Expand to right
Expand to left

vishaya sUchika: jUlai 2015

muMdumATa

ImATa julai 2015 saMchikaku svAgataM!

DA. pullela SrIrAmachaMdruDu (24 akTObar 1927 – 24 jUn 2015): saMskRtAMglAMdhrahiMdI bhAshalalO, vEdAMta vyAkaraNa alaMkAraSAstrAlalO advitIyamaina pAMDityapratibhatO nUTayAbhaiki paigA pustakAlu vrAsi, saMskRtabhAsha nuMDi ennO klishTamaina rachanalanu telugu lOki anuvAdaM chEsina kavi, rachayita, lAkshaNikuDu, vimarSakuDu, alaMkArikuDu, vaiyAkaruNi, naighaMTikuDu, saMskRtAMdhra bhAshAsAhityAlaku itOdhikaMgA sEva chEsina mahanIyuDu, DA. pullela SrIrAmachaMdruDu ika lEru. 1927lO janmiMchina SrIrAmachaMdruDu hiMdI, iMglIsh, saMskRta bhAshallO benAras hiMdU viSvavidyAlayaM nuMchi mAsTars DigrIlanu, saMskRtaMlO usmAniyA yUnivarsiTI nuMDi DAkTarET paTTAnu sAdhiMchAru. pratipadArthAlatO, viSlEshaNAsahitaMgA vAlmIki rAmAyaNAniki chEsina padi saMpuTula chakkaTi telugu anuvAdaM Ayana pratibhaku oka chinna nidarSanaM mAtramE. AnaMdavardhanuDi dhvanyAlOkaM, bharatuDi nATyaSAstraM, upanishattulu, rAjaSEkharuDi kAvyamImAMsA, pataMjali yOgasUtraM, kauTilyuni arthaSAstraM, mammaTuDi kAvyAdarSaM, brahmasUtra SaMkarabhAshyaM, ilA ennO saMskRta graMthAlanu aMdarikI arthamayElA anuvAdaM chEsi SrIrAmachaMdruDu teluguvAriki enalEni mElu chESAru; alaMkAraSAstra charitra, prAkRtabhAshAsAhityacharitra vaMTi graMthAlatO telugu sAhityAnni paripushTaM chESAru. vaij~nAnikaSANmukham, kO vai rasa@h, pASchAtyatatvaSAstrEtihAsa@h, pArasIkalOkOktaya@h, taditara saMskRta rachanala dvArA dESavyAptaMgA gauravaM aMdukunna paMDituDu, saMskRtAMdhrabhAshAbhivRddhi kOsaM jIvitAMtamU kRshi chEsina mahAmahOpAdhyAyuDu ayina SrIrAmachaMdruDiki 2011lO padmaSrI puraskAraM ichchi kEMdraprabhutvaM satkariMchiMdi. nigarvi, sahRdayuDu ayina Ayana maraNaM telugusAhityaM pUDchukOlEni oka pedda lOTu.


I saMchikalO:

  • kathalu: eDAri aMchuna – SArada; ghOsT saikil – sAyi brahmAnaMdaM gorti; nalla belUn – mamata; oMTaritanaM – lakshmIdEvi; TIchiMg mUmeMts – lailA yernEni; moTTamodaTi sArAkApu – Ar. Sarma daMturti.
  • kavitalu: tOpulO pillalu – pAlaparti iMdrANi; vEDikOlu – samavarti; guppiTlO tUnIga – sAMghika; jAripOyina kAlaM – aparNa tOTa; rekkiTiki – ta@h ta@h; pedimalu, talupulu – hechchArke.
  • vyAsAlu: sAhityacharitralO apUrvamaina paryAyakAvyaM: gaNapavarapu vEMkaTakavi prabaMdharAja vEMkaTESvara vijayavilAsamu (reMDu bhAgAlalO) – ElchUri muraLIdhararAvu; pradhAnasaMkhyalalO kavalalu – vEmUri vEMkaTESvararAvu.
  • SIrshikalu: nAku nachchina padyaM: reMDu aMdamaina padyaSilpAlu – bhairavabhaTla kAmESvararAvu.
  • SabdrataraMgAlu: svarArchanaM – kanakaprasAd; dIkshita duhita – tallAvajhjhala SivaSaMkara SAstri, samarpaNa: paruchUri SrInivAs.
pUrtigA #»

saMpAdakIyaM

pullela SrIrAmachaMdruDu

monna jUn 24va tEdIna pullela SrIrAmachaMdruDugAru kannu mUSAru. okka chEtimIdugA Ayana saMskRta vij~nAnAnni padimaMdiki bOdhapaDE telugulO vyAkhyAniMchi manakichchAru. idi chinna pani kAdu. Ayana rAsina dAdApu reMDu vaMdala pustakAlalO alaMkAraSAstraM, vyAkaraNaSAstraM, vEdAMtaM, dharmaSAstra graMthAlu, dAdApugA annI vunnAyi. bharatuDi nATyaSAstraM parama prAmANikaMgA mUlaMtO sahA chakkani vivaraNatO manakaMdiMchAru Ayana. abhinavaguptuDi vyAkhyAnaMtO kUDina AnaMdavardhuni dhvanyAlOkaM AyanavallE sushTugA manakaMdiMdi. daMDi kAvyAdarSaM, bhAmahuDi kAvyAlaMkAraM, vAmanuDi alaMkArasUtravRtti, kuMtakuDi vakrOkti jIvitaM, mammaTuDi kAvyAdarSaM, rAjaSEkharuDi kAvyamImAMsa ivannI Ayana chEti chalava vallE manaku vachchAyi. pradhAnamaina SAstra graMthAlalO kauTilyuDi arthaSAstraM Ayana sAdhikAraMgA tenigiMchAru.

Ayana rAsina graMthAlannI achchutappulu lEkuMDA chakkagA achchayyAyi. vATiki Ayana rAsina upOdghAtAlu, chEsina vyAkhyalu iTu Adhunika rachanA saMpradAyalni, prAchIna SAstra saMpradAyAlani reMTinI samardhaMgA anusaristAyi. samAchArAnni bAdhyatagA ivvaTaM lOnu, abhiprAyAnni spashTaMgA cheppaTaM lOnu Ayana mArgaM nAku telisinaMtalO evarU anusariMchalEdu. vyAkhyAnaM rAsETappuDu, pustakAniki upOdghAtaM rAsETappuDu Ayana klishTamaina SAstra vishayAlani spashTamaina vachanaMlO cheppagaligE vAru. anniTikannA mukhyamaina vishayamEmiTaMTE Ayana abhinavaguptuDi vaMTi parama prAmANikuDaina sAhityaSAstra nirmAtani kUDA nissaMdEhaMgA kAdanagaligEvAru. mammaTuDi kAvyaprakASaki Ayana rAsina upOdghAtaM enni sArlu chadivinA iMkA kotta vishayAlu telustUnE vuMTAyi. jagannAthapaMDitarAyala mIda Ayana iMglIshulO rAsina reMDu bhAgAla mahAgraMthaM Ayanaki aTu jagannAtha paMDituDi mIda, iTu sarva alaMkAraSAstraM mIda Ayanakunna adhikArAniki oka chinna pradarSana. Ayana rAsina prati SAstra graMthaM lOnu tAnu svataMtraMgA pratipAdiMchina kotta samanvayAlu, tanakannA muMdu goppa vALlayina vAri abhiprAyAlatO sunnitaMgA, ayinA spashTaMgA nishkarshagA cheptU vibhEdistU rAsina viSEshAlU, I vyAsaMlO vivariMchaDAniki vIllEnaMta peddavi. brahmasUtra SAMkarabhAshyaM vEdAMta vidulaki tappa itarulaki bOdhapaDaTAniki vIlulEnaMta gahanamainadainA, Ayana vyAkhAnaM tODu tIsukuni koMcheM Sraddha peTTi chadivitE nAlAMTivALlaki kUDA bOdhapaDutuMdi.

saMskRta graMthAlu, vATi samaya saMdarbhAlu teliyani aj~nAnaM kAraNaM gAnU, bhArata dESAniki pASchAtya prapaMchaM kannA goppa nAgarikata vunnadani aMgIkariMchaDAniki tama nAgarikatA garvaM aDDu rAvaDaM kAraNaM gAnU, koMdaru pASchAtyulu chEsina durvyAkhyAnAlani sahEtukaMgA kAdanagalagaDaM SrIrAmachaMdruDugAru chEsina mahOpakAraM. I pani, bhArata dESaMlO pratidI goppadi, pASchAtyamainadi pratidI cheDdadi anE chekkapaDi paddhatilO kAkuMDA, sahEtukaMgA, sunnitaMgA cheyyaDaM Ayana pratyEkata. dIniki tODu Adhunikulamani cheppukunE bhAratIyulu kUDA pASchAtya prabhAvaMlO paDi saMskRta graMthAlani tappugA arthaM chEsukOvaDaM Ayana gamaniMchAru. bhAratIya vyAkhyAtala chEtilOnE saMskRta graMthAlu debba tinaDaM chUsi, Ayana A lOpAlani nemmadigA sarididdAru. valasavAda prabhAvaM mana mIda eMta gADhaMgA vuMdO Ayanaki nijaMgA arthaM ayiMdi.

kauTilyuDi arthaSAstraM pEru cheppagAnE 15va SatabdilO mAkiyavilli rAsina di prins anE rAjanIti graMthAnni pOlika testAru. mAkiyavillikI kauTilyuDikI pOlika lEdani chakkani upapattulatO nirupiMchAru SrIrAmachaMdruDu. mAnavuDepppuDU svArthaparuDE anI, eppuDu tana lAbhaM kOsamE prayatnistUMTADanI, vaMchana, kRtaghnata, pirikitanaM, durASa, mAnavuDi sahaja lakshaNAlanI, avasaraM kosamE maMchitanaM chUpistUMTADanI, rAju eppuDU prajalni bhayapeTTi paripAliMchAlanI mAkiyavilli rASADu. ilATi nirASAvAdaM kauTilyuDilO lEdanI, kauTilyuDilO dharmaM vyaktilO vunna maMchini peMpodiMchEdi anI SrIrAmachaMdruDu gAru vivariMchAru.

Ayana parama saMpradAyaj~nuDu, ayinA saMpradAyaniki dAsuDu kAdu. parama AdhunikuDu, alA ani AdhunikatAvyAmOhituDu kAdu. iTu kAvya svArasyAnni vyAkhyAniMchagala SaktI, aTu tarkakarkaSamaina SAstra vishayAlni prapaMchiMchagala sAmardhyamU, anniTikannA miMchi achchamaina, aMdamaina telugu vAkyAlu rAyagala rachanA prAvINyamU, ivannI kalisina oka mahAvyakti SrIrAmachaMdruDugAru.

iMta chEsi kUDA Ayana prati pustakaMlOnu dEvatala anugrahamu, tallidaMDrula tapassu, tana guruvula kRpa ivE tana pustakAlaki kartalanI tAnu kEvalaM upakaraNaM mAtramE ani savinayaMgA cheppukOgala mahAnubhAvuDAyana.

Ayana teluguvADai puTTaDaM mana goppa. Ayana goppatanAnni saMpUrNaMgA bOdhaparuchukuni, Ayanni iMkA ekkuva gauraviMcha lEkapOvaDaM mana lOpaM.

pUrtigA #»

kathalu

kashAyaM

nA gadi gummAniki aDDaMgA nilabaDDADataDu.

sannagA, poDavugA, aMdaMgA, pachchani ChAyalO – achchaM sinimA hIrOlA unnADu.

rOshakashAyita nEtrAlatO, chEtilO poDavATi kattitO – achchamaina sinimA vilanlAgAnU unnADu.

ataDu koddi kshaNAlu nannE tIkshaNaMgA chUSADu. tarvAta gummAniki kAsta pakkagA jarigi, “dAri istunnAnu. pAripO. tarvAta nuvvu lEDi. nEnu puli. vETa modalu,” annADu.

nAku AlOchiMchaDAniki samayaM lEdu. ataDichchina avakASAnni upayOgiMchukOvAlanukunnAnu. okka uduTuna gadilOMchi bayaTapaDi ataNNi dATAnu. veMTanE parugu laMkiMchukunnAnu. nA venuka ataDi aDugula chappuDu. adi nElamIda kAka nA guMDela mIdannaTluMdi. vEgaMgA parugeDutuMTE A chappuDu guMDelamIMchi chevullOki vachchiMdi. iMkA vEgaM peMchAlanukunElOgAnE O balamaina hastaM venukanuMchi nA bhujaMmIda paDiMdi.

kevvumani arichi lEchi kUrchunnAnu.

kala. tellavAru jhAmuna vachchina bhayaMkaramaina kala. nijaMlA anipiMchi bhayaMtO vaNikiMchina kala.

ArnellakritaM udyOgaMlO chEraDAniki I UrochchAnu. brahmachArini kAvaDaMtO addeku gadi dorakaDAniki reMDu nelalu paTTiMdi. aMdAkA muMdu baMdhuvuliMTlO O nela, tarvAta O mitruDi rUm^lO marO nela elAgO kAlakshEpaM chESAnu. I gadikochchi nAlugu nelalaiMdi. iMtavarakU eppuDU ilAMTi kala rAlEdu.

manishiki kalalu rAvaDaM mAmUlE! mahAtmulaitE manushula madhya sAmarasyaM kOsamU, lOka kalyANaM kOsamU kalalu kaMTAruTa. sAmAnyuDi kalalu kEvalaM tana paridhilOnE uMTAyannadi nAku svAnubhavamE. chinnappuDu peddavALLu nannu muddu chEstunnaTlu kalalochchEvi. deyyAla kathalu viMTE avE kallOkochchi bhayapeTTEvi. sinimA chUstE nEnE hIrOnaipOyinaTlu kalalu. kAlEjikochchAka klAs^mETsU, lekchararsU, ammAyilU, sinImA hIrOyinlatO kalalu. chaduvaipOyAka iMTar^vyUla kalalu. udyOgaMlO chErAka peLli kalalu. kAnI ilA evarO nannu chaMputunnaTlu kala rAvaDaM idE modaTisAri.

chitramEmiTaMTE nannu kalalO chaMpabOyina A vilan^ ilalO nAku hIrOgA telusu. telisina hIrOlaMtA parichayastulu kAnavasaraM lEdugA, ataDU aMtE! ataNNippaTiki nAlugu sArlu chUSAnu. chUsinappuDallA jarigina prati saMghaTanA nEnataNNi hIrO anukunElA chEsiMdi.

ataNNi modaTi sAri chUsiMdi O sinimA hAlu daggira.

julAyilA kanipiMchE O yuvakuDu sAdAsIdAgA kanipiMchE O madhyataragati yuvatipai EdO vyAkhya chESADu. Ame chirAggA goNigiMdi. dAMtO rechchipOyi A julAyi Ameni asabhyamaina padajAlaMtO niMdiMchaDaM modaleTTADu. idaMtA nAtO sahA chAlAmaMdE chUstunnAM. evarO okaru jOkyaM chEsukunE vALlamEmO kAnI julAyiki tODugA iMkO naluguru julAyilunnAru. purANakAlaMlO niMDu koluvulO kulasatikainA, 21va SatAbdaMlO naDi bajArlO kulIna yuvatikieienA vastrApaharaNaM asAdhAraNaM kAdu. dAnnApaDAniki dEvuDunnADulE – ani chOdyaM chUsE sagaTu bhAratapaurulaM kadA, mAlO okkaraM kUDA Ameku maddatugA veLlalEdu.

julAyi mATalakA yuvati avamAnaMtO kuMchiMchukupOtunna samayaMlO akkaDa dEvuDilA pratyakshamayyADataDu. ‘nEnevarO telusA’ aMTU tana pEru cheppi garjiMchADu. nirbhayaMgA julAyila mIdaki veLlADu. pOlIsulaki phiryAdu chEstAnaMTU vALlamIda cheyyettinaMta pani chESADu. appaTiki chuTTU unnavALlalO chalanamochchiMdi. A yuvatiki vattAsu modalai perigiMdi. dAMtO julAyi Ameki sArI kUDA cheppi tanavALlatO akkaNNiMchi jArukunnADu.

“oppuki unna balaM tappuki lEdu. eduru tiragAli kAnI, oppumuMdu eMtaTi balameiina tappayinA tala vaMchutuMdi,” ani akkaDunnavALlani maMdaliMchina ataNNi – nEnu pErutO kAka, hIrOgAnE gurtuMchukunnAnu.

reMDOsAri hIrOni sUpar^ mArkeTlO chUSAnu.

O padahArELla kurrADu ataDi jEbulOMchi pars^ koTTEstuMTE evarO chUsi paTTukunnAru. chuTTU unnavALlu kurrANNi chAvadannaDAniki samAyattamayyAru. hIrO vALlani vAriMchADu. “iMta sulabhaMgA dorikipOyADaMTE, doMgatanAniki kottayi uMDAli,” ani A kurrADimIda jAlipaDDADu. “alAMTivADi paristhiti telusukuni, dAri mArchukOmani suddulu cheppAli. chEtanaina sAyaM cheyyAli. aMtE tappa tanni paMpiMchaDaM maMchi paddhati kAdu,” annADu. tarvAta A kurrADitO kAsEpu mATlADi, ataDitOnE kalisi veLlipOyADu.

mari A kurrADitO iMTikeLlADO, EmainA upAdhi chUpiMchADO lEdO nAku teliyadu. ataDu mAtraM nAku sUpar^ hIrO aipOyADu.

mUDOsAri nA hIrO O mUDu kALla mudusalini TrAphik^ lOMchi rODDu dATistU kanipiMchADu.

nAlugOsAri bas^sTAp^ daggira. oka vyakti ATO digi ATOvAlAki yAbhai rUpAyala nOTichchADu. venakki padihEnu rUpAyalu rAvAli kAnI ATOvAlA chillara lEdannADu. A vishayamai iddarikI goDavautunna samayaMlO akkaDikochchADu hIrO. parsu tIsi yAbai rUpAyalakI chillara tIsichchADu. “marI padihEnu rUpAyala chillara kUDA lEdanaDaM sarikAdu,” ani ATOvAlAni gaTTigA maMdaliMchADu.

strI bAla vRddhulnI asahAyulnI AdukuMTU – alA nAlugusArlu nAchEta ArAdhiMchabaDDa nA hIrO aidOsArigA I rOju kalalO kanipiMchi vilan^gA mAripOyADu. eMduku?

prati manishilOnU maMchi, cheDu uMTAyi. maMchi cheDuni aNachitE sanmArguDu. cheDu maMchini aNachitE durmArguDu. DAkTar^ jekil^ aMD^ misTar^ haiD^ navalalO hIrOlA masilE jekil^ O kashAyaM trAgi, haiD^gA mAri vilan^lA pravaristUMTADu. haiD^ maLlI alAgE marO kashAyaM trAgi jekil^gA mArutUMTADu.

nA hIrO kUDA alAMTi kashAyaM trAgutADA? asalalAMTi kashAyaM nijaMgA uMTuMdA?

eMta AlOchiMchinA javAbu tOchalEdu. kAnI ataDipai nAkErpaDina ArAdhanAbhAvAnni baTTi okavELa nannu chaMpaDamE ataNNi marOsAri hIrOni chEstuMdEmO anna anumAnaM kUDA kaligiMdi. kAnI ataDilO niMDA maMchitanaM. anyAyAnni chUsi sahiMchalEni dhairya guNaM. alAMTivADu mukkU mohaM teliyani nAlAMTi mAmUlu prANini chaMpAlani eMduku anukuMTADu?

kalalu mana AlOchanalnI, samAjAnnI pratiphalistAyaTa. vATini tEliggA koTTi pArEyakUDadaTa. lOtugA viSlEshiMchi arthaM chEsukunE prayatnaM chEstE prayOjanaMTa. mari nA kalani nEnelA arthaM chEsukOvAli?

nETi samAjaMlO svArthaM pechchumIripOyiMdi. sATivANNi paTTiMchukOvaDaM taggipOyiMdi. nA guriMchE AlOchistU, nA kOsamE jIviMchE nAlAMTi vALladE ippuDI samAjaMlO mejAriTI. mEmennukunna mAlAMTi vArE manaki nAyakulautunnAru. aitE mA aMdari lOnU EdO mUla aparAdhabhAvaM uMDakapOdu. aMduvalla mAku bhinnaMgA, nisvArthaMgA uMDEvALlani chUstE mAku chinnatanaM. vALlapai asUya puTTi vALlaku lEni svArthAnnO, daushTyAnnO ApAdiMchAlanipistuMdi. nAyakulu – tama vallakAni panulu chEsE sajjanulapai mATalatO mIDiyAlO burada challutAru. nAlAMTivALlu nidralO kalalu kaMTAru.

nijAniki ilA anukOvaDaM nannu nEnu chinnabuchchukOvaDamE autuMdi. aMdukani nA AlOchanalni marO dAriki maLliMchAnu.

merisEdaMtA baMgAraM kAdu. nallanivannI nILlu, tellanivannI pAlu kAvu. kaMchu mrOginaTlu kanakaM mrOgadu. nA hIrOlO kUDA O vilan^ unnADu. EdO rOjuna bayaTapaDatADu. nA kala nAku chebutunnadadE!

appuDalA anukunnA kAnI A rAtrE nijaMgA alA jarugutuMdanukOlEdu…

artharAtri reMDu gaMTala samayaM. maMchi nidralO unnAnu. kAliMg^ bel^ mrOgitE ulikkipaDi lEchAnu. kaLlu nulumukuMTU gODa daggirakeLli laiT svich^ vESAnu. IlOgA kAliMg^ bel^ maLlI mrOgiMdi. veLli talupu tIsi ulikki paDDAnu.

nAku ilalO telisina hIrO. kAnI E kashAyaM tAgADO rOshakashAyita nEtrAlu. E uddESyaMtOnO chEtilO katti. achchaM kalalO kanapaDDa vilan^lA unnADu.

“mIru?” annAnu. koMcheM veragu. koMcheM verapu.

“ninnu chaMpaDAniki vachchAnu,” annADu tana uddESyAnni spashTaM chEstU. A goMtu uddESyaM kaMTE chAlA kaTuvugA uMdi. nA hIrO nannu chaMpaDamA? nammalEka pOyAnu.

“nIkU nAkU vairamE kAdu, parichayaM kUDA lEdu. nuvvu nannu chaMpaDaM eMduku?” annAnu, adi kalE ayuMTuMdanna dhairyaMtO.

“mIvALlu mAvALlu padimaMdini vETADi chaMpAru. aMdukani mEmu kanIsaM pAtikamaMdi mIvALlani TArgeT^gA peTTukunnAM. ninnu vETADDaM nA vaMtu,” annADataDu.

arthamaiMdi. UchakOtaku vittumuMdO, cheTTumuMdO spashTaM kAni O mata kalahaM. modalaitE Edi vittO, Edi cheTTO anna paTTiMpuMDadu. kAnI UchakOta kOsina vilan^ tanavALlalO hIrO aipOtADu.

appuDu sphuriMchiMdi nAkA kala eMdukochchiMdO!

monna pEparlO mata kalahAlaku bIjaM paDinaTlu chadivAnu. A vArta chadavagAnE aMta varakU nA vALlanukuMTunna nA irugu porugulu nA mataMvALlu kAdani sphuriMchiMdi. samAjAniki maNipUsalAMTi nA hIrO pEru kUDA gurtochchi ataDU nA mataMvADu kAdani sphuriMchiMdi. mukkU mohaM teliyanivALlani kUDA, chorava tIsukuni AdukunE nA hIrO, mukkU mohaM teliyani vALlani kUDA aMtaM chEyagala AvESasphUrti poMdagalaDanipiMchiMdi. aMdukE nAkA kalochchiMdi.

ataDu nAku dAri istunnaTlugA pakkaku tappukunnADu. kaLlu mAtraM mariMta kashAyitamayyAyi.

arthamautOMdi nAku. rAbarT^ lUyIs^ sTIvensan^ navallO vrAsina kashAyaM kalpana kAdu. I samAjaMlO A kashAyaM EdO oka kAraNaMgA aMdarU tAgutUnE unnAru. dAni prabhAvaMtO aMtA AvESapaDaka pOvachchu kAnI A sphuraNa sAmAnyuDilO kUDA anumAnAnnI, bhayAnnI niMpagaladu. aMdukE nAkA kala vachchiMdi.

nA hIrO, vilanlA chUstU, iMkA AlasyamEmiTannaTlu, ‘U@M’ ani hechchariMchADu.

nEnu okka uduTuna gadilOMchi bayaTapaDi parugu laMkiMchukunnAnu.

nA venuka ataDi aDugula chappuDu. adi nElamIda kAka nA guMDela mIdannaTluMdi. vEgaMgA parugeDutuMTE A chappuDu guMDelamIMchi chevullOki vachchiMdi.

iMkA vEgaM peMchAlanukunElOgAnE O balamaina hastaM venukanuMchi nA bhujaMmIda paDiMdi. adi vAstavamaitE kevvumani arichi nEla kUlipOtAnu. kala aitE chaTukkuna lEchi kUrchuMTAnu.

kAnI reMTikI avakASamuMdani nAku telusu…

pUrtigA #»

nalla belUn

pApa chEtilO belUn, sarikottadi, merisipOtOMdi. gAliki aTu iTu UgutU allarigA appuDappuDu pApa chinni talanu DhI koDutOMdi kUDA. ayinA pApa mokhaMlO ravaMtainA saMtOshapu AnavALLu lEvu. amma kOppaDutuMdEmOnani gaTTigA paTTukuMdE kAnI tanaku belUn^nu vadilipeTTEyAlanE vuMdi. amma eppuDU tanaku ishTamaina raMgu belUn konipistuMdi. kAnI IsAri tanaku nachchiMdi kAka vErE raMgudi konichchiMdi. pApaku ukrOshaMgA vuMdi.


grOsarIlu iMTlO peTTEsi pApanu kamyUniTI plEgrauMD daggaraku tIsukuveLLiMdi amma. pApa belUn^tO pATu alakanu kUDA iMTlOnE vadilipeTTiMdi.

plEgrauMD^lO pillalu ADukuMTuMTE, peddavALLu kaburlu cheppukuMTuMTAru. rAjakIyAla nuMchi vaMTala dAkA anni rakAla saMbhAshaNalu naDustAyi vALLa madhya. pillala guriMchi, vALLa chaduvula guriMchE ekkuva mATalu dorlutAyi. telugutO pATU anni rakAla bhAratIya bhAshalu vinipistAyakkaDa. amerikAlO vunnA iMDiyAlO vunnaTluMTuMdi. eppuDainA vErE dESastulu vachchinappuDu mAtramE iMglIshu padAlu vinipistAyi. aMdarU kalupugOlugA vuMTAru.

chIkaTi musurutOMdi chinnagA. okkokkarE vALLa pillalanu tIsukuni iMTi mokhaM paDutunnAru.

iMTi pani, pApanu nidrapuchchina taruvAta cheyyAlsina AphIsu pani gurtochchi pApanu kUDA ika veLdAmani aDigiMdi amma. chalikAlamaMtA iMTlO okkatE ADukuni ippuDippuDE chali taggaDaMtO bayaTa tana snEhitulatO eMta ADinA tanivi tIraTlEdu pApaku. iMkO aidu nimishAlu iMkO aidu nimishAlaMTU O aidu aidu nimishAlanu dATEsiMdi.

iMtalO migilina pillala guMpuki kAsta dUraMgA mellagA veLLiMdi oka nalla pilli.

“abbabba! eMta nallagA, asahyaMgA vuMdO!” chIdariMchukuMdi pApa snEhiturAlu.

“UhU@M, boddugA, muddugA uMdi!?” goNigiMdi pApa tana snEhiturAli mATaku aDDochchi ATa pADu chEsukOvaddanukuMTUnE. pApa mATa paTTiMchukOlEdu snEhiturAlu. pApa kUDA EmI analEdu. kAnI ATapai kAsta Asakti taggiMdi pApaku.

“ika iMTiki veLLakapOtE bUchADostADu,” pApapai Akhari astrAnni prayOgiMchiMdi amma.

“nallagA, bhayaMkaraMgA uMTADu!” amma snEhiturAlu ammaku sAyaM vachchiMdi. I pApa iMTivaipu tirigitE tana pApa kUDA mArAM cheyyakuMDA vachchEstuMdani Ame ASa. adRSya hastamEdO ApinaTlu AgipOyiMdi pApa.

“bUchADeppuDU nallagAnE uMTADA attA?” oka kshaNamAgi aDigiMdi.

“chAlAvaraku…” mellagA aMdi atta, tama mATalu evarU vinaTlEdu kadA annaTTu chuTTu pakkala chUstU.

