tama oMTikannulu mUsukunnAyi.

tummedalakika dAri teliyadulE ani
Akulani arakoragA kappukuni
nidrakorigAyi naMdanavanaMlOni pUlu.

tADi cheTla sArAyi tappa tAgina mattulO
oLLu tUli kALLu virigAyO EmO…
kanipiMchaTaM lEdu gAli.

chukkalni kApalA uMchi
naDi AkASaMlO tUgiMdi jAbili
nidragA veluturu.


laukikapu chivari kshaNAllO siddhArthuDu
maroka janmalO pravESiMchabOyE muMdu
gatajanmani anAsaktigA chUstunnADu.

tyAgaMlA odigipOyi
ottigili nidrapOtunna bhArya

tAmaravadanaMpai oka chemmagillina muddu.

vIDirAlEka pOtunnAyi
pillavADi juTTulO jonipina vELLu

pAdukalalO chorabaDina pAdAlu
vATinI vidiliMchukuni naDichAyi bayaTaki
tamaMtaTa tAmE, E pramEyamU lEdu.

“siddhArthA, Agu!” aMTunnAyi
kadalaka nilichina kOTa jeMDAlu.

“buddhA, rA!” aMTunnAyi
allArutunna bOdhivRkshapu Akulu.

Akula pilupukE
phalaM dakkiMdi.


egurutunna pakshi okaTi
nakshatraMgA mArinaTTu kalagaMTU
ulikipaDi mElukuMdi yaSOdhara.

jariginadEmO cheppakanE cheppiMdi
oka sagamE naligina parupu.

kannIru munnIrai oDalaMtA
kumilipOyi karigipOyiMdi
sthANuvai yaSOdhara.

“prabhU!
mIru parityajiMchinadi laukikasaukhyaM
poMdabOtunnadi alaukikAnaMdaM

pOgoTTukunnadi oka chinna rAjyaM
svAdhInaM chEsukObOyEdi viSAla viSvaM

viDichipeTTinadi svarNa kirITaM
dhariMchanunnadi divyatEjassu

vadulukunna dAnikaMTE poMdEdi ekkuvainapuDu
adi sanyAsaM avutuMdA SuddhOdhana kumAruDA?!

mI prapaMchaM paripUrNata vaipu
nA prapaMchaM SUnyaM vaipu.

rAjyamunnA
SaraNArthilA…

maMgaLasUtramunnA
vitaMtuvulA…

saMtAnaM unnA
sanyAsinilA…

AlOchiMchArA nA paristhiti EmiTO?

sanyAsi mIru kAdu rAjukumArA,
yaSOdhara! yaSOdhara! yaSOdhara!”


Ame kannITi
vEDimi tALalEka
kAMtivEgaMtO tirigi
vartamAnaMlOki vachchiMdi bhUmi.

(mUlaM: bOdimarattil pAdimaraM – koMjaM tEnIr ni~raiya vAnaM (2005) kavitAsaMpuTaM nuMDi. mUla kavita tamiL, telugu lipilO)

pUrtigA #»

Sabda taraMgAlu

puchchA SEshayya SAstrigAritO saMbhAshaNa

#[#SEshayya SAstrigAru karNATaka gAtra saMgIta vidvAMsuDu, adhyApakuDu. tallitaMDrulu pramukha saMgItaj~nulu, lakshaNakArulu, haidarAbAd prabhutva saMgIta kaLASAla vyavasthApakulaina kI. SE. puchchA subrahmaNya SAstri, SrImati sUryakAMtaM gAralu. SEshayya SAstri kI. SE. pulavarti rAma dIkshitulu, SrI susarla SivarAM, SrI nEdunUri krishNamUrti gArala daggara saMgItaM nErchukunnAru. modaTa sikiMdarAbAd lOni bhakta rAmadAsu prabhutva saMgIta nRtya kaLASAlalO adhyApakuni gAnu, taruvAta pradhAnaMgA vijayanagaraM mahArAjA prabhutva saMgIta nRtya kaLASAlalO sumAru 18 saMvatsarAla pATu upanyAsakuni gAnU gAtra saMgIta bOdhanalO tama viluvaina sEvalni aMdiMchAru. Ayana Sishyulu paluvuru dESa, vidESAlalO pradarSanalu istU, vidyA dAnaM chEstU saMgIta vRttilOnu, adhyApakulu gAnU, AkASavANi, dUradarSan^ lalO e-grED kaLAkArulu gAnU sthirapaDDAru. SEshayya SAstri svayaMgA dESa vidESAlalO kachErIlu chEsEru, rAshTra prabhutva haMsa kaLAratna puraskAraM, ugAdi puraskAraM, saMgIta kaLA tapasvi, gAna kaLAnidhi vaMTi sanmAnAlanu aMdukunnAru. Ayana haidarAbAd SrI tyAgarAja prabhutva saMgIta nRtya kaLASAla prinsipAl^gA padavI viramaNa chEsi, prastutaM koMdaru vidyArdhulaku gAtra saMgIta kaLalOni meLukuvalni bOdhistunnAru. – ra.#]

  1. # iMTar^vyU modaTi bhAgaM

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  2. # iMTar^vyU reMDava bhAgaM