“chAlAvaraku aMTE, bUchi tellagAnO, lEkapOtE manalA braun kalarlO uMDadani haMDreD TU thausaMD trI haMDreD TvaMTI van tharTI trI parseMT shyUrA?”

“marE! lekkala mukkalu sariggA rAvu gAnI, mATalu kOTalu dATutunnAyi. okka mATalO jeMDar prejuDis, rEs prejuDis reMDU nAku aMTagaTTEstOMdi.” navvutU prEmagA pApa tala taTTiMdi atta.

pillalu maLLI ATalO paDElOpu vALLanu iLLavaipu naDipiMchAru ammalu. iMTikeLLEppuDu jiMka pillalA egurutU amma kALLaku aDDaM vachchEdi pApa. IrOju mAtraM maunaMgA amma cheyyi paTTukuni iMTivaipu naDichiMdi. vaMTlO nalatagA uMdEmOnani bhayapaDiMdi amma.


A rAtri amma pakkanE duppaTlO pApa amma cheptunna katha vinakuMDA kiTikIlOMchi chukkalu niMDina AkASAnni chUstuMDipOyiMdi.

mAmUlugA ayitE tanu cheppE kathaku aDugaDugunA kotta kotta Uhalu kaluputuMdi pApa. kathanu ennO malupulu tippi mATlADutUnE magatagA nidralOki jAripOtuMdi. IrOju aMta maunaMgA uMdEmiTA ani, nidra pOyiMdEmOnani pApa vaipu chUsiMdi amma. oka chukka nuMchi marO chukkavaipu kadulutunna A chinni kaLLavaipu kAsEpu chUstuMDipOyiMdi. pApa arichEtulu, arikALLu paTTukuni chUsi avi challagA uMDaDaM gamaniMchi nimmaLaMgA Upiri pIlchukuMdi.

“hEy, IrOju chukkalatO bommalu chEddAmArA baMgAru tallI?” utsAhaMgA aDigiMdi.

“ammA, AkASaM nallagA vuMTEnE kadA chukkalu iMta byUTiphul^gA kanipiMchEdi?” mellagA aDigiMdi pApa.

“nijamE kannammA.” amma kUDA sAlOchanagA AkASaMlOki chUsiMdi. nalupu kAka vErE raMgulO vunna rAtri AkASaMlO chukkalu ilAgE miNukumiNukumaMTAyA?

“nallapillini eMduku evarU laik cheyyaru?”

chukkalu niMDina AkASAniki, nallapilliki laMke EmiTO arthaM kAlEdu ammaku.

“nIku bhayamEyadA A nallapillini chUstE?” amma AScharyaMgA aDigiMdi. avunu, A pilli aMTE pillalaMdarikI bhayamE.

“kottalO bhayamEsEdi karustuMdEmO ani. ippuDadi kyUT^gA anipistuMdi. A pilli kaLLu bhalE uMTAyi kadammA?” utsAhaMgA goMtu peMchiMdi pApa. “rOjU baDikeLLEmuMdu A pilli kanipistuMdEmOnani chUstAnu telusA? poddunnE dAnni chUstE hyApIgA vuMTuMdi. adi nA peT kAni peT.”

ekkaDikainA veLLEppuDu nallapilli edurostE iMTlOki veLLamani peddavALLu cheptArani, baDikeLLEmuMdu nallapilli eduru rAvAlani kOrukOvaDaM gurtochchi navviMdi amma.

“ammA, ammA! nalla belUn kUDA nAku chAlA chAlA chAlA ishTaM. nalla belUn mIda merupu bhalE vuMTuMdi telusA?” mariMta utsAhaMgA cheppiMdi pApa.

“nidra poyyEmuMdu aristE nidrAdEvi pAripOtuMdi. nIku ishTaM lEkapOyinA, moMDigA aDigAvanukunnAnurA. nalla belUn kAvAlani pEchI peTTina pillalevarU nAku telIdurA.”

“nIku eMta maMdi pillalu telusu?” gusagusagA aDigiMdi pApa.

“nijamErOy. padi maMdi telisinA, nAku telIni padakoMDO pApaku nalla belUn ishTamai uMDochchu,” pApa tala nimurutU aMdi amma, “kAnI, anni raMguluMDagA vichitraMgA nalupE eMduku?”

“nalupU oka kalarE kadA? aMdulO vichitramEmuMdi?”

pApa reMDELlappuDu tana DE kEr TIcharutO jarigina saMbhAshaNa gurtochchiMdi ammaku. pillalaku raMgu kAgitAlistunnappuDu, pApa vaMtuku nalla kAgitaM vachchiMdaTa. vErE raMgudi istAnannA, adE kAvAlani, laiT kalar pensiLLatO gItAlu gIsiMdaTa. nalla kAgitaMpai gIsina gItalu viMta meruputO migatA pillalni kUDA AkaTTukunnAyaTa. raMgu kAgitAlanu pillalaku paMchEmuMdE nalla kAgitAnni pakkana peTTEdAnnani, ika alA cheyyaDaM mAnESAnani cheppiMdA TIchar: “peddayyEkoddI mana chUpu maMdagistuMdi. okkOsAri prejuDis lEdanE anukuMTAM kAnI, lOpalekkaDO A machcha nATuku pOyuMTuMdi. pillalanu gamanistE vALLu manaku maLLI chUpu prasAdistAru. manalO kAsta mAlinyAnni kaDigEstAru. raMgu kAgitAlichchinappuDu chAlA koddi maMdi pillalu nallaraMgu vaddannAru. nalla raMgainaMduku kAdu, vALLaku A kshaNaMlO kAvAlsina raMgu kAnaMduku.”

pApa kudupuki j~nApakAllOMchi bayaTapaDiMdi amma.

“EmmA, nAku rEpu nalla belUn konistAvA?”

“I belUn EM chEddAM? padi rOjulakO belUn anukunnAM kadA. ippuDu I belUn^tO ADukO. padi rOjula taruvAta nalla belUn koMdAM.” pApaku podupu nErpiMchAlani amma prayatnaM.

“idokkasAri ammA, plIj! nalla belUn mIda nA daggarunna gliTTar glUtO maMchu paDutunnaTlu bomma veyyAlanukunnA.”

“mari shApulO unnappuDE iMta gaTTigA eMduku aDagalEdu?”

“nuvvE kadA shApulO goDava cheyyaddani cheppiMdi? ayinA chAlAsArlu EdaDigitE adi konistAv kadA? mari I belUn nIkOsaM konukkunnAv. aMdukE nAku rEpu nalla belUn kAvAli. plEgrauMD^ki tIskeltE marchipOtAnanukunnAvA?”

“lAyarammA, nuvvu batikipOtAvurOy! iMTikochchi dAnni pakkana paDEstAvanukunnA. nuvvu ArTisTuvani marchipoyyAnrA. rEpu shAp^ki veLli nalla belUn koMdAMlE. ika nidrapO tallI.”

pApaku bugga mIda muddichchi, duppaTi sarigA sardiMdi amma.


baDiki tayAravutU ammatO kathalu cheppiMchukOvaDaM alavATu pApaku. ArOju podduTinuMDi mAtraM nalupu guriMchi okaTE mATlADutOMdi. pakshula guriMchi, grahAla guriMchi, pApaku ishTamaina neMbar 80 guriMchi cheptunna kathalanu EdO vidhaMgA nalupu raMgulOki lAkkeLutOMdi. koddisEpu chUsi ammaku anumAnaM vachchiMdi.

“sAyaMtraM shAp^ki veLli nalla belUn koMdAmani cheppAnu kadA? dAni guriMchi marI aMtalA AlOchiMchoddu.”

“adi kAdammA. belUn kAdu. ai laik blAk kalar,” anEsi AlOchanallO paDipOyiMdi. ‘pApa peddadavutOMdi’ muripeMgA anukuMdi amma. konni nelala kritaM varaku tana manasulO EdO giMgirAlu tirugutunnappuDu cheppalEka bAgA EDchEdi. ippuDu EDupu badulu AlOchanallO munigipOtOMdi. pApa manasulO iMkEdO tirugutOMdanipiMchiMdi ammaku.

“sarE, nIku nalla pilli aMTE ishTaM, nalla belUn aMTE ishTaM, nalla kAgitamaMTE ishTaM. nalupuvi iMkEmishTaM?” pApa reMDu jaDalu sariggA vunnAyO lEdO chUstU aMdi amma.

“mA bas Draivar aMTE ishTaM, mArgareT aMTE ishTaM. vALLu bUchALLu kAdammA,” chaTTukkuna venakki tirigi amma kaLLalllOki chUstU aMdi, “mA Draivar atta cheppinaTTuMTADu. kAnI nAku bhayameyyadu.”

“nAku arthaM kAlEdurA. vALLani chUsi eMduku bhayapaDAlasalu?” pApa manasunu tolustunnadEdO ammaku lIlagA arthamavutunnaTlu anipiMchiMdi. “nallagA unnaMdukE vALLaMTE ishTamA?”

“kAdu. ninna atta cheppiMdi kadA bUchADu nallagA vuMTADani. okasAri plE grauMD^lO lilI vALLamma kUDA iTlAgE aMdi. evarO okatanu rODDu mIda veLtuMTE atanni chUpiMchi A nallatanu jAgratta ani aMdi. vErE vALLaneppuDu alA chUpiMchalEdu. monna klAsulO mA TIchar segrigEshan guriMchi cheppiMdi. appuDu lilI aMdi iMkeppuDU alA anoddani vALLammaku cheptAnani. mari attaku evaru cheptAru. nuvvu eMduku cheppalEdu? nIkU ishTaM lEdA blAk kalar aMTE? nuvvu kUDA aMdukEnA nalla belUn konivvalEdu? nallapilli evvariki ishTaM lEdu aMdukE kadA? bUchADu nallagAnE eMdukuMDAli?”

pApanu gaTTigA guMDelaku adumukuni, “lEdammA, nAku nalupannA ishTamE,” ani mAtraM anagaligiMdi amma.

tana snEhiturAlu anna mATaku abhyaMtaraM cheppakapOgA, navvaDaM gurtochchi siggupaDiMdi amma. tana snEhiturAlu bigaT kAdu. prejuDis vunna vALLaMTE tanakU chirAkE. Ame anna mATalu pillalanu ATalnuMchi maLLiMchaDAniki chEsina oka kAmeMTu mAtramEnani ammaku telusu. kAnI pillala muMdu eMta jAgrattagA vyavahariMchAlO kadA. pillalaku nErputAM sarE, mari peddala saMgatO anukuMdi amma.

vILLunna kamyUniTI venakAlaMtA evarikI cheMdani sthalaM vuMdi. dAni taruvAta mUDu vaipula avatala EmuMdO kanipiMchakuMDA konni varasala mEpul cheTlu vuMTAyi, iMkO vaipu dUraMgA takkuva in^kam vALLa kOsaM kottagA kaTTina apArT^meMTlu vuMTAyi. apharDabul liviMg aMTE ika nallavALLE vastArani, jAgrattagA vuMDAlani kamyUniTIlO anukuMTuMTAru. alA koMtamaMdi annappuDu tanalOnE visukkuMdi kAnI, paikEmI analEdu.

aMtalO tanaku rOju vachchE Uha gurtochchiMdi. prati rAtri illaMtA laiTlArpEsi, sekyUriTI alAraM An chEstunnappuDu pratisArI okE dRSyaM gOcharistuMdAmeku. artharAtri oka nallani balishTuDaina vyakti iMTlO dUrinaTlu. alAMTidE jarigitE pApanu elA rakshiMchukOvAlO UhistU beD rUm talupuki pApa pAta krib aDDaM peTTEdi. ippuDu pApa mATalaku A Uha manasulO medali amma tananu tAnu tiTTukuMdi. asalu tanu alA AlOchistOMdani kUDA taTTalEdu. iMTlOki E tellavADO, iMkO jAtivADO dUraDaM eppuDU UhiMchukOlEdAme. tana lAMTi vALLaku kUDA lOpala mArumUlekkaDO iMta saMkuchitatvaM migilE vuMDaDaM kanipiMchiMdi. ikapai pillala muMdu jAgrattagA vuMDAlani tana snEhiturAlitO cheppAli.

pApanu skUl bas sTAp daggariki tIsukeLutU cheppiMdi amma, “telIni manishi evvarainA chAlA jAgrattagA vuMDAli tallI. telIni vALLu daggariki vachchinA, nItO mATlADAlani prayatniMchinA EM mATlADakuMDA parigetti veLLipO.” pApa tana kaLLa muMduMDani A enimidi gaMTalaMTE ammaku bhayaM. evarinI takkuva, ekkuva aMchanA veyyakuMDA jAgrattagA uMDAlani pApaku sariggA arthammayyETlu cheppAlani amma tApatrayaM.

pApa bas ekkutU bas Draivar^ku guD mArniMg cheppiMdi.

“guD mArniMg hanI. DOMT phargeT Tu sE bai TU mAmA.” eppaTlAgE navvutU cheppADatanu.


baDi nuMchi rAgAnE snAk tinipiMchi pApanu shAp^ku tIsukeLLiMdi amma. vALLa iLLa venakAla nuMchi apharDabul liviMg apArT^meMTla madhya nuMchi naDichE veLLochchu. A dArilO jana saMchAraM ekkuva uMDadu. amma iMtaku muMdulAgE parisarAlanu gamanistU naDichiMdi kAnI, IsAri Ame manasulOni rUpAlaku raMgullEvu.

belUn sekshan veLLAru. belUnlu ammE atanu pApanu gurtu paTTADu. “mai phEvareT regyular kasTamar vachchiMdi. vAMT enadar balUn svITI? enIthiMg speshal?”

“ninna nEnu belUn konukkunnAnu kadA, I rOju pApaku koniddAmani…” amma mATalaku kisukkuna navviMdi pApa.

“OhO! liTil prinses^ku E raMgu belUn kAvAli mari?”

“nalla belUn!” utsAhaMgA cheppiMdi pApa.

“nalladA?” AScharyaMgA annADu, “AryU shyUr hanI, ADukOvaDAniki aMta bAgOdEmO?…”

“EM kAdu!” pApa emOshanal ayiMdi.

nallabelUn pApaku istU, “sArI sArI svITI, mai byAD. I nallabelUn nIku nA giphT. nalupunu iMkeppuDU takkuva chEsi mATlADanu, sarEnA?” chinna pillallA guMDe mIda vELLatO krAs gIsukuMTU prAmis chESADu.

“nEnu kUDA!” pApanu muddu peTTukuMTU aMdi amma.

nalla belUn paTTukunna pApa mukhaM veligipOyiMdi.

pUrtigA #»

oMTaritanaM

ELLatarabaDi unna alavATu, IrOju kUDA aidu kAgAnE melakuva vachchEsiMdi. ayinA lEvalEdu. kaLLu mUsukoni mElukunE unnADu. aTU iTU dorlutU maLLI nidrapOvAlani prayatniMchADu. kudaralEdu. lAbhaM lEdani maMchaM mIdE lEchi kALLu jAravEsi kUrchunnADu. tala tippi tUrpu dikku chUSADu. tellArutuMdi ikanO ippuDO. AkASaM e~r~rabaDiMdi. sUryuDu rAbOtunnADu. aTuchUDDaM mAnEsi maLLI naDuM vAlchADu. lakshmi maMchaM nilabeTTi uMdi. A maMchAnnalA chUDalEka maLLI lEchi kUrchunnADu. I sAri maMchaM mIda aTuvaipu kUrchunnADu tUrpuku abhimukhaMgA.

tUrpu erupuraMgunuMchi pasupu raMgulOki mArutOMdi. AlOchanalO paDDADu. EM lOkaM idi? poddu poDustuMdi, poddu munugutuMdi, chIkaTi paDutuMdi, maLLI poddu poDustuMdi, maLLI poddu, maLLI rAtri… sukhaM, du@hkhaM, eMDa-nIDa… aMTE pratidI mArutuMdi, mArutUnE uMTuMdi. okanATi mATa – okanADu EMTi? ninna monna jariginaTTuMdi. gaDavaDAnikaitE yAbhayyELLayiMdi gAnI nAlugaidu rOjulakriMdaTi mATannaTTuMdi. avi peLLaina kotta rOjulu. lakshmi kottagA iMTlO aDugu peTTina rOjulu. abba, EM rOjulavi! lakshmitO mATlADAlaMTE eMta siggEsEdO! peLLai aidurOjulaitE ayiMdi gAnI eMta tanaku tAnu dhairyaM cheppukunnA lakshmitO kanIsaM okka mATa kUDA mATlADalEkapOyADu. ‘ADapillanallari peDatAvA? siggu lEdA’ – chEyi tagalagAnE gaTTigA aristEnO? ArEDu rOjulayyAkkadA mATlADagaligADu! A rAtri kUDA oka kathalO lAgA jarigiMdi. gadilOkeLLEsariki lakshmi rOjUlAgE raggu kappukoni unnadi digguna lEchi kUrchuMdi. daggarakeLLagAnE lakshmi…

AlOchanalAgipOyAyi. maLLI tUrpugA chUSADu. e~rupuraMgunu taggistU pasupuraMgu vachchinaTTE, ippuDu pasupu raMgupaina telupuraMgu mudurutU uMdi. sUryuDu udayiMchAlani toMdarapaDutunnaTTunnADu. adO e~r~re~r~rani gOLaM… kanIkanipiMchakuMDA!

maLLI maMchaM mIda vAlADu. kILLanoppulavalla chinnagA mUligADu. hu@M, iMkoka rOju modalaiMdi, eMta toMdaragA ilA okkokkarOjU gaDichipOtUnE uMdi kadA anipiMchiMdi. lakshmi lEkuMDA okkarOju kUDA bratakalEnanukunEvADu. kAnI bratikE unnADu. enimidi rOjulu gaDachipOyAyi. I rOjappuDE tommidOrOju. tiMTunnADu, tAgutunnADu, niddarapOtunnADu, mElukuMTunnADu, annI chEstunnADu. annI! bhAryAbiDDalatO tana koDukulu muggurU aidOrOjE bayaldErAru. sarkAru naukarlaM anni rOjulu Salavu dorakadu, dinAlappuDu maLLI vastAmannAru. naDipODu modaTa modalupeTTADu.iMka aMdarU varusapeTTAru. elA modalu peTTAlOnanE aMdarikI ArATaM. okkokkarU alA muggurukoDukulU veLLipOyAru. kUturU sAyaMkAlaM baMDilO bayaldEriMdi. pillala baLLu terichAraTa. pillala chaduvu mUlabaDutOMdannAru.

aMdarU veLLipOyAka okkaDE migilADu. okkaDE! veLLinavALLu vachchEvarakU EM nammakaM? vALLostE lakshmi ikkaDE ekkaDO uMdani, uMTuMdani anipistuMdi. bayaTO, lOpalO uMDE uMTuMdi. kaLLu diMchukoni mellamellagA aDugulu vEstU vachchi eduTa niMchuMTuMdi. vachchi nilabaDakapOtE mAne. asalu lakshmini maLLI evaru tIsuku rAgalaru? evaru tirigi vachchAru iMtavarakU? evarainA tIsukoni rAlEru. asalippuDu vALLaku amma eMduku? vALLu peLLAla soMtamaipOyAru. kaMTataDi kUDA peTTanElEdu. nelanelA mupphai rUkalu paMpaDamE vALLaku gaganamainaTTuMdi. iMkA kannILLu kUDA peDatArA? vILLA koDukulu? tana talli pOyinapuDu gODaku tala koTTukonI koTTukonI raktasiktaM chEsukOvaDaM gurtuMdi. bAbAy elA ayipOyADannAraMdarU. EDustU EDustU navvEvADu. navvutU navvutU EDchEsEvADu. nidrapaTTinA melakuvagAnE unnaTTuMDEdi. melakuva vachchinA nidramabbu vIDanaTTuMDEdi. AkalanEdi chachchipOyinaTTu kaDupulO rAyi peTTinaTTuMDEdi. are, vILLU koDukulEnA? mahES, rAm, satiMdar. lakshmi prANaM peTTEdi vILLaMdaripainA. alAMTi lakshmi pOtE vILLaku chImakuTTinaTTainA lEdA? kanIsaM kaLLu chemmagillalEdu. hm! vILLu EDchinA, EDavakapOyinA ippuDu origEdEM lEdani telusu. kAnI okaTaitE nijaM kadA! tanaku AmE kadA tODuMDiMdi! kalisi EDavaDAnikI, navvaDAnikInu! A bhAgyamU dUramaiMdippuDu. vALLadEM pOyiMdi? pADai, chinigina chellani nOTu pOyinaTTuMdaMtE vALLaku! kAnI dEvuDA! aMtA nI lIla! ninnu miMchinavArevaru? nI muMdu nEnEpATi…

maLLI lEchi kUrchunnADu. kramaMgA eMDekkutU uMdi. aMgI lOpaliki chEyipeTTi eDamaprakka nimurukunnADu kAsEpu. eMdukO guMDellO noppigA anipistOMdi. tala ayitE noppitO pagilipOyETaTTuMdi.

dEvuDA! maMchaM mIMchi lEchADu. alAgE nilabaDi ippuDEM chEddAmani AlOchiMchi maLLI akkaDE kUrchuMDipOdAmanukunnADu kAnI kUrchOlEdu. parupu chuTTi gadi lOpala vAlchi unna maMchaMmIda pArEsi, akkaDE kUrchuMDi pOyADu. kaLLaddAla lOMchi pogachUrina j~nApakAlavaipu chUpu sAgipOyiMdi.

nijaM! rAtriki lakshmi chanipOtuMdani anipiMchanElEdasalu. EmAtraM anumAnaM vachchinA nidrapOyEvADE kAdu tanu. A rOju kUDA artharAtri varakU mElukunE unnADu. lakshmi kALLu vattutUnE unnADu. lakshmi goMtulO mUlugulatO pATu chinnagA vekkutunna SabdaM kUDA vinipiMchinaTTaiMdi. EmaMTE aMTuMdI – nA janma vyarthamayiMdaMDI. I vayassulO mItO kALLu paTTiMchukuMTunnAnu. nAku narakaMlOnainA chOTuMTuMdA? ani. EmI mATlADalEkapOyADu tanu. kaLLaddAlu tIsi kaLLataDi tuDuchukoni lakshmi nidrapOyAka maMchaM mIMchi lEchADu. prakkanE oka maMchaM vAlchukoni paDukunnADu. chAlAsEpu nidra paTTanE lEdu. tarvAteppuDu kaLLumUtalu paDDAyO!

noppi maLLI rAvaDaMtO ChAtI nimurukuMTU paDukunnADu. pApaM, lakshmi pOyEmuMdu eMtasEpu bAdhapaDiMdO! chIkaTi kUDA! dIpaM veligiMchaDaM lAMTidO , kanIsaM EdO okaTainA chEyalEkapOyADu. podduna lEchi chUsEsarikE lakshmi chanipOyi uMdi. ve~r~ri kEka vEsi EDustU lakshmi SavaM mIda paDipOyADu tanu. janAlu gumigUDaDaM modalaiMdi. taruvAta… kaLLaddAlu tIsi kaLLu tuDuchukuni maLLI peTTukunnADu. kaLLu pai kappu vaipE chUstunnAyi.

reMDuvaipulA paddhenimidi daMtelu, madhyalO dUlaM uMdi.maLLI maLLI eMchutU unnaTTuMDi anipiMchiMdi. ivennO ImadhyE telisiMdi tanaku. eMduku? modaTeppuDU eMchalEdilA. iravai ELLa nuMchI I iMTlO uMTunnADu. eppuDu paikappulO unna daMtelanu lekkapeTTalEdu. tala paiketti chUDalEdani kAdu kAnI eMchAlanukOlEdeppuDU. aMta khALI eppuDU lEdEmO. I madhyE oka ArEDELLanuMchI iddarilO moMDitanaM ekkuvaiMdi. iddarilO evarO okaru EdO oka chinnamATa mIda aligitE iMka aMtE. nAlugaidu gaMTala varakU bratimAlEdI, oppiMchEdI lEdu. chinna pillalalAgA maMkupaTTu. rOjuku rOjU alA alagaDaM bhalE majAgA uMDEdi. tarvAta lakshmi eMta bAgA samudAyiMchEdaMTE… kaLLaddAlu maLLI tIsi kaLLanu gaTTigA nulumukunnADu. IrOjU aligitE… evarimIda alugutADu? evaru samudAyistAru? alaka tIrchEvALLu lEnappuDu evaru mAtraM alugutAru? maLLI iMkOsAri kaLLu tuDuchukunnADu.


okkagaMTa sEpaTlOnE reMDu sArlu peddagA urimi chinukulu paDinA iMta peddavAna vastuMdani anukOlEdu. AkASaMlO mabbulu kUDA EmaMta musurupaTTi lEvu. aMdukE padI padinnaraku iMTinuMchi bayaTapaDETappuDu peddagA paTTiMchukOledu. iMTlO eMtasEpani okkaDE kUchOgalaDu? ayinA lakshmi pOyAka, illu oka pADubaDDa guDi lAgA anipistuMdi. aMdukE sAdhyamainaMta varakU bayaTE gaDuputunnADu. iMTlO uMTE lakshmi chanipOyiMdani, iMka tanu oMTarivADinani, iMTlO tAnu tappa iMkevvarU lErani mATimATikI gurtostuMdi.

bayaTuMTE manassunu vErE vErE vishayAlavaipu maLLiMchavachchu. aMdukE reMDusArlu chinukulu paDinaTTanipiMchinA bayaldEripOyADu, ippuDu vAna eppuDu AgutuMdAni chUstU bajArlO mUsina oka dukANaM chUru kriMda taladAchukoni gaMTannara dATutOMdi. eppuDO bayaldErinappuDu rAmU koTlO TI tAgivachchADu. TI tO reMDu breD mukkalu. adE TiphinI. tAgAka bajAraMtA reMDu rauMDlu tirigochchADu. iTniMchaTu, aTniMchiTu, maLLI iTniMchaTu, aTniMchiTu, iTniMchi… iMtalO urumulu modalainAyi bhayaMkaraMgA. Utaka~r~rapai gaTTigA chEyi Anchi AkASaM vaipu okasAri chUSADu. ekkaDa chUsinA mabbulE. tvaragA naDavaDaM modalupeTTADu. gaTTigA iravai aDugulu vESADO lEdO vAna okkasArigA jOrugA kuravaDaM modalaiMdi. okkakshaNaM asahAyaMgA akkaDE AgipOyADu. ka~r~ra UtaMgA eDamaprakkanunna I koTTu kriMdaki chErADu. I gaMTAgaMTannaralO visugochchi nAlugusArlannA lEchi, iMkO nAlugusArlu kUchoni uMTADu. mATa kalapaDAniki kUDA daggaralO evarU lEru. koTlannI mUsEsi unnAyi. evarU lErekkaDA. chUru mIda TapaTapA chappuDu, nElamIda nITi buDagala chappuDu. aMtE vErE E SabdamU lEdu. rOjaMtA eMta saMdaDigA uMDE bajAridi? I rOju SalavaitE mAtraM ilA uMdEM, EdO mahammAri Urini miMgEsinaTTu, okariddaru tappa aMdarU chachchinaTTu…

edurugA nElamIda paDutunna chinukulni chUstU alAnE kUrchunnADu. yAbhai, yAbhaiaidELLakriMdaTi oka vAnaj~nApakaM madilO merisiMdi.

appaTiki lakshmitO manuvu kudiri mUDunellayiMdi. kudirina rOjunuMchI pratIrOjU manassulO gaTTigA anukunEvADu, IrOju eTlAgainA sarE lakshmi vALLa Uriki veLLi lakshmini okkasAri chUsi rAvAlani. eTluMTuMdO! ammeppuDU cheppEdi, nI peMDlAM vennelammalA vuMTuMdirA ani. kAnI okkasArainA chUDAli kadA! pratIsArI anukoni AgipOyEvADu. okaTireMDu sArlayitE vALLa Uri polimEra dAkA kUDA veLLi vachchADu. evarEmanukuMTArOnani saMkOchaM. rAjamallu daurA manumaDu, haridattamallu daurA koDuku kAbOyE bhAryanu chUDDAniki vALLa Uri chuTTU tirugutunnADaMTE vinnavALLEmanukuMTAru? vaddoddu. A Urivaipu toMgi kUDA chUDakUDadiMka ani anukunnADu gAnI, okarOju tellArakuMDAnE kODi tolikUtakE lEchipOyi lakshmi UribATa paTTADu. avI I SrAvaNamAsapurOjulE. appaTikE rAtri tuMparlu palakariMchi veLLAyi. paDaDaM lEdu gAnI vAna paDETaTTE uMdi. sagaM dUraM veLLADO lEdO chinukulu modalainAyi. naDaka vEgaM peMchADu. kAssEpaTiki chinukulU AgipOyAyi.

polimEralaku chErukunnAka bAgA AlOchiMchi akkaDunna bAvi daggarE koMcheM dUraMgA ekkaDainA kUrchoni lakshmi kOsaM vEchi chUddAmanukunnADu. sarIDu vALLatO kalisi nILLaku vastuMdi. chUseyyAli. vALLillu kUDA I bAviki daggarlOnE ekkaDO uMdani amma annadi.

kAnI ikkaDE asalu samasya. tAnu lakshmini gurtu paTTEdelAga? okkaTE mArgaM. vachchinavALLu okarinokaru pErlatO piluchukuMTAru kadA! appuDu vini telusukOlEDA EM?

sariggA appuDE urumulu, me~rupulatO pedda varshaM modalayiMdi. parugettADu. kAnI ekkaDikeLLagalaDu? baTTalu taDisi muddayyAka telisochchiMdi ekkaDO OchOTa tala dAchukOka tappadani. pakkasaMdu lOki parugu tISADu, aMtA buradagA uMdi. dhOvati kaTTEvADu kAdappuDu. mAMChi vayassulO unnADu. tellaTi khaddaru paMTlAM, baMgAru raMgu guMDIla chokkA vEsukuni, juTTuku nUne rAsi duvvukoni marI veLLADArOju. talupulu mUsunna oka iMTi kappu kriMda Agavachchani chUsi akkaDaku chErukunnADu. akkaDa muMgiTlO oka nalla kukkapilla kUDA uMDiMdi. tananu chUsi, lEchi okkasAri vaLLu vidiliMchukoni daggarakochchiMdadi. vAna eppuDu AgutuMdAni kalasi eduruchUDDaM gurtuMdi. sumAru ardhagaMTa gaDichAka iMTi talupulu te~rachukonnAyi. koMcheM sardukunnADu tanu. kaLLU mukku chakkagA, e~r~ragA bu~r~ragA unna oka pilla talupu tIsiMdi. nOru teravabOyEMtalO lOpaliki veLLipOyiMdi. kAssEpaTiki naDivayasAyana okAyana lOpali nuMchI vastU kanipiMchADu. Ayana… Ayana mAmE. mAmE vachchADu bayaTiki. okkanimushaM AgakuMDA parigettipOyADu tanu, bAvi daggaraku chErEvarakU paDutunna vAnanu kUDA lekka chEyalEdu. pUrtigA taDisipOyinA AgalEkapOyADu. tananu mAma gurtupaDitE iMkEmannA uMdA!

vAna AgiMdi. kUrchonI lEchI jAripOyi unna paMchenu tIsi nILLallO taDavakuMDA koMcheM paiki kaTTukunnADu. lAvupATi kaLLaddAlanu tIsi taDi chokkA aMchutO tuDuchukoni maLLI peTTukunnADu. koTTu bayaTaku vachchi chaurastA vaipuku aDugulESADu AlOchanallO taDisipOtUnE.

“chAchA! rAm rAm!”

yAbhaiELLa dUraM nuMDi okkasArigA visirEsinaTTugA IlOkaM lOki vachchipaDDADu. sadar bajArlO vunnADu tanu. rAma chaudarI peddakoDuku daulat akkaDunna koTlO kUchoni chUstunnADu. pilichiMdi vADE. rODDu dATi koTTuvaipu veLLADu. rAma chaudarI atanitO pATu perigi peddayinavADu, aMtEkAdu, pAkistAn nuMchi vachchEsETapuDu kUDA okErOju okE lArIlO kalisE vachchAru. pAkistAn nuMchi hiMdUstAn^ku vachchi padihEnELLa taruvAta okarOju idE koTlO pAn ammutU kanipiMchADu. eMta bAdha kaligiMdO! akkaDi rAm chaudarI ekkaDa! pAn ammE ikkaDi rAm chaudarI ekkaDa! hm, reMDELLa muMdu rAm chaudarI pOyina rOju… eMta EDchADO tanu. maharAju lAMTivADu!

“daulatU, eTlunnAvurA?”

“EdO bAbAy! EdO jarigipOtunnadi. nIvU… okkaDivE ayipOtivi kadA bAbAy!”

“okkaDinE uMDalEkE iTochchinA rA!”

“rA, kUrchO bAbAy! idO, sigareT tAgu,” aMTU daulat sigareT aMdiMchADu.

okkakshaNaM AlOchiMchi, sigareT aMdukunnADu. koTTu muMdu vElADEsina nipputADu daggariki veLLADu. chEtika~r~ra jAgrattagA paTTukuMTU sigareT pedAla madhya uMchukoni kAsEpu AlOchiMchADu. tAganA vaddA? mupphayyELLa kriMdaTa viDichipeTTina I pADalavATu maLLI chEsukODamA? tAgEdA, vaddA? sarE, tAgudAM. EmO, dIMtO koMchemannA manaSSAMti dorukutuMdEmO. lakshmi I vayassulO oMTarivADini chEsi eMta mOsaM chEsiMdi? okkaDU ekkaDikani veLLagalaDippuDu? guMDe baruvekkiMdi. aMTiMchukuni mellagA sigareT tAgasAgADu. sigareT tAgaDaM toMdaragA modalu peTTakapOtE vekkivekki EDavaDaM modalu peDatAnEmO anipiMchiMdi.

daulat koTTukochchina vALLaku pAn^lu kaDutunnADu. chEti ka~r~ra sAyaMtO pakkagA nilabaDi sigareT reMDu mUDu dammulu pIlchADu. pratIsArI daggu vachchiMdi. ayinA Apaledu.

daulat kUchunna chOTuku pakkagA vunna addaM mIdaku chUpu maLLiMdi. tananu tAnu addaMlO chUsukoni nammalEkapOyADu. iMta musalivADayyADA tAnu? I musalitanaM guriMchi aMta peddagA eppuDU AlOchiMchalEdu. dRshTi taggiMdi kAnI, kILLanoppulU eppuDU uMTuMTAyi kAnI, juTTu, gaDDaM, mIsAlu, kanubommalu tellabaDinAyi kAnI! vayassU… 1899… ippuDu 1975. DebbhaiyArELLu avutunnadi; ayitE eppuDU anipiMchanE lEdu musalivADu ainAnani. ippuDu… IrOju, I addaMlO chUstE anipistunnadi prapaMchaMlO aMdarikaMTE musalivADu, balahInuDu tAnEnani.

addaM vaipu nuMchi chUpulu maLLiMchukunnADu. “pOyostA bETA,” daulat^tO cheppi bayaldErADu. asalu vishayamEmaMTE addaMlO tana rUpAnni chUsi bhariMchalEkapOyADu. chinnappuDu tananu pakkalO paDukObeTTukoni kathalaDiginappuDu cheppE avva gurtochchiMdi. ‘anagA anagA oka aDavi uMDEdi. kAraDavi, chimmachIkaTi. A aDavilO oka musalivADuMDEvADu. prapaMchaMlOnE aMdarikannA peddavADu. veyyELLataniki. juTTu, gaDDaM, mIsAlu, kanubommalu annI tellabaDi pOyinAyi. ataDu tana jIvitaMlO iMkoka manishini chUDanElEdu. okarOjEmayiMdi telusA! vADu niddarOyETapuDu…’

daulat tanamATaku javAbichchADO lEdO EmannADO vinalEdu. lEdA chevullO paDinA talakekkalEdEmO. chEtika~r~ranu TakaTakalADistU nemmadigA naDachi bATamIdakochchADu. sigareT dammu madhyamadhyalO lAgutUnE unnADu. EdO teliyani UraTa istunnaTTuMdadi.

chaurastA daggarakochchi eDamavaipu tirigADu. akkaDO pAn dukANaM uMdi. migilina sigareT mukka pakka paDEsi, koTTukedurugA nilabaDDADu. koTlO kUrchoni unna pillADini chUsi sigareT peTTe eMta ani aDigADu. modaTaMtA ikkaDE sigareT tAgEvADu.

“rUpAyinnara tAtA!”

“oka peTTe iTivvu, alAgE aggipeTTI.”

A pillADu sigareT peTTe, aggipeTTe iyyagAnE vADi chEtilO reMDu rUpAyalu peTTi sigareT muTTiMchADu. muTTiMchukunnAka avi jEbulO vEsukunnADu. koTTabbAyi ichchina chillara kUDA adE jEbulO vEsukonnADu. ka~r~ra tATiMchukuMTU mellagA maLLI naDavaDaM modalupeTTADu.

(mUlaM: mOMgA kathala saMkalanaM us kI pahachAn nuMchi akElE mE anE katha.)

pUrtigA #»

TIchiMg mUmeMTs

DAkTar aleks rUben tana sTUDiyOlO Desk daggara EdO rAsukuMTU, Ame piyAnO vAdanaM viMTunnADu.

“ayAm hiyariMg mOr dEn di nOTs! nAku vinapaDavalasina svarAlu mAtramE kAka, mari iMkA EvO TakaTakalu vinipistunnAyi?!”

ataniki telusu nisi shAmal oka chEti vEliki oka nIli vajraM uMgaraM, iMkO chEti vEluku oka pATEk philip kalaTrAvA uMgaraM peTTukuni uMdani. aMtaku muMdu okasAri, tanatO saMgIta kaLASAlalO, AlasyaMgA pAThaM cheppiMchukuni, vAriddarU oka snEhituni iMTlO Dinnar pArTIki veLlinappuDu, nisiki akasmAttugA gurtuku vachchiMdi, skUllO resT rUm^lO kauMTar mIda vATini peTTi marichipOyinaTTu.

Ame atanini pArTIlO pakkaku pilichi, rahasyaMgA ataniki A saMgati cheppi, “uMgarAlu pOtAyEmO! jAniTar gAni vastADA? sekyUriTIki phOn cheyyAlA, manaM” ani aDigiMdi. ataDu pArTI tarvAta iddaraM kalisi skUl^ki veDadAM. avi akkaDa lEkapOtE appuDu AlOchiddAM annADu. Ame iMkO AlOchana lEkuMDA, aMdaritO kalisi Dinnar tini, tarvAta kArD gEms ADi, A tarvAtE konni gaMTala tarvAta tApIgA skUluki veLliMdi. veLlaMgAnE turrumani resT rUm lOki parugeTTiMdi. atanu baiTa nilabaDi, vEchi uMTE, koMcheM sEpaTiki melligA baiTiki vachchi, atani mukhaM muMdu tana uMgarAla chEtulu ADiMchiMdi.

“nAku koMcheM bhayaM vEsiMdi. reMDU kalipi O iravai vElu kharIdu, yU nO. iMkA nayaM uMgarAlu pOlEdu,” ani, atanini chaTukkuna kaugiliMchukuni muddu peTTiMdi. ataniki dEniki eMta saMtOshiMchAlO, A ardharAtri vELa koMcheM tikamaka ainA mottAniki maha hechchugA saMtOshiMchina vishayaM gurtuMdi.

A uMgarAlu tIsi piyAnO vAyiMchamani AmetO DairekT^gA cheppaDu. svarAlu sarigA lEvu ani mAtramE cheputADu.

nisi uMgarAlu tIsi bEg^lO paDEsi pAThaM palikiMchiMdi.

DA. rUben Ame pakkaku vachchi nuMchuni, madhya madhyalO Ame chEtulu aTU iTU sardutU, “A vELlatO gaMtulu veyyAlsina pani lEdu. aTlA vELlu etti etti veyyaTaM, akkaDi nuMchI ikkaDaku gaMtulu veyyaTaM bAlIvuD sinimAllO chUsi nErchukunnAvu kAbOsu. ekanAmikal^gA uMDAli. anavasaraMgA UrikE vELlu kadiliMchi tappu kIs mIda lAMD avutAvu. asalu kadalpAlsinappuDu, vELlu akkaDE tApaDaM chEsinaTTu uMDipOtAvu. iTlA gaMTa koka svaraM palikistE, A saMgItaM viMTAniki evarU rAru.” annADu.

“asalu elA vAyiMchAlO eMduku nErpavu? I pAThaMlO A sUchanalu lEvu. nAkEM kalostuMdA, E mITala mIda E vELlu uMchAlO? nuvvu EdainA kUrchuni cheppi ennALyayiMdi? I kAnsarT^ki rA, vALliMTlO vAyistunnA viMTAniki rA ani puramAyistAvu. A sTUDeMT bAgA vAyiMchiMdi. A kurrADu A rOju bAgA vAyiMchADu aMTamE kAni, nEnU nI sTUDeMT nani nIku asalu gurtuMTEgA.”

“adi marchipOTAnikE nA prayatnaM. kAni jaragaTallEdu. lesans appuDE kAka, nuvvu tarachugA nA AlOchanallO uMTunnAvu. I madhya kalallOki kUDA vastunnAvu. yU nO?”

Ame pakapakA navviMdi. “yAm ai seDyUsiMg yU? vAT e kalAmiTI!!” ani. aMtalOnE maLlI chAlA sIriyas^gA, “yu Ar e phrI mEn! nEnu sTUDeMT^gA uMTaM ishTaM lEkapOtE, A mATa chepitE chAlu. mIku nEnu oka jOk, nA saMgItaM oka jOk kadA, DAkTar rUben!” aMdi.

aTlA saMbOdhiMchiMdi anagAnE, ataDiki telusu, AlasistE vishayaM mudurutuMdani. veMTanE, pakka piyAnO daggara kUrchuni, pustakaM lOni svarAlu paiki chaduvutU, nOT bai nOT vAyiMchi chUpistU, sariggA tanu palikiMchinaTTE nisi palikiMchAka, “daTs iT! daTs egjAkT^lI iT! kIp An.” ani maunaM vahiMchADu.


“bommalu veyyaTaM eMduku mAnAv? konni bommalu bAgA vESAvu, nisI!” annADu aleks, O rOju Ame iMTlO tirugutU.

“unnavi reMDE chEtulu enni panulu cheyyanU?!”

“saMgItaM kUDA iMtEnA, konnALlalO mAnEstAvu. vaidyaM cheyyaTaM mAnESAvu. peyiMTiMg mAnESAvu. idI aMtEgA?”

“aitE EM. Edi chEstunnappuDu adi AnaMdaM kaligistE chAlu. konnALlalO nEnU uMDanu. kAni, nA adRshTavaSAttu iMtaTi saMgIta vidvAMsulu mIru kanipiMchAru. pAThaM cheppaTAniki oppukunnAru. nAku idi mithalAjikal sTOrI lAgA uMTuMdi. mAya lAgA uMTuMdi. yU nO aleks! yU hEv mED e signiphikeMT Dipharens in mai laiph.”

“A EMjelA kUDA alAgE aMTuMdi. nEnu dEvuDu paMpiMchina dUtanaMTuMdi. konnisArlu nEnE dEvuDunaMTuMdi. yU Al TAk lAT Aph nAnsens. mIraMtA EvO konni saMvatsarAlu nAtO nATakamADi veLlipOtAru. nEnokkaDinE migilipOtA. mimmalni guriMchi AlOchiMchavaddanukuMTA. kAni AlOchiMchakuMDA uMDalEnu.”


okkOsAri rUben rOl rivarsal chEsi nisi tana guruvu lAgA pravartiMchE vADu. A rOju Ame aleks rUben mukhaM chUDagAnE, “AlraiT, leTs hiyar iT.” aMdi.

“nuvvu bhalE dAnivi nisI! nuvvU ekaDamik prapaMchaMlO konnELlunnAvu. sTUDeMTs^tO DIl chESAvu kadA, aMdukani…”

“Uhu!”

“nI abhiprAyaM viMTaM nAkishTaM.”

“shyUr!”

“nAkO gE amerikan vaiT sTUDeMT uMdi. ”

“aleks! yU nO ai’m raiTiMg shArT sTOrIs, raiT? nEnu kathalu rAstunnAnani nIku telusugA?”

“ippuDA saMgateMduku? ”

“nA kathallO ninnu guriMchi rAstunnA, telusugA?”

“rAsukO SubhraMgA. nE batimAli aDigA nAkO katha chUpiMchamani. chUpiMchavayye. ainA A kathalu evarainA chaduvutArA?”

“nIku telugu rAkapOyinaMta mAtrAna adi evarU chadavani bhAsha kAdu. OkEnA, misTar mOnOglAT?”

OkE OkE. iMtakI nEnu cheppadaluchukuMdi cheppanistAvA?”

“nI kAlEjI kaburlannI nAku chepitE, nI udyOgaM kAnI pOtE, nAdEM bAdhyata lEdu. nEnu ninnu pOshiMchalEnu. saMgItakArulakI, sAhityavEttalakI unna pedda jabbu, vALlani eppuDU evarO okaru pOshiMchAli. A pappulu nA daggara uDakavu.”

“ai nO. appuDappuDu riTj^lO bhOjanaM peTTistE chAlu. I saMgati vinavU?”

“O.kE. nIku gE vaiT amerikan ADa sTUDeMT uMdi.”

“Ame aMtaku muMdu ArmIlO pani chEsiMdi. shi Ij e naT. ippuDu myUjik therapI Divijan^lO rIserch sTUDeMT^gA uMdi.”

“ArmIlO pani chESAka aMtO iMtO naT kAkuMDA elA uMTAru? piTies^Di – pOsT TramATik sTres DiౙArDar. rAmAyaNaMlO rAmuDiki adE jarigiMdi. lEkapOtE yuddhaM muMdu bhArya nettukupOyArani aMta EDchina vADu yuddhaM gelichAka, Amenu nippullOki eMduku dUkamaMTADu? kAMbAT sTres. TeMpararI insEniTI. ai hOp, nI vidyArthiniki saikiyATrik help uMdani.”

“kAm Daun. A rAm evarO nAku teliyadu kAni, ippuDu nEnu cheppE Ame kAMbAT EriyAlO eppuDU lEdulE. DAkTar pani chEsiMdi pIs Taim^lO. DAkTaraMTE saikAlajIlO piech. Di. iMtakI nE cheppEdi viMTAvA? I ippaTi 21 SatAbdi tella DAkTar, tarvAta oka nalla strIni peLlADiMdi. EMjelInA jOyIki mallE rakarakAla jAtula pillalni dattata chEsukuMdi.” Ame peLli, jIvitaM aleks^ki E mAtraM giTTalEdani atani mukhamE cheputunnadi.

“tarvAta?”

klAD DibussI min^sTrals mIda pEpar rAstU uMdi. dAniki mari mArkuleyyAlsiMdi nEnE. IbiDa elAgOlA pAsai veLlipOtE nAku sukhaM. EdO nErchukunnaMta nErchukuMdi. myUjik therapIlO. Ime gOla nAkeMduku. kAni nAku sab^miT chEsina pEparlO, min^sTrals hisTArikal iMpOrTens cheppanaMTuMdi.

“min^sTrals?”

“iravayyO SatAbdi modaTlO, tellavALlu sTEj mIda mukhAniki nalla raMgu vEsukuni, nallavALlani – vALla gaMtulnI, chEtulu, oLlu tippaTAnni anukariMchEvAru.”

“daTs nAT nais. ‘di iMDiyan’ ani oka iMglish sinimAlO pITar sellars mukhAniki nalla raMgu pulumukuni, EkseMT^tO mATlADi, iMDiyan aMTE telivitakkuva sannAsi annaTTu chUpistE nAku appaTlO chAlA kOpaM vachchiMdi aleks.”

“vel! aMdulO appuDu nijaM uMDi uMDochchu. ippuDu iMDiyans^ni, Telivijan shOlalO, TeknAlajI vijarDs lAgA chUpiMchaTaMlA. ippuDaMdarikI, bhAratIyulu chAlA telivaina vArani gaTTi nammakaM. kAdU.”

“yA! ai ges yU Ar raiT.”

“DibussIki nalla vALla mIda dvEshaM lEdu. nisI. atanu sTEj mIda chUsina chEshTalani, tana saMgItaM lOki mArchADu. nuvvu vivaraMgA chaduvu laibrarIlO pustakaM tIsukuni. tarvAta , aMTE nuvvu myUjik^lO iMkA konnELlu gaDipAka, A Tekniks guriMchi, nItO cheputAnu. appuDE nIku ardhaM kAkapOvachchu. mari I nA sTUDeMT, I tella ammAyi, iMkO nalla ammAyini mArEj chEsukuMdi, nalla pillalanu kUDA dattu tIsukunnAru. nA nalla phEmilI meMbars nA rIserch pEpar chaduvutAru. nA parphArmens^ki kUDA vastAru, vALlaki avamAnakaramaina vishayaM tanu rAyanaMTuMdi, nisI!”

“adi maMchidEgA. Ame saikAlajisT kUDA. Ameku vALla phIliMgs telisinappuDu, A vishayaM rAyakapOtE EM?”

pUrtigA #»

moTTamodaTi sArAkApu

mohaM vELLADEsukuni chinnabhUtaM narakaM lOki vachchi paDiMdi. uTTi chEtultO lOpalakochchina chinnabhUtAnni chUsi aMdarU nosalu chiTliMchEru. enni sArlu avakASaM ichchinA I bhUtaM pAThaM nErchukunnaTTulEdu. eMta cheppinA narakAniki tIsukochchE vALLalO vartakulO, mAmUlu janamO, migatA doMgalO, doralE kAnI okkaDu kUDA oLLu vaMchi kashTapaDE vyavasAyaM chEsukunE vADu lEDu. idelA kudurutuMdi? ilA ayitE narakaMlO samatUkaM uMDoddU? aMdukE A pani chinnabhUtAniki appagiMchEru. I chinna bhUtAniki pani nErchukuMdAmanE paTTudalA, SaktI lEvA? panikirAni bhUtAlu narakaMlO dEnikI? reMDu debbalu tagiltE oLLu daggira peTTukuni pani chEyochchu.

“I sAri kUDA aMtEnA?” chinnabhUtAnni aDigiMdi pai adhikAraina musali piSAchaM.

“eMta kashTapaDinA…” nILLu nAnustunna chinna bhUtaM kEsi urimi chUsiMdi musali piSAchaM.

“nOTlOMchi mATa rAdEM? eMtamaMdini tIsukochchEvu I rOjuna?”

“evarinI tIsukurAlEdu.”

“Ori chEtakAni vedhavA? ikkaDunna vALLani chUDu. vILlaMdarU nItO pATu modalu peTTina vALLE Iyana reMDuvElamaMdi vakILLanI, aTupakkanunnAyana AruvElamaMdi vartakulanI, A chivarlO unnAyana padivElaki paibaDi janAlni tIsukochchEru. nuvvEmO chEtulupukuMTU vachchAvA? nIku pani cheppina I reMDELLalO nuvvu nErchukunnadEM lEdannamATa. siggU, SaraM lEdU?” musali piSAchaM arichiMdi.

“reMDuvElamaMdi vakILLE? vakILLani tIsukurAvaDaM suluvA?” chinna bhUtaM nOreLLabeTTiMdi.

“suluvA aMTE suluvE. modaTlO I vakILLu nyAyamUrtulatO kalisi janAlni mOsaM chEsEvAru. ippuDEmO I vakILLu janAlatO kalisi vALLanE mOsaM chEstunnAru. ideMtavarakU vachchiMdaMTE kAraNaM EmI lEkuMDAnE vyAjyAlu bayaTakostunnAy. aMTE vALLaku vALLE narakaMlOki rAvaDAniki tahataha lADipOtunnAru. nEnakkaDa nuMchuni chEsEdi, raMDi raMDi ani svAgataM palakaDamE,” kannu koDutU cheppiMdi vakILLa bhUtaM chirunavvutO.

chinna bhUtaM nAyakuDi kEsi tirigi aMdi kshamApaNalatO, “nA tappEM lEdaMDi prabhO. eMta kashTapaDi enni muppu tippalu peTTinA I raitulevarikI kOpaM rAdu. eMta EDipiMchinA kOpaM techchukOkapOtE nEnEM chEyanU?”

“nuvvu ippaTidAkA EM chESAvO cheppi aghOriMchu muMdu!”

“O raitu polaM dunnutuMTE vALLAviDa madhyAhnaM bhOjanaM paMpiMchiMdi. adi vADiki kanapaDakuMDA ettukochchAnu. EdO dorikinadi tini kaDupu niMpukuMdAM anukuMTUMTE EmI dorakkuMDA chESAnu. Akhariki vADu tAgE nILLalO maTTi kalipESAnu. ayinA vADu avE tAgutUMTE madhyalO ginne kiMda olikipOyElA chESAnu. dEnikI kOpaM techchukOlEdu.”

“mari EmaMTADu?”

“nA bhOjanaM pOtE pOnIy. doMgatanaM chEsinAyinaki nAkaMTE ekkuva AkalEstOMdEmO. bhagavaMtuDu nAku marEdO paMpiMchaDA, ani khALI kaDuputO kaLLu mUsuku paDukunnADu.”

“maLLI bhagavaMtuDi pErettAvU? nuvvu chEsEdEmI lEdu kAnI Ayana pEretti nA duMpa teMpElA unnAvu.”

“raitu annadE nEnu cheppAnu, nannEM chEyamaMTAru? pOnI nannu vErE chOTaki mArchi chUDochchu kada?” batimAlutunnaTTU aMdi chinna bhUtaM.

“kudaradu,” karuggA vachchiMdi samAdhAnaM, “nuvvu I raitula pani paTTEdAkA akkaDa uMDavalsiMdE. nI chEtakAnitanaM iMkOchOTa eMdukU? iMkA EmainA kotta AlOchanalu unnAyA nI daggira?”

“lEvu.” EDupu mohaMtO tala aDDaMgA UpiMdi chinna bhUtaM.

“chUDabOtE nI pani kUDA nannE chEyamanElA unnAvE?”

“…”

“pOnI kadA ani ippaTidAkA UrukuMTUMTE idanna mATa nuvvu chEsE nirvAkaM. evarakkaDa? ilA koraDAlu paTTukuni raMDi. I chinnabhUtAnikO ruchi chUpiddAM”

“prabhO iMka koTTakaMDi. EdO okaTi chEsi I sAri raitulni tIsukostA.” chinnabhUtAniki vaMTimIda nAlugu taTlu tElEsariki EDustU aravaDaM modaleTTiMdi.

“EM? EmannA kotta vishayAlu teliSAyA?”

“lEdu. kAnI EdO okaTi kanipeTTi I sAri tIsukostAnu.”

“sarE phO ayitE. AkharusArigA nIku mUDELLu gaDuvu istunnAnu. I mUDELlalO kAvAlsinaMta maMdi raitulni tIsukochchAvA sarE sari lEkapOtE pAtarEyistAnu ikkaDE.”

“I sAri raitu daggira panichEsE pAlErulA mAri vALla lOpali rahasyAlu kanipeDatAnuleMDi. O sAri avi telistE EdO okadAri kanipiMchakapOdu.”


raitu ivAnOvich iMTlOMchi bayaTakochchEDu khALI kuMchaM tOTi. bayaTa pAlEru nikOlAs^ giMjalu kolustunnADu.

“iMkA ennunnAy? avatala mana giDDaMgi pUrtigA niMDipOyinaTTE. iMkEmI paTTElA lEdu lOpala.”

“eMduku paTTadU? lOpalakeLLi painuMchi aMtA maLLI sardudAM chadunugA. nEnu chEstAnu kadA? ikkaDa iMkO reMDu mUDu bastAla giMjalunnAyi. ippuDu dAchukuMTE chalikAlaM kashTapaDDakkarlEdu kadA?”

“sarE, kolavaDaM ayyAka maLLI vastAnu nEnu. ippuDu chinna panimIda alA ULLOkeLLAli.”

“sarE veLLi raMDi. ikkaDa pani nEnu chUstAnu.”

ivAnOvich aTu veLLagAnE pani toMdaragA kAnichchi pakkanE unna gaDDimIda kALLu chApi vennu vAlchEDu nikOlAs. “hammayya, I panitO vaLLu hUnaM avutOMdE kAnI ivAnOvich^ki kOpaM vachchE mArgaM kanipiMchaDaM lEdE? nA pakkanE nuMchuni nE chEsEdaMtA chUstUMTADu kanaka nA TOpI, bUTlU tIyaDaM kudaradu Ayana muMdu. TOpI bUTlU tIyakapOtE talA, kALLU okaTE durada. tIstE nA talamIda kommulU kAlivELLU nEnu chinna bhUtAnnani cheppEyavU? A rahasyaM kAnI telsiMdA maLLI narakaM dAkA veLLaDaM kAdu gAnI I raitE nannu ikkaDa pAtipeDitE nA gatEmiTi? paMTa nEnu cheppinaTTu sAgu chESAka ippuDu giDDaMgulannI niMDi unnAyi. nA mIda guri kudiriMdi kanaka I sAri kUDA nEnu cheppinadi chEyaDAniki venukaMja vEyaDu. idE adanu chUsi EdO maMtraM vESAnA iMka vINNi buTTalO vEyaDaM sulabhaM. ippaTikE reMDELLu gaDichipOyAyi. nAkunna samayAnni jAgrattagA vADukuMTE…”

nikOlAs AlOchanalni teggoDutU evaridO kaMThaM vinipiMchiMdi, “ivAnOvich unnADA iMTlO lOpala?” vachchinAyana pakkiMTi raitu, EdO chEbadulu kAvAlsi vachchinaTTunnADu.