#pUrtigA #»

karuNa@MjUDu lalita

rAgaM: dharmavati
tALaM: Adi

svara rachana, gAnaM: vidvAn puchchA vEMkaTa SEshayya SAstri
rachana, svara kalpana: kanaka prasAd

#sAhityaM

pallavi:
karuNa@MjUDu lalita bhavAni
te~ragu parachunadi nIva gAni
karuNajUDu lalita bhavAni
a.pallavi:
parula tappuleMchunu naTiMchunu
bigisi ayyavArai chariMchunu
visigi vesanakADai kRSiMchunu
vedaki chitikitE odavA Emi? |karuNa@MjUDu|
charaNaM:
irula korali ninu teliyaga lEni
tirugulADi nepamennaka dInini |karuNa@MjUDu|
pUrtigA #»

advaya vachanamulADu

rAgaM: kAMbhOji
tALaM: Adi

svara rachana, gAnaM: SrIvidya badarInArAyaNan
rachana, svara kalpana: kanaka prasAd

#sAhityaM

pallavi:
advaya vachanamulADu
advaya vachanamulADu
advaya vachana sudhA nishyaMda maraMdamulODu
a.pallavi:
aruNagiri Sukamu vIDu
aruNagiri Sukamu vIDu |advaya|
charaNaM:
niddura nuMDi lEpi
niddura nuMDi lEpi
niddura nuMDi lEpi
nishTura dOsha kashAyitamI chEtananiMdE eDabApi |advaya|
charaNaM:
iddaru lErani chUpi
iruloralanu dayapaDu baTTikADu
aruNagiri Sukamu vIDu
aruNagiri Sukamu vIDu |advaya|
pUrtigA #»

kAlidAsa – mAlavikAgnimitram

I saMskRta nATakaM guriMchi gataMlO okasAri prastAviMchAnu. I madhyanE es. vi. bhujaMgarAyaSarmagAri rEDiyO prasaMgaM okaTi dorikiMdi, adikUDA I kAlidAsa nATakaM paina chEsinadi. Ayana prasaMgAniki anubaMdhaMgA I nATakAnni jata chEstunnAnu.

I nATakaM 1977lO SrI nallAn^chakravartula kRshNamAchAryula nirvahaNalO prasAramayyiMdi. iMdulO pAlgonna koMdaru pramukhulu: ElUripATi anaMtarAmayya (vidUshakuDu), ke. chiraMjIvirAvu (agnimitruDu), vi.bi. kanakadurga (mAlavika), e. kamalakumAri (irAvati), eM.nAgaratnamma (parivrAjika), iMdragaMTi SrIkAMtaSarma (kaMchuki), veMpaTa mallikArjunaSAstri (gaNadAsuDu), chAvali vAmanamUrtiSAstri (haradattuDu).


  1. bhujaMgarAyaSarmagAri rEDiyO prasaMgaM.

  2.  

  3. #mAlavikAgnimitram – rEDiyO nATakaM
#pUrtigA #»

mukhAmukhi

puchchA SEshayya SAstrigAritO saMbhAshaNa

#[#SEshayya SAstrigAru karNATaka gAtra saMgIta vidvAMsuDu, adhyApakuDu. tallitaMDrulu pramukha saMgItaj~nulu, lakshaNakArulu, haidarAbAd prabhutva saMgIta kaLASAla vyavasthApakulaina kI. SE. puchchA subrahmaNya SAstri, SrImati sUryakAMtaM gAralu. SEshayya SAstri kI. SE. pulavarti rAma dIkshitulu, SrI susarla SivarAM, SrI nEdunUri krishNamUrti gArala daggara saMgItaM nErchukunnAru. modaTa sikiMdarAbAd lOni bhakta rAmadAsu prabhutva saMgIta nRtya kaLASAlalO adhyApakuni gAnu, taruvAta pradhAnaMgA vijayanagaraM mahArAjA prabhutva saMgIta nRtya kaLASAlalO sumAru 18 saMvatsarAla pATu upanyAsakuni gAnU gAtra saMgIta bOdhanalO tama viluvaina sEvalni aMdiMchAru. Ayana Sishyulu paluvuru dESa, vidESAlalO pradarSanalu istU, vidyA dAnaM chEstU saMgIta vRttilOnu, adhyApakulu gAnU, AkASavANi, dUradarSan^ lalO e-grED kaLAkArulu gAnU sthirapaDDAru. SEshayya SAstri svayaMgA dESa vidESAlalO kachErIlu chEsEru, rAshTra prabhutva haMsa kaLAratna puraskAraM, ugAdi puraskAraM, saMgIta kaLA tapasvi, gAna kaLAnidhi vaMTi sanmAnAlanu aMdukunnAru. Ayana haidarAbAd SrI tyAgarAja prabhutva saMgIta nRtya kaLASAla prinsipAl^gA padavI viramaNa chEsi, prastutaM koMdaru vidyArdhulaku gAtra saMgIta kaLalOni meLukuvalni bOdhistunnAru. – ra.#]

  1. # iMTar^vyU modaTi bhAgaM

  2. # iMTar^vyU reMDava bhAgaM

#pUrtigA #»