“mA raitu iMTlO lEDu kAnI, cheppaMDi EM ilA vachchEru?” nikOlAs aDigEDu kaMgArugA TOpI bUTlU savariMchukuMTU.

“chinna pani mIda vachchAnu gAnI I EDu paMTa bAguMdA?”

“bAgAnA? bhalEvArE I giMjalannI dAchukOvaDAniki unna gOdAM saripOvaTlEdu. kaLLu adiripOyETaTTU uMdi mA digubaDi. idigO chUDaMDi,” giMjalni chEttO chUpistU annADu nikOlAs.

“adRshThaM aMTE mIdEnayyA, reMDELLa baTTI chUstunnAnu. ULLO evarikI rAni digubaDi mIkelA vastOMdO kAni. muMdu elA telustOMdO kAnI sariggA ekkaDa veyyAlO akkaDE vEstunnADu paMTa ivAnOvich. pOyinEDu varshAlu aMtagA lEvu. chittaDi nEla chUsi paMTa vEsukunnADu I EDu varshAlu adE panigA kurustUMTE EdO muMdE telsinaTTU meraka mIda vESADu paMTa. mottaM mIda reMDusArlU bAgA digubaDi saMpAdiMchEDu sumA. digubaDi mATa aTuMchi iMka I giMjalakEsi chUDu, okkO giMjA dunnapOtulA lEdU?”

mATallO ivAnOvich vachchi navvutU palakariMchEDu pakkiMTAyanni, “EM ilA vachchEru?”

“A, adE I paMTa digubaDi guriMchi mATlADutunnAnu mI pAlErutO. EM digubaDI, EM giMjalU! ekkaDa saMpAdiMchArO gAnI I vittanAlu. giDDaMgulannI niMDipOyAyani nikOlAs cheptunnADu. ULLO raitulaM mAku paMTalu arakoragA paMDutunnAyi kAnI mI adRshThaM mAku lEdu.”

“nijamE, asalu idaMtA nikOlAs mUlaMgAnE anukO. E EDu paMTa ekkaDa veyyAlO nannu balavaMtaMgA oppiMchi marI vEyiMchADu. modaTlO nEnu nammalEdu kAnI tarvAttarvAta oppukOka tappalEdu. I nikOlAs maMchi panimaMtuDE kAdu sariggA Edi eppuDu chEyAlO telsinavADu kUDAnU.”

“adi mAtraM oppukOka tappadulE. iMtakI I giMjalannI ammEstunnArA?”

“chUddAM leMDi iMkA AlOchiMchukOlEdu. iMtakI ilA vachchErEM?”

“mA dhAnyaM I ETiki ayipOyinaTTE. tinaDAnikEmI lEdu. mIku bAgA paMDutOMdi kanaka O bastA dhAnyaM ippistArEmO ani aDagaDAnikochchAnu. maLLI vachchE EDu paMTaki tIrchEstAnu.”

raitu ivAnOvich EdO anabOtUMTE pakkiMTAyana venakanunna nikOlAs, ‘vaddu ivvaku’ ani saiga chEsEDu. adi paTTiMchukOkuMDA ivAnOvich cheppEDu, “tappakuMDA tIsukeLlaMDi. idaMtA mEmu tinagaligEdA? amminA iMkA bOleDu migultAyi.”

pUrtigA #»

sTAr^baks kathalu: ghOsT saikil

talupu tOsukoni greTA vastUMTE chinna Ila vESAnu.

paTTanaTlugAnE tala tippukoni eppuDU tanu kUrchunE chOTukE veLLiMdi. greTA rAvaDaM dUraMgA glAs DOru nuMDi gamanistUnE unnAnu. bayaTa sTAMDuki tALaM vEsina nA saikilu chUsiMdi. nEnu lOpala unnAnanaDAniki adE Ameku gurtu. aMdukE chUsI chUDanaTlugA pravartiMchiMdi.

greTA aMta pedda aMdagattEM kAdu. kAnI Ame mohaMlO EdO teliyani AkarshaNa uMTuMdi. mukhyaMgA navvutuMTE! vayasu nalabhai uMDachchu. okasAri nI vayasu nalabhai uMDachchu kadU ani aDigitE koTTinaMta pani chEsiMdi. misamisalADutU unna greTAki nappanidi Ame juTTukEsukunna raMgE! tella raMgu mohammIda nalla TOpI peTTukunnaTluMTuMdi. adE marokasAri aMTE okka tOpu tOsiMdi. nEnu tanani vELAkOLaM chEstAnanna vishayaM Ame grahiMchi nAtO takkuvagA mATlADEdi. reMDu vArAla kritaM manaM DETiMg chEddAmA ani aDigEsariki tiTTiMdi. A taruvAta mATlADDaM mAnEsiMdi.

nEnu unnAnani telisinA paTTiMchukOkuMDA tanu eppuDU kUrchunE chOTukE veLLi kUrchunEdi.

nijAniki tanatO mATlADDAniki samayamU uMDEdi kAdu. rOjU madhyAnnaM reMDiMTikallA vachchEdi. Ame vachchina kAsEpaTikE naluguraiduguru pillalu bilabilA vachchEsEvAru. vALLaki TyUshan cheppEdi. sAyaMtraM AriMTi varakU akkaDE uMDi hOM varkulU avI daggaruMDi chEyiMchEdi. pAThaM madhyalO kAphI ArDarichchEdi.

asalu nAku parichayaM ayyiMdi kUDA greTA ichchina vichitramaina kAphI ArDaru vinnAkE. modaTi sAri kalisinappuDu greTA ArDaru vini kaLLu tElESAnu.

“nAn phyAT phrApachinO vit vipD krIm aMD chAkolET sAs”.

muMdu nAn phyAT minahAyistE migatAdaMtA vaMda SAtaM kovvE! idokkaTE kAdu, Ame E ArDarichchinA ilA vichitraMgAnE uMDEdi. Amenu ATa paTTiMchaDaM kOsaM evarainA kotta kasTamarlu vastE – idi Trai cheyyamani cheppEvANNi. vALLU gaTTigA navvEsEvAru. adi vini nAkEsi gurrugA chUsEdi.

nEnu iMtakumuMdu vArAniki reMDu mUDu rOjulu kuparTinO sTAr^baks^lO pani chEsEvANNi. kAnI I sTAr^baks^ki rAkatappEdi kAdu nA pAta garl phreMD jennI kOsaM. jennI ikkaDE oka skUllO TIcharugA panichEsEdi. nEnu aMdarilA pratI rOjU udyOgaM chEsEvANNi kAdu. eppuDainA buddhi puDitE chinna chinna udyOgAlu avI, nAku ibbaMdilEdani anipiMchinappuDE. migatA rOjullO baik mArathAnlu. nAku saikil tokkaDamaMTE saradA. saradA kAdu – oka rakamaina pichchi. nAlAga baik mArathAnlu chEsEvALLu chAlAmaMdE unnAru. mEmu lAs Enjilis varakU baiku mIda veLLina saMdarbhAlu kUDA unnAyi.

I sTAr^baks^ daggarE oka saikil shApu kUDA vuMdi. nEnakkaDa kUDA pani kudurchukunnAnu. vADu nAku vAraMlO reMDu mUDu rOjulakE paniki rammanEvADu. migatA rOjullO jennI kOsaM I sTAr^baks vachchi samayaM veLLabuchchEvANNi. ikkaDE TeMpararIgA pani chEyachchu kadA ani jennI aMTE chErAnu. alA nAku greTA parichayamayyiMdi.

ivALa iMkA Denis rAlEdu. rAvaDAniki kAsta samayaM paDutuMdani telusu. Denis^tO kUDA nA parichayaM ikkaDE jarigiMdi. tanu kUDA daggarlOnE panichEstuMdi. parichayaM peragaDaM, jennIkI nAku tagAdAlu kAvaDaM viDipOvaDaM anni ayyAyi. kritaM sAri nEnu jennItO rAvaDaM greTA chUsiMdi. nEnu tappu chEstunnaTlugA talUpiMdi kAnI mATlADalEdu. pillalu rAgAnE tana gOla tanadE!

lEchi tana TEbul daggariki veLLAnu. nEnU, Denis peLLi chEsukuMTunnAmanI cheppAnu. viMdi kAnI EmI javAbivvalEdu. jennItO rilEshan lAMTidi kAdanI, Denis maMchidani cheppAnu. aMtaku muMdu vish cheyyalEdu kAnI ippuDu mAtraM javAbichchiMdi.

“maMchitanaM nuragalAMTidi. kashTAlochchinappuDE paiki tElutuMdi, aMdulO uMDE sArAnni baTTi…” anEsi pillala hOMvarku chEyiMchaDaMlO munigipOyiMdi. peLLiki pilustAnanI, rammanamanI cheppAnu. alAgE annaTlu navviMdi. nAn phyAT phrApachinO vit vipD krIm aMD chAkolET sAs – pratyEkaMgA tanakOsaM sTAr^baks nuMDi ArDaristAnanI cheppAnu.

A taruvAta nEnu sTAr^baks^ki rAlEdu. peLLi ErpATu panullO paDipOyAnu. nijAniki iTu vaipu kUDA rAlEdu. okkasAri lAs AlTOs varakU vachchAnu kAnI, ikkaDiki rAlEdu. adi kUDA mA saikliMg grUp^lO okatanni phuT^hil eks^pres^vE mIda kArochchi guddEsiMdi. atanu akkaDikakkaDE chanipOyADu. memOriyal sarvIs kOsaM vachchAnu. greTAni marOsAri kalavachchulE anukoni veLipOyAnu.

peLLi daggara paDutUMDagA nEnu panichEsina saikil shApu vADinI, greTAni pilavaDAniki nEnU, Denis kyuparTinO vachchAM. eppaTilAgE sTAr^baks^ki veLitE akkaDa greTA kanipiMchalEdu. gata reMDu vArAlugA rAvaDaM lEdanI cheppAru. nA daggara greTA naMbaru lEkapOvaDaMtO akkaDunna barisTAni aDigAnu. aMdulO okammAyi nAku telusu. greTA naMbaru ichchiMdi. kAl chESAnu kAnI adi mesEj^ki veLipOyiMdi. nAlugaidu sArlu chEsi visugochchi mAnESAnu.

peLLiki greTA rAlEdu. peLLayAka nEnU, Denis alAskA veLLAM. akkaDanuMDi yUrOp aMtA tirigi vachchEsariki ayidu vArAlu paTTiMdi. amerikA vachchI rAgAnE Denis^ki abArshan ayyiMdi. hAspaTallO reMDrOjulu uMDAlsi vachchiMdi. Denis taTTukOlEka DipreshanlOki veLipOyiMdi. DAkTar speshalisTuni kalavamani cheppADu. speshalisTuni kalavaDAniki sTAnpharD hAspiTalki veLLAM. DAkTarni kalisi vachchEstUMDagA greTAnu vIl chairlO chUsi AScharyapOyAnu.

van miniT aMTU Denis^ki cheppi okka uduTana aTuvaipugA veLLAnu. vIl Chair naDuputunna atanni palakariMchAnu. greTA nAku telusunanI, EmayyiMdanI aDigAnu. atanu greTA tammuDani cheppi parichayaM chEsukunnADu. greTAki saikATik Dipreshan vachchiMdanI, gata ayidu vArAlugA TrITmeMT istunnAranI cheppADu. ayidu vArAla kritaM kuparTinOlO mAMTA visTA skUlu daggara okabbAyi yAksiDeMTulO pOyADaTa. udayaM baik mIda skUlu keLutUMDagA oka kAru vachchi guddEyaDaMtO pillADu akkaDikakkaDE chanipOyADanI, A vArta telisinappaTi nuMDI greTA pichchidAnilA tayArayyiMdanI cheppADu. iMtakI A pillADu greTA daggara pAThAlu cheppiMchukODAniki vachchE vALLallO okatanu. I pOyina pillADu oka innar siTI abbAyi. vALLammA, nAnnA EvO chinnA chitakA panulu chEstU bratukutunnAraTa. tanu skUlayyAka phrIgA TyUshan cheppE pillalaMdarU ilAMTivALLEnaTa.

chAlA telivaina vADanI, eMtO churuggA uMDEvADanI chebutU – “A pillADi chAvu greTA taTTukOlEka pOyiMdi. vArta telisinappuDu bAdha paDiMdi kAnI taTTukuMdi. A pillADu pOyina chOTa haiskUlu pillalaMdarU pUla bokElU avI peTTi akkaDa kovvottulu avI peTTaDaM chUSAka, oka rakamaina Dipreshan vachchiMdi. nAlugayyEsariki akkaDiki veLLAlanE goDava chEstuMdi. veLLi akkaDa kEMDilsU, bokE peTTAlani EDustuMdi. rOjU akkaDaki veLLi nEnu bokE peTTostunnAnanI abaddhaM chebutU vaidyaM chEyistunnAnu…” aMTU pakkanE unna oka pUla bokE, kEMDil chUpiMchADu.

idi vini okkasAri tala dimmugA ayyiMdi. ivALa kuparTinO vaipu tanu veLLaDaM kudardanI, vIlayitE nannu aTugA veLitE I bokE akkaDa peTTamanI arthiMchADu. sarEnani tIsukunnAnu. greTA aMTE snEhaM mAtramE uMDEdi kAnI eMdukO ippuDu gauravaM kUDA perigiMdi nAku. I lOgA akkaDiki Denis vachchiMdi. idaMtA cheppalEdu. asalE tanU vEroka DiprashanlO uMdi. tanani iMTi daggara diMpAka kuparTinO veLLAlani mAtraM cheppAnu. sarEnaMdi.

greTA tammuDu cheppina gurtulu prakAraM veLLAnu. railvE TrAk pakkanE A pillADu chanipOyina chOTa anEka pUla guttulU, kovvuttulU chUSAnu. vATiki daggarlO cheTTunAniMchi oka saikil uMdi. idE A chOTani grahiMchi, nEnu techchina bokE akkaDa peTTAnu. kovvotulu veligistUMTE kaLLa nILLu rAlAyi. okkasAri du@hkhaM ApukOlEkapOyAnu. mUDu nelala kritaM mA baik grUpulO okatanu ilAnE maraNiMchADu. atani kuTuMbaM mukkalaipOyiMdi. chinna pillalatO atani bhAryani chUstE guMDe pagilipOyiMdi. alAMTidi pratIrOjU pAThaM chebutUnna pillADu, TyUshanki badulu tirigirAni chOTuki veLLADani telisi greTA elA taTTukOgaladu?

A taruvAta greTAni mAtraM kalavaDAniki dhairyaM chAla lEkapOyiMdi. maralA Ame tammuDiki phOn cheyyalEdu.

IlOgA Denis kOlukuMdi. mAmUlu manishi ayyAka oka sAri kuparTinO sTAr^baks^ki vachchAM. akkaDiki rAgAnE greTA gurtukochchi bAdha kaligiMdi. aprayatnaMgA greTA eppuDU ArDarichchE nAn phyAT phrApachinO vit vipD krIm aMD chAkolET sAs cheppagAnE vistubOtU Denis nAkEsi adOlA chUsiMdi. appuDu greTA guriMchi jarigiMdi cheppAnu. iMtavarakU vachchAM kanuka A pillADu pOyina chOTu chUpistAnani aTugA tIsukeLLAnu.

akkaDa saikil chuTTU anEka pUla guttulU, velugutU kovvuttulU kanipiMchAyi. appuDE skUlu pillADokaDu vachchi oka pUla bokE uMchADu. nEnu daggarlO unna hOm DIpOki veLLi oka tellaraMgu peyiMTU brash okaTI konnAnu.
nEnU Denis venakki tirigi veLLAM. akkaDunna baik^ki tella raMgu vESAnu. Denis AScharyaMgA chUsiMdi.

“evarainA ilA saikil tokkutU pramAdaMlO maraNistE mA baik grUpu vALLu gurtugA akkaDoka saikil uMchi tella raMgu vEstAM! pOyina vALLa Atma akkaDE tirugutuMdani oka mit!” ani cheppAnu.

tellaraMgE eMdukani Denis aDigiMdi.

“adi ghOsT saikil! aMdukE tella raMgu! maralA ilAMTidi jarakkuMDA akkaDunna ghOsT kApalA kAstuMdani iMkO nammakaM!”

“nuvvU ivi nammutAvA?”

“iMtaku muMdu kAdu. ippuDu nammutAnu. adI greTAni chUSAka…”

kArekkagAnE greTAki phOn chESAnu. phOn riMgavutUnE uMdi.

pUrtigA #»

eDAri aMchuna

“illodili peTTi yenimidELLaku paigAnE ayiMdi,” annADu michel. michel, atanitO prayANistunna snEhituDU appaTikE cheTTu nIDaki chErukunnAru. chEtilO vunna saMchulani kiMda paDEsi tAmU kUlabaDDAru.

“enimidELLa pATu okka uttaraM kUDA rAyalEdu nEnu. rAddAmanukuMTUnE baddhakaMtO alA rOjulu gaDipESAnu. dAniki tODu, nAkaMTE O rOju muMdE mA vUru chErukunna daridruDokaDu mA iMTlO nEnu chachchipOyAnani cheppADaTa!”

mATalApi nILLa kEMTIn tIsi koMcheM goMtu taDupukunnADu.

“ika chUskO! nEneLLEsariki iMTillipAdI yEDupulU, peDa bobbalU! aMdulOnU, nEnillu chErEsariki sariggA rAtrayiMdi. dAMtO muMdu dayyaM anukuni jaDusukunnAru. talupu terichina mA chellelayitE bhayaMtO dAdApu mUrCha pOyiMdi.” cheppaTaM Api paipu veligiMchukunnADu.

“nEneLLEsariki, amma paina gadilO paDukOni EDustU vuMdi. chelleLLaMdarU bikka mohAlEsukoni vunnAru. nAnnEmO kiMda okkaDE TEbil daggara kUrchoni bekkutunnADu.”

maLLI mATalApi lEchi oLLu viruchukunnADu michel. tana kukkapillaki konni nILLu tAgiMchADu.

“nEnochchina saMgati telisi amma okka geMtutO kiMdaki digiMdi. aMdarU nannu muTTukODAniki pOTIlu paDDAru. deyyAnni kAdani niSchayiMchukODAniki kAbOlu! nA mIda paDi aMtA muddulu kuripiMchEsariki UpirADalEdaMTE nammu! adi sarE kAnI, I kukka pillakeMta dAhamO chUDu! asalu dIMtO pATu oka nILLa TAMkaru techchukOvAlsiMdi manaM. I eMDalakidi iddaru manushula nILLu tAgutuMdi.”

kukkapillaki iMkonni nILLu tAgiMchADu.

“EM cheptunnAnU? adE, amma nannu chUsi saMtOshaM paTTalEka mUrChapOyiMdi. EM saMbaraM iMTlO! rAtraMtA kaburlu cheppukuMTUnE vunnAM. nAnnakaitE khAyaMgA pichchekkiMdanukunnA. ammEmO asalu mUNNAlugu gaMTalapATu nA chEyi vadalanElEdu. nI chAku okasArivvu.”

chAku tIsukoni pogAku kaTTalOMchi chinna mukka kOsukunnADu.

“iha A marnADu chUDAli. illaMtA vachchE janaM, pOyE janaM, tiraNAlanukO! chuTTu pakkala vALLaMtA digabaDDAru, nEnu chinnappuDu ishTapaDDa ammAyitO sahA! AsalA ammayiki nEnaMTE ishTamani anukOnElEdu nEnennaDU. ammA, chelleLLU maLLI nEnillu vadili bayaTiki veLtAnEmOnani tega bhayapaDDAru. eMdukaMTE…”

“tAgostAvani bhayaM kAbOlu!”

“Cha! Cha! maLLI dESaM vadili veLLipOtAnEmOnanOy! Akhariki baibilu paTTukoni, ammA nAnnA vunnaMtavarakU illu vadilipOnani oTTEsukunnAka gAnI vALLu terapina paDalEdu.”

cheppaDaM ayipOyinaTTu lEchi nilabaDDADu michel. kukkapillanettukunnADu. kAsEpu dAni kALLu parIkshiMchADu.

“vIDi kALLu chUDu, eMteMta gAyAlainAyO! poddunaMtA bAnE naDichADu pApaM. ikkaNNiMchi koMta dUraM mOsukeLtA vINNi. appuDu vIDikiMta dAhaM kUDA vEyadu.”

“adi sarE, nuvvu ammA nAnnalakichchina mATa yeMduku tapputunnAv?”

kutUhalaMgA aDigADu snEhituDu. michel kAsEpu javAbivvalEdu. oLLu viruchukunnADu. baruvaina saMchI vaipu kAsEpU, dUraMgA erraTi eMDalO mila milA merustU anaMtaMgA kanipistunna nIDalEni eDAri vaipU chUSADu. kAsEpu AlOchiMchADu, AvaliMchADu.

“adA? O vAraM aMdarU alAgE vunnAru. A taravAta aMdarU saNagaDaM modalu peTTAru. panI pATA lEni vANNevaru pOshistAru cheppu?” eTO chUstU annADu.

snEhituDu pagalabaDi navvADu. michel^kI navvAgalEdu. iddarU tama saMchIlu bhujAlaku tagiliMchukunnAru. keTils chEtikettukunnAru. michel kukkapillanI ettukunnADu. mAsipOyina gaDDAlatO, eMDalaki errabaDi moraTugA ayina mohAlatO, iddarU cheTTUchEmalani venakanE odilipeTTi eDAri vaipugA eMDa lOki naDichAru.

(mUlaM: #On the edge of a plain, 1893.)


[#henrI lAsan (#Henry Lawson, 1867-1922): #henrI lAsan AsTrEliyAki cheMdina pAta taraM rachayita. bAMjO pATarsan, henrI lAsan iddarU AsTrEliyAlO briTish pAlana guriMchI, AsTrEliyA palleTULLalO yUrOpiyanla bratukula guriMchI vivaraMgA, vistRtaMgA rAsArani cheppochchu. lAsan pErunna kathakuDE kAka, maMchi kavi kUDA. katha vivarAlU, varNanalatO chikkagA vuMDaDaMkaMTE galpikalA (#sketch)# aMdI aMdakuMDA vuMDAlani lAsan abhiprAyapaDDADu. bAMjO pATarsan AsTrEliyAlOni #Outback # jIvitAnni aMdaMgA, romAMTik sAhasaMlA chitrIkaristE, lAsan kuMDa pagalEsinaTTu, yUrOpiyanlu taTTukOlEni eMDa, ennaDU chUDani jaMtuvula tAkiDi, eMtO SramatO kUDina kaThinamaina jIvitAnnI chitriMchADu. Ayana kathalaniMDA AsTrEliyAlO sthirapaDDa yUrOpiyanlu vADE vichitramaina AMgla padAlu niMDi vuMTAyi. pratI kathakI venaka I padAla arthaM vivariMchabaDi vuMTuMdi. ippuDu AsTrEliyAlO vuMTU, A padAlani rOjuvArI bhAshalO vinEvALLaki, AyA kottapadAlu asalu iMglIshulO vuMDEvi kAdanI, kEvalaM vaMdELLa kiMdavalasa vachchina yUrOpiyanla vADukalO puTTinavanI telusukuMTE koMcheM vichitraMgA vuMTuMdi.#]

#pUrtigA #»

padya sAhityaM

nAku nachchina padyaM: reMDu aMdamaina padyaSilpAlu

sI. duryOdhanuni kaMTe duryOgavaSu@M Dauchu brAhmyammu vIDi kshAttrammu nUne
#      #;rAdhEyu kaMTe durAdhEyu@MDai nirAyudhupaini nAyudha muddhariMche
#      #;duSSAsanuni kaMTe duSSAsanuM Dayi niSSAtravata@M dakke nishkriyamuga
#      #;Sakuni kaMTenu napaSakunAkshadakshu@MDai dharmapaksha muDigi dAya@MgAche@M

tE. jApaguru@M Dayyu nyAyyammu@M jApa@MjuTTi
#      #;vyUhamulu vanne nItinirvyUhakamuga@M
#      #;gIDu mottamu@M dA nayi; lE@MDu gAni
#      #;drONu@M Dokka@MDu dushTachatushTayamuna

mana telugubhAshalO ‘poMkamu,’ ‘biMkamu’ ani reMDu chakkani padAlunnAyi. poMkamu aMTE poMdika, biMkamu aMTE biguvu. SArIraka sauMdaryAnni varNiMchETappuDu mukhyaMgA yI padAlu vADutU uMTAM. saMskRtaMlO saushThavaM anE padAniki yidE arthamuMdi. manishi SarIraMlOnE kAkuMDA sRshTilO anEka chOTla anEka rUpAllO manakI saushThavaM darSanamistuMdi. pUlarEkula amarika daggaranuMDI, grahagatula samIkaraNAla varakU vistariMchina sauMdaryaM adi. aNuvu nuMDi aMtarikshaM dAkA A vistRtini manaM gamaniMchavachchu. anAdigA mAnavuni manassu dInipai AkarshitamayyiMdi. alA adi kaLArUpAlalOki pravESiMchiMdi. poMkaMgA malachina oka SilpAnni gAni, poMdikagA kUrchabaDina chitrAnni gAni chUsinappuDu manasuki oka AhlAdaM kalugutuMdi. alAgE nATya, gAna kaLalalO kUDA saushThavAniki chAlA prAdhAnyamuMdi. sAhityaMlO, aMdulOnU mukhyaMgA kavitvaMlO kUDA dIniki tagina sthAnaM uMdi. kavitvaMlO saushThavAnni sAdhiMchEMduku oka mukhya parikaraM ChaMdOnirmANaM. alAMTi ChaMdOnirmANAnni samarthaMgA upayOgiMchukoni chekkina oka chakkani SilpaM I padyaM!

poMdika anagAnE adi SabdAlaku mAtramE parimitamaina bAhyasauMdaryaM ani anukOnakkara lEdu. SabdArthAlu parasparaM poMdikagA amaraDaM, vyaktIkariMchE bhAvAlalO samataulyaM sAdhiMchaDaM modalainavi kUDA padyaSilpa saushThavaMlO bhAgAlE. alAMTi saushThavAnni kavi yI padyaMlO poMduparichAru. iMtakI yiMta aMdamaina padyaM, oka kAvyaMlOnidi kAdu. idoka samasyaku chEsina pUraNa. ‘drONu@M Dokka@MDu dushTachatushTayamuna’ anEdi A samasya. duryOdhana duSSAsana karNa Sakunulanu dushTachatushTayaM aMTArannadi aMdarikI telisinadE. aMdulO drONuDu lEDu. paigA dushTachatushTayaM aMTEnE naluguru dushTulani arthaM. aMchEta, ‘dushTachatushTayaMlO drONuDu okkaDE’ annadi pUrtigA artharahitaM. adE samasya! dInni arthavaMtaMgA mArchagaligitE samasyApUraNaM avutuMdi. dInni chAlA rakAlugA pUriMchavachchu. ichchina samasya tETagIti pAdaM. aMchEta ‘lEDu drONu@M Dokka@MDu dushTachatushTayamuna’ ani mAristE samasya sagaM tIrinaTTE! sagaM samasyE tIriMdani eMdukannAnaMTE, drONuDokkaDu dushTachatushTayaMlO chEralEdu – aMTE arthamEmani vastuMdi? drONuDokkaDU A guMpulO chEralEdu kAni atanu kUDA aMtaTi dushTuDE ani. aMchEta samasyani sAMtaM pUriMchAlaMTE drONuni dushTatvAnni nirUpiMchAli. ikkaDE kavi UhaSakti, padyanirmANa praj~na, pUraNalO pratiphalistAyi. mAmUlugA drONuni dushTatvAnni migatA mUDu pAdAlalOnU elAgO alAga varNiMchavachchu. drONuDu eMta goppa dhanurvidyA guruvainappaTikI, atanilOnU anEka lOpAlunnAyi kadA. aMchEta adi pedda kashTamaina pani kAdu. ayitE adi mAmUlu pUraNagA migilipOtuMdi. manaM iMtaku muMdu cheppukonna saushThavaM, aMdulO peddagA kanipiMchEMduku avakASaM uMDadu. I kavigAri Uha yikkaDa oka aDugu muMduku vEsiMdi. dushTachatushTayaM prasakti vachchiMdi kAbaTTi, drONuDi durguNAlanu dushTachatushTayaMlO okkoritO muDipeTTi varNistE, A pUraNaku oka chakkani poMdika kudurutuMdi. adi bhAvasaushThavaM. mari dushTachatushTayaM aMTE naluguru. okkokkarikI okO pAdaM kETAyistE, nAlugu pAdAlu avasaraM avutAyi. tETagItilO oka pAdaM samasyakE saripOyiMdi. migiliMdi mUDu pAdAlE! nAlugukannA ekkuva pAdAlunna padyAlu akkaDakkaDA unnAyi kAni, mAlikagA sAgitE tappa avi aMta prAmANikaM kAdu. paigA tana Uhaku chinna tETagIti pAdaM bahuSA saripOdanukunnArEmO kavigAru. pUraNaku sIsapadyAnni ennukonnAru. sIsapadyAniki ettugIti elAgU tETagIti uMDagaladu kAbaTTi, ichchina samasya ettugIti pAdaMgA kUrchavachchu. ilA, cheppadaluchukonna vishayAniki anuvaina ChaMdassuni ennukOvaDaM padyanirmANaMlO oka prAthamika aMSaM. ChaMdassu nirNayamaipOyAka, kavi chEtilO padyaM paMchakalyANilA kadaM tokkiMdi! oka sIsapadya pAdaM madhyalO reMDugA virugutuMdi. okaTi, nAlugu iMdragaNAlunna poDugu bhAgaM. reMDavadi, reMDu iMdragaNAlU reMDu sUryagaNAlU unna poTTi bhAgaM. iMdulO modaTi bhAgAnni duryOdhanAdulatOTi pOlikakU, reMDava pAdAnni atani durmArgAnni chUpEMdukU vADukonnAru. idi padyanirmANaMlO oka samatAguNAnni techchiMdi.

ippaTi dAkA bhAvaMlOnU padya nirmANaMlOnU unna saushThavaM guriMchi muchchaTiMchukonnAM. ippuDu padyaMlOki veLLi, okO pAdAnnI gamanistE, aMdulO unna SabdasaushThavaM kUDA manaku kanipistuMdi. drONuDu – duryOdhanuni kaMTe duryOgavaSuDu, rAdhEyuni kaMTe durAdhEyuDu, duSSAsanuni kaMTe duSSAsanuDu, Sakuni kaMTe apaSakunAksha dakshuDu, aTa! duryOgaM aMTE duradRshTaM ani, cheDDapani anI arthAlu vastAyi. reMDiTinI yikkaDa anvayiMchukOvachchu. duryOdhanuDu eMta dushTuDainA, tana kshAtravRttini anusariMchADu. drONuDu tana svadharmamaina brAhmyAnni vadili, svArthaM kOsaM kshAtrAnni chEpaTTADu. du@h + AdhEya = durAdhEya. durAdhEyuDu aMTE tappuDu sthAnaMlO uMchabaDinavADu anE arthaM tIsukOvachchunanukoMTAnu. nirAyudhuDaina abhimanyunipai AyudhAnni prayOgiMchaDaM atani sarvasainyAdhyaksha sthAnAnikE pedda machcha! duSSAsanuni kaMTE duSSAsanuDu, aMTE durmArgamaina SAsanamu galavADu. tananu sarvasainyAdhyakshuni chEsinaMduku pratiphalaMgA, dharmarAjuni paTTichchi duryOdhanuniki SatruvannavADu lEkuMDA (niSSAtravata) chEstAnani pratij~na chESADu. kAni chivarakA mATa vaTTi mATagAnE migilipOyiMdi! Sakuni kaMTE kUDA drONuDu apaSakuna akshadakshuDaTa! akshamu anE padAniki vyavahAramu, kannu, rathamu – ilA anEkArthAlunnAyi. apaSakunAkshadakshuDu aMTE aSubhamaina vyavahArAlalO dakshuDani anukOvachchu. akshamu aMTE pAchika anE arthaM kUDA uMdi. idi Sakuni pakshaMlO anvayaM. Sakuni akshadakshuDu, drONuDu apaSakunAkshadakshuDu! dharmapakshAnni vIDi dAyanu gAchinavADu. ikkaDa ‘dAya’ aMTE dAyAdi, Satruvu anE reMDarthAlu tIsukOvachchu. dharmapakshaM aMTE dharmarAju pakshaM, lEdA dharmamunna pakshamu ani reMDarthAlu. drONuDu dharmarAju pakshaM chEraka atani dAyAdi rakshaNaki pUnukonnADu. dharmamArgAnni vadali adharmaM vaipu pOrADADu.

ilA SabdAlaMkAra SObhitamai sAgina nAlugupAdAla sIsaM tarvAta, ettugIti kUDA aMtE sogasutO sAgakapOtE padyaM okkasAri kUlapaDinaTTavutuMdi. sIsaMlO nAlugu pAdAlU nAlugu staMbhAlanukoMTE, vATipai nilichE gOpuraM ettugIti! adi kUDA yI padyaMlO aMtE aMdaMgA nirmiMchabaDiMdi. saMskRta telugu ‘chApa’lu yatisthAnaMlO chakkagA amaripOyAyi. drONuDu chApaguruDai kUDA nyAyAnni chApajuTTESADu. alAgE nItiniyamAlanu vadilipeTTEsi vyUhamulu pannADu (vyUhamulu + panne = vyUhamulu vanne). ilA, dushTachatushTayaMlO lEDu kAni, tAnu okkaDE kIDu mottAniki kIlakamayyADu!

alA SilpaSObhitaMgA pUraNa saMpUrNamayyiMdi. ichchina samasya tAMbUlamanukoMTE, dAniki kOsaM vaDDiMchina mRshTAnnabhOjanaM ilAMTi pUraNa! daMtapushTi, jIrNaSakti unnavALLaku maMchi ruchikaramaina viMdu. samasyApUraNAlalO rasavaMtamaina kavitvaM uMDakapOvachchu kAnI, padyaM eMta sogasugA naDistE, anvayaM eMta chakkagA kudiritE, aMtagA adi manasulani muripistuMdi. samasyApUraNaM ASukavitva vibhAgAniki cheMdinadi. aMTE appaTikappuDu aMdaMgA cheppE padyAlu. I kAlaMlO iMTarneTTu dvArA jarigE samasyApUraNalanu mari ASuvulugA saMbhAviMchavachchunO lEdO! iMtakI yI kavi kAlaM EmiTi? itanidE maroka chATuvu chUstE A vishayaM tElutuMdi!

tanivOvaM gRpadolku SrI guruvayOdhArAdharAdvaitada
rSanabhAgyArtini gUguliMpa@Mga@M dadArAdhyAdbhutAkAramun;
tanumadhyAtridaSESvarI gurupayOdhArAdharadvaitada
rSanabhAgyArhata cheMgaliMpa@Mga@M damiM brArthiMtamannAtukan!

chAlAmaMdi ‘ASuvu’nI ‘chATuvu’nI paryAyapadAlugA vADutU uMTAru. kAni nA dRshTilO, spashTata kOsaM vATi madhya bhEdAnni chUpiMchavachchu. ASuvu aMTE appaTikappuDu cheppE padyaM. adi okaLLu aDugagA cheppinadainA kAvachchu, lEdA kavi tanaMta tAnu cheppinadayinA kAvachchu. samasyApUraNalavaMTivi okaru aDigina aMSaMpai cheppina ASu padyAlu. tamaMta tAmugA cheppina padyAlanu chATuvulu anavachchu. avi kEvalaM kavi spaMdana nuMDi puDatAyi. vITi venaka EdO dRSyamO, sannivESamO, saMghaTanO uMTuMdi. pai padyaM alAMTi oka chATuvu. iMdulO padyakAlAnni sUchiMchE okE okka padaM – ‘gUguliMpaga!’ avunu, idi achchaMgA I kAlAniki cheMdina chATuvE!

chAlA chATuvullAgAnE dIni venaka kUDA oka tamAshA katha uMdi. I kavigAri guruvugAri pEru tammana vEMkaTESvararAvu. atani chitraM ekkaDainA iMTarneTTulO dorukutuMdEmO ani kavigAru dAnikOsaM Ayana yiMTipErutO ‘gUguliMchAru.’ A vetukulATa telugulO kAkuMDA iMglIshulO #Tammana# ani chESAru. mana gUgulammaki kAsta telivekkuva kadA. A pErutO elAMTi chitraM tana DETAbEsulO chUpiMchalEdu kAni, pApaM yitanidi bahuSA TaipATu (anagA TaipO) ayyuMTuMdanI, adi iMTi pEru kAdu #Tamanna# anE iMti pEranI niSchayAniki vachchi sinI naTi tamannA bommalani kuppaluteppalugA kavigAri muMdu peTTiMdi. adi chUsina veMTanE kavigAriki yI padyaM poMgukochchiMdi! ‘guru vayO dhArAdhara advaita darSana bhAgyArti’tO gUgulistE, ‘guru payOdhArAdhara dvaita darSana bhAgyArhata’ labhiMchiMdaTa! paigA yIme ‘tanumadhyA,’ ‘tridaSESvari’ kUDAnu! tridaSESvari anE padaMlO maMchi chamatkAraM uMdi. tridaSulu aMTE dEvatalu, tridaSESvari aMTE dEvakAMta, apsara anE arthAlu vastAyi. dEvatalaku mupphai (tridaSa) ELLakaMTE miMchi vayasu paibaDadaTa. aMdukE vALLanu tridaSulu aMTAru. mana tAralaki kUDA aMtEnani kavigAri aMtarArthamEmO! ImATa pAThakula rasaj~natapai nAku pUrti nammakamuMdi kAbaTTi, A dIrghasamAsAlaku arthatAtparyAlanu ivvabOvaDaM lEdu.

paina vyAsaMlO cheppukonna padyasaushThavaM, SabdasauMdaryaM I padyaMlO kUDA pushkalaMgA darSanamistAyi. kathaMtaTikI mUlamaina padaM EmiTO nErugA cheppaka ‘prArthiM’tamannA’tukan’ (prArthiMtamu + annAtutakan) anna padabaMdhaMlO poMduparachaDaM padyAnni mariMta chamatkArabharitaM chEsiMdi. A nAtini AtanEmani prArthiMchArO mari! I padyaMlO nannu bAgA AkaTTukonna maroka vishayaM gUguliMpa@Mga anE padaM. telugulO, iMchuk’ anE pratyayaM reMDu saMdarbhAlalO vastuMdi. okaTi telugu kriyalaku prEraNArthakaMlO. udAharaNaku, cheppu – cheppiMchu, pADu – pADiMchu, ADu – ADiMchu modalainavi. marokaTi, saMskRta dhAtuvulanu telugu kriyalugA mArchETappuDu. udAharaNaku, kRS – kRSiMchu, dRS – darSiMchu, naS – naSiMchu modalainavi. saMskRta nAmAlaku kUDA konnisArlu I pratyayaM chEri telugu kriyalu puDatAyi. udAharaNaku kIrti – kIrtiMchu, AraMbha – AraMbhiMchu modalainavi. ikkaDa adE pratyayAnni gUgulu anE iMglIshu padAniki chErchi gUguliMchu anE kriyani sAdhiMchAru. gUguliMchu anE padaM nuMDi gUguliMpa@Mga anna padaM vastuMdi. idi telugulO eMta sahajaMgA yimiDipOyiMdO, A padAniki dITugA chivari pAdaMlO vEsina cheMgaliMpa@Mga anE padAnni chUstE telustuMdi!

iMtakI yI kavigArevarO pOlchukonnArA? Ayana ImATa pAThakulaki suparichitulE, SrI ElchUri muraLIdhararAvugAru. I kAlaMlO ilAMTi padyAlu cheppagala ati koddi maMdi rasikulU, paMDitulalO nAku telisI muraLIdhararAvugAru agrEsarulu! telugulO chATu saMpradAyaM konasAgutU uMDi uMTE konni SatAbdAlu nilichipOyi uMDEdI padyaM! anni tarAla tarvAta vAriki yI kAlaMlO tamannA anE sinInAyika uMDEdanna viluvaina samAchArAnni aMdiMchEdi kUDA. sthalakAlAlu anE reMDu diSalanu tIsukoMTE, pUrva chATusaMpradAyaMlO padyAla vyApti ekkuvagA kAladiSalO sAgE vidhAnaM uMDEdi. ippaTi aMtarjAla prapaMchaMlO sthaladiSalO vyAptikE ekkuva prAdhAnyamU, avakASamUnu. kAlAnni guriMchi evarikI pedda paTTiMpu unnaTTu lEdu! idi chATuvulakE kAkuMDA sAMskRtika samAchAraM dEnikainA anvayistuMdanukoMTAnu. idi oka mukhyamaina mArpE. mAnavanAgarikatapai dIni prabhAvaM EmiTannadi kAlamE cheppAli!

pUrtigA #»

kavitalu

vEDikOlu

manavisEtunu: tenuguna jananamaMdi
nuDuvanErchina ghanataku nOchamaMchu
porugu bhAshala vidulunu pogilinAru;
vAri gani lOna lajjiMpa valade manamu!

chevula baDuTane pulakala chivuru doDuga
delupu palukula perayaina telugubhAsha
talli manakani pillala tallulAra!
nisugulaku kUrmi yugguna niMpuDamma!

ATalanuMDi vachchi priyamAraga hatteDu chiTTi kUnalan
bATalagaMdhulAra! muripaMbuna netti mariMta hatti mI
mATala pATalan Sramanu mAnupa jEyuDu mAtR bhAshalO
pATava bhAvasaMpadaku vAhikalaina padAla dhAralan!

baDula nuMDi marali bAlabAlikalella
SalavulaMdu kAla melami gaDupa
paluku paluku naMdu nolikeDu tEnelu
galugu telugu ga~rapi gaDana ganuDu!

baDini vidyArthi teluguna balikEnEni
baDita chEbUni badulIyavaladu talli!
kaDupu niMpane yAMglaMbu gAvalenani
cheppakaye cheppuchuMDi yI chEta lEla?

viluvalu mAre mAre nani ve~r~riga nanniTa nATagAMDlakun
jilugu teran jigElu manu jIvulakun vela gaTTi kOTlalO
kala tamasaMbu beMchuTaku kAraNamaina vichitrasImalan
melagaga nIkuDI! yachaTa mikkili buddhula bhAsha DiMdeDin

chEtulAraMga telugunu jEya hatya
divuruchunnavi patrikal dinamu konni!
vAkyanirmANa chAturyavAMCha vyAka
raNamu doraguchu kAvyalakshaNamu marachi!

oka vAkyaMbu rasAtmakaM bayina kAvyOtkarsha naMdaMchu bU
rva kalAvEdulu cheppinAru gada, yaurA! dAninin dRshTi nU
naka chitrAti vichitra vAkyamula nAnA mArgamul drokku SI
rshikalan, vArtala dussamAsamula nissI! chUDa du@hkhaMbagun!

bhrashTa bhAshaku chEyUta patrikaliDa
kaMchelE chEla mEyaga gaDaginaTlu;
gAna dushpatrikala desa gAnakuMDa
gAchukonaramma pillala garitalAra!

baMDabUtulu vrAsi pAMDityamuga jUpi
#        #;janulanu gikuriMchu sarasulakunu
tiMDigiMjalakunai telugunu chitrahiM
#        #;salapAlu salipeDi sajjanulaku
itarula rachanala nE mArga munanEni
#        #;masibUsi tamavanu mAnyulakunu
uddhariMtu maTaMchu nubusupOkaku sAre
#        #;sabhalalO ghOshiMchu sAdhuvulaku

dUramuna saMtu nuMchuDu; vAri da~riya
nunna mati pOyi yunmAdamuppatillu;
telugu rakshiMpa baDabOdu; teragu mAru
ayyavArini jEyabO nagunu grOti!

vadalinachO nika dorukavu
yidivarakaTi kavulu vrAsi yichchina nidhulan
padilamuga dAchi prEmuDi
tadupari taramulaku niDeDu tahataha valayun!

nisugula kekkagA delugu nimmaku nIriDunaTlu nITugA
nasuvula lOtulan dagulunaTlonariMturugAka mIru; bA
nasamuna nOgiraMbunu mana@h priya paddhati gUrtureTTu lE
kasavu mesaMganIka; kalakAlamu varthila delgutallulai!

pUrtigA #»

pedimalu, talupulu

oka illu dorikE varaku iMTilOpali manishi dorikE varaku.

bayaTi nuMchi kAkuMDA lOpalniMchi kAlustunna eMDa
kaMThAnni chuTTi mastishkAniki paDaga yettutunna dAhaM.

manaM kalustAmaMTAvu, aMdAka
maMtravAkyaM marichipOvaddaMTAvu.

okkO aksharaM pEli kOTi aNuvulai gAlilO egurutunnAvu
vAkyaM saMgati sarE, nirmiMchagalanA manadaina O aksharAnnainA?

ikkaDa evarU lErani kadU annAnu, eMduku lErU? unnAru
adigO A TI koTTu daggara okAyana vaMgi kAlu gOkkuMTunnADu
ATO lOMchi Draivaru appuDappuDu nA vaipu kUDA chUstunnADu
Asupatri chetta kuppa pakkana SunakaM dikkulu chUstUnE vuMdi.

illu dorakadu manushulu dorakaru.
ikkaDa nuMchODAniki gaTTi kAraNaM dorakadu.

DejAvU?!

eppuDO chUSAnu ivE gODalni, idE, I Akali gonna SunakAnni
nannu girAkI anE oka sarvanAmaMtO saMbhAviMchE chOdaka nEtrAlni
tEnITi plAsTik kappula guTTa pakkana gOka baDutunna charaNa kaMDarAnni
eppuDO chUSAnu I gODalni sariggA ivE goDavalni, idi mAmUlE.

nEnuMTAnu. eduru chUstuMTAnu ilAgE. evaridO oka iMTi
vasArAlOMchi, nannu kAsEpu nilabaDanichchina iMkO iMTi chUru
kiMdi chirugu nIDa lOMchi chUstuMTAnu; nuvvu vastAvu prEmagA
pedAlu vichchinaTlu talupulu terustAvu, oka challani nIDa lOniki

nuvvu evarO teliyadu, telusu anukunnAnu, telusanukuni
muddu peTTukObOyAnu, nI kannulalO digbhrAMti, parAyi padaM
ekkaDO EdO kalukkumanna chappuDu illu lEdiMTlO evarU lEru

vunnaTTuMDi vunnAnoka pEru lEni vUrilO, AgipOyina dArilO.

pUrtigA #»

tOpulO pillalu

pOgu chEsEM
eMDina kAyalu
vATi TOpIlu
eMDu pullalatO
eMDanu kAchEM

maTTi gItalu gIsEM
cheTTu modallO
kUlabaDi
pulla kalaMtO
nIDalni kOsEM.

dulipEM
chokkAla mIdi
gaMDu chImalni
kaMgAru gAlini
tOsEM

eMDa dummuni
mIda pOsukuMTU
poddu pachchika
mEsEM.

egajallEM
chUpulu
egirE tUnIgapai
paMjA visirE
TAmIni duvvEM

cheTla gusagusaki
kuvakuva savvaDiki
rikkiMchEM chevulu
kOtula kokkiriMtaki
navvEM.

navvEM chAlA
UrUrikE navvEM.

pUrtigA #»

rekkiTikI

muMdu tellapilla
venaka nEnu
eDaM ekkuva lEdu
nA venakevarO nAku telIdu.


“viMDO Ar ail?”
“viMDO.”
Tik Tik TikTik Tik Tik
“gET naMbar tharTI nain, hAv e nais Trip.”
kulukulaku kuchchiLLu sardutU
gET vaipu naDustU veLLipOyiMdi pilla.

nA vaMtu.
“pAs pOrT.”
Tik TikTik Tik Tik
oka nAlikaku reMDu goMtulu
“gET naMbar tharTI nain. hAv e nais Trip.”

kAbin saMchi baruvekkuvaitE
Dabbulu kaTTamaMTArEmOnani
tIsi chEttO paTTukunna
dukkapATi lekkala pustakAnni
maLLI saMchilOki sardEsukuni
nEnU A gETu vaipukE…

eguDu – diguDu
paiki – kiMdiki
ekkI digI eTTakElaku
vetukkunna sIT naMbaru
sariggA A tellapilla pakkanE!

kiTikI lOMchi bayaTaku chUstunna pilla
iTu tirigi chinna navvu.
kiTikI lOMchi chUddunU
vimAnaM poTTalOMchi poDuchukochchina rekka.

bODiguMDaMta sukhaM lEdani telisinA
julapAla juttu peMchukunna vANNi…
UrukunnaMta uttamaM lEdani telisinA
kaMda duradA kattipITa duradA
kalipi kaLLakaddukuni
nAlukaku rAsukunna vANNi…

“yu vAMTeD e viMDO sIT?”
pilla churuggA chUsiMdi.
“aMD gAT e viMgO sIT!”
phakkunna navvEsiMdi!

“yU…?”
“Denvar.”

(I rachana tanaMta tanE rUpu mArchukunE rekkanu tayAru chEsina usmAniyA viSvavidyAlaya pUrva vidyArthI, yUnivarsiTI Aph michigan mekAnikal iMjanIriMg AchAryuDU ayina kOTa SrIdhar^ki.)

pUrtigA #»

jAripOyina kAlaM

chalikAlapu poddulO baddhakaMgA
karmasiddhAMtaM mElubhAvanavutU
bujjagiMchE melakuvalamadhya
E mUlO oka chIkaTi roda

okasAri veLli A dAkkunna nadilO
munakEsivaddAmA?
ikkaDa evariki evaru EmaiyyArani
muriki avayavAla madhya malinamaina
bratuku vivarAlannI E bhAgIrathilO
kaliSAyani aDugudAM.

EdI iTu rammanu, vALLaMdarinI!
niyamAla sarihaddullO
tApAla chiTTApaddulu vippiddAM
naitikata polimEra dApullO
musugEsi tokkipeTTina rahasyAnaMdAnni
tAtvikata pErutO achchEsi paMchina
karapatrAla chalimaMTalalO.

egajimmE vEDilO ulikipaDutU
ekkaDO eppuDO duppaTi muDatallO
dorakkapOdu jAripOyina kAlaM.

pUrtigA #»

guppeTlO tUnIga

ikkaDa okaDugu
akkaDa reMDaDugulu
nElamIda nEnu
nElA niMgI tanu
parugula paMdeM

rekkallA chEtulu chAchi
tanakOsaM parugeDutU nEnu.
rekkala vEgaMtO nAkaMdakuMDA
pUlakOsaM tanu
mA dhyAsalE vEru.

pArANi aMTinaTTu kALLu
pasupu nalugeTTinaTTu rekkalu
reTTiMpu aMdaMtO
puppoDi niMpukunna
pUvu rekkapai nilichi tanu.

paTTukOvAlanna ASatO
chAchina reMDuvELLakU
chEstunna tappu telisElA
guchchukonna muLLatIga.

tuvvAyilA iMkO
puvvukai egurutU
svEchChagA tanu.
tanatOnE urukutU
AnaMdaMgA nEnu.
mA dhyAsalu okaTE.

aMtalO balaMgA suDigAli
vilavilA jArina tanu
AdurdatO chEtulu chAchi nEnu.
padilaMgA nA guppiTilO tanu.
kuduTa paDDa reMDu prANAlu
viMtagA kOrika tIrina nEnu.

pUrtigA #»

vyAsAlu

pradhAna saMkhyalalO kavalalu

1. parichayaM

kEvalaM AkarshaNIyaMgA mAtramE uMDi, bhAryaki uMDavalasina itara lakshaNAlu (kAryEshu maMtrI, kshamayA dharitrI, vagairA) marEvI lEni vyaktini iMglIshulO ‘TrOphI vaiph’ aMTAru. idE vidhaMgA ‘panikochchE lakshaNAlu’ lEni oka gaNitaSAstra vibhAgaM uMdi. dAnini Suddha gaNitaM (#pure mathematics)# aMTAru. iMdulO ‘bottigA panikimAlina’ SAkha marokaTi uMdi. dAnini saMkhyA gaNitaM (#number theory)# aMTAru. saMghaMlO TrOphI vaiph elAMTidO gaNitaMlO saMkhyA gaNitaM alAMTidani koMdaru chamatkaristAru. gaNitaMlO saMkhyA gaNitAnni adhyayanaM chEsEvAru sauMdaryOpAsakulu. A gaNitaMlO vAri kaMTiki kanipiMchE aMdamE vAriki AnaMdadAyakaM. I SAkhalO unna maroka upaSAkhani pradhAna saMkhyalu (#prime numbers)# aMTAru. I pradhAna saMkhyalu eMduku, evvariki, ekkaDa, elA upayOgapaDatAyO cheppaDaM kashTaM. kAni I upaSAkhalO kanabaDE aMdaM marekkaDA lEdEmO anipistuMdi. gaNitaMlO prAvINyaM lEni vAru kUDa, gaNitapu lOtulani tarachi chUsE sAmardhyaM lEni vAru kUDa, I pradhAna saMkhyala aMdachaMdAlani chavi chUDakapOtE jIvitaMlO oka veliti migilipOyinaTlE. adRshTavaSAttu I pradhAna saMkhyalalOni aMdachaMdAlani chavi chUsi AnaMdiMchaDAniki gaNitaM lOtullOki atigA veLLanakkaralEdu.


1. pAl erDish – Terens TAv

I aMSAnni ippuDu, ikkaDa prastAviMchaDAniki oka kAraNaM uMdi. I madhya, anagA sA. Sa. 2013lO, gaNita prapaMchaMlO ennO vidhAlugA asAdhAraNamaina oka saMghaTana jarigiMdi. krIDAraMgaMlO pratibha yuvatarAniki elA parimitamO adE vidhaMgA gaNita raMgaMlO pratibha bAlyAnikI, yuvatakI parimitaM. gaNitaMlO pEru pratishTalu techchukunna vALlaMtA chinnatanaMlOnE vikasiMchi parimaLiMchEru. oka gaus anaMDi, oka rAmAnujan anaMDi, oka maMjul bhArgava anaMDi – vIraMtA pAtikELlu niMDE lOpunE prapaMcha prakhyAti poMdEru. udAharaNagA 1985lO, kommulu tirigina pAl erDish (#Paul Erdos)# kEvalaM 10ELla Terens TAv (#Terrance Tao#)tO gaNitaMlO edurayE oka sUkshmAnni charchistUnna dRSyaM chUDaMDi. darimilA, 2007lO atanu saMkhyASAstraMlO chEsina paniki gurtiMpugA, TAv^ki pratishTAtmakamaina phIlDs meDal (#Fields Medal)# vachchiMdi. I bAla mEdhAvi ippuDu kEliphOrniyA viSvavidyAlayaM, lAs EMjilis^lO AchArya padavi alaMkariMchi unnADu.

ilA parimaLiMchina vAraMtA pAtika, muppayi saMvatsarAla lOpunE vAru chErukOvalasina SikharAgrAlu chErukunnAru. Ebhayyava paDi dATina taruvAta gaNita SAstrapu purOgatiki dOhadaM chEsina vyaktulu daridApugA lEranE cheppAli. aTuvaMTidi, 2013lO, Ebhay ELlu dATina vayOvRddhuDu, aMtavaraku gaNita prapaMchAniki bottigA parichayaM lEni oka anAmakuDu, chaduvu ayina taruvAta udyOgaM dorakaka chillara panulu chEsi poTTa niMpukunna oka aprayOjakuDu, akasmAttugA tArApathaMlO navyatAralA okka velugu veligipOyi aMdarinI AScharyachakitulani chEsina vainaM ikkaDa cheppabOtunnAnu.


2. yITAMg jAMg (1955 – )

mana kathAnAyakuDi pEru yITAMg jAMg (#Yitang Zhang),# puTTuka 1955lO. chainAlO unnatapAThaSAlalO chaduvukunETappuDu Al^jIbrAni chUsi eMtO bhayapaDDa I vyaktE A taruvAta parDyU yUnivarsiTI nuMDi 1991lO piech. Di. paTTA puchchukunnADu. Ayanaki mArgadarSigA unna AchAryuDitO spardhalu vachchina kAraNaMgA, siphArasu uttaraM lEnaMduvalla jAMg^ki ekkaDA udyOgaM dorakalEdu. I paMchanI A paMchanI chEri poTTapOsukuMTU tADu tegina gAlipaTaMlA unna jAMg^ni chUsi jAlipaDi 1999lO oka snEhituDu nyU hAMp^shair viSvavidyAlayaMlO lekcharar udyOgaM ippiMchEDu. akkaDa kAl^kyulas pAThAlu cheppukuMTU, 2001lO oka pariSOdhanA patraM prachuriMchEDu kAni adi Ayana, A patrikA saMpAdakuDu tappa marevvarU chadivina dAkhalAlu lEvu. taruvAta 2013lO prachuriMchina reMDava patraMtO dikkulu pikkaTillElA jAMg pEru gaNita prapaMchaMlO mArumOgipOyiMdi. jAMg parishkariMchina samasyani niyamita virAma samasya (#the bounded gap problem)# ani pilustAru. idi pradhAna saMkhyala adhyayanaMlO tArasapaDE ati klishTamaina samasya. parishkAraM lEkuMDA reMDu SatAbdAla nuMDi vEdhistUnna samasya!

2. pradhAna (abhAjya) saMkhyalu

pradhAna saMkhyalu (#prime numbers)# anEvi 1 chEta gAni, tama chEtE kAni mAtramE niSSEshaMgA bhAgiMchaDAniki loMgEvi ani nirvachanaM. udAharaNaki 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, …, vagairAlannI pradhAna saMkhyalE. maroka vidhaMgA cheppAlaMTE pradhAna saMkhyalaki bhAjakAlu (#divisors)# lEvu. I nirvachanaMtO sari saMkhyalu (2 tappa) pradhAna saMkhyalu kAvu. adE vidhaMgA 3 chEta, 4 chEta, 5 chEta, … bhAgiMchabaDEvi EvI pradhAna saMkhyalu kAjAlavu. ilA minahAyiMchukuMTU pOgA migilEvE pradhAna saMkhyalu.

vITi guriMchi purAtana kAlaMlO grIkulaki telusu. paithAgaras (#Pythagoras)# kAlaMlO (krI. pU. 500 – 300) vITiki oka rakaM pavitrata aMTagaTTEru. pradhAna saMkhyalalO pratyEka lakshaNAlu unna paripUrNa saMkhyalu (#perfect numbers)# annA, sAmarasya saMkhyalu (#amicable numbers)# annA grIkulaki mariMta makkuva.

paripUrNa saMkhyaki 6 oka udAharaNa. I 6ki mUDu kAraNAMkAlu (#factors or divisors),# anagA 1, 2, 3 unnAyi kadA. I mUDiMTini kUDagA maLlA 6 vachchEstuMdi. idE vidhaMgA 28 kUDa paripUrNa saMkhyE. eMdukaMTE 28ki 1, 2, 4, 7, 14 kAraNAMkAlu; vITini kUDagA 1 + 2 + 4 + 7 + 14 = 28 vachchEsiMdi. reMDu saMkhyalu sAmarasya saMkhyalu avAlaMTE oka dAni kAraNAMkAlani kalipitE reMDava saMkhya vastuMdi. udAharaNaki 220, 284 anE jaMTa sAmarasya saMkhyalu ani chebutunnAnu. chaduvarulu lekka vEsi sari chUsukOgalaru.

yUkliD (#Euclid)# rOjula nATiki (krI. pU. 300) pradhAna saMkhyala guriMchi manaki ennO vishayAlu telisipOyAyi. yUkliD tana elimeMTs tommidava pustakaMlO pradhAna saMkhyalu anaMtamainanni unnAyani rujuvu chEsEDu. yUkliD aMkagaNitAniki mUlastaMbhaM anadagga maroka siddhAMtAnni kUDa rujuvu chEsEDu: prati pUrNAMkAnni (1ni minahAyiMchi) Ekaika pradhAna saMkhyala labdaMgA (#product) # rAyavachchu. udAharaNaki 6 = 2 #x 3.# maroka udAharaNa 42 = 2 #x 3 x 7.# kAni 60ki 2, 3, 10 pradhAna kAraNAMkAlu kAvu. kAnI 60ni kUDa pradhAna kAraNAMkAla labdaMgA rAyavachchu: 60 = 2 #x 2 x 3 x 5.# nijAniki E pUrNa saMkhyani ayinA sarE konni pradhAna saMkhyala labdaMgA rAyavachchu ani rujuvu cheyyavachchu.

reMDu pradhAna saMkhyalani – eMta peddavainA sarE – kanukkOvaDaM pedda kashTaM kAdu kAni, oka saMkhyaki pradhAna kAraNAMkAlu (#prime factors)# kanukkOvaDaM chAla kashTaM. aMtarjAlaMlO vArtalani surakshitaMgA paMpaDAniki I lakshaNaM bAgA upayOgapaDutuMdi. vivarAlu cheppukuMTU pOtE dAri tapputAM. pradhAna saMkhyalu mana jIvitaMlO upayOgapaDE saMdarbhaM idokaTi ani cheppukODAniki udAharaNagA I vishayaM prastAviMchEnu.

krI. pU. 200 nATiki irATOstanIs (#Eratosthenes)# anE grIku AsAmI aMkelanniTini ‘oka jalleDalO vEsi jallistE’ paina pradhAna saMkhyalu mAtramE migilE paddhatini kanipeTTEDu. taruvAta 17va SatAbdaM vachchE varaku pradhAna saMkhyala guriMchi kotta vishayAlu EvI evvarU AvishkariMchalEdu. adoka aMdhakAra yugaM. taruvAta pradhAna saMkhyala daSa maLlA puMjukuMdi. InATi varaku manaki telisina vishayAlu annI smariMchukuMTU pODAniki idi sthalamU kAdu, vELA kAdu. kAni konni mukhyamaina vishayAlani TUkIgA cheppukostAnu.

3. sImita virAma samasya (#Bounded gap problem)

#oka saraLarEkha mIda samAna dUrAlalO chukkalu peTTi, vATi pakka 0, 1, 2, 3, …, anukuMTU nirvirAmaMgA vachchE saMkhyalani sUchiMchinappuDu dAnini saMkhyA rEkha (#number line)# aMTAru. I saMkhyA rEkha mIda pradhAna saMkhyalani, mATa varasaki, erra raMgulO rAsEM anukuMdAM. appuDu gIta modaTlO chAla erra raMgu saMkhyalu kanipistAyi: 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, 37, 41, 43, 47 anE padahAru saMkhyalu 50 kaMTe chinnavayina pradhAna saMkhyalu. saMkhyArEkha mIda vaMda varaku veLitE, aMTE 1 nuMDi 100 madhyalO, iravai ayidu pradhAna saMkhyalu kanipistAyi. lekkiMchi chUsukoMDi. veyyi varaku veLitE 168 pradhAna saMkhyalu kanipistAyi. aMTE, saMkhyA rEkha mIda dUraM veLutUnna koddI pradhAna saMkhyalu kanipiMchaDaM palachabaDutuMdi, lEdA pradhAna saMkhyala sAMdrata taggutuMdi. I palachabaDaDaM guriMchi chinna upamAnaM chebutAnu.

udAharaNaki pradhAna saMkhyalu pradhAna saMkhyala tOTE vivAhAlu chEsukuMTAyani anukuMdAM. appuDu saMkhyA rEkha modaTlO unna pradhAna saMkhyalaki saMbaMdhAlu dorakaDaM tElika – pakka pakkanE saMbaMdhAlu dorukutAyi. saMkhyA rEkha mIda dUraM veLutUnna koddI pradhAna saMkhyalu palachabaDatAyi kanuka akkaDa unna vAru saMbaMdhAla kOsaM irugunA, porugunA mAtramE chUstE doraDaM kashTaM; kAvalasina lakshaNAlu unna saMbaMdhaM kOsaM dESAMtarAlu dATi pOvAli. udAharaNaki, gUgOl^pleks (aMTE, 10 gUgOl sArlu vEsi guNiMchagA vachchina saMkhya) daggara unna pradhAna saMkhyaki saMbaMdhaM kAvAlaMTE iTU, aTU gUgOl dUraM vetaka valasi rAvachchu. (gUgOl aMTE 1 taruvAta 100 sunnalu, gUgOl^pleks aMTE 1 taruvAta gUgOl sunnalu.)

ikkaDa gamaniMchavalasina vishayaM EmiTaMTE saMkhyArEkha mIda anaMtamaina dUraM veLlinA pradhAna saMkhyalu kanipistUnE uMTAyannadi oka aMSaM. aMtE kAdu anaMtaMgA unna pUrNa saMkhyalanniTini kEvalaM pradhAna saMkhyalu mAtramE upayOgiMchi puTTiMchavachchu. (#The whole number line can be produced using nothing but primes.)# iTuvaMTi lakshaNAlu uMDabaTTE I kshEtrAnni dunnutUnna koddI vajrAlu puTTukostunnAyi.

ippuDu konni pratyEkamaina pradhAna saMkhyala pErlu chebutAnu. vITi venaka uMDE gaNita sUtrAlu, rujuvulu arthaM kAkapOyinA paravAlEdu.

  1. pradhAna saMkhyalu (2 minahA) annI bEsi saMkhyalE.
  2. reMDu pradhAna saMkhyala madhya dUraM 2 ayitE vATini kavala pradhAna saMkhyalu lEdA kavalalu (#twins)# aMTAru. udA: (3,5); (5,7); (11,13); (17,19); vagairA. I varusa kramaMlO taruvAta vachchE kavalalu mari konni cheppukOgalarA? prayatniMchaMDi, kashTaM kAdu.
  3. reMDu pradhAna saMkhyala madhya dUraM 4 ayitE vATini j~nAti pradhAna saMkhyalu lEdA j~nAtulu (#cousins)# aMTAru. udA: (3,7); (7,11); (13,17). marikonni mIru rAsi chUDaMDi.
  4. reMDu pradhAna saMkhyala madhya dUraM 6 ayitE vATini shashThyaMtara pradhAna saMkhyalu lEdA shashThyaMtarAlu. lETin^lO 6ni seks (#sex)# aMTAru kanuka vITini iMglIshulO seksI praim naMbars aMTAru. udA: (5, 11); (7, 13); (11, 17). mari konni shashThyaMtarAlu mIru rAsi chUDaMDi.

kavalalanI, j~nAtulanI, shashThyaMtarAlanI, …, vagairAlani guttaguchchi ‘jaMTa’ pradhAna saMkhyalu anochchu. ikkaDa ‘kavala’kI ‘jaMTa’kI tEDA uMdi. jaMTa pradhAna saMkhyala madhya dUraM manaM nirdESiMchi cheppavachchu kAni ‘kavala’ saMkhyala madhya dUraM eppuDU reMDE.

pUrtigA #»

sAhityacharitralO apUrvamaina paryAyakAvyaM: gaNapavarapu vEMkaTakavi prabaMdharAja vEMkaTESvara vijayavilAsamu – 1.

pUrvaM AMdhrabhAshalO lOtaina pAMDityAnni saMpAdiMpagOri kAvyanATakasAhityaM lOtulanu grahiMchEMduku vyAkaraNa SAstraM ChaMdaSSAstraM alaMkAra SAstraM adhyayanaM modalupeTTina vidyArthulaku mUlaghaTika kEtana gAri AMdhrabhAshAbhUshaNaM, apara nannayabhaTTu rachiMchina AMdhraSabdachiMtAmaNi modalugA SabdatattvAnni niSchayiMchE lakshaNagraMthAlu; malliya rEchana kavijanASrayaM, vellaTUri liMgana sarasAMdhravRttaratnAkaraM vaMTi ChaMdastattvAnni nirUpiMchE prakaraNagraMthAlu; guDipATi kOdaMDapati rasamaMjari, vaDDikavi SRMgAra rasAlavAlaM lAMTi sAhityatattvAnni nirdESiMchE pAThyagraMthAlu anEkaM uMDEvi kAni, avannI AyA SAstrAlalO EvO konni konni aMSAlakE parimitamaina vivRtikalpAlu. liMgamaguMTa timmakavi sulakshaNasAraMlO ChaMdassuku AvaSyakamaina vyAkaraNAMSaM chAlA koddi, ChaMdOvivaraNamU saMkshiptamE. anaMtAmAtyuni ChaMdOdarpaNaMlO vyAkaraNAMSaM atisvalpaM, ChaMdOvishayaM koMta vipulataramE ayinA aMdulO alaMkArAlu charchaku rAvalasina avasaraM lEkapOyiMdi. mUrtikavi kAvyAlaMkArasaMgrahaMlO ChaMdOvyAkaraNAla prasakti lEnE lEdu. unna sAhityaSAstraviSEshamainA aTu ruyyakuni alaMkArasarvasvAnikI, vidyAdharuni EkAvaLikI, iTu vidyAnAthuni pratAparudrIyAnikI samanvayaM kudaraka, anuvAdaM sarigA lEka prAmANikatanu saMtariMchukOlEkapOyiMdi. appakavIyaM vyAkaraNaprasaMgamE kAni, AnushaMgikaMgA vachchichErina ChaMdassukE aMdulO agriyatvaM labhiMchiMdi. anaMtuni rasAbharaNaM, bhairavakavi kavigajAMkuSaM modalainavi konni EdO oka laghuvishayAnni grahiMchi, dAninE eMtO koMtagA vistariMchina vivRtimAtrAlu. unnaMtalO vyAkRtiki chiMtAmaNi, ahObalapaMDitIyaM; ChaMdassuku appakavIyaM lAgA alaMkAraSAstraMlO kAvyakartalaku, kAvyapAThakulaku SabdArtharachanArahasyAnni ettichUpE vastuvimarSa kaligina kAvyaSikshAgraMthaM okkaTI lEdu.

vinnakOTa peddana kAvyAlaMkArachUDAmaNi, pottapi veMkaTaramaNakavi lakshaNaSirOmaNi modalainavATilO lakshaNalakshyAlu asamagraMgA uMDaTamE gAka avi parOkshasamanvayasApEkshAlugA uMTAyi. prAmANikamaina oka lakshaNagraMthAnni techchukoni ruyyakuni alaMkAra sarvasvAniki jayarathuni vimarSini, mammaTuni kAvyaprakASAniki mANikyachaMdruni saMkEtaM vaMTi mahAvyAkhyAnAlanu eduTa uMchukoni ekkaDikakkaDa sarichUsukoMTU chaduvukoMTE kAni A adhyayanaM muMduku sAgadu. aTuvaMTi vyAkhyAnagraMthAlainA chiMtAmaNiki bAlasarasvatIyaM, adharvaNa kArikalaku ahObala paMDitIyaM, appakavIyaMlO koMta bhAgAniki sukavimanOraMjanaM vaMTivi vyAkaraNAniki veluvaDDAyi kAni, anni ChaMdOlaMkAralakshaNagraMthAlakU telugu bhAshalO suparyAptaMgA vyAkhyAnAlu veluvaDalEdu. ChaMdOlaMkArAlaku saMskRtaMlOni oka mUlAnni, dAnipai velasina vyAkhyAnAlanu chaduvukoni, vATiki saripaDE telugu prayOgAlanu saMpAdiMchi, A reMDiMTini yathAyOgyaMgA anvayiMchukonE alavATuMDEdi kAni, A mAtrapu kRshikainA alaMkAraSAstrAniki telugulO unna lakshaNagraMthAlu takkuva. vATipai padavAkyapramANavidula vij~nAnavyAkhyalu veluvaDEMta prAmANikata vATikennaDU kalugalEdu. paigA vATi charchAparidhi chAlA takkuva. kAvyasvarUpaM, vRttilakshaNaM, guNadOshanirUpaNaM, SabdArthAlaMkAravivEchanaM, rasabhAvaviSadima, nAyikAnAyakula guNAvasthAnirNayaM, dRSya Sravya kAvyabhEdAlu, rUpaka paribhAshAMga praSaMsa, kathASarIrasaMvidhAnaM, kavisamayapradarSanaM, prEkshakulU pAThakulU tappaka telusukOvalasina pAribhAshikapadAlu, nATyadharmulu, prakIrNakavimarSabOdha, prakASArthAnni baTTi kavi aMtaraMgAnni AvishkariMchaTaM modalaina mukhyavishayAlalO E konniMTikO avi parimitAlu. vidyArthulu vidyAdhikulaina tarvAta kUDA SRMgAraprakASa sarasvatIkaMThAbharaNAla vale vArini vidyArNavaM lOlOtulaku tIsikoniveLLi, vidyASikhari samunnataSikharAlapai vihariMpajEsE jIvitakAlaprabOdhagraMthaM okkaTI lEdu.

aTuvaMTi lOpAnni pUriMchaTAniki bahusaMvatsarAlu kRshichEsi, vaMdalakoddI graMthAlanuMchi prayOgAlanu sEkariMchi, anniMTi lakshaNAlanu sUkshmEkshikatO parIkshiMchi, ChaMdOvyAkaraNAlaMkAra bRhadvij~nAnakOSAnni sarvalakshaNaSirOmaNi annapErutO kUrchi; aMdulO upadESiMpabaDinadAnikE lakshyAnubaMdhaMgA oka prabaMdharAjAnni saMdhAniMchina okE okka mahanIyuDu SrI gaNapavarapu vEMkaTakavi. A mahAvidvAMsuDu kUrchina A mahAprabaMdhaM pEru prabaMdharAja vEMkaTESvara vijayavilAsaM.

prabaMdharAja vEMkaTESvara vijayavilAsaM bhAratIya sAhityacharitrAdhyEtalu ennaDU kanI vinI yerugani oka apUrvamaina, nirupamAnamaina mahAkAvyaM. nijaM cheppAlaMTE, aTuvaMTi kAvyaM bhAratIyabhAshalalO marokaTi lEdu. aMtE kAdu. krIstuSakaM 12va SatAbdi nATi kavi jinapAla gaNi rachiMchina sanatkumAra chakri charita mahAkAvyAnni praSaMsistU Ayana SishyuDu sumati gaNi tana gaNadharasArdhaSataka bRhadvRttilO cheppina oka SlOkaM gaNapavarapu vEMkaTakavi rachanaku anvayiMchinaTlu telugulO marE kavi rachanakU anvayiMpadaMTE atiSayOkti kAdu. A SlOkaM idi:

nAnAlaMkArasAraM rachitakRtabudhAScharyachitraprakAraM
nAnAchChaMdOఽbhirAmaM nagaramukhamahAvarNakAvyaprakAmam
dRbdhaM kAvyaM saTIkaM sakalakaviguNaM turya chakrESvarasya
kshipraM yai stEఽbhishEkA@h prathamajinapadASlishTapAlA mudE na@h.

vEMkaTakavi kAvyaM kUDA bahuvidhAlaMkArasAramE. rachitakRtabudhAScharyachitraprakAramE. chitrakavitvaMlO sATilEni kAvyaM idi. garbhakavitvaMlO dInini saripOlina prayOgasaraLi nATikI, nETikI evarikI sAdhyaM kAlEdu. baMdhakavitvaMlO tridaSataraMgiNI chaturhArAvaLI chaturviMSatijinastuti vij~naptikA vidyullatAdula lAgA idi kEvala baMdhakAvyaM kAkapOyinA, aMtaku mIrina baMdhachitraprakArAlu dInilO unnAyi. hariSchaMdranaLOpAkhyAna rAmakRshNArjunarUpanArAyaNIyAdulanu pOlina anEkArtharachana kAkapOyinA dvisaMdhAna tryarthighaTanAdulunnAyi. SEshaSailESalIlA SrISauriSaiSavalIlAdula vale kEvalaM sthAnachitrAlatO (ya-ra-~ra-la-La-va-Sa-sha-sa-ha anE padi aksharAlatO) kUrchina rachana kAkunnA, iMdulO unnanni chamatkArAlu vATilO lEvu. chitrakavitApraNayanaMlO ‘yadihAsti ta danyatra, yannEhAsti na tatkvachit’ ani sagarvaMgA cheppadagina kAvyaM idokkaTE. saMskRtaMlO haravijaya chitrabaMdha rAmAyaNAdulu, prAkRtaMlO ajiyasaMtithaya saurichariyAdulu dInitO koMta sATiki, pOTIki vastAyEmO. telugulO mAtraM vErokaTi lEdu. sanatkumAra chakri charita mahAkAvyaM vale idI nAnAchChaMdOఽbhirAmamE. iMdulO prayOgiMpabaDinanni ChaMdassulanu iMta manOharaMgA E telugu kavI prayOgiMchalEdu. sanatkumAra chakri charitaku tulyaMgA idI ashTAdaSavarNanApUrNamE. dAni vale idI saTIkamE. dInikI baMdhachitrAlunna prati okaTI, laghuTIkatODi prati okaTI – ippuDaitE lEvu kAni, gataSatAbdaM dAkA prachAraMlO uMDEvi. A vidhaMgA mahApaMDituDu jinapAla gaNi rachananu guriMchi gaNadharasArdhaSataka bRhadvRttilO sumati gaNi cheppina SlOkaM prabaMdharAja vEMkaTESvara vijayavilAsAniki anvayiMchinaTlu marE kavi rachanakU anvayiMpadani spashTaM.

tolinATi prastAvanalu

gaNapavarapu vEMkaTakavini guriMchi sAhityacharitralO tolisAri prastAviMchinavADu SAsana pariSOdhanalalO, vrAtapratula sEkaraNalO kalnal kOlin mekaMjIki sahAyuDugA uMDina kAvali veMkaTa rAmasvAmigAru. 1829lO prakaTiMchina tana #Biographical Sketches of the Deccan Poets#lO Ayana #Lukshmana Kavi the Second# anna SIrshika kriMda vEMkaTakavi prabaMdharAja vEMkaTESvara vijayavilAsAnni praSaMsiMchi, Ayanadi koMDavIDu ani, #Prubandha Rajum# anE vyAkaraNagraMthAnni vrASADani aMTU — “#This was the chief work composed by this poet, and was reckoned a very useful treatise, and it attained for the author the appellation of Lukshmana Kavi, a Grammatical Poet, which cognomen after ages have adapted” —# ani, vEMkaTakaviki lakshaNakavigA unna prasiddhini pErkonnADu. Ayana nirdESaMlO #Lukshmana Kavi, a Grammatical Poet# annadi lakshaNakavi anna vyavaharaNaku prAmAdikarUpaM kAbOlu. ayitE, Ayana annaTlu #Prubandha Rajum #(prabaMdharAja vEMkaTESvara vijayavilAsaM) vyAkaraNagraMthaM kAdu. vEMkaTakaviki #Grammatical Poet# anna praSasti sarvalakshaNaSirOmaNi rachana valla kaligiMdi. rAmasvAmigAru sarvalakshaNaSirOmaNi, prabaMdharAja vEMkaTESvara vijayavilAsAlakunna pArasparikasamanvayAnni grahiMchinaMduvallanO, vEMkaTakavi taMDri gaNapavarapu appanaku lakshaNakavigA unna prasiddhini vini unnaMduvallanO, vEMkaTakavi prabaMdharAja vEMkaTESvara vijayavilAsaMlO tana lAkshaNikatanu guriMchi svayaMgA cheppikoni uMDaTaMvallanO, tana kAlaMnATi peddalu cheppukonE mATalanu baTTO vEMkaTakavini #Lukshmana Kavi #(lakshaNakavi) ani pErkonnADani UhiMchAli. lEkuMTE, #Lukshmana Kavi the Second# ani SIrshikalO annADu kAbaTTi – paiDipATi lakshmaNamaMtri AMdhranAmasaMgraha nighaMTuvuku pratigA vEMkaTESAMdhramu anna SuddhAMdhranAmanighaMTuvunu sarvalakshaNaSirOmaNilOni oka ullAsaMgA kUrchADu kAbaTTi A rOjulalO gaNapavarapu vEMkaTakaviki #Lukshmana Kavi the Second# anna prakhyAti uMDinadEmO anukOvAli.

1885lO bahujanapalli sItArAmAchAryula vAru SabdaratnAkaramu pIThikalO vEMkaTakavini gUrchi prastAvistU — “appaya vEMkaTapati – ita@MDu prabaMdharAja vEMkaTESvara vijayavilAsamanu noka pedda lakshaNagraMthamunu vrAsinavA@MDu.” — ani vrASAru. prabaMdharAjaMlO vividhapadyAlaku SIrshikalugA unna lakshaNavishayAla anvayAnni baTTi ‘lakshaNagraMthamu’ annArE gAni, AchAryula vArannaTlu prabaMdharAja vEMkaTESvara vijayavilAsaM lakshaNagraMthaM kAdu.

1892lO prabaMdharAja vEMkaTESvara vijayavilAsAnni amudritagraMthachiMtAmaNi pakshAna prakaTiMchina pUMDla rAmakRshNayyagAru vEMkaTakavi kavi charitranu, jIvitAdikAnni koMta vipulaMgAnE vivariMchAru. 1933 bhArati patrika mArchi nela saMchikalO vaMgOlu veMkaTaraMgayya paMtulugAru ‘AnaMdaraMga piLLa – DUplE dvibhAshi’ vyAsaMlO puduchchErilO phreMchi gavarnaru phrAnsis jOseph DUplE vadda dubAsIgA unnatOdyOgaMlO uMDina AnaMdaraMga piLLai kAlaMlO (1709-1761) vEMkaTakavi sEnAnAyakuDugA uMDinaTlu vrASAru kAni, aMduku AdhArAlanu chUpalEdu. AnaMdaraMga piLLai, gaNapavarapu vEMkaTakavi samakAlikulE ayinA, vEMkaTakavi kRtulalO AnaMdaraMga piLLai saMstavaM lEdu. achchayina 12 saMpuTAla AnaMdaraMga piLLai DairIlalOnU, Ayana jIvitacharitra vyAsAlalOnU ekkaDA gaNapavarapu vEMkaTakavi prastAvanalu lEvu. kAbaTTi I vishayAnni iMkA nirdhAriMpavalasi unnadi.

vEMkaTakavi rachanalani cheppadaginavi pradhAnaMgA mUDu: vidyAvatI daMDakamu, sarvalakshaNaSirOmaNi, prabaMdharAja vEMkaTESvara vijayavilAsamu. ivi gAka vErEvI dorakalEdu. vidyAvatI daMDakaM krIstuSakaM 1690 nATi rachana. sarvalakshaNaSirOmaNi 1720 prAMtAla, prabaMdharAja vEMkaTESvara vijayavilAsaM 1730-1735 prAMtAla rachiMpabaDDAyi. prakRtavyAsaMlO prabaMdharAja vEMkaTESvara vijayavilAsamu yokka sarvAMgINavimarSa gAka, telugu sAhityacharitraku aparichitamaina okka apUrvamaina viSEshaM mAtramE adhikariMpabaDutunnadi. aMdulO saMprayuktamaina lakshaNajAtAnni guriMchi, chitrakavitvAnni guriMchi pratyEkaMgA pariSIliMpavalasi uMTuMdi.

nAmakaraNauchityaM

AMdhrakavulevarU tama kRtulaku prabaMdhAdigA pErupeTTinaTlu kanabaDadu. A saMpradAyaM prabaMdha chiMtAmaNi, prabaMdha ratnAkaraM, prabaMdhasAra SirOmaNi vaMTi saMkalana graMtharachayitala soMtaM. sAhityacharitralO SrI vEMkaTESvara svAmi nAmAMkitamaina prathamAMdhra mahAprabaMdhaM kUDA idE. aMtaku munupevarU aTuvaMTi pErutO oka prabaMdhAnni cheppalEdu. koMdaru kavulu SrI vEMkaTESvara svAmivArikE tama kRtulanu samarpiMchinappaTikI, okkarainA SrI vEMkaTESvara svAmivAri kalyANagAthanu mahAprabaMdhaMgA saMtariMpakapOvaTaM viMtagAnE tOstuMdi.

SrI vEMkaTESvarasvAmivAri kalyANagAthanu, divyalIlalanu pratipAdiMchE I prabaMdharAjAniki SrI prabaMdharAja vEMkaTESvara vijayavilAsamu anna pEru garbhitArthaprakASakamai, SrutisuMdaraMgA amariMdi. vEMkaTakaviki pUrvaM boDDucherla timmana kUDA tana prasannarAghava nATyaprabaMdhaMlO –

naMdEla timmarAja pu
raMdara chihna prasannarAghava nATyA
maMda prabaMdharAjamu
naMduna …”

aMTU tana kRtini prabaMdharAjaM ani cheppukonnADu kAni, prabaMdharAjamu anna pErunu dAni SIrshikalO nilupalEdu. ahObalapati kALiMdIkanyApariNayaMlO –

kATukakappu mOvi jigi, gAdili navvunu bottu@M gUDuchuM
gaiTabhadaityavairi mukhakaMjamunaM danarAre@M jUDa@MgA
mUTiki sATiyaina rasamukhyamu lAdiga SONaSubhramul
mETi ‘prabaMdharAjamu’na mELanamaMdi melaMgu kaivaDin. (6-126)

ani I SabdAnni vADukonnADu kAni, dAnini tana graMthAniki SIrshikagA svIkariMpalEdu.

SrI vEMkaTESvaruni kalyANagAthanu varNiMchE kAvyAnni vEMkaTESvara vilAsamu anakuMDA prabaMdharAja vEMkaTESvara vijayavilAsamu anaTaMlOni auchityAnni mechchukOvAli. SRMgAra rasAdhinAyakuDaina SrI vEMkaTESvarasvAmi AkASarAju kumArtenu peMDlADi SEshAdriki tirigivachchETapuDu svAmipushkariNi daggara nAgadattuDanE dharmahInuDu vArini aDDagiMchi hataprabhuDavutADu. A vidhaMgA vIrarasabhAvaM aMgirasamaina SRMgArAniki uddIpakamai alarAriMdi. SrI vEMkaTESvaravilAsa SrI vEMkaTESvaravijayAla abhivarNana valla kAvyarachanalO sAMtaM SRMgAra vIrAlanu pOshiMchE sadavakASaM ErpaDiMdi. avakASamaitE ErpaDiMdi kAni, kavi uddESaM adi kAkapOvaTaM valla A rasAdivyakti sArthakaMgA jaragalEdu. A vishayAnni munumuMdu vivaristAnu.

vEMkaTakavi graMthAnni amudrita graMthachiMtAmaNi pakshAna 1892lO mummodaTa achchuvEsina pUMDla rAmakRshNayyagAru prabaMdharAja vEMkaTESvara vijayavilAsamu anE vyavahariMchAru kAni, 1932 nATi madrAsu prAchya likhitapustaka bhAMDAgAraM vAri #An Alphabetical Index of Telugu Manuscripts#lO graMthaM pEru, prabaMdharAja SirObhUshaNa vijaya vEMkaTavilAsamu ani pErkonabaDiMdi. graMthAlayaMlOni vrAtapratula mukhabaMdhAlalOnU, graMthaMlOnU A vidhaMgA lEdu. vAridE, #Descriptive Catalogue of Telugu MSS (Vol.II-Prabandhas)# lOnU ‘prabaMdharAja SirObhUshaNa vEMkaTESvara vijayavilAsamani yidiva~ralO dIniki prasiddhamai yunna samagranAmamu’ ani unnadi. pustakaMlO ekkaDA lEni, munupevvarU udAhariMpani – I prabaMdharAja SirObhUshaNamu anna A ‘samagra nAmaM’ vArikekkaDa dorikiMdO teliyaTaM lEdu. AMdhrakavula charitramulO vIrESaliMgaM gAru prabaMdharAja vEMkaTESvara vijayavilAsamu ani okachOTa, prabaMdharAja vEMkaTESvaravilAsamu ani marokachOTa pErkonnAru. krottapalli sUryArAvu gAri vaMTi marikoMtamaMdi vimarSakulu kUDA tama vyAsAlalO prabaMdharAja vEMkaTESvara vijayavilAsamu ani konnichOTla, prabaMdharAja vEMkaTESvaravilAsamu ani marikonni chOTla I vidhamaina paryAyanAmAMkanaM chESAru.

pUrtigA #»

sAhityacharitralO apUrvamaina paryAyakAvyaM: gaNapavarapu vEMkaTakavi prabaMdharAja vEMkaTESvara vijayavilAsamu – 2.

vyaktadRshTArthachaMdrika

kshEmEMdruDu kavikaMThAbharaNaMlO kAvyavidyanu upAsiMchEvArilO alpasAdhyulu, kRchChrasAdhyulu sUktivikAsaM kOsaM chEyatagina prayatnAlanu guriMchi ayidu pradhAnAdhyAyAlalO vivariMchADu. vATiki 1. kavitva prApti, 2. SikshA kathanaM, 3. chamatkAra kathanaM, 4. guNadOsha vichAraM, 5. parichaya chArutvaM, ani pErlu. vArilO alpaprayatnasAdhyulu (vIru koddipATi SramatO prauDhulu kAgalugutAru. vEMkaTakavi prauDhatatiki sammati ani vIri vaMTivArini uddESiMchE annADu) SabdaSAstrAnni adhyayaniMchi (vEMkaTakavi SabdaSAstrarItiki vikhyAtiyunu ani vIrinE anuraNiMpajESADu), ChaMdOvidhAnaMlO pariSrama chEsi (vEMkaTakavi uktAtyuktAdigA@M galugu iruvadA~ru ChaMdaMbulaku@M jaMdaMbunu annADu), mAdhuryamanOramamulaina satkAvyamulaMdu (vEMkaTakavi chiraMtanAMdhrapraMbaMdhajAlaMbula kAlavAlaMbu annADu) SravaNAbhiyuktulu kAvAlani kshEmEMdruDu prabOdhiMchADu. kRchChrakavulu EdainA pUrvakavi SlOkAnni tIsukoni, unna padAlaku badulu paryAyapadAlanu grahiMchi, vEru padAlatO SlOkAnni punArachiMchAlaTa. (SlOkaM parAvRttipadai@h purANaM, yathAsthitArthaM paripUrayEchcha: 1-20) I vRttarachanAbhyAsAniki parAvRtti ani pEru.

vAgarthAviva saMpRktau vAgarthapratipattayE
jagata@h pitarau vandE pArvatIparamESvarau

ani SlOkaM. dInini –

vANyarthAviva saMyuktau vANyarthapratipattayE
jagatO janakau vandE SarvANISaSiSEkharau

ani kshEmEMdruDu sOdAharaNaMgA nirUpiMchADu. I mArgaMlO manaku prayANaM nErputunna vEMkaTakavi mataMlOni vyaktadRshTArthachaMdrikalu konniMTini ippuDu chUddAmu:

modaTi vibhAgaM: anuvAdAlu

prabaMdharAjaMlO vEMkaTakavi kAviMchina saMskRta SlOkAnuvAdAlanu guriMchi iMkA lOtugA pariSOdhiMpavalasi unnadi. saMskRtakAvyAlatODi parichayaM chAlanaMduvalla, vEMkaTakavi A padyAnni EdO saMskRtaSlOkAniki anuvAdaMgA kAka, tana muMdunna EdO telugu padyAnnE paryAyapadAlatO mArchi cheppivuMTADanE nammakaM valla – nEnu I vibhAgaMlO ekkuva kRshi chEyalEkapOyAnu. gurtupaTTina konniMTilO mukhyamainavATini vivaristAnu:

nirmAMsaM mukhamaNDalE pariNataM madhyE laghu@h karNayO@h
skandhE bandhura mapramANa murasi snigdhaM cha rOmOdgamE
pInaM paSchimapArSvayO@h pRthutaraM pRshThE pradhAnaM javE
rAjA vAjina mArurOha sakalai ryuktaM praSastai rguNai@h.

idi vinayachaMdra sUri rachiMchina kAvyaSikshA graMthaMlOni EDava adhyAyamaina lOkakauSalyaparichChEdaMlOni modaTi SlOkaM. rAju ekkadagina uttamASvapu lakshaNAlanu vivaristunnADu. dIniki vEMkaTakavi AMdhrIkaraNa:

gorijala yubbu, mEni jigi, goppa yuraMbu, veDaMda paMchakaM
berupagu vanne, chinni chevu, lekkuvamai sirasettu meTTuvAl,
kora sagiliMta galgi, ma~ri koMchepu gaMDayu@M, gALla vEgamun,
me~ru@Mgu@Mganul, sudEvamaNi, mettani rOmamu loppu meppugan. pa. 180

mUlaSlOkaM gAni, telugu mUlaM gAni – nakuluni aSvaSAstraMlO, bhOjuni aSvaSAstraMlO, yuktikalpataruvulO, manumaMchibhaTTu hayalakshaNasAraMlO, marekkaDA kanabaDalEdu. aMduvalla vEMkaTakavidi vinayachaMdra sUri SlOkAniki anuvAdamE anna niSchayAniki vachchAnu.

udayati vitatOrdhvaraSmirajjA
vahimakarE himadhAmni yAti chAntam
vahati giri rayaM vilambighaNTA
dvaya parivArita vAraNEndralIlAm.

mAghuni SiSupAla vadha kAvyaMlOni (4-21) adbhutamaina SlOkaM idi. AkASamanE Enugu naDumuku kiraNarajjuvutO vElADadIsina ghaMTa lAgA unnADaTa sUryuDu. vEMkaTakavi abhimAniMchaTaM sahajamE. telugu chESADu:

kharakaru@M DaMbara madhya
sthiru@MDai ganupaTTe ruchiradIdhitini viya
ddviradamuna kaMSu rajjuvu
gara moppuga@M gaTTu boDDughaMTaya pOlen. pa. 438

I bhAvAnni teligiMchina kavulu chAlAmaMdE unnAru kAni, vEMkaTakavi padyaM mAghakavi SlOkAniki chEsina yathAtathAnuvAdamE anipiMchiMdi. vErEdainA iTuvaMTi telugu padyaM dorikitE, dAniki anusaraNamEmO pariSIliMchAli. teluguchEyaTAniki kEvalaM SlOkaMlOni bhAvAnni mAtraM svIkariMchinavALLa saMkhyakUDA takkuvEmI kAdu. chUDaMDi: javanava plavanava draviSatAMga turaMga, gaLagaLa ddharidaSvaghaMTa yana@Mga ani kirITi vEMkaTAchAryula achalAtmajA pariNayaM (2-96).

vEMkaTakaviki mAghakavi aMTE pratyEkAbhimAnaM. nAgadattOpAkhyAnaMlO okachOTa mAghavacha@hSrIlAghavavachOvibhava (pa. 731) anipiMchADu. mAghavacha@hSrI = mAghakavi vAksaMpadayokka, lAghava = manOj~nAnamu gala, vachOvibhava = vAkyasaMpada galavADA! ani bhAvaM. mAghuDu bhUbhArai rabhirEbhirE bhErI rEbhibhi@h ani vrAstE, tAnU, bhAbhIru bhIbhIra bhArabhErI rEbhi, bhUribhAbhAbhibhI bhUbharAbha ani anusariMchADu kadA. idi iMkoka SlOkaM:

vilOkya sa~mgamE rAgaM paSchimAyA vivasvata@h
kRtaM kRshNaM mukhaM prAchyA na hi nAryO vinErshyayA.

idi SAr~mgadhara paddhatilOni 3586va SlOkaM. vEMkaTakavi eMdulO nuMchi tIsikonnADO! abhimAniMchi, AMdhrIkariMchADu.

ravi yastAdriki@M jEre naMta SaSiyun rAgAtmu@MDai tammi lE
navalA SItakaraMbulaM doDarinan nAthuMDu gA mIsu dO@M
chu vidhaMbuM daga mODche@M dammiviru lachchO navve nA@M bU@Mche@M gai
raviNul dA navamAniyaina gati rErA joppe velvellanai. pa. 70

E mAtramU nyUnAtiriktatalu lEni viSadAnuvAdaM idi. iTuvaMTi SlOkAnuvAdAlu iMkA anEkaM unnAyi.

reMDava vibhAgaM: samAMtara kalpanalu

idoka chitraM. mATa varusaku samAMtara kalpanalu aMdAmu. mUlaMlOni tatsamAlanu tadbhavAlu gAnU, tadbhavAlanu tatsamAlu gAnU mArchaTaM annamATa. nailiMpasatula kau@MgiTa@M, dEluTakai diviki nE@Mgu dRptArulakun ani mUrtikavi kAvyAlaMkAra saMgrahaM (5-51). vElupu TiMtula kau@MgiTa@M, bAlupaDaM diviki@M bOvu pagatura kellan ani vEMkaTakavi (pa.141). vijayalakshmi vENiyu@M bOlen ani mUrtikavi (5-51). gelupulachchi vEnali lIlan ani vEMkaTakavi (pa.142).

vela@Mdiki maNitATaMkamu
lalarun digvijayakAMksha natanu@MDu chUpun
mulugulu niSAtamulugA
nalavaDa vaDi@MdIDu SANayaMtramu lana@Mgan. kAvyA (3-31)

cheliki ratanAla kammalu
velasen desagelupu Tichcha veDaviltu@MDu chU
pula mulukulu padanu galuga
nalavaDa ratanaMpu SANayaMtramu lana@Mgan. pa.306

tatsamAlanu tadbhavIkariMchaTaM, tadbhavAlanu tatsamIkariMchaTaM vidyArthulakoka chitramaina kavitA vyAsaMgamE. vela@Mdiki = cheliki, maNitATaMkamulu = ratanAla kammalu, amarun = velasen, digvijayakAMksha = desagelupu Tichcha, atanu@MDu = veDaviltu@MDu, chUpun mulugulu = chUpula mulukulu (chUpulaneDi mulukulanu), niSAtamulugA = padanu galuga – ityAdi. iMkokaTi:

nIdu niravadyakIrti ma
hA dugdhapayOdhilOna nAdimarAja
prAdurbhUta yaSaMbulu
prOdiM budbudamulaTlu poluchu nRsiMhA. kAvyA (5-133)

dIniki samAMtara kalpanaM:

ullamu poDupu dorayyA
challani nI yasamu pAlasaMdramulOnan
dolli@MTi sAmula yasamula
nellanu budbudamulaTla nila@M ganpaTTun. pa.150

samAMtara rachanalO anuvAdakalpAlu I vidhaMgA uMTAyi. ivi vidyArthulaku prANakalpAlu.

pUrtigA #»

anuvAdAlu

oMTaritanaM

ELLatarabaDi unna alavATu, IrOju kUDA aidu kAgAnE melakuva vachchEsiMdi. ayinA lEvalEdu. kaLLu mUsukoni mElukunE unnADu. aTU iTU dorlutU maLLI nidrapOvAlani prayatniMchADu. kudaralEdu. lAbhaM lEdani maMchaM mIdE lEchi kALLu jAravEsi kUrchunnADu. tala tippi tUrpu dikku chUSADu. tellArutuMdi ikanO ippuDO. AkASaM e~r~rabaDiMdi. sUryuDu rAbOtunnADu. aTuchUDDaM mAnEsi maLLI naDuM vAlchADu. lakshmi maMchaM nilabeTTi uMdi. A maMchAnnalA chUDalEka maLLI lEchi kUrchunnADu. I sAri maMchaM mIda aTuvaipu kUrchunnADu tUrpuku abhimukhaMgA.

tUrpu erupuraMgunuMchi pasupu raMgulOki mArutOMdi. AlOchanalO paDDADu. EM lOkaM idi? poddu poDustuMdi, poddu munugutuMdi, chIkaTi paDutuMdi, maLLI poddu poDustuMdi, maLLI poddu, maLLI rAtri… sukhaM, du@hkhaM, eMDa-nIDa… aMTE pratidI mArutuMdi, mArutUnE uMTuMdi. okanATi mATa – okanADu EMTi? ninna monna jariginaTTuMdi. gaDavaDAnikaitE yAbhayyELLayiMdi gAnI nAlugaidu rOjulakriMdaTi mATannaTTuMdi. avi peLLaina kotta rOjulu. lakshmi kottagA iMTlO aDugu peTTina rOjulu. abba, EM rOjulavi! lakshmitO mATlADAlaMTE eMta siggEsEdO! peLLai aidurOjulaitE ayiMdi gAnI eMta tanaku tAnu dhairyaM cheppukunnA lakshmitO kanIsaM okka mATa kUDA mATlADalEkapOyADu. ‘ADapillanallari peDatAvA? siggu lEdA’ – chEyi tagalagAnE gaTTigA aristEnO? ArEDu rOjulayyAkkadA mATlADagaligADu! A rAtri kUDA oka kathalO lAgA jarigiMdi. gadilOkeLLEsariki lakshmi rOjUlAgE raggu kappukoni unnadi digguna lEchi kUrchuMdi. daggarakeLLagAnE lakshmi…

AlOchanalAgipOyAyi. maLLI tUrpugA chUSADu. e~rupuraMgunu taggistU pasupuraMgu vachchinaTTE, ippuDu pasupu raMgupaina telupuraMgu mudurutU uMdi. sUryuDu udayiMchAlani toMdarapaDutunnaTTunnADu. adO e~r~re~r~rani gOLaM… kanIkanipiMchakuMDA!

maLLI maMchaM mIda vAlADu. kILLanoppulavalla chinnagA mUligADu. hu@M, iMkoka rOju modalaiMdi, eMta toMdaragA ilA okkokkarOjU gaDichipOtUnE uMdi kadA anipiMchiMdi. lakshmi lEkuMDA okkarOju kUDA bratakalEnanukunEvADu. kAnI bratikE unnADu. enimidi rOjulu gaDachipOyAyi. I rOjappuDE tommidOrOju. tiMTunnADu, tAgutunnADu, niddarapOtunnADu, mElukuMTunnADu, annI chEstunnADu. annI! bhAryAbiDDalatO tana koDukulu muggurU aidOrOjE bayaldErAru. sarkAru naukarlaM anni rOjulu Salavu dorakadu, dinAlappuDu maLLI vastAmannAru. naDipODu modaTa modalupeTTADu.iMka aMdarU varusapeTTAru. elA modalu peTTAlOnanE aMdarikI ArATaM. okkokkarU alA muggurukoDukulU veLLipOyAru. kUturU sAyaMkAlaM baMDilO bayaldEriMdi. pillala baLLu terichAraTa. pillala chaduvu mUlabaDutOMdannAru.

aMdarU veLLipOyAka okkaDE migilADu. okkaDE! veLLinavALLu vachchEvarakU EM nammakaM? vALLostE lakshmi ikkaDE ekkaDO uMdani, uMTuMdani anipistuMdi. bayaTO, lOpalO uMDE uMTuMdi. kaLLu diMchukoni mellamellagA aDugulu vEstU vachchi eduTa niMchuMTuMdi. vachchi nilabaDakapOtE mAne. asalu lakshmini maLLI evaru tIsuku rAgalaru? evaru tirigi vachchAru iMtavarakU? evarainA tIsukoni rAlEru. asalippuDu vALLaku amma eMduku? vALLu peLLAla soMtamaipOyAru. kaMTataDi kUDA peTTanElEdu. nelanelA mupphai rUkalu paMpaDamE vALLaku gaganamainaTTuMdi. iMkA kannILLu kUDA peDatArA? vILLA koDukulu? tana talli pOyinapuDu gODaku tala koTTukonI koTTukonI raktasiktaM chEsukOvaDaM gurtuMdi. bAbAy elA ayipOyADannAraMdarU. EDustU EDustU navvEvADu. navvutU navvutU EDchEsEvADu. nidrapaTTinA melakuvagAnE unnaTTuMDEdi. melakuva vachchinA nidramabbu vIDanaTTuMDEdi. AkalanEdi chachchipOyinaTTu kaDupulO rAyi peTTinaTTuMDEdi. are, vILLU koDukulEnA? mahES, rAm, satiMdar. lakshmi prANaM peTTEdi vILLaMdaripainA. alAMTi lakshmi pOtE vILLaku chImakuTTinaTTainA lEdA? kanIsaM kaLLu chemmagillalEdu. hm! vILLu EDchinA, EDavakapOyinA ippuDu origEdEM lEdani telusu. kAnI okaTaitE nijaM kadA! tanaku AmE kadA tODuMDiMdi! kalisi EDavaDAnikI, navvaDAnikInu! A bhAgyamU dUramaiMdippuDu. vALLadEM pOyiMdi? pADai, chinigina chellani nOTu pOyinaTTuMdaMtE vALLaku! kAnI dEvuDA! aMtA nI lIla! ninnu miMchinavArevaru? nI muMdu nEnEpATi…

maLLI lEchi kUrchunnADu. kramaMgA eMDekkutU uMdi. aMgI lOpaliki chEyipeTTi eDamaprakka nimurukunnADu kAsEpu. eMdukO guMDellO noppigA anipistOMdi. tala ayitE noppitO pagilipOyETaTTuMdi.

dEvuDA! maMchaM mIMchi lEchADu. alAgE nilabaDi ippuDEM chEddAmani AlOchiMchi maLLI akkaDE kUrchuMDipOdAmanukunnADu kAnI kUrchOlEdu. parupu chuTTi gadi lOpala vAlchi unna maMchaMmIda pArEsi, akkaDE kUrchuMDi pOyADu. kaLLaddAla lOMchi pogachUrina j~nApakAlavaipu chUpu sAgipOyiMdi.

nijaM! rAtriki lakshmi chanipOtuMdani anipiMchanElEdasalu. EmAtraM anumAnaM vachchinA nidrapOyEvADE kAdu tanu. A rOju kUDA artharAtri varakU mElukunE unnADu. lakshmi kALLu vattutUnE unnADu. lakshmi goMtulO mUlugulatO pATu chinnagA vekkutunna SabdaM kUDA vinipiMchinaTTaiMdi. EmaMTE aMTuMdI – nA janma vyarthamayiMdaMDI. I vayassulO mItO kALLu paTTiMchukuMTunnAnu. nAku narakaMlOnainA chOTuMTuMdA? ani. EmI mATlADalEkapOyADu tanu. kaLLaddAlu tIsi kaLLataDi tuDuchukoni lakshmi nidrapOyAka maMchaM mIMchi lEchADu. prakkanE oka maMchaM vAlchukoni paDukunnADu. chAlAsEpu nidra paTTanE lEdu. tarvAteppuDu kaLLumUtalu paDDAyO!

noppi maLLI rAvaDaMtO ChAtI nimurukuMTU paDukunnADu. pApaM, lakshmi pOyEmuMdu eMtasEpu bAdhapaDiMdO! chIkaTi kUDA! dIpaM veligiMchaDaM lAMTidO , kanIsaM EdO okaTainA chEyalEkapOyADu. podduna lEchi chUsEsarikE lakshmi chanipOyi uMdi. ve~r~ri kEka vEsi EDustU lakshmi SavaM mIda paDipOyADu tanu. janAlu gumigUDaDaM modalaiMdi. taruvAta… kaLLaddAlu tIsi kaLLu tuDuchukuni maLLI peTTukunnADu. kaLLu pai kappu vaipE chUstunnAyi.

reMDuvaipulA paddhenimidi daMtelu, madhyalO dUlaM uMdi.maLLI maLLI eMchutU unnaTTuMDi anipiMchiMdi. ivennO ImadhyE telisiMdi tanaku. eMduku? modaTeppuDU eMchalEdilA. iravai ELLa nuMchI I iMTlO uMTunnADu. eppuDu paikappulO unna daMtelanu lekkapeTTalEdu. tala paiketti chUDalEdani kAdu kAnI eMchAlanukOlEdeppuDU. aMta khALI eppuDU lEdEmO. I madhyE oka ArEDELLanuMchI iddarilO moMDitanaM ekkuvaiMdi. iddarilO evarO okaru EdO oka chinnamATa mIda aligitE iMka aMtE. nAlugaidu gaMTala varakU bratimAlEdI, oppiMchEdI lEdu. chinna pillalalAgA maMkupaTTu. rOjuku rOjU alA alagaDaM bhalE majAgA uMDEdi. tarvAta lakshmi eMta bAgA samudAyiMchEdaMTE… kaLLaddAlu maLLI tIsi kaLLanu gaTTigA nulumukunnADu. IrOjU aligitE… evarimIda alugutADu? evaru samudAyistAru? alaka tIrchEvALLu lEnappuDu evaru mAtraM alugutAru? maLLI iMkOsAri kaLLu tuDuchukunnADu.


okkagaMTa sEpaTlOnE reMDu sArlu peddagA urimi chinukulu paDinA iMta peddavAna vastuMdani anukOlEdu. AkASaMlO mabbulu kUDA EmaMta musurupaTTi lEvu. aMdukE padI padinnaraku iMTinuMchi bayaTapaDETappuDu peddagA paTTiMchukOledu. iMTlO eMtasEpani okkaDE kUchOgalaDu? ayinA lakshmi pOyAka, illu oka pADubaDDa guDi lAgA anipistuMdi. aMdukE sAdhyamainaMta varakU bayaTE gaDuputunnADu. iMTlO uMTE lakshmi chanipOyiMdani, iMka tanu oMTarivADinani, iMTlO tAnu tappa iMkevvarU lErani mATimATikI gurtostuMdi.

bayaTuMTE manassunu vErE vErE vishayAlavaipu maLLiMchavachchu. aMdukE reMDusArlu chinukulu paDinaTTanipiMchinA bayaldEripOyADu, ippuDu vAna eppuDu AgutuMdAni chUstU bajArlO mUsina oka dukANaM chUru kriMda taladAchukoni gaMTannara dATutOMdi. eppuDO bayaldErinappuDu rAmU koTlO TI tAgivachchADu. TI tO reMDu breD mukkalu. adE TiphinI. tAgAka bajAraMtA reMDu rauMDlu tirigochchADu. iTniMchaTu, aTniMchiTu, maLLI iTniMchaTu, aTniMchiTu, iTniMchi… iMtalO urumulu modalainAyi bhayaMkaraMgA. Utaka~r~rapai gaTTigA chEyi Anchi AkASaM vaipu okasAri chUSADu. ekkaDa chUsinA mabbulE. tvaragA naDavaDaM modalupeTTADu. gaTTigA iravai aDugulu vESADO lEdO vAna okkasArigA jOrugA kuravaDaM modalaiMdi. okkakshaNaM asahAyaMgA akkaDE AgipOyADu. ka~r~ra UtaMgA eDamaprakkanunna I koTTu kriMdaki chErADu. I gaMTAgaMTannaralO visugochchi nAlugusArlannA lEchi, iMkO nAlugusArlu kUchoni uMTADu. mATa kalapaDAniki kUDA daggaralO evarU lEru. koTlannI mUsEsi unnAyi. evarU lErekkaDA. chUru mIda TapaTapA chappuDu, nElamIda nITi buDagala chappuDu. aMtE vErE E SabdamU lEdu. rOjaMtA eMta saMdaDigA uMDE bajAridi? I rOju SalavaitE mAtraM ilA uMdEM, EdO mahammAri Urini miMgEsinaTTu, okariddaru tappa aMdarU chachchinaTTu…

edurugA nElamIda paDutunna chinukulni chUstU alAnE kUrchunnADu. yAbhai, yAbhaiaidELLakriMdaTi oka vAnaj~nApakaM madilO merisiMdi.

appaTiki lakshmitO manuvu kudiri mUDunellayiMdi. kudirina rOjunuMchI pratIrOjU manassulO gaTTigA anukunEvADu, IrOju eTlAgainA sarE lakshmi vALLa Uriki veLLi lakshmini okkasAri chUsi rAvAlani. eTluMTuMdO! ammeppuDU cheppEdi, nI peMDlAM vennelammalA vuMTuMdirA ani. kAnI okkasArainA chUDAli kadA! pratIsArI anukoni AgipOyEvADu. okaTireMDu sArlayitE vALLa Uri polimEra dAkA kUDA veLLi vachchADu. evarEmanukuMTArOnani saMkOchaM. rAjamallu daurA manumaDu, haridattamallu daurA koDuku kAbOyE bhAryanu chUDDAniki vALLa Uri chuTTU tirugutunnADaMTE vinnavALLEmanukuMTAru? vaddoddu. A Urivaipu toMgi kUDA chUDakUDadiMka ani anukunnADu gAnI, okarOju tellArakuMDAnE kODi tolikUtakE lEchipOyi lakshmi UribATa paTTADu. avI I SrAvaNamAsapurOjulE. appaTikE rAtri tuMparlu palakariMchi veLLAyi. paDaDaM lEdu gAnI vAna paDETaTTE uMdi. sagaM dUraM veLLADO lEdO chinukulu modalainAyi. naDaka vEgaM peMchADu. kAssEpaTiki chinukulU AgipOyAyi.

polimEralaku chErukunnAka bAgA AlOchiMchi akkaDunna bAvi daggarE koMcheM dUraMgA ekkaDainA kUrchoni lakshmi kOsaM vEchi chUddAmanukunnADu. sarIDu vALLatO kalisi nILLaku vastuMdi. chUseyyAli. vALLillu kUDA I bAviki daggarlOnE ekkaDO uMdani amma annadi.

kAnI ikkaDE asalu samasya. tAnu lakshmini gurtu paTTEdelAga? okkaTE mArgaM. vachchinavALLu okarinokaru pErlatO piluchukuMTAru kadA! appuDu vini telusukOlEDA EM?

sariggA appuDE urumulu, me~rupulatO pedda varshaM modalayiMdi. parugettADu. kAnI ekkaDikeLLagalaDu? baTTalu taDisi muddayyAka telisochchiMdi ekkaDO OchOTa tala dAchukOka tappadani. pakkasaMdu lOki parugu tISADu, aMtA buradagA uMdi. dhOvati kaTTEvADu kAdappuDu. mAMChi vayassulO unnADu. tellaTi khaddaru paMTlAM, baMgAru raMgu guMDIla chokkA vEsukuni, juTTuku nUne rAsi duvvukoni marI veLLADArOju. talupulu mUsunna oka iMTi kappu kriMda Agavachchani chUsi akkaDaku chErukunnADu. akkaDa muMgiTlO oka nalla kukkapilla kUDA uMDiMdi. tananu chUsi, lEchi okkasAri vaLLu vidiliMchukoni daggarakochchiMdadi. vAna eppuDu AgutuMdAni kalasi eduruchUDDaM gurtuMdi. sumAru ardhagaMTa gaDichAka iMTi talupulu te~rachukonnAyi. koMcheM sardukunnADu tanu. kaLLU mukku chakkagA, e~r~ragA bu~r~ragA unna oka pilla talupu tIsiMdi. nOru teravabOyEMtalO lOpaliki veLLipOyiMdi. kAssEpaTiki naDivayasAyana okAyana lOpali nuMchI vastU kanipiMchADu. Ayana… Ayana mAmE. mAmE vachchADu bayaTiki. okkanimushaM AgakuMDA parigettipOyADu tanu, bAvi daggaraku chErEvarakU paDutunna vAnanu kUDA lekka chEyalEdu. pUrtigA taDisipOyinA AgalEkapOyADu. tananu mAma gurtupaDitE iMkEmannA uMdA!

vAna AgiMdi. kUrchonI lEchI jAripOyi unna paMchenu tIsi nILLallO taDavakuMDA koMcheM paiki kaTTukunnADu. lAvupATi kaLLaddAlanu tIsi taDi chokkA aMchutO tuDuchukoni maLLI peTTukunnADu. koTTu bayaTaku vachchi chaurastA vaipuku aDugulESADu AlOchanallO taDisipOtUnE.

“chAchA! rAm rAm!”

yAbhaiELLa dUraM nuMDi okkasArigA visirEsinaTTugA IlOkaM lOki vachchipaDDADu. sadar bajArlO vunnADu tanu. rAma chaudarI peddakoDuku daulat akkaDunna koTlO kUchoni chUstunnADu. pilichiMdi vADE. rODDu dATi koTTuvaipu veLLADu. rAma chaudarI atanitO pATu perigi peddayinavADu, aMtEkAdu, pAkistAn nuMchi vachchEsETapuDu kUDA okErOju okE lArIlO kalisE vachchAru. pAkistAn nuMchi hiMdUstAn^ku vachchi padihEnELLa taruvAta okarOju idE koTlO pAn ammutU kanipiMchADu. eMta bAdha kaligiMdO! akkaDi rAm chaudarI ekkaDa! pAn ammE ikkaDi rAm chaudarI ekkaDa! hm, reMDELLa muMdu rAm chaudarI pOyina rOju… eMta EDchADO tanu. maharAju lAMTivADu!

“daulatU, eTlunnAvurA?”

“EdO bAbAy! EdO jarigipOtunnadi. nIvU… okkaDivE ayipOtivi kadA bAbAy!”

“okkaDinE uMDalEkE iTochchinA rA!”

“rA, kUrchO bAbAy! idO, sigareT tAgu,” aMTU daulat sigareT aMdiMchADu.

okkakshaNaM AlOchiMchi, sigareT aMdukunnADu. koTTu muMdu vElADEsina nipputADu daggariki veLLADu. chEtika~r~ra jAgrattagA paTTukuMTU sigareT pedAla madhya uMchukoni kAsEpu AlOchiMchADu. tAganA vaddA? mupphayyELLa kriMdaTa viDichipeTTina I pADalavATu maLLI chEsukODamA? tAgEdA, vaddA? sarE, tAgudAM. EmO, dIMtO koMchemannA manaSSAMti dorukutuMdEmO. lakshmi I vayassulO oMTarivADini chEsi eMta mOsaM chEsiMdi? okkaDU ekkaDikani veLLagalaDippuDu? guMDe baruvekkiMdi. aMTiMchukuni mellagA sigareT tAgasAgADu. sigareT tAgaDaM toMdaragA modalu peTTakapOtE vekkivekki EDavaDaM modalu peDatAnEmO anipiMchiMdi.

daulat koTTukochchina vALLaku pAn^lu kaDutunnADu. chEti ka~r~ra sAyaMtO pakkagA nilabaDi sigareT reMDu mUDu dammulu pIlchADu. pratIsArI daggu vachchiMdi. ayinA Apaledu.

daulat kUchunna chOTuku pakkagA vunna addaM mIdaku chUpu maLLiMdi. tananu tAnu addaMlO chUsukoni nammalEkapOyADu. iMta musalivADayyADA tAnu? I musalitanaM guriMchi aMta peddagA eppuDU AlOchiMchalEdu. dRshTi taggiMdi kAnI, kILLanoppulU eppuDU uMTuMTAyi kAnI, juTTu, gaDDaM, mIsAlu, kanubommalu tellabaDinAyi kAnI! vayassU… 1899… ippuDu 1975. DebbhaiyArELLu avutunnadi; ayitE eppuDU anipiMchanE lEdu musalivADu ainAnani. ippuDu… IrOju, I addaMlO chUstE anipistunnadi prapaMchaMlO aMdarikaMTE musalivADu, balahInuDu tAnEnani.

addaM vaipu nuMchi chUpulu maLLiMchukunnADu. “pOyostA bETA,” daulat^tO cheppi bayaldErADu. asalu vishayamEmaMTE addaMlO tana rUpAnni chUsi bhariMchalEkapOyADu. chinnappuDu tananu pakkalO paDukObeTTukoni kathalaDiginappuDu cheppE avva gurtochchiMdi. ‘anagA anagA oka aDavi uMDEdi. kAraDavi, chimmachIkaTi. A aDavilO oka musalivADuMDEvADu. prapaMchaMlOnE aMdarikannA peddavADu. veyyELLataniki. juTTu, gaDDaM, mIsAlu, kanubommalu annI tellabaDi pOyinAyi. ataDu tana jIvitaMlO iMkoka manishini chUDanElEdu. okarOjEmayiMdi telusA! vADu niddarOyETapuDu…’

daulat tanamATaku javAbichchADO lEdO EmannADO vinalEdu. lEdA chevullO paDinA talakekkalEdEmO. chEtika~r~ranu TakaTakalADistU nemmadigA naDachi bATamIdakochchADu. sigareT dammu madhyamadhyalO lAgutUnE unnADu. EdO teliyani UraTa istunnaTTuMdadi.

chaurastA daggarakochchi eDamavaipu tirigADu. akkaDO pAn dukANaM uMdi. migilina sigareT mukka pakka paDEsi, koTTukedurugA nilabaDDADu. koTlO kUrchoni unna pillADini chUsi sigareT peTTe eMta ani aDigADu. modaTaMtA ikkaDE sigareT tAgEvADu.

“rUpAyinnara tAtA!”

“oka peTTe iTivvu, alAgE aggipeTTI.”

A pillADu sigareT peTTe, aggipeTTe iyyagAnE vADi chEtilO reMDu rUpAyalu peTTi sigareT muTTiMchADu. muTTiMchukunnAka avi jEbulO vEsukunnADu. koTTabbAyi ichchina chillara kUDA adE jEbulO vEsukonnADu. ka~r~ra tATiMchukuMTU mellagA maLLI naDavaDaM modalupeTTADu.

(mUlaM: mOMgA kathala saMkalanaM us kI pahachAn nuMchi akElE mE anE katha.)

pUrtigA #»

moTTamodaTi sArAkApu

mohaM vELLADEsukuni chinnabhUtaM narakaM lOki vachchi paDiMdi. uTTi chEtultO lOpalakochchina chinnabhUtAnni chUsi aMdarU nosalu chiTliMchEru. enni sArlu avakASaM ichchinA I bhUtaM pAThaM nErchukunnaTTulEdu. eMta cheppinA narakAniki tIsukochchE vALLalO vartakulO, mAmUlu janamO, migatA doMgalO, doralE kAnI okkaDu kUDA oLLu vaMchi kashTapaDE vyavasAyaM chEsukunE vADu lEDu. idelA kudurutuMdi? ilA ayitE narakaMlO samatUkaM uMDoddU? aMdukE A pani chinnabhUtAniki appagiMchEru. I chinna bhUtAniki pani nErchukuMdAmanE paTTudalA, SaktI lEvA? panikirAni bhUtAlu narakaMlO dEnikI? reMDu debbalu tagiltE oLLu daggira peTTukuni pani chEyochchu.

“I sAri kUDA aMtEnA?” chinnabhUtAnni aDigiMdi pai adhikAraina musali piSAchaM.

“eMta kashTapaDinA…” nILLu nAnustunna chinna bhUtaM kEsi urimi chUsiMdi musali piSAchaM.

“nOTlOMchi mATa rAdEM? eMtamaMdini tIsukochchEvu I rOjuna?”

“evarinI tIsukurAlEdu.”

“Ori chEtakAni vedhavA? ikkaDunna vALLani chUDu. vILlaMdarU nItO pATu modalu peTTina vALLE Iyana reMDuvElamaMdi vakILLanI, aTupakkanunnAyana AruvElamaMdi vartakulanI, A chivarlO unnAyana padivElaki paibaDi janAlni tIsukochchEru. nuvvEmO chEtulupukuMTU vachchAvA? nIku pani cheppina I reMDELLalO nuvvu nErchukunnadEM lEdannamATa. siggU, SaraM lEdU?” musali piSAchaM arichiMdi.

“reMDuvElamaMdi vakILLE? vakILLani tIsukurAvaDaM suluvA?” chinna bhUtaM nOreLLabeTTiMdi.

“suluvA aMTE suluvE. modaTlO I vakILLu nyAyamUrtulatO kalisi janAlni mOsaM chEsEvAru. ippuDEmO I vakILLu janAlatO kalisi vALLanE mOsaM chEstunnAru. ideMtavarakU vachchiMdaMTE kAraNaM EmI lEkuMDAnE vyAjyAlu bayaTakostunnAy. aMTE vALLaku vALLE narakaMlOki rAvaDAniki tahataha lADipOtunnAru. nEnakkaDa nuMchuni chEsEdi, raMDi raMDi ani svAgataM palakaDamE,” kannu koDutU cheppiMdi vakILLa bhUtaM chirunavvutO.

chinna bhUtaM nAyakuDi kEsi tirigi aMdi kshamApaNalatO, “nA tappEM lEdaMDi prabhO. eMta kashTapaDi enni muppu tippalu peTTinA I raitulevarikI kOpaM rAdu. eMta EDipiMchinA kOpaM techchukOkapOtE nEnEM chEyanU?”

“nuvvu ippaTidAkA EM chESAvO cheppi aghOriMchu muMdu!”

“O raitu polaM dunnutuMTE vALLAviDa madhyAhnaM bhOjanaM paMpiMchiMdi. adi vADiki kanapaDakuMDA ettukochchAnu. EdO dorikinadi tini kaDupu niMpukuMdAM anukuMTUMTE EmI dorakkuMDA chESAnu. Akhariki vADu tAgE nILLalO maTTi kalipESAnu. ayinA vADu avE tAgutUMTE madhyalO ginne kiMda olikipOyElA chESAnu. dEnikI kOpaM techchukOlEdu.”

“mari EmaMTADu?”

“nA bhOjanaM pOtE pOnIy. doMgatanaM chEsinAyinaki nAkaMTE ekkuva AkalEstOMdEmO. bhagavaMtuDu nAku marEdO paMpiMchaDA, ani khALI kaDuputO kaLLu mUsuku paDukunnADu.”

“maLLI bhagavaMtuDi pErettAvU? nuvvu chEsEdEmI lEdu kAnI Ayana pEretti nA duMpa teMpElA unnAvu.”

“raitu annadE nEnu cheppAnu, nannEM chEyamaMTAru? pOnI nannu vErE chOTaki mArchi chUDochchu kada?” batimAlutunnaTTU aMdi chinna bhUtaM.

“kudaradu,” karuggA vachchiMdi samAdhAnaM, “nuvvu I raitula pani paTTEdAkA akkaDa uMDavalsiMdE. nI chEtakAnitanaM iMkOchOTa eMdukU? iMkA EmainA kotta AlOchanalu unnAyA nI daggira?”

“lEvu.” EDupu mohaMtO tala aDDaMgA UpiMdi chinna bhUtaM.

“chUDabOtE nI pani kUDA nannE chEyamanElA unnAvE?”

“…”

“pOnI kadA ani ippaTidAkA UrukuMTUMTE idanna mATa nuvvu chEsE nirvAkaM. evarakkaDa? ilA koraDAlu paTTukuni raMDi. I chinnabhUtAnikO ruchi chUpiddAM”

“prabhO iMka koTTakaMDi. EdO okaTi chEsi I sAri raitulni tIsukostA.” chinnabhUtAniki vaMTimIda nAlugu taTlu tElEsariki EDustU aravaDaM modaleTTiMdi.

“EM? EmannA kotta vishayAlu teliSAyA?”

“lEdu. kAnI EdO okaTi kanipeTTi I sAri tIsukostAnu.”

“sarE phO ayitE. AkharusArigA nIku mUDELLu gaDuvu istunnAnu. I mUDELlalO kAvAlsinaMta maMdi raitulni tIsukochchAvA sarE sari lEkapOtE pAtarEyistAnu ikkaDE.”

“I sAri raitu daggira panichEsE pAlErulA mAri vALla lOpali rahasyAlu kanipeDatAnuleMDi. O sAri avi telistE EdO okadAri kanipiMchakapOdu.”


raitu ivAnOvich iMTlOMchi bayaTakochchEDu khALI kuMchaM tOTi. bayaTa pAlEru nikOlAs^ giMjalu kolustunnADu.

“iMkA ennunnAy? avatala mana giDDaMgi pUrtigA niMDipOyinaTTE. iMkEmI paTTElA lEdu lOpala.”

“eMduku paTTadU? lOpalakeLLi painuMchi aMtA maLLI sardudAM chadunugA. nEnu chEstAnu kadA? ikkaDa iMkO reMDu mUDu bastAla giMjalunnAyi. ippuDu dAchukuMTE chalikAlaM kashTapaDDakkarlEdu kadA?”

“sarE, kolavaDaM ayyAka maLLI vastAnu nEnu. ippuDu chinna panimIda alA ULLOkeLLAli.”

“sarE veLLi raMDi. ikkaDa pani nEnu chUstAnu.”

ivAnOvich aTu veLLagAnE pani toMdaragA kAnichchi pakkanE unna gaDDimIda kALLu chApi vennu vAlchEDu nikOlAs. “hammayya, I panitO vaLLu hUnaM avutOMdE kAnI ivAnOvich^ki kOpaM vachchE mArgaM kanipiMchaDaM lEdE? nA pakkanE nuMchuni nE chEsEdaMtA chUstUMTADu kanaka nA TOpI, bUTlU tIyaDaM kudaradu Ayana muMdu. TOpI bUTlU tIyakapOtE talA, kALLU okaTE durada. tIstE nA talamIda kommulU kAlivELLU nEnu chinna bhUtAnnani cheppEyavU? A rahasyaM kAnI telsiMdA maLLI narakaM dAkA veLLaDaM kAdu gAnI I raitE nannu ikkaDa pAtipeDitE nA gatEmiTi? paMTa nEnu cheppinaTTu sAgu chESAka ippuDu giDDaMgulannI niMDi unnAyi. nA mIda guri kudiriMdi kanaka I sAri kUDA nEnu cheppinadi chEyaDAniki venukaMja vEyaDu. idE adanu chUsi EdO maMtraM vESAnA iMka vINNi buTTalO vEyaDaM sulabhaM. ippaTikE reMDELLu gaDichipOyAyi. nAkunna samayAnni jAgrattagA vADukuMTE…”

nikOlAs AlOchanalni teggoDutU evaridO kaMThaM vinipiMchiMdi, “ivAnOvich unnADA iMTlO lOpala?” vachchinAyana pakkiMTi raitu, EdO chEbadulu kAvAlsi vachchinaTTunnADu.

“mA raitu iMTlO lEDu kAnI, cheppaMDi EM ilA vachchEru?” nikOlAs aDigEDu kaMgArugA TOpI bUTlU savariMchukuMTU.

“chinna pani mIda vachchAnu gAnI I EDu paMTa bAguMdA?”

“bAgAnA? bhalEvArE I giMjalannI dAchukOvaDAniki unna gOdAM saripOvaTlEdu. kaLLu adiripOyETaTTU uMdi mA digubaDi. idigO chUDaMDi,” giMjalni chEttO chUpistU annADu nikOlAs.

“adRshThaM aMTE mIdEnayyA, reMDELLa baTTI chUstunnAnu. ULLO evarikI rAni digubaDi mIkelA vastOMdO kAni. muMdu elA telustOMdO kAnI sariggA ekkaDa veyyAlO akkaDE vEstunnADu paMTa ivAnOvich. pOyinEDu varshAlu aMtagA lEvu. chittaDi nEla chUsi paMTa vEsukunnADu I EDu varshAlu adE panigA kurustUMTE EdO muMdE telsinaTTU meraka mIda vESADu paMTa. mottaM mIda reMDusArlU bAgA digubaDi saMpAdiMchEDu sumA. digubaDi mATa aTuMchi iMka I giMjalakEsi chUDu, okkO giMjA dunnapOtulA lEdU?”

mATallO ivAnOvich vachchi navvutU palakariMchEDu pakkiMTAyanni, “EM ilA vachchEru?”

“A, adE I paMTa digubaDi guriMchi mATlADutunnAnu mI pAlErutO. EM digubaDI, EM giMjalU! ekkaDa saMpAdiMchArO gAnI I vittanAlu. giDDaMgulannI niMDipOyAyani nikOlAs cheptunnADu. ULLO raitulaM mAku paMTalu arakoragA paMDutunnAyi kAnI mI adRshThaM mAku lEdu.”

“nijamE, asalu idaMtA nikOlAs mUlaMgAnE anukO. E EDu paMTa ekkaDa veyyAlO nannu balavaMtaMgA oppiMchi marI vEyiMchADu. modaTlO nEnu nammalEdu kAnI tarvAttarvAta oppukOka tappalEdu. I nikOlAs maMchi panimaMtuDE kAdu sariggA Edi eppuDu chEyAlO telsinavADu kUDAnU.”

“adi mAtraM oppukOka tappadulE. iMtakI I giMjalannI ammEstunnArA?”

“chUddAM leMDi iMkA AlOchiMchukOlEdu. iMtakI ilA vachchErEM?”

“mA dhAnyaM I ETiki ayipOyinaTTE. tinaDAnikEmI lEdu. mIku bAgA paMDutOMdi kanaka O bastA dhAnyaM ippistArEmO ani aDagaDAnikochchAnu. maLLI vachchE EDu paMTaki tIrchEstAnu.”

raitu ivAnOvich EdO anabOtUMTE pakkiMTAyana venakanunna nikOlAs, ‘vaddu ivvaku’ ani saiga chEsEDu. adi paTTiMchukOkuMDA ivAnOvich cheppEDu, “tappakuMDA tIsukeLlaMDi. idaMtA mEmu tinagaligEdA? amminA iMkA bOleDu migultAyi.”

pUrtigA #»

eDAri aMchuna

“illodili peTTi yenimidELLaku paigAnE ayiMdi,” annADu michel. michel, atanitO prayANistunna snEhituDU appaTikE cheTTu nIDaki chErukunnAru. chEtilO vunna saMchulani kiMda paDEsi tAmU kUlabaDDAru.

“enimidELLa pATu okka uttaraM kUDA rAyalEdu nEnu. rAddAmanukuMTUnE baddhakaMtO alA rOjulu gaDipESAnu. dAniki tODu, nAkaMTE O rOju muMdE mA vUru chErukunna daridruDokaDu mA iMTlO nEnu chachchipOyAnani cheppADaTa!”

mATalApi nILLa kEMTIn tIsi koMcheM goMtu taDupukunnADu.

“ika chUskO! nEneLLEsariki iMTillipAdI yEDupulU, peDa bobbalU! aMdulOnU, nEnillu chErEsariki sariggA rAtrayiMdi. dAMtO muMdu dayyaM anukuni jaDusukunnAru. talupu terichina mA chellelayitE bhayaMtO dAdApu mUrCha pOyiMdi.” cheppaTaM Api paipu veligiMchukunnADu.

“nEneLLEsariki, amma paina gadilO paDukOni EDustU vuMdi. chelleLLaMdarU bikka mohAlEsukoni vunnAru. nAnnEmO kiMda okkaDE TEbil daggara kUrchoni bekkutunnADu.”

maLLI mATalApi lEchi oLLu viruchukunnADu michel. tana kukkapillaki konni nILLu tAgiMchADu.

“nEnochchina saMgati telisi amma okka geMtutO kiMdaki digiMdi. aMdarU nannu muTTukODAniki pOTIlu paDDAru. deyyAnni kAdani niSchayiMchukODAniki kAbOlu! nA mIda paDi aMtA muddulu kuripiMchEsariki UpirADalEdaMTE nammu! adi sarE kAnI, I kukka pillakeMta dAhamO chUDu! asalu dIMtO pATu oka nILLa TAMkaru techchukOvAlsiMdi manaM. I eMDalakidi iddaru manushula nILLu tAgutuMdi.”

kukkapillaki iMkonni nILLu tAgiMchADu.

“EM cheptunnAnU? adE, amma nannu chUsi saMtOshaM paTTalEka mUrChapOyiMdi. EM saMbaraM iMTlO! rAtraMtA kaburlu cheppukuMTUnE vunnAM. nAnnakaitE khAyaMgA pichchekkiMdanukunnA. ammEmO asalu mUNNAlugu gaMTalapATu nA chEyi vadalanElEdu. nI chAku okasArivvu.”

chAku tIsukoni pogAku kaTTalOMchi chinna mukka kOsukunnADu.

“iha A marnADu chUDAli. illaMtA vachchE janaM, pOyE janaM, tiraNAlanukO! chuTTu pakkala vALLaMtA digabaDDAru, nEnu chinnappuDu ishTapaDDa ammAyitO sahA! AsalA ammayiki nEnaMTE ishTamani anukOnElEdu nEnennaDU. ammA, chelleLLU maLLI nEnillu vadili bayaTiki veLtAnEmOnani tega bhayapaDDAru. eMdukaMTE…”

“tAgostAvani bhayaM kAbOlu!”

“Cha! Cha! maLLI dESaM vadili veLLipOtAnEmOnanOy! Akhariki baibilu paTTukoni, ammA nAnnA vunnaMtavarakU illu vadilipOnani oTTEsukunnAka gAnI vALLu terapina paDalEdu.”

cheppaDaM ayipOyinaTTu lEchi nilabaDDADu michel. kukkapillanettukunnADu. kAsEpu dAni kALLu parIkshiMchADu.

“vIDi kALLu chUDu, eMteMta gAyAlainAyO! poddunaMtA bAnE naDichADu pApaM. ikkaNNiMchi koMta dUraM mOsukeLtA vINNi. appuDu vIDikiMta dAhaM kUDA vEyadu.”

“adi sarE, nuvvu ammA nAnnalakichchina mATa yeMduku tapputunnAv?”

kutUhalaMgA aDigADu snEhituDu. michel kAsEpu javAbivvalEdu. oLLu viruchukunnADu. baruvaina saMchI vaipu kAsEpU, dUraMgA erraTi eMDalO mila milA merustU anaMtaMgA kanipistunna nIDalEni eDAri vaipU chUSADu. kAsEpu AlOchiMchADu, AvaliMchADu.

“adA? O vAraM aMdarU alAgE vunnAru. A taravAta aMdarU saNagaDaM modalu peTTAru. panI pATA lEni vANNevaru pOshistAru cheppu?” eTO chUstU annADu.

snEhituDu pagalabaDi navvADu. michel^kI navvAgalEdu. iddarU tama saMchIlu bhujAlaku tagiliMchukunnAru. keTils chEtikettukunnAru. michel kukkapillanI ettukunnADu. mAsipOyina gaDDAlatO, eMDalaki errabaDi moraTugA ayina mohAlatO, iddarU cheTTUchEmalani venakanE odilipeTTi eDAri vaipugA eMDa lOki naDichAru.

(mUlaM: #On the edge of a plain, 1893.)


[#henrI lAsan (#Henry Lawson, 1867-1922): #henrI lAsan AsTrEliyAki cheMdina pAta taraM rachayita. bAMjO pATarsan, henrI lAsan iddarU AsTrEliyAlO briTish pAlana guriMchI, AsTrEliyA palleTULLalO yUrOpiyanla bratukula guriMchI vivaraMgA, vistRtaMgA rAsArani cheppochchu. lAsan pErunna kathakuDE kAka, maMchi kavi kUDA. katha vivarAlU, varNanalatO chikkagA vuMDaDaMkaMTE galpikalA (#sketch)# aMdI aMdakuMDA vuMDAlani lAsan abhiprAyapaDDADu. bAMjO pATarsan AsTrEliyAlOni #Outback # jIvitAnni aMdaMgA, romAMTik sAhasaMlA chitrIkaristE, lAsan kuMDa pagalEsinaTTu, yUrOpiyanlu taTTukOlEni eMDa, ennaDU chUDani jaMtuvula tAkiDi, eMtO SramatO kUDina kaThinamaina jIvitAnnI chitriMchADu. Ayana kathalaniMDA AsTrEliyAlO sthirapaDDa yUrOpiyanlu vADE vichitramaina AMgla padAlu niMDi vuMTAyi. pratI kathakI venaka I padAla arthaM vivariMchabaDi vuMTuMdi. ippuDu AsTrEliyAlO vuMTU, A padAlani rOjuvArI bhAshalO vinEvALLaki, AyA kottapadAlu asalu iMglIshulO vuMDEvi kAdanI, kEvalaM vaMdELLa kiMdavalasa vachchina yUrOpiyanla vADukalO puTTinavanI telusukuMTE koMcheM vichitraMgA vuMTuMdi.#]

#pUrtigA #»

Sabda taraMgAlu

svarArchanaM

rAgaM: bEgaDa
tALaM: Adi
svara rachana: SrI gOpAla kRshNa bhArati (tamiLa mUlaM: chidaMbaraM kIrtana)
gAnaM: SrIvidya badarInArAyaNan
telugu: kanakaprasAd

<><>

#sAhityaM

pallavi:
svarArchanaM kala
rAga sudhA rasArNavaM
chennAreDu chevi tEniyalai kIrtanalU
anaSvaraM#          #|svarArchanaM|
anupallavi:
svara svana jharjhara ravaLulu
alarI poralE amRta jharilO
jhallunA taMburi mITu
jatayai allE jati rAjillanu manOharaM#         #|svarArchanaM|
charaNaM:
vAyulIna taMtrI mUrchanala manasu karigi
thaka dhimi thaka jhaNu tADanamula nUgI soragi
niraM taraM #         #|svarArchanaM|
charaNaM:
tanuvunu tAvunu marachI
nAdamu tAneyai pAdu tanmayaM
niraMtaraM nI pada kairava
nIrava ghOshA SRta sukRta phalaM #         #|svarArchanaM|
pUrtigA #»

dIkshita duhita

#[#I saMgItanATika vijayavADa sTEshan^lO, 1970la chivarlOnO, 1980la prAraMbhaM lOnO, prasAritamaiMdi. eMdarO hEmAhEmIlu: mallik, OlETi, en.sihech.vi. jagannAthAchAryulu, SrIraMgaM gOpAlaratnaM, mallAdi sUribAbu, … pAlgonna maMchi saMgIta nATakaM idi. rachana: svAmulavAru (tallAvajhjhala SivaSaMkaraSAstri). dInilO (appayya dIkshitula vAri) katha kUDA AsaktikaramainadE. I nATakaM rUpakalpana guriMchi nAku marEmI vivarAlu teliyavu. evarikainA telistE cheppagalaru. – SrInivAs#]

#pUrtigA #»

prakaTanalu

bAlala kathala pOTI – 2015

bAlala kathala pOTI – 2015

  • aMtarjAla (veb) patrika SirAkadaMbaM nAlugu saMvatsarAlu pUrti chEsukuMTunna saMdarbhaMgA bAlala kOsaM kathala pOTIni nirvahistOMdi.
  • 15 saMvatsarAlalOpu bAla bAlikalaMdarU I pOTIlO pAlgonaDAniki arhulE!
  • I pOTI kEvalaM pillalu vrAsina kathalaku mAtramE!
  • padi kathalanu eMpika chEsi, bAlala kOsaM sAhitya sRshTi chEsina gata taraM rachayitalu padimaMdi pEriTa okkokka kathaku ₹ 500/- vaMtuna bahumatigA aMdiMchabaDutuMdi.
  • kathalu paMpaDAniki chivari tEdI 15 jUlai 2015. chirunAmA kriMda ivvabaDiMdi.

migilina vivarAlaku SirAkadaMbaMlO chUDavachchu. lEdA #editorsirakadambam@gmail.com# dvArA gAnI, charavANi : +91 9440483813 dvArA gAnI saMpradiMchavachchunu.

#S. Ramachandra Rao,
Editor and Publisher
C – 302; Jeevan Visakha Apartments,
MMTC Colony, Seethammadhara,
Visakhapatnam – 530022

www.sirakadambam.com
editorsirakadambam@gmail.com
Mobile : +91 9440483813

#pUrtigA #»